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Museum Exhibit

Welcome to my museum exhibit demonstrating the importance of education and writing in


different cultures. Not only does looking at what a society teaches and records in texts give us a look
into the daily lives of the society’s members, but it can also show us how a society communicated, along
with what cultural aspects were important to that society. For example, if we find that a past society has
many written documents about military tactics and battles, then we know military and war was an
important part to their culture. Looking at how citizens of a society are educated and what that specific
society found important enough to record into history can tell us so much more than just what they
taught and how they wrote.

This artifact is an ancient will from 2041 BCE and was found in the Upper Zab River Valley. The tablet
also contains cuneiform writing and dictates the inheritance and the order of who’s in charge in a family
after the patriarch has passed. Not only does it show what kind of written communication this
civilization used, it also shows that there was an importance in this time period on making sure family
affairs were organized before death, and that there was a hierarchy order in families to determine who
was in charge.

This artifact is a litigation document from 1726 BCE and was found in the Upper Zab River Valley. It was
a court document, which shows the importance this civilization put on keeping a record. Also, because it
is a court document, it shows that this civilization had courts and saw an importance in finding justice
for their civilians.

This artifact is a tax receipt from 1634 BCE and was found in the Lower Zab River Valley. It proved that
the person had paid their taxes to the kingdom. This artifact is important because having to pay taxes
means this civilization must’ve had some form of government to accept the taxes. A tax receipt also
shows that the citizens and/or government saw an importance in keeping economic records.
This artifact is a written account of the activities of archers in battle from 514 BCE and was found in the
Lower Zab River Valley. It again demonstrates that cuneiform was the chosen written language for this
civilization, and also shows that this civilization recognized the importance of documenting past military
battles in order to learn from what had happened.

This artifact is a receipt from 2041 BCE and was found in the Lower Zab River Valley. This receipt shows
that this civilization believed in the ownership of items and the importance of keeping records to prove
ownership. It also shows that receipts were not only used to keep records money paid between the
citizens and government, but also between citizens and other citizens.

This artifact is a clay tablet showing a banquet scene from around 2600-2500 BCE and was found in the
Diyala Plains Tell. Although the tablet doesn’t appear depict any written language, it tells use that this
civilization used pictures as their written language. This scene is thought to have possibly been an
important historical event, so it could also show that this civilization believed in keeping a record of
events that they held importance to.

This artifact is a portrait showing soldiers transporting captives from around 668-627 BCE and was found
in the Diyala Plains Tell. Again, using a picture instead of words demonstrates this civilizations
preference of using pictures to record thing instead of written words. It also shows that this civilization
saw an importance in their military, as they chose to document a time of captive transportation and
preserve that documentation.

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