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## Function & Graphs

SECTION-I: (SINGLE CORRECT ANSWER TYPE)
This section contains 06 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of
which ONLY ONE is correct.
1. The number of functions f from the set A={0,1,2} in to the set B={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7} such that f (i)  f ( j )
for I < j and i, j  A is
A. 8 C3 B. 8 C3 + 2(8 C2 ) C. 10 C3 D. 10 C4

 
2. Let f : R → 0,  defined by f(x) = tan–1 (x2 + x +), then the set of values of  for which f is onto, is
 2
1 
A. [0, ) B. [-2, 1] C.  ,   D. none of these
4 
  
3. Let f : 0, 3  → 0,
  + loge2  defined by f ( x ) = log e x 2 + 1 + tan −1 x then f ( x ) is
 3 
A. one – one and onto B. one – one but not onto
C. onto but not one – one D. neither one – one nor onto
x −1  1
4. The set of values of  so that f(x) =
 − x2 +1
does not take any value in the interval  −1, − 3  is

 1  1   1
A.  −, −  B. [2, ) C.  − , 2 D.  −, −   [2, )
 4  4   4
5. Let f(x) = cos([x]), (where []represents the greatest integer function)
A. f(x) is periodic having no fundamental period
B. f(x) is periodic with period 1
C. f(x) is periodic with period 2
D. f(x) is non periodic
−1, x0

6. Let g ( x ) = 1 + x −  x  ,where [ . ] is greatest integer function and f ( x ) = 0 , x=0
1 , x0

Then for all x,f ( g ( x ) ) is equal to

A. x B. 1 C. f ( x ) D. g ( x )

## SECTION-II: (MULTIPLE CORRECT ANSWER(S) TYPE)

This section contains 4 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of
which ONE or MORE than one is/are correct.
f(x) − 5
7. Let f : R → R be a function defined by f(x + 1) =  x  R. Then which of the following statement(s)
f(x) − 3
is/are true
A. f(2008) = f(2004) B. f(2006) = f(2010)
C. f(2006) = f(2002) D. f(2006) = f(2018)

8. Let the function f : R → ( 0,  ) be defined by f ( x ) = cot −1 ( 2x ) − . Then
4
A. f is odd B. f is even
    
C. range of f is  − ,  D. range of f is  0, 
 4 4  2
 1  2 (1 − 2 x )
9. Let f : R − 0,1 → R satisfying f ( x ) + f  = then
 1 − x  x (1 − x )

 9e 
4
A.  f ( x ) dx = In  4 
3

## B. the graph of y = f ( x ) crosses x-axis at x = −1

C. f ( 2 ) + f ( 3) = 5 D. f ( 2 ) + f ( 3) = 6

## 10. Consider the function f ( x) = sin 4 x − sin x cos x + cos4 x , then

 9
A. Principal period of f ( x) is  B. Range of f ( x) is 0, 
 8
 3 5 
C. Range of f ( x) is  − ,  D. Slope of tangent to y = f ( x) at x = is 1
 2 4 2

## SECTION-III: (PARAGRAPH TYPE)

This section contains 4 multiple choice questions relating to THREE paragraphs with TWO questions on each
paragraph. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

Paragraph - I
The Solution of two Curves Can be obtained graphically by the point of intersection of two curves.
11. The no. of solution of | 2 − x − 1 |=| log | x ||
A. 1 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5
12. Find the no. of solution of min {| x |,| x − 1|,| x + 1|} = 1 − x2 for −1  x  1 .
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. No solution exists
Paragraph – II
Let f be a real valued function with domain D, a subset of R. Then f is continuous at a point x0  D , if for
every sequence ( xn ) in ‘D’ tending to x0, we have Lt f ( xn ) = f ( x0 ) . This concept is equivalent to the
n →

concept of Lt f ( x ) = f ( x0 )
x → x0

( x 2 ) + f 
x
f : R → R is a continuous function satisfying the relation f ( x ) − 2 f  = x and f ( 0 ) = 0 .
2

4
Answer questions 17 to 19
13. The curve y = f ( x ) represents a conic, which is
A. Parabola B. ellipse C. hyperbola D. rectangular hyperbola
14. The length of the latus rectum is
4 8 9
A. B. C. D. 8
9 9 16

## SECTION IV: (MATRIX-MATCH TYPE)

This section contains 1 question. Question has two columns, Column-I & Column-II. Match the entries in
Column-I with the entries in Column-II. One or more entries in Column-I may match with one or more
entries in Column-II.

## (P) Solution of (1) ( −,1)

x − 1 + sin x = x − 1 + sin x
2 2
in
 −2, 2
(Q) Domain of f(x) (2)  
1  , 
= 4 2
log1/ 2 ( x 2 − 7x + 13)

## (R) Domain of single valued function (3) ( 3, 4 )

y = f (x) given by
10x + 10y = 10 is

## (S)   (4) x   −2, −   −1, 0  1,    2

Let x   0,  , then solution of f(x)
 2
1
= is
− log sin x tan x

## A. (P-4), (Q-3), (R-1), (S-2) B. (P-2), (Q-3), (R-1), (S-4)

C. (P-4), (Q-1), (R-3), (S-2) D. (P-2), (Q-3), (R-3), (S-2)

## SECTION-V: (INTEGER ANSWER TYPE)

This section contains 5 Questions. The answer to each question is a Single digit integer, ranging from 0 to 9
(both inclusive)
x x
16. Let the smallest positive value of x for which the function f ( x ) = sin + sin , ( x  R ) achieves its maximum
3 11
value be x0 . Express x0 in degrees i.e, x0 =  0 . Find the sum of the digits in  .

17. The number of elements in the range of the function f : (−,1) → R ,defined by
f ( x ) = 9 x − 3x + 1 , where [.] is the greatest integer function, is

## 18. Let f i : R → R be defined by f i ( x ) = x i , i = 0, 1, 2, …, 9. How many of these functions are bijective.

5
19. If log2x + logx 2 = = log2y + logy2 and x  y, then the value of x + y - 2 is
2
If , ,  are the roots of x3 – x2 – 2x + 1 = 0, then find the value of    +  +    , where [.] denotes the
2 2 2
20.
greatest integer function
Stoichiometry
SECTION-I: (SINGLE CORRECT ANSWER TYPE)
This section contains 06 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of
which ONLY ONE is correct.
1. A mixture of C2H4(g) and C3H8(g) was kept in a 0.820-L vessel at 1 atm and 300 K. The weight of the gas
mixture in the vessel is 0.613 g. Calculate the ratio of the numbers of moles of C3H8(g) and C2H4(g).
A. 1.54 B. 1.68 C. 1.44 D. 1.60
2. X and Y are two elements which from X2Y3 and X3Y4. If 0.20 mol of X2Y3 weighs 32.0g and 0.4 mol of X3Y4
weighs 92.8g, the atomic weights of X and Y are respectively.
A. 16.0 and 56.0 B. 8.0 and 28.0 C. 56.0 and 16.0 D. 28.0 and 8.0
3. 112.0 mL of NO2 at STP was liquefied, the density of the liquid being 1.15g mL–1. Calculate the volume of
and the number of molecules in the liquid NO2.
A. 0.10 mL and 3.01  1022 B. 0.20 mL and 3.01  1023
C. 0.20 mL and 6.02  1023 D. 0.40 mL and 6.02  1021

4. A 150ml of solution of I 2 is divided into two unequal parts. Part – I reacts with hypo solution in acidic
medium where 15ml of 0.4M hypo was consumed. Part – 2 was added to 100ml of 0.3M hot and conc.
NaOH solution. Residual base required 10ml of 0.3M H SO solution for complete neutralization. What
2 4
was the initial concentration of I 2 .
A. 0.08 M B. 0.1 M C. 0.2M D. 0.04M

5. The density of 3M sodium thiosulphate is 1.25 g.ml-1 Identify the correct statements among the following.
A. % by wt of Na2S2O3 is 3.792
B. The mole fraction of Na2SO3 is 0.65
C. The molality of Na+ is 2.53
D. The molality of S2 O32− is 1.25
6. 7.35 g of a dibasic acid was dissolved is water and diluted to 250 ml. 25 ml of this solution was neutralised
by 15 ml of N NaOH solution. The molecular weight of the acid will be.
A. 49 B. 98 C. 35 D. 50.

## SECTION-II: (MULTIPLE CORRECT ANSWER(S) TYPE)

This section contains 4 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of
which ONE or MORE than one is/are correct.
7. Chlorine gas is prepared in laboratory by the reaction:
K2Cr2O7 + HCl ⎯⎯
→KCl + CrCl3 + Cl2 + H2O
If a 61.3 g sample of 96% K2Cr2O7 is allowed to react with 320 ml of hydrochloric acid solution having
density 1.15 g/mol and containing 30% HCl by mass. Now select the correct statement (s) among the
following:
A. The mass of Cl2 generated is 42.63 g B. Equivalent weight of K2Cr2O7 is 49 g
C. Equivalent weight of HCl is 85.16 g D. The stoichiometric coefficient of HCl is 14.
8. For the reaction:
H2O2 + 2 Fe ( CN)6  + 2OH− ⎯⎯
→ 2 Fe ( CN)6 
3− 4−
+ 2H2O + O2
Which of the following statements are correct?
A. H2O2 acts as a reducing agent B. CN− is neither oxidised nor reduced
C. [Fe(CN)6]3− ion gains two electrons D. oxidation number of hydrogen does not change
9. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
A. If Zn + KMnO4 + H2SO4 ⎯→ ZnSO4 + K2SO4 + MnSO4 + H2; then equivalents of Zn = equivalents of
KMnO4 + equivalents of H2SO4.
B. CrI3 + KOH + Cl2 ⎯→ K2CrO4 + KCl + KIO4 + H2O so in the balanced chemical reaction coefficient of
KOH is 64.
C. [Fe(CN)6]3– ⎯→ Fe3+ + CO2 + NO 3− , n-factor for [Fe(CN ) 6 ]3− is 60.

D. (NH4)2Cr2O7 ⎯⎯→ N2 + Cr2O3 + H2O, n-factor of (NH4)2Cr2O7 is 12.
10. The percentage by mass in the chloride of a metal is 80% 33.375 g of this chloride on vaporization
occupies a volume of 5.6 litre at NTP. Now select the correct options given below:
A. valency of the metal is 2
B. molecular weight of the metal chloride is 133.5
C. atomic weight of the metal is 27 g
D. 9 g of the metal can completely react with 8 g of oxygen

## SECTION-III: (PARAGRAPH TYPE)

This section contains 4 multiple choice questions relating to THREE paragraphs with TWO questions on each
paragraph. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

Paragraph – I
In an experiment, one litre of an acidified solution of KMnO4 containing 15.8 gm of KMnO4 is decolourized
by passing sufficient amount of SO2.
KMnO4 + H+ + SO2 ⎯⎯
→Mn2+ + SO24− ...(i)
It is given that SO2 is produced by roasting of iron pyrites (FeS2)
FeS2 + O2 ⎯⎯
→Fe2O3 + SO2 ... (ii)
11. Amount of FeS2 required to produce the necessary SO2 is
A. 15 g B. 30 g C. 9.5 g D. 14 g
12. Equivalent weight of FeS2 is equal to its
A. molecular weight B. molecular weight/6
C. molecular weight/11 D. molecular weight/10

Paragraph – II
Oleum is considered as a solution of SO3 in H2SO4, which is obtained by passing SO3 in solution of H2SO4.
When 100 g sample of oleum is diluted with desired weight of H2O then the total mass of H2SO4 obtained
after dilution is known as % labeling in oleum. For example, a oleum bottle labeled as ‘109% H 2SO4’
means the 109 g total mass of pure H2SO4 will be formed when 100 g of oleum is diluted by 9 g of H2O
which combines with all the free SO3 present in oleum to form H2SO4 as SO3 + H2O ⎯⎯→H2SO4 .
(Moderate)
13. If excess water is added into a bottle sample labelled as “112% H2SO4” and is reacted with 5.3 g Na2CO3,
then find the volume of CO2 evolved at 1 atm pressure and 300 K temperature after the completion of the
reaction:
A. 1.46 L B. 24.6 L C. 1.23 L D. 12.3 L
14. 1 g of oleum sample is diluted with water. The solution required 54 mL of 0.4 N NaOH for complete
neutralization. The % of free SO3 in the sample is:
A. 74 B. 26 C. 20 D. None of these

## SECTION IV: (MATRIX-MATCH TYPE)

This section contains 1 question. Question has two columns, Column-I & Column-II. Match the entries in
Column-I with the entries in Column-II. One or more entries in Column-I may match with one or more
entries in Column-II.
15. For the reaction a CN− + b NO3− + c H+ → ( ab ) NO + a CO2 + d H2O
Column I Column II

(A) A (P) 5
(B) B (Q) 10
(C) C (R) 7

(D) D (S) 3
A. A-R, B-S, C-P, D-Q B. A-S, B-R, C-Q, D-P
C. A-P, B-Q, C-S, D-R D. A-Q, B-P, C-R, D-S

## SECTION-V: (INTEGER ANSWER TYPE)

This section contains 5 Questions. The answer to each question is a Single digit integer, ranging from 0 to 9
(both inclusive)

16. If one third mole of aluminium permanganate oxidizes 1.67 moles of M x+ as per the given reaction then
1
the value of x in the metal ion is MnO−4 + M x+ ⎯⎯
→ Mn 2+ + MO3− + O 2
2
17. A 25 ml portion of a phosphate mixture (NaH2PO4 & H3 PO4) requires 10.87 ml of 0.1 N NaOH for methyl
orange end point, another 25 ml portion requires 46.43 ml of 0.1 N NaOH for titration to the
phenolpthalein end point. Then ten times of molar concentration of NaH2 PO4 will approximately be
18. 4.35 g of a mixture of NaCl and Na2CO3 was dissolved in 100 ml of water, 20 ml of which was exactly
neutralized by 75.5 ml of N/10 solution of H2SO4. Hence the weight of Na2CO3 in the mixture is …………
gram
1
19. x M 100ml KMnO4 is first titrated with(acidic medium) M , 1L FeSO4 solution then It is treated with oxalic
2
acid, then it releases 224L of gas(which turns lime water milky) at 245.7 0C, later before losing its oxidizing
property completely. Find x
20. 26.8 g of Na2SO4.nH2O contains 12.6 g of water. The value of n is ………………….

## Laws of Motion & Friction

SECTION-I: (SINGLE CORRECT ANSWER TYPE)
This section contains 06 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of
which ONLY ONE is correct.
1. Two identical blocks of mass M are linked by a thread wrapped around a pulley-block with a fixed axis. A
small block of mass m is placed on one of the blocks as shown. If pulley and strings are ideal, the force
exerted by small block m on block M is,

m
M
M
mMg 2mMg 2mMg 2m 2 g
A. B. C. D.
2M + m 2M + m M +m 2M + m
2. A man is sitting in a cabin swinging from a frictionless pulley P as shown in figure. The rope attached with
cabin passes over the pulley and is held by the man. Total mass of the man and the cabin is 95 kg. The
man wants to pull the rope and rise upwards with an acceleration of 1.2 m/s 2. The correction option are:
(g =9.8 m/s2)

T
T

## A. Man should apply a force of 522.5 N on the rope.

B. Man should apply a force of 466.5 N on the rope.
C. Man should apply a force of 575.5 N on the rope.
D. Man should apply a force of 1050 N on the rope.
3. As shown in the figure, a mass m and another mass 10m are connected with a string. Friction is sufficient
to prevent the slipping of 10m. Mass m is given a velocity u in vertical direction. For complete circular
motion of mass m keeping heavier particle stationary, the value of u is
u
10m
L
m

## C. 3 gL < u < 13 gL D. 11gL < u < 13 gL

4. The acceleration of blocks m1 and m2 with respect to pulley in the condition shown in figure will be (Pulley
and string are ideal. g = 10 m/s2)
F = 80 N

m1 m2
2kg 4kg
10
A. 10 m/s2 B. 5 m/s2 C. m/s2 D. zero
3
5. A block of mass m is resting on a wedge of mass M and inclination . Wedge is accelerated with a = g tan
as shown in figure. The acceleration of block with respect to wedge is (assume all surfaces to be smooth)

a m
M

A. zero B. 2g sin C. g sin (1 – tan) D. g sin (1 + tan)
6. A cylinder and a wedge each of mass m are touching each other. Both are free to move on smooth
inclined surfaces of two fixed inclined planes. The normal exerted by the wedge on the cylinder will be

fixed fixed
 

## SECTION-II: (MULTIPLE CORRECT ANSWER(S) TYPE)

This section contains 4 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of
which ONE or MORE than one is/are correct.
7. Two blocks each of mass 1 kg are placed as shown. They are connected by a string which passes over a
smooth (massless) pulley. There is no friction between m1 and the ground and the coefficient of friction
between m1 and m2 is 0.2. A force F is applied to m2. Which of the following statements is/are correct.

F
m2

m1

## A. The system will be in equilibrium if F  4 N .

B. If F  4 N the tension in the string will be 4 N .
C. If F  4 N the frictional force between the block will be 2 N .
D. If F = 6 N the tension in the string will be 3 N .
8. Seven pulleys are connected with the help of 3 light strings as shown in the figure below. Consider
P3 , P4 , P5 as light pulleys and pulleys P6 and P7 have masses m each. For this arrangement mark the
correct statement(s).
P1 P2
P3 P7
P4

P5

P6

## A. tension in the string connection P1 , P3 and P4 is zero

mg
B. tension in the string connecting P1, P3 and P4 is 3

## C. tension in all the 3 strings are same and equal to zero

D. acceleration of P6 and that of P7 is g downward
9. Three identical blocks are attached with three springs as shown in figure. The spring between block B and
A is cut. Consider the instant just after cutting the spring. Choose the correct alternative(s)

m A

m B

m C
A. the acceleration of block A is 2g upward
B. the acceleration of block B is 2g downward
C. the acceleration block C is zero
D. the acceleration of block C is g downward
10. A car has total mass 50 kg (including fuel). Gases are ejected backwards with a velocity 20 m/s with
respect to car. The rate of ejection of gas is 2 kg/s. If the mass of fuel is 20 kg and the car starts from rest.
If the coefficient of friction between car and road is  = 0.1. Which of the following statements is/are
correct
 4
( g = 10 m/s 2 and ln   = 0.28 )
 3

## A. maximum speed of car will be 0.6 m/s

B. car will start moving after time t = 5 sec
C. car will stop after t = 10.6 sec
D. maximum speed of car will be 1 m/s

## SECTION-III: (PARAGRAPH TYPE)

This section contains 4 multiple choice questions relating to THREE paragraphs with TWO questions on each
paragraph. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

Paragraph - I
The forces acting on 1kg block in two different situations A and B are as shown in figure. All the coefficient of
friction values are given.
11. In figure A. the friction between blocks is
 = 0.5
1 kg F= 10 N

2 kg (A)
=0

## A. 1.6 N B. 2.1 N C. 5.0 N D. 6.67 N

12. In figure B., the acceleration of 2kg Block is
 = 0.1
1 kg F= 6 N

2 kg (B)
 = 0.2

## A. zero B. 2.5 ms―2 C. 5.0 ms―2 D. 7.5 ms―2

Paragraph – II
A train starts from rest at t = 0 along a straight track with a constant acceleration of 5 m/s2. A passenger
at rest in train observes a particle of mass 1 kg on the floor with which it has a co-efficient of friction s =
k = 0.6. At t = 4 s, a horizontal force F = 13 N is applied on the particle for 2 s duration. The passenger
observes that the particle is now moving in direction perpendicular to the motion of the train. (g = 10
m/s2)
13. The direction in which force (F = 13 N) is applied is at
A. 90° with the direction of motion of the train
5
B. cos −1 with the direction of motion of the train
13
5
C. cos −1 with the direction of motion of the train
12
12
D. cos −1 with the direction of motion of the train
13
14. The magnitude of acceleration of the particle with respect to the ground at t = 5 sec is
A. 61 m/s2 B. 72 m/s2 C. 8 m/s2 D. 6 m/s2

## SECTION IV: (MATRIX-MATCH TYPE)

This section contains 1 question. Question has two columns, Column-I & Column-II. Match the entries in
Column-I with the entries in Column-II. One or more entries in Column-I may match with one or more
entries in Column-II.
15. In column-I shows four identical particles placed on different smooth wedges. Column-II gives the
statements regarding the motion of the particle. Match column-I with the correct statements in column-
II.

Column-I Column-II

## I. v A. Weight of the particle is not equal

to normal reaction

w
B. Acceleration is non-zero
II.

## v C. Particle remains at rest with respect

to ground at the instant shown in figure
III.

## D. particle may leave the surface at the

v instant shown in figure
IV.

A. (I) − (A), (B), (D); (II) − (C); (III) − (A), (B); (IV) − (A), (B)
B. (I) − (C); (II) − (B); (III) − (C), (D); (IV) − (D), (C)
C. (I) − (D), (C); (II) − (A), (B); (III) − (C); (IV) − (D)
D. (I) − (B), (C); (II) − (A); (III) − (C); (IV) − (C)

## SECTION-V: (INTEGER ANSWER TYPE)

This section contains 5 Questions. The answer to each question is a Single digit integer, ranging from 0 to 9
(both inclusive)
16. Three blocks A, B and C of equal weights of mass 2 kg each are hanging on a string passing over a fixed
pulley as shown in figure. What is the tension in the string connected between block B and C?

B
A
C
17. A ball of mass 1 kg is at rest in position P by means of two light strings OP and RP. The string RP is now cut
and the ball swings to position Q. If  = 45°. Find the ratio of tensions in the strings in positions OP (when
RP was not cut) and OQ (when RP was cut). Take g = 10 m/s2.
O

 

P
R Q

18. A block of mass 1 kg start moving at t = 0 with speed 2 m/s on rough horizontal surface with coefficient of
friction 0.2. A horizontal force F is applied in the same direction of velocity which varies with time shown
in figure (b). Find the speed of particle at t = 3s (g = 10 m/s2).
F

1 kg 2 m/s 2N

=0.2 t
1s 2s 3s
Figure (a) Figure (b)

19. Two blocks A and B of equal mass 3 kg each are connected over a massless pulley as shown in figure. The
block A is placed on a rough inclined plane of angle 30°. The coefficient of friction between block A and
inclined plane is 0.6. The friction force acting on the block A is

3kg
B A
 = 0.6
30°

20. A block B is kept on an inclined plane. Another block A is inserted in a slot in the block B through a light
string. One end of the string is fixed to a support and other end of the string is attached to A. All the
surfaces are smooth. Masses of A and B are same. The acceleration of block B is found to be 4/n. Find
value of n. (sin37° = 3/5)
S

B
37°

## Hints & Solution

Function & Graph
1. C.
0 1 2
 f (0)  f (1)  f (2)
f(0)<f(1)<f(2) 8 C3
Sol.
f(0)<f(1)=f(2) 8 C2
f(0)=f(1)<f(2) 8 C2
f(0)=f(1)=f(2) = 8C1
2. C.
Sol. f is onto
Hence this is possible only when
x2 + x +   0
1
 
4
1
Hence required answer will  =
4
3. A.
x +1
Sol. f '( x) =  f ( x ) is increa sin g in 0, 3 
x2 + 1
4. A.
x −1
Sol. y=
−x +  + 1
2

1 
Put y = –t  t  ,1
3 
1
Hence we get,  (–, – ]
4
5. C.
 1, x  [2n, 2n + 1)
Sol. f(x) = cos([x]) =  . SO it is periodic with period 2.
−1, x  [2n + 1, 2n + 2), n  I
6. B.
Sol. g ( x ) = 1 + x −  x  = 1 + x  1

 f (g ( x )) = 1  x  R

7. ABCD
f(x) − 5
Sol. f(x + 1) = …(1)
f(x) − 3

## f(x).f(x + 1) − 3f(x + 1) = f(x) − 5

3f(x + 1) − 5
 f(x) =
f(x + 1) − 1

Replacing x by (x − 1) we have
3f(x) − 5
f(x − 1) = …(2)
f(x) − 1

## Using (1), we have

f(x) − 5
−5
f(x + 1) − 5 f(x) − 3 2f(x) − 5
f(x + 2) = = = …(3)
f(x + 1) − 3 f(x) − 5 f(x) − 2
−3
f(x) − 3

Using(2), we get
 3f(x) − 5 
3 −5
3f(x − 1) − 5  f(x) − 1  2f(x) − 5
f(x − 2) = = = …(4)
f(x − 1) − 1 3f(x) − 5 f(x) − 2
−1
f(x) − 1

## Using (3) and (4), we have

f(x + 2) = f(x − 2)
 f(x + 4) = f(x)
 f(x) is periodic with period 4.
8. AC
    
Sol. f ( − x ) = cot −1 ( 2− x ) − = tan −1 ( 2x ) − = − cot −1 ( 2x ) − = − cot −1 ( 2x ) = −f ( x )
4 4 2 4 4
Thus f is odd.
 
Further 2x ranges from 0 to . The range of cot-1(2x) is  0,  .
 2
  
Hence range of f is  − , 
 4 4
9. ABC
 1  2 2
Sol. f ( x) + f  = −
 1− x  x 1− x
1  1 x +1
Replacing x by and by 1 −  in equation (1) one by one and on solving, we get f ( x ) =
1− x  x x −1
10. ABD
2
1 9 1 1
Sol. f ( x) = (2 − sin 2 2 x − sin 2 x) = −  sin 2 x + 
2 8 2 2
11. B.
Sol.

- x- 1
y= 2

(-1,0)

12. B.
Sol.
y=x
y = −x +1
-1 1 y = x −1

(-1/2,1/2) (+1/2,1/2)

-1 1 y = 1 − x2
x 2 = −1( y − 1)
13. A.
 x  x  x 
Sol. f ( x ) − f   = x2 + f  − f 2
2 2 2 
x x x x  x   x  x   4
Replace x with , 2 , 3 ,....... n and add f ( x ) − f  n +1  = f   − f  n+2  + x 2  
2 2 2 2 2  2 2   3
Take limit as n → 
x
2
4x
 f ( x ) − f ( 0) = f   − f ( 0) +
2 3
 x  4x
2
 f ( x) − f   =
2 3
Repeating the same process as above
16 x 2
f ( x ) − f ( 0) =
9
16 x 2
 f ( x) =
9
16 x 2
The curve is y = which is a parabola
9
14. C.
 x  x  x 
Sol. f ( x ) − f   = x2 + f   − f  2 
2 2 2 
x x x x  x   x  x   4
Replace x with , 2 , 3 ,....... n and add f ( x ) − f  n +1  = f   − f  n+2  + x 2  
2 2 2 2 2  2 2   3
Take limit as n → 
x
2
4x
 f ( x ) − f ( 0) = f   − f ( 0) +
2 3
 x  4x
2
 f ( x) − f   =
2 3
Repeating the same process as above
16 x 2
f ( x ) − f ( 0) =
9
16 x 2
 f ( x) =
9
16 x 2
The curve is y = which is a parabola
9
15. A
Sol. P. x 2 − 1 + sin x = x 2 − 1 + sin x

## exist only if ( x 2 − 1) and (sin x) are of the same sign

( a + b = a + b ) only if (ab  0)

##  (x2 –1) sin x  0

 ( x − 1)( x + 1) sin x  0.

## x   −2, −   −1, 0  1,   2

1
Q. f ( x ) =
log 1 ( x 2 − 7x + 13)
2

## exists if log 1 ( x 2 − 7x + 13)  0

2

x − 7x + 13  1 and x 2 − 7x + 13  0
2

2
 7 3
 x 2 − 7x + 13  0   x −  +  0
 2 4
which is true for all x  R
again x 2 − 7x + 13  1  x 2 − 7x + 12  0
 ( x − 3)( x − 4 )  0
3 x  4
thus Df is (3,4)
R. since 10x + 10y = 10
 10y = 10 −10x  y = log10 (10 − 10 x )

## Now y is defined if 10 −10x  0

 101  10x
1  x i.e. x  1
 Df = ( −,1)

 
S. Here x   0,   0  sin x  1
 2
again log a x  b  x  a b , if 0  a  1 and x  a b if a >1
1
Thus f ( x ) = exists
− logsin x tan x
if − logsin x tan x  0
 logsin x tan x  0

 tan x  ( sin x ) = 1
0

 tan x  1
     
 x   ,   x   0,  
 4 2   2 
 
 reqd. sol. is x   , 
4 2
16. 18.
SOL. THE MAXIMUM POSSIBLE VALUES IS 2
sin ( x / 3 ) TAKES THE VALUES 1 WHEN
x / 3 = 2n +  / 2
I.E x / 3 = 90 + 360 m
sin ( x /11) TAKES THE VALUE 1
WHEN x /11 = 2n +  / 2
I.E x /11 = 90 + 360n
WE ARE LOOKING FOR A COMMON SOLUTION
WE HAVE 3m − 11n = 2. THEN SMALLEST POSITIVE SOLUTION TO THIS IS m = 8, n = 2, THUS x0 = 89100 ,
GIVING  = 8910 .
17. 7
Sol. Put 3x = t . Then 3x → 0 as x → − and 3x → 3 as x → 1
x  ( −,1) → t  ( 0,3)
2
 1 3
g (t ) = t − t + 1 =  t −  +
2

 2 4
3
0 t 3  g (t )  7
4
No of elements in the range of  g ( t )  is 7

18. 5
Sol. If i is odd, then only fi(x) is bijective.
19. 4
Sol. log2x + logx2 = 5/2 = log2y + logy2
1 5 1 5
t+ = , s + = where t = log2x,, s = log2y
t 2 s 2
 t = 2, 1/2 & s = 2, 1/2 (as t  s, x  y)
 t = 2 and s = 1/2 or t = 1/2 and s = 3
 log2x = 2 and log2y = 1/2
 x = 4 and y = 2
x+y- 2 =4+ 2 - 2 = 4.
20. 5
Sol. f(−2) < 0, f(−1) > 0, f(0) > 0, f(1) < 0, f(2) > 0.
Thus −2 <  < −1, 0 <  < 1, 1 <  < 2  [] = −2, [] = 0, [] = 1
Hence the required quantity is 5.
Stoichiometry
1. A.
Sol. No. of moles of H2SO4 left = 0.004 – 0.002 = 0.002 = 2.0  10–3
Let the number of moles of C2H4 and C3H8 be x and y respectively. Using the formula
pV = nRT,
1 atm  0.820 L = (x + y) mol  0.082 L –atm K–1 mol–1  300 K
1
or x + y = . … (i)
30
Again 28x + 44y = 0.613 … (ii)
y
Solving, we get = 1.54
x
2. C.
32.0g
Sol. Molecular weight of X2Y3 = = 160g mol−1
0.2mol
92.8g
Molecular weight of X3Y4 = = 232g mol−1
0.4mol
Let atomic weight of X be a and that of Y be b. then 2a + 3b = 160 and 3a + 4b = 232.
Solving, we get
a = 56 and b = 16.
3. B.
112.0mL  46.0gmol−1
Sol. WNO2 = = 0.23g
22400mL mol−1
0.23 g
VNO2 , l = = 0.20 mL
1.15g mL−1
0.23
N = mN A =  6.02 1023 = 3.011021
46
4. B
Sol. I + 2Na S O → 2NaI + Na S O
2 2 2 3 2 4 6
Millimoles of Na 2S2O3 consumed = 6
Millimoles of I consumed = 3
2
3I + 6NaOH → 5NaI + NaIO + 3H O
2 3 2
30 − 6
Millimole of I reacts with NaOH = = 12
2 2
Total millimole of I 2 consumed in the reaction = 15
15
Initial concentration of I = = 0.1M
2 150
5 A.
%by.wt 10  d
Sol. M=
M.W
%bywt 10 1.25
3=
474
% by wt = 37.92
6. B.
Sol. Let the Eq. weight of the acid be E.
Eq. weight of acid = 7.35/E.
7.35 1000
m.e. of the acid = = 7350/E
E
7350
Now, 250 ml of the acid contains m.e
E
735
25 ml of the acid contains m.e
E
m.e of 25 ml of the acid = m.e. of NaOH
735
 = 115, Eq.weight = 49
E
molecular weight = 2  49 = 98 .
7. ABCD
Sol. The balanced equation is
K 2Cr2O7 + 14HCl ⎯⎯
→ 2KCl + 2CrCl3 + 7H2O+ 3Cl2
294 g 1436.5 g 371g

96
Mass of K2Cr2O7 =  61.3 = 58.848g
100
30
Mass of HCl =  320  1.15 = 110.4g
100
Hence, K2Cr2O7 is limiting reagent.
 Mass of Cl2 produced = 42.63 g
M
Also equivalent of K2Cr2O7 =
6
7M
Equivalent of HCl =
3
8. ABD
2 Fe3 + ( CN)6  + H 2O2 −1 + 2OH ⎯⎯
→ 2 Fe2 + ( CN)6  + 2H2O + O02
3− 4−
Sol.
H2O2 is oxidized to O2, hence it is a reducing agent.
The ion Fe ( CN)6 
3−
gains one electron and changes into [Fe(CN)6]4−.
CN− ions undergoes neither oxidaition nor reduciton O.N. of hydrogen on both side is +1.
9. ABC
+7 +1 +2 0
Sol. A. As evident from the reaction, Zn is reducing both KMnO 4 and H 2 SO 4 to MnSO 4 and H 2
respectively.
 Equivalents of Zn = Equivalent of KMnO4 + Equivalents of H2SO4.
B. 2CrI3 + 64KOH + 27Cl2 ⎯→ 2K2CrO4 + 54KCl + 6KIO4 + 32H2O
+3 +2–3 +4 +5
C. [Fe(CN)6]3– ⎯→ Fe3+ + CO2 + NO3−
O.N. increases by 2

+2 +4
[Fe(CN)6]3– ⎯→ Fe3+ + CO2 + 12e–
O.N. increases by 8

–3 +5
[Fe(CN)6]3– ⎯→ NO 3− + 48e–
No change in O.S.

+3
[Fe(CN)6]3– ⎯→ Fe3+

## n-factor for [Fe(CN)6]–3 would be = 12 + 48 = 60.

D. n-factor of (NH4)2Cr2O7 is 6.
10. BCD
Sol. Since 5.6 littre are occupied by 1/4 mole of NTP, so the molecular weight of metal chloride
= 133.5 g.
Let the formula of the chloride be MClx
x  mole of metal = 1  mole of Cl
Let the total mass of metal chloride = 100 g
Then mass of Cl = 80 g
& mass of metal = 20 g
& let mol weight of metal = MA
Now,
20 80
x = 1 ... (i )
MA 35.5
Also, MA + 35.5x = 133.5 ….(ii)
On solving, x = 3 & MA = 27 g
Hence (B, C, D)
11. A.
KMnO4 SO2
Sol. 15.8 w
= ( nfactor of KMnO4 = 5 & SO2 = 2 )
(158 / 5 ) ( 64 / 2)
 Weight of SO2 required = 16 g
Equation (ii):
4FeS2 + 11O2 ⎯⎯
→ 2Fe2O3 + 8SO2
4 (120 ) g FeS2 gives 8 ( 64 ) g SO2
16  4 (120 )
Amount of FeS2 required to produce 16 g SO2 = = 15 g
8 ( 64 )
12. C.
Sol. FeS2 ⎯⎯
→Fe2O3 + SO2
13. C
Sol. Na2CO3 + H2SO4 ⎯⎯
→Na2SO4 + H2O + CO2
Moles of CO2 formed = Moles of Na2CO3
5.3
Reacted = = 0.05
106
Volume of CO2 formed at 1 atm pressure and 300 K = 0.05 × 24.63 = 1.23 L
14. B
Sol. Eq. of H2SO4 + Eq. of SO3 = Eq. of NaOH
x (1 − x )  2
2+ = 54  0.4  10 −3
98 80
x = 0.74
1 − 0.74
% of free SO3 =  100 = 26%
1
15. B
Sol. 7NO3− + 3CN− + 10H+ →10 NO + 3CO2 + 5 H2O
16. 2
Sol. Eq. of MnO −4 = Eq. of Mx+
1/3  15 = 1.67  (5 – x)
 x=2
17. 1
Sol. Me of base for methyl orange end point = mm of H3PO4
= 10.87 × 0.1 = 1.087
me of base for phenolphthalein end point = 2 × mm of H3PO4 + mm of NaH2PO4
= 46.43 × 0.1 = 4.643
mm of NaH2PO4 = 4.643 – 2 × 1.087 = 2.469
2.469
NaH 2 PO 4 0.0988 0.1
25
 ten times = 0.1× 10 = 1 moles / l
18. 2
Sol. Let the amount of Na2CO3 in the mixture be ‘x’ g.
Equivalent of Na2CO3 in 100 ml of solution = x/53
x
m equivalent of Na2CO3 in 100 ml solution =  1000
53
meqvt of Na2CO3 in 20 ml solution = 200x/53
1
Now, meqvt of H2SO4 =  75.50
10
meqvt of Na2CO3 = meqvt of H2SO4
200x
 = 7.55
53
 x = 2 gram
19. 3
Sol. At 245.7 0C CO2 gas released = 224 L.
 1 mole of gas is released at STP condition
 KMnO4 used with oxalic acid is 200 mil.moles
2KMnO4 + 5H2C2O4 → 10CO2  +Mn2+
And Since 500 mil.moles of Fe2+ isoxidised
 ther 100 milimoles will be consumed.
x =3
20. 7
Sol. Molar mass = 142 + 18 n
12.6
Mass of water with one mole of salt =  (142 + 18n )
26.8
12.6
18n = (142 + 18n )
26.8
n=7
Laws of Motion & Friction
1. B.
( M + m) g − Mg mg
Sol. Acceleration of blocks = =
2M + m 2M + m

m
M
M
Considering free body diagram of block m only
mg − N = ma
 mg 
N = m( g − a) = m  g −
 2M + m 
2mMg
N=
2M + m
2. A.
Sol. 2T − Mg = Ma
M ( g + a)
T= = 522.5 N
2
3. C.
Sol. At the top
mv 2
T + mg =
L
T  10mg

v  11gL

3 gL  u  13 gL
4. B.
Sol. Pulley is ideal
F = 80N

T T
a1 a2
m1 m2
m1g m2g
=20N =40N

 2T = 80  T = 40 N
40 − 20
a1 = = 10 m/s2 (upwards)
2
40 − 40
a2 = =0
4
If acceleration of m1 and m2 w.r.t. pulley is a0 and acceleration of pulley is a then,
a1 = a + a0  a + a0 = 10
a2 = a – a0  a = a0
 a0 = 5 m/s2
5. B.
Sol. Drawing FBD of block m from the frame of wedge,
N
ma sin 
a0
a=g tan  m

ma

macos + mgsin
mg cos  mg 

## let a0 is acceleration of block with respect of wedge,

ma0 = ma cos  + mg sin 
a0 = g tan  cos  + g sin 
a0 = 2g sin 
 B.
6. B.
Sol.
N2 N cos
N1
N cos
N a1 a2 N
N sin N sin
mg sin mg sin
mg cos mg cos
mg mg

## mg sin  − N cos  = ma1 …(i)

N cos  − mg sin  = ma 2 …(ii)
From constraint relation,
a1 = a 2
 N = mg tan 
7. ACD

## for just equilibrium a = 0 , F = 2 2 m2 g = 4 N

If F = 6N, a = 1 m/s2  T = 3N
8. ACD
Sol. Consider the tension in the three strings as T1, T2 and T3 respectively, then

9. ABC
Sol. Before cutting the spring, the FBD of each block is
3mg T= 2mg T = mg

A B C

mg T= 2mg mg T  = mg mg
After cutting the spring, the FBD becomes
3mg T = mg

A B C
T  = mg
mg mg mg
10. ABC
dm
Sol. The thrust force is Vrel
dt
Fth = 20  2 = 40 N car will start moving when
40 = (0.1)(50 – 2t) × 10
t = 5 sec
dv
When car starts moving (50 − 2t ) = −(0.1)(50 − 2t ) 10 + 40
dt
Velocities of car will be maximum when whole fuel is burnt i.e. at after time t = 10 sec
vmax 10 10
dt
 dv = −  dt + 40  50 − 2t
0 5 5

## Vmax = 0.6 m/s

After this car will retard because thrust force will not act.
 It will further move for 0.6 sec, so total time = (10 + 0.6)s = 10.6 s
11. A.
Sol. For figure A 10 − f s = a
f s = 2a , f s max = 0.5 110
10
a= & f s = 6.67 , f s is more than f s max which is not possible.
3
12. A.
Sol. f s max between the two blocks is less than the f s max value between lower block and ground.
13. B.
Sol. F cos  = ma , 13cos  = 5 ,
5
cos  =
13
14. A.
Sol. F sin  − mg = ma1
12
13  − 0.6  10 = ma1 (a1 = acceleration of the particle with respect to train)
13
a1 = 6 m/s2
anet = 36 + 25 = 61 m/s2
15. A
mv 2
Sol. mg cos  =
R
v  2 = Rg cos 
v

 x v
v mg

mgR(1 − cos ) =
1 1
mv 2 − mv 2
2 2
2gR − 2gR cos  = Rg cos  − v 2

## 2gR + v 2 = 3gR cos 

2gR + v 2
cos  =
3gR
If  = 0  cos  = 1
 3gR – 2gR = v2  v = gR
 (I) − (A), (B), (D) ; (II) − (C) ; (III) − (A), (B) ; (IV) − (A), (B).
16. 13N
40 − 20 0
Sol. a= =
6 3
Also, 20 − T = 2a
40
 T= = 13.33  13N
3
17. 2
mg
Sol. T1 = , T2 = mg cos 
cos 
T1
= sec 2  = 2
T2
18. 0
Sol. Friction force = 0.2 × 1 × 10 = 2 N
at t= 2s block comes to rest and then F < friction so speed at t = 3s is zero.
19. 15N
Sol. mBg = 30 N
N

3kg mB mA 3kg

## mBg mAg cos mAg sin

1
mAg sin  = 30 × = 15 N =30°  = 0.6
2
Net pulling force = 30 – 15 = 15 N
fl =  mAg cos 
3
= 0.6 × 30 ×
2
=9 3 = 9 × 1.732 = 15.6 N
 fl > pulling force
 f = pulling force = 15 N
20. 3
Sol. The equation of motion of A and B along the incline and perpendicular to it are given by
T
N aA

T T
aB N
N
A
aB
Mgsin37° Mgcos37° Mgsin37° Mgcos37°
37° 37°

The equation of motion of A and B along the incline perpendicular to if are given by
Mg sin 37 − N = MaB …(i)
T − Mg cos 37 = MaA …(ii)
Mg sin 37 + N − T = MaB …(iii)
By constraint relation, aB = aA
From (i), (ii) and (iii),
4
aB = m/s 2
3
 n=3