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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Division of Taguig City and Pateros
TAGUIG SCIENCE HIGH SCHOOL
5 ML Quezon Avenue San Miguel, Taguig City
SY 2018 – 2019 Second Semester

FINAL EXAMINATION in STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

MULTIPLE CHOICES. Read and identify the following sentences. Choose and blacken the circle that best
corresponds to the letter of your answer.

1. It is the number of value that a point estimate consists.


A. 1 B. 2 C. 10 D. infinite

2. It is the shapes of a random variable that is symmetrical and bell shaped.


A. graph B. pie graph C. normal curve D. line graph

3. It is a single value that may refer to a parameter value.


A. point estimate B. interval estimate C. z distribution D. t distribution

4. It is the value of the mean 𝜇 in a standard normal distribution.


A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. infinite

5. It is the best point estimate of the population mean.


A. 𝜎 B. x̅ C. 𝜇 D. all of those

6 – 8. Given the information: the sample population is normally distributed, n = 50, 𝜎 = 0.5, and x̅ = 18 Find;
6. The point estimate of the population mean.
A. 0.14 B. 0.5 C. 18 D. 50

7. The margin of error at 95% confidence.


A. 0.14 B. 0.5 C. 18 D. 50

8. The 95% confidence interval of the population mean.


A. [17.88, 18.14] B. [17.86, 18.41] C. [17.86, 18.14] D. [17.68, 18.14]

9 – 11. Given: n = 20, s = 3, and x̅ = 82.5. The parent population is normally distributed. Find;

9. The point estimate of the population mean.


A. 1.4 B. 3 C. 20 D. 82.5

10. The margin of error at 95% confidence.


A. 1.40 B. 3 C. 20 D. 82.5

11. The 95% confidence interval of the population mean.


A. [81.09, 83.9] B. [81.1, 83.9] C. [81.1, 82.9] D. [81.10, 82.9]

12. Given x = 120 and n = 406, the value of q̂ is -


𝟔 𝟔𝟎
A. 𝟐𝟑 B. 0.704 C. 0.296 D. 𝟐𝟎𝟑

13. If q̂ = 0.656, then p̂ is -


𝟑𝟐𝟖 𝟒𝟑 𝟖𝟐 𝟏𝟕𝟐
A. 𝟓𝟎𝟎 B. 𝟏𝟐𝟓
C. 𝟏𝟐𝟓
D. 𝟓𝟎𝟎

14 -16. A survey of 1000 students shows that 780 trust the Principal. Compute a 90% confidence interval for
the proportion of all students who trust Principal, where p̂ represent the proportion who trust the Principal
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14. The point estimate is -


𝟏𝟏 𝟑𝟗
A. 𝟓𝟎 B. 𝟓𝟎
C. 0.03 D. 0.02

15. The margin of error is -


𝟏𝟏 𝟑𝟗
A. 𝟓𝟎 B. 𝟓𝟎
C. 0.03 D. 0.02

16. The interval estimate of the proportion of all students who trust Principal is –
A. 75% to 81% B. 20% to 24% C. 76% to 80% D. 0.20 to 0.24

17– 22. A perfume company claims that the bestselling perfume contains at most 25% alcohol.
Twenty bottles where selected and found to have a mean of 29.7% and a standard deviation of 4.8%. Test
the claim of the perfume company at the 5% level of significance.

17. The null hypothesis is -


A. 𝜇 ≥ 25% B. 𝜇 ≤ 25% C. 𝜇 < 25% D. 𝜇 > 25%

18. The alternative hypothesis is -


A. 𝜇 ≥ 25% B. 𝜇 ≤ 25% C. 𝜇 < 25% D. 𝜇 > 25%

19. The critical value is -


A. ± 1.67 B. 1.729 C. – 2.093 D. ± 1.96

20. The computed test value is –


A. 4.37 B. – 4.37 C. 4.38 D. – 4.38

21. Decision:
A. Accept Ho B. Reject Ho C. Reject Ha D. A & C

22. Conclusion:
A. The bestselling perfume contains at most 25% alcohol.
B. The claim of the perfume company should be accepted
C. The bestselling perfume contains 25% alcohol.
D. The bestselling perfume contains greater than 25% alcohol.

23 – 28. A pill is supposed to contain 25.4 mg of phenobarbital (treatment of certain types of epilepsy) and
standard deviation of 0.95. A random sample of 30 pills yields a mean of 19.7mg. Are these pills accepted at
the 𝛼 = 0.05 significance level?

23. The null hypothesis is -


A. 𝜇 ≥ 25.4% B. 𝜇 ≤ 25.4% C. 𝜇 = 25.4% D. 𝜇 ≠ 25.4%

24. The alternative hypothesis is -


A. 𝜇 > 25.4% B. 𝜇 ≤ 25.4% C. 𝜇 < 25.4% D. 𝜇 ≠ 25.4%

25. The critical value is -


A. ± 2.045 B. – 1.96 C. ± 1.96 D. ± 1.699

26. The computed test value is –


A. 180 B. – 180 C. – 32.87 D. 32.87

27. Decision:
A. Accept Ho B. Reject Ho C. Reject Ha D. A & C

28. Conclusion:
A. A pill contains more than 25.4 mg of phenobarbital.
B. A pill is supposed to contain 25.4 mg of phenobarbital.
C. The pills should be accepted.
D. The pills should be not accepted.
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29 – 37. A certain health magazine stated that 14% of men said they used exercise to reduce stress. At
α = 0.05, test the claim wherein, from a random sample of 100 men who were selected, 10 said that they
used exercise to relieve stress.

29. The null hypothesis is –


A. 𝝆𝟎 = 14% B. 𝝆𝟎 ≠ 14% C. 𝝆𝟎 ≥ 14% D. 𝝆𝟎 ≤ 14%

30. The alternative hypothesis is –


A. 𝝆𝟎 = 14% B. 𝝆𝟎 ≠ 14% C. 𝝆𝟎 ≥ 14% D. 𝝆𝟎 ≤ 14%

31. The type of statistical test –


A. one - tailed B. two –tailed C. both D. all of these

32. The critical value -


A. ±1.96 B. ±1.65 C. – 1.65 D. – 1.96

33. The value of 𝝆𝟎 is –


A. 0.14 B. 0.10 C. - 0.14 D. – 1.33

34. The value of ρ is –


A. 0.14 B. 0.10 C. - 0.14 D. – 1.33

35. The computed test value is –


A. 1.15 B. – 1.15 C. 1.33 D. – 1.33

36. Decision:
A. accept Ho B. Reject Ha C. Accept Ha D. none

37. Conclusion:
A. Thus, the claim is correct.
B. Thus, the claim is incorrect
C. The proportion of men said they used exercise to reduce stress is not 14%.
D. All of these

38 – 50. A store manager wishes to find out whether there is relationship between the age of the employee
and the number of days they incur in a year. The data for the sample are shown. Calculate the correlation
coefficient (r) and describe the relationship in terms of strength and direction.

Employee Age (𝒙) Days(𝒚) 𝒙𝒚 𝒙𝟐 𝒚𝟐


A 18 16
B 26 12
C 39 9
D 48 5
E 53 6
F 58 2
𝛴 𝒙= 𝛴𝒚= 𝛴(𝒙𝒚)= 𝛴𝒙𝟐 = 𝛴𝒚𝟐 =

Compute the correlation coefficient (r)


Test the significance of the correlation coefficient (r) at 0.05 level of significance.

38. The computed 𝛴 𝒙 is -


A. 240 B. 241 C. 242 D. 243

39. The computed 𝛴 𝒚 is -


A. 50 B. 51 C. 52 D. 53

40. The computed (𝒙𝒚) is -


A. 40 B. 40.17 C. 1625 D. 1625

41. The computed 𝛴𝒚𝟐 is -


A. 10997 B. 10998 C. 10999 D. 10100
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42. The computed 𝛴𝒙𝟐 is –


A. 543 B. 545 C. 546 D. 547

43. The computed correlation coefficient (r) is -


A. 0.98 B. – 0.98 C. - 0.79 D. 0.79

44. Base on the interpretation of the value of r in number 43, this implies that the age of employees and the
number of sick days has a -
A. very high positive correlation C. very high negative correlation
B. high positive correlation D. high negative correlation

45. Base on the interpretation of the value of r in number 44 about the age of employees and the number of
sick days this means that -

A. the older employees tend to have more number of sick days while the younger employees tend to
have less number of sick days.
B. the older employees tend to have less number of sick days while the younger employees tend to have
more number of sick days.
C. The older employees have the same number of sick days with the younger employees.
D. None of these

46. The formulate null hypothesis is -


A. r = 0 B. r ≠ 0 C. r ≥ 0 D. r ≤ 0

47. The formulate alternative hypothesis is -


A. r = 0 B. r ≠ 0 C. r ≥ 0 D. r ≤ 0

48. The obtained critical value of t is -


A. 2.776 B. ±2.776 C. – 2.776 D. none of these

49. The computed test value is -


A. 9.9 B. – 9.9 C. 9.8 D. – 9.8

50. Decision are both:


1. Accept H0:
2. There is a significant relation between the age of the employee and the number of days they incur in a
year.
3. Accept Ha:
4. There is no significant relation between the age of the employee and the number of days they incur in a
year.

A. 1 & 2 B. 1 & 4 C. 3 & 2 D. 3 & 4

Prepared by:
RCS