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GEOPHYSICAL COMPUTATION - GAUSS JORDAN METHOD

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Amount of Material Needed in Building Project

Nadhifa Laudza Shabrina, 03411740000029

Department of Geophysics Engineering, Faculty of Civil, Environmental, and Geo Engineering,

Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology

ABSTRACT

This experiment uses the Gauss-Jordan method with the aim of determining the amount

of material needed by an engineer to complete a building project if three data holes are known

where the materials can be obtained through a linear equation. The step taken by entering the

function of Gauss-Jordan elimination in Matlab then use the ‘For’ command this command will

be looping following its given conditions. Problems on this experiment is given a tabulation of pit

and its percentage of sand, fine gravel and coarse gravel composition. From the computational

results performed on Matlab, found that each hole needed to be transported 40.0581 m3 of sand,

71.3140 m3 of fine gravel, and 51.6279 m3 of coarse gravel.

corresponding matrix of coefficients. This

Our daily lives cannot be separated

method can also be used to find the rank of a

from mathematical problems. In these

matrix, to calculate the determinant of a

problems, of course there are also

mathematical problems that are difficult to matrix, and to calculate the inverse of

solve simply. One of the mathematical an invertible square matrix.

solution is by using Gauss-Jordan method. What must be considered in the use of

Gauss-Jordan elimination method is used to the Jordan gauss method is to change the

solve a system of linear equations and is a system of the liner equation which will be

modified version of Gauss Elimination calculated as an augmentation matrix, then

Method. It is similar and simpler than Gauss the elementary lines are operated in the

elimination method as we have to perform 2 augmentation matrix to change the A matrix

different process in Gauss elimination to be in the form of reduced echelon rows.

method, formation of upper triangular matrix,

and back substitution. In this case, we will To perform row reduction on a matrix,

use the Gauss-Jordan elimination to one uses a sequence of elementary row

determining the amount of material needed to operations to modify the matrix until the

complete a building project. lower left-hand corner of the matrix is filled

with zeros, as much as possible. There are

three types of elementary row operations;

2. LITERATURE REVIEW swapping two rows, multiplying a row by a

2.1 Gauss-Jordan Elimination nonzero number, adding a multiple of one

row to another row.

Gaussian elimination is

an algorithm for solving systems of linear

equations. It is usually understood as a

3. METHODOLOGY In this case we use for, end, loop

structure to operated the values of x, y, z that

3.1 Flowchart determined by using the Gauss-Jordan

elimination method. The loop functions used

START

to repeat statements several times. Next, we

use the pivoting command which functions as

Variable x, y, z as a calculation operation with the main value to

Pit1, Pit2, Pit3 start counting this is how to operate the gauss

respectively Jordan method for the function.

Define 5. CONCLUSION

matrix A

and B The computational results

performed on Matlab, found that each hole

needed to be transported 40.0581 m3 of sand,

Combine 71.3140 m3 of fine gravel, and 51.6279 m3 of

matrix A

coarse gravel.

and B

into

matrix C REFERENCES

https://www.convict.lu/Jeunes/Mat

Input

Gauss- h/Gauss_Jordan_Elimination.htm

Jordan https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/pro

function gram-for-gauss-jordan-elimination-method/

using for https://www.matesfacil.com/englis

command h/high/solving-systems-by-Gaussian-

Elimination.html

Value of x,

y and z

END

On matrix A are presented the total of pit

1, pit 2 and pit 3. While the elements of

matrix B are presented the volume of

materials that is needed. After that we

combined matrix A and B as we called it

matrix C which it is their augmented. The

dimension of matrix C is described by m as

the row and n as the column. Inside the for

command of pivoting, we input other for

command to convert the elements below the

major diagonal to zeros. Then, input another

for command to convert the elements above

the major diagonal to zeros.

APPENDIX

% 03411740000029

% GEOPHYSICAL COMPUTATION B

clear all

clc

% 52x+20y+25z=4800

% 30x+50y+20z=5800

% 18x+30y+55z=5700

B = [4800; 5800; 5700];

C=[A B]

% GAUSS-JORDAN METHOD

[m,n]=size(C);

for j=1:m-1

for z=2:m

%PIVOTING

if C(j,j)==0

%PIVOTING

t=C(1,:);C(1,:)=C(z,:);

%PIVOTING

C(z,:)=t;

%PIVOTING

end

%PIVOTING

end

for i=j+1:m

C(i,:)=C(i,:)-

C(j,:)*(C(i,j)/C(j,j)); %Convert

the elements below the major

diagonal to zeros

end

end

for j=m:-1:2

for i=j-1:-1:1

C(i,:)=C(i,:)-

C(j,:)*(C(i,j)/C(j,j));

end

end

for s=1:m

C(s,:)=C(s,:)/C(s,s);

x(s)=C(s,n);

end

disp('Gauss-Jordan method:');

C

x'

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