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Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

COMMISSIONING

CM

Date: 16th June 2006


Hardware Suffix: -305
Software Version: -610
Connection Diagrams: -404 (P631, P632, P634)
-406 (P633)
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

CM
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-1

CONTENTS

(CM) 9-

1. INTRODUCTION 3
2. PRODUCT FAMILIARISATION 4
2.1 Settings 4

2.2 Reference to menu addresses 4

2.3 Module positions 4

2.4 Terminal references 4

3. EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR COMMISSIONING 5


3.1 Minimum equipment required 5

3.2 Optional equipment 5

4. PRODUCT CHECKS 6
4.1 With the relay de-energized 6

4.1.1 Visual inspection 6

4.1.2 Insulation resistance 6

4.1.3 External wiring 7

4.1.4 Auxiliary supply 7

4.2 With the relay energized 7

4.2.1 Power-up verification 8 CM


4.2.2 Date and time 8

4.2.3 With an IRIG-B signal 8

4.2.4 Without an IRIG-B signal 8

4.2.5 Light emitting diodes (LEDs) 9

4.2.6 Opto inputs 9

4.2.7 Output relays 9

4.2.8 Rear communications port(s): COMM1 and COMM2 (if used) 10

4.2.8.1 IEC60870-5-103 communications COMM1 10

4.2.8.2 MODBUS communications COMM1 10

4.2.8.3 DNP3.0 interface COMM1 10

4.2.8.4 Courier interface COMM1 10

4.2.8.5 IEC60870-5-103 communications COMM2 10

4.2.9 PT100 temperature RTD probe (where fitted) 11


P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-2 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

4.2.10 Apply application-specific settings 11

4.2.11 Current inputs 11

4.2.12 Voltage input (where fitted) 12

5. SETTING CHECKS 13
5.1 Demonstrate correct relay operation 13

5.2 Differential protection setting checks 13

5.2.1 Checking differential sensitivity 13

5.2.2 Checking differential through stability by primary injection 14

5.2.3 Checking differential through stability by secondary injection 14

5.2.4 Yy transformers, autotransformer and busbar applications 14

5.2.5 Dy and Yd applications 15

5.2.6 Dd applications 16

5.2.7 Differential stability - summary 17

5.2.8 Verifying the trip output contact mapping 17

5.3 Restricted earth fault setting checks 18

5.3.1 Checking REF sensitivity 18

5.3.2 Checking REF through stability by primary injection 18

5.3.3 Verifying the trip output contact mapping (secondary injection) 19

5.4 Check application settings 19

5.4.1 Checking that the correct settings group is active 19

CM 5.4.2 Checking that the protection is switched on 19

5.4.3 Checking that no blocking of output relays is inadvertently left applied 19

5.4.4 Checking that the primary protection function (differential) is enabled 20

5.4.5 Ensuring that all records and memories have been reset 20

5.5 Check correct display of status LEDs 20

6. ON-LOAD CHECKS 21
6.1 Confirm current and voltage transformer wiring 21

6.1.1 Voltage connection 21

6.1.2 Current connections 21

7. FINAL CHECKS 21
8. P63X COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD 22
9. “As-Fitted” Settings Record 28
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-3

1. INTRODUCTION
MiCOM P63x transformer protection relays are fully numerical in their design, implementing
all protection and non-protection functions in software. The relays employ a high degree of
self-checking and, in the unlikely event of a failure, will give an alarm. As a result of this, the
commissioning tests do not need to be as extensive as with non-numeric electronic or
electro-mechanical relays.
To commission numeric relays, it is only necessary to verify that the hardware is functioning
correctly and the application-specific software settings have been applied to the relay. It is
considered unnecessary to test every function of the relay if the settings have been verified
by one of the following methods:

 Extracting the settings applied to the relay using appropriate setting software (preferred
method - using MiCOM S1)

 Via the operator interface


Unless previously agreed to the contrary, the customer will be responsible for determining
the application-specific settings to be applied to the relay and for testing of any scheme logic
applied by external wiring and/or configuration of the relay’s internal programmable scheme
logic.
Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the
contents of the Safety Guide (SFTY/4L M/C11) or later issue, or the Safety and
Technical Data sections of this Technical Manual and also the ratings on the
equipment’s rating label.
The MiCOM P63x relay must not be disassembled in any way during commissioning.

CM
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-4 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

2. PRODUCT FAMILIARISATION

2.1 Settings
When commissioning a MiCOM P63x relay for the first time, sufficient time should be allowed
to become familiar with the method by which the settings are applied.
With the secondary front cover in place all keys except the ENTER key are accessible. With
the cover fitted, no protection or configuration settings can be changed.
Removing the secondary front cover allows access to all keys so that settings can be
changed, LED’s and alarms reset, and fault and event records cleared. However, for setting
and configuration cells, the appropriate password has to be entered before changes can be
made.
Alternatively, if a portable PC is available together with suitable setting software (such as
MiCOM S1), the menu can be viewed a page at a time to display a full column of data and
text. This PC software also allows settings to be entered more easily, saved to a file on disk
for future reference or printed to produce a setting record. Refer to the PC software user
manual for details. If the software is being used for the first time, allow sufficient time to
become familiar with its operation.

2.2 Reference to menu addresses


To simplify the specifying of menu cell locations in these Commissioning Instructions, they
will be given in the form [menu address: FUNCTION GROUP, Cell Description].
When using MiCOM S1 software, the toolbar command Edit… Find… can be used to jump
directly to a chosen address.

2.3 Module positions


Each internal circuit board/module has its connections terminated at a block on the rear of
the relay. The slot position of each module is numbered from 01 to 20, with slot 01 on the
left, and slot 20 at the right (viewed from rear), for 84TE case size relays. For 40TE cases,
slots run from 01 to 10. Each module also has a generic alpha identifier: A, T, V, X, Y used in
documentation, used to abbreviate its purpose (e.g. V denotes a power supply module).

CM 2.4 Terminal references


All terminals are prefixed by identifier X, and then a numeric location. The first two digits of
the location denote the module slot position as described above. Thus, X20nn would be
connection number “nn” for the terminal block in slot 20.
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-5

3. EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR COMMISSIONING

3.1 Minimum equipment required


Multifunctional current and voltage injection test set.
Multimeter with suitable ac current range, and ac and dc voltage ranges of 0 - 300V.
Continuity tester (if not included in multimeter)

3.2 Optional equipment


Multi-finger test plug type P992 (if test block type P991 installed) or MMLB (if using MMLG
blocks)
An electronic or brushless insulation tester with a dc output not exceeding 500V (for
insulation resistance testing when required).
A portable PC, with appropriate MiCOM S1 software (this enables the rear communications
port to be tested, if this is to be used, and will also save considerable time during
commissioning).
EIA(RS)485 to EIA(RS)232 converter, if rear communications ports COMM1 and COMM2
are to be tested. Example converter is AREVA type CK222.
A printer (for printing a setting record from the portable PC).

CM
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-6 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

4. PRODUCT CHECKS
These product checks cover all aspects of the relay which should be checked to ensure that
it has not been physically damaged prior to commissioning, is functioning correctly and all
input quantity measurements are within the stated tolerances.
If the application-specific settings have been applied to the relay prior to commissioning, it is
advisable to make a copy of the settings so as to allow their restoration later. This could be
done by:

 Obtaining a setting file on a diskette from the customer (this requires a portable PC with
appropriate setting software for transferring the settings from the PC to the relay)

 Extracting the settings from the relay itself (this again requires a portable PC with
appropriate setting software)

4.1 With the relay de-energised


The following group of tests should be carried out without the auxiliary supply being applied
to the relay and with the trip circuit isolated.
The current and voltage transformer connections must be isolated from the relay for these
checks. If a P991 or MMLG test block is provided, the required isolation can easily be
achieved by inserting test plug type P992/MMLB which effectively open-circuits all wiring
routed through the test block.
Before inserting the test plug, reference should be made to the scheme (wiring) diagram to
ensure that this will not potentially cause damage or a safety hazard. For example, the test
block may be associated with protection current transformer circuits. It is essential that the
sockets in the test plug which correspond to the current transformer secondary windings are
shorted. In the case of an MMLB test plug, the user must make the shorts manually on the
plug BEFORE it is inserted into the MMLG test block.
Danger: Never open circuit the secondary circuit of a current transformer since
the high voltage produced may be lethal and could damage insulation.
Danger: For pin terminal relays, never disconnect the T module terminal block -
it is NOT a shorting block, and CT connections will be open circuited.
If a test block is not provided, the voltage transformer supply to the relay should be isolated
CM by means of the panel links or connecting blocks. The line current transformers should be
short-circuited and disconnected from the relay terminals. Where means of isolating the
auxiliary supply and trip circuit (e.g. isolation links, fuses, MCB, etc.) are provided, these
should be used. If this is not possible, the wiring to these circuits will have to be
disconnected and the exposed ends suitably terminated to prevent them from being a safety
hazard.

4.1.1 Visual inspection


Carefully examine the relay to see that no physical damage has occurred since installation.
The rating information given under the top access cover on the front of the relay should be
checked to ensure it is correct for the particular installation.
Ensure that the case earthing connection, is used to connect the relay to a local earth bar
using a conductor of minimum cross-sectional area 2.5mm 2. The case earth should be
verified, made tight to the side of the case by nut/bolt.

4.1.2 Insulation resistance


Insulation resistance tests are only necessary during commissioning if it is required for them
to be done and they have not been performed during installation.
Isolate all wiring from the earth and test the insulation with an electronic or brushless
insulation tester at a dc voltage not exceeding 500V. Terminals of the same circuits should
be temporarily connected together.
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-7

The main groups of relay terminals are:

 Voltage transformer circuits (situated on module(s) T)

 Current transformer circuits (situated on module(s) T)

 Power supply (situated on module V)

 Opto-isolated binary inputs, situated on V and X/Y (populated slots)

 Relay output contacts, situated on V and X/Y (populated slots). Also, milliamp current
loop measured inputs and outputs, situated on module Y.

 EIA(RS)485 COMM1 and COMM2 ports, situated on module A (slot 02)

The insulation resistance should be greater than 100M at 500V.


On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly
reconnected to the relay.

4.1.3 External wiring


Check that the external wiring is correct to the relevant relay diagram or scheme diagram.
The relay diagram number appears on the rating label under the top access cover on the
front of the relay, written in the form P63x.4xx.
If a P991 or MMLG test block is provided, the connections should be checked against the
scheme (wiring) diagram. Check the wiring against the schematic diagram for the
installation to ensure compliance with the customer’s normal practice.

4.1.4 Auxiliary supply


The P63x relay can be operated from either a dc only or an ac/dc auxiliary supply depending
on the relay’s nominal supply rating. The incoming voltage must be within the operating
range specified in Table 9-1.
Without energizing the relay measure the auxiliary supply to ensure it is within the operating
range.

Nominal Supply Rating DC [AC rms] DC Operating Range AC Operating Range


24V [N/A] 19.2 to 26.4V - CM
48 - 250V [100 - 230V] 38 to 275V 80 to 254V

Table 1: Operational range of auxiliary supply Vx


It should be noted that the P63x relay can withstand an ac ripple of up to 12% of the upper
rated voltage on the dc auxiliary supply.
Do not energise the relay using the battery charger with the battery disconnected as
this can irreparably damage the relay’s power supply circuitry.
Energize the relay only if the auxiliary supply is within the specified operating ranges, and
also the power supply protective earth/ground connection is connected. The ground
conductor is connected to V module terminal X__27 (ring terminal relay) or X__39 (pin
terminal relay), and the minimum wire cross section is 1.5mm 2. If a test block is provided, it
may be necessary to link across the front of the test plug to connect the auxiliary supply to
the relay.

4.2 With the relay energised


The following group of tests verify that the relay hardware and software is functioning
correctly and should be carried out with the auxiliary supply applied to the relay.
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-8 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

The current and voltage transformer connections must remain isolated from the relay for
these checks. The trip circuit should also remain isolated to prevent accidental operation of
the associated circuit breaker.

4.2.1 Power-up verification


On application of the supply voltage, the P63x will start-up. During start-up LEDs will flash,
and the display will show a sequence of arrows on the LCD display >>>>>. After
approximately 15s the display will stabilize showing “P63x”, and the relay is ready. Verify
that the “HEALTHY” LED is illuminated.
If no settings have previously been applied to the relay, the “OUT OF SERVICE” LED may
also be showing.

4.2.2 Date and time


The date and time should now be set to the correct values. The method of setting will
depend on whether accuracy is being maintained via the optional Inter-Range
Instrumentation Group standard B (IRIG-B) port on the rear of the relay.

4.2.3 With an IRIG-B signal


If a satellite time clock signal conforming to IRIG-B is provided and the relay has the optional
IRIG-B port fitted at slot 02, the satellite clock equipment should be energized.
To allow the relay’s time and date to be maintained from an external IRIG-B source cell
[056.072: Settings/Configuration/IRIGB, IRIG-B Time Sync] must be set to ‘Enabled’ and
[023.200: .../Configuration/IRIGB, General Enable USER] must be set to ‘Yes’.
Ensure the relay is receiving the IRIG-B signal by checking that cell [023.202: Measurements
+ Tests/Measurements/Log. State Signals/IRIGB, Synchron. Ready] reads ‘Yes’.
Once the IRIG-B signal is active, adjust the time offset of the universal co-ordinated time
(satellite clock time) on the satellite clock equipment so that local time is displayed.
Check the time is correct in cell [003.091: Measurements + Tests/Measurements/Analog
Readings/MAIN, Time]. The IRIG-B signal does not contain the current year so it will need to
be set manually in the date cell. Set the year in cell [003.090: …/MAIN, Date], and verify the
date shown is correct.
CM In the event of the auxiliary supply failing, the time and date will be maintained. Therefore,
when the auxiliary supply is restored, the time and date will be correct and not need to be set
again.
To test this, remove the IRIG-B signal, then remove the auxiliary supply from the relay.
Leave the relay de-energized for approximately 30 seconds. On re-energisation, the date
and time in cells 003.090 and 003.091 should be correct.
Reconnect the IRIG-B signal.

4.2.4 Without an IRIG-B signal


If the time and date is not being maintained by an IRIG-B signal, ensure that cell [056.072] is
set to ‘Disabled’
Set the date and time to the correct local time and date using cells [003.091: Measurements
+ Tests/Measurements/Analog Readings/MAIN, Time] and [003.090: …/MAIN, Date].
In the event of the auxiliary supply failing, the time and date will be maintained. Therefore,
when the auxiliary supply is restored, the time and date will be correct and not need to be set
again.
To test this, remove the auxiliary supply from the relay for approximately 30 seconds. On
re-energisation, the date and time in cells 003.090 and 003.091 should be correct.
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-9

4.2.5 Light emitting diodes (LEDs)


On power up the green LED should have illuminated and stayed on indicating that the relay
is HEALTHY. (The Out of Service LED will also be lit if no settings have yet been applied to
the relay). Any LEDs still illuminated from previous faults or injection tests should be reset
by pressing the CLEAR (“C”) key.
Check that on pressing the “C” key ALL LED indicators momentarily light and then
extinguish.
Check and record that the HEALTHY LED remains lit.

4.2.6 Opto inputs


This test checks that all the opto-isolated inputs on the relay are functioning correctly.
The opto-isolated inputs should be energized one at a time, as per the external wiring
diagram. Ensure correct polarity, with the positive battery voltage applied to the lowest
numbered terminal, and negative to the highest number for the input concerned (e.g. Opto
input U2001 for the ring terminal relay should be energized at terminals X2018 (+ve) and
X2019 (-ve)).
If possible, the voltage applied to the opto should be generated by operation of the item of
plant which that opto normally monitors e.g. if an opto input is assigned to 52b (circuit
breaker open), then correct wire routing and indication is best ascertained by movement of
the real contacts, or a test short connected across them.
Opto inputs are polarity sensitive, and DC rated only. Do not energise from an
alternating current supply.
The status of each opto-isolated input can be viewed in the Measurements + Tests
subheading in the menu, under Measurements/I.O Status Monitor, example cell for opto
input U2001 [153.086: Measurements + Tests/Measurements/I.O. Status Monitor/INP, State
U 2001]. A de-energized input is indicated by the display ‘Low’, and when an input is
energized the display should read ‘High’.

4.2.7 Output relays


This test checks that all the output relays are functioning correctly. It can also be used to
verify that output contact wiring is routed to the correct location, via the panel/cubicle wiring. CM
Connect a continuity tester across the terminals corresponding to the output relay being
tested, as given in the external connection diagram.
Output contacts will be operated by manual commands - ensure that contact
operation is permitted, without dangerous/unwanted consequences. For example,
operation of contacts assigned to trip or close duties should only be undertaken if the
CB is locked for no operation, or if operation is permitted.
The output relays should be energized one at a time. The means of operating contacts is
within the Control and Testing sub-heading in the menu, via the heading Measurements +
Tests. The user first selects which contact should be operated, at cell [003.042:
Measurements + Tests/Control + Testing/OUTP, Relay Assign. f.Test]. The contact to be
operated is selected by scrolling down the list and selecting Configure.
Once configured, stepping down to the next cell in the menu [003.043: …/OUTP, Relay Test]
allows the user to apply the test by selecting ‘Execute’. With default settings, the selected
contact will be operated for 1 second. Operation will be confirmed by the continuity tester
operating for a normally open contact and ceasing to operate for a normally closed contact.

Note: It should be ensured that thermal ratings of anything connected to the


output relays during the contact test procedure is not exceeded by the
associated output relay being operated for too long. It is therefore
advised that the time between application and removal of contact test
is kept to the minimum.
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-10 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

4.2.8 Rear communications port(s): COMM1 and COMM2 (if used)


This test should only be performed where the relay is to be accessed from a remote location
and will vary depending on the communications standard being adopted.
It is not the intention of the test to verify the operation of the complete system from the relay
to the remote location, just the relay’s rear communications port and any protocol converter
necessary.

4.2.8.1 IEC60870-5-103 communications COMM1


Connect a portable PC running the appropriate IEC60870-5-103 Master Station software to
the relay’s EIA(RS)485 port via an EIA(RS)485 to EIA(RS)232 interface convertor. It is
strongly recommended that MiCOM S1 software is used for this test, as it uses the - 103
protocol for its communication.
Where the communication is - 103 protocol over fiber optic, the appropriate fiber link will
need to be made and tested.
Ensure that the Relay/Octet communication address, Baud rate, and Parity settings in the
COMM1 configuration sub-heading are set to match the Master Station set-up.
Check that communications with this relay can be established.

4.2.8.2 MODBUS communications COMM1


Connect a portable PC running the appropriate MODBUS Master Station software to the
relay’s EIA(RS)485 port via a EIA(RS)485 to EIA(RS)232 interface convertor.
Ensure that the Relay/Octet communication address, Baud rate, and Parity settings in the
COMM1 configuration sub-heading are set to match the Master Station set-up.
Check that communications with this relay can be established.

4.2.8.3 DNP3.0 interface COMM1


Connect a portable PC running the appropriate DNP3 Master Station software to the relay’s
EIA(RS)485 port via a EIA(RS)485 to EIA(RS)232 interface convertor.
Ensure that the Relay/Octet communication address, Baud rate, and Parity settings in the
CM COMM1 configuration sub-heading are set to match the Master Station set-up.
Check that communications with this relay can be established.

4.2.8.4 Courier interface COMM1


Connect a portable PC running the appropriate Courier Master Station software to the relay’s
EIA(RS)485 port via a EIA(RS)485 to EIA(RS)232 interface convertor.
Ensure that the Relay/Octet communication address, Baud rate, and Parity settings in the
COMM1 configuration sub-heading are set to match the Master Station set-up.
Check that communications with this relay can be established.

4.2.8.5 IEC60870-5-103 communications COMM2


This test is only valid for relays having a second communications port fitted, COMM2.
Connect a portable PC running MiCOM S1 software to the relay’s EIA(RS)485 port via a
EIA(RS)485 to EIA(RS)232 interface convertor. If the second port is being used for
an off-site MODEM link, remote access can be tested at this stage.
Ensure that the Relay/Octet communication address, Baud rate, and Parity settings in the
COMM1 configuration sub-heading are set to match the Master Station set-up.
Check that communications with this relay can be established.
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-11

4.2.9 PT100 temperature RTD probe (where fitted)


This tests that where ambient temperature compensation of the thermal protection is applied,
the RTD probe is connected/measuring correctly, and that the correct ambient temperature is
being measured.
To check correct RTD fitting:
[039.127 and 039.187: Measurements + Tests/Measurements/Log. State Signals/THRM1
and …/THRM2, CTA Error]

 Must show “No” error, and…


[004.154 and 004.174: Measurements + Tests/Measurements/Analog Readings/THRM1 and
…/THRM2, Coolant Temp. THx]

 Must show an ambient air temperature as expected

4.2.10 Apply application-specific settings


There are two methods of applying the settings to the relay:

 Transferring them from a pre-prepared setting file to the relay using a portable PC
running the appropriate software via the relay’s front EIA(RS)232 port, located under the
bottom access cover, or rear communications port. This method is preferred for
transferring function settings as it is much faster and there is less margin for error.

If a setting file has been created for the particular application and provided on a diskette,
this will further reduce the commissioning time and should always be the case where
application-specific programmable scheme logic is to be applied to the relay.

 Enter them manually via the relay’s operator interface

4.2.11 Current inputs


This test verifies that the accuracy of current measurement is within the acceptable
tolerances.
All relays will leave the factory set for operation at a system frequency of 50Hz. If
operation at 60Hz is required then this must be set in cell [010.030: Settings/Function
Settings/Global/MAIN, Frequency fn]. CM
To avoid spurious operation of protection elements during injection testing, ensure
that the Protection is disabled via cell [003.030: Settings/Function Settings
/Global/MAIN, Protection Enabled].
Apply current equal to the line current transformer secondary winding rating to each current
transformer input in turn, checking its magnitude using a multimeter. The corresponding
reading can then be checked under Communication… Cyclic Readout of Data… in the
S&R-103 menu. When reading the per unit (p.u.) measurements of current, the relevant
reading should be 1 (unity).
The measurement accuracy of the relay is ±1%. However, an additional allowance must be
made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.
Next, to check that all three phase CTs associated with one winding are of the same polarity,
the same current should be applied to phases A, B, and C - phase displaced as per a
balanced 3 phase set. This will be for phase angles A = 0o, B = -120o, C = 120o, for a
standard ABC phase rotation system.
Starting for end “a“ CTs, apply the balanced current, and check the measured residual
current for the winding - address [005.141; Current IN,a p.u.]. The residual current
measured should be less than 0.05 p.u.
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-12 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

 Repeat for end b

 For P633 and P634 - repeat for end c

 For P634 - repeat for end d


If high residual current is measured, one or more of the CT circuits for the end concerned
may have a problem (for example - an inverted connection).

4.2.12 Voltage input (where fitted)


Apply voltage equal to the line voltage transformer secondary winding rating to the VT input,
checking its magnitude using a multimeter. The corresponding reading can then be checked
under in the relay menu. When reading the per unit (p.u.) measurements of voltage, the
relevant reading should be 1 (unity).
The measurement accuracy of the relay is ±0.5%. However, an additional allowance must
be made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.

CM
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-13

5. SETTING CHECKS
The setting checks ensure that all of the application-specific relay settings (i.e. both the
relay’s function and programmable scheme logic settings), for the particular installation, have
been correctly applied to the relay.

Note (1): The trip circuit should remain isolated during these checks to prevent
accidental operation of the associated circuit breaker.

Note (2): If the user wishes the relay to be incapable of tripping the circuit
breaker by means of inhibiting the trip output contact(s), this can be
set at:

 [021.012: Settings/Function Settings/Global/MAIN, Trip Cmd.Block USER]. Set to “Yes”


to inhibit trip output contacts.

5.1 Demonstrate correct relay operation


The current and voltage tests have already demonstrated that the relay is within calibration,
thus the purpose of these tests is as follows:

 To determine that the primary protection function of the relay, differential protection, can
trip according to the correct application settings

 To verify correct setting of any restricted earth fault (REF) protection

 To verify correct assignment of the trip contacts, by monitoring the response to a


selection of fault injections

 The customer’s desired setting group to be left in-service after testing is used. This is
generally Setting Group SG1, and verification that the relay has the correct group
applied should be done by reading cell [003.062: Measurements +
Tests/Measurements/Log. State Signals/GROUP, Actual Setting Group]
To enable the protection elements, ensure that the Protection is “Yes (Enabled)” at
cell [003.030: Settings/Function Settings/Global/MAIN, Protection Enabled]

5.2 Differential protection setting checks


CM
5.2.1 Checking differential sensitivity
For single-side infeeding to an in-zone fault, the fault current characteristic crosses the first
knee of the tripping characteristic of the P63x, so that an injection test will find the Idiff>
setting [072.142] (for Setting Group SG1).
The current I to which the P63x responds for single-side feeding is calculated as follows:

I diff  I nom , z
I
kz

z: Ends a or b
Idiff>: Set differential minimum sensitivity
Inom,z: Nominal CT current of the P63x for the winding concerned
kz: Amplitude matching factor for winding [address 004.105 for HV]
The differential and restraining currents formed by the P63x are displayed as measured
operating data. They aid in assessing whether the connection of the P63x to the system
current transformers is correct. The display of differential and restraining currents is
prevented, however, if they fall below minimum thresholds that can be set by the user.
Connect the test equipment to the relay via the test block(s) taking care not to open-circuit
any CT secondary. If MMLG type test blocks are used, the live side of the test plug must be
provided with shorting links before it is inserted into the test block.
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-14 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

Apply balanced three-phase current slightly less than the Idiff> setting to the HV side CT
inputs only (these CTs are usually the input designated as “End a“). Observe that no trip
should occur, and the red Trip LED remains extinguished.
Ramp up the current until a trip occurs and the Trip LED illuminates.
Record the current at which the relay tripped. The measured current should be within +/-
10% of the Idiff> setting (relay accuracy 5%, plus test set accuracy 5%).

5.2.2 Checking differential through stability by primary injection


To check for through stability, it is preferable, especially for a new transformer installation to
simulate a through-fed external fault, by a real primary fault simulation. This is achieved by
placing a three phase bolted short circuit on the downstream side of the LV CTs, and
energizing the HV winding from a three phase medium voltage supply. Typically, the HV
winding is energized only from a voltage rated within the range 400 to 440V, to limit the
through fault current. In such a through fault scenario, the relay should not trip.
The procedure for primary testing is not covered here, as it must respect utility safety
rules, permits to work, sanctions for testing, etc.

5.2.3 Checking differential through stability by secondary injection


If primary injection to verify correct settings, vector group correction, and CT orientation is
not possible, secondary injection testing should be performed. For a two-winding
transformer, a fault current is simulated flowing out of the LV side, with a balancing set of
currents on one or two phases flowing into the HV side. If all settings and CT orientations
are correct, no trip should occur, and minimal differential current will be measured by the
relay. For a relay with more than two bias inputs (P633 and P634 models), the external fault
injection must be repeated for each additional set of CT inputs. For example, in a P633
there should be an injection for a through fed fault winding a to b, and then afterwards for
winding a to c.
During these tests, unbalanced faults will be simulated, which could cause restricted
earth fault, residual current, and negative sequence protection elements to operate.
As these elements are not being tested at this stage, they should be disabled in the
“Common Settings” section of the menu. For example, to temporarily disable REF_1
set [019.050: Settings/Function Settings/Common Settings/REF_1, General Enable
USER] = “No”.
CM Make a note of all functions whose General Enable USER setting must be restored to “Yes”
after the testing is completed.

5.2.4 Yy transformers, autotransformer and busbar applications


This test simulates current flowing through the transformer to an out-of-zone external fault.
In such applications, it is simple to inject a fault current flowing out of the A phase at end “b”.
Because the same zero sequence filtering setting is applied for the end a and end b inputs,
then if the current simulated is 1 per unit (1 p.u.) out of end b, the input current to balance at
end a is easy to determine.
For ease of injection, a single phase current equal to the CT secondary rating (1A or 5A) is
simulated to flow OUT on phase A, end b. On an automatic test set, use I NOM -180o.
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-15

To balance, a current is applied to one phase input at end a (the HV winding, in a


transformer application). The magnitude should be a current equal to K b / Ka x INOM, and at a
phase angle as shown below:

End b Current End a Current


Injected Phase (End b = LV) Injected Phase (End a - HV)
Yy0,
Autotrafo. and A INOM -180o A INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Busbar
Yy2 A INOM -180o C INOM . Kb / Ka -180o
Yy4 A INOM -180o B INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Yy6 A INOM -180o A INOM . Kb / Ka -180o
Yy8 A INOM -180o C INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Yy10 A INOM -180o B INOM . Kb / Ka -180o

Table 2: Through fault stability for Yy ends


The amplitude matching factors Ka and Kb can be found in the menu, at addresses
[004.105] and [004.106]. Note that in each case, Inom relates to the CT rating of the end
being injected.
Apply the fault currents for approximately one second. It should be observed that if end a
and end b CTs are in the correct orientation that no trip should occur. It is important too to
read the displayed “Diff. Current“ 1, 2 and 3 measurements in the relay menu, to check that
these measurements are low. These measurements must show less than 0.1 p.u. (10%), to
prove that a balance is achieved.
(The reason that the differential currents must be read is that in certain busbar applications
the Idiff> trip threshold may be set higher than Inom, so that even an incorrect CT connection
would not cause a trip). The differential current measurement displays are found in cell
[005.080] and onwards.
It is not necessary to repeat the injection for other phases, because their orientation has
already been proven to be in the same direction as for Phase A (when the “Current Inputs”
were checked).
CM
5.2.5 Dy and Yd applications
This test simulates current flowing through the transformer to an out-of-zone external fault.
In such applications, it is necessary to inject a fault current flowing out of the A phase on
whichever winding is the star (wye) end. For a Dy configuration it will be the LV side (end b),
for a Yd configuration it will be the HV side (end a). The star winding phase A shares the
same power transformer limb as two phases on the opposite side, such that a two phase
current loop will need to be injected to achieve a balance.
For ease of injection, a single phase current equal to the CT secondary rating (1A or 5A) is
simulated to flow OUT on phase A. On an automatic test set, use INOM -180o.
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-16 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

To balance, a current is applied to two phase CT inputs (delta side). The magnitude should
be a current equal to Kb / (3.Ka) x INOM, and at the phase angles as shown below:

Star End
Current Delta Side
Injected Current
(Star) Injected Loop
Phase
IA = INOM . Kb / 3Ka 0o
Dy1 or Yd11 A INOM -180o A-B
IB = INOM . Kb / 3Ka -180o
IC = INOM . Kb / 3Ka 0o
Dy3 or Yd9 A INOM -180 o
C-B
IB = INOM . Kb / 3Ka -180o
IC = INOM . Kb / 3Ka 0o
Dy5 or Yd7 A INOM -180o C-A
IA = INOM . Kb / 3Ka -180o
IB = INOM . Kb / 3Ka 0o
Dy7 or Yd5 A INOM -180o B-A
IA = INOM . Kb / 3Ka -180o
IB = INOM . Kb / 3Ka 0o
Dy9 or Yd3 A INOM -180o B-C
IC = INOM . Kb / 3Ka -180o
IA = INOM . Kb / 3Ka 0o
Dy11 or Yd1 A INOM -180 o
A-C
IC = INOM . Kb / 3Ka -180o

Table 3: Through fault stability for delta-star ends


The amplitude matching factors Ka and Kb can be found in the menu, at addresses
[004.105] and [004.106]. Note that in each case, Inom relates to the CT rating of the end
being injected.
The delta side loop current may be applied as two separate current outputs from a test set,
or one current looped out through the first phase specified, and returning back through the
latter phase input.
Apply the fault currents for approximately one second. It should be observed that if end a
and end b CTs are in the correct orientation that no trip should occur. It is important too to
CM read the displayed “Diff. Current“ 1, 2 and 3 measurements in the relay menu, to check that
these measurements are low. These measurements must show less than 0.1 p.u. (10%), to
prove that a balance is achieved.
The differential current measurement displays are found in cell [005.080] and onwards.
It is not necessary to repeat the injection for other phases, because their orientation has
already been proven to be in the same direction as for Phase A (when the “Current Inputs“
were checked).

5.2.6 Dd applications
This test simulates current flowing through the transformer to an out-of-zone external fault.
In many such applications, there may be in-zone earthing transformers, so it easiest to
simulate an external phase-phase fault, to avoid simulating a zero sequence current. If the
current simulated is 1 per unit (1 p.u.) out of end b, the input current to balance at end a is
easy to determine. In the simplest application of a Dd0 transformer, an A-B fault is simulated
flowing out of the LV side, fed by an A-B loop input on the HV side.
For ease of injection, a loop current equal to the CT secondary rating (1A or 5A) is simulated
to flow OUT on phase A, end b, and looping back through phase B, end b. On an automatic
test set, use INOM -180o. Because four phase CT inputs to the relay will be energized at
once, it is necessary that the test set output current for this LV side is set as a single phase
but looping through two phase CT inputs.
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-17

To balance, a loop current is applied at end a (the HV winding). The magnitude should be a
current equal to Kb/Ka x INOM, and at a phase angle as shown below. Again, the test set is
configured to generate only one single phase output for this winding, looped through two
phase CT inputs - thus in total the output requirements can be satisfied by a test set typically
having only up to 3 current outputs.

End b Current End a Current


Injected Phase (End b - LV) Injected Phase (End a - HV)
Dd0 A-B INOM -180o A-B INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Dd2 A-B INOM -180o C-B INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Dd4 A-B INOM -180o C-A INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Dd6 A-B INOM -180o B-A INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Dd8 A-B INOM -180o B-C INOM . Kb / Ka 0o
Dd10 A-B INOM -180o A-C INOM . Kb / Ka 0o

Table 4: Through fault stability for Dd ends


The amplitude matching factors Ka and Kb can be found in the menu, at addresses
[004.105] and [004.106]. Note that in each case, Inom relates to the CT rating of the end
being injected.
Apply the fault currents for approximately one second. It should be observed that if end a
and end b CTs are in the correct orientation that no trip should occur. It is important too to
read the displayed “Diff. Current“ 1, 2 and 3 measurements in the relay menu, to check that
these measurements are low. These measurements must show less than 0.1 p.u. (10%), to
prove that a balance is achieved.
The differential current measurement displays are found in cell [005.080] and onwards.
It is not necessary to repeat the injection for other phases, because their orientation has
already been proven to be in the same direction as for Phase A (when the “Current Inputs“
were checked).

5.2.7 Differential stability - summary


It must be ensured that each winding has been covered during the external fault simulations.
For example:
CM
 For a P634 used in a mesh/busbar protection scheme, the stability test should be
performed 3 times: (1) End a-b, (2) End a-c, (3) End a-d. The Yy injection test case
would be used for each test

 For a P633 protecting a Yd transformer with an HV winding fed from two ring-bus CT
inputs (summated HV from end a + end b), the stability test would be performed 2 times:
(1) End a-b, (2) End a-c. The Yy test would be used for (1), and the Yd test for (2)

5.2.8 Verifying the trip output contact mapping


At the test set, retain the same injection currents as per the last stability test, but invert the
LV side (end b) current(s) to simulate an internal fault. This effectively simulates a double
end fed fault. To verify correct mapping feed the trip contacts that would be expected to trip
the circuit breaker into the injection test set, to observe that the contact closes correctly.
Apply the fault current for 100ms - check and record the tripping time.
At this stage, make sure that any protection elements which were disabled by a USER
command to permit differential testing, are now restored to “Enabled”.
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-18 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

5.3 Restricted earth fault setting checks

5.3.1 Checking REF sensitivity


These tests are performed on a per winding basis, for all elements (REF_1, REF_2, REF_3)
that are used in the application. The tripping sensitivity for the REF differential protection of
one winding with a single end infeed is given by:

I diff  I nom , z
I
kz

z: REF_1, 2 or 3
Idiff>: Set REF minimum sensitivity
Inom,z: Nominal phase CT current of the P63x for the winding concerned
kz: Amplitude matching factor for Y CT input [address 004.163 for REF_1]
First start with REF_1 if enabled. Apply a current slightly less than the Idiff> setting to the I Y
CT input for that winding only. Observe that no trip should occur, and the red Trip LED
remains extinguished.
Ramp up the current until a trip occurs and the Trip LED illuminates.
Record the current at which the relay tripped. The measured current should be within +/-
10% of the Idiff> setting (relay accuracy 5%, plus test set accuracy 5%).

Note: If the REF is providing low-impedance balanced earth fault protection


for a delta winding, there will be no IY input connected. In such cases,
inject instead into the A phase CT input for the winding concerned,
and take the Kz matching factor from address [004.160]. In such
cases it may be necessary to temporarily disable other protection
elements that may trip, in order to view only REF operation.
In high impedance REF applications, take care that the injection test set is able to
support the connected burden of the stabilising resistor. If not, the test injection may
need to be made directly into the relay IY input terminals.

CM Remember to repeat the REF tests for each winding where it is implemented.

5.3.2 Checking REF through stability by primary injection


Where REF is providing low-impedance balanced earth fault protection for delta windings,
then no additional testing is required. This is because no I Y CT input is connected, and all
phase CT orientations have already been proven to be in the same sense.
In all high impedance applications, and all applications to protect grounded star (wye)
windings, it will not be possible to prove that all input CTs have the correct directionality,
without a primary injection test.
To check for through stability, it is important, especially for a new transformer installation to
simulate a through-fed external earth fault, by a primary fault simulation. This is achieved by
temporarily shorting the entire A-phase winding to the star point, and then circulating fault
current in a loop through the A-phase CT primary, the short, and the I Y CT primary. In such a
through fault scenario, the relay should not trip.
The procedure for primary testing is not covered here, as it must respect utility safety rules,
permits to work, sanctions for testing, etc.
It is important that the primary injection test is undertaken for the REF function,
because even stability with loadflow cannot be used as a test of REF stability. Whilst
balanced load is flowing, there is no way of knowing whether the star point-ground CT
is correctly oriented. Thus, an installation might falsely appear correct on-load - until
such time as an external earth fault happens on the system, and a maloperation could
occur.
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-19

5.3.3 Verifying the trip output contact mapping (secondary injection)


At the test set, make the same connections and settings as per the REF sensitivity test,
however the current injection should be set to Inom (1A or 5A). To verify correct mapping
feed the trip contacts that would be expected to trip the circuit breaker into the injection test
set, to observe that the contact closes correctly.
Apply the fault current for 100ms - check and record the tripping time.
Repeat the REF tests for other windings, as appropriate.

5.4 Check application settings


Upon completion of the tests any protection or supervision elements which were
disabled for testing purposes must have their application settings restored. It is not
essential to injection test non-differential elements, as the basic integrity of the
setting file, and relay calibration have already been verified.
The settings applied should be carefully checked against the required application-specific
settings to ensure that they are correct, and have not been mistakenly altered during the
injection test.
There are two methods of checking the settings:

 Extract the settings from the relay using a portable PC running MiCOM S1 software via
the front EIA(RS)232 port, located under the bottom access cover, or rear
communications port. Compare the settings transferred from the relay with the original
written application-specific setting record. (For cases where the customer has only
provided a printed copy of the required settings but a portable PC is available)

 Step through the settings using the relay’s operator interface and compare them with the
original application-specific setting record
It is very important that the key settings below are investigated:

5.4.1 Checking that the correct settings group is active


Ensure that the active setting group left applied is as expected. In the menu, navigate to:

 [003.062: Measurements + Tests/Measurements/Log. State Signals/GROUP, Actual


Setting Group] CM
 Read out and record the setting group shown, Setting Group SGx

5.4.2 Checking that the protection is switched on


Ensure that this is set to “Yes (Enabled)”. In the menu, navigate to:

 [003.030: Settings/Function Settings/Global/MAIN, Protection Enabled]

 Read out and record that this shows “Yes (Enabled)”

5.4.3 Checking that no blocking of output relays is inadvertently left applied


In the menu, navigate to both of the following addresses to check that no User
programmable inhibits (blocks) on contact operation remain. All should show “No”.

 [021.014: Settings/Function Settings/Global/OUTP, USER Outp rel Block]

 [021.012: Settings/Function Settings/Global/MAIN, Trip Cmd.Block USER]


P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-20 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

5.4.4 Checking that the primary protection function (differential) is enabled


In the menu, navigate to all of the following addresses to check that the display reads
“Enabled” or “Yes” in each instance:

 [056.027: Settings/Configuration/DIFF, Differential PR (87)]

 [019.080: Settings/Function Settings/Common Settings/DIFF, General Enable USER]

 [07y.152: Settings/Function Settings/Setting Group SGx/DIFF, Enable]


Note that address “y” is the required setting group “x”, plus one.

5.4.5 Ensuring that all records and memories have been reset
In the menu, navigate to both of the following addresses to execute resetting. The general
reset is password protected… (Input the password, which by default is a press of the four
arrow keys <>, left-right-up-down in sequence. Press ENTER, and if the password has
been accepted the EDIT mode LED will light. The up or down key can now be used to toggle
the setting to “Execute”, then press ENTER.)

 [003.002: Measurements + Tests/Control and Testing/MAIN, General Reset]

 [003.008: Measurements + Tests/Control and Testing/MT_RC, Reset Recording]

5.5 Check correct display of status LEDs


The status of the 5 LED indicators on the left hand-side of the relay front panel should be
checked.

 The TRIP LED should not be showing

 The ALARM LED should not be showing

 The OUT OF SERVICE LED should not be showing

 The green HEALTHY LED must be illuminated

 The ENTER/edit mode LED should not be showing

CM
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-21

6. ON-LOAD CHECKS
The objectives of the on-load checks are to:

 Confirm the external wiring to the current and voltage inputs is correct
However, these checks can only be carried out if there are no restrictions preventing the
energisation of the plant being protected.
Remove all test leads, temporary shorting leads, etc. and replace any external wiring that
has been removed to allow testing.
If it has been necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the relay in
order to perform any of the foregoing tests, it should be ensured that all connections
are replaced in accordance with the relevant external connection or scheme diagram.
When advised by the system operator that it is permitted to energise the primary
circuit, arrange for the protected transformer to be made live by closing the circuit
breaker. This will make VT and CT circuits live.

6.1 Confirm current and voltage transformer wiring

6.1.1 Voltage connection


For the voltage input to the relay, verify that the analog reading is as expected. When
reading the per unit (p.u.) measurement of voltage, the relevant reading should be 1 (unity)
when the line voltage is equal to the [010.002: Settings/Function Settings/Global/MAIN, Vn
V.T. prim.] setting in kV.

6.1.2 Current connections


For each current input to the relay, verify that the analog reading is as expected. When
reading the per unit (p.u.) measurements of current, the relevant reading should be 1 (unity)
when the line current is equal to the [In C.T. prim.] setting in A.

7. FINAL CHECKS
The tests are now complete.
Remove all test or temporary shorting leads, etc. If it has been necessary to CM
disconnect any of the external wiring from the relay in order to perform the wiring
verification tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in
accordance with the relevant external connection or scheme diagram.
If a P991/MMLG test block is installed, remove the P992/MMLB test plug and replace the
cover so that the protection is put into service.
If applicable, replace the secondary front cover on the relay.
The green HEALTHY LED must be illuminated
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-22 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

8. P63x COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD


Date:                 Engineer:      

Substation:       Circuit:      

System Frequency:      

Front Plate Information

Model No. P63     


Variant P63     -     -3     -4     -6     -     -     -     -
Serial Number/MM/YY
(includes month and year of       /       /      
manufacture)
Front Plate Station Rating Used
Rated Current In 1A 5A       A
Rated Voltage Vn 50 - 130V       V
Auxiliary Voltage Vx             V

Test Equipment Used

This section should be completed to allow future identification of protective devices that have been
commissioned using equipment that is later found to be defective or incompatible but may not be
detected during the commissioning procedure.

Model:      
Injection test set
Serial No:      
CM Model:      
Multimeter
Serial No:      
Model:      
Insulation tester
Serial No:      
Type: MiCOM S1
Setting software
Version:      
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-23

*Tick as appropriate
Have all relevant safety instructions
Yes* No*
been followed?

Product Checks
With the Relay De-Energized
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
Relay damaged? Yes* No*
Rating information correct for installation? Yes* No*
Case earth installed? Yes* No*
Insulation resistance >100M at 500V dc Yes* No* Not Tested*

External Wiring
Wiring checked against diagram? Yes* No*
Test block connections checked? Yes* No* N/A*

Measured auxiliary supply V ac* V dc*


Power supply protective earth installed? Yes* No*

With the Relay Energized


Healthy LED illuminated after power-up? Yes* No*

Date and Time


Clock set to local time? Yes* No*
Time maintained when auxiliary supply removed? Yes* No*
CM

Light Emitting Diodes


All LEDs illuminate on press of “C” key? Yes* No*

Input Opto-Isolators (Starting from Right Side)


Opto input U___ working? Yes* No*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-24 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*


Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*
Opto input U___ working? Yes* No* N/A*

Output Relays (Starting from Right Hand Side)


Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
CM
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Relay K___ Working? Yes* No* N/A*
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-25

COMM1 Communication Standard Courier* MODBUS*


IEC60870-5-103* DNP3.0*
UCA2.0*
Communications established? Yes* No*
Protocol converter tested? Yes* No* N/A*
COMM2 communications established? Yes* No*
MODEM tested? Yes* No* N/A*

UCA2 communications established? Yes* No* N/A*


RTD probe working? (where fitted) Yes* No* N/A*
Ambient temperature shown       ˚C

Setting Checks
Application-specific function settings applied? Yes* No*

Current Inputs
In end a CT Ratio (HV winding)      /      (prim/sec)
In end b CT Ratio      /      (prim/sec)
In end c CT Ratio      /      (prim/sec)
In end d CT Ratio      /      (prim/sec)
End a neutral CT Ratio      /      (prim/sec)
End b neutral CT Ratio      /      (prim/sec)
End c neutral CT Ratio      /      (prim/sec)

Input VT Applied Value Displayed Value CM


A, a (HV DIFF A phase input)       A       p.u.
B, a (HV DIFF B phase input)       A       p.u.
C, a (HV DIFF C phase input)       A       p.u.
A, b       A       p.u.
B, b       A       p.u.
C, b       A       p.u.
A, c       A       p.u. N/A*
B, c       A       p.u. N/A*
C, c       A       p.u. N/A*
A, d       A       p.u. N/A*
B, d       A       p.u. N/A*
C, d       A       p.u. N/A*
Y, a (REF)       A       p.u. N/A*
Y, b (REF)       A       p.u. N/A*
Y, c (REF)       A       p.u. N/A*
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-26 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

Voltage Input
VT Ratio N/A*      /      (prim/sec)

Input VT Applied Value Displayed Value


V       V       p.u. N/A*

Differential Element Tests


DIFF Idiff> pickup sensitivity OK Yes* No*
DIFF through fault stability (end a to b) OK Yes* No*
DIFF through fault stability (end a to c) OK Yes* No* N/A*
DIFF through fault stability (end a to d) OK Yes* No* N/A*
DIFF protection trip contact routing OK? Yes* No*
DIFF trip time       s
REF_1 pickup sensitivity OK Yes* No* N/A*
REF_1 through fault stability OK Yes* No* N/A*
REF_1 protection trip contact routing OK? Yes* No* N/A*
REF_1 trip time       s
REF_2 pickup sensitivity OK Yes* No* N/A*
REF_2 through fault stability OK Yes* No* N/A*
REF_2 protection trip contact routing OK? Yes* No* N/A*
REF_2 trip time       s
REF_3 pickup sensitivity OK Yes* No* N/A*
REF_3 through fault stability OK Yes* No* N/A*
REF_3 protection trip contact routing OK? Yes* No* N/A*

CM REF_3 trip time       s

Application-Specific Function Settings Verified? Yes* No* N/A*


Settings extracted and stored as filename….?      .x3v N/A*
Active setting group left applied       SG
Protection switched on? Yes* No*
Any user blocking of contacts? Yes* No*
Differential protection enabled Yes* No*
Records and memories reset Yes* No*
HEALTHY LED lit, and no alarms? Yes* No*

On-Load Checks
Test wiring removed? Yes* No* N/A*
Disturbed customer wiring re-checked? Yes* No* N/A*
Per unit voltage reading as expected? Yes* No* N/A*
Per unit current readings as expected? Yes* No*
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-27

Final Checks
Test wiring removed? Yes* No* N/A*
Disturbed customer wiring re-checked? Yes* No* N/A*
HEALTHY LED still showing? Yes* No*
Secondary front cover replaced? Yes* No* N/A*

CM
P63x/UK CM/A54 Commissioning

(CM) 9-28 MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634

           
Commissioning Engineer Customer Witness

Date:       Date:      

CM
Commissioning P63x/UK CM/A54

MiCOM P631, P632, P633, P634 (CM) 9-29

9. “AS-FITTED” SETTINGS RECORD


It is recommended that either a MiCOM S1 print-out of settings applied is attached to the
commissioning record here, or preferably the file is stored electronically. The setting file
must be saved and stored securely, for example held on a CDROM kept within the
substation.
Safe electronic storage, under the control of the customer’s quality system, will permit easy
re-use and/or modification of settings in the future.

CM