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EE 230 Lab Lab 5 Report

Design Lab #1

Lab work done by Kenneth Prell, Thomas Coleman

Lab work dates: 10/10/18, 10/17/18

Report Submission Date: 10/24/18

Lab Section: D
EE 230 Lab Lab 5 Report

We decided to take the first design lab as our project for these two weeks. The

instructions for this design were to make a two-channel amplifier with a specific gain and pass-

band. Specifically, the gain for the amplifier was set at 20 ± 1 with a lower corner frequency of

100 Hz ± 5% and an upper corner frequency of 15,000 Hz ± 5%.

For our circuit design, we chose to put two first-order active filters in series with each

other. Our low-pass filter was set up first to accommodate the voltage divider circuit using

rheostats without affecting the corner frequency. The high-pass filter input was connected to the

output of the low-pass filter. Both of these filters were implemented on the LM-324 chip

provided in our lab kits as well as provided resistors and capacitors.

The circuit is shown below with all calculations required to provide a high-pass filter

with a corner frequency of 100 Hz and a low-pass filter with a corner frequency of 15,000 Hz.
EE 230 Lab Lab 5 Report

The frequency responses of each channel are given in the Excel chart plotted using Signal

Express data points.

Pass Band of Both Channels


12

10
Voltage (Vpp)

6
Channel 1
4 Channel 2

0
1 10 100 1000 10000 100000
Frequency (Hz)

Comments

Our circuit gave us a lot of trouble throughout the two-week period given to design and

implement this amplifier. Even up until the end as seen on the pass band of both channels, they

were built identically but gave a much different pass band characteristic. We spent extra time

outside of our designated lab periods to attempt to troubleshoot why our second channel was

giving us a bad pass band. During our troubleshooting process, we completely removed the

circuit and rebuilt it in case something was misplaced that neither of us spotted. After exhausting

reconstruction, we went back to the calculations to verify the correct values. After we verified

these, we changed the values of some components to see if we had picked values too high or too

low to work for the design (we also changed gain to be 4 and 5 instead of 2 and 10). The last

resort of our troubleshooting came to switching desks since we were seeing abnormal sinusoids
EE 230 Lab Lab 5 Report

on our function generator. The plot above shows our final result after all troubleshooting efforts

were taken.

The gain was affected by the changing of each rheostat as predicted. Our overall gain of

the circuit sat within the tolerance band for channel 1 with an input of 0.5 V and an output of

10.7 V. Channel 2 shows an unsatisfactory gain of ~17. Channel 1’s high-pass corner frequency

was out of tolerance but closer than any other corner frequency shown. The low-pass corner

frequency missed the mark of 15 KHz by around 7 KHz. Channel 2 seemed to exhibit a high-

pass corner frequency much greater than 100 Hz followed closely by its low-pass corner

frequency, which also unfortunately fell short of the 15 KHz requirement.

Overall, our circuit only delivered on one requirement on one channel which was the

gain. No matter what we changed in our circuit, we were never able to obtain the frequency

response we expected from our calculations.

The value of this design lab was still very high as we were forced to critically think about

potential reasons why our circuit failed to meet required parameters. We worked through our

troubleshooting methods both separately and together. Our similar conclusions verified that our

planning of the circuit was correct, and something was ultimately wrong in its

implementation/testing.