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x]g{ ge'Ng'xf]nf .

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;'Gg ge'Ng'xf]nf .
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;s{'n/sf cfwf/df ljt/0f ul/Psf qmflGtsf/L / hgtfsf] kf6L{ g]kfn atfpb} cfPsf] 5 . p;n] o:tf
gful/stf /4 ug{ dfu ul/Psf] 5 . sDo'lg:6 kf6L{la?4 e|dsf] v]lt ug]{ em'08x? jt{dfg bnfn ;Qfsf] ;'/fsL
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nf] s tGqdf rf} y f] c+ u dflgg] cf]nL zf;gdf b'O{ ltxfO{s+ f] 808f dfgjclwsf/ ;DalGw ljw]ossf]
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:yfkgf ePsf] !# jif{ k"/f ePsf] 5 . t/ hgtfn] Jojxfl/s ¿kdf nf]stGqsf] cfh larf}lnof cy{tGq / To;sf] ;a} eGbf ;Defjgfsf If]q pgLx?nfO{ cfd hgtfn] a'lem;s] .
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:yfkgfkl5 b]zdf j}bl] zs x:tIf]k lbgk|ltlbg al9 /x]sf] 5 . hgtfsf]
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gf3]sf] 5 . /fi6«3ft / hg3ft df}nfpFb} uPsf] 5 . lxhf]sf b]zeQm / bnx? leq g]lqTj / hgtf lar e¥ofª\ xf] hf] ;Qfn] lgdf{0f u5{ . Joj:yfsf] d'n cleefjs /fHo NofPsf ;Defjgf dfkm{t larf}lnof
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¿kdf lrlqt x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . ePsf] 5 . ljZjlaBfno / laBfyL{sf] ;fdYo{ eg]sf] …w]/} bnfn pTkfbgÚ cfFvf lrlDnG5 /fHo, bh{gf} ;/sf/ x' g ' ;a} eGbf cg' s ' n
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cfd ;r]t hgtfsf] a'emfO{ 5 . hgtfsf] oxL efjgfnfO{ a'em] / ljKnj
g]tT[ jsf] g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ :yfkgf ePsf] xf] / p;n] b]znfO{ jt{dfg
;+s6af6 d'Qm kfg{ PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf] sfo{ lbzf lnP/ cufl8 a9]sf] 5 . sf7df8f}F . c/af}F s/ 5nL ug]{ Tof] dWo] Pg;]nn] clxn];Dd @# ca{ Joj:yfadf] l hd cl3 a9\ g ] e Gbf / 7"nf s/bftf sfof{non] hf/L u/]sf]
b]zsf] tdfd j]lyltsf] :j¿kdf x]bf{ To;nfO{ gfd]6 kfg{ ca ljKnj g]tT[ jsf] cgL ltg{ klg c6] / L ul//xsf] %& s/f]8 $@ nfv () xhf/ &%! xfdL;F u csf] { ljsNk 5} g ,Ú aSof}tf /sd glt/L Pg;]nn] ;'v
g]=s=kf=n] dfq ;Dej b]lvG5 lsgsL jt{dfg ;+;b\jfbL bnx¿sf] sfo{zn } Ln] Pg;]nsf] csf]{ em]nL v]nsf] kbf{kmf; ?k}ofF s/ a'emfO;s]sf] 5 . j}zfv sfof{nosf Ps s/ clws[tn] eg], gkfpg] kSsf 5 .
b]z emg ;+s6u|:t aGb} uPsf] 5 eg] hghLjLsf rf}k6 x'bF } uPsf] 5 . ePsf] 5 . ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] k6s– @ ut]sf] ;ft lbgleq #( ca{ ^ …xfdLn] klxn] slt s/ nfU5 eg]/ of] aLrdf sltkon] bnsf
o:tf] cj:yfdf b]z / hgtfsf] kIfdf ;+3if{ ub}{ cfPsf] g]kfn sDo'lgi6 k6s nfes/ ltg{sf nfuL k/dfb]z s/f]8 ^ nfv *$ xhf/ *!% ?k}ofF elg;s]sf 5f},F ;jf]R{ r cbfntsf] k"0f{ g]tfx¿nfO{ cf/f]k nufPsf] klg
kf6L{nfO{ ;fy lbg'sf] s'g} ljsNk 5}g . To;}n] b]znfO{ jt{dfg ;+s6af6 kf/ lbO;ssf] / ;/sf/n] ;d]t ltg{' kg]{ &! k};f a'emfpg' kg]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] Ohnfzsf] km} ; nf / sfg' g L b]lvG5 . caf}{+ ?k}ofFsf] k"FhLut
nufpg ljKnj g]tT[ jsf] g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{nfO{ ;a}n] ;fy / ;xof]u lbFb} s/ Ps xKtf leq ltg{ Pg;]nnfO{ lyof] . j}zfv @ ut] Pg;]nnfO{ Joj:yf;d]t x]//] ca To;}sf] c;'nL nfes/ ltg{k' g]{ Pg;]nn] cfgfsfgL
/fi6«3flt / hg3flt tTjx¿nfO{ tx nufpg} k5{ cGoyf /fi6«, /fli6«otf tfs]sf u/]sf] cj:yfdf ca rfFxL lbPsf] & lbgsf] Dofb ( ut] k|lqmofdf cl3 a9\g] xf] .
;+s6df kg]{ lglZrt 5 . /fi6« g} g/x] xfd|f] cl:tTj sxfF /xnf < cfd ;r]t ul//x]sf] cj:yfdf Pg;]nnfO{ 7"n}
hfn;fFemL gul/sg Pg;]nn] s/
gful/sn] ;f]Rg'kg]{ ;do cfPsf] 5 . ltnf{ eGg] w]/s } f] cg'dfg /xsf] lyof]

k|x/L x:tIf]kla?4 /fli6«o dfgj t/ cg'dfg ljkl/t n'6g\ klNsPsf]


p;n] s/ ltg{' t stf xf] stf pN6}
;jf]{Rr cbfntdf d'4f kf] bfo/
clwsf/ cfof]u cfqmf]lzt
sf7df8f}F . /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ cbfnt af/sf cWoIf ljsf; cfrfo{,
u/]sf] 5 .
Pg;]nn] nfes/ ltg{' k5{ eg]/
cof]u k|x/L x:tIf]kla?4 /fli6«o lhNnf af/sf cWoIf df] co' a ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf ax; ug]{ al/i7
dfgj clwsf/ cfof]u cfqmf]lzt l;2LsL, OG;]s k|b]z % sfof{nosf clwaQmf ;'/]Gb| e08f/Ln] Pg;]nn]
ePsf] 5 . cof]un] O{nfsf k|x/L ;+of]hs ef]nf dxt, P8ef]s];L s/ gltg]{ lgotsf ;fy g} cg]s
sfof{no sf]xnk'/ afFs]sf l8P;kL kmf] / dsf ;+ o f] h s a;Gt d'4fdfldnfsf] gf6s ul//xsf] eGb}
/d] z axfb' / l;+ x dfyL cfjZos uf}tdnufotn] 36gfsf] lj/f]w u/]sf Pg;]nnfO{ s/ ltg{ afWo kfg]{ Ps
5fglag u/L tTsfn sf/afxL ug{ x'g\ . cfOtaf/ cbfntaf6 l/xf eP dfq pkfo s/ glt?Gh]n Pg;]nsf]
k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nonfO{ kl/kq ;d]t nuQ} afFss ] f k|x/L k|dv
' P;kL c¿0f l;d alx:sf/ ug{ ;a}nfO{ clkn
u/]sf] 5 . cfof]u g]kfnuGh zfvf kf} 8 ] n sf] lgb] { z gdf cbfnt u/] s f 5g\ . jl/i7 clwaQmf
sfof{nosf] ;+/If0fdf a;]sf Ps kl/;/af6 kqmfp ug]{ k|x/L of]hgfnfO{ e08f/Ln] ! @ aif{;Dd cbfndf d'4f
JolQmnfO{ lu/ˆtf/ ug{ l;+ x sf] ljkmn agfpF b } km8] / f ;' / Iffsf] rnfpg] / Tof] a]nf;Dd s/ gltg]{
sdf08df uPsf] k|x/Ln] cfO{taf/ dfu;lxt /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ clg of] laifonfO{ olQs} ;sfpg]
/flt cfof]u sfof{nodf k|jz ] sf] k|of; cfof]usf] g]kfnuGhl:yt k|bz ] zfvf bfpdf Pg;]n /x]sfn] p;nfO{ s/
u/L sd{ r f/LnfO{ wDsL lbPsf] sfof{no k'u]sf lyP . cfof]usf] ltg{ afWo kfg{ ;a}n] p;sf] l;d
36gfk| l t uDeL/ x' F b } cfof] u n] ;+/If0fdf /x]sf km8]/fnfO{ afFs] k|x/Ln] alx:sf/sf] cleofg g} rnfpg
;f]daf/ o:tf] kl/kq u/]sf] xf] . cfO{taf/ /ftL;Dd} cfof]usf] sfof{no cg'/f]w u/]sf 5g\ .
cfof]usf] ;+/If0fdf /x]sf km8]/fnfO{ 3]/fp u/]sf] lyof] . o; cl3 cleofGtf g/axfb'/
kl/jf/sf] lhDdf nufO{ ;s'zn 3/ :d/0f xf] ; \ l8P;kL l;+ x n] sfsL{ s f] g] t [ T jdf hfu?s ;lsO;s]sf] 5 . Pg;]nn] ;jf]{Rrdf bfo/ u/]sf] /fhgLlts cf8e/f];f xf]nf eGg]
k7fpg cfof]un] afFss ] f k|dv' lhNnf o;cl3 Ps gfjfnsnfO{ uf]nL xfg]sf] gful/sx?n] :j:km't{ Pg;]n l;d s/bftf sfof{non] lbPsf] Dofb lgj]bg pk/ x'g] ;'g'jfO{n] klg cg'dfg dfq xf] . oBlk pQm cg'dfg
clwsf/L / k|x/L k|d'vnfO{ kqfrf/ cf/f]k v]lk/x]sf 5g\ . eg] pgL alx:sf/sf] cleofg ;+ r fng ;lsg] lbg j}zfv ( ut] Pg;]n s/ Pg;]nnfO{ s/ 5'6 u/fpg] ;Defjgf k'/} c;To ;fljt gx'g ;S5 .
;d]t u/]sf] 5 . ljikmf]6s kbfy{ k|x/Lsf] alb{df 8gsf ;+/If0f ePsf] ul//x]sf lyP . Pg;]nnfO{ nfes/ lgwf{/0f k|lqmof gldn]sf] eGb} ;jf]R{ r lgs} sd 5 . To;sf] kl/0ffd Ps o;eGbf klxnf h] ul/Psf] ePtfklg
d'2fsf] cf/f]kdf lu/ˆtf/ ePsf x'Dnf gful/s ;dfhsf cu''jf atfpF5g\ . lt/fpg' k5{ eGb} 8f= 4fl/sfgfy k'Uof] . Pg;]nsf tkm{af6 /d]z b'O{ lbgdf b]lvPnf . t/ Pg;]n s/ clxn] ;jf]R{ rsf] k/dfb]zsf] kfngf
lhNnf cf]bfgr'nL gu/kflnsf 3/eO{ ^o;}aLr, bfgaxfb'/ km8]/fnfO{ 9'+u]n / ;'sb]j e§/fO{ nufotn] l3ld/]sf] jf/];df k|zGg >]i7n] sfof{ n on] lgwf{ / 0f u/] s f] s/ ;/sf/n] s'g} klg xfntdf ug{'kg]{
afFss ] f] sf]xnk'/ gkf– !! Pstfgu/ k|x/Ln] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no afFs] ;jf]R{ r cbfntdf Pg;]n lj?4 l/6 ;jf]R{ rdf lgj]bg lnP/ k'us ] f x'g\ . lgod;+ut gePsf] eGb} ;jf]{Rr x'G5 . To;}n] s/ a'emfpg Pg;]nnfO{
a:b} cfPsf #% jifL{o bfgaxfb'/ kl/;/af6 g} k'g kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . bfo/ u/]sf lyP . ;jf]R{ rdf k'us] f] Pg;]nsf] Pg;]nn] uPkl5 ;fdflhs ;+hfndf Pg;]n tfs]tf u/f}F, s/ c;'Ng ;/sf/nfO{
km8]/fnfO{ lhNnf cbfntn] cfO{taf/ cfOtaf/ cbfntaf6 l/xf eP nuQ} ;jf]{Rrn] Pg;]naf6} nfes/ ;jf]R{ rdf bfo/ u/]sf] d'2fsf] a'waf/ k|of]u ug{ 5f8\g]af/]sf] ax; emg\ tfs] t f u/f} F . ;/sf/nfO{ g}
;fwf/0f tf/]vdf l/xf u/]sf] lyof] . afFs]sf k|x/L k|d'v P;kL c¿0f c;"n pk/ ug{' egL u/]sf] km};nfsf] k]zL t tf]lsof] t/ ax; ePg . 3lge"t ¿kdf ePsf] b]lvG5 . alxisf/sf] txdf cfnf]rgf ug]{ 5'6
l/xf nuQ} k'gM lu/ˆtf/Ldf kg]{ 8/n] kf} 8 ] n sf] lgb] { z gdf cbfnt k" 0 f{ k f7 cfPkl5 7" n f s/bftf cfk" m cfos/ P] g sf] ;fdflhs ;+hfndf rNg] cleofgn] hgtf;Fu 5 eg], ljb]zL sDkgLnfO{
cfof]sf] sfof{nodf z/0f lng k'us ] f kl/;/af6 kqmfp ug]{ k|x/L of]hgfnfO{ sfof{non] j}zfv # ut] ^@ ca{ ^# Joj:yfadf]lhd cl3 a9\gs ' f] ljsNk ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox¿df bafa k'Ug] cfd gful/sn] alxisf/ ug{ g;Sg]
km8]/fnfO{ /ftL Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no ljkmn agfpF b } km8] / f ;' / Iffsf] s/f]8 $( nfv &% xhf/ %^^ ?k}ofF g/x]sf] s/ sfof{nosf sd{rf/Lx¿ ePklg clGtd km};nf sfg"gs} xftdf eGg] x'bF g} .
sf]xnk'/sf l8P;kL /d]zaxfb'/ dfu;lxt /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ &! k};f s/ lgwf{/0f u/]sf] lyof] . atfpF 5 g\ . …cfos/ P] g sf] x'G5 . ;jf]R{ rn] hf/L u/]sf] k/dfb]z
l;+xsf] sdf08df k'us ] f] k|x/L 6f]nLn] cfof]usf] g]kfnuGhl:yt k|bz ] zfvf
cgflws[t ¿kdf cfof]udf k|jz
k|of; ub}{ cfof]usf ;'/Iff uf8{
] sf] sfof{no k'us ] f lyP . km8]/f j:kmf]6s
kbfy{ d'2fsf] cf/f]kdf kqmfp k/]sf
kmfu'gb]lv j}zfv;Ddsf] cjlw xfjfx"/L a9L cfpg] ;do xf] . cfuf] afNbf
xl/axfb'/ s];LnfO{ wDsL lbPsf]
36gfk| l t afF s ] s f dfgj
lyP . cfof]usf] ;+/If0fdf /x]sf
km8]/fnfO{ afFs] k|x/Ln] cfO{taf/
;'/lIft 7fp“df dfq afNg], ;nfO{, nfO6/, dl§t]n cflb HjngzLn j:t'
clwsf/sdL{sf] Wofgfsif{0f ePsf]
cfof]u g]kfnuGhsf k|dv ' rGb|sfGt
/ftL;Dd} cfof]usf] sfof{no 3]/fp
u/]sf] lyof] . cbfnt kl/;/d} kqmfp
s]6fs]6Ln] e]6g\ ] 7p“df g/fVg], s]6fs]6LnfO{ hyfefjL cfuf] afNbf x'g
rfkfufFO{n] atfP . ug{ nfu]sf] va/ kfP nuQ} cfof]usf] ;Sg] cfunfuLsf b'36{ gfx¿af] ;DemfO–a'emfO ug]{ / o:tf s'/fx¿af6
Wofgfsif{ 0 f kqdfdf dfgj 6f]nLn] cg'udg u/]sf] cfof]usf
clwsf/sf] ;+/If0f / ;Da4{gsf nflu g]kfnuGh zfvf k|d'v rfkfufO{n] ;hu /xg hgr]tgf a9fpg] sfo{ ;xof]u u/f}“ .
k]l/; l;4fGt adf]lhd :yfkgf ePsf] atfP . /fli6« o dfgjclwsf/
;+jw} flgs / :jfoQ lgsfo /fli6«o cfof]usf] ;lqmotfdf lhNnf k|zf;g
dfgj clwsf/ cfof] u sf] zfvf sfof{no nufP/ k|zf;gn] kl/jf/sf]
sfof{no g]kfnuGhdf sfof{nosf] lhDdf nufP nuQ} k|x/Ln] 6f]nLn]
jl/k/L ;' / IffsdL{ n ] cgfjZos kqmfp u/]sf] xf] . cfof]usf] g]kfnuGh
3]/faGbL ul//x]sf] 36gfn] uDeL/ zfvf sfof{nosf] ;+/If0fdf /x]sf g] k fn ;/sf/
agfPsf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . km8]/fnfO{ lhNnf k|zf;g dfkm{t\ ;~rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|ljlw dGqfno
g]kfn af/ Pzf]l;ozgsf s]Gb|Lo kl/jf/sf] lhDdf nufO{ ;s'zn 3/
pkfWoIf ;'lgn >]i7, cfof]usf k|dv
rGb|sfGt rfkfufO{, g]kfnuGh pRr
' hfg] qmddf k|zf;g kl/;/df /x]sf]
k|x/Ln] k'g kqmfp u/]sf] lyof] .
;"rgf tyf k|;f/0f ljefu
@)&^ ;fn j}zfv !% ut] cfOtaf/ 3

k|n]; / ;+o'Qm df]rf{ /fhgLlts 6f]gf{8f] l;h{gf u/f}+


k|ultlzn n]vs ;+3 -k|n];_ csf] { y/L -d' n kIf_ ;/sf/sf] klg Tolx /fhgLlt k|wfg ag]sf] 5 .
s'g} klg b]zsf] s'g} klg ;dodf
rNg] gful/stf gLlt To; b]zsf]
/fli6«otf;Fu hf]l8Psf] x'G5 . xfn
zL3| / ;zQm ?kdf ul/g]
cg' d fgljxLg, cfz+ s fxLg,
cfnf]rgfxLg, c;Lldt / cGw ;dy{g,
g]tT[ jsf sn'lift lgotx?sf] phfu/
/ e08fkmf]/ ul/g' clgjfo{ 5 .
gful/stf gLltaf/]sf] of] cleofg /
dfS;jfbL n]vs, snfsf/ tyf tfa]bf/L ug]{ / ;Qf ;'lawfsf] ef]u kl5Nnf] cj:yfdf g]kfnsf] bnfn g]kfndf rln/x]sf] gful/stf gLlt ;xof]u, ;b\efj, ;xeflutf, ;dGjo, cfGbf]ngnfO{ b];elQmk"0f{ cfGbf]ng;Fu
;f:s[ltsdL{x?sf] ;femf ;+u7g xf] . ug{ d} tlNng 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf k"FhLjfb u'0ffTds ?kn] ktg ePsf] af/]sf] ax;sf] d'Vo ;DaGw klg g]kfnL ;xsfo{ / ;dk{0f ;d]t 5}7f}+ 7"nf] 3fts hf]8/] ;+rfng ug{' cfjZos 5 . /,
o;n] vf;u/L k~rfotL Jofj:yf / cfhsf] ;+;f]wgjfb, bnfn k"h F Ljfbsf] sf/0f Jofjxf/df u'0ffTds / ;+ul7t /fli6«otf;+u} cleGg ?kn] ufFl;Psf] 5 . cfGtl/s sf/0f xf] . cGtt M ju{dQ' mL cfGbf]ng;Fu Psfsf/
;fdGtL ;+:s[ltsf] la?4 dxTjk"0f{ la?4 clu|d df]rf{df /x]/ nl8/x]sf] lab|f]x cfjZos 5 . kb gkfP/, dfgj clwsf/, afn clwsf/, ;dfg &= ;a}h;f] zLif{ g]tT[ jsf pk/f]Qm u/]/ b]zelQmk"0f{ / /fi6«d'QmLsf]
e"ldsf lgjf{x u¥of] . g]kfnL ;dfh kf6L{ x'gs
' f] sf/0fn] ;fdfhLs bnfn JoflQmjfbL cfu|x k'/f geP/ jf gLlh clwsf/ cflb OTofbL ljleGg clwsf/sf] k|sf/sf :jfyL{, nf5L, ljZjf;3ftL, cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;d[4, ;zQm / ;kmn
;fdlGt / ;fd|fHojfbL plTk8gdf k"FhLjfb k/:t k|n];af6 lab|f]x ug{' ;f]rsf] cfwf/df s;n] slxn] s] gfddf g]kfnL gful/stf gLltnfO{ clxn] sfo/ / sk6k"0f{ dlt, /LtL, l:ytL, agfpg' kb{5 .
k/] s f] 5 . g] k fnL hgtf nfdf] / gofF qmflGtsf/L df]rf{ lgdf{0f ug]{ eGof] . Tof] dxTjsf] laifo xf]O{g . ;dsfnLg b'lgofF / cfˆg} 3lgi7

clgn zdf{ ‘lj/xL l5d]sL d'ns ' x?sf] eGbf lgs} v'sn
;xh / zL3| agfpg vf]lhPsf] 5 .
' f], gf/fo0f zdf{
sDo'lg:6 zAb / em08fsf]
/fHo / o;sf ;+rfns zf;sju{ /
j[Qsf ljleGg g]t[TjbfoL cË /
o;/L /fi6«3ftL
lgsfosf g]tf, lg0f{ostf{ / lgofds gful/stf gLlt
abgfd ub}{ cd]/LsL cflbaf6 k|:t't ;+ljwfg, sfg"g, gLlt,
lgod, lg0f{o, lgb]z { g / sfof{Gjog aGb} hfg nfUg'sf]
;fd|fHojfbsf] lgb]z{ gdf o;} lbzfdf ljjfbsf laraf6 klg k5f8L xfd|f]
kmfl;jfbsf] cEof; ul//x]sf] cl3 al9/x]s} 5g\ . /fli6«otfh:tf]
cToGt} dxTjsf] clg Hofb} g} uDeL/ ju{d'QmL cfGbf]ng
5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf ;/sf/ / ;+jb] gzLn d'2f;Fu hf]l8Psf] ePtf
klg lsg of] ljifo o;/L cl3 sdhf]/, e'Q],
lgs6 n]vs snfsf/x? al9/x]sf] 5 t < af·f] / /IffTds x'g' g} xf] . jf:tjdf
o;k|sf/sf] v's'nf] gful/stf
Psy/Ldf lgl/xtf / csf]{ y/L - gLltaf6 l56} hg;f+lVos cltqmd0f j}rfl/s, /fhgLlts / juL{o cfGbf]ng
e} g]kfnsf] cl:tTjg} ;dfKt x'g] vt/f
d'n kIf_ ;/sf/sf] tfa]bf/L ug]{ lsg lgDTofOFb} 5 t < o;sf k5f8L ;zQm ePsf] a]nf oL /fi6«3ftL sf/s /
/ ;Qf ;'lawfsf] ef]u ug{ d} s]xL uDeL/ / /x:odo sf/0fx? /x]sf sfo{x? d'emf{Psf x'G5g\ t/ ha of] cfGbf]ng
5g\ . ;fdfGotof tL sf/0fx?dWo] xfdLn]
tlNng 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf cfhsf] ;+;f]wgjfb, bnfn k"h F Ljfbsf] ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbnfO{ d'Vo atfpFb} ;Demf}tf / ;dk{0fdf k'Ub5 ta oL /fi6«3ftL
cfPsf 5f}+ / Tof] / To;sf bnfn /
JoQmL, zlQm / k|j[lQx? h'd{'/fP/
la?4 clu|d df]rf{df /x]/ nl8/x]sf] kf6L{ x'gs ' f] sf/0fn] ;fdfhLs bf;h:tf k[i7kf]ifsx? lj?4sf] ;+3if{nfO{
;d]t a9fpFb} cfPsf klg 5f}+ t/ klg cfpF5g\ . g]kfndf t 7Ls oxL g} e}/x]sf]
bnfn k"h F Ljfb k/:t k|n;] af6 lab|fx] ug{' / gofF qmflGtsf/L df]rf{ lsg t km]l/ km]l/ g]kfnL gful/stf
5 .
ljt/0fdf emg\ kl5 emg\ g/d, pbf/ /
lgdf{0f ug]{ sfo{ g]skfsf] nflu ;a}eGbf a9L cfjZos 5 . j}rf/Ls v'sn ' f] gLlt, ljlw, ljwfg / ;+ljwfgsf
k|fawfgx? g]kfnL ;/sf/ / ;bgaf6 x/]s bz–bz jif{ h:tf]df g]kfndf k|s6 x'g]
:ki6tfdf / Jofjxf/df nrstf xfd|f] casf] r'gf}lt xf] . uf]nL ylk+b5 } t < o;/L g]kfndf af/ af/
gful/stf gLltdf ul/g] 3fts cfd hgc;Gt'li6 clxn] k|s6 / lj:kmf]6 g}
a;f{pb} ad a;f{pb} Pstf / ;xsfo{sf] s'/f ug],{ Jofjxf/df pRr Joj:yfsf k5f8L d'Vo / lg0ff{os
sf/0fsf] ?kdf s]xL cfGtl/s sf/0fx? x'g] a]nf e};s]sf] 5 . t;y{ cfpg'xf];\ ca
JoflQmjfbL s'G7fsf] v]tL u/]/ ;femf df]rf{ aGb}g . /fhg}lts kl/:yLlt /lxcfPsf 5g\ . t'?Gt} /fli6«otf, hgtGq / hghLljsfsf
hl6n ePsfn] kf6L{sf] ;f]r / of]hgf ;f:s[lts If]qdf k'¥ofpgdf ;fdfGot M s'g} j:t', JoQmL, 36gf,
ljrf/ jf k|jl[ Qsf] ljsf;, 7x/fj jf d'2fx?nfO{ PsLs[t / s]Gb|Ls[t u/f}+ . oL
/x]sf l;dfx?sf] Tolt dxTj /xGg . xfdLnfO{ pl5gfkfl5g ug{' kg]{ ljgf; cyf{t\ pGgtL, oyfl:ylt jf
k|utLdf ;DalGwt j:t', JolQm, 36gf, d'2fsf ;Dk"0f{ lxdfotL zlQmx?nfO{ klg
s'g} sf/0f klg 5}g . a]df};dsf] afhf eg]em} g]tT[ jsf] bfaLsf nflu ljrf/ jf k|jl[ Qsf] cfGtl/s tTj, kIf uf]naGb u/f}F . clg clxn] b]zsf] Ps
jf u'0f g} d'Vo / lg0ff{os sf/0f x'G5
uf]nL a;f{pb} bf}8g klg cfjZos 5}g . bnfn k"h F Ljfb la/f]lw cyf{t\ cfGtl/s kIfsf] d'Vo / lg0ff{os efudf cfPsf] gofF cfFwLj]/L ‘6f]gf{8f]’ h:t}
e"ldsf x'G5 . afXo sf/0fsf] klg
;fF:s[lts cfGbf]ngsf] p7fg xfd|f] p2]Zo xf] . dxTjk"0f{ / ckl/xfo{ e"ldsf /x]klg ;du| b]zdf gofF /fhgLlts 6f]gf{8f] l;h{gf
Tof] sf/0f ;xfos g} x'G5 . To;}n] u/f}+ / ;d:of / ;d:ofsf ;|ft] , ;h{s /
;j{ky| d t tL d'Vo / lg0ff{os 3fts
;dob]lv ;fdGtjfb / ;fd|fHojfbsf]
la?4df n8\b} cfPsf 5g\ . k|n];n]
sfo{ g]skfsf] nflu ;a}eGbf a9L
cfjZos 5 . j}rf/Ls :ki6tfdf /
g]skfsf] :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sdf
uPsf] ;fpgdf g} k|n; ] sf] j}slNks
cfGtl/s sf/0f, h;n] ubf{ g]kfndf k|j4{sx? pGd"ng u/f}+ ÛÛÛ g /x] afF; g ah]
gful/stf nufotsf ljleGg
hgtfsf] k|lt/f]w ;+3if{df pmhf{ k|bfg Jofjxf/df nrstf xfd|f] casf] laifodf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . o; dfWodaf6 /fi6« 3 ftsf ljleGg afF;'/Lsf] cj:yf k}bf u/f}+ cyf{t\
ub}{ cfof] . o;n] @)$^ ;fn;Dd r' g f} l t xf] . uf] n L a;f{ p b} ad laifodf c;f]hdf d}n] ;fF:s[ltsdL{x?
cfˆgf] P]ltxfl;s e"ldsf lgjf{x ub}{ a;f{pb} Pstf / ;xsfo{sf] s'/f ug],{ dft[sf kf]v|]n, zf]ef b'nfn, v]d
jf/bftx? ul/+b} cfPsf 5g\, To;sf] lr/sfn;Ddsf] nflu g]kfnL gful/stf /
cWoog -ljZn]if0f / klxrfg ug{' h?/L
cfof] .
@)$^ ;fnkl5 kGrfotL
Jofjxf/df pRr JoflQmjfbL s'G7fsf]
v]tL u/]/ ;femf df]rf{ aGb}g .
yklnof nufot;Fu 5nkmn klg
u/]s} lyP . k|n]; ;femf ;+u7g
x'G5 . tL x'g\ /fli6«otfsf] ;d:of ;dfwfg u/f}+ ÛÛÛ
!= /fhf–/f0ff, g]tf–dGqL / ;a}h;f]
Jofj:yf 9fNof] / ;fdGtjfbsf] /fhg}lts kl/:yLlt hl6n ePsfn] ePsfn] csf]{ qmflGtsf/L ;femf pRrkb:y zf;s–k| z f;sx?sf] ult / k|jl[ QnfO{ ;dod} lrGg, laGg, o;/L /fi6«3ftL gful/stf gLlt
k|ltlglw /fhtGq ;+a}wflgs aGg kf6L{sf] ;f]r / of]hgf ;f:s[lts ;+u7g aGg] ef}lts kl/:yLlt gag]sf] Hofgdf]x, s';L{df]x / k};fdf]x cyf{t\ sdug{, xfGg / dfg{ cyf{t\ ljZn]if0f aGb} hfg nfUg'sf] k5f8L xfd|f] ju{dQ' mL
k'Uof] . ;fdGtjfbL, ;fd|fHojfbL If]qdf k'¥ofpgdf /x]sf l;dfx?sf] ;+qmd0fsflng ;dodf k|n; ] df /xg] em'Sg], laSg] / r'Sg] l;4fGt / Jojxf/ ug{, lgu/fgL–lgoGq0f ug{, xf]lzof/L– cfGbf]ng sdhf]/, e'Q,] afËf] / /IffTds
/fHo;Qf sfod} eof] . l;+xb/jf/df Tolt dxTj /xGg . xfdLnfO{ / ljsNk;lxt k|n; ] af6 x6\g] laifodf g} klxnf] k|dv ' / ;a}eGbf 7"nf] lg0ff{os vabf{/L ug{, a'‰g–abNg / x:tIf]k– x' g ' g} xf] . jf:tjdf j} r fl/s,
sf+u; ]| / Pdfn] k'u] . Pdfn] l;+xb/jf/ pl5gfkfl5g ug{' kg]{ s'g} sf/0f xfdL :ki7 lyof} . b]zsf] /fhg}lts 3fts sf/0f xf] . ljsf; ug{ cGo g]tf, sfo{stf{ / /fhgLlts / juL{o cfGbf]ng ;zQm
k'uk] l5 k|n; ] leqsf] Pp6f v]dfn] klg 5}g . a]df};dsf] afhf eg]em} ;+ s 6sf] sf/0f ;/f] s f/jfnf @= pgLx?leq} /x]sf] ef/tLo elQm, hgtfn] g;Sg' a? pN6} nfdf] ePsf] a]nf oL /fi6«3ftL sf/s /
k'/fg} ;Qfsf] kIfdf lut ufpg yfNof] g]tT[ jsf] bfaLsf nflu uf]nL a;f{pb} kIfx?;Fu 5nkmn /fd|/L / ;dodf eo, eQf / eft -ef]het]/_ k|ltsf] ;do;Dd ltgs} e|d / efif0faf6 sfo{x? d'emf{Psf x'G5g\ t/ ha of]
/ dxfg hgo'4 ;lxt hg;+3if{ / bf}8g klg cfjZos 5}g . bnfn x'g ;s]g . h] xf]; cfh k|n];n] cf;lQm cyf{t\ g]kfns} g]tT[ j k+lQmdf /x]sf] df]lxt x'g' M ltgLx?s} em'7f cfZjf;g cfGbf]ng ;Demf}tf / ;dk{0fdf k'Ub5
ju{;3+ if{sf] la?4 pleg yfNof] . To; k" F h Ljfb la/f] l w ;fF : s[ l ts dfS;jfbL snf, ;flxTo, tyf bnfn, bf;, et'jf / e|i6 lrGtg–k|jl[ Q / k|nf]egdf kg{' M ltgd} cf:yf–lgi7f ta oL /fi6«3ftL JoQmL, zlQm /
k|sf/sf] :yLltsf] la?4 k|n];df g} cfGbf]ngsf] p7fg xfd|f] p2]Zo xf] . ;fF:s[lts cfGbf]ngsf] g]t[Tj ug{ bf];f| ] 7"nf] lg0ff{os 3fts sf/0f xf] . /fVg' M ltgs} cfzf–e/f];f ug{' / ltGs} k|jl[ Qx? h'd/'{ fP/ cfpF5g\ . g]kfndf
/x]/ xfdLn] ;+3if{ ub}{ cfPsf lyof} . k|n];sf] g]t[Tj kl/jt{g ug{' / ;Sb}g . To;df xfdL :ki7 5f} . #= ltgLx?d} /x]sf] klZrdf ;+/If0f –;+a4{g ug{' ;ftf}+ 7"nf] 3fts t 7Ls oxL g} e}/x]sf] 5 .
k|n; ] sf] qmflGtsf/L k|jl[ Q / wf/fnfO{ j}rfl/s ljsf; ug{' cfjZos lyof] . To;sf/0f dfcf]jfb jf ljrf/sf] ;fd|fHojfbL zlQmx?sf] ;'emfj– bjfj sf/0f xf] . x/]s bz–bz jif{ h:tf]df g]kfndf
arfpg] / u}/ ljhftLo k|a[QLsf] t/ Tof] Jofjxf/Ls ?kdf ;Dej cfwf/df ;+ul7t n]vs, snfsf/ tyf / k};f–kfj/ cflbsf] k|efj clg *= g]kfnL qmflGtsf/L / ;+3if{zLn k|s6 x'g] cfd hgc;Gt'li6 clxn]
la?4df nuftf/ ;+3if{ x'Fb} cfof] . b]lvGg . To:tf] cj:yfdf dfS;{jfbL ;f+:s[ltssdL{x?sf] gofF df]rf{ cfhsf] pgLx?sf] bdg bfbflu/Lk| l tsf] elgPsf /fi6«jfbL, nf]stGqjfbL / k|s6 / lj:kmf]6 g} x'g] a]nf e};s]sf]
g] k fndf clxn] Pdfn] dfs] ;fF : s[ l ts cfGbf] n gsf] /Iff / Jofjxfl/s cfjZoQmf aGg k'us ] f] 5 . cfTd;dk{0fjfbL / zlQm k"hfjfbL jfdkGyL /fhgLlts zlQm / g]tT[ jdf 5 . t;y{ cfpg'xf];\ ca t'?Gt}
u7aGwg ;/sf/ /x]sf] 5 . of] ljsf;sf] nflu lab|f]x ug{' clgjfo{ cfwf/e't k|Zgdf ;dfgtf ePkl5 ljrf/–;+:sf/ / ;+:s[tL–dgf]jQ[ L klg /x]sf ;Demf}tfjfbL / ;'wf/jfbL ?emfg /fli6«otf, hgtGq / hghLljsfsf
;/sf/n] bnfn k"hLklt ju{sf] aGg uPsf] 5 . ca qmflGtsf/L sof}F laifo yftL /fv]/ ;femf p2]Zosf] t];f| ] 7"nf] 3fts sf/0f xf] . tyf hgtf–sfo{stf{df /x]sf] cf+lzs d'2fx?nfO{ PsLs[t / s]Gb|Ls[t u/f}+ .
;Qfsf] g]t[Tj ub{5 . o;n] eofgs dfS;jfbLx?n] ;f/ / ?k b' a } nfuL ;femf ;+u7g cfjZos x'G5 . $= k|foM g]kfnL g]tf–zf;sx?leq / ;Lldt pknlAwdf lrQ a'emfpg] oL d'2fsf ;Dk"0f{ lxdfotL zlQmx?nfO{
/fi6« 3 ft ul//xsf] 5 . b] z sf] b[ l i6sf] 0 faf6 gofF ;+ o ' Q m df] r f{ ztk|ltzt ;dfg ;f]rsf] ck]Iff ug{' n's/] /x]sf] 9f]ªL, hfnL, ;8s] / k|ltkIfL ;Gtf]ifjfbL k|j[lQ klg cf7f}+ 7"nf] klg uf]naGb u/f}F . clg clxn] b]zsf]
;Dk"0f{ k|fs[lts >f]t lab]zLnfO{ cyfjf ;femf ;+u7gsf] lgdf{0f ug{ / To;f] geP ;xsfo{ gug]{ ;f]r /fi6«jfb rf}yf] 7"nf] 3fts sf/0f xf] . cfGtl/s 3fts sf/0f xf] oL sf/0fx? Ps efudf cfPsf] gofF cfFwLj]/L
;'lDkPsf] 5 . k/lge{/ cy{tGq cfjZos 5 . cfhsf] ;+;f]wgjfbn] e8'jf ;f]r dfq xf] . sDo'lg:6x?n] %–w]/h } ;f] zLif{ g]tT[ jsf JolQmjfbL, g} ;fdfGot : g]kfn / g]kfnLsf] lju|bf] …6f]gf{8f]Ú h:t} ;du| b]zdf gofF
lgdf{0f u/]/ /fli6«o ;'/Iffdf ulDe/ zAbdf, cf} k rf/Ls cy{ d f cfˆgf] ;d'x aflx/ klg ;dfhsf] :jfyL{ , ;+ s L0f{ , ;Demf} t fjfbL, jt{dfgsf j]lytL, ljs[tL / lj;ËtLsf /fhgLlts 6f]gf{8f] l;h{gf u/f}+ /
vt/f k}bf u/]sf] 5 . sDo'lg:6 dfS;jfbsf ;a} cfwf/e' t nflu cfjZos dfG5]x? 5g\ eGg] cfTd;dk{0fjfbL / if8\oGqsf/L ;f]r + , z}nL klg d'Vo sf/0f x'g\ eg] ljz]ift M / ;d:of / ;d:ofsf ;|ft] , ;h{s /
zAb / em08fsf] abgfd ub} { dfGotfnfO{ :jLsf/ ub}{ Jofjxf/df ;f] R g' k b{ 5 . ljrf/ / c;n / ultljwL kfFrf}+ 3fts sf/0f xf] . cem d'Vot M xfnsf] /fi6«3ftL k|j4{sx? pGd"ng u/f}+ ÛÛÛ g /x] afF;
cd]/LsL ;fd|fHojfbsf] lgb]{zgdf dfS;jfbsf] wHhL p8fpg] ub{5 . Jofjxf/sf sf/0f g} g]tT[ j ug]{ cf}sft ^= lg0ff{os gfos, g]tf, gLlt / gful/stf ;+zf]wg ljw]os @)&% kf; g ah] afF;/' Lsf] cj:yf k}bf u/f}+
kmfl;jfbsf] cEof; ul//x]sf] 5 . efif0f / b:tfj]hdf dfS;{jfb, hLjg agfpg'kb{5 . cfh xfdLnfO{ bnfn g]tT[ jdf lglxt lgot / g}ltstf clg ul/g] d'Vo sf/0fx? x'g\ . t;y{ logsf] cyf{t\ lr/sfn;Ddsf] nflu g]kfnL
o:tf] cj:yfdf ;/sf/ lgs6 n]vs Jofjxf/df bnfn k"FhLjfb cfw'lgs k"FhLjfb la/f]lw ;a} zlQmsf] df]rf{ ltgsf] ;Defljt lgoltk|ltsf] ;xfos hlt;Sof] lj/f]w, cj/f]w / k|lt/f]w gful/stf / /fli6«otfsf] ;d:of
snfsf/x? Psy/Ldf lgl/xtf / ;+;f]wgjfbsf] laz]iftf xf] . k|n; ] df cfjZos 5 . g]tf, sfo{stf{ / hgtf;d]tåf/f ;xif{, ug{' h?/L 5 . o;k|sf/sf gLlt / ;dfwfg u/f}+ ÛÛÛ
4 @)&^ ;fn j}zfv !% ut] cfOtaf/

JolQm of bnsf] xf]Og Joj:yfs} ljsNk af/] ;f]rf}+


k"FhLjfbL kf6L{sf sfo{stf{x¿
cfly{s pTk|]/0ffsf] sf/0fn] dfq
;'/Iff ug]{ sfd u5{g . clVtof/n]
o; vfn] ck/fwnfO{ Jojl:yt ug]{
u/] To;kl5 ljZj ;fd|fHojfbn] cfˆgf]
o' 6 « g abn] k l5 k' g rfOgfdf
kf6L{sf] :yfkgf ul/Psf] kfOG5 t/
g]kfndf k'iknfnn] sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf]
‘;/sf/;“u jftf{sf] s'g} ;Defjgf 5}g’
sf7df8f}F . g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ ;/sf/;Fu jftf{df a:g tof/ /x]sf]
eGb} s]xL ;~rf/dfWodn] :ofn x'+Oof dRofP kl5 ;f] kf6L{sf kf]ln6Ao'/f]
;b:o tyf k"jL{ sdfG8 OGrfh{ clgn zdf{ …la/xLÚn] ;/sf/;Fu jftf{sf]
lqmofzLn x'G5g\ . g]tfx¿sf aLrsf] tyf r'x] l5/]sf ;;fgf 36gfx¿nfO{ dfcf]T;]t'ªn] gf}nf] hgjfbL qmflGt :yfkgf ubf{ ;fd| f Hojfb tyf s'g} ;Defjgf g/x]sf] :k:6 kf/]sf 5g\ . g]tf la/xLn] ;/sf/;Fu jftf{sf]
dte]b / åGbsf] r'/f] klg s'g} sfo{jfxL u/]h:tf] u/]/ hgtfdf e|d ;DkGg u/] To;kl5 s] x L ;do ;fdGtjfbaf6 k'0f{ :jtGqtfsf] nflu s'g} ;Defjgf g/x]sf] :k:6 kfb}{ laleGg ;~rf/dfWodn] cfˆgf] gfd hf]8]/
j}rfl/s /fhgLlts geP/ k"FhLjfbL 5g]{ sfd u5{g . n'6\g]n] n'l6/x]sf] ;fd|fHojfb csd{0otfdf km;]sf] xf] eg]/ sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] :yfkgf u/]sf] lgof]lht ?kdf e|fds ;dfrf/ k|sfzg u/]sf] eGb} cfklQ hgfPsf 5g\ .
kf6L{df cfly{s g} x'G5 . c? t c? x'G5, n'l6g] n'l6O/x]sf] x'G5 . To;kl5 @) cf}+ tyf @! cf}+ ;tflAbdf kfOG5 To;kl5sf] Oltxf;df ;fdGt g]tf la/xLn] Ps k|]; lj1lKt hf/L ub}{ cfˆgf] gfd hf]8]/ s]xL
r'gfjsf] ;do dtbftfx¿ klg df;' To;}n] k"h
F LjfbL Joj:yfdf nf]s cfOk'Ubf ;fd|fHojfbn] cf}Bf]lus tyf bnfn gf]s/zfxL Joj:yf / ;~rf/dfWoddf …kf6L{nfO{ ;/sf/;Fu jftf{sf nflu bafa lbPsf]Ú eGg]
eft ge} ef]6 gxfNg] eg]/ c•L s;]/ sNof0f, ;'zf;g of j/fj/Lsf] cfz kF'hLjfbnfO{ e'dG8lns[t k'FhLjfbdf k|ltlqmofjfbL /fHo;QfnfO{ a'‰g] ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf]df pQm ;dfrf/ lgof]lht / e|fds /x]sf] l6Kk0fL
a;]sf x'G5g . ;a} kf6L{sf] df;' eft ug{' / To;sf] nflu ;/sf/sf] of abn]kl5 clxn] laZj sDo'lg:6 ;jfndf g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngdf u/]sf5g\ . lj1lKtdf pgn] s]kL cf]nL / jfbn ;/sf/n] g]skfsf lj?4
b]vfk/]sf uDeL/ q'l6k"0f{ s;sf k|rf/o'4nfO{ 3lge"t agfPsf] eGb} lj/xLn] pQm ;dfrf/ ;d]t …km'6fpm /
an/fd ltdlN;gf sf/0f ljhosf] ;+ 3 f/df k' u ] s f]
sDo' l g:6 cfGbf] n g /IffTds
/fh u/Ú eGg] dg;foaf6 lgb]l{ zt /x]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . lj1KtLdf elgPsf]
5, …s]kL cf]nL / jfbn ;/sf/n] g]skfsf lj?4 k|rf/o'4nfO{ 3gLe"t
;+;bsf] 6Ls6, dGqLsf] cj:yfdf k'Ug' k/]sf] lttf] oyfy{ xf]
alb\nosf] ;fdflhs cj:yf pTkfbg
agfPsf] 5 . d]/f] gfd hf]8]/ g]skfsf] g]t[TjnfO{ jftf{sf nflu bafa
lbPsf] egL ;fj{hlgs ePsf] ;dfrf/ e|dk"0f{, skf]nslNkt x'gs ' f ;fy}
lgo'lQm, /fhb"t, k|0ffnL pTkfbgsf ;fwg / pTkfbg
;DaGwsf] a}1flgs tyf ;[hgfTds
km'6fpm / /fh u/ eGg] dg;foaf6 lgb]{lzt 5 .Ú To; lj1lKtdf cl3
elgPsf] 5, …;}4flGts ?kdf xfdL jftf{sf lj/f]wL xf]Ogf}F eGg] s'/f k6s–
cWog ug{' clt h?/L 5 . sDo'lg:6 k6s ;fj{hlgs ub}{ cfPsf 5f}F t/ clxn] jftf{sf] g ;Gbe{ 5, g t
GofowL;, s'g} ;+jw } flgs kf6L{sf] :yfkgf sfnb]lv @)@* cf}lrTo g} . o;k|sf/sf] ;dfrf/df s'g} ;Totf g/x]sf] tyf kf6L{sf] gLlt /
;fn;Dd cfOk' U bf qmflGtsf/L sfo{qmdk|lt xfdL ;a} b[9 /x]sf] ;a}df clkn ub{5' .Ú
cfof]usf] k|dv ' tyf pu|jfdkGyL blIf0fkGyL / ca;/jfbL
wf/sf] lasf; eof] h;sf] d'n ;d:of ‘cf]nL ;/sf/sf] sfnf st{t' x¿ pbfl·b} 5g\’
kbflwsf/L nufot ;a}sf] h;sf] P] l txfl;s tYo af/af/
elg/xg' kb}g{ @)%@ ;fn kmfNu'g !
sf7df8f}+ . o'jf ;+u7g g]kfnn] s]kL k|r08sf] slyt afdkGyL ;/sf/
ePsf] / ;/sf/sf leqL sfnf st{t' x¿ lbgk|ltlbg pbflËb} u/]sf] hgfPsf]
k|flKtdf 7"nf] cfly{s ut] b]lv tTsfnLg dfcf]jfbLsf]
g]t[Tjdf ;~rflnt ju{;+3if{ @)%(
5 . ljKnj g]skflgs6 pQm ;+u7gsf s]Gb|Lo cWoIf kf6g h+unLn] Ps
k|]; lj1lKt hf/L ub}{ g]kfn blIf0f Pl;of / ljZjsf] klxnf] e|i6frf/L
;fn;Dd jf:tljs pTkLl8t ju{
n]gb]g ePsf] x'G5 . ;d'bfosf] ;fydf /Xof] To;kl5
d'n'ssf] ln:6df kg{ yfn]sf] ;d]t hgfPsf] 5 . ;/sf/L ;DklQsf]
bf]xg ug{ /fHo ;+rfnsx¿ g} nfu]sf] eGb} lj1lKtdfkm{t o'jf ;+u7gn]
tTsfnLg g]tT[ jdf b]lvPsf] sDo'lg:6
o;/L cfly{s ckf/blz{tf qmflGtsfl/tf a}rfl/s b[li6sf]0faf6
To;sf] lj/f]w hgfPsf] 5 . lj1lKtdf elgPsf] 5– …xfn} dfq aflx/ cfPsf]
v'Nnf d~rsf] ;a{hlgs hUuf k|s/0f afn'jf6f/sf] ;/sf/L hUuf laqmL
larlnt x'g' / h;sf] cu'jfOdf lat/0f k|s/0fdf /fHo ;Qfdf /x]sf zf;sx¿sf] ldnf]dtf]df ePsf 36gfx¿
/ cfly{s ck/fwsf] dfcf]jfbL hgo'4sf] b]a;fg u/fpg'n]
jt{dg g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ng
x'g\ .Ú e|i6frf/ x'g lbGg / cfkm' klg ub}g{ eg] k|wfgdGqL s]kL cf]nLsf]
b]vfpg] bft ePsf] pQm ;+u7gn] cf/f]k nufPsf] 5 xf] . afn'jf6f/ /
hudf plePsf] Joj:yfdf z"Go–e|i6frf/sf] cfz ug{' /IffTds cj:yfdf k'us ] f] lttf] ;To
ag]sf] xf] jt{dg cj:yfdf g]kfnL
v'Nnf d~r hUuf k|s/0fsf lj?4df hgtfn] u/]sf] cfGbf]ng k|tL xfd|f]
cfˆgf] ;+u7gsf] k'0f{ PSoa4tf /x]sf] o'jf ;+u7g g]kfnn] hgfPsf] 5 .
/fhgLltsf] sv/f klg ga'‰g' xf] . o:tf] Joj:yfdf hgtfsf] cfvfdf 5f/f] 5g{ klZrdf
;fd|fHojfbsf] kxndf tTsfnLg /fhkfn] ;/sf/lj?4 b]zJofkL cfGbf]ng ug]{
Pdfn] / Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ r'gfj /
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gePsf c/fhs rl/q x'g . / >d ug]{ dfx'/L lgof{t u/]/ xfdL
dvn]n 5f} . a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf]
a? stf/df g]kfnL kfgLsf] d]Go' /
e]/fO6L k'¥ofpg dGqL lagf du/
dxz' ; ul//xG5g . x} l ;ot t
a9fpFb} n}hfg] xf] gePsf] / gkfPsf]
nflu gofF gofF uGtAosf] vf]hL / of] cft'/ l5g\ . stf/nfO{ :ofp / x}l;ot b]vfP/ /ldtf k|bz{gn]
df}/L aGg' eGbf cl/+ufn ag]/ lakIfLk|lt vlgg' k6s hfkfgn] sfdbf/ n} h fg] Sofgf8fnfO{ cfFk a]Rg' cgf}7f] / b'?x s:tf] cfTd/ltdf /dfpg] afgL
k|fyldstf ;/sf/sf] 7'nf] :j/ aG5 . x}g . t/ s'g / sxfFsf] pTkfbg nu]/ lasf; uof}{ xfdLn] . l:y/ / bl/nf]
sfo{stf{sf] wd{ ePsf] 5 . k|ltkIfsf] d've/L kfgL hDg' k|d'v k|ltkIfnfO{ ;Qfn] e};L a]r] a]Rg] v} pTkfbg;Fu ls;fgnfO{ hf]8g\ ] ;/sf/ agfPkl5 ;lhnf] x'G5 eg]/
klg, k'/ftflTjs d'lt{ / dlGb/ a]r] pBdL gLlt / pBf]u < b'O{ ltxfO{ dt lbP/ ;/sf/ agfof]
/x:odo / vf]tNg] ljifo agfpFbf kqsf/sf] eljiodf klg, o'jf o'jtL a]r] klg, b]z g}
a]r] klg cfˆgf] efudf sld;g
s[lif d]/f] pBf]u / hldg d]/f]
sf/vfgf eGg] efj lagf s;/L x'G5
Tof] klg ;fF9] x'bf] /x]5 . b/f] k|ltkIf
gePsf] ;/sf/ ;/sf/ h:tf] x'Fbf]
j}olQms nfe xfgLsf] ljifo gag]sf] eP x'GYof] . b]zdf cfOk'U5 k'Ub}g, cfP slt cfOk'U5
Tof] eGbf k/ lrGtf gePsf] s'/f
s[lif qmfGtL < udnfdf wfg /f]k]/ /
udnfdf 8dL xnf] hf]t/] s'g af6f]af6
/x]g5 . s7} xfdL g]kfnLsf] b'v, h]
u/] klg ;'v 5}g . l;+un kf6L{nfO{
;a} kf6L{sf laBfyL{ ;+3 ;+u7g h'emf? / ultjfg 5g\ nlntf lgjf;sf] !!# /f]klg ;/sf/L
hUuf JolQmsf] gfddf, cem g]skfsf
cfpF5 s[lifdf ?kfGt/0f < lsg
xfjfsf] dxn v8f u/]/ :jKgsf] 8]/f
d] h f] / f] 6 L glbof] cl:y/ ;/sf/
agfP/ ;F w } ;/sf/ agfpg] /
dxf;lrj lji0f' kf}8n ] sf] gfddf ;d]t lbg xtf/ u5{ /fHosf] sfo{sf/L < eTsfpg] v]ndf Jo:t . alnof]
olta]nf ltgLx?sf] h'emf?kg lghL :s'n / sn]hsf x'bF f df}g ;fwgfdf /xg'n] p;sf] p2]Zo lxGb'TjnfO{ pkk|wfgdGqL kb;Fu ;/sf/ agfof] s;}n] xNnfpg ;Sg]
k|:6 5 . p af]Ng ;Sb}g sf/0f p lnnfd u/]sf sdn yfkf 3/df dfnf x}g eg]/ ;/sf/ d}dQ ;fF9] . oBkL,
Aofkf/L;Fu s;/L s':t c;'Ng] / cfˆgf] nflu k|fOe]6 klg Tof] hUuf k|s/0fdf cfˆgf] hk]/ lxGb' /fi6« cfpFb}g ;8sdf o;}aLr e"sDk kLl8tx?sf] a:tL
;fem]bf/L n'sfpg] x}l;otdf 5}g cf]n{g'; eg]/ hgtfnfO{ k'gM d'v{ lgdf{0f u/]/ cfˆgf] bfloTj k'/f ug]{
:s'nx?df a9L eGbf a9L sf]6f ;'/lIft /fVg] zfob . rf]/ rf]/;Fu OdfGbf/ x'G5
eGg] s'/fsf] bd ;Qfwf/L kf6L{sf] d'Vo
agfpg cf]d zflGtsf] hk ub}{5g .
cfk"m ghfu]sf] sf+u|];, u[x snxnfO{
:j]tf v8\sfx? klg hLljt g} 5g\ .
o:t} o:t} ;TsdL{ 5g\ / b]zsf] k|f0f
slDkl6;gdf vr{b} 5g\ . st} efp gldn]sf] 7fpFdf g]tf ;/sf/L hUuf ckrngdf d'lF 5bf
k|ltkIf d'2f agfP/ la/f]wdf af]Ng
b]zAofkL agfpg hfu[lt cleofg
;+rfng u/]/ hgtf;Fu xft hf]8g
k|lti7f ar]s} x'G5 . arfPs} x'G5g .
g}ltstf / Odfgsf] lznf vf]h/] afFRg
g;Sg'n] 5n{u+ agfp5 . afx| aif]{ d]nfdf uP em}F lvof k/]sf] dGh'/ 5g\ dxfjL/ k'gx¿ . afFsL 5
;f+sl] ts la/f]w eGbf a9L s]xL gb]lvg' of] s'/fsf] ;Qfwf/L sfo{ s tf{ e] 8 f / lbof] sn; / lqz'n vf]Hb}5 . sf+u; ]| cem} cfzfsf] pHofnf] .
ljj]sxLg e} xfn] kf6L{ g]tf / ltgsf
HjnGt pbfx/0f / k|df0f xf] . laBfyL{ ;+3;+u7g lj?4 af]Ng ljj]s aGws 5 s;/L
b'3{6gf g} gx'g] df]6/;fO{sn Û
af]Ng' hf] af]N5g tL kf6L{ cg'zf;g
sd{sf08L JoQmJo hf/L u/]/ rsf]{ z'Nssf] la/f]wdf gePsf c/fhs rl/q x'g . df}/L
aGg' eGbf cl/+ufn ag]/ lakIfLk|lt
sf7df8f}F . hd{g c6f] d]s/ ljPd8An'n] b'3{6gf g} gx'g] df]6/;fO{sn
ahf/df NofPsf] 5 . laPd8An'n] df]6f]/}8 ljhg !)) gfd lbP/ gofF
;"rgf kf6L{sf] leQf] /+ufp5g . vlgg' sfo{stf{sf] wd{ ePsf] 5 .
k|ltkIfsf] d've/L kfgL hDg' /x:odo
df]6/afOs ahf/ NofPsf] xf] . of] df]6/;fO{sn ahf/df NofpFb} b'36{ gf gx'g]
bfaL ;d]t u/]sf] 5 . hlt;'s} tLj| ultdf afOs bf}8fP klg b'3{6gf gx'g]
/ vf]tNg] ljifo agfpFbf kqsf/sf] sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . sDkgLn] of] afOs ;8sdf glrlKng] / gn8\g] ePsfn]
;/sf/, c6]/L ;Qfsf] cEof;df /ljGb| ld> g]tfsf 5f]/f5f]/L g]kfndf ;Ls] /fptn] xTofPsf x'g h]nd'Qm eljiodf j}olQms nfe xfgLsf] ljifo b'3{6gf gx'g] bfaL u/]sf] xf] . sDkgLsf cg';f/ o; df]6/;fOsndf c6f]
;/sf/ hgtfsf] ef]ufOsf] txut lsg gk9fPsf] eg]/ g]tfx?nfO{ x'g] lalQs} . u|6] / g]kfnsf cleoGtf gag]sf] eP x'GYof] . b]zdf ;a} kf6L{sf ;]G;/ h8fg ul/Psfn] rfns b'3{6gfaf6 arg ;S5g\ . hlt;'s} tLj|
cg'e"lt 5 . ;/sf/ bf}8]sf] 5 cfˆg} ¥ofv¥ofVtL kf/]/ k|Zg u/]/ hgtfaf6 kml0fGb| g]kfn r}+ b];b|f]xL nfU5 laBfyL{ ;+3 ;+u7g h'emf? / ultjfg ultdf bf}8fP klg o; afOsn] cfˆgf] ;Gt'ng sfod /fVg] ePsfn] df]6/;fOsn
/ˆtf/, en} Tof] /ˆtf/ b] z / jf Û jfxL ÛÛ a6'n/] cfh pxL ljifodf ;/sf/nfO{ . pgsf] unf c7\ofFOG5 5g\ olta]nf ltgLx?sf] h'emf?kg jf6 b'36{ gf x'g] 5}g\ . afOs rnfpFbf clgjfo{ ?kdf nufpg' kg]{ x]nd]6sf]
hgtfsf] cfzf lakl/t / ;/sfn] cfk"m cfnf]lrt 5g\ . / k6s– k6s 3/ vfgtnf;L lghL :s'n / sn]hsf Aofkf/L;Fu klg cfjZos g/x]sf] sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . b}lgs ;jf/L b'36{ gfsf sf/0f ;of}+
cfˆgf] kf6L{sf] 3f]if0ffkqdf afrf u/] olta]nf gful/s ;dfh dGb 5 . ul/G5 . hlt;Sbf] lg?T;flxt ug]{ s;/L s':t c;'Ng] / cfˆgf] nflu dflg;n] Hofg u'dfpg' k/]sf] 5 . To;}n] hd{g c6f] d]s/ ljPd8An'n] Ps
eGbf pN6f] g} xf];\ . ;/sf/nfO{ of] st} kf6L{ dfkm{t ;Qf rf:gLsf] cfz sf]l;; x'G5 / pgsf] lj?4 n]Vg] k|fOe]6 :s'nx?df a9L eGbf a9L gofF df]6/;fO{sn ahf/df NofPsf] 5 . ljPd8An'n] b'36{ gf g} gx'g] df]6/;fO{sn
bf}8df sfpG6/ lbg] csf]{ wfjs 5}g . / nf]edf cf–cfˆg} kf6L{ ;Qfsf] af]Ng] /f:6«jfbL / b]zeQm sxnfOG5 . sf]6f ;'/lIft /fVg] slDkl6;gdf ahf/df NofPsf] xf] . laPd8An'n] df]6f]/}8 ljhg !)) gfd lbP/ gofF
/f]Sg] / pl5Gg] csf]{ v]nf8L 5}g . ehgdf lqmofzLn aGg' p;sf] af}l4s 1fg]Gb|n] dlGb/sf] 3G6L ahfpFbf vr{b} 5g\ . st} efp gldn]sf] 7fpFdf df]6/afOs ahf/ NofPsf] xf] . of] df]6/;fO{sn ahf/df NofpFb} b'36{ gf gx'g]
t;y{ ;/sf/nfO{ xfO ;Grf] 5 . wd{ xf] eGbf jt{dfg k|lt cGofo u0ftGqsf] 8Llkl;df Ejf+u k5{, ;f+s]lts la/f]w eGbf a9L s]xL bfaL ;d]t u/]sf] 5 . hlt;'s} tLj| ultdf afOs bf}8fP klg b'3{6gf gx'g]
g af6f] 5]lslbg] sf]xL 5g\ g x'bF g} . ;a} las[lt / lj;+utLsf] lj?4 rs{G5 . u0ftGq ?kL ejgaf6 kfgL gb]lvg' of] s'/fsf] HjnGt pbfx/0f sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . sDkgLn] of] afOs ;8sdf glrlKng] / gn8\g] ePsfn]
cndNofO{ lbg] sf]xL . km'Ssfkmfn ;Fw} PSn} n8\g / ef]s} ;'Tg] 7]Ssf r'lxG5 . u+ufdfofsf] Gofosf] s'/f / k|df0f xf] . laBfyL{ ;+3;+u7g b'3{6gf gx'g] bfaL u/]sf] xf] .
;/sf/ 5 . la8Dagf o;sf] uf]ljGb s];Lsf] xf]Og -hgtfsf] ;fy ;fdfGo k+IfL xTofdf /f]Os/fO{ u/]sf] sd{sf08L JoQmJo hf/L u/]/ rsf]{ sDkgLsf cg';f/ o; df]6/;fOsndf c6f] ;]G;/ h8fg ul/Psfn] rfns
c;kmntfsf] ef/L af]sfO{ dfUg] Ps xFb' f ;/sf/ em'sfP/ hgkIfLo lg0f{o cGhfg afns eg]/ cYof{OG5 . z'Nssf] la/f]wdf ;"rgf kf6L{sf] leQf] b'3{6gfaf6 arg ;S5g\ . hlt;'s} tLj| ultdf bf}8fP klg o; afOsn]
kfq klg 5g\ /fhf 1fg]Gb| . cfh ePsf 5g\ klg_ clVtof/ k| ] d gGbk|;fbsf] nf; hNof] eg] larf}lnof /+ufp5g . dfp kf6L{ ;':t eP klg cfˆgf] ;Gt'ng sfod /fVg] ePsfn] df]6/;fOsnaf6 b'3{6gf x'g] 5}g\ .
cEo:t /x] s f] Joa:yfsf] ;+hn ] nfO{ nufd nufpg ;To cf]sNg] / bnfnsf] r'nf]df w'Fjf gb]lvg g]kfn laBfyL{ ;+3 olt r':t / b'?:t afOs rnfpFbf clgjfo{ ?kdf nufpg' kg]{ x]nd]6sf] klg cfjZos g/x]sf]
c;kmntfsf] nflu ufnL kfpg] lha|f] y'Tg cfˆgf cl:tTjsf ;a} ;S5 . w'd{';–;'GtnLsf] ;fdflhs 5 ls p;n] cfˆgf] $( cf}+ hGdlbg sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 .
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h'g lx;fjn] dw]zsf] /fhgLlt s] eof] < hgtfsf] k|Zg 5 . ls kfFr /xbf /xb} of] b]z wd{ ljxLg aGg :yfgLo lgsfosf[ c;kmntf ePg / <
tkfOsf] dt v]/ uPgg / < tkfO{n]
dfgj cg'xf/ la:tf/} kftln“b} Û
sf7df8f}F . j}1flgsx¿sf cg';f/, k|f; ] :] 8 k"m8 vfO/x]sf sf/0f dflg;x¿sf]
cg'xf/ v'lDrFb} uPsf] 5 . k'/ftQ\jljb\x¿sf] Ps cGt/f{li6«o 6f]nLn] dfgj
cg'xf/sf] ljsf;qmd x]bf{ Ps nfv jif{df cg'xf/ la:tf/} kftlnFb} uPsf] b]lvof] .
cuf8L a9\g' kg{] lyof], Tof] b]lvPgg\ . lj3f hdLgdf k|b]z ;/sf/n] s[lif k' u ] s f] 5 . ;/sf/ g] t [ T j ug{ ] lgPG8/yn / afFb/x¿sf] lgwf/ r'Rr] x'GYof] clg cg'xf/ rf}8f / bfFt 7"nf] x'Gy] .
dw] z sf] dfu ;lxtsf] sfo{df ;'wf/ ePsf] bfjL ug{ kfpmnf < bnx¿n] of] lg0f{o s;/L u/]sf] s] kfpmg' eof] < xf], b]zdf kl/jt{g
eg]sf] Pp6f kIf xf] . of] bn af6 dfgj ljsf;qmddf vfgf ksfpg z'¿ ubf{ xfd|f] cg'xf/ ;fgf] x'bF } uof] . xfdLx¿nfO{
clwsf/jfbLx¿sf] wf/0ff ljutdf ls k|bz ] @ d} /x]sf c:ktfnx¿df xf]nfg\ < dfG5]sf] hLjgfg wg / wd{ zlQmzfnL bfFt / luhfsf] cfjZostf sd x'g yfNof] . of]s{ / xfn ljZjljBfnox¿n]
:ki6 /x]sf] eP tfklg cfh cfP/ kl/jt{g ePsf 5g\ < k|bz ] ;/sf/n] b'O{ 6f kIf dxTjk"0f{ x'bf] /x]5g\ . Tof] bn / Tof] bn af6 of] . nfdf]
nfdf] 6fO / nfdf nfdf wf]tLs'tf{ k'/fgf clk|msL dfgjsf] cg'xf/b]lv lnP/ cfw'lgs cg'xf/sf] kl/jt{g x]/] . of]s{
lbzfljxLg x' g k' u ] s f] 5 . c:ktfn, 8fS6/ / cf} i fwL wd{ ;fRrf} g} j]lrof] eg] …wgÚ ;f] ljZjljBfnosf k|fWofks kn eG5g\, …clxn]sf] g/d vfg]s/' fsf sf/0f dfgj
clwsf/jfbLx¿ ;Qf lnK;fdf t[Kt Jofj;foLx¿sf] Joj:yfkg ug{ ;s]sf] jfkt x'g' kb{Yof] . b]z cfhsf] lbg nufpg] g]tfx¿ /ftf/ft kl/jt{g ug{]
u5{g . /fhgLlts kl/jt{g ug{]x¿ cg'xf/sf] cfsf/ 3l6/x]sf] 5 . dfgj cg'xf/ ablng ;Sg] klg Pp6f ;Ldf 5 .
eO clwsf/sf] dfunfO{ ckJofVof tkfO{n] s]xL b]Vg' ePsf] 5 < g]kfnL l:j6\h/n}08 h:t} x'GYof] xf]nf . t/, ;f; km]gs { f nflu gfssf] Kjfn 7"nf] x'gk' 5{ .Ú
ub{ } rf] / af6f] l t/ k:g pGd' v gful/sn] s]–s] /fd|f ;'ljwfsf] cg'el" t g]kfnL hgtf x/]s ;Fu ;'ljwf;DkGg of] b]zdf kof{Kt 5g\ . g]skf dfcf]jfbL
sf df]xg j}w, g]dlskfsf gf/fo0f dfg, cfˆgf cfFvLef}a+ f6 a9L cleJolQm lbgsf nflu dfgj cg'xf/sf] ljsf;
b]lvPsf 5g\ . oL s'/fn] dw]zLx¿ kPsf 5g\ t < 3/ uf8L nufot uf;, jf; / skf; ePsf] klg j}1flgsx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . lzsf/ o'uaf6 s[lifo'udf k'uk] l5 dflg;x¿
lrlGtt dfq} xf]Og ls lg/fz x'g kl/jt{g st} b]lvPsf] 5}g . k|bz ] x'g] lyof] . t/ Tof] klg g]kfnL hgtfn] sf+u|];sf ljdn]Gb| gLlw afx]s dxGt
7fs'/, /fh]Gb| /fo, /fdrGb| emf, dft[sf ds} / ux'F pdfg{ yfn] / /f]6L vfg yfn] clg cg'xf/ ;fF3l' /Fb} uof] . xfdL cfˆgf]
k'us
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cfk"m tfutj/ /x]sf] cg'ej ub{} nfdf] b'u{Gw p:t} 5g\ . 8fS6/x¿ gLlh To;} n ] /fi6« s f] wg / wd{ b' j } ofbj, x[bo]z lqkf7L nufot bn /
wf/ jbNg] g]tfx¿ 5g\ . sf]xL c5'tf] ;S5f}+ . xfd|f k"jh{ x¿ o;f] ug{ ;Ifd lyPgg\ . pgLx¿sf] cg'xf/sf] cfsf/ /
;fF; km]]g{ kfPsf 5g\ . lSnlgs d} a:5g\ . lj/fdLx¿ ufle;s]sf] cj:yf 5 . k'vf}{ k'vf{ df+;k]zLsf l:ylt km/s lyP .
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dw]zsf /fhg]tf uh]Gb| gf/fo0f l;+xn]
;b\ e fjgf kl/ifb\ cyf{ t g] f kn
s/fO{ a:g afWo /x]sf] b]lvPsf] cfh
klg 5 . lxhf] h'g cj:yf lyof] Tof]
ljtfO;s]sf g]kfnL gful/s cfh lgs}
b'vL 5g\ . b]z rnfpg] g]tT[ j ju{
g]tf x'g\ . d klg Pp6f ;fg} tksfsf]
g]tf eP klg bn abNg] d} u5'{ . bn
bafadf sfd u/] dfgl;s kmfObf Û
;b\efjgf kf6L{ :yfkgf u/L dw]zsf] cfh klg oyfjt g} 5g\ . hgtfsf] efjgfnfO{ s'lNrb} cuf8L gabNg] lj/n} 5g\ . /fhgllt ;jn sf7df8f}F . w]/} bafadf sfd ubf{ :jf:Yodf c;/ u5{ eGg] ul/G5 . w]/} bafa
dfu ;lxtsf] aLpm /f]ks ] f] Oltxf; k|bz] cGtu{t /x]sf ljZjljBfno a9]sf] 5g\ . hgtf rfx] dw]zsf] xf];\ kfg{ bn jbNg' s'g} g/fd|f] jf ck/fw ;xg g;s]/ dfgl;s ;d:of g} cfpg ;S5 elgG5 . t/, Ps cWoogn] bafadf sfd
cfkm}df ;jn 5 . kl5 ltg} s'/fx¿sf] of kxf8sf] ;a}n] dt b'¿k¥of]u eof] klg xf]Og . ;f]xL qmddf ev{/} dw]z ubf{ zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s kmfObf x'g] atfPsf] 5 . nG8g ljZjljBfnon] u/]sf]
kl/dfh{g ub{} pk]Gb| ofbj / dxGy 8L= h]= d}lyn eg]/ k5'tfO/x]sf oyfy{ 5g\ . u9jGwg sf g]tf ;L=s] /fpt cfkm\gf] cWoogcg';f/ a9L bafadf sfd ug]{ dfG5]nfO{ l56f] sfd ug]{ afgL x'g] / cfGtl/s
7fs'/n] r/0fj4 cfGbf]ng u/] . g]kfn tyf sn]hx¿ 5g\ . ;/sf/L tyf b]zdf && lhNnf 5g\ . &%Ü wf/ kl/jt{g ug{] ePsf 5 . /fi6«sf] u'0fsf] ljsf; x'g] b]lvPsf] xf] . a9L k|;] /df sfd ug]{ JolQmn] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg klg
;/sf/;Fu r/0fj4 jftf{ klg ul/of] . gLlh ljBfnox¿ 5g\ . t/ lzIfsx? kxf8L If]q 5g\ . t/ hg cfjfbL d"n wf/df cfPsf x'g\ . ljutsf l56f] lgsfNg] u/]sf] cWoogdf kfOPsf] 5 . o:tf dfG5]n] kl/cfP hf]lvd klg df]Ng
5–5 dlxgf;Dd cfGbf]ng eof] . sIff glng], xKtfdf Ps} k6s k'u/] g]kfndf dw]zL / kxf8Lsf] xf/fxf/L cfkm\gf gf}6ª\sL 5f]8]/ ;+ljwfgsf] k5fl8 gx6\g] b]lvPsf] 5 . lahg]; :s"nsf Ps xhf/ ljBfyL{dfly of] cWoog ul/Psf]
;oeGbf a9L dw]zLx¿sf] ;xfbt ;a} xflh/L ug{] h'g /j}of lyof] cfh j/fj/ g} /x]sf 5g\ . clxn] & k|b]z k4ltnfO{ :jLsfg]{ kIfdf pleg' ePsf] lyof] . pgLx¿nfO{ Ps ;do to u/]/ sfd ug{ lbOPsf] lyof] . cg';Gwfgstf{x¿n]
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clxn] dw]zsf] g]tT[ j ug{] /fli6«o k|b]z ;/sf/ / :yfglo ;/sf/ k|bz ] g+ @ sf dGqLx¿, ;/sf/ s] ax'dt Nofpb}df bDe ug'{ eGbf klg ;a} ;fdfg o:tf] x]08 Aofu af]Sg] dlxnf Jojxfl/s x'G5g\ / pgLx?sf] lhGbuLdf
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;xfbtsf] d"NodfGotf ;d]t la;{]/ oL b'O{ j6f pbfx/0f dfq d}n] :s'n, sn]h, oftfoft, Joj;fo, wd{ el/df s] s] sfd ug'{ k5{ To;sf]
stf–stf b' j } dw] z L bnx¿ JoQm u/]sf] 5' . o:t} cj:yf x/]s ;+Vofx¿ Jojl:y ug{ ;lsof] t < ln:6 tof/ u/L, s'g sfd ;lsof],
lbzfljxLg ePsf 5g\ ls d]/f] a'emfO lgsfodf b]Vg kfOG5 . g]kfnL hgtf hjfkm cfpF5, st} s]xL ;'wf/ jf s'g afFsL 5, s'g sfd x'Fb}5, To;sf]
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t/ k|b]z g+ ! / % sf] s'/f k/} s] nf]edf km;]/ g]kfn wd{ lgk{I] f ub{} 5g\ < cfkm\gf] lgsfo cGtu{tsf s' / f af] N g' x' F b } g . -dw] z bk{ 0 f
hfcf]; k|bz ] g+ @ df kl/jt{g cflv/ ag]sf] 5 . lxGb' wd{jnDjLx¿ jfx'No ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf ;'wf/ ug{ g;Sg' lkmr/ ;] j f_
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clvn===== ;d]6\g] u/L sfof{Gjog ug{ klg u/]sf] z'Ns j[l4k|lt ;+u7gn] 3f]/ glbg] kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf] lg0f{
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u/]sf] kfO{Psf]n] tTsfn z'Ns vf/]h bz lbg leq ;Daf]wg ug{ cfu|x ;+ l jwfgdf lzIffnfO{ df} l ns ;+ u 7glj?4 kmfF l ;jfbL ;/sf/n]
u/L sfjf{lx ug'kg]{ nufot /x]sf ub}{ ;+u7gsf cWoIf 9sfnn] cGoyf clwsf/df /fVg] t/ lzIff h:tf] b]zJofkL cft+s, lu/ˆtf/, oftgf,
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efiffsf] gfddf laBfyL{x? dfly x'g] w]/} s'/f rln/x]sf] x'G5 . o:tf dlxnfx?sf] w]/} s'/fx?df ?lr x'G5, logLx?nfO{
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vf]hLPsf]n] pQm sfo{ tTsfn vf/]h l:n+u Aofu
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Jofk/Ls s]Gb| h:tf] agfP/ k':ts, ug{ rfxfG5g\ .
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6fO, j]N6, o'lgkmd{ cflb a]Rg] u/]sf] apln+u Aofu
z} l Ifs laifox?df ;+ u 7gsf] laBfyL{x?nfO{ ;dfg lzIff k|bfg elgPsf] 5, …s]kL / lks] ;/sf/
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5 . ;fy} ljutdf lzIff dGqfno bdg / lzIff If]qdf b]lvPsf] ljs[lt cfwf/df ljBfyL{af6 rsf]{ z'Ns lng] ;+u7g dflysf] bdg tTsfn aGb x'G5g\ . s;}n] klg pgLx?nfO{ a]js'km agfpg ;Sb}g\ . oL dlxnf 6«8] kmnf] ug{df
tyf ljBfyL{ ;+3 ;+u7gx?aLr la?4 ;+3if{df pqg clkn u/]sf / ljeflht ug]{; sfo{ aGb ug{ ug{ / lu/ˆtf/ sd/] 8 x?nfO{ ljZjf; ub}g{ g\ / cfˆgf] v'zL cfˆg} sfd ug{df / kl/jf/ clg ;fyLefOsf] ;fydf
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klg /fli6«o ck/fwsf 36gfsf Pskl5 csf]{ aGb} uPsf 5g\ . tL ;a}
xToflx+;f anfTsf/ cGTosf] xfjf dfq xf] @/$ hgf dflkmofx?nfO{ sf/afxL ug{' s] ljWj+;
xf] < caf}+{ s/ 5nL ug]{ Pgl;PnnfO{ klZrdf ;fd|fHojfbsf] u'?of]hgfdf 36]sf x'g\ . klZrdf ;fd|fHojfbsf]
sf/afxL ug{' s] ljWj+; xf] < gf]s/zfxL u'Ktr/sf] a}wflgs e"ldsfdf at{dfg slyt g]skfsf] ;/sf/ agfpg
gfy'/fd geo g]kfn /f:6« klg l;lSsd em} lav080f k'hF L, bnfn k'h F L / lab]zL k'h F Lsf] tTsfnLg dfs] / Pdfn] Pstfsf] gf6s /r]/ lasf; / ;d[l4sf] gf/f lbP/
r'gfj u/fP kf6L{ Pstf u/fP / ltgLx¿s} g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ ag]sf] 5 .
cGTo u/ eGg", xhf/f}+ Jofjxf/åf/f
x'g] lglZrt 5 Û w]/} ax'dtsf] wfs / 3d08 k|dfl0ft s'g} klg pTkLl8t gePsf]
;Eo ju{ /lxt ;dfg / jf:tljs
g]kfnL hgtfsf] OR5f, rfxgf / /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf] xsdf of] ;/sf/ k"0f{
c;kmn ;flat ePsf] 5 . To;}n] cfˆgf] ;Dk"0f{ c;kmntfnfO{{ 9fs5f]k ug{
Pskl5 csf]{ ck/fwsf] ;'?jft ul//x]sf 5\g\ . h;sf] a'Fbfut AofVof o;
gu/]xG' 5 s;/L k|/fKt u/]sf] dt xf] k'0f{tM xfdLnfO{ ;flGtk'0f{ ;dfh j}1flgs ;dfhjfb
cfPsf] ;dfh lgdf{0f u/f}F eGg" kSs} k|sf/ 5g\ .
!= a}1flgs cfly{s Aoa:yfkg ug{'sf] ;f6f] Ps jif{sf] cjlwdf hgtfdf
ljWj+; xf]Og, b]znfO{ ljv08g ug]{
klg yfxf 5 lxDdt 5 eg] /fhgLlt gLlt sfo{qmd gful/stf ljw]os kf; gu/ efGg'
lgod sfg'g pNn+3g xf]Og a? ;To
rsf]{ s/ yf]k/]/ cfly{s ;d[l4sf] ;f6f] hgtfnfO{{ lg/fz / lab]z
knfpg u/fpg]tkm{ pBt ;/sf/sf] gLltk|lt hgtfsf] c?lrnfO{{ sk6k"0f{
5n u/]/ k|wfgdGqL :j/f]huf/sf] a]s'km tfl/km k}mnfO{of] .
cg';f/ dfq z'4 k|lt:kwf{ u/f}+ g, To;f]ul/of] eg] of] xf] ls To:tf] s'l/kL Joj:yfdf
ltdLx¿ sf] s'g} 7fpF x'bF g} To;}n] To:tf] @= zflGt ;'/Iff / ;'zf;gsf] dfldnfdf k"0f{ c;kmntf Aoxf]/s ] f] ;/sf/n]
j}1flgs Joj:yf Nofpg glbg cg]sf}+ lgd{nf kGtsf] dfq} d'2f xf]Og, ;of}+ ck/fwsf 36gfnfO{{ kf/ nufpg /
ltd|f ktg 8fO{gf:j/ h:t} x'g] lglZrt 5 Û hlt gf6sx? d~rg ug{ vf]Hg' ltdLx? ;/sf/ pDsg] bfpdf gf6sLo z}nLdf Psflt/ 5fglag cfof]u csf]l{ t/
;/sf/s} if8\oGqdf ck/fwLnfO{ ;+/If0flbg] sfdsf/afxLdf hgtfsf]
sf] auL{o ;Qf :jefj g} xf] t/ ltd|f]
k|ltaGw, lgif]w / aGb's åf/f bdg ul/G5 plt l56f] ktg lglZrt 5 .
cGtdf ju{;3+ if{ lagf juL{o d'QmL
cfqmf]z a9]kl5 To:nfO{ 9fs5f]k ug{ lg/k/fwL lgbf]i{ f gful/snfO{{ 8/,
qf; / k};fsf] rnv]n ;'? ul/of] .
#= cfˆg} r'gfjL gf/fnfO{{ :yflkt gu/L lrlsT;f lzIff ljw]os lzIff,
ltd|f] n'6sf] :ju{ PsLs[t hgqmflGt åf/f nfO{g] c;Dej 5 k| l taGw / bdgn]
qmflGtsf] Hjfnf emg emg bGsG5 :j:y If]qdf ePsf] Aofkf/Ls/0fnfO{ :yflkt oftfoft l;lG8s]6 7]Ssf
vfN8fv'N8Lnufotsf sfdnfO{{ 9fs5f]k ug{ kf]nkf]ndf ;d[l4sf] Aofg/
;fd|fHojfbL / pQ/ ;fd|fHojflbx?sf]
a}1flgs ;dfhjfbdf Wj:t lglZrt 5 . cfb]zn] /f:6« :jfwLg c;Dej 5 Û
gf]s/;fxL k'h F L, bnfn k'h F L / lab]zL
;f] u¥of] h;n] e"–dflkmofsf] kIfkf]if0f u/]sf] 5 .
$= r/d e|i6frf/nfO{ lg?T;flxt ug]{ gfd ehfo/ ;'g sf08, jfO8\a8L
agfP/ ;'os { f] k|sfznfO{ k|ltaGw nufO{ aGb's g} rflxG5 . olt dfq km/s dgdfof afF7fnfO{ ;Ddfg sfo{qmddf k'h
F L /x];Dd lasf; / ;d[4L c;Dej sf08, d]nDrL sld;g, Pgl;Pnn] s/5nL e|i6frf/nfO{{ hgtfn]
cfˆgf] sfnf] wGwf dRrfpg vf]lhb} 5 . xf] . dfn]dfjfbL dfu{bz{s l;4fGt sf] k|x/Ln] x:tIf]k u¥of] )&% kmfu'g !# 5 :yfO{ ;fGtL gkfP ;Dd xToflx+;f :ki6tfsf ;fy yfxf kfpg' / To;sf] k5fl8 hgcfqmf]zsf] dgf]efjgf
t/ k[YjLsf] cfˆg} rfnsf] sf/0f kg]{ cfwf/df aGb's p7fPsf] xf] ls ut] ?lG6ul8 uf=kf sf] clvn - anfTsf/ cGTosf] xfjf dfq xf] @/$ a9\b} hfg' / To;nfO{{ lg?T;flxt kfg{ tTsfn cfgfsfgL ub}{ 5'b| /
cFWof/f] /ftdf t pHofnf] agfpg] xhf/f}+ cfj]usf] cfwf/df p7fPsf] xf] ;+;bLo qmflGtsf/L_ sf] ;Dd]ngdf k|x/L hgf gfy'/fd geo g]kfn /f:6« klg 5'rf] z}nLdf d"n g]tT[ j k|:t't x'g' Totflt/ hgtfsf] Wofgfsif{0f ghfj;
a}slNks ;|ft] x? k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 Joj:yfsf] lxdfotL 7fGg] g]=sf n] x:tIf]k u/L :jo+ d zf]ef/fd /f0ff, l;lSsd em} lav080f x'g] lglZrt 5 Û eGg] x]t'n] /]zd rf}w/LnfO{{ cfhlag h]n ;hfo ;'gfpg' .
eGg] of] t lbpF;f] xf] s;/L x'G5 cFWof/f] < k6sk6s aGb's p7fPsf] lyof] )##df uf]laGb k'g nufot $ hgfnfO{ w]/} ax'dtsf] wfs / 3d08 gu/]xG' 5 %= b]z b|f]xL l;s] /fjtnfO{ klZrdf u'?of]hgfdf l/xfO{ x'g' / /ftf/ft
s:n] /f]Sg ;S5 k[YjLsf] rfn /f]Sg < lul/hfn] xltof/ k|of]u u/]/} ljdfg lu/ˆtf/ u¥of] To:t} b]zsf cGo s;/L k|/fKt u/]sf] dt xf] k'0f{tM /fli6«o lxt lakl/t u/]sf] ck/flws, c/fhgLlts / c;Xo ;Demf}tfn]
g]kfn nufot laZjsf nuft s'g} ckx/0f u/]sf lyP of] alu{o d'lQmsf] e'efudf bafa kmfl;jfbL rl/q xfdLnfO{ klg yfxf 5 lxDdt 5 eg] slyt g]skfsf] ;/sf/n] u/]sf] ;Demf}tfsf] lj?4df ;8sdf cfGbf]ng
d'ns ' 5}g zf]if0f, bdg, lg/+sz ' tf, nflu geO{ cfj]usf] cfwf/df u/]sf b]vfpb} /fHon] lu/ˆtf/, vfgtnf;L, /fhgLlt gLlt sfo{qmd cg';f/ dfq p7\g] vt/f b]v]/ hgtfsf] Wofg lasif{0f u/fpg laKnj g]t[Tjsf]
pTkL8g / k|ltaGwn] ;d[l4, lasf;, lyP To:t} clxn]sf k|d s]kL cf]lnn] hgtfnfO{ ;;+lst agfpg] sfd z'4 k|lt:kwf{ u/f}+ g, To;f]ul/of] eg] g]skfdfly k|ltalGwt ;/sf/L lg0f{o Ps ck/fw n'sfpg csf]{ ck/fwsf]
clwsf/ ;DkGg / l:y/ zflGt k|fKt klg )@* ;fndf emfkf lab|fx] sf] gfddf ul//x]sf] 5 . ltd|f ktg 8fO{gf:j/ h:t} x'g] yfngL u/]sf] xf] .
u/]sf] clg nfdf] ;do l6s]sf] P]ltxf; wd{ k|zfb 9sfn h:tf dflg;x?sf] k|ltaGwsf] k|:tfks u[xdGqL lglZrt 5 Û hlt k|ltaGw, lgif]w / o;/L ;/sf/n] /fli6«o :t/af6 h3Go cdfgjLo ck/fw ub}{ hfg] xf]
rLgdf rfªsfO{;s ] f] zf;g gl6s]sf], xltof/n] g} xTof u/]sf lyP ufpF3/df jfbnn] % g=k|bz] nufot s]xL k|bz] x? aGb's åf/f bdg ul/G5 plt l56f] eg] b]zdf ;'zf;g ;d[l4 xf]Og, åGåsf] clgjfo{ ;'?jft xf] . laKnk g]tT[ jsf]
?;df hf/;flxsf] zf;g gl6s]sf] h:tf ;gqf; dRrfPsf lyP t/ jf:tljs df e|d0f u/L cfˆg} s]xL aif{ klxn]sf ltd|f] n'6sf] :ju{ PsLs[t hgqmflGt g]skf;Fu aftf{sf] nflu ;f]dk|;fb kfG8]sf] v'aL / x}l;otn] k'Ub}g ;/sf/sf]
y'k}| glh/ 5g\ . eg] g]kfndf klg juL{o d'lQmsf nfuL geO{ lglZrt ;xof] 4 f ljKnjnfO{ ljWj+ ; sf/L åf/f nfO{g] a}1flgs ;dfhjfbdf Wj:t u[x k|zf;gsf] 6f]nL;lxt aftf{ yflng' k5{ . ;/sf/n] laKnj g]t[Tjsf]
hfFxflgof /fgf zf;g, k~rfotLo JolQmsf] lgh :jfy{sf nflu u/]sf lyP ultljlw u/]sf] eGb} k|ltaGw nufP lglZrt 5 . 6f]lndfly u/]sf] k|ltaGwn] hah{:tL ;/sf/n] g} o'4sf] 3f]if0f u/]sf] a'lemG5 .
zf;g, lg/+sz ' /fhtGqfTds zf;g o;/L elg/xbf Tolta]nfsf] ;do % aif{ k}nf ljKnj ;Fu} x'bF f jfbn n]vs M clvn qmflGtsf/L /f]Nkfsf
l6s]g ca klg sDo'lg:6 ?lk gj
sfFu;] | Lx?sf] ;+;bLo Joj:yf l6Sg] 5}g .
km/s 5 eGg] s;}nfO{ nfUg ;S5,
To;f] xf] eg] Tolta]nfsf] aGb'saf6
sd/] 8 n] lqrGb| sn] h sf] Ps
gf}=====
lhNnf cWoIf x'g\
pgLx?sf] eljZodfly uDeL/ v]njf8 n]v, /rgf;DaGwL ;"rgf
o;/L g]kfnL P]ltxf; dfq x]bf{ w]/} zf;g uf]ln lgl:sb}g Yof] t < wd{eQmnfO{ lj/f]w, afn'jf6f/sf] hUuf lst]{ sf08 u/]sf]k|lt cfˆgf] uDeL/ Wofgfsif{0f
Joj:yfsf kl/jt{g ug{k' of]{ lsg < dfg{ s] xltof/ k|of]u ePg < /fhfn] nufotsf e'–dflkmoflj?4sf] ;+3if{ ePsf] 5 .Ú o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sfzgfy{
ljjfb, lab|fx] , åGb, o'4x?sf] lsg hGd h]ndf sf]Rg vf]Hbf hgd'lQm ;]gfn] dha't agfpg, lgd{nf kGtsf] xTof/f /lh:6«]zgaf6 jl~rt ul/Psf
x'G5 < g]kfnL hgo'4df xhf/f}+ hgd'lQm aGb'sn] arfPsf] xf]Og < clxn] juL{o ;fj{hlgs ug{ /fHonfO{ bjfj lbg, ljBfyL{x?nfO{ t'?Gt /lh:6«z ] g u/fO{ /fli6«o÷cGt/f{li6«o dxTjsf n]v, /rgf
;]gf Pp6} a+s/df lsg dg]{ tof/ eo < d'QmL e};Sof] <;f/df ;do kl/jt{g l;df cltqmd0f;lxt l;s] /fpt k/LIff lng] / ljBfyL{x?sf] k9\g kfpg]
s] pgLx?nfO{ dg{ /x/ lyof] < sbflk eo klg u'0fdf p:t} 5 Ûklxn] s} sf08n] ;+s6df k/]sf] /fli6«otf g};lu{s clwsf/k|lt lhDd]jf/ alg / tl:j/x¿ pknAw u/fO{ ;xof]u
lyPg tf] t /fHon] u/]sf] cGofo, k|Zgx? cg'pQl/t 5g\ . hf]ufpg, ;j{;QfjfbL ;/sf/sf lj?4 /lh:6«z ] g gu/fpg] eg]/ u/]sf] lg0f{o
cTofrf/, c;dfgtfsf] lj?4 cfˆgf] ;/sf/n] cfkm} n ] agfPsf] ;+3i{ fsf] z+v3f]if ug{, k|nf]egdf kf/]/ tTsfn vf/]h ug{ ;+o'Qm ljBffyL{
;+u7gn] hf]8bf/ dfu u/]sf] 5 .
k'¥ofpg' x'g ;DalGwt ;a}df cg'/f]w
efaL k':tfsf] nflu ul/Psf] P]ltxfl;s ;+ljwfgsf] efu # sf] wf/f !& sf] @ efiff, wd{ / ;+:s[ltdfly e}/x]sf]
lhDd]jf/L / kxnsbdL lyof] . rLgdf cg';f/ lagf xftxltof/ zflGtk"0f{ x:tIf]ksf] lj/f]w ug{ k|bz{g clgjfo{ g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ tyf clvn -
qmfGtLsf/L_nfO{ jt{dfg ;/sf/n]
ul/G5 .
ag]sf] 5 .Ú kf]v/f ljZjljBfnodf
dfcf]n] cfˆgf] lhDd]jf/L / kxNsbdL ;ef, ;Dd]ng h:tf sfo{qmd ug{ kfOg] klg s] x L ;dob] l v Aofkf/Ls cf:yfsf cfwf/df u/]sf] w/ks8k|lt
glnPsf] eP clxn]sf] rLg x'g] lyPg clwsf/nfO{ s'Nrb} g]=s=kf lgs6 sf] dfgl;stfn] ljBfyL{sf] eljiodfdfly 3f]/ eT;{gf tyf cfklQ k|s6 ub}{
klxn]s} lab]zL x?sf] ca}w ;DklQ
n'sfpg] rLg / ul/a rLg g} x'g] lyof] .
;a} h;f] sfo{qmd x:tIf]k, bdg, lgif]w
u¥of] /f]Nkfsf] df8L rf}/df x'g nfu]sf]
v]njf8 u/]sf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5,
…xfn} kf] v /f ljZjljBfnon]
xfn;Dd clvn -qmfGtLsf/L_sf ;of}+
g]tf sfo{stf{x? k|x/L lx/f;t / h]ndf
If]Kof:q ;fKtflxs
/fHon] h:tf] /a}of dRrfpg vf]H5 sfo{qmddf k|x/Lx?n] cgGtsf] ufpFdf Joj:yfkg ;+ s fo cGt{ u tsf /x]sfn] pgLx?sf] cljnDa l/xfOsf] yfkfufp“, sf7df8f},+ kmf]gM (*$!$)#*%!
p:t} kl/df0f cfp5 . sfo{qmd ug{ glbg] dflysf] cfb]; 5 ljBfyL{ x ?sf] /lh:6« ] z g gu/fO{ dfu;d]t lj1lKtdf u/]sf] 5 . E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com
8 @)&^
sf= lh=;fn
k|= j}
sf=zfv
b= !% ut] cfOtaf/
g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$

kqsf/===== ;efd'v / /fli6«o;efsf cWoIf, ;+;b\


/x]sf ljleGg /fhgLlts bnsf k|dv '
casf] = ==== h:tf c/af} + s f e| i 6frf/ ePsf
tYox? aflx/ cfPsf 5g\ . t/
zf;sx?nfO{ hgtfn] k|lt/f]w ug{
l9nf eO{;s]sf] 5 .
lszf]/L lgd{nf kGtsf] anfTsf/ /
xTofnfO{ ;fj{hlgs ug{ ;d]t dfu
g]kfnsf sf7df8f}F ;+of]hs x'g\ . ;r]ts tyf ;r]tsx? Pj+ /fli6«o ljifodf sfaf{xL ug]{ jf d'2f rnfpg] sfaf{xL PshgfnfO{ klg ePsf] 5}g . cfh kl/l:ylt ulDe/ / u/]sf] 5 .
;dfrf/ ;+sngsf qmddf /x]sf pgnfO{ dfgjclwsf/ cfof]usf cWoIfnfO{ clwsf/ klg cfof]unfO{ glbg] xf] eg] ctM cf] n L zf;gdf e| i 6, ;+jb] zLn aGb} 5 . b]z} /xg] ls g/xg] g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf ;'ne,
ljKnj lgs6 g]skf sfo{stf{ eGb} Wofgfsif{0fkq a'emfOg] 5 . To;n] cfof]unfO{ s]jn ;hfj6sf sld;gvf]/, t:s/, sfnf]ahf/Lof / cj:yfdf k'¥ofO{b+ 5} . afn'jf6f/ h:t} g]skf-qmflGtsf/L dfcf]jfbL_df df]xg
k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] lyof] . j:t'lgi6 o;}u/L o;aLrdf s]Gb|, k|bz ] / nflu dfq /fVg] jblgot /fVb5 . ljleGg dflkmofx?nfO{ cdg r}g 5 . slt ;/sf/L hUuf a]lrPsf] xf]nf < j}B -ls/0f_, g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf
cfwf/ / sf/0flagf dxh{gnfO{ kqmfp :yfgLotxdf k] z fut ;+ : yfsf o;/L cf] n L zf;gn] /fli6« o u0ftGq t s]jn bnfnx?sf] h:tf] k|wfgdGqL, dGqL / ;Qf?9 bnsf Clif s§]n, g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -
u/]sf] / cg';Gwfgsf qmddf eGb} kbflwsf/L, kqsf/ ;+3;+:yfsf g]tT[ j, dfgjclwsf/ cfof] u nfO{ klg dfq kf] ePsf] 5 . zLif{ g]tfx?n] g} c/af}+sf sld;g dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|_sf s0f{hLt a'9fyf]sL
y'gfdf /fVg] sfo{ d'ns ' L kmf}hbf/L ;~rf/dfWodsf ;Dkfbs tyf gful/s ;/sf/sf] 5fFof dfq agfpg] b'/fzo (=afn' j f6f/sf] hUuf ljqmL s'DNofP/ s] ug{ vf]hs ] f xf]nfg t < / b]zeQm hgu0ftflGqs df]rf{,
sfo{ljlw -;+lxtf_ P]g @)&$ sf] bkmf ;dfhsf cu'jf;Fu k|; ] tyf cleJolQm /fv]sf] k|i6} x'G5 . k|wfgdGqL lgjf; jfn'jf6f/sf] bh{ g f} sf08x? t c/af} + s f g]kfnsf tkm{af6 l;kL uh'/]n4f/f
( ljk/Lt /x]sf] ;jf]R{ rsf] 7x/ 5 . :jtGqtfsf] ;'lglZrttfsf nflu ;femf $=;+ r f/If] q dflysf] c+ s ' z / nlntf lgjf;sf] hUuf ;d]t a]r]/ sld;g;Fu hf]l8P/ kbf{kmf; ePsf hfP/{ lj1lKtsf] k"0f{ ljj/0f o;
…lglZrt /fhgLlts cf:yf ePsfn] cleofg ;~rfng ;DaGwdf 5nkmn lgoGq0f vfg] laqmLsf nflu ;]l6Ë ldnfP/ 5g\ . x}g of] Ps}rf]6L olt w]/} k|sf/ /x]sf] 5– …s]kL zdf{ jnL g]tT[ jsf]
k|j[Q efjgfaf6 sfg'gsf] plrt ul/g] 5 . a}zfv !* ut] /fhwfgL kqsf/nfO{ /fHosf] rf}yf] c+u cfkm\gf] gfddf Nofpg] lji0f' kf}8]n c/af}+sf sf08x? lsg ul/P xf]nfg ;/sf/n] b]z / hgtfsf lj?4 u/]sf
sfo{ljlw kfngf gu/L y'gfdf /fVg sf7df8f}F;lxt ;ft j6} k|b]zsf eGg] ul/G5 . ;/sf/n] ljleGg 9+un] rrf{sf] s]Gb|df 5g\ . cfkm\g} lgjf;sf] t < xfdLn] uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg' kg]{ uDeL/ /fi6«3ft / hg3ftn] g]kfnL
klg gldNg], k6s–k6s Dofb yk u/L /fhwfgL /x]sf :yfgdf k|]; tyf / if8oGqk"0f{ tl/sfn] kqsf/x?nfO{ ;/sf/L hUuf t a]r]/ sldzg vfg] a]nf ePsf] 5 ls st} b]z} a]Rg] ;dfh cfqmfGt 5 . o; kl/l:yltdfly
lx/f;tdf /flv/xg' Goflos b[i6sf]af6 cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf nflu j[xb\ lgoGq0f ub}{5 . kf]i6kf6L 86sdsf b]zb|f]xL s]kL cf]nLn] c? km'tL{ if8oGq t ePsf] 5} g < cfh Wofg lbFb} xfdL lgDglnlvt /fhgLlts
;d]t cf}lrTok"0f{ gb]lvPsfn] lht]Gb| P]Soj4tf ¥ofnLsf] cfof]hgf ul/g]5 . ;Dkfbs uf]kfn rGb ;dfrf/ n]vs ] } nufpg] < lglZrt 5, afn'jf6f/sf] gful/stfsf] d'2fn] ;a}NffO{ uDeL/ kf6L{ / ;Ë7gsf k|ltlglwsf aLrdf
dxh{gsf] xsdf aGbL k|ToIfLs/0fsf] #= /fli6« o dfgjclwsf/ e/df kqmfp k/] . xfn} dfq hUuf a]r/] sldzg vfg]x? g} /fi6«sf agfPsf] 5 . cbfnt;d]t To;df ePsf ;f}xfb{k"0f{ 5nkmnx¿af6
cfb]z hf/L x'g] 7x5{Ú cfb]zdf cfof]u;DaGwL k|:tfljt ljw]osdf sf7df8f}sf kqsf/ lht]Gb| dxh{gnfO{ c;nL n'6]/fx? x'g . pgLx?af6 d'l5Psf] 5 . ;jf]{Rr cbfntsf] ldNg;Sg] lgDgcg';f/sf ;femf
elgPsf] 5 . cfof] u sf clwsf/ v' D Rofpg] kqmfp ul/ lx/f;tdf /flvPsf] 5 . b]zx?af6 b]zsf] xLt x'g ;Sb}g . kl5Nnf] km};nfn] /fi6«jfbL zQmLnfO{ ljifox¿df sfo{ u t Pstf ug] {
o;}aLr, hgkqsf/ ;+u7g, k| f jwfgx? /flvPsf] d f To;k| l t sflnsf]6sf kqsf/ s0f{ ljsnfO{ dft[ e " l dsf] ;' / Iff x' g ;Sb} g . emg} t/+uLt agfPsf] 5 . l;s] ;xdltdf k'us ] f 5f}–F
g]kfnn] cfˆgf sf7df08f}+ ;+of]hs uDeL/ cfklQ k|s6 ub}{ cfof]unfO{ /]l8of] :6'l8of]af6} lu/km\tf/ u/L afn'jf6f/ a]Rg]n] ;xh} g]kfn /fi6«nfO{ /fpt;Fusf] ;Demf}tf Pp6f l8hfOgdf != hGdsf cfwf/df gful/stf
lht]Gb| dxh{gnfO{ km]/L lu/ˆtf/ yk :jfoQtf / clwsf/ ;DkGg oftgf lbOPsf] lyof] . kf]i6kf6L a]Rg ;S5 . dft[e"lddfly v]njf8 ul/Psf] 5 . kl/l:ylt olt ulDe/ ePsf JolQmsf ;GtfgnfO{
u/]sf]kl| t cfklQ hgfPsf] 5 . g]kfn agfpg] u/L sfg'gdf ;+zf]wg ug{ cgnfOgsf ;+rfns s]jL u'?Ë ug]{ oL ck/fwLx?n] hgtfsf] cfjfh 5 t/ ;Qf?9 bnsf g]tfx? t}+ r'k j+zhsf] gful/stf lbgsf nflu
efiffsf] klqsf …Gx"u' Hjhnkf jfMkf}Ú+ sf a}7s dfu ub{5 . cbfntsf] cfb]z kl5 l/xfO{ ePsf ;'Gb}gg\ . zflGtk"0f{ lj/f]w k|bz{gaf6 d}+ r'k ag]/ /fi6«3ftsf] dltof/ ;Qf kIfaf6 rfn" ;+;bdf k|:t't
k|wfg;Dkfbs ;d]t /x]sf dxh{gsf] $= d'ns ' L;+lxtf P]g;lxt ;+;b\ 5g\ . xfn} kf]v/fsf kqsf/ ch'{g pgLx?nfO{ s]xL klg ;'gfpg ;ls+bg} . ag]sf 5g\ . ;f/ s'/f s] xf] eg] s]kL ;+zf]wg k|:tfj ljrf/fwLg /x]s}
nflu hgkqsf/ ;+u7gsf] cfu|xdf ljrf/fwLg cj:yfdf /x]sf tyf lu/LnfO{ kqsf/sf] bjfj kl5 cem} e|i6frf/nfO{ ;xg ;lSbg eGb} zf;g lxhf]sf ;a} lg/+sz ' zf;geGbf cj:yfdf u[x dGqfnon] ;s{n ' /
g] k fn kqsf/ dxf;+ 3 n] aGbL ;/sf/n] d:of} b f ul//x] s f kf]v/faf6 5f8] klg k"gM lu/km\tf/ lx+8\g nfh nfUb}g s]lk cf]nLnfO{ < klg lg/+sz ' aGb}5 . b]zleq lg/+sz ' hf/L ub}{ j+zhsf] gful/stf
k|ToIfLs/0fsf] l/6 xfn]kl5 ;jf]R{ r ;~rf/;DaGwL sfg'gdf k|]; tyf u/L sf7df8f}F nluPsf] lyof] t/ kl5 dhfs ug'{ / v]naf8 ug'{sf] klg / kmfF ; LjfbL aGg] clg aflx/ ljt/0f u/]sf]df xfdL To;sf]
cbfntn] lu/ˆtf/L u}/sfg'gL eGb} cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] ;'lglZrttf ug{ kqsf/x?sf] Aofks bafa kl5 l;df x'G5 gL Û h] dg nfUof] Tolx ljb]zLx?sf] ;fd' u'nfd ag]/ cfkm\gf] eT;{ g f ub{ 5 f} F / ;+ z f] w g
l/xf ug{ cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] . t/, a}7s dfu ub{5 . 5fl8Psf] 5 . o;/L cf] n Lsf] af]Nb} lx+8g\ ] < af]nLsf] 7]ufg gePsf, ;Qfsf] cfo' nDafpg] /0fgLlt agfpFb} k| : tfjnfO{ lkmtf{ lnO{ pQm
cbfntsf] cfb]zsf] cjx]ngf ub}{ o;} a Lr, hgkqsf/ ;+ u 7g lg/+sz ' tf kqsf/dfly klg nflbPsf] kmG8'; pvfg 6'Ssf xfNb} lx+8\g] 5 . cfhsf] cfjZostf l56f]eGbf ;s{ ' n /sf cfwf/df ljt/0f
k|x/Ln] ;+of]hs dxh{gnfO{ ;jf]R{ r g]kfnsf sf7df8f}F lhNnf ;+of]hs 5 / To;sf] ;'?jft ePsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL cf]nL b]zs} nfuL nHhfsf] l56f] bnfn ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf] cGTo ul/Psf gful/stf /2 ug{ dfu
cbfnt kl/;/af6} kmqmfp u/]sf] hLt]Gb| dxh{gnfO{ tTsfn lg;t{ l/xf kqsf/x?sf] xslxtsf nflu u7g ljifo ePsf 5g\ . ug'k{ g]{ 5 . ;a} qmflGtsf/L k|ultlzn ub{5f}F .
hgkqsf/ ;+u7gn] hgfPsf] 5 . ug{ dfu ub} { laxL /fhwfgLdf ePsf] kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] e"ldsf !)=lgisif{ b]zeQm / ;Rrf nf]stGqjfbL zlQmx? @= ef/tn] tof/ kf/]sf] gSsnL
;jf]R{ r cbfntn] lgbf]i{ f 7/x ub}{ kqsf/x?n] lj/f]w k|bz{g u/]sf 5g\ . ;zQm / k|efjsf/L x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . dflysf tYox?n] :ki6 kf/]sf ldn]/ gofF j}1flgs ;dfhjfbsf] gS;fdf g] k fnsf] lnk' n ] s ,
cfb]zsf] l/xf u/]klg k|x/Ln] k'gMkqmfp g] j fM kqsf/ /fli6« o ba" s f] kqsf/ eGgf;fy ;/sf/ ;dy{s / 5g\ ls cf] n L zf;g lg/+ s ' z , :yfkgf ug'k{ g]{ ePsf] 5 . sfnfkfgL, lnlDkofw'/f ef/tdf
u/]/ k|; ] tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] cfof]hgfdf dfOtL3/ d08nfdf ePsf] lj/f]wL eGg] cfwf/df k|ltlqmof clwgfosjfbL / kmf;LjfbL aGb}5 . ljKnj===== ufe]/ xfd|f] #&@ ju{lsnf]ld6/
lvNnL p8fPsf] hgkqsf/ ;+u7gsf] k|bz{gdf cfwf bh{g kqsf/ k]zfut hgfpg] xf] eg] Tof] ;+ u 7gsf] zfxL zf;gdf klg xdnf x'g g;s]sf hldg ufoa kfl/Psf] 5 . pQm
lgisif{ 5 . cWoIf k|sfz 8'd|] / ljZj;gLotf /xFbg} . ;fdflhs ;~hfn km];a"sdf n]vs ] L
;+u7gx?n] PSoj4tf hgfPsf 5g\ . hgtfsf df} l ns xs clg 5g\, …cfk"mn] r} sfxf k/]jf p8fPsf gS;fdfly k|ltaGw nufP/ g]kfn
dxf;lrj lxd lji64f/f x:tfIfl/t k|bz{gkl5 cfof]lht lj/f]w ;efdf %=8fS6/x?sf] cfGbf]ng / dfgjclwsf/ ;DaGwL xsnfO{ xgg ;/sf/n] cfˆgf] e"–efu ;'/lIft
lj1lKtdf kl5Nnf] ;do ljrf/ / ;/sf/L /j} o f lyof} / <Ú
;+ u 7gsf k| l tlglwx?n] kqsf/ ub}{ 5g\ . /fHosf ;a} c+ux?dfly k|r08sf] g]tT[ jdf ePsf] ;z:q ePsf] gS;f tof/ kfg{ xfdL dfu
cf:yfs} sf/0f ;/sf/n] hgkqsf/ dxh{gnfO{ em'7f d'2fdf km;fpg kl5Nnf] ;do 8fS6/x? cfqmd0f x' F b } 5 . GofofnonfO{ ub{5f}F .
;+u7gsf ;b:ox?dfyL w/ks8 cfGbf]ngdf 5g\ t/ ;/sf/ Psf]xf]/f] åGådf w] / } ad kl8\ s P/
vf]hs ] f] eGb} lagf;t{ t'?Gt l/xf ug{ sfo{kflnsfsf] 5fFof agfO{b} 5 . ;j{;fwf/0fsf] Hofg ;d]t uPsf] #= /fhgLlts k"jf{u|xsf cfwf/df
a9fPsf] eGb} o;nfO{ ;/sf/sf] dfu u/] . k]n]/ hfg] dgl:yltdf 5 . vf;u/L /fli6«o dfgjclwsf/ cfof]unfO{ g] s kfdfly h' g k| l taGw
lg/ªs'z z}nL ePsf] l6Kk0fL ul/Psf] ;dfof]hg;Fu ;DalGwt ljifodf lyof] . cl3nf] cfO{taf/ lrtjg
lj/f]w;efdf af]Nb} ba"sf cWoIf clwsf/ljlxg agfO+b} 5 . clVtof/ s}nfzgu/ dfWolds ljBfnodf nufOPsf] 5, To;nfO{ t'?Gt
xf] . kqsf/ dxh{gsf] d'4f / lu/ˆtf/L >Ls[i0f dxh{gn] kqsf/ dxh{g lgbf]i{ f 8fS6/x?n] ;/sf/L gLltsf] lj/f]w b' ? kof] u cg' ; Gwfg cfof] u nfO{ vf/]h ug{ dfu ub{5f}F .
k|;] :jtGqtfsf nflu 7f8f] x:tIf]kdfq u/]sf 5g\ . pgLx?sf] j[lQljsf;df cfof]lht sfo{qmddf af]Nb} cWoIf
/x]sf] / pgLdfly nufOPsf] cleof]u e|i6Ls/0f u/fO{ etL{sG] b| agfO{b+ } 5 . k|r08n] ad k8\sfP/ hgtfdf cft+s $= jfO8a8L ljdfg k|s/0fdf ;+nUg
geO{ l;+uf] kqsfl/tf hutdfyL aGb]h k|ltzf]waf6 k|l] /t ePsf] atfP . t'?Gt g} afwf k' U g] u/L x' g nfu] s f] k|x/LnfO{ Wj:t agfO{Psf] 5 . g]kfn e|i6frf/Lx¿ tyf xfn} k|wfgdGqL
nufpg ;Sg] vt/fk"0f{ ;+s]t xf] . ;dfof]hgsf] 8fS6/x?n] lj/f]w ug'{ l;h{gf u/]/ kl/jt{g cfpF5 eGg'
l/xf gul/P ba" s8f ;+3if{df pqg] k|x/L / z;:q k|x/LnfO{ k'/} e|i6 ljKnjsf] 7"nf] e|d /x]sf] atfPsf lgjf;;lxt afn'jf6f/sf] hUuf
lj1lKtdf elgPsf]5, …hgkqsf/ r]tfjgL pgn] lbP . ba"sf dxf;lrj hfoh 5 t/ ;/sf/ pgLx?sf g]tfx?sf] ;]js / u'nfd agfO{b+ } 5 . JolQmsf gfddf n}hfg] e|i6frf/
;+ u 7gsf ;b:ox?dfyL u/] s f] cfjfh ;'Gg] jf jftf{ ug]; { Ddsf] w}ot{ f lyP . pgn] ljKnjnfO{ jftf{, ;+jfbdf
;' l gn dxh{ g n] kqsf/ lht] G b| g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ klg p;sf] /fli6«o cfpg cfu|x u/] . …Ps, b'O6f ad sf08df ;+ n Ug ;a} n fO{
w/ks8sf] 36gfqmdn] g]kfndf dxh{gdfly ;/sf/n] skf]NslNkt klg b]vfpg ;s]sf] 5}g\ . 5lj w'ldNofpg] u/L, p;nfO{ ljjflbt sf/afxLsf] dfu ub{5f}F . Pg;]nn]
nf]stGq :yfkgfy{ g]kfnL ldl8ofn] ^=sd{ r f/Lx?sf] c;Gt' l i6 k8\sfP/ hgtfnfO{ cft+lst kf/]/
cf/f]k nufP/ :jtGq k|; ] nfO{ t;f{pg agfpg] u/L b'?kof]u ug]{ if8oGq rGbf p7fP/ lxF8g\ ] of] cj:yf xf]Og,Ú ltg{'kg]{ caf}{F ¿k}ofF s/ t'?Gt
v]n]sf] e"ldsfnfO{ j]jf:yf dfq} vf]hs ] f] t/ Tof] ;kgf k"/f gx'g] atfP . ;/sf/n] sd{rf/L ;dfof]hgsf x' F b } 5 . ;/sf/n] ;a} /fli6« o c;'nL ul/of];\ eGg] dfu ub{5f}F .
ul/Psf] 5} g hgkqsfl/tfsf] gfddf xr'jfsf] e/df ug{ nfluPsf] pgn] eg], …36gf 36fP/ kl/jt{g
ldld{/] cgnfOg;Fu s'/fsfgL ub}{ ba"sf zlQmx?nfO{ Wj:t agfpg vf]Hb} 5, x'G5 eGg' 7"nf] e|d xf] .Ú %= t:s/Lsf] #* lSjG6n / ;f9] ##
cfjfhnfO{ bafpg] k|of; ;d]t dxf;lrj dxh{gn] kqsf/ dxh{gnfO{ ;dfof] h gsf] k| l qmofaf6 w] / } cflv/ lsg < s] s]kL cf]nLsf] lsnf] ;'g sxfF 5 < of] ;fj{hlgs
ul/Psf] 5 . o;cl3 hgkqsf/ sd{rf/Lx? c;Gt'i6 ag]sf 5g\ . k|r08n] ljKnjlj?4 af]n]kl5
tTsfn l/xf gu/] ;zQm cfGbf]ng;fy dfgl;s /f]usf] lzsf/ ;a} g]kfnL gflosf /]vf yfkf cfqmf]lzt x'Fb} u/L ;+nUgx¿dfly sf/afxL
;+u7g sflnsf]6sf cWoIf s0f{ cl3 a9\g] atfP . aGbL kqsf/ slyt ;+3, k|bz ] / :yfgLo txdf x'g'kg]{ xf] < s]kL / lks] t Ifl0fs ul/of];\ .
ljZjsdf{, aemfªsf kqsf/ u0f]z juL{s/0f u/L sd{rf/L ;dfof]hg k|r08dfly vlgPsL 5g\ . pgn]
dxh{g ba"sf sf7df8f}F lhNnf ;b:o kfqx? dfq x'g, oL t cbnabn k|r08nfO{ k/]jf p8fPsf lyof} / eg]/ ^= s~rgk'/ eLdbQ gu/kflnsfsL
ljs nufPt kqsf/nfO{ lu/ˆtf/L ;d]t /x]sf 5g\ . ubf{ 7"nf] gLltut q'6L 5 . To;df eO{ / xG5 . t/ ;] g f / k| x /Lsf lszf]/L lgd{nf kGtsf] anfTsf/
kl5 dxf;+ 3 nufPt ;+ u 7gsf] klg :yflgo ;+ / rgfdf x' g ] k|Zg u/]sL 5g\ . gflosf yfkfsf]
sfo{ q mddf af] N b} cflbjf;L clws[tx?n] of] tYonfO{ cfTd;fy k|Zg uDeL/ 5 . / xTofdf ;+nUg ck/fwLx¿nfO{
bafadf 5fl8Psf] lyof] . hghflt kqsf/ dxf;+3 -kmf]lgh_sf /fhgLlts/0f / e| i 6Ls/0fn] ug'{kg]{ h?/L 5 . cfkm\gf] ;+u7g ;fj{hlgs u/L sf/afxL ul/of];\ .
o;}u/L, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3n] sd{rf/LnfO{ yk lrGtLt / cfqmf]lzt o;} u f/L, g] k fnL snfsfl/tf
cWoIf 808 u'?ªn] kqsf/ dxh{gnfO{ cfkm\gf] dof{bf hf]ufpg] 9+un] ljj]s If]qsf :yflkt al/i7 xf:o snfsf/ pk/f]Qm dfux¿ cljnDa k"/f
;jf]{Rr cbfnt kl/;/af6 kqmfp cgfjZos ?kdf b'Mv lbg] / unt agfPsf] 5 . ;dfof]hgdf kf}+rsf] k'¥ofP/ sbd rfNg'kg]{ a]nf ePsf] ug{sf nflu xfdLn] of] ;+oQ ' m jQmJo
ul/Psf …Gx'u' Hjhnkf jfMkf}+Ú sf cfwf/df ul/Psf] x'gfn] sd{rf/Lleq tyf cleg] t f lbks/fh lu/Ln]
cleof]u nufP/ km;fpg vf]Hg] if8oGq 5 . cfh ;jf] { R r cbfntsf kl5Nnf] ;do g]kfnL hgtf tyf hf/L u/]sf 5f}F . o;sf ;fy} oxL
k|wfg;Dkfbs lht]Gb| dxh{gnfO{ eO/x]sf] eGb} kqsf/dflysf] bdg k|; ] k"/} lg/fzf 5fPsf] 5 . k|wfgGoflw; / Gofolw;x?n] ;f]R+ g' j}zfv @& ut] zflGtjfl6sfdf ;+oQ ' m
tTsfn l/xf ug{ bafad" n s &=/ldt] clVtof/ b' ? kof] u o'jfx? dfem lgs} nf]slk|o /x]sf
:jtGq k|; ] dflysf] 7f8f] x:tIf]k ePsf] kg]{ a]nf x}g / :jtGq Gofokflnsfsf] k|ltalGwt g]skf sf dxf;lrj tyf lj/f]w;ef klg cfof]hgf ug]{ lg0f{o
sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ug]{ lg0f{o eGb} To:tf sfo{ tTsfn aGb u/]/ cg' ; Gwfg cfof] u cjwf/0ffsf] arfp ug{ < ljKnj u/]sf 5f}F . pk/f]Qm dfux¿ ;a}sf
u/]sf] 5 . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 b]zdf ;/sf/L e|i6frf/sf af9L pgn] g]tT[ j u/]sf] kf6L{ dfq} g]kfn
:jtGqk"j{s lhDd]jf/L k"/f ug]{ g]tT[ jsf] g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{dfly sf] Psdfq sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ ePsf] ;femf dfu ePsfn] of] ;‹if{df ;fd]n
pknAw s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] ;f]daf/ jftfj/0f agfpg ;/sf/;Fu dfu u/] . g} cfPsf 5g\ . clVotf/ b'?kof]u k|ltaGw nufOPsf] 5 . åGå jf o'4 x'g xfdL ;a} hgkIfLo zlQm /
a;]sf] cfsl:ds j}7sn] o:tf] lg0f{o cg';Gwfg cfof]usf cfo'Qmx? agL atfPsf 5g\ . kqsf/ wdnfsf]
sfo{ q mddf qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ e8\lsof] eg]+ To;sf] c;/ s] xf]nf, sfo{qmd hgtf hfGg rfxG5g\ df JolQmx¿nfO{ ;d]t cfu|x ub{5f}F .Æ
u/]sf] xf] . dxf;+3nufot k]zfut ;+u7gsf cfkm}+ e|i6frf/df lnKt ePsf 5g\ . s] ;a}n] ;f]+Rg] a]nf ePsf] 5}g\ <
o; laifodf g]kfn kqsf/ k|ltlglwx?n] kqsf/ dxh{gdfly s]kL cf]nL o:tf k|wfgdGqL ag] h;n] ljKnj g] t [ T jsf] g] s kfsf g] t f,
af]Nb} cleg]tf lu/Ln] pQm s'/f g]skflj?4=====
dxf;+3sf s]lGb|o dxf;lrj /d]z ;a} ;+jw} flgs cfof]unfO{ sfd gnfUg] atfPsf x'g\ . s]kL k|r08n] g]t[Tj agfP/ k|rf/ k|;f/ ug{' cfklQhgs
nufOPsf] em'7f cleof]u vf/]h u/L sfo{stf{nfO{ lgz:q lu/km\tf/ u/L u/]sf] g]skf gfd dfq} ePsf] eGb}
lji6åf/f hf/L u/]sf] k|; ] lj1lKt o; tTsfn l/xf ug{ dfu u/] . ;fy} agfP . ;a}nfO{ …ltdL klg vfpm g ha{h:tL xltof/ ydfO{lbP/ em'6f ePsf] g]skfsf] egfO{ 5 .
k| s f/ /x] s f] 5– æ!= ;jf] { R r s] x]/]/ a;]sf]’ eGb} lxF8]sf 5g\ . pgn] sfd / sd{ lagfsf] sDo'lg:6 Pp6f qmflGtsf/L / hgtfsf]
jQmfx?n] k|; ] dfly ;/sf/n] HofbftL d'2f nufpg ldN5 k|x/Ln] < cfkm}+ kf6L{ gfd /fVb}df sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ eGg
cbfnntn] l/xf ug]{ cfb]z lbPnuQ} g/f]s] ;zQm cfGbf]ng 3f]if0ff ug{ afWo b]zdf s/f]8 / c/asf e|i6frf/ uf]nL k|xf/ u/]/ bf]xf]/f] kmfol/Ë egL kf6L{ x'gs ' f] gftfn] g]kfn sDo'lg:6
cbfnt kl/;/af6 kqmfp ul/Psf ePsf 5g\, Totf Wofg 5}g pm eg] gldNg] ts{ u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] g]kfndf kf6L{ k | l t cfd ;+ r f/sdL{ ,
x'g] r]tfjgL lbP . ;Dk|]if0f ug{ ldN5 k|x/Ln] < kqmfp g]kfnL sf+u|]; / ;Qfwf/L g]skfdf
…Gx'u' Hjhnkf jfMkf}Ú+ sf k|wfg;Dkfbs kqsf/ dxh{gnfO{ r}q @& ut] xhf/ / ;o 3';;lxt kqmfp k/]sf] u/]/ af6f]df nuL uf]nL xfgL 3fO{t] ;+rf/dfWodn] rf;f] /fVg' :jfefljs
lht]Gb| dxh{gnfO{ tTsfn l/xf ug{ k|rf/ ub}{ lx+8\5 . km/s gePsf] eGb} …afx'g sfn] sfn] ePsf] t/ ;/sf/sf] ;'/fsL ag]sf
;dfrf/ ;+sngs} qmddf ;jf]R{ r agfpg ldN5 < vfg tnf;L / ;r{ afx'gÚ eg] h:t} ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ .
bafad"ns sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ug]{ cbfnt glhs /fdzfxkyaf6 *=cf] n Lsf] zf;gdf sf] – sf] n fO{ ck|]zgsf gfddf cfd ;j{;fwf/0f kqsf/ cfj/0f bnfn / kf6L{n]
lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . ;fy}, cf:yf / :ju{ 5 t < ;Qwf/L g]skf k'h F LjfbL k|hftflGqs sf/afxL u/] / lgisfl;t u/] s f
lu/ˆtf/ ul/Psf] lyof] . * ut] ;fFem hgtfsf 3/, 3/df k'uL n'6kf6 ug{ kf6L{ ePsf] / p;n] sDo'lg:6 eGg
ljrf/s} cfwf/df kqsf/x?nfO{ kqmfp k' g M lu/ˆtf/kl5 /fhb| f ] x sf] klxnf] gDa/df cf]nLsf] /fhdf ldN5 < dWo/ftdf 3/3/df uO{ em'08n] lgof]lht ?kdf kf6L{ /
ug]{ tyf sfo{ :yndf sfd ug{ afwf lgd{nf kGtsf xTof/fx?nfO{ 5'6 5 . g;'xfpg] eGb} g]kfndf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ To;sf] g]t[Tjla?4 u/]sf] laifadg
cleof]udf xfn dxfgu/Lo k|x/L j[Q cft+lst agfpg ldN5 < lglZrt} 5 eg] Tof] kf6L{ k|ltalGwt ePsf]
k'¥ofpg] sfo{ gug{ a}7s ;/sf/;dIf b/af/ dfu{sf] lx/f;tdf /flvPsf] 5 . y'k}| anfTsf/Lsf 36gf eP / xTofsf ?kdf oL 36gfqmdn] s] k'i6L u5{g s'g} xfntdf ;Xo} gx'g] g]skfn]
cfu|x ub{5 . 36gf eP t/ sf]xL klg sfaf{xLdf atfPsf x'g\ . atfPsf] 5 . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{
…;+ljwfg k|bQ ljrf/, cleJolQm, eg] cf]nL zf;g t lxhf]sf] zfxL
@= kqmfp ul/Psf kqsf/sf] l/xfO{ k|;] :jtGqtfsf] Uof/]G6L u/, u}/Goflos kg'{ k/]g . bf];f| ] gDa/df Pg;]n h:tf zf;geGbf klg w]/} u'0ff lg/+sz ' / g]= s= kf= ===== qmflGtsf/L / hgtfsf] kf6L{ ePsf]n]
Pj+ k|; ] tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] lx/f;tdf /flvPsf kqsf/ lht]Gb| ax'/fli6«o sDkgL h;n] cf]nL / kmfF;LjfbL aGb}5 . ca p;sf] lg/+sz' jfn'jf6f/sf] hUuf JolQmsf gfddf p;sf] x/]s sfo{ g]kfnL hgtfn] Wofg
;'lglZrttfsf nflu g]kfn kqsf/ dxh{gnfO{ l/xf u/Ú lnlvt Aofg/ / pgsf bnfnx?nfO{ sld;g lbP ck|z ] g jf sfjf{xLx?nfO{ r'krfk df}g n}hfg] e|i6frf/ sf08df ;+nUg k'js{ lgofnL /x]sf 5g\ eg] of] kf6L{
dxf;+3sf] bafa cleofgnfO{ yk Kn] s f8{ k| b z{ g ul/Psf] lyof] . jfkt c/af}+sf] s/ ldgfxf ul/Psf] /x]/ a:g ;ls+b}g . kl/l:yltn] ca ;a}nfO{ sf/jfxLsf] klg dfu u/]sf] / g] t [Tjk|lt ul/Psf] b':k|rf/ /
k|efjsf/L ?kdf cl3 a9fpg lgDg sfo{qmddf bh{gf}+ ;+Vofdf kqsf/x? 5 . jfO{8 jf]8L sf08df ^ c/a, hjfkmL k|lt/f]wsf] dfu u/]sf] 5 . 5 . eg] Pg;]nn] ltg{ afsLF c/af}+ laifadg klg g]kfnL hgtfn] lgofnL
sfo{qmdx? to ul/Psf] 5 . bafa ;xefuL lyP . sfo{qmd ;dfkgkl5 d]nDrL @ ca{, kmf]/ hL sf08 !@ b]z} a]r]/ vfg yfnL ;s] . ;j{q ?k}of s/ tTsfn p7fpg klg dfu /x]sf 5g\ / ;doqmd;+u} oL ;a} s'/fsf]
cleofg cGtu{t oxL j}zfv !) b]lv ba"sf] Ps 6f]nL k|x/L lx/f;t b/af/ ca{, ;'g sf08x?, rLgL sf08x? s]xL x'n bnfnx?, bf;x? clg Ho"bF f u/]sf] 5 . #* SjLG6n / ;f9] ## k'li6 g]kfnL hgtfn] vf]Hg] / k'li6 ug{
!* ut];Dd /fhgLlts kf6L{sf k|dv ' dfu{df kqsf/ dxh{gnfO{ e]6 ug{ uPsf] c?0f #, a'9Lu08sL, dflyNnf] s0ff{nL, nf;x? v8f u/]/ ;Qf rnfpg] lsnf] ;' g t:s/Ldf ;+ n Ug / g;Sg] tTjx?nfO{ g]kfnL hgtfn]
g]tfx?, k"jk{ w| fgdGqLx?, ;+3Lo ;+;b\sf lyof] . x'nfsL dfu{, rGb|flu/L, tfdfsf];L lbjf:jKg b] v ] s f kmfF ; LjfbL sGrgk'/ eLdbQ gu/kflnsfsL bl08t ug]{ klg p;n] atfPsf] 5 .
If]Kof:q k|sfzg s]Gb|åf/f k|sflzt, ;Dkfbs M /fh]Gb|k|;fb lrdf}l/of, sfof{no M yfkfufpF, sf7df8f}F, df]afOn M (*$!$)#*%!,
E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com,website: www.janakhabar.com d'bs
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