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WORLDWIDE TUNNELLING EXPERIENCE

Camí Can Calders 10, 1º 5ª Mithat Paşa Cad. Nº 227/8


08173 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain Armağanevler. Ümraniye 34398
Skype: tunnelconsult Istanbul, Turkey
e-mail: tunnelconsult@tunnelconsult.com e-mail: info@tmd-tunelmuhendisligi.com
ABOUT TUNNELCONSULT
Tunnelconsult offices
Tunnelconsult Engineering SL is a private, service oriented consulting and engineering firm in underground works,
integrated by experienced professionals carrying a broad spectrum of expertise covering geotechnical, structural, Tunnelconsult headquarters
hydrological and construction aspects in conventional and mechanised excavation. Registered in 2004 as a Address Camí Can Calders, 10, 1º 5ª, 08713 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain
professional company, the firm was converted to a limited company in 2014 in order to better cope with the steady Telephone No. +34 93 590 71 20
company growth. Email tunnelconsult@tunnelconsult.com

Tunnelconsult consulting services are tailored and directed at other Engineering firms, private and public entities,
Governmental Agencies and Construction Companies. Skilled team of engineers from various fields give our Tunnelconsult Turkey (TÜNEL MÜHENDİSLİĞİ VE DANIŞMANLIK LİMİTED ŞİRKET - TMD)
Company the ability to provide a wide range of consulting and engineering services in the field of tunnel engineering
Address Mithat Paşa Cad. Nº 227/8, Armağanevler. Ümraniye 34398 / Istanbul, Turkey
management, tunnel design and tunnel consultancy, including a valid support in underground works execution.
Telephone No. +90 0 216 328 9865
Email info@tmd-tunelmuhendisligi.com
Our firm is actually involved in rail, metro, highway and water conveyance projects on international basis. Our
VAT No. 8750361675
services range from the initial stages of a project at feasibility study to the final stages of implementation and works
commissioning, including construction methods, equipment selection, temporary and permanent works detailed
and final design, methods statements, and auxiliary facilities for logistic management.
Scope of Services
Vision Tunnelconsult provides integrated and multi-disciplinary engineering services from concept stage to completion of
Offer innovative products and global service to fulfil the Client’s needs and expectation, guaranteeing full the Project/Study in order to tailor the Client’s requirements. Its services mainly cover the following
satisfaction, loyalty and trust.
Feasibility Studies Detailed Design
Planning Segmental lining design
Mission
Economic analysis, tunnel cost estimation Steel fiber design
Tunnelconsult mission is to deliver a wide range of tunnelling related consulting and design services. It is Tender document preparation Rock support and final lining design
independent from any construction Company, Equipment Manufactures and Public Agency in order to give an un- Conservation of evidence Portal and shafts design
biased professional service to its Clients.
Project Management Construction supervision
Values BIM projects Works engineering supervision
We believe that putting our values into practice benefits for our employees, clients and the communities we serve. GIS projects Expert assistance
Client representatives Tunnel rehabilitation
Our Shared Values are:
1. Integrity Consultancy Geological and Geotechnical assessment
2. Mutual respect and trust Insurance claims expert witness advice Field investigation
3. Teamwork, and an open corporate culture Expert qualifying advice Face pressure computations
DRB assistance Settlement analysis
General Information Arbitration and dispute resolution Ground treatment definition

Geotechnical monitoring TBM selection


Name and Address Monitoring plans Construction method and equipment selection
Name of the Company Tunnelconsult Engineering Vibration monitoring plans Technical specification for mechanised tunnelling
Type of organization Limited Company Process controlling TBM commissioning
Legal address c. Tetuan, 34, puerta B, 08172 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain
Website www.tunnelconsult.com
Sectors covered and projects location
Over the last 10 years, Tunnelconsult has successfully completed more than 200 projects worldwide in
different sectors, such as hydraulic, hydroelectric, sewerage, metro, high speed railway, railway, roads,
highway, mining and utility tunnels.
GILGEL GIBE II HYDROELETRIC TUNNEL
CONSULTANCY IN ETHIOPIA

Description
The Client required the consulting of an expert in
tunnel construction for the Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project
(installed power equal to 250MW). The Project includes the
excavation of a 25.8km long Head Race Tunnel by two Double
Shield TBMs having an excavation diameter of 6.98m.
The tunnels are lined with hexagonal segments (4
per ring) 25cm thick to give an inner diameter of 6.3m.
The geology of the sector is basically composed by
effusive and intrusive volcanic rocks associated with the Rift.
Scope of work
General information • Analysis of documents
relevant to the TBMs and
Location: Ethiopia
tunnels design in relation
Start date: 2005 with the construction
methodology, expert
End date: 2008
reporting
Client : EEPCO, Electroconsult
• Analysis of documents
related to tunnel lining and
Technical information expert reporting

Excavation: DS TBM • Site visits and support to


the works site
Lining: Precast segments
• Participation to technical
Length: 25,8 km and design meetings
Excavation diameter: 6,98 m •Expert assessment of
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 1200 m underground works

TC-0501
METRO ISTANBUL
FINAL DESIGN OTOGAR-BAĞCILAR (OBM)

Description
Tunnelconsult has undertaken the
segmental lining design of all the TBM bored
tunnels of the Otogar-Bagcilar-Mahmutbey-
Ikitelli-Basak Konutlari 4 metro system, counting
a total of 22 Kilometres of line, designed to serve
about 25.000 passenger at peak hours. Due to
its length the alignment crossed various
geological conditions ranging from metamorphic
rocks to over consolidated sands and clay. A
total of four EPB shield 6,5 m in diameter have
Line layout been simultaneously boring and installing a 5+1
segmental lining 5,7 m inner diameter. Moreover
we have been supporting the Contractor for
General information monitoring, settlement and ground
Location: Istanbul, Turkey treatment design.
Scope of work
Start date: 05/2005
• Structural design of the segmental lining for
End date: 11/2007 the various geological conditions
Client: Gulermak Dogus JV •Cross passage excavation and lining design
•Thrusting frame design
Technical information
•Settlement evaluation and ground treatment
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) design
Lining: Precast segments •Monitoring design and interpretation
Length: 22 km (twin tunnel) •EPB pressure study support
Excavation diameter: 6,56 m TC Repsonsible: Nicola Della Valle •Consultancy during TBM boring
Ground cover: 25 – 50 m Technical staff : Ranaboldo, Matteo / Di Gati, Leonardo

TC-0503
METRO ISTANBUL
FINAL DESIGN OTOGAR-BAĞCILAR (OBM)

Monitoring design for OBM Line


construction:
•Underground excavation: by monitoring control
sections equipped with incremental or rod
extensometers, inclinometers and topographic
surface control points. In particular monitoring
instruments are intensified along the first 500m of
tunnel driving (i.e. tunnelling learning curve). Three
General information control sections types, equipped with more or less
Location: Istanbul, Turkey monitoring instruments in function of the tunnel
overburden, are foreseen.
Start date: 05/2005
•Tunnel lining: by convergence points and
End date: 11/2007 monitored rings to measure strains on the
Client: Gulermak Dogus Joint segments and their internal deformations. The
Venture installed instruments are vibrating wire pressure
cells and strain gauges.
Technical information
•Buildings and utilities: by target prisms placed at
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) key points of the structures and tilt meters in case
of sensitive buildings or lack of visibility. Sensitive
Lining: Precast segments utilities are equipped with electrolytic levelling
Length: 22 km (twin tunnel) instruments and strain gauges.
Excavation diameter: 6,56 m •Ground water level: by piezometers.
Ground cover: 25 – 50 m
Scope of work
TC Responsible: Nicola Della Valle • Monitoring design
Technical staff : Ranaboldo, Matteo • Works follow up according to monitoring
Di Gati, Leonardo measures

TC-0503m
EMERGENCY GALLERY OF CADÍ TUNNEL
SITE SUPERVISION IN SPAIN

Description
The emergency gallery is a parallel tunnel to the
main road tunnel with a length of 5345 meters and a section
rate of 14 m2 with 19 connections to the main tunnel, 250m
long each one. Allow, through a pressurized cabin with
fireproof doors, emergency exit from the tunnel.
There will be 19 galleries in connection with the
tunnel, each approximately 250 meters. Each of these
closures have three fire doors and an axial fan which should
push air toward the pressurized tunnel to safeguard the
gallery.

General information Scope of work


Location: Pyrenees Mountanis, • Site expert supervision
Spain
• Participation to meetings
Start date: 2006
End date: 2007
Client : Paymacotas

Technical information
Excavation: TBM
Lining: Shotcrete & rockbolts
Length: 3,7 km
Excavation diameter: 4,0 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: - m Technical staff:

TC-0601
PAKAL DUL HYDROELETRIC PROJECT
TENDER BASIC DESIGN IN INDIA

Description
Pakal Dul (Drangdhuran) Hydroelectric Project is a
reservoir based scheme proposed on river Marusudar, the main
right bank tributary of river Chenab in Kishtwar Tehsil of Doda
District in Jammu & Kashmir. The Project envisages construction
of a concrete face rockfill dam, 167m high, across river
Marusudar at village Drangdhuran and an underground
Powerhouse with with 4 units of 250 MW each, vertical Francis
turbine, at a location 2 km u/s of Dul dam, near village Trimuli.
Between the dam and the power turbine, a head race
twin tunnels are executed with 10 km long and 8.40 m excavation
diameter.
General information Scope of work
Location: Kashmir, India • Analysis of documents
Start date: 06/2007 relevant to the TBMs and
tunnels design in relation
End date: 10/2007 with the construction
Client : Torno methodology
• Assistance in defining
Technical information
TBM characteristics and
Excavation: TBM assessing TBM
performances
Lining: Precast segments
•Participation in technical
Length: 10x2 km (twin tunnels) meetings
Excavation diameter: 8,4 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 2500 m Technical staff:

TC-0702
CONSULTANCY ROME UNDERGROUND - LINE C
SITE ASSISTANCE

Description
The works consist in 19km of bored tunnel in soft soil
and volcanic tuffs with 6,7m excavation diameter EPB machines. 4
EPB shields are in use for the excavation of the twin tunnels. The
inner tunnel diameter is 5,8m and the segments have a thickness
of 30cm. The minimum possible radius is 800m and the maximum
slope is 3%.
Tunnelconsult has performed a systematic support to
the Constructing JV on TBM selection and manufacturing and ring
design check, including feasibility studies on utilization of SFRC.

General information
Scope of work
Location: Rome, Italy
• Definition of the technical
Start date: 02/2007 specifications for 4 TBMs
End date: 2011 • Follow up of the TBMs
Client: Roma Metro C manufacturing and control
during the first excavation stage

Technical information •During the excavation,


definition of structural
Excavation: TBM improvements for the segmental
lining ring
Lining: Pre-cast segments
Length: 19 km (twin tunnel)
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Excavation diameter: 6,70 m
Technical staff: Ranaboldo, Matteo / Guardia, Jaume
Ground cover:

TC-0703
FONTSANTA – TRINITAT WATER
SITE SUPERVISION TRANSFER TUNNEL IN SPAIN

Description
The Fontsanta-Trinitat tunnel, under Collserola
Mountanis, started simultaneously on both portals Trinitat
and Just Desvern, with two Double Shield TBM of 6,0 m of
excavation diameter, leaving an internal diameter of 5.20 m.
Inside it is placed on one side the pipe with 1800 mm
diameter and in the other side a rail way for the electric
vehicle maintenance. The tunnel has modern facilities for
ventilation and security in accordance with current
regulations.
Three additional emergency galleries and a
surge tank were done with drill & blast and raise-boring
General information methods respectively. Scope of work
Location: Barcelona, Spain • Site expert supervision
Start date: 2007 • Participation to meetings and
End date: 2010 expert advice on tunnelling issues
Client : Paymacotas

Technical information
Excavation: DS TBM
Lining: Precast segments
Length: 12,0 km
Excavation diameter: 6,0 m
TC Responsible: Della Valle Nicola
Ground cover: 325 m

TC-0705
EL DIQUIS – COSTA RICA
EXPERT CONSULTANCY

Description
ICE (Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad) required
recommendations and technical support by tunnelling experts in order
to study the feasibility of excavation by TBM for the execution of
headrace tunnel of El Diquís hydro electrical project. The project,
furthermore than the dam reservoir and a subterranean power house,
includes a 10,4km long tunnel, 11 meters excavation diameter.
Geology comprises basically two formations: Curré
formation, composed by an intercalations of lutites, sandstones and
conglomerates, and Térraba facies Lagarto formation, formed by
lutites, sandstones and calcareous breccias.
A single shield hard rock TBM has been considered for the
General information
tunnel excavation installing a 40 cm thick segmental lining.
Location: Costa Rica
Scope of work
Start date: 09/2008
• Revision of geological-geomechanical
End date: 12/2008 conditions
Client: ICE • Risk analysis related to TBM excavation
Technical information • TBM technical specifications
Excavation: TBM • Time/costs estimation
Lining: Pre-cast segments • Recommendations of required additional
investigations
Length: 10,4 km
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Inner diameter: 9,2 m
Technical staff: Savin, Eloi / Lemos, Mariana
Ground cover: up to 600 m
TC-0801
SEWER SYSTEM – PANAMÁ CITY
TENDER BASIC DESIGN

Description
The Project consist in deep sewer system which will
collect water along the alignment to a to a pump station for further
treatment.
The geology comprises basalt, breccias and geological
units of a sedimentary sequence. It has been appraised that 75% of
the tunnel will be excavated in good geo-mechanical quality rock
and the remaining 25% in weathered rock and soil. It is expected
that the tunnel alignment will cross three faults. The main TBM
characteristics that have been considered are: excavation diameter,
cutter-head, thrust force, par and power.

General information Scope of work


Location: Panamá City • Preparation of the technical report for
(Panamá) the tender submission
Start date: 2008 • Definition of the TBM features and
End date: 2008 specifications
Client: Ghella / Astaldi •Geometrical and structural lining pre-
design.
Technical information
• Preliminary settlement analysis
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
• Definition of the basic monitoring
Lining: Precast segments system and the general work planning
Length: 8,0 km
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Inner diameter: 3,1 m
Technical staff: Ranaboldo, Matteo / Guardia, Jaume
Ground cover: up to 30 m

TC-0802
SITE SUPERVISION
BARCELONA METRO - LINE 9 lots IVa-IVb

Description
The fourth lot of Barcelona Metro Line 9 consists in two
branches that merge before Bon Pastor station and in one branch
from Bon Pastor to Sagrera. Sub-lot IVa is 4,9km long, starts in
Can Zam station and includes 6 stations; sub-lot IVb is 3,8km long,
starts in Gorg station and includes 3 stations. Between Bon Pastor
station and Sagrera, another underground station is foreseen. The
alignment runs on the eastern side of Besós River and it under
cross with less that one diameter cover. The tunnel goes through
Palaeozoic metamorphic rocks in contact with Miocenic
conglomerates and most recent deltaic alluviums. Tunnels are lined
General information with 35cm(IVa) and 40cm (IVb) thick, 10,9m i.d. precast concrete
Location: Barcelona, Spain segments. The minimum track radius is 270 m and the maximum
slope is 4%.
Start date: 2003
End date: 2010
TC scope of work
Client: GISA
• Works controller and
construction follow up
Technical information
• Design review
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
•Monitoring design check and
Lining: Precast segments follow up
Length: 8,7km •Decision support to the Client
Excavation diameter: 11,95 m & Engineer
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 8 – 65 m Technical staff: Plasencia, Victoria / Rabella, Alex

TC-0803
SITE ASSISTANCE
FINAL DESIGN
Line 2 extension of Metro Sofia, Bulgaria

Description
Lot 1 of Sofia Metro Line 2 Extension Project runs
from Road Junction Nadezhda station to Patriarch Evtimiy blvd.
Along the alignment 4 stations are excavated, one of which will
link Line 2 with Line 1. Geology consists in several layers of
fine gravel, clayey sand, silt and sandy clay with variable
thickness. The right control of the TBM technical specifications
is essential, due to the high sensitivity of the settlements,
especially when the tunnel will underpass the historical
building “Sveta Nedelya Cathedral”. The 8,43m i.d. single bored
tunnel will carry twin tracks with cur & cover stations. Minimum
curvature radius is 250m and the maximum slope is 3%.
General information Scope of work
Location: Sofia, Bulgaria • Precast segmental lining geometrical
Start date: 2008 design
End date: 2012 • Definition of EPB shield technical
specifications
Client : Dogus Group
• Technical assistance during the
Technical information contractual process between the Client
and the TBM manufacturer.
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) Commissioning supervision
Lining: Precast segments • Settlements analysis and estimation of
Length: 3,2 km potential damages for buildings along the
alignment
Excavation diameter: 9,45 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
• EPB pressure definition along the
Ground cover: 2,5 – 28,0 m Technical staff: Savin, Eloi alignment
TC-0804
BARCELONA METRO - LINE 9 lot III
SITE SUPERVISION

Description
The third lot of Barcelona Metro Line 9, from Sagrera
Meridiana station to Zona Universitària station, includes 13
stations, 6 of which will link Line 9 to other metro and/or railway
lines. The alignment runs deep below the upper part of Barcelona
Slope trough a Palaeozoic series intruded by a granitic batholith.
Two 12 meters shields are performing in this stretch
installing a 10,9 m inner diameter segmental lining. Segments are
reinforced with a mix of conventional reinforcement (rebars) and
steel fibres that give outstanding performance due to strong
thoughtless and durability.
General information Face stability control is a must in fractured and faulty
Location: Barcelona, Spain conditions, as well as face losses and settlement minimization.
Start date: 2008
End date: 2012
TC scope of work
Client: GISA
• Works controller and
Technical information construction follow up

Excavation: TBM (EPB/Hard rock • Design review


shields) •Monitoring design check and
Lining: Precast segments follow up

Length: 9,2 km •Decision support to the Client


& Engineer
Excavation diameter: 11,95 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 8 – 70m Technical staff: Plasencia, Victoria / Rabella, Alex

TC-0805
BARCELONA METRO - LINE 9 lot III
SITE SUPERVISION

Monitoring used in L9 to control:


•Underground excavation: by monitoring arrays made up
by inclinometers, rod extensometers, and ground
settlement monitoring points distribuyed in longitudinal and
transversal direction along the tunnel axis, according to
tunnel influence area, geological profile and urban
distribution.
•Passage connection or shaft station excavation:
by convergence points and rod extensometers.
Covergence points are used to know horizontal and vertical
movements between walls and crown; and using rod
exensometer it is possible to control surface setttlements.
General information
•Tunnels: by convergence points and monitoring rings to
Location: Barcelona, Spain
mesured strains and movements over the segments rings.
Start date: 2008
•Buildings: by optical survey targets based in a topographic
End date: 2012 control to monitoring settlements and angular distorsion in
both axes. Constant monitoring at real time.
Client: GISA
•Ground water level: by piezometers.
Technical information
Excavation: TBM (EPB/Hard TC scope of work
rock shields)
• Monitoring design approval and follow up
Lining: Precast segments
• Works controller and construction follow
Length: 9,2 km up, according to monitoring measures
Excavation diameter: 11,95 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 8 – 70m Technical staff: Plasencia, Victoria

TC-0805m
KADIKÖY-KARTAL METRO EXTENSION
FINAL DESIGN
SITE ASSISTANCE ISTANBUL
Description
Kadiköy Kartal Metro extension included a 5,3km long
stretch from Kartal to Pendik with twin bored tunnels of 5,7m i.d.
Tunnels have been excavated through weak to medium-strong rocks,
with TBM shields capable of Earth Pressure Balance and also suitable
to bore in open mode, as equipped with cutter disks on the cutting
wheel. Geology basically consists in laminated limestones (Dolayoba
formation) and carbonated shale intercalated with massive limestones
(Kartal formation). The structural lining verification has been carried
out following Eurocode 2 and relevant international standards.
Particular attention has been devoted to the seismic design since an
Magnitude 8,5 earthquake has been taken for the design basis.
General information Tunnels have been lined by 1,5m long and 30cm thick precast
Location: Istanbul, Turkey concrete segments. Scope of work
Start date: 2008 • TBM selection and purchase assistance
to the Contractor
End date: 2010
•Geometrical and structural lining design,
Client: Avrasya Metro Grubu
considering fibre reinforcement
•Structural verification of the segmental
Technical information rings located at the cross passage
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) openings

Lining: Precast segments • Design of the starting push frame

Length: 12,75km (twin tunnel) •Follow up and technical assistance


during the excavation work, redacting
Excavation diameter: 6,56m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
reports on specific arguments
Over burden: 15 – 30m Technical staff : Ranaboldo, Matteo / Mavare, Luis

TC-0806
BELES HYDROELETRIC TUNNEL IN
EXPERT CONSULTANCY ETHIOPIA

Description
The Client required the consulting of an expert in TBM tunnel
construction for the Beles Hydroelectric Project (400MW installed power)
on the Tana Lake, the starting point of Blue Nile. The Project included the
excavation of a 12 km long Head Race Tunnel and a 8 km long Tali Race
Tunnel by two Double Shield TBMs having an excavation diameter of 8,2m.
The tunnels are lined with trapezoidal segments (7 per ring) 30cm thick
to give an inner diameter of 7,20 m.
The geology of the sector is basically composed by basaltic rocks and
lacustrine deposits.

Scope of work
• Analysis of documents relevant
General information
to the TBMs and tunnels design in
Location: Ethiopia relation with the construction
methodology, expert reporting
Start date: 2007
• Analysis of documents related to
End date: 2009
tunnel lining and expert reporting
Client: EEPCO / Electroconsult
• Site visits and support to the
Technical information works site
Excavation: DS TBM • Participation to technical and
design meetings
Lining: Precast segments
•Expert assessment of
Length: (12 + 8) km
underground works
Excavation diameter: 8,2 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: >500 m Technical staff: Matteo Ranaboldo

TC-0807
ASLANCIK HYDROELETRIC POWER
TENDER ASSISTANCE PLANT IN TURKEY

Description
Aslancık Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant with a
planned capacity of 120 MW and annual expected electricity
generation of 418 million kWh will be located on Harsit River on
province of Doğankent and Tirebolu in Giresun.
Aslancık HEPP is one of the six hydro plant planned to
be constructed on Harsit River. Four of these projects have been
completed and are currently operating. An alternative design
considering the excavation of the 12,6 km long headrace tunnel
has been studied.

General information Scope of work


Location: Turkey • TBM alternative feasibility
Start date: 2008 study.
End date: 2009 • Technical specifications and
main features of the TBM
Client : DOĞUŞ GRUBU
• Segmental lining pre-design

Technical information
Excavation: TBM
Lining: Precast segments
Length: 12,6 km
Internal diameter: 5,8 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: >500 m Technical staff: Matteo Ranaboldo

TC-0808
EL CACHÍ – COSTA RICA
CONSULTANCY

Description
The hydro-electrical project “Cachí” extension
consists in a 5980m long tunnel which runs parallel to
operative headrace. Its construction will allow a substantial
increment of the energy produced allowing for the installation
of a fourth Francis turbine. The excavation will be
predominantly through Doán formation, composed by volcanic
rocks, being predominant breccia, lava flow and tuffs. Special
attention has been devoted to study the affection of the second
tunnel on the first one, since the plant must remain in
operation during the construction of the second tunnel.
Scope of work
General information
• Revision of geological-geomechanical
Location: Costa Rica conditions
Start date: 04/2009 •Assessment of structural condition of the
End date: 09/2009 tunnel in operation since 1968

Client: ICE • Risk analysis and project feasibility study


• Estimation of the effects of the tunnel
excavation on the existent tunnel lining
Technical information
which will remain in operation during the
Excavation: D&B/Roadheader works.
Lining: Conventional • Estimation of the most suitable tunnelling
technology (D&B/Roadheader/TBM) taking
Length: 5,98 km
into account technical, economical and time
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Diameter : 3,9 m (final) related aspects
Technical staff: Savin, Eloi / Lemos, Mariana
Over burden: 30 - 190 m • Recommendations on investigations

TC-0901
MINE EXPLOTATION EL TENIENTE
TENDER ASSISTANCE CHILE

Description
El Teniente New Mine Level Project consists in two
8,9km long tunnels, one for personnel access and one for the
installation of an extraction conveyor belt. For safety reasons, 24
cross passages between the tunnels and 5 refuge bays in each
tunnel are foreseen.
The regional geology of the zone is characterized by
Miocenic volcanic rocks intruded by mafic to felsic complexes. The
alignment tunnel is sub-parallel to El Teniente fault zone which
consists in a very fractured rock mass zone. In order to cross the
Breccia formation, rock mass treatments are foreseen.
General information The minimum required gauge is of 4,15m as inner
Location: Chile diameter (43,25m2 free section) and it is the same for both tunnels.
Start date: 12/2009
Scope of work
End date: 03/2010
• Revision of the geological
Client: VINCI Construction
information
Technical information •Risks analysis and
definition of mitigation
Excavation: Drill & Blast vs TBM
actions
Lining: segmental lining rings or
• Comparison between
traditional support
Drill & Blast excavation
Length: 10,0 km (twin tunnel) and TBM tunnelling
Diameter: 7,20 m (excavation) TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola •Evaluation on the best
construction alternative
Overburden: up to 1.500 m Technical staff: Savin, Eloi

TC-0902
HIGH SPEED LINE TUNNEL
SITE ASSISTANCE MONTCADA - TRINIDAD

Description
The designed high speed railway stretch is 4,7Km long
and includes the construction of 1,0Km of surface infrastructures
and 3,7Km of tunnels. Of these 3,7Km, 2,9km are bored tunnel.
The scope of the tunnelling work is the underpass of Montcada
town and of the Ripoll stream.
The tunnel alignment is driven below the alluvial plain
of the Besós River. This alluvial plain lays on Paleozoic bedrock
formed by slates and quarzitic slates intruded by a granitic
batholith. The bedrock slates present a strong foliation with
different weathering grades ranging from III to V .
The inner tunnel diameter is 10,40m and the 2,0m long
General information segments have a thickness of 45cm. The minimum possible radius
Location: Montcada, Barcelona is 800m and the maximum slope is 3%.
Start date: 2009 Scope of work
End date: 2010 • General appraisal report on the
Client: UTS construction design
• Technical assistance and follow up of
the excavation by supporting the site
Technical information
management
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) • Regular on site visits in order to
Lining: Precast segments appreciate the advance of the
excavation
Length: 2,9 km
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola •Reporting on advance, TBM excavation
Excavation diameter: 11,66 m parameters and dedicated issues
Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Savin, Eloi
Ground cover: 15 – 40 m

TC-0903
CONSULTANCY
SEVILLA – SE-40 RING ROAD

Description
The fourth Sevilla ring road project foresees
the excavation of 4 tubes, three car lanes each, to cross
Guadalquivir River. The clearance between each tunnel
will be 100m to minimize interference during excavation
and operation.
Project geology comprises Miocenic marls
covered by cohesion less alluvial deposits (gravel with
sandy and clayey lenses) and lacustrine formations
characterized by clayey silt and fine to very fine sand.
Tunnels will have a 12,6m inner diameter given
General information by a by 0,5m thick precast concrete segments lining.
Location: Sevilla - Spain
Start date: 10/2009
Scope of work
End date: 03/2010
• Definition of the most
Client: UTE Autovía
suitable tunnelling
technology between
Technical information EPBm, slurry-shield and
mixed-shield.
Excavation: TBM
Lining: Pre-cast segments • Recommendations on
tunnel geometrical
Length: 2,1 km (four tunnels) requirements and TBM
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola exploitation installations
Excavation diameter:13,9m
Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / De Haro, Guillermo
Ground cover: 6 - 30 m

TC-0904
SITE SUPERVISION
FCG TERRASSA Railway extension

Description
Terrassa railway extension Project includes 4
stations and slightly more than 6 km of twin bored tunnels.
Geology along the alignment includes gravel, clayey sand,
sandy-clay and clay. The tunnels are in urban area passing
below buildings, railways and roads. A careful and exhaustive
building monitoring system has been carried out for settlement
control due to TBM generated volume losses and to detect
movements on buildings and other structures in the tunnel
influence area.
Two EPB shield 6,90m excavation diameter have
been utilised installing a 6 m, 300 mm thick precast concrete
General information
segments.
Steel fibres have been used in combination with
Location: Terrassa, Spain conventional rebar for the segment concrete reinforcement.
Start date: 2009
End date: 2011 TC scope of work
• Works controller and construction follow up
Client: GISA •Design review
•Monitoring design check and follow up
Technical information
•Decision support to the Client & Engineer
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
Lining: Precast segments
Length: 6,184 km (twin tunnel)
Inner diameter: 6,90 m TC Responsible: Bautista, Braulio
Ground cover: 5 – 25 m Technical staff: Vélez, Iván

TC-0905
SITE SUPERVISION
FCG TERRASSA Railway extension

Monitoring used in FGC TERRASSA


Railway extension:
•To control underground excavation from surface:
by monitoring arrays made up by inclinometers,
rod extensometers, vibrating wire piezometers and
ground settlement monitoring points distribuyed in
longitudinal and transversal direction along the
General information tunnel axis, according to tunnel influence area,
geological profile and urban distribution.
Location: Terrassa, Spain
•To control underground excavation from the
Start date: 2009
tunnel: by monitoring rings made up convergence
End date: 2011
points strain gauges and load cells, to measuring
Client: GISA strains and movements over the segments rings.
•To control shaft station excavation:
Technical information by convergence points between walls and
installing inclinometers, rod extensometers, load
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
cells and strain gauges to monitoring strain ground
Lining: Precast segments on the structures.
Length: 6,184 km (twin tunnel) •To control buildings movements: by optical survey
targets based in a topographic control to
Inner diameter: 6,90 m
monitoring settlements and angular distorsion in
Ground cover: 5 – 25 m both axes. Constant monitoring at real time.

TC scope of work
• Monitoring design approval and follow up
TC Responsible: Bautista, Braulio
• Works controller and construction follow up,
Technical staff: Vélez, Iván
according to monitoring measures

TC-0905m
EXPERT CONSULTANCY
SÃO PAULO – L5

Description
A stretch of Line 5 of São Paulo Metrô includes the
excavation of a 4930m long twin tunnel, 4 underground stations and 2
shafts (entry and exit shafts).
The tunnels will be excavated in silty-sandy clays with
granular intercalations (São Paulo and Resende formations), residual
material originated by Gneiss degradation (Saprolito) and weathered
Gneiss rock (bedrock). Mixed conditions at the excavation face are
expected.
For the design revision the following main aspects have
been considered: geological heterogeneity, mixed conditions, wear
due to abrasivity and minimal requested advance speed.
General information The proposed tunnel final lining is composed by 1500m
Location: São Paulo - Brasil long and 300mm thick precast concrete segments. The minimum
alignment radius is 500m and the maximum slope is 4%.
Start date: 2009
End date: 2009 Scope of work
Client: Metro Sao Paulo • Revision of the technical
specifications for the tender
design
Technical information
•Guidelines for TBM selection
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
and main shield characteristics.
Lining: Pre-cast segments
Length: 4,9 km (twin tunnel)
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Excavation diameter: 6,60 m
Technical staff: Savin, Eloi
Ground cover: 13,5 – 30 m

TC-0907
TUNNEL ZAPOTE / CURRIDIBAT
CONSULTANCY COSTA RICA

Description
The Zapote-Curribat urban tunnel should have
connected Florencio del Castillo highway to the San José ring
road. The proposed solution foresees a 2500m long twin
tunnels. Each tube will contain three lanes designed for heavy
truck traffic. Tunnel alignment will run predominantly in lahar
that is a soft rock, homogeneous, but a wide size grain curve,
ranging from clay to cobbles. The section proposed is poli-
centrical, composed by several tangent circles, having a
carriage way width of 12,5m and a vertical clearance of 5,1 m.

Scope of work
General information Feasibility study of the urban tunnel:
Location – San José, Costa Rica • Recommendations on tunnel geometrical
Start date - 03/2009 requirements and installations

End date – 12/2009 • Definition of the most suitable tunnelling


technology
Client – CNC
• Recommendations on tunnel temporary and
permanent lining
Technical information
• Risk analysis related to tunnel excavation
Excavation – NATM
• Time/costs estimation
Lining - Conventional
• Recommendations of required additional
Length – 2,9 km investigations
Head in charge: Della Valle, Nicola
Excavated section – 148m2 •Expected settlement analysis and monitoring
Technical staff: Savin, Eloi / Lemos, Mariana requirement
Ground cover – up to 40 m

TC-0908
BANGALORE METRO PROJECT
CONSULTANCY

Description
Bangalore Metro Project North-South corridor consists
in the construction of twin tunnels and three underground
stations. The minimum horizontal and vertical curve radiuses are
300m and 1500m, while the slope varies between -0.61% and
3.69%. The geological units encountered along the tunnel
alignments are granites and gneissic rocks with random dykes
and residual soils originated by bedrock’s weathering. Mixed
conditions at the front are expected for more than 50% of the
alignment. Considering the grains size distribution, permeability
and other relevant factors (depth, volume losses), a weighted
performance balance considering EPB and Slurry shield
General information technology has been carried out.
Location : Karnataka (India)
Start date : 2009
Scope of work
End date : 2009
• Assistance to the
Client : Dywidag – Strabag AG Contractor in the election of
the most suitable tunnelling
technology (EPB shield or
Technical information slurry-shield)
Excavation: TBM •Appraisal on the suitability
Lining: Precast segments of the proposed cutting
wheel
Length: 3,45 km (twin tunnels)
Head in charge: Della Valle, Nicola
Diameter: 5,95 m
Technical staff: Savin, Eloi
Ground cover : 10-16 m

TC-0909
EXPERT CONSULTANCY
SÃO PAULO – L6

Description
Line 6 São Paulo Underground Project will connect
northwestern part of the city to southeast, crossing under the busy
downtown and Paulista Avenue. A single tube, large diameter tunnel
option has been evaluated to reduce surface and underground
requirements by placing the platforms inside the tunnels.
Geology along the alignment comprises gneiss
characterized by different weathering grades and alluvial materials
from Resende and São Paulo formations. Mixed conditions at the face
are expected with a certain frequency.
A comparative analysis between different construction
solutions (traditional method, large diameter TBM and medium
General information diameter TBM) has been carried out to support the choice of the most
Location: São Paulo - Brasil recommendable method. Scope of work
Start date: 2010 Feasibility study including:
End date: 2010 •Recommendations on most suitable
TBM shield method
Client: Metrô São Paulo
•Recommendations on tunnel (and
stations) geometrical requirements
Technical information
• Proposal of an excavation sequence
Excavation: TBM
• Expected settlement analysis
Lining: Pre-cast segments
• Risk analysis related to tunnel
Length: 15,5 km excavation by different methods
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Proposed diameter: 15,86 m • Time estimation considering large and
Technical staff: Savin, Eloi medium diameter tunnel solutions
Ground cover: 20 – 70 m

TC-1001
“NIDO DE ÁGUILAS “
TENDER BASIC DESIGN HYDROELETRIC PROJECT

Description
Nido de Águilas Hydroelectric Project is located in the
Cachapoal province at southeast of Santiago. It comprises a 11km
long headrace tunnel, two intake structures and a single underground
cavern hosting two Pelton turbines. The plant will have an installed
capacity of 155MW and the flow will be taken both from both
Cortaderal River (36m3/sec) and Las Leñas River (10m3/sec).
Tunnel alignment will cross a massif whose geology mainly
consists of sequences of andesites and pyroclastic rocks; two granitic
intrusive bodies composed of monzonites and granodiorites shall be
General information crossed as laying along the alignment.
Location - Chile
Scope of work
Start date – 01/2010
• Detailed assessment of the geological
End date – 10/2010 conditions expected along the updated
tunnel alignment
Client – Gianfranco Perri
• Proposal of different constructive schemes
Technical information taking into account the risks connected with
the TBM excavation
Excavation – TBM and D&B
• Detailed assessment of the most suitable
Lining - Precast segments & TBM technology to be employed
conventional • Basic design for cost evaluation of tunnels
Length – 11,0 km and powerhouse cavern, temporary support
Head in charge: Della Valle, Nicola and final lining for scheduling & cost
Diameter – 5,00 m
evaluation purposes.
Ground cover – up to 1.300 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Salas Monge, Regina

TC-1003
“LOS CONDORES “
BASIC DESIGN HYDROELETRIC PROJECT

Description
Los Cóndores Hydroelectric Project is located in the Maule
Region, 200km south of Santiago. It comprises a 12km long headrace
tunnel, a 480 long vertical pressure shaft, and a single underground
powerhouse hosting two Pelton turbines for a total installed capacity of
148MW. The run off the river flow will be derived from existing Maule
Lagoon (25m3/sec).
Tunnel alignment will cross a massif whose geology mainly
General information consists of sequences of andesites, basalts and piroclastics rocks; a
Location - Chile dacitic intrusive body and tuff rocks will be encountered along the
Start date – 06/2010
alignment. Scope of work
• Detailed assessment of the geological
End date – In progress
conditions expected along the updated
Client – ENDESA Chile improved tunnel alignment
• Proposal of different constructive schemes
Technical information
taking into account the risks connected with
Excavation – Double shield the TBM excavation
TBM and D&B • Detailed assessment of the most suitable
TBM technology to be employed
Lining – Precast segments &
• Basic design of headrace tunnel and,
conventional temporary support and final lining for
Length – 12,0 km scheduling & cost evaluation purposes.
Inner Diameter – 3,70 m •Drafting of technical specifications for
Head in charge: Della Valle, Nicola
Project Tender
Ground cover – up to 1.300 m Technical staff: Savin, Eloi / Salas Monge, Regina / Babbucci, Silvia / Montobbio, Daniel

TC-1004
MONITORING DESIGN FOR WARSAW
CONSULTANCY UNDERGROUND - LINE II

Monitoring system design for Warsaw underground – Line II project:


• To control ground surface: geodetic control sections formed by 7 surface levelling
points will be spaced 5-20m between them for topographic measurements.
• To control in-ground deformations: deformation control sections equipped with
inclinometers, rod extensometers, piezometers and leveling points, are spaced 200m.
•To control segmental lining: 9 instrumented rings equipped with convergence targets
and strain gauges are foreseen along the alignment.
•To control stations excavation: by inclinometers and optical targets installed at station
walls, piezometers and ground settlement monitoring points.
•To control buildings movements: three influence zones have been defined around the
tunnel alignment and stations. An intensive topographic control consisting on manual
and automatized measurements is foreseen, furthermore than the installation of
crackmeters, wall inclinometers and 3D accelerometers.
•To control underground water table: Utmost attention is given to this aspect due to the
General information proximity of the project area to Vistola River.
Location: Warsaw (Poland)
Start date: April 2010
End date:
Client : AGP METRO

Technical information Scope of work


• Revision of ground and building monitoring
Excavation: TBM (EPB)
plan with relevant recommendations
Lining: Precast segments • General instruction for the monitoring plan
organization and definition of procedures
Length: 2 x 4,529 km TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
• Appraisal reports on segmental lining
Ground cover: 10-30 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia geometrical and reinforcement design

TC-1006m
JERUSALEM-TEL AVIV RAPID RAILWAY
FINAL DESIGN
SITE ASSISTANCE
AKED TUNNEL No. 1

Description
Aked tunnel No. 1 is the first of several tunnels part of the
new Jerusalem-Tel Aviv High speed railway line. It consists in 3.5 km
long twin tunnels joined by fourteen emergency cross passages that
will be bored mainly in the chalk, marl, chalky marl, marly chalk and
clay of the Taquiye formation. An Earth Pressure Balance (EPB) TBM
which applies pressure to the front will be used for the excavation of
the Aked tunnels. The TMB will also install a segmental lining
consisting of 9,0 m i.d. rings and 500 mm thick segments.
Scope of work
•Tunnel face stability study and
General information EPB pressure computation
Location: Israel •Definition of tail mortar and
Start date: 2010 soil conditioning requirements

End date: ongoing •Precast segmental lining


geometrical design and
Client: Mosmetrostroy-Minrav JV structural verification
• Technical specifications for
lining fabrication and
Technical information
installation, backfill annulus
Excavation: TBM (EPB) grouting and sealing and
connection systems
Lining: Precast segments
•Cross passages construction
Length: Twin 3,5 km long tubes
stages definition and structural
Excavation diameter: 10,3 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola design
Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Salas, Regina /
Ground cover: up to 112 m Savin, Eloi / Taglialatela, Francesco •Tunnel monitoring design

TC-1007
ANKARA WATER SUPPLY PROJECT
FINAL DESIGN GEREDE TUNNEL

Description
The Ankara water supply project will deviate the Gerede river
through the construction of a weir and a tunnel that will transfer the
water to the area of the Çamlıdere Dam. The planned tunnel is a
free-flow conduit, 31.6 km long with an inner diameter of 4.5 m
which gives it a transport capacity of 40m3/s. Due to geological
conditions two different types of lining are foreseen: 350 mm and
300 mm thick. In addition, due to the high expected water pressures
the waterproofing design was critical since it had to be watertight up
to 10 bar and at the same time guarantee water ingress into the
tunnel at that pressure. The lining has also been designed with a
pressure relief valve located in the pea-gravel injection hole.
General information
Location: Ankara, Turkey Scope of work

Start date: 2011 • Precast segmental lining


geometrical design for both ring
End date: ongoing types.
Client : Yüksel Proje • Revision of segment formwork
designs.
Technical information
• Waterproofing design and
Excavation: TBM (Double shield) technical support in gasket design
Lining: Precast segments and selection.

Length: 31,6 km • Technical support in pressure


release valve specification.
Excavation diameter: 5,475 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: up to 600 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina

TC-1008
FINAL DESIGN KARGI HYDROPOWER PROJECT TURKEY
SITE ASSISTANCE

Description
The Kargi Hydropower Project headrace tunnel will be excavated
in the medium to very poor quality rock masses of the Kunduz metamorphic
formation and Kirabaşi complex. This 11.7 km long tunnel will be excavated
with a Double Shield TBM installing a rectangular/trapezoidal segmental
lining with 8,7 m i.d. and 40 cm thick segments. Due to space and access
constraints, the TBM shall be launched from a temporary adit and extracted
at the 14.9 m wide shaft excavated for the stop logs gate structure. Minimum
curvature radius is 800m.
Scope of work
•Design of tunnel alignment to make it compatible with the planned execution methodology
and with the selected Double Shield TBM characteristics
General information •Precast segmental lining geometrical design and structural design
Location: Kargi, Turkey • Definition of DS TBM technical specifications. Follow up of TBM construction and
commissioning
Start date: 2010
End date: ongoing
Client : Gülermak

Technical information
Excavation: TBM (Double shield)
Lining: Precast segments
Length: 11,7 km
Excavation diameter: 9,8 m
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: up to 600 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Savin, Eloi

TC-1011
SPADINA EXTENSION OF TORONTO
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER METRO – CANADA

Description
The Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension Project
(TYSSE) will provide a critical extension for the existing Toronto
Transit Commission (TTC) subway system across the municipal
boundary between the City of Toronto and The Regional
Municipality of York (York Region).
There are six stations sites currently planned from
Sheppard Avenue West, to Vaughan Corporate Centre.
The planned service levels, implies one train every 4
minutes.
To encourage commuters to use the subway system,
2,900 new parking spaces will be built at three stations along the
General information extension.
Location: Toronto (Canada) Subway service is expected to begin in 2015.
Start date: 2010
Scope of work
End date: 2011
• Works planning
Client : OHL
• Monthly and weekly working shift
arrangement
Technical information • Daily planning of excavation works
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) • Tunnelling works sequence study
Lining: Precast segments • Study of the 3 basic cycles which form the
Length: 2 x 8,6 km logistic chain of the TBM production

Internal diameter: 5,50 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola •Shift personnel arrangement

Ground cover: 10-20 m Technical staff: Montobbio, Daniel

TC-1012
SPARVO TUNNELS – ITALY
DETAILED DESIGN

Description
A huge programme of highway construction has been underway in the
mountainous region between Bologna and Florence, re-aligning a
section of the A1 highway nearly 70km long. The new section, through
major tunnels and across high viaducts will greatly increase capacity
on Italy's most important highway. The 2.6km long twin bore Sparvo
tunnel have been excavated by TBM, a choice made possible by the
development of ever larger machines. For this twin tunnel, an absolute
giant TMB 15.62m excavation diameter machine was used. Geology
is mainly composed by mixed sandstones, clays, porphrites, limestone
and more, often layered and quite pushed around by the tectonic
movements.
General information
Location: Sparvo (Italy) Scope of work
Start date: 2010 • Segmental lining
geometrical concept and
End date: 2011
structural verification
Client : San Benedetto Val di
•Thrust frame and steel
Sambro
ring design for TBM
Technical information launching

Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) •TBM launching


methodology
Lining: Precast segments
•TBM excavation
Length: 2 x 2,6 km methodology
Internal diameter: 13.6 m
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola Technical staff: Savin, Eloi; Taglialatela Francesco
Ground cover: 20-130 m

TC-1013
NEW DELHI CMC-1 TUNNEL, INDIA
CONSULTANCY

Description
The CMC-1 tunnel, located in a highly urbanized area
nearby to the Safdarjung Airport in New Delhi (India), is part of the
Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS) Project.
A complex geological-geotechnical context, with
presence of hard silts, quarzitic bedrock and mixed rock-soil
conditions at the excavation face, is expected during the TBM
EPB drive; therefore the definition of the proper EPB shield
excavation mode and working pressures and of the suitable soil
conditioning actions is of the upmost importance.
Scope of work
• Detailed study of the expected ground
General information geological-geotechnical conditions
Location: New Delhi, India • Definition of the proper EPB shield
Start date: 2010 excavation mode for the various
expected ground conditions (i.e. open
End date: 2010 mode, semi-closed mode, closed mode)
Client : Larsen & Toubro Ltd. •Definition of the EPB closed mode
working pressures along the alignment
Technical information
•Verification of the EPB closed mode
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) recommended working pressures with
Lining: Precast segments 3D numerical models

Length: 2,9 km •Definition of the proper soil conditioning


actions to be performed at the EPB
Excavation diameter: 5,11 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola shield cutterhead and in the excavation
Ground cover: 14 m – 60 m chamber
Technical staff: Savin, Eloi

TC-1015
RIACHUELO RIVER OUTFALL-
CONSULTANCY ARGENTINA

Description
Riachuelo Sewer Treatment Plant Project is part of the
Integral Sanitation Plan of Buenos Aires City and includes the
construction of a 10km long outfall tunnel below River Plate.
Geology of the area comprises clayey deposits of Plata
River, silt-clayey soils of Pampean formation and dense mica
sands of Puelchense formation.
A two step lining has been foreseen with precast
segment rings and inner 15cm thick secondary lining. Relevant
aspects, like planning, shafts, proposed alignment, segmental
lining and mortar, have been analysed. Furthermore an indicative
cost for linear metre of tunnel has been estimated taking into
General information account needed human resources, materials and equipments as
Location: Buenos Aires well as average advance speeds. Scope of work
(Argentina)
Consulting on mechanized
Start date: 2008 tunnelling that included:
End date: 2009 • Definition of the most suitable
tunnelling technology taking into
Client : AYSA
account technical, economical
Technical information and time related aspects

Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) • Definition of a post tensioned


segmental ring to withstand inner
Lining: Precast segments pressures in soil with poor geo-
Length: (12,4+2,2) km mechanical qualities

Inner diameter: variable (1,7-3,8 m) TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola • Construction sequence study

Ground cover: 16-25 m Technical staff: Savin, Eloi / Montobbio, Daniel •Revision of tender documents

TC-1016
WEST BAY AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVER
CONSULTANCY SYSTEM – DOHA, QATAR

Description
The “Automated People Mover (APM) Project” consists
in an underground network of automated trains that will satisfy the
expected mobilization demand by substantially improving the
public transport in the Doha West Bay area. Foreseen APM
System is characterized by high capacity and frequency.
Doha, Qatar’s capital city is located in the Arabian
Peninsula and surrounded by the Persian Gulf.
The main geological units in Qatar consist in
carbonated sediments with different ages that form the Arabian
Gulf Basin (or Arabian Shelf), overlaying the igneous and
metamorphic rocks basement (Arabian Shield). The Tertiary
General information sediments of the Arabian Shelf are covered by Quaternary
Location: Doha (Qatar) deposits composed of silty sand with gravel and cobble of
limestone with shell fragments.
Start date: 2011
Scope of work
End date: 2011 • Study of the available documents and
Client : Gulermak geological conditions
• Selection of train dimensions and
clearances
Technical information • Definition of tunnel dimensions
Excavation: TBM (slurry shield) • Geometrical pre-design of the segmental
lining
Lining: Precast segments
• Selection of the most appropriate TBM
Length: 11,0 km system (EPB, HR or Slurry Shield)
Excavation diameter: 9,70 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola • Definition of different construction
sequences and work scheduling
Ground cover: 20-30 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Montobbio, Daniel

TC-1101
BERAZATEGUI RIVER OUTFALL-
CONSULTANCY ARGENTINA

Description
Berazategui Sewer Treatment Plant Project is part of
the Integral Sanitation Plan of Buenos Aires City and includes the
construction of a 4km long outfall tunnel below River Plate.
Geology of the area comprises clayey deposits of Plata
River, silt-clayey soils of Pampean formation.
A two step lining has been foreseen with precast
segment rings and inner 15cm thick secondary lining. Relevant
aspects, like planning, shafts, proposed alignment, segmental
lining and mortar, have been analysed. Furthermore an indicative
cost for linear metre of tunnel has been estimated taking into
account needed human resources, materials and equipments as
General information well as average advance speeds.
Location: Berazategui - CABA Scope of work
(Argentina)
Consulting on mechanized
Start date: 2011 tunnelling that included:
End date: 2011 • Definition of the most suitable
tunnelling technology taking into
Client : AySA
account technical, economical
Technical information and time related aspects

Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) • Definition of a post tensioned


segmental ring to withstand inner
Lining: Precast segments pressures in soil with poor geo-
Length: 3,97 km mechanical qualities

Inner diameter: 4,4m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola • Construction sequence study

Ground cover: 12-16 m Technical staff: Savin, Eloi / Montobbio, Daniel •Revision of tender documents

TC-1106
SOIL INVESTIGATION PROGRAM METRO
CONSULTANCY RAIL PROJECT – CHENNAI, INDIA

Description
The proposed first stage of Chennai Metro Rail Project
includes the design and construction of two corridors, Corridor 1 -
Washermanpet to Airport and Corridor 2 – Chennai Central to St.
Thomas Mount.
Corridor 1 is about 23.06km of which 14.26km is
underground and the remaining 8.8 km is elevated. Corridor 2 is
some 21.96 km in length and partly underground up to Km 9.5 and
the balance is elevated. The project is considered accessible by all
modes of road transport for all seasons.
The project area lies within the Peninsular India which
generally comprises Archean Rocks (Granites and Gneisses) as
General information well as fossiliferous rocks intercalated in some places with marine
Location: Chennai (India) beds of Neocomian age (shale and sandstone). These formations
have been found intersected by Doleritic dykes and are covered
Start date: 2011
generally with younger alluvium of varying thickness of 3.00 m to
End date: 2011 30.00 m or more as found during the investigations.
Client : Transtonnelstroy – Scope of work
Afcons JV
• Soil investigation program site
Technical information supervision
Excavation: TBM (EPB & slurry • Revision of geological-
shield) geomechanical conditions
Lining: Precast segments • Revision of tunnel monitoring
basic plan
Length: 2 x 18,3 km TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 20-30 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Montobbio, Daniel

TC-1108
SOIL INVESTIGATION PROGRAM METRO
CONSULTANCY RAIL PROJECT – CHENNAI, INDIA

Monitoring defined for Chennai Metro Rail


Project:
•To control underground excavation from surface: should be
controlled by monitoring transversal arrays made up by
inclinometers, rod extensometers, vibrating wire piezometers,
convergence measurements and ground settlement
monitoring points, and ground settlement monitoring
benchmarks arranged in longitudinal direction along the tunnel
General information
axis, distributed according to tunnel influence area, geological
Location: Chennai (India) profile and urban distribution.
Start date: 2011 •To control TBM break-in and break-out locations: should be
monitored with several instruments such as station wall
End date: 2011
inclinometers, rod extensometers on both tunnel axes,
Client : Transtonnelstroy – piezometers and ground settlement monitoring points.
Afcons JV
•To control cross passage sections: advise use rod
extensometer with an array of ground settlement points
Technical information
(between 5 to 7 units) along the CP alignment.
Excavation: TBM (EPB & slurry
shield) •To control buildings movements: should be based in a
topographic control consisting on manual measurements of
Lining: Precast segments optycal survey targets installed on buildings.
Length: 2 x 18,3 km
Ground cover: 20-30 m
Scope of work

TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola • Revision of adopted ground and building monitoring plan with relevant recommendations
Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia • Building damage risk assessment and building monitoring
Montobbio, Daniel • Site assistance for monthly reporting on local or remote basis

TC-1108m
PALERMO – MESSINA LINE RAILWAY
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER PROJECT, “CEFALÙ TUNNEL”

Description
“Cefalù tunnel” represents the main subterranean work
within the context of the “Doubling Railway Line Project – lot
Ogliastrillo - Castelbuono”. It consists of a twin tunnel formed by
two tubes each 6,7km long. Furthermore the works include the
construction of the underground “Cefalù Station” and the
excavation of 13 by-passes along the tunnel alignment.
Cefalù city is located on the northern coast of Sicily,
characterized by karstic morphology and carbonate rocks. The
main geological units crossed by the tunnel alignment are two sub-
units of “Flysch Numidico formation”: quartzarenitic litofacies
composed of quartzose arenites and quartzose siltites and pelithic-
General information arenaceous litofacies formed by argillites alternating with thin
Location: Cefalù, Sicilia (Italia) layers of quartzose arenites and quartzose siltites. At the West
Portal, along the initial 200m long stretch detritic materials are
Start date: 2011
encountered. Scope of work
End date: 2011
Galleria Cefalù - scavo con 2 frese EPB
Lato Palermo Progressiva Lato Messina
63+000
0
Si considera, in maniera
64+000 65+000 66+000 67+000 68+000 69+000 70+000
• Study of the geological conditions
Client : GLF & Impresa
indicativa, l'inizio montaggio TBM
Fermata Cefalù
dal mese 10

• Proposal for the optimization of the


Opere di sostegno
scavo (5 mesi)
Scavo galleria
12 Montaggio TBM1 (3 mesi) sfollamento (4m/d)

Trasp. E montaggio
segmental lining geometry
Technical information
Depositi quaternari

TBM2 (4mesi)
24 Galleria dispari

• Selection of the most appropriate TBM


Tempo [mesi]

Faglia 1

system
Scavo delle gallerie di Smontaggio TBM1

Excavation: TBM
connessione con la galleria di Galleria pari
sfollamento (2 mesi/galleria)
36 Smontaggio TBM2

Portale uscita TBM


• Stability face analysis, including EPB
Faglia 2
Lining: Precast segments 48 TBM

pressure computation
Scavo in tradizionale Centro abitato
Scavo con TBM (Open mode)
Scavo con TBM (EPB mode)

Length: 2 x 6,7 km
Tempo totale da inizio montaggio: 28,0mesi
Scavo dei By-pass
Avanzamento medio: 370m/mese
Cronoprogramma di Offerta

• Construction time schedule estimation


60

Excavation diameter: 9,90 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Max. Ground cover: 135 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Savin, Eloi

TC-1109
AKKO - KARMIEL RAPID RAILWAY
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER GILON TUNNEL

Description
Gilon tunnel forms part of “Akko-Karmiel Railway” Project. It
is a twin tunnel, 5km long, that includes 19 connection tunnels. The
tunnel alignment crosses Gilon Mountain with a maximum overburden
of 160m, while the minimum overburden corresponds to 12m at the
Wadi Shagor River crossing.
Within the project area, geology basically consists of two
main lithologies: “Bi’na formation” that is formed by massive limestone
and limestone interbedded with thin layers of marl and “Yirka formation”
composed by limestone interbedded with chalk and chert nodules.
On the basis of estimated construction time comparison, it
resulted that the most suitable excavation technology is represented by
General information the conventional method (both “Drill and Blast” and mechanical
Location: Karmiel (Israel) excavation by hydraulic hammers and roadheaders).
Start date: 2011
Scope of work
End date: 2011
• Assessment on the most suitable
Client : Minrav-MosMetroStroy excavation technology (TBM or
conventional method)
Technical information • Identification of the support
classes in function of the rock
Excavation: Conventional method quality
(NATM)
• Estimating Bill of Quantity (BoQ)
Lining: Conventional support
Length: 2 x 4,625 km TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 12 - 160 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Montobbio, Daniel / Savin, Eloi

TC-1110
TMB METRO TUNNELS INSPECTION,
TUNNEL INSPECTION BARCELONA, SPAIN

Description
Barcelona Underground Metro network has more than
100km of tunnels built from 85 years ago to these days. TMB is the
responsible for the public passenger transport services such as
construction, operation and also maintenance.
Under operation stage, tunnels deteriorate themselves due
to environmental conditions, water leakage or structural loading
changes, being the main encountered deficiencies cracks, spalling,
staining, corrosion on steel members, hollow areas, debris,
efflorescence and leakage.
Periodic tunnel inspections must be launched to define
General information maintenance or repair campaigns where the tunnel suffers serious
Location: Barcelona (Spain) structural damages or deficiencies affect the daily metro operation.
Start date: 2011 Scope of work
End date: 2012 • Data reviewing: available
Client : TMB (Transports tunnel drawings, as built
Metropolitans de Barcelona) projects and previous
inspection reports
Technical information • Planning, scheduling and
inspection forms
Excavation: Conventional method
development
(NATM), Tunnel Boring Machine
(TBM), Cut and Cover • Tunnel visual inspection
Lining: Conventional support, • Database transferring and
precast segments, cast in place TC Responsible: Montobbio, Daniel deficiencies drawings
Length: 30 km Technical staff: De la Iglesia, Marcos / Bech, Sara

TC-1113
“OTOGAR-BAĞCILAR” & “KIRAZLI-
FINAL DESIGN BASAKKONUTLARI 4” METRO PROJECT

Description
Within the context of “Otogar-Bagcilar (LRT)”
and “Basak Konutlari 4 – Kirazli (MRT)” metro lines projects, it
has been entrusted to Tunnelconsult the technical assistance
for the execution of the ventilation and emergency shafts
foreseen along the lines. The analyzed stretches of the metro
lines sum up a length of 17Km and a total of 10 shafts have
been designed. Geology at the shafts areas includes various
geological conditions ranging from rock types (limestone,
claystone, marl and shale) to over consolidated sands and
clay. In particular the influence of the shafts excavation on the
already excavated segmental lining tunnel has been
analyzed, proposing the methodology to safely open the
segmental lining and execute the shafts connection and cross
General information passages. Furthermore Tunnelconsult designed the collar of
Location: Istanbul, Turkey the cross passages for both rock and soil conditions, verifying
the necessity of shear keys and/or and steel bracing.
Start date: 09/2011
Scope of work
End date: 04/2012
• Appraisal report on geological and geotechnical
Client: Gulermak Dogus JV characterization at shaft and cross passage areas
• Technical assistance for the construction of the shafts
Technical information and cross passage
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) •Structural verifications of the cross passages collar
Lining: Precast segments • Design of the steel bracing and shear keys for the
Length: 17 km (twin tunnel) opening of the segmental lining tunnel

Excavation diameter: 6,56 m TC Responsible: Nicola Della Valle

Ground cover: 25 – 50 m Technical staff : Babbucci, Silvia / Savin, Eloi / Taglialatela, Francesco

TC-1114
TANDOGAN-KEÇIÖREN METRO LINE
TENDER PHASE
ASSISTANCE PROJECT, ANKARA METRO LINE 4
Description
Tandogan-Keçiören Metro Line Project of the Ankara Metro
Line 4 consists in the excavation of a twin tube of 9250m length
approximately including 9 stations, 140m long each. Excavation works
began in 2006 but they were stalled due to lack of funds. In 2011 a
tender was launched to award the completion of the works in progress.
The majority of tunnel alignment was been executed by
employing a TBM and crossovers and stations were constructed by the
cut and cover method. The tunnel section has an inner diameter of
5.24m and a 260mm thick as a segmental lining ring installed as
permanent support. The TBM, S-324 shield manufactured by
General information
Herrenknecht which excavated the existing drives was located at Diskapi
station, together with 1325 rings stocked in different places.
Location: Ankara, Turkey
Start date: 2011 Scope of work

End date: 2011 •Detailed analysis of the available geological


information along the alignment.
Client: Impresa – Özdoganlar –
Gülsan JV •Recommendations on the suitable TBM
arrangement.
Technical information
•Indications on suitable TBM alternatives
Excavation: S-324 EPB shield eventually available on the market (location and
machine approximate cost).
Lining: Precast segments •Technical support to estimate TBM excavation
Length: 9250 m of twin tube cost.
Inner diameter: 5.24 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 4-55 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Salas, Regina / Montobbio Daniel

TC-1115
EAST-WEST TRANSMISSION CABLE TUNNEL
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER SINGAPORE - CONTRACT EW1
Description
Contract 1 of the East-West transmission cable
tunnel comprises the construction of a total of 4114 m of tunnel
as well as three shafts. It is foreseen that the tunnel will be
excavated with two (2) TBMs which must be capable of applying
pressure to the tunnel face. The tunnel will be lined with a 300
mm thick segmental lining with 6.0 m internal diameter and
6.6 m external diameter. The tunnel of Contract EW1 will be
excavated in two different geological formations: sedimentary
Jurong formation and the highly abrasive Bukit Timah Granite.
Scope of works
• Detailed review of tunnel alignment and
General information geology.
• Recommendations on cutter head
Location: Singapore
inspections procedures in the expected
Start date: 2011 various ground conditions (soil and rock)
under high water table in permeable and
End date: 2012
impermeable excavation. Optimization of
Client : STEC inspection procedure which might include
preventive drainage, and ground treatments.
Technical information • Estimation of cutter disk consumption
based on expected geology and TBM
Excavation: TBM (EPB) performance.
Lining: Precast segments • Specifications for TBM selection to cope
with expected geological conditions.
Length: 4,1 km Grouted bodies proposed for CHI in mixed face conditions
• Review of the work construction scheme
Excavation diameter: 6,88 m and planning as prepared by STEC,
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 60 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina delivering comments and recommendations.

TC-1120
NORTH-SOUTH TRANSMISSION CABLE TUNNEL
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER SINGAPORE - CONTRACT NS2
Grouting
80 ahead of Description
the TBM
70 Contract 2 of the North-South transmission
60 cable tunnel comprises the construction of a total of 5350
Water level at crown [m]

50 m of tunnel as well as three off-line shafts. It is foreseen


40
that the tunnel will be excavated with two (2) TBMs which
must be capable of applying pressure to the tunnel face.
30
The tunnel will be lined with a 300 mm thick segmental
Estimated flow
20
rates for lining with 6.0 m internal diameter and 6.6 m external
10 mixed face
conditions
diameter. The tunnel will be bored in the weathered
0 residual soil and fresh rock of the highly abrasive Bukit
0,0001 0,0010 0,0100 0,1000 1,0000 10,0000 100,00
Timah Granite.
Flow rate through face and shield length [l/s] Scope of works
k=1x10-9 m/s k=1x10-8 m/s k=1x10-7 m/s
k=1x10-6 m/s k=1x10-5m/s k=3x10-5m/s • Detailed review of tunnel alignment and
General information geology.
32 l/s • Recommendations on cutter head
Location: Singapore Watertight inspections procedures in the expected
Start date: 2011 13 l/s tunnel various ground conditions (soil and rock)
under high water table in permeable and
End date: 2012 impermeable excavation. Optimization of
Client : STEC Expansive foam inspection procedure which might include
preventive drainage, and ground treatments.
Technical information • Estimation of cutter disk consumption
Shield based on expected geology and TBM
Excavation: TBM (EPB)
performance.
Lining: Precast segments 2.0 m • Specifications for TBM selection to cope
Length: 4,1 km with expected geological conditions.
• Review of the work construction scheme
Excavation diameter: 6,88 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola and planning as prepared by STEC,
Ground cover: 55 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina delivering comments and recommendations.

TC-1120
SAIDA MANNOUBIA TUNNEL,
FINAL DESIGN TUNISIA

Description
In the framework of the “Réseau Ferroviaire Rapide (RFR)“ Project,
the construction of the Saida Mannoubia railway tunnel is foreseen
in the highly urbanized metropolitan area of Tunis .
This large-diameter tunnel (excavation section 100m2) presents a
274m length and predominantly runs into poor quality yellow clays
and medium to low quality limestones; additional issues are the low
overburden and the sensitive buildings at surface presence.
The full face Adeco-RS excavation method has been foreseen; for
this reason a fundamental role is played by the consolidation
General information
through fibreglass bolts of the soil core at tunnel face, which design
Location: Tunis, Tunisia has been based on accurate 3D FEM numerical computation.
Start date: 2011
End date: Ongoing
Client : D.A.M. S.p.a.
(Ravenna – Italy)

Technical information
Excavation: Mechanical, Adeco-
RS method
Scope of work
Lining: Shotcrete, bolts, final
• Tunnel portals: detailed design
cast in situ concrete lining
•Tunnel excavation method, temporary
Length: 274m
supports and final lining: detailed design
Excavation section: 100m2
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola •Monitoring plan (tunnel convergence and
Ground cover: up to 24m surface settlements): detailed design
Technical staff: Di Gati, Leonardo / Savin, Eloi

TC-1121
ISTANBUL – ANKARA HSRP, DOĞANÇAY
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER TBM TUNNEL, TURKEY

Description
Dogançay tunnel is the first tunnel encountered past Sapanca
station along the Sapanca – Geyve line, forming part of the “TCDD
Istanbul-Ankara High Speed Railway Project”. The tunnel alignment is
7472.8m long.
The tunnel shows an upwards slope equal to + 1.6% from the
West portal up to the highest point of the alignment and beyond this point it
goes head downwards with -0.9% grade. Dogançay tunnel crosses a relief
whose highest peak reaches 560m AMSL, being the maximum overburden
about 466m.
The tunnel accommodates a UIC GC cinematic gauge for a
double track railway line with a train design speed of 250 km/h.
General information
Location: Sakarya Province
(Turkey)
Start date: 2012
End date: 2012 Scope of work
Client : Gulermak • Study of the available documents and geological conditions
• Definition of tunnel cross section: geometric and aerodynamic verifications
Technical information • Evacuation routes analysis
Excavation: EPB • Geometrical design of the segmental lining
• Selection of the most appropriate TBM system (EPB, HR or Slurry Shield)
Lining: Precast segments
• Definition of different construction sequences and work scheduling
Length: 7,5 km
Excavation diameter: 12,5 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: 11,5 - 466 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Savin, Eloi / Montobbio, Daniel / Bech, Sara

TC-1201
OVIT TUNNEL
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER RIZE – ERZURUM HIGHWAY, TURKEY

Description
The Ovit tunnel is projected as part of
the new Rize – Erzurum Highway in Turkey within
the Ikisdere – Ispir stretch. The construction of the
tunnel will significantly benefit the region because
the existing road reaches 2600 m of altitude
becoming dangerous and inaccessible due to
snowfall during winter months.
The tunnel runs through the Mount Ovit
with 14700 of length and at a constant slope of
Scope of work +2.13 % from north to south. The bidirectional
• Study of the available highway is designed as a twin tunnel with two
General information documents and geological lanes, one tube for each traffic direction.
conditions Tunnel ventilation is based on a
Location: Ikisdere (Turkey)
• Definition of tunnel transverse system that enables the insufflation of
Start date: 2012 dimensions according to
Road Standards
fresh air from the lower duct and the extraction of
End date: 2012 dirty air and fumes from the upper duct. Ventilation
•Geometrical design of the
Client : Gulermak segmental lining shafts construction is also foreseen at mid tunnel
• Excavation method using the raise boring method.
analysis (Open TBM vs
Technical information
Double Shield)
Excavation: Open TBM • Tunnel ventilation and
Lining: Cast in place lining shafts study

Length: 14,7 km
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Excavation diameter: 12,74 m
Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Savin, Eloi / Montobbio, Daniel / Bech, Sara
Ground cover: 33-1043 m

TC-1203
KALAMARIA EXTENSION
TENDER BASIC DESIGN THESSALONIKI METRO, GRECIA

Description
Kalamaria Extension project consists on
the excavation of a 4.7km long metro line and the
construction of five new underground stations
(Nomarchia, Kalamaria, Aretsou, Nea Krini and Micra).
The metro line will be built up by two single track
tunnels.
Each tunnel has an inner diameter of 5.3m
and a permanent segmental lining 0.3m thick. An
excavation diameter of approximately 6.14m has been
Scope of work foreseen.
General information • Revision of the technical The Metro Extension runs underneath
specifications for the tender
Location: Thessaloniki Kalamaria and while the track 1 tunnel will be mainly
design
(Greece) excavated below streets along the alignment, the track
• Geotechnical appraisal and
Start date: 2012 segmental lining design. 2 tunnel passes underneath several buildings.
• Tunnel monitoring plan,
End date: 2012
settlement analysis and
Client : Ghella buildings risk assessment.
• Excavation stability analysis
Technical information and ground treatments.
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) • Stations crossing
methodologies definition.
Lining: Precast segments • TBM technical specifications
and Risk Analysis.
Length: 4.7 km
Excavation diameter: 6.14 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: 9-25 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Montobbio, Daniel / Babbucci, Silvia / Plasencia, Victoria /
Savin, Eloi / Bech, Sara
TC-1206
HAREL TUNNEL
ASSISTANCE FOR TENDER CASTEL, ISRAEL

Description
The Harel tunnels will be part of the
Highway No. 1 (Jerusalem to Telaviv road) and will
run beneath the Harel interchange near Castel and
Mevaseret Zion. Each tunnel will be designed with
three lanes and wide shoulders.
The tunnels are approximately 800m long
and the project includes the excavation of three cross
passages and six emergency lay bys.

General information
Location: Castel (Israel)
Start date: 2012
End date: 2012
Scope of work
Client : MINRAV
• Optimisation of the tunnel support
Technical information according to the rock class.
• Portal slopes definition in substitution
Excavation: Conventional
of portal piles and portal slopes stability
method (NATM)
verification.
Lining: Cast-in-situ final lining • Estimation of Bill of Quantities (BOQ).
Length: 2 x 0.8 km
Excavation diameter: 15.38 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: up to 40 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Bech, Sara

TC-1212
USKUDAR-UMRANIYE-ÇEKMEKOY METRO
FINAL DESIGN LINE PROJECT - ISTANBUL, TURKEY

Description
“Uskudar – Umraniye - Cekmekoy Metro Line” is a
project of public transportation railway system connecting the
municipality of Uskudar to the districts of Umraniye and Cekmekoy
located in the eastern outskirt of Istanbul. The project includes the
excavation of the main line 17.0km long by a twin single track
tunnel, a total of 16 underground stations, depot site connection
tunnel and depot site.
The tunnel alignment starts at Uskudar station, located
in the proximity of Bosphorus. From the coast the tunnel develops
toward East, running below a hilly relief, which corresponds to the
General information maximum overburden (80.0m). The minimum overburden is limited
to only 3m near Uskudar area, where ground treatments shall be
Location: Istanbul (Turkey)
likely required. The general overburden stays between 20-40m.
Start date: 2012
Scope of work
End date: Ongoing
• Geotechnical Baseline
Client : Prota Report (GBR).
• TBM lining and NATM
Technical information
support and final lining
Excavation: NATM and TBM detailed design.
• Excavation methods
Lining: Conventional support,
final lining and precast segments and ground treatments
assessment.
Length: 2 x 17km
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Excavation diameter: 6.57–15.6m
Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Sáenz de Santa María, Iñaki / Savin, Eloi / Salas, Regina
Ground cover: from 3 to 80m / Bech, Sara
TC-1213
RED LINE (NORTH) & GOLDEN LINE
TENDER BASIC DESIGN EXTENSION- DOHA, QATAR

Description
Red line
North Golden
The Red Line North and Golden lines are part of the
line underground metro lines future developement running beneath semi urban
and urban areas in Doha. These lines will be excavated as a twin tunnel
mainly excavated using TBM.
The Red Line North has a length of 13.0km, running from the
Northern platform of Mushaireb Station to Lusail Marina / The Pearl Station
located next to the artificial canals zone. The Golden Line is approximately
12.0km in length and includes a stretch of 2.8km of the Blue Line.

West Bay Central


station area (RLN) –
General information Doha skyscrapers on
Location: Doha (Qatar) tunnels surface

Start date: 2012 Scope of work


• Technical assistance to JV in relation to the tunnel works
End date: 2012 for preparing a competitive basic tunnel design for the tender
Client : Dogus-Makyol- package
Ssangyong-Redco JV • Geotechnical Baseline report (GBR)
• Segmental lining and cross passages collar design.
Technical information • Tunnel monitoring plan, settlement analysis and buildings
risk assessment.
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
• Excavation stability analysis and ground treatments.
Lining: Precast segments • Stations crossing methodologies definition.
• TBM technical specifications and Risk Analysis.
Length: 13+13 km
Excavation diameter: 7.07 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: 8 - 37 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Montobbio, Daniel / Babbucci, Silvia / Plasencia,
Victoria / Bech, Sara

TC-1215
HYDROELECTRIC TUNNEL – EL PASO,
CONSULTANCY CHILE

Description
The hydroelectric project El Paso consists of an
construction of a headrace tunnel with a length of about 4.5
km by drilling and blasting (D&B) method.
The tunnel has a profile with a slope between
11% and 11.14% and it considers two sections. The Tunnel
Section 1 is defined by a horseshoe section with 4.1m
diameter and 4.1m in height with a flat invert. The Tunnel
Section 2 is defined with half a point geometry, with a
diameter of 4.0m and a height of 4.7m and flat invert. The
inner tunnel suffers pressures in arange from 2 to 50 bars.
General information
Location: San Fernando
(Chile)
Start date: 2012
End date: 2012
Client : Hidroelectrica El Paso Scope of work
• Collection and analysis of geological-
Technical information geomechanical documents.
Excavation: Drill & Blast • Verification of the support systems in function
of the rock quality.
Lining: Conventional support
•Assessment on final lining definition.
Length: 4.5 km
Excavation diameter: 4.10 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: up to 650 m Technical staff: Montobbio, Daniel

TC-1217
USKUDAR-UMRANIYE-ÇEKMEKOY METRO
FINAL DESIGN LINE PROJECT - ISTANBUL, TURKEY

Description
“Uskudar – Umraniye -
Cekmekoy Metro Line” is a project of public
transportation railway system connecting
the municipality of Uskudar to the districts
of Umraniye and Cekmekoy located in the
eastern outskirt of Istanbul. The project
includes the excavation of the main line
17.0km long by a twin single track tunnel, a
total of 16 underground stations, depot site
General information connection tunnel and depot site.
Location: Istanbul (Turkey)
The tunnel alignment starts at
Start date: 2012
Uskudar station, located in the proximity of
End date: Ongoing Bosphorus. From the coast the tunnel
Client : Dogus develops toward East, running below a hilly
relief, which corresponds to the maximum Typical concrete
buildings in Uskudar
Technical information overburden (80.0m). The minimum
overburden is limited to only 3m near
Excavation: NATM and TBM
Uskudar area, where ground treatments
Lining: Conventional support, Scope of work
shall be likely required. The general • EPB working pressure
final lining and precast segments
overburden stays between 20-40m. recommendations.
Length: 2 x 17km • Settlement analysis and
Excavation diameter: 6.57–15.6m building risk assessment.
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: from 3 to 80m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Sáenz de Santa María, Iñaki / Savin, Eloi / Bech, Sara

TC-1219
RED LINE (SOUTH) & GREEN LINE
TENDER BASIC DESIGN - DOHA, QATAR

Description
The Green Line and the Red Line South are part of the
“Doha “Priority Metro Network”. The Green and Red South Line will be
Green constructed as a twin tunnel excavated using TBM and the stations and
line
switchbox will be executed using the cut and cover method. The lines
run beneath semi urban and urban areas in Doha.
The Green line is approximately 14.8 km long and the Red
Line South total underground length is approximately 12 km. Both lines
Red line
South starts from Mushaireb station and while the GL goes westwards to the
Education City station, the RLS runs towards the south ending at the
NDIA station.
General information
Scope of work
Location: Doha (Qatar) •Technical assistance to JV in relation to the
Start date: 2012 tunnel works for preparing a competitive basic
tunnel design for the tender package
End date: 2012 • Geotechnical Baseline report (GBR)
Client : STEC • Segmental lining and cross passages collar
design.
• Tunnel monitoring plan, settlement analysis
Technical information and buildings risk assessment.
• Excavation stability analysis and ground
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
treatments.
Lining: Precast segments • Stations crossing methodologies definition.
• Geotechnical Risk Analysis.
Length: 17+12 km Settlements plan from Mushaireb to Al-Diwan

Excavation diameter: 7.07 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: 7 - 38 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Montobbio, Daniel / Babbucci, Silvia / Plasencia, Victoria /
Bech, Sara
TC-1220
DELHI METRO MONUMENT VIBRATION
ANALYSIS
CONSULTANCY

Description
Contract CC-05 of Delhi Metro phase III covers the
tunnel line between Mandi house and Jama Masjid stations. The
project consists in two 5.70 internal diameter twin tunnels which
run under low overburdens of 10 to 24 meters. The tunnels will
pass close to four archeological Monuments: Delhi gate, Kotla
Firoz Shah, Khooni Darwaja and Sahi Sunehri Masjid. Due to
the importance and historical value of the structures the
Contractor JV has engaged Tunnelconsult to estimate the
possible effects of the TBM induced vibrations on the structures
as well as determine the preventive measures if necessary.
Scope of works
• Estimation of possible effects of TBM induced
General information vibrations on each of the structures through the
Location: India derivation of site-specific vibration prediction
equations for each monument.
Start date: 2012
• Recommendations on preventive or mitigation
End date: 2012
measures to prevent damages.
Client : L&T SUCG JV • Drafting of a monument protection plan including
Technical information a vibration monitoring plan.
• Review of settlement calculations performed by
Excavation: TBM (EPB)
a third party for Khooni Darwaza and Delhi gate
Lining: Precast segments and execution of a detailed settlement analysis to
Length: 4,1 km estimate the expected settlements magnitude due
to tunnel boring to assess the potential effects
Excavation diameter: 6,88 m
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola and compare the results with those provided by
Ground cover: 24 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina the JV.

TC-1221
CENTRAL SUBWAY TUNNELS
FINAL DESIGN SAN FRANCISCO, US

Description
The “Central Subway Project” consists of the second phase of
the “Third Street Light Rail Program” for the improvement of the public
transport network in San Francisco. The project comprises the stretch
from the Washington Square to the intersection between Fourth Street
and Brannan Street.
The metro line is located in a very dense urban area of
Northern Area of San Francisco, and both tunnels mainly run beneath
three streets: Columbus Avenue, Stockton Street and 4th Street. The
project consists of 2,410 feet (734.6 m) of surface track and
approximately 8,232 route feet (2864.7 m) of underground in a single
track tunnels or cut and cover box.
General information
Location: San Francisco (US)
Start date: 2012
Stockton tunnel
End date: 2012
Client : Impregilo

Technical information
Scope of work
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield) • EPB pressure analysis.
Lining: Precast segments • Settlements analysis and buildings
assessment.
Length: 2.86 km
Excavation diameter: 6.24 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: 6-48 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Savin, Eloi / Bech, Sara

TC-1224
LYUBLINSKO-DMITROVSKAYA LINE
FINAL DESIGN EXTENSION - MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Description

The project consists on the execution of 9048 m long metro


line of the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya metro line from Mar’ina Roscha
until Seligerskaya station at the Moscow Metro Network. Two single
track tunnels with an average spacing of 19m between axis will be
constructed.

The existing ground along the alignment is basically


composed by plastic clay with tight consistency on upper levels
corresponding to fluvio-glacial Dniepper deposits and limestone with
General information clay on lower levels
Location: Moscow (Russia)
Start date: 2012
End date: 2013
Client : Engproject

Technical information
Excavation: TBM
Lining: Precast segments
Length: 9.05 km
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola Scope of work
Excavation diameter: 6.24 m • Main tunnel precast segments design
Ground cover: 17-72 m Technical staff: Oliver, Ricard

TC-1226
LYUBLINSKO-DMITROVSKAYA LINE
FINAL DESIGN EXTENSION - MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Description

The project consists on the execution of


18 vertical shafts within the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
metro line from Mar’ina Roscha to Seligerskaya
stations. The existing ground along the alignment is
basically composed by plastic clay with tight
consistency on upper levels corresponding to fluvio-
glacial Dniepper deposits and limestone with clay on
lower levels.

The shafts will be excavated with a


General information vertical shaft machine (VSM). The construction
Location: Moscow (Russia) procedure is that while machine realizes the
excavation, shaft ring sinks in the opening. All the
Start date: 2012
operation is carried out under water, and it is likely
End date: 2013 that rings shall be pushed downwared against soil
Client : Engproject friction.
Technical information
Excavation: TBM
Scope of work
Lining: Shaft precast segments • Shafts precast segments design
Length: 1.15 km
Excavation diameter: 6.7 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Shaft depth: 47-84 m Technical staff: Oliver, Ricard / Bech, Sara

TC-1226
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
FINAL DESIGN AGRIGENTO-CALTANISSETTA-A19, ITALY

Description
The Caltanissetta double bored road tunnel is one of the
main works of the route Agrigento – Caltanissetta - A19 in Sicily. It
has a circular section with a diameter of excavation of
approximately 15,08m. The two tunnels are spaced between 35 and
80m and extend for a length of about 4 km, for a good part of which
below the city of Caltanisetta.
The overburden for almost the whole tunnels
ranges from 80 to 135 meters, except in the
Scope of work portals where the overburden is limited to a few
• Geometrical and Structural tens of meters.
General information design of the tunnel portals This new motorway connects Porto
Location: Caltanissetta (Italy) • Geometrical and Structural Empedocle to the Caltanissetta junction and aims
design of the base slab and to improve road connections to south Sicily by
Start date: 2012 thrust frame for TBM
assembly and launching
expanding the current regional road network .
End date: Ongoing
•TBM launching methodology
Client : CMC Ravenna
•TBM excavation parameters
follow-up
Technical information
Excavation: TBM (EPB shield)
Lining: Precast segments
Length: 4.0 km
Excavation diameter: 15.08 m
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 80-135 m
Technical staff: Oliver, Ricard / Montobbio, Daniel / Savi, Eloi

TC-1228
SEWERAGE TUNNEL
TENDER BASIC DESIGN SAN JOSÉ, COSTA RICA
Deformación
Inclinómetro Calculated horizontal
Inclinometer horizontal
deformationcalculada
Description
The “Trasvase” tunnel in San José will be constructed between
the Tiribía and María Aguilar river catchments for the sewerage transportation
(4.2 m3/s flow). The tunnel will be mainly excavated underneath public roads
between the Aguilar and Torres rivers, although it will also run underneath
some buildings at the end area, before the Bajo los Ledesma.
The average overburden ranges from 30 to 40 m along the
alignment, but in the portals the overburden is reduced, being just 7m at the
Torres river end portal.

Scope of work
General information • Technical assistance in relation to the
Location: San José (Costa Rica) tunnel works for preparing a competitive
basic tunnel design for the tender package.
Start date: 2012
• Segmental lining design.
End date: 2013 • Monitoring and control.
Client : Ghella • EPB pressure study.

Technical information
Excavation: TBM
Lining: Precast segments with
mixed reinforcement (rebars +
steel fibres)
Length: 1.8 km
Excavation diameter: 3.5 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola

Ground cover: 7-40 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Molina, Marc / Bech, Sara

TC-1230
HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
CONSULTANCY TORITO, COSTA RICA

Description
The PH Torito project is located in the
Reventazón river catchment, downstream the
Angostura hydroelectric. The installed power will be 50
MW and the average annual production 305 GWh. The
tunnel has a length of 3.5 km and will be excavated
with an EPB (Earth Pressure Balance machine). The
overburden ranges 35 to 180 m.
The geology of the tunnel mainly consists
on calcarenites, conglomerates and pelites, and a short
stretch of soil deposits. Nine faults are identified along
the tunnel alignment.
General information
Location: Costa Rica
Start date: 2012
End date: 2013
Scope of work
Client : Gas Natural Fenosa • Technical assistance to the segmental
lining design revision.
Technical information
• Segments reinforcement proposal:
Excavation: TBM option 1 - only steel fibres reinforced
concrete and option 2- mixed
Lining: Precast segments
reinforcement (rebars + steel fibres)
Length: 3.6 km • Excavation follow-up
Excavation diameter: 7.9 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 35-180 m Technical staff: Bech, Sara / Montobbio, Daniel / Mendez, Manel

TC-1231
STEEL FIBRES FEASIBILITY STUDIES
CONSULTANCY MACCAFERRI

Description
Steel Fibres Reinforced Concrete (SFRC) is a
competitive design alternative in precast segments as it would
partly or totally substitute the conventional reinforcement to
allow for time reduction in handling and placing of the curved
rebars in tunnel segments construction.
The Model Code 2010, which was approved in
October 2011, and developed by the FIB (Fédération
Internationale du béton) in order to set up the design bases for
the fibre reinforced concrete, is the reference standard for the
structural verification.

General information Scope of work


• Technical Assistance on
Location: Singapore, Bangkok,
the steel fibres feasibility.
Hong Kong, Copenhagen, • Steel fibres types and
Viroflay, Santa Lucia, Cefalù characteristics definition.
Start date: 2008 • Testing plan assessment.
End date: Ongoing • Tunnel alignment
tramification on segments
Client : Maccaferri
reinforcements types.
Technical information
Excavation: TBM TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Lining: Precast segments Technical staff: Bech, Sara

TC-1300
HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
CONSULTANCY RIO MINAS SAN FRANCISCO, ECUADOR

Description
The Rio Minas San Francisco HEP is located in
the Jubones river at Azuay province, Ecuador. The installed
power will be 325 MW and the average annual production
960 GWh. The tunnel has a length of 12 km and will be
excavated with an double shield TBM. The overburden
ranges 16 to 600 m. A NATM gallery of 1 km length is
foreseen to introduce the TBM to the headrace tunnel.
The geology of the tunnel mainly consists on
tuffs, rhyolites, andesitic volcanic breccia and intrusive rocks.
Fresh, sound rock is expected along the headrace tunnel
alignment, including stretches with unconfined compressive
General information
strength higher than 150 MPa.
Location: Ecuador
Scope of work
Start date: 2013
• Technical assistance to
End date: Ongoing the segmental lining
design revision.
Client: Gas Natural Fenosa
•Technical assistance to
Technical information the TBM parameters
definition
Excavation: DS TBM • TBM Commissioning
Lining: Precast segments • Excavation follow-up
Length: 12,0 km
Excavation diameter: 5,67 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 16 - 600 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Bech, Sara / Montobbio, Daniel

TC-1303
CHENNAI METRO RAIL PROJECT
SITE ASSISTANCE PACKAGE UAA-04

Description
The first stage of Chennai Metro Rail Project includes the design
and construction of two corridors, Corridor 1 (Washermanpet –
Airport) and Corridor 2 (Chennai Central – St. Thomas Mount.
Underground works have been divided into 5 packages.
As a part of Corridor 2, package UAA-04 starts from Egmore
Station and moves west till Shennoy Nagar Station. It consists in
3.4km long twin tunnels that will be bored mainly in younger
alluvium of sandy and clayey soil. Bedrock is encountered in
some stretches of the tunnel alignment. It consists in both
Archean charnockite and sedimentry formations, mainly shale
and sandstone. Three Earth Pressure Balance (EPB) TBM will be
General information used for the excavation of the tunnels. The TMBs will also install
Location: Chennai, India
a segmental lining consisting of 5.8m i.d. rings and 275 mm thick
segments.
Start date: 2013
Scope of work
End date: ongoing
•Re-interpretation and verification of
Client: L&T – SUCG JV existing geological profile based on all the
available geotechnical information.
Technical information •Assessment and recommendations
Excavation: TBM (EPB) regarding cutting tools on the cutterhead.

Lining: Precast segments • Recommendations on mixed face


conditions excavation.
Length: 3.4 km twin tubes
Excavation diameter: 6.6 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 14-18 m Technical staff: Babbucci, Silvia / Molina, Marc

TC-1305
ROAD TUNNELS UNDER THE SUEZ
BASIC DESIGN CANAL AT PORT SAID - EGYPT

Description
Suez tunnelling project consists of a 3.2km long twin tunnel hosting two
unidirectional lanes each which will undercross the Canal in order to
provide a direct link between the Great Cairo area and Sinai Peninsula.
Due to prevalent geological conditions, tunnels will be excavated by
Shielded Boring Machines capable to apply a positive face pressure.
Four portals will be constructed: 2 TBM launching portals on the West
side of the Canal and 2 TBM receiving shafts for the TBM
disassembling (on the East side).
For emergency evacuation and ventilation
TC scope of work
purposes, five shafts are foreseen along the
• Basic design of alignment: 3 of them “vehicular” shafts allowing the
General information underground structures of
the tunnels, portals and
passage of vehicles from a tunnel to the other as
Location: Port Said, Egypt emergency exits shafts specifically required by the Owner, while the
Start date: 2013 •Tender technical remaining 2 (for each tube) are foreseen as
specifications Ventilation and Emergency shaft only.
End date: 2015
Client: Getinsa-Payma
Technical information
Excavation: TBM
Lining: Precast segments
+ inner lining
Length: 3174 m
Excavation diameter: 13,0 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 13 – 52 m Technical staff: Montobbio, Daniel / Oliver, Ricard / Babbucci, Silvia / Taglialatela, Francesco

TC-1319
LINE 9 EXTENSION AT LESSEPS STATION,
FINAL DESIGN BARCELONA -SPAIN

Description
The line 9 extension at Lesseps square, aim to put into service
the stretch between Sagrera - Meridiana and Lesseps, including the
provision of a safe break-out zone for the TBM HK-S442. The considered
design has an inner diameter of 10,9 m, a rock support layer and a shotcrete
final lining of 30 and 35 cm thickness respectively. The alignment runs below
two existing line 3 metro tunnels and a urban highway tunnel. The tunnel
goes through Palaeozoic metamorphic rocks. Three excavation phases has
been considered in order to minimize surface settlements. Monitoring
instrumentation has been proposed within the tunnel influence zone to fulfil
project requirements.
General information
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Start date: 2013
End date: 2014
Client: Infraestructures.cat

Technical information
Excavation: NATM TC scope of work
Lining: Conventional • Rock support, final lining and water tightness final design
Length: 80 m • Settlements study and monitoring design
•Construction methodology
Excavation diameter: 12,20 m
Ground cover: 24 – 26 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola Technical staff: Plasencia, Victoria

TC-1320
MOGLICË HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
FINAL DESIGN DEVOLL, ALBANIA

Description
Devoll Hydropower project consists of two hydropower
plants, Banja and Moglicë, to be built in the valley of Devoll River. The
installed power will be 256 MW and the average annual production
729 GWh. Moglicë headrace tunnel is 10.8 km long of which 6.47 km
will be executed with TBM. Inner diameter of the cross section is
defined contractually and is equal to 5.4 m; on the other hand as
segmental lining Designers we have defined and verified the ring
thickness (250mm).
The geology of the tunnel consists of conglomerates and
Bending – axial diagram for the
ULS verification
sandstones (Molasse unit), sandstone and siltstone belonging to the
Flysh-series and members of the Ophiolite Complex.
General information
Location: Albania
Start date: 2014
End date: 2015 Scope of work
• Geological Interpretative Report on the basis
Client : Yuksel Proje
of the Tender documents
• Preparation of the Design Manual detailing
Technical information
the concept of the lining, load cases to be
Excavation method: TBM analysed and Guidelines to be followed.
• Geometrical and structural design for two
Lining: Precast segments
reinforcement types.
Length: 6.5 km
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola Horizontal stress diagram for the radial joint verification
External ring diameter: 5.9 m
Ground cover: up to 265 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Taglialatela, Francesco

TC-1422
TUNNEL UNDERNEATH THE SWINA
BASIC DESIGN RIVER IN ŚWINOUJŚCIE - POLAND

Description
The city of Swinoujscie is located on both banks of Swina
river in the northwest of Poland. At the same time each
bank is located on islands, Uznam Island at west side and
Wolin Island at east side. Currently there are no road
connections across both sides of the city and transport is
provided by regular ferries. Therefore, the construction of a
road tunnel under the Swina River is proposed by the
Municipality of Swinoujscie for an improved connection.
1,44 km long TBM tunnel will connect both islands
crossing underneath the Swina river hosting two
bidirectional lanes and an emergency exit walkway below
General information the road deck. Five emergency exits will be provided with
Location: Świnoujście, Poland distance between two adjacent lower than 500m.
Start date: 2015 TC scope of work
End date: 2015 • Basic design of
underground
Client: Technital structures of the
Technical information tunnels, portals and
emergency exits
Excavation: TBM shafts
Lining: Precast segments •Tender technical
Length: 1444 m specifications

Excavation diameter: 13,3 m


TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 7 – 26 m
Technical staff: Montobbio, Daniel / Sidorova, Anna / Babbucci, Silvia

TC-1506
ROAD TUNNELS UNDER THE SUEZ
DETAILED DESIGN CANAL AT ISMAILIA - EGYPT

Description
Suez Canal corridor is a huge Egyptian development project; it was
inaugurated on the fifth of August 2014. It aims to expand the role of
Suez Canal region as an economic, urban and environmentally
balanced global hub for logistics, industrial services, commerce and
tourism. The Egyptian government awarded the engineering,
procurement & construction of 3 tunnels (two twin car tunnels + one
railway tunnel) in Ismailia to the consortium (Petrojet-Concord), in
turn, the JV has created a sub join venture (SJV) for the twin car
tunnels construction, formed by: Petrojet, Concord, CMC and
Razel. The project includes the construction of 10 SCL cross
passages with freezing technology.
General information
Location: Ismailia, Egypt TC scope of work
Start date: 2015 • Site installations
definition
End date: ongoing
•Slurry TBM shield
Client: CMC Ravenna technical
Technical information characteristics
•Bentonite slurry
Excavation: TBM
plant definition
Lining: Precast segments •Support to technical
Length: 4800 m staff of CMC
Excavation diameter: 13,05 m
Ground cover: 13 – 70 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola Technical staff: Fernandez Coto, Pablo

TC-1518
ALASKAN WAY REPLACEMENT - SEATTLE
DETAILED DESIGN HYPERBARIC EXPERT CONSULTANCY
Description
The Alaskan Way Viaduct, an elevated section of State Route 99 in Seattle,
was built in the 1950s, and decades of daily wear and tear have taken their
toll on the structure. Because of the viaduct’s age and vulnerability to
earthquakes, replacing it is critical to public safety.
The SR 99 Alaskan Way Viaduct is being replaced with an approximately
two-mile-long tunnel underneath downtown Seattle. Replacing the viaduct
with a tunnel allows the highway to remain open for much of construction,
thus minimizing closures and impacts to traffic.
EPB TBM (Bertha) was manufactured by Hitachi Zosen Corp.

General information
TC scope of
Location: Seattle, WA, USA work
Start date: 2015 • Evaluation
about the
End date: 2015
potential air loss
Client: ITASCA during the
operation
Technical information
planned for the
Excavation: TBM cutter head
intervention at
Lining: Precast segments
Ch. 210+20
Length: 2600 m (Safe Haven #3)
Excavation diameter: 17,45 m
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 13 – 52 m
Technical staff: Fuoco, Stefano / Castellví, Ignasi / Castellví, Helena

TC-1520
ACCESS TO SAVONA PORT, ITALY
CONSULTANCY

Description
The new road called the Variante SS1 Aurelia in the Savona –
Albisola Superiore section, fits in a broad context product to
improve the whole Transport System of Liguria. The variant is
configured, as a tangential axis to the city of Savona for a total of
approximately 5.1 km. The tunnels are located in the Maritime Alp
Mountains context.
TC scope of work
• TBM excavation parameters analysis
•Sensitive TBM tunnel sections analysis
•TBM modifications analysis in order to improve excavation performance
•TBM excavation methodology
General information
•Job site technical assistance)
Location: Savona, Italy
Start date: 2015
End date: ongoing
Client: LETIMBRO SCARL
Technical information
Excavation: TBM
Lining: Precast segments
Length: 3706 m
Excavation diameter: 13,7 m
TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 9,5 – 85 m
Technical staff: Castellví, Ignasi / Rubiralta, Néstor

TC-1524
BOUSKOURA WATER TUNNEL PROJECT
FINAL DESIGN CASABLANCA, MOROCCO
Description
In the city of Casablanca (Morocco) has planned the canalization of
Bouskoura wadi to avoid the flooding of the populated area during the
times of heavy rains. This canalization system includes the construction
of a tunnel having a length of 5270m and an inner diameter of 5.5 m.
The project area lies over a Hercinian basement (composed by Psammite
and Quartzite) covered with late Cretaceous and Quaternary deposit. An
EPB shield will be used for the tunnel excavation in order to be able to
apply a support pressure while excavating within the fractured marl and
marly limestones with a soil-like behaviour (present along 1 km long
stretch, that is a 20% of the alignment).
Steel rebars reinforced segmental lining has been designed to guarantee
General information serviceability and ultimate limit states resistance according to relevant
standards. Sectional forces have been computed by FEM models, temporary
Location: Morocco
loads due to segment production, storage, handling and installation have been
Start date: 2014 also considered in the structural verifications.
End date: in progress
Scope of work
Client: Makyol
• Precast segmental lining geometrical and
Technical information structural design.
Excavation method: TBM • EPB pressure definition along the alignment.
Lining: Precast segments • TBM entrance portal design, including the
TBM sliding slab structural design.
Length: 5,3 km
Excavation diameter: 6.38 m TC Responsible: Della Valle, Nicola
Ground cover: 35-180 m Technical staff: Salas, Regina / Taglialatela, Francesco / Silvia, Babbucci, Eloi / Savin

TMD-1304