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GASEOUS STATE

Solution to Subjective Assignments


LEVEL – I

2. b) i) The gas molecules move faster because they have more kinetic energy.
Because of the faster motion, more collisions occur causing the pressure
to increase.
ii) The molecules are moving slower so in order to keep the pressure
constant (same number of collisions) the volume must decrease to give
the molecules less space to move around in.
iii) By adding more molecules, the number of collisions increases. The
container must be cooled to slow down the molecules so that the number
of collisions is reduced to the original level.
W
6. a) PV = RT
M
720 4
 v   0.0821  295  V = 25.565 litre
760 4
b) PM = dRT
800
 44  d  0.0821  373  d = 1.5124 g/lt
760

3 .2
7. a) Mol. wt. (M) = 22.4;
V
w
V = Vol. In lit. apply pV =
RT
M
w = Wt. of the gas in g at 473 K and 16 atm]
b) According to gas equation,
P1V1 P2 V2

T1 T2
750 mm  500 mL   P2 400 mL 
273  15 k 273  50 K
P2 =
750 mm 500mL 323K  = 1051 mm
288K 400mL 
8. a) H2 > He > N2
1
Rate of diffusion of the gas  and MN2  MHe  MH2
M
r1 M2
b) 
r2 M1
1 M2 M 1
  2 
4 M1 M1 16

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)2

w1
M w M 2 1
ratio of mole fraction = 1 = 1  2 = 
w2 w 2 M1 3 16
M2
1: 24

1
9. a) Mass of electron on atomic weight scale is amu
1837
1
Mass of 1 mole of electron = g
1837
3  8.314  107  298
3RT
We have C = =
M 1/ 1837
 r.m.s. speed of an electron = 1.16  107 cm/sec
To calculate rms speed of UF6 put M = 238 + 6  19 = 352
VavH 2 TH2 MCH4
b)  
VavCH 4 MH2 TCH4
VavH 2
= 1.632
VavCH 4

3 3
10 a) K.E. of one mole of a gas = RT =  2  300 = 900 calories
2 2
b) Change in translation kinetic energy per mole
= RT2  T1  =  2  100 = 300 cals.
3 3
2 2
Change in translation kinetic energy for 3.45 g Ne
3.45
= 300  = 51.29 cal.
20.18

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LEVEL - II

1. b) The volume must increase in order to keep the collisions constant. The
molecules are moving faster since they are heated so they need more space to
keep the pressure constant.

2. a) The reading will be high since the tires are warm. This is not offset by the fact
that you decreased in altitude, which would make the reading low.
b) You need to add air to the tires.

6. a) Let the volume of each bulb be V lit


For two connected bulbs P = 0.5 atm. n = 0.7 mole
T = 300 K. Volume = 2V
We have PV = nRT
0.5 (2V) = 0.7  0.082  300
or V = 17.22 lit
When one of the bulbs is maintained at 127°C i.e. 400K & other at 300 K let
the moles of H2 in these bulbs be n1 & n2 respectively.
n1 + n2 = 0.7 …(1)
Since stopcock is open, the pressure in each bulb
Will be same let it be p atm. Thus for bulb at 400K
pV = n1  0.082  400
or 17.22 p = 32.8 n1 or p = 1.9 n1 …(2)
nd
For 2 bulb at 300 K
p  17.22 = n1  0.082  300
p = 1.42 n2 …(3)
From equation (1), (2) and (3) p = 0.571 atm
n1 = 0.3 mole n2 = 0.4 mole

b) Mg + 2HCl  MgCl2 + H2
24g 22.4 lit at N.T.P.
2Al + 6HCl  2AlCl3 + 3H2
2  27 = 54g 3  22.4 lit at N.T.P.
Let V be volume of liberated H2 at N.T.P.
760  V 699  1200
  or V = 1103.7 ml
273 273
Let weight of Mg in alloy be x gm  wt. of Al = (1 – x)g
22400 x 22400
 By problem,  3 (1 – x) = 1103.7
24 54
 x = 0.4525, % of Al = 54.75%
 Wt. of Mg = 0.4525g
Wt. of Al = (1 – 0.4525)g = 0.5475gm
% of Mg = 45.25

7. a) Let V be the volume diffusing out in each case


Let d0.dm and d be the densities of the mixture of pure oxygen and ozone
respectively.

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V / 430 d0 16
  
V / 367 .5 dm dm
2
 430 
 dm =    16  21.91
 367 .5 
100 86.16 13.89
Again for 100 gms the volume =  
dm d d0
100 86.16 13.84
or    d = 23.3
21.91 d 16

d  d
b) From the extrapolation of vs P curve to P = 0 the value of   is found
P  P  P0
to be 1.517 gm lit–1.
RT
 d
 M    = 1.517  0.082  273 = 34
 P0 
 The atomic weight of P = 34 – 3  1.008 = 30.98

4 3
8. i) Volume of 1 molecule = r
3
( r = 150 pm = 150  10–10 cm)
4 22
Volume of 1 molecule =   (150  10 10 ) 3
3 7
V1 = 1.41  10–23 cc/molecule

ii) The volume occupied by N molecules = N  V1


= 6.023  1023  1.41  10–23
= 8.49 cc per mole
 Volume of 1 mole of N2 = 22400 ml of STP
Thus empty space = (22400 – 8.49) = 22391.51cc
22391 .51
% empty space =  100 = 99.96%
22400

9. i) CxHyNz + O2  CO2 + H2O (Vapour) + N2


(suppose the compound is CxHyNz)
 (9 – V) volume V volume 4 volume 6 volume 2 volumes
(9 – V) mole V moles 4 moles 6 moles 2 moles
By 2V = 2  4 + 1 6 = 14 or, V = 7 volume

ii) CxHyNz + O2  CO2 + H2O (vapour) N2


2 moles 7 moles 4 moles 6 moles 2 moles
x  moles of CxHyNz = V moles of CO2
x+2=14x=2
xyz moles of CxHyNz = 2  moles of H2O (vapour)
x moles of CxHyNz = 2  moles of N2
z2=22,z=2
Here the compound is C2H6N2

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)5

10. Applying PV = nRT


800 200
for NO,  0.25 = n1RT n1 =
760 760RT
600 60
for O2,  0.1 = n2RT n2 =
760 760RT
Since NO & O2 react in 2 : 1 molar ratio
2NO + O2  N2O4
Here O2 is the limiting reagent
 200 120  80
Mole of NO remain after completion of reaction =   
 760RT 760RT  760RT
The pressure due to remaining NO is
80 RT
p=  or p = 0.30 atm
760RT 0.25  0.1
120 1
Wt. of N2O4 = mole of N2O4  92 =   92 = 0.402g
760RT 2

Solution to Objective Assignments

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LEVEL – I

P1V1 P2 V2
1. 
T1 T2
P1  V1 P1 V2
   V2 = 4V1
T1 2 2T1
 (D)

r1 x M2
2.  1  =4
r2 x 2 M1
M2
 16
M1
M1 1

M2 16
 (A)

V1
t1 M t M2
4.  2 or 2 
V2 M1 5 2
t2
t 22 25 (20 )2
or  
M2 2 32
 (B)

7. Gases with the same molecular weight diffuses at the same rate
 CO2 and N2O (molecular weight 44)
 (A)

r1 p1 M2 2 32
9.  = = 8:1
r2 p2 M1 1 2
 (C)

12. More is the value of a mass is the liquifaction and bigger is the size of molecule
bigger is the ‘b’ value
 (B)

y
13. CxHy + O2  xCO2 + H2O
2
0.2
y
0 0.2x  0.2
2
given 0.2x = 8
x=4
0.1y = 0.1

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y = 10
 C4H10
 (A)

14. After the introduction of 3g of B the pressure was became half it means no. of
moles of B
2 3
or 
MA MB
M 2
or A 
MB 3
 (C)

15. Under similar conditions


n1T1 = n2T2
4
n1  600 = n1  T2
5
T2 = 750K
T2 = 477°C
 (D)

w
16. PV = RT
M
723 780 3.2
   0.0821  683
760 1000 M
M = 256
256
atomicity = =8
32
 (D)

P1 P2
17. 
T1 T2
12 14.9

300 T2
T2 = 372.5 K
= 99.5°C
 (C)

r1 T2
18. 
r2 T1
T2
2 =
273
T2= 273  4 = 1092 K
 (D)

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