You are on page 1of 12

What are the key Internal and external factors affecting operations management of a company

and how does it thrive in the competitive scenarios

Internal Factors that May Affect the Business Organization. (2019). Retrieved on April 15, 2019, from
https://pestleanalysis.com/internal-factors-affect-business-organization/

Internal and External Influences on Operational… | Business | tutor2u. (2019). Retrieved on April 15,
2019, from https://www.tutor2u.net/business/reference/internal-and-external-influences-on-
operational-objectives

Operational Strategies That Management May Use to Respond .... (2019). Retrieved on April 15,
2019, from https://www.bartleby.com/essay/Operational-Strategies-That-Management-May-Use-
to-PKQQN6STC

What External Factors Can Affect an Operational Plan? | Chron.com. (2019). Retrieved on April 15,
2019, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/external-factors-can-affect-operational-plan-
37247.html

https://smallbusiness.chron.com/external-factors-can-affect-operational-plan-37247.html

The operational plan is a section of the overall business plan that concerns how the company will
operate from day to day. However, entrepreneurs and business managers must consider external
factors that aren't so easy to predict in these plans. Even a monthly review of operational plans
cannot catch factors that are far off into the future. Other factors may happen over long distances, in
other countries. Still one way to examine how external factors affect the operational plan is to start
with overall issues that are generally out of control for many businesses and then focus on the
factors that can be brought under control with effort and planning.

Natural and Man-Made Disasters

If companies or their suppliers succumb to a natural or artificial disaster, the operational plans are
put on hold or scrapped. For example, PC and automobile makers commonly outsource single
hardware and software components to third-party builders and developers around the world. If a
factory becomes flooded by heavy rains from a typhoon or hurricane, the equipment is useless. This
disrupts the supply chain of parts to other companies that do the finally assembly of the products.
Owners and operations managers can't control nature, but companies can develop disaster recovery
plans. Prevention measures, such as installing storm proof windows or improving water runoff, are
extra expenses that many small businesses cannot afford.

Commodities and Natural Resources

Much of the inventory at small businesses needs to be reliably replenished on a constant basis,
especially if the company deals with food products and service. For example, a local indie coffee shop
might rely on whole coffee beans imported from countries around the world. Even whole milk and
dairy products might arrive from farms and processing centers hundreds of miles away, thanks to
the trucking industry. Coffee beans and milk are commodities, and the prices of these goods fluctuate
on the trading market. Small businesses have little control over the prices of commodities. Again, the
best they can do is to closely monitor price fluctuations and make adjustments afterward, such as
increasing prices for the consumer at the register. Also, the scarcity of natural resources, such as coal
and crude oil, affect electric utility and trucking fuel costs, respectively; again, these costs are
sometimes passed along to the consumer.

Physical Location

Small business operational planning involves making sure the location and building have adequate
square footage, as well as sound and efficient architecture. Many small retail stores and shops are
located in shopping centers, anchored by one or two larger businesses, such as a major supermarket
or department store chain. These larger stores can sometimes attract business for smaller stores, but
the trick is locating the small business in a center that has other successful businesses.
Unfortunately, after an economic downturn, several stores in a shopping center can see reduced
customer traffic or even shut down altogether, which can affect your small business.

Governmental Policies

The legal environment is especially tricky for small and large businesses, alike. Even on the Internet -
- which is supposedly "free" and "neutral" -- local, state and federal governments can still enact
regulations and policies that affect businesses. Companies must contend with higher business taxes,
health care mandates and requirements by various agencies that oversee business activity. Although
businesses can participate in the political process, such as lobbying, they must still operate within
the confines of established law. Nonetheless, owners and managers still have access to and can
control the knowledge that helps make business decisions. Companies can use lists that rank states
for being business-friendly, such as the Small Business Survival Index that is published by the Small
Business & Entrepreneurship Council.

Supply-Chain Defects and Recalls

Recalls are a hassle to large and small businesses, especially when they get to the point where the
Consumer Product Safety Commission on the federal level gets involved. Consumers become aware
of recalls by direct mail and email, as well as through TV and print ads. These external factors can
cause an abrupt halt to operations if a vital part needed to make a product or offer a service is pulled
from the market. Worse, people use extreme caution after hearing about recalls and may stop doing
business with local companies, even though they are not the source of the problem. For example, an
independent computer and electronics store might get a large shipment of laptops, but then a recall
is later issued for batteries that can catch on fire. Even after resolving the issue with a replacement
battery, the consumer may be leery of shopping at the store in the future. Small companies can verify
the quality of products from suppliers by checking up on a company's history.

Innovation and Competition

Companies must explain production techniques as well as the associated costs in formulating an
operational plan. When companies can make products or offer services that are better, faster or
cheaper but still maintain quality, they are "operational innovators," according to an article penned
by Michael Hammer for the Harvard Business Review Magazine in April 2004. He posits that
companies can out-operate competitors just by devising a newer way of running business
operations. Luckily, this is something that nearly any smart and savvy business owner can control,
being that innovation often stems from personal creativity and ideas.

__________________________________________________________________________________

The objectives that are set for the operations function of a business are affected by a variety of
internal and external influences, as summarised below: Internal influences on operational objectives
Corporate objectives As with all the functional areas, corporate objectives are the most important
internal influence. An operations objective (e.g. higher production capacity) should not conflict with
a corporate objective (e.g. lowest unit costs) Finance Operations decisions often involve significant
investment and cost The financial position of the business (profitability, cash flow, liquidity) directly
affects the choices available Human resources For a services business in particular, the quality and
capacity of the workforce is a key factor in affecting operational objectives. Targets for productivity,
for example, will be affected by the investment in training and the effectiveness of workforce
planning Marketing issues The nature of the product determines the operational set-up. Regular
changes to the marketing mix – particularly product – may place strains on operations, particularly if
production is relatively inflexible External influences on operational objectivesEconomic
environmentCrucial for operations. Sudden or short-term changes in demand impact on capacity
utilisation, productivity etc. Changes in interest rates impact on the cost of financing capital
investment in operations Competitor efficiency flexibilityQuicker, more efficient or better quality
competitors will place pressure on operations to deliver at least comparable
performanceTechnological changeAlso very significant – especially in markets where product life
cycles are short, innovation is rife and production processes are costly.Legal & environmental
changeGreater regulation and legislation of the environment places new challenges for operations
objectives.

Internal influences on operational objectives Corporate objectives As with all the functional areas,
corporate objectives are the most important internal influence. An operations objective (e.g. higher
production capacity) should not conflict with a corporate objective (e.g. lowest unit costs) Finance
Operations decisions often involve significant investment and cost The financial position of the
business (profitability, cash flow, liquidity) directly affects the choices available Human resources For
a services business in particular, the quality and capacity of the workforce is a key factor in affecting
operational objectives. Targets for productivity, for example, will be affected by the investment in
training and the effectiveness of workforce planning Marketing issues The nature of the product
determines the operational set-up. Regular changes to the marketing mix – particularly product –
may place strains on operations, particularly if production is relatively inflexible External influences
on operational objectivesEconomic environmentCrucial for operations. Sudden or short-term
changes in demand impact on capacity utilisation, productivity etc. Changes in interest rates impact
on the cost of financing capital investment in operations Competitor efficiency flexibilityQuicker,
more efficient or better quality competitors will place pressure on operations to deliver at least
comparable performanceTechnological changeAlso very significant – especially in markets where
product life cycles are short, innovation is rife and production processes are costly.Legal &
environmental changeGreater regulation and legislation of the environment places new challenges
for operations objectives.

Subscribe to email updates from tutor2u Business Join 1000s of fellow Business teachers and
students all getting the tutor2u Business team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their
inbox every morning. You're now subscribed to receive email updates! You can also follow
@tutor2uBusiness on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, or join our popular Facebook
Groups.

The internal business environment comprises of factors within the company which impact the
success and approach of operations. Unlike the external environment, the company has control over
these factors. It is important to recognize potential opportunities and threats outside company
operations. However, managing the strengths of internal operations is the key to business success.
In a high performing workplace, the workers not only have talent, but they also work better
together. The employees and departments collaborate on ideas and resolutions.

These affect your firm’s ability to reach the goals in the business plan. They could be due to the
impacts of changes in technological evolutions or customer demand. These factors could pose as
threats as they can alter how customers perceive your product. Based on these, customers might
think a product is overpriced, dull and outdated.

Your business needs innovation in order to keep up with competitors. It is essential to get one step
ahead. Innovation could come in the form of marketing. It could also be through promotional
initiatives in the marketing plan, staff training, and welfare.  Embracing new technology is the
best way to keep up with technological advancements.

Employees are vital to business success. But, there are risks associated with them. For an industry,
strike action could lead to a lot of problems.

The internal factors of a business are often studied in a SWOT analysis. The SWOT matrix is a
structured planning method. You can use SWOT analysis to analyze your company and its
environment. It assesses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. The strengths and
weaknesses of a project or business are internal factors. Opportunities and threats are external
elements.

The greatest thing about internal factors is that you have control over most of them. Changing
internal factors often involves some indirect costs. Some of the factors are a result of the way you
run your business. Example of this includes reputation, credit worthiness, and image. Other factors
depend on your business decisions. Example of this includes management structure and staffing.

Internal Factors that May Affect the Business Organization. (2019). Retrieved on April 17, 2019, from

https://pestleanalysis.com/internal-factors-affect-business-organization/.

Internal and External Influences on Operational… | Business | tutor2u. (2019). Retrieved on April 17,

2019, from https://www.tutor2u.net/business/reference/internal-and-external-influences-on-

operational-objectives.

Business Case Studies LLP. (2019). External influences. Retrieved on April 17, 2019, from

http://businesscasestudies.co.uk/first-group/managing-external-influences/external-influences.html.
Essay

Check PlagiarismCheck GrammarSave Download My Essays My Account

What are the key internal and external factors affecting operations management of a company
Word Count:707

Every organisation has its own society. Nearly everything this involves the organisation's ability to
compete and react successfully to changes in the external environment – Finally, the organisation's
success or failure – is one aspect of that culture. These internal factors define how the organisation
goes forward, both as a self-contained organisational entity and in response to its external
surroundings. Why does the organisation exist? What is its purpose? Answering these basic
questions describes the organisation's work. The successful organisation has a clear meaning of its
ultimate purpose and knows how it intends to accomplish this purpose. Steve Jobs' first mission
statement for Apple is one good information this depicts in a couple of speeches both the
organization's simple purpose, `` to make the donation to this world, '' and how it intends to reach
that goal, `` by making tools for the mind that advance humankind. ''

The process of other corporations has been impacted by internal and external factors. These
environmental factors specifically change or influence management purposes. One of the
approaches that this organization should take is the implementation of important or efficient
management procedure. Primarily, the primary purpose of this essay is to analyze the information
firm through the given report. Herein, this article will give information about the strategic
positioning of information firm through the use of SWOT analysis. Moreover, the essay can also
assess the reasoning and motive behind the information firm strategy of diversifying into satellite
broadcasting and assess the benefit and disadvantage of acquiring as method of development with
particular reference to the acquisition undertaken by the News Corporation. Finally, the essay aims
on offering the recommendation for the strategic growth program for TNC from 2006 to onwards.

“ Environmental, cultural, and government (ESG ) factors related to the corporation’’s business will
provide important insights into management strength and therefore the company’s long-term
prospects. We expect to think that the corporation constitutes attuned to these fundamental
elements that bring to long-term development: Sustainability of this enterprise framework and its
processes, aid to outward and environmental factors that could impact the company, and
recognition of the company’s role as a member of the communities in which it operates. ” < ref >
(say , M., Jun. 2017)

The first and foremost important measure of strategic management is to examine the actual
elements of the situation within which the operations of the organization can be performed. These
situation factors comprise of both internal and external factors. PESTLE model is used to assess the
external situation. There are two aspects of the investigation. The first characteristic is to determine
the situation at which the processes of the organization happen and Secondly, it makes important
information to the organization which assists in anticipating the circumstances and situations of the
future (Assessing the industry using porter's five forces, 2014) . They exist:

Organization examines internal and external factors that do and may impact the organization, as
well as those aims and goals, during preparation. Planning is the continuing process that external
factors always impact the building or organisation both positively and negatively. In some situations,
these external factors may induce the organisation to change the path of action in accomplishing the
organisational goals. Organizing is the 2nd function of organization. Organization must manage all its
personal and human resources in order to use the plan and actions to define the design process. In
the school system we will manage our individual, teachers and other personnel, parents, education
and learning activities. Through the process of getting organised, organization can determine its
internal organisational structure; establish and sustain relationships between the building societies,
also assign required resources. Organization must see these various parts or departments, like
theoretical, administrative section or business area, in defining the internal system.

The current process of measuring tools is affected by many external and internal factors. Among
external elements are noise and noise, both of which tend to mask or falsify the measuring
communication. Intrinsic factors include linearity, determination, precision, and quality, all of which
are typical of the given device or structure, and active reaction, movement, and hysteresis, which
are effects produced in the process of measurement itself. The overall subject of failure in measure
raises the issue of measurement concept. (Britannica .)

References
Say, M. (Jun. 2017). Can Conscious Capitalism Survive Amazon? Or The Public Capital Markets?
Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/groupthink/2017/06/27/can-conscious-
capitalism-survive-amazon-or-the-public-capital-markets/

(Jul. 2018). Measurement. Britannica. Retrieved from


www.britannica.com/technology/measurement

External factors affecting management styles are those that are outside of the control of the
organization. These include, but are not limited to consumers, suppliers, competitors, the economy,
and the law. (Films on Demand. Films Media Group.)

"Management Styles Explained". Films on Demand. Films Media Group. Retrieved March 7, 2018.

“Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors relevant to a company’s business can provide
essential insights into management effectiveness and thus a company’s long-term prospects. We
look to see that a company is attuned to the key factors that contribute to long-term growth:
sustainability of the business model and its operations, attention to external and environmental
factors that could impact the company, and recognition of the company’s role as a member of the
communities in which it operates.” (Say, M., Jun. 2017)

Say, M. (Jun. 2017). Can Conscious Capitalism Survive Amazon? Or The Public Capital Markets?
Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/groupthink/2017/06/27/can-conscious-
capitalism-survive-amazon-or-the-public-capital-markets/

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 2 No. 14 [Special Issue - July 2012] 189
Factors Affecting the Selection of Optimal Suppliers in Procurement Management (Mwikali, R., &
Kavale, S., 2012)

Mwikali, R., & Kavale, S. (2012). Factors Affecting the Selection of Optimal Suppliers in Procurement
Management.

The following high-ranked ((PDF).) academic journals are concerned with Operations Management
issues:

"Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2012-07-17.

Internal and external trust have a measurable impact on the financial performance of all
organizations. By internal trust, I am of course referring to the trust employees have for each other
and for the company's leaders and managers. External trust is the trust customers, partners, vendors
and investors have for a brand. (Gleeson, B., May. 2017)

Gleeson, B. (May. 2017). Measuring Trust And Its Impact On A Company's Financial Performance.
Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/brentgleeson/2017/05/17/measuring-trust-
and-its-impact-on-a-companys-financial-performance/

The company took action on 1.6 million hate speech "content items" in Q4 2017 and 2.5 million in
Q1 2018. This doesn't necessarily mean that there was more hate speech this year. The company
said the numbers "are affected by internal factors, including the effectiveness of our detection
technology and review processes, but added that "they're also affected by external factors such as
real-world events that increase hate speech content on Facebook." (Magid, L., May. 2018)

Magid, L. (May. 2018). Facebook Reports Numbers on Nudity, Sex, Violence, Hate Speech And Other
Banned Content. Forbes. Retrieved from
https://www.forbes.com/sites/larrymagid/2018/05/15/facebook-reports-numbers-on-nudity-sex-
violence-hate-speech-and-other-banned-content/

FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE A Case Of Private Colleges ... Our view is that by
focusing different factors that influence student (Harb, N., & El-Shaarawi, A., 2006)

Harb, N., & El-Shaarawi, A. (2006). Factors Affecting Students’ Performance. MPRA Paper.

Identification of Supply Chain Management factors ... Companies are inclined to work with different
suppliers in different ways. It is important (Quesada, H., Gazo, R., & Sanchez, S., 2012)

Quesada, H., Gazo, R., & Sanchez, S. (2012). Critical Factors Affecting Supply Chain Management: A
Case Study in the US Pallet Industry.

External factors affecting management styles are those that are outside of the control of the
organization. These include, but are not limited to consumers, suppliers, competitors, the economy,
and the law. (Films on Demand. Films Media Group.)

"Management Styles Explained". Films on Demand. Films Media Group. Retrieved March 7, 2018.

“Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors relevant to a company’s business can provide
essential insights into management effectiveness and thus a company’s long-term prospects. We
look to see that a company is attuned to the key factors that contribute to long-term growth:
sustainability of the business model and its operations, attention to external and environmental
factors that could impact the company, and recognition of the company’s role as a member of the
communities in which it operates.” (Say, M., Jun. 2017)

Say, M. (Jun. 2017). Can Conscious Capitalism Survive Amazon? Or The Public Capital Markets?
Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/groupthink/2017/06/27/can-conscious-
capitalism-survive-amazon-or-the-public-capital-markets/

The following high-ranked ((PDF).) academic journals are concerned with Operations Management
issues:

"Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2012-07-17.

Two of its key employees, senior engineering manager Scott Mullins and director of hardware design
and engineering Shige Honjo, are departing the company, according to a report from Re/code
(recode.net). Honjo will leave the company at the end of May, while Mullins is moving over to
Google (goog, +0.03%) (recode.net) to work on the company’s next version of Glass, currently part of
a team known internally as Project Aura, which is also head by Nest CEO Tony Fadell. (Kokalitcheva,
K., Apr. 2016)

Kokalitcheva, K. (Apr. 2016). Nest Loses Two Key Managers Amid Internal Troubles. Fortune.
Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2016/04/01/nest-executives-depart/

http://recode.net/2016/04/01/nest-vp-shige-honjo-departs/
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 2 No. 14 [Special Issue - July 2012] 189
Factors Affecting the Selection of Optimal Suppliers in Procurement Management (Mwikali, R., &
Kavale, S., 2012)

Mwikali, R., & Kavale, S. (2012). Factors Affecting the Selection of Optimal Suppliers in Procurement
Management.

The company took action on 1.6 million hate speech "content items" in Q4 2017 and 2.5 million in
Q1 2018. This doesn't necessarily mean that there was more hate speech this year. The company
said the numbers "are affected by internal factors, including the effectiveness of our detection
technology and review processes, but added that "they're also affected by external factors such as
real-world events that increase hate speech content on Facebook." (Magid, L., May. 2018)

Magid, L. (May. 2018). Facebook Reports Numbers on Nudity, Sex, Violence, Hate Speech And Other
Banned Content. Forbes. Retrieved from
https://www.forbes.com/sites/larrymagid/2018/05/15/facebook-reports-numbers-on-nudity-sex-
violence-hate-speech-and-other-banned-content/

The actual performance of measuring instruments is affected by numerous external and internal
factors. Among external factors are noise and interference, both of which tend to mask or distort the
measurement signal. Internal factors include linearity, resolution, precision, and accuracy, all of
which are characteristic of a given instrument or system, and dynamic response, drift, and
hysteresis, which are effects produced in the process of measurement itself. The general question of
error in measurement raises the topic of measurement theory. ( Britannica .)

(Jul. 2018). Measurement. Britannica. Retrieved from


www.britannica.com/technology/measurement

External factors affecting management styles are those that are outside of the control of the
organization. These include, but are not limited to consumers, suppliers, competitors, the economy,
and the law. (Films on Demand. Films Media Group.)

"Management Styles Explained." Films on Demand. Films Media Group.. Retrieved March 7, 2018.

“Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors relevant to a company’s business can provide
essential insights into management effectiveness and thus a company’s long-term prospects. We
look to see that a company is attuned to the key factors that contribute to long-term growth:
sustainability of the business model and its operations, attention to external and environmental
factors that could impact the company, and recognition of the company’s role as a member of the
communities in which it operates.” (Say, My.)

Say, My. "Can Conscious Capitalism Survive Amazon? Or The Public Capital Markets?" Forbes, Jun.
2017, https://www.forbes.com/sites/groupthink/2017/06/27/can-conscious-capitalism-survive-
amazon-or-the-public-capital-markets/. Accessed 19 Apr. 2019.

The following high-ranked ((PDF).) academic journals are concerned with Operations Management
issues:

"Archived copy." (PDF).. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2012-07-17.

Two of its key employees, senior engineering manager Scott Mullins and director of hardware design
and engineering Shige Honjo, are departing the company, according to a report from Re/code
(recode.net). Honjo will leave the company at the end of May, while Mullins is moving over to
Google (goog, +0.03%) (recode.net) to work on the company’s next version of Glass, currently part of
a team known internally as Project Aura, which is also head by Nest CEO Tony Fadell. (Kokalitcheva,
Kia.)

Kokalitcheva, Kia. "Nest Loses Two Key Managers Amid Internal Troubles." Fortune, Apr. 2016,
http://fortune.com/2016/04/01/nest-executives-depart/. Accessed 19 Apr. 2019.

http://recode.net/2016/04/01/nest-vp-shige-honjo-departs/

Internal and External Factors Influencing the Implementation and Diffusion of the Open Innovation
Models: The Case of the Postal Sector Andrea Stucki (Stucki, Andrea.)

Stucki, Andrea. "Internal and External Factors Influencing the Implementation and Diffusion of the
Open Innovation Models: The Case of the Postal Sector." 3rd Global Postal Research and Education
Network Conference, 2009..

The company took action on 1.6 million hate speech "content items" in Q4 2017 and 2.5 million in
Q1 2018. This doesn't necessarily mean that there was more hate speech this year. The company
said the numbers "are affected by internal factors, including the effectiveness of our detection
technology and review processes, but added that "they're also affected by external factors such as
real-world events that increase hate speech content on Facebook." (Magid, Larry.)

Magid, Larry. "Facebook Reports Numbers on Nudity, Sex, Violence, Hate Speech And Other Banned
Content." Forbes, May. 2018, https://www.forbes.com/sites/larrymagid/2018/05/15/facebook-
reports-numbers-on-nudity-sex-violence-hate-speech-and-other-banned-content/. Accessed 19 Apr.
2019.

In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a party who did not choose to incur
that cost or benefit. (Buchanan, James & Wm. Craig Stubblebine) Economists often urge
governments to adopt policies that "internalize" an externality, so that costs and benefits will affect
mainly parties who choose to incur them.

Buchanan, James, and Wm. Craig Stubblebine. "Externality." Economica. 29 (116): 371–84.
doi:10.2307/2551386., November 1962.

External factors affecting management styles are those that are outside of the control of the
organization. These include, but are not limited to consumers, suppliers, competitors, the economy,
and the law. (Films on Demand. Films Media Group.)

"Management Styles Explained". Films on Demand. Films Media Group. Retrieved March 7, 2018.

“Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors relevant to a company’s business can provide
essential insights into management effectiveness and thus a company’s long-term prospects. We
look to see that a company is attuned to the key factors that contribute to long-term growth:
sustainability of the business model and its operations, attention to external and environmental
factors that could impact the company, and recognition of the company’s role as a member of the
communities in which it operates.” (Say, M., Jun. 2017)

Say, M. (Jun. 2017). Can Conscious Capitalism Survive Amazon? Or The Public Capital Markets?
Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/groupthink/2017/06/27/can-conscious-
capitalism-survive-amazon-or-the-public-capital-markets/

The following high-ranked ((PDF).) academic journals are concerned with Operations Management
issues:
"Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2012-07-17.

Two of its key employees, senior engineering manager Scott Mullins and director of hardware design
and engineering Shige Honjo, are departing the company, according to a report from Re/code
(recode.net). Honjo will leave the company at the end of May, while Mullins is moving over to
Google (goog, +0.03%) (recode.net) to work on the company’s next version of Glass, currently part of
a team known internally as Project Aura, which is also head by Nest CEO Tony Fadell. (Kokalitcheva,
K., Apr. 2016)

Kokalitcheva, K. (Apr. 2016). Nest Loses Two Key Managers Amid Internal Troubles. Fortune.
Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2016/04/01/nest-executives-depart/

http://recode.net/2016/04/01/nest-vp-shige-honjo-departs/

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 2 No. 14 [Special Issue - July 2012] 189
Factors Affecting the Selection of Optimal Suppliers in Procurement Management (Mwikali, R., &
Kavale, S., 2012)

Mwikali, R., & Kavale, S. (2012). Factors Affecting the Selection of Optimal Suppliers in Procurement
Management.

The company took action on 1.6 million hate speech "content items" in Q4 2017 and 2.5 million in
Q1 2018. This doesn't necessarily mean that there was more hate speech this year. The company
said the numbers "are affected by internal factors, including the effectiveness of our detection
technology and review processes, but added that "they're also affected by external factors such as
real-world events that increase hate speech content on Facebook." (Magid, L., May. 2018)

Magid, L. (May. 2018). Facebook Reports Numbers on Nudity, Sex, Violence, Hate Speech And Other
Banned Content. Forbes. Retrieved from
https://www.forbes.com/sites/larrymagid/2018/05/15/facebook-reports-numbers-on-nudity-sex-
violence-hate-speech-and-other-banned-content/

The actual performance of measuring instruments is affected by numerous external and internal
factors. Among external factors are noise and interference, both of which tend to mask or distort the
measurement signal. Internal factors include linearity, resolution, precision, and accuracy, all of
which are characteristic of a given instrument or system, and dynamic response, drift, and
hysteresis, which are effects produced in the process of measurement itself. The general question of
error in measurement raises the topic of measurement theory. ( Britannica .)

(Jul. 2018). Measurement. Britannica. Retrieved from


www.britannica.com/technology/measurement

Williams, A. (Jun. 2018). Sustainable Business Operational Strategies. Forbes. Retrieved from
https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbeslacouncil/2018/06/14/sustainable-business-operational-
strategies/