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Effectiveness of Barangay Officials in the Performance of


Their Duties and Responsibilities in Selected Barangays in
Batangas City

A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the


College of Education, Arts and Sciences
Lyceum of the Philippines University
Batangas City

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree


Bachelor of Arts in Paralegal Studies

By:

Christine Nicole S. Leyson


Yelhsa Claudette Villanueva
and
Dr. Ma. Rosario B. Tamayo

2019
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APPROVAL SHEET

In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Bachelors of Arts in


Paralegal Studies, the thesis entitled “Effectiveness of Barangay Officials in the
Performance of their Duties and Responsibilities in Selected Barangays in
Batangas City”, prepared by Christine Nicole S. Leyson and Yelhsa Claudette
Villanueva, has been examined and recommended for acceptance and approval
for oral examination.

______________________
Ma. Rosario B. Tamayo
Thesis Adviser

Defended in an oral examination before a duly constituted panel with a


grade of _____________.

PANEL OF EXAMINERS

__________________________
Anunciacion C. Bernardo
Chairman

__________________________ __________________________
Annalie D. Pateña, MS Math Beverly T. Caiga, Ph.D.
Member Member

__________________________
Mylen M. Palay, MAEd
Member

Accepted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Bachelor


of Arts in Paralegal Studies.

_____________________________
Arnie Christian D. Villena, Ph. D.
Dean, CEAS
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THESIS ABSTRACT

Title: Effectiveness of Barangay Officials in the


Performance of Their Duties and Responsibilities in
Selected Barangays in Batangas City

Total Number of Pages: 57

Type of Document: Undergraduate Thesis

Authors: Christine Nicole S. Leyson

Yelhsa Claudette Villanueva

Academic Year: 2018 – 2019

Research Adviser: Dr. Ma. Rosario B. Tamayo

Institute: Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas

Address: Capitol Site, Batangas City

This study primarily aimed to assess the effectiveness of Barangay Officials in


the performance of their duties in selected barangays in Batangas City.
Specifically, it seeks to: describe the profile of the respondents in terms of sex,
age, educational attainment, years of residency, occupation and area; assess the
performance of the Barangay Officials with regards to mandated duties and
responsibilities by the Local Government Code (LGC); test the significant
difference in the effectiveness of Barangay Officials when respondents were
grouped according to profile variables; identify the problems affecting the
performance of the duties and responsibilities of Barangay Officials in the
selected barangays; test the significant difference in the problems affecting the
performance of Barangay Officials between the groups of respondents; test the
significant relationship in the effectiveness in the performance of Barangay
Officials and problems affecting it; and propose an action plan to enhance the
effectiveness of the duties and performances of Barangay Officials.

The study made use of the descriptive method to assess the effectiveness of
barangay officials in the performance of their duties and responsibilities in
selected barangays in Batangas City.
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It was concluded that majority of the respondents were female, ages ranging
from 20 – 30 years old, mostly from college level, residing in the barangay for
more than 20 years, unemployed, and from Sta. Rita Karsada. The respondents
assessed the effectiveness of Barangay Captain and Sangguniang Barangay in
the performance of their duties and responsibilities with its mandated functions
by the Local Government Code as effective. There is a significant difference in
the effectiveness on the performance of Barangay Captain when grouped
according to respondent’s age, educational attainment and area while on
Sangguniang Barangay, responses varies on educational attainment and area.
The performance rendered by the Barangay Captain and Sangguniang Barangay
were not affected by the problems encountered. There is a significant difference
on the problems affecting the performance of Sangguniang Barangay particularly
in Libjo. No significant relationship exists between the effectiveness in the
performance of Barangay Officials and the problems affecting it. And an action
plan was proposed to maintain and further improve the performance of the
Barangay officials.

The researchers recommended that the Local Government Unit of Batangas City
through the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) may conduct
periodic training seminars to improve the performance of Barangay Officials in
the consistent implementation of barangay ordinances. They may coordinate with
the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) and Department of
Public Works and Highways (DPWH) for the frequently inspection and
maintenance of barangay facilities. The Barangay officials may echo the
information and learnings they have acquired from seminars to other barangay
officials. DILG may assess Barangay officials as to the performance of their
duties based on their annual reports especially in liquidation and transparency.
The action plan recommended by the researchers may be tabled for discussion
and implemented thereafter. Also, future research of the same topic may be
conducted using other variables specifically on factors affecting the effectiveness
in the performance of Barangay Officials.
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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

First and foremost, the researchers would like to thank our Lord God
Almighty, for all His goodness, guidance and prosperous grace and abiding love.
It is through Him that this work has been a success.

The researchers would also like to express their true and heartfelt
gratitude to everyone whose without their support, assistance and contributions,
this paper would not be possible.

To their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Leyson and Mr. and Mrs. Villanueva, for the
endless love, moral and financial support, patience, care, understanding, and for
the words of encouragement to accomplish this study;

To their research adviser, Dr. Ma. Rosario B. Tamayo, for sharing ideas,
suggestions, and recommendations and for the untiring support and motivation
throughout this endeavor;

To their institution, Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas, for


giving the best quality education and developing the researchers into globally
competitive individuals;

To all the staff and faculty of the College of Education, Arts and Sciences,
for the guidance and supervision as well as for providing necessary information
regarding this research;

To their panel of examiners, Atty. Anunciacion C. Bernardo, Ms. Annalie


D. Pateña, Dr. Beverly T. Caiga, and Mylen M. Palay, for the constructive
criticisms and suggestions for the improvement and enhancement of this project;

To their respondents who actively, patiently and freely participated during


the conduct of the study;

And lastly, to their colleagues and friends for helping the researchers in
the possible way they could.

THE RESEARCHERS
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DEDICATION

We, the researchers, have been prepared this project with patience,
perseverance and hard work. Making this research has always been so
challenging, yet so interesting.

Thus, this work is humbly dedicated to our beloved parents, for showing
them unconditional love, support and encouragement,

To our institution, Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas, for


providing quality education,

To our professors, for imparting their knowledge which contributed to the


success of this study,

To our college department, our panellists, our friends and colleagues, for
believing in our strengths and capabilities,

And above all, to our God, for His holy will in bringing this research to
success.

To the new people we’ve met, new faces we’ve seen, and new places
we’ve been, thank you for encouraging and making us believe that there is
always a reward in every hard work.

Christine and Yelhsa


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Approval Sheet i
Thesis Abstract ii
Acknowledgment iv
Dedication v
Table of Contents vi
List of Tables vii
List of Appendices viii

INTRODUCTION 1
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 4

REVIEW OF LITERATURE 5
Research Locale 5
Functions of Barangay Officials as Mandated by R.A. 7160 7
Problems Encountered by the Barangay Officials 16

METHODOLOGY 19
Research Design 19
Participants of the Study 20
Instrument 21
Data Gathering Procedure 21
Ethical Consideration 22
Data Analysis 22

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 23


CONCLUSIONS 47
RECOMMENDATION 48
REFERENCES 49
APPENDICES
CURRICULUM VITAE
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LIST OF TABLES

Table Title Page

Table 1 Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Profile 23

Table 2.1 Effectiveness on the Performance of the Barangay 30


Officials with Regards to Mandated Duties and
Responsibilities by the Local Government
Code (LGC) (Barangay Captain)

Table 2.2 Effectiveness on the Performance of the Barangay 34


Officials with Regards to Mandated Duties and
Responsibilities by the Local Government
Code (LGC) (Sangguniang Barangay)

Table 3 Difference of Responses on the Effectiveness on the 37


Performance of the Barangay Officials with Regards to
Mandated Duties and Responsibilities When Grouped
According to Profile Variables

Table 4.1 Problems Affecting the Performance of the Duties and 39


Responsibilities of Barangay Officials (Barangay Captain)

Table 4.2 Problems Affecting the Performance of the Duties and 42


Responsibilities of Barangay Officials (Sangguniang
Barangay)

Table 5 Problems Affecting the Performance of the Duties and 44


Responsibilities of Barangay Officials (Sangguniang
Barangay)

Table 6 Relationship Between the Effectiveness in the 45


Performance of Barangay Officials and the Problems
Affecting It

Table 7 Proposed Action Plan to Enhance the Effectiveness of 46


Barangay Officials in the Performance of their Duties and
Responsibilities in Selected Barangays in Batangas City
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LIST OF APPENDICES

APPENDIX A Request Letters for Validation of Questionnaire

APPENDIX B Request Letter for Respondents

APPENDIX C Questionnaire

APPENDIX D Statistical Output