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- engineering manual
- ANALYSIS OF RETAINING WALL ON SAP 2000.pptx
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(Consulting Engineer & Architects) Date Jul-21-2014

Checked by Rhonda Divina A. Rapirap

Date : Jul-21-2014 Date Jul-21-2014

Client : MAYNILAD Aprroved by Angel Lazaro III. Ph.D

Subject : Analysis & Design of Basement Wall Nomenclature Date Jul-21-2014

PROPOSED FOOD KIOSK

SURCHARGE

t

RB

B

W3 W1

PAE

d5

d3

Psur

H d4

h1

Psoil

d7

d2 W2

d1 A d6

h

HEEL TOE

Seismic Pressure Diag. Surcharge Diag. Soil Pressure Diag. BASEMENT WALL SECTION

1.0 National Structural Code of The Philippines (NSCP) 2010, Volume 1 , 6th Edition for Building, Towers

and other Vertical Srtuctures

by : Association of Structural Engineers in the Philippines. ( ASEP)

2.0 National Structural Code of the Philippines (NSCP) 1997, Volumn 2, 2ND Edition, Bridges

ASD(Allowable Stress Design)

by: Association of Structural Engineers in the Philippines. ( ASEP)

4.0 Design of Reinforced Concrete ACI 318-05 Code Edition, Seventh Edition

Spreadsheet Condition

This spreadsheet is applicable only on non- slopping backfill and the use of this spreadsheet is only

for structure having the same configuration.

Total height of retaining wall, H 3300 mm - Neglect Soil Passive Pressure for Critical Design of Stem - NSCP 5.5.2

Height of the soil at the back of the wall, h1 3300 mm

Height of the soil at the exposed face of the wall, h2 1200 mm - Wall Inertia Effects not considered - NSCP 5.6.4

Stem thickness, t 250 mm

Total length of footing, L 1600 mm - Overall Stability with Earthquake Force (Seed & Whitman) - AASHTO 5.8.9.1

Footing thickness, h 400 mm

Surcharge Height, Sh = 150 mm - Factor of Safety in Sliding and Overturning are Reduced to 75% of Original

Value at Earthquake Condition - AASHTO 5.8.9.1A

Project ID SD - KIOSK-MYNLD

A NGEL LA ZA RO & A SSOCIA TES INTERNA TIONA L Cal'c by A.H. Sinconiegue

(Consulting Engineer & Architects) Date Jul-21-2014

Checked by Rhonda Divina A. Rapirap

Date : Jul-21-2014 Date Jul-21-2014

Client : MAYNILAD Aprroved by Angel Lazaro III. Ph.D

Subject : Analysis & Design of Basement Wall Nomenclature Date Jul-21-2014

REFERENCE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN CALCULATION REMARKS

A. WALL PARAMETERS

Height of the soil at the back of the wall, h1 3300 mm

Height of the soil at the exposed face of the wall, h2 1200 mm

Stem thickness, t 250 mm

Total length of footing, L 1600 mm

Footing thickness, h 400 mm

Surcharge Height, Sh = 150 mm

B. CONCRETE PARAMETERS

NSCP II-Sec. 8.7.1 Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 4700√f'c 24870.06 Mpa

3

Unit weight (normal concrete), γc 24 KN/m

C. STEEL PARAMETERS

MPa (Grade 40) for 12mm and smaller Ø bars , fy 276 Mpa

(to be used for temp. and shrinkage bars)

(to be used for main and shear bars)

Main Horizontal bar size at exposed side, Øhe 10 mm

MainVertical bar size at exposed side, Øve 10 mm

Main Horizontal bar size at rear, Øhr 10 mm

Main Vertical bar size at rear, Øvr 12 mm

Main Reinforcement bar size at heel, Øh 12 mm

Main Reinforcement bar size at toe, Øt 12 mm

Temperature bar size, Øtb 10 mm

Stirrup bar size, Øs 12 mm

D. SOIL PARAMETERS

3

Unit Weight of Soil, ɣs 18 KN/m

Allowable Bearing Capacity on Site, qall 150 kPa

Surcharge, S 2.7 kPa

NSCP II-Sec.5.5.5 Factor of Saefty against Overturning, FSOT 2

NSCP II-Sec.5.5.5 Factor of Saefty against Sliding, FSSL 1.5

Angle of Internal friction of soil, φ 30 °

Backfill Slope angle, β 0.00 °

E. Seismic Parameter

Importance Factor, I 1

Acceleration factor, A 0.40

Horizontal Acceleration Coefficient, 0.50*A = kh 0.2

Vertical Acceleration Coefficient, kv 0.00

NSCP II-App. (H-9) Check Horizontal Acceleration, (1-kv)*TAN(φ-β) 0.46

NSCP II-App. (H-8) Arc tan(kh/(1-kv)) = θ 11.31 °

F. Miscellaneous Parameters

NSCP I-Sec.407.8.3.1 Minimum Concrete Cover, Cc 75 mm

NSCP I-Sec.409.4.2.1 Flexural strength reduction factor, φf 0.9

NSCP I-Sec.409.4.2.3 Shear strength reduction factor, φs 0.75

NSCP I-Sec.410.3.7.3 Compressive block depth reduction factor, β 1 0.85

NSCP I-Sec.411.3.1.1 Normal weight concrete modification factor, λ 1.0

Coefficient of Friction, µ = 0.5

G. Design Calculation

Consider 1.0 meter strip, b = 1000 mm

Calculation for active soil force, Psoil = 1/2*ɣs*(h1-h)^2*ka 25.23 KN

Calculation surcharge force, Psur = (S/ɣs)*(ɣs)*(h1-T)Ka 7.569 KN

Calculation for negative unfactored moment @ base, Mnneg

Mnneg = Psoil*(h1-h)/7.5 + Psur*(h1-h)/8 12.499 KN.m

Calculation for negative factored moment @ base, Muneg = 1.6*Mn 19.999 KN.m

Convert resultant force into a uniform load

For soil force, w1 = 2*Psoil/(h1-h) 17.4 KN/m

For surcharge force, w2 = Psur/(h1-h) 2.61 KN/m

Effective length, leff = (h1 - h) 2900 mm

Summation of moment about point B, Ra = Mn/leff + (w1*leff)/3 + (w2*leff)/3 24.915 KN

Summation of moment about point A, RB = (w1*leff)/6 + (w2*leff)/2 - Mn/leff 7.884 KN

Calculation for dist where max moment occur @ shear is zero, x

7.884 - 2.61 x - 3 x2 = 0 by trial and error , x = 1243.46 mm Derived from shear diag.

Calculation for max positive unfactore moment, Mnpos

Mnpos = RB*x - w1*x^3/6*leff - w2*x^2/2 5.863 KN.m Derived from moment diag.

Calculation for factore positve moment, Mupos = 1.6*Mnpos 9.382 KN.m

Calculation for effective thickness, teff = t - cc - Øvr/2 169.00 mm

2

Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = Mu/ɸf*b*teff 0.78 MPa

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034

Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034

Calculation for rho theoritical, ρ = 0.85*fc'/fy ( 1 - sqrt( 1 - 2*Rn/0.85*fc')) 0.0019 Non-compliant

Use rho minimum for design

Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A

Not Aplicable

Therefor adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034

Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρdes*fy/fc' 0.0500

Check for the req'd thickness of the stem, treq'd = sqrt(Muneg/(ɸf*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) 127.89 mm Compliant

Therefore, Assumed thickness is satisfactory

Vertical Reinforcement Design @ the rear face of the wall :

2

NSCP I-Sec.414.4.2 Calculate for minimum vertical steel area, Avmin = 0.0015*b*t 375 mm

2

Calcualtion for the total vert. steel area required, Avreq'd = ρdes*b*teff 571.50 mm

2

Check for actual vertical steel area required, Aactual 571.50 mm

2

Calculation for provide main steel area, AØvr = PI()*(Øvr)2/4 113.10 mm

Calculation for total number bars, N = Aactual/Aøvr 6.0 pcs Per meter strip

Calculation for Spacing, Svr , b/N 160.00 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check vert spacing, 3*t 750.00 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450.00 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual 160.00 mm

Therefore use : 6- φ12mm vertical main bars spaced @ 160mm O.C

Check for Shear adequacy of wall:

Calculation for factored shear force, Vu =1.6( MAX( RA & RB)) 39.863 KN

NSCP I-Sec.411.4.1.1 Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*teff 152.025 KN

NSCP I-Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 114.019 KN

NSCP I-Sec.411.6.6.1 Check Vu if < 0.5*ɸsVc 57.009 KN

Stem thickness is adequate to carry shear stresses

Check for development length on bottom of wall footing:

NSCP I-Sec.412.4.2 Calculate for, ldc = 0.24*fy*Øvr/λ*SQRT(fc') 226 mm

NSCP I-Sec.412.4.2 Calculate for, ldc = 0.043*fy*Øvr 214 mm

Therefore adopt maximum value above, ldc 226 mm

NSCP I-Sec.412.4.1 Check for minumum, ldcmm 200 mm

Therefore adopt for actual development length, ldcact 226 mm Compliant

Horizontal Reinforcement Design @ the rear face of the wall:

2

Calculate main steel area provided, Aøhr = PI()*(Øhr)2/4 78.540 mm

2

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.3 Calculate for total hor. steel area req'd, Ahreq'd = 0.0025*(h1-h)*t 1812.5 mm

Calculation for total number of main bar, N = Ahreq'd / Aøhr 24 pcs Full Height of Wall

Calculation for horizontal spacing, Shr = (h1-h)/N 120 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check hor. spacing : 3*t 750 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual = 120 mm

Therefore use : 24-Ø10mm horizontal main bar spaced @120mmO.C

Vertical Main Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall:

2

Coefficient of resistance, Rn = Mupos/ɸf*b*teff 0.365 MPa

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034

Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034

Calculation for rho theoritical, ρ = 0.85*fc'/fy ( 1 - sqrt( 1 - 2*Rn/0.85*fc')) 0.0009 Non-compliant

Use rho minimum for design

Calculate for rho balnce, ρb = 0.85*fc'*β1*600 / fy*(600 + fy) N.A

Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A

Not Aplicable

Therefor adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034

Vertical Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall :

2

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.2 Calculate for minimum vertical steel area, Avmin = 0.0015*b*t 375 mm

2

Calcualtion for the total vert. steel area required, Avreq'd = ρdes*b*teff 571.50 mm

2

Check for actual vertical steel area required, Aactual 571.50 mm

2 2

Calculation for provide main steel area, AØve = PI()*(Øve) /4 78.54 mm

Calculation for total number bars, N = Aactual/Aøve 8.0 pcs

Calculation for Spacing, Sve , b/N 120 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check vert. spacing, 3*t 750 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual 120 mm

Therefore use: 8 - Ø10mm vertical main bar spaced @ 120mm O.C

Horizontal Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall:

2 2

Calculate main steel area provided, Aøhe = PI()*(Øhe) /4 78.540 mm

2

NSCP I-Sec.414.4.3 Calculate for total hor. steel area req'd, Ahreq'd = 0.0025*(h1-h)*t 1812.5 mm

Calculation for total number of main bar, N = Ahreq'd / Aøhe 24 pcs Full Height of Wall

Calculation for horizontal spacing, Shr = (h1-h)/N 120 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check hor. spacing : 3*t 750 mm

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual = 120 mm

Therefore use: 24 - Ø10mm horizontal main bar spaced @ 120mm O.C

CHECK FOR STABILITY FOR NORMAL CONDITION

Fig.1 Pressure Diagram induced by Soil & Surcharge

RB

B

Note:

W3 W1 the reaction induced by the slab at

d5 the above level is considered.

d3

Psur

d4

Psoil

d2 W2

d1 d6

A

h

HEEL TOE

Weight due to concrete wall, W1 = ɣc*(h1-h)*b*t 17.400 KN

Weight due to concrete footing, W2 = ɣc*L*b*h 15.360 KN

Weight to soil backfill, W3 = ɣs*((L-t)/2)*(h1-h)*b 35.235 KN

Reaction induced by slab @ the upper level, RB 5.863 KN

Force induced by the soil backfill, Psoil 25.230 KN

Force induced by surcharge load, Psur 7.569 KN

Moment arm for soil induced force, d1 = h1/3 1100.00 mm

Moment arm for surcharge force, d2 = h1/2 1650.00 mm

Moment arm for force due to slab above level, d3 = h1 3300.00 mm

Moment arm for soil backfill, d4 = L - (L-t)/4) 1262.50 mm

Moment arm for wight concrete wall, d5 = L/2 800.00 mm

Moment arm for weight of concrete footing, d6 = L/2 800.00 mm

Check for factor of safety as per code provision:

Resisting Moment, RM = (RB*d3)+(W1*d5)+(W2*d6)+(W3*d4) 90.042 KN.m

Overturning Moment, OM = (Psoil*d1) + (Psur*d2) 40.242 KN.m

Summation for vertical forces, Ry = W1 + W2 + W3 67.995 KN

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against sliding, FSSL = µ*(RY/(Psoil+Psur-RB)) 1.26 Non-Compliant

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is failed against sliding, Provide Shear Key

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against overturning, FSOT= RM/OM 2.24 Compliant

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe agaisnt overturning, section increase not needed

Check for allowable soil bearing pressure :

Distance of resultant from toe, X = (RM - OM)/Ry 732.40 mm

Eccentricity of Resultant Force e = L/2 - X 67.60 mm

Check if Trapezoidal or Triangular Pressure, L/6 266.67 mm

When e < L/6 adopt Trapezoidal Pressure

Calculate Minimum Soil Pressure, qumin = (Ry/L)*(1 - 6*e/L) 31.725 kPa Compliant

Calculate for Maximum Soil Pressure, qumax = (Ry/L)*(1 + 6*e/L) 53.269 kPa Compliant

When qumax < qall, therefore section is satisfactory

AASHTO 11.5.5 Factored Weight due to Soil at Rear Face, W3U = 1.35*(ɣS*((L-t)/2))*(h1-h)*b 47.57 KN

AASHTO 11.5.5 Factored Weight due to concrete at heel portion, WheelU = 1.25*(ɣC*(L-t)/2*h*b) 8.10 KN

Calculate for Factored Shear at the face of top base, Vu = W3U + WheelU 55.67 KN

Caculate for Ultimate bending Moment, Mu = (W3U + WheelU)*((L-t)/4)) 18.788 KN.m

Note : Although it is true that there is some upward soil pressure, the designer choose to neglect it because it is rela-

tively small. This is the unlikely condition that would exist if there occurred a leteral force overload and no asso-

ciated increased vertical loads causing uplift of the heel. The ultimate moment must be due to the factored load

(wt of soil including surcharge and weight of footing on the postion of heel.

NSCP I--Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 215.22 KN Compliant

The footing thickness h is adeqaute to carry such shear stresses

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034

Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034

Calculate for theoritical rho, ρ = (0.85*fc'/fy)*(1 - sqrt(1 - 2*Rn/(0.85*fc')) 0.0005 Non-compliant

Use rho minimum for design

Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A

Not Aplicable

Therefore adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034

Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρdes*fy/fc' 0.0500

Check for the req'd thickness of the ft., hreq'd = sqrt(Mu/(ɸf*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) 123.95 mm Compliant

The assumed base/footing thickness is satisfactory

2

Calculate for the total req'd steel area, As = ρdes*b*heff 1078.74 mm

2

Calculation for main steel area provided, Apro = PI()*(Øh2)/4 113.10 mm

Calculation for number of bars per strip, N = As/Apro 10 pcs Per meter strip

Calculation for req'd main bar spacing, Sreq'd = b/N 100 mm

Therefore use: 10 - Ø12mm main steel bar in heel spaced @100mm O.C

NSCP I- Sec. 407.13.2.1 For grade 276 bars, steel ratio, ρtemp 0.0020

2

Calculation for req'd steel area,Areq'd = ρtemp*L*h 1280.00 mm

2

Calculation for temp and shrink bar provided, Apro = PI()*Øtb2/4 78.540 mm

Calculation for number of bar per meter strip, N = Areq'd/Apro 17 pcs

Calculate for req'd spacing, Sreq'd = L/N 90 mm

NSCP I- Sec 407.13.2.2 Check for Spacing, 5*h 2000 mm

NSCP I- Sec 407.13.2.2 450 mm 450 mm

Therefore use: 17 - Ø10mm temperature and shrinkage bar space @90mm O.C

Note:

(L-t)/2 base footing create bending

moment at the stem of wall

and shear. The designer

choose to neglect the soil

qumin on top of footing .

qumax

q1

q2

R1

R2

Calculation for dist. From toe to the face of stem, (L-t)/2 675.00 mm

Calculation for valu of q1 = qumax - qumin 21.544 kPa

Calculation for value of q2 = (q1*(L-t)/2)/L 9.089 kPa

Calculation for value of R1 = (qumax - q2)*((L-t)/2)*b 29.822 KN

Calculation for value of R2 = 1/2*(q2)*((L-t)/2)*b 3.068 KN

Calculation for factored shear, Vu = 1.6*(R1+R2) 52.623 KN

Calculation for factored moment, Mu = 1.6*(R1*(L-t)/4) + 1.6*(R2*(2/3)*((L-t)/2)) 18.312 KN

NSCP I--Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 215.22 Compliant

The footing thickness h is adeqaute to carry such shear stresses

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034

Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034

Calculate for theoritical rho, ρ = (0.85*fc'/fy)*(1 - sqrt(1 - 2*Rn/(0.85*fc')) 0.0005 Non-compliant

Use rho minimum for design

Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A

Not Aplicable

Therefore adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034

Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρdes*fy/fc' 0.0500

Check for the req'd thickness of the ft., hreq'd = sqrt(Mu/(ɸf*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) 122.37 mm Compliant

The assumed base/footing thickness is satisfactory

2

Calculate for the total req'd steel area, As = ρdes*b*heff 1078.74 mm

2 2

Calculation for main steel area provided, Apro = PI()*(Øh )/4 113.10 mm

Calculation for number of bars per strip, N = As/Apro 10 pcs

Calculation for req'd main bar spacing, Sreq'd = b/N 100 mm

Therefore use: 10 - Ø12mm main steel bar @ toe spaced @100mm O.C

NSCP Sec. 407.13.2.1 For grade 276 bars, steel ratio, ρtemp 0.0020

2

Calculation for req'd steel area,Areq'd = ρtemp*L*h 1280.00 mm

2

Calculation for temp and shrink bar provided, Apro = PI()*Øtb2/4 78.540 mm

Calculation for number of bar per meter strip, N = Areq'd/Apro 17 pcs

Calculate for req'd spacing, Sreq'd = L/N 90 mm

NSCP Sec 407.13.2.2 Check for Spacing, 5*h 2000 mm

NSCP Sec 407.13.2.2 450 mm 450 mm

Therefore use: 17 - Ø10mm temperature and shinkage bar @ toe spaced @90mm O.C

BASE SHEAR KEY NOMENCLATURE

Fig. 3 . Passive Earth Pressure

h

hT

Pp1 R

hS

Pp2

Vertical Resultant, Ry= 67.995 KN

Required resistant for sliding, Fu =1.5*F 49.199 KN

Friction Resistance , Fr = μ*Ry 33.998 KN

Furnished Resisitance,R = Fu - Fr 15.201 KN

Required height of Shear Key, hT = sqrt(2*R/(ɣs*kp)) 760.00 mm

Height of shear key, hs = hT - h 360.00 mm

Calculation for Coefficient of Passive Pressure, kp = (1 + sinɸ)/(1 - sinɸ) 3.00

Passive Rectangular Pressure at the face of shear key, Pp1 = ɣs*h*hs*b*kp 7.776 KN

Passive Triangular Pressure at the face of shear key, Pp2 = (1/2)*(ɣs)*(hs^2)*b*kp 3.4992 KN

Maximum factored moment, Mu = 1.6*(Pp1*hs/2 + Pp2*(2hs/3)) 3.5831808 KN.m

Use rho min, ρmin 0.0034

Calculation for mechanical ration, ω = ρmin*fy/fc' 0.0500

Calculation for Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = fc'*ω*(1 - 0.59*ω) 1.359 Mpa

Calculate for shear key thickness, a = sqrt(Mu/ɸf*Rn*b) 60.00 mm

Factore shear force, Vu = 1.6*(R) 24.322 KN

NSCP I--Sec.411.4.1.1 Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*heff 43.275 KN

NSCP I--Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 32.456 KN Compliant

The shear key thickness is adequate to carry such shear stress

Therefore, for the reinforcement of shear key extent the vertical bars at the rear face to the shear key

Total Width, aT = a + Cc + Øvr/2 150.00 mm

24-Ø10mm space @

160mm O.C

WALL.

120mm O.C FACE OF THE WALL.

24 - Ø10mm spaced @

120mm O.C

10 - Ø12mm

10 - Ø12mm spaced @100mm O.C

spaced @100mm O.C

TOE HEEL

17 - Ø10mm

space @90mm O.C

17 - Ø10mm

spaced @90mm O.C

CHECK FOR STABILITY FOR SEISMIC CONDITION

Fig.1 Pressure Diagram induced by Seismic Force & Surcharge

RB

B

W3 W1

PAE

d5

d3

Psur

d4

d7

d2 W2

d6

A

h

HEEL TOE

Weight due to concrete wall, W1 = ɣc*(h1-h)*b*t 17.400 KN

Weight due to concrete footing, W2 = ɣc*L*b*h 15.360 KN

Weight to soil backfill, W3 = ɣs*((L-t)/2)*(h1-h)*b 35.235 KN

Reaction induced by slab @ the upper level, RB 5.863 KN

Force induced by seismic, PAE = (0.375(kh)(γws)(h1)2) 14.702 KN

Force induced by surcharge load, Psur 7.569 KN

Moment arm for soil induced force, d7 = 2*h1/3 2200.00 mm

Moment arm for surcharge force, d2 = h1/2 1650.00 mm

Moment arm for force due to slab above level, d3 = h1 3300.00 mm

Moment arm for soil backfill, d4 = L - (L-t)/4) 1262.50 mm

Moment arm for wight concrete wall, d5 = L/2 800.00 mm

Moment arm for weight of concrete footing, d6 L/2 800.00 mm

Check for factor of safety as per code provision:

Resisting Moment, RM = (RB*d3)+(W1*d5)+(W2*d6)+(W3*d4) 90.042 KN.m

Overturning Moment, OM = (PAE*d1) + (Psur*d2) 44.832 KN.m

Summation for vertical forces, Ry = W1 + W2 + W3 67.995 KN

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against sliding, FSSL = µ*(RY/(Psoil+Psur)) 2.07 Compliant

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Thefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe against sliding, Shear Key is not Needed

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against overturning, FSOT= RM/OM 2.01 Compliant

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe agaisnt overturning, section increase not needed

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