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to pack the model to compress the size of the model.
2) COLD START means it will start the CATIA workwindow in the normal way, whereas WARM START means if your system closed abruptly, without saving, it will start from that particular file in which you were working, maybe with some loss of data.
3)ADD,FREE FORM DESIGN,SPA,SHIP DESIGN,AERO SPACE
6)We renumber with the command Identity Identity-------> Renumber
7)Tangent Continuty is the surface will be tangent to the existing surface, whereas curvature continuty means surface will follow the curvature of the curve.
8)go to tools + screen grab and select the area.
9)AUXVIEW is used to create/modify the frames of different views, whereas AUXVIEW2 is used to create the views.
10) Detail function is used if you have a assembly to create, and there are some common parts in different locations, then you can create a detail and use it in the master workspace wherever needed.
11) For doing hatching go to PATTERN+SELECT+HATCHING then select the boundary of the required view till you get the symbol \"c\", then press \"YES\" twice.
12) For creating centerlines of circles in draft, first you can select POINT+LIMITS and select the circle; you will get the center point. And then select LINE+HORIZONTAL+Symmetrical; you will get the horizontal line; and then Select LINE+VERTICAL+Symmetrical, you will get the vertical line.
the skin is created. once you have faces then you can select LIMIT2+CREATE+SKIN and select the faces from which you want to create skin. 16)For creating SKIN. and they will be merged together. 15)PARTEDITOR is the history of all the work you have done. Once all the faces are selected then press \"YES\" twice. Use with care because the theoretical extension loses accuracy over distance. 4) How do you give the skin command? Ans: 4) Too vague to answer. Curve2+Circle+ThreePT 2) What is the difference (/what does this command do) LIM2+SURF+EXTRAPOLATE AND SURF+GEO+ EXTRAPOLATE? Ans: 2) Lim2 will extend an existing surface (a percentage of the original length) and attempt to maintain curvature. whatever you want. Surf+GeoExtra will create a surface extension that is linear and tangent to the existing surface at a given length (it also offers the option to concatenate the two surfaces). Spline. 19)SURF1 is used for the planner curves. first you need the faces. and you can do the parameterization. select Parameter Tab. Now you can use this SKIN to create the solid. whereas SURF2 you can use for the intricate curves where you need the tangency constraints and curvature constraints. .14) Auxview2+USE in the popup window. Everytime you select the face it should be the adjacent face which you have selected earlier. and you can use the parteditor to change and update the solid. 1) Name any 3 methods of creating a 3 point curve? Ans: 1) Functions Arc. limiting of skins and offseting of skins. 3) Give any 3 functions of FORMTOOL? Ans: 3) Filleting of skins. Isoparms may be distorted using this process.
6) Name any 3 functions of LIM2? Ans: 6) Creation of faces and volumes. 13) If given die direction. Angle and Parameter values can be specified. Other uses as well. Also used for surface breaks and concatenates. 8) What is "/anadia"? Ans: 8) Anadia is an analysis tool that allows you to save and update specific analysis processes. 10) What does BLENDSURF do? Ans: 10) Blensurf allows you to create curvature continous (class A) fillets relatively easily. 12) What is "INTERFER"? Ans: 12) Another analysis tool. Radius. Commonly used to import and export CATIA files. Area. It dictates the orientaion of a surface as it relates to generating curves. 9) What is the full form of NURBS? Ans: 9) Too vague to answer. 11) Give any 2 (or what are the) functions of UTILITY? Ans: 11) Many Utility functions. Used mainly for surface analysis. 7) What is "spine"? Ans: 7) A Spine is the \"backbone\" or support for a Surf2 surface. Also used to process IGES and STEP file formats.5) What is "LAW"? Ans: 5) Laws are used to add precise control to surfaces created with Surf2. how will you check minimum draft angle in the SURF (surface) model? .
Ans: 13) One way is to use the Tools pull down menu and select Analyze+Draft (you must also indicate a direction and which elements to be analyzed). 14) What checks do you perform between surfaces with common boundaries? Ans: 14) Continuity of connection. 16) Can data model history be exported between 2 different CAD systems? Ans: 16) It depends on which two systems are being used. a warm start would try to access these files to re-establish your CATIA session. If CATIA were to crash. tangency and curvature mainly. This is the simplest explanation. Used in conjunction with the Param3D function. 15) What is the difference between a "*role" file and a "*save" file? Ans: 15) These are files created by CATIA in order to maintain a temporary version of the files in use. V4 models. Example: the curvature value along the boundary of Surface A matches the curvature value of the adjacent boundary of Surface B. 18) Which module is used for surfacing with history in CATIA? Ans: 18) Sorry on this one. 19) What are Class "A" Surfaces? Ans: 19) Surfaces that when connected have tangent and curvature continuous properties with their adjoining surfaces. unless you are sending them to V5. There are other ways to check drafts as well. 17) What is the "FTRCLASS" command? Ans: 17) Used to create solid features that can be stored and accessed from a library. I can't remember the designation as I use AL3 (basically. . Moldpart can also do this along with many other cool bells and whistles (it helps you design the draft surfaces). usually have their history stripped from the model. everything).
y The smoothness of a surface is checked by analysing the curvature and tangent continous of the surface. whenever any modification done on the parent model cannot be updated on the earlier dropped views)command is used on any view. Different categories of objects can be assigned to various layers. | ii) The views does not show the hidden lines. it loses all its links with the parent model and in future cases.Ruled surfaces.. When AUXVIEW2+DROP [command is given for a view. Spherical surfaces etc. SURF2 function is used to create complex freedorm surfaces. Surfaces are closed boundary elements with out any holes in between. ..20) What is a "Layer"? What is the use of it? And how do you create Layers? Ans: 20) Think of layers as transparencies on an overhead projector (in the old days before Powerpoint). Cylindrical surfaces. The curvature & tangency of surface analysed will have the following options. No command works on it except the delete function y SURF1 function is used for creating canonic surfaces or simple surfaces. y y A functional surface is a surface extracted from a solid to manipulate the model. it get completly isolated from the solid model in the space mode. y AUXVIEW i) The changes made are automatically | updated | ii) The views shows the hidden lines y | AUXVIEW2 i) It needs updation. Then you create Filters which instruct CATIA to display only those layers you wish to see at a given point in time. eg:. y Faces are superform of surfaces which may or maynot have holes inside it. Surface element in CATIA is represented by isoparams along and across the boundary of the surface element. Skin is a combination of adjacent faces.
the surface degree denotes the oscillations and smoothss of the inside surface curves.This is used to check the visualisation of the partmodel by checking on/off for the sections 2)2D . SOLIDM . A constraint element in CATIA is one in which the parameters of the element cannot be changed. Lim-off: Creates the point by intersection & Projection can be done Outside the limits of the Selected elements. . Local function window is an window consisting of the follwing sub. SOLIDE .Setting the colour of the background. What is the difference between point/int lim-on and lim-off? lim-on: Creates the point by intersection & Projection can be done with in the limits of the Selected elements. 2.This is an approsimate solid and was used in the earlier version of CATIA.SOLID MOCK-UP:. 1. 5OFF . then the surface are not tangent continous. 2) Surface degree is the measured along and across the surface element.e along 'u' and 'v' directions.As the name indicates. i. y Featured based design is the design based on the company's customisation of product feature and [arameters. What is the difference between surf1/geo extra and limit2/extrapol? Geo-extra: extrapolates a new surface which is in the form of ruled Surface.Settings for draw mode & space 2D 3)3D . the solid formed are exact fulfilling all the conditions defined by the user. functions y y y y 1)STD . Extrapolate: creates non-ruled surface thus changing original surface Definition.To come out of local function window.1)the boundries between surface are not joined.Settings for space 3D mode 4)COL .EXACT SOLID:.
curves & faces from their links with other elements ex: A curve is considered as separate when it is linked to only one surface. Is it possible to change pattern as required to existing pattern? Yes 8.relimit c. Separate: Separates lines . of a part. surface and skin? a. b. i. What is the difference between parametric and nonparametric modeling? a. If any change in dimension that may reflects on other dimensions. Skin are infinitely thin elements that are incorporate or group a series of faces together to completely define a feature of part. c. What is the difference between face. solid primitives etc. to relimit skin(or face) elements . Surfaces are infinitely thin elements that are used to define a bounded contour in space. 7.connect b. to connect skin(or face) elements . What is the difference between isolate and separate? Isolate: Deletes logical links between elements. What is the use of formtool function? Used to: a. to break skin(or face) elements . There is no one to one relation. one to one relation. Faces are infinitely thin elements that represent the bounded exterior defn. b. . Faces can be planar or built on existing surfaces.break 4..3. face. Developing a solid by using surface. 5. Relational model is parametric. What is hlr and nhr explain? Hidden line removal No hidden line removal Purpose : Visualisation of solids in different modes.e. Surface is parent. 6.
Fillet: Creates a fillet surface that connects two existing surfaces. 14. What is difference between curve1 project and combine? Project: Perpendicular projection of a curve on to plane. that can be called in model w/s. or planar faces using spine. What is the difference between spine and spline? a. face etc.. of detail w/s. 16. 11. How you will delete the surface if the face is created by surface? First erase face & then surface. How you will convert ccv into crv Using limit1 è Appr ccv i. or planar faces. surface.9. What are master w/s and detail w/s? Master w/s: Model w/s Detail w/s: We can have any no. used to customize the CATIA users command. 12. Approximate compound curve or composite curve. b/w surf1 connect & surf2 fillet Is it possible to split by using sewing operation Connect: Creates a fillet surface that connects two existing surfaces. Planes. The displayed in non-hidden mode. Which is the better to split the solid a) surface b) plane c) face? Plane 10. 17. Spine: Creates a curve passing thro' point on a plane & normal to one or more other planes. 13. Combine: Unspecific projection of a curve on to plane. 18. b. Planes. Yes 15. Diff. What is functional surface A FSUR is an element that defines a face on a solid. . Purpose of IUA IUA: Interactive users application.. face etc.. surface.e. Spline: Creates a curve passing thro' several points having tangential & curvature contuinuity.
what is the difference b/w tranfor+affinity & tranfor+scaling ? 36. what is required for to find massproperties of a surface model? And what is used for finding the massproperty. what does Adjust function is used for? 26. Difference between surf1+cylinder & surf1+depth Is it possible to do shell operation to sphere Cylinder: Extending a curve thro' space in a linear direction with given length.Surface created length is equal to PAI * D. quick. what is difference b/w solide+intersect/subtract+trim all/trim elem 1/no trim? 29. what is difference b/w surf1+concanten+crv & surf1+concanten+ccv? 28. From console [dterm] 24. what is use of Markup function ? 33. what is parameter is asked for curve1+crv+crv ? 37. 23.20. warm start respectively 25. what is difference b/w limit2+break & surf2+divide ? 30. 34. Difference between sewing and split 35.. explain each briefly? Normal. How many types of environment is available to start Catia a. Cold. Depth: Extending a curve thro' space in linear direction with given length. 21. what are functions used to make "balloon with leader"? 27. Mention 5 primitives solids in solide function ? 31. Give two eg. How you are setting attribute to a particular file Standardization of model file by Permanent setting of layers. as per Company standards for their project. Yes 22. what is importance of tree in catia ? . Mention different starting modes in catia. From desktop [motif] b. for feature based primitive & contour based primitives ? 32. graphics etc.
What is hlr and nhr explain? 13. surface and wireframe modeling? What r the types of modelings? What is the difference between solide and solidm? What is the difference between surf1/geo extr and limit2/extrapol? What is the use of formtool function? Using 3-points how many circles can create? What is the use of adjust command? 9. Which is the better to split the solid a) surface b) plane c) face? 21. 5. What is the difference between isolate and separate? 18. surface and skin? 11. What is the difference between face. 4. What is the use of LAW function? 15. Explain solide/operation/subtract & intersect/trim all: trim el1: no trim? 10. 8. What is the difference between ccv and crv? 2. 6. What are the solid primitives? 12. What is the difference between affinity and scaling? 24. What is the use of layer function? 16. What is the difference between parametric and nonparametric (hybrid)modeling? 20.1. What is the use of merge function? 17. What are the translators and explain? 14. 3. What are master w/s and detail w/s? . 7. What is CSG tree explain? 25. What is the difference between spine and spline? 22. What is difference between solid. How you will delete the surface if the face is created by surface? 23. Is it possible to change pattern as required to existing pattern? 19.
What are nurbs. What is difference between curve1 project and combine? 28. Surface using isoparameter Diff. 44.26. While creating solid model shell is first operation or fillet? 30. B-ref. 47.CATIA.aux2 or spc-drw2 [if related to surface spc-drw] Difference between line bisect and line median How you will convert ccv into crv Expand IGES. brazier curves? 27.IUA. 33.DXF. List out the command used for the surface modeling . What is difference between curve1 project and reflect? 29. Necessity of using filters in layer 50. 41. 46. 45.STEP Catia file format How you are setting attribute to a particular file Difference between tangential continuity and curvature continuity 49. Mention the ways to start the CATIA Is it possible to split by using sewing operation Is it possible to appr. What are the CATIA sessions? 32. 34. What are the types of starting modes? 31. 35. B/w surf1 connect & surf2 fillet What is functional surface Difference between point projection and unspecific projection Difference between curv2 mono and multi tangent Purpose of iua Catia element Difference between sewing and split How drawing will be extracted ---. 37. 42. 43. 48. 38. 39. 40. 36.
Which one is not a sub function of transfor in space mode --. 63. 64. What are different types of modules available with Catia package Catia models requires at least ____co-ordinate axis system What are different types of co-ordinate system 54. 53. 60.51.(a)project (b) affinity (C)symmetry (d)scaling 55. 67. 52. 57. 61. 56. 62. 66. 58. Symbol is function of draw mode Detail is function of draw & space mode Is it possible to do shell operation to sphere Difference between surf1+cylinder & surf1+depth How many types of environment is available to start Catia How many layers are present Catia How many types of working space are there in Catia How many operations can we done by using sewing command of solide What is the importance of pulling direction in case of sweep Symbol can be defined in detail work space Difference between limit1+appr ccv & curv2+approxm Necessity of using filter in layer What is the difference between point limit-on and off? . 59. 65.
CLASS -A Here is a further understanding of Class-A surfacing based on experiences with two automotive companies and whites goods manufacturers. there is generally no need for curvature. BIW is NOT Class-A. toilet lids etc etc etc). shipbuilding. the interior with ribs and inserts etc is NOT Class-A. in a product.like fillets. This classification is primarily used in the automotive and increasingly in consumer goods (toothbrushes. which are CURVATURE continuous to each other at their respective boundaries. BIW etc etc). For this reason the exterior of automobiles are deemed Class-A. The consequence: The consequence of these surfaces apart from visually and physically aesthetic shapes is the way they reflect the real world. The same reflective phenomenon will show when there is a gap between the surfaces (the line markers on a road reflecting across the gap between the doors of a car). then at the boundary disappear and re-appear at a location slightly different on the other surface. They independently have the same definition for the classification.which is directional continuity without radius continuity . By definition: Class A surface refers to those surfaces which are VISIBLE and abide to the physical meaning. In fact. Curvature continuity means that at each "point" of each surface along the common boundary has the same radius of curvature. Tangent continuity . PalmPC's. What would one expect to see across the boundary of pairs of point continuity. tangent continuity and curvature continuity surfaces when reflecting a straight and dry tree stump in the desert???? * Point Continuity (also known as G0 continuity) . The physical meaning: Class A refers to those surfaces. tangent and point continuity is the entire basis most industries (aerospace. For these applications.only touching without directional (tangent) or curvature equivalence. washing machines.will produce a reflection on one surface. Point continuity . . It is a requirement where aesthetics has a significant contribution. The exterior of you sexy toothbrush is Class-A. mobile phones. This is different to surfaces having.
CATIA took an early strangle hold (amongst other reasons like a great capacity in all aspects of DMU and integration across disciplines). Please do not believe me! This is the real physical world. then at the boundary have a kink and continue. If one was to look carefully down the fuselage of an aircraft on the ground. their general cleanliness and most importantly the distance that one generally views them. The best example being BIW in the automotive industry.will produce a reflection on one surface. Alias can do G3!) .For an analytical approach. Look at ripples of water that are not turbulent. As for Class-A. Look at your cars rounded hood reflecting lines on the road or trees. In analogy. These traditional yet awesome tools (like SURF2) are geared for this kind of engineering work. automotive manufacturers have utilised either or combinations of Alias and/or ICEM Surf (or others) to achieve these goals in a productive manner (remember the word productive). That is. reflection is everywhere but all blend into each other. CATIA comes from the aerospace industry. Functions like SURF2 and FORMTOOL carve up even the most difficult inner panel structures into reality. Still not convinced . . rather then the exterior "aesthetic" shell (ie Class-A). has made CATIA the de-facto standard for the aerospace and automotive industries.* Tangent Continuity (also known as G1 continuity) . Neon textures in 4D Navigator or DMU Navigator (V5). historically. This is why. Unlike Point continuity the reflection (repeat REFLECTION) is continuos but has a tangent discontinuity in it. you may simply prove this point using any rendering package (eg. The exterior of aeroplanes (whose panels buckle between frames and expand with every land-takeoff cycle) has very little "need" for curvature continuity and has 100% engineering factors driving its design (aerodynamics and structures). there is nothing smooth about it! Having the capability to cater for these industries in an engineering and process capacity with existing function and not requiring the ability to create Class-A. CATIA V4 VST). it is "like" a greater than symbol. there is zero styling in the design of an aircraft body. as there is also curvature continuity everywhere. Alias has the ability cover the entire industrial design process from Sketches TO Surfaces on sketches TO Surface manipulation and build and further onto rendering and animation. * Curvature Continuity (also known as G2 continuity.this will produce the unbroken and smooth reflection across the boundary. The fact that aeroplanes looks good and "smooth" is by virtue of its operation (streamlined as possible). using the traditional CURVE1+REFLECT or /ANADIA in V4 CATIA and of course the neon-tray dynamic reflect curve facility in V5. What about CATIA?? Traditionally CATIA has been used to create the "engineering" side of most designs.
There is nothing against Bezier based surfaces though. Use ARC's and PATCHES's . it can be done but not as easily as with Alias or ICEM Surf.In retrospect. V5. . And what about V4 CATIA?? CATIA V4 currently has the ability to create curvature continuous surfaces in two categories. In fact. For parts with large variations within its shape cause techniques a and b to struggle. Historically. with its new architecture and use of Bezier and NURBS surfaces will go along way in being able to confidently and more importantly competently producing these Class-A surfaces for an ever growing aesthetic minded world. For this reason. Utilising conic surfaces and conic curve approximations to mimic curvature conditions. d1. I doubt NURBS surfaces could do a better job. And without a doubt. Using SURF2 and SKIN (GSM) functions to sweep and loft as "long" a surface as possible. Surfaces: a. b. c. Create "unstressed" surfaces to the point of struggle and fill in the blank with blend surfaces and curvature continuity. Intelligent use of SPINES and LIMIT curves when using SURF2 and SKIN to closely match curvature across boundaries. * most importantly . This will generally produce a curvature continuous surface with minimum deviation.the ability to reduce or increase degrees of arcs and patches to maximise or localise deformations.ARC's and PATCHES have the peculiar yet great ability to * not go through all their constraints (good for the styling end of the design process) * the ability to deform a arc or patch to a point * the ability to deform the boundary of a patch to an arc whilst maintaining the opposing continuity. I have found these most useful. d. we may take three approaches. d2. its been "difficult" of Dassault to create software in V4 to easily create Class-A surfaces due to the use of Bezier (polynomial) based mathematics. They are excellent for creating the engineering surfaces we have all come to love (BIW etc) utilising intelligent use of multi-patch surface methodology. this deviation is OK. This is very much situation dependant. CATIA V4 can create Class-A surfaces with (1) compromise (eg. because it can be polished by the toolmaker) and (2) an idiosyncratic approach by the CATIA operator ie.
OR automatically creating bi-rail curves along two surfaces at particular "radii" and placing a point/tangent/curvature continuous blend between them. One can utilise two functions within CATIA V4. The first is the ubiquitous BLENSURF functions. Dassault are already on the ball. Utilise NURBSCRV and NURBSSRF when and arc or patch refuses to go close enough to the constraints of interest. one issue with Blensurf is its inability to blend around a large angle. FSUR.e. For the correct shape. takes the shortest route to the other and then blends with curvature again. if one constructs two segment surfaces to each other at right angles with a gap between them and then placing a curvature continuos surface to connect them. RSUR. The reason for this is that Blensurf creates purely mathematical curvature. Blends: These are a curious family of surfaces. when comparing it to the curves created using CURVE2+CONNECT with curvature from the isoparametric curves of each surface. It is not the expected shape in the blend. mathematical and isoparametric curvature is required. . Guess what my friends. The result is very suprising. face or skin. Although it is a great tool. surface. Tensions and connectivity locations are also adjustable. this is possible using GSM's SKIN function blend and V5 GSD blends. which allows a point/tangent/curvature continuos blend between any two curves on any part of any plane. For instance. The surface comes off one with curvature continuity.
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