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PROJECT : PAGE :

CLIENT : DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. : DATE : REVIEW BY :
Wildlife Crossing Design Based on AASHTO-17th & ACI 318-14
DESIGN CRITERIA
1. The wildlife crossing can be overpass or underpass,
and the structure can be buried bridge or shotcrete
tunnel.
2. The wildlife crossing foundation should be RC slab
on ground. But the software gives another footing design
option, by wall bottom Pu, Mu and Vu, without RC slab.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH fc' = 5 ksi, (34 MPa)
REBAR YIELD STRESS fy = 60 ksi, (414 MPa)

DIMENSIONS L= 40 ft, (12.19 m)


H= 15 ft, (4.57 m)
t= 20 in, (508 mm)

REINFORCING (As)

2 layers # 8 @ 8 in o.c., (203 mm), (curvered) Pu = 23.42 kip / ft


Concrete Cover = 3 in, (76 mm), (AASHTO 8.22.1) Footing Option Mu = +/- 82.18 ft-kip / ft
FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE (SD level, including surcharge & seismic ground shaking) Vu = 2.22 kip / ft
Pt = 1232 psf, (59 kPa) Pb = Pt + Wt = 1935 psf, (93 kPa)
P1 = 720 ft-pcf, (psf), (34 kPa) P2 = 1820 ft-pcf, (psf), (87 kPa) [THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE SECTION FORCES BY FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
Point X (ft) Y (ft) Pu (k) Mu (ft-k) Vu (k)
0 0.00 0.00 1.61 15.03 0.00
1 3.83 0.00 1.61 52.45 -2.34
2 7.67 0.00 1.61 61.44 5.07
3 11.50 0.00 1.61 41.99 12.49
4 15.33 0.00 1.61 -5.88 19.91
5 19.17 0.00 23.42 -82.18 -2.22
6 19.03 1.61 23.06 -78.61 -3.48
7 18.61 3.19 22.56 -72.91 -4.69
8 17.92 4.73 21.90 -65.02 -5.72
9 16.97 6.20 21.10 -55.02 -6.47
10 15.77 7.57 20.20 -43.22 -6.87
11 14.35 8.84 19.25 -30.10 -6.91
12 12.71 9.98 18.31 -16.32 -6.58
13 10.89 10.97 17.41 -2.67 -5.91
14 8.91 11.81 16.63 10.02 -4.93
15 6.80 12.47 16.00 20.92 -3.71
16 4.59 12.95 15.56 29.30 -2.30
17 2.31 13.24 15.33 34.58 -0.78
18 0.00 13.33 15.33 36.38 0.00

CHECK AXIAL & FLEXURE CAPACITY


rProvD = 0.0059848 < rMAX = 0.0400 (tension face only, ACI 318-14 7.3.3 or R21.2.2)
> rMIN = 0.0008 (tension face only, ACI 318-14 9.6.1.2, 9.6.1.3 or Table 11.6.1)
[Satisfactory]

700.0

600.0

500.0 f Pn f Mn
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY 599.1 0.0
400.0
AT MAXIMUM LOAD 599.1 26.5
f Pn (k) AT MIDDLE 380.5 124.7
300.0
AT e t = 0.002 161.9 172.5
200.0 AT BALANCED 155.8 174.1
AT e t = 0.005 89.5 204.4
100.0
AT FLEXURE ONLY 0.0 84.3

0.0 (Note: For middle reforcing the max fMn is at c


0.0 50.0 100.0 150.0 200.0 250.0 equal to 0.5 t / b1, not at balanced condition.)

f Mn (ft-k) [Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-14 9.6.3.1)

fV n  2f bd fc
'
= 21.00 kips / ft > Vu, max = 19.91 kips / ft [Satisfactory]