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Project ID SD - KIOSK-MYNLD

A NGEL LA ZA RO & A SSOCIA TES INTERNA TIONA L Cal'c by A.H. Sinconiegue


(Consulting Engineer & Architects) Date Jul-21-2014
Checked by Rhonda Divina A. Rapirap
Date : Jul-21-2014 Date Jul-21-2014
Client : MAYNILAD Aprroved by Angel Lazaro III. Ph.D
Subject : Analysis & Design of Basement Wall Nomenclature Date Jul-21-2014
PROPOSED FOOD KIOSK

SURCHARGE
t
RB
B

W3 W1
PAE
d5

d3
Psur
H d4
h1
Psoil
d7
d2 W2

d1 A d6

h
HEEL TOE

Seismic Pressure Diag. Surcharge Diag. Soil Pressure Diag. BASEMENT WALL SECTION

Fig. A - BASEMENT WALL NOMENCLATURE

Analysis and Design Refferences :

1.0 National Structural Code of The Philippines (NSCP) 2010, Volume 1 , 6th Edition for Building, Towers
and other Vertical Srtuctures
by : Association of Structural Engineers in the Philippines. ( ASEP)

2.0 National Structural Code of the Philippines (NSCP) 1997, Volumn 2, 2ND Edition, Bridges
ASD(Allowable Stress Design)
by: Association of Structural Engineers in the Philippines. ( ASEP)

3.0 AASHTO Bridge Design and Specification 2002-2010

by: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

4.0 Design of Reinforced Concrete ACI 318-05 Code Edition, Seventh Edition

by: Jack C. McCormac & James K. Nelson

Spreadsheet Condition

This spreadsheet is applicable only on non- slopping backfill and the use of this spreadsheet is only
for structure having the same configuration.

Wall Dimensions : Design Notes:

Total height of retaining wall, H 3300 mm - Neglect Soil Passive Pressure for Critical Design of Stem - NSCP 5.5.2
Height of the soil at the back of the wall, h1 3300 mm
Height of the soil at the exposed face of the wall, h2 1200 mm - Wall Inertia Effects not considered - NSCP 5.6.4
Stem thickness, t 250 mm
Total length of footing, L 1600 mm - Overall Stability with Earthquake Force (Seed & Whitman) - AASHTO 5.8.9.1
Footing thickness, h 400 mm
Surcharge Height, Sh = 150 mm - Factor of Safety in Sliding and Overturning are Reduced to 75% of Original
Value at Earthquake Condition - AASHTO 5.8.9.1A

- Wall analyzed as Propped Beam.


Project ID SD - KIOSK-MYNLD
A NGEL LA ZA RO & A SSOCIA TES INTERNA TIONA L Cal'c by A.H. Sinconiegue
(Consulting Engineer & Architects) Date Jul-21-2014
Checked by Rhonda Divina A. Rapirap
Date : Jul-21-2014 Date Jul-21-2014
Client : MAYNILAD Aprroved by Angel Lazaro III. Ph.D
Subject : Analysis & Design of Basement Wall Nomenclature Date Jul-21-2014
REFERENCE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN CALCULATION REMARKS
A. WALL PARAMETERS

Total height of retaining wall, H 3300 mm


Height of the soil at the back of the wall, h1 3300 mm
Height of the soil at the exposed face of the wall, h2 1200 mm
Stem thickness, t 250 mm
Total length of footing, L 1600 mm
Footing thickness, h 400 mm
Surcharge Height, Sh = 150 mm

B. CONCRETE PARAMETERS

Compressive strength @ 28 days, f'c 28 Mpa


NSCP II-Sec. 8.7.1 Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 4700√f'c 24870.06 Mpa
3
Unit weight (normal concrete), γc 24 KN/m

C. STEEL PARAMETERS

MPa (Grade 40) for 12mm and smaller Ø bars , fy 276 Mpa
(to be used for temp. and shrinkage bars)

MPa (Grade 60) for larger Ø bars (>12mm) , fy 414 Mpa


(to be used for main and shear bars)

NSCP II-Sec.8.7.2 Modulus of Elasticity, Es 200000 Mpa


Main Horizontal bar size at exposed side, Øhe 10 mm
MainVertical bar size at exposed side, Øve 10 mm
Main Horizontal bar size at rear, Øhr 10 mm
Main Vertical bar size at rear, Øvr 12 mm
Main Reinforcement bar size at heel, Øh 12 mm
Main Reinforcement bar size at toe, Øt 12 mm
Temperature bar size, Øtb 10 mm
Stirrup bar size, Øs 12 mm

D. SOIL PARAMETERS

3
Unit Weight of Soil, ɣs 18 KN/m
Allowable Bearing Capacity on Site, qall 150 kPa
Surcharge, S 2.7 kPa
NSCP II-Sec.5.5.5 Factor of Saefty against Overturning, FSOT 2
NSCP II-Sec.5.5.5 Factor of Saefty against Sliding, FSSL 1.5
Angle of Internal friction of soil, φ 30 °
Backfill Slope angle, β 0.00 °

E. Seismic Parameter

Importance Factor, I 1
Acceleration factor, A 0.40
Horizontal Acceleration Coefficient, 0.50*A = kh 0.2
Vertical Acceleration Coefficient, kv 0.00
NSCP II-App. (H-9) Check Horizontal Acceleration, (1-kv)*TAN(φ-β) 0.46
NSCP II-App. (H-8) Arc tan(kh/(1-kv)) = θ 11.31 °

F. Miscellaneous Parameters

Consider 1.0 meter strip , b 1000 mm


NSCP I-Sec.407.8.3.1 Minimum Concrete Cover, Cc 75 mm
NSCP I-Sec.409.4.2.1 Flexural strength reduction factor, φf 0.9
NSCP I-Sec.409.4.2.3 Shear strength reduction factor, φs 0.75
NSCP I-Sec.410.3.7.3 Compressive block depth reduction factor, β 1 0.85
NSCP I-Sec.411.3.1.1 Normal weight concrete modification factor, λ 1.0
Coefficient of Friction, µ = 0.5

G. Design Calculation

Calculation for coefficient of active pressure, ka = (1-sinɸ)/(1+sinɸ) 0.33


Consider 1.0 meter strip, b = 1000 mm
Calculation for active soil force, Psoil = 1/2*ɣs*(h1-h)^2*ka 25.23 KN
Calculation surcharge force, Psur = (S/ɣs)*(ɣs)*(h1-T)Ka 7.569 KN
Calculation for negative unfactored moment @ base, Mnneg
Mnneg = Psoil*(h1-h)/7.5 + Psur*(h1-h)/8 12.499 KN.m
Calculation for negative factored moment @ base, Muneg = 1.6*Mn 19.999 KN.m
Convert resultant force into a uniform load
For soil force, w1 = 2*Psoil/(h1-h) 17.4 KN/m
For surcharge force, w2 = Psur/(h1-h) 2.61 KN/m
Effective length, leff = (h1 - h) 2900 mm
Summation of moment about point B, Ra = Mn/leff + (w1*leff)/3 + (w2*leff)/3 24.915 KN
Summation of moment about point A, RB = (w1*leff)/6 + (w2*leff)/2 - Mn/leff 7.884 KN
Calculation for dist where max moment occur @ shear is zero, x
7.884 - 2.61 x - 3 x2 = 0 by trial and error , x = 1243.46 mm Derived from shear diag.
Calculation for max positive unfactore moment, Mnpos
Mnpos = RB*x - w1*x^3/6*leff - w2*x^2/2 5.863 KN.m Derived from moment diag.
Calculation for factore positve moment, Mupos = 1.6*Mnpos 9.382 KN.m

Check if assumed stem thickness is adequate to carry induced load by soil


Calculation for effective thickness, teff = t - cc - Øvr/2 169.00 mm
2
Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = Mu/ɸf*b*teff 0.78 MPa
NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032
NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034
Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034
Calculation for rho theoritical, ρ = 0.85*fc'/fy ( 1 - sqrt( 1 - 2*Rn/0.85*fc')) 0.0019 Non-compliant
Use rho minimum for design

Calculate for rho balnce, ρb = 0.85*fc'*β1*600 / fy*(600 + fy) N.A


Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A
Not Aplicable
Therefor adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034
Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρdes*fy/fc' 0.0500
Check for the req'd thickness of the stem, treq'd = sqrt(Muneg/(ɸf*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) 127.89 mm Compliant
Therefore, Assumed thickness is satisfactory
Vertical Reinforcement Design @ the rear face of the wall :
2
NSCP I-Sec.414.4.2 Calculate for minimum vertical steel area, Avmin = 0.0015*b*t 375 mm
2
Calcualtion for the total vert. steel area required, Avreq'd = ρdes*b*teff 571.50 mm
2
Check for actual vertical steel area required, Aactual 571.50 mm
2
Calculation for provide main steel area, AØvr = PI()*(Øvr)2/4 113.10 mm
Calculation for total number bars, N = Aactual/Aøvr 6.0 pcs Per meter strip
Calculation for Spacing, Svr , b/N 160.00 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check vert spacing, 3*t 750.00 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450.00 mm
Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual 160.00 mm
Therefore use : 6- φ12mm vertical main bars spaced @ 160mm O.C
Check for Shear adequacy of wall:
Calculation for factored shear force, Vu =1.6( MAX( RA & RB)) 39.863 KN
NSCP I-Sec.411.4.1.1 Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*teff 152.025 KN
NSCP I-Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 114.019 KN
NSCP I-Sec.411.6.6.1 Check Vu if < 0.5*ɸsVc 57.009 KN
Stem thickness is adequate to carry shear stresses
Check for development length on bottom of wall footing:
NSCP I-Sec.412.4.2 Calculate for, ldc = 0.24*fy*Øvr/λ*SQRT(fc') 226 mm
NSCP I-Sec.412.4.2 Calculate for, ldc = 0.043*fy*Øvr 214 mm
Therefore adopt maximum value above, ldc 226 mm
NSCP I-Sec.412.4.1 Check for minumum, ldcmm 200 mm
Therefore adopt for actual development length, ldcact 226 mm Compliant
Horizontal Reinforcement Design @ the rear face of the wall:
2
Calculate main steel area provided, Aøhr = PI()*(Øhr)2/4 78.540 mm
2
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.3 Calculate for total hor. steel area req'd, Ahreq'd = 0.0025*(h1-h)*t 1812.5 mm
Calculation for total number of main bar, N = Ahreq'd / Aøhr 24 pcs Full Height of Wall
Calculation for horizontal spacing, Shr = (h1-h)/N 120 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check hor. spacing : 3*t 750 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450 mm
Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual = 120 mm
Therefore use : 24-Ø10mm horizontal main bar spaced @120mmO.C
Vertical Main Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall:
2
Coefficient of resistance, Rn = Mupos/ɸf*b*teff 0.365 MPa
NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032
NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034
Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034
Calculation for rho theoritical, ρ = 0.85*fc'/fy ( 1 - sqrt( 1 - 2*Rn/0.85*fc')) 0.0009 Non-compliant
Use rho minimum for design
Calculate for rho balnce, ρb = 0.85*fc'*β1*600 / fy*(600 + fy) N.A
Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A
Not Aplicable
Therefor adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034
Vertical Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall :
2
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.2 Calculate for minimum vertical steel area, Avmin = 0.0015*b*t 375 mm
2
Calcualtion for the total vert. steel area required, Avreq'd = ρdes*b*teff 571.50 mm
2
Check for actual vertical steel area required, Aactual 571.50 mm
2 2
Calculation for provide main steel area, AØve = PI()*(Øve) /4 78.54 mm
Calculation for total number bars, N = Aactual/Aøve 8.0 pcs
Calculation for Spacing, Sve , b/N 120 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check vert. spacing, 3*t 750 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450 mm
Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual 120 mm
Therefore use: 8 - Ø10mm vertical main bar spaced @ 120mm O.C
Horizontal Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall:
2 2
Calculate main steel area provided, Aøhe = PI()*(Øhe) /4 78.540 mm
2
NSCP I-Sec.414.4.3 Calculate for total hor. steel area req'd, Ahreq'd = 0.0025*(h1-h)*t 1812.5 mm
Calculation for total number of main bar, N = Ahreq'd / Aøhe 24 pcs Full Height of Wall
Calculation for horizontal spacing, Shr = (h1-h)/N 120 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 Check hor. spacing : 3*t 750 mm
NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5 450 450 mm
Therefore adopt actual spacing, Sactual = 120 mm
Therefore use: 24 - Ø10mm horizontal main bar spaced @ 120mm O.C
CHECK FOR STABILITY FOR NORMAL CONDITION
Fig.1 Pressure Diagram induced by Soil & Surcharge

RB
B
Note:

As per actual condition of the wall


W3 W1 the reaction induced by the slab at
d5 the above level is considered.

d3
Psur
d4

Psoil

d2 W2

d1 d6
A

h
HEEL TOE

Weights and Forces: Consider 1.0 meter strip


Weight due to concrete wall, W1 = ɣc*(h1-h)*b*t 17.400 KN
Weight due to concrete footing, W2 = ɣc*L*b*h 15.360 KN
Weight to soil backfill, W3 = ɣs*((L-t)/2)*(h1-h)*b 35.235 KN
Reaction induced by slab @ the upper level, RB 5.863 KN
Force induced by the soil backfill, Psoil 25.230 KN
Force induced by surcharge load, Psur 7.569 KN

Moment arm about toe:


Moment arm for soil induced force, d1 = h1/3 1100.00 mm
Moment arm for surcharge force, d2 = h1/2 1650.00 mm
Moment arm for force due to slab above level, d3 = h1 3300.00 mm
Moment arm for soil backfill, d4 = L - (L-t)/4) 1262.50 mm
Moment arm for wight concrete wall, d5 = L/2 800.00 mm
Moment arm for weight of concrete footing, d6 = L/2 800.00 mm
Check for factor of safety as per code provision:
Resisting Moment, RM = (RB*d3)+(W1*d5)+(W2*d6)+(W3*d4) 90.042 KN.m
Overturning Moment, OM = (Psoil*d1) + (Psur*d2) 40.242 KN.m
Summation for vertical forces, Ry = W1 + W2 + W3 67.995 KN
AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against sliding, FSSL = µ*(RY/(Psoil+Psur-RB)) 1.26 Non-Compliant
NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is failed against sliding, Provide Shear Key
AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against overturning, FSOT= RM/OM 2.24 Compliant
NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe agaisnt overturning, section increase not needed
Check for allowable soil bearing pressure :
Distance of resultant from toe, X = (RM - OM)/Ry 732.40 mm
Eccentricity of Resultant Force e = L/2 - X 67.60 mm
Check if Trapezoidal or Triangular Pressure, L/6 266.67 mm
When e < L/6 adopt Trapezoidal Pressure
Calculate Minimum Soil Pressure, qumin = (Ry/L)*(1 - 6*e/L) 31.725 kPa Compliant
Calculate for Maximum Soil Pressure, qumax = (Ry/L)*(1 + 6*e/L) 53.269 kPa Compliant
When qumax < qall, therefore section is satisfactory

DESIGN OF REINFORCEMENT OF HEEL:

Effective depth of footing to be consider, heff = h - Cc - Øh/2 319.00 mm


AASHTO 11.5.5 Factored Weight due to Soil at Rear Face, W3U = 1.35*(ɣS*((L-t)/2))*(h1-h)*b 47.57 KN
AASHTO 11.5.5 Factored Weight due to concrete at heel portion, WheelU = 1.25*(ɣC*(L-t)/2*h*b) 8.10 KN
Calculate for Factored Shear at the face of top base, Vu = W3U + WheelU 55.67 KN
Caculate for Ultimate bending Moment, Mu = (W3U + WheelU)*((L-t)/4)) 18.788 KN.m

Note : Although it is true that there is some upward soil pressure, the designer choose to neglect it because it is rela-
tively small. This is the unlikely condition that would exist if there occurred a leteral force overload and no asso-
ciated increased vertical loads causing uplift of the heel. The ultimate moment must be due to the factored load
(wt of soil including surcharge and weight of footing on the postion of heel.

NSCP I--Sec.411.4.1.1 Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*heff 286.96 KN


NSCP I--Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 215.22 KN Compliant
The footing thickness h is adeqaute to carry such shear stresses

Coefficeint of resistance, Rn = Mu / (ɸf*b*heff2) 0.205 Mpa


NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032
NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034
Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034
Calculate for theoritical rho, ρ = (0.85*fc'/fy)*(1 - sqrt(1 - 2*Rn/(0.85*fc')) 0.0005 Non-compliant
Use rho minimum for design

Calculate for rho balnce, ρb = 0.85*fc'*β1*600 / fy*(600 + fy) N.A


Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A
Not Aplicable
Therefore adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034
Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρdes*fy/fc' 0.0500
Check for the req'd thickness of the ft., hreq'd = sqrt(Mu/(ɸf*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) 123.95 mm Compliant
The assumed base/footing thickness is satisfactory
2
Calculate for the total req'd steel area, As = ρdes*b*heff 1078.74 mm
2
Calculation for main steel area provided, Apro = PI()*(Øh2)/4 113.10 mm
Calculation for number of bars per strip, N = As/Apro 10 pcs Per meter strip
Calculation for req'd main bar spacing, Sreq'd = b/N 100 mm
Therefore use: 10 - Ø12mm main steel bar in heel spaced @100mm O.C

Temperature and Shrinkage bar: TOP BARS


NSCP I- Sec. 407.13.2.1 For grade 276 bars, steel ratio, ρtemp 0.0020
2
Calculation for req'd steel area,Areq'd = ρtemp*L*h 1280.00 mm
2
Calculation for temp and shrink bar provided, Apro = PI()*Øtb2/4 78.540 mm
Calculation for number of bar per meter strip, N = Areq'd/Apro 17 pcs
Calculate for req'd spacing, Sreq'd = L/N 90 mm
NSCP I- Sec 407.13.2.2 Check for Spacing, 5*h 2000 mm
NSCP I- Sec 407.13.2.2 450 mm 450 mm

Therefore use: 17 - Ø10mm temperature and shrinkage bar space @90mm O.C

DESIGN OF REINFORCEMENT OF TOE:

Fig. 2 Trapeziodal Pressure Diagram


Note:

- The max. pressure at the


(L-t)/2 base footing create bending
moment at the stem of wall
and shear. The designer
choose to neglect the soil
qumin on top of footing .
qumax
q1
q2
R1

R2
Calculation for dist. From toe to the face of stem, (L-t)/2 675.00 mm
Calculation for valu of q1 = qumax - qumin 21.544 kPa
Calculation for value of q2 = (q1*(L-t)/2)/L 9.089 kPa
Calculation for value of R1 = (qumax - q2)*((L-t)/2)*b 29.822 KN
Calculation for value of R2 = 1/2*(q2)*((L-t)/2)*b 3.068 KN
Calculation for factored shear, Vu = 1.6*(R1+R2) 52.623 KN
Calculation for factored moment, Mu = 1.6*(R1*(L-t)/4) + 1.6*(R2*(2/3)*((L-t)/2)) 18.312 KN

NSCP I--Sec.411.4.1.1 Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*heff 286.96 KN


NSCP I--Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 215.22 Compliant
The footing thickness h is adeqaute to carry such shear stresses

Coefficeint of resistance, Rn = Mu / (ɸf*b*heff) 0.200 Mpa


NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy 0.0032
NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1 Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy 0.0034
Therefore adopt rho min, ρmin = 0.0034
Calculate for theoritical rho, ρ = (0.85*fc'/fy)*(1 - sqrt(1 - 2*Rn/(0.85*fc')) 0.0005 Non-compliant
Use rho minimum for design

Calculate for rho balnce, ρb = 0.85*fc'*β1*600 / fy*(600 + fy) N.A


Calculate for rho max, ρmax = 0.75*ρb N.A
Not Aplicable
Therefore adopt design rho, ρdes = 0.0034
Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρdes*fy/fc' 0.0500
Check for the req'd thickness of the ft., hreq'd = sqrt(Mu/(ɸf*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) 122.37 mm Compliant
The assumed base/footing thickness is satisfactory
2
Calculate for the total req'd steel area, As = ρdes*b*heff 1078.74 mm
2 2
Calculation for main steel area provided, Apro = PI()*(Øh )/4 113.10 mm
Calculation for number of bars per strip, N = As/Apro 10 pcs
Calculation for req'd main bar spacing, Sreq'd = b/N 100 mm

Therefore use: 10 - Ø12mm main steel bar @ toe spaced @100mm O.C

Temperature and Shrinkage bar: BOT BARS


NSCP Sec. 407.13.2.1 For grade 276 bars, steel ratio, ρtemp 0.0020
2
Calculation for req'd steel area,Areq'd = ρtemp*L*h 1280.00 mm
2
Calculation for temp and shrink bar provided, Apro = PI()*Øtb2/4 78.540 mm
Calculation for number of bar per meter strip, N = Areq'd/Apro 17 pcs
Calculate for req'd spacing, Sreq'd = L/N 90 mm
NSCP Sec 407.13.2.2 Check for Spacing, 5*h 2000 mm
NSCP Sec 407.13.2.2 450 mm 450 mm

Therefore use: 17 - Ø10mm temperature and shinkage bar @ toe spaced @90mm O.C
BASE SHEAR KEY NOMENCLATURE
Fig. 3 . Passive Earth Pressure

h
hT
Pp1 R
hS
Pp2

Total active pressure, F = Psoil + Psur 32.799 KN


Vertical Resultant, Ry= 67.995 KN
Required resistant for sliding, Fu =1.5*F 49.199 KN
Friction Resistance , Fr = μ*Ry 33.998 KN
Furnished Resisitance,R = Fu - Fr 15.201 KN
Required height of Shear Key, hT = sqrt(2*R/(ɣs*kp)) 760.00 mm
Height of shear key, hs = hT - h 360.00 mm
Calculation for Coefficient of Passive Pressure, kp = (1 + sinɸ)/(1 - sinɸ) 3.00
Passive Rectangular Pressure at the face of shear key, Pp1 = ɣs*h*hs*b*kp 7.776 KN
Passive Triangular Pressure at the face of shear key, Pp2 = (1/2)*(ɣs)*(hs^2)*b*kp 3.4992 KN
Maximum factored moment, Mu = 1.6*(Pp1*hs/2 + Pp2*(2hs/3)) 3.5831808 KN.m
Use rho min, ρmin 0.0034
Calculation for mechanical ration, ω = ρmin*fy/fc' 0.0500
Calculation for Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = fc'*ω*(1 - 0.59*ω) 1.359 Mpa
Calculate for shear key thickness, a = sqrt(Mu/ɸf*Rn*b) 60.00 mm
Factore shear force, Vu = 1.6*(R) 24.322 KN
NSCP I--Sec.411.4.1.1 Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*heff 43.275 KN
NSCP I--Sec.411.2 Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸsVc 32.456 KN Compliant
The shear key thickness is adequate to carry such shear stress

Therefore, for the reinforcement of shear key extent the vertical bars at the rear face to the shear key

Summary of Shear Key section : Total Heigth, hsT = hs + Cc + Øvr/2 450.00 mm


Total Width, aT = a + Cc + Øvr/2 150.00 mm

H. Results & Reinforcement Arragement

6- φ12mm space @ 160mm O.C

24-Ø10mm space @
160mm O.C

EXPOSED FACE OF BASEMENT


WALL.

8 - Ø10mm spaced @ SOIL BACKFILL @ REAR


120mm O.C FACE OF THE WALL.

24 - Ø10mm spaced @
120mm O.C

10 - Ø12mm
10 - Ø12mm spaced @100mm O.C
spaced @100mm O.C

TOE HEEL

17 - Ø10mm
space @90mm O.C
17 - Ø10mm
spaced @90mm O.C

REVISION NO. DESCRIPTION OF REVISION DATE CHECKED DATE APPROVED


CHECK FOR STABILITY FOR SEISMIC CONDITION
Fig.1 Pressure Diagram induced by Seismic Force & Surcharge

RB
B

W3 W1
PAE
d5

d3
Psur
d4

d7

d2 W2

d6
A
h
HEEL TOE

Weights and Forces: Consider 1.0 meter strip


Weight due to concrete wall, W1 = ɣc*(h1-h)*b*t 17.400 KN
Weight due to concrete footing, W2 = ɣc*L*b*h 15.360 KN
Weight to soil backfill, W3 = ɣs*((L-t)/2)*(h1-h)*b 35.235 KN
Reaction induced by slab @ the upper level, RB 5.863 KN
Force induced by seismic, PAE = (0.375(kh)(γws)(h1)2) 14.702 KN
Force induced by surcharge load, Psur 7.569 KN

Moment arm about toe:


Moment arm for soil induced force, d7 = 2*h1/3 2200.00 mm
Moment arm for surcharge force, d2 = h1/2 1650.00 mm
Moment arm for force due to slab above level, d3 = h1 3300.00 mm
Moment arm for soil backfill, d4 = L - (L-t)/4) 1262.50 mm
Moment arm for wight concrete wall, d5 = L/2 800.00 mm
Moment arm for weight of concrete footing, d6 L/2 800.00 mm
Check for factor of safety as per code provision:
Resisting Moment, RM = (RB*d3)+(W1*d5)+(W2*d6)+(W3*d4) 90.042 KN.m
Overturning Moment, OM = (PAE*d1) + (Psur*d2) 44.832 KN.m
Summation for vertical forces, Ry = W1 + W2 + W3 67.995 KN
AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against sliding, FSSL = µ*(RY/(Psoil+Psur)) 2.07 Compliant
NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Thefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe against sliding, Shear Key is not Needed
AASHTO 5.8.9.1A Check for factor of safety against overturning, FSOT= RM/OM 2.01 Compliant
NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe agaisnt overturning, section increase not needed