You are on page 1of 80

Surabaya, 14 Desember 2009

Safety of Life at Sea Convention


(SOLAS-Convention)

Chapter V, Regulation 9
¾ Contracting Governments undertake to
arrange for the collection and compilation
of hydrographic data and the
publication, dissemination and keeping
up to date of all nautical information
necessary for safe navigation
Membutuhkan data yang akurat
How to collect hydrographic data ?

SINGLE BEAM - ECHOSOUNDER


How to collect hydrographic data ?

O U N DER
- E C HO S
B E A M
I
MULT
How to collect hydrographic data ?

AIRBORNE LASER HYDROGRAPHY


Lalai terhadap PETA LAUT
• Kehilangan Kapal,
• Kehilangan ABK
• Kehilangan Muatan
• Kerusakan
Lingkungan
Peta Elektronik (Electronic Chart)
Tidak Mengikuti Standar Publikasi IHO
ECS (Electronic Chart System) – Tidak Standar IHO
Peta ENC (Electronic Navigational Chart)
Mengikuti Standar Publikasi IHO S-57
ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and Information System) – Standar IHO S-52
Peta Elektronik Raster
Mengikuti Standar Publikasi IHO untuk Peta Kertas
RCDS (Raster Chart Display System)
High Density ENC (HD-ENC)
Inland ENC (I-ENC)
Port ENC (P-ENC)
Dynamic ENC (D-ENC)
E- Navigation
Electronic Navigational Chart
STATUS PETA ELEKTRONIK
Tipe Sumber Standar Layanan Status
Data Data

Regular Official
Update ENC
S-57
No Regular Data
Lembaga
Update Lain
Hidrografi

Data
Lain
Vektor Lain

Non
Data
Lembaga
Lain
Hidrografi
12
CHART
PAPER

PULAU
NIPA
ENC
Zoom Out Zoom In

15
Zoom Out Zoom In
IHO Special Publication-57
The IHO Transfer Standard for Digital Hydrographic Data

¾ Disiapkan oleh Committee on Hydrographic


Requirements for Information Systems (CHRIS)

¾ Diadopsi pada saat International Hydrographic


Conference in Monaco, May 1992

¾ Edisi 3.0 pada tahun 1996

¾ Edisi 3.1 pada tahun 2000 hingga sekarang


KLASIFIKASI ENC
1. Overview (>1:1,500,000)
for planning and oceanic crossing
2. General (1:300,000 - 1:500,000)
for navigating oceans, approaching coasts and route planning
3. Coastal (1:80,000 - 1:300,000)
for navigating along the coastline, either inshore or offshore
4. Approach (1:25,000 - 1:80,000)
for navigating the approaches to ports or major channels or through
intricate or congested waters
5. Harbour (1:7,500 - 1:25,000)
for navigating within ports, harbour, bays, rivers and canals for
anchorages
6. Berthing (< 1:7,500)
detailed to aid berthing
PENOMORAN ENC
ID (Kode Negara, Dishidros)

5 (Navigasi Pelabuhan)
ID500085.000
00085 (Peta Laut Nomor 85)

000 (Format File S-57)


gambar di peta
BOYLAT - Buoy, Lateral

BOYSHP - Conical
COLOUR - Green
CONRAD - Radar conspicuous
(has radar reflector)
VANGUARD
OBJNAM - Vanguard
CATLAM - Starboard hand
lateral mark
ID4060R1

Text Description (TXTDSC)

Picture Representasion (PICREP)


• CARIS : Computer Aided Resources Information System
• ENC : Electronic Navigational Chart
• MSS ENC : Mallaca – Singapore Strait ENC
• SCS ENC : South China Sea ENC
Total = 151
cell
1. Kerjasama dengan Singapura,
Malaysia dan Jepang yang
menghasilkan : 6 Cell di Selat
Malaka (MSS ENC)

2. Kerjasama dengan Singapura


di BARELANG : 8 Cell

3. Kerjasama anggota EAHC


Æ SCS-ENC
Kerjasama dengan Inggris (UKHO) dalam
pembuatan ENC sekala 1 : 500.000
SPECIAL PORT REQUIREMENTS
€ 3-D channel model / reference model
GREEN ECDIS
SOLAS Chapter V, Regulation 19
Shipborne navigational equipment and systems

¾ All ships, irrespective of size, shall have :

Nautical charts and nautical publications to plan and


display the ship’s route for the intended voyage and to plot
and monitor positions throughout the voyage; an
electronic chart display and information system
(ECDIS) may be accepted as meeting the chart carriage
requirements of this subparagraph;
¾ Sesuai Adopsi Standar Tampilan ECDIS dan revisi SOLAS Bab V serta
sejak diadopsinya MSC 82 Desember 2006, perubahan dari 2000 High
Speed Craft (HSC) Code tentang mandatory ECDIS terhadap kapal-kapal
cepat pada tanggal 1 July 2008.
¾ Hasil kajian Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) keuntungan dari ECDIS dan
ENC dalam waktu jangka panjang:
z Penggunaan biaya yang efektif,
z Posisi lebih akurat,
z Mengurangi beban kerja di anjungan,
z Mengurangi kelelahan
z Memiliki kontribusi terhadap keselamtan navigasi dan perlindungan lingkungan
hidup.
¾ Jaminan IHO tentang ketersediaan ENC maka perberlakuan kewajiban
kapal memiliki ECDIS adalah antara tahun 2012 hingga 2018. Untuk itu NAV
54 telah menyetujui penerapan tersebut dan MSC 86 telah mengadopsi
perubahan yang relevan terhadap Aturan 19 SOLAS Bab V.
Tampilan ECDIS
5 meter 15 meter

25 meter
TAMPILAN TAMPILAN
DASAR SEMUA

TAMPILAN
STANDAR
TAMPILAN
MALAM

TAMPILAN
SIANG
Traditional Buoy

S-57 Buoy
TAMPILAN INFORMASI
JAKARTA ENC ON ECDIS
Posisi kapal ditampilkan secara otomatis

J A W A JAKARTA
As our vessel progresses, we may want to get advanced
information about navigational features that we will soon
be approaching. This is a picture of Fjäderholmarna
that we can call up from the navigation database.
Tidal information will also be of importance,
especially when approaching port or shallow water.

J A W A JAKARTA
The navigator must keep a record of vessels progress. When using a
paper chart, he records this information in a log book. The ECDIS
records this information automatically, and can display it at any time
during the passage.

J A W A JAKARTA
AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
(AIS)
BERNAVIGASI tanpa
ECDIS
• Memilih dan mengumpulkan peta-peta yang
digunakan
• Membuat rute di setiap peta
• Mengeplot posisi setiap saat di peta
• Pemantauan posisi di radar, GPS dan peta
• Pengamatan objek kurang efektif
• Keputusan untuk mengolah gerak kapal tidak
cepat
BERNAVIGASI dg
ECDIS
•• ENC
ENCyang
yangdigunakan
digunakandapat
dapatditampilkan
ditampilkan
secara
secara langsung
langsung
•• Rute
Rutedibuat
dibuatuntuk
untuksemua
semuaENCENCsecara
secara
optimal
optimaldidi komputer
komputer
•• Posisi
Posisikapal
kapaldi diENC
ENCtersaji
tersajisetiap
setiapsaat
saat
•• Pemantauan
Pemantauanobjek objeklebih
lebihefektif
efektif
•• Bahaya
Bahayapelayaran
pelayarandapat
dapatdiketahui
diketahuilebih
lebih
dini
dini
•• Pengambilan
Pengambilankeputusan
keputusanuntuk
untuk
bermanuver
bermanuverdalamdalamsesaat
sesaat

Bernavigasi menjadi lebih


aman dan efisien
Differential Global Positioning System (DPGS)

• positioning at all times


• under all weather conditions
• highly accurate with DGPS

TAMPILAN
ENC

ECDIS

DGPS
Anti-collision/grounding audio or visual alarms
Route Planning, computation of ETAs
Vessel Monitoring System
GPS Satellites

ECDIS

Real-time
Monitoring Centre data communication

l Servicing the vessel fleets.


l Electronic chart system at the monitoring centre.
l One-way or two-way communication scheme.
l GPS receivers on the vessels.
l Automatic real-time vessel position reporting.
l Position of vessels are displayed on the chart.
MARINE ELECTRONIC HIGHWAY

DGPS Station Tidal Station

AIS Station

Monitoring Centre AIS on BOARD

Real-time
data communication ECDIS + AIS

ECDIS + AIS
Vessel Traffic Services
ENC
ENC UPDATE
UPDATE WORKFLOW
WORKFLOW

Source Data

Compiled Data

No
CRUCIAL Filed for New Edition

Edit

BPI
Yes
QA Scan (TIF format)or Digitized into cell

ENC Update S57 Object Model

Off line

DISHIDROS Website
MEKANISME UPDATING PETA
65
™ Amerika = ECDIS-N (ECDIS – Navy)
™ Standard NATO STANAG 4564 “Performance for Warship
Electronic Chart Display and Information System (WECDIS)”
™ Fungsi :
9 Strategic Framework
9 Routes, areas and limits : minefield, Firing areas Q route, practice and
exercise area
9 Miscellaneous Military Information: SAR, Ice Limits, Oil/gas
mineral/energy production
9 MCM contacts
9 Mine hunting environment
9 Water column information and ambient noise for submarine detection :
temperature, salinity dll.
9 Meteorological climatology
9 Sea bed : bathymetry and sedimentology
¾ MFF Maritime Foundation & Facilities
¾ CLB Contour Line Bathymetry
¾ ESB Environment, Seabed & Beach
¾ LBO Large Bottom Objects
¾ SBO Small Bottom Objects
¾ RAL Routes, Areas & Limits
¾ IWC Integrated Water Column
¾ AMC Atmospheric & Meteorological Climatology
¾ NMB Network Model Bathymetry
A reference framework containing a subset of data normally
found in ENCs or ARCS
Contours, depth areas, sea areas and a selection of
soundings
Seabed Morphology, including beaches
Objects on the seabed larger than 5m in any
dimension
Objects on the seabed smaller than 5m in any dimension
Exercise Areas, TW & Fishery Limits, Patrol Areas etc