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Intended Learning Outcomes

• Solve numerical problems related to bending in beams

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Problem Solution 1
A high strength steel band saw, 20 mm wide by 0.80 mm thick,
runs over pulleys 600 mm in diameter. What maximum flexural
stress is developed? What minimum diameter pulleys can be used
without exceeding a flexural stress of 400 MPa?
Assume E = 200 GPa.

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Problem Solution 1

Note: make the corrections discussed in the class.

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Problem Solution 2
A high-strength steel wire of diameter d is bent around a
cylindrical drum of radius R0 as shown in the Figure.
Determine the bending moment M and maximum bending stress
in the wire, assuming d = 4 mm and R0 = 0.5 m. (The steel wire
has modulus of elasticity E = 200 GPa and proportional limit =
1200 MPa.)

FIG. Wire bent around a drum

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Problem Solution 2

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Problem Solution 2

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Problem Solution 3
A simply supported rectangular beam, 2 in wide by 4 in deep,
carries a uniformly distributed load of 80 lb/ft over its entire
length. What is the maximum length of the beam if the flexural
stress is limited to 3000 psi?

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Problem Solution 3

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Problem Solution 4
A simply supported beam, 2 in wide by 4 in high and 12 ft long is
subjected to a concentrated load of 2000 lb at a point 3 ft from
one of the supports. Determine the maximum fiber stress and the
stress in a fiber located 0.5 in from the top of the beam at
midspan.

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Problem Solution 4

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Problem Solution 4

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Sample Problem 5
SOLUTION:
• Based on the cross-section geometry,
calculate the location of the section
centroid and moment of inertia.
Y 
 yA
A

I x   I  A d 2 
• Apply the elastic flexural formula to
find the maximum tensile and
compressive stresses.
Mc
m 
I
A cast-iron machine part is acted upon
by a 3 kN-m couple. Knowing E = 165 • Calculate the curvature
GPa and neglecting the effects of 1 M

fillets, determine (a) the maximum  EI
tensile and compressive stresses, (b)
the radius of curvature.
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Sample Problem 5
SOLUTION:
Based on the cross-section geometry, calculate
the location of the section centroid and
moment of inertia.
Area, mm 2 y , mm yA, mm3
1 20  90  1800 50 90 103
2 40  30  1200 20 24 103
3
 A  3000  yA  114 10

3
 yA 11410
Y    38 mm
A 3000

  121 bh3  A d 2 
I x   I  A d 2  
 12
1 90  203  1800  122    1 30  403  1200  182 
12
I  868  103 mm4  868  10-9 m 4
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Sample Problem 5
• Apply the elastic flexural formula to find the
maximum tensile and compressive stresses.
Mc
m 
I
M c A 3 kN  m  0.022 m  A  76.0 MPa
A  
I 868  109 m 4
M cB 3 kN  m  0.038 m  B  131.3 MPa
B   
I 868  109 m 4

• Calculate the curvature

1 M

 EI
3 kN  m 1
 20.95 103 m-1
165 GPa 86810-9 m 4 

  47.7 m

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THANKS
Questions (if any)

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