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Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research Louis Riel Institute
Chief Papaschase along with his six brothers and their families mo ed to the !dmonton area in the late "#$%s from the Lesser &la e Lake area' (hey normally tra elled and hunted in the )ort !dmonton* )ort +ssiniboia and Lesser &la e Lake areas for some time before making !dmonton their home' (heir band settled their and traded with the Hudson Bay Company and was employed with them from time to time' ,n +ugust -"* "#..* Chief Papaschase /also known as Passpasschase* Papastew* Pahpastayo* and 0ohn 1ladieu23uinn4 and his brother (ahkoots* a Headman* signed an adhesion to (reaty 5 on behalf of the Papaschase Band at )ort !dmonton' In "#..* the Hon' 6a id Laird* Lieutenant 1o ernor and Indian &uperintendent for the 7orth28est (erritories* recommended to the 6epartment of Indian +ffairs that sur eyors be sent to lay out Indian reser es for the !dmonton Bands* howe er* no action was taken by the )ederal 1o ernment to sur ey a reser e for the Papaschase Band until "##%' By "#.9* the buffalo had become irtually extinct and the Indians in the !dmonton area were suffering from se ere star ation' ,n +ugust -* "##%* 1eorge +' &impson* 6ominion Land &ur eyor* was instructed to sur ey the boundaries of Passpasschase Indian Reser e 7o' ":5 for the Papaschase Band' +ccording to &impson;s information* -<" members of the Papaschase Band were paid annuities in "#.9 so he promised Chief Papaschase that <# s=uare miles of land would be set apart as a reser e for the Band' (he )ederal 1o ernment should ha e known that in fact -<9 members of the Papaschase Band were paid annuities in "#.9 entitling the Band to at least <9'9 s=uare miles of reser e land' Chief Papaschase selected a reser e approximately four miles south of )ort !dmonton and &impson began to sur ey the reser e located within the present boundaries of the City of !dmonton' 8hen Chief Papaschase reali>ed he was not getting the si>e of the reser e he wanted* a dispute arose between him and Inspector ('P' 8adsworth /Inspector of Indian )arms and +gencies for the 6ept' of Indian +ffairs4' ,n +ugust :* "##%* Inspector 8adsworth maliciously transferred #< members of the Papaschase Band to a new treaty pay list he created for the ?!dmonton &tragglers@' (hen Inspector 8adsworth instructed &impson to sur ey no more than <% s=uare miles of reser e land fro the Papaschase Band and to not
set apart any land for the !dmonton &tragglers' ,n +ugust <* "##%* Inspector 8adsworth paid annuities to only "## members of the Papaschase Band' )rank ,li er* through his newspaper the Edmonton Bulletin ad ocated the remo al of the band and its surrender' + mass meeting was held in 0anuary ":* "##"* to petition &ir 0ohn +' Macdonald* the Prime Minister to pressure Canada into mo ing the Papaschase Band and obtain a surrender of IR ":5 for sale to non2Indians' (his incited a number of settlers to s=uat and trespass upon IR ":5' )rom "#.9 to "##5* (he )ederal 1o ernment of Canada did not pro ide necessary rations or relief to members of the Papaschase Band who were suffering from star ation' In the midst of the Riel Rebellion* the Half Breed &crip Commission arri ed in !dmonton on 0une :* "##$ offering scrip to people of mixed Indian and white ancestry* including any treaty status Indians who could show they were of Metis ancestry' (he commission issued scrip to -%- treaty Indians from 0une to 0uly* "##$' (wel e Papaschase members took scrip at this time' 8hen the Half Breed &crip Commission returned to !dmonton on 0uly :* "##5* the rest of the Papaschase Band moti ated by star ation* po erty and general discord o er CanadaAs failure to honour the terms of (reaty 5* re=uested scrip' (he Papaschase Band was reduced to only #- members* most of whom were elders* women and children' +fter recei ing scrip* Chief Papaschase and other members of the Band continued in the honest belief they could use and occupy IR ":5 because the )ederal 1o ernment contributed to this belief by allowing the Papaschase band to har est their crops in the fall of "##5' 0ames Brady" tells of Papachase coming to the assistance of his grandfather* Lawrence 1arneau* after 1arneau was imprisoned as a suspected Riel spy during the Resistance' Here Papasschayo- entered the scene' +fter the rebellion* considerable animosity and attitudes of re enge appeared among the +nglo2&axons against the defeated MBtis' In those days social aid and other amenities of the welfare state were unknown' My grandmother and ele en children were left destitute to shift for themsel es' (he 8hites* it seemed* without thinking about it* punished them for my grandfatherAs rebellious spirit' (hey would ha e star ed but for the enduring friendship* compassion and generosity of Papasschayo' )or during this period of imprisonment* they fed both the 1arneau and Candal families' My grandfather ne er forgot this /Ibid' <4'
0im Brady* ?(he 8isdom of Papasschayo* a Cree Medicine Man'@ The Brady Papers* 1lenbow Institute* n'd'* pp' :2<' Chief Papasschayo /also known as 0ohn 1ladieu23uinn* Papachase* Passpasschase* and Papastew4* his brothers* and their families were finessed and maneu ered into taking scrip in 0uly of "##5' (hey were henceforth referred to as ?(reaty Metis@ or Indians of Metis descent'
Later pressure from the railway and land speculators forced Papasschayo and his band off their land' (hey dispersed and wandered the alleys of the foothills of the Rockies' In "9%" 1arneau mo ed to the &t' Paul des MBtis colony "$% miles northeast of !dmonton' His sons and sons2in2law followed him to this location' (he area they inhabited became known as 1arneau Cillage' &e eral years later son2in2law 0ames Brady &r' /married to 1arneauAs daughter* Philomena4: also mo ed his family to this illage' Dears passed' (hree years later /"9%<4* and nearly twenty years after the rebellion* my grandfather heard that Papasschayo was old and in straightened circumstances' &o he Eourneyed to the foothills and brought the Chief back to &t' Paul des Metis' (he Cree band of earlier days had broken upF it now existed only in the memories of old timersGa comfortable cabin was built for Papasschayo across a small lake near our trading post* and here Papasschayo li ed with his two wi es' (he summer seasons were spent in the old style prairie teepees /Brady* op. cit'H 54' 0erry 3uinn of the Iikino Metis &ettlement born on 7o ember -:* "9"" was a grandson of Chief Papaschase and was inter iewed by Richard Lightning of (+RR in !dmonton in "9.$ and told the story of the family taking scrip and losing their reser e' Listed below are the Band members who took Metis &cripH Batteau* Headman* J-* was discharged from treaty on 0uly :%* "##5 with nine other members of his family includingH +ngeli=ue 1ladieu 3uin* nee ChattelainF +lexis 1ladieu 3uinF and Ceronica 8ard' Brenneau* &usanne J.9 /nee Batoche dit Letendre4 Brenneau* Pierre J.9 Mistickohoe was discharged from treaty on 0uly -:* "##5 as Pierre Brunneau with se en other members of his family includingH &usanne BrunneauF and Pascal Brunneau' Brenneau* 0oseph J.9 Bernard* 0oseph J<5 8apooscou was discharged from treaty on 0uly -5* "##5 as 0oseph Bernard* with se en other members of his family' Bernard* &usan J<5 Brunneau* Peggy J"
Philomena +rchange 1arneau was born at &trathcona* 78(* &eptember -<* "#.5' &he li ed in 8innipeg from "#9# to the time of her &crip +pplication in "9%"'&he became +lbertaAs first registered nurse of MBtis ancestry' &he married 0ames Brady &r' in !dmonton* on 7o ember -#* "9%$'
Brunneau* 0oe J" Brunneau* 0oseph J" Cummings* +braham J.. Cardinal* Pierre J.# Cardinal* Michel J.# Cardinal* +gnes J.# Cardinal* Mary J.# Chatellaine* Marianne J9% /nee Mistawasis4 Cardinal* )rancis J$)rancis was discharged from treaty on 0uly -:* "##5 as )rancois Cardinal with fi e other members of his family includingH &ophie Cardinal' Cardinal* Isabella J$/nee 3uinn4 Cardinal* &ophia J$Couteau* !llen Petit J$ 6ou=uette* &t' 0erne e J.. 6ecoyne* Isabella J.# 6eschamps* Cirginie J"%< 1ladieu* )rancois /Headman4 J: 6ischarged from treaty on 0uly -* "##5 as )rancis 1ladieu with three other members of his family includingH Catherine 1ladieuF !dward 1ladieuF and Charles 1ladieu' 1ladieu* !dward J: 1ladieu* 0ohn 6orion J: 1ladieu* !dward J"&hatooch was discharged from treaty on 0uly -5 as !dward 1ladieu 3uin with fi e other members of his family includingH &ophia 1ladieu 3uin
1ladieu* &ophie J"/nee Cardinal4 La Pointe* Marie J"9 La Pointe* 0ean Baptiste J"9 7adin* Pierre J-< Papin* Margaret J55 Maggie was discharged from treaty on 0uly 5* "##5 as Margaret Papin' Piche* Lambert J#5 Casscasscou was discharged from treaty on 0uly -<* "##5 as Lambert Peche* with one other member of his family' Paul* &usette J-. /nee 6umont4 &usette* was discharged from on +ugust -* "##5 as &usette Paul' Papaschase<* Chief dit 0ohn 3uinn or 0ohn 1ladieu J" was discharged from treaty on 0uly --* "##5 as 0ohn 1ladieu 3uin with fifteen of his family includingH 0ulia 1ladieu 3uin* nee BatocheF ,li er 1ladieu 3uinF 0ohn 1ladieu 3uin* 0r'F Peggy BrunneauF 0oseph BruneauF 0oe Brunneau 3uinn* 0ulia J" /nee Batoche4 3uinn dit 1ladieu* ,li er J" 3uinn dit 1ladieu* 0ohn 0r' J" 3uinn dit 1ladieu* 8illiam J $ ?(ahkoots@ J$ /Headman4$ was discharged from treaty on 0uly --* "##5 as 8illiam 1ladieu 3uin with ele en other members of his family includingH !llen Petite CouteauF His second wife* !mma* did not commute'
Papastew dit PapastayoH (he Chief was born in the Bea er Hills east of !dmonton' He was the son of 0ohn 3uinn /Iwenis4 and Li>ette 1ladu' His name means Big 8oodpecker in Cree' +t the age of -% he married 0ulie Batoche' He was also married to Peggy Bruneau dit Bruncan* Marguerite K* and Isabelle 6umont' His brothers wereH ?Batteau@ dit Charles 1ladu 3uinn* (ahkohc dit 8illiam 1ladu 3uinn* &atooch dit !dward 1ladu 3uinn* 1eorge Meechim dit 1eorge 1ladu 3uinn and +braham 1ladu 3uinn
+ brother of Papaschase'
3uinn dit 1ladieu* Charles /Headman4 J- was discharged from treaty on 0uly :%* "##5 with nine other members of his family includingH +ngeli=ue 1ladieu 3uinn* nee ChattelainF +lexis 1ladieu 3uinnF Ceronica 8ard' 3uinn* 0ean J/nee (homas4 3uinn dit 1ladieu* )rancis J- /Headman4 was discharged from treaty as )rancis 1ladieu on 0uly -* "##5 with three other members of his family includingH Catherine 1ladieuF !dward 1ladieuF Charles 1ladieu 3uinn* +ngeli=ue J/nee Chatellain4 3uinn dit 1ladieu* 1eorge J": 1eorge Meechum was discharged from treaty on 0uly -%* "##5 as 1eorge 1ladieu 3uin* with se en other members of his family includingH +nne 1ladieu 3uinF +lexis 1ladieu 3uin' 3uinn* +nnie J": /nee Paul4 3uinn* +lexandre J": 3uinn dit 1ladieu* +braham J"< +braham was discharged from treaty on 0uly :%* "##5 as +braham 1ladieu 3uin* with two other members of his family includingH Mary +nne 1ladieu 3uin' 3uinn* Mary +nn J"< /nee 1ladieu4 3uinn dit 1ladieu* Li>ette J:9 Lisette was discharged from treaty on 0uly :"* "##5 as Lisette 1ladieu 3uin' 3uinn dit 1ladieu* Mary J$. Iis2say2wah2kis2see was discharged from treaty on 0uly :"* "##5 as Mary 1ladieu 3uin' Rabasca* Cirginie Rowland* Pierre J< (ahpahchechekanus – Headman, was discharged from treaty on 0uly -:* "##5 as Pierre Rowand with six other members of his family members includingH !lise Rowand' Rowland* !lise J< /nee Collin4
&tewart* 0oseph J9. +lipischees* was discharged from treaty on 0uly -:* "##5 as 0oseph &tewart with three other members of his family includingH Marguarette &tewart' &tewart* Margaret J9. /nee LeCombe4 &imon* Louis J$$ (ourangeau* +lexandre J95 &eemaginish was discharged from treaty on 0uly -<* "##5 as +lexander (ourangeau* with two other members of his family' 8ard* Ceroni=ue J-
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