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Other Books on Electrical Engineering 4. Circuit Theory by K.A. Gangadher 2 Control System Analysis and Design by K:K. Agarwal 3. Control System Components by 8. Chaterjee 4. Control System Theory by Dr. $.0. Gupta 5. EHV-AC & HVDC Transmission Engineering & Practice by S. Rao 6. Electromagnetics—Theory, Problem & Applications by Dr LP. Tewari 7. Electrical Motor Drives by M.S. Berde &. Electric Power System - analysis, Stability & Protection by Gangaghar 9. Electric Circuit Theory by Arumugan & Prem Kumar 40. Electrical Energy Transmission and Distribution by B.K. Bala 41, Electrical Engineering Materials by GK. Mithal 42, Flectrical Engineering Materials by GP. Chalotra 43. Electrical Machinery by Or. P.S. Bimbtra 44. Electrical Machinery by S.K. Sen 48, Electrical Measurement & instruments by S. Ramabhadran 46. Electrical Measurements & Measuring Instruments by Or. R. Prasad 17, Electrical Power by $.L. Uppal 48. Electrical Substation Engineering & Practice by S Rao 49. Electrical Wiring, Estimating and Costing by S.L. Uppal 20. Handbook of Electrical Engineering by S.L. Bhatia 21, High Voltage Engineering by Dr. M.P. Chaurasia 22. Laboratory Experiments in Electiéal Power by C.S. Indukar 23. Linear Control Systems by B.S. Manke 24, Power Electrons by Dr. P.S. Bimbhra 25. Power System Analysis and Stability by S.&. Vadhera 26, Power Transformers and Special Transformers by S. Rao 27. Principles and Practice of Electric Power Transfer System by TSM, Pao 28. Switchgear and Protection ty Sunil S. Rao 29. Symmetrical Components and Short Circuits Studies by Reddy 30. Testing, Commissioning & Maintenance of Electrical Equipments : by S. Rao 4, Textbook of Electrical Engineering Materials by Kapoor 32. thyristor Engineering by M.S. Berde 33, Utilization of Electrical Energy by S.K. Girdhar & S.M. Dhir ‘34. Utilization of Electrical Power & Traction by G.C. Garg Despatch Office: Regd. Office: eee THEORY ELECTRICAL MACHINES Dr, PS, BIMBHRA Ph.D, ME. (Hons), MLE. Professor & Dean of Academic Affairs ‘Thapra Institute of Enginewring & Technology PATIALA-147001 6 KHANNA PUBLISHERS Operational Office: 4575/15, Onkar House, Room No. $-4, Ground Floor, Darya Ganj, New Delhi-110002 Phone: 23243042 | Fax:'2324043 11, Community Centre, Ashok Vihar, Delhi-110052. Phone ; 27224179 ae 2:B, Nath Market, Nai Sarak, Delhi-110006, Pubtished by : ‘Romesh Chander Khanna for KHANNA PUBLISHERS ‘Nath Market, Nai Sarak, ‘This book or part thereof cannot be translated or reproduced in any form (escept for review or criticism) without the written permission of the Author and the Publishers. Fifth Edition, —__ 22nd Reprint : 2012 PREFACE Ti has been a matter of great controversy about whether the clectrical machines theory be taught by generalized approach or by Conventional approach. Some people argue that generalized approach (provides little understanding of a real machine and they emphasize Their line of reasoning by quoting some jokes. The author feels that first physical concepts of electrical machines be taught to the students flong with an extensive laboratory course. Then the generalized theory of electrical machines ean be tanght with advantage, in con- Junction with a set of appropriate laboratory experiments. An un- {oward behaviour of the machine should be explored by the students themselves and in case they fail, the instructor incharge should help them. For example, if the direction of motor rotation tur out to be wrong in any experiment, then students should be made to think so be to correct the direction of rotation. This type of laboratory course work would definitely obviate abourd answers from the students and would go a long way in imparting a real physical understanding of the various types of electrical machines. In the earlier stages, the machine worked in isolation and its steady-state analysis was sufficient to be known, Now the electrical machine forms an integral part of a large system comprising of other components as well. In feedback control systems, a motor operates seainly ander transient and dynamic conditions. [n view of these facts, the transient and dynamic analysis of electrical machines and sys- tems have gained importance and therefore the students must be taught the art of reducing a practical problem to an accurate mathe- matical model. The generalized theory of electrical machines, em- phasizing the basic éimilarities of all the machines, now forms the Basis of mathematical-machine modelling. The magnetic field vie point leads to steady-state analysis, whereas the generalized ap- proach leads only to steady-state, transiont and dynamic analysis. The ability of a teacher to corelate the two independent treatments in the class leads to a better understanding of the subject, ‘The coupled cireuit theory of synchronous machines makes use of the Park's transformation. First of all, the voltage equation 0