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dendrites and synapses) which weights according to some learning rule.INTRODUCTION constitute one of its most significant information processing elements (see neuroscience). The "neurons". They can be used to model complex relationships between inputs and outputs or to find patterns in data. most cases artificial neural produce a desired signal flow. called variously called as “neural network”. One way is to set the elements and the elemental parameters. are mathematical model or computational connected together to form a network of model that tries to stimulate the nodes — hence the term "neural functional and the structural behavior of network". networks is an adaptive system that changes its structure based on external or The basic architecture consists of three internal information that flows through types of neuron layers: input. determined by the the strengths of the connections connections between the processing exist. simple nodes. A neural network has to be There is no perfect definition for neural configured such that the networks . It forms not have to be adaptive per se. . weights explicitly. the network during the learning phase. Another way is to networks came from the “central neural train the neural network by feeding it system”and the neurons (and their teaching patterns and letting it changeits axons. In a neural network An artificial neural network are usually model. and output layers Neural networks are non-linear statistical data modeling tools. While a neural network does a biological neural networks.but it can be said that it application of a set of inputs involves a network of simple processing produces the desired set of elements such as “neurons” it exhibits a outputs. "neurodes". using a priori The inspiration for the artificial neural knowledge. Various methods to set complex behaviour . its the interconnected group of artificial practical use comes with algorithms neurons and process the information to designed to alter the strength (weights) form a computation using connectionist of the connections in the network to approach . "PEs" artificial neural networks forms a "processing elements" or "units".

object recognition and more). racing)  Pattern recognition (radar  Pre-processing less critical. "KDD").  The Application of Artificial Neural Networks to  Minimizing overfitting requires a Monitoring and Control of and great deal of computational Induction Hardening Process. effort. ADVANTAGES .Easier to re- discovery in databases.  Inverse modeling of vocal tract. chess.  Robust to structural variations.  Financial/Scientific/Engineering Time seriesforecasting. systems. approved based on features  The sample size has to be large.  Improving direct mailing response rate. model tends to be a black box or  Credit Scoring.  ANN parallel processing - Fast. configure.  ANN Learning _No need for  Data mining (or knowledge knowledge design.  Game-playing and decision making (backgammon. extracted from applicant’s information.Can handle large APPLICATIONS amounts sensory information. face identification. Determine input/output table without whether a load should be analytical basis. the input variables and the output  Multiprocessor scheduling and variables are not developed by task assignment.  Artificial neural networks in DISADVANTAGE laboratory medicine. visualization and e-mail spam filtering. engineering judgment so that the  VLSI placement and routing.  Approximate matching /  System identification and control Generalisation .  Artificial Neural Networks to  The individual relations between misuse detection.  Machine Control/Robot manipulation.