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A SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST PUBLICATION

VOLUME LXVI

NO. 183

July 4, 2010

B

see live updates at www.scmp.com

HK $8.00

Message unlikely to be lost on Beijing as 3 vessels turn up in Asian ports
People wait to be rescued after their helicopter crash-landed in Victoria Harbour yesterday soon after take-off for Macau from the Shun Tak Centre helipad; the near-intact helicopter (below, left) is kept afloat by inflatable buoys; the craft is lifted by crane onto a barge. Photos: Felix Wong, Danae Edgar

US submarines emerge in show of military might
......................................................
Greg Torode Chief Asia correspondent In a scarcely noticed move last Monday, three of America’s largest submarines surfaced in Asia-Pacific ports in a show of force by the US Seventh Fleet not seen since the end of the cold war. The appearance of the USS Michigan in Pusan, South Korea, the USS Ohio in Subic Bay, in the Philippines, and the USS Florida in the strategic Indian Ocean outpost of Diego Garcia not only reflects the trend of escalating submarine activity in East Asia, but carries another threat as well. The three Ohio-class submarines have all been recently converted from carrying cold-war-era nuclear ballistic missiles to other weapons – improved intelligence sensors, special operations troops and, significantly, a vast quantity of Tomahawk cruise missiles, a manoeuvrable lowflying weapon designed to strike targets on land. Between them, the three submarines can carry 462 Tomahawks, boosting by an estimated 60 per centplus the potential Tomahawk strike force of the entire Japanese-based Seventh Fleet – the core projection of US military power in East Asia. While the move has been made with little fanfare, it is starting to resonate across the region. US officials insist it reflects long-term deployment

Inside
US-Korean drills Page 7 The big stick Post Magazine

13 plucked to safety after helicopter to Macau ditches in harbour
......................................................
Fanny W. Y. Fung and Amy Nip Two pilots and 11 passengers were plucked to safety from Victoria Harbour yesterday after their Macaubound helicopter was forced to ditch shortly after take-off from the Shun Tak Centre helipad. Minutes after turning to head for Macau at noon, 500 metres out into the harbour the pilot-in-command heard a loud bang and immediately decided to make an emergency landing in the water. Before hitting the water the pilot activated inflatable buoys which kept the aircraft afloat to allow the passengers to evacuate. Local fishermen in their boats were first on the scene and were quickly joined by police, Marine and Fire Services Department crews, the Civil Aviation Department said. All 13 people on board the 15-seat twin-turbine AgustaWestland AW139 made it safely to land and were admitted to Queen Mary Hospital with slight injuries. They were all discharged by last night. Tsui Hing-lan, who was fishing at the Shun Tak pier when the drama unfolded, said: “I saw the helicopter
200m

West Kowloon

Helicopter lands here

Towed to Wan Chai

Sheung Wan
SMP GRPAHIC

Shun Tak Centre

Central

flying from that side [the east]. It fell slowly into the water. Then I saw yellow buoys open but I couldn’t see the people because it was far away. The rotor was still rotating when the helicopter hit the water. I called the police at once and saw rescue vessels arriving about 10 minutes later.” Yip Ho-cong, who was working on a construction site overlooking the harbour, said: “I was stunned when I saw the helicopter falling into the sea. It was still moving after landing in the water. Later I saw rescuers come.” The aircraft’s owner, Sky Shuttle, suspended its helicopter service between Hong Kong and Macau. The helicopter was manufactured in Italy and registered in Macau. It was put into service last year. The company owns five other aircraft of the same model and the Civil Aviation Department ordered them grounded for inspection.

Leung Yu-keung, acting directorgeneral of civil aviation, said the pilots experienced mechanical problems but the exact cause of the accident was unknown. The helicopter was lifted from the water minus its rear propeller at 7pm after being towed to Wan Chai. Sky Shuttle chief executive officer Cheyenne Chan said the pilot-incommand was their chief pilot. “He has about 9,000 hours of flying experience. Five hundred hours involved the flying of AW139s,” she said. Jack Lo Chun-kong, who teaches an aircraft maintenance course at the Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education, said objects could have hit the propeller on the helicopter’s tail after it took off. Former civil aviation director general Albert Lam Kwong-yu said the pilot made the right judgment to avoid marine traffic and adjacent skyscrapers.

plans and is not directed at a single country or crisis – such as intensifying tensions on the Korean peninsula following North Korea’s sinking of a South Korean warship – but the message is unlikely to be lost on Beijing. One veteran Asian military attaché, who keeps close ties with both Chinese and US forces, noted that “460-odd Tomahawks is a huge amount of potential firepower in anybody’s language”. “It is another sign that the US is determined to not just maintain its military dominance in Asia, but to be seen doing so … that is a message for Beijing and for everybody else,

The US is determined to not just maintain military dominance in Asia, but to be seen doing so
A veteran Asian military attaché

......................................................

whether you are a US ally or a nation sitting on the fence.” Other Asian diplomats said it might reflect a rising chorus of concern in recent months from China’s neighbours, who have been discreetly urging the US to do more to stand up to China’s growing naval assertiveness in East Asia. Chinese exercises have been expanding in size and scope in recent months, with vessels appearing beyond Japan’s offshore islands and appearing deep in the disputed South China Sea. “Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore and Australia – all these countries have been active behind the scenes in expressing concerns,” another Asian diplomat said. “There is no hotter topic at the moment thanChina’s naval ambitions.” In Washington, meanwhile, concern is mounting about missile deployments in East Asia. Pentagon estimates suggest China is increasing its stocks of short-range ballistic missiles and precision cruise missiles, and boosting their capabilities. Its last report on China’s military modernisation estimated that a September 2008 stockpile of between 1,050 and 1,150 short-range ballistic missiles was rising at a rate of about 100 per year, the bulk concentrated on Taiwan. South Korean estimates show North Korea has fielded more
• CONTINUED ON PAGE 7

Beijing goes global in anti-corruption drive
......................................................
Irene Jay Liu As pressures mount for China to tackle rampant corruption within its borders, Beijing is making unprecedented moves to take the anti-bribery battle global by co-operating with foreign law enforcement agencies and international watchdogs. While the domestic crackdown against corruption has been escalating “what is new is that the government has taken on an international dimension by promoting international co-operation”, said Liao Ran of Transparency International, a Berlinbased independent advocacy group. The moves come as Beijing counts its multibillion-yuan losses from the squirreling away of funds by graft suspects who flee overseas. “Chinese prosecutors are in contact with other countries’ prosecutors and China is eager for bilateral co-operation with countries such as Canada, the United States, the UK and Australia” because corrupt Chinese officials have defected to those countries, Liao said. “China is very eager to get them back and their money back.” In June, China and Canada signed a memorandum of understanding to “to facilitate co-operation between the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Chinese Ministry of Public Security”, which resulted from ongoing discussions about the investigation and repatriation of Chinese corruption suspects, and the sharing of the seized proceeds of those crimes. The Ministry of Public Security released figures in 2008 stating that more than 800 Chinese nationals accused of embezzling more than 70 billion yuan had fled overseas and that 500 remain at large. Other staterun media reports have published much higher estimates. Beijing has sought extradition treaties with countries in the West, but has faced resistance because those convicted could face the death penalty in China. Since 2006, Beijing has signed extradition treaties with more than 30 countries and regions, including Australia, Spain, and France. China does not have extradition treaties with the Canada, the US or the UK. In the absence of such treaties, Chinese authorities have managed to co-operate with international counterparts, particularly the United States, to prosecute corrupt Chinese officials in China and abroad. In 2006, the US repatriated Yu Zhendong, the
• CONTINUED ON PAGE 3

Inside News
Hong Kong
Nurses battle the bureaucrats
Hong Kong faces a nursing shortage but overseas-trained nurses are battling a sea of red tape in trying to sit an examination to become registered nurses in the city. Hong Kong has 29,110 registered nurses but only 6 per cent, or 1,939 obtained their qualifications outside the city. Full report Page 3

Sport
Argentina humbled
Germany striker Miroslav Klose celebrates scoring his team’s fourth goal in their 4-0 World Cup quarter-final win over Argentina in Cape Town. Photo: AFP Full report Sport Page 1

Hong Kong
Growing pains for island haven
Mui Wo on Lantau Island has long been a sprawl of rural villages, prized for its eccentric lifestyle and cheap housing but now, as one blogger says, “the yuppies are taking over the asylum”. People looking for suburban luxury in renovated village houses have moved in and many long-time Mui Wo residents don’t like it. Full report Page 2

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Inside
NEWS SECTION Weather 2 .................................. Hong Kong 2-4 .................................. National 5-6 .................................. International 7-9 .................................. Leaders & Letters 10 .................................. Agenda 11-12 .................................. Your Money 13-16 THE REVIEW Main feature 2-3 .................................. Sight & Sound 4-9 .................................. Arts 10-12 .................................. Books 13-17 .................................. The Planner 18-19 .................................. Film 19 .................................. Cinemas 20 SUNDAY SPORT World Cup 1, 4-5 .................................. Motor Racing 2 .................................. Tennis 3 .................................. Tour de France 6 .................................. Results Roundup 7 .................................. Insight 7 .................................. Extra Time 8

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2 Hong Kong

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

Strains of yuppification are showing in South Lantau town

A laid-back island haven encounters growing pains
......................................................
Christopher DeWolf Last month, two stray dogs were found dead on a Mui Wo beach. News of their fate spread quickly through the nearby villages. “It was definitely a poisoning,” said a beachside restaurant worker, explaining that hikers often felt intimidated by the dogs. But who would do such a thing? “Those people coming from DB,” she said with a scowl, referring to nearby Discovery Bay. Lantau Island’s Mui Wo has long been a shabby sprawl of rural villages, prized for its eccentric lifestyle and cheap housing. But recent years have seen an influx of transplants looking for suburban luxury at prices far lower than those in Discovery Bay or Sai Kung. As village houses are bought and renovated, property prices have more than doubled in the past five years, and the government now plans to spend HK$300 million on beautification and leisure facilities over the next few years. But the changes have met with opposition from some long-time Mui Wo residents. “The yuppies are taking over the asylum” is how one blogger described it. “Sometimes people come to live here and they don’t seem to quite understand that they’re coming to live in the country,” said Jacqui Green, an animal welfare advocate who has lived in Mui Wo for more than 20 years. She said that she was certain the dogs found dead last month had been deliberately poisoned by someone who considered them a nuisance. Many newcomers seem taken aback when they encounter Mui Wo’s laissez-faire atmosphere, said Green. On one occasion, a woman who had just built a new house called her to complain that it had been overrun by village cats. Green agreed to neuter them, but only after she explained that the cats were part of vilProperty prices in Mui Wo have risen but are still cheaper than in Sai Kung and Discovery Bay. Photo: SMP Pictures lage life. ”To me, it was a typical situation where somebody gets a piece of land, builds a house however they want and moves in without realising what it is going to be like, without taking into account village customs and habits,” she said. For decades, Mui Wo’s relative isolation made it a popular place to live for anyone who wanted to get away from the pressures of urban Hong Kong. It became home to one of the most diverse populations in Hong Kong, a mix of indigenous vilhere and I thought it was kind of ugly, garbage everywhere. I learned to love it.” He now pays homage to his village, Wang Tong, through a blog called The Toilet Bar, which is named after a village shop next to a public toilet that morphed into a popular hangout. About three years ago, he said, a wave of young families, most of them expats, began moving to Mui Wo, drawn partly by the opening of a new road to Tung Chung. “It sounds hypocritical for me to say it, but the place is being colonised by young gweilos,” he said. “They ride around in little tricycles rather than bicycles, with the kids in the back seats being chauffeured by the helpers. I liken them to suburban SUVs. It shows just a little bit of a different attitude.” Feign described his fondness for the casualness of village life. “The kids could go into a local village shop, take anything they want and I’d go by later and ask how much I need to pay, and they say ‘Oh, just pay when you can,’” he said. One recent morning, his wife almost missed her ferry because water buffaloes were blocking the entrance to their house. “You have to like that it’s a bit sloppy and messy to really enjoy it here. That kind of thing makes it charming, and it used to be what put off those people from Discovery Bay. But I guess places like DB have become too expensive.” Prices for a village house in Mui Wo have increased sharply with the influx of newcomers. One resident who bought a village house three years ago for HK$3.1million has seen its value rocket to HK$7 million. “If you’ve been here for a while, you remember how low prices used to be,” said Jennifer Bauch, a property broker who opened shop in Mui Wo in 2007. “Now they’re up 60 per cent and it’s a shock. But if you’re coming from Sai Kung, the prices are still relatively low. It’s good business here for brokers because of all the expats.” Mui Wo’s population now stands at 6,100, according to an estimate by the Planning Department, and it is expected to increase to nearly 7,000 over the next several years. The growing population and changing demographics are straining Mui Wo’s rural infrastructure. Though the government plans to spent HK$300 million to build a new waterfront dining area and recreational facilities, it does not yet plan to address what residents say is most sorely needed: a new school and community gathering space. "I see new people on the ferry almost every day and most of them have young children – they’re going to need a good school," said John Schofield, a member of the Living Islands concern group, which sees itself as a watchdog for development on Hong Kong’s outlying islands. Mui Wo’s only secondary school closed in 2007. Last year, plans to move a school for troubled youth, the Christian Zheng Sheng College, into the building were met with furious opposition. Some Mui Wo residents hurled invective at the school’s principal and students at public hearings. But those fighting to open a new school say that aren’t opposed to Zheng Sheng, they are simply looking out for the interests of Mui Wo’s families, whose children currently attend schools in Tung Chung, Kowloon and on Hong Kong Island. One third of school-age children in Mui Wo are non-Chinese, said Rosa Ma Suet-fan, who is a member of the South Lantau Education Concern Group, so the group is working to convince the government to open a bilingual secondary school. On a muggy evening earlier this week, Schofield and Ma chatted about Mui Wo with two other residents, Maria Currie and Louise Prescott, at the China Bear, a popular waterfront pub. “The rising prices mean that people are forced to live further and further out,” said Prescott, an Englishwoman who moved to Mui Wo five years ago from Jakarta. “There’s a snowball effect. Once one house is renovated, others follow.” Ma recalled her first encounter with Mui Wo. She was living in Discovery Bay when she went for a hike and glimpsed Mui Wo from high up in the hills, she said. It reminded her of the long-sincedemolished Ngau Tau Kok village she grew up in. When she finally moved to Mui Wo, “the villagers would smile, say hello and offer their freshly picked vegetables or bananas straight from the trees,” she said. “Of course, when people of different cultural backgrounds live together, people have different perceptions of how things should be done.” One example of those differences in perception, she said, are the walls that some newcomers build around their houses. “The indigenous villagers never demarcated their property like that.” The disposal of debris from renovations and constructions is another tricky issue that can lead to resentment between neighbours.

Islamic finance abroad, not for HK homebuyers
......................................................
Michael Martin He was born and bred in Hong Kong, but as a devout Muslim, Akhtar Hussain can’t buy a home here. Banking giants like HSBC and Standard Chartered offer Islamic mortgages structured to comply with the tenets of the Islamic faith in Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and even Britain, but not in Hong Kong. “I went to Hang Seng Bank and the Bank of China, and they agreed to give me a loan. But it is not according to Islamic law,” Hussain said. Mufti Muhammad Arshad, Hong Kong’s chief imam and authority on Islamic law, advised Hussain that Islam prohibited Muslims from borrowing money with interest. In Islam, riba, translated as usury or interest, is a sin. Some Muslim scholars argue that the term refers to usury – which is an excessively high rate of interest – and not regular interest, but Mufti Arshad believes the terms are synonymous. Hussain is among an emerging class of Muslims who have the means to look for stable housing, but the lack of Islamic financial services keeps them subject to rent increases and lease renewals. Mufti Arshad numbers cases like Hussain’s “in the hundreds.” Without other options, some local Muslims are left breaking the rules, in what the mufti calls a sin tantamount to eating pork. The Hussain family arrived in Hong Kong 33 years ago from Pakistan. Since then, they have worked in retail at Chungking Mansions. Between his Islamic book stall and a mobile phone business, Hussain makes around HK$50,000 a month and hopes to buy a home in Tuen Mun for about HK$1.3 million. Rent increases keep his family – a wife and two children aged two and seven – on the move. “We are living in Hong Kong. Our kids are living here too,” he said. “What we are thinking about is our kids.” Ideally, an Islamic bank would purchase Hussain’s dream home from an original owner and, holding the title to the property, sell it to Hussain over several years. Interest would be paid in the form of fees instead of interest, and the bank still makes a profit. “Currently in Hong Kong, the Muslim population may not be enough to sustain Islamic banking solely for retail,” said Damian Yip, divisional director of the Hong Kong branch of the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. HSBC’s only Islamic banking facility in Hong Kong is the Hang Seng Islamic China index fund, created for retail investors in the city. “Hong Kong may never be a core capital of Islamic finance due to the make-up of its population,” said Razi Fakih, deputy chief executive of HSBC’s Islamic banking facility, HSBC Amanah. The speciality branch offers services in seven countries, but according to Fakih there isn’t enough demand to introduce it to Hong Kong. In 2007, Chief Executive Donald Tsang Yam-kuen announced plans to turn Hong Kong into a hub of Islamic investment, but little progress has been made to catapult Hong Kong into an industry that Moody’s Investors Service expects will exceed US$1 trillion this year. Bringing an Islamic bond market to Hong Kong demands a whole new set of banking institutions compliant with Islamic law on issues like interest and one that doesn’t invest in industries prohibited by the faith, such as pornography and liquor. In co-operation with Chinese University, Kuwait-Asia University is to open a business school university in the Arab emirates later this year to train new Islamic finance specialists.

I went to Hang Seng Bank … and they agreed to give me a loan. But the loan is not according to Islamic law
Akhtar Hussain, a Hong Kong native and Muslim

It sounds hypocritical for me to say it, but the place is being colonised by young gweilos
Larry Feign, cartoonist and a long-time resident of Mui Wo

......................................................

......................................................

lagers, Chinese from other parts of Hong Kong, Filipinos, South Asians and Western expats. Among the expats, there has always been a division between middle-class professionals and what one resident called “whisky tangos” – a euphemism for “white trash”. Some residents admit that the low prices were what first drew them to Mui Wo. “I came here because it was cheap,” says cartoonist Larry Feign, who has lived in Mui Wo for 19 years. “I couldn’t afford to live anywhere else. A friend of mine brought me out

Yip also said Islamic investment in Hong Kong may pick up at the end of the year. The Legislative Council is expected to introduce a bill relaxing double stamp duties on international investment. Measures like this helped promote Islamic investment in Britain and Singapore. In the meantime, Mufti Arshad says local Muslims still need Islamic banking. “Hong Kong banks don’t realise how big the Muslim community here is,” he said. The 2008 Hong Kong Yearbook estimated 220,000 Muslims live in Hong Kong – a figure that includes some 150,000 Indonesian migrant workers.

Weather
HONG KONG FORECAST
28 33
N

Demand, no supply Islamic financial services are offered across the region, but none so far in Hong Kong
The number of Muslims living in Hong Kong, according to the government

......................................................

28 32 8 32

Tomorrow mainly fine apart from isolated showers.

28 32 8 32
29 34 30 34 35 26 36 32 35 39 34 30 31 35 22 30 36

Tuesday mainly fine apart from isolated showers.

28 32 8 32

Wednesday mainly fine apart from isolated showers.

Thursday fine and hot.

220,000
......................................................
Hameed Jalal, chairman of the Incorporated Trustees of the Islamic Community Fund of Hong Kong, agreed that a need was not being met. Muslims in the housing market avoid mortgages altogether by choosing lower-cost properties or pooling resources from relations and paying for homes in cash. Hussain’s cousin Michael Ansari is also looking to buy a home in Hong Kong without violating his religious beliefs. He said the alternatives presented by Jalal were not even an option for him. “No one in our community is that wealthy,” Ansari said.

28 32 8

Today fine and very hot apart from one or two isolated showers in the morning.

ASIA TODAY
Dalian Guilin Guiyang Hefei Jinan Lanzhou Nanchang Nanjing Nanning Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Urumqi Wenzhou Xiamen Xining Yinchuan Zhengzhou Fine Cloudy Cloudy Rain Fine Cloudy Cloudy Rain Cloudy Fine Fine Fine Thunder Cloudy Showers Fine Cloudy 22 28 23 27 23 18 29 26 26 27 22 21 25 27 12 19 26

THE WORLD TODAY
ASIA-PACIFIC
MIN MAX

Harbin 22 27 Changchun 21 27 Hohhot 20 32 Beijing 25 35 Tianjin 24 35 Xian 24 34 Wuhan 28 34 Hangzhou 28 33 Qingdao 23 30 Shanghai 25 29 Shenyang 21 31

Sapporo 22 27

WIND

HUMIDITY

UV INDEX

POLLUTION

Force 4

65-90%

13

Low to Medium

It will be fine. One or two isolated showers overnight. The minimum temperature will be about 28 degrees. Very hot durng the day with a maximum temperature of around 33 degrees in the urban areas, one to two degrees higher in the New Territories. Moderate southwesterly winds. Mainly fine and hot in the following few days.
GENERAL SITUATION (11PM YESTERDAY)

Tokyo 23 29 Seoul 23 29 Osaka 25 30 Hiroshima 22 25

Lhasa 17 28 Kathmandu 17 24 Calcutta 25 33
MIN MAX

Chengdu 24 30 Chongqing 28 36

A ridge of high pressure is bringing generally fine weather to southern China.

Adelaide Auckland Bangalore Brisbane Brunei Busan (Pusan) Canberra Colombo Darwin Delhi Denpasar Dhaka Hobart Honolulu Islamabad Jakarta Karachi Male/Maldives Melbourne Mumbai Perth Sydney Tashkent Wellington
EUROPE

fine rain showers fine showers showers fine thunder mainly fine thunder thunder thunder mainly fine fine mainly fine thunder cloudy thunder fine showers fine fine fine mainly fine mainly fine fine showers showers mainly fine mainly fine mainly fine mainly fine rain showers showers fine fine fine mainly fine mainly fine mainly fine fine thunder few showers mainly fine fine fine fine fine thunder fine fine fine fine fine fine rain fine fine fine fine fine fine fine fine showers mainly fine fine showers few showers thunder few showers thunder fine thunder fine fine fine thunder thunder few showers mainly fine mainly fine fine fine rain mainly fine few showers cloudy fine

4 8 21 7 23 22 -3 24 23 28 26 25 7 23 26 24 30 28 6 26 2 8 21 9 14 22 22 18 19 14 17 16 13 21 16 15 19 20 10 18 24 15 19 17 14 14 21 17 13 19 28 17 29 24 23 7 21 28 30 25 6 30 30 22 19 9 22 13 17 9 26 17 24 19 26 25 16 16 13 27 19 20 18 16 13 4 11 20 13 18

14 13 30 20 32 23 11 31 33 36 30 33 15 30 40 31 37 29 15 29 16 17 38 13 25 32 31 26 34 25 27 26 22 29 26 28 31 36 23 35 36 28 30 24 28 31 31 22 27 26 43 37 37 32 35 22 24 40 41 42 17 45 43 32 30 19 34 26 19 22 32 38 31 33 30 38 18 20 20 34 29 41 30 24 25 14 19 32 19 34

Changsha 29 37 Kunming 19 28 Fuzhou 28 38 Guangzhou 27 Hanoi 28 37 Vientiane 23 29 Hong Kong 28 33 Haikou 26 35 Manila 26 33 Phnom Penh 24 30

Naha 28 32 Taipei 27 36 Kaohsiung 27 29

POLLUTION TODAY'S FORECAST
FORECAST API LEVEL

General Station Roadside Station

Low to Medium Medium to High

15 40

40 65
Yangon 25 32

POLLUTION YESTERDAY
GENERAL STATIONS API LEVEL MIN MAX

Central/Western Eastern Kwai Chung Kwun Tong Sha Tin Sham Shui Po Tai Po Tap Mun Tsuen Wan Tung Chung Yuen Long
ROADSIDE STATIONS

Low Low Medium Medium Low Medium Low Low Medium Low Low
API LEVEL

11 16 31 34 19 26 16 11 26 14 24
MIN

17 18 38 35 23 27 18 33 28 22 26
MAX

Chennai 26 35

Bangkok 24 31 Ho Chi Minh City 24 33 Phuket 27 29 Kuala Lumpur 25 33

Singapore 25 32

Amsterdam Athens Barcelona Belgrade Berlin Brussels Budapest Copenhagen Dublin Frankfurt Geneva Helsinki Istanbul Lisbon London Madrid Milan Moscow Munich Oslo Paris Prague Rome Stockholm Vienna Zurich Abu Dhabi Amman Bahrain Beirut Cairo Cape Town Casablanca Doha Dubai Jeddah Johannesburg Kuwait Riyadh Tel Aviv
THE AMERICAS WARM

MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA
SUNNY PARTLY CLOUDY FOG CLOUDY / OVERCAST ISOLATED SHOWERS DRIZZLE SHOWER RAIN ISOLATED THUNDER THUNDER DUST WINDY SNOW FLURRIES SNOW HAIL TYPHOON

Causeway Bay Central/Western Mong Kok
API = AIR POLLUTION INDEX

High Medium High

47 43 54

67 52 58

Would-be homebuyers Michael Ansari and Akhtar Hussain. Photo: May Tse

WWW.EPD.GOV.HK

YESTERDAY'S READINGS
TEMPERATURES MIN MAX

ISOBAR CHART
FRONTS COLD

PEA PEARL RIVER D A ARL VER DELTA REGIONAL AIR QUALITY MAP TY M Y
GUANGZHOU

Chek Lap Kok Cheung Chau Hong Kong Park King's Park Lau Fau Shan Sai Kung Sha Tin Ta Kwu Ling Wong Chuk Hang
HONG KONG OBSERVATORY

29.0 27.0 28.9 28.2 27.5 28.1 28.8 25.4 28.2 28.3 27.7 65

34.6 32.0 33.1 31.5 34.0 34.2 33.7 34.1 31.5 32.7

Mark Six
There was no winner last night so HK$10,727,919 will jackpot to Tuesday night. The numbers drawn were 2, 13, 14, 21, 45, 49 and the extra 19. One ticket won the second prize of HK$1,909,305. Third prize paid HK$50,910.

1006 1008

OCCLUDED

HONG KONG

I II III IV V

Pollutant concentrations are well within the air quality standards. Pollutant concentrations are generally within the air quality standards. Concentrations of individual pollutants may approach or exceed the air quality standards. Air quality standards are generally exceeded. Air quality standards are significantly exceeded.

Air Temperature Grass Humidity (%) Sunshine (Hours) Rainfall (mm)

STATIONARY TROUGH

10.1 0.0

AS AT 2PM YESTERDAY

Total rainfall since January 1st is 885.6 mm against an average of 1074.0 mm.

TIDES
High Low High Low 1.5m 03:29 1.2m 08:07 1.6m 13:14 0.9m 20:19

MOON & SUN
Moonrise Moonset Sunrise Sunset 23:57 12:05 05:44 19:11

DATA SOURCE
SMGM Hong Kong Observatory EPD www.epd.gov.hk Other cities visit: www.scmp.com Information visit: www.metra.info

Atlanta Bogota Boston Brasilia Buenos Aires Calgary Caracas Chicago Dallas Detroit Houston Las Vegas Lima Los Angeles Mexico City Miami Montreal New York Ottawa Rio De Janeiro San Francisco Santiago Seattle Toronto Vancouver Washington DC

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

Hong Kong 3

On the outside looking in

Hong Kong

Singapore (2008)

38,780 6%
nurses (including enrolled nurses) trained outside HK

20,000 800
employed in 41 public hospitals nurses either retire or leave to work in private sector each year

Number of nurses and midwives Foreigners Local 3,260

Of

nurses and midwives newly registered in 2008, the proportion who were foreign was

3,768

23,887

55.8%

SMP GRAPHIC

SOURCES: HONG KONG HOSPITAL AUTHORITY, NURSING COUNCIL OF HONG KONG, HEALTH AFFAIRS JOURNAL (US), SINGAPORE NURSING BOARD, INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION

Overseas-trained nurses frustrated by HK red tape
......................................................
Ng Yuk-hang Four years of nursing experience in Canada could not help Rachel Chan get a licence in Hong Kong. For two years, she has battled the Nursing Council for permission to sit a licensing examination held every April for overseas nurses. But she was repeatedly rejected as a result of what she calls bureaucratic red tape – like being told she must make up for 141 hours of “theoretical deficiency”, but never told what courses she should take to do so. Her friend, Lam Tsz-ting, got her nursing licence in Australia last year. But she was denied a chance to sit the exam because on her certificate her name appears as Tsz-ting Lam. Hong Kong has 29,110 registered nurses but only 6 per cent, or 1,939 obtained their qualifications outside Hong Kong, in places such as the mainland and in Australia, according

You spend months studying but you never know what you are embarking on

......................................................
Rachel Chan (top and below), denied permission to sit nursing exam

to the Nursing Council. Dr Joseph Lee Kok-long, legislator and chairman of the Association of Hong Kong Nursing Staff, said it might be because the city’s examination is tough. Nursing Council statistics show that over the past five years, about 80 candidates sat the exam annually but on average, fewer than 40 per cent passed. Overseas nurses could potentially ease the city’s nursing shortage. The Hospital Authority, which has 20,000 nurses, is losing about 800 a year to the private sector and overseas. It aims to recruit at least 1,200 nurses in the coming financial year but expects 1,100 posts to be filled. The local supply is only expected to grow in a few years’ time when more nursing students graduate. Holders of overseas nursing licences have to pass a written and practical examination before they can practise in Hong Kong. The council decides on a case-by-

case basis on who can take the examinations. A spokeswoman said: “Even if two candidates are from the same university, it does not imply that both have fulfilled the course requirements for the examination – they could have taken different electives.” Chan describes her struggle with the Nursing Council as ridiculous and says she never thought it would be so complicated. A Canadian nurse licence holder since 2005, Chan and her family planned to return to Hong Kong for good in 2008. Her first application to sit the registered nurse exam was denied in July 2008, the council saying she lacked 141 “theory hours”. She wrote again to ask the council what courses she needed to do to make up for the shortfall but was told a month later that “the council would not comment on individual courses”. She was also told to refer to the council website, which only listed

Hong Kong schools that obtained accreditation from the council. Chan then did a 60-hour distance course from a Canadian institute which was accredited by the authorities in British Columbia. She finished the course in September 2008. In October, the Nursing Council told her distance learning was not accepted. Chan said that was not specified in guidelines for candidates. Chan said the council was inconsistent in determining the number of hours a candidate could earn from a course. She took a 16-hour face-toface course, and was told later that only two hours could be counted. After she complained, the council decided the course could translate into 16 theory hours. “They never tell you how many hours a course is worth before you start the course. You spend months studying but you never know what you are embarking on,” Chan said.

She said slow responses from the council led to her missing two sittings of the examination last year and this year. The council still insists Chan lacks more than 100 theory hours but Chan said she had in fact taken 200 hours worth of courses. Lam, 24, graduated from a university in Sydney with a nursing degree. Her application to sit the registered nurse exam in Hong Kong was rejected because the name printed on her nurse certificate was Tsz-ting Lam. “They asked me to find a notary to confirm that Tsz-ting Lam is me. This is ridiculous, a waste of time and money,” she said. She said it was not standard practice as her schoolmate’s application was approved immediately despite the fact her name was also printed in reverse. After she clarified her name, the council told her she lacked 161theory

hours, meaning she needed to spend at least another year taking courses. Lam and Chan can only work as clinical assistants at the moment which means a lot less in the monthly pay packet and also fewer annual leave days. Lee said the fact that overseas candidates had to go through complicated application procedures was just bureaucratic. “The council should clearly tell candidates what are the approved courses and how many hours they are worth,” he said. A council spokeswoman said it did not list the approved courses because they wanted to “avoid a conflict of interest” and “promotion of a particular course”. She said the words Tsz-ting Lam had been printed in capital letters and “there was no indication which word was the surname”, so clarification had to be given before the application could be processed.

Beijing forges links in graft battle
• CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

first Chinese citizen to be sent back after China ratified the UN Convention Against Corruption. Yu was convicted in a mainland court of embezzling more than US$485 million in public funds when he was head of the Kaiping, Guangdong, branch of the state-owned Bank of China. Last year, Yu’s co-conspirators, Xu Chaofan and Xu Guojun, were convicted in a US court. When it announced the convictions, the US Department of Justice credited Chinese authorities for providing “substantial assistance”. "We will hold fully accountable those foreign nationals who abuse the financial systems of their home countries and who then, by fraudulent means, seek to live richly off their ill-gotten gains in the United States," said US prosecutor Lanny Breuer. This type of co-operation between the United States and China is unprecedented, according to Joseph Warin, a partner at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP in Washington. Warin predicts that there will be more parallel investigations. In addition to its law enforcement efforts, China is also working more closely with international partners on policy. Over the past few years, China has attended meetings of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s anti-bribery working group as ad hoc observers. At its June meeting, the Chinese delegation included representatives from the Ministry of Supervision and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, according to the group’s chairman, Mark Pieth.

As ad hoc observers, Chinese officials give regular reports to the working group on their anti-corruption efforts. “There is an interest among the countries in our group to involve China in our work,” said Pieth. Chinese officials have told the OECD that Beijing is considering how it would establish a foreign bribery offence, according to Pieth. Adopting such a law would put China in the company of countries such as the US, UK, Australia and the EU. At home, Chinese authorities continue to enforce domestic anticorruption laws. In a March report to the National People’s Congress, Prosecutor General Cao Jianming told lawmakers that prosecutors investigated roughly 32,000 cases of embezzlement, bribery, dereliction of duty and other work-related crimes last year. Prosecutors launched graft probes against 2,670 officials above county level, including eight at the provincial or ministerial level, according to the report. Nearly, 3,200 were punished for offering bribes and observers suggest many reasons for the anti-corruption push.

Banker Yu Zhendong is arrested at Beijing airport. Photo: Xinhua

“Corruption remains one of the [hindrances] for investors coming into China. The government is keenly aware of that and they are trying to address it,” said Violet Ho, head of China operations for Kroll, a global risk consulting firm. The World Bank has also exerted pressure on Chinese companies, placing them on blacklists for their activities in Africa, such as bribery in road construction. China was ranked 79th of 180 countries last year on Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index, which scores nations based on surveys of people working in the country or abroad. China had the fourth-lowest ranking of G20 nations, with only Argentina, Indonesia and Russia scoring lower. “Every indication has shown that China has every interest in being part of the global economy. And part of that is evening the playing field,” said Nathan Hochman of the law firm Bingham McCutchen. “If China wants to be competitive with Western economies – and the Western economies have strong anticorruption laws – then China either needs to become more aggressive in rooting out corruption, or they will quickly come to an impasse with these countries.” Chinese leaders also face significant domestic pressure to tackle corruption. Corruption consistently ranks as a top concern in public opinion polls. “It has a lot to do with the legitimacy of the ruling party,” Liao said. “If they don’t fight against corruption, then it will erode the very existence of the ruling party.”

Digest
Crime
Lo Wu fare dodgers tackled at turnstiles
An MTR team especially set up to tackle fare dodgers who jump over rail station turnstiles has slashed the number of offenders. In the first four months of this year there were 1,905 cases of fare evasion at East Rail stations, down 77 per cent from 8,442 over the same period last year, the MTR Corporation’s head of operations, Choi Tak-tsan, said. The corporation set up a 29-person team to tackle the problem last year after passengers were spotted jumping over turnstiles at the Lo Wu station. Together with increased random ticket checks, the team, stationed at East Rail stations, has had a marked deterrent effect, the MTR said. Team members include retired disciplined services officers and former members of the auxiliary police. Travellers have been entering a station legitimately after buying the cheapest ticket available, but then hurdling the turnstiles at Lo Wu. Amy Nip

Reform
Democrats to issue report on reform negotiations
The Democratic Party will release a report giving a detailed account of its historic meetings with the central government’s liaison office about amending the Hong Kong government’s proposed constitutional reforms. The party secured an amendment that allowed it to vote for the reforms, ensuring their passage. A six-member working group which handled the negotiations is drafting the report, which the party intends to make public. Responding to accusations that its talks with the liaison office had been secret, working group member and former party chairman Dr Yeung Sum said the report would detail the process of the negotiations, the chronology of events and every opinion the party raised. “We want to build up a culture of transparency and let the central government know that when it holds discussions with the Democratic Party in the future, what was discussed will be made public.” Fanny W. Y. Fung

4 Hong Kong

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

Mystery over rise in spine disorder cases
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Vivian Li When university student Kitty Lo was nine years old, her parents received news that was to haunt their daughter for life. Lo, now 22, was one of a growing number of Hong Kong schoolchildren diagnosed with scoliosis, a mysterious and irreversible disorder that causes the spine to bend into a C or S shape. The latest Department of Health figures show that almost one in seven students last year had the condition and that the number of known cases has soared in the past 10 years from just under 8,000 to almost 38,000. Experts are unsure of the reason for the increase but say it could be due at least in part to the fact that all students are now checked for the condition through the Student Health Service. The University of Hong Kong and Chinese University of Hong Kong have been carrying out research on the condition and the increase in sufferers but have yet to reach any firm conclusions. “The research team, led by Professor Jack Chun-yiu Cheng, has been doing this research for more than 10 years, but we still hasn’t found the reason,” Chinese University research assistant professor Professor Lam Tsz-ping said. “There are many possibilities, including congenital or genetic factors, but there is no conclusive result for what causes scoliosis. We are still continuing with our research.” HKU assistant professor Kelvin Yeung Wai-kwok said parents are now more aware of scoliosis, so the number of suspected patients had also increased. Parents meanwhile complain they are not given enough information about the condition. For journalism and communications student Lo, little happened after the initial diagnosis, made after she went to the health service for a yearly medical check-up. But in Form One she began to feel her body was “twisted” and doctors found the curvature – measured as the “Cobb’s angle” – had increased from 10 to 30 degrees. She was advised to wear a brace. Today, the S-shaped curve is clearly visible as a hump on her back. “I look odd, compared to others. I just look weird. I don’t like to bend down unnecessarily, so that others can’t see my back,” Lo said. Her mother, who did not want to give her name, said she did not take much notice of her daughter’s condition in the beginning. “I thought her curvature was so mild that it did not matter,” she said.

In Brief
Officials to reveal condition of 2,000 trees deemed dangerous
After a series of accidents, officials will reveal in two weeks the condition of 2,000 trees deemed dangerous, acting head of the Tree Management Office Kathy Ng Tzekwun said. The list includes 500 old and valuable trees, 200 of which are growing over walls, and others that are being inspected, Ng said. A tree that fell on and killed a cyclist in Sha Tin last month was not on the list of 2,000. In July 2008, a 19-year-old student was killed by a falling tree in Stanley.

Terrible trend
An increasing number of Hong Kong children are being diagnosed with scoliosis 25,000 20,000 15,000 Males 10,000 5,000 1999/00
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Number of serious cases referred to hospital 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500

Females

2008/09

1999/00

2008/09
SOURCE: HEALTH DEPARTMENT

The health department provides only three types of pamphlet about scoliosis, while there are more than five about psychosocial health. These pamphlets are commonly seen at public hospitals and the Student Health Service, but are not readily available at clinics. A Cobb’s angle – that between lines drawn horizontally through the highest and lowest affected vertebrae – of more than 10 degrees is taken to indicate scoliosis, Wong Yat-wa, honorary clinical associate professor at HKU, said. A brace – which has to be worn 23 hours day with an hour off for a shower and a comfortable dinner break –

I look odd, compared to others. I just look weird. I don’t like to bend … so that others can’t see my back
Kitty Lo, a 22-year-old university student with scoliosis

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cannot correct the condition but only prevents it from getting worse. “It will only prevent the Cobb’s angle from increasing,” Wong said. Where the angle is 45 degrees or more, surgery is an option. Screws, hooks, wires and metal rods are used to fix the corrected segment of the spine in place, but even that is not necessarily a permanent solution. Wong knows of 150 patients, most aged 10 to 15, who need an operation every year. “They’re generally on the waiting list for two months to a year. It depends on the seriousness of the case,” Wong said. A puzzling aspect of the condition is that many more girls than boys in Hong Kong and worldwide are af-

fected. “The ratio of boys to girls is 1:8 to 1:9, and this is a common trend worldwide – the number of girls having scoliosis is more than the number of boys,” Wong said. A19-year-old man, who refused to be named, was diagnosed with S-shaped scoloiosis in 2005 when he was in Form Three. The Duchess of Kent Children’s Hospital calculated that he had a 38degree Cobb’s angle in his upper spine and 45 in his lower spine and he was advised to wear a brace. Like Kitty Lo’s mother, his parents knew nothing of the condition. “I had no idea what scoliosis was about – if it was not for my son having the problem, I would not have heard about it at all,” his father said. Not realising how serious the condition could be, he took his son to several Chinese practitioners trying to regulate it, but without success. By September 2006, the angle had increased to 85 degrees. “I had given up hope. I asked him to have the surgery,” his father said. Wong said Chinese cultural inhibitions that stopped parents looking too closely at a daughter when she was getting changed also used to hinder early diagnosis, as most of the patients were female. “Before 1995-96, there was no Student Health Service. Now there is, we can have everyone checked, on a voluntary basis.” Students of Primary Five, Form One and Form Three are eligible for scoliosis checks on a voluntary basis. If they need a follow-up, services will be available to other school grades. According to health department statistics, 274,268 students were checked under the Student Health Service last year, and 37,939 (13.8 per cent) were suspected of having scoliosis. Of these, 17.3 per cent are girls, while only 10.1 per cent are boys. In the United States, about 10 per

cent of the adolescent population has some degree of scoliosis – around one million children have the condition, according to the Scoliosis Research Society. Wong said 80 per cent of curvedspine patients had idiopathic scoliosis, a musculo-skeletal disorder with no known cause that came on during puberty. The Student Health Service provides X-rays for those suspected of having scoliosis. If the Cobb’s angle is over 20 degrees, the student is referred to the Duchess of Kent Children’s Hospital in Sandy Bay or the Prince of Wales Hospital. The number referred in 1999-2000 was 886. It increased to 2,555 in 2008-09. Wong said most of his patients with severe scoliosis were new immigrants who had not had the check-up when they were young or had missed it for some other reason. “Some of these cases opted for surgery, but there are a small portion of patients that are reluctant about the idea. No matter how serious their Cobb’s angle is, they do not want any operation,” Wong said. While no cause has yet been found, doctors believe scoliosis may be hereditary. “A normal person has a 3 per cent chance of having a baby with idiopathic scoliosis. But if either parent has it, their baby has a 30 per cent chance,” Wong said. Dr Leung Kwok-yin, president of the Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society of Hong Kong, said there is a 1 per cent chance of women with scoliosis developing complications during pregnancy. Asian women are more likely to have the condition than Western women, Leung said. Researchers have yet to determine why it more often affects females. “These mothers will have breathing difficulties as the baby grows and the womb puts pressure on the diaphragm,” he said. Lo is worried that her 54-degree spine curvature could affect her ability to conceive. “I am very concerned that I may not be able to have babies in the future,” she said. Pregnant women with scoliosis at more than 40 degrees are likely to suffer from an imbalanced pelvis and will need to have a Caesarean section. For these women, administering epidural analgaesia is more difficult because it is injected into the spine. “We have to be very careful about not injecting into the wrong area as there are many nerves,” Leung said. General anaesthesia could be used instead, but that runs the risk of breathing problems, he said, adding that premature delivery is also more likely in mothers with scoliosis.

Scoliosis is an irreversible condition which causes the spine to bend into a C or S shape. It is not known what causes the disorder, but doctors believe it could be hereditary.

Department investigating two reef-fish poisoning cases
The Food and Environmental Hygiene Department is investigating two separate cases of ciguatera poisoning from eating reef fish last week. A man and a woman, aged 63 and 48, developed symptoms of the poisoning – including numbness, diarrhoea, palpitations and hot and cold flushes – after eating in a restaurant in the Eastern District on Thursday. The man was admitted to Tseung Kwan O Hospital. A man and a woman aged 34 and 35 developed similar symptoms after eating a reef fish bought from a wet market in Nelson Street, Mong Kok, a day earlier. The woman was admitted to Kwong Wah Hospital in stable condition. A Centre for Health Protection official advised diners not to eat the head, skin or internal organs of large reef fish.

Minibus driver dies after collapsing with heatstroke
Leung Chun-lau, the 81-year-old minibus driver who collapsed with suspected heatstroke in his minibus in Mong Kok on Friday after turning off its engine to avoid it idling while stationary, died in Kwong Wah Hospital. The government issued a very hot weather warning yesterday morning, but cancelled it in the afternoon. It was the second such warning in three days. Temperatures rose above 33 degrees Celsius in most of the New Territories, with Sheung Shui (34.7 degrees) the hottest. Very hot weather has been forecast for the next two days, with the mercury expected to hit 33 degrees.

6 held over illegal tobacco haul
Six men, aged 44 to 69, were arrested after customs officers seized nine boxes of contraband tobacco. The boxes contained 18,000 illegal cigarettes valued at HK$37,000, with a tax value of HK$28,000. They were found on a fishing boat in waters off Cheung Chau.
SMP GRAPHIC

Police to increase beach patrols
The police will step up beach patrols as the swimming season gets under way. The move comes after four cases of theft on beaches in the first half of the year in Southern district, the same number as last year. The items stolen included backpacks, wallets, cameras and mobile phones. No one has been arrested. Police said it was difficult to identify thieves on beaches as there were seldom witnesses.

Young visitors help bring cheer to the elderly
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Ng Yuk-hang Depression can strike at any age, but when it hits in life’s twilight years, the suffering can be extra-painful. However, for 87-year-old Ho Waifun, who became depressed after a fall at home brought into sharp focus the difficulties of growing old, help was at hand in the shape of young visitors who encouraged her to remember the happiest days of her life. Now she proudly shows off her ‘flight diary’ to her friends. “Here are the pictures of places I have been to – I have travelled to many places in the world,” she says with a smile. Four months ago Ho was diagnosed with mild depression – a level of eight on the Hamilton Depression rating which measures a patient’s condition. But home visits from two teenagers as part of a treatment programme have helped bring her rating down to a normal level of three. A Chinese University study last year estimated that 30 per cent of Hong Kong’s elderly, or about 240,000, suffer from various levels of depression. About 300 elderly citizens took their own lives in 2008, a third of all suicides that year. Ho was one of the 31 who took part in a treatment programme for mildly depressed elderly people organised by the Christian Family Service Centre and Kowloon Hospital. Through home visits and meetings with occupational therapists and psychiatric nurses, the elderly people were reminded of things that could make them happy, Tong Choiying, the centre’s director of elderly care programmes, said. Before the programme, the 31 participants had an average of 9.6 on the Hamilton Depression rating scale. After the programme, the rating dropped to 7.43 – indicating an improvement from mild- to borderline depression. On the Hamilton scale, scores of seven to 17 indicate mild depression, 18 to 24 moderate depression, and above 24 severe depression. Ho developed mild depression at the start of this year after a fall at home. This brought on the realisation that her sight and hearing had deteriorated quickly. “I always felt bored and did not want to go out. I felt that my handwriting became less clear than before,” she said. Ma Ting-ho, a teenage student who volunteered for the programme, said the visitors helped Ho rediscover happiness by reminding her of her travel experiences. “Through chatting we realised that Ho loves travelling. We asked her to gather her pictures and make a ‘flight diary’,” he said. Ma and another volunteer spent a month making the colourful diary with words and graphics.

McDonald’s silent on chemical
Fast-food chain McDonald’s has not confirmed or denied a report that their chicken nuggets – sold under the name McNuggets – contain a chemical substance used in toy Silly Putty, according to a Cable TV report. A spokesman said measures were in place to ensure food safety and quality, and that the manufacturing process was within the law. The chain’s chicken nuggets sold in the US contained dimethylpolysiloxane, an antifoaming agent used in Silly Putty.

Ho Wai-fun, 87, and two volunteers who visited her as part of a programme to help depressed elderly people in Wong Tai Sin. Photo: Ng Yuk-hang

Extend school drug tests, adviser says
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Adrian Wan The pilot drug-testing scheme in secondary schools should be extended for a year, says the head of a government advisory body. Daniel Shek Tan-lei, chairman of the Action Committee Against Narcotics, said the scheme had achieved its goal of discouraging drug abuse, but six months was not long enough to establish if it was totally effective. “Personally, I think extending it for another academic year can give us more statistics to decide if it is [effective],” said Shek.

Clean sweep 12,400 pupils were covered by the scheme
After random selection, the number who took the urine test, with all returning negative results, was

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1,975
School violence has a great negative impact on pupils and will affect their academic results
Dr Chen Ji-kang, assistant professor of social work at Chinese University

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The scheme has been implemented in 23 schools in Tai Po. More than 12,400 pupils were covered by it and 2,495 of them were randomly selected for screening by urine test. A total of 1,975 pupils took the test; none tested positive. Schools in other districts have shown interest in the scheme, Shek said. There was flexibility in how they could implement it, he said. He said an interim review would be completed this month, and the government was considering whether to continue with the scheme. The voluntary drug-testing trial is

HK$11 million. Shek said apart from drug tests, other resources, such as the number of social workers stationed in schools, should also be increased. Kwok Wing-keung, Tai Po district chairman of the Association of Heads of Secondary Schools, said he had reached a consensus with other schools in the district that there was room for improvement in the scheme. For example, he said, procedures could be simplified to save time and money.

Harry’s view estimated to have cost

10

Cyber bullying common among schoolchildren
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Adrian Wan As many as a third of secondary school students have fallen victim to cyber bullies, while one in five have admitted to abusing others online, a survey has found. The Hong Kong Family Welfare Society, a non-governmental organisation that promotes family wellbeing, commissioned the Chinese University of Hong Kong to survey secondary school students on cyber bullying from December last year to February. More than 1,800 students responded and about a 30 per cent of those polled reported they had fallen victim to cyber bullying. Close to 20 per cent of respondents said they had bullied others online. For instance, they had threatened, vilified, or insulted others or distributed private or indecent photographs of them. In all cases, more boys than girls were involved. Spreading messages of hate was most common. Students who have been bullied online may develop depression in the most serious cases, warned Dr Chen Ji-kang, assistant professor of social work at Chinese University, who led the study. "School violence has a great negative impact on pupils and will affect their academic results, intention to go to school and their normal school life. So we should pay close attention to it," Chen said. Often, school and peer support were more important for victims than support from family, he said. He suggested that internet service providers set up a management mechanisms to curb the problem.

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SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

National 5

Police recover calligraphy lost for 18 years
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Minnie Chan Eighteen years after first being told about it, police have finally learned what happened to more than 100 pieces of calligraphy, worth an estimated tens of billions of yuan on the art market, that were donated to a local government in Shaanxi . The case involves 122 works by Yu , a famous calligraYu-jen pher and former senior Kuomintang official during Chiang Kai-shek’s administration. In 1986, Zhuo Deng , a son of one of Yu’s assistants, decided to give the collection to the political consultative conference in .Six years later, he Xianyang city happened to discover the works had disappeared but when he tried to alert the authorities they ignored him. But in June, Zhuo’s story was suddenly picked up by state media, forcing a public outcry. The mounting public pressure forced the Xianyang police to launch a probe into the whereabouts of the calligraphy. The Municipal Political Consultative Conference (MPCC) of Xianyang told a press conference yesterday that 102 pieces had been “under the custody” of two former low-level county officials – former Sanyuan County Party Committee consultant and former SanCui Dezhi yang County United Front Work De– partment official Zhang Aili since May 2001. The whereabouts of the remaining 20 pieces is still unclear. Tian Xiaodong , a spokesman of the Xianyang MPCC, said Zhuo had donated Yu’s works in exchange for hukou, or urban residence, for his five family members. It said Zhuo had also become a member of Xianyang MPCC since his donation. An investigation team formed by 14 members of Xianyang’s local legislature and police found that more than 100 of the donated pieces had been taken on a nationwide travelling exhibition in 1992. However, they were never returned to the Xianyang MPCC, the China Radio Network said. The investigation team did not explain why the MPCC did not ask for the return of the works. Tian yesterday said Cui, then county party committee consultant who was in charge of the exhibition, decided to give 78 pieces of Yu’s work to a museum in Yu’s hometown in 1992, after the exhibition’s organiser ran out of money to continue the national display. He and his colleague, Zhang, decided to divide up the remaining 24 items, which have now been returned to the Xianyang city government. The whole affair hasn’t been easy on the 77-year-old Zhuo. He told local media that he started to receive threatening, mysterious text mes-

Ethnic Uygur women pass the paramilitary police patrolling a street in Urumqi yesterday, ahead of the first anniversary of the July 5 clashes between the Uygurs and Han Chinese. Photo: AFP

Ningxia exercises ahead of Xinjiang riots anniversary

PLA-Pakistan anti-terror drill a signal to separatists
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Staff Reporter and Agence FrancePresse in Washington China and Pakistan yesterday kicked off a joint anti-terrorist drill in the mountainous area in Ningxia , in what state media described as a deliberate warning to “East Turkestan terrorists” two days before the first anniversary of the riots in Xinjiang. The drill, coded “Friendship 2010”, will last for 11 days and 113 soldiers from each side of the People’s Liberation Army and Pakistan military will take part, China News Service reported yesterday. The exercise simulates anti-terrorist operations in the mountainous area at the Chinese border, it said. Wang Guosheng , commander of China’s Lanzhou Military Area Command, was quoted by Xinhua as saying at the opening ceremony yesterday that the drill would upgrade the capabilities of both sides in fighting terrorism together and safeguarding regional peace and stability. Lieutenant General Khalid Shameem Wynne, chief of the general staff of the Pakistan Army, said the drill showed the two countries’ determination to combat the “three forces” – referring to extremism, separatism and terrorism, Xinhua said. While Xinhua made no reference to Xinjiang , World News Journal, a publication under the state-run China Radio International, said the drill would serve as a warning to the Xinjiang separatists now hiding in the mountains bordering Xinjiang and Pakistan. It also quoted Li Wei , director of the Centre for Counter-Terrorism Studies, China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, as saying Ningxia was chosen for its mountainous landscape similar to that at the border of Pakistan. Xinjiang separatists have been the targets of two previous joint anti-terrorist drills held by China and Pakistan. Their first joint anti-terrorism exercise was held in Xinjiang in 2004 while the second took place in 2006 in the hills of northern Pakistan’s Abbottabad. Xinjiang has stepped up security ahead of the first anniversary of the riots in Urumqi on July 5 in which nearly 200 people were killed and about 1,700 injured. Official media said thousands of high-resolution, vandal-proof surveillance cameras were installed across Urumqi, while non-permanent residents in the city are required to apply for temporary residential permits. Just ahead of the tense anniversary, the US is urging Beijing to be more transparent in its restive region. “We continue to urge China to handle all detentions and judicial processes relating to last year’s violence in Urumqi in a transparent manner,” State Department spokesman Mark Toner said. “We have urged China to ensure that the legal rights of all Chinese citizens are respected in accordance with international standards of due process.” Uygur activists charge that Chinese authorities have rounded up thousands of suspected government critics since the unrest. At least nine people, who appear mostly to be Uygurs, have been executed over the unrest, according to official accounts. Beijing has announced it is pouring around 10 billion yuan (HK$11.5 billion) in development aid into Xinjiang beginning in 2011to raise Uygur living standards and quell discontent. Amnesty International called on Beijing on Friday to launch an independent inquiry into the July 5 riots. “The official account leaves too many questions unanswered. How many people really died, who killed them, how did it happen, and why?” said Catherine Baber, the Londonbased rights group’s Asia-Pacific deputy director. “Instead of stifling inquiry, blaming outside agitators and generating fear, the Chinese government should use the anniversary to launch a proper investigation, including into the Uygur community’s long-simmering grievances that contributed to the unrest.”

I received a SMS that said ‘mind your head’, while another urged me to be careful of my personal safety
Zhuo Deng, who pushed for investigation into the theft

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sages sent to his mobile phone after the high-profile coverage began last month. “I received an SMS that said ‘mind your head’, while another one urged me to be careful of my personal safety,” Zhuo told the Metropolis News. However, the media and several internet users are criticising the government’s explanation and many questioned why the government stopped short of confessing the works had been divided up between the officials. “The officials like power, money and they like cultural relics … They crave whatever they see and they take whatever they like,” said one internet posting. Yu is a distant relative of Lawrence Lau, former vice-chancellor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Tibetan gets 5 years in jail for inciting separatism
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Associated Press in Beijing A Tibetan environmentalist was sentenced to five years in jail yesterday on a charge of inciting separatism on the mainland, in the latest sign of what rights groups call increasing repression of Tibetan intellectuals. Authorities said an article on the Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, was posted on Rinchen Samdrup’s website, which is devoted to environmental protection in the Himalayan region. Rinchen Samdrup, 44, pleaded not guilty in a trial that lasted less than two hours. He told the Chamdo Intermediate People’s Court he did not post the article but it was a mistake not to delete it quickly. The government is sensitive about anything related to the Dalai Lama, whom it accuses of supporting independence for Tibet . Riots in the Tibetan capital Lhasa in 2008 killed at least 22 people. “I feel regret about this sentence,” Rinchen Samdrup’s lawyer Xia Jun said after the verdict. “It was a mistake but not a crime.” The lawyer said someone else had posted the article, not his client. He did not say who. The sentence comes a little over a week after Rinchen Samdrup’s brother was sentenced to 15 years in jail on charges of grave-robbing and dealing in looted antiquities. Karma Samdrup, 42, is an environmentalist well known across the mainland and was once praised by the government as a model philanthropist. Supporters of Karma Samdrup said the sentence was aimed at punishing him for his activism, including his efforts to free Rinchen Samdrup and another brother, Jigme Namgyal, from detention. The siblings were detained in August after accusing local officials in eastern Tibet of poaching endangered species. Chime Namgyal, 38, is reportedly serving a 21month sentence in a labour camp on a vague charge of harming national security. Even after Rinchen Samdrup was detained, the People’s Daily newspaper published stories this year in praise of his environmental work. Xia said Rinchen Samdrup had 10 days to appeal. His daughter, Dorje Songmu, who attended the trial, said: “This morning, he looked much thinner than before. His condition was not very good. We couldn’t talk with him directly.” Court officials had no comment yesterday. Last month, the Washingtonbased International Campaign for Tibet published a report saying 31 Tibetans were now in prison “after reporting or expressing views, writing poetry or prose, or simply sharing information about Chinese government policies and their impact in Tibet today”. The report said it was the first time since the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976 that there had been such a targeted campaign against Tibetan singers, artists and writers who expressed their views peacefully. New York-based group Human Rights Watch said the Samdrup brothers “embody the characteristics the government says it wants in modern Tibetans … yet they, too, are being treated as criminals”.

He looked much thinner than before. His condition was not very good. We couldn’t talk with him directly
Dorje Songmu, daughter of Rinchen Samdrup (below)

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Workers end strike at electronics plant over pay and benefits
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Associated Press in Beijing Workers at a Japanese-owned electronics plant in northern China have ended a strike over pay and benefits after four days, state media say. Mitsumi Electric said the plant in Tianjin resumed production yesterday, Xinhua reported. AMitsumi Electric statement gave no details of any agreement between the plant and its estimated 2,800 workers. The company could not be reached for comment, and there was no update posted on the website for its Tianjin plant. The strike was the latest on the mainland involving foreign-owned companies as workers grow more demanding about better conditions. A Mitsumi spokesman said earlier the workers were probably inspired by similar strikes in recent weeks at Toyota Motor and Honda Motor. About 100 Mitsumi workers were seen standing and sitting on the steps leading into the factory on Thursday. Handwritten signs posted on the factory gates called on the owners to “return our blood money” and for local leaders to give workers a fair wage. One worker told Xinhua earlier that recently hired staff earned 1,500 yuan (HK$1,720) a month, working six days a week with two hours of overtime a day. The government has normally been quick to crush mass protests, but labour strikes have spread this summer as it tries to restructure its export-driven economy to become more self-sustaining through measures aimed at increasing the incomes of ordinary people. Workers’ salaries as a share of the economy have declined in the past two decades, dropping from 57 per cent of gross domestic product in 1983 to just 37 per cent in 2005.

Monthly earnings
A worker says new staff earn this amount in yuan a month for a six-day week with two hours of overtime a day

¥

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1,500

6 National
Fowl play. Zhang Lijun referees a mock World Cup soccer match featuring her two cockerels in , Shenyang Liaoning province, yesterday. She started training the cockerels to play the sport in 2007 and they have been playing it regularly since then.
Photo: EPA

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

Lands officials seen as most corrupt, Reality TV and a scandal in Jiangxi offers proof ‘material girl’
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Shi Jiangtao in Beijing No one is more prone to corruption on the mainland than the cadres heading lands bureaus, fellow cadres say. Even the lands minister in Beijing admits it is a problem. The reason isn’t hard to fathom – their control over the supply of land on which developers keen to exploit the mainland’s property boom rely has placed them among the most powerful of government agencies. So big has the problem become that lands officials were disciplined or penalised for involvement in illegal land acquisitions at the rate of more than one a day in the first three months of this year, according to ministry figures. (One, Wang Haifeng , the former land chief in Maanshan , Anhui , was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve in March for accepting bribes of more than 17 million yuan (HK$19.5 million).) And so commonplace have their crimes become that even an unusually big scandal in a provincial lands and resources bureau – such as the one that has unfolded over the past year in Jiangxi – barely causes a ripple among the public any longer. In what local media say is the southeastern province’s biggest graft scandal in a decade, three of the province’s top five lands officials, sacked for corruption on the same day a year ago, were recently sentenced to long jail terms. Since their detention another 13 officials implicated in the case have fallen from grace; one has been sentenced to life imprisonment. Still, many people say such cases are the tip of the iceberg. If anything, they prompt discussion about the scale of the corruption problem besetting the real estate market – the engine of economic development on the mainland. Fast-rising property prices, which leave would-be buyers frustrated and bewildered, and the injustices of illegal land clearance for development – often because of bribes paid to lands officials – have become a source of social tension and of unrest with the potential for explosive consequences. The Jiangxi scandal began when three deputy heads of its Land and Resources Bureau, Li Jianghua , Dr Xu Jianbin and Chen Aimin , were turned over to graft-busters by their boss, , accordbureau chief Liu Jifu ing to The Beijing News. The trio were sacked in March last year and put under shuanggui, a form of party disciplinary punishment. Like many others brought low by corruption, they had been seen as high-fliers. In 2000, Li, 47, became the youngest official to be promoted to deputy bureau chief. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in April for taking 5.74 million yuan in bribes. Xu, 42, was sent to work in Jiangxi in 2004, having previously served in the Ministry of Land and Resources in Beijing. It took him only three years to rise from assistant mayor of Shangrao to deputy lands bureau chief. Xu was sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment in January for accepting 2.2 million yuan in bribes. Chen, 56, a former party chief of Guixi , was also sentenced to 15 years in jail by a county court early this month for taking bribes of 2.2 million yuan. More officials were brought down after the three were sacked. Zhou Hongwei , the land resources chief in the provincial capital, Nanchang , was reportedly turned over to the graft-busters by Li. Zhou was jailed for life for taking nearly 6 million yuan in bribes. “Bribe-givers, mostly property developers, had to queue up outside his home to bribe him during holidays,” one anti-graft official said. Two Guixi officials were implicated in Chen’s case. Li Changhua , the city’s deputy party chief in charge of real estate, was sentenced to 13 years in prison; Chen Furen , the land resources chief, was jailed for 51⁄2 years. Liu, the provincial lands bureau chief, appears not to have been tarnished in the campaign and held his post until he reached the mandatory retirement age of 60 and was replaced by former Nanchang mayor Hu Xian in March. The three deputy posts have yet to be filled, according to the bureau’s website. Some media reports have questioned the manner in which Li, Xu and Chen were brought down. A commentary in the Ningbo newspaper Modern Jinbao, owned by Xinhua, argued that the officials’ fall from grace seemed more a case of departmental infighting. Quoting officials who worked in the lands bureau, the commentary said Liu had been at odds with his deputies since he was transferred to the post in 2005 after serving as Communist Party boss in Jiujiang . Witnesses described the relationship between Liu and Li, his topranking deputy, as “hostile and irreconcilable” and said they often fought in front of their staff. Things turned ugly early last year when Liu was tipped off by provincial party disciplinary officials that some of the conversations in his office had been secretly recorded, according to office staff quoted by the newspaper. Its commentary said that although Liu was not the main target of the eavesdropping, which had been orchestrated by Xu, Liu was enraged, named his three deputies as key suspects and demanded a formal investigation. “The three sacked officials have been under investigation for sector were “persistent” and “hard to fight” because of the powerful special interest groups behind the country’s building boom. Zhu Lijia , a professor at the National School of Administration, said corruption among land resources officials was the result of collusion between government officials and business. He blames an “overconcentration of government power without the necessary checks and balances” and noted that most corruption cases in recent years had to do with land-use problems. In a recent online survey of nearly 7,000 respondents by the People’s Forum – a magazine put out by the People’s Daily, a Communist Party mouthpiece – the job of land and resources bureau chief was ranked the most susceptible to corruption. Analysts said that reflected the rapid rise in land-related corruption compared to graft involving the police, public transport and urban construction officials – previously believed to be the most corrupt. Even Land Resources Minister Xu Shaoshi admitted that the amount of corruption in the sector was worrying. “The land resources sector is most vulnerable to corruption. It has had a huge number of graft scandals,” he said. Although Beijing has long vowed to stamp out corruption and rein in local authorities’ abuse of power, poor law enforcement and an inability to curb official power have rendered all such efforts virtually futile. An anti-corruption expert at Tsinghua University, Professor Ren Jianming , said land-related corruption could have dire consequences. “Corruption in the real estate sector hurts the interests of the majority and exacerbates social inequality, which severely undermines the government’s credibility and could become a catalyst for social crisis,” he said. Zhu, at the National School of Administration, said promoting government transparency – which involved, among other steps, requiring top officials to publicly declare their assets – was the only way to rein in government power and tackle widespread land corruption. “Although officials often talk about transparency as well as the need to make public their family assets, there is nothing much happening, apart from publicity stunts,” he said. Ma Nuo , 22, grew up in the back streets of Beijing. Before January this year, she was just a student at an arts vocational school in the Tongzhou district of the capital. But after she took part in a television dating show entitled Don’t Bother Me Unless You Are Serious, she became a household name across the mainland. “I would rather cry in a BMW than smile on the back seat of my boyfriend’s bicycle,” Ma said on television. The remark made her a symbol of the “material girl” phenomenon on the mainland. But she says people misunderstood her. Tell me about yourself. I am a Beijing native and I grew up in hutong. Both my parents work for state-owned companies. I have been living with my grandmother since I was six. My grandma and my father like sons, but unfortunately I am a girl, so they raised me like a boy. They shaved my head bald until I was 10. When I was in high school, I became a part-time model and posed for magazine covers. My grades weren’t good and I failed the national university entrance examination. I felt sorry for my parents and started making money on my own. Why did you decide to join the TV dating reality show? At that time, I had just broken up with my boyfriend and was upset. One of my best friends told me there was a TV dating show in Nanjing and suggested I give it a try. He said I might be able to find a new boyfriend through the show and that even if I could not find love, I could still gain an opportunity to be on television. I took his advice and went to Nanjing. Why did you make the statement that “you would rather cry in a BMW than smile on the back seat of your boyfriend’s bicycle”? That is actually not what I meant. I just wanted to say no to a male guest. He asked me on the show whether I would sit on the back seat of his bicycle to tour Nanjing. I didn’t like him and wanted to refuse. “I would rather cry in a BMW than smile on a bicycle seat” is a common saying circulating on the internet. At the time, that sentence popped up in my mind and just burst out. A man’s financial situation is not my concern. I don’t know why so many people were offended by the remark. If I had known they would be, I would have said “crying in a helicopter” instead of a BMW. Do you know the reason people were offended? I think the remark hurt many people’s feelings. Maybe some had broken up with their girlfriends because they had no money. Or maybe some could not afford a BMW. What I said seemingly irritated them. What type of men do you like? People call me a “moneyworshipping woman” (a term for “material girl” in Chinese) and they think I am a woman obsessed with money. Many people think I am only interested in men who at least own a BMW. But the truth is, as long as I have feelings about a guy and like him, I will go out with him. I

paying the price
Changing Faces
don’t expect him to have a lot of money and rich men are not really my type because I am too bossy. As long as the guy makes about the same amount of money as I do, that is enough. One of my ex-boyfriends always spent my money. That relationship lasted a year and a half. I was 17 and he was 23 then. After quitting his job in a health club, he would wake up at around noon every day, and then play table tennis in the afternoon. He would then call me and ask me to buy him supper in the evening. As someone who started doing part-time jobs in middle school, I can’t tolerate men who do nothing and depend on women, so I broke up with that guy.

Li Jianghua

Hubei

ANHUI

Nanchang

Jiangxi Fujian Hunan

100km

SMP GRAPHIC

Corruption in the real estate sector hurts the interests of the majority and exacerbates social inequality, which … could become a catalyst for social crisis
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Ren Jianming, an anti-corruption expert at Tsinghua University corruption by provincial graft-busters for a long time, and the eavesdropping incident has apparently accelerated the process,” an unnamed Jiangxi law enforcement official was quoted as saying. But provincial officials insisted the trio faced separate, unrelated corruption charges. And in an interview with the Guangdong-based Time Weekly, Liu firmly denied he had been responsible for bringing down three of his deputies. Whatever the facts behind this case, observers and officials are in no doubt as to the seriousness of the corruption problems surrounding lands bureaus. Ren Yuling , an adviser to the State Council, said corruption problems in the land and property

Xu Jianbin

Chen Aimin

As someone who started doing parttime jobs in middle school, I can’t tolerate men who do nothing
Ma Nuo

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Have you heard you have been banned from TV by the authorities? No, I haven’t. But I have received no invitations from TV stations since last month. I panicked when people began calling me “moneyworshipping woman” and attacking me on the internet. I tried to explain, but nobody would listen. I am not a “money-worshipping woman”. I am only a young woman who wants to be famous but does not know how. And I don’t know how to protect myself in the process. I am now rehearsing for a drama which will be on stage on July 12. With the TV show, I grew up overnight and now realise I will be held responsible for everything I say. I did not expect to become so famous. Right now I just hope my life will be as busy as it was before I was banned from TV. I hope I can find more work.

Digest
Environment
Guilin sees mass rally over rubbish facility
Hundreds of people from 11 villages in the southwestern region of Guangxi took to the streets of the popular tourist city of Guilin yesterday to protest against the construction of a waste disposal facility, Xinhua reported. Shouting slogans and waving banners, protesters from Lingchuan county marched on the road to Guilin, which administers Lingchuan. They said they would not allow the local government to build the planned waste disposal centre in Silian village, in Lingtian township. Waste disposal has become a new flashpoint on the mainland. Late last year, Guangzhou decided to scrap a plan to build a rubbish incinerator near a smart residential district in Panyu after local residents protested. Staff Reporter

Accident
Families reject compensation offer
The owner of the Overseas Chinese Town East amusement park in Shenzhen yesterday offered 624,000 yuan (HK$717,000) compensation to the families of each of the six people killed in an accident on its Space Journey ride last week, but they rejected his offer. They said they had demanded 930,000 yuan compensation for each victim, based on their potential to earn for another 20 years the 3,892 yuan monthly average salary in Shenzhen last year, the China News Agency said. But Overseas Chinese Town said that, by law, the calculation should be based on 20 years at a 2,600 yuan monthly salary for each victim. It said the park’s insurer had so far had paid out at least 1.08 million yuan. Six people died and 10 were injured. Minnie Chan

Weather
26 dead, 73 still missing in landslide
Twenty-six people were confirmed dead and 73 others remained missing in the southwest after heavy rain triggered a landslide last week, state media reported yesterday. Rescuers were still searching for signs of life in the massive expanse of mud and rocks that smothered Dazhai village in Guizhou province on Monday, Xinhua said, but there appeared scant hope of finding any survivors. “Although the chances are slim we have not given up looking for survivors,” Pu Jianjiang, head of search operations, said. More than 100,000 cubic metres of mud and rocks, the equivalent of 40 Olympic-size swimming pools, engulfed 30 buildings and homes, state press reports said. One report said up to 30 children were among the missing. AFP

The amusement park where six people were killed last week. The cause of the accident is yet to be announced. Photo: EPA

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Ma Nuo spoke to Yu Aitong

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

7

Firm may have been used to transfer money for espionage to Britain

Show of arms
SOUTH KOREA
Pusan
The three Ohio-class submarines have been recently upgraded. They now carry improved intelligence sensors, special operations troops and hundreds of Tomahawk cruise missiles, a manoeuvrable low-flying weapon designed to strike targets on land. Between them, the three submarines can carry

UK probes funds at charity set up 462 by alleged spy
Tomahawks
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ESPIONAGE The Guardian in London British counter-intelligence agency MI5 is investigating a British company with close ties to an alleged Russian spy amid concerns that its accounts may have been used to transfer funds for espionage to Britain. Southern Union was set up by Anna Chapman – one of 10 people charged last week in the US with spying for the Russians – and her nowdivorced husband Alex to wire money from Zimbabwe. Counter-intelligence officers are examining the company and a number of related bank accounts, The Guardianhas learned. The revelation follows claims that Chapman’s father was an alleged KGB agent living in Zimbabwe at the time. A lawyer for Chapman, 28, said her father told her to go to police with a fake passport an undercover FBI agent had given to her, leading to her arrest. Alex Chapman, who was married to her for three years, has said Southern Union was a charity set up in 2002 by the couple to enable Zimbabwean expats to wire money back home at competitive rates. The company was set up by a millionaire South African friend of Anna’s father who then took a commission, he said. Company documents filed by Ms Chapman show her signature. The 30-year-old trainee psychiatrist has said his former wife, whose Russian name was Anya Kushchenko, told him her father, Vasily Kushchenko, was a high-ranking KGB official living in Zimbabwe. It was during her London years from 2002 to 2007 that Chapman underwent her meteoric evolution from callow girl to a sophisticated young woman who moved easily across the most influential and wealthy echelons of society. Nicholas Camilleri, chief executive of the Mayfair-based hedge fund company Navigator Asset Management Advisers, said he first met Chapman in 2005. She was “a ‘green, wet behind the ears’ type of girl”. But less than two years later, Chapman was being wined and dined at Annabel’s and Cipriani in the company of Vincent Tchenguiz, a private equity billionaire. Chapman was born in 1982 to Irina and Vasily Kushchenko, a diplomat who served as Russian ambassador in Kenya. Camilleri remembered the moment he met Chapman. It was in Cipriani, a restaurant in London’s upmarket Mayfair, and she was with London socialite Shoshana Dadoun. “I joined Shoshana’s table one evening and she introduced me to [Anya],” Camilleri said. “I sat down and almost immediately, Anya asked Television cameras line up outside the court. Photo: AP

Subic Bay

PHILIPPINES

Indian Ocean
… She said she was working for Barclays Bank but wanted to leave.” A few weeks later, she had exchanged the bank job which she said made her feel like a slave for the post of personal assistant at Camilleri’s glamorous, west London offices. But those who knew her then struggle to see signs of the “practised deceiver” described by US prosecutors. “She was a simple girl,” Camilleri said. “She was all about parties and didn’t seem that bright.” Her former husband, however, describes her as “extremely intelligent” and says she has an IQ of 162. She graduated with a first-class honours in economics in 2004. Lawyer Robert Baum, who is representing Chapman, said she told him she reached out to her father a day after an FBI agent posing as a Russian consulate employee asked
Newsmaker if I could give her a job

Diego Garcia

9

USS Michigan USS Florida

Detained couple admit to living under fake identities
A couple detained in the US-Russia spy scandal confessed to being Russian citizens living under fake identities, prosecutors said, as they prepared to reveal new evidence of the 11 suspects’ alleged conspiracy against the US government. The government said its charges were now backed by “well over” 100 decrypted messages between conspirators, compared with just a handful of other such messages presented earlier. Suspects “Michael Zottoli” and “Patricia Mills”, a married couple, confessed in post-arrest statements that their given names were fake and that they were in fact Russian citizens. “Zottoli” admitted his true name was Mikhail Kutzik and that his real birth date was different to the one given under his cover, prosecutors said. “Mills” confessed her real name was Natalia Pereverzeva. Both had relatives in Russia, they said. The couple were ordered by a judge in Alexandria, Virginia, to be kept detained along with the third suspect, Mikhail Semenko. The court was unlikely to grant the trio even temporary freedom. US authorities are still sweating over the disappearance in the spy saga of 11th suspect Christopher Metsos, who was arrested in Cyprus but vanished after posting a ¤26,500 (HK$258,900) bond and surrendering his passport. Ten suspects were arrested in the Sunday swoop on alleged “deep cover” agents living in the US. In searches of Kutzik and Pereverzeva’s home and rented safe deposit boxes since their arrest, prosecutors said that among other evidence, US$80,000 in cash was found in eight envelopes, “packaged in exactly the same way” as those recovered in New Jersey this week in search warrants on other suspects. The charges of trying to infiltrate US policymaking circles threaten to upset efforts to “reset” WashingtonMoscow ties. US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton declined on Friday to comment on the spy scandal, saying only that Washington was committed to building a new and positive relationship with Russia.

USS Ohio

Submarines show up in E Asia ports in show of US military might
• CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

Anna Chapman, in an undated photograph. Photo: AP her to deliver a fraudulent passport to another woman working as a spy. “She spoke to her father, and her father said, ‘Go turn the passport in’,” Baum said. “Her father said, ‘You’ve got this passport. It’s forged. Go turn it into the police,’ and that’s exactly what she did.” At a bail hearing on Monday, Assistant US Attorney Michael Farbiarz said investigators on June 27 intercepted phone calls in which Chapman was “talking to a man who is advising her, who is telling her essentially … to make up a story, to say that she’s being intimidated, that this might be some other criminal activity, and who advises her to get out of the country and to go to the police”. Baum said he believed the phone calls cited by prosecutors were conversations between Chapman and her father. Meanwhile, Southern Union is facing a second investigation after its sole director said he was appointed to the position without his knowledge. Steve Sugden, 36, said he had never heard of the firm until contacted by journalists and had reported the enterprise to Companies House, the body which enforces company law.

than 650 short-range ballistic missiles. A recent report from the Washington-based Project 2049 Institute think tank noted that expanded conventional ballistic and groundlaunched cruise missiles were now “the centrepiece of [China’s] political and military strategy”. Coupled with other improved aerospace capabilities, such as electronic sensors, over the next 15 years China might be “increasingly confident of its ability to dominate the skies around its periphery”, the report said. It noted that the PLA could challenge the defences of Taiwan, Japan and India, as well as US forces in the western Pacific. “This may lead Beijing to become more assertive in its dealings with its neighbours,” says the report, written

by analysts Mark Stokes and Ian Easton. “A strategic shift in [the] regional aerospace balance also may increasingly unravel the fabric of US alliances and prompt allies and friends to consider weapons of mass destruction … as an insurance against unfavourable imbalances,” it says. In policies drafted under thenpresident George W. Bush, a Republican, and continued by the administration of his successor, Democrat Barack Obama, the Pentagon is shifting 60 per cent of its 53 fast-attack submarines to the Pacific – a process that is now virtually complete. But the presence of the larger cruise-missile submarines shows that, at times, the US forward posture will be significantly larger. While nominally based on the west coast of the United States, the

Ohio, for example, has been operating out of Guam for most of the last year, taking advantage of the island’s expanding facilities to extend its operations in the western Pacific. It is due to return soon, but the Florida and the Michigan are likely to remain in the region for many months yet, using Guam and possibly Diego Garcia for essential maintenance and crew changes.

Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore and Australia … have expressed concerns
An Asian diplomat

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The presence of the Florida, based on the US east coast, appears to confirm the US is still routinely bringing submarines under the arctic ice cap to East Asia. Some US east coast ports are closer, via this route, to the region than some west coast bases, such as San Diego. Just one other submarine has been converted from ballistic to cruise missiles and all four are currently deployed simultaneously for the first time. Announcing the move earlier this month, Submarine Squadron 19 Commander Captain John Tammen noted the “transformational capabilities” of the cruise missile submarines. “[They] provide the combatant commander a significant increase in war-fighting ability, and options for resolving and deterring conflict,” he said.

China ‘very opposed to’ US-Korea Yellow Sea drill
Beijing strongly opposes a joint military drill between the US and South Korea in the Yellow Sea later this month, a senior PLA official says. General Ma Xiaotian , deputy chief of general staff in the People’s Liberation Army, said: “Since it is in the Yellow Sea, it is very close to China’s waters. We are very opposed to such a drill.” Ma made the remark during an interview with Phoenix Television on July 1. Official news portals, including that of the Communist Party’s mouthpiece People’s Daily, gave prominent coverage to it yesterday. His comment represents the strongest opposition voiced by Beijing so far. Previously, Beijing had said it is “extremely concerned” about the drill. The PLA is staging live-fire naval exercises in the East China Sea, close to the Yellow Sea, in an apparent protest against the possible presence of a US aircraft carrier on its doorstep. The PLA drill will end tomorrow. Even as he expressed opposition to the US-South Korea drill, Ma said on the same day that Beijing would welcome a visit from US Defence Secretary Dr Robert Gates at an appropriate time – indicating the complexity of Sino-US relations. “Our stance remains that when both sides consider it’s appropriate, [China welcomes] his visit,” Ma said, in comments that might signal Beijing is ready to resume bilateral military exchanges. About a month ago, Beijing turned down a US proposal that Gates visit China, a move that Washington considered a snub to its fence-mending efforts. The US-South Korea drill is billed as a warning to Pyongyang, which Seoul accuses of sinking its corvette the Cheonan in March, killing 46 sailors. The hermit state denies it torpedoed the vessel.

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Agence France-Presse

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Additional reporting by Associated Press

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Staff Reporter

8 International

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

Hostage honours. Ingrid Betancourt (centre), her daughter Melanie Delloye, and members of the Colombian army and police force who were rescued from leftist rebels, gather on

Friday for a wreath-laying ceremony at a monument in memory of soldiers who have died in captivity, at a military school in Bogota. Former Franco-Colombian hostage

Betancourt returned to Bogota to celebrate the second anniversary of her release along with 14 other hostages of the leftist Farc guerilla group. Photo: AFP

Chinese student faces deportation by US for irate call
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UNITED STATES The New York Times Everyone knowledgeable about the criminal case against Zhai Tiantian seems to agree on one point: during a telephone call on April 15 to the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey, Zhai lost his cool. What he intended to say during the call is a matter of dispute. All the same, Zhai, a former PhD candidate at Stevens and a Chinese citizen, has spent the 11 weeks since then in the Hudson County Correctional Centre in Kearny, New Jersey, on charges of making “terroristic threats” and faces possible deportation. The case has bloomed into a minor international incident, tracked closely by the news media in China, where it has prompted outrage in some quarters. Chinese diplomats in New York have appealed to the university to help Zhai. School officials contend that Zhai, 26, angered over his suspension from the university for disciplinary reasons, called the switchboard at the campus’ main offices and said, “I’m going to burn that building down.” Zhai’s advocates say that while he used inflammatory language, he was speaking metaphorically, to describe the effect of a lawsuit he planned to file against the university challenging his suspension. Jerry Sova, a friend who has stayed in touch with Zhai and visited him in jail, said the former student had admitted using provocative words but insisted he never had any intention of committing arson. “He told me that he said, ‘I’m going to burn down Stevens by suing them and going to ABC and CBS’,” Sova said. “He is impulsive. I think that was a horrible use of language.” To make matters worse for everyone involved in the case, Stevens officials say, the charge against Zhai has been misinterpreted, particularly in the Chinese news media, as accusing him of acts of terrorism. The university’s special counsel, Chris Adams, explained that New Jersey law used the term “terroristic threats” to describe “statements made with the purpose to cause serious public inconvenience”. “Unfortunately, it shares the same word as ‘acts of terrorism’,” Adams said. “No one is suggesting that this is terrorism.” If convicted, Zhai faced a penalty of as much as three to five years in prison, Adams said. Zhai, who is from Xian , enrolled at Stevens in 2000, said one of his lawyers, Ming Hai. After receiving an undergraduate degree and two master’s degrees, Zhai began pursuing a doctorate in engineering. His disciplinary case at Stevens began in the spring. University officials would not reveal the exact nature of the trouble, but Zhai’s lawyer and friends say it began when a relationship with a woman turned sour. In early March, the woman, a graduate school instructor at a university in New York City, filed a harassment complaint with the police. A friend of the woman, a professor at Stevens, also became involved in the romantic dispute, complicating Zhai’s life at the school and perhaps leading to the university’s action. On March 11, Zhai received a letter from an assistant vice-president at Stevens saying he had been suspended indefinitely. The letter stated that Zhai had violated several provisions in the Stevens student code of conduct involving harassment, intimidation and “conduct that threatens or endangers the physical or mental health or safety of any person”. “The overall conclusion is that your presence on campus is a health and safety risk to members of the Stevens community,” the letter said. On April 15, Zhai called the main administration building at Stevens, officials said. A campus police officer answered, and Zhai told the officer what was on his mind. That evening, the campus police, accompanied by federal immigration agents, appeared at Zhai’s door and took him into custody. Adams said Stevens, as required by law, had earlier notified immigration officials that it intended to expel Zhai – a move that would effectively cancel his student visa. Hai said federal authorities were expected to transfer him to an immigration detention centre. News of the case has been reported across the mainland, and at least one newspaper, the English-language edition of The Global Times, which is backed by the Communist Party, has found geopolitical resonance in the matter. “The incident lays bare the deepseated disrespect for Chinese people by the US government, which has long boasted its respect for freedom and human rights,” a May 27 editorial said. “Had the incident taken place in China, some US media outlets would have used it to cast blame on China’s human rights record.” Officials from the Chinese consulate in New York had visited Zhai in jail three times, Hai said. And according to Adams, the consulate has asked the university to “do whatever it can to aid this particular student in his immigration and criminal issues”. Wang Bangfu, a consul there in the Department of Overseas Chinese Affairs, said: “We have been trying our best to ensure that Mr Zhai’s legitimate rights in jail and during the judicial procedure are protected. We hope people working on this case can find a proper solution in accordance with the laws as soon as possible.”

Even Republicans blast their chief for saying Obama chose Afghan war
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UNITED STATES Associated Press in Washington Republican Party chairman Michael Steele is drawing criticism from within his own ranks, including calls to resign, after saying the nine-year-old commitment of US troops to Afghanistan was a mistaken “war of Obama’s choosing”. As criticism swelled, Steele (pictured) issued a statement stressing his support for US troops, but he did not acknowledge his factual error about a war launched by former president George W. Bush in response for the terror attacks of September 11, 2001. For Democrats, looking at a difficult environment ahead of November’s midterm elections, the gaffe was an opportunity to test their strategy of attacking the Republican Party with its members’ own words. Conservative columnist Bill Kristol, writing for The Weekly Standard, was among the first to say Steele should resign. “There are, of course, those who think we should pull out of Afghanistan, and they’re certainly entitled to make their case,” wrote Kristol, a consistent supporter of the Afghanistan war. “But one of them shouldn’t be the chairman of the Republican Party.” In remarks on Thursday, Steele criticised President Barack Obama and his handling of the Afghan war and suggested the war could not be won. “If he’s such a student of history, has he not understood that, you know, that the one thing you don’t do is engage in a land war in Afghanistan? All right? Because everyone who’s tried, over a thousand years of history, has failed,” Steele said. “And there are reasons for that. There are other ways to engage in Afghanistan.” Republican officials confirmed Steele made the comments at a Connecticut fund-raiser, which was closed to the news media. The remarks, at odds with the views of most members of the Republican Party, were caught on camera and posted on the internet. “This was a war of Obama’s choosing,” Steele said. “This is not something the United States has actively prosecuted or wanted to engage in.” The US and allies overthrew Afghanistan’s Taliban government after the 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington. The war lagged as the US shifted its focus to Iraq, but Obama shifted the focus to Afghanistan and planned to send 30,000 more troops to the country. Looking to mitigate the political fallout, Steele, chairman of the Republican National Committee (RNC), issued a statement saying: “There is no question that America must win the war on terror. And, for the sake of the security of the free world, our country must give our troops the support necessary to win this war.” He said: “The stakes are too high for us to accept anything but success in Afghanistan.” Erick Erickson, the editor of the popular conservative website RedState.com and an opinion leader among younger Republicans, also called for Steele’s ouster. “Michael Steele must resign. He has lost all moral authority to lead” the Republican Party, Erickson said. RNC spokesman Doug Heye said Steele “clearly supports our troops but believes that success of the war effort in Afghanistan requires the ongoing support of the American people. The responsibility for building and maintaining that strategy falls squarely on the shoulders of the president”. Democratic National Committee spokesman Brad Woodhouse said it was “simply unconscionable that Michael Steele would undermine the morale of our troops when what they need is our support and encouragement. Michael Steele would do well to remember that we are not in Afghanistan by our own choosing, that we were attacked and that his words have consequences”.

Biden flies into Baghdad in show of support
US Vice-President Joe Biden arrived in Baghdad yesterday for a surprise visit aimed at bolstering Iraq’s fledgling democracy almost four months after an inconclusive election. Biden was accompanied on the trip by his wife Jill, who the White House said was on her first visit to the wartorn country. The White House said the couple were “in Iraq to celebrate the fourth of July with US troops”. “During this visit, the vice-president will meet Iraqi political leaders to reaffirm the US long-term commitment to Iraq and to discuss recent developments,” it said. Biden was greeted by US ambassador to Baghdad Christopher Hill, US commander in Iraq General Ray Odierno and Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari upon his arrival. Minutes after landing, he also met John McCain, Joseph Lieberman and Lindsey Graham, US senators who arrived on Friday night on a visit. The US has stepped up its diplomatic efforts in the past few weeks to help Iraq fill the prolonged power vacuum since the general election. Biden would meet Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, Prime Minister Nouri alMaliki and his main rival for the premier’s post, Iyad Allawi, the White House said.

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Agence France-Presse

He told me that he said, ‘I’m going to burn down Stevens by suing them’

Is it Unegeew or Unwomen? UN body has a difficult birth
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UNITED NATIONS The New York Times in New York A certain hallowed ritual around the United Nations holds that to ensure a truly auspicious beginning, any new branch of the world body needs a really first-rate acronym. So the new umbrella organisation for women, which was unanimously approved by the General Assembly on Friday after years of haggling, seemed off to a rocky start, given that its acronym would be Unegeew. That shorthand stands for the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. It borders on being unpronounceable, and ends with a rather unfortunate “eew” sound. The General Assembly’s resolution actually christened the fledgling organisation UN Women, which nobody likes either. The basic complaint is that it smacks of a social club, rather than an organisation designed to lead the transformation of women’s lot globally. Of course, there is nothing like a language issue to get the French exercised. French is one of the two official languages of the United Nations, but very little work around headquarters unrolls en français. (To make the point, a few months ago the French ambassador to the United Nations, Gerard Araud, who speaks mellifluous English, refused to start speaking at a news conference until the often elusive interpreters were in place to translate from French to English.) With the new women’s organisation, the French managed to get the official translation included in a footnote: ONU Femmes. Now they are pushing for that name to be used over the English version. “ONU Femmes just sounds so much better than ‘unwomen’,” said Stephane Crouzat, the spokesman for the French Mission. The idea behind UN Women is to pull together four small, fragmented agencies that worked on women’s issues, with much duplication. Negotiations dragged on because of resistance among some members to the very idea that women needed their own organisation.

More than 220 killed in Congo fuel tanker blast
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CONGO Agence France-Presse in Sange Excitement turned to horror for football fans gathered to watch the World Cup, as they were among hundreds killed in a fire from a fuel tanker explosion in the Democratic Republic of Congo. More than 220 people were killed when the fuel tanker overturned and exploded late on Friday in Sange, a small town of some 50,000 people in the east of the country. Officials yesterday said 110 people were injured, adding that the death toll could rise. “People tried to escape but were caught by the fire and reduced to ashes,” one local said. Flames from the explosion spread rapidly to the local cinema, where “a big crowd was gathered to watch the Brazil-Netherlands match that had just finished and they were waiting for the Ghana-Uruguay clash”, Tondo Sahizira, 28, a teacher, said. “They were taken by surprise and we could not save them. It’s terrible!” another resident, Mbaka Munyerere, said. Villagers, many of them children, had crowded around the tanker after it overturned, hoping to scope up the spilling fuel. Sahizira said the driver managed to escape from his vehicle, though injured, and told the villagers to get away because of the risk of an explosion. “Petrol began to leak out, but instead of fleeing people came to collect the fuel,” he said. A few minutes later there was an explosion and flames burst from the truck, spreading fast. United Nations helicopters were airlifting the injured to hospital, while Congo’s army, which lost a number of men in the blast, sent soldiers in to help with the rescue. “The latest we have is 220 dead and 111wounded,” a spokesman for the UN mission said. It was not clear what caused the accident, but locals said the truck, which was part of a convoy, stopped when the road seemed to crumble, toppling the vehicle and spilling fuel. Fire then erupted. Most of the bodies, covered with white shrouds, still lay near the charred skeleton of the truck many hours after the accident, where a few flames flickered. A woman wailed nearby, screaming: “We have lost our men, our children. I am dead.”

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Jerry Sova, a friend of Chinese student Zhai Tiantian

ANNOUNCEMENT

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Additional reporting by Reuters

In Brief
US consulate infiltrated, Mexican drug kingpin says
MEXICO CITY – A woman who worked in the Mexican border’s biggest US consulate had helped a drug gang obtain American visas, the enforcer of a rival drug cartel said. And for that, the enforcer said, he ordered her killed. Jesus Ernesto Chavez confessed to ordering the killings, said Ramon Pequeno, head of antinarcotics for the Federal Police. Pequeno said Chavez led a band of hit men tied to the Juarez cartel. The consulate employee, Lesley Enriquez, and two other people connected to the US consulate in the city of Ciudad Juarez were killed on March 13. The attacks raised concerns that Americans were being caught up in drug-related border violence. AP

12 sailors kidnapped off Nigeria
LAGOS – Gunmen attacked a cargo vessel and kidnapped 12 foreign sailors in the waters off the coast of Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta region, a navy officer said yesterday. “One of the crew members was injured from gunshots,” Nigerian navy spokesman David Nabaida said. The navy managed to board the vessel, the BBC Polonia, and sailed it to safety at Bonny anchorage, an oil port in southern Nigeria, Nabaida said. AFP

Key planner of 1972 Munich Olympics attack dies
DAMASCUS – Mohammed Oudeh, the key planner of the 1972 Munich Olympics attack that killed 11 Israeli athletes, has died in Damascus, his daughter said. He was 73. Oudeh – also known by his guerilla name Abu Daoud – died of kidney failure a day after he was taken to Damascus’ Andalus hospital, Hana Oudeh said. He did not take part in the September 5, 1972, attack, which shocked the world as the most brazen assault on a sports team and led to a wave of assassinations of top Palestinian officials. AP

position ahead of elections. Gillard said her attention was focused on the steady stream of asylum-seeker boats, and that turning boats away was impractical and carried unacceptable risks. AFP

Teen gored to death in bull run
MADRID – A 19-year-old man was gored to death during a bull run in a small town in northern Spain, medical sources said. The animals were released at 3am through the streets of the town of Fuentesauco in Zamora province. The man, from the Madrid region, was gored in the chest about 90 minutes later and was pronounced dead at a health centre, a source at the clinic said. AFP

Boatpeople a priority, says Gillard
SYDNEY – New Australian leader Julia Gillard vowed to provide “solutions not slogans” on the sensitive issue of boatpeople as she shores up her

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

International 9
ILLUSTRATION: TERRY PONTIKOS

‘Illegals’ found in US just latest skirmish in war that didn’t end with the Soviet Union. Jim Heintz reports

Cold war is history, but Russia and US still play spy games A
rock in a Moscow square allegedly concealing electronic spy equipment. A Jaguar-driving double agent contacting handlers by leaving chalk marks on a mailbox. A dazed Russian man found on a bench claiming the CIA fed him drugs. The end of the cold war may have lulled many into believing that cloak-and-dagger days were long gone, but Russian and Western intelligence operations have stayed active – and the network of “illegals” apparently uncovered in the United States is the latest in a line of spy cases with plot lines evoking airport thrillers. Driven by decades-old suspicions and new strategic concerns, both sides retain an urge to unearth the other’s secrets, despite professions of mutual respect and common goals of peace and prosperity. The alleged ring revealed by US officials last week seemed straight out of the “red scare” propaganda of the 1950s: Russians disguising themselves as normal couples in quiet neighbourhoods and gradually expanding social and professional networks to rake in secrets. How much sensitive information they may have passed on remains unclear, though the charges seem to indicate they didn’t do serious damage – 10 of the 11 are charged with acting as unregistered foreign agents, which carries a maximum five years in prison. By contrast, the two most damaging Russian spies convicted in the United States since the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union are in prison for life. Aldrich Ames, a CIA counterintelligence official, revealed the identities of US operatives to Moscow, information that is believed to have led to the killing of at least nine agents. To request meetings with his contacts, he would make a chalk mark on a

NEWSMAKER

mailbox in Washington’s cosmopolitan Georgetown neighbourhood. Ames apparently did it for money; he was heavily in debt when he started working for the Soviets in 1985. He wasn’t shy about showing off his new wealth, buying a halfmillion-dollar house with cash and driving a Jaguar that cost almost as much as his annual CIA salary. Yet he remained undetected until his arrest in 1994. Robert Hanssen was an FBI agent who provided an array of classified information to Moscow in what is sometimes described as the worst US intelligence failure.

You don’t need spies to find out what Obama wants from Russia; it’s all on the internet
Yulia Latynina, a Russian political analyst

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Convicted in 2001, he said he also was motivated by money rather than ideology. He was arrested while taping a garbage bag full of secrets to the underside of a footbridge in a park. Russia in turn has its own list of complaints about Western spycraft, both clever and crude. In 2006, Russia accused four British diplomats of espionage, saying they received secret information from a radio transmitter hidden in a rock. A few years earlier, Russia said a Defence Ministry employee was found dazed on a bench after

visiting the US Embassy in an unspecified former Soviet republic. The man reportedly said he was drugged at the embassy while asking about a missing relative, and that the CIA tried to recruit him while his brain was addled. There’s much that each side wants to know about the other. Russia suspects the United States of plotting to seduce former Soviet states into Western alliances and ideologies; the West watches Russia with the wary suspicion that it wants to re-establish its empire, a concern that grew strongly under the presidency of Vladimir Putin, a former director of the KGB’s successor agency. Russia and the West both state publicly that they want Iranian nuclear tensions resolved peacefully, but each clearly suspects the other. Russia is concerned the United States will launch an attack; Washington regards Moscow as often being too lenient with Iran, even obstructive to negotiations. Russia is also consistently edgy and angry about US missile-defence plans in Europe. The latest spying allegations centre on a group known as “illegals”. In the lore of Soviet spycraft, few figures command as much respect as these spies, steeljawed agents with the intelligence of a chess grandmaster and the fortitude of a cosmonaut. Painstakingly trained in the KGB’s Directorate S, the illegals spent years assuming a fake biography, known as a “legend”, then awaited orders undercover for years or even decades. Unlike their “legal” counterparts, they worked without a diplomatic cover, which would offer them immunity from prosecution. They were rewarded with the kind of adulation Americans reserve for movie stars. Illegals like Rudolf Abel and Konon Molody became such national heroes that Russia’s External Intelligence Service, or SVR, still posts their biographies on its

website. A beloved television serial chronicled the fictional life of one undercover agent, Max Otto von Stirlitz, as he penetrated Hitler’s inner circle. Putin, who served as a KGB officer in East Germany in the 1980s, has said the Stirlitz character helped shape an entire generation of Soviet youth. If US prosecutors are correct, two things seem clear: First, that Russia’s network of illegals has survived, and perhaps even grown, since the Soviet Union’s collapse. And second, that the agents’ assignment – collecting information about politics and getting to know policymakers – can now be achieved through more straightforward means. “It strikes me as a very wellorganised, very well-thought-out and very out-of date approach,” said Olga Oliker, a senior policy analyst for the RAND think tank. “I would lay money on bureaucratic inertia. It’s a terribly ineffective approach, but it’s something that might have made sense in a previous period.” Russian independent political analyst Yulia Latynina contends her country’s intelligence activities in the US are useless – done to make Russian leaders feel powerful. “Russia has spies in America as an imitation of imperialism.” “You don’t need spies to find out what Obama wants from Russia; it’s all on the internet, PR, press conferences. Do Russia’s leaders really think that someone will pull their spies aside and tell them something that Obama didn’t say in his briefing?” But Alexei Zudin of the Centre for Political Technologies sees spying as part of any country’s national life. “Nations conduct exploration activities” not only with spies but with diplomats and journalists, he said. “It was so always and it will be so always.”

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Associated Press. Additional reporting by The New York Times

The Other Side

People
Judge drops charges in paparazzo attack
A California judge has dismissed assault charges against two men accused of attacking a celebrity photographer who was taking pictures of actor Matthew McConaughey (pictured) while he was surfing in Malibu. Judge Lawrence Mira, whose court resides in the seaside enclave just north of Los Angeles, dismissed the charges against the two men at the request of prosecutors after jurors deadlocked. “After evaluating the case, we felt that a mistrial would not result in any different type of result, so we decided not to proceed,” said a spokeswoman for the Los Angeles District Attorney’s Office. Back in 2008, Richid Altmbareckouhammou was working for a French news agency taking pictures of the actor as he surfed the waves off Malibu, when the two accused attackers allegedly threw him into the water during a brawl. Reuters

Paris Hilton cleared of marijuana charges
A court in South Africa has dropped a marijuana-smoking case against Paris Hilton (pictured). The socialite appeared late on Friday in a Fifa World Cup courtroom after being arrested on suspicion of possession of marijuana at a quarter-final match between Brazil and the Netherlands. The authorities dropped the charges against Hilton, after her co-accused, Jennifer Rovero, “acknowledged to be in possession of cannabis, and pleaded guilty”, said a spokeswoman for South African police. Rovero, 31, from New York, was sentenced to a fine of 1,000 rand (HK$1,010) or 30 days’ imprisonment, the spokeswoman said. A publicist for Hilton said the incident was a “misunderstanding”. “Paris Hilton was questioned today by police in South Africa on allegations of smoking marijuana,” Dawn Miller, a publicist for Hilton, said. “I can confirm that the incident was a complete misunderstanding and it was actually another person in the group who did it,” the statement said. “The case has been dropped against Paris and no charges will be made.” When told the case had been dropped, Hilton said “thank you” and left the courtroom. Hilton wrote on Twitter later: “Hey guys, there’s a lot of crazy rumours going around. Just want you all to know the truth. Everything is completely fine. I was not charged or arrested, cause I didn’t do anything.” She said she was helping police with their investigation. AP

Facebook fans go ga-ga over glam-pop singer
Glam-pop singer Lady Gaga has become the first living person to have more than 10 million fans on a single social networking site, having overtaken United States President Barack Obama on Facebook, a British group that measures online popularity said. Famecount.com said Lady Gaga was already the most popular living musician online, according to her following on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. Yesterday, the provocative Bad Romance and Paparazzi singer had 10,160,709 Facebook fans and 4.7 million Twitter followers. The 24-year-old performer, who released her first album two years ago, overtook Obama last week. The US president has 9.4 million Facebook fans and 4.4 million Twitter followers. But Lady Gaga faces some stiff competition before she achieves total dominance of the social networking world. The late Michael Jackson has some 14 million Facebook fans, but the winner

Facts & Figures
$
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The amount, in US dollars, that a set of three Marilyn Monroe chest X-rays from a 1954 hospital visit sold for at the Hollywood Legends auction in Las Vegas. Julien’s Auctions, which sold the X-rays, estmated that they would only fetch a total of about US$3,000. Other Monroe-abilia included a chair from her last photo shoot that went for US$35,000. AP

45,000

by a long margin is the online game Texas Hold’em Poker which has more than 20 million. Famecount.com, based in southern England, aggregates online popularity worldwide across multiple social media channels. Lady Gaga made her debut on the Forbes magazine 2010 Celebrity 100 power list for the first time this week, entering in 4th place with estimated earnings over the past 12 months of US$62 million. Reuters

8%

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The proportion of Russians who believe their national team will win the World Cup – despite the fact that it never qualified for the tournament, an independent poll has showed. Russian pride was shattered when its team was denied a place at the sporting event currently underway in South Africa when they were defeated by Slovenia in the qualifying stage. The poll, conducted between June 18 and 22, surveyed 1,600 Russian adults across 130 cities. Reuters

Tall Stories
Leave the holy water to the professionals, inventor told
A South Korean medical professor who invented a digital device he claimed could transform tap water into holy water is facing fraud charges, Seoul police say. They said the professor claimed to have digitally captured the supposed curative powers of holy water on devices that he sold to more than 5,000 people for a total profit of nearly 1.7 billion won (HK$10.76 million). Eight other people including the professor’s wife and brother-in-law faced charges for manufacturing and selling the devices, an officer heading the investigation said. Police said the 53year-old professor claimed he obtained holy water from the shrine to the Virgin Mary at Lourdes – a world-famous Catholic pilgrimage site in France – and preserved its supposed healing powers in digital form. He claimed to be able to digitally transfer those powers onto ceramic and paper filters and plastic cards. AFP

Man facing three years in German jail for Hitler ringtone
A German man who had a speech by Adolf Hitler as his ringtone and a picture of the Nazi dictator in front of a swastika on his mobile phone could face up to three years in jail, police said. Authorities seized the 54-year-old’s phone at Harburg station, near the northern city of Hamburg, after fellow train passengers, shocked by the sound of Hitler screaming, alerted police. “It was an original speech by Adolf Hitler which ended with the phrase ‘Sieg Heil’,” police spokesman Ruediger Carstens said. “He also had a photo of Hitler standing in front of a swastika.” Under German law, the man could face up to three years in prison or a fine. AFP

South African man applying for passport told he was deceased
A South African man mistakenly listed as dead by authorities has been fighting to prove he is alive so he can get a passport, register a car and change his wife’s marital status from “widowed”. Claude Pretorius has been battling the bureaucratic error since 2006, when he discovered while applying for a passport the Department of Home Affairs had listed him as dead, reported The Star. “They told me that I could not apply for a passport as I am deceased,” the man said. Pretorius said he got a sworn affidavit from police affirming that he was alive and was issued a new identity number, enabling him to buy a car. But the problem resurfaced last year when he tried to register the car. AFP

Belgian PM blames heat for Twitter ‘misunderstanding’
Belgian Prime Minister Yves Leterme blamed the sweltering heat of Africa after posting a cryptic message on his Twitter account during a trip, sparking a frenzy of media speculation. During an official visit to the Democratic Republic of Congo for its 50th year of independence from Belgium, Leterme wrote in awkward English on the website: “Not at all. Want to learn to know you. You to?” The message was quickly deleted from the website, but not before it was caught by Belgian media. Leterme replaced the message with a new post explaining it had been a “misunderstanding” and was originally intended for a “correspondent” he had run into at a reception. AFP

Moscow governor’s traffic advice: buy a helicopter
As Moscow residents sweltered in an unprecedented traffic snarl-up, the governor of the region around Moscow offered an unusual solution: buy a helicopter. “I fly in a helicopter. [You] should also buy helicopters instead of cars – then you do not need roads,” Moscow Region Governor Boris Gromov told journalists, the RIA Novosti news agency reported. His comment came as ill-timed roadworks on the main road to a Moscow airport delayed thousands of people flying on summer holidays. Residents of the Moscow region have around 400 private helicopters, Gromov said, but he omitted to mention that private aircraft are not allowed to fly into Moscow airspace. AFP

$

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The amount, in US dollars, that a lock of hair cut from Napoleon Bonaparte’s head after he died has sold for at an auction in New Zealand. Extra phone lines were installed for the sale to cope with a rush of international buyers seeking to snip up the hair cut from the head of the former French Emperor a day after his death in 1821. The hair was part of a collection brought to New Zealand in 1864 by Denzil Ibbetson, a British commissary officer and artist. Reuters

Tired of circus, alligator found loitering near motorcycle shop
See you later, gator. Police have returned an alligator to its circus home after it escaped and was found loitering outside a motorcycle shop in a small German town. Police say they apprehended the one-metre reptile in Gross-Rohrheim, south of Frankfurt, after a caller reported spotting the creature in a town street. Officers took the creature into custody while they figured out where it had come from. AP

13,000

10

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

Morning Post Centre, Dai Fat Street, Tai Po

Harry’s Week

Schools about more than academic results
The suicide in May of a student in front of his fellow students and teachers in Tung Chung shocked society. The pupil had been suffering from mental illness. This tragedy showed shortcomings in Hong Kong’s school system. There is clearly a need to re-evaluate what should be done when dealing with students who have psychological and other problems. Our schools focus on providing pupils with academic training but neglect the importance of mental or emotional training and support. Juveniles going through puberty inevitably have mood swings. They often feel stressed and irritated and can be easily discouraged. Teachers and social workers are crucial, but sometimes teachers take on a passive role and this is not helpful. I think schools should hold workshops where young people can get together and be helped to understand and to handle their emotions. Peer counselling should also be encouraged. Young people are best able to help fellow students deal with their negative emotions. When it comes to tragedies like the one in May there is no point in blaming anyone and seeking to get people to take responsibility. What we need to do is find more effective ways to protect the younger generation and help teens deal with their emotional problems. Also the methods that are adopted should be subject to regular reviews. Schools have to realise that they should not just be focusing on academic results. Jay Ho, Tsing Yi

Prepare for the crippling cost of an ageing society
hen the Beatles recorded When I’m Sixty-four more than 40 years ago, the love song about ageing did not resonate with the group’s young fans. Now, it has more relevance for that generation, for reasons which were not foreseen. As it has grown older, so has much of the world’s population. As a result, dementia has become an epidemic of the 21st century. Populations in many parts of the world are growing older because they are having fewer children and people are living longer, thanks partly to medical science. But science, so far, has no answer to one of the serious consequences – the rapid rise of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. When it strikes, the most loving family sooner or later needs outside help. Current nursing, specialist and intensive care and daycare resources dedicated to dementia patients do not meet demand now, let alone in the future. Conventional nursing facilities are not equipped to deal with a fatal disease that progressively disables the memory, the mind and the body. As we reported this week, Asia faces the biggest burden, largely because of the ageing welfare crisis looming in China – partly the result of the one-child policy. The region’s fast-ageing population is expected to account for more than half the world’s dementia patients within 40 years. At the same time, the 35 million current Alzheimer’s patients worldwide will double by 2030 and pass 115 million by 2050, according to activists. With few specialist facilities or plans to build more, Asia is ill prepared to cope. The problem is here already, as a growing number of Hong Kong families can attest. The city has 110,000 dementia patients but only 300 places in four day-care centres and no residential care facility. Experts say the one in 10 people who will get dementia in their 70s rises to three in 10 in their 80s. As it is now common for people to live into their 80s – and Hong Kong has one of the world’s highest life expectancies – every extended family should expect to experience dementia, according to Peter Yuen, director of the Public Policy Research Institute at Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Hong Kong, like the United States, expects people over 65 to account for a quarter of the population by the 2030s. By then, the mainland, with 8 million dementia patients already, will have a similar proportion of over-60s. Few societies have come to terms with the cost implications. According to the Alzheimer’s Association, US governments, insurers and individuals will spend more than US$1.08 trillion on care for dementia victims by 2050 – a sixfold rise. Studies have confirmed a genetic link to Alzheimer’s disease, but scientists do not yet understand how it happens. The best hope of an early breakthrough, at least in terms of predicting risk, lies in genetic and stem-cell research. In the US, where the over-85s are the fastestgrowing age group, the National Institute on Ageing collects blood samples and information from thousands of families worldwide, and stores DNA and other clinical information for researchers. Meanwhile, governments and non-government organisations must prepare for the massive new demands that ageing will place on health-care and welfare resources. The cost to families of proper care during the slow progress of Alzheimer’s is crippling. The Hong Kong government’s proposals for reform of health-care financing do not tackle it. Since the need for a major expansion of dedicated care and nursing services is inevitable and predictable, officials need to look at policy and financing options to ensure they are available.

W

HK’s political system is fundamentally undemocratic
In her article on Hong Kong’s political reform struggle (“The deal is what counts, not endless debate”, June 27), Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee uses her enthusiasm for political history and theory to clear the air. She invokes Joseph Schumpeter’s observation that in a representative democracy people do not govern directly “by choosing individuals who will assemble to put their will into action”, rather, “they merely select those who will make political decisions on their behalf”. She says that if “the people disapprove of the decisions, they can punish their representatives in the next round of elections”. “Legislators who procrastinate and prevaricate, on the grounds of inadequate consultation, are arguably abdicating their responsibility to make decisions on behalf of the people.” Has it not dawned on Mrs Ip that Hong Kong is in no way a representative democracy? Those who “procrastinate and prevaricate”, might be resorting to procedural tactics because it is the only way to delay the workings and decisions of a political system that is fundamentally undemocratic; one in which a full half of socalled representatives and precisely those who hold up reforms are unelected. Mrs Ip talked of legislators with “a growing awareness of their responsibility”. May I ask, responsibility to whom? Democracy is won, never ceded. Yes, politics involves compromise. But democratic politics are difficult to achieve when so many “representatives” are unelected. Jonathan London, Kowloon Tong

Sceptical about survey which shows support for expansion of bag levy
British politician Benjamin Disraeli said that there were “lies, damn lies and statistics”. Once again people are being misled by a study conducted by a group with an agenda. The survey which shows that two out of three favour expansion of a plastic bag levy was conducted by Friends of the Earth. However the statistics are incomplete and misleading. In order to understand them, we need to know how the people whose answers are added to yield these percentages were selected for the study. Was it at random so that everyone had an equal chance of being selected? Or were they selected in a biased fashion likely to produce supportive results? What were the sample demographics? Was the percentage of people based on gender, age, income and education, a really good match for the people of Hong Kong, or were the demographics biased toward a given age group or gender? This is important because we know that people do not support the bag tax uniformly across demographics. For example, my young children and teens support it more than the adults I know because that is what they have been taught at school. I would also like to know how the questions were put to respondents. This is also important because people answering surveys try to respond so as to both please the interviewer and appear in a socially acceptable light, regardless of their true opinion. We call this social desirability bias, and it is the bane of opinion researchers, especially when the topic is controversial. Even those who are professionally trained in this kind of research sometimes have trouble dealing with this bias, especially when the sample is large as in the reported study. I do not believe that two-thirds of the people in Hong Kong support this environmental silliness. In order for our environment to be improved, we have to take a systems approach that seriously makes a dent in the problem. Then, truly two out of three of us, if not more, will implement and support the plan wholeheartedly. Using misleading statistical methods does not get us anywhere near that goal and makes all research – including well done policy studies – suspect. Bob Carson, Sha Tin

Abuse of Christians an international disgrace
The report (“Christians held to extort cash, say wife, lawyer”, June 29) is sadly all too true. Officials in Henan province have for some years been holding and even torturing Christians for no apparent reason other than to extort money from their families. I found a complete account of this issue in Paul Hattaway’s Henan, the Galilee of China. China really needs to deal with this, because it has already become, very literally, an international disgrace. Paul Flynn, Clear Water Bay

Urban stage. Street artists fear prosecution despite a government move to promote street performances to cultivate an artistic atmosphere. What should be done to try to make life easier for them? Write to us.
tell the rest of us what to do than would many other special interest groups, for example, university students, gay and lesbian rights activists or maids. If we can’t get rid of these seats, why don’t we rotate some of them every four years and let the electorate propose entirely new groups? For the next election the two finance functional constituencies could be replaced by, let’s say, sports fishermen and cyclists. We could lose the real estate and construction seat and replace it with one made up of hairdressers and manicurists. Or lose the accountancy seat and replace it with a group of inventors and scientists. The point is that we all have a stake in the outcome, regardless of our career and identity choices. And longstanding functional constituencies run the risk of becoming too cosy with government and with each other. Some new faces and viewpoints would be good. They would stir things up. And guessing what the hairdressers would wear to Legco would be a lot more fun than guessing how the current crop of functional seats are likely to vote. Rhea Briones-Shaw, Causeway Bay administers the scholarship is also the director of admissions and financial aid at the university is a cause of concern. It is also claimed that students of CUHK got more awards because more of them applied. But then, if its students do perceive that they have a higher chance of success, they naturally will be more enthusiastic in applying. By contrast, students from other institutions just would not bother, if they somehow think that they would not be treated equally. In any event, the overwhelming award decisions in favour of the Chinese University in the past 16 years cannot merely be explained away by application statistics. The Rhodes Trust must reform the system and remove the aforementioned doubts in order to ensure fairness between all applicants and to maintain the scholarship’s reputation. Raymond Wong, Happy Valley

World Cup can learn from the humility of Wimbledon

Strange bedfellows in Legco chamber
Is it only me or does anyone else find it ironic that in Hong Kong alone, the vested interests of our super rich tycoons are zealously defended by the de facto communists in the legislative and executive branches of our government? This is done at the expense of the public in general. Stuart Brookes, Sheung Wan

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s a feast of summer sport loomed this year, fans and commentators questioned how the plain white canvas of Wimbledon would be able to compete with the explosion of colour at soccer’s World Cup. The conservative traditions of Wimbledon, the oldest tennis tournament, appeared staid compared with the festival in South Africa. The World Cup has gripped millions around the world with its thrills and passion. Hopefully, the best games are yet to come. But Wimbledon has held its own, providing a timely reminder of the need for values and perspective in sport. There has been much excellence on display in the World Cup but the tournament has been tarnished by some teams disgracing themselves with infighting and certain players treating referees, coaching staff and, worst of all, fans, without respect. Fifa, the sport’s governing body, did not help by tactlessly rejecting initial calls for a reopening of the debate on video replay technology after glaring errors were made by referees. It has now, sensibly, suggested it is willing to consider such a move. Meanwhile, disappointed politicians have been infected with a lack of perspective, calling for national inquiries into the poor performance of their teams. Thus Wimbledon, with its adherence to etiquette and the apologies for winning a point through luck rather than skill, has provided a refreshing contrast. Tennis players seem to have an acute awareness that hitting a ball alone generates no economic value, and that they owe their privileged lives to their support team, the tournament organisers, volunteers, sponsors and the fans. Despite its supposedly lesser status, tennis has shown how video technology can be incorporated into sport by limiting its use so as to prevent interruption of the game. As a result, players have fewer reasons to question decisions, and the game is played in better spirit, with a fairer result, while providing new excitement for the viewers. The World Cup is still the biggest sporting occasion. But in its greatness, it must act with humility and consider the views of the fans, without which sport is little more than an entertaining fitness regime.

Rhodes Scholarship review is needed
I am shocked by the unusual connection between the Rhodes Scholarship and the Chinese University (“Question over who gets HK Rhodes Scholarships”). This has given rise to suggestions of favouritism, where the lion’s share of the scholarship awards have been given to CUHK students ever since the local arm of the scholarship came under its administration of that university in 1995. While CUHK has defended itself by saying that the administration of the scholarship is done on a voluntary basis, the mere fact that the person who

Hairdressing seat a cut above the rest
Why are the functional constituencies made up of doctors, lawyers and businessmen? They have no more claim to run the government and

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Now, shine spotlight on abuse of the system

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ow that the 2012 election format is settled, however unsatisfactorily, it is time to focus on how the system contributes to bad government and what can be done about it. The abuses which stem from the corruption implicit in narrowly based functional constituencies are recorded in these pages almost daily. Pride of place surely goes to the Heung Yee Kuk for turning its New Territories feudal fiefdom into a no-go land for government officials who prove powerless to enforce laws. Then there are the assorted transport interests who successfully resist efforts to clean up the ferries, the buses, the trucks, and have for years stood in the way of the government improving traffic flow. If only all users of transport had a right to vote for the Legislative Council representative – how different policy would be. The connivance of the government with the abuses committed by the big developers close to the chief executive are well enough known. They recently showed their contempt for private property rights by lower-

Philip Bowring
ing the threshold for compulsory acquisition. But perhaps less recognised are how the interests of the likes of engineers and contractors are linked to those of the government departments responsible for building billion-dollar bridges to nowhere. As for the long delayed and still feeble attempts to outlaw oligopoly, most representatives of the business community continue to act in the interests of the few big businesses which benefit from their stranglehold on various sectors, rather than the interests of the small businesses which are Hong Kong’s lifeblood. In addition, Legco harbours plenty of members who seem more concerned with representing the government to their constituents than vice versa. David Li Kwokpo’s long career as an often absent banking legislator and his more recent one as cheer-

leader for Donald Tsang Yam-kuen is a case in point. And now we have the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce being chaired by the head of the quasi-government so-called think tank, the Bauhinia Foundation Research Centre. The chamber’s deputy chairman is the head of a government-controlled company, the MTR Corporation, and it already has a former civil servant as its chief executive. Once, the party and army were as one. Now, in Hong Kong as on the mainland, the communists’ shadow party and big business are as one. And all this is set in stone, at least until 2016, now that the Democratic Party has caved in to the self-deluding notion that a tiny improvement in a bad system is better than standing for real change. So what can be done? For now, the democracy forces and independents should focus not on constitutional issues but on governance ones. They must do more research. They must constantly expose the iniquities which result from this system, embarrass the government at every opportunity, take issue with the connivance between

officials and vested interests, present coherent budget, social policy, public investment options which put the public interest first. This is the only way they can both help the community and show up the abuses of the current system. However disgusted many pro-democracy people are with the Democratic Party’s performance, the groups must set aside their differences on this matter and focus on governance specifics. The outlook is not encouraging. They all lack serious research capabilities and financial resources; the League of Social Democrats will probably prefer to remain an agitator; the Civic Party will continue to be dominated by lawyers; the Democrats will still lack strong leadership. But, for now, a focus on the specifics of government, good proposals and well researched attacks on pork-barrel connivance between the administration and Legco functional constituencies is the only way forward.

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Philip Bowring is a Hong Kong-based journalist and commentator

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

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With the centenary of the Xinhai revolution to be marked around the world next year, Beijing and Taipei hold widely disparate views on its central figure, Mark O’Neill writes

Who is the Father of China?
he souvenir shop at the ancestral home of Sun Yat-sen in Guangdong’s Cuiheng village sells commemorative plates of him and of the young ; Mao Zedong you can also buy a statue of Mao for 9,800 yuan (HK$11,243) – but not of Sun. “For those of us educated on the mainland, Mao and the first generation of Communist leaders are the great men,” , a student from said Wang Min visiting the museum. “Sun is Zhuhai a secondary figure. The films and television , series are about Mao, Zhou Enlai Zhu De and the wars with Japan and the Kuomintang, not the 1911 revolution.” Next year marks the centenary of the Xinhai revolution that overthrew the last imperial dynasty, in which Sun played a central role. This will be celebrated on the mainland, in Taiwan and by the Chinese diaspora around the world. But Sun means different things to different people. People on both sides of the strait call him “Guofu” (Father of the Nation). In Taiwan, they mean “Father of the Republic of China”. On the mainland, they mean the man who helped bring down the Qing, a pre-condition for the Communist state founded in 1949; the father of “New China” is Mao. These differences have torpedoed joint commemorations next year. On May 15, Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou said the island would not take part in events organised by Beijing. “We will celebrate the occasion separately because the revolution made possible the establishment of the Republic of China,” he said. “It has been 100 years since our country was founded, which is what matters most to us. “The celebrations should be turned into a one-year ‘Taiwan expo’. We must do our utmost to display the significance, value

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The British treat nations as the silkworm farmer treats his worms … when they stop [producing], he feeds them to the fish
Sun Yat-sen (below), on the trading system that imperial powers had imposed on China

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and spirit of the centennial, as well as elaborate a vision for the future.” Ma’s decision disappointed Beijing, which sees Sun as the most important historical figure uniting the two sides. “Events to celebrate the Xinhai revolution promote the efforts of compatriots on both sides of the strait and the revival of the Chinese nation,” said Yang Yi , spokesman for the Taiwan Affairs Office. Ma’s decision reflects the radically different place that Sun occupies in Taiwan to that on the mainland. His face stares out of the NT$100 banknote, as Mao stares out of the 100 yuan note. Schoolchildren and soldiers repeat Sun’s words every time they sing the national anthem. His portrait hangs next to that of the president in government offices and schools, and his statue sits in parks and in front of public buildings. The largest is in the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in central Taipei, one of its biggest indoor auditoria. These statues survived the purges of the eight years of the Chen Shui-bian presidency, which removed most of the images of Chiang Kai-shek and stacked them in a park in Taoyuan, where curious mainland tourists are the main visitors. All this shows the historical continuum between the Republic of China of 1912, of which Sun was provisional president, and the Taiwan of today. Its system of government is the one Sun outlined in the “Three Principles of the People”, which he announced in 1905. It copies the US system of three independent branches – presidency, legislature and judiciary – with two more because of the special conditions of China: the Investigative Yuan and Examination Yuan. Sun added these to combat widespread corruption. For 60 years after Sun’s death in 1925, the Kuomintang controlled all five branches of the government; none was independent. But with growth of opposition parties and popular election for major posts from the president down, Taiwan now has the system of checks and balances that Sun envisaged. Chen’s arrest and sentencing is proof of the judiciary’s ability to supervise the executive. At the age of 13, Sun left Cuiheng to

study in Hawaii, living with his brother, 15 years his senior, who had become a prosperous merchant. His high school years in Hawaii and later visits there influenced him greatly. He became a Congregationalist Protestant. Two American politicians helped form his political and economic thinking – Abraham Lincoln and Alexander Hamilton. The Three Principles of the People – nationalism, democracy and people’s livelihood – were inspired by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, in which he spoke of “government of the people, for the people and by the people”. From Hamilton, he took the idea of a strong central government, an interventionist central bank, protection of national industries and rejection of the laissez-faire trading system. “Ever since China began trading with the West, all the privileges and profits of that trade have been seized by the West,” he wrote. “Why is this so? It is because they have been protecting their commerce while we have not. The only goods that should flow freely throughout a country are the goods made by that country and goods a country does not have the technology to make.” He said the US became the world’s dominant industrial power by protecting through tariffs its domestic industries, and not allowing them to be overwhelmed by imports, as China had done. “Political power is essential to protect home industries from undue competition.” He bitterly opposed the trading system that Britain and other imperial powers imposed on China. “The British treat nations as the silkworm farmer treats his worms: as long as they produce silk, he cares for them well; when they stop, he feeds them to the fish,” he wrote in 1917. He also saw the crucial importance of railways, as set out by Lincoln’s Republican Party in its 1860 and 1864 manifestoes. His book The International Development of China, published in 1919, is his most detailed blueprint for the economy; he proposed 300,000 kilometres of railway to link the populated and developed east to the poor and under-populated west. These railways would deliver grain in times of famine and transport agricultural and industrial raw materials. He dismissed Karl Marx: “What Marx knew after his years of research into social questions were facts, but he failed to anticipate the changing conditions and new developments of the future. Not knowing these new theories, he drew false conclusions from his own suppositions. Class war is not the cause of social progress but a disease developed in the course of social progress.” So it is Taiwan, not the mainland, that is Sun’s political legacy and is implementing the system he envisaged. In May, Ma said: “The Republic of China in Taiwan has established a full-fledged democracy and a pluralistic and open society, developments unprecedented in ethnic Chinese communities in the world.” Beijing, on the other hand, has consistently rejected Sun’s political model, saying it is unsuitable for China. The most recent exposition came in a 5,000-word essay in the latest issue of Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth), the Communist Party’s top theoretical magazine, on the “South African experience”. It said those who proposed copying the post-apartheid model in South Africa were denying China’s special political path. “We must absolutely oppose the political ideology of new liberalism and Western democracy. The Communist Party is the political representative of all the Chinese people.” It argues that only the centralisation of power in the party can provide the political and social stability to develop the economy; the remarkable success of the last 30 years is evidence of the correctness of this theory. Consequently, Sun occupies a secondary role in history lessons on the mainland. It is the first generation of Communist leaders who fought the Japanese, defeated the Kuomintang and established the new state that are the central figures. The blockbuster film of 2009 was Jianguo Daye (Founding the Country); it was about the 1949 revolution, not the one in 1911. In the economic field, both Taipei and Beijing belatedly followed Sun’s advice. After he moved to Taiwan, Chiang’s priority was national defence and recapturing the mainland. It fell to his son, Chiang Ching-kuo, to emphasise economic development. For three decades, the Communists emphasised military spending and political campaigns. Only since the era of Deng Xiaoping have they stressed economic construction. The projects of the last 20 years would have made Sun proud. “The building of railways on the Tibetan plateau involves more complicated engineering and greater costs than other lines and brings a small profit,” he wrote in 1919. “Once we have completed the other lines and built this one, it will lead to a good result.” Sun proposed eight lines from Lhasa , including ones to Lanzhou and Chengdu . It could have been drawn up to persuade the State Council to finance the first railway into Tibet 80 years later – the 1,142-kilometre line from Golmud to Lhasa opened in July 2006.

Workers dust off a giant portrait of Sun Yat-sen before hanging it in Tiananmen Square. Photo: AFP

From the kitchen to the helm of the nation
The story goes that, having spent all his money on 11 failed revolutions and unable to raise more funds, Sun Yat-sen was washing dishes in a Hawaian restaurant. Suddenly, one co-worker in the kitchen said to him: “You can put down the dishes now, your revolution has won. You can go home and be president.” Apocryphal or not, the story is true to the extent that Sun was out of the country during the Wuchang uprising of 1911. He returned to become president but remained in the post for only three months. It is told by those who want to stress Sun’s weakness and failure: without his own army, he was never able to consolidate power and died in 1925, the country still weak and divided among rival warlords and warring political parties. His early death is one reason why both Nationalists and Communists can revere him. Sun advocated co-operation between the parties and died before Chiang Kai-shek ordered the mass killing of Communists in Shanghai in 1927, which poisoned relations between the two. While successor Chiang took the Nationalist government to Taiwan, Sun’s second wife, Soong Ching-ling, sided with the Communists. She was the only one in her family to stay back on the mainland after 1949. Her sister was the wife of Chiang. Sun and Soong married on October 25, 1915, when he was 48 and she 22. The marriage contract contained three clauses, including: “The two will forever maintain the relations between man and wife and work together to promote mutual good fortune”. Some historians interpret this as a promise by Soong to remain faithful to Sun after his passing; in any event, she did not remarry. Some believe that since she was “the mother of the nation”, the government would not allow her to remarry. After 1949, Soong held high office. She was one of two vice-chairmen of the country between 1959 and 1975 and became honorary president on May 17, 1981. But she died in Beijing 12 days later. Soong’s high status saved her from persecution in the anti-rightist movement and the Cultural Revolution, but its terror persuaded her to throw most of her belongings into a furnace. In January 1979, she returned to her Shanghai home for the last time and destroyed most of her letters there. A giant portrait of Sun hangs in Tiananmen Square on May Day and National Day. In the 1980s, there were five – Sun, Karl Marx, Lenin, Stalin and Mao. “Of course, we will have major events next year to mark the 100th anniversary,” said an official of Sun’s museum in Cuiheng. “Without his role in overthrowing the Qing dynasty, there would be no ‘New China’,” she said.

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Mark O’Neill

12 Agenda

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

The British co-founder of a Beijing-based travel company has helped thousands of adventure seekers visit North Korea. Now he’s branching out, he tells Gary Jones

Opening doors, minds to N Korea

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f North Korea’s state-owned airline, Air Koryo, had a frequent-flyer programme, travel-industry entrepreneur Nick Bonner would be a platinum VIP cardholder. Co-founder of Beijing-based Koryo Group, the original travel company – and still one of very few worldwide – with the clout and contacts to take international visitors into that most enigmatic of destinations, the 48-year-old Briton has, he suspects, visited North Korea on more occasions than any other person from the western hemisphere. “That kind of stuff is daft, a bit Guinness World Records,” Bonner says. “But I’d guess I’m Air Koryo’s most frequent flyer in the world. Ever. I’ve no idea exactly how many times I’ve been in. Hundreds, hundreds of times.” By the end of June, in fact, Bonner had already spent close to two months of this year in Pyongyang, capital city of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (to use the North’s official name). Over the previous 17 years, his operation has opened the off-the-beaten-track nation to nearly 10,000 visitors, including world-music DJ Andy Kershaw, comedian Dom Joly and Tony Wheeler, the independent-travel pioneer behind the Lonely Planet publishing empire. Surprisingly, Bonner insists that the totalitarian North’s frequent anti-Western sabre rattling in the news media, and even its nuclear tests, have had no noticeable negative effect on business. “In fact, anything that keeps North Korea in the public eye works to our advantage.” The North was not always so welcoming to, or equipped with the necessary infrastructure to cope with, international visitors. Though it began issuing tourist visas as early as 1987, fewer than 50 had poked their heads in each year by 1993, when Bonner and his friend and compatriot Joshua Green, who had previously set up courier service TNT’s minimal operation in North Korea, were invited into the country by a Korean acquaintance to explore opportunities in his homeland. Bonner and the Korean, who by then was employed by the North’s fledgling state-run travel bureau in Pyongyang, had first met as opponents on a Sunday league football pitch in the Chinese capital. And so, as much by good fortune as solid judgment, Koryo Tours was established. The British pair – with a few rare if intrepid travellers in tow – began visiting North Korea once a month. “We had no clue where we would go with it,” says Bonner, who had relocated to Beijing that same year to learn Putonghua, and with vague hopes of securing a steady job teaching landscape architecture (“Beijing was being ripped apart back then”), which he had studied at the Leeds Polytechnic.

A visitor looks at two paintings, President Kim Il Sung with artists and Together on the path for the people, by Ri Tong Gon, part of an exhibition at the Austrian museum for contemporary art in Vienna. Photo: EPA

“For us, it was nothing more than a fantastic opportunity to visit a country that very few foreigners had access to. We didn’t consider it as a proper business for a moment. It was simply something fascinating for us.” Today, Koryo Tours is the globe’s foremost provider of travel packages to North Korea. Koryo catered to 1,000 curious globetrotters in 2009 alone, and Bonner predicts his company (Green moved on in 1997, but still holds an advisory role) will take in 1,500 travellers this year, including more Americans than in any previous year due to North Korea’s recent lifting of travel restrictions on US citizens. Each visitor will hand over up to ¤3,180 (HK$26,775) for the peculiar privilege of joining state-controlled tours lasting between three and 10 days. (The euro is North Korea’s preferred currency,

Nick Bonner with North Korean artists barred from Australia this year. Photo: SMP Pictures

alongside the yuan, for foreign transactions.) Sightseeing will include the mausoleum of “Eternal President” Kim Ilsung, the heavily fortified demilitarised zone that bisects the Korean Peninsula (former US president Bill Clinton once called it “the scariest place on earth”) and, if travelling in September or October, Pyongyang’s annual Mass Games in which 100,000 dancers, gymnasts and acrobats perform in robotic unison. The visual spectacle has been dubbed “Cirque de Soleil on steroids”. Bonner, meanwhile, an accepted North Korea pundit regularly called upon for comment by the BBC, CNN and the likes, has in recent years largely taken a back seat in the day-to-day running of Koryo Tours. With eight full-time staff at its headquarters in Beijing’s Sanlitun nightlife area (“Beijing is the entry point for access to the DPRK,” says Bonner. “For us, it is the only place to be”), and more than 20 agencies worldwide providing sales support, he chooses to focus on artistic, cultural and sportsrelated projects that promote international engagement with North Korea. In collaboration with filmmaker Daniel Gordon, based in the English city of Sheffield, Bonner has produced three award-winning documentaries filmed in North Korea. The Game of Their Lives (2002) recalls, and emotionally reunites, the North Korean football squad of 1966 responsible for one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history, when they knocked Italy out of the finals. A State of Mind (2004) trails two schoolgirls as they train for the Mass Games, while in Crossing the Line (2006) the filmmakers quiz US servicemen who defected to North Korea in the 1960s. One still resides in Pyongyang to this day. Though the documentaries were made for non-commercial reasons (“Ask anyone working in the film business; the first aim is

to try and not lose money”), Bonner was gratified to discover they unwittingly proved effective marketing tools for his business. “They had a very favourable impact,” he says. “Many viewers discovered for the first time that they could actually visit North Korea. That’s a big problem, traditionally, that we’ve had: people in Europe, North America, Australia, they know North Korea is out there, but still think it out of bounds.” Bonner’s current creative project is the first foreign-produced, full-length feature film to be shot there. Its working title is Comrade Kim Goes Flying. Shooting on the romantic comedy about trapeze artists

That is what the Koreans have been forced to suffer for 65 years, and isolation has not worked. It’s an appalling attitude
Nick Bonner, co-founder of Koryo Group

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started in May, and the film makes use of a Korean cast and crew. It took four years for Bonner to secure official approval. “The cast are all merited artists,” he says, “which shows the importance the Korean government is giving this movie. I do believe this is going to turn out to be a strong piece of filmmaking.” As well as its silver-screen dabblings, Koryo has also long been involved in grassroots North Korean sporting events that feature foreign participation, including 2004’s Pyongyang Open, an informal golf tourney eventually won by a British editor of the US issue of Golf Digest magazine, and a soccer tournament between North Korean, Dutch and Hong Kong teams.

Koryo has published photographic books, and promotes contemporary North Korean art via Bonner’s own gallery that is an adjunct to Koryo’s Beijing headquarters. With Bonner’s support, from December 2009 until April of this year, works by 10 artists from Pyongyang’s state-run Mansudae Art Studio were exhibited at the 6th Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art held in Brisbane, Australia. The event became an international incident when the Australian government refused to issue visas to five North Korean artists aiming to attend the opening. “The Australian press was unbelievably supportive, and rightfully condemning of the government’s attitude. Like us, they recognised the potential benefit of artistic engagement.” Bonner is a strident supporter of any means for North Koreans and other nationalities to interact, and he has no time for those who accuse his operation of indirectly supporting a brutal dictatorship. “Having visited the country over many years, I am well aware of the situation in Korea,” he says. “And, over time, I’ve become acutely aware of the benefits of engaging. The results speak for themselves. “Take tourism. KITC [the Korea International Travel Company] is a government-run organisation, yes, but effectively it is a company involved in tourism, nothing more. It provides accommodation, transportation, meals, just like any travel company anywhere. The money they bring in goes towards providing those services, building tourism infrastructure, training staff, etc. And the more tourists who visit North Korea, the more that industry grows, the more young Koreans are learning English at school to service that industry, the more interaction takes place and the better we come to understand each other. “Basically, to those who choose to take

some sort of misinformed moral high ground about travel to the DPRK, I say, ‘Nice try,’ but that is what the Koreans have been forced to suffer for 65 years [since the North’s founding in 1945], and isolation has not worked. It’s an appalling attitude. Make the comparison with China; all the time and energy the West puts into engaging. There are still differences of opinion, but everyone accepts the need for engagement. Why not with the DPRK?” Bonner, did, however, suffer serious doubts about whether to continue visiting the country during the famine of the mid and late 1990s, a period now referred to as the “arduous march” when between 2.5 million to 3 million North Koreans perished. “Our Korean colleagues told us we were needed, and not to stop the work we were doing. We still continue in a small way with humanitarian projects, but I believe strongly that tourism and business projects will have the greatest influence on the country.” In 1993, Koryo was the only company offering Western travellers access to North Korea. Though that has changed in recent years, and competition is growing, Bonner says he would prefer Koryo not to expand much beyond its current size, preferring to provide what he believes is a premium product to a discerning clientele. “The DPRK is not a backpacker destination, and that won’t be happening for a long time. Consumers can shop around and might find cheaper deals, but what Koryo offers is hard-won experience. It’s not the simplest place to visit without occasional hiccups, and in-depth knowledge of the place is needed.” Regarding Koryo’s turnover, Bonner is as secretive as the country his operation relies upon. “Not telling,” he says. “Not enough, but enough to give me the balls – or foolhardiness – to fund a feature film.”

Education a luxury for Shanghai’s impoverished youth
...............................................................
McClatchy Tribune in Shanghai Qu Ting was 12 years old and alone in a city of 20 million people. Her father had died. Her mother had abandoned her. As for her education, it seemed as if middle school was as far as she would go. “I didn’t have money to study,” said Qu, who’s now 23. “I had no choice … At that time I felt very lonely, and no one can help me because I am too small and my mother did not want to see me, did not want to talk to me, even did not want to bring me home.” Shanghai is a booming metropolis that is leading the nation’s charge to prosperity, but Qu, like thousands of other poor students on the mainland, seemed destined to be left in the dust. Education up to middle school has been compulsory and free since 2007, but it is upon leaving middle school that the problems start for poor and disadvantaged students. After that, families must foot the bill themselves, and poorer students are faced with the reality that high school may not be a viable option. That leaves students such as Qu with the daunting task of making a life-altering decision at a tender age. There are several factors for these youngsters to consider: Will they have to join the workforce right out of middle school to support themselves and their families? Will the law require them to return to their parents’ hometowns for an education? Could a trade school offer an education comparable with the highly competitive high schools? The choice is burdensome, and although most poor students say they want to attend high school and college, the odds often are stacked against them. Qu chose to fight those odds. “I think I have a strong personality; I don’t want other people to look down on me,” she said. “I am strong. I’m tough.” Qu’s fortitude paid off. School officials took notice of her situation and put her in touch with Shanghai Sunrise, an organisation that foreigners formed in the country to sponsor poor students who want to further their education. She was connected with an American woman living in Shanghai, who helped her attend high school and college. Ten years after Shanghai Sunrise sponsored Qu, she became the organisation’s first full-time employee. Qu’s story had a happy ending, as do those of thousands of other disadvantaged children who have come to the attention of organisations such as Shanghai Sunrise, which has sponsored more than 1,300 students. Bu they are able to help only a fraction of Shanghai’s poor teenagers. High school tuition costs about 3,000 yuan (HK$3,450) per year, a big amount for a minimum-wage worker in Shanghai, who earns 1,100 yuan a month. Although the Shanghai government has increased its efforts to provide more assistance to poor students, including US$1.9 billion last year to help the urban poor with their education, there is no guarantee that the government will provide a family with assistance. Sun Weiguo is one of those minimumwage workers who have found that education for his children is out of reach. He turned to Shanghai Sunrise, which provided the financial boost he needed to send his son, Sun Xuliang, to high school. Sun Xuliang’s mother, Feng Qin, said she was determined to give her son a better education than the one she had received during the Cultural Revolution, which left her with only a middle school education. Still, many students are beginning to question whether a high school diploma is worth the effort. Chinese children don’t aspire just to high school diplomas; high school is considered preparation for the extremely competitive college entrance examination. If a university degree is not in the picture, high school usually isn’t, either. As workers with university degrees grow more numerous, especially in prosperous cities such as Shanghai, poorer teenagers

I think I have a strong personality; I don’t want other people to look down on me

...............................................................
Qu Ting, 23, reflecting on her struggle to pursue education even after her father died and her mother abandoned her in Shanghai

are questioning whether trade school or simply entering the workforce might be better options. That was the case for Zhu Yu, who grew up in a Shanghai orphanage and postponed his education after middle school. The 19-year-old with a restrained Mohawk haircut and worn basketball shoes thought that vocational school was more practical and “quite reasonable”. Zhu is a student at what may be one of Shanghai’s most interesting vocational schools. French bakers in the city created Shanghai Young Bakers to teach orphans and other disadvantaged children how to make high-end bread and pastries. It is a one-year programme, and, upon completion, students receive certificates – but never tuition bills. “One cannot change where he is born, but he can change his fate by his efforts and his practices,” said Huang Yongfang, the petite and energetic programme director. Aside from learning how to bake French pastries, students receive paid internships at five-star hotels and classes in English, an essential subject for students with aspirations. The programme, which started in 2008, has 25 students aged 17 to 23. For the approximately 500,000 students in Shanghai who were born to families that migrated from rural areas, however, vocational schools or entering the

workforce may be the only options if they don’t want to leave their families after middle school. This is due to the hukou system, a type of identity registration that determines social rights. A child’s hukou usually corresponds to the territory that his parents travelled from, meaning that is where he must return for high school. Changing a hukou is essentially out of the question. “For most of the migrants, it’s impossible,” said Corrine Hua, the founding director of the Stepping Stones Foundation, a charity that specialises in helping migrant children. High school “is very, very tough”, Hua said. “So they might [prefer that] the kid goes out to work or does vocational training, which will probably improve their chances of getting a decent job in a couple of years’ time.” Still, some Shanghai teachers continue to push migrant children to persevere. One of these teachers is Zhang Yichao, the leader of a migrant-tutoring programme. “They fear there is no hope for them,” said Zhang, who works in a prominent school during the day and volunteers with the migrants in the evening. “I think that is where there is a disaster, because so many kids when they grow up think this society did refuse them … and they will hate the society.”

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

13

CRYSTAL BALL

Flows
Hong Kong investors should not assume emerging market stocks are the only game in town. Savvy investors will see heavy fund flows into emerging markets as creating opportunities in the US equity market. Liz Ann Sonders, chief investment strategist, Charles Schwab

Turbulence
Global financial markets will face “renewed turbulence” as structural deficits and public debt in Europe and the US hamper growth, according to Aberdeen Asset Management. Buying Hong Kong stocks, given the currency’s link to the US dollar, probably is not a good idea, it says.

Rebound
Mainland stocks will probably rebound after plunging below counterparts listed in Hong Kong, says Morgan Stanley. It holds Shanghai stocks are oversold. They will outperform the property market in two years as asset values and yields narrow closer to their historic spread, says RBS.

Better
Better buying opportunities will emerge in the second half of this year ahead of a rally in 2011, says Fidelity International’s director of asset allocation, Trevor Greetham. Though leading indicators are weakening, it is “no more than a moderation in recovery”.
SOURCES: SCMP, BLOOMBERG

Calum Gordon picks the cars offering the best value for money on the market today

Five stars: the smartest deals on wheels in town
COMPACT
There are plenty of makes and models to choose from in the best-value compact category, but one car that stands out for its practicality is the five-door Honda Jazz (HK$159,880). Car of choice for rental companies around the world, the latest Jazz is deceptively spacious thanks to Honda’s “forward shifted” body – where the windscreen has been brought forward and integrated with a panoramic sunroof – which lends the cabin an airy feel and helps to optimise legroom front and rear. The ergonomically designed cabin has a flexible layout, which allows the rear seats to split and fold flat – backwards to create extra luggage space internally or forward for more space at the rear. The Jazz seats five and has decent luggage space for a compact, while proving frugal around town or on long hauls. While its no road monster, the Jazz manages to remain entertaining to drive and prefers gentle acceleration to maximise its fuel efficiency – which makes it perfectly suited to Hong Kong’s slow traffic speeds. If you don’t have the budget for the Freelander and still want a capable old-guard 4x4 that can get you through the slippy stuff, then the Mitsubishi Outlander is a similarly named, similarly capable SUV, and a snip at HK$265,000. Just don’t expect the Freelander’s smooth, quiet delivery and high residual values. But our choice for the most flexible SUV suited to Hong Kong driving is Nissan’s city-friendly urban crossover, the Qashqai (HK$236,800). Looking something like a scaleddown Cayenne, the Qashqai not only lacks the leviathan dimensions and price tag of Porsche’s uber-4x4, but when Nissan Japan teamed up with its European counterparts, Nissan Design Europe, it set about creating the antithesis of the Cayenne – a green SUV for the city. The Qashqai combines some of the most useful features of an SUV – high ground clearance (some 200mm), a raised line of sight and extra headroom – with sedan-like handling and generous equipment levels as standard. The Qashqai is easy to drive and shows surprisingly sprightly performance and cornering around town, and comes with an extensive list of safety features as standard – including ABS, brake assist, and electronic brake-force distribution. It also notched up the highest score for safety in its class, achieving a Euro NCAP five-star safety rating. However you describe the Qashqai – an urban 4x4, a hatchback SUV or a compact crossover – Nissan has created an economical, easy-to-handle SUV that lives up to the hype.

The Alfa Romeo MiTo, a most compact threedoor at just four metres long, will be the first new Alfa intended for general audiences.

HOT HATCH
Our pick for the best-value hot hatch could have been the excellent new VW Golf GTi (HK$318,000), but the Alfa MiTo (HK$189,800 to HK$219,800) is a more charming prospect with its mix of good looks, willing performance and pocket-book price tag. The MiTo is Alfa’s most compact three-door, at just four metres long, and comes with three levels of specifications. The entry-level Progression model sports 16-inch alloys and a stylish interior combining a distinctively crafted dashboard, sports seats and quality fabric seats (HK$189,800). An extra HK$10,000 buys you the mid-range Sport version, aluminium pedals and kick plates, bi-xenon headlamps, red brake calipers, 17-inch alloys and a rear spoiler – while the Premium package (HK$219,800) adds a smart leather interior and extras like a fire prevention system and rain sensors. All models boast Alfa Romeo’s DNA transmission, which gives the MiTo its characteristic sporty zing. In Normal mode, the MiTo is nimble around town, with the DNA system maintaining the standard vehicle stability setting but sharpening up the power steering to correct oversteer. In Dynamic mode, the engine torque curve changes for a prompter throttle response, pushing more power to the front wheels while the power steering firms up to a heavier weighting, giving a tighter turn-in. The turbocharged, 1.4-litre engine is punchy and – much in the spirit of sporting Alfas – enjoys being revved hard. In Dynamic mode especially, the MiTo is a blast to drive. Its light kerb weight (1,145kg) and turbocharged lowto mid-range pull are bolstered by an impressive chassis. Don’t listen to the purists, the MiTo is 100 per cent Alfa Romeo: fast, agile – and now – affordable.

The Honda Jazz is fun to drive, has plenty of space for a compact and won’t break the bank at HK$159,880. It is also fuel-efficient. Photos: SCMP Pictures

SEDAN
When it comes to buying the bestvalue sedan, you might be wary about forking out a cool half million, but that’s still good value for the latest generation Mercedes E-class. While there are very capable sedans that can be had for under HK$300,000, the new range of Es comes with some built-in advantages from the off. Whether you choose a sedan (HK$460,000 for the E250CGI Elegance), coupe (HK$550,000) or estate (HK$536,000), each model carries hi-tech safety features until now seen only in luxury S-Class Mercs. For example, a new adaptive braking system includes a dry-braking function where brief braking impulses skim off the layer of water formed on the brake discs in wet driving conditions, so that if needed the brakes can act with full effect. Adaptive brake lights show following traffic that an emergency stop is taking place if the driver brakes suddenly, while a new E-Class option includes radar and camera technology that “senses” road conditions ahead and warns the driver. So, the new E-class is safe, nice to look at and good to drive – but Mercedes’ Blue Efficiency models also manage to turn out some of the most impressive emissions figures of any sedan around. For example, the 1.8-litre E250CGI Blue Efficiency model meets Euro 5 emissions standards and cuts fuel consumption by over 20 per cent compared with its predecessor – 7.3 litres/100km combined, with CO2 emissions as low as 174g/km. If you’re still not convinced this shows value for money, consider this: Mercedes have long been regarded as a sort of automotive currency in Hong Kong, which will help to ensure rock-solid resale value.

Don’t listen to the purists, the MiTo is 100 per cent Alfa Romeo: fast, agile – and now – affordable

......................................................

SPORTS CAR
If you’re looking for the best-value sports car, there are of course plenty of sharp suitors for your money on the market today. German offerings such as BMW’s 135i pocket rocket stand out from the crowd, as does Mercedes’ sinisterly overpowered C63 AMG – and there are plenty of Porsche options to consider also. But there’s one sports car that stands out from the rest this year, and it is Japanese: the Nissan 370Z roadster (HK$639,000). Based on the latest generation 370Z coupe – with its shorter wheelbase, reduced weight and lusty 3.7litre engine – the new convertible Z offers the same deft handling and acceleration as the tin-top but with an alfresco interior. With dramatic, flowing lines, the 370Z’s long-nose-to-short-cockpit proportions blend linear styling cues from the Nissan GT with fluid curves reminiscent of the Datsun 240Zs from the 1970s. The interior features trimmed hide, large sport dials, aluminium pedals and an eight-speaker Bose sound system. The seats have internal air conditioning, and the convertible’s fully automatic soft top takes just 20 seconds to retract. On the road, the roadster is appealing with its urgent – and vocal – V6 propelling you forward with eyepopping acceleration à la GT-R. The seven-speed automatic transmission, which features a manual shift mode with downshift rev matching and adaptive shift control, is the star of the show, making deft work of channelling the linear thrust from the V6 down to the tarmac. Better still, the system works so seamlessly that you can flick between automatic and manual modes at any speed. The 370Z is technically refined, great to look at, rewarding to drive and surprisingly good value. Whether in coupe or roadster form, the 370Z delivers nearly all the thrill of Nissan’s monster GT-R – minus the fear factor – for about half the money. Back Soon The Road Warrior is taking a break and will return next month

The E250CGI Elegance. Mercedes’ E-class costs half a million, but it’s packed with features and one of the safest sedans on wheels.

Nissan’s Qashqai (HK$236,800) is a contradiction in terms, a city-friendly, green SUV. It also performs surprisingly well and is safe.

SUV
When it comes to choosing the bestvalue SUV, there’s a surfeit of models and a baffling array of crossovers and specialist 4x4s to take into account. If you’re in the market for a genuine off-roader, meaty mud-sliders like the Toyota Landcruiser or Land Rover Range Rover will certainly serve you well, but they’re not cheap to buy or run – and hardly practical propositions for the city. The Land Rover Freelander 2 (HK$430,000) currently remains the best SUV around, combining genuine off-road capability with city-friendly proportions – but it’s due to be replaced next year by the sharper Land Rover LRX.

Dramatic lines, eye-popping acceleration and a soft top that retracts in a hurry make the Nissan 370Z roadster the sports car to own.

14 Investment Funds
1-m rtrn 3-m 3-m rtrn rk 6-m rtrn 1-yr rtrn 3-yrs rtrn Star Fund Size Rtg BGF European Growth A2 EUR Henderson Horizon Pan Eurp Eq A2 AB European Growth A Martin Currie GF Pan Eurp Alpha Eur Baring Europa USD 1813.24 192.14 309.73 815.36 166.27 3 1 2 3 1-m rtrn 3-m 3-m rtrn rk 6-m rtrn 1-yr rtrn 9.6 4.26 0.71 1.7 0.99 3-yrs rtrn -10.21 -9.89 -16.74 -15.77 -16.13 Star Fund Size Rtg 209.98 1872.05 40.92 20 89.62 3 4 2 2 3 Pioneer Fds Top Glbl Plyrs A USD ND M&G Global Leaders A EUR 1-m rtrn 3-m 3-m rtrn rk 14 15 6-m rtrn -13.51 -13.13 1-yr rtrn 2.99 6.94 3-yrs rtrn -12.37 -13.57 Star Fund Size Rtg 176.29 1426.84 4 3 BGF New Energy A2 USD Lyxor Dynamic Alternative Energy 0.46 -14.33 1.82 -14.53 -1.6 -15.62 1.3 -17.96 0.82 -18.83 6 -12.35 7 -12.92 8 -13.93 9 -16.88 10 -18.07 -4.48 -14.99 -5.71 -15.4

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

1-m rtrn

3-m 3-m rtrn rk 2 3

6-m rtrn -22.6 -31.53

1-yr rtrn -16.93 -31.62

3-yrs rtrn -17.88

Star Fund Size Rtg 2854 25.1 3

ASEAN Equity
FTSE Asean TR USD ASEAN Equity
JF ASEAN Amundi Funds ASEAN New Markets C C Invesco ASEAN Equity A FF - ASEAN A USD Baring ASEAN Frontiers A USD

-1.98 -15.51 4.58 -18.09

5.8 -1.21 5.33 -3.69
6 6.89 6.24 4.5 6.14 -0.08 -1.02 -2.39 -3.07 -3.62 1 2 3 4 5

6.66 37.83 3.89 29.32
5.14 5.28 6.28 4.64 4.22

3.6

Greater China Equity
MSCI AC Golden Dragon NR USD Greater China Equity 2.07 -8.22 1.2 -8.85
-5.7 1.73 3.15 3.95 1.4 0.81 0.28 0.94 2.26 2.35 0.68 0.87 0.79 0.03 1.79 6.16 -2.35 -2.92 -3.78 -4.25 -5.68 -6.51 -6.57 -6.87 -7.35 -7.4 -7.5 -7.76 -8.29 -8.52 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Sector Equity Biotechnology
-8.15 11.58 -8.92 11.39
10.42 2.16 0.61 -1.86 -5.06 -5.2 -7.14 -5.61 -7.65 -6.32 -7.7 -6.5 -6.6 -9.58 -9.04 49.74 34.31 22.53 21.04 10.28 5.28 5.74 15.15 13.94 13.76 11.57 12.69 11.51 7.44 13.12

Europe Large-Cap Value Equity
MSCI Europe Value NR USD Europe Large-Cap Value Equity
MFS Meridian Europ Value A1 EUR Fortis L Equity Best Sel Europe C Acc Pictet-European Sustainable Eq-P EUR AXA Rosenberg Pan Eurp Eq Alpha B ipac Multi-Manager Europe Eq JF SAR European A Aberdeen Global European Equity A2 Threadneedle Pan Eurp Eq Div Ret Net EUR ING (L) Invest Europe Hi Div P Acc Invesco Pan European Eq Income A Acc Henderson Horizon Pan Eurp Eq Div A2 Pioneer Fds Top European Plyrs A EUR ND UBS (Lux) EF European Opp EUR P Schroder ISF European Eq Yld A Acc GAM Star European Equity £á Acc

0.5
1.95 4.76 4.75 4.8 2.32 -5.07 3.03 2.72 0.41 4.05 -1.3 2.45 1.92 1.12 53.33 837.25 371.58 453.33 626.04 597.38 229.33 1201.08 1118.99 938.99 65.73 681.42 64.79 423.03 1375.8 4 4 4 5 4 2 4 3 5 4 3 3 4 4

36.95 -3.18 34.74 -12.36 34.92 -3.97 33.67 0.51 36.36

-2.74 -19.8 0.03 -15.72
0.33 0.78 0.8 -0.4 -0.57 -1.08 0.95 0.92 -0.77 -0.05 -0.4 -1.11 -2.51 -0.51 -2.41 -11.53 -11.56 -12.7 -13.49 -13.99 -14.13 -14.15 -14.54 -14.74 -14.93 -15.31 -15.31 -15.42 -15.61 -16.28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-21.5 -1.71 -17.15 1.5
-12.6 -14.84 -14.59 -15.16 -15.8 -15.55 -14.86 -15.86 -16.86 -16.18 -15.19 -16.24 -16.01 -18.18 -17.59 9.48 6.79 7.87 5.43 4.39 5.29 9.35 3.55 4.2 -0.39 2.08 2.87 7.17 -1.44 1.46

-18
-10.36 -14.11 -16.94 -20.69 -19.38 -18.36 -18.18 -14.57 -15.82 -14.51 -14.26 -18.22 -14.69 -18.93 -14.45 503.67 139.84 96.4 320.95 275.51 381.75 17.04 704.34 4.48 14.87 1226.17 721.7 77.77 221.02 5 3 3 2 2 3 3 4 3 4 3 2 4 2 4

MSCI World/Biotechnology NR USD Sector Equity Biotechnology
Franklin Biotechnology Disc A Acc $ ING (L) Invest Biotechnology P USD Acc Pictet-Biotech-P USDhnology P USD Acc UBS (LUX) EF Biotech B USD P

-0.9 -18.44 -2.57 -15.35
-4.36 -1.59 -5.51 -5.72 -16.12 -18.89 -19.47 -19.74

-12.96 -8.79 -2.69 -6.96 4.05
1 -6.45 2 -14.31 3 -14.65 4 -7.47 1.75 -3.22 -4.61 -13.02 -11.59 -6.17 5.69 1.16 77 46.35 1470.17 265.8 3 3 3 3

Africa & Middle East Equity
S&P Mid-East and Africa BMI TR USD Africa & Middle East Equity
Investec GSF Africa & Mid East A Gr Acc Investec GSF MENA A Gross JPM Emerging Middle East Eq A (dist)-USD Baring MENA Fund A USD SGAM Fund Eqs MENA A Franklin MENA A Acc $ Schroder ISF Middle East USD A Pictet-MENA-P USD

-4.51 -13.77 -0.77 -10.24
-0.89 -7.05 0.39 -7.34 0.15 -8.36 0.33 -8.39 0.21 -9.63 -0.94 -10.06 -1.62 -10.64 -2 -12.03 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

-7.1 13.06 -1.33 4.78
8.94 3.74 1.23 -1.41 0.24 -0.27 0.31 17.07 7.38 15.45 5.14 -1.87 10.42

1.58
12.42 18.34 356.62 11.39 53.21 86.78 206.08 20.6

-4.79

3

Value Partners China Greenchip Ltd Value Partners Classic A Skandia Greater China Equity A1 First State Greater China Growth I Acc Amundi Funds Greater China C C Fortis L Equity China C Acc ING (L) Invest Greater China P Acc UBS (Lux) EF Greater China USD P Manulife China Value A Templeton China A Acc $ BEA Greater China Growth B JF Greater China A (dist)-USD JF SAR Greater China A Invesco Greater China Equity A Schroder ISF Greater China A Acc

Sector Equity Communications
MSCI World/Telecom Services NR USD Sector Equity Communications
Fortis L Equity Telecom World Acc Pictet-Digital Communication-P USDAcc FF - Glbl Telecommunications A Euro Threadneedle(Lux) US Comm & Infmtn AU Invesco Global Telecom A UBS (Lux) EF Communication (EUR) P Acc

1.95 -8.37 -0.18 -9.96
1.57 -7.01 -2.53 -7.56 -1.47 -9.81 -5.14 -12.05 -3.56 -12.18 -1.85 -12.37

-11.15 3.64 -10.87 -11 5.1
1 -9.62 2 -4.25 3 -10.69 4 -9.8 5 -11.73 6 -11.42 7.73 -10.45 16.86 -2.79 3.43 -10.4 11.59 -2.16 4.53 -7.62 2.86 -13.46 100.18 75.27 268.17 11.56 55.55 112.78 4 4 4 4 3 3

Hong Kong Equity
MSCI Hong Kong NR USD Hong Kong Equity
Altus Trust : Alpha Equity HSI EK Hong Kong & China Legg Mason Hong Kong Eq USD Aberdeen Global Chinese Equity A2 AXA Inst Hong Kong First State Hong Kong Growth I WISE-CSI HK 100 Tracker ipac Multi-Manager HK Eq Tracker Fund of Hong Kong Schroder ISF Hong Kong Eq A Allianz RCM Hong Kong A JF Hong Kong A (dist)-USD PineBridge Hong Kong Equity BOCHK IF - HK Equity A JF SAR Hong Kong A

Europe Mid-Cap Equity
STOXX Europe Mid 200 TR EUR Europe Mid-Cap Equity -2.89 -17.29 0.16 -14.53
0.6 -0.37 0.23 -0.76 -1.41 -0.18 -1.65 -2.78 -0.51 -0.78 -2.37 -1.83 -2.74 -9.95 -12.76 -13.04 -14.61 -15.31 -15.46 -15.73 -16.04 -16.99 -17.43 -18.63 -20.96 -20.99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Asia/Pacific ex-Japan Equity
MSCI AC Asia Pac Ex JPN NR USD Asia/Pacific ex-Japan Equity
Aberdeen Global Asian Smaller Cos D2 Value Partners High-Dividend Stocks SAM Asia Value Formula EK Asia First State Asian Growth I Acc Macquarie Asia New Stars Fund A1 Templeton Asian Smaller Co A Acc $ Aberdeen Global Asia Pacific Equity A2 Amundi Funds Asian Growth C C Manulife GF Asia Value Dividend Eq AA Principal LSF Asian Equity Ret First State Asian Eq Plus I Inc AXA Unit Trusts - Pacific HSBC GIF Asia ex Jap Eq Sm Co A BEA Asia Strategic Growth A

3.91 -7.14 3.64 -6.48
0.36 1.2 6.41 5.57 3.11 4.03 2.43 2.66 2.12 3.93 0.71 2.37 1.87 1.75 2.37 -1.35 -1.47 -1.7 -2.67 -3.32 -3.79 -4.21 -4.27 -4.5 -4.69 -4.79 -4.92 -5.09 -5.28 -5.29 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-3.64 14.19 -0.51 -3.57 18.45
-3.38 6.58 -3.48 2.39 -2.92 2.11 -4.97 -2.41 -4.92 -2.04 -2.2 -3.88 -5.8 -5.7 -4.29 0.84 36.74 16.32 21.97 17.18 29.74 10.4 16.94 11.84 20.33 20.38 10.32 11.74 10.23 12.08 8.85 1.7 -2.34 2.03 4.39 5.2 3.33 1.7 3.22 5.74 0.98 1.48 0.9 1.23 51.33 9 18.27 600.07 59.06 145.17 5048.22 654.43 165.32 166.96 662 91.92 310.11 5 3 2 3 4 4 4 3 4 4 2 3 3 3

Sector Equity Consumer Goods & Services
Cat 50%MSCI Wld/Con D50%MSCI Wld/ Con Stp Sector Equity Consumer Goods & Services
Robeco Consumer Trends Equities D EUR ING (L) Invest Consumer Goods P Acc ING (L) Invest Prestige & Luxe P Acc SGAM Fund Eqs Luxury & Lifestyle A Pictet-Premium Brands-P EURtyle Acs Fortis L Equity Consumer Goods Wrld Acc ING (L) Invest Food & Bev P USD Acc MS INVF Global Brands A Parvest Global Brands C Fortis L Equity Consumer Durable Wld Acc HS Consumer Sect Flexipower A1 FF - Global Consumer Industries A Euro SGAM Fund Eqs Euroland Cyclicals A Invesco Global Leisure A

1.11 -11.32 1.84 -8.82
4.5 5.06 2.76 4.04 5.53 2.27 3.37 5.18 3.15 2.53 2.47 3.8 2.06 3.03 1.43 3.16 2.67 -1.44 -1.77 -3.49 -3.98 -4.1 -4.16 -4.32 -4.39 -4.7 -4.8 -5 -5.04 -5.28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-8.21 19.31 -2.53 -6.18 18.61
10.91 7.48 3.41 10.37 1.21 5.46 4.77 0.2 -2.8 -1.18 -4.01 -2.28 -0.59 -1.12 -3.78 47.38 39.12 32.52 42.11 21.13 46.52 41.14 26.74 18.65 18.58 21.16 24.74 35.04 21.56 6.59 6.21 5.06 2.3 0.59 -2.85 -3.53 2.99 -1.95 -2.77 -3.44 921.85 276.65 16.43 129 318.72 10.92 34.37 5498.43 284.26 283.1 1863.1 147.32 52.03 116.44 5 5 3 5 5 3 4 5 3 2 4

-14.18 7.73-14.34 -13.32 6.09
-10.21 -10.07 -10.36 -12.91 -15.29 -13.8 -11.83 -15.86 -15.85 -15.69 -15.93 -19.87 -20.11 10.93 8.68 16.45 8.05 5.21 7.49 9.26 3.96 6.69 4.26 2.64 -6.19 -3.55 -9.19 -20.63 -7.44 -23.33 -15.07 -15.87 -20.42 -15.18 -21.85 -18.89 -17.24 -16.14 -15.04 222.13 20.51 184.04 120.26 408.21 367.9 276.72 184.2 30.78 64.26 76.52 77.73 402.94 5 2 5 1 3 4 2 2 1 2 3 3 3

-4.29 -0.85 -9.83
-2.71 -6.64 -3.92 -7.76 0.4 -7.89 -1.09 -8.08 -1.77 -8.16 -0.71 -8.74 -0.58 -8.98 1.96 -9.02 -5.4 -10.6 -5.81 -10.89 0.64 -11.18 -5.97 -12.86 -1.44 -13.34 -10.68 -13.47 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Franklin European Sm-Md Cap Gr A Acc £á Amundi Funds Europe Smaller Cies C C Jupiter JGF European Growth L £á AXA Rosenberg Pan Europe Sm Cp Alpha B BGF Euro Small & Mid Cap Opps A2 EUR Parvest Europe Mid Cap C JF Europe Small Cap A (dist)-EUR Robeco European MidCap Eq D EUR Robeco European Stars D EUR PineBridge Europe Small & Mid Cap A UBS (Lux) EF Mid Caps Europe EUR P Pru IOF Pan European A M&G Pan European A EUR

-5.35 18.19
-2.33 -3.21 -1.4 -2.46 -1.85 -4.21 -6.17 -3.98 -5.94 -4.57 -5.33 -8.5 -15.11 -7.19 31.1 17.21 31.74 32 31.01 15.07 12.61 17.52 17.48 18.75 29.54 10.24 4.15 14.19 -2.71 -9.32 -11.2 -7.66 -7.68 -4 -0.5 -5.23 -9.34 -9.61 1.43 -3.17 -13.55 -11.48 282.12 47.13 49.66 29.03 151.36 76.95 72.73 1526.05 17.81 27.6 85.26 157.59 42.92 55.56 3 2 2 2 3 3 4 3 2 2 4 4 1 2

Europe Small-Cap Equity
MSCI Europe Small Cap NR USD Europe Small-Cap Equity
Threadneedle(Lux) Pan European Sm Cos AE MFS Meridian Europ Sm Cos A1 EUR Threadneedle Pan Eurp Sm Cos RN GBP Standard Life SICAV Euro Smaller Co’s A Pictet-Small Cap Europe-P EUR Fortis L Equity Small Caps Europe C Acc Henderson Horizon Pan Eurp Smlr Coms A2 FF - European Smaller Cos A Acc Euro PineBridge Europe Small Companies Y Schroder ISF Eur Smaller Co A Acc Invesco Pan European Sm Cap Eq A MS INVF European Sm Cap Val A

India Equity
MSCI India NR USD India Equity
2.89 12.91 464.86 62.43 250.15 189.68 325.79 994.42 71.8 115.28 110.93 16.41 3 5 4 4 3 2 3 3 3 2 2 JF India Smaller Companies First State Indian Subcontinent I Acc BGF India A2 USD Lloyd George India PineBridge India Equity A JF India Amundi Funds India C C Aberdeen Global Indian Equity A2 db x-trackers S&P CNX NIFTY ETF Parvest India C Fortis L Equity India Classic Acc Lyxor ETF MSCI India B Jupiter JGF India Select L USD iShares BSE SENSEX India Index ETF Allianz RCM India I USD

Asia/Pacific with Japan Equity
MSCI AC Asia Pac NR USD Asia/Pacific with Japan Equity
JF AsiaOne Adequity Lyxor Strat Eq AsianPower2 JF Pacific Smaller Companies Wells Fargo(LUX)WF-Global Equity A Acc Comgest Asia Invesco Pacific Equity A Fortis L Equity High Div Pacific Acc FF - Pacific A USD Robeco Asia Pacific Equities D EUR JF Pacific Securities Amundi Funds Asia Pac Renaissance C C BGF Pacific Equity A2 USD GAM Star Asia-Pacific Equity £á Acc

-1.99 -16.28 0.38 -13.52
2.67 -8 0.14 -8.88 2.54 -9.06 -1.53 -13.49 -0.45 -13.74 -1.29 -14.15 -0.69 -14.98 -3.3 -15.09 -0.5 -15.39 -0.94 -15.61 -3.88 -16.16 -4.07 -19.91

-11.85 11.13 -15.58 -10.98 11.38
1 -3.38 2 -7.37 3 -5.42 4 -11.76 5 -11.58 6 -13.83 7 -10.09 8 -12.82 9 -13.99 10 -13.98 11 -15.47 12 -17.87 23.44 18.46 16.08 15.02 9.84 6.84 24.26 8.72 3.02 5.44 7.06 4.26 -14.83 -12.82 -13.6 -16.23 -23.42 -17.98 -15.26 -22.86 -18.37 -22.56 -18.79

7.09 6.1
5.69 7.58 7.18 6.11 5.61 5.09 4.99 6.71 4.94 4.84 7.09 4.49 7.14 5.19 6.04

-4.5 -3.5
4.59 0.39 0.12 -0.43 -0.55 -0.76 -0.86 -0.92 -1.68 -1.82 -1.94 -2.29 -2.48 -2.58 -2.73 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

1.03 28.64 2.3 29.77
11.25 7.19 5.13 3.61 10.53 6.18 3.93 8.28 3.63 3.02 4.21 2.82 3.18 2.59 2.5 45.47 42.23 33.57 38.15 41.3 31.03 28.42 41.65 28.34 31.6 29.04 30.25 41.55 25.8

1.74
-0.26 7.67 0.8 -0.8 12.58 0.46 -0.57 4.26 -0.23 2.41 1.19 2.94 0.17 32.87 205.49 667.14 219.42 392.37 1523.78 991.16 3459.24 292.75 214.2 312.88 3 5 3 2 5 4 2 5 2 4 3 4 3

Sector Equity Ecology
MSCI World NR EUR Sector Equity Ecology
Fortis L Green Future C Acc ING (L) Invest Climate Focus P Acc Fortis L Green Tigers Acc Jupiter JGF Climate Change Solu L £áAcc Parvest Global Environment C Schroder ISF Glbl Clmt Chg Eq A USD HSBC GIF Climate Change A Inc Generali IS Futur DX Pioneer Fds Global Ecology A EUR ND UBS (Lux) EF Global Innovators EUR P Allianz RCM Global EcoTrends A EUR

-0.07 -10.81 -0.29 -10.25
1.5 -5.5 6.36 -6.32 0.48 -6.81 -1.84 -9.07 0.07 -10.14 -2.23 -10.39 -1.03 -10.64 -1.36 -10.96 -2.65 -11.52 -3.15 -11.91 -2.06 -12.45 -2.51 -13.84 -4.58 -17.49 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

-5.95 10.94 -6.87 -6 10.21
-2.57 -7.31 -1.41 -6.99 -6.72 -5.82 -2.9 -1.65 -7.01 -6.12 -9.17 -9.04 -11.98 12.59 10.06 20.4 11.12 8.08 11.81 22.53 19.66 12 10.08 8.52 5.18 -4.47 0.03 -12.4 -8.19 -11.7 -0.91 -4.11 -9.02 -7.01 -0.93 -7.56 -6.66 -11.79 154.86 4.3 41.51 5.46 174.52 192.72 20.39 654.87 772.7 399 20.36 175.61 435.62 5 1 3 3 4 4 2 4 4 3 3 3

-2.99 -13.94 -1.73 -13.86
-1.53 -1.29 -1.06 -2.84 -2.54 -1.86 -3.05 -0.01 -4.99 -1.38 -5.55 -10.37 -11.16 -11.43 -11.49 -11.81 -13.36 -15.05 -15.26 -17.65 -18.47 -18.81 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

-10.28 8.65-10.66 -15.91 -1.55
-13.99 -13.94 -13.07 -12.34 -11.75 -14.86 -16.02 -18.34 -17.08 -22.92 -21.32 -2.44 -19.72 -2.82 4.48 2.29 -14.35 3.78 4.38 -0.82 -0.49 -0.89 -13.21 -12.5 -17.11 -15.5 -15.91 113 11.74 30.89 14.42 62.18 187.33 35.76 36.08 1193.91 442.32 405.84 2 3

Europe ex-UK Large-Cap Equity
MSCI Europe Ex UK NR USD Europe ex-UK Large-Cap Equity
Threadneedle Eurp Sel Ret Net EUR AXA Rosenberg Europe ex-UK Eq Alpha B MFS Meridian Continental Europ Eq A2 GBP Threadneedle European Ret Net EUR Hang Seng Cont European A GAM Star Cont European Equity GBP Acc BGF Continental European Flexible A2 EUR Aberdeen Global European Eq (ex-UK) A2 Investec GSF Cont Eurpn Eq A Inc Grs USD Invesco Cont European Equity A BNY Mellon Continental Eurp Eq A USD HSBC European Index Retail Inc Standard Life SICAV Euro Equity Uncons A Henderson Horizon Cont Europ Eq A2 Baring European Growth Trust

6.4

4 2 2

Australia and New Zealand Equity
MSCI Australia NR USD Australia and New Zealand Equity
JF Australia Parvest Australia C Aberdeen Global Australasian Equity A2 FF - Australia A AUD UBS (Lux) EF Australia B AUD P Baring Australia A Class

-0.74 -17.54 2.02 -15.13
2.85 0.67 0.63 2.24 -0.37 0.77 1.38 1.32 0.44 0.3 2.49 1.69 -0.2 -1.49 -0.11 -10.64 -12.79 -12.83 -14.12 -14.39 -14.6 -14.75 -15.3 -15.7 -16.59 -16.79 -18.36 -18.89 -19.95 -21.22

-18.36 0.92 -15.36 -16.17 3.72
1 -8.32 2 -15.25 3 -15.39 4 -14.35 5 -17.47 6 -15.71 7 -12.72 8 -17.71 9 -16.25 10 -17.4 11 -20.21 12 -19.78 13 -18.67 14 -21.96 15 -21.17 11.17 -12.87 6.4 -19.42 10.03 -9.07 1.78 -13.23 0.94 -15.82 5.32 -12.55 16.5 -7.21 5.8 -17.71 1.79 -17.35 3.03 -13.86 -3.61 -13.99 -0.43 -14.92 1.19 -4.42 -17.94 -3.44 -17.89 1060.9 59.41 37.99 844.89 169.99 134.57 312.64 59.84 57.91 103.84 61.24 168.57 57.08 98.2 162.2 4 2 4 4 3 4 4 2 2 4 4 3 2 2

Islamic Equity
FTSE Shariah All-World TR USD Islamic Equity
Hang Seng Islamic China Idx A

Sector Equity Energy
-11.37 8.1 -5.77 -0.62 18.21
1 0.75 17.39 19.8

-2.88 -13.99 1.26 -7.8
3.58 -2.41

-4.51 -21.6 -4.33 -21.6
-3.98 -5.1 -2.78 -5.12 -4.41 -3.6 -19.57 -19.92 -20.12 -21.85 -21.98 -22.78

-17.68 17.53 -6.39 -17.37 18.26
1 -14.68 2 -13.67 3 -17.16 4 -16.68 5 -18.93 6 -19.27 16.47 23.94 13.93 20.62 17.9 17.05 -5.93 -5.23 -4.81 -6.34 -5.55 -4.69 119.69 172.09 74.38 821.66 149.88 181.45 3 4 5 2 3 2

MSCI World/Energy NR USD Sector Equity Energy
Barclays Power Select Income A Schroder ISF Global Energy A Investec GSF Glbl Energy A Inc Grs USD MFS Meridian Global Energy A1 EUR Franklin Natural Resources A Acc $ Threadneedle(Lux) Global Energy Eqs AU ING (L) Invest Energy P USD Acc Invesco Energy A BGF World Energy A2 USD Fortis L Equity Energy World C Acc SGAM Fund Eqs Global Energy A Robeco Natural Resources Equities D EUR iShares CSI A-Share Energy Index ETF

-4.16 -18.3 -2.93 -15.89
0.04 -2.67 0.05 -5.23 -0.13 -0.26 -6.48 -5.81 -3.96 -7.54 -6.74 -6.55 -8.33 -7.7 -13.68 -13.77 -13.85 -15.62 -15.84 -16.13 -16.96 -17.67 -17.76 -18.56 -18.91 -20.42 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

-17.58 -3.26 -7.38 -16.2 1.18
-9.65 -12.47 -12.12 -15.23 -10.81 -15.04 -18.46 -18.77 -16.01 -18.84 -20.74 -18.48 -32.02 -0.98 -3.3 12.18 -4.02 3.61 -5.04 2.06 13.79 -0.41 -9.34 -3.79 -10.45 -0.59 -8.73 -1.19 -7.28 -2.54 -6.59 -5.38 -11.21 0.6 -7.93 9.49 1033.82 1189.37 23.5 104.95 40.7 155.66 290.53 3735.69 232.49 8.17 362.15 5 3 5 2 3 3 3 3 3 3

Italy Equity
MSCI Italy NR USD Italy Equity
Schroder ISF Italian Eq A Acc FF - Italy A Euro

-0.18 -22.97 0.54 -19.31
0.29 -21.4 -2.03 -23.94 1 2

-27.48 -12.83 -22.81 -23.62 -9.62
-24.9 -9.96 -24.43 -26.7 -10.89 -23.87 121.8 272.04 3 4

BRIC Equity
MSCI BRIC USD BRIC Equity
HSBC GIF BRIC Markets Z HSBC GIF BRIC Equity M2 Acc Principal BRIC Em Economies HSBC GIF BRIC Markets Equity A Acc Parvest BRIC C Schroder ISF BRIC A Allianz RCM BRIC Equity AT USD Templeton BRIC A Acc $

0.9 -12.52 0.44 -12.06
0.09 -8.7 0.31 -8.71 -0.01 -9.06 0.01 -9.29 0 -9.6 1.15 -10.9 0.65 -12.27 -1.01 -16.04

-10.15 15.03 -0.32 -10.05 17.32
1 -6.16 2 -7.12 3 -7.47 4 -8.61 5 -8.46 6 -11.24 7 -11.26 8 -12.34 22.35 25.5 20.12 14.29 17.58 14.08 18.73 14.6 3.03 -0.06 -0.71 0.18 -0.97 -0.24 -3.9 56.38 1748.3 21.04 618.02 658.02 3660.16 276.17 2673.96 3 3 3 3 3 3 2

Japan Large-Cap Equity
MSCI Japan NR USD Japan Large-Cap Equity -1.66 -10.14 -2.8 -11.06
0.85 3.36 -2.11 -1.38 -0.81 -1.04 -1 -0.52 -2.41 -2.61 -0.67 -3.54 -3.28 -0.74 -1.33 0.31 -5.26 -7.54 -8.1 -8.36 -8.4 -8.62 -8.79 -8.88 -9.16 -9.18 -9.48 -9.62 -9.64 -9.72 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Europe ex-UK Small/Mid-Cap Equity
MSCI Europe Ex UK Small Cap NR USD Europe ex-UK Small/Mid-Cap Equity
Threadneedle Eurp Sm Cos Ret Net EUR Acc AXA Rosenberg Eur ex UK Sm Cp Alp B Invesco Cont European Sm Co Eq A Baring Europe Select Trust GBP

-1.98-19.04 1.22 -13.02
3.72 -0.03 -1.68 1.01 -9.72 -14.73 -15.75 -16.37

-14.92 8.84 -15.45 -10.19 14.48
1 -6.01 2 -12.68 3 -12.79 4 -13.65 13.47 -12.73 12.34 -20.43 25.67 -15.7 9.56 -9.87 1064.66 10.87 55.19 658.18 4 3 2 5

-2.67 1.14 -11.5 -3.59 -0.02
4.52 -1.6 1.43 0.11 -0.46 -0.2 -2.06 -1.12 -2.6 -2.38 -1.69 -0.28 -1.22 -5.98 -5.51 10.26 -26.46 1.23 -15.47 6.7 5.12 -4.31 7.71 -11.28 8.7 -9.45 1.57 -15.18 1.99 -7.28 0.49 -19.15 4.17 -10.8 -0.67 1.7 -11.31 5.39 -11.09 1.89 -13.24 -0.15 -13.62 104.07 35.5 29.82 69.25 186.73 78.05 6.83 7.87 87.19 67.61 57.42 300.13 11.9 12.09 2 1 5 4 5 2 5 2 3 3 4 4 3

Sector Equity Financial Services
MSCI World/Financials NR USD Sector Equity Financial Services
HS Fincl Sect Flexipower A Davis Financial A USD BGF World Financials A2 USD ICBC Global Financial Opportunities Fortis L Equity Finance World Acc JPM Global Financials A (acc)-USD Amundi Funds Global Finance C C iShares CSI A-Share Financials Index ETF UBS (Lux) EF Financial Svcs EUR P Acc FF - Glbl Financial Services A Euro Parvest Europe Financials C

Brazil Equity
MSCI Brazil NR BRL Brazil Equity
HSBC GIF Brazil Equity A Inc Amundi Funds Brazil C C Parvest Brazil C Fortis L Equity Brazil Acc db x-trackers MSCI Brazil TRN Index 2C

Eurozone Large-Cap Equity
-14.87 20.95 8.01 -10.92 32.58
1 -11.71 2 -12.95 3 -14.12 4 -13.34 5 -15.45 39.45 34.39 24.17 25 -3.99 3.13 791.81 188.09 653.42 500.17 274.11 2 3

-1.44 -16.38 0.63 -9.76
-0.66 0.55 -0.22 0.29 -1.67 -10.45 -10.94 -11.97 -14.35 -14.46

MSCI EMU NR USD Eurozone Large-Cap Equity
Allianz RCM Euroland Eq Growth AT EUR Parvest Euro Equities C DB Platinum IV CROCI Euro R1 Acc AXA Rosenberg Eurobloc Eq Alpha B JF Euroland Eq A (dist)-USD Generali IS Euro Equities Opport DX Templeton Euroland A Acc £á Standard Life SICAV Eurozone Eqs A Amundi Funds Euro Quant C C ING (L) Invest Euro Hi Dividend P Acc BGF Euro-Markets A2 EUR SGAM Fund Eqs Euroland Value A MS INVF Eurozone Equity Alpha A FF - Euro Blue Chip A Euro Schroder ISF Euro Dynamic Gr A Acc

-1.7-19.46 0.25 -17.4
3.04 -1.47 -3.47 -1.52 0.92 -1.38 -1.15 -0.73 -1.97 -3.01 -0.66 -2.69 -1.19 -3.21 -0.31 -11.91 -16.1 -16.64 -16.66 -17.63 -17.98 -17.99 -18.21 -18.25 -18.27 -18.42 -18.48 -18.73 -19.43 -19.88

-22.14 -4.03 -17.23 -20.4 -1.74
1 -9.59 2 -20.91 3 -20.71 4 -21.16 5 -20.98 6 -22.52 7 -19.73 8 -21.03 9 -23.61 10 -22.42 11 -20.9 12 -22.81 13 -18.47 14 -21.38 15 -23.37 15.67 -0.51 -1.22 0.34 -2.31 -3.76 -2.93 -3.35 -4.42 -1.49 -0.82 -3.12 0.95 -1.71 -5.01 -8.49 -18.31 -13.55 -20.51 -20.56 -17.13 -20.45 -19.7 -19.79 -15.38 -12.89 -17.76 -14.85 -15.76 -20.26 248.23 255.08 557.06 751.82 747.91 96.62 166.68 11.02 74.12 1345.76 1822.53 702.08 60.5 555.88 228.57 4 2 4 2 2 2 4 2 2 5 4 3 4 4 2

Permal Long Japan A USD Lyxor Alpha Equity Nikkei 225 Jupiter JGF Japan Select L USD MS INVF Japanese Equity Advtg A Aberdeen Global Japanese Equity A2 DB Platinum IV CROCI Japan R1C JPM Jpn Behav.Finance Eq A (acc)-USD Threadneedle(Lux) Japanese Equities AJ Franklin Templeton Japan A Acc JPY Pictet-Japanese Equities 130/30-P JPYD Lyxor ETF Japan (TOPIX) E Schroder ISF Japanese Large Cap A Inc Schroder ISF Japanese Eq A Acc BOCHK IF - Japan Eq A BEA Union Investment Japan Growth A

-3.83 -17.17 -1.71 -13.86
1.37 -7.18 -2.23 -11.31 -2.81 -15.59 -3.92 -15.64 -4.3 -16.09 -1.93 -16.87 -3.96 -17.17 -1.14 -17.99 -4.45 -18.04 -6.71 -18.07 -0.89 -19.2

-12.51 5.87 -21.91 -9.7 10.19
1 -6.88 2 -7.84 3 -12.83 4 -11.74 5 -12.19 6 -12.84 7 -14.42 8 -22.16 9 -9.92 10 -15.05 11 -22.14 6.01 5.21 13.63 -13.23 4.68 -20.78 5.66 -26.83 5.07 -21.44 -0.93 -17.13 11.91 -20.35 2.34 -16.35 -1.37 -27.36 29.95 12.8 230.63 4.44 81.8 156.15 30.54 58.41 344.34 28.62 5 4 4 2 3 4 3 4 2

Japan Small/Mid-Cap Equity
MSCI Japan Small Cap NR USD Japan Small/Mid-Cap Equity
Aberdeen Global Japanese Smaller Cos A2 PineBridge Japan Smaller Com Plus Y Schroder ISF Japanese Sm Comp A Acc SGAM Fund Eqs Japan Small Cap A UBS (Lux) EF Small & Mid Caps Japan P JF Japan OTC BGF Japan Small & MidCap Opps A2 JPY Henderson Horizon Japanese Smlr Coms A2 Invesco Nippon Small/Mid Cap Equity A Invesco Japanese Sm & Mid Cap Eq A AXA Rosenberg Jap Sm-Cp Alpha B JF Japan Small Cap A (dist)-USD Threadneedle Jap Sm Cos Ret Net JPY FF - Japan Smaller Companies A JPY JF Ultra Japan A JPY

Sector Equity Healthcare
MSCI World/Health Care NR USD Sector Equity Healthcare -0.13 -12.11 -0.43 -12.39
0.52 -1.93 -1.42 -10.28 -2.47 -11.53 -1.53 -12.82 -3.35 -13.09 -0.81 -13.29 -4.53 -13.9 -2.35 -14.51 -2.72 -15.44 -5.23 -16.38

China Equity
MSCI China NR USD China Equity
Value Partners Chinese Mld Foc Value Partners China Convergence HSBC China Momentum Class A db x-trackers FTSE/XINHUA China 25 BOCHK IF China Consumption Gr A Barclays China Accelerated Gr A HKD ING China Access A Hang Seng China Index A Acc Principal LSF China Eq ret Hang Seng FTSE/Xinhua China 25 Index ETF Lyxor China A/H Shares Opportunities DBS China Multi Access Opportunities NCB China Equity A First State China Growth I Acc iShares MSCI China Index ETF

0.82 -4.02 -1.54 -6.67
1.82 -0.84 -0.91 -0.23 -0.57 1.41 -0.59 -3.17 -1.79 -2.8 0.15 -3.44 -1.91 -4.36 -4.11 -0.41 -1.82 -2.45 -2.58 -4.21 -4.69 -4.86 -4.91 -6.2 -6.66 -7.11 -7.76 -8.16 -11.55 -11.88 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

4.51 -0.1
7.59 2.92 6.33 -0.8 5.65 1.81 1.42 6.47 -8.1 -8.56 1.33 -0.96 0.49 -5.41 -12.62

2.77 -8.92 2.13
16 -6.63 6.23 -6.62 9.96 -8.29 4.37 -13.43 3.34 -8.81 6.44 -17.12 6.36 -11.39 6.95 -0.76 3.73 -10.55 3.14 -10.58 -4.5 -10.88 3.87 -15.28 -2.69 -11.65 -1.12 -6.37 -7.6 4.53 90.88 51.67 88.13 7.04 48.26 57.64 174.37 34.61 71.45 70.15 502.14 40.12 158.37 107.8 7.8 4 4 4 1 2 1 3 4 2 2 3 2 2 3 5

-10.31 -10.02
1 10.12 2 -3.21 3 -8.35 4 -12.12 5 -10.22 6 -9.17 7 -8.37 8 -10.75 9 -13.06 10 -12.68

7.6 5.25
30.97 12.47 10.49 5.09 4.29 6.82 8.86 5.95 4.86 2.56

-6.4
3.18 -5.02 -3.82 -7.72 -5.37 -9.07 -5.17 -7.2 -2.25 388.39 23.58 562.26 167.53 143.35 285.85 62.37 147.71 422.84 5 4 4 2 3 3 2 3 4

3.44 -6.52 0.94 -9.72
-2.99 -2.99 -0.87 2.22 2.52 8.1 0.94 2.17 1.55 1.58 8.7 2.46 0.92 4.25 1.48 3.26 3.03 -2.75 -3.55 -3.64 -3.66 -3.73 -3.85 -4.29 -4.37 -4.88 -4.93 -5.03 -5.25 -5.29 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-6.24 10.74 -9.67 8.57
2.04 1 -7.72 -3.35 -1.17 -9.34 -4.86 -3.79 -3.59 -4.22 -6.87 -7.17 -6.12 -2.09 -4.46 34.5 32.3 8.9 6.68 25.97 0.28 6.95 5.72 12.94 5.03 7.38 6.76 2.3 29.22 9.61

4.11
9.8 6.06 -5.1 121.52 209.55 196.5 287.09 5.77 30.35 60.4 24.32 117.94 32.72 15.72 13.09 151.39 3614.17 4 5

Eurozone Small-Cap Equity
2 4

Pictet-Generics-P USDre USD EurocTF AXA WF Frm Health AC EUR FF - Global Health Care A Euro Fortis L Equity Health Care World C Acc Invesco Global Health Care A AB SICAV Intl Health Care A Manulife GF Healthcare AA Janus Global Life Sciences A USD UBS (Lux) EF Health Care (USD) P Acc BGF World Healthscience A2 USD

2.01 1.22

MSCI EMU Small Cap NR USD Eurozone Small-Cap Equity
Parvest Euro Small Cap C HSBC GIF Euroland Eq Smaller Co A

-1.89 -19.2 -0.7-16.34
-1.93 -5.07 -16.78 -23.16 1 2

-17.53 3.34 -16.63 -14.07 7.36
-17.22 -17.82 2.09 -16.59 0.7 -15.97 36.52 82.31 3 3

Sector Equity Industrial Materials
MSCI World/Materials NR USD Sector Equity Industrial Materials
ING (L) Invest Industrials P Acc Fortis L Equity Industrials World Acc FF - Global Industrials A Euro Fortis L Equity Materials World Acc ING (L) Invest Materials P Acc iShares CSI A-Share Materials Index ETF

-4.04 -18.3 -3.22 -14.93
-1.89 -4.72 -6.48 -4.41 -3.94 -7.89 -9.05 -12.31 -17.36 -17.51 -17.75 -17.94

-14.79 12.52 -7.05 -9.88 15.21
1 -1.81 2 -6.93 3 -12.99 4 -16.33 5 -17.5 6 -27.5 27.32 -10.94 14.49 -13.38 11.59 -3.77 9.4 -12.21 13.81 -9.94 47.13 23.11 285 163.49 127.02 3 2 5 1 2

Korea Equity
MSCI Korea NR USD Korea Equity 1.21 -11.28 2.26 -9.6
0.69 -2.76 5.65 -3.61 2.51 -5.56 4.28 -7.2 4.52 -7.3 1.43 -8.28 1.21 -8.29 2.44 -8.7 1.05 -9.03 2.58 -10 2.39 -10.2 2.17 -10.59 1.19 -10.81 -0.22 -16.94 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

6.61 3.15

5 3

France Large-Cap Equity
Euronext Paris CAC 40 TR EUR France Large-Cap Equity
Parvest France C FF - France A Euro

Derivative Commodities
DJ UBS Commodity PR EUR Derivative Commodities
Schroder Alt Sol Agri A USD Acc Parvest Agriculture (USD) C Barclays Global Agri Delta A USD Acc Schroder AS Gold & Metals A USD Acc Fortis L Commodity World Acc Lyxor ETF Commodities CRB E Schroder Alt Sol Com A USD Acc DB Platinum IV Agriculture USD R1C DB Platinum Commodity USD R1C Barclays Glbl Commodity Delta B USD Lyxor Agriculture A USD MS INVF Commodities Active GSLE A

-3.05 -22.05 -1.42 -19.41
-2.65 -3.98 -19.78 -21.12

-24.61 -5.55-16.34 -21.89 -2.16
1 -23.33 2 -22.06 -4.11 -3.09 -17.68 -14.74 95.23 313.84 2 4

-5.71 26.99 -6.58 -5.37 23.29
-0.12 2.27 -2.81 -2.04 -2.59 -4.49 -4.44 -4.08 -3.47 -5.22 -7.21 -4.41 -7.38 -16.17 5.61 34.93 34.66 29.99 21.73 30.85 31.14 26.63 27.44 22.94 24.27 21.7 22.75 3.92 -5.85 -1.24 -9.28 -8.27 -10.18 -6.77 -12.91 -11.9 -4.91 -9.52 -12.11 -12.77 3.23 38.79 99.52 443.51 40.77 154.04 124.34 265.83 707.26 32.91 34.05 115.42 88.36 5 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 4 2 1

0.6 -6.84 1.12 -9.82
0.64 1.21 1.02 -0.61 -0.33 1.63 0.65 -2.36 -1.76 -0.12 -3.18 -0.11 -3.08 -3.61 -4.21 -4.89 -5.45 -5.68 -7.2 -7.78 -8.13 -8.26 -8.68 -8.83

-10.4 0.9 -10.28 -15.13 -2.88
1 -12.56 2 -14.26 3 -12.17 4 -2.7 5 -9.65 6 -9.12 7 -9.87 8 -19.19 9 -14.11 10 -10.91 11 -16.81 12 -11.99 -5.25 -6.85 -4.48 21.93 1.16 2.89 -1.71 -13.35 3.91 -0.95 -7.8 -4.62 -4.35 1113.5 85.66 101.92 186.45 383.87 4972.69 100.94 350.11 142.22 18.69 170.66

Germany Large-Cap Equity
FSE DAX TR EUR Germany Large-Cap Equity
Baring German Growth GBP Acc Fortis L Equity Germany Classic Acc JF Germany Eq A (dist)-EUR FF - Germany A EUR Inc

-4.59 -5.79 -2.62 5.84

0.46 -13.15 1.71 -12.6
2.37 -11.87 -0.18 -11.88 0.31 -13.99 -2.13 -14.5

-14.22 10.85 -11.64 -13.64 8.16
1 -12.99 2 -14.63 3 -13.81 4 -13.88 11.52 -10.97 7.92 -16.55 6.38 -12.99 8.61 -13 289.9 108.41 310.32 457.35 4 2 3 4

JF Ultra Korea MiraeAsset Korea Eq I $ Amundi Funds Korea C C Invesco Korean Equity A Allianz RCM Korea Fund A Lyxor ETF MSCI Korea B db x-trackers MSCI Korea TRN Index Baring Korea Feeder Baring Korea Trust JF Korea Fund Schroder ISF Korean Eq A Acc JF Korea Eq A (acc)-USD HSBC GIF Korean Equity A Inc Templeton Korea A Acc $

Sector Equity Infrastructure
S&P Global Infrastructure TR USD Sector Equity Infrastructure
Amundi Funds India Infrastructure C C Pru IOF Asian Infra Equity A ICBC Asia Infrastructure & Redevelopment UBS (Lux) EF Emerg Mks Infras USD P Acc First State Global Listed Infra I Invesco Asia Infrastructure A Inc UBS (Lux) EF Infrastructure (EUR) P Acc Robeco Infrastructure Eq D EUR iShares CSI A-Share Infrastrct Index ETF

-0.2 -13.09 1.11 -9.73
5.17 -0.52 3.26 -5.54 1.16 -6.94 2.61 -7.9 0.54 -9.96 1.63 -10.65 -0.77 -14.16 -5.59 -16.35 -2.82 -17.8

-13.2 5.48 -10.51 -7.55 12.06
1 3.2 2 -1.74 3 -5.71 4 -7.09 5 -9.94 6 -8.79 7 -10.99 8 -14.82 9 -20.89 25.41 12.1 17.09 9.17 8.57 7.39 9.32 98.16 93.06 4.65 207.49 24.92 2571.82 42.57 201.26

-6.74

2

Latin America Equity
MSCI EM Latin America NR USD Latin America Equity
PineBridge Latin America Small/Mid Cap Y MFS Meridian Latin Amer Eq A1 USD ING (L) Invest Latin America P Acc Threadneedle Latin Amer Ret Net USD Fortis L Equity Latin America C Acc FF - Latin America A USD Amundi Funds Latin America Equities C C Parvest Latin America C JF Latin America Equity A (dist) - USD Templeton Latin America A YDis $ Manulife GF Latin America Eq AA Schroder ISF Latin Amer A USD PineBridge Latin America Y BGF Latin American A2 USD Baring Latin America USD

Emerging Europe Equity
MSCI EM Eastern Europe NR USD Emerging Europe Equity
Pioneer Fds Emerg Eur+Med Eq A EUR ND MS INVF Emerg Euro MENA Eq A Parvest Emerging Markets Europe C Fortis L Equity Europe Emerg Acc Amundi Funds Emerging Europe C C Pictet-Eastern Europe-P EUR C C NDTF ING (L) Invest Emerging Europe P Acc Invesco Emerging Europe Equity A JF Eastern Europe Eq A (dist)-EUR Baring Eastern Europe USD BGF Emerging Europe A2 EUR Manulife Emerg Eastern Europe A Schroder ISF Emerg Europe A Acc Templeton Eastern Europe A Acc £á PineBridge Emerging Europe Equity Y

Global Small/Mid-Cap Equity
MSCI World Small Cap NR USD Global Small/Mid-Cap Equity
764.64 337.25 146.98 354.47 41.12 524.34 184.44 31.82 1164.11 3057.58 2654.75 411.35 298.03 915.5 110.92 5 5 3 2 2 3 3 3 4 3 4 3 3 3 Lyxor Dynamic Water A Pictet-Security-P USD Invesco SR Strategic Growth GP Pictet-Water-P EURc Growth GP Acc Invesco Global Small Cap Eq A Pictet-Global Megatrend Selection-P USD Templeton Global Smaller Co A YDis $ Schroder ISF Global Smaller Comp A Inc Fortis L Equity SRI World Classic Acc BGF Global SmallCap A2 USD Amundi Funds Aqua Global C C MS INVF Global Small Cap Value A Threadneedle(Lux) Global Innovation AU Henderson Horizon Inds of Future A1 AXA Rosenberg Glbl Sm Cp Alpha B

-0.95 -13.21 -0.75 -11.45
2.95 -5.23 0.21 -10.44 -0.92 -10.65 0.44 -10.73 -0.56 -10.77 -0.97 -11.1 -0.26 -11.13 -0.67 -11.17 0.58 -11.25 1.03 -11.48 -1.94 -11.63 -1.26 -12.01 -0.47 -12.15 0.13 -12.31 -1.87 -12.65

-10.42 23.96 3.69 -9.53 28.95
1 -0.39 2 -6.71 3 -8.44 4 -9.18 5 -10.3 6 -9.34 7 -10.98 8 -11.5 9 -8.5 10 -8.11 11 -10.47 12 -10.65 13 -10.25 14 -11.18 15 -11.24 61.18 38.09 33.02 32.39 29.02 29.86 34.13 27.25 33.24 27.18 28.61 24.78 27.93 27.6 26.49 0.05 0.49 1.08 -3.84 1.99 3.68 0.61 -1.24 1.84 -1.15 -2.54 -2.19 0.26 -3.33 70.72 74.35 328.69 1505.51 571.61 1220.54 1736.62 442.46 1265.32 2946.75 1222.93 286.91 6220.81 884.44 2 4 4 2 4 4 3 3 4 2 3 3 3 2

Sector Equity Natural Resources
S&P Global Natural Resources TR EUR Sector Equity Natural Resources
SGAM Fund Eqs Global Resources A Amundi Funds Global Resources C C Manulife GF Global Resources AA NCB China Res Opp A Pictet-Timber-P EUR Investec GSF Glbl Dyn Res A Inc Grs USD JF Five Elements JPM Global Natural Resources A (dis)-EUR First State Glbl Resources I BEA Union Investment Global Resources A Parvest Global Resources C Martin Currie GF Glbl Resources BGF World Mining A2 USD Baring Global Resources

-5.97 -21.54 -2.7 -16.6
-3.34 -13.95 -4.69 -15.13 -3.88 -15.33 -4.06 -15.48 -3.45 -15.96 -4.64 -17.12 -4.4 -17.43 -3 -17.5 -4.17 -17.98 -2.3 -18.16 -3.96 -18.3 -2.27 -18.53 -3.31 -18.83 -4.71 -19.27 -5.24 -19.84 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-14.18 15.47 -11.51 -8.61 26.63
-5.6 -8.93 -9.14 -9.1 -9.09 -6.78 -9.58 -10.04 -6.34 -12.86 -8.96 -12.54 -10.87 -11.47 -10.75 29.58 20.25 32.26 28 30.35 39.48 33.25 24.14 35.25 27.4 28.25 27.76 29.75 20.6 27.23 -6.56 -8.31 -9.47 -11.48 -11.5 -9.16 -11.41 -13.51 -7.68 -8.37 -10.8 -8.7 -8.03 -11.57 -7.17

-3.6 -12.1 -1.57 -11.35
4.8 -1.92 0.04 -1.04 -1.62 -2.03 -2.57 -2.21 -2.6 -3.58 -1.46 -4.59 -2.66 -3.72 -4.83 -4.51 -5.56 -6.32 -7.99 -9.53 -9.99 -10 -10.51 -11.57 -12.5 -12.59 -12.63 -12.74 -12.98 -13.01

-4.43 18.57 -8.51 -8.98 9.81
1 -10.84 2 -3.06 3 -6.78 4 -7.36 5 -3.43 6 -6.98 7 -2.09 8 -6.93 9 -12.88 10 -8.7 11 -12.75 12 -5.5 13 -8.9 14 -9.93 15 -6.24 8.2 -14.31 17.48 -4.75 7.03 -5.89 7.94 -9.33 22.94 -8.1 13.69 24.19 -13.45 13.31 -8.01 2.09 9.88 -6.44 2.44 -11.23 11.34 -8.35 10.44 -7.55 5.97 13.69 -15.58 75.23 151.22 8.37 2906.69 107.86 312.19 239.27 79.93 36.15 353.51 51.1 111.29 15.44 17.86 224.78 3 5 4 4 3 3 4 4 3 4 4 2

-5.3 -18.9 -3.5 -15.96
-1.14 -2.21 -1.8 -2.86 -4.16 -0.75 -0.85 -4.9 -4.26 -4.48 -6.14 -4.1 -4.32 -5.05 -4.68 -8.43 -8.63 -9.93 -10.07 -10.34 -12.91 -16.01 -17.43 -17.95 -18.62 -19.5 -20.92 -21.26

-18.87 -1.02 -3.02 -12.58 15.11
1 -5.02 2 -7.44 3 -8.05 4 -13.87 5 -7.86 6 -6.64 7 -10.74 8 -9.05 9 -13.46 10 -15.79 11 -19.68 12 -14.16 13 -14.85 14 -17.39 20.81 13.85 13.27 5.18 28.98 14.15 12.82 23.2 20 8.47 -2.23 5.37 20.44 5.06 -3.97 -4.8 39.41 67.35 236.57 107.6 106.49 51.8 2340.03 184.64 10.14 117.9 155.23 13015.03 996.22 3 3

-7.85 -1.25 -7.05 -7.64 -6.45 -11.55

3 3 3 4 3 2

Malaysia Equity
KLSE Composite Malaysia Malaysia Equity
JF Malaysia Pru IOF Malaysia Equity A Allianz RCM Malaysia A FF - Malaysia A USD

Emerging Europe ex-Russia Equity
Emerging Europe ex-Russia Equity
Parvest Converging Europe C UBS (Lux) EF Central Europe EUR P

Global Large-Cap Blend Equity
-17.75 -13.41 93.51 196 3 3

-2.62-18.66
-7.13 -5.02 -21.82 -23.8

-12.79 12.72
1 -18.82 2 -17.02 11.76 11.04

4.49 -1.38 5.01 -1.59
5.78 4.68 3.89 3.6 -0.17 -0.78 -1.81 -3.06 1 2 3 4

8.77 31.94 9.9 28.23
12.7 9.23 6.58 9 39.38 30.89 30.66 32.23

-0.2
0.1 -5.16 1.59 160.31 31.59 17.84 178.38 3 2 3

Sector Equity Precious Metals
HSBC Global Gold TR Sector Equity Precious Metals
SGAM Fund Eqs Gold Mines A BGF World Gold A2 USD Investec GSF Glbl Gold A Inc Grs USD Franklin Gold and Prec Mtls A Acc $ Invesco Gold & Precious Mtls A

MSCI World Free NR USD Global Large-Cap Blend Equity
Lyxor Oracle Stars Access PCP Global Opportunities HSBC Global Themes A Schroder Growth USD Manulife GF Glbl Contrarian AA Invesco Global Structured Eq A USD Hang Seng Glbl High Growth A ipac Multi-Manager Growth Investec GSF Global Franchise A Acc HSBC Managed Growth HKD Inc A Schroder ISF QEP Global Quality A BNY Mellon Global Intrepid A USD Amundi Funds Global Equities C C Janus Global Fundamental Eq A USD Franklin World Perspectives A Acc $

-2.99 -13.94 -1.6 -12.25
2.44 -1.41 0.68 -3.4 -0.56 -6.68 -0.51 -7.18 -1.76 -7.81 -1.18 -8.11 -1.55 -9.42 -1 -9.43 0.22 -9.77 0.27 -9.86 0.08 -10.22 -1.5 -10.24 -2.64 -10.26 -0.24 -10.53 -1.2 -10.76 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-10.29 8.65-10.66 -10.71 7.01
0.47 -3.52 -5.16 -4.43 -1.14 -3.92 -8 -8.03 -7.35 -9.12 -5.77 -9.1 -9.28 -6.77 -7.54 4.68 -5.89 12.82 -10.9 11.27 -4.22 14.79 -3.02 29.06 9.5 -16.29 5.73 -7.85 8.76 -7.03 13.45 9.3 -6.07 12.64 7.35 -11.05 11.95 -12.51 7.56 -10.64 14.16 4.49 2.53 51.89 171.91 32.06 19.33 155.54 318.85 277.35 197.68 97.09 3.36 34.02 5 3 5 5 2 4 4 4 3 2 3

5.5 16.17 1.9 3.98
2.57 3.12 1.65 0.84 13.34 5.76 4.82 1 2 3 4 5

12.76 32.68 11.57 3.35 27.79
10.84 6.67 7.82 37.37 29.02 29.59 8.77 10.28 8.38 203.1 6892.34 318.49 5.1 3 4 3

Emerging Markets Equity
MSCI EM NR USD Emerging Markets Equity
Aberdeen Global Emerging Mkts Sm Cos A2 Access PCP Emerging Markets USD Lloyd George Antenna First State Glbl Emerg Mkts Leader I JF SAR Global Emerging Markets A db x-trackers MSCI EM Asia TRN Index 2C Aberdeen Global Emerging Markets Eq A2 Amundi Funds Emerging Intern Demand C C MFS Meridian Emerg Mkts Equity A1 USD Templeton Emerging Mkts Sm Cos A Acc $ Parvest Emerging Markets C Lyxor ETF MSCI Emerging Markets B Robeco Emerging Markets Eq D EUR Robeco Emerg Stars Equities DL EUR Templeton Frontier Markets A Acc $

Nordic Equity
MSCI Nordic Countries NR USD Nordic Equity
FF - Nordic A SEK

0.42 -10.75 0.27-10.08
4.99 1.76 6.54 3.3 1.89 2.12 2.69 2.19 0.09 0.42 -0.28 0.16 -0.85 -0.58 -1.6 1.95 -2.64 -2.81 -3.93 -5.37 -5.72 -6.05 -6.91 -7.52 -8.34 -8.39 -8.64 -8.78 -8.98 -9.07 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-7.05 20.11 -0.75 -6.11 21.37
10.14 -1.16 -1.91 -1.94 -1.82 -3.17 -0.22 -3.28 -3.91 1.42 -6.35 -5.95 -7.73 -9.81 1.17 55.98 22.43 27 21.33 29.42 30.37 24.38 31.98 18.92 21.52 23.9 26.1 23.06 4.61 -6.94 -3.77 3.62 5.45 -4.25 -3.44 -0.02 284.53 4.23 10.81 500.65 41.9 491.9 3665.69 121.53 65.76 258.62 314.78 3527.78 1079.43 299.13 5 2 4 5 5 3 3 3

-2.1 -14.83 -1.35 -16.47
-3.52 -16.61 1

-7.97 10.35 -13.17 -10.33 14.79
-7.8 12.04 -14.65 278.43 2

Sector Equity Private Equity
Red Rocks Gbl Listed Private Eqty TR EUR Sector Equity Private Equity
Lyxor Dynamic Listed Private Eq A

Other Asia-Pacific Equity
MSCI AC Asia Pac NR USD Other Asia-Pacific Equity
Allianz RCM Thailand A USD JF Philippine Allianz RCM Philippines A JF Indonesia JF Thailand Pru IOF Indonesia Equity A Pru IOF Philippines Equity A db x-trackers FTSE Vietnam Fortis L Equity Indonesia Acc FF - Indonesia A USD FF - Thailand A USD Allianz RCM Indonesia A Amundi Funds Thailand C C First State Singapore and Malaysia Gr I HSBC GIF Thai Equity A Inc

-4.11 -15.65 -2.63 -13.35
1.53 -12.63 1

-5.81 22.55 -20.7 -4.65 22.8
-3.63 12.16 0.63

Global Large-Cap Growth Equity
MSCI World Free Growth NR USD Global Large-Cap Growth Equity
Invesco SR Growth GP Parvest Global Equities C ING (L) Invest Global Opps P EUR Janus Global Research A USD Threadneedle(Lux) World Equities AU Baring Global Select USD Henderson Horizon Global Opps A2 MFS Meridian Glbl Growth A1 USD Acc Threadneedle Glbl Select Ret Net USD Franklin Temp Glbl Gth & Val A Acc $ INTECH Global Risk Mgd Core I USD Dis FF - Global Focus A USD FF - Global Sector A USD Allianz RCM Global Equity AT USD Fortis L Equity Best Sel World Acc

-0.07 -10.81 5.1 -2.78
18.38 4.79 1.88 11.88 11.1 7.1 2.21 -0.76 6.01 6.33 7.68 7.64 10.78 5.64 9.71 8.24 8.21 4.64 3.92 3.74 3.12 2.81 1.46 1.39 1.13 0.62 0.6 0.44 0.29 -1.01 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-5.95 10.94 -6.87 6.56 36.24
20.29 22.1 14.95 16.48 16.82 17.22 13.55 -5.2 16.7 17.62 14.78 13.17 13.67 7.79 9.2 62.44 67.53 52.21 68.56 52.59 61.49 52.44 0.79 58.3 60.44 41.6 46.51 48.77 32.12 32.08 3.44 -7.21 -9.95 13.06 8.31 35.99 63.13 24.13 52.71 342.18 169.06 11.92 180.88 121.85 691.96 401.98 70.78 35.26 68.75 109.34

Sector Equity Real Estate Indirect
MSCI World/Real Estate NR USD Sector Equity Real Estate Indirect
Pru IOF Asian Property Sec A JPMorgan Global Property Income Franklin Glbl Real Estate A QDis $ Davis Real Estate A MS INVF US Property A Invesco Global Income Rel Est Secs A Acc SIS Intl Property Secs Ordinary USD JPM Gl Rel Est Sec (USD) A(acc)-USD Henderson Horizon Glbl Prpty Eqs A2 Standard Life SICAV Glbl REIT Focus A Janus Global Real Estate A USD Inc ING Global Real Estate Dis $ Robeco Property Equities D EUR Schroder ISF Glbl Prop Sec A Manulife GF Global Property AA

-2.82 -13.4 -1.83 -12.52
-0.45 -8.35 -1.64 -10.31 -2.39 -11.71 -0.76 -11.72 -1.55 -12.45 -2.86 -12.47 -2.37 -12.82 -2.76 -12.85 -1.06 -12.86 -1.34 -13.28 -2.16 -13.61 -4.55 -13.69 -4.04 -14.44 -2.36 -14.81 -5.39 -15.11

-9.85 -10.56
1 -8.54 2 -9.17 3 -10.59 4 -7.17 5 -7.95 6 -10.38 7 -7.99 8 -11.59 9 -10.48 10 -11.3 11 -10.14 12 -8.78 13 -11.33 14 -12.14 15 -12.97

9.14 -8.65 7.81
8.93 -6.15 4.8 -13.44 11.21 -5.71 12.21 -8.46 12.25 -10.67 5.09 -6.92 11.35 -9.2 11.38 -7.67 9.64 -9.39 11.78 -9.55 6.74 10.15 -8.71 10.44 -7.41 4.46 -12.04 2.22 -13.8 50.34 56.08 628.19 12.2 39.88 47.97 13.18 87.35 822.17 70.17 7.93 117.04 276.12 67.37 45.9 5 2 5 3 3 4 3 4 4 3 4 4 3 2

-0.73 -8.88 -1.08 -8.85
2.66 -2.17 -1.53 -3.57 -5.24 -0.71 -1.6 -0.59 -0.8 -4.27 -0.89 -1.8 -2.8 -0.62 -2.5 -3.89 -4.77 -4.79 -5.17 -5.34 -5.44 -5.71 -7.97 -8.01 -8.41 -8.5 -9 -9.1 -9.39 -9.62 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-5.62 17.97 -16.75 -6.58 20.27
-0.79 -0.31 -0.36 1.61 2.66 -2.91 -1.17 -4.96 -4.38 -4.79 -2.38 -6.93 -5.87 -7.27 -6.02 24.41 -16.6 28.77 -16.65 29.32 -18.72 40.27 -15.93 48.5 -12.16 19.97 -13.93 35.72 -19.93 22.94 -18.46 24.61 -14.43 29.8 -19.24 31.51 -13.87 20.18 -14.73 23.24 -15.55 17.75 -17.21 21.57 -13.81 10.48 26.57 65.33 15.33 140.2 6.19 32.16 28.96 538.42 84.53 152.1 45.59 260.61 384 3 3 3 2 3 4 1 3 4 2 2 4 3 3 4

Europe Large-Cap Blend Equity
MSCI Europe NR USD Europe Large-Cap Blend Equity
Parvest Europe Growth C Fortis L Equity Growth Europe Franklin Mutual European A Acc £á Threadneedle Pan Eurp Ret Net EUR AXA WF Frm Europe Opportunities AC EUR Invesco European Growth Equity A MFS Meridian Europ Equity A1 EUR Robeco Active Quant European Eq DL SGAM Fund Eqs Concentrated Europe A Fortis L Equity Europe C Acc Parvest Europe Alpha C Skandia European Opportunities A1 Invesco Pan European Equity A Acc Pictet-European Equity Select-P EUR Jupiter JGF European Opportunities L £á

-1.87 -17.21 0.17 -15.67
1.79 0.91 0.45 2.19 0.79 1 -0.67 0.03 -0.66 -0.75 -0.37 2.62 0.08 -0.51 0.36 -11.08 -11.19 -12.12 -12.21 -12.48 -12.72 -13.11 -13.49 -13.74 -14.05 -14.59 -14.8 -14.81 -14.98 -15.36

-17.42 2.17 -14.82 -15.96 3.08
1 -12.62 2 -14.27 3 -11.99 4 -11.15 5 -14.37 6 -11.72 7 -15.08 8 -14.12 9 -17.51 10 -17.62 11 -17.47 12 -16.93 13 -14.63 14 -15.99 15 -14.19 7.94 8.58 3.91 8.39 5 8.91 8.44 6.87 0.79 4.25 0.98 2.56 8.75 4.54 5.42 -15.6 -12.52 -12.73 -10.66 -18.17 -14.07 -13.83 -18.86 -16.48 -16.47 -14.41 -13.65 -18.26 -12.62 496.9 435.2 3036.08 133.04 16.62 84.59 589.18 6.84 50.82 1157.31 844.65 32.76 553.91 335.12 93.57 3 3 4 5 2 4 5 1 2 2 3 2 2 5

12.68 15.04 5.43 9.25 1.74 -0.71 -1.93

Russia Equity
MSCI Russia NR USD Russia Equity
Parvest Russia C Lyxor ETF Russia E Fortis L Equity Russia Acc db x-trackers MSCI Russia Capped Idx 2D JPM Russia A (dist) - USD Manulife GF Russia Equity AA Pictet-Russian Equities-P EUR HSBC GIF Russia Equity A Inc UBS (Lux) ES Russia USD P

Global Large-Cap Value Equity
MSCI World Free Value NR USD Global Large-Cap Value Equity
Schroder ISF Glbl Eq Yield A Threadneedle Global Eq Inc Retl USD Acc Franklin Mutual Beacon A Acc $ MFS Meridian Global Value A1 EUR Schroder ISF QEP Glbl Act Val A Acc Aberdeen Global Responsible World Eq A2 ING (L) Invest Glbl Hi Div P EUR Acc BGF Global Enhanced Eq Yield A2 USD JPM Global Dividend A (acc)-USD AXA Rosenberg Global Eq Alpha B USD AXA WF II Global Masters Equities AD USD MS INVF Global Value Eq A Pru IOF World Value Equity A

-6.42-20.54 -3.22 -17.56
-2.51 -12.22 -4.52 -13.83 -3.64 -15.23 -3.04 -15.98 -3.29 -17.17 -2.61 -17.24 -4.9 -17.49 -6.72 -20.23 -6.35 -20.95 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

-12.88 16.49 -11.07 -5.06 41.91
-2.1 -6.84 -2.11 -9.55 -6.07 -2.52 -4.17 -9.55 -12.67 45.92 27.59 42.4 42.38 37.42 47.09 31.45 28.21 39.93 -8.75 -4.22 -8.9 856.66 283.5 2091.85 372.41 35.08 659.08 4 4 2

Sector Equity Real Estate Indirect - Asia
FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Dvlp Asia TR USD Sector Equity Real Estate Indirect - Asia
ING Asia Pacific Real Estate Secs A Schroder ISF Asia Pac Prty Sec A USD Acc Henderson Horizon Asia Pac Prpty A1 Fortis L Real Estate Secs Pac Acc SGAM Asian Real Estate Dividend FF - Asia Pacific Property A USD First State Asian Property Sec I Inc BOCHK IF Asia Pacific Property A Invesco Asia Pacific Rel Est Secs A Acc MS INVF Asian Property A JF Asia Property Hang Seng Prpty Sect FlexiPower A

-3.16-14.49 -1.16 -12.33
1.08 1.34 -4.02 -2.17 -0.37 0.69 -1.86 -2.2 -0.43 -3.68 -4.22 -2.23 -3.57 -8.48 -9.95 -11.1 -11.16 -11.28 -11.47 -11.68 -12.27 -12.62 -13.16 -13.87 -13.9 -14.31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

-10.72 8.14 -12.75 -11.4 7.36
-11.01 -9.29 -5.53 -8.73 -7.67 -10.5 -9.46 -12.07 -12.63 -10 -13.72 -9.95 -11.14 8 -14.47 12.05 14.36 -11.05 7.41 13.71 -11.32 12.94 10.23 -13.83 6.09 -10.27 4.94 7.74 -14.48 3.46 -12.27 4.33 -15.63 8.2 -12.79 46.88 40.08 1242.54 4.64 568.62 218.93 967.64 222.02 39.12 776.73 26.64 297.02 310.08 3 4 3 4 4 2 3 3 3

1.32 -9.31 1.67 -8.77
0.1 3.15 1.31 -6.95 2.52 -7.87 -0.15 -9.22 3 -9.84 -0.95 -10.04 1.26 -10.37 1.42 -10.48 0.89 -10.75 1.3 -11.19 0.27 -11.63 0.53 -14.76

-7.96 5.96 -8.96 -6.41 5.67
1 -4.43 2 -4.26 3 -4.84 4 -5.95 5 -6.98 6 -8.28 7 -9.16 8 -10.12 9 -10.35 10 -8.93 11 -8.36 12 -13.16 54.73 10.82 -8.23 8.51 -12 6.99 -14.45 1.7 -13.32 3.93 -14.52 3.48 -4.04 -17 0.38 0.45 -12.45 -0.67 -9.63 -5.79 0.18 128.44 327.87 92.34 58.07 56.9 31.8 2.87 2.94 685.92 2.07 17.62 5 3 2 3 3 2 3 4

Europe Large-Cap Growth Equity
MSCI Europe Growth NR USD Europe Large-Cap Growth Equity
Comgest Europe MFS Meridian Europ Core Equity Gr A1 EUR Allianz RCM Europe Eq Growth AT EUR Threadneedle(Lux) Pan European Eqs AE FF - European Dynamic Growth A Euro Inc

-4.34

3

-1.05 -14.71 1.57 -13.59
0.9 0.89 3.29 0.24 -1.37 -8.7 -9.67 -9.89 -12.41 -14.16 1 2 3 4 5

-13.39 5.85 -11.72 -11.55 8.41
-7.94 -9.87 -5.43 -10.72 -9.79 9.05 13.86 22.35 7.31 10.5 -7.47 -11.28 -4.88 -8.9 -12.27 98.02 11.8 555.79 33.68 380.87 4 3 4 4 3

Sector Equity Alternative Energy
S&P Global Clean Energy TR EUR Sector Equity Alternative Energy
Pictet-Clean Energy-P USD

0.68 -21.83 -1.33 -17.42
-2.13 -13.14 1

-32.84 -34.73 -29.57 -24.78 -16.62
-17.89 -3 -11.99 643.91 4

Top-performing funds in the top 12 categories
All charts show growth per HK$10,000 Fund: SGAM Fund - Equities Gold Mines - B Category: Sector Equity Precious Metals 18 15 12 9 6 Jan 31, 2007 Jun 30, 2010 Fund: UBS (Lux) Bond Fund - JPY - A Category: JPY Bond 17 15 13 11 9 Jan 31, 2007 Jun 30, 2010 Fund: Invesco Gilt Fund - C Category: Sterling Government Bond 11 9 7 5 3 Jan 31, 2007 Jun 30, 2010 Fund: Parvest US Dollar Bond - Classic Cap Category: Dollar Government Bond 13 12 11 10 9 Jan 31, 2007 Jun 30, 2010 Fund: MFS Meridian Funds - Inflation-Adjusted Bond Fund - A2-INC-USD Category: Non-Euro Inflation Linked Bond 13 12 11 10 9 Jan 31, 2007 Jun 30, 2010 Fund: First State GUF-Long Term Bond - III Category: Dollar Diversified Bond 14 13 12 11 10 Jan 31, 2007 Jun 30, 2010

Fund: Schroder ISF - Asian Bond - A-DIST Category: Asia Bond 13 12 11 10 9 Jan 31, 2007
SMP GRAPHIC

Fund: Fidelity Funds - Sterling Bond Fund - A Category: Sterling Diversified Bond 13 11 9 7 5

Fund: Threadneedle IF-Global Bond - Inst Grs Acc Category: Sterling Global Bond 13 11 9 7 5

Fund: Western Asset U.S. Adjustable Rate Income Fund - A-USD-ACC Category: Dollar Short Bond 11 10 9 8 7

Fund: Allianz RCM Thailand Fund - A Category: Other Asia-Pacific Equity 15 13 11 9 7

Fund: SGAM Fund - Money Market USD - B Category: Dollar Money Market 13 12 11 10 9

Jun 30, 2010

Jan 31, 2007

Jun 30, 2010

Jan 31, 2007

Jun 30, 2010

Apr 30, 2007

Jun 30, 2010

Jan 31, 2007

Jun 30, 2010

Jan 31, 2007

Jun 30, 2010
SOURCE: MORNINGSTAR ASIA

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

Investment Funds15
6-m rtrn 1-yr rtrn 3-yrs rtrn Star Fund Size Rtg MFS Meridian UK Eq A2 GBP Threadneedle UK Gr&Inc Ret Net GBP Invesco UK Equity A Threadneedle UK Eq Inc Ret Net GBP Threadneedle UK Monthly Inc RN GBP BNY Mellon UK Equity A GBP Aberdeen Global UK Equity A2 259.46 213.97 14.59 2 2 2 1-m rtrn 0.87 -0.72 0.41 -0.26 0.49 -0.22 -0.39 3-m 3-m rtrn rk -9.21 -11.47 -11.69 -12.01 -12.07 -12.11 -12.32 6-m rtrn 1-yr rtrn 3-yrs rtrn Star Fund Size Rtg 46.93 368.46 136.11 977.35 697.8 43.34 50.23 4 4 2 4 4 3 2 1-m rtrn 3-m 3-m rtrn rk 6-m rtrn 1-yr rtrn 3-yrs rtrn Star Fund Size Rtg 1-m rtrn 3-m 3-m rtrn rk 6-m rtrn 1-yr rtrn 3-yrs rtrn Star Fund Size Rtg 1 -8.24 2 -12.45 3 -14.31 4 -13.95 5 -12.82 6 -13.09 7 -10.88 15.97 -11.05 5.16 -12.55 3.57 -20.31 0.77 -12.35 1.91 -14.3 3.06 -16.02 12.97 -17.56

1-m rtrn

3-m 3-m rtrn rk

Sector Equity Real Estate Indirect - Europe
FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Dvlp Eur TR EUR -0.35 -16.72 Sector Equity Real Estate Indirect - Europe 1.55 -15.47
Henderson Horizon Pan Eurp Prpty Eqs A2 MS INVF European Property A Parvest Europe Real Estate Securities C -0.91 -17.54 0.28 -18 0.12 -18.48 1 2 3

Dollar Government Bond
Parvest US Dollar Bond C JPM US Aggregate Bond A (inc) - USD Franklin US Government A MDis $ MFS Meridian US Gov Bond A2 USD BGF Global Government Bond A2 USD BGF US Government Mortgage A1 USD LM WA US Short-Term Govt A Acc $

1.15 2.94
1.81 1.18 0.91 1.27 1.06 0.92 0.4 4.59 3.62 3.2 3.09 2.51 2.37 1.16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

4.25
5.02 5.57 4.64 4.3 4.58 3.33 1.63

7.1
5.85 11.15 7.02 6.74 7.89 4.75 3.41 6.6 7.58 6.18 6.74 4.63 5.83 3.91 158.26 905.32 2439 492.75 551.87 220.92 55.43 3 4 4 4 2 3 2

Non-Euro Inflation Linked Bond
MFS Meridian Infl Adj Bond A2 USD Manulife GF US Trs Infl-Prot AA BGF Global Inflation Lnkd Bd A2 Standard Life SICAV Glbl Infl-Lnkd Bd A PIMCO GIS Glbl Real Ret E Acc Parvest Global Inflation-Linked Bond C

2.76 -0.33
1.33 0.98 1.01 0.66 0.95 -0.1 4.18 3.65 2.51 2.25 1.47 -6.44 1 2 3 4 5 6

-1.6
3.29 3.98 3.76 3.55 3.9 -11.67

3.11
8.05 8.4 9.31 8.59 11.07 -5.9 5.23 5.69 5.86 5.76 2.13 179.64 151.18 45.14 1465.72 94.86 4 4 5 5 3

-17.97 10.12-35.86 -16.16 10.31
-19.24 -18.11 -19.39 4.16 -29.12 11.98 -26.53 5.04 -25.93

UK Mid-Cap Equity
FTSE 250 Ex Investment Trust TR GBP UK Mid-Cap Equity
Threadneedle UK Mid 250 Ret Net GBP

Sector Equity Technology
MSCI World/Information Tech NR USD Sector Equity Technology
Parvest Global Technology C First State Asia Innov I USD Aberdeen Global Technology A2 Franklin Technology A Acc $ AB SICAV Intl Technology A JF US Technology A (dist)-USD Janus Global Technology A USD Hang Seng Global Technology A Allianz RCM Global High Tech Growth A Lyxor ETF NASDAQ-100 B Invesco Global Technology A Threadneedle(Lux) Global Technology AU BGF World Technology A2 USD JF Pacific Technology Henderson Horizon Global Tech A2

-3.36 -12.86 -0.28 -10.44
0.19 -11.72 1

-7.67 14.06 -13.86 -9.68 11.04
-8.38 8.83 -11.03 81.41 4

Dollar High Yield Bond
BarCap US Corporate High Yield TR USD Dollar High Yield Bond
PIMCO GIS Diversified Inc E Acc Federated High Income Adv USD ISS Wells Fargo(LUX)WF-US Hi Yld Bd A Acc Pru IOF US High Yield A BGF USD High Yield Bond A2 USD Franklin High Yield A MDis $ FF - US High Yield A USD MFS Meridian US Hi Yld Bond A2 USD PIMCO GIS High Yield Bd E Acc Invesco Global High Income A Threadneedle(Lux) USD High Inc Bds AU LM WA US High Yield A Acc $ Janus US High Yield A USD Inc LM WA Global High Yield A Acc $ BGF Global High Yield Bond A2 USD

Sterling Corporate Bond
IBOXX GBP Corp TR Sterling Corporate Bond
916 25.29 67.45 293.62 1027.63 2674.63 3787.61 450.23 1373.96 544.72 9.47 110.03 865.37 318.94 510.16 5 4 3 3 3 4 2 3 5 3 3 3 3 Aberdeen Global Sterling Corp Bond D1 Threadneedle UK Corp Bd Ret Net GBP

-5.3 -13.63 -3.92 -12.34
-3.47 -6.64 2.2 -7.26 -1.48 -9.18 -3.66 -9.51 -3.83 -10.43 -5.77 -10.91 -4.29 -11.19 -6.65 -11.37 -4.39 -11.52 -6.18 -11.54 -6.59 -11.55 -4.9 -11.57 -3.97 -11.95 -3.52 -12.2 -4.96 -12.43

-10.27 11.78 -4.49 -10.2 13.42
1 -4.46 2 -4.46 3 -6.32 4 -6.28 5 -8.53 6 -7.55 7 -5.56 8 -8.68 9 -11.06 10 -7.3 11 -10.08 12 -8.8 13 -8.05 14 -7.48 15 -9.32 26.58 24.21 17.62 21.32 17.51 20.49 16.67 11.67 11.55 17.68 14.87 16.08 15.83 14.63 16.34 -7.15 -1.85 -3.95 0.29 -5.72 -4.43 -1.45 -5.83 -5.49 -0.99 -6.78 -1.62 -6.64 -2.24 -0.66 39.74 58.61 170.07 259.6 194.73 53.28 66.35 6.35 94.82 82.37 25.81 129.7 79.74 1158.18 2 4 3 4 3 2 4 3 4 5 2 5 2 5 3

1.31 -0.24 1.23 -2.25
2 1.33 1.41 1.44 1.08 1.41 0.98 1.14 1.49 1.37 1.03 1.2 1.03 1.38 0.62 1.1 0.53 0.51 -0.2 -0.3 -0.41 -0.44 -0.52 -0.54 -0.65 -0.77 -0.77 -0.79 -0.87 -0.94 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

4.44 26.31 5.46 1.27 20.67
5.53 4.72 4.19 3.08 4.57 2.54 3.37 2.93 4.31 4.36 2.23 3.47 2.8 3.61 4.11 19.17 26.11 18.94 19.84 23.99 19.58 25.49 21.07 24.85 24.69 17.18 24.27 20.84 25.28 23.97 6.12 4.74 0.03 2.23 1.19 4.43 -0.03 0.95 4.2 2.86 1.01 2.4 1.85

4.09 -0.01 3.31 -0.43
2.62 1.52 0.11 -3.1 1 2

-0.88 9.86 -6.89 -1.19 8.69
-0.44 -5.09 4.21 1.57 -8.06 -6.26 20.74 900.13 3 3

UK Small-Cap Equity
FTSE Small Cap Ex Invest Trust TR GBP UK Small-Cap Equity
Threadneedle UK Sm Cos Ret Net GBX

-2.5 -8.98 1.47 -5.31
0.37 -8.8 1

-12.39 6.43 -23.41 -6.07 13.6
-7.78 7.05 -17.33 188.02 3

Sterling Diversified Bond
BarCap Sterling Agg TR GBP Sterling Diversified Bond
FF - Sterling Bond A GBP BOCHK Sterling Income A Invesco UK Investment Grade Bd A GBP Aberdeen Global Sterling Financ Bond A2

Asia Balanced
Cat 50%JPM Asia Plus&50%MSCI AC AP NR Asia Balanced
BOCHK IF - HK Income A First State Asian Bridge NCB China Balanced A BOCHK IF - China Inc A Invesco Asia Balanced A Inc Invesco SR Capital Stable SA Legg Mason Asia Tilt Bal - A Ord. USD FF - LiveEasy A JF Pacific Balanced A (dist)-USD Invesco SR Balanced SA PineBridge Asia Balanced L BOCHK IF - Australia Inc A Baring Asia Balanced Acc Allianz RCM Oriental Income P

4.63 3.21
3.21 3.85 2.75 2.13

2.7 0
0.94 0.47 0.21 -1.31 1 2 3 4

-0.38 2.24 -4.49 -2.04 4.27
-0.73 -5.22 -2.56 -4.99 6.26 -7.19 -0.4 -3.43 -3.86 -6.38 -5.35 -5.57 243.47 2.38 79.22 47.05 4 3 3 3

0.01 -5.44 2.06 -5.13
1.71 2.42 0.42 0.27 1.32 0.77 -1.38 0.05 0.38 0.04 1.15 0 0.65 -0.05 -0.93 -1.6 -1.64 -1.74 -2.68 -2.79 -5.67 -5.74 -5.8 -6.36 -6.61 -8.6 -8.67 -11.37 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

-2.82 5.39 -1.26 -0.69
0.27 1.84 -1.11 -1.59 1.26 -3.92 -4.25 -4.52 -1.11 -6.86 -4.73 -5.81 -7.78 -8.84

15.9
4.85 19.07 1.2 2.36 19.16 4.68 8.9 7.09 9.93 6.9 18.81 11.86 6.55 7.33 0.57 -0.4 4.46 1.13 2.16 -3.29 -1.49 -2.9 -0.52 2.23 -2.51 -3.35 7.43 92.03 9.91 27.08 283.39 29.06 9.57 0.12 109.21 139.07 52.47 15.49 68.16 552.58 3 2 4 4 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 3

Dollar Short Bond
Dollar Short Bond
LM WA US Adj Rate A Acc $ Threadneedle(Lux) USD S/T Bds AU Pictet-USD Short Mid-Term Bonds-P MFS Meridian Limited Maturity A2 USD BGF USD Short Duration Bond A1 USD Janus US Short-Term Bond A USD Inc PIMCO GIS Low Average Dur E Acc AB Short Maturity Dollar A Franklin Floating Rate A Dis $

Sterling Global Bond
0.65 6.03
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5.23 2.39 1.35 1.77 1.53 1.76 1.76 0.81 2.42 25.69 3.4 2.67 6.11 5.77 5.32 5.47 9.46 10.61 -3.27 0.74 4.58 2.43 1.14 5.55 -3.84 -0.16 25.88 11.15 284.41 762.74 135.78 112.47 2204.43 44.39 476 1 3 4 3 2 5 2 2

Sector Equity Utilities
MSCI World/Utilities NR USD Sector Equity Utilities
ING (L) Invest Utilities P Acc Fortis L Equity Utilities World Acc

0.33 -0.31
0.51 0.62 0.19 0.45 0.12 0.37 0.52 0.16 -0.3 2.53 1.47 0.75 0.7 0.7 0.65 0.35 -0.24 -0.69

-0.11 -10.13 -0.86 -10.37
-0.71 -9.39 -1.26 -10.39

-12.7 -2.17-10.86 -14.66 -5.01
1 -15.65 2 -16.09 -5 -4.15 -14.51 -13.95 37.49 145.3 2 2

Citi WGBI GBP Sterling Global Bond
Aberdeen Global World Bond D1 Threadneedle Glbl Bd Ret Grs EUR Investec GSF Ccy Alpha A Inc Grs GBP

2.96 1.51 2.09 -0.67
0.84 0.1 2.69 -0.77 -1.12 -2.38 1 2 3

0.17 4.04 -1.19 5.62
-2 -0.34 -6.36 2.78 3.87 -7.25

7.01
5.43 5.34 -5.73 32.11 502.14 17.44 3 4 2

Singapore Equity
MSCI Singapore NR USD Singapore Equity
Allianz RCM Singapore A JF Singapore A (dist) - USD HSBC GIF Singapore Equity P Inc UBS (Lux) EF Singapore (USD) P Acc FF - Singapore A USD DBS Shenton Thrift

Sterling Government Bond
Citi UK GBI USD Sterling Government Bond
Invesco Gilt A Threadneedle Sterling Bd Retl Gross BNY Mellon Sterling Bond A GBP

5.82 -2.57 4.82 -3.32
5.56 5.19 4.99 5.07 3.58 4.4 -1.14 -2.39 -4.05 -4.18 -4.53 -5.64 1 2 3 4 5 6

-1.88 27.18 -2.51 -1.78 28.51
0.85 -0.57 -3.28 -4.92 -1.73 -3.05 35.96 29.8 26.96 20.57 30.2 29.51 -5.98 -8.27 -12.27 -4.83 -1.96 -5.32 10.64 175.07 74.8 226.14 167.94 117.14 2 2 1 3 4 3

Dollar Aggressive Balanced
Cat 25%BarCap Euro Agg&75%FTSE World -2.23 -12.68 Dollar Aggressive Balanced -1.05 -10.44
Barclays Dynamic Golden Allocation A Access PCP Global Balanced Indocam Hong Kong Global Balanced Acc AXA Growth USD Hang Seng Global Balanced A ipac Multi-Manager Balanced Threadneedle(Lux) Global Asset Alloc AU HSBC Portfolios World Selection 4 A BOCHK IF Aggressive Gr A Janus US Balanced A USD HSBC Managed Balanced Inc A Legg Mason Asia Tilt Gr - A Ord. USD BEA Union Investment Growth A Investec GSF Glbl Str Mgd A Inc Grs USD HSBC Portfolios World Selection 5 A 3.72 -0.26 1.81 3.97 -0.86 -0.5 0.12 -1.56 0.06 -0.97 0.42 -2.3 -0.85 -1.01 -2.5 7.21 1 -3.74 2 -4.22 3 -5 4 -6.68 5 -7.13 6 -7.31 7 -7.35 8 -7.43 9 -7.53 10 -8.4 11 -8.56 12 -8.94 13 -9.18 14 -10.39 15

Dollar/Global Convertible Bond
BofAML All Convertible All Qualities Dollar/Global Convertible Bond
63.92 3.25 10.94 22.74 36.38 167.11 46.5 29.16 113.25 298.93 10.15 6.58 435.44 72.8 MS INVF Glbl Conv Bond A Acc 2 4 3 3 3 4 4 4 3 3 3 4

4.84 4.13
3.21 3.06 2.92

3.71 2.67
2.4 1.47 0.99 1 2 3

-0.54 -0.46 -2.63 -1.23 -1.32
-1.59 -1.1 -2.57 -2.45 0.33 -1.48 -3.78 -4.25 -3.91 133.83 314.94 10.76 3 2 4

-10.58 5.54 -5.85 -8.4 8.21
-2.03 -5.48 -3.05 -4.94 -6.05 -4.7 -4.56 -6.85 -4.18 -8.18 -7.23 -7.71 -4.82 -7.21 12.87 7.36 17.15 7.51 8.46 8.61 8.14 9.64 6.92 8.83 9.74 12.07 -8.75 -4.92 -6.52 -4.44 -4.81 -2.88 -0.96 0.21 -4.18 -6.05 -6.15 -5.42

-2.21 -6.68 0.77 -7.37
-1.48 -5.88 1

-0.81 22.24 -1.38 -7.21 4.58
-4.1 7.72 -2.94 800.34 3

Sterling High Yield Bond
BofAML GBP HY TR USD Sterling High Yield Bond
Threadneedle Strat Bd Ret Net GBP Threadneedle High Yld Bd Ret Net Aberdeen Global High Yield Bd D1

Emerging Europe Bond
BofAML EUR EMS Europe/Middle East/ Africa Emerging Europe Bond
Schroder ISF Em Eur Debt Abs Ret A Acc SGAM Fund Bonds Converging Europe A

Spain Equity
MSCI Spain NR USD Spain Equity
FF - Iberia A EUR Inc

1.68 -8.88 0.82 -9.34
-0.65 -10.02 -1.59 -11.5

-11 0.35 -8.63
1 -13.56 2 -10

5.2

4.69 -1.93 2.73 -3.43
1.69 1.39 -0.67 -4.74 -6.02 -7.95 1 2 3

6.46 49.35 -2.64 15.15
-6.63 -7.22 -4.79 1.5 4.5 38.24

6.15
-6.22 -5.33 -2.39 570.6 875.81 42.58 4 3 2

1.24 -21.46 0.31 -22.27
-1.43 -24.4 1

-32.26 -14.57 -14.02 -29.32 -12.5
-31.05 -13.72 -17.44 176.5 3

2.1
-5.66 -2.71 3.9 0.79 192.49 105.99 4 3

Switzerland Large-Cap Equity
MSCI Switzerland NR USD Switzerland Large-Cap Equity
Amundi Funds Switzerland C C Schroder ISF Swiss Eq A Acc FF - Switzerland A CHF

CHF Money Market
Citi CHF EuroDep 1 Mon USD CHF Money Market
FF II - Swiss Franc Currency

Emerging Markets Bond
JPM EMBI Plus TR USD Emerging Markets Bond 2 1.16 1.98 -3.06
2.25 1.89 3 2.62 2.07 2.49 2.26 2.65 2.87 1.73 2.05 2.14 0.61 2.6 2.31 1.57 1.48 1.39 1.11 0.8 0.75 0.56 0.54 0.27 0.22 0.02 -0.05 -0.08 -0.14 -0.65 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

3.11 -13.37 5.71 -11.71
4.44 -11.39 4.04 -14.7 1.73 -16.09 1 2 3

-9.01 13.56 -9.37 -6.51 15.61
-7.96 -8.28 -10.73 14.63 12.21 10.03 -12.81 -12.72 -9.68 9.87 145.01 508.65 2 1 3

Dollar Cautious Balanced
Dollar Cautious Balanced
AXA Capital Stable USD HSBC Portfolios World Selection 1 A Schroder Capital Stable USD BOCHK IF Conservative Gr A MFS Meridian Glbl Conservative A1 USD JPM Gl Cap Preserv.(USD) A (acc)-USD BEA Union Investment Stable A SIS Defensive Growth

0 -5.19
1.17 0.33 0.83 0.31 0.51 0.42 0.44 -0.48 -0.27 -0.51 -1.22 -2.82 -3.49 -3.52 -3.73 -3.95 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

-5.45 4.45
-0.09 1.88 0.41 -2.81 -3.4 -2.08 -4.05 -3.47 5.3 7.56 4.21 5.18 3.4 4.89 7.24 1.34 4.11 2.9 1.28 -0.61 -3.52 22.69 97.5 217.74 9.79 29.63 76.34 1.5 6.93 4 4 5 3 3 2

4.94 16.92 6.63 0.18 13.27
4.54 4.38 5.14 5.08 4.53 5.12 5.06 6.53 4.24 4.86 4.36 5.24 0.46 4.22 3.55 16.69 10.44 17.52 20.48 21.59 18.18 20.19 26.1 19.38 20.47 19.37 20.71 8.79 18.17 17.27 -7.09 5.18 4.88 6.37 5.6 -0.74 4.11 5.76 3.14 6.45 6.64 6.16 2.54 4.2 140.33 7.08 355.06 330.01 69.65 2609.42 131.45 469.96 136.93 267.58 1381.97 912.92 7147.04 123.73 360.82 1 4 3 4 4 2 4 4 4 5 4 4 3 4

8.53 -1.44 8.54 -1.43
6.91 -2.92 1

-2.67 -2.6
-4.13

1.54 1.87
0

3.26
2.65 30.37 2

Switzerland Small/Mid-Cap Equity
MSCI Switzerland Small Cap NR USD Switzerland Small/Mid-Cap Equity
BGF Swiss Small & Mid Cap Opps A2 CHF

6.35 -10.43 7.09 -9.13
7.05 -10.07 1

2.41 25.87 -8.91 -1.43 20.86
-1.7 24.09 -1.44 172.69 5

Dollar Moderate Balanced
Cat 50%BarCap USD Agg&50%FTSE World -0.59 -5.41 Dollar Moderate Balanced -0.55 -7.77
AXA Capital Growth USD HSBC Portfolios World Selection 2 A Schroder Stable Growth HKD AXA Balanced AB Global Conservative A HSBC Managed Stable Inc A Franklin Income A MDis $ JPMorgan Evergreen JF Global Balanced (USD) A (acc)-USD Hang Seng Glbl Conservative A Schroder Balanced Investment HKD HSBC Portfolios World Selection 3 A BOCHK IF - Balanced Growth A BEA Union Investment Balanced A MFS Meridian Glbl Total Return A1 USD 2.2 -0.18 0.13 3.04 -0.35 0.79 0.29 -0.48 -1.03 -0.44 -0.22 -0.96 0.13 -0.17 -0.67 -2.11 -2.79 -3.5 -3.5 -3.95 -4.02 -4.06 -4.39 -5.17 -5.32 -5.38 -5.58 -5.86 -6.31 -6.87 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Taiwan Large-Cap Equity
MSCI Taiwan NR USD Taiwan Large-Cap Equity
Lyxor ETF MSCI Taiwan A db x-trackers MSCI Taiwan TRN Index Manulife GF Taiwan Equity AA Schroder ISF Taiwanese Eq A Hang Seng Taiwan Index A Pru IOF Taiwan Equity A Polaris Taiwan Top 50 Tracker UBS (Lux) EF Taiwan (USD) P Acc JF Taiwan A (dist) - USD FF - Taiwan A USD

-1.49 -11.78 -1.12 -11.25
-0.08 -8.96 -0.91 -9.93 -0.36 -10.07 -0.11 -10.08 -1.04 -10.34 -1.65 -11.68 -1.4 -11.69 -2.97 -11.95 -1.3 -12.7 -3.2 -14.79 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

-14.13 11.03 -2.68 -14 10.57
-10.94 -11.7 -12.88 -13.17 -11.73 -14.26 -13.79 -15.15 -15.68 -17.64 15.4 14.71 11.62 10.17 13.49 11.97 11.82 10.93 5.96 0.63 -3.84 -0.8 -2.54 -0.35 0.03 -7.26 -4.05 134.84 209.07 45.44 4.29 1479.46 169.79 370.97 419.41 2 3 3 3 3 1 1

-2.55 10.08 -0.67 -6.29 8.25
-0.77 -0.29 -1.33 -1.78 -1.85 -5.2 -1.12 -1.77 -2.46 -3.39 -2.85 -2.85 -5.38 -5.62 -6.15 11.11 9.77 14.69 8.18 3.31 18.17 9.43 9.78 8.91 12.64 6.3 7.91 6.13 -1.24 1.98 -4.03 -2.59 -0.2 -3.3 -0.3 -0.88 0.24 -1.08 1.53 -2.95 -2.5 15.02 67.3 314.16 35.19 97.91 143.74 657.02 28.19 301.39 8.93 405.79 69.6 26.17 9.08 1036.95 4 5 3 3 4 4 5 4 4 4 5 3 4

Pictet-LATAM Lc Ccy Dbt-P EUR First State Glbl Emerg Mkt Debt III BGF Emerging Markets Bond A2 USD Skandia Emerging Market Debt A1 Acc Parvest Emerging Markets Bond C PIMCO GIS Emerg Mkts Bond Inst Acc JPM Em Mkts Bond A (acc)-USD Aberdeen Global Emerging Markets Bond A2 LM WA Emerging Markets Bd A Inc (D) $ Invesco Emerging Mkts Bond A Inc MFS Meridian Emerg Mkts Dbt A2 USD HSBC GIF Glbl Emerging Markets Bd A Inc Schroder ISF Em Mkts Debt Abs Ret A Acc PineBridge Emerging Markets Bond Y MS INVF Emerging Markets Debt A

Dollar Money Market
Citi USD EuroDep 3 Mon USD Dollar Money Market
Invesco SR US$ Money Market GP SGAM Fund Money Market USD A PineBridge International MMkt Instl Sh Parvest Short Term (Dollar) C BOCHK IF - USD Money Market A Western Asset USD Liquidity D GS USD Liquid Reserve Inst Inc HSBC Global Money USD FF - US Dollar Cash A USD FF II - US Dollar Currency db x-trackers US Dollar Money Market 1C Coutts US Dollar Liquidity Skandia USD Reserve A1 LM WA US Money Market A Inc (D) $ Amundi Funds USD Reserve C C

0.03 0.07 0.1 -0.46
0.08 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

0.13 0.33 2.54 -0.61 0.24
0 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.08 -0.08 0.17 0.15 0.13 0.15 0.13 0.1 0 0.05 0.05 0 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.08 1.82 2.09 1.68 1.7 1.92 0.32 1.99 1.45 1.7 1.47 2.01 1.54 1.76 1.74 2.24 302.93 870.27 724.4 11.51 4919.41 24442.15 85.95 568.72 186.14 62.94 229.41 3999.04 130.81 3 4 4 3 3 2 4 3 3 3 4 3 3 3

Euro Convertible Bond
UBS Europe Convertible TR Euro Convertible Bond
F&C Global Convertible Bond A Parvest European Small Convertible Bd C Amundi Funds Global Convertible Bond C C Fortis L Bond Convert World Acc Parvest European Convertible Bond C JF Gl Convert.(EUR) A (dist)-USD

0.52-14.39 1.31 -11.95
-0.38 0.32 -2.13 -1.92 0.14 0.8 -8.8 -11.94 -13.4 -13.72 -13.73 -14.5

-14.13 -13.57
1 -8.39 2 -9.11 3 -18.49 4 -16.41 5 -16.01 6 -17.6

2.37 -4.33 0.17
8.18 8.32 -5.62 -1.57 -0.35 -4.37 -0.75 -2.37 -8.27 -6.95 -8.27 -6.98 21.78 39.53 1489.55 463.43 3529.79 5 4 2 2 2 2

Euro Money Market Stable
Citi EUR EuroDep 1 Mon EUR Euro Money Market Stable
GS Euro Liquid Res Inst Inc Amundi Funds Euro Reserve C C SGAM Fund Money Market Euro A Parvest Short Term (Euro) C Fortis L Short Term Euro Acc Invesco Euro Reserve A FF II - Euro Currency FF - Euro Cash A Euro MS INVF Euro Liquidity A JF EUR BGF Euro Reserve A2

1.39 -7.94 1.37 -7.97
1.52 -0.59 -0.64 -0.66 -0.71 -0.3 -0.31 -0.31 -0.31 -0.31 -0.31 -7.94 -8.66 -8.67 -8.71 -8.83 -9.49 -9.5 -9.51 -9.51 -9.52 -9.53 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

-13.08 -11.6 -0.49 -13.09 -11.45
-13.1 -11.58 -14.28 -12.46 -14.21 -12.33 -14.29 -12.52 -14.32 -11.8 -14.55 -13.15 -14.6 -13.28 -14.6 -13.27 -14.62 -13.3 -14.34 -13.19 -14.61 -0.59 -0.81 -0.52 -0.83 -1.17 -0.82 -1.25 -1.01 -0.95 -0.7 12966.62 590.17 3856.84 1686.52 1005.93 498.11 71.11 468.45 214.05 105.59 258.18 4 3 4 3 3 3 2 3 3 3

Taiwan Small/Mid-Cap Equity
MSCI Taiwan NR USD Taiwan Small/Mid-Cap Equity
Value Partners Taiwan HSBC GIF Taiwan Equity A USD Inc

Euro Corporate Bond
IBOXX GBP Corp TR Euro Corporate Bond
Pioneer Fds Euro Corp Bond A EUR ND BGF Euro Corporate Bond A2 EUR Intl Opp European Invest Grade 4 4 FF - Euro Corp Bond A Euro Acc Henderson Horizon Euro Corp Bond A Acc Generali IS Euro Corporate Bonds DX Standard Life SICAV Eurp Corp Bd A Acc MS INVF Euro Corporate Bond A Threadneedle Eurp Corp Bd Ret Grs Amundi Funds Euro Corporate Bond C C Invesco Euro Corporate Bond A Acc Schroder ISF Euro Corporate Bond A Acc

-1.49 -11.78 -1.8 -10.95
0.3 -1.08 0.3 -11.05

-14.13 11.03 -2.68 -13.98 12.03
1 1.41 2 -14.26 31.25 8.19 44.44 6.3

Euro Aggressive Balanced
Cat 25%BarCap Euro Agg&75%FTSE World Euro Aggressive Balanced
Fortis L Model 4 Classic Acc Fortis L Model 5 Classic Acc Schroder ISF European Allc A

-2.23 -12.68 0.32 -10.96
-2.74 -3.1 -1.75 -11.37 -12.15 -16.79

-10.58 5.54 -5.85 -12.37 0.51
1 -12.29 2 -11.82 3 -21.16 1.33 -7.47 6.03 -11.34 -7.25 -15.58 295.6 85.57 129.28 3 2 1

4.09 -0.01 1.34 -8.17
1.22 -8.13 0.1 -8.14 -0.31 -9.05 -0.18 -9.16 -0.63 -9.29 -0.19 -9.57 -0.23 -9.87 -0.28 -10.42 -0.59 -10.48 -1.2 -10.84 -0.52 -11.02 -0.5 -11.89 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

-0.88 9.86 -6.89 -10.23 -0.38
-10 -10.45 -11.43 -10.05 -9.46 -12.18 -12.19 -13.27 -10.43 -13.18 -12.28 -13.96 0.71 -1.6 -1.72 4.75 -4.4 -3.38 -4.89 3.75 -0.03 -0.42 -6.21 0.3 0.17 0.5 -4.02 0.58 1.52 1.29 -1.33 0.87 4.17 1.99 2017.49 107.67 290.49 87.75 17.68 369.2 2053.08 2553.65 57.66 599.2 1732.37 6898.63 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 2 3 5 4

Turkey Equity
MSCI Turkey NR TRY Turkey Equity
Parvest Turkey C Manulife GF Turkey Equity AA

Euro Money Mkt Dynamic
Citi EUR EuroDep 3 Mon EUR Euro Money Mkt Dynamic
Investec GSF Euro Mny A Inc Grs EUR Templeton Euro Liquid Reserve A YDis £á Pictet-EUR Liquidity-P Coutts Euro Liquidity Schroder ISF Euro Liquidity A Generali IS Euro Liquidity DX

0.54 -7.3 1.44 -6.16
-1.28 3.19 -5.2 -6.21 1 2

-1.08 41 -0.83 1.6 43.83
1.47 1 43.86 47.13 0.25 61.53 4

Euro Cautious Balanced
Cat 75%BarCap Euro Agg&25%FTSE World Euro Cautious Balanced
Fortis L Model 1 Classic Acc Fortis L Model 2 Classic Acc Invesco Pan European High Income A Inc

-1.14 -10.43 0.99 -8.9
-1.21 -1.67 1.26 -8.86 -9.57 -11.54

-11.6 -2.98 0.35 -11.93 -4.77
1 -13.46 -10.64 2 -12.91 -6.44 3 -8.36 18.04 0.9 -1.85 0.83 29.57 77.37 38.55 4 3

1.4 -7.9 1.2 -8.16
1.34 0.91 -0.66 -0.31 -0.31 -0.28 -8.04 -8.62 -8.73 -9.52 -9.57 -9.84

-13.01 -11.34 -11.72 -5.83
1 -13.22 -11.94 2 -13.58 -11.26 3 -14.3 -12.41 4 -14.62 -13.26 5 -14.62 -12.97 6 -14.83 -13.35

-0.1
-0.68 -1.6 -0.93 -0.79 -0.61 -0.51 103.02 138.13 2089.93 2011.95 937.18 4 3 4 4 4 4

US Large-Cap Blend Equity
MSCI USA NR USD US Large-Cap Blend Equity
Hang Seng American Index A LM CB US Appreciation A Acc $ Invesco US 130/30 Equity A Acc BNY Mellon US Equity A USD Davis Value A Janus INTECH US Risk Mgd Core A USD PineBridge American Equity Y Lyxor ETF FTSE RAFI US 1000 B Manulife American Growth A db x-trackers MSCI USA TRN Index T BNY Mellon S&P 500 Idx Tracker A USD Jupiter JGF North American Eqs L USD Franklin US Equity A Acc $ CIF US Growth and Income B PineBridge US Large Cap Research Enhnd Y

Euro Diversified Bond
BarCap Euro Agg Bond TR EUR Euro Diversified Bond
UBS (Lux) BF EUR P Acc Parvest Euro Bond C Parvest Euro Medium Term Bond C Fortis L Opportunities Euro Plus Acc Fortis L Bond Euro Acc Schroder ISF Euro Bond A Acc FF - Euro Bond A Euro MS INVF Alpha Advtg Eurp Fxd-Inc A BGF Euro Bond A2 EUR MS INVF Euro Strategic Bond A CIF Euro Bond B Amundi Funds Euro Bond C C

-3.95 -12.61 -5.36 -13.69
-5.35 -10.55 -3.02 -10.77 -5.63 -11.43 -5.07 -11.52 -4.49 -11.58 -4.03 -11.78 -3.88 -11.81 -5.94 -11.82 -5.22 -11.92 -5.37 -11.97 -5.4 -12.16 -5.5 -12.54 -3.69 -12.55 -5.72 -12.56 -4.29 -12.62 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-7.31 12.79 -9.13 -10.22 8.98
-7.71 -6.52 -9.88 -8.74 -9.13 -6.7 -7.21 -4.78 -8.76 -7.98 -8.46 -8.75 -7.76 -8.52 -6.85 11.35 -10.31 9.07 -6.5 6.81 14.82 -12.8 12.7 -11.02 11.49 -9.75 12.39 -7.28 22.79 10.66 -12.13 13.53 -9.11 12.2 -10.42 9.73 13.16 11.49 -6.96 -6.75 -9.17 217.99 97.73 4.19 17.65 1117.72 175.55 93.72 140.45 1611.94 242.11 10.04 709.52 132.25 89.44 4 5 2 4 3 4 2 4 3 4 4 3

1.1 -7.78 1.25 -7.37
1.37 -7.33 -1.25 -8.21 -1.05 -8.59 1.12 -8.82 -1.13 -8.94 -0.64 -9.04 -0.66 -9.05 -0.34 -9.16 -0.7 -9.21 -0.4 -9.27 -0.63 -9.52 -1.08 -10.59

-10.67 -5.54 3.04 -10.46 -4.89
1 -10.07 2 -11.56 3 -12.19 4 -13.1 5 -12.2 6 -11.14 7 -9.72 8 -11.16 9 -11.68 10 -11.91 11 -12.55 12 -14.64 -4.69 -5.39 -6.39 -9.96 -6.05 -3.34 1.56 -3.1 -5.25 -3.8 -7.3 -8.24 2.49 3.72 3.36 -0.44 -0.53 3.21 1.33 3.49 2.15 2.18 1.94 1431.65 877.45 1290.22 244.15 3847.78 563.1 1111.09 120.04 1321.36 168.11 157.54 371.56 3 4 3 2 2 4 3 4 3 2 3

Euro Moderate Balanced
Cat 50%BarCap Euro Agg&50%FTSE World -1.68 -11.54 Euro Moderate Balanced 0.75 -9.78
Invesco SR Stable Growth GP Fortis L Model 3 Classic Acc BGF Flexible Multi-Asset A2 FF - Euro Balanced A Euro 0.47 -4.62 -2.26 -10.45 -2.59 -12.59 -2.18 -15.17

HKD Money Market
Citi HKD EuroDep 3 Mon USD HKD Money Market
NCB HK Dollar Money Market A HSBC Global Money HKD BOCHK IF - HKD Money Mkt A Hang Seng HKD Money Market A Principal LSF HKD Savings Ret JF Money HKD PineBridge Hong Kong Money Market ipac Multi-Manager HK Liq Invesco SR HK$ Money Market GP BOCI-Prud HK Dollar Money Market

-11.06 1.25 -2.62 -12.26 -3.28
1 -5.32 2 -12.41 3 -12.58 4 -16.58 5.63 -2.15 1.54 -0.28 -0.25 -4.68 -4.11 -8.55 10.01 315.22 94.72 676.35 5 3 3 3

-0.05 -0.35 -0.01 -0.3
0.04 0.02 0.02 0 0 -0.01 -0.02 -0.02 -0.06 0.04 -0.24 -0.25 -0.26 -0.28 -0.29 -0.35 -0.36 -0.38 -0.42 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

-0.51 -0.5 2.05 -0.41 -0.39
-0.34 -0.36 -0.36 -0.37 -0.31 -0.5 -0.55 -0.49 -0.61 -0.41 -0.41 -0.36 -0.32 -0.2 -0.49 -0.62 -0.47 -0.75 1.51 1.68 2.23 1.9 1.68 1.7 1.9 1.5 0.96 294.35 36.06 4.32 133.08 164.88 293.98 17.15 13.07 0.64 3 2 5 3 3 3 4 2

Sterling Aggressive Balanced
Cat 40%BarCap Sterling Agg60%MSCI Wld -0.54 -8.05 Fr Sterling Aggressive Balanced 0.36 -7.74
Threadneedle Monthly Extra Inc Ret Net 0.03 -10.13 1

-6.82 -8.17
-11.15

5.77 -7.59 5.73
2.52 -11.98 152.22 4

Euro Global Bond
Citi WGBI EUR Euro Global Bond
Threadneedle(Lux) Global Bds EUR AE Pictet-World Government Bonds-P USD Fortis L Bond World C Acc PIMCO GIS Euro Bond E Acc JPM Global Enhanced Bd A (acc)-EUR LM WA Euro Core+ Bd A Inc (D) £á Schroder ISF Glbl Credit Dur Hdgd A

US Large-Cap Growth Equity
MSCI USA Growth NR USD US Large-Cap Growth Equity
Fortis L Opportunities USA Acc Parvest USA C Janus US All Cap Growth A USD Threadneedle Amer Ret Net USD MS INVF US Growth A MFS Meridian US Large Cap Gr A1 USD Threadneedle(Lux) US Equities AU Skandia US Large Cap Growth A1 Threadneedle Amer Sel Ret Net USD Janus US Research A USD BGF US Growth A2 USD Skandia US Capital Growth A1 LM Capital Mgmt Gr A Inc (A) $ SGAM Fund Eqs US Concentrated Core A Henderson Horizon American Eq A2

2.96 1.73
3.05 2.03 1.8 2.14 0.09 1.06 -0.77

1.51 -5.2
3.42 0.88 -0.65 -6.02 -7.22 -8.41 -12.31

0.17 4.03 -7.25 -1.57
1 3.15 2 -0.38 3 -1.8 4 -8.36 5 -7.3 6 -10.22 7 -16 6.29 3.23 4.37 -1.32 2.25 -0.78 -9.83

7
5.16 6.1 5.92 0.22 -7.43 -2.88 -2.58 21.09 223.62 188.75 1128.69 29.17 10.08 461.11 3 3 3 3 1 1 2

Sterling Money Market
BofAML GBP LIBOR 3 Mon CM TR USD Sterling Money Market
Parvest Short Term (Sterling) C GS Sterling Liquid Reserve Inst Inc Investec GSF Stlg Mny C Inc Grs GBP Coutts Sterling Liquidity Ser 4 JF GBP FF II - Sterling Currency BGF US Dollar Reserve Hedged A2 GBP

-4.13 -12.72 -5.07 -13.03
-1.76 -5.43 -3.03 -4.38 -5.89 -4.38 -3.81 -5.84 -5.49 -4.49 -5.33 -6.98 -3.52 -5.07 -5.17 -3.07 -10.48 -10.76 -10.87 -11.34 -12.09 -12.37 -12.38 -12.48 -12.64 -12.7 -12.7 -12.71 -12.74 -12.76 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-8.27 12.35 -6.26 -9.82 10.65
-5.58 -9.29 -1.93 -8.08 -7.19 -10.03 -7.81 -10.33 -10.29 -8.52 -9.6 -8.66 -9.6 -10.49 -9.25 10.38 1.38 3.04 -10.04 32.7 -2.15 15.04 -6.52 20.58 -5.38 11.46 -6.09 12.53 -1.38 10.06 -7.87 9.66 -6.76 11.6 -8.94 11.39 -10.72 11.84 -7.48 13.54 -19.38 9.64 -6.17 8.78 -9.61 1118.29 1271.79 355.06 1719.72 420.35 210.18 359.57 67.76 2123.79 9.06 183.44 159.81 48.93 29.13 282.15 5 3 3 4 3 2 4 2 3 3 2 3 1 3 3

TWD Aggressive Balanced
TWD Aggressive Balanced
Polaris Taiwan Equity

2.88 -0.95 2.81 -1.08
3.49 4.07 2.71 1.79 1.78 1.78 1.76 -0.93 -0.97 -1.41 -2.06 -2.08 -2.09 -2.13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

-6.12 -7.56 -6.16 -6.27 -7.73
-6.49 -6.21 -7.01 -7.27 -6.53 -7.33 -7.34 -9.04 -7.84 -9.47 -9.02 -9.16 -9.18 -9.19 -7.31 -6.89 -8.3 -7.05 -7.07 -7.56 -9.35 70 5576.03 131.76 67.41 99.24 227.34 324.37 3 4 1 4 3 2 2

-0.14 -5.84
-2.98 -11.85 1

-7.3 8.62
-11.98 -3.53

AUD Bond and Cash
Citi Australian GBI AUD AUD Bond and Cash
FF II - Australian Dollar Currency

Euro Global Bond - Hedged
-2.33 10.82 -5.85 6.11 7.65
4.72 112.21 1

0.86 -5.3 -0.1 -8.12
0.67 -7.54 1

Citi WGBI 10 Mkt Hdg EUR Euro Global Bond - Hedged
Robeco Global Bonds B

2.75 -4.57 2.52 -5.01
0.49 -8.03 1

-9.01 -6.28 3.06 -7.98 -2.84
-12.1 -8.07 0.67 628.4 3

Euro Absolute Return
BofAML Euro LIBOR 1 Mon CM LCL Euro Absolute Return
Threadneedle Target Ret USD Hdg MS INVF FX Alpha Plus RC 800 A Fortis L V350 Classic Acc Fortis L V150 Cl Acc MS INVF FX Alpha Plus RC 400 A MS INVF FX Alpha Plus RC 200 A Pictet-Absolute Return Glo Cons-P EURA MS INVF Diversified Alpha Plus A Henderson Horizon Abs Return Fix Inc A2 Pictet-Absolute Return Glo Div-P EURA2

-4.64

7.28

Asia Bond
HSBC Asian USD Bond TR Asia Bond
Schroder ISF Asian Bond A Acc First State GUF HKD Bond III Hang Seng Hong Kong Bond A Acc Schroder ISF Hong Kong Dollar Bd A Acc JF SAR HK$ Bond A Amundi Funds Asian Income C C BGF Asian Tiger Bond A2 USD BOCHK IF - HK Dollar Income A First State Asian Quality Bond I Pru IOF Asian Bond A Acc Hang Seng Mainland China Bond A Acc BEA Hong Kong Dollar HKD Bond A HSBC IF Asian Bond ABF Hong Kong Bond Index ING (L) Renta Asian Debt P Acc

Euro Government Bond
5.53 15.9 4.31 11.78
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 6.78 4.53 4.05 3.71 4.07 4.65 5.87 3.14 5.62 5.07 3 2.19 4.54 -0.12 5.95 11.03 6.22 7.02 4.84 5.78 16.74 16.85 4.5 17.21 15.83 3.37 3.4 14.31 1.04 19.93

1.4 -7.91 1.07 -8.22
-0.15 -1.05 0.97 -7.38 0.31 -7.66 -0.46 -8.48 0.31 -8.53 -0.08 -9.24 -0.75 -10.34 -1.43 -10.9 -0.54 -11.55 -1.28 -12.01 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

-13.01 -10.77 -0.33 -11.71 -8.77
-0.8 -0.78 -9.62 -6.38 -12.71 -14.04 -12.27 -12.39 -10.19 -13.87 -12.38 -14.94 -12.39 -10.48 -8.96 -16.04 -12.98 -16.59 -13.11 -4.42 -2.88 -2.19 -8.58 -3.68 1387.8 83.28 105.35 260.88 165.91 28.24 97.07 218.71 30.66 879.47 2 3 3 1 3

US Large-Cap Value Equity
MSCI USA Value NR USD US Large-Cap Value Equity
Fortis L Equity High Div USA Acc ING (L) Invest US High Dividend P Acc MS INVF US Advantage A JF US Value A (dist)-USD MFS Meridian US Value A1 USD Robeco US Premium Equities D USD Skandia US Value A1 MS INVF US Value Equity A Invesco US Equity A AB American Value A BNY Mellon US Dynamic Val A USD Pru IOF North America A Pioneer Fds North Amer Bas Val A EUR ND SGAM Fund Eqs US Relative Value A BGF US Basic Value A2 USD

-3.78 -12.5 -4.97 -13.83
-3.31 -7.88 -2.57 -7.92 -1.8 -8.81 -4.87 -11.51 -4.79 -11.72 -5.89 -12.28 -6.13 -12.44 -4.8 -13.23 -5.52 -13.37 -3.85 -13.62 -7.38 -14 -5.84 -14.01 -3.3 -14.04 -7.62 -14.42 -4.33 -14.52

-6.34 13.23 -12.1 -9.79 11
1 -4.09 2 -4.37 3 -3.58 4 -6.62 5 -8.79 6 -7.58 7 -4.98 8 -7.67 9 -11.55 10 -9.26 11 -10.24 12 -8.91 13 -10.25 14 -10.38 15 -9.82 15.47 -14.63 16.19 -8.2 22.93 -5.39 14.25 -10.43 7.76 -9.64 14.55 -5.23 16.95 -16.49 14.39 -11.09 6.62 -12.26 4.45 -12.4 7.36 -11.47 14.57 -12.2 5.75 -10.01 11.74 -15.12 10.58 -10.7 27.04 522.28 248.05 629.64 633.14 3433.64 66.3 206.21 29.69 33.91 395.3 744.13 857.53 716.72 2251.71 2 4 5 4 4 5 2 3 2 3 3 3 4 2 4

1.66 1.81
1.99 1 1.27 0.89 0.96 1.7 1.87 0.72 1.12 1.35 0.34 0.45 1.54 0.6 1.59

2.25 1.1
4.96 3.06 2.72 2.55 2.13 1.81 1.79 1.59 1.53 1.5 1.5 1.41 1.35 1.32 1.32

8.12
1.72 5.28 5.99 4.27 5.28 1.69 6.03 5.57 2.71 4.75 7.89 6.46 5.31 6.72 1413.03 17.53 7.34 35.92 74.14 18.69 179.77 108.89 488.66 853.09 140.7 26.09 921.75 88.45 3 3 3 2 3 3 4 3 2 3 5 5 4 4

Citi EMU GBI EUR Euro Government Bond
BGF Global Government Bond Hedged A2 EUR Schroder ISF EURO Gov Bond A Acc Parvest Euro Government Bond C Robeco Euro Government Bds D EUR Standard Life SICAV Euro Govt All St A Generali IS Euro Bonds DX Standard Life SICAV Euro Gov Bd A Templeton Euro Government Bd A YDis £á

0.79 -7.96 1.13 -7.17
0.66 -0.54 -1.43 -0.53 -0.65 -0.26 -1.41 -1.21 -7.34 -8.67 -8.71 -8.81 -9.05 -9.33 -9.75 -11.06

-11.13 -7.11 3.34 -10.5 -6.62
1 -10.88 2 -12.08 3 -12.33 4 -12.29 5 -12.75 6 -12.65 7 -12.3 8 -14.26 -6.77 -8.21 -7.86 -8.64 -9.34 -9.41 -7.72 -9.89 1.54 0.99 3.22 2.39 2.14 1.77 2.55 0.04 551.87 186.23 1041.81 914.05 4211.31 503.05 43.82 23.76 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 1

Long-Short Funds
Long-Short Funds 0.31
-0.35 0.75

Euro High Yield Bond
BarCap Pan Euro HY Euro TR EUR Euro High Yield Bond
JPM Gl High Yield Bd A USD Mth Pioneer Fds Euro Strat Bd C EUR ND Robeco High Yield Bonds D EUR Pioneer Fds Euro High Yield A EUR ND Fortis L Bond High Yield World Acc BGF Global High Yield Bond Hedged A2 EUR UBS (Lux) BF Euro High Yield P Acc Generali IS Eurp High Yield Bds DX Standard Life SICAV Euro Hi Yld Bd A Acc MFS Meridian Euro High Yield Bond A2 EUR FF - Euro High Yield A Euro SGAM Fund Bonds Europe High Yield A Threadneedle Eurp Hi-Yld Bd Ret Grs HSBC GIF Euro High Yield Bond A Acc Aberdeen Global Euro High Yield Bond A2

-8
-10.72 -11.17 1 2

-10.88 -7.33
-16.37 -16.19 -16.72 -16.31 -1.71 9.16 2179.92

1.78 -10.6 1.74 -9.05
1.38 0.35 0.75 -7.85 2.26 -9.64 0.31 -9.66 0.24 -9.92 0.15 -10.77 0.91 -11.53 -0.27 -11.71 0.29 -11.92 -0.64 -12.14 -0.59 -12.29 -0.82 -12.35 -1.67 -13.15 -0.76 -13.36 -1.88 -13.36

-8.61 15.81 -8.38 13.33
1 3.57 2 -1.24 3 -10.84 4 -4.58 5 -12.3 6 -11.57 7 -8.17 8 -11.88 9 -11.69 10 -12.53 11 -10.54 12 -12.2 13 -7.69 14 -11.61 15 -10.66 24.09 31.16 11.05 40.78 3.24 6.56 18.49 3.73 6.58 7.18 15.97 8.35 10.27 6.57 27.61

1.75
606.69 756.35 2165.46 254.31 310.83 510.16 634.49 199.87 177.51 72.52 1749.68 144.27 1014.98 148.37 239.68

Robeco All Weather Global Equities D JPM HiBdge Stat.Mkt Neutral A (acc)-USD

Target Date 2000-2014
3 5 3 2 2 3 2 3 3 4 2 5 4 1

Asia/Japan Convertible Bond
UBS Asia Convertible TR USD Asia/Japan Convertible Bond
Parvest Asian Convertible Bond C Fortis L Bond Convert Asia Acc

US Mid-Cap Equity
MSCI US Mid Cap 450 GR USD US Mid-Cap Equity
Wells Fargo(LUX)WF-US All Cap Gr A Acc Threadneedle Amer Sm Cos Ret Net Acc Schroder ISF US Sm & MdCp Eq A USD MFS Meridian US Mid Cap Gr A1 USD UBS (Lux) EF Small Caps USA USD P SGAM Fund Eqs US Mid Cap Growth A Threadneedle(Lux) US Mid&Sm Cap Eqs AU Franklin US Sm-Md Cap Growth A Acc $ Perkins US Strategic Value A USD Skandia US All Cap Value A1 Parvest US Mid Cap C Davis Opportunities A BGF US Small & MidCap Opps A2 USD Franklin US Opportunities A Acc $ UBS (Lux) EF Mid Caps USA USD P

5.72 3.63 -7.94
2.48 -3.56 -0.1 -14.24

-4.03 -11.16 -4.55 -11.29
-4.52 -8.49 -6.84 -8.84 -3.91 -9.46 -5.87 -9.72 -3.92 -9.76 -5.68 -9.97 -2.18 -10.62 -3.99 -10.67 -3.24 -10.7 -5.87 -11.1 -4.91 -11.15 -4.33 -11.17 -5.54 -11.66 -3.07 -12.19 -3.96 -12.26 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

-2.49 25.57 -7.14 -7.33 13.85
-4.17 -2.56 -5.6 -2.45 -1.55 -3.01 -6.34 -3.89 -5.72 -7.05 -4.76 -9.15 -6.47 -8.08 -2.69 21.54 20.97 -2.84 13.97 -3.74 23.34 -12.24 19.09 -9.47 22.93 -3.38 10.37 -13.97 19.18 -7.17 13.42 -4.37 14.82 -9.35 34.31 -4.38 10.67 -10.8 15.95 -3.01 15.18 -3.84 22 -4.14 6.16 248.58 2020.42 152.23 135.64 45.89 5.92 38.11 873.73 177.9 281.51 29.99 409.56 920.08 110.99 4 5 2 2 3 2 3 4 3 3 3 4 3 4

-8.03 4.14
1 -1.35 2 -14.26 11.14 -2.98 4.84 -8 267.82 119.36 5 1

Dollar Corporate Bond
BarCap US Credit TR USD Dollar Corporate Bond
Pru IOF US Investment Grade Bond A Pru IOF US High Inv Grd Bd A Hang Seng Mainland & HK Corp Bd A Schroder ISF Glbl Corp Bond A Acc PIMCO GIS Glbl Inv Grd Crdt E Acc BGF Global Corporate Bond A2 USD Invesco Global Invmt Grd Corp Bd A Investec GSF Invmt Grd Corp Bd A Inc USD Principal Preferred Secs A

2.07 3.52 1.59 -0.49
2.21 1.95 1.63 0.84 1.32 1.12 1 -0.87 -0.79 2.9 2.73 1.54 1.21 1.15 0.81 0.49 -1.69 -5.3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

5.78 14.85 6.55 1.31 11.67
5.91 4.66 5.24 3.46 4.69 4.42 3.31 1.42 -0.83 19.31 14.71 13.2 13.7 16.18 15.48 10.62 19.28 5.77 3.57 5.67 395.57 219.81 21.62 1542.9 6415.69 499.01 13.5 270.46 141.52 3 2 4

4.66 0.48 2.99 -2.19 -2.51 2.01 -3.26 -1.84 -4.31 1.41 -5.11 0.79 0.94 -4.93

Cat 50%Citi WGBI Euros50%FTSE World Target Date 2000-2014
BNP Paribas Plan Target Click (USD) 2010 FF - Target 2010 A USDlick (USD) 2010

0.1 -6.32 1.33 -8.52
0.05 0.24 -0.05 -2.24 1 2

-4.91 7.33 -0.59 -11.62 -4.86
0.07 -1.86 0.5 9.65 2.81 -5.03 8.61 12.67

Target Date 2015+
Cat 25%Citi WGBI Euros75%FTSE Wd Target Date 2015+
BNP Paribas Plan Target Click (USD) 2020 BNP Paribas Plan Target Click (USD) 2025 BNP Paribas Plan Target Click (USD) 2015 BNP Paribas Plan Target Click (USD) 2030 BNP Paribas Plan Target Click (USD) 2035 FF - Target 2015 (Euro) Ak (USD) 2035 FF - Target 2020 A USD Ak (USD) 2035 FF - Target 2020 (Euro) Ak (USD) 2035

-1.34 -10.13 -0.43 -11.22
2.36 2.81 2.06 1.82 1.45 1.81 1.37 -0.72 1.26 -1.82 -2.66 -13.64 -5.23 -15.34 -3.68 -15.56

-7.52 -11.02
1 4.51 2 2.57 3 3.57 4 -0.72 5 -2.19 6 -13.34 7 -11.97 8 -14.98

8.7 -4.83 3.21
11.1 10.44 7.98 9.32 8.74 1.58 5.38 0.44 1.62 -0.76 3.28 -2.32 -1.61 -7.53 -10.78 -11.58 7.22 2.45 15.04 1.81 88.49 198.48 35.12 249.78

Euro Inflation Linked Bond
EuroMTS InfltionLinkd Aggregate TR EUR Euro Inflation Linked Bond
FF - Glbl Inflatn Lkd Bd Acc USD Schroder ISF Glbl Infl Lnk Bd A Amundi Funds Euro Inflation Bond C D Standard Life SICAV Euro Infl-Lnkd Bd A Invesco Euro Inflation-Linked Bond A

-1.1 -10.53 0.94 -7.53
2.03 0.26 -1.59 -0.9 -1.36 -0.4 -8.36 -8.72 -9.05 -9.64

-14.38 -9.28 -11.57 -6.48
1 -1.67 2 -12.71 3 -13.56 4 -13.07 5 -14.15 5.07 -7.89 -8.42 -8.33 -9.2

2.5
165.16 543.39 460.92 63.69 109.98

US Small-Cap Equity
MSCI USA Small Cap NR USD US Small-Cap Equity
Parvest US Small Cap C Schroder ISF US Smaller Comp A Acc Janus US Venture A USD MS INVF US Sm Cap Growth A LM Royce Smlr Coms A Inc (A) $ JPM US Small Cap Growth A (dist)-USD LM PCM US Equity A Acc $ Manulife GF US Small Cap Eq AA LM Royce US Small Cap Opp A Inc (A) $

-2.23 -1.94

1

-5.28 -11.49 -6.04 -11.21
-4.2 -7.84 -4.16 -8.18 -3.49 -10.05 -6.71 -10.17 -4.56 -11.05 -7.32 -11.15 -6.55 -11.78 -10.23 -12.69 -7.55 -13.6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

-2.27 22.91 -5.71 -4.64 16.88
-3.59 -4.05 -1.34 -3.78 -4.72 -3.9 -8.01 0.18 -1.54 15.6 -5.57 16.96 -3.76 18.77 -8.76 13.62 -10.24 15.76 -4.44 17.28 -5.92 10.01 28.39 -8.34 30.73 -7.56 409.09 804.08 72.32 28.8 159.7 38.91 0.68 206.4 4 4 2 2 3 2 2 1

Dollar Diversified Bond
BarCap US Agg Bond TR USD Dollar Diversified Bond
First State Long Term Bd III JPM US Bd A Acc Fortis L Bond USD C Acc FF - US Dollar Bond A USD BGF US Dollar Core Bond A1 USD Threadneedle Dollar Bd Ret Grs SGAM Fund Bonds US Opp Core Plus A Schroder ISF US Dollar Bond A Acc First State Hi Quality Bd I LM WA US Core Bd A Inc (D) $ HSBC GIF USD Core Plus Bond P Inc Janus US Flexible Income A USD Inc Skandia Total Return USD Bond A1 Acc Legg Mason USD Core Bond A USD Manulife GF US Bond AA

1.15 2.47 2.55 1.06

2 3 3 3

The information on these pages is for guidance only. Listed are the up to top 15 performing funds authorized for sale in Hong Kong in each of Morningstar’s proprietary categories, based on the trailing three month total returns. Returns over 1-year are annualized and through month end. All returns are in US$ terms, as are fund sizes. The fund size data is in thousands and from the latest documents fund companies provide to Morningstar. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a fund is derived from a weighted average of the risk-adjusted performance figures associated with its 3-, 5-, and 10-year (if applicable) rating metrics. Funds are rated within the Morningstar Europe/Asia categories. Wherever possible, sectors are shown with an appropriate benchmark index in bold. Performance periods for this listing run to: July 1, 2010 . The information contained herein: (1) is proprietary to Morningstar and/or its content providers; (2) may not be copied or distributed; (3) is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; (4) for reference only. Neither Morningstar nor its content providers are responsible for any damages or losses arising from any use of this information. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. All investments involve risk.

1.58 3.69 1.64 1.07
2.48 1.33 2.07 1.74 1.38 1.71 1.62 1.39 1.49 1.6 1.06 1.43 1.54 1.4 1.35 7.16 4.56 3.79 3.67 3.25 3.21 3.08 2.99 2.79 2.75 2.59 2.51 2.5 2.38 2.33 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

5.39 2.65
8.02 6.93 5.24 6.3 4.72 7.21 4.62 4.76 4.01 6.84 4.18 4.52 5.87 4.94 5.44

9.52 6.88 10.2
9.42 18.79 10.61 14.72 8.96 15.74 13.2 10.72 7.99 15.57 9.5 11.95 14.46 17.88 16.02 8.47 -0.98 6.53 4.87 3.77 3.08 8.36 7.06 6.06 -0.35 3.5 7.69 8.26 4.58 7.6 130.47 58.97 170.16 407.21 360.26 91.55 46.89 470.76 58.03 13.92 87.35 545.94 407.33 23.17 4 2 4 3 3 2 4 4 3 1 3 4 5 3 4

Euro Short Bond
Citi EMU GBI 1-3 Yr EUR Euro Short Bond
Threadneedle(Lux) European S/T Bds AE FF - Euro Short Term Bond A Euro Pictet-EUR Short Mid-Term Bonds-P EURApe Schroder ISF Euro S/T Bd A Acc MS INVF Short Maturity Euro Bd A BGF Euro Short Duration Bond A2 EUR

0.95 -8.31 1.21 -8.1
1.19 -7.74 -0.49 -8.71 -0.9 -9.58 -0.61 -9.79 -0.57 -9.95 -0.74 -10.03

-12.62 -10.25 1.89 -12.44 -9.61
1 -12.1 -10.34 2 -11.31 -4.71 3 -14.39 -11.49 4 -14.11 -11.6 5 -14.22 -11.11 6 -14.01 -9.83 0.41 -0.69 1.09 0.83 0.54 2.62 4.56 101.22 1016.13 2393.81 1156.08 3215.92 3 2 3 4 3 4

UK Large-Cap Blend Equity
FTSE 100 TR GBP UK Large-Cap Blend Equity
Threadneedle UK Overseas Earnings IN Inc Hang Seng UK Index B Schroder ISF UK Equity A Acc Threadneedle UK Select Ret Net GBX Threadneedle UK Fund Retail Parvest UK C Threadneedle UK Instl Ret Net GBP BGF United Kingdom A2 USD HSBC GIF UK Equity A Inc Investec GSF UK Eq A Inc Grs GBP HSBC FTSE 100 Index Retail Inc

European Bond
BarCap Pan Euro Agg TR EUR European Bond
Threadneedle(Lux) European Bds AE Parvest European Bond C Fortis L Bond Europe Plus Acc Threadneedle European Bd Ret Grs SGAM Fund Bonds Europe A Invesco European Bond A Acc BNY Mellon Euroland Bond A EUR AB European Income A FF - MoneyBuilder European Bond A Euro Robeco All Strategy Euro Bonds D

-5.05 -17.34 -0.66 -13.08
-0.68 -2.1 -1.43 -0.76 -0.47 -2.15 -1.03 -2.41 -3.52 -2.97 -1.8 -11.47 -12.94 -13.37 -13.93 -14.33 -14.81 -14.94 -15.46 -15.6 -16.65 -17.04

-16.14 4.05 -13.45 -11.95 7.89
1 -11.81 2 -13.13 3 -11.66 4 -13.59 5 -11.81 6 -14.91 7 -13.1 8 -12.88 9 -16.22 10 -13.16 11 -16.23 6.87 -12.69 5.44 -16.97 8.93 -14.29 0.38 -13.92 6.69 -12.2 4.15 -14.86 5.52 -12.8 5.64 -14.18 1.79 -17.48 2.7 -14.6 2.93 -13.82 148.95 480.17 336.29 342.07 1405.89 29.77 2055.53 464.43 68.54 42.78 481.07 4 1 3 3 4 2 3 3 2 4 3

1.75 -6.17 1.24 -7.34
2.48 0.17 0.73 0.28 0.32 0.31 -0.68 0.65 -0.65 -0.97 -5.02 -5.3 -6.07 -6.57 -7.24 -7.63 -7.94 -9.43 -9.56 -9.97

-8.87 -3.96 -9.49 -2.51
1 -7.6 2 -8.95 3 -9.73 4 -7.67 5 -11.05 6 -10.4 7 -10.68 8 -10.87 9 -9.84 10 -12.12 -3.32 -4.05 -4.97 0.26 -7.67 -5.13 -1.54 4.81 3.44 -6.22

1.97
2.98 2.51 0.25 3.63 1.23 1.11 5.45 0.52 2.41 0.86 21.38 170.25 1058.86 245.52 45.73 59.26 1384.55 374.04 4.77 2387.29 4 3 2 4 3 3 5 2 4 3

Dollar Global Bond
Citi WGBI USD Dollar Global Bond
LM WA US Core+ Bond A Acc $ PIMCO GIS Global Bond Ins Acc BGF Fixed Income Global Opps A2 USD ipac Multi-Manager Global Bond HKD Hdgd JF Global Bd (USD) A (acc)-USD AXA FI USD Hedged Global Bond ICBC Global Total Return Bond SGAM Fund Bonds World A LM BW Glbl Fixed Inc A Inc (S) $ Standard Life SICAV Global Bd D AXA UT Currency and Bond PineBridge Global Bond Y BNY Mellon Global Bond A USD ipac Multi-Manager Global Bond HSBC Inv Grade Bd 2013 A

2.96 1.51 1.68 -1.09
1.58 1.22 1.21 1.22 0.64 0.9 2.47 1.74 2.39 2.7 1.44 2.92 2.29 1.86 -0.21 3.56 3.17 2.83 2.75 2.68 2.27 1.72 1.71 1.57 1.36 1.21 1.17 1.16 1.06 0.93 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

0.17 4.04 0.3 9.6
6.77 7.22 6.03 4.32 5.18 3.29 4.53 -0.51 3.95 -0.28 0.15 -0.06 0.91 0.35 2.24 17.8 17.45 15.94 9.54 8.46 5.35 4.34 14.73 4.13 5.97 4.35 6.77 7.39 10.76

7
4.78 6.87 2.29 3.45 -6.46 4.76 6.4 6.43 7.09 7.55 6.12 5.26 3.46 27.8 4657.03 67.8 60.93 54.79 13.81 56.54 333.43 271.19 94 66.04 912.52 61.86 3 4 2 2 1 3 3 3 3 4 3 3 2

UK Large-Cap Growth Equity
MSCI UK Growth NR USD UK Large-Cap Growth Equity
FF - United Kingdom A GBP

JPY Bond
Citi Japanese GBI USD JPY Bond
UBS (Lux) BF JPY P Acc Parvest Japan Yen Bond C

-3.46 -15.25 -0.81 -13.52
-5.54 -17.18

-12.28 9.4 -11.28 -11.56 8.53
1 -14.36 4.42 -13.65 142.67 3

6.33 10.46 4.99 7.18
5.87 4.07 8.37 7.7 1 2

9.52 15.02 13.16 6.62 10.35
7.62 6.84 16.89 14.21 11.86 12.12 47.74 127.08 3 3

UK Large-Cap Value Equity
MSCI UK Value NR USD UK Large-Cap Value Equity -4.97 -18.2 0.06 -11.76 -19.1 -0.34-16.68 -11.7 7.45

Dollar Government Bond
Citi US GBI EUR 1.89 4.82 5.86 6.65 7.11

Non-Euro Inflation Linked Bond
BofAML Global Govts Inflation Linked 1.77 -0.96 -2.14 3.85 3.66

Performance data supplied by
© 2007 Morningstar Asia Limited. All right reserved

The Top 150
Rank
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Stock

Market cap $ billion
1560.871 1393.072 1255.442 578.019 466.778 389.317 301.800 271.139 254.860 248.816 237.087 210.539 206.628 204.429 199.405 187.053 186.292 183.895 180.607 154.269 146.512 140.055 136.067 132.844 131.715 81.276 50.440 130.858 125.602 120.620 106.712 105.955 105.143 104.207 99.823 98.176 93.631 89.975

P/E
11.9 11.9 27.0 17.2 12.8 14.5 10.9 26.1 25.9 23.1 39.8 10.6 19.4 14.4 15.1 12.1 13.6 29.9 13.3 15.8 24.8 16.6 38.3 6.8 6.4 27.7 30.3 16.1 6.1 13.9 35.2 7.7 10.4 14.6 15.2 43.4

Last price
77.80 6.20 71.70 12.94 5.62 190.10 3.97 105.50 34.25 10.56 129.60 90.90 117.00 47.95 104.30 8.11 17.62 64.35 8.56 26.75 57.70 19.50 56.55 34.85 89.75 16.84 121.40 30.20 14.76 38.75 7.00 18.82 6.21 46.10 46.00 27.55 11.18

Jan 4 to July2 high low
80.05 6.72 91.40 14.08 6.33 219.20 4.29 123.80 38.80 10.84 176.10 104.30 157.91 58.38 113.00 9.18 18.93 71.66 10.13 29.90 68.00 19.70 57.00 41.96 97.80 17.64 151.91 32.85 18.35 47.16 9.95 20.33 6.83 59.80 48.65 41.40 13.50 70.54 5.49 68.95 10.58 5.19 163.11 3.40 96.65 31.45 7.93 120.40 85.05 114.90 46.25 101.00 6.96 15.35 57.16 7.78 24.42 56.60 14.52 50.36 29.36 77.85 14.82 115.00 25.18 13.35 34.41 6.72 14.87 5.54 42.20 40.71 27.20 9.71

Weekly % chg
-1.52 -4.16 -4.78 -4.15 -4.26 -7.00 -2.22 -5.21 -3.52 +2.92 -0.08 -3.25 -5.19 -4.00 -1.14 -7.31 -3.50 -3.01 -3.93 -3.25 -8.99 +1.04 -0.62 -10.41 -0.94 +1.08 -3.57 -1.31 -4.03 -3.49 -7.04 -4.08 -4.61 -3.35 -0.65 -10.41 -6.05

Weekly $ chg
-1.20 -0.27 -3.60 -0.56 -0.25 -14.30 -0.09 -5.80 -1.25 +0.30 -0.10 -3.05 -6.40 -2.00 -1.20 -0.64 -0.64 -2.00 -0.35 -0.90 -5.70 +0.20 -0.35 -4.05 -0.85 +0.18 -4.50 -0.40 -0.62 -1.40 -0.53 -0.80 -0.30 -1.60 -0.30 -3.20 -0.72

Rank
37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74

Stock

Market cap $ billion
89.572 85.739 81.685 77.633 74.561 74.042 70.936 69.030 68.788 67.395 64.740 64.245 62.041 60.328 59.405 58.575 57.599 56.448 53.743 52.322 50.791 50.307 48.495 48.240 48.058 44.731 43.835 43.735 43.482 43.430 42.728 41.132 41.115 40.408 40.316 39.707 38.849 37.287

P/E
31.1 35.1 14.6 67.5 34.6 16.3 16.8 18.3 23.5 28.6 30.4 11.5 19.2 12.9 11.4 24.4 20.8 21.3 11.0 8.8 18.0 23.4 36.7 24.0 10.9 28.0 10.7 4.5 32.3 47.7 20.5 22.2 11.1 12.7 14.1 35.9

Last price
10.62 6.49 17.38 15.40 61.15 14.72 18.14 14.08 28.70 30.85 12.48 28.50 25.50 15.34 4.79 51.50 28.35 42.15 42.00 14.34 3.66 12.84 9.82 10.42 33.50 56.40 20.10 12.34 21.40 25.00 25.10 4.20 14.24 24.15 24.45 7.71 9.46 13.28

Jan 4 to July2 high low
11.90 6.79 17.92 19.96 65.15 17.90 21.76 15.88 30.65 36.11 14.52 29.70 30.18 16.86 6.65 63.25 30.67 43.60 64.45 21.70 4.01 16.20 11.93 14.42 43.45 83.63 20.45 14.89 25.30 28.49 30.60 6.34 16.18 26.35 28.36 8.87 16.23 15.09 8.02 4.68 13.32 12.50 49.20 12.72 15.84 12.22 24.15 27.95 8.79 27.12 22.80 12.42 4.16 42.65 25.67 32.66 40.50 12.50 3.06 11.60 8.13 9.69 29.50 51.88 17.77 10.13 18.70 19.89 21.65 3.93 12.64 18.28 -0.34 6.80 9.41 10.04

Weekly % chg
-3.28 -0.15 +1.76 -6.44 -4.00 -2.77 -5.52 -1.95 -2.38 -2.68 -6.73 +0.88 -2.11 -3.40 -7.88 +2.59 -1.73 -0.59 -5.51 -5.66 -1.88 -0.16 -2.19 -9.86 -3.74 -8.96 +1.01 -2.22 -2.95 -0.79 -4.56 -7.49 -3.26 -2.82 +0.16 +1.85 -15.69 +0.15

Weekly $ chg
-0.36 -0.01 +0.30 -1.06 -2.55 -0.42 -1.06 -0.28 -0.70 -0.85 -0.90 +0.25 -0.55 -0.54 -0.41 +1.30 -0.50 -0.25 -2.45 -0.86 -0.07 -0.02 -0.22 -1.14 -1.30 -5.55 +0.20 -0.28 -0.65 -0.20 -1.20 -0.34 -0.48 -0.70 +0.04 +0.14 -1.76 +0.02

Rank
75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112

Stock

Market cap $ billion
36.584 35.736 35.640 35.190 35.170 34.889 34.859 34.279 33.797 33.450 33.365 33.351 31.391 31.114 31.040 30.955 30.549 30.281 29.648 28.749 28.615 28.188 27.920 27.705 27.665 26.785 26.781 26.750 26.315 26.082 25.497 25.436 25.436 25.416 25.407 25.117 24.594 24.370

P/E
20.8 14.8 7.4 6.7 24.5 114.6 17.2 18.3 26.5 11.7 16.2 12.9 14.4 33.9 102.4 11.4 22.5 14.2 15.4 17.2 9.5 10.6 5.8 11.5 24.7 18.4 3.2 12.1 5.9 26.5 40.6 52.8 10.8 22.1 13.7 15.3 -

Last price
2.43 2.14 1.62 5.48 56.20 14.00 4.88 8.88 22.80 2.23 30.90 7.57 7.09 5.52 6.15 15.94 14.02 9.70 8.34 14.68 5.05 6.83 20.65 17.40 32.75 25.50 12.94 14.00 3.50 4.83 7.96 7.36 77.30 8.90 15.14 5.52 9.07 16.50

Jan 4 to July2 high low
3.14 3.04 2.08 6.46 63.50 15.48 11.68 12.88 32.40 4.28 42.20 9.18 8.30 7.93 7.09 18.54 15.10 10.78 12.08 22.11 5.95 7.37 21.75 23.20 43.80 31.69 12.96 14.24 5.28 7.94 10.62 8.62 85.30 14.26 16.03 7.14 13.51 18.62 1.97 1.95 1.44 4.63 36.05 9.56 4.76 7.81 -0.10 1.83 28.95 5.67 6.00 5.06 3.51 9.88 11.98 7.32 7.28 14.19 4.24 5.99 14.43 15.80 28.75 21.94 -0.08 11.32 -0.07 -0.26 -0.04 6.51 74.20 7.67 12.21 4.30 8.50 13.80

Weekly % chg
-2.80 -1.83 -3.28 +1.48 -3.93 -6.67 -13.32 -3.27 -2.98 -3.88 -4.48 -8.13 -1.94 -7.23 -8.62 -4.32 -1.54 +1.57 -1.77 -13.44 -8.01 +1.34 -3.28 -8.90 -4.66 -5.90 +0.15 -0.85 -11.62 -6.76 -2.21 -3.41 -0.26 -10.37 -1.94 -9.95 -4.73 -0.60

Weekly $ chg
-0.07 -0.04 -0.06 +0.08 -2.30 -1.00 -0.75 -0.30 -0.70 -0.09 -1.45 -0.67 -0.14 -0.43 -0.58 -0.72 -0.22 +0.15 -0.15 -2.28 -0.44 +0.09 -0.70 -1.70 -1.60 -1.60 +0.02 -0.12 -0.46 -0.35 -0.18 -0.26 -0.20 -1.03 -0.30 -0.61 -0.45 -0.10

Rank
113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150

Stock

Market cap $ billion
24.351 24.314 23.669 23.448 23.353 22.993 22.711 22.679 22.622 22.434 22.362 21.612 21.265 21.253 20.700 20.535 20.498 20.154 20.105 20.063 19.946 19.624 19.457 19.422 19.362 19.237 19.080 19.056 18.688 17.913 17.741 17.464 17.326 17.229 16.981 16.906 16.832 16.670

P/E
4.4 25.9 8.7 6.2 32.9 20.4 11.1 17.0 17.7 17.9 8.1 13.4 16.3 5.8 12.5 16.1 18.2 20.1 11.7 15.5 52.8 11.6 35.5 8.1 20.1 23.9 25.4 19.9 12.5 11.9 5.0 -

Last price
7.71 61.65 22.50 4.52 35.65 5.83 5.67 3.65 3.50 1.45 4.16 73.25 3.03 3.26 4.92 9.89 5.28 7.81 81.40 14.46 16.02 22.65 22.20 2.12 28.05 10.08 6.36 7.03 12.66 17.74 8.55 105.00 20.95 6.24 2.31 91.95 2.16 3.60

Jan 4 to July2 high low
10.00 80.45 23.30 4.62 45.82 10.66 8.39 4.54 4.23 2.43 8.66 81.50 5.72 4.10 6.45 10.96 5.62 11.40 93.00 20.09 19.90 28.05 25.45 2.81 38.59 14.60 8.56 11.18 13.06 25.58 10.30 106.50 28.25 11.52 4.48 130.00 3.53 3.86 6.01 52.75 18.46 3.37 32.50 5.81 5.27 3.25 1.86 1.20 4.02 61.95 3.00 3.00 4.58 8.61 3.99 7.70 69.00 14.02 14.22 21.25 20.50 1.98 26.10 8.30 5.15 6.63 10.26 13.44 7.24 79.90 12.45 5.62 2.30 75.00 2.13 3.07

Weekly % chg
-5.40 -4.71 +0.22 -0.22 -7.16 -7.17 -3.57 -2.41 -8.85 -8.81 -11.30 -3.36 -7.90 -3.26 -4.65 — -2.94 -6.47 -5.57 -5.98 -5.43 -9.22 +1.14 -5.36 -2.94 +10.53 -4.50 -6.76 -1.40 +2.90 -2.17 -0.10 -10.09 -5.74 -11.83 -1.71 -9.24 -0.28

Weekly $ chg
-0.44 -3.05 +0.05 -0.01 -2.75 -0.45 -0.21 -0.09 -0.34 -0.14 -0.53 -2.55 -0.26 -0.11 -0.24 — -0.16 -0.54 -4.80 -0.92 -0.92 -2.30 +0.25 -0.12 -0.85 +0.96 -0.30 -0.51 -0.18 +0.50 -0.19 -0.10 -2.35 -0.38 -0.31 -1.60 -0.22 -0.01

China Mobile CCB HSBC Holdings CNOOC ICBC Std Chartered Bank of China SHK Properties China Life China Unicom Tencent Holdings Cheung Kong Manulife Financial Hutchison Wham Hang Seng Bank Bank of Comm BOC Hong Kong Ping An Insurance PetroChina MTR Corp Prudential HK & China Gas CLP Holdings Li & Fung Swire Pac (Total) Swire Pacific `’ A Swire Pacific ` ’ B HKEx Hang Lung Prp China Overseas Wharf (Holdings) Rusal Tingyi Sinopec Corp Henderson Land HK Electric China Shenhua Sands China

Belle Int’l Want Want Ch China Res Power Alibaba.com Hengan Int’l China Res Land China Mer Bank Sino Land China Resources Ent China Pac Insurance Wynn Macau CKI Holdings China Mer Holdings Cathay Pac Airways CITIC Bank Beijing Ent (HK) Bank of East Asia Hang Lung Group Esprit Holdings CITIC Pacific China Telecom New World Dev Kunlun Energy Nine Dragon Paper Kerry Properties BYD Link Reit Shimao Property Wheelock Mengniu Dairy China Taiping Lenovo Group Shangri-La Asia Yurun Food Yue Yuen Industrial Longfor Properties China Coal Parkson Retail

Gome Elec App Country Garden Renhe Commercial Fosun Int’l Orient Overseas ANTA Sports Foxconn Int’l China Agri-Ind TST Properties Evergrande Shanghai Industrial H Air China Ch Comm Cons Sino-Ocean Land SJM Holdings Golden Eagle NWS Holdings Huabao Int’l Agile Property Yanzhou Coal China Dongxiang Minsheng Bank ICBC (Asia) China EB Ltd KB Chemical Li Ning Wheelock Prop Chinese Estate H Denway Motors Ch Zhongwang Poly (Hong Kong) PICC P&C Guoco Group Dongfeng Motor Lifestyle Int’l Lee & Man Paper COSCO Pacific L’Occitane Int’l

Chaoda Modern ASM Pacific Hysan Dev SOHO China Tsingtao Brewery Chalco Zijin Mining Guangdong Inv Brightoil-new GCL-Poly Energy Fushan Energy Wing Hang Bk Sinofert Holdings China Res Cement China Railway China Rail Cons First Pacific China COSCO VTech Holdings Jiangxi Copper Ch Transmission Anhui Conch Hopewell Holdings Franshion Prp Sinopharm Zhongsheng Group KB Laminates China Longyuan HK&S Hotels Xinao Gas Hold Sany Heavy Equ Haeco Shineway Pharm Sinotruk (HK) Geely Automobile SouthGobi Energy Res Glorious Property Champion Reit

Smart wheels
SUNDAY MORNING POST JULY 4, 2010

The best value for money on the market PAGE 13

ILLUSTRATION: BAY LEUNG

In the last part of a series on health insurance, Glen Norris says the regulatory system gives consumers a raw deal

Jake’s view

with Jake van der Kamp jake.vanderkamp@scmp.com

Smoking ban’s messy fallout shows it went too far, too fast
Bars, nightclubs turn blind eye as customers continue to light up SCMP headline, July 2

I

Perils of self-medication
W
hen Tsoi Hau-ling, an usher in a seafood restaurant, slipped and injured her back while at work more than a decade ago, she spent several painful days in hospital. It was an injury serious enough that the Employees’ Compensation Division of the Labour Department awarded her HK$15,000. But when she went to make a claim from her own insurer, Pacific Century Insurance, they rejected her out of hand. The reason was a paragraph in her policy that stated that an injury required evidence of a “visible contusion or wound”. In her case, there was no external evidence of bleeding, contusions or bruising, although the internal injury was clearly serious enough to warrant hospitalisation. That reasoning by Pacific Century caused a stir of sympathy for Tsoi even among Hong Kong’s hardheaded health insurers. Tsoi appealed to the industry-run Insurance Claims Complaints Panel (ICCP) and was successful – Pacific Century was ordered to pay up. Pacific Century, however, was so aggrieved by the decision that it appealed to the High Court for a judicial review of the panel’s power. It claimed the decision “would open a floodgate of having to argue each and every case on the purported spirit of each policy” rather than on the wording of the policy. The landmark case revealed the limitations of an industry trying to be judge and jury in regards to consumer complaints. Unlike Britain and Australia, there is no independent, statutory body empowered to hear complaints against insurers. It was therefore a legal battle over the contractual interpretation of the insurance policy and whether the ICCP had the power to enforce a ruling that went beyond the black letter of the policy. The company was successful in getting the decision overturned because the judge in the case ruled the panel, which he described as providing a “quick, cheap method of selfregulation”, had gone beyond its powers. Its job was to determine whether the strict wording of the policy had been abided by. In this case, despite the substantial injury sustained by Tsoi, the insurance company was in the right. The case exposed the ICCP’s limitations. While the panel’s powers were subsequently widened so it could consider issues beyond the strict wording of a policy, what has not changed since then is consumers’ lack of access to a transparent and accountable complaints system. Michael Tsui, a barrister and chairman of the panel, argues that the panel has more flexibility than a statutory body. For example, as well as now having the power to look beyond the contractual terms of a policy, the panel can recommend ex gratia payments in cases where the ruling goes against the complainant. But even he concedes the question of transparency remains. With the government planning a major overhaul of insurance regulations, the adequacy of self regulation is again under the spotlight. Comrules and allow insurers to cancel coverage only if they can prove fraud or intentional misrepresentation. Health insurers fought a bitter battle against the reform that bans practices such as refusing to cover people with pre-existing illnesses and capping lifetime payouts. If a government-subsidised insurance scheme is introduced in Hong Kong, there are doubts the current system of self-regulation would survive. Insurers would certainly be under pressure to be less rigid in determining claims. For example, would private insurance companies be able to exclude payment to people like Tsoi, the restaurant worker? What about people with pre-existing conditions or chronic illnesses? Under the current system they would likely be rejected by insurers or face exorbitant premiums. Insurers say they are reluctant to include people with pre-existing conditions in any scheme, meaning chronically ill patients would have to pay a higher premium for coverage. The government in February asked the industry to reconsider its position. Audrey Chan, chairwoman of the Medical Insurance Association, said under the current system, private health insurance policy terms such as disclosure requirements are strictly interpreted. A non-disclosed fact may be totally unrelated to the disease. For example, a person suffering from throat cancer who fails to mention a past visit to the doctor for a sore throat may find their claim rejected and the policy cancelled. Insurers say non-disclosure goes to the very heart of the insurer-insured relationship – that of trust. One of the reasons Hong Kong insurers are so strict with policy terms such as disclosure is “doctor shopping”, according to Chan. “Hong Kong is different from other countries in that there is no family physician platform so people do doctor shopping,” Chan said. “There are therefore difficulties in tracking down medical history.” Chan said a mandatory health insurance scheme could be seen as either an opportunity or threat for the industry. A key issue would be managing risk if people with pre-existing conditions were accepted into the scheme.

Inbox
Write to us If you want to share with readers your experience with health insurance policies in Hong Kong, please e-mail us at yourmoney@scmp.com

Your article headlined “Health s(care)” on June 27 is exactly how I feel not only about health insurance programme s in Hong Kong but also about home insurance coverage. You only need to take the examples you used for health, replace people with houses, and you would get the same outcome. The blanket reason for rejecting every claim is “wear and tear”. Just try finding a company that will, transparently (pun intended), cover something like a broken window. Or try finding someone who will accept a claim for pipes bursting. I paid premiums on one home insurance for many years, covered for various things, until I found out otherwise. thinking I was That started a useless hunt for a readable policy that would actually insure me against common household incidents. No such luck. Jim Kushner

Hong Kong is different … there is no family physician platform so people do doctor shopping
Audrey Chan, chairwoman, Medical Insurance Association

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you start a I would like to point out your apparent bias where ” Going by figures provided paragraph by asking “were complaints successful? some form of financial in by you, 54 per cent of resolved complaints resulted your question must be “yes”, not benefit to the complainant! So the answer to your comment, “most would have said no”. medical coverage for 15 years Me and my wife have had worldwide hospital had two expensive with the same insurer. During this 15 years I have admissions in Hong Kong. operations in the UK and two investigative hospital one single penny, or cent, of During all these admissions I have not paid out my own money. I have only praise for the company. Morgan Majurey
SMP GRAPHIC

have a confession to make. I’m a smoker. This is not to say I smoke any longer. I threw out my last pack of cigarettes at midnight on New Year’s Eve of 2006 and since then I haven’t touched any, bar one or two transgressions while under the influence. But I was a heavy smoker for many years and stopping doesn’t make me a non-smoker. It’s like people in Alcoholics Anonymous who quit drinking but still call themselves alcoholics. The urge to pick up a cigarette has weakened but not entirely gone. As I write this I have a toothpick between my teeth and no illusions about why. I quit with the first smoking ban that came into effect on New Year’s Day 2007. It applied to the Foreign Correspondents Club and I told myself I had my choice of giving up smoking or giving up my local. In fact, this only provided the occasion. I rate myself a sensible man and I had become increasingly unhappy with my tobacco addiction. I suppose my story qualifies me as a poster subject for anti-smoking campaigners. The ban was meant to wean people from the weed and here is an obvious case in which it was instrumental in doing so. Notch another one up for the ban. But I’m not entirely happy to be that notch. In the first place I am not happy with the clamour for ever higher tobacco taxes, as if the 50 per cent hike little more than a year ago was not already stinging the poor heavily enough. Yes, stinging the poor. It is predominantly the poor who smoke. If you want to target a tax at the poor you could do no better than a tax on smoking. The poor will pay away HK$3 billion on that tax this year. It is actually counterproductive. It may or may not stop some poor people from smoking (mostly not) but it certainly makes the government addicted to tobacco taxes. On the other hand, if you want to target a tax at the rich you could do no better than a tax on wine. Thus when you next hear government officials talk righteously about narrowing the income gap, just remember that they pushed the tobacco tax way up and abolished the wine tax. The word you’re looking for is “hypocrite”. I also think that anti-tobacco campaigners often misrepresent the 2006 legislation that created the ban. They treat it as a direct government measure to stop smokers from smoking. It was not presented as such to legislators at the time. Its stated

purpose was to protect workers in bars, restaurants and other indoor facilities from the health effects of second-hand smoke. The law did not say, “Thou shalt not smoke”. It only said, “Thou shalt not make others ill by smoking”. This is more than a quibble. It gets to the heart of why the smoking ban has met widespread defiance. It is widely regarded as government trying to take the place of God by prescribing the moral conduct of our lives. People find this objectionable and their feelings are easily expressed in defiance of the law as a gesture of resentment. It does no good then to argue that perhaps public officials should have something to say about smoking if the public purse pays the cost of treating tobacco-related disease. Once you have people’s hackles up, you can’t talk reason with them. And this is clearly what tobacco control officers are finding at the moment. They go for the easy

Just picture a weakling bartender telling a triad thug to stub out or he’ll call the cops. It won’t happen

......................................................
targets – kids in game centres, outof-place labourers in shopping malls and isolated smokers in restaurants, who have no sympathy from people at neighbouring tables. But there have been few arrests in bars and none in nightclubs or saunas (socalled). These tobacco control officers don’t want a fight on their hands. They can easily call the police in, of course, but, still, who wants it? I also suspect that many of them are in fundamental sympathy with the smokers’ point of view – if you don’t like my smoking, go find another bar. It resonates with this town’s traditional free-living ways. While this way of thinking persists, fining the bar instead of the smoker in the bar may also not work. All that it will do is pass the tobacco control officer’s job to the bartender and he likes fights even less. Just picture a weakling bartender telling a triad thug to stub out or he’ll call the cops. It won’t happen and it’s unfair anyway to load that stress and personal risk on the bartender’s shoulders. In my opinion we went too fast and too far with this smoking ban and we now have the messy repercussions. They were unavoidable.

plaints to the panel rose from 344 in 2005 to 518 last year, mostly from people with medical and critical illness policies. Hong Kong will begin a longawaited consultation later this year on whether to set up a new, powerful insurance authority. The government will issue a consultation paper on the role of the new agency. It will also seek views on the regulator’s investigative and sanctioning powers. Also on the cards is a governmentsanctioned health insurance scheme to reduce costs as the population ages and medical costs skyrocket. The Obama health-care reforms in the United States, which extend health cover to almost all Americans, are being watched closely by the industry in Hong Kong. The sweeping reforms passed in March give insurers until September to implement several big changes including an end to terminating policies such as rescission. The new law will standardise the

It pays to read policy’s fine print
It pays to read the small print on health insurance policies to avoid unnecessary hassles in later years, says the Hong Kong Consumer Council. Consumers are particularly urged to pay attention to provisions and exclusions. For example what is “medically necessary” treatment and who decides? A council survey last year of 39 hospital and health insurance plans by 10 insurers found policies defined “medically necessary” as something “consistent with the diagnosis” or “not for the convenience of the insured or the doctor”. Some insurance companies say they have absolute discretion over whether a hospital visit is medically necessary. The council notes that disclosure of medical history is of the utmost importance and is the responsibility of an applicant when applying for cover. Some policies also contain a “waiting period”, which means no indemnity will be paid for medical expenses incurred due to all sicknesses within 15-30 days after the inception of the policies.

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Glen Norris

BASKETBALL Free agents weigh their options Page 2 SAILING Teen sailor wants to go global again Page 7

Trailblazer Trinh-Duc spreading the rugby gospel Page 2

SUNDAY MORNING POST JULY 4, 2010

Germany’s striker Miroslav Klose celebrates after scoring his team’s fourth goal in the surprising rout of Argentina. Klose struck twice, taking his all-time World Cup finals tally to 14, one goal shy of the record. He has four goals in this tournament. Photo: AFP

Klose closes in on scoring record as Low wins battle of tactics with Maradona

Rampant Germany demolish Argentina
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SOCCER Agence France-Presse in Cape Town Germany stormed into the World Cup semi-finals yesterday with a 4-0 demolition of Diego Maradona’s outclassed Argentina as Miroslav Klose edged towards becoming the tournament’s greatest ever goal-scorer. Germany now face either Spain or Paraguay, who were meeting in the late game yesterday, in Durban next Wednesday with a place in the final at Johannesburg’s Soccer City on July 11 at stake. It was the third time at these finals that rampant Germany had scored four goals in a match, having also done the same to Australia and England, while Argentina superstar Lio-

Scoring four goals against Argentina you just have to say that that was class

......................................................
German manager Joachim Low, who tactically outwitted Diego Maradona

nel Messi once again failed to reach the heights expected of him. A third-minute goal by Thomas Muller gave Germany a 1-0 lead, before the three-time champions turned the screw after the interval. Klose, winning his 100th cap, netted in the 68th minute, centre-back Arne Friedrich scored his first for his country six minutes later before Klose completed the rout with an 89th-minute strike which gave him a 14th World Cup goal, level with compatriot Gerd Muller and just one behind Ronaldo’s record of 15. German coach Joachim Low got the better tactically of a bewildered Maradona as the men in black defended doggedly and attacked in numbers. “We really turned in an incredible

showing. Scoring four goals against Argentina you just have to say that that was class. And we closed down Messi very well – without resorting to fouls, so that was great,” said Low. “We really stepped on the gas in the second half and played a liberated style of attacking football.” Low added: “I have been proud of my team for a long time, not only today. We played some really great football in the second-half and the team has shown the will of champions. This result and the amount of goals we scored was almost unimaginable before the game.” World footballer of the year Messi was tightly marked by Muller and Bastian Schweinsteiger as Argentina’s star-studded side failed to shine. The only blot on Germany’s

copybook was Muller’s first-half yellow card for handball. It sees him suspended for the semi-final. “Everything went off superbly and to send Argentina packing 4-0, well, what can you say?,” said Muller. “But we did it as a team and I can’t pick out any individuals. We all pulled together for this and it’s just great.” Argentina striker Carlos Tevez said defeat was a huge disappointment. “It’s a huge pain. We knew it would be complicated and that they wouldn’t let us attack,” said Tevez. “We didn’t score. There’s nothing we can say about their victory.” Klose was lucky not to receive a yellow card in the opening minute, when he fouled Argentina captain Javier Mascherano. But the Germans were in front two minutes later, Mull-

Inside
New ‘hand of God’ 4 African hopes doused 5 Disbelief in Brazil 4

er heading home a Schweinsteiger free-kick for his fourth goal of the tournament, the ball deflecting in off goalkeeper Sergio Romero’s leg. The South Americans’ first sight of goal came when Messi slid a pass through the German defence to Tevez, but goalkeeper Manuel Neuer raced from his line to deal with the threat. Argentina had an encouraging start to the second-half as Real Ma-

drid new boy Angel Di Maria fired a long-range shot which had Neuer at full-stretch on 48 minutes and Per Mertesacker blocked a shot from Tevez on 54 minutes. But Germany extended their lead when Lukas Podolski found space on the left flank and passed back inside for Klose to score on 68 minutes. Schweinsteiger helped make sure of Germany’s place in the last four when he darted through the Argentinian defence to give Friedrich a simple tap in on 74 minutes to claim his first international goal on his 77th appearance. Argentina’s defence crumbled as Klose completed the demolition with his 52nd goal for Germany as he sidefoot volleyed home a cross from Mesut Ozil just before the final whistle.

Armstrong fury at new dope report
......................................................
CYCLING Agence France-Presse in Rotterdam, the Netherlands Seven-time champion Lance Armstrong hit out yesterday only hours before the start of his final Tour de France campaign at more “false” doping accusations levelled by former teammate Floyd Landis. Disgraced champion Landis was stripped of his yellow jersey in 2006 after testing positive for testosterone but spent millions of dollars trying to clear his name. After four years of denials Landis caused a sensation recently by finally confessing to doping. But in so doing he also claimed that Armstrong and other former teammates also doped throughout their careers. Yesterday The Wall Street Journal carried further damaging claims cycles were sold, and not given, to members of Armstrong and Landis’s former team US Postal by supplier Trek to help pay for the team’s doping programme. Doping allegations have dogged Armstrong through much of his career. He has denied them and has never failed a doping test.
Lance’s last from Landis, including allegations that team biTour

6

“Today’s Wall Street Journal article is full of false accusations and more of the same old news from Floyd Landis, a person with zero credibility and an established pattern of recanting tomorrow what he swears to today,” the 38-year-old Armstrong said. “Landis’ credibility is like a carton of sour milk: once you take the first sip, you don’t have to drink the rest to know it has all gone bad.”

Odds-on to be back to square one at Sha Tin
......................................................
RACING Alan Aitken After 730 races and a tortuous contest over the past 10 months, Douglas Whyte and Brett Prebble are odds-on to be back where they started early in today’s Sha Tin card to set up an extraordinary finish to an amazing jockeys’ championship. For Whyte, at the end lies a 10th

Serena Williams holds the Venus Rosewater Dish after winning the final 6-3, 6-2 yesterday. Photo: Reuters

Fight to t the finish
Prebble(96 wins) v Whyte(95)

straight title. For Prebble the honour of taking Whyte’s crown and becoming the first Australian champion jockey since Noel Barker 19 years ago. Neither will let it rest easily and John Size-trained Fay Fay should en-

sure they are back to square one by winning the griffin event for Whyte. Though Prebble has led most of the season, it won’t be the first time Whyte has drawn level – he actually led by three wins at one stage in April before the Australian surged back again. The ace in the hole for Prebble is that two of the final three meetings are at Happy Valley, where he has dominated all term, but he will be

desperate to go there on Wednesday in front. He missed out on Thursday with five minor placings to Whyte’s three wins, but no one expects Prebble to go winless for long and he has the ammunition today to at least hold his own. Whyte’s “gimme’ on Fay Fay is vital if he is to put himself back in the driver’s seat, but Amedeo and Whyte’s partnership with John Size look strong factors late in the day.

Serena reigns supreme to keep Wimbledon crown
......................................................
TENNIS Agencies in London Serena Williams again showed the gaping chasm between her and the rest of the field when she retained her Wimbledon singles crown with a crushing 6-3, 6-2 win over Russia’s Vera Zvonareva yesterday. Williams displayed all her trademark power and poise to overwhelm Zvonareva on Centre Court and clinch her fourth women’s singles title at Wimbledon, the 13th grand slam crown of her career. The 28-year-old’s triumph means the Venus Rosewater Dish awarded to the women’s champion was held aloft by a Williams for the ninth time in 11 years, sister Venus accounting for the others. Serena, who pocketed £1 million (HK$11.83 million)in prize money, has been by far the most impressive performer in the women’s event this year and moves up to sixth on the list of all-time grand slam winners, ahead of American compatriot Billie Jean King. Not one of Serena’s seven opponents over the fortnight ever seriously threatened to upset her and it would be no surprise if the world number one was back to collect another title in 12 months time. “I just feel like at Wimbledon, whenever I come on this grass and play on this amazing court I start serving well. Everyone’s dreams can come true if you keep believing.” Although Zvonareva was unable to make any impact in her first grand slam final, the Russian can at least take consolation from seeing her ranking rise into the top 10 in the world. Zvonareva said: “I’m a little bit disappointed at the moment, maybe I was not able to show my best but I think Serena just didn’t allow me to do that. “Congratulations to her. She was just playing really well and deserved to win. She is a great champion.” Zvonareva had knocked out three seeds on her way to the final, with fourth seed Jelana Jankovic and US Open champion Kim Clijsters among her scalps. Taking on Serena in a final was another matter entirely. Serena’s three previous Wimbledon titles were all clinched with final victories over Venus, but her sister had suffered a quarter-final exit against Tsvetana Pironkova this year. Watched by a cavalcade of former Wimbledon champions, including King, Evonne Goolagong-Cawley, Martina Navratilova and Jana Novotna, Serena showed why she deserved to be mentioned in the same breath as the tournament’s all-time greats.
Nadal hungry

3

Sport Digest
Golf
Canizares holds French lead
Play began four hours late in yesterday’s French Open third round because of thunderstorms and rain in the Versailles area. Spain’s Alejandro Canizares (pictured) held a one-shot lead at the halfway stage after a second successive 66 at Le Golf National. Four birdies in the last five holes gave the Spaniard a 10-under par 132 to lead defending champion Martin Kaymer of Germany. Kaymer, who beat Lee Westwood in a play-off at this event last year, birdied the 10th, 14th and 17th holes to add a 67 to his opening round of 66. Overnight leader Robert-Jan Derksen was sitting a further shot back after the Dutchman added a level-par 71 to his stunning opening round 63. AFP

Motorcycling
Lorenzo claims Catalan MotoGP pole
Spain’s Jorge Lorenzo will start from pole position in today’s Catalan MotoGP after posting the quickest time of the day on his Yamaha in the last minute of qualifying in Barcelona. The 23year-old, who holds a 47-point lead at the top of the championship, produced a final lap of one minute 42.046 seconds to grab pole from Australian Casey Stoner who was 0.364 seconds slower on his Ducati. Frenchman Randy de Puniet completes the front row on his Honda while Spanish teammate Dani Pedrosa, who lies second in the championship race behind Lorenzo, was fourth and begins on the second row with American Ben Spies (Yamaha) and Italian Andrea Dozioso (Honda). AFP

Golf
Hendry leads Indonesia Open
New Zealand’s Michael Hendry, a former first-class cricketer, took the third-round lead in the milliondollar Indonesia Open yesterday, upstaging Chinese number one Liang Wenchong. In-form Hendry, who won the Fiji Open two weeks, ago, fired a five-under-par 67 for a one-shot lead over Liang to lead the OneAsia event on 12-under-par 204. Liang carded a 71. Liang had started the day with a two-stroke lead after matching the course record with a 64 at the Damai Indah Golf Club, in Jakarta but had a frustrating day on the greens. Taiwan’s Hsieh Tung-shu carded a 69 for third place, three behind Hendry. AFP

Congratulations. She was just playing really well and deserved to win. She is a great champion
Russian Vera Zvonareva, after losing the final in straight sets

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Agence France-Presse, Reuters

2 Roundup

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

First Asian to play for France spreads the word
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RUGBY UNION Alvin Sallay Francois Trinh-Duc is not the least bit fazed that France’s rugby World Cup hopes next year in New Zealand lie in his hands. With Vietnamese blood coursing through his veins, the French-born fly half is looking forward to the challenge of providing a little bit of Asian spice to traditional Gallic flair. “I like to take responsibility but I play for pleasure,” said the laid-back Trinh-Duc (pictured) who conducted a community youth coaching clinic at King’s Park yesterday. “I manage to replace stress by an overwhelming desire to play and represent my country.” The 23-year-old pivot, the first Asian to represent France at the highest level, is on an Asian swing spending two days in Hong Kong and also Cambodia and Laos – places he has never visited before – trying to spread the word that anything is possible for people of any background in sport. “It is an honour being the first Asian to play for France, and especially to have gained that recognition in Asia. But I don’t think and dwell too much on it,” Trinh-Duc said. “I don’t think that because I’m Asian I have to prove myself. But as a top athlete, you have to call yourself into question every time you go out on the pitch.” Trinh-Duc, whose paternal grandfather migrated to France during the first Indochina war, is a product of French club Montpellier’s youth system. “I started playing when I was just four, following in the footsteps of my elder brother.” He plays fly half or outside centre for Montpellier in the French Top 14 competition, and won his first international cap for France in 2008 against Scotland. The Hong Kong Rugby Football Union is hoping his visit will inspire Chinese children to take up the sport and follow in his footsteps. More than 150 children from the mini and youth Graeme Morrison and John Barclay back. This time the bank supported Francois’ visit,” McRobbie said. “I am delighted to be here in Asia,” Trnih-Duc said. “I’ve never been to these three places before and I’m looking forward to meeting members of the French community and rugby players, and also visiting some really great charity projects.” The country of his roots – Vietnam – is not a stopover. Organisers have left it for next time as they feel local development in Cambodia and Laos is a bit more advanced and will therefore gain more benefit from TrinhDuc’s presence. McRobbie said: “In each country the French community will have the opportunity to meet and interact with Francois,” McRobbie said. “Secondly the three unions have arranged for Francois to engage with the local rugby community through coaching sessions.” Trinh-Duc is the French fly half flavour of the moment, warding off challenges from other heavyweights like Frederic Michalak, Lionel Beauxis and David Skrela. Since coach Marc Lievremont took charge two years ago, he has tried at least half a dozen players in this crucial position. Before his period, France went through 11fly halves in eight years. So Trinh-Duc could be forgiven for thinking the sword is always hanging perilously over his head. But the gifted Trinh-Duc is unworried. He has the job now, and is increasingly looking as the person France will depend on to guide them in the World Cup. He cemented his case by leading France to a grand slam victory in the Six Nations in March. “That is my best moment in rugby so far. My worst was losing against New Zealand in Marseille last November.” Last weekend’s 41-13 hiding at the hands of Argentina in a one-off test in Buenos Aires must also rate as a close second. The Pumas achieved their highest score and biggest margin against France, which completed a disastrous two-test tour of the southern hemisphere, including a worstever loss to South Africa – a 42-17 mauling. Trinh-Duc remains upbeat and sees these results as mere blips. But he acknowledges the fight for his position will be intense. “There is no secure position in the French team. The competition is tough and you always have to prove you deserve a place in the team.” A player with quick hands and superb vision, Trinh-Duc seems to have brought flair back into the French game, perhaps with a dash of Asian adventure? “The most important message I try to pass on to people, especially Asians, is that we are lucky to be part of the rugby world with all the values it brings. Being an Asian, it wasn’t harder or easier growing up learning the game. “Rugby has given me a lot. It is a great way to meet people. The only advice I can give is to go out there, give your best and enjoy yourself.”

The idea is to bring rugby stars with Asian heritage to the region to raise the profile of the game
Robbie McRobbie, Hong Kong Rugby Football Union

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sections, including those from the union’s Operation Breakthrough programme were involved yesterday. “The idea is to bring rugby stars with Asian heritage to the region to raise the profile of the game and act as role models for the community,’ said Robbie McRobbie, HKRFU managing director for clubs and community. “Last year Standard Chartered, the HKRFU community rugby sponsor, helped us bring the two Hong Kong-born Scottish internationals

French fly half Francois Trinh-Duc during a youth coaching clinic at King’s Park yesterday. Photo: Felix Wong

Elite free-agent crop weigh their options
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BASKETBALL Agence France-Presse in Cleveland Dwyane Wade and LeBron James had the most tongues wagging as NBA teams tried to woo free agents this week. Miami Heat star Wade started Friday meeting the New York Knicks, and said he came away from a meeting lasting more than two hours “intrigued”. He later met for the second time in as many days with the Chicago Bulls, who are also due to join the queue of teams wooing James. Wade declined to say if the Bulls had made him an offer, responding only that “things are getting very interesting”. Asked if James’ decision would influence his own, Wade was also guarded. “I can’t say. We’re both going to make our own decisions,” he said. James, the 25-year-old two-time reigning NBA most valuable player, is the cream of a remarkable crop of 2010 free agents, who began hearing pitches from the teams who want to lure them from their current clubs on Thursday. James must decide whether to make a move or stay in Cleveland, where he has spent all seven of his NBA seasons. After hearing from the Nets and Knicks, James welcomed the Heat and the Los Angeles Clippers. But the Cavaliers’ brand new coach, Byron Scott, made it clear he thinks James will stay in Ohio. “I think at the end of the day, he’s going to make the right decision, and he’ll be here in Cleveland for the rest of his career,” Scott said. “His legacy of winning championships in his hometown will be like nothing he’s seen in his life. “There’s nothing like winning at home. I won three titles in my hometown, and there’s no better feeling.” In addition to James, Miami have also talked to Amare Stoudemire and Chris Bosh. “This is a very fluid process,” Miami president Pat Riley said. “We’ve had five meetings across the country in the span of 40 hours. We will continue with the process. It’s still early in free agency, but we feel very good with how our presentations have gone thus far.” Phoenix star Stoudemire was headed to New York for a meeting with the Knicks amid reports that the Suns had made contract offers to other players that insured Stoudemire would make a move. Paul Pierce, meanwhile, has reportedly already agreed to stay with the Boston Celtics, while the Dallas Mavericks were doing their best to keep Dirk Nowitzki. Mavericks president Donnie Nelson said he made a “significant” contract offer to Nowitzki’s adviser during a meeting which took place on Friday. No free agent signings can be confirmed until July 8. The wealth of quality free agents available has made for a hectic pursuit of talent. Bosh, who met the Houston Rockets in Texas on Thursday before flying to Chicago to talk to the Heat and the Nets, said he felt “like a kid at Christmas”. “You’ve got to enjoy this,” said Bosh, who has spent seven seasons in Toronto. But asked if there were any hard offers he said, “No, not yet. Everything is still pending.”

F1 focus put back on track after fighting in paddock
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MOTOR RACING Alan Baldwin in London Martin Whitmarsh has had a spring in his step of late, and not just because his McLaren team are leading both Formula One championships into next week’s British Grand Prix. After a tough 2009, the battlehardened Formula One Teams’ Association (Fota) chairman is enjoying a season where the main focus is the contest on the track rather than the fighting in the grand prix paddock. A year ago, the teams were split and the threat of a breakaway series hung over the sport but that seems like ancient history now, even if some participants are still wary of tempting fate. The departure of Max Mosley as International Automobile Federation (FIA) boss, replaced by former Ferrari boss Jean Todt last October, has changed the landscape as has a new commercial deal with Formula One supremo Bernie Ecclestone. The result, so far, has been a season where the racing – thrilling and with five different championship said. “People know they need to behave, they need to work together and that’s how it should be; work together and have a fair fight on the racetrack.” The teams, through Fota, have appeared united as never before and are working together to reach a consensus on issues such as the new tyre supplier and affordable technology. “I think there is starting to be a much better working relationship between Fota and FOM (Ecclestone’s Formula One Management) and the FIA,” said Whitmarsh, who took over from Ron Dennis at McLaren last year. “I think Jean has had a style which is thought not to be generally confrontational, recognising that all of the parties need to work together. “I also think that Jean’s introduction of a driver amongst the stewards has actually given quite a good calming effect on the stewarding system and it’s brought an understanding to racing.” Problems thrown up by the deployment of the safety car, in Monaco and Valencia, have had the immediate sting drawn by the governing body agreeing to revisit the regulations. Last year was poisoned by scandal and controversy, as well as a standoff over cost cuts and direction of the sport. Whitmarsh was involved in one row when he had to apologise unreservedly to the FIA for McLaren and 2008 world champion Lewis Hamilton misleading stewards to gain an advantage in the season-opening Australian race. Renault were then given a suspended permanent ban after a plot to rig the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix. This season’s flare-ups have so far been nothing unusual for the intensely competitive sport – Renault’s unhappiness with McLaren’s “Fduct” before everyone decided to copy it, Ferrari’s fury at the stewards’ tardiness in punishing Hamilton for overtaking the safety car in Valencia. “I think there’s been a gradual process over a number of years of people learning to work together a lot better,” said Mercedes GP chief executive Nick Fry. “From a team point of view we all get on remarkably well. I think the change in some of the characters in the teams has probably helped that,” he said. “Jean has started off with a much more communicative and conciliatory attitude than his predecessor and I think that’s helped the situation. I think all you are seeing is probably a maturing of Formula One.” Whitmarsh said the recent debate over the 2011 tyre contract was an example of everyone pulling together and the big teams helping the smaller ones, in contrast to the past. “The greater good won out,” he said. “There was a compromise on the part of the teams, the FIA and the commercial rights holder to get us to a solution which is what the sport needs.”

LeBron James

Paul Pierce

Dwyane Wade

Amare Stoudemire

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Skipper Gibson’s winning start
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BASEBALL Associated Press in Phoenix, Arizona The final out of his first win in the books, Kirk Gibson turned to his coaches and calmly shook a few hands. He repeated the process with the procession of players coming off the field and nonchalantly snagged the game ball on a toss from Adam LaRoche before heading into the clubhouse. Unflappable as ever, Gibson treated his first game as manager with typical coolness even if his stomach filled with a ball of twisted nerves. The Arizona Diamondbacks made sure their new icon-turnedskipper won his debut with an early offensive outburst and a big homer by Chris Young late to roll over the Los Angeles Dodgers 12-5. After 17 seasons filled with World Series titles and an MVP as a player, Gibson was thrilled to be a rookie again. “I felt like it was my first major league game again,” Gibson said. “It was a great feeling. I don’t know how many people get to enjoy that feeling. It’s like euphoric.” Arizona gave Gibson some stomach-acid relief by battering Hiroki Kuroda (7-6) early and scoring nine runs on 11 hits in the first three innings. Miguel Montero and Mark Reynolds had two RBIs each, and Young provided the breathe-easy cushion in the seventh inning with a three-run homer off Justin Miller that put Arizona up seven. Young matched a career high with five RBIs from his once-familiar spot atop the lineup, Edwin Jackson (6-6) labored through five innings in the follow-up to his no-hitter and the Diamondbacks had 13 hits to keep Gibson from sweating it out after a whirlwind 24 hours that ended with the new manager giving a very brief postgame talk. Arizona fired general manager Josh Byrnes and manager A.J. Hinch on Thursday with the team still hugging the bottom of the NL West. In their place for the rest of the season will be former big league pitcher Jerry Dipoto and Gibson, the fiery former player whose career was epitomized by an iconic, limp-around-the-bases homer against Oakland in the 1988 World Series. The hope for Arizona was that Gibson would imprint his neverhold-back personality on the sometimes-blase Diamondbacks, get them to treat every pitch as if it were their last, just as he did. Sporting a retro, bushy mustache, Gibson made only one lineup change, moving Young back into the lead-off spot for the first time this season. The Diamondbacks responded to the shakeups with a bat-swinging fury, swatting Kuroda around for three runs in the first inning on four hits and two walks. Three more came across with two outs in the second, set up by Kuroda’s wild pitch and subsequent throwing error by catcher Russell Martin.

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It’s just so much more enjoyable trying to beat each other fairly and squarely

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Martin Whitmarsh, Formula One Teams’ Association chairman leaders already after nine rounds – has taken centre stage. “This could go down as one of the greatest championships,” Whitmarsh (pictured) said. “For all of us, and I think you sense it, it’s just so much more enjoyable when our energies are expended on trying to beat each other fairly and squarely on the other side of the pit wall [rather] than get pummelled over here in some political maelstrom,” the Briton said. “That [the paddock politics] may create some headlines and speculation but it is deeply depressing to be involved in for months on end.” Mosley’s reign was always controversial, even if measures he rammed through have made the sport safe enough for drivers such as Red Bull’s Mark Webber to walk away from the huge crash he had in Valencia last Sunday. Adept at wielding both a carrot and stick, he branded some of the team bosses “loonies” at Silverstone last year as relations plunged into crisis. Todt, who has been a low-key presence and attended just two races this year, has started off with a very different approach. The Frenchman has appeared hands-off, delegating to others and setting up a system of former drivers assisting the stewards on race weekends, while there has also been an absence of political spin. “It’s good news,” Mercedes motor sport vice-president Norbert Haug

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Parr conquers gruelling 7-day race in the Gobi
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ATHLETICS Alvin Sallay Former Hong Kong Football Club flying rugby winger Dan Parr proved his stamina by winning the gruelling RacingThePlanet Gobi March endurance running race yesterday. Parr finished first in a field of more than 150 competitors from 30 countries taking part in the 250-kilometre race stretching over seven days in China’s Gobi Desert. A relieved Parr’s first thoughts after the race were of his young family. “When I get home, I will see my wife, take my boy for a swim and maybe put my little girl to bed,” he said. “The experience was fabulous. Everything I hoped it would be. It was a great race, tough terrain, great people. It’s not about who finished one or two, but the people who finished when they were sick and the 61-yearold woman from Japan who stuck it out and finished the race. “Everyone is here for different reasons, whether to race or to finish. The camaraderie at the end was great … everybody applauding for the last person to come across the finish.” The RacingThePlanet series comprises races in four deserts – the Gobi, the Atacama Desert in Chile, the Sahara in Egypt and Antarctica. Parr said he had no immediate plans to tackle the rest.

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Dan Parr on his way to winning the Gobi March. Photo: SMP Pictures

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Reuters

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

Roundup 3

Isner hopes his tall story will grow and grow
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Harvey Araton The last thing John Isner needs is a top-10 list to explain why he wishes to not be primarily remembered for winning the longest tennis match in history. Two reasons will suffice. “I want to be a top-10 player and I want to win a grand slam tournament,” he said. In the past 14 months, Isner has made the climb from the world’s 150th-ranked player to No 19. But he knows that his current claim to fame is as the winner – or survivor – of a three-day, 11-hour-five-minute Wimbledon first-rounder that culminated last week with a can’t-happenbut-did 70-68 fifth-set victory over Nicolas Mahut of France. So while the tournament reaches its climax this weekend, Isner, after losing in the second round, has joined the New York celebrity studio circuit. On Monday, he visited the Late Show with David Letterman, where he enjoyed sharing his top-10 thoughts of the exhausting and record-obliterating fifth set. Number one was, “Larry King has had marriages that didn’t last this scholarship player at Georgia, the notion of turning professional like the rest of the world’s teenage prodigies was almost laughable because Isner was skinny as a rake and still adjusting to an unplanned life at an uncommon tennis altitude, 2.06 metres. His parents, he says, are each about 1.83 metres. His older brothers are 1.91 metres and 1.93 metres. Entering high school in Greensboro, North Carolina, Isner was 1.88 metres, a top-10 junior player but also a skilful if undernourished forward in a competitive basketball environment. “I got bounced around because I was so skinny, but I was a pretty good player. I just knew if I wanted to get a college scholarship, I had to focus on one sport, so I chose tennis. “Then I grew [15cm] after I turned 17. I had no idea I was going to be this tall. Had I known that, I honestly would have stuck to basketball.” Since Isner made his debut on the ATP tour in the summer of 2007 with a resounding run to the finals of a tournament in Washington, there has never been a question that he had the serve and forehand to blow an opponent off the court. But at his height, did he have the ability to stay on it against smaller, more athletic opponents? Conditioning and movement will always be the most daunting challenge for a player his size. Isner, in fact, skipped the pre-Wimbledon grass-court tournaments because he was drained by the clay-court season and decided he was better off putting in more work in the gym. Still, Mahut was the fresher player throughout their ordeal. Asked for the most surprising moment of the match, Isner cited Mahut’s all-out sprint and futile stretch dive for a volley Isner had punched into the open court. “At that point, all I could do was chuckle, him risking life and limb like that,” Isner said. Isner said his fretting mother, Karen, and others in his box – including his college roommate and teammate, an Australian Serb named Stracky Bobusic – should have known he was not going to quit, no matter how wobbled he was. Isner actually woke up on June 25 thinking he could play his secondround match at noon and then meet a doubles draw commitment. Reality set in early; he was too sore to walk to the practice courts for a warm-up before losing in straight sets to Thiemo de Bakker. Five rounds from the final, Isner left London believing his amazing demonstration of resolve had moved him closer to his ultimate destination, a grand slam winner’s circle. “Prior to that match, I was a nobody at Wimbledon,” he said. “Now I think people know what I have inside me.” The tall young man people used to mistake for the basketball player he might have been has been getting the once-over since last week and the question: “Are you that guy?” He is the guy, not yet in the top 10 but with more reason to believe he will be there soon.

Rafael Nadal and Tomas Berdych give vent to their feelings in their respective Wimbledon semi-final victories over Andy Murray and Novak Djokovich. Photo: Reuters, AP

New ace on grand-slam block stands in Spaniard’s way

My best tennis is still three years ahead of me. Physically, I’m fresh. Even though I’m 25, I don’t have the wear and tear like all these guys who started at 18
John Isner, who won the longest tennis match in history

Nadal tries to regain the reign injury forced him to give up
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TENNIS Howard Fendrich in London About an hour after Rafael Nadal finished off Andy Murray in the Wimbledon semi-finals, a question in Spanish began in this way: “One year later, another final ...” The guy quickly was cut off. And corrected. “No,” Nadal said, “two years later.” The way Nadal’s playing at the moment, it seems like he never left. Still, don’t forget that he missed Wimbledon in 2009, sidelined by sore knees that made him only the fifth player in the history of the tournament unable to defend his title because of injury. Which is why, 12 months ago, the men’s final at the All England Club went on without him for the only time in the past five years. “I watched at home,” Nadal said. “On the sofa.” Now the Spaniard is front and centre on Centre Court once again, on top of his forehand-whipping, every-shot-retrieving game. The No 1-ranked and No 2-seeded Nadal will be bidding for his second Wimbledon championship and eighth grand slam title overall today, when he plays 12th-seeded Tomas Berdych of the Czech Republic in the final. “For sure, that makes it more special,” Nadal said after beating Murray 6-4, 7-6 (8-6), 6-4 in the semi-finals, “because I worked a lot to be back, playing my best tennis. I did, so that’s very important. Personal satisfaction, no?” Nadal has won his past 13 matches at the grass-court major, and 25 of 27, with the only losses coming against Roger Federer in the 2006 and 2007 finals. Nadal beat Federer in the epic 2008 title match, which ended at 9-7 in the fifth set as darkness descended. This time, a new foe will be across the net: Berdych, who followed up his quarter-final upset of six-time champion Federer by ousting No 3 Novak Djokovic of Serbia 6-3, 7-6 (11-9), 6-3. This will be Nadal’s 10th grand slam final; Berdych’s first. Might Berdych feel some pressure because of that? “I hope so,” Nadal said with a smile, “but I don’t think so.” With English soccer superstar David Beckham seated in the front row behind Murray’s guest box at Centre Court, and about 15,000 others pulling for the Scotsman, too, Nadal was a picture of perpetual motion. He repeatedly sprinted from one corner to another, tracking down strokes that would be clean winners against anyone else. A few times, members of the eager-to-roar crowd would applaud, thinking Murray won a point, only to be hushed by other spectators as play carried on. “His backhand’s good. His serve’s good. His forehand’s good. His movement is good,” Murray said afterwards. “He does everything really, really well.” Two qualities Murray neglected to mention: Nadal’s all-out intensity, and his propensity for coming up big at the biggest times. “In the crucial points today, Rafael was really good,” said Nadal’s uncle and coach, Toni, “and Murray was not too good.” Nadal faced a set point at 6-5 in the tiebreaker, but won the last three points. Then he trailed 4-2 in the third set, but reeled off the final four games of the match. Afterwards, Murray said something Berdych might want to ponder. “You’re not going to be able to play every single point on your terms against the best player in the world, one of the best players ever.” Nadal is 7-3 against Berdych, with victories in their past six matches. But the 24-year-old Berdych has never played with the confidence and patience he’s displayed while becoming the first Czech man to reach the Wimbledon final since Ivan Lendl in 1987. “The feeling is absolutely amazing. It is really tough to describe,” Berdych said. “Every young kid, from the first time he hits the ball and thinks to be a tennis player, this is the dream.” He showed promise at age 18 by upsetting Federer at the 2004 Athens Olympics, but has taken a while to develop as an elite player. His booming serve and forehand, though, carried Berdych to the French Open semi-finals a month ago, past the topseeded Federer on Wednesday and past Djokovic on Friday. The toughest test of all remains. “I’m looking forward to the next one,” Berdych said, “and definitely not fearing anybody.” Berdych’s major final debut comes in his 28th try, the secondmost major tournaments anyone has played before reaching a title match. Nadal, meanwhile, won his fifth French Open last month, regaining that title after losing in the fourth round a year ago. He later would say his knees were hurting, part of a tough 2009. Nadal missed Wimbledon, began a drought of 11 months without a title, gave up the No 1ranking, and had to deal with his parents’ separation. “A very difficult year. Many problems with the knees. Then our loss in Roland Garros. Altogether, it was a bad year,” Toni said. Rafael Nadal’s coach sighed, then broke into a wide grin. “Now,” he added, “life has changed.”

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long”, which perhaps means Isner has one less appearance with which to concern himself. Crossover fame came so unexpectedly to Isner that it has not even had time to go to his head. After breakfast with a reporter at a restaurant near his hotel on Central Park West, he offered to pick up the cheque. Isner will learn about the perks and protocol of a more lasting stardom, especially if he achieves the goals he has set. “I think my best tennis is still three years ahead of me,” he said over a hearty plate of oatmeal, eggs, sausage and muffins. “Physically, I’m fresh. Even though I’m 25, I don’t have the wear and tear like all these guys who started at 18.” He laughed at the contradiction of the claim, made less than a week after he stumbled around the grass on Wimbledon’s Court 18, “punch drunk, to the point where I really wasn’t aware of my surroundings, where the only thing that kept me going was trying to get to that changeover to sit down”. But therein lies the story’s triumphant charm. A year ago, Isner could not even play Wimbledon because he was bedridden with mononucleosis. Going further back to when he was a

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Rafael Nadal
Owns seven grand slam titles including Wimbledon in 2008 when he beat Roger Federer 9-7 in the fifth set, an all-time classic Has won French Open five times and the Australian Open once Trails only Federer for most singles titles among active players with 40 Has dropped five sets on his way to this final, matching the most he has lost on the way to any of his grand slam finals Has beaten Kei Nishikori, Robin Haase, No 33 Philipp Petzschner, Paul-Henri Mathieu, No 6 Robin Soderling, No 4 Andy Murray en route to the final

Tomas Berdych

1

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Made this, his first grand slam final, at the 28th attempt the second-longest wait for any player behind Aussie Kim Warwick who played 32 majors before his debut Has five career titles, most recently winning at Munich in 2009 Is first Czech to reach Wimbledon men’s singles final since Ivan Lendl in 1987 Is one of only four players with three career victories over Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer Has beaten Andrey Golubev, Benjamin Becker, Denis Istomin, Daniel Brands, No 1 Federer and No 3 Novak Djokovic en route to the final

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Associated Press

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New York Times

Murray looks to US Open after falling short yet again
Andy Murray insists the heartache of his semi-final defeat against Rafael Nadal will provide all the motivation he needs to finally end his grand slam drought. Murray’s bid to become the first British man since 1938 to reach the final of the men’s singles at the All England Club ended in bitter disappointment as he was overwhelmed 6-4, 7-6 (8-6), 6-4 by Nadal. The Scot had dropped just one set en route to the last four and looked in his best form of the year. But he was dismissed from the tournament in comprehensive fashion as Nadal produced one of the most complete performances of his career. Murray hardly disgraced himself and, on another day against another opponent, his display might even have been enough to win. But Nadal was awesome. His serve was so accurate that he was broken only once and his fearsome forehand kept the world number four from taking control at any stage of the match. Murray’s competitive instincts were dulled in the aftermath of an equally chastening defeat by Roger Federer in the Australian Open final and his form slumped badly as a result. He is adamant that won’t be the case this time as he prepares for the American hard-court season and the US Open. “I hope it does make me more determined to win a grand slam. In the past it has made me work harder. It happened to me once that I suffered a bit, whether it was to do with the loss in Australia, whether it was other things going on, you never know. “But I work hard and I hope it doesn’t happen again. I’ve normally played well in the American hard-court stretch after Wimbledon. Hopefully I’ll play well again now.” Murray’s semi-final loss was the 10th failure by a British man at the semi-final stage since Bunny Austin’s 1938 final appearance. Murray, defeated by Andy Roddick at this stage last year, refused to blame the pressure and scrutiny that comes with being the only serious home-based contender for the title. “There’s a lot of pressure playing here. But it doesn’t affect the outcome of the matches. It’s not a valid excuse to make,” he said. “I’ve played really well the whole tournament. I obviously want to win for myself. I want to win for the guys I work with. I want to win for, you know, the UK. “It’s definitely a little bit more disappointing than other grand slams

I’ll probably go on holiday now and stay away from the tennis court for a while

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Andy Murray after his semi-final defeat by Rafael Nadal

because this one is the biggest one of the year for me.” Murray believes he can be satisfied with his fortnight’s work at the championships, but inevitably a nagging sense of regret will accompany him when he jets off for a much-needed holiday next week. “A few weeks ago no one would have given me much of a hope of getting to the semis because I wasn’t doing well, then I played a good tournament here,” he said. “But right now I’m very disappointed at the match. I’ll look back at the tournament as a whole in a few weeks as a good one, just not great. “I’ll probably go on holiday now and stay away from the tennis court for a while.”

John Isner outside Central Park in New York. While enjoying the notoriety if his epic five-setter he hopes to achieve more in tennis. Photo: NYT

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Agence France-Presse in London

Rose blooms as Woods just cuts it
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GOLF Reuters in Newtown Square, Pennsylvania Britain’s Justin Rose fired six birdies and had the day’s lowest score to earn a one-stroke lead following the second round at the AT&T National while Tiger Woods barely made the cut. Rose (pictured), who squandered a three-shot lead in the final round of last week’s Travelers Championship, took advantage of benign afternoon conditions for a bogey-free six-under-par 64. “I didn’t really go out with the intention of going low. The round just evolved and happened,” Rose said after signing for a seven-under 133 halfway total at Aronimink. Just one shot back are Australia’s Jason Day (68) and South Korea’s Charlie Wi (65), while another 10 players headed into the weekend within four strokes of the outright lead. Defending champion Woods, who made the cut with no shots to spare, offset four bogeys with four birdies for an even-par 70 that left him 10 shots off the pace. Woods drove the ball nicely but missed a couple of short putts, including one from two feet at his penultimate hole. “It is frustrating,” the world number one said. “The first two days is the best I’ve driven it in a long time.” While Rose, who won the Memorial tournament in Ohio last month, hopes to hang onto his lead this weekend, he is also hoping to secure a late exemption into the British Open this month at St Andrews. He is almost certain to qualify this year, regardless of where he places this weekend, since he made the top two on a mini money list based on the last five tournaments on tour. Rose said not making the British Open in 2000 and again in 2005 when he was the first alternate, is not an experience he wants to go through again. “You see all your buddies teeing it up and going out there and experiencing the Old Course [at St Andrews] in an Open, and I was left on the driving range as a spare part. I never wanted to do that again.” Day, meanwhile, sprayed his tee shots into the rough more often than not, but a deft short game kept him in contention. “I hit it pretty awful on the back nine,” said the 22-year-old who won the Byron Nelson Championship in May. “It’s going to be tough if I have to do this for the next two days.”

In Brief
Toni signs with Genoa
Striker Luca Toni has completed his move to Serie A side Genoa after being snubbed by Bayern Munich, AS Roma and Italy in the past two months. “I’ve received a great welcome. It’s up to me to repay that faith on the field. Genoa play football that suits my characteristics,” Toni, released by Bayern, told the club website. The tall 33-year-old, a 2006 World Cup winner, fell out with the Bayern hierarchy and spent the second half of the season at Roma where his goals helped them run Inter Milan close in the Italian title race. Reuters who finished seventh in the +105 kg category at the European Championships in Minsk in April, tested positive for the banned substance methandienone. The 25year-old has denied any wrongdoing but announced he would retire and not seek a B sample test. “The whole situation is very confusing as no one can still explain where it came from,” Polejanov said. Reuters that stretched defences. He was the first to split the tight end wide, away from the formation, to better use the position as an offensive threat. Although he never reached the Super Bowl, Coryell had a 111-83-1 regular season record in 14 seasons as an NFL head coach. Reuters other Saudi cities, it reported. Tyson, 44, converted to Islam while serving a 10-year prison sentence, later commuted to three years, for rape in 1991. AFP

Woods to play at Whistling Straits
Tiger Woods has officially entered the fourth major championship of 2010, sending in his entry form to the PGA Championship, officials said. The PGA of America said that Woods was among the first four players to enter. The others were Masters champion Phil Mickelson, US Open champion Graeme McDowell of Northern Ireland and two-time PGA Champion Vijay Singh of Fiji. The PGA Championship will be played on August 12-15 at Whistling Straits in Kohler, Wisconsin, where Singh prervailed in a three-man play-off in 2004. AFP

Tyson on Mecca pilgrimage
Former boxing champion Mike Tyson, who converted to Islam while in jail in the 1990s, is visiting the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina on pilgrimage, a Saudi daily reported yesterday. Tyson, who was world heavyweight champion from 1986 to 1990, arrived on Friday in Medina with the Canadian Dawah Association for the umrah, or minor pilgrimage, the newspaper Okaz said. From Medina he will travel on to Mecca and also plans to visit

NFL coach Coryell dies
Former NFL coach Don Coryell, whose innovations in the passing game earned him the moniker “Air Coryell”, has died at the age of 85. The former coach of the St Louis Cardinals and San Diego Chargers had battled a lengthy illness and died at a hospital in La Mesa, California, the Chargers said. Coryell was creator of the “vertical offence”

Weightlifter tests positive
Bulgarian weightlifter Boyan Polejanov has tested positive for steroids, the Bulgarian weightlifting federation said on Friday. Polejanov,

4 Soccer

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

Uruguay team rally behind striker whose handball denied Ghana semi-final place

I’m the new ‘hand of God’: Suarez

Uruguay striker Luis Suarez stops the ball with his hands. Photo: AP

Ghana’s midfielder Asamoah Gyan, right, misses from the spot in the last minute of extra time. Photo: AP

Uruguay goalkeeper Muslera saves from Adiyiah in the shootout. Photo: AP allowed the South Americans to claim their first World Cup semi-final appearance since 1970. Tabarez, whose side had battled from a goal down to draw 1-1at the end of regulation time, said Suarez’s desperate act was a reflex action. “It was instinctive, he instinctively put his hand out to the ball and was red-carded and will miss the next game,” Tabarez said. “He has paid for the consequences of his actions. He wasn’t to know that Ghana would miss the resulting penalty. It is not fair to say that we cheated our way to victory.” Two-time champions Uruguay will now play the Netherlands in the semi-finals in Cape Town on Tuesday. Man of the match Diego Forlan, whose equalising free kick kept Uruguay in the match, said: “It’s a pity [for Suarez that he will miss the semi], he made a good save today, we’ll try to do our best. He played his part. He didn’t score a goal but he saved one and now we go to the semi-final.” Tabarez said now that his team were in the semi-finals, where they face the Dutch who knocked out Brazil earlier in the day, they can be considered as one of the four best sides in the world. “We didn’t play good football tonight but we fought very hard,” he said. “We are amongst the four best teams at this World Cup. This is something we would never have imagined before coming to South Africa. “My players are very united. I don’t know how far we can go in the tournament. The Netherlands have some great players, but we cannot betray this group of players. “If there is a glimmer of hope we must hang on. We will certainly not throw in the towel before playing that match.” Uruguay goalkeeper Fernando Muslera, who saved skipper John Mensah and Adiyiah’s attempts in the penalty shootout, said he felt calm while making those match-winning saves. “It was one of my calmest moments. I was lucky I had the right instincts,” the Lazio shot-stopper said. “I felt nothing when Gyan took his extra-time penalty, my mind went blank. Honestly, there was nothing to think about, I was calm, I tried to put him off and luckily he missed.”

Disbelief among fans as Brazil eliminated
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Bradley Brooks in Rio de Janeiro Tears rolled down Paulo Gama’s face and his girlfriend sobbed in his arms as he stared in disbelief at the video screen on Copacabana beach. The final whistle signalled that Brazil – colossus of the soccer world and favourites to win the World Cup – were eliminated from the tournament in a 2-1loss to the Netherlands. Across the famous beach, heads bowed and many of the 20,000 people there crumpled to the white sand. Grandfathers holding babies cried. Brazil’s colours of canary yellow and green streaked down faces painted with the national flag. “Tomorrow, the sun will not rise,” Gama said. That was all he could say. It was all anyone could say in this land of Carnival and samba, where a pasley Sneijder scored with a header following a corner kick. “Oh, my God, only a miracle can save us now,” Vera Lucia said to the brilliant blue Brazilian sky seconds later. “Oh lord, save us.” A minute after the final result, Lucia gathered her two teenage girls in her arms, hugged them fiercely and wept. “I cannot find the words. I feel so much frustration, so much anger – but I do not know for whom,” she said. “I’m so disappointed. This was our year.” The nation had indeed been on a roll. After winning the right to host the 2014 World Cup, last year Rio was awarded the 2016 Summer Olympics. President Luiz Inacio “Lula” da Silva is one of the globe’s most popular politicians. Perennially beaten down by economic crises in the past, Brazil weathered the financial meltdown and saw record economic growth in the first quarter of this year. In short, Brazil seemingly had been winning at everything. Until they lost at the one thing they win most. Now, fans will have four years to debate what went wrong. But if there is any country emotionally equipped to deal with such a defeat, it is Brazil. In the Portuguese language there is a word that Brazilians swear cannot be translated: saudades (sow-dah-gees) – to painfully enjoy longing, to recognise and cherish the ache of someone or something that is beyond one’s grasp. The joy Brazil is known for and with which its teams have always played is the result of embracing a long journey through agony. Waiting at the end is the moment of elation: the return of a loved one, a longawaited kiss, a game-winning goal. Twenty minutes after the game ended, samba drummers took the stage on Copacabana beach, their rhythm soothing a restive crowd. “Tears may fall today, but the happiness in the Brazilian heart remains,” said Claudia Ressea, as she moved her hips to the beat. “You will see. The world will see. We’ll be back in 2014 and the cup will be ours.”

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Robert Smith in Johannesburg Uruguay striker Luis Suarez claimed yesterday that his deliberate extratime, last-minute handball, which denied Ghana a semi-final place, was the 2010 version of the “hand of God”. Suarez was red-carded by Portuguese referee Olegario Benquerenca for the illegal goal-line clearance which kept out substitute Dominic Adiyiah’s header but resulted in a Ghana penalty. However, Asamoah Gyan then sent his penalty – the last kick of the game – crashing off the crossbar to give the Uruguayans a reprieve which they exploited by prevailing 4-2 in the shootout which followed. “This was the end of the World Cup. I had no choice. I have the ‘hand of God’ now,” said Suarez. Diego Maradona famously credited a goal against England at the 1986 World Cup to the “hand of God” after he scored with his hand. “I did it so that my teammates could win the penalty shootout. When I saw Gyan miss the penalty it was a great joy,” added Suarez, who misses the semi-final. Uruguay coach Oscar Tabarez defended Suarez whose handball

Honestly, there was nothing to think about, I was calm, I tried to put him off and luckily he missed
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Uruguay goalkeeper Fernando Muslera, below, on Gyan’s failed shot

Gold in sight for Orange heroes, says Dutch paper
The Dutch press waxed lyrical yesterday about the Orange XI’s elimination of Brazil. “World Class,” headlined the front page of the popular De Telegraaf newspaper about the encounter in Port Elizabeth, asking: “Who can stop this team?” With photographs of all 11 players, the daily named them heroes and said they were on the road to the Netherlands’ first World Cup final since 1978. “Gold in sight,” it said. The popular Algemeen Dagblad called the Dutch victory “Grandiose”. “Top favourite Brazil sent home 2-1 in a grandiose football thriller,” it continued, dedicating several pages to party photographs and quotes from Dutch fans celebrating their team’s victory. For its part, the leftist daily Volkskrant asked: “Will Oranje [Orange] win the World Cup? It is possible.” Next to a photograph of Inter Milan star Wesley Sneijder whose second-half header put the Netherlands in the lead, the newspaper said: “There is still room for their play to improve.” The Dutch next face Uruguay in a semi-final in Cape Town on Tuesday.

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Agence France-Presse

The happiness in the Brazilian heart remains. We’ll be back in 2014 and the cup will be ours

Africa’s last chance for glory fades as Ghana exits
South Africa’s World Cup party took a sad turn as Ghana, the last African team in the tournament, were sent home by Uruguay. Despite holding their own for 120 minutes, Ghana were unable to match the South Americans from the penalty spot, going down 4-2 in a shootout after the score stayed locked at 1-1 through extra time. Takalani Neluheni, a Johannesburg fan with a Ghana flag painted on one cheek and a South African flag on the other, summed up the host country’s heartbreak after the match. “I’m very disappointed. The last African team are out and now there’s no one to represent Africa. I’m just really mad and upset about it,” she said. “I was kind of hoping that Ghana would keep the Cup in Africa but now that dream is gone,” she said. “I don’t know who to support any more.” Uruguay fans meanwhile expressed remorse amid their post-match festivities after helping to knock out the hosts during group play then sending home the last African side. “I feel a little bad. First we knocked out South Africa, and now Ghana. It’s unfortunate. But I feel very happy for Uruguay,” Mingo Denis said. Nelson Mandela (pictured) had led “We join everybody on the continent and in the diaspora in wishing you success in the tournament going forward,” Mandela said in a letter to Ghana’s football association. The sentiment was echoed across Johannesburg ahead of the match at Soccer City stadium, as street vendors largely swapped their Bafana kit for scarves, beanies and flags in Ghana’s colours. Even South Africa’s World Cup organisers had abandoned any pretence of neutrality when it came to the team. “By the kind of excitement that Ghana have generated throughout the continent, we want to wish them well tonight and we hope the whole continent as well as the whole world will support them to be the first African team to win the World Cup,” said Rich Mkhondo, spokesman for the local organising committee. For local fans, Ghana’s match overshadowed powerhouse Brazil’s shock 2-1 loss to the Netherlands in Port Elizabeth, in the first of two days of quarter-finals. Despite the shooting of an American backpacker in an armed robbery on Wednesday, South Africa has largely overcome fears about its high crime rate and fledgling public transportation system, pulling off the World Cup without major incident. President Jacob Zuma said his country was ready to host the Olympics, after the confidence inspired by the World Cup. “This has proved to the world that we are capable of hosting any international event, we have the resources and infrastructure,” Zuma said in an interview with Fifa. “I don’t see why we can’t bid to host the Olympics in the future. It’s important for Africa,” he said. Fifa officials have showered praise on the country, despite initial hurdles like a transportation logjam that saw many fans arrive late for the opening ceremony on June 11. “We will break records in many areas here in South Africa in terms of ticket sales, in terms of ratings,” Fifa secretary general Jerome Valcke said. on local radio.

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Claudia Ressea, among supporters at Copacabana beach, Rio de Janeiro sionate people mourn as acutely as they celebrate. “It’s over. It’s over. I cannot believe that it is over,” said Luciano Barreto, using the Brazil jersey in his hand to wipe his face. Earlier, when top-ranked Brazil took a 1-0 lead and looked like they were cruising toward an easy victory, that same shirt was proudly waved in the air with the certainty of a win and heading toward a sixth World Cup title. Robinho, the nimble-footed, goal-scoring wizard, had given Brazil the lead in the 10th minute. But the Netherlands found their footing and equalised in the 53rd minute when a cross glanced off the head of Brazil’s Felipe Melo into his own goal. The goal that crushed the hearts of 190 million Brazilian fans came in the 68th minute, when Wes-

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Agence France-Presse

We join everybody on the continent and in the diaspora in wishing you success in the tournament
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Nelson Mandela, in a letter to the Ghana team before the match the country in rallying around Ghana for their quarter-final match after South Africa’s Bafana Bafana were knocked out in the first round. Ghana, only the third African team ever to reach the quarter-finals, were adopted as “BaGhana BaGhana” and cheered as the home side.

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Associated Press

Dutch fans at a fountain in Rotterdam celebrate their team’s victory over Brazil. Photo: EPA

World Cup Digest
Italy
Federation cuts number of foreigners
Italian clubs will only be allowed to buy one non-European Union player in the coming season after the soccer federation voted to change the rules following the Azzurri’s World Cup flop. Teams had previously been allowed to buy two non-EU players per season but action has been taken to increase the pool of Italian talent after the world champions crashed out in the group stage in South Africa. But the Serie A reacted angrily. “The reduction was approved by the federation board with Serie A voting against. The decision does not resolve Italian soccer’s problems,” Serie A boss Maurizio Beretta said. Reuters

Redknapp urges change
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Bangladesh
Hospital treats 15 after Brazil defeat
At least 15 people were hurt and Bangladesh’s largest hospital recorded a jump in cases of sedative poisoning following Brazil’s exit. The injured and poisoned were taken to Dhaka Medical College Hospital after Brazil lost their quarter-final match, , a game watched by nearly 80 million Bangladeshis. Firoz Ahmed, a doctor at the hospital, said among those treated were at least 15 Brazil or Argentina supporters. “They fought after some Argentine supporters celebrated Brazil’s shock defeat. Most have head injuries, hit by sticks or stones,” he said. Most Bangladeshis support either of the two Latin American giants. AFP

Brazil
Mick Jagger blamed for losses
Brazil found a scapegoat for their World Cup loss in the shape of Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger. Internet sites noted that Jagger had backed the five-times champions to beat the Netherlands. The rock star had previously lent his support to the US and England, both of whom crashed out in the last 16 and, noting Jagger’s appearance with Lucas, his Brazilian son by fashion model and TV show hostess Luciana Gimenez, at Friday’s game against the Dutch, the media made him an easy target. “Who will the Rolling Stones frontman support next?” several sites asked. “The curse of Mick Jagger continues,” said sports daily Lance. AFP

Agence France-Presse in London Tottenham Hotspur manager Harry Redknapp has told Fabio Capello to make changes after the Italian was confirmed as England manager following the team’s World Cup flop. Redknapp (pictured) was one of the leading candidates to succeed Capello, whose position was under threat after England were beaten 4-1 by Germany in the last 16. But although Redknapp has been vocal in his belief the England manager should be English, he insisted now was the time to support Capello after the Football Association said the former AC Milan and Real Madrid manager would oversee the team’s bid to qualify for the 2012 European

Mick Jagger cheers on England when being beaten by Germany. Photo: AFP

Championships. However, Redknapp urged Capello to bring in new players and revamp the England set-up. “I wasn’t surprised, I couldn’t see them getting rid of him,” Redknapp told Talksport Radio. “He has kept it now and we have got to get behind him and get ready for the European Championship – and to turn in a better performance than we have at the World Cup. “He has got to make a lot of changes, as he has said, he needs some new blood. We have got to find some young players who can come in and play at that level,” Redknapp said. “We keep playing the same way, we don’t change it.”

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

Soccer 5

Michael Church
in South Africa

The dreaded kick that can make grown men weep
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Agencies in Pretoria It is the cruelest and most contrived moment in soccer: the penalty shootout that decides which of two exhausted teams will be eliminated from the World Cup. And it must have a fall guy. Yuichi Komano was that unfortunate individual after his Japan team were eliminated by Paraguay on Tuesday. Komano’s penalty kick missed by inches, striking the crossbar. Komano then had to wait as one, two, three penalty takers converted their shots. He was on his knees, head bowed, and we could tell from his quivering body that he was sobbing. Komano, like everyone else on that field in Loftus Versfeld Stadium, had not had a great game, or a bad one. Japan and Paraguay were equal in their inability to conquer nerves, scoreless throughout 90 minutes and then 30 minutes more of extra-time. No one scored, no one dared, no one wanted to be a hero strongly enough. So the penalty lottery applied. Man after tired man strode up like a soldier. Each was trying to do his duty for his country, trying to advance his team further than they had been in the World Cup. It was Komano’s turn. He aimed, he fired high, he beat the goalkeeper ... and the bar beat him. It was 6.35pm local time, 1.35am in Wakayama, Komano’s hometown. That missed kick, that tiny miscalculation from a player whose primary role is defence, ultimately led not only to the end of Japan’s participation in the 2010 World Cup, but also of Asia’s. It is wicked to load on one man the hopes of a continent, but that is how the modern media hype these events. It is soulless to blame one individual for one slight misdirection when he is weary and when shooting is far from his best skill. The agony was shared by two Ghanaian players in their loss to Uruguay on Friday when John Mensah and Dominic Adiyiah each had shootout shots saved. And they were only put on the spot because teammate Asamoah Gyan rattled the bar with a potential game-clinching penalty in the final minute of extra-time. It is doubtful in the extreme that Komano, Mensah or Adiyiah draw a crumb of comfort from the fact that more famous players than he have missed the target by more spectacular margins. Roberto Baggio, the Divine Ponytail of Italy, a hero of magical goals and wonderful artistry, is perhaps the most renowned penalty shootout fall guy of them all. Baggio’s miss came in the 1994 final between Italy and Brazil. It was another barren game, goal-less in a showpiece match with the world watching. Baggio should probably never have started that game, much less played 120 minutes on a damaged hamstring. His shot sailed high above the crossbar, unbelievably high for a shot taker of his reputation. Brazil won, Italy lost and to this day that moment lives with Baggio. “It affected me for years,” said Baggio. “It was the worst moment of my career. If I could erase a moment it would be that one.” England’s Stuart Pearce shared that sentiment after missing in a 1990 semi-final defeat to Germany. “My world collapsed. The walk back to the centre circle was a nightmare as the first rush of tears pricked my eyes,” Pearce said years later. Baggio, at least, can set a glorious career against an inglorious moment. Komano cannot. His is a journeyman’s career. He is not always the first choice for Japan, not after sustaining a serious knee injury and an eye infection that threatened his sight. At 28, and at the end of his 56th national team game, Komano became fated to be the loser. But Baggio could tell Komano that there is life after a penalty miss. After his miss in 1994 he stepped up again four years later to score, albeit in another defeat against France. “Only those who have the courage to take a penalty miss them,” said Baggio.

F

or every George Weah or Nwankwo Kanu, there are hundreds – if not thousands – of young African footballers drifting around the outer reaches of the global game, scraping together a living and being exploited by the unscrupulous. The stories are as common as they are familiar: teenage players who have gone months without being paid, tied to clubs or agents who provide these young men with little beyond the bare essentials to survive, being fed lies to maintain the myth that financial security and stardom are just around the corner. In the worst cases, the players are left stranded with no money, no support and no way home from countries far from the familiar. Youngsters – many of whom are still essentially children – are taken to all corners of the world, their services offered to whoever will pay the most to the agents while the player sees little, if any, of the money from the deal. It’s no exaggeration to refer to these practices as a form of modern day slavery as these aspiring footballers are convinced to part with their services in return for next to nothing. This trade in African – and South American – players is one of the great shames of modern football, the seething, seedy underbelly of the game that is often forgotten amid the glitz and glamour of the sport’s showcase events. Yet it is the prospect of playing on the greatest stages – the World Cup, the European Champions League, the English Premier League – that fuels this underground industry. How many teenage footballers would not make sacrifices to have the chance to join Manchester United, Real Madrid or AC Milan? It is an easy sell to the naïve and the hopeful and there are plenty prepared to exploit the ill-educated dreamers who believe that one day they can walk out onto the pitch at Wembley, San Siro or the Camp Nou. That is where the 1Goal project and others like it are trying to play a role in changing the landscape within world football. By providing education for children in disadvantaged countries, footballers – and the rest of society – are less likely to be exploited. “Especially in African countries, but also in Latin America, a lot of footballers come from very humble backgrounds and they can have problems with agents who are crooked, who have really duped players,” says former Ghana captain Anthony Baffoe, one of 1Goal’s ambassadors. “Players used to sign contracts which were in Arabic or in another language and they didn’t understand them. “So, we created the Professional Footballers ...................................................... Association of Ghana and our concept, as well, is that we are working very closely with 1Goal to educate the young footballers because the agents will always be there. But if we give the young guys an education then this is a big step forward. “There was a player who went on trial to Tunisia and I was listening to the radio when they asked him why he didn’t sign for the club in Tunisia and he said it was because the contract was in Arabic. “That for me is a success because he saw it was not in his own language. We educated him before to ask: ‘Can I show it to my lawyer, let me check it’. ” It is the knowledge and experience of the older generation of African players – Baffoe was only the second player from the continent to play in Germany’s Bundesliga when he signed for FC Koln in the early 1980s – that is helping to steer the future generations along a path free of the perils that have previously existed. Indeed, Baffoe was one of the fortunate ones. Born in Germany to a Ghanaian diplomat father, he had opportunities few other African footballers have had in the past. “I tell the young lads of today that if I didn’t have any education, I wouldn’t be able to express myself,” says the 45-year-old, who spent a season playing in Hong Kong for Golden. “We, the footballers, the past footballers and the current footballers, have signed up for this because we knew how we grew up, we are obliged to carry it on and make it a success. We still have a long way to go. This is the right way forward. Only together can we move things forward.” Football is the cornerstone for the promotion of the 1Goal educational campaign and it is backed by Fifa as well as leading clubs and players – both past and present – from around the world. The aim is to ensure governments pledge to provide basic education for children all over the world and the drive has been created by the Global Campaign for Education, a coalition of 100 organisations from 100 countries. More than 72 million children – more than the number of children in Europe and the United States combined – around the world are denied access to basic education and South African president Jacob Zuma will host a summit on July 11 in Pretoria to encourage leaders to commit to increase expenditure on teaching. The meeting in Pretoria will be followed in September by a major push during the United Nations General Assembly in New York when leaders will discuss the goal of placing all children in school by 2015. “Education is vital for the whole future of a child’s life,” says Owain James, 1Goal Campaign Director. “We know it affect things like their health. The chance of catching HIV/Aids falls by more than half if a girl completes primary school. We know it affects income and future income doubles if even a basic course of schooling is completed. We know it even affects future children’s health. For every year of primary school completed by a mother, the life expectancy of her child will increase by 11 per cent. Education is vital for individuals and vital for countries as well. More than the number of children in Europe and the US combined do not go to school. We hope as the world unites to watch football in Africa, that the world can unite to do something great as well.” The campaign’s goal is to mobilise as many people as possible in support of the project. Since April, 12 million people have signed the online petition. To join them or for further information, go to www.join1goal.org.

It is doubtful in the extreme that Komano draws a crumb of comfort from the fact that more famous players than he have missed the target by more spectacular margins

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The New York Times, Reuters

This trade in African players is one of the great shames of modern football, the seething, seedy underbelly of the game

Italy’s Roberto Baggio puts his penalty over the bar in the World Cup final against Brazil at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California in 1994. Photo: Reuters

Choosing their colours with care
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Nancy Armour in Johannesburg Pick a country, any country. Better yet, pick two. National pride can be a complicated thing at the World Cup. While most players are representing the countries where they were born, others – for various reasons – are like UN ambassadors. One Boateng brother plays for Germany, the other for Ghana. Algeria’s Hassan Yebda won an under-17 world title with France. Winston Reid is a Kiwi by way of Denmark. Stuart Holden was born in Scotland and still has a UK passport, yet now wears the colours of the US. “Moving to the States at 10 and becoming ingrained in the culture and considering myself an American – I still have that Scottish tradition and culture that I’ll never forget,” Holden said. “But being able to represent the US in a World Cup is something that is really prideful to me, and something I’ll carry with me for the rest of my life.” Switching allegiances is nothing new in sport, soccer in particular. Joe Gaetjens, who scored the only goal in the US’ monumental upset of England in 1950, was from Haiti. Alfredo di Stefano, one of the game’s greatest players, played for Spain and Colombia as well as his native Argentina. Ferenc Puskas, the mightiest of Hungary’s “Magical Magyars”, finished his international career with Spain. But soccer isn’t like the Olympics these days, where nationalities are about as hard and fast as rubber bands. According to current Fifa rules, players with dual nationalities are free to switch sides at any age – so long as you haven’t appeared in an official game (think World Cup or European championship) with a senior national team. Make an appearance, even just for a few minutes, and you portunities, and no doubt some are. The World Cup is the pinnacle for any top-level player, and it’s a lot easier to get here if you grew up in, say, Denmark, than football-mad Brazil, where above-average talent won’t even get you an invitation to a youth camp. National federations, meanwhile, would be shortsighted if they didn’t go after talented players who have a connection to their countries, regardless of how tenuous. A spot at the World Cup means big bucks – a minimum of US$9 million this time around – and no advantage is too small to ignore. “It’s a business,” said Marcelo Balboa, who admits he would have had a tough choice if Argentina, his father’s country, had expressed interest in him before he’d played for the United States. “The options and the rules aren’t being broken, they’re just being explored.” But there are more personal, heartfelt reasons for country-swapping, too. Cacau moved to Germany from his native Brazil to escape poverty, and playing for Germany was his way of paying back his adopted country for the opportunities it gave him. Mesut Oezil, coveted by both Germany and Turkey, said his choice was “never a question”. His parents are Turkish, but he was born in Germany and said he felt German. Holden was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, and went to games at Pittodrie and Hampden Park when he was a kid. Eoin Jess, who scored two goals in 18 appearances for Scotland from 1992-99, was at his birthday party when he turned seven. But Holden moved to the United States when he was 10 (his late father, Brian, worked for Chevron), and quickly found himself Americanised – right down to his Texas twang. While Scotland seemed to have no interest in him, the United States definitely did. He made 11appearances at the under-20 level, and would have been part of the squad for the 2005 world championship if he had his US passport. Holden and his family all became citizens in 2006, and he was part of the US team at the Beijing Olympics. A few months later, US coach Bob Bradley called him up. “It was a no-brainer for me. I didn’t think about it for a second,” Holden said. “It’s a decision I made, and a decision I’ll never look back on.” And it’s a decision his younger brother, Euan, might have to make, too. Euan Holden plays for Vejle in Denmark, where Scottish officials have been keeping an eye on him. “I’ll never push him one way or the other,” Holden said. “I’d love to play with him. And if I’m playing against him, I’ll give him a big kick.”

It was a no-brainer for me. I didn’t think about it for a second. It’s a decision I made, and a decision I’ll never look back on
Stuart Holden on his decision to opt for the US over Scotland

World Cup on TV
iCable Super Soccer C61 6.00 Daily Highlights 8.00 Paraguay v Spain 10.00 Argentina v Germany 12.00 Daily Highlights 1.00 Paraguay v Spain 3.00 Daily Highlights 4.00 Argentina v Germany 6.00 Paraguay v Spain 8.00 Daily Highlights 9.00 Netherlands v Brazil 11.00 Uruguay v Ghana 1.00 Daily Highlights 2.00 Argentina v Germany 4.00 Paraguay v Spain Matches are also on C64 and hd201

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better know the words to that country’s national anthem because you’ll be hearing it for the rest of your career. That means Holden can’t decide in a year or two that he would rather play for Scotland. But the Berlin-born Kevin-Prince Boateng was free to become a Ghanaian because he’d only played on Germany’s youth teams. Cynics will say that players – and teams – are shopping for the best op-

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Associated Press

6 Tour de France

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

This is it – Armstrong’s final Tour
Seven-time champion hopes to bow out on a high, but Contador stands in the way
AG2R-LA MONDIALE France Top riders Nicolas Roche (Ireland) Christophe Riblon (France) ASTANA Kazakhstan Alberto Contador (Spain) Alexandre Vinokourov (Kazakhstan) BBOX BOUYGUES TELECOM Spain Thomas Voeckler (France) Pierrick Fedrigo (France) BMC RACING TEAM United States Cadel Evans (Australia) George Hincapie (US) CAISSE D’EPARGNE Spain Luis Leon Sanchez (Spain) Christophe Moreau (France) CERVELO TEST TEAM Switzerland Carlos Sastre (Spain) Thor Hushovd (Norway) COFIDIS France Rein Taaramae (Estonia) Stephane Auge (France) EUSKALTEL-EUSKADI Spain Samuel Sanchez (Spain) Egoi Martinez (Spain) FRANÇAISE DES JEUX France Christophe Le Mevel (France) Sandy Casar (France) FOOTON-SERVETTO Spain Eros Capecchi (Italy) Manuel Cardoso (Portugal) GARMIN TRANSITIONS United States Christian Vande Velde (US) Tyler Farrar (US) Col du Tourmalet Bagneresde-Luchon Saliesde-Bearn Pauillac Bordeaux Rodez Mende Bourg-lesValence Gueugnon Tournus

I

t has been a rocky road leading to the Tour de France but seventime winner Lance Armstrong is ready to sign off in style in his beloved race. The 38-year-old American claimed third place overall in his comeback year in 2009 and he seems ready for a last challenge on the Tour despite a crash and more doping allegations against him. A man to shine in adversity, cancer survivor Armstrong has had plenty of difficulties this season, possibly his last as a full-time professional rider. One problem the Texan has had to face is the time spent away from his family. A father of four, soon to be five, Armstrong has been missing his girlfriend and children, trying to see them as often as possible in his busy schedule. Whether he continues to ride another season is anyone’s guess but Armstrong will not be seen on the French roads in July after this year’s Tour. “This will be [my] final Tour de France. It’s been a great ride. Looking forward to three great weeks,” he said on Twitter this week. His long-time friend and mentor, Johan Bruyneel, said during a disrupted spring that Armstrong needed a training routine and racing days after missing the MilanSan Remo classic and the Circuit de la Sarthe because of stomach upsets. It all seemed to get better when the American lined up for the Tour of California in May but, on the very day his former US Postal teammate Floyd Landis accused him of doping, Armstrong crashed after a few kilometres of the fifth stage, sustaining an elbow injury and a cut under his left eye. Armstrong, who came under fire after French daily L’Equipe reported in 2005 that he had used EPO in his first Tour triumph

Organisers hope to stave off shadow of doping
The Tour de France has often provided the arena for cycling’s dark side to emerge into the light. After a doping-free tour in 2009, however, organisers are hoping for a clean race again this month, notwithstanding the voluntary withdrawal yesterday of Spanish rider Xavier Florencio by his Cervelo TestTeam for using a substance containing the banned stimulant ephedrine. Though no rider was actually caught for doping during last year’s race – stage winner Mikel Astarloza was suspended shortly after the tour for failing a test during the event – the 2009 edition was not without controversy. The head of the French anti-doping agency AFLD, Pierre Bordry accused the International Cycling Union (UCI) of not fully respecting six years earlier, denied the Landis allegations. “It’s our word against his word. I like our word. We like our credibility. Floyd lost his credibility a long time ago,” Armstrong, who has never tested positive in his career, said at the time. Often seen as arrogant, Armstrong has softened up since winning his last Tour in 2005. His 2009 campaign, after more than three years in retirement, was a success in terms of image. Bracelets and T-shirts linked to his Livestrong charity were all over the place on the race and the most successful Tour rider even succeeded in gaining long overdue popularity with the French public. Armstrong followed up nicely in the Criterium International in Corsica, where he got a warm reception from the French crowd. That, however, was before the Landis allegations. In Luxembourg earlier this month, Armstrong was booed by a testing procedures. The subsequent row led the UCI to cease its co-operation with the agency for this tour. UCI president Pat McQuaid won support for the decision from the World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada), which will send observers to ensure all testing conforms to its code. “Without doubt the UCI is one of the most active and most effective international federations in terms of the fight against doping,” said McQuaid. “I asked Wada to send independent observers to the 2010 Tour de France so our activities can be submitted to their impartial examination. I look forward to their conclusions with every confidence.”

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Reuters spectator who called him a “cheat” and a “liar”. The American went to a security fence and barked three times at the spectator: “Come and do that to my face.” Although Bruyneel said Alberto Contador, who was part of last year’s Astana team with Armstrong, was the overwhelming favourite to retain his crown, both the Belgian and the American believe an upset is possible. “I would not be here in Adelaide if I did not think I could win the Tour de France,” Armstrong said at the Tour Down Under at the beginning of the season. After the California crash and the Landis saga, Armstrong made up for lost time at the low-key Tour of Luxembourg. Now his own boss after launching his RadioShack outfit this season, the Texan rode strongly in the duchy, finishing third overall. Was it enough to give him the appetite for an extra season even without the Tour ? “I have not decided yet. That’s the biggest factor, the time away, but I have not

decided yet. As soon as I decide I’m going to say,” he said at the Tour of Luxembourg. “I have options. It’s full schedule or there’s nothing, full retirement. Or there’s a hybrid: it could be a mix of the two as well.” No half measures will be allowed on the Tour, however, and Armstrong knows that well. He stepped up a gear at the Tour of Switzerland, finishing second overall after keeping up with the best in the mountains, a clear indication that he will be fully fit for the Tour. “Third in Luxembourg, second in Switzerland, I’ll do the math for the next race,” he said. “All I have to do now is stay healthy and find that extra 1 per cent. This race [in Switzerland] attracted all sorts of favourites and it’s a good indication of what’s coming up.” Armstrong, Andreas Kloeden and Levi Leipheimer will be supported by Chris Horner, Janez Brajkovic, Sergio Paulinho, Yaroslav Popovych, Gregory Rast and Dmitriy Muravyev during the Tour. “We have one of the strongest, one of the best teams,” Armstrong said. “I don’t think any of us go in as a favourite for the Tour, but between the three of us you never know. It’s safe to say we’ll always have the three of us in the final selection.” A three-leader strategy, however, is not a guarantee of success. In 2005, the former T-Mobile team, fielding former Tour winner Jan Ullrich, Alexandre Vinokourov and Kloeden failed in their bid to destroy Armstrong’s goal to win a seventh straight Tour. “I want to believe that nobody is unbeatable, especially at the Tour de France,” Bruyneel said at the Tour of Switzerland. “Anything can happen and we have a strong team. With three guys who have finished on the podium, I hope that we can give a tough challenge to Alberto.”

HTC-COLUMBIA United States Top riders Mark Cavendish (Britain) Michael Rogers (Australia) KATUSHA Russia Vladimir Karpets (Russia) Robbie McEwen (Australia) LAMPRE Italy Damiano Cunego (Italy) Alessandro Petacchi (Italy) LIQUIGAS Italy Ivan Basso (Italy) Roman Kreuziger (Czech Republic) MILRAM Germany Linus Gerdemann (Germany) Gerald Ciolek (Germany) OMEGA-PHARMA Belgium Jurgen Van den Broeck (Belgium) Matthew Lloyd (Australia) QUICK STEP Belgium Sylvain Chavanel (France) Tom Boonen (Belgium) RABOBANK Netherlands Denis Menchov (Russia) Oscar Freire (Spain) RADIO SHACK United States Lance Armstrong (US) Levi Leipheimer (US) SAXO BANK Denmark Andy Schleck (Luxembourg) Frank Schleck (Luxembourg) SKY UK Bradley Wiggins (Britain) Thomas Lofkvist (Sweden)

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Reuters, Associated Press

Alberto Contador (Spain, Astana) STRENGTHS: Arguably the top stage-race rider. One of only five men to have won the Giro (2008), the Vuelta (2008) and the Tour (2007, 2009), Contador is a natural climber and has dramatically improved in time trials. Will enjoy full support from his Astana team with Kazakh Alexandre Vinokourov a potential perfect lieutenant. WEAKNESSES: Can be nervous sometimes and does not like long, windswept flat stages. START July 3 Rotterdam

Lance Armstrong (US, RadioShack) STRENGTHS: Experience – with seven Tour titles to his name, Armstrong knows how to win the race. He has an iron will that helped him to triumph on the French roads from 1999 to 2005. WEAKNESSES: Eighteen months after his comeback from retirement, Armstrong has not yet shown his previous brilliance. Now 38, he looked his age in the toughest mountain stages in last year’s Tour when he finished third to Contador though he finished a decent second in the recent Tour of Switzerland after illness and a crash in California in May. Stage

Cadel Evans (Australia, BMC) STRENGTHS: The Australian has dramatically changed since he became road race world champion last year, showing more attacking skills. His self-confidence has been boosted by his title. A great all-rounder. WEAKNESSES: Rode the Giro in May flat out, usually not the best way to prepare for the Tour. Finished fifth. Team not exceptionally strong for the mountain stages. Andy Schleck (Luxembourg, Saxo Bank) STRENGTHS: A natural climber, probably the only one able to make Contador suffer in the mountain stages with repeated attacks. Second last year, will benefit from the help of his brother Frank who has an outside chance of making it to the podium after a fifth-place finish in 2009. WEAKNESSES: Has slightly improved in time trials but he is not yet a credible challenger to Contador in solo efforts against the clock. Denis Menchov (Russia, Rabobank) STRENGTHS: Very good in the mountains and time trials, the 2009 Giro champion is sometimes reminiscent of five-times winner Miguel Indurain. WEAKNESSES: Seemingly, lack of luck. Crashed in his only attack in the 2008 Tour, repeatedly crashed in last year’s race. Low-key this season. Bradley Wiggins (Britain, Team Sky) STRENGTHS: Having shed 10kgs last year, Wiggins finished fourth overall as he kept up with the best in the mountains. Could do it again this year. WEAKNESSES: Possibly his team. He may struggle to find support in the mountains. Ivan Basso (Italy, Liquigas) STRENGTHS: Excellent climber with very strong team at his disposal. Won Giro in May for second time. WEAKNESSES: Nobody has done the Giro/Tour double in the same year since Marco Pantani in 1998.

NETHERL ANDS

Stage start Stage finish

Brussels Arenberg Porte du Hainaut Cambrai FINISH: July 25 Paris Champs-Elysees Longjumeau Montargis

Stage start / finish Spa Wanze Individual time-trial Rest day Mountain stage

BELGIUM
Reims Epernay

Stage
P 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

July
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 23 24 25

km
8 224 192 207 150 185 225 161 189 204 179 180 210 195 184 187 196 174 190 51 105

Station des Rousses MorzineAvoriaz

FRANCE

Chambery Bourg-dePeage Gap Saint-Jeande-Maurienne Sisteron

Pau Pamiers

Revel

Ax-3 Domaines

Total

3,596

Everything you need to know about the greatest race on earth ... and then some more
Q: Is Lance Armstrong too old to win the Tour again? A: If history is to be taken into account, then yes, Armstrong might be a little too old for an eighth Tour victory at 38. The oldest Tour winner was Belgian Firmin Lambot in 1922, at 36, while the average age for Tour winners is just over 27, which is exactly Alberto Contador’s age. Yet nobody before Armstrong had won seven Tours. Q: Why is the Tour starting in Rotterdam, not France, A: The Tour de France left its borders as early as 1907 when it took off from Metz, which was a German town at the time. The second time the Tour started from abroad was in 1954, when the peloton left from Amsterdam. In 1974, a stage was raced in England for the first time. The race has since regularly visited neighbouring countries. In 1987, it started at the foot of the Berlin Wall, while in 1992 the riders went through the six founding members of the European Union. Its most distant start was in 1998 in Dublin. Q: Why will Mark Cavendish never win the Tour de France? A: Because the Briton, arguably the best sprinter in the world, is not a good climber. Since 1913, the final standings of the Tour have been based on the overall time clocked by each rider, adding the time of each stage. Time gaps in mountain stages are far bigger than in flat stages, giving climbers a huge advantage over sprinters. On the other hand, climbers, who are usually diminutive and light, often lose precious time in individual time trials, which favour powerful riders. In the last few years, the event has been won by climbers – Oscar Pereiro, Contador and Carlos Sastre – yet most great Tour riders are all-rounders. Q: Do bicycles have engines? A: This might have read like a silly question before allegations this season that some professional riders may have used bikes equipped with miniature engines concealed in the frame. All those accused have vigorously denied any wrongdoing but the International Cycling Union (UCI) took the issue seriously enough to announce that all bikes on the Tour would be scanned to detect engines. Q: How come Tour riders will climb the Tourmalet mountain pass in the Pyrenees twice? A: To celebrate the 100th anniversary of the first Tourmalet ascent in 1910. The Tourmalet was the first high-altitude summit to be included on the Tour route and it stopped many riders from entering the race. First to the top a century ago was Frenchman Octave Lapize.

Colourful sight The race awards the yellow jersey to the overall leader of the Tour

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Q: Why is the Tour overall leader’s jersey yellow? A: In 1919, Tour organisers decided the race leader should wear a special jersey, making him easy to identify by spectators. They picked yellow as it was the colour of the paper on which L’Auto, the sports daily sponsoring the race, was printed. Q: What is the green jersey? A: It is the jersey awarded for the points classification and a great consolation prize for sprinters as they usually win more stages, albeit by a slimmer margin. Points are awarded to the top 20 finishers in each stage; the rider finishing with the most points wins the jersey. The record green jersey winner is German Erik Zabel, who won it six times. Q: What is the polka dot jersey? A: It is the jersey awarded to the best climber of the Tour or “King of the Mountains”. Points are awarded at the top of each hill or mountain, which are rated from fourth to first category depending on their difficulty. Some exceptionally tough climbs are rated “hors categorie” (out of category). The polka dot design was chosen as it was the same as one of the jersey’s sponsors. The record winner of the King of the Mountains jersey is Frenchman Richard Virenque, who earned it seven times.

1919

Race organisers decided to distinguish special riders from others in the year

Q: Why do riders often finish in the same time? A: Because only seconds are taken into account in the overall standings and not fractions of seconds. It is the convention in road cycling that all the riders included in the same group are given the same time on the finish line regardless of whether they are at the front or the back. Another rule, applying only to flat stages, states that a rider who crashes in the last three kilometres will be awarded the same time as the group he was in before crashing. Q: Cycling is an individual sport so why are there teams? A: The Tour is raced by 20 teams of nine riders. Each team usually includes a leader – the man with the best chance for the final classification – sprinters, climbers and every type of rider who can help the team to win a stage, take a jersey and bring home prize money. When some 200 competitors ride in a bunch at around 50km/h, the riders at the front waste much more energy than the ones immediately behind, who are sheltered from the headwind. This is why teammates are often seen riding ahead of their leader – they are protecting him from the wind. Teammates often act to help their leaders in other ways, passing on one of their wheels if he punctures or picking up bottles and bags at the feeding zone.

Q: What is a “bordure” ? A: Also called an echelon, it is one of the nightmares of the peloton. This is because when the wind is strong and blowing sideways, it can split the bunch into little groups which are no longer sheltered inside the main bunch. They lose contact, find themselves on the most exposed side of the road and can lose considerable time. It happened to Contador last year in a stage finish in La Grande Motte. The first four stages in this Tour in the Netherlands, Belgium and the north of France could be subject to echelons. Q: What is the “omnibus”? A: Also called the “gruppetto” (Italian for small group), it is the group formed by poor climbers in the mountain stages to help each other make it to the finish line at a reasonable pace, but inside the time limits. Q: How do riders pee during a stage? Spending some five hours on the bike, riders sometimes have to urinate during a stage. If the race is raging at full speed, riders do so on their bikes but most of the time they stop early in the stage when the pace is leisurely. As a general rule of the peloton, you do not attack (when a rider or riders decide to ride faster) when a rider or a group has stopped to urinate.

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The rider who wears the coveted yellow jersey is always the centre of attention.

SUNDAY MORNING POST SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010

Insight 7

Results Roundup
BASEBALL
Major League Baseball.
American League. Toronto 6 NY Yankees 1 (11 innings); Oakland 3 Cleveland 0; Detroit 7 Seattle 1; Boston 3 Baltimore 2; Chicago White Sox 5 Texas 3; Minnesota 2 Tampa Bay 1; Kansas City 2 LA Angels 1 (10 innings).
New York Boston Tampa Bay Toronto Baltimore East Division W L 48 31 48 32 46 33 41 40 24 55 Central Division W L 44 36 42 36 41 37 35 45 31 48 West Division W L 47 32 45 37 40 41 33 46 Pct .608 .600 .582 .506 .304 Pct .550 .538 .526 .438 .392 Pct .595 .549 .494 .418 GB — 1 ⁄2 2 8 24 GB — 1 2 9 121⁄2 GB — 31⁄2 8 14

Today’s Sport
INTERNATIONAL Cycling: Tour de France. Golf: US PGA Tour, AT&T National, Newtown Square, Pennsylvania; European Tour, French Open, Paris; OneAsia Tour, Indonesian Open, Jakarta. Motorcycling: Catalan MotoGP, Barcelona. Tennis: Wimbledon championships, London.

Bad behaviour blamed on brain damage
Off-field incidents being linked to injuries, writes Alan Schwarz

Minnesota Detroit Chicago Kansas City Cleveland

Texas Los Angeles Oakland Seattle

70, Jennifer Rosales (Philippines) 72-72, Mariajo Uribe (Colombia) 69-75; 145 Minea Blomqvist (Finland) 73-72, Anna Rawson (Australia) 73-72; 146 Tania Elosegui Mayor (Spain) 75-71, Joo Mi Kim 71-75; 147 Jimin Jeong 74-73, Sarah Lee 75-72, Young-A Yang 76-71.

MOTORCYCLING
Catalan Grand Prix, Barcelona, Spain.
MotoGP qualifying: 1. Jorge Lorenzo, Spain, Yamaha, 1 minute, 42.046 seconds. 2. Casey Stoner, Australia, Ducati, 1:42.410. 3. Randy de Puniet, France, Honda, 1:42.512. 4. Dani Pedrosa, Spain, Honda, 1:42.592. 5. Ben Spies, United States, United States, 1:42.710. 6. Andrea Dovizioso, Italy, Honda, 1:42.866. 7. Loris Capirossi, Italy, Suzuki, 1:42.903. 8. Aleix Espargaro, Spain, Ducati, 1:42.931. 9. Marco Simoncelli, Italy, Honda, 1:42.994. 10. Alvaro Bautista, Spain, Suzuki, 1:43.025. 250: 1. Andrea Iannone, Italy, Speed Up, 1 minute 47.493 seconds. 2. Yuki Takahashi, Japan, Tech 3, 1:47.760. 3. Thomas Luthi, Switzerland, Moriwaki, 1:47.973. 4. Toni Elias, Spain, Moriwaki, 1:48.089. 5. Jules Cluzel, France, Suter, 1:48.133. 6. Carmelo Morales, Spain, Pons Kalex, 1:48.164. 7. Shoya Tomizawa, Japan, Suter, 1:48.192. 8. Ratthapark Wilairot, Thailand, Bimota, 1:48.224 9. Kenny Noyes, United States, Promoharris, 1:48.291. 10. Roberto Rolfo, Italy, Suter, 1:48.366. 125cc: 1. Marc Marquez, Spain, Derbi, 1 minute, 50.543 seconds. 2. Pol Espargaro, Spain, Derbi, 1:50.809. 3. Bradley Smith, Britain, Aprilia, 1:51.019. 4. Nicolas Terol, Spain, Aprilia, 1:51.066. 5. Sandro Cortese, Germany, Derbi, 1:51.546. 6. Tomoyoshi Koyama, Japan, Aprilia, 1:51.824. 7. Esteve Rabat, Spain, Aprilia, 1:51.890. 8. Efren Vazquez, Spain, Derbi, 1:51.951. 9. Alexis Masbou, France, Aprilia, 1:52.316. 10. Johann Zarco, France, Aprilia, 1:52.478. 125cc: 1. Marc Marquez (Spain/Derbi) 1 minute 50.043 seconds; 2. Nicolas Terol (Spain/Aprilia) 1:50.911; 3. Pol Espargaro (Spain/Derbi) 1:51.314; 4. Efren Vazquez (Spain/Derbi) 1:51.443; 5. Sandro Cortese (Germany/Derbi) 1:51.559; 6. Bradley Smith (Britain/Aprilia) 1:51.577; 7. Randy Krummenacher (Switzerland/Aprilia) 1:51.863; 8. Esteve Rabat (Spain/Aprilia) 1:51.988; 9. Luis Salom (Spain/Aprilia) 1:52.298; 10. Johann Zarco (France/Aprilia) 1:52.353.

National League. Cincinnati 12 Chicago Cubs 0; NY Mets 5 Washington 3; Pittsburgh 2 Philadelphia 0; Atlanta 4 Florida 3 (11 innings); Colorado 6 San Francisco 3; St. Louis 5 Milwaukee 0; Arizona 12 LA Dodgers 5; San Diego 3 Houston 0.
Atlanta New York Philadelphia Florida Washington East Division W 47 45 41 37 35 L 33 35 37 42 46 Pct .588 .563 .526 .468 .432 Pct .568 .550 .450 .425 .395 .363 Pct .588 .544 .538 .506 .400 GB — 2 5 91⁄2 121⁄2 GB — 11⁄2 91⁄2 111⁄2 14 1 16 ⁄2 GB — 31⁄2 4 61⁄2 15

S

Cincinnati St. Louis Milwaukee Chicago Houston Pittsburgh

Central Division W L 46 35 44 36 36 44 34 46 32 49 29 51 West Division W L 47 33 43 36 43 37 40 39 32 48

San Diego Los Angeles Colorado San Francisco Arizona

CRICKET
English county scores, Twenty20.
North Division, at Chesterfield: Leicestershire 212-5 (W Jefferson 83) v Derbyshire 196-8, Leicestershire beat Derbyshire by 16 runs; at Chester-le-Street: Durham 117-8 v Warwickshire 120-5, Warwickshire beat Durham by 5 wkts; at Northampton: Yorkshire 180-3 (H Gibbs 101 no) v Northamptonshire 180-5 (C Vaas 53), Northamptonshire tied with Yorkshire. South Division, at Bristol: Glamorgan 153-7 v Gloucestershire 154-2 (W Porterfield 65), Gloucestershire beat Glamorgan by 8 wkts; at Canterbury: Hampshire 139 v Kent 94 (D Briggs 3-5, S Jones 3-20), Hampshire beat Kent by 45 runs; at The Oval: Surrey 171-6 (J Roy 74) v Somerset 132-9, Surrey beat Somerset by 39 runs; at Hove: Sussex 140-9 v Middlesex 143-5, Middlesex beat Sussex by 5 wkts.

RUGBY LEAGUE
Super League.
Salford 17 Harlequins RL 14.
Wigan Warrington St Helens Hull Leeds Huddersfield Hull K R Bradford Wakefield Castleford Crusaders Salford Harlequins Catalans P 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 18 20 19 19 W 16 14 14 12 11 10 9 8 8 8 7 6 5 3 D 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 L 3 5 5 7 7 8 9 10 11 11 11 14 14 16 F 652 618 658 423 519 496 403 354 410 408 337 332 341 258 A Pts 302 32 319 28 389 28 383 24 418 23 320 21 456 19 440 17 451 16 514 16 520 14 572 12 602 10 523 6

India A v West Indies A, triangular series one-day match, Leicester, England.
India A 340-6 (C Pujara 114, A Rahane 90, S Dhawan 59) v West Indies A 287-7 (D Bravo 83; A Mithun 349), India A beat West Indies A by 53 runs.

GOLF
AT&T National, Newtown Square, Pennsylvania.
Leading second-round scores (US unless noted): 133 Justin Rose (Britain) 69-64; 134 Jason Day (Australia) 66-68, Charlie Wi (South Korea) 69-65; 136 Jeff Overton 68-68, Charley Hoffman 69-67; 137 Ryan Moore 67-70, Bo Van Pelt 69-68, Robert Allenby (Australia) 70-67, John Mallinger 67-70, Kris Blanks 69-68, Brian Gay 67-70, J.B. Holmes 70-67, Nick Watney 66-71; 138 Joe Ogilvie 66-72, Arjun Atwal (India) 66-72, Ryuji Imada (Japan) 68-70; 139 Steve Marino 68-71, Bryce Molder 69-70, Graham DeLaet (Canada) 70-69, Andres Romero (Argentina) 71-68, Carl Pettersson (Sweden) 67-72, Billy Mayfair 68-71, Nicholas Thompson 72-67, Ted Purdy 69-70, Daniel Chopra (Sweden) 69-70, Jim Furyk 69-70, Lucas Glover 71-68, Sean O’Hair 71-68, Aaron Baddeley (Australia) 69-70; 140 George McNeill 7169, Brett Quigley 67-73, Garrett Willis 71-69, Jonathan Byrd 70-70, Jimmy Walker 71-69, Stuart Appleby (Australia) 71-69, Nathan Green (Australia) 71-69, Justin Leonard 71-69; 141 Marc Leishman (Australia) 71-70, Vijay Singh (Fiji) 71-70; 142 Richard S. Johnson (Sweden) 72-70, Brendon de Jonge (Zimbabwe) 7072; 143 Steve Elkington (Australia) 73-70, Fredrik Jacobson (Sweden) 70-73, Tiger Woods 73-70.

ean Morey had just tucked in his daughter this week when he learned about Chris Henry, the troubled NFL wide receiver who died last December and was recently found to have trauma-induced brain damage. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) isn’t just for retired players anymore. “Oh my God,” said Morey, a specialteams standout who just signed with the Seattle Seahawks. He took a few seconds to compose himself. “I played against him. That’s sobering.” When West Virginia University announced the finding about Henry on Monday, its significance derived less from the fact that he was a football player – 22 others have been identified with chronic traumatic encephalopathy since 2002 – but that at just 26, he was still playing in the NFL and was closer in age to high school players than to dozens of his fellow professionals. The finding raised the question of how many current players of all ages may be playing with the disease and experiencing its effects, which include depression, impaired decision-making and ultimately dementia. Given those symptoms, it was tempting to work back the Henry timeline: Perhaps his death during a frenzied domestic dispute, maybe the driving under the influence and even his several other arrests and suspensions derived in part from the tau protein deposits stifling his neurological function. And if that were true, maybe the confounding behaviour displayed by other NFL public relations nightmares could be ascribed to an occupational condition beyond wealth and entitlement. “I’m really worried that we’re going to get to where if you have a challenging personality, it must be CTE – that’s really a dangerous way of going,” said Dr Richard

G. Ellenbogen, the new co-chairman of the NFL’s head, neck and spine medical committee. “We really need to be careful to parse out the underlying personality issues from the underlying injuries. This is probably just one factor among many that can put someone over the edge.” Indeed, if concussions turned every player felonious, Troy Aikman and Steve Young would be broadcasting games from C-block. Many players later found with CTE managed not to commit crimes. When Ben Roethlisberger – who has a long history of concussions, one from a motorcycle crash while not wearing a helmet – was accused of sexually assaulting women in two states and rained embarrassment on the league, published speculation began to bubble over whether the tau did it. The Henry finding may stoke questions of whether commissioner Roger Goodell might need to rethink some aspects of the NFL’s personal-conduct policy, through which he suspended Henry more than once. To this the league spokesman, Brian McCarthy, replied, “Our medical committee does not have information that would prompt a change” in the code of conduct. Even before the 2010 season starts, one player has already tried to leverage heightened sensitivity to concussions. The Jets’ Darrelle Revis sat out some practice plays a few weeks ago after telling a staff member his head hurt. Only later, and after coach Rex Ryan acknowledged Revis’ discretion, did Revis admit that he was merely flexing muscle for a better contract. With no test to diagnose CTE in living persons, only guesswork can distinguish those guided by damage to the brain. This uncertainty is particularly maddening when one examines how retired players now in their 60s and 70s appear to have dementia at about four times the rate of other American men: That still leaves one in five with it through no fault of football, with no way to distinguish among them.

Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver Chris Henry died in December during a frenzied domestic dispute. Photo: AP

We really need to be careful to parse out the underlying personality issues from the underlying injuries. This is probably just one factor among many that can put someone over the edge
Dr Richard G. Ellenbogen, co-chairman of the NFL’s head, neck and spine medical committee

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What is true for the group may not be for individuals. Disability boards and worker compensation laws are only now considering whether they can conscionably deny four to avoid overcompensating one. Although a CTE diagnosis after death cannot crystallise exactly why a player might have died demented or depressed or even psychotic, like the 36-year-old former Pittsburgh Steelers offensive lineman Justin Strzelczyk, the information does console family members seeking some whiff of explanation for their loved one’s behaviour. The most stirring evidence of this came last month when Lisa McHale, whose exhusband, Tom, was suddenly sucked into the whirlpool of depression and drug abuse after his retirement from the NFL and then fatally overdosed at 45, spoke to retired players at a meeting of the Gay Culverhouse Players’ Outreach Programme. “I often think of how painful it must have been for Tom, in the last few months of his life, when he looked into my eyes and saw what he perceived to be, and may in truth very well have been, disappointment,” Lisa McHale said. “Would Tom have recognised himself? And would it have made a difference for him to know that his failure to live up to the expectations he set for himself, that caused him such pain, could very well have had a neurological cause? “I’ll never know,” she said. “But I can’t help but think it would have.” To be truly valuable moving forward, the legacy of the Chris Henry finding will not be to look back and assign blame for players’ past acts, but to look ahead at how future behaviour among players at all levels will derive from a cocktail of factors – psychological, neurological, societal, genetic, or sometimes, just being a jerk. Assuming every boorish football player has CTE, even out of compassion, would be to drown this sapling of a science just when it needs to breathe.

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The New York Times

SOCCER
World Cup, South Africa.
Quarter-finals. In Cape Town: Argentina 0 Germany 4 (Thomas Muller 3, Miroslav Klose 68, 89, Arne Friedrich 74), HT: 0-1, Att: 64,100. In Johannesburg: Uruguay 1 (Forlan 55) Ghana 1 (Muntari 45+2), red card: Luis Suarez (Uruguay) 120+1, HT: 0-1, after extra-time, Uruguay win 4-2 on penalties, Att: 84,017. Penalty scorers (Uruguay: Diego Forlan, Mauricio Victorino, Andres Scotti, Maxi Pereira-missed, Sebastian Abreu; Ghana: Asamoah Gyan, Stephen Appiah, John Mensah-saved, Dominic Adiyiah-saved). Top scorers: 6 Miroslav Klose (Germany); 4 Gonzalo Higuain (Argentina), David Villa (Spain), Robert Vittek (Slovakia); 3 Thomas Muller (Germany), Luis Fabiano (Brazil), Wesley Sneijder (Netherlands), Asamoah Gyan (Ghana), Diego Forlan (Uruguay), Luis Suarez (Uruguay), Landon Donovan (US); 2 Samuel Eto’o (Cameroon), Lukas Podolski (Germany), Carlos Tevez (Argentina), Javier Hernandez (Mexico), Keisuke Honda (Japan), Lee Chung-yong (South Korea), Lee Jung-soo (South Korea), Brett Holman (Australia), Kalu Uche (Nigeria), Robinho (Brazil), Elano (Brazil).

French Open, Versailles.
Leading second-round scores (Britain unless noted): 132 Alejandro Canizares (Spain) 66-66; 133 Martin Kaymer (Germany) 66-67; 134 Robert-Jan Derksen (Netherlands) 63-71; 135 Steve Webster 6966; 136 Jyoti Randhawa (India) 67-69; 137 Peter Hanson (Sweden) 68-69, Gregory Bourdy (France) 68-69, Graeme Storm 70-67; 138 Robert Rock 67-71, Francesco Molinari (Italy) 69-69, Charl Schwartzel (South Africa) 68-70, Adam Scott (Australia) 69-69, Peter Lawrie (Ireland) 71-67, Benjamin Hebert (France) 72-66; 139 Danny Willett 72-67, Lee Westwood 70-69, Alvaro Quiros (Spain) 70-69, Ian Poulter 72-67, Mark Foster 76-63, Anders Hansen (Denmark) 71-68, Oliver Wilson 68-71, Edoardo Molinari (Italy) 70-69, Rory McIlroy 68-71, Luke Donald 70-69, Damien McGrane (Ireland) 68-71, Alastair Forsyth 71-68; 140 Christian Cevaer (France) 69-71, Miguel Angel Jimenez (Spain) 71-69, Matteo Manassero (Italy) 71-69, Raphael Jacquelin (France) 73-67. 141 Romain Wattel (AMT) 74-67, Chris Wood (Britain) 70-71, Angel Cabrera 72-69, Marcus Franceser (Australia) 69-72, Scott Strange (Australia) 67-74.

SOFTBALL
World Championship, Venezuela.
Final: US 7 Japan 0.

TABLE TENNIS
Japan Open, Kobe.
Men’s singles third round (prefix denotes seeds): 1-Timo Boll (Germany) beat 9-Seiya Kishikawa (Japan) 11-3, 11-7, 11-5, 11-6; 8-Alexey Smirnov (Russia) beat Taku Takakiwa (Japan) 9-11, 11-3, 11-9, 14-12, 11-8; 6-Gao Ning (Singapore) beat Jiang Tianyi (HK) 2-11, 11-7, 11-6, 11-13, 11-8, 11-9; 3-Joo SeHyuk (Korea) beat 15-Kim Jung-Hoon (Korea) 5-11, 11-7, 11-7, 11-4, 7-11, 11-3; 4-Oh Sang-Eun (Korea) beat 10Lee Jung-Woo (Korea) 7-11, 12-10, 11-4, 11-6, 11-4; 7-Li Ching (HK) beat Kenji Matsudaira (Japan) 11-5, 15-13, 9-11, 11-8, 11-4; Jung Young-Sik (Korea) beat 11-Yoon Jae-Young (Korea) 11-5, 9-11, 9-11, 11-3, 11-4, 11-6; 2-Jun Mizutani (Japan) beat 14-Kim Min-Seok (Korea) 12-14, 11-5, 11-6, 11-9, 10-12, 11-8. Men’s doubles quarter-finals: 1-Seiya Kishikawa/ Jun Mizutani (Japan) beat 8-Cho Eon-Rae/Lee JungWoo (Korea) 11-6, 11-7, 6-11, 11-9, 11-5; 4-Kenta Matsudaira/Koki Niwa (Japan) beat Chen Chien-an/ Hung Tze-hsiang (Taiwan) 11-9, 11-5, 11-2, 11-4; Ko Laichak/Li Ching (HK) beat 3-Kim Jung-Hoon/Oh SangEun (Korea) 11-6, 11-9, 10-12, 7-11, 11-4,11-7; 6-Jiang Tianyi/Leung Chu-yan (HK) beat Hidetoshi Oya/Taku Takakiwa (Japan) 14-12, 11-3, 12-14, 11-9, 13-11. Women’s singles second round: 1-Kim Kyung-Ah (Korea) beat 15-Li Jiawei (Singapore) 12-10, 5-11, 11-8, 11-2, 11-9; 7-Sun Beibei (Singapore) beat 12-Seok HaJung (Korea) 11-6, 3-11, 11-3, 6-11, 11-9, 12-10; 13-Kasumi Ishikawa (Japan) beat 8-Daniela Dodean (Romania) 11-8, 11-5, 11-7, 6-11, 13-11; 3-Wang Yuegu (Singapore) beat 16-Melek Hu (Turkey) 11-7, 11-5, 11-7, 11-13, 11-7; 14-Li Jie (Netherlands) beat Cheng I-ching (Taiwan) 13-11, 11-4, 11-3, 6-11, 11-7; 5-Park Mi-Young (Korea) beat 11Elizabeta Samara (Romania) 3-11, 11-7, 11-8, 11-2, 11-8; Zhu Yuling (China) beat 9-Krisztina Toth (Hungary) 4-11, 11-7, 11-6, 11-9, 11-8; 2-Ai Fukuhara (Japan) beat 10Huang Hi-hua (Taiwan) 11-2, 11-5, 11-5, 11-6. Doubles quarter-finals: 1-Kim Kyung-Ah/Park MiYoung (Korea) beat 7-Lee Eun-Hee/Park Young-Sook (Korea) 4-11, 11-6, 11-8, 11-3, 8-11, 13-11; Yuka Ishigaki/ Yuri Yamanashi (Japan) beat Li Jiawei/Wang Yuegu (Singapore) 12-10, 13-11, 10-12, 11-5, 14-12; Cheng Iching/Huang Yi-hua (Taiwan) beat Shen Yanfei/Zhu Fang (Spain) 11-2, 6-11, 11-9, 11-7, 10-12, 8-11, 11-9; 3-Ai Fukuhara/Misaki Morizono (Japan) beat Sirin He/ Melek Hu (Turkey) disqualified.

Indonesia Open, Jakarta.
Leading third-round scores: 204 Michael Hendry (New Zealand) 70-67-67; 205 Liang Wenchong (China) 70-64-71; 207 Hsieh Tung-shu (Taiwan) 6870-69; 208 Mardan Mamat (Singapore) 71-69-68, Steven Jones (Australia) 71-67-70, Anthony Brown (Australia) 67-69-72; 211 Thailandworn Wiratchant (Thailand) 71-68-72, Tsai Chi-huang (Taiwan) 67-7668, Simon Yates (Scotland) 71-72-68; 212 Chan Shihchang (Taiwan) 75-69-68, Michael Long (New Zealand) 74-69-69, Andrew Martin (Australia) 70-7270, Stephen Darnell (Australia) 72-69-71, Anthony Summers (Australia) 68-70-74, Wu Kangchun (China) 73-73-66.

Abby Sunderland, 16, waves to supporters on her sailboat in Marina del Rey, California, before her attempt at a solo, non-stop circumnavigation of the world. Photo: EPA

Undeterred, teen sailor says she’s ready to go solo again
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Jacob Adelman Abby Sunderland faced down moments of terror on the high seas after her boat was rolled over by a huge wave as she tried to sail solo around the world. Still, the 16-yearold said this week she was proud of her effort, hoped it might inspire others and wasn’t ready to abandon sailing. In her first statements since returning home on Monday, Sunderland said she was below deck working on her boat Wild Eyes as a fierce storm was letting up in the Indian Ocean. “I was hit by a rogue wave once the storm was already dying down,” she said. “I didn’t have a lot of warning.” Sunderland had just spoken to her family by satellite phone when the wave knocked over the 40-foot boat and sent her tumbling in its hold. She hit her head, and “things went black for a second”, she said. When she regained consciousness and rushed to the deck, she found a one-inch fibreglass stump where the mast once stood. Back in the hold, she tested the engine she had just repaired. It would not start. Sunderland set off her emergency beacons and waited. She was amazed when a plane dispatched from Australia to find her flew overhead the next day. Two days later a fishing boat arrived. “As you probably all really know, I’d much rather be sailing Wild Eyes back in here. But the plane was really comfortable,” Sunderland deadpanned, looking poised and comfortable as she sat next to her 18-year-old brother Zac at a news conference in Marina del Rey, California, where she set sail in January. She thanked her rescuers and other people who helped with her trip and singled out her brother as a source of inspiration. Zac Sunderland, 18, successfully completed a round-the-world voyage last year, briefly becoming the youngest person to do so. His record has since been broken. “I’m living proof that things don’t always work out the way you plan, but you can only plan so far in an adventure,” Abby Sunderland said. “You can reduce risk but you can never completely eliminate it.” Since her voyage went awry, Sunderland’s parents have come under relentless criticism for allowing the teenager to set sail alone. Sunderland once again defended her attempt, saying the question of her age should have been settled after she became the youngest person to sail solo around Cape Horn. “Growing up on boats and feeling, you know, that you know what to do in case of an emergency, it really helps,”

LPGA Jamie Farr Owens Corning Classic, Ohio.
Leading second-round scores (South Koreaea unless noted): 131 Na Yeon Choi 64-67; 133 Christina Kim (US) 66-67, Inbee Park 67-66, Alena Sharp (Canada) 65-68; 136 In-Kyung Kim 70-66, Song-Hee Kim 70-66, Stacy Lewis (US) 67-69, Kristy McPherson (US) 68-68, Stacy Prammanasudh (US) 69-67, Beatriz Recari (Spain) 69-67; 137 Chella Choi 71-66, Meaghan Francencella (US) 69-68, Hee-Won Han 71-66, MJ Hur 68-69, Pernilla LIndiaberg (Sweden) 69-68, Jean Reynolds (US) 69-68, Jiyai Shin 67-70, Karin Sjodin (Sweden) 71-66; 138 Marisa Baena (Colombia) 66-72, Maria Hjorth (Sweden) 6969, Katherine Hull (Australia) 67-71, Karine Icher (France) 66-72, Soo-Yun Kang 68-70, Meena Lee 7167, Azahara Munoz (Spain) 70-68, Hee Young Park 70-68, Amy Yang 68-70; 139 Kyeong Bae 74-65, MiSun Cho 69-70, Russamee Gulyanamitta (Thailand) 68-71, Amy Hung (Taiwan) 68-71, MIndiay Kim 70-69, Na On Min 68-71, Marianne Skarpnord (Norway) 7267, Momoko Ueda (Japan) 67-72, Eunjung Yi 71-68; 140 Il Mi Chung 69-71, Maria Hernandez (Spain) 7070, Eun-Hee Ji 69-71, Jimin Kang 72-68, Canadadie Kung (Taiwan) 70-70, Jee Young Lee 69-71, Giulia Sergas (Italy) 69-71; 141 Jeong Jang 70-71, Haeji Kang 72-69, Sarah Kemp (Australia) 74-67, Karen Stupples (Germany) 70-71, Sun Young Yoo 70-71; 142 Louise Friberg (Sweden) 73-69, Lorie Kane (Canada) 72-70, Janice Moodie (Germany) 72-70, Gwladys Nocera (France) 70-72, Mikaela Parmlid (Sweden) 77-65, Iben Tinning (Denmark) 74-68. Failed to quaify: 143 Sandra Gal (Germany) 74-69, Mi Hyun Kim 73-70, Seon Hwa Lee 72-71, Becky Morgan (Germany) 71-72, Grace Park 75-68, Sarah Jane Smith (Australia) 74-69, Louise Stahle (Sweden) 71-72; 144 Laura Davies (Germany) 72-72, Michelle Ellis (Australia) 72-72, Julieta Granada (Paraguay) 7371, Yoo-Kyeong Kim 72-72, Mhairi McKay (Germany) 73-71, Mika Miyazato (Japan) 74-70, Gloria Park 74-

I’m living proof that things don’t always work out the way you plan ... You can reduce risk but you can never completely eliminate it
Abby Sunderland, pictured with her brother Zac

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TENNIS
Wimbledon Championship, London.
Men’s singles semi-final (prefix denotes seeding): 2-Rafa Nadal (Spain) beat 4-Andy Murray (Britain) 6-4, 7-6 (8-6), 6-4. Women’s singles final: 1-Serena Williams (US) beat 21-Vera Zvonareva (Russia) 6-3, 6-2. Doubles semi-finals: Elena Vesnina/Vera Zvonareva (Russia) beat 4-Gisela Dulko/Flavia Pennetta (Argentina/Italy) 6-3, 6-1; Vania King/ Yaroslava Shvedova (US/Kazakhstan) beat 5-Liezel Huber/Bethanie Mattek-Sands (US) 6-4, 6-4. Mixed doubles semi-finals: 11-Wesley Moodie/Lisa Raymond (South Africa/US) beat 10-Marcelo Melo/ Rennae Stubbs (Brazil/Australia) 6-4, 6-4; 2-Leander Paes/Cara Black (India/Zimbabwe) beat 9-Lukas Dlouhy/Iveta Benesova (Czech Republic) 6-3, 6-3.

she said. “I knew when I headed out for this trip that I was going to be testing myself, and I was going to have to push myself to my limits.” Sunderland acknowledged, however, there were moments when she was terrified. “You get scared and then you have to get over it because being scared, it doesn’t do anything good,” she said. “It just makes you hesitate and makes more problems start coming.” Sunderland’s parents said the criticism had crossed the line of decency. “To hear the intensity of the personal hatred spewed by some in the media and on blogs was shocking to us,” Laurence Sunderland said. “Abby should not be subjected to these hurtful attacks against members of her family, especially as what was being said was based, at best, on twisting facts out of context and, at worst, on total fabricated lies.” Abby Sunderland said she was as prepared as possible for the trip. Every sailor knew there was risk in trying to sail around the world, she added. Sunderland plans to keep sailing but for now has other things to do. “I’m just going to be focusing on school, a driver’s licence, all that, getting back to a normal life.”

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Associated Press

8

SUNDAY, JULY 4, 2010 SUNDAY MORNING POST

This Week – The crying game

Alvin Sallay

S

Agony of defeat. Switzerland’s Roger Federer can’t hide his disappointment during a postmatch press conference following his shock quarter-final defeat by Tomas Berdych of the Czech Republic at Wimbledon. Berdych won 6-4, 3-6, 6-1, 6-4 in one of the biggest upsets in years, showing that Federer, a six-time Wimbledon champion, can be beaten on his favourite surface – it is the first time since 2002 that Federer has missed the semi-finals. Photo: EPA

Monday There was a controversial incident shown on the giant screens and this should not have happened

Tuesday And yes, this will be [my] final Tour de France. It’s been a great ride. Looking forward to 3 great weeks
Seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong of the United States on competing in the world’s greatest race for the last time on his Twitter page

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Fifa official spokesman Nicolas Maingot on the TV replay of the controversial Carlos Tevez goal in Argentina’s 3-1 victory against Mexico in the last 16 of the World Cup at Soccer City

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Wednesday I am struggling with a little bit of a back and a leg issue. That just doesn’t quite allow me to play the way I would like to. It’s frustrating, to say the least

Thursday As far as other ICC nations were concerned ... They regard Howard as a backwoodsman; about as progressive as an umbrella

Friday Nobody wants to have a title that doesn’t exist. It’s not in the statutes. I’d have done the same

epp Blatter is a Luddite. The head of world soccer has made no secret that he is totally against modern technology. It was people like him who were against change in the 19th century, destroying mechanised looms during the Industrial Revolution. Only now has the Fifa boss grudgingly accepted there might be a case for goal-line technology. It will come too late for England and Frank Lampard, who must still be hurt by the unjustness of it all. Let’s get one thing straight, England were rubbish for most of the 90 minutes against Germany. But they were robbed, too. Consider this. If they had equalised at 2-2, wouldn’t the game have been different? Wouldn’t they have sat back and defended instead of having to go in search of a goal? The end result was it opened up the England defence for counterattacks, and the Germans feasted like a famished beggar at a banquet. Where was centreback John Terry for Germany’s third and fourth goals. He was up field trying to help out a toothless attack desperately seeking a goal, and was caught out badly. England might still have lost, even if it had gone to penalty kicks, but the truth of the matter is they have a case for saying they were robbed. Thanks to Blatter’s disdain for technology. Before the tournament began, Batter said” “No matter which technology is applied, at the end of the day a decision will have to be taken by a human being. This being the case, why remove the responsibility from the referee to give it to someone else?” He believes the human element – of making errors – is what gives soccer its uniqueness. Unlike other sports such as tennis, cricket or rugby, which have all gone down the modern road and use video technology to rule on close calls, soccer has chosen to stay in the dark ages. Blatter says this gives people the chance to talk about con topics for years to come. The 74-year-old is set in his ways. It shouldn’t come as a surprise, for here is a man who once suggested women should play in hot pants, or that the World Cup

should be held every two years. At least he had the grace to apologise for this mistake. “It is obvious that after the experiences so far it would be a nonsense not to reopen the file on goal-line technology,” he said. But it will be no consolation for England and their fans, who can rightly feel hard done by. Now Blatter says the debate on goal-line technology will be reopened. I would bet Fifa approves this at its meeting this month. It will be too late for England and its much-touted “golden generation” of players. Another campaign, another sorry exit. It was the same story four years ago in Germany. England came with high expectations, mostly built up by the British media, and flopped badly. Nothing has changed. Some people see a delicious irony in last Sunday’s 4-1 hammering. Germany said it was payback time for 1966 when England won the World Cup final 4-2 with Geoff Hurst scoring a hattrick, including a disputed goal similar to the one denied England a few days ago. In that case, it was proved later the ball didn’t cross the line. But it has been a talking point for generations, fuelling Blatter’s belief the game should stick to old ways so as to provide entertainment after a match has ended.

Here is a man who once suggested women should play in hot pants, or that the World Cup should be held every two years

Yet, with the advance of technology in the past 44 years – Hawk-Eye could have transmitted a message to the referee in a flash as to whether the ball crossed the line or not. There is no excuse for Fifa and Blatter to deny teams a just result. Not that Germany didn’t deserve to win as they were clearly the more inventive and adventurous team. It goes to prove that despite all the noise about the English Premier League being the best in the world, it has failed to provide 11 players who can gel as a team and become world beaters. This is a lesson from which even Hong Kong can learn. You will fall flat on your face unless you give the youngsters the opportunity to excel at the highest level. The EPL is brimming with foreign talent. England’s most promising young players are consigned to the lower divisions, denied the chance by the foreign legion. Perhaps the FA should rule that every EPL team should have at least six locally born players on the field at any one time. But in this crass modern world where big bucks count, that is unlikely to happen. England have the Terrys, the Rooneys and the Lampards, but they shine because they feed off a host of overseas stars at their clubs. Yet there is hope for the beleaguered English fan. The England under-17 team recently beat their Spanish counterparts in the European Cup final, and by all accounts did it in style. This squad should be the core for the next World Cup in 2014. These players should be given the opportunity to continue honing their skills at the highest levels by playing in the EPL. But will this happen? With club bosses under intense pressure from team owners who have ploughed in millions of pounds, they take the quickest route which is to sign a foreign mercenary. It is no surprise then that when England field a national side, they flop. When historians look back at the 2010 World Cup, they are most likely to pin England’s failure on that goal which wasn’t. Yes, England were robbed but they got their just deserts.

WHAT DO YOU THINK? Do you agree or disagree with what Alvin has to say? E-mail us at alvin.sallay@scmp.com

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Barcelona FC chairman Sandro Rosell on the decision by former club great Johan Cruyff to step down from the apparently bogus position of honorary president to which he was appointed in March

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The Sydney Morning Herald’s Peter Roebuck after former Australian Prime Minister John Howard was rejected in his bid for the vicepresidency of the International Cricket Council

Jason Dasey

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Switzerland’s Wimbledon champion Roger Federer after his shock quarter-final defeat to Tomas Berdych of the Czech Republic

Monday

Tuesday

I

South Africa’s Mark Boucher unsuccessfully appeals for a wicket in the third test against the West Indies in Bridgetown. Photo: AFP

Saxo Bank rider Fabian Cancellara waits before a training session for the Tour de France in Rotterdam. Photo: Reuters

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Australia’s Shane Watson fails to hold a catch off England’s Andrew Strauss during the fourth ODI at the Oval. Photo: AP

Tiger Woods lines up his shot on the 10th green in the opening round of the AT&T National in Pennsylvania. Photo: MCT

Max Scherzer of the Detroit Tigers pitches in the sixth inning of his team’s 7-1 win over the Seattle Mariners. Photo: AFP

f the dodgy decisions and vuvuzelas don’t get to you, the thin air and Jabulani certainly will. In years to come, if the 2010 Fifa World Cup isn’t remembered with any particular fondness, much of the blame will be placed squarely on the self-conscious shoulders of the sport’s governing body. Seriously guys, what were you thinking? For a start, you stage the most watched sporting event of all time with a bunch of mostly mediocre referees – with a rather too obvious tendency to favour first-world football nations at the expense of emerging (including AFC) teams – and then you don’t give them the benefit of TV technology. What are we more likely to remember: four goals from Slovakia’s Robert Vittek, Yasuhito Endo’s fantastic free kick to dazzle the Danes or the almost criminal disallowing of Frank Lampard’s fair strike for England against Germany? But far worse was Fifa’s decision to introduce a synthetic abomination otherwise known as the adidas Jabulani ball at a tournament where seven of the 10 stadiums are at high altitude. Controlling this shocking sphere at venues like Johannesburg’s (1,753 ` metres) has proved to be about as easy as tap-dancing on the moon. “The Jabulani ball is an unmitigated disaster that has already committed many crimes against football,” Craig Johnston, the South African-born former Liverpool midfielder, said. “This is the worst World Cup ever for poor football, in terms of shots off target, passes off-target, free kicks not scored and goals not scored.” Johnston, says he is writing to Fifa president Sepp Blatter to demand that the Jabulani be binned. “A ‘cheap supermarket ball’ were the words that I used when I first kicked it,” he said. “The Jabulani has a mind of its own and does not interpret the special language that the players use to shape each pass or shot: instead moving erratically and unpredictably.” The Jabulani is constructed with

just eight three-dimensional panels, down from 14 at Germany 2006. Most players are more familiar with the 32 panel Buckminster footballs. Johnston said the “jumpy” Jabulani and the disappointing standard of refereeing were connected. “Because the ball has an artificial, jumpy feel, the players are making simple mistakes and the referees simply can’t keep up,” he said. “With the Lampard goal, the referees and assistants didn’t even know the ball went three feet over the goal-line, but everybody else in the world did. “And then Australia’s Harry Kewell tried to chest the ball clear in the match against Ghana but the ball moved in the air at the last second and hit his arm – meaning a controversial penalty and red card.” The relentless drone of the vuvuzelas just seems to add to the confused on-pitch atmosphere for players and officials alike. Gary Phillips, coach of Sabah in the Malaysian Premier League, says that while Fifa erred in not testing the Jabulani at last year’s Confederations Cup on South

Harry Kewell tried to chest the ball clear but it moved in the air at the last second and hit his arm – meaning a controversial penalty and red card
Craig Johnston, the South Africanborn former Liverpool midfielder

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African soil, it has bigger problems it must address. The ball was introduced into selected competitions only in January. “It’s too late now to ‘probe’ the ball – just allow earlier access to the new technology for Brazil 2014,” Phillips said. “Instead, Fifa should launch an investigation into the embarrassing state of playing surfaces and training venues so it doesn’t happen again.” Phillips said South Africa’s “windy, wintry weather” combined with the elevation meant a light ball of dubious design to start with had become even more of a liability. More than a decade ago, I was a keen tennis player while living at the foot of the Rocky Mountains in Denver, with an elevation slightly less than Johannesburg where the final will be played next Sunday. In all competitions, including the Colorado State Open, high altitude tennis balls were mandatory. Using the faster and bouncier regular balls on court in the mile-high city made it almost impossible to have meaningful matches. Fifa’s decision to push through with its Jabulani, despite the unique circumstances of Africa’s first World Cup, reeks of a commercial decision over a footballing one. Adidas argues it gave the ball to all 32 teams to test well before the tournament but the below-par standard of the first round – with 16 fewer goals than in 2006 – suggests that most needed a lot more time to adjust. Indeed, the Zulu meaning of Jabulani – “rejoice” or “bring joy or happiness” – seems to have developed an opposite definition among the performers on the pitch. “Quite simply, it is like a golfer giving up his favourite clubs the day before a major tournament or a tennis player like Roger Federer changing his racquet at the last moment before walking onto centre court,” Johnston said. “These things play on your touch and feel and then play on your mind. “There’s a simple solution: apply exactly the same Jabulani graphics onto the sponsor’s previous Buckminster construction balls. But this is not a call a sponsor can make.”

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