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All State Music Fest Comes to Central Vermont • Page 4

A pril 17 – M ay 7, 2019

Food and Farming

Pg. 7 Vermont Farmers
Farmers Market Comes to State Street
Get Their Goats
New Manager at the Helm
By Mike Dunphy
Pg. 9 Vermont Salumi
Moves to Barre
evon Byers would like to ask for your patience. Just for someone who had the right understanding of what farmers
three weeks into her new role as marketing manager markets are,” explains Hannah Blackmer, the new president
of the Capital City Farmers Market—and with the of the board, “and who has a passion for local food, but also
Pg. 11 Montpelier’s Emily first outdoor session only weeks away—she’s got a tremendous local community building.” The board was also attracted
Gould in Rwanda
amount on her farm-to-plate. to Byers’ background in graphics and design, small business
“I am getting my bearings,” she management—as a craniosacral
explains. “Between now and May Courtesy of Devon Byers therapist—and “socially engaged
4, it’s literally walking into every art,” which she studies at Goddard.
U.S. Postage PAID

Permit NO. 123

Montpelier, VT

store and letting people see my face, Plus, Blackmer notes, “She has been

know my name, and how to be in shopping at the farmers market for 15

touch with me, and I will check in years and seen things change from a
every week until everyone is good.” customer’s it felt like
Luckily, she’s got a supportive a great fit.”
and involved six-person board of For Byers, the attraction to the
directors behind her doing much position went beyond her altruistic
of the heavy lifting. “I feel blessed passion for community to the
by this board because they did all practicality of connecting with that
the hardest part to get ready for the community. “I was looking for part-
summer outdoor market for me.” time work outside in the community,
Also fortunate for Byers is that she because everything is very home-based
arrives with a tremendous amount for me. My business is even based out
of energy, eagerness, and passion to New Farmers Market Manager, Devon Byers of my home, so it was a way to get out
address this complex orchestration of and connect in a really beautiful way.”
60 vendors, two dozen or so downtown storefronts, wandering Getting the job was no easy feat as well, as candidates were
Montpelier, VT 05601

minstrels, street closures, traffic reroutes, and on and on. put through both interviews and multiple personality tests—the
That’s just the sort of person the board was looking for in their Jung Typology Test and the Plus-32 Personality Profile—in
P.O. Box 1143

rigorous search for a new marketing manager after Ashton Kirol part instituted by new board member Peter Burmeister of
stepped down after three years at the helm. “We were looking
The Bridge

Continued on Page 5

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PAGE 2 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 3


Test Your Knowledge of Montpelier at Mayfest Scramble
Montpelier’s Pedestrian Scramble returns for a third season May 4 as part of Mayfest.
Described as an “urban adventure,” the scramble invites participants to find checkpoints
marked on a map and answer as many questions as possible within a limited time.
Signups are at 1:45 pm in front of City Hall and the Scramble runs from 2 to 4 pm. The
semi-competitive event is run by Montpelier’s Complete Streets Committee and was
started by member Harris Webster. Find more information on the Community table at
the Kellogg-Hubbard Library.
North Branch Nature Center Earns Green Building Award
The North Branch Nature Center was awarded a 2019 Vermont’s Greener Building
Award and People’s Choice Award by the Vermont Green Building Network at the annual
Vermont Green Building Gala on March 28. This statewide competition recognizes
exemplary residential and commercial buildings that meet the highest standard of
demonstrated energy performance. The Vermont’s Greener Building Award is given
to buildings with energy use intensity at least 50 percent below the regional average
energy use for buildings of the same end use and incorporating other sustainability
features. The site is now powered by a 21 kW DC (15kW AC) ground-mounted solar
photovoltaic array. Other new features include an electric vehicle charging station and
water-saving fixtures throughout. The renovations eliminated all fossil fuel use on-site
while also doubling the available square footage of program space.
Strings Take Center Stage at Scragg Mountain Music
Scrag Mountain Music presents String Circle, a concert of music that highlights
the vibrant sounds of strings in a series of concerts May 9–12. Centered on Johannes
Brahms’s rich Sextet No. 1, Scrag co-artistic directors Evan Premo (double bass) and
Mary Bonhag (soprano) are joined by violinists Anna Elashvili and Yonah Zur, violists
Margaret Dyer and Ayane Kozasa, and cellist Karen Ouzounian. Concerts are 7:30 pm
Thursday, May 9, at Bread & Butter Farm in Shelburne; 7:30 pm Friday, May 10, at

Fundraising Campaign
Chandler Center for the Arts, in Randolph; 7:30 pm Saturday, May 11, at the Unitarian
Church in Montpelier; and 4 pm Sunday, May 12, at the Warren United Church.
Admission by donation.

Nature Watch by Nona Estrin

Ten months into our $50,000 Bridge to the Future campaign, we are
almost 3/4 of the way to our goal. Thanks to all those who have already

Please send your potentially tax-deductible donation to:

Friends of The Bridge, P.O. Box 1641, Montpelier, VT 05601.
Artwork by Nona Estrin.
You can also donate online at

Bridge Community Media, Inc.

P.O. Box 1143, Montpelier, VT 05601 • Ph: 802-223-5112
Editor in Chief: Mike Dunphy
Managing Editor: Tom Brown
Publisher Emeritus: Nat Frothingham

Copy Editor: Larry Floersch
onger days have never felt better, nor migrating birds more Calendar Editor: Marichel Vaught
Layout: Sarah Davin, Marichel Vaught
exciting! And the appearance of those irrepressible first bulbs, a bee Sales Representatives: Rick McMahan
miraculously hovering—landing on!—one yellow crocus! In the cold Distribution: Sarah Davin, Loona Brogan, Carl Etnier
Board Members: Phil Dodd, Donny Osman, Jake Brown, Josh Fitzhugh, Larry Floersch, Greg Gerdel, Irene
frame a few greens of various ages, planted last summer, have survived Racz, Ivan Shadis, Mason Singer
both winter and rodents and are already putting on new leaves. The garden Editorial: 223-5112, ext. 14 •
Location: The Bridge office is located at the Vermont College of Fine Arts, Stone Science Hall.
is still mostly under snow, but I am ready! Subscriptions: You can receive The Bridge by mail for $50 a year. Make out your check to The Bridge, and
mail to The Bridge, PO Box 1143, Montpelier VT 05601. •
Twitter: @montpbridge • Instagram: @montpelierbridge
PAGE 4 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Montpelier, U-32 Team Up For Festival
More Than 400 Top High School Musicians Coming for All-State
By Tom Brown

M Photo by Hilary Goldblatt.

ore than 400 of the state’s most
talented student musicians
will soon converge on Central
Vermont to take part in the 92nd annual
All-State Music Festival. Montpelier
and U-32 high schools will co-host the
four-day event, which kicks off with a
parade in downtown Montpelier at 6 pm
on Wednesday, May 8, followed by four
concerts at U-32, from May 8 to 11.
The student participants all earned their
way to the big dance of scholastic music
Montpelier High School’s All-State Music Festival participants (from left)
by passing through competitive, individual
Katie Desch, Erin Kelley, Edie Donofrio, Hope Petraro, Mei Dwyer-Frattalone,
auditions, but during the festival, it’s all
Eleanor Braun, Evan Rohan, Charles Watson, and Neil Rohan. Grace
about collaboration. The students have just
Carlomagno (not pictured) received an Honorable Mention for her original
a few rehearsal days to pull together their
performances in band, orchestra, chorus, or
jazz, in a sort of hyper-compressed version As hosts, the two schools are responsible music is an integral part of the human who are really top flight and really want to
of band camp. for programs, T-shirts, facilities, and, experience, and it is rewarding to see so be there and wanting to work hard with
The individual honor of being selected perhaps most challenging, providing many students find success and satisfaction a great conductor makes certain that the
from more than 1,000 applicants is housing for hundreds of visiting musicians. through singing, composing, and playing at performances are always fantastic.”
significant, but it’s the camaraderie of U-32’s music teachers Roger Grow, Anne the All-State level.
playing with talented peers from around Decker, and David Powelson are dealing “It’s just great to see students get to such All-State Music Festival Schedule
Vermont that makes the hours of practice with much of the performance logistics for a high level that they put all their skills
Parade: 6 pm Wednesday, May 8,
worthwhile, one four-time all-state the festival. Grow said it was not easy to together and have an expressive capacity Montpelier.
participant says. round up the 200 chairs, 150 music stands, with their music and just really derive Scholarship concert: 8 pm Thursday,
“The reward for all the work is to actually and numerous choral risers needed for the enjoyment out of getting to such a high May 9, U-32 Auditorium. Free.
get to go to the festival because it is a event. level,” she said. “I first met Eleanor when Jazz concert: 7:30 pm Friday, May
fantastic experience,” said Eleanor Braun, There are 230 students in the chorus,” he she was in fourth grade and she had never 10, U-32 Auditorium. $8.
a senior from Montpelier who plays double said. “It’s like a giant puzzle.” picked up a bass. Nine years later she’s Chorus concert: 2 pm Saturday, May
bass and qualified for All-State in all four MHS music teacher, Hillary Goldblatt still my student. It’s amazing to witness 11, U-32 Auditorium. $12 adults; $8
said the parade through Montpelier will students on their paths from children to students and seniors.
years of high school. “It’s so much fun.
feature about 30 or 40 middle and high young adults in a continuous stretch, and Orchestra and Band concert: 4 pm
You get to play with a ton of people Saturday, May 11, U-32 Auditorium.
from all over Vermont who are really good school marching bands, highlighted by especially how their lives are enriched by
$12 adults; $8 students and se-
at playing their instrument, and you get Montpelier’s own Solon Samba drummers, music over time.” niors. (Combined Saturday tickets
to meet music people from everywhere. I led by MHS music teacher Kirk Kreitz The music festival is an opportunity for $20/$12.)
think that’s really cool.” (Molly Clark is the other MHS music these high-performing musicians to come U-32 All-State Participants
The students also get to play with a full educator). Goldblatt said spectators won’t together around a shared interest and share Orchestra: Bethany Atwood, Kath-
orchestra with guest conductors such as see traditional uniformed marching bands; a moment in the spotlight, the teachers erine McKay, Shams Ferver, Norah
Dr. Ronald Feldman, a professor of music rather, she said, the students tend to “take said. Ryan.
at Williams College who served as assistant a much more creative approach” for the “No matter how good a small music Jazz Band: Bruno John.
parade. program is, you are still dealing with a wide Chorus: Jozie Bolduc, Justin Murray,
conductor to John Williams and the Boston
Adella Polk, Alex Saunders.
Pops, among other achievements. No word Goldblatt, who has taught at MHS for range of students in your classroom,” Grow
More information is available at
whether Williams’ Darth Vader’s theme is 12 years and has seen about 50 All-State said. “These are the best of the best, and to
among the scheduled pieces. musicians emerge from her class, said be in an ensemble with that number of kids
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 5

Food & Farming

Farmers Market Returns to State
Street with New Manager Continued from page 1
By Mike Dunphy
vendors located near similar retailers.
“There won’t be someone selling flowers
in front of the flower shop, for example.”
Further up State Street, toward the
Heney lot, vendors will face inward along
the north side of the Rialto bridge, leaving
the required access space for fire, police,
and medical services. “What enables the
changes is really the mix between using
the Heney lot and State Street instead
of trying to have all of the vendors on
State Street,” Groberg notes. “That opens
things up a lot.”
The additional space allows for more
vendors, too, raising the number from
50 to 60, although not all are full-time.
Bathrooms, however, will remain a
sticky issue, with no ideal solution yet
discovered. Traditionally, people have
used the bathrooms at Capitol Grounds,
but that’s created an understandable
tension with the business, as long lines
on Saturdays cause those coming in for
food and coffee to look elsewhere. In the
past, Christ Church has been used, but a
bad apple vandal shut that down. Portable
Burelli Farm, who was a manager and beyond what someone might tell you in light, and lines of sight to their stores, toilets are also not possible because of
company owner in various industries, an interview.” According to Burmeister, not to mention increasing clutter on the scheduling, cost, and other logistical
including graphic arts, commercial Byers is a “type E” personality, which sidewalks. issues. That leaves City Hall as the only
printing, construction, and agriculture means she’s extremely well-rounded, The difference with the new layout is possibility, and signage will attempt to
for more than 30 years, has written the something he considers rare—and ideal that the market has a lot more space to direct people there.
Human Resources Guidebook (2002) on the for the position. work with, using both the lot and the Byers and the Farmers Market board
subject. “He was able to draw on his many, Certainly Byers is going to need all street. Also, vendors will be positioned hope the new layout, increased size, and
many years of experience in hiring and her negotiating and interactive skills to in the center of State Street on the Main activities will raise both attendance and
employee management to help us facilitate manage the “new” home of the market, Street end, facing out toward the street revenue for the market, as growth has
this process,” explains Blackmer. stretching this year from its usual place and sidewalks, channeling customers somewhat plateaued in the past few years.
“What we learned from the personality in the Heney lot on to State Street between them. “A lot of farmers markets across the state are
tests,” she continues, “is how a person and down to the intersection of Main “The stores won’t be blocked in any in a holding pattern,” explains Blackmer,
operates beyond what they are saying to Street. Locals may recall a similar move way, and there won’t be clutter of the “not seeing a lot of growth or decline, and
you in answering the questions. A lot of it to State Street was attempted last year, vendors’ stand visible,” explains Dan we’re the same as everybody else in that.”
echoed what we had picked up on in the and even piloted, only to collapse at the Groberg, director of Montpelier Alive, What’s inhibiting growth? “It’s basically
interview, what we were able to determine last moment after store owners registered which played a significant role in the a lot of competition within food retail,”
on how a person deals with conflict, or significant disapproval with the final negotiations with downtown merchants.
enjoys interaction with other humans, layout, which seemed to block access, That also means there won’t be competing Continues on Page 18
PAGE 6 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

A Message From City Hall

This page was paid for by the City of Montpelier.

Montpelier Conversations
by Mayor Anne Watson

Upcoming City Conversations which would be in time to inform our budget process.
Springtime for me is always a time of anticipation We could see some improvements to the Barre Street
and looking forward. With the start of the new and Main Street corridor as soon as 2020.
council session, we have just welcomed a new member, Downtown Master Planning Process
Lauren Heirl, from District 1. By the time you’re The council also will need to make some decisions
reading this, we will have set our council goals for about what to do with the former Mowatt property,
the year, a roadmap for the work the council hopes to between the rail line by Shaw’s and the Drawing
accomplish this year. They will significantly influence Board. We could sell it to put up a building with
how the council spends its time over the course of the parking behind it. It could be entirely green space,
year. Some parts of our work, though, are already in or some combination. Instead of looking at this
motion. Parts of the road map are already in place, parcel individually, we’ve decided to take a look at
and they’re all topics I’m looking forward to working the needs of our downtown more generally. What finances, so we’ll be pursuing a study to help us
on. does the City need? How do we prioritize additional understand the logistics involved in implementing
Barre Street and Main Street Corridor Study commercial space or green park space? This may also such a program here.
Just last week the council heard the first draft of be an opportunity for us to do a little revisioning
For each of these topics look for more details about
the report from DuBois & King, the consultants who for what our downtown could look like. We’re just
specific dates soon. They haven’t been set yet, we’ll be
have conducted a year-long study, on how the Barre at the beginning of this process. We’ll be hiring a
figuring out specific dates in the coming months.
Street and Main Street corridor could be improved consultant to help us walk through the Downtown
Master Planning process. We will make sure that there In other news, I’m very excited to see so much
for pedestrians and bikers. In the report, available on
is ample opportunity for public input and discussion. progress on the construction of the downtown transit
the city website, the study discusses roundabouts, bike
center and housing. That project is on track to be
lanes, traffic signals, among other things. It laid out Energy Efficiency
completed by August of this year. Additionally, the
potential costs to make certain types of improvements Another conversation that I’m looking forward to bike path extension beyond Granite Street is also
and prioritized which changes were most urgent. I concerns energy efficiency. We recently had a very making good progress and is also set to be finished in
was very glad to see that the highest priority was close passing vote about whether the city should be August of this year.
determining a solution for the Barre Street and Main able to make ordinances regarding energy efficiency
Street intersection. We expect the final draft of the Charter Amendment Update
and disclosure. As a result of the close vote, it became
report and the recommendations to be done by the clear that we need more public dialogue about how to The council and I continue to follow the three
end of May. Then we will be conducting public input proceed. After the council sets its goals for the year, charter amendments as they progress through the
sessions to hear from both the Barre and Main Street we will likely start to have some meetings dedicated legislature. I’ve testified in the House Government
communities, as well as the city at large about their to just talking through potential energy efficiency Operations Committee twice, once on behalf of the
thoughts about the study. All of the options presented incentives and policies. So hopefully I will have more single-use plastics charter amendment, and once
in the draft cost enough that we would have to plan for to share about that for an upcoming issue. to testify regarding the non-citizen voting charter
them in the next budget. Our hope is to get feedback amendment. Both times I went to testify the committee
from the community over the summer and early fall, Trash, Recycling, and Compost
had engaging and thoughtful questions. Municipal
A couple of months ago I visited Brattleboro’s solid charter changes are allowed to follow a different
waste district. They have had lots of success with timeline than normal bills. Even though we’re a little
municipal trash collection, recycling, and composting. past the half-way point in this legislative year, we’re
Every home has access to curbside composting in still on track with our amendments. There are votes
addition to trash and recycling collection. Not coming up, so hopefully the legislature will support
everyone uses the curbside composting service, but the will of Montpelier voters! I’m very grateful to our
residents can all get a deal on the compost that’s representatives Mary Hooper and Warren Kitzmiller
generated from Brattleboro’s food scraps. According for their work on these issues and on behalf of the city
to their data, each household generates about twelve of Montpelier.
pounds of compostable material each week. Eight of
Thank You for Giving Back!
those pounds are material that could be composted in
a typical home composting pile, while four pounds per There are so many reasons to love springtime, but
week are meats and cheese, etc., that should not go into one of them is that we start to see our neighbors
a home composting pile. Their system, though, really more out and about, on the bike path, or at outdoor
only works if it’s combined with curbside municipal events. It reminds me of what a wonderful place
trash and recycling. this is to live. Ultimately, I love Montpelier for its
people. I am so thankful for all of you who give back
This prompted the council to create a working
to our community. I’m so thankful for those of you
group to look into the issue for Montpelier. Could
who volunteer your time, donate financially, or have
this system or some variation of this system work for
professions that are working to make the world a better
us? Burlington and South Burlington are looking into
place. I don’t think our volunteers and public servants
municipal trash and recycling collection. Could we,
are thanked enough, and I want to recognize that
as residents, be saving money if we had municipal
so many members of our community are engaged in
trash and recycling collection? This is very normal in
making Montpelier a wonderful community. Thank
other municipalities across the US, why hasn’t it been
you for your work.
done here? Could we increase the access Montpelier
residents have to composting, especially for meat and
dairy waste? Of course all of this depends on the
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 7

Food & Farming

Taking Stock
Addressing Hunger in Montpelier
By Joseph Kiefer

food donations to patron coordination,

Photo courtesy of Joseph Kiefer.
stocking shelves, and facilitating shopping
each week—Tuesday through Saturday
from 10 am to noon. Yet with all this
compassion and seeking of justice, we are
barely staying ahead of the need and have
no real organized system within the city.
From 10 am to noon on Saturday,
April 27, the Food Justice Committee of
Just Basics, Inc. is hosting a community
conversation called “Taking Stock” at
Trinity Methodist Church. During the
first hour we will hear from Montpelier
churches and nonprofit organizations
who are on the front lines, serving
lunches and evening meals and providing
emergency food to our neighbors in need.
In hour two we will work in small
Community volunteers work to keep the shelves stocked with locally groups to explore the following questions:
donated fresh, frozen, packaged, and canned food at the Montpelier Food
Pantry in the basement of the Trinity Methodist Church. • How are we doing?
• Is it enough?
If you always do what you’ve always done, Churches, nonprofits, and volunteers are • How could we do better and more?
you always get what you’ve always gotten. all pitching in and lending a hand to our
- Unknown neighbors in need. This failure of our • How could we pool our resources
government and the continuous shredding together?

o what do you do if you lose your of the safety net have left communities to • What are the unmet needs at the top of
job and have to choose between mostly fend for themselves. As one of your wish list?
food and fuel for winter warmth, the richest countries in the world, it is
suffer a family crisis that uses up all your immoral that anyone should go hungry; We will close with a sharing and make
savings, or separate from your partner not have a safe, warm place to sleep; a plan for next steps. Anyone interested
and live alone with your children? and not have the medical attention and in this conversation is welcome to attend
If you live in Montpelier the answer is care we all deserve. We seem to have and participate. We hope this is just
simple—you can go to the Montpelier confused our priorities deciding that the beginning of creating an organized
Food Pantry and get a week’s worth of national defense and militarism are more network of churches, nonprofits, and
food, eat a hot lunch at one of the local important than defending dignity and community volunteers looking for ways
churches during the week, and escape respect for all human beings, regardless to help move us from hunger relief toward
the freeze at one of the warming centers of race, religion, and sexual orientation. food justice for all.
from 5 to 8 pm. For overnight in the The Montpelier Food Pantry for For more information or to RSVP for
winter, Bethany Church is open seven example, a program of Just Basics, Inc., April 27, please contact josephkiefer53@
days a week. has seen a tripling in need over the past or Jaime Bedard at director@
What we’re seeing in the Montpelier three years, with more than 50 volunteers or call (802) 375-5369.
area is typical of much of the country. helping to organize everything from
PAGE 8 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Food & Farming

Setting Sun Steeps Central Vermont in Tea
By Sarah Davin

L Photo by Sarah Davin.

ike a mystical call to destiny, the Youngbear hopes Setting Sun will bring
idea and design for the Setting Sun new tea enthusiasts into the community.
Tea Hut in Plainfield came to Ben “I think when you have a teahouse space
Youngbaer in a dream. The small, wooden that is cultivating the education, then it
structure, which has an incredible view just grows that network even further. I’ve
of the mountains from East Hill Road, had some people come here who have not
was designed by Youngbaer to resemble exactly started their own tea practice but
a traditional Japanese tea hut, with 4 and have become more daily tea drinkers.”
½ tatami mats covering the dimensions of Luckily, tea fanatics and initiates are in
the floor. good company in Vermont. Youngbaer
Together with his father, Youngbaer says that there is a wonderful community
constructed the tea hut on his family’s Inside the Setting Sun Tea Hut. and recommends the Stone Leaf Teahouse
property, a few dozen feet from the from the beautiful sunset views, but also never developed a taste for coffee, so I was in Middlebury, which is run by his friend,
home in which he was born. Youngbaer from Japan being the land of the rising always seeking out other options. At a cafe John Wetzel, as a place to find fellow
said, “We didn’t know how to build in a sun, and we’re basically on the opposite or coffee shop, what else do they have? So, enthusiasts. “He has had a lot of people
Japanese way, and we didn’t know Japanese side of the Earth, so I felt Setting Sun rather than blindly going in and ordering who worked with him over the years who
architecture, which can sometimes be very worked well for that—this East meets something I wasn’t going to like just to are passionate about tea and have done
specific. They do a lot of butterfly joints West vibe,” Youngbaer elaborated. feel like I was using their space, I started some traveling to further their education.
and complex things beyond my and my Youngbaer’s business differs from others drinking tea and learning a little bit more Closer to home, North Branch Cafe
father’s skill level, who has built houses in in that it does not primarily focus on about it. I started thinking, ‘Oh, what tea on State Street in Montpelier offers an
the past.” selling teas, preferring instead to emphasize do I like? What’s going on here?’” impressive menu of high-quality global
Although the tea hut is designed to look the educational experience. But he does In 2007, while a student at Burlington teas, and there’s a fine selection at Grian
like it would fit in well in a traditional East make an effort to make sure his students College, a visit to Dobra Tea on Church Herbs on Elm Street, as well.
Asian landscape, there are some details that have the opportunity to access the teas Street in Burlington gave him an For those interested in learning more
reveal its Vermont foundations. “Basically he teaches about. “I do purchase tea, and opportunity to explore a wide variety about tea, Youngbaer will host an open
we framed as you would normally frame I sell some tea, but it’s not my primary of teas. “I went to Dobra Tea for the house at Setting Sun on April 20, from
a wall and the floor. The roof was a little income. My focus is education, not sales, first time with some friends. I started 10 am to 2 pm. Snacks will be available
bit more complex. It’s a hipped roof, with but if I’m teaching something about tea, going there every day or every other and donations will help cover the cost of
cedar posts on the corners that were cut I want to be able to offer some and not day. I tried to learn as much as I could the event. For a more expansive experience,
from our woods. It’s not very precise, but I just give information.” Since the tea hut’s about tea. Then, I started working there there will be a five-day summer tea retreat
think it works well with the atmosphere of opening in 2015, Youngbaer has taught in 2010 and continued for four years. It from July 8 to July 12. Youngbear also
a tea ceremony,” said Youngbaer. more than 30 classes about tea making. really took off from there.” In addition, appears weekly at the Plainfield farmers
The Setting Sun Tea Hut not only its As a young person growing up in Central Youngbaer has traveled to China to market on Friday, where he serves tea and
gets its name from its excellent view of the Vermont, Youngbaer’s first exposure to learn about tea first hand, including sells tea and tea wares.
setting sun, but its location on the globe. real loose-leaf tea was thanks to Perennial visiting tea gardens and production For more information about Setting Sun
“The name Setting Sun Tea Hut comes Pleasures’ tea garden in East Hardwick. “I facilities. Tea Hut, visit
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 9

Vermont Salumi Expands to Barre Food & Farming

By Larry Floersch

T Photos courtesy of Vermont Salumi Company.

he founder of the Vermont slaughtered them myself, and processed
Salumi Company, Peter Roscini all the meat.”
Colman, is no stranger to the The results were just OK he said, but
food and traditions of Italy. He was born as he gained more experience, both on
in the town of Assisi in the province of his own in Vermont and working in meat
Umbria and has been visiting his father’s processing in Italy, friends who tried his
side of his family in Italy since his teens. products began to encourage him to go
Colman is also no stranger to the into business. He also looked at what
principles of organic farming and caring was happening in the cheese industry at
for the land. He grew up on the Cate the time, with the exploding artisanal
Farm in Plainfield, which has been a movement, and thought maybe there was
pioneer in the organic farming movement a business in artisanal cured meats.
in Vermont for more than 35 years. As happens with many entrepreneurial
So it is no wonder his interests focused ventures, Vermont Salumi started small,
on a way to join together the values in a 16 x 19-foot room attached to
and appreciation of the great-tasting Colman’s apartment. After he got his
and healthy foods of his two homes. He at the Cate Farm when Sally Colman Colman’s Italian great uncle introduced introductory meat retail license from
started Vermont Salumi in 2011 with the married Richard Wiswall. him to a butcher named Pepe Giostrelli, the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, he
mission of producing all-natural meat At the age of 13, Colman began visiting who offered to teach him the craft when began selling his fresh sausages at farmers
products rooted in the Italian salumificio his father’s family in Umbria during the he returned the next summer. The next markets. Then, as he underwent the state
process, using traditional methods, simple summers, and there he would consume year and for several more after that and U.S.D.A. inspection processes, he
ingredients, and craftsmanship. what became one of his favorite treats, Colman worked with Giostrelli in his expanded to restaurants and retail markets
The word “salumi” is not a misspelling paper-thin slices of the salted and dried shop and also with Pepe’s brother, who in Vermont, such as Hunger Mountain
of the word “salami.” It is the Italian ham of Italy known as prosciutto. did small scale on-farm slaughtering. Co-op, and then out of state. You can
term for what the French would call As he was growing up, Colman also liked “I had one of those ‘ah-ha’ moments, now find Vermont Salumi products in
“charcuterie” and the English would call “doing things,” whatever that might be, so said Colman. “I suddenly felt connected supermarkets like Hannaford as well.
“cured meats.” A place where salami is the notion of craftsmanship appealed to him. to it, and I became passionate about When Robin Morris of the Mad River
made is called a salumificio. “One day I told my family in Umbria that it. And even though the slaughtering Food Hub in Waitsfield heard Colman
When he was four, he and his mom, I would like to learn to make prosciutto,” process had been very challenging and was interested in producing dry-cured
Sally, moved back to the U.S. from Assisi. he said. “Prosciutto was something that was eye-opening for me, I came home, meats, he encouraged him by offering to
“I used to sing ‘Born in the U.S.A.’ very expensive and hard to get in Vermont, bought three piglets, raised them, Continued on Page 13
with an Italian accent,” said Colman. and I sort of figured it would be something
Eventually he and his mom ended up I could do on the side.”
PAGE 10 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

More Vermont Farmers are Getting their Goats Food & Farming
By Tim Simard
president of Vermont Creamery noted,
“We need a lot of milk. We are looking
at 7 to 10 million pounds of goat milk—
additional goat milk—that we are going
to need over the next five years.”
Life on a Goat Dairy Farm
Hooper believes goat farming has a
bright future in Vermont, especially in
a state that prides itself as a leader
in agricultural affairs. Vermont’s dairy
farms, in most cases, aren’t massive
operations like you would find in the
Midwest and in other states that aren’t
as mountainous, he says. Instead,
Hooper believes farmers in the state
Photo by Tim Simard. could run a large operation of hundreds
of goats with less acreage, overhead, and

t’s dinner time at Ayers Brook Goat helped cause many farms to close— Sheep and Goat Association. Martin environmental impact than some dairy
Dairy Farm. As if forming a wave, some local farmers are looking to either also owns and operates Settlement Farm farms.
hundreds of goats jump up and diversify or completely change how they in Underhill, where he raises sheep and “Vermont has a real opportunity to
clamor toward the fences, bobbing their operate. two goats. grow and support goat dairy,” Hooper
heads awaiting their meals. Farm owner Goat dairy farming might be an answer to “[The farmers] have the land, they have says. “We, as a state, need to look at
Miles Hooper shovels hay and other feed some of Vermont’s agricultural challenges. the equipment, they have the skills,” he agricultural operations that best fit our
to the hungry animals; the bleating of “To me, it makes so much sense, and says. “They’re always looking at different landscape.”
the goats is soon replaced by chewing I’ve seen a lot more farmers warming up ways to make money, like with making In many ways, Ayers Brook Goat
and snorting. to the idea,” Hooper says. maple syrup or selling hay.” Dairy Farm was created to be a model
“They are a lively bunch, especially Diversifying Vermont’s Dairy Farms With goat farming, there may be a real for the state’s growing goat dairy
around feeding time,” Hooper says. opportunity for dairy farmers to switch industry. Vermont Creamery turned an
Ayers Brook Goat Dairy Farm sits Earlier this month, farmers and state herds, he says. “There’s a real demand old farmstead into a goat dairy farm
alongside its namesake stream just north officials met at the Northern Tier Dairy out there for goat milk. The milk and in 2012. Hooper took over operations
of Randolph village. It’s here where Summit in Jay to discuss the challenges goat cheese are becoming very popular, 2017, acquiring the farm from Vermont
you can find one of the state’s largest facing dairy farming, as well as potential so it might be a viable option for some Creamery and the company’s co-founder
goat dairy farms. As traditional dairy solutions. One of the major discussions farmers.” (and Hooper’s mother), Allison Hooper.
farming in Vermont struggles—the centered on diversifying dairy farms, says In fact, in an April 2 WCAX story Today, Miles Hooper runs a tight ship.
volatile milk market in recent years has Dave Martin, president of the Vermont about the summit, Adeline Druart,
Continued on Page 14
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 11

OP-ED The Gut-Brain Connection

By Brooke Isabelle
Food & Farming

anti-anxiety medication (e.g., Xanax), long rounds of antibiotics (e.g., Amoxicillin)—

stress (personal, environmental, etc), poor sleep quality, pollution/toxin exposure, and
even unnatural skincare products and makeup can have a seriously negative impact.
In balancing the gut microbiota, one can start with introducing more fermented
foods into the diet such as kimchi, sauerkraut, and miso. These powerful superfoods
are chocked full of beneficial probiotic bacteria that our guts love and thrive on. Sipping
organic bone broth regularly is another way to increase gut health. When correctly
made, bone broth is packed full of collagen, nutrient-dense animal fat, amino acids, and
minerals that our tummies just eat up.
All of our body systems are connected, but the gut-brain connection remains
chronically underappreciated. Choosing food mindfully and taking care of our well
being through healthy lifestyle choices can make all the difference.
Brooke Isabelle is a certified nutritional therapist and can be reached at

r. Josh Axe, DC, DNM, CNS, states that “dietary changes over the last
century—including industrial farming, the use of pesticides and herbicides, and
the degradation of nutrients in foods—are the primary forces behind growing
mental health issues like depression.”
Scientists and researchers are continuously acquiring more evidence that supports
the concept that our gut health has a major influence on our emotional behavior and
mental health. We first and foremost need to understand that our gut contains trillions
of microorganisms that we call the human intestinal microbiota.
Imbalances associated with the microbiota have been linked to neurodevelopmental,
inflammatory, metabolic, and neurodegenerative disorders. “An increasing number of
human disease conditions, such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), type 2 diabetes,
obesity, allergies, and colorectal cancer are linked with altered microbiota composition,”
according to the American Society for Microbiology. Indeed, if our gut microbiota is
out of shape, at least 12 neurotransmitters connected directly to neurological health are
affected. This can show up as the common anxiety one would experience daily, brain
fog, cognitive trouble, and so on.
Unfortunately, people continue to face obstacles around nutrition and mental health
on a regular basis, many of which are located right on the labels of most of the foods
in the standard American diet—food additives, artificial colors, pesticides, antibiotics,
carcinogens, high-fructose corn syrup, trans-fats, monosodium glutamate (MSG),
aspartame, and, of course, refined processed sugar. They can be extremely toxic to all
body systems, especially the gut and brain, and can cause life-threatening diseases.
In addition, lifestyle also has a major impact on our gut health and microbiota, whether
we are aware or not. Prescription medications—such as antidepressants (e.g., Prozac),
PAGE 12 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

OP-ED Where Conversation Meets Food

Food & Farming

By Mary Alice Proffitt

pring is springing in Vermont, and the meals less about consuming food by the table. A great conversation starter is just a way to live a life of mutual
everyone is excited for planting and and more about fellowship and human is to pass the dictionary around and respect. Manners are subjective and
the arrival of our outdoor farmers’ connection. have each person flip through it and relate distinctly to each person’s culture
market. After the long winter, our bodies Start your Meal with a Tradition randomly pick out a word. Words such and upbringing, but taking the time to
and spirits crave the satisfaction of having as “nincompoopery” and “guitarfish” practice them helps us communicate well
our hands in the dirt and the rewarding Pass the squeeze around the table aren’t just fun for kids to read aloud, they with others.
experience of eating fresh food. But food while holding hands, ring a bell, read a also create opportunities for discussion of
poem aloud, say an “OM” or a prayer, Look Back, Look Forward
alone is not enough to sustain our well- science, history, the arts, and language
being. Good conversation is, in my share a moment of silence, sing a song— itself. Mealtime is a chance to both reflect and
opinion, just as important for health and whatever you choose to do, begin your to look forward. Recognizing together a
meal time with a tradition that calls Discuss the Headlines raise at work or great schoolwork creates
happiness. Combine the two, and receive
both food for the belly and food for the yourself and everyone with you into the News is happening every day, and pride in a job well done. Likewise, talking
soul. present moment. mealtime is a chance to digest that together about the calendar and looking
Enrich your mealtime with more Ask a Dinner Question news together and make important forward to upcoming holidays or trips
conversation by adding these following connections. When controversial subjects creates opportunity for conversation.
Open your meal with an open-ended arise, try to move the conversation around
strategies to your daily meals. question like “If you could be teleported Expand your Family
Cheers to your health and happiness so that everyone at the table can weigh
to anywhere in the world for one day, in. Give introverts fair time to speak. If If you live alone, invite a friend to join
this spring! where would it be and why?” or “If you you for a meal once a week. After all,
emotions run high, ensure that everyone
Set the Table had a superpower, what would it be and feels welcome and safe expressing their friends are the family we get to choose.
Even if you’re just bringing takeout how would you use it?” The only rule we opinions. And if you live in a busy household, keep
home, take a few minutes to really set the have at our house is that you can’t repeat your eyes out for people in the community
someone else’s answer. Practice Manners who may benefit from sharing a meal
table with napkins, silverware, and fresh
flowers or candles. Clear away papers and Keep a Dictionary Handy While manners can often feel old- with you and yours.
junk and create a special space that sets fashioned or out of touch to many, it’s Mary Alice Proffitt is the owner of Down
Park the devices out of reach and important to remember that practicing Home Kitchen in Montpelier.
the stage for slowing down and making instead keep an old-fashioned dictionary manners with our family and friends
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 13

Vermont Salumi to Expands to Barre Food & Farming

Continued from page 13

varieties of fresh sausage—red wine and “We’d like to make some larger format
garlic, traditional Italian with fennel salamis, not just the small retail ones we
and a touch of red pepper, rosemary make now. And we hope to get into
with red wine, Mexican-style fresh traditional Italian products from specific
chorizo, and maple breakfast sausage— parts of the pig, such as guanciale from
and three varieties of dried cured the jowls, cappacola from the Boston
salami—fennel, red wine and garlic, butt, loma or lonzino from the loin, and
and pimenton, which is a Spanish-style pancetta from the belly.”
dried and cured chorizo with sweet Fans of prosciutto, however, will have
and smoked paprikas and red pepper. to wait. Although Colman has made it
You can also get traditional ham, called for himself and will continue to do so,
he says it is something they are not yet
build a space for that processing. “We prosciutto cotto in Italian, which is
ready to pursue on a commercial scale.
were the first company in the state with brined with maple syrup and smoked in
“It takes a year or more to make
a plan to make traditionally fermented a smokehouse.
prosciutto,” he said, “To be viable at
and aged salami,” said Colman. As far as the move to Barre, Colman
the commercial level, you need to buy
Colman began by sourcing his pork said that they have been using the
a lot of whole hams, and you need a lot
only from Vermont but now goes out facilities at the Mad River Food Hub for
of space in which to age them. From a
of state, too. “We only use high-quality about five years, but they’ve outgrown
small business perspective, you are tying
pork and work with farms that raise their the space. The space in Barre in the old
up a lot of money, which is not good for
pigs in ways that meet our standards, Homer Fitts location will allow them to
cash flow. But someday, perhaps.”
such as no antibiotics in the feed, a expand and try some new things. He also
For more information, visit
vegetarian diet, space to move around, hopes to add a retail presence on Main
and access to the outdoors,” he said. Street, perhaps by the end of the year,
Vermont Salumi currently offers five but for now it’s all about the processing.
PAGE 14 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

More Vermont Farmers are Getting their Goats Food & Farming
Continued from page 10

Alongside his wife, Daryll, and a small

Photo by Tim Simard.
number of employees, Hooper milks “You’ve got to go full tilt or not at
about 400 goats of various breeds. They all. It would be very hard and not very
milked more than 500 at one point but cost-effective to manage both cows and
scaled back to hone their business. goats,” Delaney says.
“Right now, we’re not in a growth Also, proximity to the nearest large
mode, we’re in a perfection mode,” he goat milk buyer would be vital in keeping
says. costs low, she adds. In most cases in the
Getting Into the Business state, that would require being close to
Vermont Creamery in Websterville.
For those who are considering Ayers Brook Goat Dairy Farm,
diversification or growth of their current located only about 20 minutes from
farmland, there is a lot to think about Vermont Creamery, sells them much
when it comes to starting a goat dairy of its milk. Hooper also sells to Fat
operation. While most dairy farms have Toad Farm in Brookfield for making
the infrastructure needed to switch to caramels. Separately, Hooper raises
goat dairy, some farmers should be aware goats for meat for his side business,
of the challenges of changing herds. Vermont Chevon, and sells goats to Pine
“Goats take much more hands-on Island Community Farm in Colchester.
management. It’s not like switching “Like I said earlier, we run as tight
from large cows to small cows. These an operation as we can,” Hooper says
are very different animals,” says Carol walking through the farm’s milking
Delaney, a Montpelier resident who parlor, where 40 goats can be milked
runs a consulting business for dairy and at once.
goat farming. Hooper believes the more educated the
“Goats tend to eat more grain and public becomes to goat milk, the more
feed than a cow, which, depending on a the business will boom in the state. The
number of factors, could make it more public will first need to overcome the
expensive in that area,” she adds. hurdle that they are drinking milk from
Environmentally speaking, Delaney a goat and not from a cow, even if the
believes goats may be less impactful. Dairy milk tastes comparable, he says.
farms often need several large manure “People have to see and taste goat milk
“lagoons” to store cow waste. Goat farmers to understand how good it is. So much
tend to compost goat waste, which is solid. of it is perception, and I deal with it
If a dairy farmer is interested in every day,” Hooper adds.
switching over to goats, they must be
prepared to go all-in, she says.
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 15

Decision Due on After-school Plan Education

Montpelier School District Weighs 4 Bids for Child Care
By Tom Brown

he bids are in, and the next and parents at a public meeting at bid process was opened because it wants provider to help form a bridge for older
provider of licensed after- noon on Thursday, April 25, at Union more capacity for student enrollment, students between middle and high
school programs for students in Elementary School. The committee more flexibility in after-school programs, school.
kindergarten through sixth grade should will score each of the bids and forward and extended-day enrichment at both “We want to grow that opportunity
be chosen by early May, Montpelier its recommendation to Superintendent UES and the Main Street Middle School. for kids within our own system and put
school officials say. Libby Bonesteel, who will make the Bonesteel said Community Connections the weight of the district behind it so
The Montpelier-Roxbury School final selection. is licensed for 69 students a day at that we can grow it, sustain it, and make
District received four proposals, The district will pay the winning UES and, with increasing enrollment, it something top notch in the state,”
including a bid from the current provider $37,338 in FY 20 to provide the district’s RFP requires the bidder Bonesteel said.
provider, Community Connections, “students, ages 5–14, with safe, to serve at least 85 students a day at Bonesteel, who has acknowledged
which had performed those services engaging, high quality, and affordable UES and 40 at MSMS. There are 432 missteps in the early handling of the
for more than a decade. Some parents programming after the school day,” students at UES and 365 at MSMS. change to competitive bid, said she
were not pleased early this year when according to the district’s request for Bonesteel said she was concerned that understands parents’ concerns over
the district decided to put the contract proposals. Last year the district paid fifth- and sixth-graders, who are not possibly replacing an organization like
out for bids in an attempt to increase $36,000 to Community Connections. necessarily old enough to be left alone Community Connections, and hopes
the number of students who could Community Connections is under the after school, were not being well-served families will be pleased with whichever
participate in the program. auspices of the Washington Central by the current limit of 25 unlicensed slots bid is chosen.
Proposals were received from Supervisory Union (WCSU), which provided by Community Connections “Our goal is to choose the program
Community Connections, the governs the U-32 district schools. The at MSMS. There are 95 fifth-graders that is going to be the most engaging
Montpelier Recreation Department, City of Montpelier separately contributes currently at MSMS, Bonesteel said. for our kindergarten through sixth-
the After School Collaborative, and $5,000 for the services. These allocations The district would like to achieve graders,” she said.
the YMCA organization. The bids will are in addition to fees paid by families greater collaboration with the after- A link to the proposals can be found
be evaluated by an advisory committee enrolled in the program. school provider and also hopes to add a online at:
that includes school board members School officials said the competitive position for an extended day enrichment
PAGE 16 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Montpelier Rotarian Emily Gould: Activism

Working with Rwandans
By Nat Frothingham

few days ago, I sat down and talked at length Comparing the practice of law with the power of
with Montpelier resident Emily Gould, who mediation, Gould said, “Practicing law is good at
by training and work experience is a lawyer, stopping bad things from happening. But it often has
mediator, law professor, and now—with the help of the very little to do with making good things happen in the
Montpelier Rotary Club and Rotary International—a world.” Mediation, on the other hand, can be a powerful
critical player in a peace-building project in the African tool. Mediation and restorative justice can answer two
country of Rwanda. This comes on the 25th anniversary of Gould’s most searching questions: How does society
of the Rwandan genocide—the 100-day murderous respond to the trauma of a crime? And how do you create
rampage (April to July 1994) that took the lives of up to a society that responds to people’s needs in the face of
one million Rwandan people. mass trauma?
To Rwanda Through Vermont Gould’s First Visit to Rwanda
Gould’s journey to Rwanda went through Williamstown, In an interesting twist, it was not Gould who was the
Vermont, about 12 miles south of Montpelier, where she first family member to visit Rwanda; it was her 14-year-
and her family moved in 1988. Her first job in Vermont old son, Aaron. Said Emily, “I was homeschooling Aaron
was as a lawyer in the Vermont Attorney General’s Office, in Montpelier, and he participated in a workshop on
where she was director of the state’s Medicaid Fraud nonviolent communication that I offered as part of the
Unit. Most of what she did there was to protect patients Photo of Emily Gould by Nat Frothingham. city’s celebration of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s birthday.
and others in Medicaid-supported facilities from what she That connection led Aaron to visit Rwanda as the
called “staff-on-patient” abuse. After nine years, Gould left the fraud unit to spend some youthful assistant to Montpelier resident and civil rights
Such abuse was not new, but putting an end to it time with her children and family. Hers was one of five thinker, writer, and activist Paij Wadley-Bailey.”
was part of a great change that was sweeping across the families that started the Orchard Valley Waldorf School After Aaron came back to Vermont from Rwanda,
country. Said Gould, “I got to be a part of a movement in East Montpelier, and helping it get on its feet, Gould Gould was introduced to Eric Rwabuhihi, a Rwandan
that arose out of a collaboration between the women’s said, “was one of the most wonderful experiences in the then living in Montpelier and working for the state. It was
movement, law enforcement, and new understandings of life of my family.” While starting Orchard Valley, Gould Rwabuhihi who told Gould about the more than 30,000
trauma that reshaped society’s relationship with its most was able to bring her substantial powers of mediation community-elected mediators across Rwanda who were
vulnerable members—namely people with disabilities to resolve conflicts and other issues that needed ironing charged with resolving about 80 percent of disputes in the
and children and women who were victims of intimate out. In due course, Gould began to study mediation at country. This community mediation system was modeled
partner violence.” Woodbury College in Montpelier. after Rwanda’s pre-colonial dispute resolution process.
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 17

Continued from previous page Activism

Gould, “There is a general understanding in Rwanda

that politically engendered mass violence traumatizes
everyone—victims, perpetrators, and bystanders.”
On that exploratory visit Gould and her team met
Pastor Augustin Habimana, who was coordinating
the Ihumure Peace Association. What he said they
needed from the exploratory team from America was an
understanding of how to mediate with people who are
traumatized. But as Gould observed the work of these
Rwandan mediators, she realized mediation and peace-
building going forward already at a sophisticated level.
“I felt I had come to holy ground,” said Gould
about the effectiveness of the Rwandan community
mediators. “It took my breath away.” The mediators
Emily Gould presents a Montpelier Rotary banner
were compassionate and non-judgmental. “You don’t
to the president of the Kigali Rotary Club, Saudah
Nalule. Photo courtesy of Emily J. Gould.
often find those capacities in your average, volunteer Photo courtesy of Emily J. Gould.
mediator, and it was especially impressive given the
Intrigued by what she had heard about mediation in context in which this mediation was happening.” in mediation, but before long they told us what they
Rwanda, Gould gathered together a small exploratory She is also high in her praise for Habimana. “He’s really needed was a permanent home from which to
team of mediators and trauma recovery specialists a peace-building genius,” who had brought members operate.” In order to respond to this need, Gould co-
from Mediators Beyond Borders International for a of the Association’s clubs to meet Gould and her team, founded African Peace Partners, a U.S. non-profit, for
three-week visit to Rwanda in the summer of 2011. including a women’s club, a mediation club, a youth the purpose of helping Ihumure create a safe space for
Discussing what she had learned from that team visit to club, and a club for survivors and recently released their work.
Rwanda, Gould said, “Atrocities have consequences,” prisoners. “I’m looking over the room,” said Gould.
Rotary’s Commitment to Peace-Building
and those consequences spread to everyone. Out of a Facing this mix of people relating to each other, Gould
total Rwandan population of about 12 million people, asked herself, “Who is a survivor? Who is a mediator? Gould was at a Mediators Beyond Borders conference
the genocide had taken the lives of about one million, Who is a perpetrator? You can’t tell.” in Istanbul, Turkey, when she learned about the Rotary
and it is estimated that three million participated. Said “Initially,” said Gould, “Ihumure asked for training International’s commitment to peace-building. In 2013,
Continues on page 20
PAGE 18 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Farmers Market Comes to State Street Food & Farming

Continued from page 5

she continues, noting new pressure from to be an easy and effective alternative to
Photo courtesy of Farmers Market.
delivery services like HelloFresh and CSAs. bagging produce in plastic or disposable,
“Some people might call farmers markets compostable plastics. Perhaps using paper
an antiquated method for shopping, but I bags is a step forward, she considers. “It’s
don’t,” Blackmer notes. not zero waste, but better.”
Furthermore, for all the talk of But this is all in due time, as she’s
local sourcing in Vermont, it still only busy enough getting the ball smoothly
constitutes 12.9 percent of total food and rolling for 2019. “My main focus right
beverage sales in the state according to the now,” Byers explains, “is being the liaison
2018 Farm to Plate Annual Report, which between the storefronts and vendors on
while significantly more than 2010, still the street and cultivating a lovely sidewalk
leaves the vast majority of Vermonters culture hopefully. I know it’s so ideal,
shopping at chains and such. possibly naive, but I really want everyone
Byers hopes to hurdle some of these to be happy and have their needs addressed
issues with greater accessibility and quickly.”
presentation, particularly to lower income So attendees of the market should expect
families, a goal based in part on her own to see her running hither and thither
experiences at the market. “Coming from on the opening day, weaving the entire
a lower income family I was daunted by enterprise together. If she doesn’t come to
the farmers market because often things you, you should be able to find her easily.
aren’t labeled clearly how much things “I’ve been advised to get a funny hat, so
cost, and it can be a pretty big shame people can find me in the market.”
trigger for folks already needing support,”
she points out. “I really want to make the
farmers market more accessible for low
income families so they can come in and
not have to ask, ‘Hey, do you accept this?’
She would also love to see the market go
zero waste, but acknowledges the logistical
challenge of that, considering there is yet

Celebrate Spring During Montpelier Mayfest

o much happens the first Swap, the Kiwanis Club All-You-Can-
weekend in May that we dubbed Eat Pancake Breakfast, Three Penny
it Mayfest! Montpelier is alive Taproom’s 10th Annual Montbeerlier,
with more than 18 annual events Roam Vermont’s birthday celebration,
taking place, including, on Saturday, and lots more. The All Species Day
Green Up Day, the opening day of the parade, a favorite for locals of all ages,
Capital City Farmers’ Market on State and Julio’s Cantina’s Cinco de Mayo
Street, the Onion River Outdoors Bike are not to be missed on Sunday.
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 19

Hazen’s “Students Without Borders” Presents Music

Concert to Support Spanish-Mexico Study Program
“I’m tremendously excited about this trip, as it will be
one of my first times traveling out of the country,” said
Mariana Considine, a member of the Hazen Spanish
class. “It will be an opportunity to broaden my view of
the world, expand my perspectives by interacting with
students in Mexico.”
International exchange and study programs are
dependent on donations and fundraising. This year
Kay Freedy has been working with area organizations
such as the Highland Center for the Arts to make
these opportunities more available to Hazen’s students.
According to Freedy, these types of international
Photo of Tish Hinojosa courtesy of David Kelly. programs are essential for schools that “seek to develop
young adults with a strong sense of civic responsibility,

J oin Hazen Union High School and the Highland

Center for the Arts for a Cinco de Mayo festival
celebration, featuring a concert by renowned singer-
songwriter Tish Hinojosa to benefit the Hazen Students
One of 13 children born to Mexican immigrant
parents in San Antonio, Hinojosa has dedicated her
career to playing music from the Southwest, starting
out in Tejano before moving on to singer-songwriter
a commitment to their communities, an awareness
of current and global issues, and strong interpersonal
leadership skills.”
This benefit is also supported by Community National
Without Borders Spanish Travel-Study program’s trip to folk, border music, and country. Her latest album, West, Bank, Lamoille Valley Ford, Radio Vermont, and the law
Mexico City. includes a tribute to the missions in her home town firm of Biggam Fox Skinner.
Hazen Union High School is partnering with the (“Church of the Mission Bell”). She has drawn acclaim Tickets are available at Adult tickets
Highland Center for the Arts in Greensboro for the concert for her “borderless” approach to music, and writes and are $15; student tickets are $10. Prior to the concert,
at 3 pm on Sunday, May 5, which will help raise funds sings in both Spanish and English. audience members are invited to enjoy a Cinco de Mayo
to defray the costs of Hazen’s Spanish language students The Hazen Spanish class travel study program will be brunch at Hardwick Street Café, located inside Highland
participating in a travel study and language immersion based in Mexico City during the first two weeks of June. Center for the Arts. Call (802) 533-9399 for reservations.
program in Mexico City in June. Opening for Tish Students will share their learning and experience with
Hinojosa will be Vermont favorites, The Sky Blue Boys. other classes and groups upon their return to Vermont.
PAGE 20 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE


Working with Rwandans

Continued from page 17

she joined the Montpelier Rotary Club, the grass to talk things out. The post-
and as a club member, put together some genocide Gacaca was also an outdoor
modest proposals seeking Rotary help to community process of people sitting
benefit the center. The club’s first grant on the grass—a process of eliciting
was to help purchase potato seeds for information about what had happened,
potato starts that would assist the peace and when and where, “so that survivors
clubs at Ihumure. A second Rotary grant would know where the remains of their
helped Ihumure finish a building they families were and how they died.” Those
had acquired to serve as their center. Then who confessed and asked for forgiveness
very recently, the Montpelier chapter had the opportunity to reduce their prison
applied for and received a much larger term by half and serve the rest of their
Rotary grant for $70,500 to complete sentence in community service camps.
and furnish the peace center’s building Speaking of Rwanda’s community
over a two-year period. The grant will also mediation-based legal system, Gould said
support expanded services and establish “This is the opposite of our legal system.
the financial sustainability of the center. We go to court first. Then sometimes
A Renewed Concept of Justice a case under our system is sent back
to the community. But in Rwanda, the
Although this genocide, with its community is the first forum. Only if it’s
terrifyingly destructive impacts, took unsuccessful, will it move to the court.”
place 25 years ago, imagine the situation One reason Rwandans have been able
in the immediate aftermath of the to do this is because of their culture.
slaughter. Said Gould, “The civil law Certainly, in Rwanda there were vestiges
system developed by the Europeans had of the colonial mindset, which Gould
been destroyed. Most of the judges had described as “racist and adversarial.” But
either been killed or fled.” she also observed that the Belgians were
In the days and months after the only in Rwanda for 40 years, and most
genocide, Gould said, “You had all these Rwandans retained a memory of their
people accused of committing genocide, culture before the Belgians arrived, a
crimes, stealing, and damaging property. culture that was based on reconciliation
People were being held and put in jail and problem-solving.
while they awaited trial.” There was According to Gould, “Rwandans know
confusion and dysfunction. the consequences of politically motivated
Faced with a problem of this magnitude, hate, and they know that justice isn’t
it became immediately apparent that really justice if it doesn’t address people’s
the traditional court system would be needs as well as their rights.’
wholly inadequate. In the circumstances, “I wouldn’t be investing as much of my
the Rwandan government devised the life energy and time in this,” said Gould of
community-based process mentioned her support of the Ihumure Peace Center
earlier, roughly modeled on a pre-colonial and peace-building activities in Rwanda,
conflict resolution process known as “if I didn’t think that we, as Americans,
Gacaca. Gacaca means “crushed grass,” have a great deal to learn from it.”
from when people used to sit and crush
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 21
PAGE 2 2 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

OP-ED On Garage and Hotel, Let’s Keep it Real

By John Odum

fter the better part of a life- tions have advocated for the need to going down each block and installing Berlin. There is no in between on the
time in politics, the one thing promote compact urban development them next to parking meters. The cur- table, or even possible.
that still drives me absolutely over continued sprawl. That’s the only rent garage design already comes with And if opponents do feel that killing
bananas is when myths or incorrect as- way to protect our landscape as well as quite a few charging stations, in fact. the hotel and garage is the right thing
sumptions about an issue or cause are limit the use of cars in this most rural Finally there’s the one that really gets to do, they should say it loudly and
in circulation that benefit one party or of states. Being located in a walkable to me. The myth that the litigants’ ef- proudly and not allow these myths to
another. Sometimes those myths are downtown is an advantage over a loca- fort will simply improve the project, or spread further. Run it up the flagpole
actively propagated. Unfortunately, the tion that is miles from everything of allow for more time and input, is in full and see who salutes. Make the case and
dustup over the parking garage and interest, in terms of vehicle use and the circulation. give their neighbors the benefit of the
hotel project approved by city voters has subsequent emissions generated. Make no mistake, this legal challenge doubt to draw their own conclusions on
its share of challengeable or outright And regarding sprawl, one thing is of the Development Review Board’s go- the merits of their effort.
incorrect mythology, and in the final certain: this hotel is happening some- ahead decision, if successful, will kill John Odum lives in Montpelier and
analysis it’s not good for the city. where. If not here, it—and its parking the garage and hotel—not improve it, serves as city clerk.
First of all, if we’re to be honest, the needs—are going to Berlin. Nobody not take more time with it, not get more
idea that the garage and hotel project disputes this. That means more sprawl public input, but kill it dead—for now
can be separated into two projects is on a portion of our nearby landscape and for all time. It will not come up a
patently, demonstrably untrue—as has that’s already overdeveloped. second time if it goes down from this
been said time and time again. Any There’s also the matter of infrastruc- challenge.
remaining insistence that you can be ture for electric cars. It’s another fallacy At this point there are two—and only
against only one of them and not the to suggest that a parking garage can two—possible outcomes; the garage and
other is not credible. Opponents of the only serve as infrastructure for fossil- hotel project happens or it doesn’t. it’s
garage and hotel have been told this fuel vehicles. There is nothing inher- worth noting once again that the latter
frequently enough that I sincerely hope ently gasoline-powered about a parking runs afoul of Montpelier voters, who
this particular fallacy is no longer in ac- space. made a clear choice for compact urban
tive circulation. The move from a carbon economy is development over further sprawl.
Second, it is not a true statement that not going to be a move to abandon cars, And it probably should go without
opposing the garage and hotel is envi- it will be a move toward zero-emission saying that the opponents have the ad-
ronmentally responsible. In fact, oppos- cars—a move that has already begun, if vantage. All they need to do is run a
ing the project runs contrary to Ver- incredibly slowly. Not only will electric delaying action long enough for the
mont’s most fundamental and signature vehicles need parking places, too, a ga- project to get priced out in the face of
environmental priority. rage will provide a more efficient means steadily increasing building costs, or for
To keep Vermont Vermont, genera- for deploying charging stations than Hampton Inn to give up and head to

Got a news tip? We

want to know!
Send it to editorial@
or mdunphy@mont-
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 23

OP-ED City Did Not Follow its Own Rules

By Rebecca Davidson, also signed by Les Blomberg, Chuck Daghlian, Dot Helling, and Andrea Stander

e are some of the community (July/August, 2018) City Manager Bill On December 13, the DRB released its Economic Development Corp.). We have
members participating in Fraser stated that the proposed Hampton decision. We reviewed the decision and been in steady communication with the
the appeal concerning the Inn and Suites project had been given a found it seriously defective. We hired a city manager, and are now in confidential
Montpelier Development Review Board’s permit for a 200-space parking garage, lawyer and 18 people agreed to be formal negotiations with the city and hotel
(DRB) approval of the city’s application but “the overall project is not financially appellants in the legal appeal to the developers.
to build a municipal parking garage. This feasible if the developer builds both the Vermont Superior Court’s Environmental The appellants are a diverse group of
parking structure is supposed to serve a hotel and the garage on their own.” The Division. Here is a summary of the concerns people with differing views on whether
hotel and provide permit parking and some proposed public-private partnership would submitted to the Court: the hotel/garage project is a good idea
public parking. We are appealing a decision increase the size of the parking garage by 1. Was conditional use approval required for the city. We all agree, however, that
made by the city’s DRB that we believe did an additional 148 spaces and would be for a nonconforming use project? If how the city handled the development
not meet the requirements of the city’s own paid for by a bond vote in the November so, no conditional use application was and permitting of this project was deeply
zoning regulations. Let us be clear: we are 7 election. City Council discussions took submitted to the DRB or subject to flawed. If the city does not follow its own
not against a private landowner developing place on August 22, September 12, and public notice. rules, how can it expect others to do so?
his or her own property. formal public hearings on September 26 2. Does the project satisfy conditional use Montpelier’s Master Plan states the
We understand the chronology of the and in October. The Development Review standards under the zoning ordinance following:
bond vote to be as follows: In The Bridge Board held two public hearings, one on regarding location, size, height, “Our vision is to excel as a creative and
October 29 and one November 5—two building bulk, yards, courts, setbacks, sustainable community. More specifically,
days before the election. density of buildings, off-street parking, we seek to safeguard the natural
On November 7, 2019, a $10.5-million loading facilities, traffic, noise, environment and enhance our small-town
bond item was included on the general lighting, landscaping, and screening? setting.”
election ballot, and the vote was 2459 to 3. Does the project comply with the We believe the city’s process leading up
1877 in support of the bond article. At zoning ordinance requiring 30 feet of to the November 7 bond vote did not live
the time of the election, voters had had street frontage, setbacks, and a number up to fulfilling this vision.
only about 2 and 1/2 months to consider of other considerations Unfortunately, this rushed and
the implications of this project, which will 4. Does the project comply with inadequate planning process has created a
indebt the city for 30 years. ordinances that deal with pedestrian situation that has divided our community.
In the lead-up to the November public access, alternative transportation, street We sincerely hope that whatever the
vote, a number of citizens realized that trees, parking lot landscaping, and outcome, the community can come
the DRB was possibly not abiding by the screening? together to support an economically and
zoning regulations. At the November DRB Since the filing of the appeal, our group environmentally sustainable future.
meeting, a petition was circulated that met has met with the mayor, a council member, (Dot Helling is a former advertising
the requirements under Vermont State law and members of the retail business representative of The Bridge.)
that allow citizens to appeal a DRB decision community (including representatives
should they believe that it is flawed. of Montpelier Alive and the Montpelier

Design & Build

Custom Energy-Efficient Homes
Additions • Timber Frames
Weatherization • Remodeling
Kitchens • Bathrooms • Flooring
Tiling • Cabinetry • Fine Woodwork
PAGE 24 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

New Associate Managing Director at LNT Arts

Danielle Wiransky Introduces 2019 Season and Herself
By Danielle Wirsansky

oving from Florida to Vermont life from an infamous figure in his life—
was a big change. As I packed his wife, Anne Hathaway. She finally
my bags for the migration gets the last word!
north, I was shocked to discover that I That literature geek inside of me
owned zero pairs of waterproof boots, went into overdrive when I saw that in
one winter-ish coat, and only two pairs addition to Shakespeare, LNT would
of long pants. Who knew you would also be mounting Pride and Prejudice.
need more? This iconic story is particularly delightful
It was daunting. in Kate Hamill’s stage adaptation, and
However, what made the decision audience members lucky enough to
to move to Montpelier so easy and catch a performance of it (Oct 3–20)
exciting—despite snow in April—was will quickly understand why this story
the opportunity to work with Lost has stood the test of time.
Nation Theater (LNT). I was ecstatic As if LNT’s phenomenal season and
to accept the newly created position of high-quality of work were not enough,
associate managing director with the I was also incredibly impressed by the
theater for several reasons. theater’s commitment to community
The first was the opportunity to work Photo by John Snell of Laura Erle and Christopher Scheer as with all of its outreach, collaborations,
with one of the best regional theaters in the Governess and the Housekeeper respectively in Henry special events, and education work.
the country. In addition to the artists James’ The Turn of the Screw by Jeffrey Hatcher. The season is about to begin and to
working with LNT, each season the celebrate, we are hosting two events:
theater creates incredibly well-thought- be performed by only two actors, while with a focus on World War II and the The Kick-Off Cabaret (April 18) and
out and diverse programming. Its mission maintaining the tension needed to tell a Holocaust. So, you can only imagine the Opening Gala (April 26). The first
(particularly breaking boundaries, true ghost story. Now meeting the team how excited I was to learn that Cabaret features such musicians as Rick and the
taking dramatic risks, and courageously making it happen, I know we’re in good would be in our season, (July 11–28). Ramblers (with Taryn Noelle), Dana and
making things happen), speaks deeply hands. This dazzling show takes place in 1920s Susan Robinson, and Mark LeGrand;
to my own personal mission as a theater Next on the schedule is The Complete Germany, during Hitler’s rise to power, while the Gala will feature bestselling
maker. History of Comedy (Abridged), which and packs a political punch that is just Vermont author, Chris Bohjalian, whom
The productions in the 2019 season honestly made me laugh out loud—even as timely and relevant now as it was I have been a big fan of since reading his
are no exception. as I was only reading the script. I can’t when Kander and Ebb’s Tony-winning Sandcastle Girls in 2015.
Beginning with The Turn of the Screw wait to see the many shenanigans that musical was first produced. I am so excited to become part of
(April 25–May 12), I was already excited brought me to tears actually acted out In college, I got dual degrees in the LNT family and a member of the
that it is an adaptation of a classic tale on stage. It is truly a complete history theater and English so it’s likely no Montpelier community. I can’t wait to
made for the stage. When I finally read of comedy, so if you like funny things, surprise I am a huge Shakespeare nerd. share what we cook up next. Right now,
the script, I was so impressed by the this show is sure to appeal to you. It runs I certainly nerded out when I discovered I know exactly where I belong—even if
way that the playwright handled the May 25–June 16. that Shakespeare’s Will will be running there is more snow than I am used to.
multitude of characters, distilling them Before starting at LNT, I was busy September 5–15. A one-woman show,
all down so that the entire story could finishing up a master’s degree in history, audiences get the details of Shakespeare’s
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 25

Spring Comes to Montpelier!

Photos by Terry Allen,
PAGE 26 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Kiwanis Club of Barre Honors for Scholars Banquet Education

iwanis Club of Barre’s 38th Annual School Class of 2019 are members of the Pro
Honors for Scholars Banquet. Honoring Merito Society.
Spaulding High School seniors who are The banquet was held at the Canadian Club
members of the Pro Merito Society. Pro Merito in Barre Town on Monday, April 8th, 2019.
Society members are required to have a cumulative Guest speaker was Jen Kimmich, Class of 1990
average of 3.0 or greater for seven semesters. Spaulding H.S. graduate and co-owner of the
Seventy-seven members of the Spaulding High Alchemist Brewery in Stowe, VT.

Photos by Rick McMahan.

T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 27

Calendar of Events
Holy Thursday Mass. 7 pm. St. Augustine
Church, 16 Barre St., Montpelier.
Maundy Thursday. Tenebrae worship of light and

shadow. 7 pm. The Old Meeting House, April 25–28: The Pirates of Penzance. The
1620 Center Rd., East Montpelier. Northern Vermont University-Johnson Performing Arts Department will present Gilbert and Sullivan’s comic opera. April 25–27 at 7 pm; April 28 at
2 pm. Dibden Center for the Arts, NVU-Johnson. $10. Reservations: 635-1476.
Yestermorrow’s Spring Speaker Series:
Events happening Composting Toilets with Jason Kass. Kass will April 25–May 12: Lost Nation Theater presents The Turn of the Screw. Psychological thriller based
on Henry James’ famous novella. Thurs.–Sat. at 7 pm; Sun. at 2 pm. City Hall Arts Center, Main St.,
April 17–May 3
share stories of designing and building composting
toilets abroad and in natural disaster zones. Montpelier. $15–30.
Ask questions about local codes, zoning, and April 26: Kathleen Kanz Comedy Hour. A wide range of talented standup comics from here and
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17 Tiny Houses, and hear how composting toilets away working longer sets. 8:30 pm.Espresso Bueno, 248 N. Main St., Barre. Free/by donation.
can contribute to the sustainable rejuvenation 479-0896.
The Christ Church Community Lunch. of Vermont’s small town centers. 7 pm. Free. April 27: The Coffee House. Live music, readings, and improv by professional and local talent.
11 am–12:30 pm. 64 Main St., Montpelier. Yestermorrow Design/Build School, 7865 Main 6:30–9:30 pm. United Church of Northfield, 58 South Main St., Northfield. $10 donation. Interested
Salvation Army Community Lunch. St., Waitsfield. in performing? Contact 485-3770 or 279-7251.
Noon–1 pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre. Timberdoodling (a.k.a. Woodcock Watch).
We will listen and watch for the mesmerizing Café Anna in College Hall, Montpelier. Free. Ages hard-boiled eggs, gefilte fish, matzah ball soup,
Trumbo. This 2007 documentary (not the 2015
courtship flight of the American woodcock 15+. Limited to 12 students. wine, and grape juice. Please bring a Kosher-for-
biopic) focuses on Dalton Trumbo, the highest paid
(a.k.a. Timberdoodle), which nests along the publishing/news Passover dairy/vegetarian dish to share for side
screenwriter in Hollywood before losing his job in
North Branch of the Winooski near our nature PoemCity: Integrating Personal and Political: dish, main dish, or dessert. 6–9 pm. Beth Jacob
1947. In 1960 he was the first to break the blacklist.
center. 7–8:30 pm. North Branch Nature A Reading with Sue Burton and Carol Potter. Synagogue, 10 Harrison Ave., Montpelier. Adults
Discussion with Rick Winston follows. An Osher
Center, 713 Elm St., Montpelier. $5–10. Both poets live in Vermont, but their poetry $18; children $9.
Lifelong Learning Institute program. 12:30 pm.
Savoy Theater, 26 Main St., Montpelier. Free for takes you places you’d never dreamed of—and Saturday Easter Vigil Mass. 7 pm. St. Augustine
OLLI members; $5 suggested donation for others. PoemCity: Music of the Earth. A shared poetry that you can’t stop thinking about! This reading Church, 16 Barre St., Montpelier. 223-5285
reading by friends Marjorie Ryerson and Scudder is for all ages, but most appropriate for adults. Contra Dance. Mary Wesley calling. Music by
Meet Rural Vermont. Meet your local small
Parker. Ryerson will share poems about our Noon–2 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 Main Russet Trio: Aldo Lavaggi, Stuart Kenney and Peter
farm advocacy organization and learn about
connection to the natural world, poems inspired St., Montpelier. Madsen. All dances taught. 8–11 pm. Introductory
the past and current work they do to cultivate
local agricultural and food systems that nourish by music. Parker will read poems about family, Planting History: Abenaki Planting School. session at 7:45 pm. Capital City Grange Hall, 6612
the very communities in which they are nested. gardens, nature, loss, and hope. 7 pm. Kellogg- Two-hour workshop on Historic Abenaki crops Rt. 12, Berlin. Adults $10; kids and low income $5;
5–6:30 pm. Hunger Mountain Co-op community Hubbard Library, 135 Main St., Montpelier. and planting techniques. 1:30 pm. Vermont dance supporters $15. Please bring clean, soft-soled
room, Montpelier. History Museum, 109 State St, Montpelier. Free. shoes.
FRIDAY, APRIL 19 Registration required:
Mid-Week Movie: Ralph Breaks the Internet.
PoemCity: Containing Multitudes: Writing SUNDAY, APRIL 21
6–8 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 A Community Passover Seder. Join in retelling
Hardwick St., Greensboro. $5 suggested donation. Poetry from Your Alter Egos. This interactive the story of the Exodus from Egypt with readings Intergenerational Worship. With communion. workshop, led by Samn Stockwell, will begin with from the Reconstructionist Haggadah “A Night 7 am. The Old Meeting House, 1620 Center Rd.,
prompts to locate another voice, and end with of Questions.” Matzah, haroset, seder plate foods, East Montpelier.
PoemCity: All Poems Are Not Pretty: A Poetry creating poems that use a dialog between your voice
Reading. Geza Tatrallyay and Peter Fox Smith and your alter ego. Ages 18+. 12:30–2 pm. Kellogg-
share profound concerns for the future of our Hubbard Library, 135 Main St., Montpelier
planet and the human condition. 6 pm. Vermont
Humanities Council, 11 Loomis St., Montpelier. Good Friday Service. 3 pm. St. Augustine
Church, 16 Barre St., Montpelier.
Sounds Good: Music Themed Movies. Round
Midnight. 7 pm. Jaquith Public Library, School St., What’s in a Picture Frame? Learn about the
Marshfield. significance of picture frames and their history,
styles, materials, and how they related (or don’t)
THURSDAY, APRIL 18 to the art they surround. 7 pm. St. Johnsbury
Athenaeum, 1171 Main St., St. Johnsbury.
Older Vermonters Caucus. Hear about the
legislative issues affecting older Vermonters. Topic: PoemCity: Roads Taken: Contemporary
Older Vermonters as caregivers. 8–9 am. Vermont Vermont Poets. Poets Chard deNiord, Geof
State House, Room 10, Montpelier. Hewitt, Major Jackson, Sydney Lea, Kerrin
McCadden, Verandah Porche, Elizabeth Powell,
Trinity United Methodist Church Community and others will read their poems from the 2nd
Lunch. 11:30 am–1 pm. 137 Main St., Montpelier. edition of Roads Taken: Contemporary Vermont
Third Thursday: The Tool & the Tool-Maker. Poetry, edited by former Vermont state poet
The stories of Vermont Quaker Wheelwright laureate, Sydney Lea, and current Vermont state
Samuel Morison with Nora Rubinstein. Noon. poet laureate Chard deNiord. 7 pm. Kellogg-
Vermont History Museum, 109 State St., Hubbard Library, 135 Main St., Montpelier.
Montpelier. Free.
Award-Winning Poet Nancy Mitchell Reads.
Mitchell’s poetry collections include “The Near Barre Congregational Church Community
Surround,” “Grief Hut” and “The Out-of-Body Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre.
Shop.” She is an associate editor of “Plume Poetry.” Annual Egg Hunt in Hubbard Park. For
4:30 pm. Stearns Performance Space at Northern children aged 12 and under (and their parents).
Vermont University-Johnson. Elizabeth.Powell@ Chocolate for everyone! 9:45 am. Hubbard Park, Montpelier.
Vermont’s Farming Heritage and the Next Freeride Montpelier Spring Bike Sale. All
Generation of Farmers. Learn about the Vermont proceeds are reinvested in the shop. We provide
Land Trust’s Farmland Access Program’s successes, a DIY space to work on your own bike, and our
including farms that sell to Hunger Mountain volunteers serve as an educational resource for
Co-op. 5:15–6:30 pm. Hunger Mountain bicycling, maintenance, and repairs. Used adult
Co-op community room, Montpelier. info@ bikes $20–200; all used kids bikes $10. 10 am–1 pm. 89 Barre St., Montpelier.
Cannabis Microdosing for De-stressing. What
is microdosing and why do women do it? If you are VCFA MFA in Writing & Publishing
looking to understand how cannabis interacts with Community Classes: Fun with Forms Poetry
your body and brain and want to improve your Workshop. In this workshop, we’ll read poems in
health and wellness or simply feel better. 6:30–8:30 various forms, then play with fun and easy forms
pm. Center for Integrative Herbalism, 252 Main in our own writing, including the abecedarian,
St., Montpelier. the “telephone number poem” and the cinquain.
All levels of experience are welcome! 10 am–noon.
Vermont College of Fine Arts, room across from
PAGE 28 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Calendar of Events
Gallery’s latest exhibition at the Vermont Arts Through May 25: Matt Larson, Terroir. St., Montpelier.
Council. Vermont Arts Council, 136 State St., Abstract paintings and collage. Terroir is a French

Visual Arts
Through June 28: Vanishment. Mixed media
Montpelier. word that means, in its most basic sense, “earth” work by Janet Van Fleet Vanishment. Explores
Through April 27: Mad River Rug Hookers. or “soil.” Closing reception: May 17, 6–8 pm. the fraught relationship between humans and
Considered both a craft and an art form, rug Axel’s Gallery & Frame Shop, 5 Stowe St., the natural world, using, in part, materials that
Through April 19: Thom Egan, On Making hooking with its variety of colors and textures Waterbury. Van Fleet has repurposed from previous bodies of
Pictures. Wood block prints, lithographs, and appeals to both young and old alike. Numerous Through May 26: The Dialects of Line, work. 111 State St., Montpelier.
colored low reliefs. River Arts Center, 74 Pleasant styles and techniques will be on display at this Color, and Texture. A visual discussion with
St., Morrisville. April 29–July 10: Sunshine and Shadow. An
exhibition by the Mad River Hookers. Demos artists Elizabeth Billings, Frank Woods, and exhibit of paintings by Ann Young. Reception:
Through April 24: Linda Bryan, Deeper than on Saturdays through April 27, 1 –4 pm. 5031 Elizabeth Fram. Highland Center for the Arts, May 23, 5–7 pm. River Arts Center, 74 Pleasant
Blue: Cyanotypes and Printmaking. Quimby Main Street, Waitsfield. 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. St., Morrisville.
Gallery in Harvey Academic Center at Northern Through April 28: The Front presents April 30–May 31: T.W. Wood Member
Vermont University-Lyndon. Through Oct. 25: The War of Ideas:
SHOW 31. Recent works by the membership of Exhibit. Among the exhibiting artists include Propaganda Posters from the Vermont
Through April 26: Northern Vermont Montpelier’s sole collective art gallery. 6 Barre St., Robert Waldo Brunelle Jr, Becky Cook, Patricia Historical Society Collections. Visitors can
University-Johnson Student Exhibit. Jeremy Montpelier. Knoerl Johnson, Margaret Lampe Kannenstine, examine how posters have been an important
Daigle, Alexis Mayfield, Tamara Peel, and Faith Through April 30: Out, Around, and Back Kenneth Saxe, Jayne Shoup and Bonny Willett. part of the wartime effort, for everything from
Thibault. Reception: April 18, 3–5 pm. Julian Again. Paintings from Sally Giddings Smith The exhibit will include paintings, photography recruitment to support on the homefront.
Scott Memorial Gallery in Dibden Center for the since leaving Vermont 30 years ago. The and fiber art. Opening reception and artists Vermont History Center, 60 Washington St.,
Arts, NVU-Johnson. Old Meeting House, 1620 Center Rd., East talk: May 3, 4–8 pm. 46 Barre St., Montpelier. Barre. 479-8500.
Through April 26: Susan Bull Riley, Through Dec. 21: 200 Years—200 Objects.
Illuminating Wonder. Bull Riley challenged Through April 30: Promises of Spring. May 3–31: Maike Garland. Woodcarver. An exhibition celebrating Norwich University’s
herself to push past the watercolor’s traditional Watercolors by Marcia Hammond of Brookfield. Reception: May 3, 4–8 pm. The Cheshire Cat, bicentennial. Curated to include objects from the
boundaries of pure transparency, and her Chelsea Public Library, 296 Rt. 110, Chelsea. 28 Elm St., Montpelier. museum collection, as well as documents and
background in botanical watercolors, to create 685-2188. May 1–June 1: Student Art Show. Featuring images from Archives and Special Collections,
large landscapes with heightened surface artwork from Stowe Elementary, Middle School, that reflect and retell the university’s 200-year
complexity more typical of oil painting. The Through April 30: Art, Illness & Beauty—A
Personal Account of Recovery through and High School, Mountain River School, and history. Norwich University Sullivan Museum
Gallery at Central Vermont Medical Center, 130 Rumney Memorial School. Reception: May 1, and History Center, Northfield.
Fisher Rd., Berlin. Painting. Join the Washington County Mental
3–6 pm. Helen Day Art Center, 90 Pond St.,
Health Services Recovery Community in
Through April 26: Ray Brown and Toby celebrating the art of Alexis Kyriak. Stowe.
Bartles, Steps on a Journey—An Exhibit of Through June 1: Thomas Waterman Wood:
Two Vermont Painters. Both artists share much Through May 1: Jane Pincus—Paintings April 24: Art Gallery and Poetry Reception:
From the Past 6 Years. Eight colorful painting/ The Master Copies. A selection of Wood’s Endangered Medicinal Plants by Jesse
in common with the second generation abstract master copies from the T.W. Wood Art Gallery
expressionists, as they both draw influence for collages. The Drawing Board, 22 Main St., LoVasco. Art gallery reception and poetry
Montpelier. collection. While Wood was in Europe he fell in reading featuring the work of Jesse LoVasco,
painterly choices from immediate surroundings love with the paintings of the European Masters,
such as landscape or architecture to create inner herbalist, artist, and poet. 5:30–7 pm. North
Through May 2: Ruth Pope. Landscape including Rembrandt and Turner. Following
meaning. The T. W. Wood Gallery, 46 Barre St., Branch Nature Center, 713 Elm St., Montpelier.
paintings. Jaquith Public Library, Old current fashion, Wood copied paintings to learn
Montpelier. 262-6035.
Schoolhouse Common, 122 School St., techniques from the masters. T.W. Wood Gallery,
Through April 26: Central/Northeast Marshfield. 426-3581 Montpelier. 262-6035. May 1: The Road to Recognition: The
Kingdom Vermont Watercolor Society. Works April 26–May 7: Northern Vermont April 30–June 28: Awakenings: Current Abenakis and the State of Vermont. Governor
by works of Janice Avery, Lisa Beach, Joann University-Lyndon Student Art Competition Work by Kate Longmaid and Tom Merwin. Phil Scott and the Vermont General Assembly
DiNicola, Gary Eckhart, Terry Hodgdon, Exhibit. Quimby Gallery in Harvey Academic Longmaid explores what is revealed in proclaim Abenaki Recognition & Culture Week
Susan Bull Riley, Michael Ridge, and more. The Center, NVU-Lyndon. the intimate moments of seeing through a with a new State House exhibit. Ceremony in
T.W. Wood Gallery, 46 Barre St., Montpelier. contemporary approach to portraiture and State House lobby with drumming, dancing
April 29–May 10: Northern Vermont still life. Merwin’s painting process expresses a and singing to follow on the State House lawn.
University-Johnson Student Exhibit. Dreanna
Through April 26: Looking North— layering of symbol and spirituality, using nature 4–6 pm. 115 State St., Montpelier.
Dolan-Godin, Kalob Gabree, and Travis Noyes.
Catamount Artists Connect. Nineteen visual Reception: May 1, 3–5 pm. Julian Scott as a doorway to the expression of existential May 3: Montpelier ArtWalk. 4–8 pm.
artists from Catamount Arts in the Northeast Memorial Gallery in Dibden Center for the Arts, concerns. Opening reception and artists talk: Downtown Montpelier.
Kingdom show their work in the Spotlight NVU-Johnson. May 3, 4–8 pm. T.W. Wood Gallery, 46 Barre
First Presbyterian Church Community TUESDAY, APRIL 23 pm. Hunger Mountain Co-op community room, am. Vermont State House, room 10, Montpelier.
Breakfast. 7:30–9 am. 78 Summer Street, Barre. Montpelier, Sign-up: Northern Vermont University-Johnson Career Fair.
Barre Congregational Church Community
Easter Sunday Mass. 8 am. North American Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre. Free Personal Money Management Classes. About 50 employers will participate from sectors that
Martyrs, 3674 Rt. 2, Marshfield. 223-5285 Budgeting, debt management, credit building, include health care and social services, nonprofits, state
Bike Montpelier to Adamant with Green financial future planning, and smart car buying. and federal government, law enforcement, tourism
Easter Festival Worship. With full choir. 9:30 am. Mountain Club. Easy. About 15 miles. County
The Old Meeting House, 1620 Center Rd., East 6–7:30 pm. Capstone Community Action, and hospitality, and other fields. 11 am–2 pm. NVU-
Road to Bliss Pond Rd. to Adamant Rd. to Center 20 Gable Pl., Barre. 477-5215 Johnson, SHAPE Center.
Montpelier. St. to Bliss Rd. to County Rd. Lunch at the
Easter Sunday Mass. 10 am. St. Augustine Adamant Coop. Leave from Morse Farm at 10 am. Showing Up For Racial Justice: Living Room Trinity United Methodist Church Community
Church, 16 Barre St., Montpelier 223-5285 Contact: George Plumb, 883-2313 or Conversations About Racism. Practice Session to Lunch. 11:30 am–1 pm. 137 Main St., Montpelier. Interrupt Hate and Talk about Racism: This session Build a Story. Like to build and construct with
Filipino Easter Mass. 1 pm. St. Augustine supports us in taking bold steps to intervene in
Church, 16 Barre St., Montpelier 223-5285 PoemCity: In Defense of Butterflies: Poets for blocks? Celebrate Poetry Month with a reading of
everyday racism in our communities, through Science Verse by Jon Scieszka and a special voting
Migrant Justice. A reading & fundraiser with Nico skill building and practice. 6:30–8:30 pm.
MONDAY, APRIL 22 Amador, Cynthia Dewi Oka & Natalie Scenters- Jaquith Public Library, School St., Marshfield.
build challenge. Ages 5–12. 3–4 pm. St. Johnsbury
Zapico. Poets will read original work that touches Athenaeum, 1171 Main St., St Johnsbury
Community Lunch at Unitarian Church
Montpelier. 11 am–12:30 pm. 130 Main St., on issues relating to border culture, migration, and Dinner and Discussion: Local Food. Dinner
social justice. 7 pm. Bear Pond Books, 77 Main St., Railroad Wrecks. Waterbury Historical Society provided by the Co-op starts at 5:30 pm, followed by a
Montpelier. Annual Business and Election of oOficers meeting
Montpelier panel discussion featuring local food experts and Q&A
Salvation Army Community Lunch. Noon–1 followed by presentation on railroad wrecks by with the Co-op council. Montpelier Senior Activity
pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24 Brian Lindner. 7 pm. Waterbury Municipal Center, 58 Barre St., Montpelier.
The Christ Church Community Lunch. Building, Steele Community Room, Main St.,
Off Grid Living vs Living On the Grid. Join Yestermorrow’s Spring Speaker Series: Historic
11 am–12:30 pm. 64 Main St., Montpelier. Waterbury. 244-8089
us as we take an in-depth look at off-grid solar, New England Architecture with Seth Kelley and
battery back-up and traditional grid-tied solar. Salvation Army Community Lunch. Charm City, Indie Lens Pop-Up. Filmed during Jamie Duggan. Experience the historic architectural
With Catamount Solar. 5:30–6:30 pm. Hunger Noon–1 pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre. three years of unprecedented violence in Baltimore, styles of New England’s landscape with a fresh
Mountain Co-op community room, Montpelier, Charm City delivers a powerful and candid portrait approach, investigating vernacular interpretations and
Sign-up: Mid-Week Movie: A Star is Born. 6–8 pm. of those on the frontlines. 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard
Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., vintage design/build solutions. 7 pm. Yestermorrow
Library, 135 Main St., Montpelier. Design/Build School, 7865 Main St., Waitsfield.
PoemCity: Mary Oliver Tribute Poetry Greensboro. $5 suggested donation. highlandartsvt.
Reading. Poets Didi Jackson and Kris Gruen will org THURSDAY, APRIL 25 Free.
pay tribute to Mary Oliver, the wonderful and Death Café. Join us for this casual, engaging, and
much-loved American poet who passed away in Gleaning and Our View of Food. Allison Levin, Older Vermonters Caucus. Learn about issues
Director of Community Harvest of Central being discussed at the State House affecting older life-affirming conversation about death and dying. Free
January. 6:30 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 informal small-table discussion. 7 pm. St. Johnsbury
Main St., Montpelier Vermont, takes you through the lens of gleaning Vermonters. Topic: Health & Wellness: falls
to explore your relationship with food. 6–7:30 prevention, mental health, substance abuse. 8–9 Athenaeum, 1171 Main St., St. Johnsbury. Abby
Pollender: 748-7473
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 29

Calendar of Events
May 3: Ricky Golden, 5 pm; NOS482, 9 pm, for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. Huddled round a single microphone, singing

Live Music
$5, 21+ $15; students $10. intimate duets with just mountain dulcimer,
Whammy Bar. 31 W. County Rd., Calais. April 19: The Quebe Sisters. The three siblings dobro, and guitar Sanders and Savage are an and their band deliver progressive western swing acoustic duo that look and sound classically
VENUES Every Thurs.: Open Mic, 7 pm with fiery fiddles and sweet vocal harmonies. timeless. 7 pm. Highland Center for the Arts,
April 19: Bella and the Notables (jazz 7:30 pm. Barre Opera House, 6 N. Main St., 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. $20; students
Bagitos. 28 Main St., Montpelier. 229-9212. $10; seniors $16. standards) 7:30 pm Barre. $25–29.50.
April 18: Italian Session, 6 pm April 20: Bob Hannan and Friends, 7:30 pm April 21: Seven Stars All-Comers Jam. Enjoy April 27–28: Vermont Philharmonic. Hear
April 19: Dave Loughran, 6 pm April 26: The Revenants, 7:30 pm a laid-back time of forming a new community a grand Dvořák symphony and the world
April 20: Irish Session, 2 pm; Barry Bender, April 27: Democratic Fundraiser w/ The music gathering. Fiddles, mandolins, cellos, premiere of Romanza: Serenade for Violin and
6 pm Laddies, 7:30 pm guitars, ukuleles, banjos, flutes, accordions, Orchestra,composed by Joseph Marcello, with
April 21: Eric Friedman Folk Ballads, 11 am harmonicas, recorders, concertinas, percussion, concertmaster Letitia Quante as soloist. Adults
April 23: Liz Hogg, 11:30 am etc. We encourage folks to bring goodies to $20; seniors $15, students $5; family $35.
April 17: Kind Bud. Grateful Dead Night with
April 25: Italian Session, 6 pm guest percussionist, Vaughn. 7–10 pm. The Zen share for our food table in the main hall upstairs
April 26: Latin Dance Party, 7 pm where we will be playing. 4 pm. Seven Stars April 27: 7:30 pm. Chandler Center for the
Barn, 179 Guptil Rd., Waterbury Center. Free Arts, Main St., Randolph
April 27: Irish Session, 2 pm Arts Center, 5126 VT 14, Sharon. 607-226-
April 28: Southern Old Time Music Jam, 10 April 18: Christ Church Concerts at Noon. 3956 April 28: 2 pm. Barre Opera House, 6 N.
am Lenten Reflections: Organist Lynnette Combs Main St., Barre
and baritone Arthur Zorn. Part of the spring April 22: The Capital Orchestra presents
May 2: Colin McCaffrey and friends, 6 pm April 28: Music for an April Afternoon.
series of lunchtime concerts. a Spring Concert. The program is a classical
Charlie O’s World Famous. 70 Main St. sampler with pieces by Gabrieli, Beethoven, Come enjoy a showcase concert featuring
Noon–12:45 pm. Christ Church sanctuary, the Monteverdi faculty and special guests
Montpelier. Free. 223-6820. 64 State St., Montpelier. Bring a bag lunch. Dvorak, Grieg, and Rossini, plus a wild
Every Tues.: Karaoke, 7:30 pm Russian sailors’ dance and two favorite tunes: Counterpoint Chorus. 3 pm. Unitarian
April 18: The Kick-Off Cabaret. A benefit “Shenandoah” and “Over the Rainbow.” Church, 130 Main St., Montpelier. $20;
Espresso Bueno. 248 N. Main St., Barre. 479- concert celebrating the start of Lost Nation students and seniors $15; kids under 10 free.
0896. 7:30 pm. Unitarian Church, 130 Main St.,
Theater’s 31st season. With emcee G Richard Montpelier. Free; donations accepted. 223-8610 Benefits Monteverdi Music School and its
April 26: Abby Jenne (rock), 7:30 pm Ames, the swinging sounds of Rick & The scholarship fund.
Gusto’s. 28 Prospect St., Barre. Ramblers (featuring Taryn Noelle); Vermont April 25: Christ Church Concerts at Noon.
The Green Mountain Horn Club with founder April 28: The Will Patton Ensemble. folk-legends Dana & Susan Robinson; and Combine a jazz/choro mandolinist with a
April 18: DJ Bay 6, 8 pm indie folk & blues cowboy Mark LeGrand. Alan Parshley. Part of the spring series of
lunchtime concerts. Noon–12:45 pm. Christ symphony violinist who also plays bluegrass and
April 19: Tim Brick, 5 pm; My Mothers 7:30 pm; seating at 7pm. Montpelier City hot swing, add a string bass player who came of
Moustache, 9 pm, $5, 21+ Hall Arts Center, Main St., Montpelier. $20 Church sanctuary, 64 State St., Montpelier.
Bring a bag lunch. age working the Chicago blues clubs. Spice it all
April 20: Jamie Carey, 6 pm; GLOW Party advance; $25 at door. up with a first call jazz/Brazilian percussionist
Featuring ELMT, 9:30 pm, $10 advance/$15 April 19: Heartless. A Heart/Zeppelin April 27: The Coffee House. Live music, and stir in a little rock & roll attitude. 4 pm.
day-of show, 21+ Experience. Classic rock. $10. Canadian Club, readings, and improv by professional and local Plainfield Opera House, Rt. 2, Plainfield. $15;
April 25: DJ Bay 6, 8 pm 414 E. Montpelier Rd., Barre. talent—Paula Gills, Donna Thunder and the seniors $10; students $5. plainfieldoperahousevt.
April 26: Elizabeth Renaud, 5 pm; Dirty Storm, Emma Cerutti, Malayna Johnson, org
Looks, 9 pm, $5, 21+ April 19: Samara Piano Quartet. Featuring and more. 6:30–9:30 pm. United Church of
April 27: Papa Grey Beard, 6 pm; DJ KAOS, Mozart, Turina, and Brahms. There will be a Northfield, 58 South Main St., Northfield. $10 May 3: Della Mae. All-female bluegrass band.
9:30 pm, 21+ pre-concert talk: “Chamber Music Inside Out: donation. 485-3770 or 279-7251. 7:30 pm. Chandler Music Hall, Main St.,
May 2: Open Mic Night, 8 pm The Creative Process Involved in Performing Randolph. $36–41.
Someone Else’s Work.” 7 pm. Highland Center April 27: Hannah Sanders & Ben Savage.

promise of food co-ops in the age of grocery. of Once & Future. 8 pm. Bear Pond Books, 77 PoemCity: What if You Could Only Say Things
PoemCity: The Poetry Society of Vermont Through penetrating analysis and inspiring stories Main St., Montpelier. $5. Once? Participants of a poetry workshop series led
Reading. The Poetry Society of Vermont was and examples of American and Canadian food by Laurie McMillan will read their creations from
founded in 1947 and has published The Mountain co-ops, Grocery Story makes a compelling case SATURDAY, APRIL 27 the class. The class explored choosing words, lines,
Troubadour since 1960. President George for the transformation of the grocery store aisles Walk Sodom Pond with Green Mountain Club. and rhythm inspired by beloved poets to guide their
Longenecker will introduce poets Steven Cahill, as the emerging frontier in the local and good Adamant. Easy. 5 miles. Contact Mary Smith, process. 10 am–noon. Kellogg-Hubbard Library,
Judith Janoo, Ellen Parent, David Stauffer, and food movements. Hunger Mountain Co-op 505-0603 or Mary Garcia, 622-0585 for meeting 135 Main St., Montpelier.
Diane Swan. 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 community room, Montpelier. Sign up: info@ time and place. Compost Basics. CVSWMD’s Outreach
Main St., Montpelier Manager Cassandra Hemenway will show you
Barre Congregational Church Community
FRIDAY, APRIL 26 Classic Movie Night: Rear Window. 7 pm. St. Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre. some easy ways to get started composting and do it
Johnsbury Athenaeum, 1171 Main St., successfully, and will review other ways to keep your
Northern Vermont University-Lyndon Open St. Johnsbury. Sustainability Saturday. Community clothing food scraps out of the trash. 11 am–noon. Hunger
House. For prospective students and their families. & book swap, cell phone & battery recycling, Mountain Co-op community room, Montpelier,
Meet students, faculty and staff; learn about financial PoemCity: What Inspires. Join Vermont poets environmental workshops, and an expert in the
(and friends) Megan Buchanan, Didi Jackson, Sign-up:
aid and academic programs; tour the campus bulk aisle. 8 am–2 pm. Hunger Mountain Co-op,
and have lunch. 9 am–2:30 pm. NVU-Lyndon. Major Jackson, Kerrin McCadden, Elizabeth Montpelier. Recycle Right, from Blue Bin to Beyond. Come Powell, and Diana Whitney as they read new learn the overview of Vermont’s recycling laws,
poems. Q&A follows. 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Northern Vermont University-Johnson Open what goes in/what stays OUT of your recycling
Family-Friendly Film Screening. Ages 8+. Library, 135 Main St., Montpelier House. For prospective students and their families. bin, and what “additional” recycling is and how
3:30–5:30 pm. Montpelier Senior Activity Center, Meet students, faculty, and staff; learn about financial to do it right and how to avoid “wish cycling.” 1–2
58 Barre St., Montpelier. Donations welcome. 225- Once & Future Space Prom. Wear your favorite aid and academic programs; tour the campus
incarnation of a King Arthur genderbending pm. Hunger Mountain Co-op community room,
8694. and have lunch. 9 am–2:30 pm. NVU-Johnson. Montpelier, Sign-up:
character at this “Space Prom” with VCFA authors
Jon Steinman Book Tour: Grocery Story: The Amy Rose Capetta & Cori McCarthy, co-authors
PAGE 30 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Calendar of Events
Junior Jam. Participants may read their own Montpelier. economy. 5:15–6:30 pm. Hunger Mountain Co- THURSDAY, MAY 2
original poetry, as well as favorite poems by Salvation Army Community Lunch. op community room, Montpelier, Sign-up: info@
another poet. Up to 3 poems per participant. 3 Older Vermonters Caucus. Learn about issues
Noon–1 pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre. being discussed at the State House affecting older
pm. St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, 1171 Main St., St. Jennifer McMahon Book Launch: The Invited.
Johnsbury. 745-1391 Vermont Grape Varieties & Organic Wine Vermonters. Topic: Older Vermonters and Elder
Tasting (21+). Join Doug Becker of Montpelier A chilling ghost story with a twist! Refreshments, Justice/Elder Abuse. 8–9 am. Vermont State House,
“Young Adventurer’s Guide” Book Launch Vineyards and Zea Luce from Vermont Fresh cake, reading, and book signing. 7 pm. Bear Pond room 10, Montpelier.
and Party. Join us for a wilderness outdoor activity Network for a fun, educational, and delicious mini- Books, 77 Main St., Montpelier. bearpondbooks.
fair, book reading, and presentation to celebrate the com VCFA MFA in Writing & Publishing
workshop on Vermont grapes and wine. 5:30–6:30 Community Classes: Wild Minds: Read Like
launch of The Young Adventurer’s Guide to (Almost) pm. Hunger Mountain Co-op community room, PoemCity: 10th Anniversary Celebration Open
Everything: Build a Fort, Camp Like a Champ, Poop a Writer Book Group. In this fun monthly book
Montpelier. $5. Sign-up: info@hungermountain. Mic. PoemCity is 10 years old! Join us for some group, you’ll dig deeply into texts and find the craft
in the Woods – 45 Action-Packed Outdoor Activities coop Down Home birthday cake and open mic poetry.
with author Ben Hewitt, contributor Penny Hewitt, tools writers use to construct their stories.
PoemCity: VCFA’s Hunger Mountain. Poets of all ages are welcome to read their original 6:30–8 pm. Vermont College of Fine Arts, Noble
and illustrator Luke Bushee. 3:30–5 pm. North work. Three-minute limit: sign-up at the door.
Branch Nature Center, 713 Elm St., Montpelier. Contributors to the latest issue of Hunger Mountain Annex 1 and Conference Room, College St.,
and student editors from Vermont College of Fine Readings will take place by lottery. 7–9 pm. Down Montpelier.
Free. Home Kitchen, 100 Main St., Montpelier
Arts’ Writing & Publishing MFA program will Bierstadt’s “Domes of Yosemite”: The Creation
PoemCity: Making Sense Workshop at AroMed.
Each participant will be guided to write responses
read poems from Issue 23: Silence & Power. 6–8 WEDNESDAY, MAY 1 of an Icon. Eleanor Jones Harvey, senior curator
pm. Café Anna, Vermont College of Fine Arts, 36 at Smithsonian American Art Museum, discusses
to essential oils by Leah Beckhoff, a writer born College St., Montpelier Bike Plainfield to Marshfield with Green
and raised in Philadelphia and currently living the story behind Albert Bierstadt’s monumental
Mountain Club. Easy. Cross Vermont Trail. painting, weaving together several historical
in Montpelier. 6:30–8 pm. AroMed, 8 State St., TUESDAY, APRIL 30 About 20 miles. Bring your lunch. Contact: George threads to deepen our appreciation of Yosemite as
Montpelier. Space is limited. Pre-register: 505-1405 Plumb at 883-2313 or
Barre Congregational Church Community part of our national identity. 7 pm. St. Johnsbury
SUNDAY, APRIL 28 Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre. for meeting time and place. Athenaeum, 1171 Main St., St. Johnsbury.
Parenting Through a Jewish Lens Series. Free The Christ Church Community Lunch.
discussion-based classes using ancient and modern
Birding at Hunger Mountain Co-op. Join North
11 am–12:30 pm. 64 Main St., Montpelier. FRIDAY, MAY 3
Branch Nature Center’s Executive Director Chip
sources for all parents raising Jewish children. Free Darmstadt on an easy walk from the Co-op along Salvation Army Community Lunch. The Peacham Corner Guild Opens. Featuring
childcare on premises. 10:30 am–noon. Montpelier Stone Cutters Way, discovering the birds that Noon–1 pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre. small antiques, fine handcrafted gifts and specialty
Senior Activity Center, 58 Barre St., Montpelier. are attracted to the Winooski River and riverside foods. 643 Bayley-Hazen Road, Peacham.
RSVP: Talk and Book Signing: Mary Dingee Fillmore.
habitats. 8–9:30 am. Participants can meet in front An Address in Amsterdam follows a Jewish family
Turkey Take Out Dinner. Turkey, stuffing, of Co-op by entrance. Sign-up: and the resistance movement in Amsterdam Friday Morning Spring Bird Walks. Weekly
potato, gravy, vegetable, roll, and dessert for $12. during the Nazi occupation. Reception follows. 7 trips to birding hot spots around Montpelier
Pick-up 4–6 pm. Waterbury Center Community Bike East Montpelier with Green Mountain pm St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, 1171 Main St., St searching for spring migrants like warblers, vireos,
Church next to Cold Hollow Cider Mill, Rt. 100, Club. Easy. East Montpelier/Calais Back Roads. Johnsbury thrushes, and waterfowl. Led by NBNC’s expert
Waterbury Center. Reservations required: 244-8089 About 20 miles. Leave from the parking area at #10 birders. North Branch Nature Center, 713 Elm St.,
Medical Cannabis 101. We’ll cover the different Montpelier. 7–8:30 am. Free for members; $10 non-
Tiny Twilight Café. Families gather at Pond in Calais at 10 am. Bring a lunch. Contact: options available for using this plant as medicine
Downstreet’s community space for a light supper George Plumb at 883-2313 or members.
from edibles, tinctures, and topicals to so much
and a chance to connect with other parents. Free more. Come learn the basics from the herbalists at Montpelier Rotary Mud Season Charity Raffle.
for parents and caregivers with children 3 and A Growing Threat: Invasive Plants and What Vermont Patients Alliance, the medical marijuana Cocktails and hors d’oeuvres. 6–9 pm. Vermont
under. Older siblings welcome. 4:30–6:30 pm. You Can Do. Vermont Land Trust’s Pieter Van dispensary in Montpelier, about how this plant College of Fine Arts, Alumni Hall, College St.,
Downstreet, 22 Keith Ave., Barre. Loon, Director of Forest Stewardship, and Caitlin might benefit you. 7 pm. Jaquith Public Library, Montpelier. $100 admits two adults.
MONDAY, APRIL 29 Cusack, Stewardship Forester, will teach you about School St., Marshfield.
invasive plants in Vermont, the harm they do, and
Community Lunch at Unitarian Church their impact on our recreation and natural resource
Montpelier. 11 am–12:30 pm. 130 Main St.,
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 • PAGE 31

A State of Mind: Getting the Historia Straight Comedy

By Larry Floersch

freeing slaves can come back to bite you in los glúteos. The abolition of slavery in
Mexico created a desire on the part of former Americans living in the Mexican
province of Texas to want to be free from Mexico because the Texans did not
want to free their slaves. By extension, this led to Davy Crockett at the Alamo, the
annexation of Texas by the U.S., and the aforementioned Mexican-American War.
So it’s easy to see why Mexicans don’t get all excited about Cinco de Mayo. Even
though it was a victory, it was only over the French army, and the history back then
is just too darn complicated.
It’s also easy to see how the people of Mexico might be confused about exactly
where the border is. Since at one point Mexico reached as far north as the northern
edges of California, Nevada, Utah, and Texas; and place names such as Los
Angeles, San Francisco, Albuquerque, San Diego, San Antonio, and Las Vegas are
Spanish; and many of the people in those states speak Spanish, it would be easy to
think you are still in Mexico no matter on which bank of a river you are standing.
And given the experience Mexico has had over the years with the United

inco de Mayo is just days away, so I’m sure that all across the United States, you would almost think they would want to build a wall to keep out their
States people are digging out their huaraches and sombreros, looking up neighbors to the north. But way down deep they know it wouldn’t work.
guacamole recipes, and beginning to review the takeout menu at local
Taco Bells. I know I personally have been searching closets for the serape I picked
up in Tijuana during my college days. At least I think it was a serape. And I think
it was Tijuana. And I think I was in college. And it might have been margaritas.
Or peyote. It’s all kind of a blur, if you know what I mean.
One would think the people of Mexico would be getting excited, too, but the
fifth of May is not such a big deal south of the border that is in the news so often
nowadays. The people of Mexico are not excited because the fifth of May is not
the Mexican Fourth of July. I repeat to all you potential revelers out there, Cinco
de Mayo is NOT the Mexican Fourth of July. I think the confusion on the part
of Americans is probably a result of the Aztec calendar. The Aztec calendar has a
260-day cycle imbedded in a 365-day cycle and 13-day weeks, or something like
that, so the Fourth of July in Mexico actually is on September 16. They also call it
El Grito de Dolores so it won’t be confused with the Fourth of July.
Cinco de Mayo commemorates the victory by the Mexican Army over—I’m
not kidding here, look it up—the French, at the Battle of Puebla in 1862. The
French were there because their leader, Napoleon III, decided to take over Mexico
to settle debts Mexico could not repay because Mexico was destitute after most
of its territory was taken by the United States in the Mexican-American War of
1846–48. That war was the result of the annexation of Texas by the U.S. in 1845,
an annexation with which Mexico oddly disagreed. After the Mexican-American
War, the U.S. ended up not only with Texas, but also what is now New Mexico,
Arizona, Utah, Nevada, and California.
In 1862 folks in the United States paid little attention to the Battle of Puebla
because, first of all, it would be at least another hundred years before taco trucks
would be plying the streets of Manhattan, and, second, the Americanos were too
busy fighting each other over slavery.
Mexico had abolished slavery 33 years earlier in 1829, and it demonstrates how

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PAGE 32 • A PRIL 17— M AY 7, 2019 T HE BRID GE