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Republic of the Philippines

CEBU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


www.ctu.edu.ph
College of Engineering
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There are primary and


secondary crushers. A
primary crusher reduces
large particles into smaller
sizes for further crushing by
the secondary crusher.
The old ways of stone crushing by hand is
Examples of crushers
still being
include jaw crusher,
practiced in several villages and towns in
Egbe, E.A.P. gyratory crusher and roll
Nigeria. The old ways of crushing is
Olugboji, O.A. crusher. A double roll
stressful, less efficient, and less
crusher consists of two rolls.
productive, leading to poor size reduction
Crushing takes place
and non uniformity of products.
between two cylindrical rolls
with each rotating about a
concentric horizontal shaft
in opposite directions. This
is the most common of all
roll crushers.

The disadvantage of the plastics is that 1. Identification of problem


they are non-bio degradable and causes 2. Creating the concept
harm to the environment. So these waste design
plastic materials have to be crushed, 3. Design and development
FABRICATION OF CRUSHER transported safely and dumped of actual model using CAD
MR. DARSHAN R MR.
MACHINE FOR WASTE properly.Nowadays we find waste plastic software
MD EHTASHAMULLAH
PLASTIC MATERIAL materials being overloaded in trucks 4. Creating the
which consume a large space. Due to this manufacturing drawings
the vehicle gets toppled leading to 5. Fabricating as per the
accidents. drawing and assembling
6. Testing he prototype

2
•Performance Objectives
•Studying the process
•Data from Various sources
•Drawing the part model by
In a country like India, waste management
any Design Software
and disposal of the waste seems to be a
•Assembling the Part models
tedious task where a huge amount of
using any Design Software
wastes has been generated due to
Senthil Kannan.N, •Calculating the required
DESIGN OF MECHANICAL enormous consumption. There also lies an
Naveen Prasad.D, dimensions to achieve the
3 CRUSHING MACHINE issue in transporting the
Nirmal Kumar.R, required crushing force.
(Jan.2016) wastes to the recycling plants, wherein a
Premvishnu.R.S •Fixing the dimensions
huge amount of effort, time and money
based on
needs to be put in for transporting the
calculation.
wastes which are clustered and are not in
•Manufacturing the Crusher
uniform shape or size.
as
per the required dimensions
•Assemble the components
•Analyze the Results

In the operation of crushing


there are two rollers which
are rotating in opposite
direction. These rollers are
driven by gears; the rollers
are attached with gears at the
one end of the shaft. Both
rollers are driven at the right
Prashanth.P Nowadays in India, recycling is one of the
end. Out of two rollers one
Mohammed Ali Design and Fabrication of Water Bottle areas which rapidly increasing day by day.
4 roller is directly connected
Kaushik S Patel Crusher(June.2017) The amount of waste coming is in a
to the driven shaft through
tremendous quantity.
belt; and two gears of same
diameter and same number
of teeth’s. The two rollers
should rotate in opposite
direction in order to crush
the bottle, to perform this
action the gears are meshed
externally.

a. Problem Identification
DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF b. Concept Development
DARSHAN R, CRUSHER MACHINE FOR c. Detail Design with
GURURAJA S PLASTIC WASTES Fabrication Drawings
(Oct.2017) d. Fabrication Procedure
e. Testing the Prototype

5
The materials are
transported by the rotation of
the helical screws which
moves the material in the
forward direction in tube
from the feed point (hopper)
to the discharge point
(outlet). The materials to be
There are many readily available screw transmitted are fed through
Ishan Izzudheen conveyors in the market. But these are for the hopper. The motor is
Job varghese Fabrication of Semi Automatic Feeding large material handling purposes and they switched on such that the
6 Jomy Tomy Mechanism for Small Scale Poultry are not suitable for small scale industries. power from the motor is
Mohammed Rizwan Farm(2016) Also the cost of the machines is more and transmitted to the screw
Lokesh K.S hence they are not affordable by the small conveyor through the belt
scale industries and small workshops. drive. This consists of a
number of helix blades
which is used for
transmitting. As the blades
or the helix screw rotates,
the material is advanced by
one pitch length such that
the material cones out of the
outlet.

Design & Manufacturing of Feeding


Bajirao H. NangarePatil Mechanism The older chain feeding mechanism
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Afaqahmed M. Jamadar for Horizontal Grinding proved to be outdated & costly.
Machin(March.2015)
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ublic of the Philippines Management
System
NOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ISO 9001:2015
www.tuv.com
www.ctu.edu.ph ID 9108652629

llege of Engineering
LOADED REFERENCE PUBLICATIONS
Professor: Engr. Edgar C. Ambos, MEng, Ph.D.

Findings/Insights Notes/Comments/Remarks Feb. 22, 2019 edition

The theoretical efficiency of the


crusher was based
A further development on this
on the ratio of actual size reduction
work is required to
to the total
open up the solid mineral sector
number of particles that passed
for affordable
through the sieve. Efficiency in
processing.
Crushing limestone was found to
while that of kaolin was 80%.

 Can transport large number of


plastic wastes in less space so that
overloading is avoided. It can be
used for housekeeping techniques.
Handling of plastic wastes can be
done effectively.
The future scope of the paper is
to upgrade the machine with lot
The machine crushed multiple cans
more facilities. That is to equip
simultaneously with ease both
the machine with automatic
during electrical as well as during
loading facility, sensors and
mechanical modes of operation.
microcontrollers to detect the
While crushing the cans manually,
material input to switch on and
the cans got crushed with minimal
off the machine automatically in
human effort and reduced the
order to reduce the power
fatigue factor of the worker.
consumption.

The volume of the bottle and tin is


reduced to 60-70 % and the
transportation charge will reduce
due to the reduction of volume of
bottle.

The machine helps in increasing the


volume
of transportation by reducing the
volume of plastic
bottles by shredding them into
pieces. This helps in
reducing the emissions at the time
of transportation
and also used to recycle plastic
wastes.
The “fabrication of screw conveyor”
system is working
with satisfactory conditions. We can
able to
understand the difficulties in
maintaining the
tolerances and also the quality.
Primary
references of the

References of the study/research/topic


theoretical/
conceptual
framework of the
study/research/
presentation
Reserved-not so relevant references of the study/research/topic
esearch/topic