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# SAMPLING TECHNIQUES in hierarchy of units, and sampling

is done consecutively.
2 TYPES OF SAMPLING TECHNIQUES 5. CLUSTER STAGE
PROBABILITY SAMPLING - In this type of sampling design, the
- Involves the selection of elements
population is grouped into clusters
from the population using random in which or small units.
each element of the population has an equal - Samples are selected in groups
and independent chance of being chosen. rather than individuals which is
NON - PROBABILITY SAMPLING
employed into large-scale survey.
- Involves the selection of element from
a population using non-random procedures. NON – PROBABILITY SAMPLING

## PROBABILITY SAMPLING 1. PURPOSIVE SAMPLING

1. SIMPLE RANDOM SAMPLING - This type of non-scientific sampling
- This type of sampling is one in design is biased on selecting the
which everyone in the population of individuals as samples according to
the inquiry has an equal chance of the purposes of the researcher as
being selected to be included in the his controls. An individual is chosen
sample. as part of a sample due to good
- This is also called the lottery or evidence that he is a representative
raffle type of sampling. of the total population.
2. STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING 2. ACCIDENTAL SAMPLING
- Type of probability sampling which - This type of sampling design is
selects members of the sample “applied to those samples which
proportionally from each are taken because they are the
subpopulation or stratum. most available” (Guilford and
3. SYSTEMATIC SAMPLING Frutcher 1973). The researcher
- In this type, the individuals in simply takes the nearest individuals
population are arranged in a as subject of the study until the
methodical manner, that is, sample reaches the desired size.
alphabetical, chronological (age, 3. QUOTA SAMPLING
experience, or academic rank), or - This type of design is popular in the
the nth name is selected as sample. field of opinion research because it
4. MULTISTAGE SAMPLING is done by merely looking for
- This type of scientific sampling individuals with the requisite
design is done in several stages. It characteristics. The sampling
can be two-stage, three-stage, four- technique is usually prepared by
stage, five-stage and so on the main office with instructions to
depending on the number sampling field researchers to gather data
to be used. In this type, the from samples that meet the
population individuals are arrange prescribed criteria or
characteristics.