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Model United Nations 2010

MUN Handbook
The Model United Nations (MUN) is meant to be a life changing experience thanks to the realistic
simulation of what a UN session would be like. Each student will be assigned a country to represent
in their own respective commissions. The student must investigate the country and its views on the
problems and then solve them.

1. Researching a country: It is very difficult to formulate a policy, both in
written form (Policy Statement and Resolution) and in spoken form (Lobbying,
Opening Speech and Debating) without knowing about the country or
organization represented and having specific knowledge of the issues to be
debated. Background research of the country you are representing should include
the following:

Political Structure (origin, type of government, stability)
Cultural Factors (ethnic groups, religion, cultural history)
Geography (bordering countries, topography geo-political considerations)
Economy (monetary system, dependency and debt, membership in trade
Natural Resources (basic commodities, trade agreements, degree of self-
Defense (military structure, dependency on other nations, membership or
Views on World Problems (role and influence in the world, membership
in blocs)
International Relations (major conflicts, foreign policy doctrines, past
votes within the UN, and positions on major issues)
History (general, last 50 years, recent history).
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2 Member country’s viewpoints on the issues to be discussed: Most of the issues
discussed at MUN sessions are not merely current events or solely relate to the
internal conflicts within a country. Rather, most of the issues have a long-term
dimension and are somewhat global in nature, to some degree, affecting all
member nations, whether or not the problem actually exists in each country. In
some cases, a nation may be too poor, too isolated, or dealing with other
problems that keep it from being a major player, but the solution to an issue
listed for debate will affect all nations at some point in the future. Past
resolutions often highlight the problems and point out the areas that still need
attention as well as reveal how nations voted on specific issues. With the
internet, research is made easier. All foreign embassies have websites, with
many sharing helpful information on a variety of topics. When research fails and
a delegate cannot find a country’s policy on a specific issue, it is proper for the
delegate to make an educated guess based on the facts available and/or the
stance of member nations with like-views.
3. Viewpoints held by other member countries in your bloc: There are obvious blocs
of nations throughout the world (African Union, Arab League, European Union,
NATO, ASEAN, Group of 77, etc.) and understanding how each of them vote on all
the issues is almost impossible, however you should know they exist and know the
countries participating in them. This will help you when writing your resolution,
since, you can ask one of these organizations to “do this or that”, with the UN’s avow.
Through lobbying and listening to speeches, it becomes clearer which nations are your
“friends” and which are not. Pay attention during informal sessions and participate in
ad hoc meetings. But remember that countries have distinct viewpoints in different
issues, if in one issue your country does not agree with another one, it does not mean
that in the next resolution you have to be against them. The UN was created to reach
consensus not to evoke turmoil.
4. A position paper is a short essay that is written by participants. It describes the detailed position
of a certain country on a topic or issue that the writer will debate in his committee. Position papers are
not always required, but certain conferences mandate that each delegate send his own before the
opening. Position papers should explain an issue from their country's point of view. It is also good
practice that they include statistics about the issue that would support the cause they defend. The paper
would also try to convince the other countries of the committee to their view of the issue. It would
have ways to solve the situation.
Many conferences require delegates to submit a copy of their position paper, as a means to ensure that
the delegates research important topics and construct strong and well-informed positions on those
subjects, yet presentation is still a valuable component.

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1.Organization: After several weeks and months of research, finding and utilizing an
organizational system that works for you will be a key factor in your success. Find a
systematic way to arrange your research, in accordion folders, file folders, a mega binder
or wherever you would find it better; divide your papers under categories or topics so that
you can easily access important information during debate, etc.

2, Know how to write a resolution and practice using parliamentary procedure: The
Approval Panels (teachers and caucus leaders) will have strict instructions to follow, in
order to approve or reject resolutions submitted by delegates. The content as much as the
actual written document will be judged. Remember that caucus leaders and the Secretary
General are here to help you, ask those questions at any time. All delegates must prepare
resolutions prior to the MUN conference in order to understand how to modify and merge
with other resolutions later. Attendance at an MUN conference is the best experience in
learning how to use parliamentary procedure. Listen, observe and learn for the first 15
minutes and you will be able to participate for the remainder of the conference. Practicing
a committee meeting before the conference is also very helpful.

3. The opening speech This is the time when each delegation has the opportunity to provide
a brief introduction and address what they feel should be the primary concern of the
caucus; this might be a referral to a specific or interrelated issue. Bear in mind that it
should be a more informal presentation of the country and the particular individuals that
are representing its position, a sort of greeting to the house and presentation of their hopes
for the upcoming meetings.

4. Rights of reply Following the presentation of the speech, the specific delegate at the
floor will be questioned by the Chair if he/she is “open for points of information,” note that
though one is given the option, the Chair will push on for replies even if the answer is
“no.” These points are addressed in the form of a question, though not purely rhetorical,
and the Chair will call upon a delegation with raised placard and grant them the right to
speak. A point of information may be supportive of the speaker or may question the
validity of the speaker’s points.

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8. Debating In general terms, speaking in formal debate falls into two main areas: the
delegate either has the floor to speak on the main motion (as in against or in favor of a
resolution) or on a proposed amendment, or he/she is rising to a point of information
by asking a question to the speaker, then delegate that has the floor. One must know
how and when to obtain the floor, when and how to ask questions, and how, when and
to whom to yield the floor. Generally the floor is yielded back to the Chair, but during
a moderated caucus session, a delegate might wish to yield their remaining time at the
floor to another delegation, if the latter agrees to this arrangement.

Position papers
A position paper is a small essay that is written by participants of the model. It describes the detailed
position of a certain country on a topic or issue that the writer will debate in his committee. Position
papers are not always required, but certain conferences mandate that each delegate send his own before
the opening.

Parliament language
Slang and informal language is not allowed in the MUN if a member used the improper language more
than three time he sill be expelled for the session for 5 minutes
Code of conduct
The CGB MUN team expects excellent behavior from all of the member participating
in the event.
1. respect towards the presidents and other members
2. correct use of language
3. laptops must only be used for research purposes
4.if asked by the president or challenged by an other country you must answers
9.Warning Guidelines Warnings are given to those delegates that do not conduct
themselves properly during the event. A warning is up to the discretion of the chair
(whether that be a caucus leader or the Secretary-General). Warnings are given as
needed in order to keep control of the caucus and ensure delegates are cooperating and
following the rules of procedure. Warnings will not only potentially hinder the
delegate’s performance during the session, but it will also be reflected negatively in
their academic evaluation by the faculty evaluator. The warning process consists of
three main steps. An initial warning is given to a delegate for his first misbehavior. If
he or she commits another one, the caucus leader or Secretary General may apply a
second warning with a harsher intonation and threats of expulsion if misconduct
continues. If the behavior persists, the delegate will be given a third and final warning.

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10.HOW TO WRITE A RESOLUTION: Resolutions are the primary tools of discussion
and decision-making at the United Nations. They form the basis for all UN debate,
bringing one or several issues to the floor in a form that Representatives can discuss,
amend, and reject or ratify as circumstances dictate. Resolutions usually state a
policy or action that the UN will undertake. They range from the very general to the
very specific in content. They may call for or suggest a course of action, condemn an
action, and require action or sanctions on the part of the member states. They may also
give specific or general directions to the UN Secretariat at any time.

Amendments to resolutions are the means by which resolutions may be altered by the
body involved. Amendments can create additions, deletions, or changes to a resolution
in order to increase its acceptability to all nations involved. Amendments are usually
needed to move toward a consensus on a resolution. Always consider previous UN
resolutions on the topic--don't duplicate what other resolutions have done without
referencing the appropriate sources.

SUBMISSION OF RESOLUTIONS: Each country should bring to the Conference a
resolution on a chosen topic (recent international events calling for UN intervention).

RESOLUTION GUIDELINES: Each resolution should be written as a single sentence,
with commas and semicolons separating the various parts (see "Sample Resolution" for
specifics). In drafting the "heading" of resolutions, Representatives should state their
country name, the name of the body to which it will be presented, and the topic of the
resolution at the top of the document.

Following the "heading" section, resolutions are split into perambulatory and operative
(sometimes called activating) clauses. Perambulatory clauses are listed first, and they
are used to justify action, denote past authorizations and precedents for action, and/or
denote the purpose for an action. Operative clauses are the statement of policy in a
resolution. They are numbered, begin with a verb to denote an action (or suggested
action), and each clause usually addresses no more than one specific aspect of the
action to be taken.

Model United Nations 2010

RESOLUTION FORMAT: The standard format is as follows:

A 2" top margin and 1" side and bottom margins
Single spaced throughout resolution, with double spacing between clauses
Clauses must begin with proper introductory words/phrases, in capital letters
Perambulatory clauses end with commas and operative clauses end with semi-colons
Each operative clause must be numbered and indented
The final operative clause ends with a period
Please do not number lines in the margin of the resolution.
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