QUESTION

APR10Q4
a)

A level network A-B-C-D (Figure 1) was measured and the elevation differences and standard
deviation between points were recorded as shown in Table 4. The elevation of point A is 500.00m.
It is required to determine the elevations of points B, C and D.

i)

Write the observation equations in matrix form based on the expression AX = L + V

ii)

Show the weight matrix W

Elevation of Point A = 500.00 m
B – A = 8.50 + V1
C – B = 4.28 + V2
D – C = -6.60 + V3
A – D = -5.72 + V4
D – B = -2.16 + V5
C – A = 12.91 + V6

B

= 508.5

+ V1

-B + C

= 4.28

+ V2

= -6.60

+ V3

- D

= -505.72

+ V4

+D

= -2.16

+ V5

= 512.91

+ V6

-C+D

-B
C

20M    

0 
0  

0

0  

0
0 

1 
1 

0
A= 
0 
1 
0

0 
1
508.5
0  4.28 2



 

 6.60
3

=
+ 

505.72
4 

 2.16
5

0  512.91 6
0
1 
1
0
0
1

0
0

1 

1

1

0

508.5 
4.28  

6.60

L= 
505.72 

2.16 

512.91 

1 
2 


3
V= 

4 

5 

6

X =   

Write the observation equations in matrix form based on expression AX = L + V
1 
1  

0 
0 
1 
0

0
1 
1
0
0
1

0
0

1

X  
1

1

0  

1
508.5 
4.28 2 

 

6.60
3

+ 
=  
505.72
4 

2.16
5 

512.91 6

Show the weight matrix, W      

FROM

TO

A
B
C
D
B
A

B
C
D
A
D
C

140000
0
0
0
0
0

ELEVATION STANDARD
WEIGHT 

DIFFERENCE DEVIATION
( )
(m)
(m) 
²
8.50
0.005
40000
4.28
0.003
111111.1111
-6.60
0.004
62500
-5.72
0.003
111111.1111
-2.16
0.006
27777.7778
12.91
0.012
6944.4444

0
111111.1111
0
0
0
0

0
0
62500
0
0
0

0
0
0
111111.1111
0
0

0
0
0
0
27777.7778
0

0

0

0

0

0
6944.4444

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