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English II

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Texto informativo
Read the Paragraphs carefully and answer the questions below.
In the United States the number of cases where people sue for damages or compensation for
medical malpractice has grown at an alarming rate. This US obsession with litigation seems
motivated by greed rather than the wish for justice.

There are over 800,000 American lawyers (70% of the world's total number), many of whom openly
encourage such lawsuits. A lawyer often takes on a lawsuit as a sort of gamble. The lawyer enters
an agreement with the client. If the client loses, the lawyer forfeits the legal fee. If, however, the
lawsuit is won, the lawyer takes up to 50% of the amount awarded.

Of course, the law on which such litigation is based was originally promulgated to protect the
public from, for example, dishonest and irresponsible manufacturers or incompetent doctors. A
highly litigious environment has, however, developed. Many people have lost their sense of
personal responsibility ("if it hurts, sue") and are ready to blame others for the slightest accident.
Others are cynically making a lot of money from the legal situation. As a practical consequence,
professional indemnity insurance premiums have risen. Certain professions, especially those within
medicine, have become so risky that trainees fear to specialize. And everyone hates lawyers!

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passage which has the following meaning:
Institute legal procedings

Sue
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passage which has the following meaning:
Money paid to compensate for injury or loss

Damages
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passage which has the following meaning:
A proceeding brought by one person against another

Law suit
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passage which has the following meaning:
Gives up

Forfeits
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passage which has the following meaning:
Dangerous

Risky
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Is this the topic sentence of the paragraph: "In the United States the number of cases where people
sue for damages or compensation for medical malpractice has grown at an alarming rate."?
Seleccione una:
Verdadero
Falso

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Use the correct connector in the following sentence:
w here
In the United States the number of cases Respuesta (where, how, when) people
sue for damages or compensation for medical malpractice has grown at an alarming rate

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Use the correct connector in the following sentence:
w ich
Of course, the law on Respuesta (that, however, which) such litigation is based
was originally promulgated to protect the public

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Use the correct connector in the following sentence:
how ever
A highly litigious environment has, Respuesta (however, nevertheless, instead),
developed

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Use the correct connector in the following sentence:
Many people have lost their sense of personal responsibility ("if it hurts, sue") Respuesta
and
(but, so, and) are ready to blame others for the slightest accident.
Información

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Texto informativo
Read the Paragraph carefully and answer the questions below.
The safest files, from a legal standpoint, are ones that the creator of the original work wants to be
shared. Many musicians, for example, have found that sharing their music via torrent is a great way
to expand their audience, improving the numbers of people who buy their albums and attend their
shows. Some software developers have also gotten in on the act, as well. Many open source
developers have released builds via torrent in order to streamline distribution of the software,
particularly if it is very large and would require expensive resources to support lots of direct
downloads. Some independent filmmakers also distribute movies in this fashion, particularly if they
are having trouble getting distribution in a more traditional manner.

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose True or False:
"Safest" means "Out of danger"
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Verdadero
Falso

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passage which have the following meaning:
"A way of thinking"

shared
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose True or False:
"People who originate or invent" are "developers"
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Enunciado de la pregunta
What is the correct word for this definition: "An inconvenience or problem"?
Seleccione una:
a. Question
b. Solution
c. Trouble
d. Clasification

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passage which have the following meaning:
Specially

particulary
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
In the previous paragraph, which of the following is a topic sentence?
Seleccione una:
a. The safest files, from a legal standpoint, are ones that the creator of the original work wants to
be shared.
b. Some independent filmmakers also distribute movies in this fashion, particularly if they are
having trouble getting distribution in a more traditional manner.
c. Many musicians, for example, have found that sharing their music via torrent is a great way to
expand their audience, improving the numbers of people who buy their albums and attend their
shows.
d. Some software developers have also gotten in on the act, as well.

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose the correct answer to complete this sentence:
If you want to distribute an independent film,
Seleccione una:
a. you played the lottery.
b. you buy a truck.
c. you should ask your multimillionaire uncle.
d. you will share it on the internet.

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose the correct answer to complete this sentence:
You could download certain files
Seleccione una:
a. if they are authorized by you.
b. if you just want to do it.
c. if they are not public.
d. if the creator or company shared it on a website.

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose the correct answer to complete this sentence:
If you should have download a non shared file,
Seleccione una:
a. you could have been in jail.
b. you have to pay your taxes to the IRS.
c. you share it with your friends.
d. you will regret it for the rest of your life.

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose the correct answer to complete this sentence:
Many musicians will expand their audiences
Seleccione una:
a. if they should have a record company.
b. if they sang their sons in public.
c. if they share their music via torrent.
d. if they sold their songs online.
Información
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Texto informativo
Read the Paragraphs carefully and then answer the questions below.

Sexism is a political issue today. It affects the language we choose to use. Many people speaking or
writing English today wish to avoid using language which supports unfair or untrue attitudes to a
particular sex, usually women.

When Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon he uttered a memorable sentence: "That's one small
step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." If he had landed on the moon in the mid-'90s no doubt
he would have said a much more politically correct sentence: "That's one small step for a person,
one giant leap for humankind." Less poetic but certainly more literally representative of the whole
of the human race!

Certain language can help to reinforce the idea of male superiority and female inferiority. What is
now termed "sexist" language often suggests an inherent male dominance and superiority in many
fields of life. Male pronouns, he, his and him are used automatically even though the sex of the
person is not known. "A student may wish to ask his tutor about his course". Or we say, "Who's
manning the office today?"

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passages which have the following meaning:
Large jump

leap
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Which word expresses the following definition:
without exageration or inaccuracy
Seleccione una:
a. Precision
b. Natively
c. Unnatural
d. Literally

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passages which have the following meaning:
Essential / natural

Inherent
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Find a word or an expression in the above passages which have the following meaning:
Supremacy, dominance

sexist
Respuesta:

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Enunciado de la pregunta
According to the paragraphs, which word is defined as "a pupil or an apprentice"?
Seleccione una:
a. Teacher
b. Student
c. Professor
d. Colleague

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Enunciado de la pregunta
According to the passage, is this the topic sentence: "Many people speaking or writing English
today wish to avoid using language which supports unfair or untrue attitudes to a particular sex,
usually women."
Seleccione una:
Verdadero
Falso

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose the correct passive voice form for the following sentence:
We use sexist language every day.
Seleccione una:
a. Sexist language will be used by us everyday
b. Sexist language has been used by us everyday
c. Sexist language was used by us everyday
d. Sexist language is used by us everyday

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Choose the correct active voice form of the following sentence:
The idea of male superiority has been reinforced by public speakers
Seleccione una:
a. Public speakers reinforces the idea of male superiority.
b. Public speakers have reinforced the idea of male superiority.
c. Public speakers reinforced the idea of male superiority.
d. Public speakers will have reinforced the idea of male superiority.

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Active Voice: "Many people should avoid sexist language."
Passive Voice: "Sexist language should have been avoided by many people."
Is this correct?
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Verdadero
Falso

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Enunciado de la pregunta
Passive voice: "For years, the idea of women inferiority had been spread by men"
Active Voice: "For years, men had spread the idea of women inferiority."
Is this correct?
Seleccione una:
Verdadero
Falso