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DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH 10

I. Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:
1. define antecedent and referent
2. identify antecedent and referent in a sentence
2. construct sentences following the pronoun-antecedent agreement rules

II. Subject Matter:

A. Topic: Pronoun-Antecedent Rules


B. Reference: Celebrating Diversity Through World Literature
C. Materials: visuals and powerpoint presentations

III. Teaching Procedure:

Teacher’s Activity Learner’s Activity

A. Preliminary Activities

Good Morning everyone!


Let us start our day with the presence of Almighty God.
Anthony, please lead the prayer.

Again, Good morning Grade 10!

Kindly arrange your chairs and be sitted.

Checking of Attendance

Class secretary, do we have absentees for today?

That’s good to hear.

Checking of Assignment
I believe that I gave you an assignment yesterday, kindly pass it
sideward then forward.

Review

Before we proceed to our lesson, let’s have a recap from


what we have discussed last meeting.
Ma’am! Last meeting, we discussed
Very good! What are the kinds of pronouns? about kinds of pronouns.

Ma’am! Personal pronouns.

Ma’am! Demonstrative pronouns.

Ma’am! Interrogative pronouns.


Ma’am! Indefinite pronouns.

Ma’am! Relative pronouns

Ma’am! Reflexive pronouns.


Very good!
Ma’am! Intensive pronouns.
B. Motivation

Consider the following sentences:

When Daniel arrived in Daniel’s house, Daniel


immediately proceeded to Daniel’s room and changed
Daniel’s clothes before Daniel joined Daniel’s peers in
playing basketball.

When Daniel arrived in his house, he immediately


proceeded to his room and changed his clothes before
he joined his peers in playing basketball.

Which sentence is better? Ma’am! The second sentence is better


than the first sentence.

Exactly! The second sentence sounds better than the Ma’am! The second sentence sounds
first sentence because_________________________. better than the first sentence because it
uses pronouns to take the place of the
Very good! Who is the subject used in the sentence? noun (Daniel).

Exactly! And what are the pronouns used in the second


sentence? Ma’am! Daniel.

Daniel and the pronouns his and he conforms to each


other. Therefore, they form an __________________. Ma’am! his and he

You’re right!
Ma’am! They form an agreement.
C. Lesson Proper
Our lesson for today is Pronoun-antecedent agreement.
First, I will group you into 9 each group will have the
task to explain and discuss the following rules that is
assign to you. You will be given 5 minutes to prepare Students will perform the task.
then discuss it in front.

Okay! Thank you! All groups are great! Give each of


you a clap!

Going back to your presentation, let’s read it again one


by one.

Rule #1: A pronoun and its antecedent


must agree. They should both be singular
or both be plural.

singular Dr. Ellen


Wong finished her reports.
plural The doctors finished their reports.

Rule #2: Even though some indefinite


pronouns have plural meanings,
treat them as grammatically
singular.

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS (SINGULAR) Indefinite pronouns


refer to nonspecific persons or things.

any each everyone none someone


anybody either everything no something
one
anyone everybody neither
Incorrect Everyone in my English class
does their homework.

Correct singular Everyone in my English class


does his or her homework.
Correct plural All of the students in my English
class do their homework.

Rule #3: Treat generic nouns as singular


even though they might have a
plural meaning. Be careful when you
use a or any, every, or each.

Incorrect Every boy on the team must try their best


if they want their team to win.

Correct Every boy on the team must try his best


if he wants his team to win.
The boys on the team must try their best
if they want to win.

Incorrect A nursing student must study hard


if they want to succeed.

Correct A nursing student must study hard if he or


she wants to succeed.
Nursing students must study hard
if they want to succeed.

Rule #4: Treat collective nouns as singular


unless the meaning is clearly
plural.

audience club couple family troop


class committee crowd jury group

singular The committee granted its permission.


plural The committee put their signatures on
the document.

Rule #5: Treat most compound


antecedents connected by and as plural.

Incorrect Joan and Jim moved to the mountains,


where he or she built a cabin.
Correct Joan and Jim moved to the mountains,
where they built a cabin.
Rule #6: When a compound antecedent is
connected by or or nor (or
by either...or or neither...nor),
make the pronoun agree with the
nearer antecedent.
Neither the dog nor the cats could find their way through
the maze

7. Plural form subjects with a singular meaning take a


singular referent. (news, measles, mumps, physics, etc)

8. Every or Many a before a noun or a series of nouns


requires a singular referent.

9. The number of vs A number of before a subject:

 The number of is singular.

 A number of is plural.

D. Generalization
Do you have questions? Clarification? If none then
kindly give me one rule and one example.
Student will answer.
E. Application
Choose three rules out of the 9 rules using your group. Describe each member of the group using the
rule you have chosen.

IV. Evaluation

In a ½ crosswise, underline the antecedent and encircle the correct referent of the following sentences.
1. Science, as well as other modern languages, should have (its, their) place in the curricula.
2. The committee has submitted recommendations in (its, their) report.
3. Several members of the class indicated (its, their) desire to attend mass.
4. Each member of the committee must submit (their, his) response in writing.
5. The girl just had (her, their)monthly period.
6. Anybody who has a complaint against (his/her) teacher should let the principal know of such complaint.

Key Answers:
1. Science, as well as other modern languages, should have (its, their) place in the curricula.
2. The committee has submitted recommendations in (its, their) report.
3. Several members of the class indicated (its, their) desire to attend mass.
4. Each member of the committee must submit (their, his) response in writing.
5. The girl just had (her, their)monthly period.
6. Anybody who has a complaint against (his/her) teacher should let the principal know of such complaint.

V. Assignment

Research on the tenses of verb. Write it in your notebooks..