You are on page 1of 11

Materials System Specification

09-SAMSS-097 20 May 2018


Ready-Mixed Concrete
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee

Contents

I Scope............................................................. 2
II Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
III References..................................................... 2
IV Modifications to ASTM C94-14....................... 3

Previous Issue: 16 September 2015 Next Planned Update: 22 May 2021


Page 1 of 11
Primary contact: Al-Ghamdi, Sami Ali (ghamsa39) on +966-13-8809520

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2018. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 22 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 22 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

I. Scope

This Specification covers ready-mixed concrete manufactured and delivered to Purchaser


in a freshly mixed and unhardened state from Saudi Aramco approved manufacturers.
Requirements for quality of concrete shall be either as hereinafter specified or as specified
in the Purchase Order. This Specification does not cover the placement, consolidation,
curing or protection of the concrete after delivery to the Purchaser.
II. Conflicts and Deviations

Any conflicts between this document and other applicable Mandatory Saudi Aramco
Engineering Requirements (MSAERs) shall be addressed to the EK&RD Coordinator.

Any deviation from the requirements herein shall follow internal company procedure
SAEP-302.
III. References

The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance, and
repair of equipment and facilities covered by this specification shall comply with the
latest edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted.
A. Saudi Aramco References
Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures
SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory
Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement
SAEP-1152 Approval Procedure for Ready-Mixed Concrete Mix
Design

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification


09-SAMSS-088 Aggregates for Concrete
B. Industry Codes and Standards
American Concrete Institute
ACI 211.1 Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for
Normal, Heavy weight, and Mass Concrete
ACI 304.6R Guide for Use of Volumetric-Measuring and
Continuous-Mixing Concrete Equipment
ACI 305 Specification for Hot Weather Concreting
ACI 318M Building Code Requirements for Structural
Concrete and Commentary

Saudi Aramco: Company General Use


Page 2 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 15 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 15 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

ACI 212.3R Chemical Admixtures for Concrete


ACI 232.1R Report on the Use of Raw or Processed Natural
Pozzolans in Concrete
ACI 232.2R Use of Fly Ash in Concrete
ACI 233R Slag Cement in Concrete and Mortar
ACI 234R Guide for the Use of Silica Fume in Concrete

American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM C39/C39M Test Method for Compressive Strength of
Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
ASTM C94/C94M-17a Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed
Concrete
ASTM C114 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic
Cement
ASTM C143/C143M Standard Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic
Cement Concrete
ASTM C150/C150M Specification for Portland Cement
ASTM C494/C494M Specification for Chemical Admixtures for
Concrete
ASTM C595/C595M Standard Specification for Blended Hydraulic
Cements
ASTM C685/C685 Standard Specification for Concrete Made by
Volumetric Batching and Continuous Mixing
ASTM C989/C989 Standard Specification for Slag Cement for Use
in Concrete and Mortars
ASTM C1218/C1218M Test Method Water-Soluble Chloride in Mortar
and Concrete
ASTM C1157/C1157M Standard Performance Specification for
Hydraulic Cement
ASTM C1202 Standard Test Method for Electrical Indication of
Concrete's Ability to Resist Chloride Ion
Penetration
ASTM C1602/C1602M Standard specification for Mixing Water Used in
the Production of Hydraulic Cement Concrete
ASTM C1611/C1611M Standard Test Method for Slump Flow of Self-
Consolidating Concrete
Saudi Aramco: Company General Use
Page 3 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 22 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 22 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

British Standards
BS 1881: Part 124 Testing Concrete Methods for Analysis of
Hardened Concrete
BS 1881: Part 122 Testing concrete Method for determination of
water absorption
BS EN 450-1:2012 Fly ash for concrete. Definition, specifications
and conformity criteria
C. Saudi Arabian Standards Organization
SASO SSA 143 Portland Cement, Ordinary and Rapid-
Hardening
IV. Modifications to ASTM C94/C94M – 17a

The following paragraph numbers refer to ASTM C94/C94 – 17a, which is part of this
specification. The text in each paragraph below is an addition, exception, modification,
or deletion to ASTM C94/C94 - 17a as noted. Paragraph numbers not appearing in
ASTM C94/C94 - 17a are new paragraphs to be inserted in numerical order.

5.2.1 (Modification) The type of cement used shall be specified in the Purchase
Order and shall be a Purchaser-approved brand.

Ordinary Portland Cement (Type I) shall be in accordance with SASO SSA


143 and the optional chemical requirements of ASTM C150/C150M, Table 2.

Type V sulfate resistant Portland cement shall be in accordance with


ASTM C150/C150M, including the optional chemical requirements
of Table 2 and the optional physical requirements of Table 4.

5.2.2 (Addition) Pozzolans that include natural volcanic ash, metakaolin, silica
fume, and fly ash shall be used as follows:

Silica fume, when used as replacement for cement in concrete (binary mix),
shall not be less than 7% and shall not exceed 10% by weight of
cementitious material.
Commentary Note:

When silica fume is used in combination with other pozzolans (ternery mix),
minimum value of silica fume can be decreased to 5%.

Natural Pozzolans (such as volcanic ash) can be used as partial replacement of


cement. Up to 50% of cement can be replaced with natural pozzolans.

Saudi Aramco: Company General Use


Page 4 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 15 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 15 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

Fly ash can be used as partial replacement for cement in concrete (binary or
ternary mix) for durability purposes. The amount of fly ash shall not be less
than 25% by weight of cementitious material.

Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBFS) can be used as partial


replacement for cement in concrete (binary or ternary mix) for durability
purposes. The amount of GGBFS shall not be less than 50% and shall not
exceed 70% by weight of cementitious material.

Other cementitious materials such as oil ash and sulfur concrete may be used
with approval from the Consulting Services Department.

Mill test certificates shall be provided for each shipment of cement or


cementitious material. Under no circumstances shall the source of cement
be changed without prior written approval of Purchaser.

5.3 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the
following:

Aggregate shall conform to 09-SAMSS-088 “Aggregates for Concrete.”

5.4 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the
following:

Mixing water shall be free from oils, acids, organic matter or other
deleterious substances and shall satisfy the requirements listed in
Table B of this standard. No changes in water source shall be permitted
without prior approval by Purchaser.
Table B – Acceptance Criteria for Mixing Water

Test1 Max. Test Method


Chloride as Cl-, in prestressed concrete, 500 ASTM C114
bridge decks, or otherwise designated
Chloride as Cl-, other reinforced concrete in 1000 ASTM C114
moist environments
pH2 8.0
Sulfate as SO4 ppm 3000 ppm ASTM C114
Alkalies as (Na2O + 0.658 K2O), ppm 600 ppm ASTM C114
Total solids by mass, ppm 5,000 ppm ASTM C1603

1 Frequency of Test is Weekly


2 minimum accepted pH value is 6.0
Saudi Aramco: Company General Use
Page 5 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 22 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 22 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

5.6 (Addition) Calcium chloride or admixtures containing chloride salts are not
permitted and shall not be used.

Admixture manufacturer’s technical data sheet, including dosage range for


slump/temperature range, and storage requirements shall be submitted to the
Purchaser with proposed mix designs

6.1 (Addition) The maximum water soluble chloride ions in concrete shall not
exceed 0.15% for reinforced concrete and 0.06% for prestressed concrete by
weight of cement. The maximum Sulfate ions as SO3 shall not exceed 4%.
Tests shall be in accordance with ASTM C1218/C1218M, BS 1881 – 124 or
equivalent.

6.1.5 (Exception) Option C shall be used as a basis for determining the


proportions of the concrete to produce the required quality.

6.1.8 (Modification) Delete this section in its entirety and substitute with
“Concrete shall be discharged before the drum has revolved 300 revolutions”

6.4 (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety.

6.5 (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety.

6.6.1 (Addition) The cement content and the water cement ratio (w/cm) shall be as
indicated in Table 2 of SAES-Q-001.

6.6.1.1 (Modification) Required compressive strength as determined on samples


taken from the transportation unit at the point of discharge evaluated in
accordance with Section 18. The purchaser shall specify the requirements for
strength in terms of tests of standard specimens cured under standard
laboratory conditions for moist curing (see Section 18). Compressive
strength requirement at 28 days unless when concrete contains fly ash or
GGBFS, strength requirement is at 56 days.

6.6.2 (Addition) Complete concrete mix design data shall be submitted to the
Purchaser for approval at least 30 days prior to proposed use. Concrete mix
design shall be reviewed and approved by the Batch Plant & Civil Testing
Unit (BP&CTU)/Inspection Department as per the procedures specified in
SAEP-1152.

7.1.2 (Modification) Concrete slump shall be as follows:

Concrete with high-range water reducing or plasticizing admixtures shall


have a target or nominal slump of 150 mm,(±40 mm) at the point of
discharge at the job site or otherwise specified.

Saudi Aramco: Company General Use


Page 6 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 15 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 15 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

7.1.3 (Modification) for self-consolidated concrete (SCC), concrete slump flow


shall be as follows:

Concrete with Ultra High Range Superplasticizer admixtures shall have a


target or nominal slump flow of 600 mm,(±65 mm) at the point of discharge
at the job site or otherwise specified.

7.2 (Addition) When concrete pumps are used, the slump shall be determined at
the discharge point of the concrete placement hose.

9.1 (Exception) Volume batching is only allowed when mobile volumetric


batching plants are used per ASTM C685/685M and ACI304.6R.

9.3 (Exception) Wash water shall not be used as mixing water.

10.3 (Addition) Plant scales shall be calibrated no less than three times a year and
shall be certified as conforming to ASTM C94/C94M - 17a by Saudi
Aramco approved calibration agency.
Commentary Note:

Any testing or calibration agency that is ISO/IEC 17025 accredited, as shown


in their accreditation scope with calibration included, shall be accepted.

11.1.2 (Addition) Concrete delivered in trucks not having operable revolution


counters shall be rejected.

12.1.2 (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety.

12.4 (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety.

12.7 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the
following:

No water from the truck water system or elsewhere shall be added after the
initial introduction of water during batching

Unless otherwise stated, obtain the required slump or slump flow within the
tolerances stated in 7.1.1, 7.1.2, or 7.1.3 with the addition of water reducing
admixture. The maximum quantity of water-reducing admixture that can be
added at the job site shall be determined by the manufacturer and shall not
exceed the maximum water content for the batch as established by the
designed mixture proportions. Adjusting the concrete mixture with water-
reducing admixture shall be done before discharge of concrete, except when
obtaining a preliminary sample in accordance with 17.6. After the additions,
the drum shall be turned at least 30 revolutions at mixing speed. The
quantity of water-reducing admixture added shall be recorded.
Saudi Aramco: Company General Use
Page 7 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 22 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 22 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

12.8 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the
following:

For truck mixers with automated water reducing admixture measurement


and slump or slump flow monitoring equipment defined in 12.8, water-
reducing admixture (superplasticizer), may be added during transportation to
the job site. If water-reducing admixture is added, the mixer shall be turned
at least 30 drum revolutions at mixing speed. Said mixing shall take place
after the last water-reducing admixture (superplasticizer) addition but before
the start of discharge. The acceptance or rejection of concrete based on
slump or slump flow shall be in accordance with Section 17.

12.9 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the
following:
a) Discharge of the concrete shall be completed within 1 1⁄2 hours after
the introduction of the mixing water to the cement and aggregates or
the introduction of the cement to the aggregates. This requirement
may be waived for existing operating plants where delay may occure
at security gates, provided that the concrete slump or slump flow is
within the allowable limits at the point of discharge specified in
sections 7.1.2 and 7.1.3 of this specification.
b) Each truck delivering concrete shall have an operable water system
with an accurate water measuring device of one of the following
types:
 Automatic cut off siphon type.
 Water meter of the automatic shut off type.
 Sight gage.
c) The final concrete shall satisfy the requirements of this standard.
d) Consistency and uniformity tests are performed as per the
requirements of ASTM C94/C94M - 17a. Tests shall be witnessed
by representative from Inspection Department.
e) Quality control is maintained at both batch plant and at project site.
f) Inspection Department/BP&CTU shall approve mixing procedure to
ensure compliance with Saudi Aramco applicable standards.

12.12 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the
following:

Saudi Aramco: Company General Use


Page 8 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 15 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 15 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

Concrete delivered at a temperature in excess of 35°C or that fails to


maintain a temperature of 35°C until used, shall be rejected and replaced at
the expense of the Manufacturer. ACI 305R recommended practice shall be
used for hot weather concreting.
Commentary Note:

Non-structural concrete with compressive strength of 2000 psi is exempted


from the above requirement. The reason for this exemption is due to the fact
that non-structural concrete is unreinforced and thus cracking is not critical.

12.13 (Addition) No aluminum parts shall be placed in contact with concrete


during mixing or delivery.

12.14 (Addition) In remote areas, where, it is proven and verified by SAPMT and
Inspection Department the absence of a batch plant that is in full
compliance with this standard, existing batch plant will be allowed with the
following conditions:
a) The final product shall satisfy the requirements of this standard.
b) Quality control shall be maintained at the batch plant and the
construction site. Saudi Aramco Approved Independent laboratory
shall be utilized to perform the required tests when there are no
laboratory facilities at the batch plant.
c) The batch plant shall be in full compliance with Section 10 of this
standard.

12.15 (Exception) Addition of water (re-tempering) shall not be allowed.

14.1 (Addition)
a) Location of Batch Plant
b) Job Order (JO) Number for Project
c) Time Leaving Batch Plant

14.1.10 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the
following:

Amount of water reducing admixture (superplasticizer) added during


transportation or at the job site

14.1.11 (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety.

16.3 (Addition) The test report shall include the following data for each test
sample of concrete taken at the placement site:

Saudi Aramco: Company General Use


Page 9 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 22 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 22 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

 Name of Project, Job Order (JO) for the Project, and designation of the
structure
 Slump or slump flow in millimeters
 Ambient air temperature in ºC
 Concrete temperature in ºC
 % Air, when air entrainment is used.

16.4 (Addition) Test reports shall be submitted within 7 days after tests are
completed.

16.5 (Addition) For each concrete sample obtained for self-consolidating


concrete, the following tests shall also be conducted:

a. Slump flow in accordance with ASTM C1611/C1611M

b. T50 and Visual Stability Index (VSI) in accordance with ASTM


C1611/C1611M

c. Column segregation in accordance with ASTM C1610/C1610M or


ASTM C1712.

d. Passing ability in accordance with ASTM C1621/C1621M. The slump


flow with and without the J-Ring is measured. A difference of less than
25 mm indicates good passing ability. A difference greater than 50 mm
indicates poor passing ability.

17.7 (Addition) Purchaser reserves the right to obtain samples of the delivered
product and its constituent components, which Purchaser deems necessary to
verify full compliance with the quality requirements stated in this
Specification.

18.2 (Addition) The required compressive strength tests in accordance with


ASTM C39/C39M shall be as follows:
a) Compressive strength is required at 28 days unless when concrete
contains fly ash, GGBFS or both, strength is required at 56 days
b) Test one set of laboratory-cured specimens at 7 days and one set of
specimens at 28 days. Additional test of one set at 56 days for concrete
containing natural pozzolan, fly ash, GGBFS or mix of any
cementitious material.
c) Test one set of field-cured specimens at 7 days and one set of specimens
at 28 days. Additional test of one set at 56 days for concrete containing

Saudi Aramco: Company General Use


Page 10 of 11
Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-097
Issue Date: 15 May 2018
Next Planned Update: 15 May 2021 Ready-Mixed Concrete

natural pozzolan, fly ash, GGBFS or a mix of any cementitious


material.
d) A compressive-strength test shall be the average compressive strength
from a set of at least two specimens obtained from same composite
sample and tested at age indicated.

When strength of field-cured cylinders is less than 85% of companion


laboratory-cured cylinders, contractor shall evaluate operations and
provide corrective procedures for protecting and curing in-place
concrete.

19.1 (Modification) Delete this paragraph in its entirety and substitute the following:

In the event that concrete fails to meet the strength requirements of this
Specification, in-place testing for concrete strength will be conducted by
Purchaser. In-situ testing will be conducted in accordance with ACI 318M,
ACI 301, at the sole option of the Purchaser.

Concrete in the area represented by the in-place tests shall be considered


structurally adequate provided such results conform to the provisions of
ACI 318M and ACI 301.

The results of all in-situ testing, as described above, conducted by the


Purchaser and observed by the Manufacturer, shall be considered binding
and final.

Tests for Saudi Aramco acceptance purposes shall be performed by a Saudi


Aramco-approved independent laboratory.

Concrete judged structurally inadequate after in-place testing described


above, shall be removed and replaced at the expense of the Manufacturer.

Revision Summary
20 May 2018 Major revision to align with the new revision of ASTM C94 (2017a).

Saudi Aramco: Company General Use


Page 11 of 11