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LEVEL – I

2. b) i) The gas molecules move faster because they have more kinetic energy.

Because of the faster motion, more collisions occur causing the pressure

to increase.

ii) The molecules are moving slower so in order to keep the pressure

constant (same number of collisions) the volume must decrease to give

the molecules less space to move around in.

iii) By adding more molecules, the number of collisions increases. The

container must be cooled to slow down the molecules so that the number

of collisions is reduced to the original level.

W

6. a) PV = RT

M

720 4

v 0.0821 295 V = 25.565 litre

760 4

b) PM = dRT

800

44 d 0.0821 373 d = 1.5124 g/lt

760

3 .2

7. a) Mol. wt. (M) = 22.4;

V

w

V = Vol. In lit. apply pV =

RT

M

w = Wt. of the gas in g at 473 K and 16 atm]

b) According to gas equation,

P1V1 P2 V2

T1 T2

750 mm 500 mL P2 400 mL

273 15 k 273 50 K

P2 =

750 mm 500mL 323K = 1051 mm

288K 400mL

8. a) H2 > He > N2

1

Rate of diffusion of the gas and MN2 MHe MH2

M

r1 M2

b)

r2 M1

1 M2 M 1

2

4 M1 M1 16

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)2

w1

M w M 2 1

ratio of mole fraction = 1 = 1 2 =

w2 w 2 M1 3 16

M2

1: 24

1

9. a) Mass of electron on atomic weight scale is amu

1837

1

Mass of 1 mole of electron = g

1837

3 8.314 107 298

3RT

We have C = =

M 1/ 1837

r.m.s. speed of an electron = 1.16 107 cm/sec

To calculate rms speed of UF6 put M = 238 + 6 19 = 352

VavH 2 TH2 MCH4

b)

VavCH 4 MH2 TCH4

VavH 2

= 1.632

VavCH 4

3 3

10 a) K.E. of one mole of a gas = RT = 2 300 = 900 calories

2 2

b) Change in translation kinetic energy per mole

= RT2 T1 = 2 100 = 300 cals.

3 3

2 2

Change in translation kinetic energy for 3.45 g Ne

3.45

= 300 = 51.29 cal.

20.18

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)3

LEVEL - II

1. b) The volume must increase in order to keep the collisions constant. The

molecules are moving faster since they are heated so they need more space to

keep the pressure constant.

2. a) The reading will be high since the tires are warm. This is not offset by the fact

that you decreased in altitude, which would make the reading low.

b) You need to add air to the tires.

For two connected bulbs P = 0.5 atm. n = 0.7 mole

T = 300 K. Volume = 2V

We have PV = nRT

0.5 (2V) = 0.7 0.082 300

or V = 17.22 lit

When one of the bulbs is maintained at 127°C i.e. 400K & other at 300 K let

the moles of H2 in these bulbs be n1 & n2 respectively.

n1 + n2 = 0.7 …(1)

Since stopcock is open, the pressure in each bulb

Will be same let it be p atm. Thus for bulb at 400K

pV = n1 0.082 400

or 17.22 p = 32.8 n1 or p = 1.9 n1 …(2)

nd

For 2 bulb at 300 K

p 17.22 = n1 0.082 300

p = 1.42 n2 …(3)

From equation (1), (2) and (3) p = 0.571 atm

n1 = 0.3 mole n2 = 0.4 mole

b) Mg + 2HCl MgCl2 + H2

24g 22.4 lit at N.T.P.

2Al + 6HCl 2AlCl3 + 3H2

2 27 = 54g 3 22.4 lit at N.T.P.

Let V be volume of liberated H2 at N.T.P.

760 V 699 1200

or V = 1103.7 ml

273 273

Let weight of Mg in alloy be x gm wt. of Al = (1 – x)g

22400 x 22400

By problem, 3 (1 – x) = 1103.7

24 54

x = 0.4525, % of Al = 54.75%

Wt. of Mg = 0.4525g

Wt. of Al = (1 – 0.4525)g = 0.5475gm

% of Mg = 45.25

Let d0.dm and d be the densities of the mixture of pure oxygen and ozone

respectively.

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)4

V / 430 d0 16

V / 367 .5 dm dm

2

430

dm = 16 21.91

367 .5

100 86.16 13.89

Again for 100 gms the volume =

dm d d0

100 86.16 13.84

or d = 23.3

21.91 d 16

d d

b) From the extrapolation of vs P curve to P = 0 the value of is found

P P P0

to be 1.517 gm lit–1.

RT

d

M = 1.517 0.082 273 = 34

P0

The atomic weight of P = 34 – 3 1.008 = 30.98

4 3

8. i) Volume of 1 molecule = r

3

( r = 150 pm = 150 10–10 cm)

4 22

Volume of 1 molecule = (150 10 10 ) 3

3 7

V1 = 1.41 10–23 cc/molecule

= 6.023 1023 1.41 10–23

= 8.49 cc per mole

Volume of 1 mole of N2 = 22400 ml of STP

Thus empty space = (22400 – 8.49) = 22391.51cc

22391 .51

% empty space = 100 = 99.96%

22400

(suppose the compound is CxHyNz)

(9 – V) volume V volume 4 volume 6 volume 2 volumes

(9 – V) mole V moles 4 moles 6 moles 2 moles

By 2V = 2 4 + 1 6 = 14 or, V = 7 volume

2 moles 7 moles 4 moles 6 moles 2 moles

x moles of CxHyNz = V moles of CO2

x+2=14x=2

xyz moles of CxHyNz = 2 moles of H2O (vapour)

x moles of CxHyNz = 2 moles of N2

z2=22,z=2

Here the compound is C2H6N2

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)5

800 200

for NO, 0.25 = n1RT n1 =

760 760RT

600 60

for O2, 0.1 = n2RT n2 =

760 760RT

Since NO & O2 react in 2 : 1 molar ratio

2NO + O2 N2O4

Here O2 is the limiting reagent

200 120 80

Mole of NO remain after completion of reaction =

760RT 760RT 760RT

The pressure due to remaining NO is

80 RT

p= or p = 0.30 atm

760RT 0.25 0.1

120 1

Wt. of N2O4 = mole of N2O4 92 = 92 = 0.402g

760RT 2

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)6

LEVEL – I

P1V1 P2 V2

1.

T1 T2

P1 V1 P1 V2

V2 = 4V1

T1 2 2T1

(D)

r1 x M2

2. 1 =4

r2 x 2 M1

M2

16

M1

M1 1

M2 16

(A)

V1

t1 M t M2

4. 2 or 2

V2 M1 5 2

t2

t 22 25 (20 )2

or

M2 2 32

(B)

7. Gases with the same molecular weight diffuses at the same rate

CO2 and N2O (molecular weight 44)

(A)

r1 p1 M2 2 32

9. = = 8:1

r2 p2 M1 1 2

(C)

12. More is the value of a mass is the liquifaction and bigger is the size of molecule

bigger is the ‘b’ value

(B)

y

13. CxHy + O2 xCO2 + H2O

2

0.2

y

0 0.2x 0.2

2

given 0.2x = 8

x=4

0.1y = 0.1

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RSM79PhIGSCH(S)7

y = 10

C4H10

(A)

14. After the introduction of 3g of B the pressure was became half it means no. of

moles of B

2 3

or

MA MB

M 2

or A

MB 3

(C)

n1T1 = n2T2

4

n1 600 = n1 T2

5

T2 = 750K

T2 = 477°C

(D)

w

16. PV = RT

M

723 780 3.2

0.0821 683

760 1000 M

M = 256

256

atomicity = =8

32

(D)

P1 P2

17.

T1 T2

12 14.9

300 T2

T2 = 372.5 K

= 99.5°C

(C)

r1 T2

18.

r2 T1

T2

2 =

273

T2= 273 4 = 1092 K

(D)

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