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# Subject Title: - Calculus and Linear Algebra

Assignment-4
Part-B

## 1. Determine the nature of the Quadratic form

2𝑥1 2 + 𝑥2 2 − 3𝑥3 2 + 12𝑥1 𝑥2 − 8𝑥2 𝑥3 − 4𝑥3 𝑥1 Without reducing to canonical
form.

2. Determine the nature of the Q.F without reducing them to canonical form
2 x1x2 +2 x2 x3 -2x1x3.

1 1 
3. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of A=  
 3 1
4. Using Cayley Hamilton theorem find the value of
1 4
A5−4A4−5A3+A2−5A +I if A=  
 2 3
2 2 1
5. If 1,1,5 are the Eigen values of A = [1 3 1],Find their corresponding Eigen vector.
1 2 2
 x y 
6. If u  tan 1   then prove that x u  y u  1 sin 2u
 x y x y 4
 

## 7. If u=sin(x/y), x=et, y=t2 , find du/dt

8. Find 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 when 𝑥 3 + 𝑦 3 = 3axy
2 2 𝝏(𝒖,𝒗)
9. If u = 2xy, v = x – y and x = r cosθ y = r sinθ Evaluate 𝝏(𝒓,𝜽)
without actual
( x, y) (r , )
10. If x  r cos  , y  r sin  verify that .  1.
(r , ) ( x, y)
2 2
11. Solve(x D -4xD+6) y = 0
𝑑2 𝑦 𝑑𝑦
12. Solve +3 + 2𝑦 = 𝑠𝑖𝑛2𝑥
𝑑𝑥 2 𝑑𝑥
13. Solve(D +4)y=x4
2

## 14. Solve the equation D 2

 13  6D y  e 2 x
15. Find the radius of curvature at the point (0,1) on the curve y =ex
16. Find the radius of curvature of the curve 𝑥𝑦 = 𝑐 2 at the point (𝑐, 𝑐).
17. Find the radius of curvature for the curve r = a(1+cosθ) at θ=π/2.
18. What is the radius of curvature of the curve 𝑥 4 + 𝑦 4 = 2 at (1,1)?
19. Find the radius of curvature of the parabola 𝑥 = 𝑎𝑡 2 , 𝑦 = 2𝑎𝑡 at t
20. Find the envelope of 𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 + 𝑦𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 = 1, where 𝜃 is the parameter.
21. Find the envelope of the family given by x = my+1/m , where m is a parameter.
n 1
22. Discuss the convergence of the sequence {un} ,where u n 
n
1 1 1
23. Test the convergence of the series 1     ....  
2 4 8

24. Check the nature of the following sequence whose nth term is
2𝑛+1 𝑛 2
i) 𝑎𝑛 = 1−3𝑛 ii) 𝑎𝑛 = (𝑛+1)

1
25. Test the convergence of the series n
n 1
n

n
26. Test the convergence of the series  n 1
n 1
1 1 1
27. Test the convergence of the series 1 + 1.2 + 2.22 + 2.23 + ⋯

1 2 3 4
28. Test the convergence of the series 1.2
+ 3.5 + 5.7 + 7.9 + ⋯

1
29. Show that the series  4n
n 1
2
1
is convergent

Part-C
1. Reduce the quadratic form x12  2 x 22  x32  2 x1 x 2  2 x 2 x3 to canonical form by
orthogonal transformation. Hence find its rank, index, signature and nature.
2. Reduce a Quadratic form 6𝑥 2 + 3𝑦 2 +3𝑧 2 − 4𝑥𝑦 − 2𝑦𝑧 + 4𝑧𝑥 to a canonical
form by orthogonal reduction. Also find the rank, index, signature and nature of
quadratic form.
3. Reduce a Quadratic form 3x12 + 5x22 + 3x32 − 2 x2 x3 + 2x3 x1 − 2x1 x2
to a canonical form by orthogonal reduction. Also find the rank, index, signature and
nature of quadratic form.
4. Reduce a Quadratic form 𝑄 = 2𝑥𝑦 + 2𝑦𝑧 + 2𝑧𝑥 to a canonical form by
orthogonal reduction. Also find the rank, index, signature and nature of quadratic
form.
5. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem and hence find A-1 & A4
3 1 1
if A = (−1 5 −1)
1 −1 3
 2 1 1 
6. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem and hence find A-1 & A4 where A=  1 2  1
 
 1  1 2 
7. Verify Cayley Hamilton theorem and also find 𝐴−1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝐴4
2 −1 2
if A = (−1 2 −1)
1 −1 2
8. Verify cayley-Hamilton theorem and hence find the matrix
2 1 1 
8 7 6 5 4 3 2
A -5A +7A -3A + A -5A +8A -2A+I. If A= 0 1 0

 
1 1 2
1 2 2
9. If A =[2 1 2], Prove that 𝐴3 −3𝐴2 − 9𝐴 − 5𝐼 = 0. Hence find 𝐴4 and 𝐴−1 .
2 2 1

10. A rectangular box open at the top is to have volume of 32 cc. Find the dimension of
the box that requires least material for its construction.
11. Find the volume of the largest rectangular parallelepiped that can be inscribed in the
ellipsoid.

12. The temperature at any point (x,y,z) in space is given by T  kxyz 2 , where k is a

## constant. Find the highest temperature on the surface of the sphere

x2  y 2  z 2  a2
13. Find the shortest and longest distance from the point (1, 2, 1) to the sphere

## x 2  y 2  z 2  24 using Lagrange’s method of constrained maxima and minima.

14. Find the dimension of a rectangular box, without top, of maximum capacity and
surface area 432 square meters.
15. Find the Taylor’s series expansion of
i)𝑒 𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑦 ii)e-xcosy at (−1, 𝜋⁄4)up to 3rd degree
16. Expand f(x, y) = ex log(1 + y) as Taylors series up to 3rd degree terms at the
origin.
17. Solve (D2+7D+12) y = x2+e-xsin2x

d2y dy
18. Solve 2
 4  4 y  e 2 x  e 3 x sin 2 x
dx dx
𝑑2 𝑦
19. Solve 𝑑𝑥 2
+ 𝑎2 𝑦 = 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑎𝑥 by method of variation of parameter.

## 20. Solve (D2 + a2)y = tan 𝑎𝑥 by method of variation of Parameter.

21. Solve the simultaneous linear differential equations
dx dy
 7 x  y  0;  2x  5 y  0
dt dt
dx dy
22. Solve  2 y  5e t and  2 x  5e t given that x=-1and y=3 at t=0
dt dt
Ans:- x=-et, y=3et

1 1
23. Find the equation of the circle of curvature of √𝑥 + √𝑦 = 1 at (4 , 4)
a a
24. Find the circle of curvature of x y a at  , 
4 4
25. Find the Evolute of the parabola y2=4ax
26. Show that the evolute of the cycloid 𝑥 = 𝑎(𝜃𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃), 𝑦 = 𝑎(1 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃) is another
cycloid.
𝑥 𝑦
27. Find the envelope of 𝑎
+ 𝑏 = 1, where a,b are connected by 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 = 𝑐 2
𝑥 𝑦
28. Find the envelope of + = 1, where a,b are connected by i) 𝑎 + 𝑏 = 𝑐 ii) 𝑎𝑏 =
𝑎 𝑏

𝑐2
1.2 2.3 3.4
29. Test the convergence of the series 3.4.5
+ 4.5.6 + 5.6.7 + ⋯ ⋯
𝑛+1
30. Show that the sequence { } is convergent
2𝑛+7

n
31. Examine the convergence of n
n 1
2
1
using integral test.

xn
32. Test the convergence of the series 
n 1 1  x
n

1 3 5
33. Test convergence of the series    .....  
1.2.3 2.3.4 3.4.5
34. Using D’Alembert’s ratio test, test the convergence of the series u n where

np
un  ,p0
n!
3 4 5
35. Examine the convergence of the series using Leibnitz’s test 2 − 2 + 3 −4 + ⋯⋯

u
1
36. Show that the series n , n  1,2,3,.... where is convergent 𝑢𝑛 = 𝑛2+1 using
integral test.