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 AFRICA TERRA – Land of the afri AFRI(Plural) AFER(Singular) AFER May be from: PHOENICIAN

AFAR – Meaning dust or AFRIDI – Tribe of northern africa ETYMOLOGY

 GREEK APHRIKE – Meaning without cold or LATIN APRICA – Meaning sunny And later became
Africa ETYMOLOGY

 AFRICA – 2nd largest continent next to Asia It covers more than ONE – FIFTH Of all the earth’s
surface It comprises 46 COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES INTRODUCTION

 SUEZ CANAL, THE GULF OF SUEZ AND THE RED SEA – Separate Africa from Asia SRAITS OF
GIBRALTAR AND MEDITERRANEAN SEA – Separate Africa from Europe ATLANTIC OCEAN – West
INDIAN OCEAN - East INTRODUCTION

 FIVE MAJOR LANGUAGES: 1. Afroasiastic languages 2. Click languages 3. Niger – congo languages 4.
Sudanic languages 5. Austronesian languages LANGUAGES

 ISLAM – Dominant religion of northern Africa It replaced Christianity in the 17th century RELIGION

 LITERARY RATES FOR MEN Are higher than women URBAN EDUCATION Are higher than rural
education RICHEST Countries invest more than poorest countries in terms of education Only a small
fraction of afica’ s young people attend universities EDUCATION

 It includes ORAL LITERATURE They called it as ORATURE ORATURE – Was coined by PIO ZIRIMU
PIO ZIRIMU – Ugandan scholar AFRICAN LITERATURE

 PROSE – Mythological or historical, written or spoken language CALL-AND RESPONSE –


Spontaneous verbal and non-verbal interaction between the speaker and the listener AFRICAN
LITERATURE

 EPIC OF SUNDIATA – Composed in medieval Mali EPIC OF DINGA – From Old Ghana empire PRE-
COLONIAL LITERATURE

 KEBRA NAGAST OR THE BOOK OF KINGS – The best known work in this tradition TRICKSTER STORY –
One of the popular form of traditional African folktale PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE

 JOSEPH EPHRAIM CASELY HAYFORD – Published the 1st African novel written in English ETHIOPIA
UNBOUND – 1st African novel written in English COLONIAL LITERATURE

 HERBERT ISAAC ERNEST DHLOMO– Published 1st English- language African play THE GIRL WHO
LIKED TO SAVE – 1st English-language African play COLONIAL LITERATURE

 NGUGI WA THIONG’O – Wrote 1st east African drama BLACK HERMIT – 1st east African drama
COLONIAL LITERATURE

 THINGS FALL APART BY CHINUA ACHEBE – Receive significant worldwide critical acclaim COLONIAL
LITERATURE
 LEOPOID SEDAR SENGHOR – President of Senegal published the 1st anthology of French language
poetry ANTHOLOGY OF THE NEW BLACK AND MALAGASY POETRY IN THE FRENCH LANGUAGE – 1st
anthology of French language poetry COLONIAL LITERATURE

 ALI A. MAZRUI – Mention 7 CONFLICTS As THEMES: - The clash between Africa's past and present -
Between tradition and modernity - Between individualism and community - Between socialism and
capitalism - Between development and self-reliance - Between Africanity and humanity POST-COLONIAL
LIT

 WOLE SOYINKA (JULY 13, 1934 IN NIGERIA) - Foremost ENGLISH LANGUAGE POET - He won the
NOBEL PRIZE FOR LITERATUREIN 1986 - 1ST AFRICAN WRITER Who won the novel prize for literature in
1986 AFRICAN RITERS AND POETS

 - The 2ND AFRICAN WRITER Winner of the novel Prize was NADINE GORDIMER In 19991 - 1ST PLAY:
The swamp dwellers. - OTHER PLAYS: Death and the king’s horse man, opera wonyosi and play of giants.
AFRICAN RITERS AND POETS

 CHINUA ACHEBE - Nigerian novelist and poet - His 1st novel was entitled THINGS FALL APART - He
has been co-editor of okike AFRICAN WRITERS AND POETS

 - OKIKE (Was of Africa's most influential literary magazines) - Other works: THE ARROW OF GOD, A
MAN OF THE PEOPLE, GIRLS AT WAR, CHRISTMAS IN BIAFRA AND OTHER POEMS AFRICAN WRITERS AND
POETS

 JOHN PEPPER CLARK - Nigerian poet, dramatist, and literary critic - Born: APRIL 6, 1935 - Plays: OZIDI
AND SONG OF GOAT - Representative of his poetry was the volume, A DEVADE OF TONGUES. AFRICAN
WRITERS AND POETS

 NGUGI WA THIONG’O - Born: JANUARY 5, 1938 IN KENYA - The most important east African novelist -
1st two novels: WEEP NOT, CHILD AND THE RIVER BETWEEN AFRICAN WRITERS AND POETS

THINGS FALL APART BY CHINUA ACHEBE

 OKONKWO – Respected and influential leader UNOKA – Okonkwo’s father IKEMEFUNA – He was
given to the village as a peace offering by neighboring mbaino NWOYE – Okonkwo’s son OJIUGO –
Youngest wife of okonkwo EKWEFI – Second wife of okonkwo CHARACTERS:

 OGBUEFI EZEUDER – Oldest man in the village OBIERIKA – Okonkwo’s best friend EZINMA –
Daughter of Okonkwo and his wife Ekwefi EGWUGWU – Nine clan leaders, also represent nine villages
of Umuofia MGBAFO – Had been severely beaten by her husband CHARACTERS:

.  CHIELO – Toldcaves okonkwo that agbala needs to see ezinma AGBALA – The oracle of the hills
and caves UCHENDU – Uncle of okonkwo And a village elder of mbanta CHI – Personal spirit
CHARACTERS:

 EFULEFU – 1st recruits of the missionaries; they are weak and worthless men of the village MR.
BROWN – The white missionary REVEREND JAMES SMITH - Becomes the new head of the christian
church CHARACTERS:
 VOLATILE – Liable to change rapidly and unpredictably , especially for the worse APT – Having a
tendency to do something PROVOCATION – Action or speech that makes someone annoyed or angry,
especially deliberately EXILE – Expel, banish, drive out, throw out; to be away from one’s home
VOCABULARY:

 KINSMAN – A man who is one of person’s blood relations MACHETE - A broad knife used as an
implement or weapon BEHEADS – Form of execution CLANSMAN – A male member of a clan
ORACLE – Authority, mentor, and adviser SQUANDERED – Waste something in a reckless and foolish
manner VOCABULARY:

 UMUOFIA – Located in eastern nigeria MBANTA – Native village of okonkwo’s mother SETTING: