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Individual Assignment 5

Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics(AE-6872)

CFD Project: CFD Simulation of Heat Sink and Turbulent Flow
1. Understand the unique nature of fluid dynamics problems, including its governing
equations, variables, and boundary conditions
2. Know how to create quality mesh for CFD analysis
3. Know how to apply the boundary conditions for CFD analysis
4. Perform CFD modeling and analysis of flows in complex domains using ANSYS
1. Problem specification
The heat sink shown below has a square base of size 22 mm × 22 mm × 2 mm
and consists of an array of square pin-fins, each of size 2 mm × 2 mm × 8 mm. The pin-
fins are separated by a gap distance of 4 mm in each direction. Determine the pressure
and velocity distributions of the flow of air over the heat sink at room temperature of
25°C. Suppose the square base of the heat sink is in contact with he ground. The
upstream air has a velocity of 10 mm/s, and the air in the downstream passageway is at
atmospheric pressure.

Figure 1: An array of square pin-fins, each of size 2 mm × 2 mm × 8 mm

2. Problem specification
Determine the pressure and velocity distributions of the flow of water inside the
following circular chamber. The chamber has a depth of 2 m. Assume nonslip boundary
conditions at the walls. The velocity of water at the inlets is 10 cm/s, and the outlets are
at atmospheric pressure. (use 3D fluid flow (CFX))
➢ Using the best mesh determined from (1), run the case using appropriate settings
for (a) a standard k-e or (k-omega ) turbulence model and (b) a realizable k-e or
( k- omega) turbulence model. Select the turbulence model and reason out.
Determine which model gives the better prediction.

Figure 2: Three-dimensional circular chamber.

While doing the assignment the following questions should be answered
1. What is CFD?
2. What are the limitations and disadvantages of using CFD?
3. Why is it important to correctly define the computational domain for the fluid-flow
problem? Give an example.
4. What is the consequence of using a very fine mesh (i.e., a very large number of cells)
compared with using a coarse mesh (i.e., a small number of cells)?
5. Is finite-difference more suited for structured or for unstructured mesh geometries?
6. What is an iteration process, and how is it performed?
7. What are the differences between solving a fluid-flow problem analytically and solving
it numerically? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method?
8. In a finite-difference scheme, data are resolved at nodal points. How is this different
from the finite-volume scheme?
9. What does the convergence criterion control?
10. What is the main purpose of the post-processing stage?
11. Is the direct method or the iterative method more suitable in solving for a large system
of non-linear equations?
12. What is the purpose of the SIMPLE scheme? Does it give us a direct solution or
depend on the iterative concept?
Format of Assignment
The assignment that include: -
1. Cover page
2. Content
3. Introduction
4. Main your assignment work
5. Conclusion
6. References
(Date of submission: The dead line is one week before final exam of second semester)