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Key elements for an

effective PEM
Flaviano Bianchini

Ulaanbaatar, 26/03/2019
Harvest wall

To be filled during the day

Today’s plan
Time Activity
9.00-9.15 Intro
9.15-9.45 Plenary Problem Presentation
9.45-9.50 Split into groups
9.50-10.00 Introduction to the topic
10.00-10.45 Deep Group Discussion part one
10.45-11.00 Coffee Break
11.30-12.30 Deep Group Discussion part two
12.30-13.30 Lunch
13.30-14.30 Plenary Group Solutions Presentation
14.30-15.00 Closing Remark
15.00 End of the day
Logical flow
Sharing problems
Deep discussion
Sharing solutions
Problem A

Optimal structure for the governance PEMC and responsibilities and duties of members.

• To be effective, to what degree should committees be formalized with a supportive

legal framework to foster dialogue and participation, and act as a conflict-prevention
• How can committees be an effective multi-stakeholder dialogue platform that
influences action and decision-making, keeping communities and the environment
safer in mining areas?
Problem B

Communicating results effectively.

• Planning, implementation including communication, providing early warnings to

mining company and reporting to government.
• These groups will discuss challenges and propose solutions on the need to
communicate monitoring results in an effective way to the key groups
(community, company, government, and the general public).
• To do so, does the solution require the set-up of communication strategies, formal
education in schools, informal education in workshops, media engagement
(radio, social networks, advocacy initiatives, etc.)? Or other approaches?
Problem C

Proposed sustainable financial support for PEMCs.

• Having financial autonomy and independence allows PEMCs to be trusted,

promote social awareness, and fulfill their mandate. It is key to identify financing
sources and mechanisms.
• This issue affects mainly committees and the communities they represent.
• Insufficient funding can result in management gaps, political and economic
difficulties, and prejudices about the role and capacities of committees. Are there
ways the private sector can be engaged in sustainable funding support while
committees retain their independence?
Problem D

Dispute resolution on Judge and compensation, fine, penalties.

• What penalties are there in Mongolia for mining companies’ non-compliance with
early warnings on environmental damage, or poor environmental monitoring
• Are there legal avenues for remedy?
• Are these working?
• What can be done to enable community to access justice and remedies?
Problem E

Proposed Solution for linking formal government environmental monitoring with

Participatory Environmental Monitoring Work.

• To date, several Participatory Monitoring Committees in Mongolia have

participation and linkages to government agencies, including local government.
• What are the most effective ways to link participatory monitoring to formal
government monitoring and the agencies responsible for the government’s
environmental monitoring?
• PEMC and mine closure, rehabilitation
• Possibility of participation of PEMC to the developing and approval of
Mine closure plan committee
• What is PEMC’s duties for the acceptance of mine rehabilitation.
• What is the coherence between environmental monitoring during the
mine closure and PEMC work?
• What is duties and responsibilities of PEMC in terms of rehabilitation or
restoration work.