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MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN OPTICAL FIBER

1. It refers to the dielectric material of an optical fiber that surrounds the core.
a. cladding b. armor c. shield d. cover
2. It is made of from semiconductor material such as aluminum gallium arsenide or
gallium arsenide phosphide.
a. APD b. ILD c. LED d. PIN diode
3. An absorption loss caused by valence electrons in the silica material from which fibers
are manufactured.
a. UV absorption b. ion resonance absorption
c. modal dispersion d. infrared absorption
4. The loss in signal power as light travels down the fiber.
a. attenuation b. scattering c. propagation d. absorption
5. The different angles of entry of light into an optical fiber when the diameter of the
core is many times the wavelength of the light transmitted is known as
a. refraction b. emitter c. mode d. sensor
6. The wavelength of the light has no role in
a. polarization b. interference c. diffraction d. resolving power
7. One micron is equivalent to
a. 1 mm b. 1 um c. 1 nmd. d. 1 pm
8. If a fiber optic system has a rise time of 16 ns, the source rise time is 1.50 ns and the
detector rise time is 2 ns, what is the cable rise time?
a. 12.50 ns b. 9 ns c. 14 ns d. 6 ns
9. A non-coherent light source for optical communications system.
a. APD b. LED c. ILD d. PIN diode
10. Type of fiber that has the highest modal dispersion.
a. step index single mode b. step index multimode
c. graded index mode d. graded index multimode
11. Fiber optic cable operates near _____________ frequencies.
a. 2 GHz b. 20 MHz c. 200 MHz d. 800 THz
12. Band of light rays that are too small to be seen by human eye.
a. visible b. infrared c. ultraviolet d. amber
13. The most common device used as light detector in fiber optic communication system.
a. LED b. Darlington phototransistor c. APDs d. PIN diode
14. Calculate the energy of the infrared light at 1.55 um.
a. 1.28 x 10-19 J b. 1.60 x 10 19 J
-16
c. 1.22 x 10 J d. 1.90 x 10 -14 J
15. Any small element of space in the path of a wave may be considered as a source of
secondary wavelet.
a. De Morgan’s Theorem b. Faraday’s Law
c. Huygen’s Principle d. Fresnel’s Law of Optics
16. A device that reduces the intensity of light in fiber optics communications system.
a. reducer b. var meter c. optical attenuator d. compressor
17. The core of an optical fiber has
a. has a medium index of refraction
b. a lower index of refraction than the cladding
c. a lower index of refraction than air
d. a higher index of refraction than the cladding
18. Loss of energy due to the diffraction of light when it strikes the irregularities formed
during the manufacturing process of the fiber optics.
a. absorption loss b. attenuation
c. bending loss d. Rayleigh scattering loss
19. What law does light traveling in air optical fiber follow?
a. Millman b. Snell c. Maxwell d. Huygen
20. A device that generates light beam at a specific visible spectrum.
a. glass fiber b. infrared c. light waves d. Laser
21. Quantity that do not change when a beam of light enters one medium to another.
a. frequency b. wavelength c. direction d. speed
22. How many times greater does the bandwidth of a fiber optic multimode have over a
cable?
a. 50 times b. 100 times c. 10 times d. 5 times
23. One of the following is referred to as a major component of an optical time domain
reflectometer?
a. Pulse generator and vertical plate b. Laser and horizontal plate
c. Pulse generator laser d. vertical and horizontal plate
24. How do you transmit through multiplexing, a thousand of voice channel information
over a single fiber optic using one wavelength?
a. polar division b. time division
c. fiber division d. frequency division
25. How do you reduce the loss that is produce when light strikes a flat polished end of
an optical fiber?
a. by painting the surface b. by inclining the surface
c. by cooling d. by application of antireflection coating
26. A fiber core is made of glass whose index is 1.50. Calculate the reflectivity from air?
a. 4% b. 8% c. 15% d. 18%
27. An optical fiber is made with a core of glass (n = 1.62) and a cladding of crown glass
(n=1.51). What is the critical angle of incidence?
a. 70.8º b. 68.8º c. 45º d. 30º
28. It is a measure of the optical fiber’s light gathering capability.
a. dispersion b. expansion c. responsivity d. numerical aperture
29. Which of the following does not contribute to a coupling mismatch between two
optical fibers?
a. improper alignment b. connecting ends not parallel
c. separation resulting in light scattering d. modal dispersion
30. The measurement of the strength of the light source is called
a. radiance b. reflectance c. permeance d. reluctance
31. A type of optical fiber connector is called
a. multifiber b. graded fiber
c. step fiber d. splicer
32. What is a coherent light?
a. light waves in phase b. light waves out of phase
c. light waves in air d. light waves varying
33. A 1 km long optical fiber in air has a core whose index is 1.52 and a cladding whose
index is 1.49. Determine the acceptance angle.
a. 30º b. 35º c. 60º d. 17.5º
34. Which of the following is not a type of dispersion that exists in a fiber?
a. waveguide b. chromatic c. intermodal d. Rayleigh
35. What is the spreading quantity of radiant energy caused by differing light
wavelengths?
a. chromatic dispersion b. Rayleigh scattering
c. material absorption d. Modal dispersion
36. Which of the following is not an integral part of an optical communication system?
a. light source b. optical fiber c. light detector d. RS232 interface
37. What is the most predominant cause of light attenuation in a fiber?
a. scattering and absorption b. resistance and capacitance
c. leaky mode losses d. coupling loss
38. Which of the following will indicate the distance to an optical fiber fault?
a. laser b. digital voltmeter c. OTDR d. optical power meter
39. Which of the following is the least important characteristic of a fiber optic source?
a. hue b. light intensity c. bandwidth d. resistance
40. What is the ratio of the speed of light in free space to the speed of light in another
medium?
a. index of refraction b. index of reflection
c. reflection coefficient d. dielectric constant