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Snapshot Method of Interpreting a Horoscope I
INTRODUCTION One of the biggest hurdle to any beginner in Jyotish that when a horosope is present infront, one tend to get lost in the multitude of factors involved in analysing a horosope. This cause frustration and devomotive one to study more and go deeper into the discipline. This article tries to address the issue and provides a guideline on how to go about analysing a horosope. This article is by no means comprehensive as there is no substitute to hardwork and studying the Jyotisha-shastras in original. However, I believe that this can give a good kick-start to any beginner in Jyotish. 1. The Nature of the person can be known by the planets placed in the Lagna and its Trine and those who are aspecting it. These planets shall confer their naisargika (natural)nature to the native. Purest quality of planets are exhibited when they are exalted and when placed alone/ isolated, whenever they are conjoined with other planets they undergo modification. Different planets signify different aspects of personality. 2. The placements and conjunctions of planets show their impact on the nature of the person. However functional nature of planets based on lordships can indicate the situations and events that the native will be placed with. 3. Kendras are houses of Happiness. Natural malefics in these house shows that the native's life shall be full of struggles and it consitute something known as Sarpa yoga, when all the kendras are occupied by Malefics. If not all the kendras are occupied, then also the yoga shall manifest partially. However under such circumstances, if benefics placed in the lagna or the 7th or aspect the lagna, then the yoga is brocken and such significations shown by the benefic shall bring bredth of fresh air in the life of the native. 4. If the malefic planets placed in the Kendras are placed in the Own house or exalation, this constitute the Mahapurusha yogas and the person shall have saintly nature based on the tattva of the planet consituting the mahapurusha yogas. 5. If the malefic planets in the Kendras are placed in debilitation, the person enjoys prosperity after periods of struggle. 6. Best place for malefics to be placed are the upachayas [3,6,10,11] among them 3,6,11 are the best positions. But if malefics are placed in 6th house 4,8 and 12 (Sukha/happiness trikona)unhappiness and misery. Specifically malefics placed in 4th gives unhappiness at home or home country, in the 8th it will curtail longevity and in the 12th house it will have asubha yoga (inauspicious combination) wrt lagna and give unwanted expenses in concurrence with the nature of the malefic. 7. Best place for benefics are kendras and trines. Benefics placed in the 6th, 8th and 12th house, do good to the significations of those houses but with the cost of destroying their natural and functional significations.

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STRENGTHS 1. Any house which is placed with benefics in kendra and trikona will prosper. The house suffers if it is placed with malefics in kendra or trikona, provided they are not the lord or karaka of the house concerned. 2. If lord of a house or karaka aspects (graha drishti or rashi drishti) the significations of the house will prosper. 3. If natural benefic aspect a house, it then protects the house. 4. Protectors of a house are the Karaka and the lord. They shall always try to protect the house and its significations. If they are strong, the protection is strong, however, it they are afflicted (placed with enemies/ malefics) or weak (placed in debilitation/ marana sthana), they might fail to protect the house/ natural significations. 5. A house suffers if they are afflicted (placed with enemies/ malefics). If the lord is afflicted, the karaka comes to the rescue and if the karaka is afflicted the lord comes to rescue. If both are afflicted, none can rescue the sigifications. If the lord of any house is placed witht he karaka for the house, the house prospers.

WEAKNESS 1. Any planet aspected by a malefic, who is not a friend is said to be afflicted. [Sun and Mars do not afflict Jupiter]. Please note the natural friendship and enemity among the planets to understand this. 2. Nodes (Rahu and Ketu) afflict every other planet. Nodes cause corruption of natural significations, being a shadowy planet. Rahu-Jupiter: Guru Chandala Yoga- The native is skeptical to any form of knowledge and the guru. Also show manusya hatya (death/killing of human) Rahu-Mars: Vijaya Yoga- Win using any means available Rahu-Mercury: Causes perverted logic Rahu-Sun: Aditya Chandala yoga- Lack of conscience/ dharma Rahu-Moon: Shakthi yoga- Mentally unsettled One must see where the yoga is happening and its association with the lagna/ atmakaraka for the native's involvement in the bad yogas. 3. Malefic Enemies in conjunction or 1/7th from each other cause trouble in the house whether they are placed. For example following yogas are dangerous and shall harm the house where they are placed. Sun-Saturn Mars-Saturn Rahu-Sun Rahu-Mars etc. 4. Planets defeated in planetary war (two planets placed very near are said to be in war, a planet that loses longitude has lost the war) fails to protect, its signification and also the significations of house owned by it suffers. 5. Planet in debiliation is weak to ptotect its house and significations. A planet in Maran Karak Sthana (MKS) is weak and it fails to protect its house (s). 6. A planet who is combust is also weak. However, it is seen that the natural significations of a combust planet is enhanced due to brilliance and energy of Sun, however, the house owned by the planet suffers. 7. Debiliated planets weaken the house they are placed in and also the planets they are placed with. This is because, debilitated planet is like a resourceless guy, trying to gain from its environment. 8. Benefics and karakas placed in 2 or 12 the promote the house. Benefics either in the 2nd or 12th cause Subha yoga, whereas in both the house cause subhakartari yoga.

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9. Fifth house is house of inner harmony (inner peace) 'chitta' in sat-chit-ananda. If placed with saturn or rahu person becomes restless and cannot be at peace as they are quite opposed to the karaka Jupiter. Badhakesh placed in fifth with affliction, person becomes insane. 10. If there is conflict between planet placed in fifth and lagna the native suffers due to restlessness. 11. Functional nature of any lord placed in 6,8, or 12 from lagna suffers because enemies (6th) or weakness of past life (8th nija dosha) or past debts (12th) or if those dusthana lords are placed in those houses. Badhakesh placed in any house, that house may suffer due to black magic. 12. If a house lord is placed in a Dusthana from the house itself then the external significations of the house suffers, such as the relatives ruled by the house etc. However, if it placed in a dusthana from the lagna, then the native suffers wrt to the house under consideration and the internal significations, such as dhana (2nd), parakrama (3rd), happiness (4th), power/ authority (5th) etc., shall suffer. Thus for example, if the 4th lord is in eighth and the karaka Moon is weak, then the person would be concerned about something related to his mother, however the mother might not suffer as the lord is placed in the 5th from 8th. 13. A house suffers if its lord is in rasi sandhi or Gandanta. Whenever a planet is placed in the Rasi Sandhi, it becomes very weak to protect its houses. The duration of rasi sandhi would be 1 nakshatra pada (3d 20m) each side of rasi junction. Among the Sandhi, the three gandanthas (sandhi between Pisces-Aries; CancerLeo; Scorpio-Sagittarius) are the most harmful. 14. The controller of sukha trikona is the 4th house [kendra houses control the trikona]. If 4th house is afflicted the person faces misery. If 4th house is badly afflicted, person can have suicidal tendencies. This is aggravated if the 5th house from Moon is also afflicted (with malefics). CAREFULLY JUDGE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF EACH HOUSE AND THEIR KARAKA, THE AFFLICTIONS AND THE SALVAGING FACTORS & THEN PRONOUNCE THE RESULTS, WHICH WOULD NOT GO WRONG. ALONG WITH THIS GENERIC ANALYSIS, ONE NEED TO SEE THE NATURAL YOGAS (GURU-MANGALA, SASI-CHANDRA etc.) AND THE FUNCTIONAL YOGAS (DHARMAKARMADHIPATI YOGA, DURYOGAS) ETC. TO DO A COMPLETE ANALYSIS OF THE CHART.

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2. Functional Nature of Planets I
INTRODUCTION We all know that the results and influences attributed to a planet is an amalgamation of variety of factors such as its natural nature, the houses it owns, the house/ sign it in which it is placed in, different yogas the planet is involved in etc. Comprehensive judgement of a horosocope require a Jyotisha to consider all the factors before pronouncing any judgement. Hence understanding each of these factors becomes very important. Two of the factors which form the foundation of any interpretation are the Natural (Naisargika) and Functional (Karaka/ Akaraka) nature of a planet. It is important to note that where Natural nature is important in finding out the influence of the planets on the nature (behavious, skills, attitude) of the person, the functional nature can be used to find the different situations the person shall be faced with during his life time. However, one must not take such a simplistic approach in Horoscopic Interpretation and understand that what is given below are only the cues to interpretation. Only with Patience, Practice and Guru's blessings, one can master the divine discipline of Jyotisha. Following rules have been taken from the Chapter 34, Yogakarakadhyaya of Brhat Parasara Hora Shastram and shall help us in increasing our understanding of the functional nature of planets.

FUNCTIONAL NATURE 1. Natural Benefics lording the Kendras (Quadrant) do not bestow Benefic/ auspicious (Shubha Yoga) Results and Natural Malefics owning the Kendras do not bestow Malefic/ inauspicious (Ashubha Yoga) results on the native. (BPHS 34.2.) The Natural Benefics are Jupiter, Mercury, Venus and Moon and the natural malefics are Saturn, Rahu, Mars, Sun. In this verse Maharishi Parashara says that the benefic planets looses their beneficence and Malefic planets loses their maleficence if they lord Kendras. However, one must not interpret this by making the Benefics, Malefics and the Malefics, Benefics. What the verse mean is that the benefics lose some part of their Beneficence, however, they still remain benefic but with lesser capability to give auspiciousness/ material benefits (yoga). Similarly, the malefics shall lose their maleficence, however they shall still remain mild malefics and shall not confer auspiciousness (yoga). In the verse 14, Maharishi Parashara that Malefics, only when simultaneously own a Trikona (Trine), becomes Yogakaraka and confer auspiciousness/ material benefits (shubha yoga) 2. The Lord of a Trikona (Trine) shall always give auspicious results. The Lord of Lagna is specially auspicious, as Lagna is both a Kendra as well as a Trikona. Fifth and Ninth are specially for wealth, while Seventh and Tenth are specially for happiness. The Trishadaya (3/6/11) lords shall give inauspicious/ malefic results. (BPHS 34.3, 34.4). Trikonas are the houses of Lakshmi and the Kendras are the house of Vishnu. While Vishnu sustains, Lakshmi, gives the malerial benefics (money/ power/ fame etc.) in this world. There are four trikonas in a horoscope, each one is pivoted to one of the four kendras. They are Dharma Trikona (1/5/9) pivoted to Lagna; Artha Trikona (2/6/10), pivoted to Tenth house or Karma Bhava; Kama Trikona (3/7/11) pivoted to 7th house and the Moksha Trikona (4/8/12) pivoted to the Fourth House or Sukha Bhava. The four Kendras show the four Ayanas/ Purusharthas or Direction or Goal of human life and govened by Vishnu, the deity who upholds the Dharma. As Lakhmi, the consort of Vishnu, follows him, similarly the Trines follow the four kendras. For sustain in this world at any time, everyone must follow one of the ayana, which shall define the goal the person shall be striving for. This also means that the person who is aware of his goals shall be happy as kendras shows the happiness.

3. The auspiciousness or inauspiciousness of the Twelfth, Second and the Eighth lords shall depend on their association. The comparative strength of these three lords are in the ascending order of Twelfth, Second and the Eighth. Eighth Lord is specifically not auspicious, as he owns the 12th from Ninth house of Dharma. If the Lord of Randhr Bhava simultaneously owns the Trishadayas (3/6/11), he will prove specifically inauspicious, while his simultaneous ownership of a Trikona will bestow auspicious effects. (BPHS 34.5, 34.6) 4. The Planet, owning a predominant house, will stall the effects, due to another, owning a less significant house and will give his own results. Eighth lordship of the Sun and the Moon is not inauspicious (BPHS 34.7)

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Natural strength of houses has been mentioned in books like Laghu Parasari etc. The Kendras, in the descending order of 10th, 7th, 4th and 1st are stronger than the Trisadayas in the descending order 11th, 6th, 3rd. The Trisadayas are stronger than the Trikonas, in the descending order 9th and 5th (the ascendant is predominantly a Kendra and then a Trikona). The 12th & 2nd houses have no strength of their own and depend on the other house lordship of their owner. The eighth house is always evil and is never stronger than the ascendant. Thus on the basis of lordship the planets can be placed in the following ascending order of natural strength (influence) in the chart: - 2nd , 12th , 5th, 9th, 3rd, 6th, 11th, 8th, 1st, 4th, 7th & 10th house lord. It is evident that the tenth lord is the most influential planet in the chart as the tenth house is the most potent house for any planet to be placed. This fact should be borne in mind while analyzing Rajayoga and Duryoga (Kendra/ Trikona Lord in dusthana) i.e. combinations for prosperity and penury. (Pt. Sanjay Rath)

NATURAL BENEFICS AND MALEFICS Jupiter and Venus are natural benefics, while Moon is mediocre in beneficence and Mercury is neutral (its nature depends on association). In beneficence, strong (in paksha bala) Moon, Mercury, Jupiter and Venus are stronger in the ascending order. This means that the when they shall own a kendra (kendradhipatya dosa), the effect shall be according to that order i.e., Moon gets more affected than Mercury and so on. The Sun, Saturn and Mars are natural malefics. However, in maleficence Weak (in paksha bala) Moon, Sun, Saturn and Mars are stronger in the ascending order. (BPHS 34.8-34.10).

YOGAKARAKAS 1. If there be an exchange between a Lord of a Kendra and that of a Trikona, or, if a Lord of a Kendra is conjoined with a Lord of a Trikona in a Kendra, or in a Trikona, or, if a Lord of a Trikona is in a Kendra, or vice versa, or, if there happens to be a full Drishti between a Lord of a Kendra and a Lord of a Trikona, they cause a Yoga. One born in such a Yoga will become a king and be famous. (BPHS 34.11-34.12) The conditions given by Maharishi Parashar in verses 11 & 12 of BPHS for yogakarakas are: i. Exchange between the Kendra and Trikona Lords. ii. Kendra lord cojoins a Trikona lord either in a Kendra or in Trikona. iii. Kendra lord placed in a Trikona or Tikona Lord placed in a Kendra. iv. Kendra and Trikona lords having mutual aspect (graha drsti). Here the maharishi have clearly spelled out the conditions of the rajayoga, however in the subsequent stanzas we shall see the conditions which can break such yoga formed by association of a kendra and trikona lord. More to this, we must remember that if a kendra lord is placed in a dusthana, it shall cause duryoga (inauspicious combination), however if it conjoins a Trikona lord then it becomes capable of granting yoga (auspiciousness), however related to the dusthana. In verse 15, Maharishi says that if the lord of the kendra or trikona simultaneously own the trishadayas (the evil houses 3/6/11), then the mere association of the kendra or trikona lord shall not give yoga. This is an important condition and one must keep in mind while interpreting the yogakarakas in a horoscope. In verse 13, Maharishi gives the condition for a planet becoming suo-moto yogakaraka, whereby he says that if a planet owns both kendra and trikona, then he becomes suo-moto yogakaraka and can give yoga (auspicious results) without associating with other kendra/ trikona lords. However, we must see the association of the trisadaya lords as mentioned in the 15th verse, before pronouncing the results. 2. NODES AND YOGA KARAKAS: Both the nodes Rahu and Ketu give their effects, based on their conjunction with a house Lord or their. If they are in Kendra conjoining or aspected by kendra/ trikona lords it will become Yog Karak. (BPHS 34.16-34.17) Nodes are shadowy planet and give results based on their association or placements. If they are conjoined with Yogakaras or are aspected by them, they shall confer rajayoga. However, due to the conjunction, the yogakaraka itself might suffer and give bad results in its periods.

6 We might also consider the lordship of Rahu ketu in finding out their functional nature. For this purpose, we need to consider Rahu as the lord of Aquarius and Ketu as the lord of Scorpio. However, this requires experimentation as this is not specifically mentioned by the Maharishi.

PT. SANJAY RATH'S COMMENT ON THE SUBJECT Kendradhipati dosa or the negative effect of the ownership of quadrants by natural benefic planets implies reduction in their beneficence. The benefic owner of a quadrant is still a benefic and does not become a malefic. Similarly, a malefic planet owning a quadrant will not remain a malefic and that does not imply that the malefic becomes a benefic. This loss of beneficence of a benefic lord of quadrant is called Kendradhipati dosa. This flaw is annulled if the planet is also well placed in a quadrant or trine. Similarly, a malefic planet owning a quadrant sheds its malfeasance and will give very good results if placed in an evil house. If instead, the planet is placed in a quadrant or trine, the loss of malfeasance may not occur fully. For example if Saturn is the lord of the 10th house for Taurus ascendant, its placement in the 12th house in debility will give excellent results like power, position and a good career. If the malefic is also the lord of a trine in addition to its ownership of a quadrant, then it becomes a yogakäraka producing auspicious results. Yogakaraka means capability for producing auspicious results. The lord of the ascendant is the natural yogakaraka in any chart as it the first house is a quadrant and a trine. The lords of trines (5th & 9th houses) are important for wealth and sustenance while the lords of the 4th, 7th & 10th contribute to the happiness. The 1st, 10th, 7th & 4th houses/ lords represent the four ayana (goals of life) called Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha (Readers may refer to the Bhagavat Gita for a detailed explanation of these goals). Yoga has been loosely interpreted as Union/association and in astrology this implies conjunction, mutual aspect or exchange of signs. A weaker yoga is caused by one planet aspecting the house of the other and vice-versa or by an exchange of constellation called sukshma yoga. The association of the lord of a quadrant with the lord of a trine results in Rajayoga producing auspicious results. For example, if the tenth lord associates with the ninth lord Dharmakarma-adhipati yoga results. This is the highest karma yoga. Another form of this yoga is theassociation of the lord of the tenth house with the lord of the fifth house. Gyana yoga (that leads to moksha) is caused by the association of the lord of the fourth house with the lord of a trine. This yoga gives great learning and knowledge. Subha yoga or good results are produced by the placement of the lord of a quadrant in a trine. Duryoga or inauspicious results are produced by the placement of the lord of a quadrant in a dusthäna (evil house). However, the duryoga is modified if it associates with the lord of a trine. Rajabhanga yoga is caused by the association of the lord of a quadrant with the lord of a dusthana in an evil house. If instead, they associate in a quadrant, Viparita Räjayoga occurs.

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3. Functional Nature of Planets II: Aries & Taurus Lagna
INTRODUCTION In the previous article I mentioned the effect of different lordship in a horoscope. In this article I shall venture into the functional nature of different planets for each Lagna based on the principles mentioned in the previous article Functional Nature of Planet I.

ARIES LAGNA Even though Mars is the Lord of Eighth, he will be helpful to auspicious Planets: For Aries, Mars is the Lagna lord and the eighth lord (randhresha). In sloka 6, Maharishi says that if the Eighth lord owns any Trisadayas (3/6/11) it becomes evil however if its own a Trikona it gives auspicious results. Here the other lordship of the Eighth lord is a Trikona and thus it gives auspicious results.

Saturn, Mercury and Venus are malefics. - Saturn: Saturn is the lord of the 10th and 11th house. Even though the lordship of 10th house diminishes the maleficence of Saturn, however Maharishi says in the sloka 14 that a malefic, owning a Kendra becomes auspicious only when it simultaneously Lords over a Kona. Mere ownership of a Kendra doesn’t make a malefic an auspicious planet, although it reduces its maleficence to some extent. Thus the evil lordship of a Trisadaya shall dominate over the Kendra lordship and make Saturn an evil planet for this Lagna. - Mercury: Mercury owns two Trisadaya houses, the 3rd and 6th and hence the strongest evil planet for this Lagna. - Venus: Venus is the 2nd and the Kendra lord. Now Venus is suffering from the Kendradhipatya dosha and hence cannot be auspicious for the Lagna unless it owns a Kona too or associates with a Kona lord. Moreover its lordship of neutral 2nd house is not of much avail as it will give the results of the ownership of other house, the 7th. However as compared to other planet, it is least evil or inauspicious, even if it is a maraka being the lord of two maraka houses. Auspicious are Jupiter and Sun. - Jupiter: Jupiter lords the 9th and the 12th sign. Being the 9th lord, it is very auspicious. Now the 12th lord is by nature a neutral and for them all depends on the lordship of other houses. Thus Jupiter is an auspicious planet for the Lagna. - Sun: Sun lords the trine and such trinal lordship is auspicious, making the Sun an auspicious planet for the native of Aries Lagna. - The mere conjunction of Saturn with Jupiter will not produce auspicious effects. One would have expected a powerful dharmakarmadhipati yoga making high status to the native as mentioned in the slokas 11 and 12, however this doesn’t happen here by the conjunction of the 9th lord Jupiter and 10th lord Saturn. Now why is it so? When we examine carefully, Maharishi says in sloka 15 that, If the Lords of a Kendra, or a Kona own simultaneously an evil Bhava, he does not cause a Raja Yoga by mere relations mentioned in the sloka 11 (on association of Kendra and Kona lords). Here Saturn owns an evil bhava, namely the eleventh. Thus, even if it owns a Kendra, its association with the Kona lord, Jupiter doesn’t manifest the Rajayoga.

- If Jupiter is at the disposal of a malefic, he will surely give inauspicious results. Being the 12th lord, it can be influenced by other planets, thus under the influence of benefics, it will give auspicious results whereas under the influence of a malefic the results are quite inauspicious.

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- Venus is a direct (independent) killer. In the Marakadhyaya (Ch 44), Maharishi mentions the different grahas that can act as the marakesh, the predominant among them are the 2nd and the 7th lord. Here, Venus is the lords of both the maraka sthanas and hence thus can kill independently and need not be associated with any of the marakesh (killer) to bring death to the native.

- Saturn etc. will also inflict death, if associated with an adverse Graha (Venus). In the sloka 9 of the Marakadhyaya, Maharishi says that if Saturn is ill-disposed and related to a Maraka Graha, he will be the first to kill in preference to other Grahas. Thus if Saturn joins Venus, its periods (Dasa/ Antar) can bring about death.

RAMANUJACHARYA (BHAVARTHA RATNAKARA) - A Sun-Moon combination confers Rajayoga - Venus is a maraka - Jupiter becomes a maraka if he occupies Capricorn - A Jupiter-Saturn association doesn’t confer a Rajayoga - An Aries native will have fear of diseases (especially smallpox), weapons and injuries - If Mars conjoins Mercury, death by brain disease occurs in his dasa and bhuktis - This is the only Lagna where it’s great if the 2nd lord is in the 12th; this isn’t the case with any other Lagna. - A Mars-Venus combination can be both favorable and fatal. - Mars, when conjoined with Jupiter and Venus in Taurus, becomes a Yogakaraka. If however, the combination occurs in Gemini, there isn’t any yoga. - If Mars conjoins Jupiter in Cancer, he becomes a Yogakaraka. - Mars will prove a benefic during his dasa if he’s in Leo. - Jupiter in Aquarius won’t automatically give good results in his dasa - A Mercury-Mars combination in Virgo gives the native skin diseases, eruptions and wounds - The native will possess self-earned wealth if Mars and Venus are in Libra. - Mars, if in conjunction with Sun and Venus in Scorpio, will confer some fame - There’s a special yoga produced when Mars, Sun and Jupiter are in Sagittarius, with Venus and Saturn in Libra - Venus confers a Rajayoga if he’s in Lagna with the Sun and unaspected by Jupiter. - Sun will become a Yogakaraka when aspected by Jupiter; the same can’t be said for Venus when she’s aspected by Jupiter - A Sun-Mercury-Venus combination in Aquarius is a fortunate combination, with all three conferring riches during their dasas and bhuktis - When Sun is in Lagna and Moon in Cancer, the native enjoys a Rajayoga - A Sun-Jupiter-Venus combination in Capricorn helps the native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the Ganga

TAURUS LAGNA Jupiter, Venus and Moon are malefics. - Jupiter: Jupiter lords the 8th and the 11th house. The nature of the 8th lord is dependent on the nature of the lordship over the other house by the planet. Now 11th lordship is no doubt evil as it’s a Trisadaya. Thus Jupiter becomes an inauspicious planet for the Taurus Lagna. - Venus: Venus is the Lagna lord and generally we wouldn’t think of the Lagna becoming a malefic. However, Venus also lords the 6th a, Trisadaya (evil house) and that will take predominance and give inauspicious results, even if it own a Kendra/ Kona vide sloka 15, implied. - Moon: Moon is the lord of another evil bhava (Trisadaya), namely 3rd and shall give inauspicious results for this Lagna. Saturn and Sun are auspicious. Saturn will cause Raja Yoga. - Saturn: Saturn is a distinct Yogakaraka for the natives of this Lagna as it lord the 9th and 10th houses. - Sun: Sun is the lord of 4th bhava and loses its maleficence being a Kendra lord and also doesn’t own an

9 evil bhava and hence it shall be auspicious for this Lagna. Mercury is somewhat inauspicious. Mercury is the lord of the 2nd and 5th house. The lordship of maraka sthana cause some blemish to mercury, however being the lord of the 5th house it is auspicious.

Jupiter’s group (Jupiter, Moon and Venus) and Mars will inflict death.

RAMANUJACHARYA (BHAVARTHA RATNAKARA) - Neither is Saturn a Yogakaraka, nor do Sun and Mercury confer any fortunes if they’re in Lagna - If there’s a Mars-Jupiter combination in Capricorn or Rahu is in Aquarius, the native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the Ganga - Moon is capable of producing a yoga when posited in Leo and aspected by either Jupiter or Mercury - Mars, when in 7th, is a benefic. If Sun and Jupiter are conjoined in Pisces, long life is indicated - A Jupiter-Mercury association causes dhana yoga - The above dhana yoga is destroyed if either planet is aspected by Mars - There will be debts during Mercury’s dasa if there’s an association between Mars, Jupiter and Mercury - Jupiter’s dasa will give mixed results whereas Mars’ dasa gives wealth. If Mercury is in a quadrant, the native is blessed with happiness during its dasa - If Mercury and Venus are in lagna and Jupiter is in Scorpio, Mercury dasa will be fortunate - If Mars and Venus are in lagna, and Jupiter is in Capricorn, both Mercury’s and Jupiter’s dasas will be fortunate - If Saturn, Mercury and Mars are in Capricorn, and Rahu in Pisces, the native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the Ganga during the dasas of Mars and Rahu - If Moon and Venus are in Libra, with Jupiter and Mercury in Pisces, Jupiter dasa will cause a dhana yoga - Lots of wealth are indicated in the Venus dasa - Moon in lagna isn’t very auspicious, and will afflict other dhana yogas present in the chart - The native becomes very fortunate if Moon is in the lagna of any sign other than Taurus

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4. Strength of Planets: The Shadbala - I
1. INTRODUCTION As the name suggests Shadbala means six fold strength. Although these strengths are combinedly used for finding the effect of planets on the lives of the natives, there is more use of the strengths and we get the clue of those uses from their names. If they were to be used combinedly, then such specific names were unnecessary. Moreover, this is more logical to think that, a planet when strong, might not be so for influencing all affairs in our lives. A planet which might give good status might not be good to show the direction of your life. So we must construe, the special significance hidden in the names given to the six sources of strengths. These strengths need not be used only predicting the results of the dasa, however, can be used for normal horoscopic interpretation. For illustration, the kendradi bala is used in ayur calculation etc. One can understand their use more and more by understanding their name and their basis of calculation. Shad Bal consists of the following strengths 1. Sthan Bal (Positional strength) 2. Dig Bal (Directional strength) 3. Kaal Bal (Temporalstrength), inclusive of Ayan Bal (Equinoctial strength) 4. Chesht Bal (Motional strength) 5. Naisargika Bal (Natural strength) 6. Drik Bal (Aspectual strength) These strengths are computed for the seven Grahas from Sun to Saturn. The nodes are not considered.

2. STHANA BALA (Maximum: 480 virupa = 8 rupas) Sthana means place and hence the sthana bala is calculated based on the placement of the planets in different signs on various parameters, such as how far are they placed from their exaltation sign etc. More follows below: 2.1 Uccha Bal (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Uccha means exaltation. When a planet is placed in its highest exaltation point, it is of full strength and when it is in its deepest debilitation point, it is devoid of any strength. When placed at other places, it has middling strength proportionately dependent on the distance these planets are placed from the highest exaltation or deepest debilitation point. Find the difference between a planet's longitude and the deepest debilitation point. Divide the difference by 3 and the result so obtained is the uccha bala in Virupas. When a planet is in highest exaltation point, the difference happens to be 180 deg and hence the uccha bala for such planet becomes 60 virupa (180/3). However, when a planet is placed in the deepest debilitation, the difference becomes zero and hence also the bala is zero. 2.2 Sapt Vargaj Bal (Maximum: 45*7 = 315 virupas = 5.25 rupas) Rasi, Hora, Dreshkan, Saptamsa, Navamsa, Dwadashamsa and Trimsamsa constitute the Sapta varga. The strength of the planets in these seven divisional charts based on their placements in moolatrikona, own sign, friendly sign etc. constitute the sapta varaj bala. The method of their calculation is as follows: In the following rasis, the planets gets the corresponding Virupa of strength. Although maharishi gave the strength in terms of the avasthas they are place in, he gave the association of these avasthas with the placement of the planets in different rasis in the following chapter on the avasthas (Ch 45). The friend's, neutral and enemical signs are based on the compound relationship and hence the term, great friend and great enemy has been used in this context. Moolatrikona Sign- 45 Virupas Swakshetra (Svasth) - 30 Virupas Great Friend's Sign (Pramudit) - 20 Virupas Friendly Sign (Shant) - 15 Virupas

11 Neutral Sign (Din) - 10 Virupas Inimical Sign (Duhkhit) - 04 Virupas Great Enemy's sign (Khal) - 02 Virupas 2.3 Oja-Yugma Rasi-Amsa Bala (Maximum: 30 Virupa= 0.5 Rupa) Oja means Odd signs and Yugma means Even signs. Thus, as the name imply, this strength is derived from a planet's placement in the odd or even signs in the Rasi and Navamsa. Moon and Venus are female planets and get strength of 15 virupas each while placed in the even signs in the rasi or navamsa. Other planets gets this strength, while they are placed in Odd (Male) signs in Rasi or Navamsa. The maximum strength which can be derived from this is 30 virupas (Venus/ Moon placed in Even sign in both rasi and Navamsa; other planets placed in the odd signs in both rasi and navamsa.) 2.4 Kendradi Bala (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) The name itself implies how to compute this strength. A planet in a Kendra (Quadrant: 1-4-7-10) gets full strength, while one in Panaphara (Succedent: 2-5-8-11) Bhava gets half and the one in Apoklima(Preceedent: 12-3-6-9) Bhava gets a quarter or a rupa. One rupa equals 60 virupa, thus in virupas, the kendradi bala equals: Kendra: 60 Virupa Panaphara: 30 Virupa Apoklima: 15 Virupa 2.5 Dreshkan Bala (Maximum: 15 virupa = 0.25 rupa) due to placement in first, second, or third dreshkanaof a sign. Male, female and hermaphrodite Grahas, respectively, get a quarter Rupa (15 virupa) according to placements in the first, second and third dreshkana. From this we can infer that the male planets are stronger in the beginning of a sign, female planets are stronger in the middle part and neutral planets gains strength in the ending part of a sign.

3. KALA BALA 3.1 Natonnata Bala: (Maximum 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Natonnata is composed of two terms nata and unnata. Unnata is the difference between midnight and the apparent birth time. Unnata when deducted from 30 Ghatikas gives Nata. Moon, Mars and Saturn are stronger at night, whereas Sun, Jupiter and Venus are stronger during the day. Mercury is stronger both during day and night. Hence, the nata bala is seen for Moon, Mars and Saturn and unnata bala is seen for Sun, Jupiter and Venus. Irrespective of day or night Mercurygets the bala of 60 virupa or 1 rupa. At midnite, which marks the peak of night, the diurnal planets are weaker. Thus at that time the unnata bala of the diurnal planets Sun, Jupiter and Venus is zero, whereas the nata bala of the nocturnal planets Moon, Mars and Saturn is full 60 virupas. At the noon hr. when the day is at peak and the Sun is placed exactly on the meridian, the unnata bala of the Sun, Jupiter and Venus is full 60 virupas and the nata bala of Moon, Mars and Saturn is zero. At other time the bala is proportionate. At Surise and Sunset, which marks the junction of the day and the night, the natonnata bala for all the planets (excluding Mercury, whose bala is always 60), is the same, i.e., 30 Virupas. Also note the formula Nata Bala+ Unnata Bala = 60 virupas The fluctuation of the Natonnata bala for the planets can be seen as follows: Diurnal Planet Nocturnal Planet Sunrise 30 30 Noon 60 00 Sunset 30 30 Midnite 00 60 3.2 Paksha Bal Paksha can be loosely translated as a fortnite. However in Jyotish term, Paksha is the duration between conjunction and opposition of the Luminaries. The duration from Conjunction to Opposition is the time when the Phase of Moon increase and is termed as Waxing Moon, which in Jyotish parlance known as the Sukla

12 Paksha. Whereas the duration from opposition to conjunction, the phase of Moon decreases and is termed as Waning Moon, which in Jyotish Parlance known as Krsna Paksha. The Benefics are stronger in the Sukla Paksha and the Malefics are stronger in the Krsna Paksha. This forms the basis for calculation of the paksha bala. The benefics are Jupiter, Venus, well associate Mercury, whereas the malefics are Sun, Mars and Saturn. The paksha bala of the Moon is 2 rupas (120 virupas) at the end time of Full Moon and New Moon. The Paksha bala of the Moon goes down to 60 virupas, during the middle of the pakshas. Find the angular distance between Sun and Moon. If the angular duration exceeds 180 degrees, deduct the same from 360. The degrees so obtained when divided by 3, which will indicate the Paksha Bala of each of the benefic Grahas. The Paksh Bal of benefic should be deducted from 60, which will go to each malefic, as Paksh Bal. 3.3 Tribhaga Bala Tribhaga means three parts. This strength has gained its name from the fact that the day and night are divided into three parts each. The Planets which gain 1 virupa of strength during different part of a days is a as follows: Mercury- First 1/3 part of day Sun- Middle 1/3 part of day Saturn- Last 1/3 part of day Moon- First 1/3 part of Night Venus- Middle 1/3 part of Night Mars- Last 1/3 part of Night Jupiter gets this Bal at all times. 3.4 Varsha (Abda) - Maasa- Dina- Hora Bal Varsha-Maasa-Dina-Hora Bal. 15, 30, 45 and 60 Virupas are in order given to Varsh Lord, Maas Lord, Dina Lord and Hora Lord. 3.4.1 Varsha Bala: The Varsha mentioned here is the solar year or the samvatsara, which commences when the Sun moves to the first sign on the zodiac, Mesha. This is the weekday lord of the day in which the Sun has transited to Mesha. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar, the previous weekday has to be taken. 3.4.2 Maasa Bala: Like Varsha Lord, each saurya masa (Solar Month) commences when the Sun transits each sign of the zodiac. Take the weekday lord on which Sun has moved to a new sign as the lord of the Masa. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar, the previous weekday has to be taken. 3.4.3 Dina Bala: Dina is weekday. The lord of the weekday is the lord of the day. 3.4.4 Hora Bala: Hora means planetary hour. Each day from sunrise to next sunrise is divided into 24 equal parts of one hour. These Horas are ruled by the 7 Grahas from Sun to Saturn. The first Hora of the day is ruled by the Lord of the week day. The 2nd one is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day, counted from the first ruler. The 3rd Hora is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day, counted from the 2nd Hora Lord. Similarly it proceeds in the same manner, till the first Hora of the next day is taken over by the Lord of that day himself. At a particular time, the lord of a particular hora gets the Hora bala of 60 Virupas. From the strength of the Varsa, Maasa, Dina and Hora lord, we can see that Hora lord gets the maximum strength, i.e., 60 Virupas, highlighting the importance of the hora lord over the other lords at any time. 3.5 Ayan Bala The Earth's equitorial plane when projected to the celestial spehere (a hypothetical sphere which has shows the visible stars and planets), is known as the celestial equator. The planets which we see, can be above, below or placed on the celestial equator at any point of time. The angle which they make with respect to the plane of celestial equator measured from center of earth is called the declination or Kranti. The Declination of Sun is maximum, i.e., 23°27’ during the solstices where the Sunrises either on Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn, whereas during the equinoxes, the declination becomes zero. The calculation of the ayana bala is complecated, however the same can be accomplished using a simple formula: Ayan Bal = 60*(23°27’ ± Kranti)/(46°54’) = (23°27’± Kranti)*1.2793. Now a days with the advent of computers, things have become easier for the Jyotishis.

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When Moon or Saturn have southern Kranti (placed below the equitorial plane) or, when Sun, Mars, Jupiter, or Venus have northern Kranti (Placed above the equitorial plane), take plus and otherwise minus. As far as Merucry is concerned, it is always plus. Krantis can be ascertained from a standard modern ephemeris. Sun's Ayana Bal is again multiplied by 2 whereas for others the product arrived in Virupas is considered as it is. 3.6. Yudhdh Bala When two planets are placed inside each other's orbs of influence, they are supposed to be in war or yuddha. Should there be a war between the planets, the difference between the Shad Balas of the two should be added to the victor’s Shad Bal and deducted from the Shad Bal of the vanquished.

4. DIK BALA The planets gains full Dikbala in the following houses: 1st (Lagna Bhava) - Jupiter and Mercury (Ethery and Earthy element) 10th (Karma Bhava) - Sun and Mars (Fiery element) 4th (Sukha Bhava) - Venus and Moon (Watery element) 7th (Jaya Bhava ) - Saturn (Airy element) When the planets are placed away from the bhava where they get the full dik bala, there strength is proportionately reduced. The maximum strength attained here is 60 virupa or 1 rupa. To compute the dikbala find the angular distance of the planet and the 7th of bhava where they get the full dik bala. If the angular distance is more than 180 then, subtract it from 360. The result when divided by 3, gives the dikbala of the planets. The longitude of the bhava is same as the Lagna cusp as per the equal house distribution.

5. NAISARGIKA BALA Naturally the planets are stronger in the order of Saturn, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Moon and Sun in the ascending order. There natural strength is computed by dividing one Rupa by 7 and multiply the resultant product by 1 to 7 separately to obtain the strength of Saturn, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Moon and Sun respectively. This happens to be Planet In virupas In rupas Sun 60.00 Moon 51.43 Mars 17.14 Mercury 25.70 Jupiter 34.28 Venus 42.85 Saturn 08.57 1.00 0.86 0.29 0.43 0.57 0.71 0.14

6. DRIG BALA Drig is derived from Dris, which is the root of the verb "to see". So this strength is gained by the virtue of the aspect (Graha Drsti) of different planets on a planet. The aspect of benefics are considered to be strength and the aspect of malefics are considered to be weaknesses. For calculation of this strength, the partial aspects are also taken into consideration.

The aspects of planets are given hereunder 7th- All planet aspect with full sight

14 4th/8th- Mars aspects with full sight while others aspect with 3/4th of their sight 5th/ 9th- Jupiter aspect with full sight and others aspect with 2/4th of their sight 3rd/ 10th- Saturn aspect with full sight and others aspect with 1/4th of their sight From the drik balas of a planet we can judge what is the strength of aspects of the benefics and malefics on it and their combined influences. Aspect of benefics promote the house owned by the planet, by rendering the lord strong. It also enhances the house of which the said planet is a karaka. The calculation is cumbursome and shall be given in subsequent article. This might be of some academic interest.

7. CHESTA BALA Chesta means to move or to try. This strenth is attained by the planets, excluding the lumeries by the the virtue of their kind of movement. For Sun, the Ayana Bala becomes its chesta Bala, whereas for Moon, the Paksha Bala becomes the chesta Bala. For other planets, eight kinds of motions are attributed to they. These are: • Vakra (retrogression) • Anuvakra (entering the previous sign in retrograde motion) • Vikal (devoid of motion) • Mand (somewhat slower motion than usual) • Mandatar (slower than the previous) • Sama (neither fast nor slow) • Char (faster than Sama) • Atichar (entering next sign in accelerated motion) The strengths, allotted due to such 8 motions are 60, 30, 15, 30, 15, 7.5, 45 and 30 virupas.

8. OTHER CONSIDERATRIONS 8.1 Shad Bal requirements: 390, 360, 300, 420, 390, 330 and 300 Virupas are the Shad Bal Pindas, needed for Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn etc. to be considered strong. If the strength exceeds the abovementioned values, the Grah is deemed to be very strong. A strong graha shall protect its houses and karakakatva and is more capable of giving its results. However, the nature of the results shall be influenced by the ownership, placements and the yogas the planet involved in. However, it is important to know what is the strength of each of the elements of the shadbala, to know the exact nature of the result 8.2 Requirement of strength of individual elements of Shadbala Jupiter, Mercury and Sun are strong, if each of their Sthana Bala, Dig Bala, Kaala Bala, Cheshta Bala and Ayana Bala are, respectively, 165, 35, 50, 112 and 30 Virupas. The same required for Moon and Venus are 133, 50, 30, 100 and 40. For Mars and Saturn these are 96, 30, 40, 67 and 20.

9. USE OF SHADBALA The individual elements of the shadbala show different aspects in our life. They are as follows: 1. Sthana Bala: This planet is the giver of position and status. This also shows which positions are most auspicious for us and where shall we be most comfortable. 2. Dig Bala: This shows the direction which shall be good for us for growth in the career or self development. 3. Kaala Bala: This shows which time is best suitable for us for undertaking an activity. 4. Cheshta Bala: This shows what drives us, our inherent desires and purpose of our struggle in this life. 5. Naisargika Bala: This is of lesser consquence as this remains constant all through out. This is to be used in conjunction with other strengths. This indicate which planets are naturally more able to dictate their results. 6. Drik Bala: This shows which planet shall be favourable all through out in the life of native as this is based on the aspect of benefics on the planet.

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10. CONCLUSION This is still a nacent area and require more researches to find out the exact use of each of the elements of the shadbala, rather than using the total values of the shadbala for analysing the dasas. We must understand that, each point of time is influenced by one or other planets with varying extents and we can judge these subtle influences, by analysing which planets are stronger at which point of time. One good use I found with these balas is find the directional influences. For illustration, at this point of time while I am writing this article, Sun is having highest kala bala and highest chesta bala. In my rasi chart, Sun is the 9th lord placed in the 9th house with 10th lord, where as in the siddhamsa it is placed in the 12th house being the 6th lord. Chesta bala shows what are my desires or what am I trying to do at this point of time. Sun being the 9th lord shows teaching (with AK Mars shows that the desire is very strong); in the siddhamsa, being the 6th lord in the 12th, it shows the attitude of service (6th) without any motivation to gain (12th). In the dasamsa it is placed in the 8th house being the 6th lord and I am here sitting, without going to my office, writing this mail. The kala bala is also highest that of Sun, shows that I should be doing Sun's activity at this point of time. As Sun also shows that chesta as mentioned above, I am able to do something which I crave for. When I go further, I see that more strength (Kaala bala) is coming from the Ayana Bala, showing that, this is also helping me achieving the direction (Ayana) of my life. If the strength was due to Hora Bala, then I would have done something, which was directed by my environment and circumstances, like sitting in a Jyotish class or in a conference. What I have written, is only the tip of the iceberg, just hinting, how much is there below the water, unexplored. So lets explore the potencies of this beautiful scheme of strength given by Maharishi Parasara.

5. Planetary Avasthas
There are three fundamental types of avasthas: baladi, sayanadi and deeptadi. These deal with the states of the body, mind and soul respectively. Baladi avasthaas deal with the physical state of body systems. Sayanadi avasthas deal with the states (awareness) of the mind. Deeptadi avasthas deal with the light of the soul.

BALADI AVASTHAS The baladi avasthas are determined from the drekkana division of a sign. The three drekannas of a rasi are divided into child, middle age, and old age respectively. Since baladi avasthas deal with the physical body (or bodily systems), they are reckoned in the opposite order for even signs—with the first drekkana showing old age. The Sun and Mars give best results as children, Venus and Jupiter in middle age, and Moon and Saturn in old age. Mercury, the eternal adolescent represents the spirit of man. He rules the natural upachayas of nature (3rd and 6th houses). He is always enthusiastic, full of hope and high spirited. As a result is strong in all three ages. A strong lagnesh shows someone full of energy, while a strong Saturn would show a strong excretory system. The baladi avasthas above depend on the drekkana division. The shastamsa division (half of drekanna) can also be used. Here, there are 6 states from childhood to death. In order, Sun, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, Moon and Saturn are strong in each of the 6 shastamsas. Once again, Mercury is strong everywhere.

SAYANADI AVASTHAS The Sayanadi avasthas deal with the state of the mind, which constantly moves between rest and activity. An analogy here will help matters. A car can be driven as long as there is gas. When it is stopped, it is either to fill it up, or to take rest. In this manner, we can examine the state of the mind. The energy of the body comes from the food one eats. We can only eat when we are comfortable, and this happens in one of three places: swakshetra (home), moola Trikona (work) or in exaltation (picnic/party). We only eat when we are

16 both at rest and comfortable. The intrinsic nature/energies of a planet come from swakshetra sign. The energy from which he executes his work comes from his Moola Trikona sign. The energy from which he succeeds in all activities comes from his exaltation. We eat only when we are both comfortable and stationary. Similarly, the planets recharge only when they are stationary, and comfortable (own sign, MT, exaltation). Jupiter remains in a sign for about a year, and transits Sagittarius once in 12 years. It is stationary in Sagittarius with Sagittarius lagna rising once in 144 years. As a result, it is very rare for a soul to be born with this particular combination. When this occurs in Pisces, spiritual charging takes place. In Sagittarius, recharging of dharma takes place. When it occurs in Cancer, recharging of Sukha takes place. Once every 12 years, when Jupiter transits Sagittarius, and the recharging of dharma takes place, the idol of Jagannath Prabhu at Puri is moved to a new sharira/idol. Whenever the charging of Saturn, Jupiter, or Mars takes place, the Sun (source of knowledge) is always in trines to it. Only when the planets are in perfect harmony with the world around them can they recharge, and this combination only takes place with the Sun in trines. This is the reason that trines are the definition of perfect harmony. By chanting the Gayatri mantra, all planets in trines to Sun are automatically energized. The sayanadi avasthas of the planet should be examined in relation to the natural lordships of caste. The behaviour of the sattvic brahmana Jupiter who is perfectly still, and whose very nature is contemplative will be very different from the behaviour of the fiery kshatriya Mars who is forced to remain still. The mind of the first will be calm and at peace, while the mind of the latter will be highly agitated.

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6. The Karakas I
INTRODUCTION All inanimate as well as the animate being the world are signified by the planets and hence the work karaka is associated with them. Karaka means the doer of certain activities. This means that the karakas represent the influence of various things animate or inanimate, in our life. Based on the inhenrent gunas, Sattva, Rajas and Tamas the karakas are classified in three categories namly the Naisargik karaka which is predominant in Rajas Guna, the Chara Karaka which is predominant in the Sattva guna and the the Sthira Karaka which is predominant in the Tamas guna. The utility of these karakas can be understood from the standpoint of their gunas. The sthirakarakas are governed by by Shiva and there are 7 such karakas. They represent the death of various animate things surrounding us (Rahu and Ketu, who are the shadowy planets without body cannot die and hence is excluded from the scheme of the 7 sthira karakas). The charakaraka is governed by vishnu and are 8 such karakas. They show the influence of various atmas / souls in our life and thus means our sustainence in this material world in the form of a social life (having inter relationships with various souls in this world) and spiritual growth. The remaining category is the Naisargik karaka governed by Brahma and there are 9 such karakas. They represent the creation process and hence all perceptible and imperceptible creation of the world are governed by them. We know that when we talk of a horoscope we are talking of Narayana (Maha Vishnu) who is the creator and preserver of the brahmanda. While the rasis represent different parts of the Lord and the grahas represent the deities who signify a particular aspect and event in the life of a creature. The rasis are fixed and represent the environment, while the grahas are in motion which represent people who come and influence us.

THE CHARAKARAKAS (8 planets) Atmakaraka The graha that obtains the highest longitude in the chart is the Atmakaraka. It is the significator of the soul (atma). It is the king of the chart. Being the significator of the soul, the 12th house of liberation is seen from the Atmakaraka in the Navamsa to find out the Ista devata of the native who would guide the soul towards liberation from the bondage of life and death. Amatyakaraka The graha obtaining the second highest longitude is called Amatyakaraka. It signifies the mind. Its role is that of a Minister who guides the king. It is the Amatyakaraka who guides the destiny of the person towards attainment of the desires of the atma. Being the protector of the soul, the palanadevata (the deity who sustains oneself in this world) is seen from the 6th from the Amatyakaraka in the Navamsa. Bhratrikaraka The graha obtaining the third highest longitude is called the Bhratrikaraka - the significator of brothers and co-born who actually are expected to stand by the individual in times of dire need. It is also known as the Gurukaraka, as next to the Amatya it is only the Guru (preceptor) who can guide the atma towards its desired goal and God. The guru and their influence on our life and its purpose can be seen from the Bhratrikarka in the Rasi and the Navamsa chart. In the Navamsa chart, they show the promise, how the guru would influence the life of the native, while in the rasi chart, it would show how the promise is fulfilled. Matrikaraka The graha obtaining the fourth highest longitude is called the Matrikaraka - the significator of mother. Among the four karakas of prime importance, Matrikaraka is one (and the first in ascending order to the Atmakaraka) as mother is the person who has brings the atma into existence in the world. It is she who has the first right over the child and guides the child at all stages to do the right thing to attain glory and God. The influence of mother on the life of the native need to be studied from this Charakaraka. Pitrikaraka The graha obtaining the fifth highest longitude is called the Pitrikaraka - the significator of father. Father is the one who is the cause for the birth of the person, being the one who has carried the soul of the native and transmitted to the womb of mother. Hence he comes next in hierarchy to the mother. The influence of father on the life of the native need to be studied from this Charakaraka. Putrakaraka

18 The graha obtaining the sixth highest longitude is known as the Putrakaraka and it is the significator of children. Children bear the future of the person. A son is the one who is to perform the last rites of the person. Hence he gains the sixth place of importance in the relationship of the person. The influence of father on the life of the native need to be studied from this Charakaraka.The influence of children on the life of the native need to be studied from this Charakaraka. Gnyatikaraka The graha obtaining the 7th highest longitude is known as the Gnyatikaraka - the significator of relatives. The relatives of the person are the ones who are expected to be near the person in times of happiness and distress. Hence, they gain the seventh place of importance in the relationship of the person. The influence of kith and kins on the life of the native need to be studied from this Charakaraka. Darakaraka The graha obtaining the eighth highest longitude is called Darakaraka - the significator of wife. The spouse is the 'Ardhangini' (equal partner) of the person. Thus, the spouse is no different from the person as whatever is to happen with the person is to be shared jointly by both. As importance to the self is always last, the spouse (Dara) is placed last at the 8th place. The influence of spouse and companion on the life of the native need to be studied from this Charakaraka.

The Atmakaraka has a very vital role to play in the horoscope of a person. It actually shows the objectives, ideals and goals of the soul for which it has born on earth. No graha in the horoscope can actually give benefic or malefic results beyond what the Atmakaraka could signify. Any deviation in life from the desired path or objective of the atma renders it disillusioned. As it actually performs no role in the active life of the person except to watch (as a Judge) the direction of growth of the person, it finally deserts the body in the form of death at a time when it can no longer sustain the misdeeds of the person. It simply leaves the physical body and an Atma whose primary desire is not fulfilled has actually lived a wasted life. Our atma is a jeevatma. The ultimate objective of the atma is to mingle with the parmatmamsa, which is God. To attain this, the activity of the person whose physical form the atma has obtained, should perform sattwik acts so as to cleanse the soul off its impurities and lead it to God. Sattwik guna alone is the sustainer of the atma and it leads it to the lord. As the atmakaraka has an objective with which it is born, it has certain abilities of its own towards that direction. What are the desires of the atma? What are its abilities? Whether it has the power to fulfil its objective or utilize its abilities? Whether the abilities and the powers of the atma would be utilized in the right direction or not? Whether the birth of the atma would attain its purpose or not? All these factors are to be seen from the Navamsa (the 9th division – D9 – chart of the person), which, thus, becomes a very vital part of vedic astrology divination. The Navamsa sign occupied by the atmakaraka is called the Karakamsa, while the ascendant or Lagna sign of the Navamsa is called the Lagnamsa and, both these together are called the Swamsa (Swa meaning self and amsa meaning division). If the Karakamsa and Lagnamsa become the same or have any connection between them, then it becomes the Swamsa, in which case, the objective and the abilities of the atmakaraka are attained. The gati in that direction may be slow or obstructed due to various other factors. Regular prayer to the Ishta Devta (to be determined from the 12 house from the placement of Karakamsa) and the Lord of Bhratrikarak (also called the Gurukarak) helps attain the gati for the atma to move speedily in the desired direction. While the Karakamsa itself will help see the desire of the atma, the Trines from the Karakamsa will show the actual desire of the atma. The Trines from the Karakamsa, therefore, become very vital signs to determine the native’s spiritualism. Any graha located in the 1st, 5th and 9th (Trines) bhavas from the Karakamsa, thus, become automatically good for the spiritualism of the person and also to provide gati for his atma (known as Atmagati). Thus, the role of Brihaspati (who represents God) becomes very vital in the Navamsa division of the person, as Brihaspati is the naisargika karaka for the 9th house (Dharma) significations. It is Brihaspati as the sustainer of the jeevatma and Surya as the provider of jeeva (life) who predominate the person’s Dharma bhava. This is one of the very important and significant reasons why the 9th house in the Rasi chart is associated with Jupiter and Sun as the natural significators of the person’s Dharma bhava.

THE STHIRA KARAKS (7 planets)

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Stronger among Sun and Venus- Father Stronger among Moon and Mars- Moon Mars- Younger sister, younger brother brother-in-law, sister-in-law Mercury- Maternal uncles, aunts and all maternal relatives Jupiter- paternal grand parents, Husband (for female chart), children Venus- Wife, maternal grandparents, father & mother-in-law, maternal grand parents Saturn- Elder brother & Elder sister

THE BHAVA KARAKAS (Controller of Bhava) Though the primary bhavakarakas are given below, each bhava has many secondary karakas. Both the primary and secondary karakas are important for protecting the signification of a bhava. Any bhava whose karaka is well placed in kendra/ trine from the bhava in good dignity or is aspecting the bhava or is placed with the lord of the bhava try to fulfil the promise of the bhava. Lagna- Sun 2nd- Jupiter 3rd- Mars 4th- Moon; Mercury 5th- Jupiter 6th- Mars; Saturn 7th- Venus 8th- Saturn 9th- Sun; Jupiter 10th- Sun; Mercury; Jupiter; Saturn 11th- Jupiter 12th- Saturn

NAISARGIKA KARAKAS (9 planets) From Uttara Kalamrta and other texts... Since the world is so much full of variety of various living and non living things each of which is symbolised by a planet, the list of the karaka can never be comprehensive and it requires experience to know the karaka of each and everything around us. However, the list of karakas given by various classics can help us in building up the insights while understanding the possible planetary lordship of a particular thingl. The natural karaka cover everything around us may it be tastes, our emotions, the plant or animals, different metals, clothes, substances, elements and everything which is either perceptable or non perceptable to our senses. The Sun The Soul; Power; Intense Severity (fierce); Fortress; Good Strength; Heat; Splendour; Fire; Worship Of Siva; Courage; Thorned Trees; Being In Royal Favour; Bitterness; Old Age; Cattle; Wickedness; Land; Father; Taste; Self-Realization; Skyward Look; One Born of a Timid Woman; World Of Mortals (Mrtyu Loka); Square shape; Bone (skeletal system); Valour; Grass; The Belly; Strenuous Effort; Forest; Half A Year (uttarayana / dakshinayana); Eye (right); Wandering Over The Mountains (wanderer); Quadruped (also the birds); King; Travelling; Dealing; Bite; Scorch; Circular Shape (??); Eye Disease; Body (vitality in the body); Timber (wood); Mental Purity; Lordship Of The Whole Country (sovereign); Freedom Form Disease; Lord Of Saurashtra State; Ornaments; Disease In The Head; Precious stones (gems); Lord Of Sky; Short Like A Dwarf; Lord Of The Eastern Direction; Copper; Blood; Kingdom; Red Cloth; Stone; Public Life; River Bank; Coral (??); Ruby; Strong At Mid-Day (Noon); Eastern Direction; Mouth; Long Standing Anger; Capture Of The Enemy; Sattvik (Pure); Red Chandan Or Saffron; Hostility; Thick Cord The Moon Mind; Imagination; Flower; Good Perfume (incence); Going to a Fortress; Brahmin by caste; Idleness; Phlegmatic (kapha) Humour; Epilepsy (diseases of mind, if afflicted); Enlargement of the Spleen (spleed creates bile which help in fat metabolism); Mental Disposition (state of mind); Heart (feelings); Woman (motherly); Virtue Or Vice (attributes of mind); Saltish taste/ Sleep (peace); Happiness; Anything like Water (any fluid); Bell-Metal; Silver (metal); Sugarcane; Typhoid (infection of intestine); Travel/ Going To Far Off

20 Countries; Well; Pond; Tank (any water body); Mother (relations); Pearls; Consumption (infection of lungs/ TB); Whiteness (colour); Waistband; Short Stature; Ability; Winter Season; White Colour; Belly; Worshipping Goddess Gauri; Joking; Nourishment; Wheat; Pleasure; Splendour; Face; Sharp in Thought (in good association such as Jupiter); Love for Curd; Mendicant (sanyasa yoga); Fame (popularity among masses); Learned; Beauty; Strength at Night; Facing Westward; Learned; Getting A Job; Love For West; The Middle World; Nine Gems (navaratna); Middle Age; Life; Eating (food); Ailment of the Shoulders; Umbrella or any Other Royal Insignia; Good Fruits; Blood Purity and Vitality; Fish and Other Water Creatures; Serpent; Brilliant Things (sparkling); Clean Crystal; Soft And Velvety Clothes; Silk Garments Mars Prowess; Land (any immovable property); Strength; Kingship; Loss Of Virility; Thief; Battle; Hostility; Enemy; Generosity; Deep red colour; Owning A Garden; Sound Of A Trumpet; Affection; Quadruped; Fool; Anger; Going to a Foreign Country; Firmness; Supporter; Fire; Controversy; Bile; Heat; Wound; Commander in chief; Day; Seeing; Shortness; Disease; Fame; Tin; Sword; Lance Or Spear; Minister; Fracture Of A Limb; Jewel; Praying To God Subrahmanya; Youth; Pungent; Dubar Hall; Earthen Pots; Obstacles; Flesh eater; Calumniating Others; Victory Over Enemy; Bitter; Strong At The End Of The Night; Gold; Summer Season; Valour; Enemy's Strength; Profundity Of Character; Male; Axe; Forester; Village Headman; State Inspection; Pain while Passing Urine; Triangle; Goldsmith; Rogue; Burnt Place; Good Dinner; Leanness; Adept In Archery; Blood (red blood cells); Copper; A Beautiful Cloth; Facing South; Desire; Anger; Scandal; House; Sataghni, A Weapon; A Tree; Sama Veda; Brother; Spade Or Hatchet; Looking After The Wild Animals; Independence; Persistency; Judge; Serpent; World; Speech; Fickle Mindedness; Mounting A Vehicle; Sight Of Blood; Coagulation Of Blood Mercury Formal education (schooling); Horses; Treasury; Mathematics; Speech/ Courteous Speech; Infantry; Writing; New Garment, Palatial Building; Green Colour; Sculpture; Astrology; Pilgrimage To Holy Places; Wise Lectures; Temple; Trading; Best Ornaments; Vedanta Philosophy; Maternal Grandfather; Bad Dreams; Eunuch; Facing North; Skin; Wet; Bell metal; Renunciation; Ritu (Season); A Beautiful House; Doctor; Neck; Recitation Of Mantras/ Sattvik Mantras; Childhood; Crooked Look; Heaven; Modesty; Paternal Relation; Fear; Dancing; Devotion; Humorous Temperament; Powerful In The Morning; Hemanta Ritu; Stone To Sharpen Knives; Tranquillity; Navel; Family Prosperity; Mixed Items; Proficient In Telugu Language; Worship Of Lord Vishnu; Sudra; Bird; After Born; Depth Of A Language; The Directions; Atharva Veda; Religious Action; Tower; Dust; Garden; Pudendum Virile; Even; Benefic; Moving In Villages; Impartial Nature; Fond Of Northwest Quarter; Well Versed In The Legends Of The Past; Specialist In Grammar; Expert In Testing Of The Precious Stones; A Scholar; Maternal Uncle; Sacred Prayer; An Amulet Jupiter Brahmin; Guru; One's Duty; Chariot; Cow; Infantry; Savings; Meemamsa philosophy; Treasure; Horse; Honey; Large Body; Valour; Reputation; Logic; Astrology; Children; Grandson; Dropsy; Philosophy; Grand father; Great grand-father; Palatial House; Gems; Eldest Brother; Lord Indra; Automn Season; Wrath of Priest; Jewel; Merchant; Physical Health; A Beautiful Mansion; Royal Honour; Thighs; God (divine blessings); Penance; Charity; Religious Duty; Helping Others; Impartiality; Facing North; Circular; Yellow Colour; Moving In Villages; Close Friend; Swinging; Orator; Fat; Old Garment; A New House; Happiness; Mantras; Twice Born (Brahmins- Dvija); Holy Water; Knee; Movement In Heaven; A House Granting All Comforts; Intellect; Proficiency In Learning; Literature; Tower; Charming an Audience; Throne; Strong at All Times; a month; Vessels; Yellow Sapphire; Sweet Juice; Being Good; Happiness; Misery; Length; Gentleness; Reading Other's Mind; Ornamentation; Ether; Phlegm; Topaz; Vedic Text; Brilliancy; Softness; Worship Of Lord Shiva; Performing One's Religious Duties; Travelling In A Well-Decorated Carriage Venus White Umbrella; Garment; Marriage; Income; A Biped (Human); Woman; Brahmin; Auspiciousness; Whiteness; Wife; Sexual Happiness; Short; Sour; Flower; Command; Fame; Youthful Vigour; Vehicle; Silver; South-East; Ogling; Scratching; Half A Month; The Quality Of Passion; Strong; Pearl; Yajur Veda; Vaisya; Beauty; Trading; Love-Making; Watery Resort; Elephant; Horse; Variegated Colour; Poetry; Dancing; Middle Age; Singing; Enjoyment; Happiness From The Wife; Gems; Fond Of Humour; Swimmer; Servant; Luck; Variegated Lustre; A Handsome Youth; Kingdom; Scents; Garland; Veena (a string instrument); Flute; Amusement; Lovely Gait; Eight Kinds Of Wealth; All Sorts Of Pleasures; Well Formed Limbs; Sparing In Meals; Spring Season; Ornaments; Eye; Truth Speaking; Proficiency In Art; Semen; Water Sports; Profundity Of Character; Pre-Eminence; Sharp-Witted; Decoration for The Stage; Fond Of Amorous Sports; Broken Health; Love, Greatly Respected And Highly Esteemed; Fondness For White Garments; Bharat Natyama (a form of dance in India); Government Seal; Worshipping Goddess Parvati and Lakshmi; Gentleness; Much Emaciated; Day Sitting Mothers; Literary Composition, Adept at Writing Poetry; Black Hair; Auspicious; Genital Organs; Urine; Afternoon; Diamond

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Saturn Laziness, Obstruction; Horse; Elephant; Skin (nerves, tendons and ligaments); Gain; Witness; Distress; Sickness; Misunderstanding; Misery; Death; Happiness Through A Woman; Maid Servant; Asses And Mules; Outcast; One With Disfigured Limbs; Haunting Woods; Handsome Look; Gift; A Lord; A Portion Of Life; Eunuch; One Born Of The Lowest Caste; Birds; A Servile Duty; Unrighteous Conduct; One Without Manliness; Telling Lies; Long Lasting; Wind; Old Age; Tendons And Muscles; Strong At The End Of The Day; Sisira Ritu (Winter); Great Anger; Exertion; Born Of A Very Low Mother; Bastard; Golaka (abode of lord Krsna); Dirty Clothes And House; Wicked Mind; Friendship With The Wicket; Black Colour; Evil; Cruelty; Ashes; Black Grains; Gems; Iron; Nobility; A Year; Sudra; One Representing The Father; Learning The Trade Of Another Class; Crippled; Sharp; A Blanket; Facing West; Life Saving Drugs; Downward Look; Agriculture; Life Saving Drugs; Arsenal; A Student Belonging To Another Caste; External Position; NorthEastern; Serpent World; Downfall; Lost in Battle; Wandering; A Spear; Lead; Misdirected Strength; A Turk; Worn Out; Oil; The Tamas Guna; Travelling Through Forests and Over Mountains; Hard-Heartedness; Fear; Long Standing Distress; Hunter; Ugly Hair; Entire Sovereignty; Alarm; Goats And The Like; Buffalos And The Like; Indulging In Sex Pleasure; Dressing Oneself For Amorous Appeals; Worshipping God Yama; Dog; Theft And; Cruel-Hearted Rahu Umbrella; Kingdom; Gathering; Fallacious Argument; Hurting By Speech; Downcast; Wicked Woman; An Irreligious Man; Decorated Vehicle; Gambling; Strong At Twilight; Intriguing With A Wicked Woman; Going Abroad; Impurity; Bone; Enlargement Of Spleen; Falsehood; Downward Look; Perplexity; Emerald; Facing The Southern Quarter; Shelter Of Outcast Or Low People; Painful Swelling; A Big Forest; Wandering In Rugged Places; Mountain; Pain; Staying Outside; Tending Towards Southwest; Wind; Phlegm; Sorrow; Serpent; Night Breeze; Sharp; Long; Reptile; Reading Of Dreams; Travel; A Muhurata; Old Age; A Vehicle; World Of Serpents; Mother; Father Or Maternal Grandfather; Air; An Acute Or Sharp Pain; Catarrh; Breathing; Great Prowess; Forest; Worshipper Of Goddess Durga; Wickedness; Cohabitation With Quadrupeds; Urdu Script; Harsh Words Ketu Worship Of God Chandeeka, God Ganesha And Many Other Gods; Doctor; Dog; Cock; Vulture; Salvation; All Kinds Of Wealth; Consumption; Pain; Fever; Bathing In The Holy Ganges; Great Penance; Wind; A Hunter; Friendship; Conferring Of Prosperity; Stone; Wound; Witchcraft; Inconstancy; Knowledge Of Brahma; Belly; Eye Sore; Stupidity; Thorn; Deer; Knowledge; Observing Silence As A Fast; Philosophy; All Sorts Of Luxuries; Luck; Trouble Form Enemies; Loss Of Appetite; Indifference To The World; Paternal Grandfather; Hunger; Severe Stomach ache; Boils And The Like Skin Troubles; Revolving The Orders Of Arrest; Association Of Sudra.

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7. Effect of Ascendant I: General Principles & Aries Lagna
INTRODUCTION The ascendant is the sign which rises in the eastern horizon at the time of birth of a person. This is one of the most influential houses in the horoscope along with the 10th house, the house of karma, which defines the purpose of our birth. While Lagna signify all the resources with which we are sent in this world, the 10th house signify the way we utilize them. Hence the ascendant or the Lagna Bhava defines our personality, may it be the physical feature, or the intelligence or our attitude. However, while studying the influence on the Lagna, one needs to consider the influence on two more lagans, the Surya Lagna (the sun sign) and the Chandra Lagna (the Moon sign). This is because; Sun represents our soul, whereas Moon represents our Mind. Since we are the product of Soul, Mind and Intelligence, we need to consider all the three, while enumerating various influences on our personality. For this reason, these three form the tripod of our life. Adding to its importance, various classics recommend seeing both Lagna and Moon for the physical features, the heart and mind; and Lagna and Sun for the personality/ nature of the person. Here we shall study the influence of various Ascendants on the physical features as well as personality of the person. Though various authors have given the effect of various ascendants on the native, this article strives to take a approach of deriving the same using broad principles. Although the principles can not be exhaustive, they can serve as broad guidelines, which shall help us delineating the effects. PHYSICAL FEATURES Principle I: The Tattva of the sign shall influence the physical features. The effect of various Tattva on the physical features is as follows: Fire: Robust physique and strong spine. Earth: Stout and muscular Air: Thin and Emaciated Water: Plump and soft muscles with accumulated fat Principle II: The Lord of the sign shall also influence. The physical characteristics of the planets are given in the BPHS (Ch. 3), which is as follows: raktashyaamo divaadhIsho gauragaatro nishaakarah naatyuchchaangaH kujo rakto duurvaashyaamo budhastathaa 16 gauragaatro gururgnyeyah shukrah shyaavastathaiva cha krishhNadeho raveH putro gneyate dvijasattama 17 The slokas mentioned above gives the complexion ruled by different planets. Persons born with different Lagna/ Moon sign shall have different complexion based on the following: § Sun- Dark red complexion § Moon- Fair complexion § Mars- Reddish complexion, short stature § Mercury- Excellent skin and brownish complexion (like dry grass) § Jupiter- Fair complexion with golden yellow tinge § Venus- Dark complexion § Saturn- Black complexion (very dark) The color or complexion is a very relative concept and varies based on race, geographical area etc. So one must take ample caution in judging the complexion of a person belonging to a certain a certain race and geographical area. Further Maharishi Parashara, describes the nature of the planets in the following stanzas: jiivasuuryendravah sattvam budhashukrau rajastathaa suuryaputrabharaaputrau tamahprakrtikau dvija 22

23 madhupingaladrksuuryashchaturasrah shuchirdvija pittaprakrtiko dhiimaanh pumaanalpakacho dvija 23 bahuvaatakaphah praagyashchandro brttatanurdvija shubhadrnhmadhuvaakyashcha chanchalo madanaaurah 24 krooro raktexano bhaumashchapalodaaramoortikah pittaprakrtikah krodhi krshamadhyatanurdvija 25 vapuhshreshhthah shlishhtavaakcha hyatihaasyaruchirbudhah pittavaanh kaphavaanh vipra maarutaprakrtistathaa 26 brhadgaatro gurushchaiva pingalo moorddhajexane kaphaprakrtiko dhimaan sarvashaastravishaaradah 27 sukhi kaantavapu shreshhthah sulochano bhrgoh sutah kaavyakartaa kaphaadhikyo anilaatmaa vakramoordhajah 28 krshdiirghatanuh shaurih pingadrshhtyanilaatmakah sthooladanto alasah panguh khararomakacho dvija 29 dhumrakaro niilatanurvanastho api bhayankarah vaataprakrtiko dhiimaan svarbhaanustatsamah shikhii 30

§ The Guna of the planets: o Sattvik: The Sun, the Moon and Jupiter. This represents knowledge, wisdom, philanthropy etc. o Rajasik: Venus and Mercury. This represents passion and drive. o Tamasik: Mars and Saturn: This represent ignorance. § Characteristics of Planets § Sun o Has honey-coloured, golden Brown or Tawny eyes (madhu pingala drk) o Has Sqarish Face (Chaturasrah) o Has bilious temeperament (pitta prakrti) o Is intelligent (Dhiman) o Has limited hair (Puman alpaka) § Moon o Is extremely windy and phlegmatic (bahu vata kapha) o Is Learned (Pragnya) o Has round face (Brtta) o Has good looking eyes (Subha Drk) o Has sweet speech (Madhu vakya) o Fickle-minded (Chanchal) o Is Lascivious/ eager to associate with opposite sex (Madana Aturah) § Mars o Has fierce and blood-red eyes (krura/ raktetasana) o Unsteady or wavering (chapala) o Has bilious temperament (pitta prakrti) o Is angry (Krodhi) o Has thin waist and physique (Krsah Madhya Tanu) § Mercury o Is admirable (vapush) o Is splendid and beautiful (Strestha) o Has beautiful skin/ skin without blemishes (shlishtvak) o Is fond of humor (hasya ruchi) o He has a mix of all the three humours, i.e., bilious, phlegmatic and windy § Jupiter o Has a big body (Brhat Gatra)

24 o Has Tawny hair and eyes (Pingala murdhajeksane) o Is phlegmatic (kapha prakrti) o Is Intelligent (Dhiman) o Is expert in all Shastras (Sarva shastra visharada) § Venus o Is charming (sukhi kanta) o Splendorous physique (vapusshreshta) o Has beautiful eyes (sulochana) o Is poetic (kavya karta) o Is Exceedingly phlegmatic (Kapha adhikya) o Is also windy (Anilaatma) o Has curly hair (vakra murdhaja) § Saturn o Has an emaciated and long physique (Krsha Dirgha Tanu) o Has tawny eyes (Pingala Drsti) o Is of windy in temperament (anilaatmakah) o Has protruding teeth (sthula danta) o Is lazy (alasa) o Is Lame (Pangu) o Has coarse hair over the body (khara roma) § Nodes o Rahu has smoky appearance (Dhumra akara) o Has bluish body (Nila tanu) o He resides in forests (Vanastha) o He is horrifying (Bhayankarah) o He is of windy temperament (vata prakrti) o He is intelligent (Dhiman) o Ketu is akin to Rahu Principle III: Along with the Lagna and Moon sign, the Navamsa needs to checked for better understanding of the physical attributes of person. Various texts like Nasta Jataka, Saravali etc. has given the characteristics of people born with different Navamsa and need to be studied. In my opinion, the Lagna has more say over the facial features; Moon has its say on the physique (body) and the Navamsa Lagna over the complexion of the native. However, this is not conclusive; the readers might check different combinations and form their own conclusion. It is cumbersome to remember the effect all the 108 Navamsas on the physical features and we must find a common thread among the Navamsas for understanding. Prithuyasha in his monumental classic Horasara has given few dictums, which make this easier. Principle IV: For Further Finer analysis, one must find the effect of birth in different Hora and Drekkana. This can be studied from classics like Saravali and is not included in the scope of this article. NATURE OF ASCENDANT Though the persons in this world cannot be classified under 12 categories, there is however some pronounced similarities between persons born with a particular Lagna. For one, who is a keen observer, these underline similarities in the way people born under a particular ascendant would tend to surprise him. This effort to classify humans into categories based on the underline similarities is not unique to Jyotish and is a common phenomenon in Human Psychology. Though the placements of planets in the horoscope shall modify the horoscope quite considerably, this however, does not diminish the importance of studying the nature of people born under different ascendant as this forms the basis for the further analysis of a horoscope. Although many authors both classical and modern, have given the results of ascendants, my effort is more towards finding some consistent principles which would eradicate the necessity of mugging up the same. Principle I: The Nature of a person shall predominantly defined by the planet lording the ascendant and also the trines.

25 Principle II: The lordship of the Ascendant shall get modified based on the nature of the trinal signs and the relationship of different planets with these trines. For illustration, if Pisces falls in trine, the native becomes platonic in love affairs as Venus attains exaltation there. They also abhor formal learning and believing in attaining wisdom, since Mercury gets debilitated there. These are some of the significations of Scorpio/ Pisces or Cancer Lagna. We shall see these in more details in subsequent section. Principle III: The attitude of the native towards various aspects of life can be judged from the lordship of the houses, governing the said aspect and the relationship between the sign and the karaka governing the said house. For illustration, Aquarians are the bravest of all others, since, the 3rd from Aquarius is lorded by Mars (karaka of war) and Sun gets exalted there and the sign itself is a fiery sign, showing the strong influence of Agni (fire) on the third house and the resultant courage. Principle IV: The progression of the zodiac represents the progression of human life through different stages from childhood to old age. Like different age groups can be identified by peculiar characteristics peculiar to that group; people ruled by different zodiacal signs can be identified with such characteristics, which gain prominence in a particular age group. For example, Arians are more headstrong and determined like a small child, whereas Pisceans are like old wise men. Principle V: The symbols assigned to different signs of the zodiac have their own meaning. They represent the characteristics that are found the persons ruled by that signs. Hence it is important to study the symbols seriously, to know the nature of the persons ruled by it. For example, a Scorpion looks very calm and quite from outside, however truly it is not, it might be scheming from inside and find the opportune moment to attack its prey with its sting and paralyze it completely. Hence these characteristics would be predominant in Scorpio ascendants i.e., they might calmer from outside, however, never dare to mess up with these persons. CHARACTERISTICS OF ASCENDANTS The following section describes the physical features as well as the nature of person born in a particular ascendant. Though one cannot literally apply this, this however, forms the basis for interpretation of the nature of persons born in an ascendant. With practice, one can find out the ascendant of a person by interacting with him/ her. One must not over-emphasize the effect as mentioned here under on the nature and physical characteristics of a person, since it gets blended with the effect of other planets on the nature as well as the Navamsa, Hora and Drekkana Lagna and planets placed there in. This is an effort to present the effect of ascendant based on sound principles, which alleviate the need to remembering them without understanding.

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8. Analysis of a Bhava I- Significations of Houses
INTRODUCTION Analysis of bhavas is the first step to be taken in interpretation of the horoscope. Though many things have been written on this so far, there are many inconsistencies in the books written by various authors. These inconsistencies tend to discourage any new students of Jyotisha. Thus this article strives to present the subject in a very systematic manner and hopes that the Jyotish enthusiasts and the beginners would gain substantially from this.

The article is divided into various sections starting from the significations of Bhavas; General strengths and weaknesses of bhava; Generic effect of Benefics and malefics in the bhavas and the specific effect of all the planets in the different bhavas. I however admit that this article is no way comprehensive and leaves enough room for improvement. I shall modify/ add sections to this as and when time permits. SIGNIFICATIONS OF HOUSES (from Prasna Margam) Note: The terms inside the brackets are the sanskrit terms used in the classic. Lagna: Excellence/ Superior goodness of beauty/ Extreme Skillness/ Cleverness/ Self Confidence (Sauthavam); The state of being/ Existence/ Perseverence/ Standing/ Stay at a place (Sthiti); Selfdependence/ Sound State/ Health/ Ease/ Comfort/ Contentment/ Satisfaction (Svasthya); Welfare/ Welbeing/ Yasha/ Fame (Shreya); Victory/ Success/ Acheivement (Jayo) Second House: Family, Wealth (Vitta), Speech (Vani), Right Eye (Dakshina Chakshu), all forms of Knowledge (Vidyascha Vividha) Third House: Patience (Dhairya), Vitality and Potency (Virya), Wrong thoughts (Durbuddhi); Siblings (Sahodara); Valour (Parakrama); Right Ear (Daksha Karna); Assistance/ help/ following (Sahaya) Fourth House: Mother (Mata); Sacrifice (Suhut); Sister’s child (Bhagineau); Landed Property (Kshetram); Sukham (Happiness); Vehicles and Carriages (VahanamHsanam); grace/ beauty/ charm/ amour (Lalitya); Resting/ sleeping (Shayanam); growth and prosperity (Vriddhi); Cattle (Pasu); Birth house/ birth place (Janma Griha) Fifth house: Wisdom (Pragna); Abilities (Pratibha), Intelligence (Medha); Ability to discern (Viveka Shakti); Good deeds of past life (Puratana Punyam); Mystical hymns (Mantra); Advisor/ Misnister (Amatya); Children (Tanuja); Mental Satisfaction/ Cheerfulness (Saumansya) Sixth house: Thief / Smuggler (Taskar); Enemies/ Hostile persons (Araati); Impediment/ Obstacle/ Interruption (Vighna); Wounds/ Injuries (Vyaadha); Harm to body (Tanu Kshati); Death (Marana) by Enemies (Ari) or Weapons (Shastra) Seventh House: Marriage (Vivaha); Amour/ sexual instincts / Passion/ (Madana); Bharya (Spouse); association with other relations (Bhartr Samagama); Bed/ Sleeping place (Sayya); Wife’s dwelling place (Sthri sadma); Lost things (Nastartha); Coitus (Maithuna) Eighth House: Destruction/cessation of everything (Sarvapranasa); Misfortune/ Danger (Vipad); Defame/ loss of repute (Apavad); Cause and Place of Death (Maranasya Hetupradesha); Servants (Daas); External houses/ house external to the living place (Mathadikam Veshma); Chronic diseases (Gadaa); Danger/ Obstacles (Vighna) Ninth House: Luck (Bhagya); Duty/ Righteousness (Dharma); Kindness/ Empathy (Daya); Good deed (Punya); Father/ Guardian (Taat); Grand children (Sutatmaja); Donation/ Charity (Daana); Worship (Upasana); Good conduct and amicable disposition (Sushil); Teacher/ Preceptor (Guru) Tenth House: Religious Shrines (Devalaya); Townships (Nagar); Council (Sabha); Houses besides the road (Margalaya); Servants/ attendants (Daas); All Activities (Sarvakarma); Follow Order/ Command (Aagnaalambana)

27 Eleventh House: Fulfillment of all desires (Sarvabhistaagama); Elder Brother (Jyestha Bhrata); Wife (Jaya) of Own Son (Nija-atmaja) or Daughter in Law; Left Ear (Vamkarna); Gain/ Profit (Labha) Twelfth House: Sin/ Evil (Paapa); Loss/ Expenses (Vyaya); Fall (Patana); Emancipation (Niraya); Left Eye (Vama-ambakam); Loss/dis-appearence of position (Sthana Bhramsa); Loss of Limbs / Physical injuries/ Depression/ Sorrow (Vikala)

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9. Analysis of a Bhava II - General Analysis
The following section is taken from Prasna Margam Postures Vs. Kendras (Used in Remedies) The Lagna, the 4th, the 7th and the 10th signify the postures Waking (Chakramana), Lying/ Sleeping (Sayana), Sitting (Upaveshat), Standing (Sthiti) respectively. External and Internal Bhavas Bhavas can be considered to have two significations, viz., External and Internal. The external ones are as mentioned before, whereas the internal ones are given by Varahamihira in Brhat Jataka. This difference is very important in the horoscope analysis. One must know that there are two aspects of significations of each house; one of which shows various expect of our own self , whereas the the other aspect is more related to the environment we are in and also the relations we are with… Strengths & Weaknesses of Bhava The Bhavas which are associated with or aspected by their lords or benefics (Jupiter, Mercury, Venus, Moon) are said to thrive well. Those conjoined with or aspected by malefics suffer annihilation. (26) The Bhavas which have benefics in the 2nd, 7th and the 12th or 4th and 10th from them are considered favorable. (27) The benefic nature of Bhavas is destroyed by their connection with the lords of sixth, eighth and twefth or with the natural enemies of their lords. If the bhava, or its lord or the karaka is weak, then also the bhava suffers (28) The association of a bhava or its lord with sixth, eighth or twelfth or their lords cause suffering to the bhava. The association can be of following way: The dusthana lords are placed in the bhava or aspect the bhava The dusthana lords are conjoined with or aspect the bhava lords The bhava lords occupy the dusthanas A bhava should be considered weak under the following circumstances The said bhava, its lord or its karaka is weak The bhava is hemmed between malefics The bhava is aspected by malefics The bhava is aspected by the enemies of their lords Benefics do not associate/ aspect them Natural malefics are placed in the 4th, 8th, 12th or 5th or 9th Out of all the afflictions, if the two or three of them are present, the bhava suffers annihilation Significator (Karaka): If the different karakas are strong, then events attributed to them will be predominantly seen. If weak, then these shall exist only in name. With regard to Saturn, if he is strong, miseries and diseases decreases, however, if weak, it is felt in abundance The lords of the 9th and other favourable houses, though they may be malefics, nourish their bhava. This point has been emphasised by Varahamihira in the verse Lagnath Puthre. Benefics if strong contribute good fully, malefics if weak give their evil in full (34) A planet capable of giving rise of both good and inauspicious results, confer good results when it is strong and the the evil results when it is weak (37) A favourable planet if capable of conferring auspicious results fully, moderately according as the navamsa it occupies is vargottama, own or friendly or inimical. Similarly a malefic planet is capable of giving inauspicious results fully, moderately or feebly according to the navamsa it occupies is inimical, own, friendly or vargottama (38) If the lord and the karaka of a bhava are strong and occupy favourable houses, then the indications of the

29 bhava will be fully experienced. On the contrary if they are weak and occupy the 6th/ 8th or 12th, the results of that bhava will be negetive or feeble (39) If the lord and karaka are strong but occupy an unfavourable position, then though the effects of the bhava may be seen, the native will not enjoy them. On the contrary, if the lord and the Karaka are weak, but occupy favourable positions, the effect will be experienced by the native, however it would be feeble (40) If the two, the lord and karaka of a bhava, if one is strong and the other is weak, then the influence should be considered to be mixed in nature (41) If the lord of a bhava occupies a favourable position from the Bhava itself, then the effects of the Bhava will be full, however only if they are placed in favourable position from the Lagna, then the native shall have good experience (42) Such bhavas as have any relationships with the Lagna or its lord such as aspect, association, kendra disposition etc. shall be surely experienced. Benefics in the 3rd, 6th, 8th and 12th become unfavourable. Malefics in the 3rd, 6th or 11th become favourable. The most important of all these houses is Lagna. The 5th and 9th houses are equally important. It is these three bhavas that benefics show their greatest good and malefics their worst evil. (44) Malefics in the sixth house confer all significations governed by the planet such as copper, lead etc., however the bhava i.e., the 6th house suffers. The results could be rise in enemity and diseases. (45) The good and bad significations ascribed to different planets should be used when describing the effects of dashas. (47) Planets give rise to favourable or unfavourable results based on whether they occupy Ishta or Anishta bhavas. On the basis of Samgnadhyaya, the various effects should be inferred. When Bhavas are ruined: When the lord of the 8th from a certain bhava or saturn transits the bhava and at the same time, the dasa / antar of the 6th, 8th or 12th operates, the bhava under consideration suffers. Similarly diseases signified in the various parts of the body as signified by the bhava concerned can be predicted.

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10. Analysis of a Bhava III - Generic effect of planets in houses
Lagna: Malefics: Failure, diseases in head, sorrows, dishonour, displacement, loss of money, pains all over the body, discomfort in all ways Benefics: General comfort, success, good health, financial prosperity, fame, promotions to higher positions Second house: Malefics: Loss of ancestral property, diseases in the face, sickness for the family members, diseases in right eye, scandals, loss of utensils. Benefics: Increase in family wealth, gains of utensils, family amity and happiness Third House: Malefics: Misunderstanding with friends and people who help them, Misfortunes to brothers, diseases in chest, neck and right ear; mental affliction, bad conduct or cowerdice. Benefic: Good conduct, courage, happiness to brothers, increase in help from others and good health Fourth House: Malefics: Distress to mother and maternal relations, loss of cattle, beds, cots, landed property and vehicles, heart trouble, general misery and discomfort due to impure water. Benefic: Vehicles, lands, cattle, beds and general prosperity and health Fifth house: Malefics: Illness/ death / danger to children, leaving of sanchita karma, mental unrest, irritable temperament, illness to native’s advisors Benefics: Birth of children, good health, peace of mind, influence and increase of good deeds Sixth house: Malefics: Occurance of wounds or ulcer in the organ ruled by the 6th sign, fear from theives and enemies, trouble in waist and navel; obstacles in undertakings; ailment signified by the occupying planet Benefics: Enemies would be vanquished, diseases will disappear and new ones do not sprout out Seventh house: Malefics: Sickness or death or separation from the life-partner, disturbances in journey; urninary troubles; fire hazard in spouse’s house Benefics: Marriage, recovery of lost wealth, enjoyment and happiness, safe return of relations gone to the foreign land, building of a good house. Eighth house: Malefics: Illness to servants, obstacles in all work, diseases in anus, quarrels with all, loss of wealth due to theives/ rulers or enemies; loss of appetite; diseases, bad name Benefics: Freedom from diseases, courage, longevity, facilities to acquire new houses, building mutts etc. Ninth house: Malefics: Illness to elders, father, grandchildren; ill luck; divine wrath; disinclination to the acts of charity; gradual decline of hard earned merit; ruin of one’s power of penance; hard heartedness Benefics: Blessings from elders and parents; mental happiness; god’s grace; increase of fortune, inclination to do good acts; increase of tapas; philantropy; happiness from grand-children Tenth house: Malefics: Failures in efforts; loss of reputation; loss of respect; ruin to assistants; breaks in profession; diseases in anckle; exile

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Benefics: Contruction of wayside inns; new roads; council halls; temples; success in all attempts; increase in reputation; increase in influence; rise in profession; acquisition of assistants Eleventh house: Malefics: Illness to elder brother and sons, ailment in the left ear and legs; gain of articles as indicated by the planet Benefics: Reduction of grief; accomplishment of desired objects, gain of fresh sources of wealth and material objects signified by the planet Twelfth house: Malefics: Squandering of money; fall from position; troubles in the feet; trouble to the left eye; falls due to carelessness and sinful actions Benefics: Heavy expenditure for good purposes; gradual termination of sinful actions; recovery from illnesses

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11. Analysis of a Bhava IV - Generic Effect of Planets
Favourable and unfavourable effects of planets 1. Benefics gives unfavourable results related to its significations when placed in the 3rd, 6th or 8th or 12th houses. 2. Malefics give facourable results related to its significations when placed in the 3rd, 6th or 11th houses. 3. Planet gives unfavourable results when i. Placed in Debilitation ii. Conjoined with/ aspected by malefics iii. Conjoined with/ aspected by enemies iv. Placed in Rasi Sandhi or Gandanta v. Placed in inimical sign vi. Hemmed between malefics (Papakartari) 4. Planets give favourable results when i. Placed in exaltation ii. Placed in friends house iii. Conjoined with / aspected by Benefics iv. Conjoined with/ aspected by Friends v. Hemmed between benefics (subha kartari) 5. Planets placed in Bhava Madhya is capable of giving full results whereas the result of a planet placed in bhava sandhi would be feeble. Results of Planets: Sun: Unfavourable position: Wrath of ruler, lord Shiva, father; Diseases in Heart, stomach, eyes; troubles to bones; diseases caused by Pitta; Fear from Quadrupeds and fire; Destuction of copper utensils; Decline of personal influences on others Favourable positions: Sattvik Nature; Blessings of lord Shiva, father and rulers; Acquisition of copper utensils; Increase of wealth through journeys and by trade in woolen goods, grass, gold, leather and medicines. Moon: Unfavourable position: Queen’s anger; dissatisfaction of the mother or her illness; diseases caused by vata, pitta and impure blood; enmity with superiors or relatives; wrath of Ma Durga; loss of crops; Danger to life; ill fame Favourable position: Satisfaction to mother; Gain of money by trading in ghee, sugar, clothes; Income by chanting mantras or by breeding cattle, by marine traffic and by dealing with diamonds, through the help of women and by increase of crops and increase of fame and riches Mars: Unfavourable position: Misunderstanding with brothers, Loss of landed property and gold; Fear from fire, thieves and enemies; Wrath of god Subrahmanya and trouble from military personnel; Ailments arising out of impure blood, fever, eye diseases; Loss of utensils; Cuts and wounds caused in the body by weapons Favourable: Acquision of landed property, gold, weapons; Favour of commander in chief; Grace of lord Subrahmanya; Profit from loss of enemies; Profit from brothers and kings Mercury: Unfavourable position: Wrath of lord Vishnu; Suffering from the heir-apparent; Suffering due to abusive languages; Trouble from theives. Favourable: Acquisition of horses, gold, land; Increase in friends; Acquisition of wealth with the help of Brahmins and good advisors; Income from sculptural skills and arbitration work; Increase of Fame; Performance of religious deeds; Earning by writing or mathematics; Grace of lord Vishnu Jupiter: Unfavourable position: Ear troubles; Sickness to children; Wrath of gods and brahmins; Enmity with wicked

33 people Favourable: Increase of clarity of mind; Gain from religious practices, through persons well versed in recitation of Vedas and through favour of rulers; Acquisition of gold, horses and elephants; Blessings of gods and brahmins Venus: Unfavourable position: Sickness to wife or other female relations; Destruction of clothes; Decrease in general prosperity; Sorrow caused by love; Hatred towards government servants; Association with low born people; Death of cattles; Loss of silverware Favourable position: Gain of silver utensils; Fine clothes; Ornaments; Diamonds; Underground treasures; Marriage; gain of money; Increase of taste for music; Access to cattle and good food Saturn: Unfavourable position: Diseases caused by vitiation of wind and phlegm; Ignorance; Tendency to steal; Irritability; Calamities; Lazyness; Physical and Mental debility; Suffering due to sarcastic attitude of spouse, children and servants; Dislocation of limbs; Jealousy. Favourable position: Reduction of sorrow; Association with old women; Increase in servants and iron goods; Headship of a town; Acquisition of buffalows Nodes: The effects of Rahu are similar to the lord of the rasi occupied by him and of Saturn. Similarly the effects of Ketu are similar to the lord of the rasi occupied by him and of Mars. General Inauspicious effects: Death; Serious diseases; Danger to near and dear ones; Destruction of house; Fall from position; Wrath of the rulers; Unpopularity; Loss; Waste of money and land; Theft of property; Dishonour; Ill fame General auspicious effects: Good health; Royal favour; Gain of money; Friendship or increase in friends; Success in all undertaking; Mental peace; Elevation to high position; Popularity; Fame; Birth of children.

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12. Analysis of a Bhava V- Planets in First house
INTRODUCTION This section shall enumerate the different effects of all the planets in different houses. The effects of all the planets shall be divided into two distinct categories namely the favourable effect, the unfavourable effects: A planet gives favourable results if it is placed with strength viz., placement in exaltation, Moola trikona, own house or natural friend’s house if is under the influence of natural benefics Jupiter, Mercury, Venus or Moon. A planet gives unfavourable results if it is weak by placement viz., placement in debilitation or enemies house. if it is under the influence of natural malefics Saturn, Rahu, Mars, Sun or Ketu. The relations signified by a house suffer, if the house is placed with malefics (afflicted) and the lord of the house is weakly placed as well. If benefic aspects such house, the suffering is either nullified or minimised to great extent. The influence on the lord of the the bhava also shows the effect on the native’s mental makeup towards relations signified by that house. Thus if the 3rd lord is afflicted, the the native might not go well with brothers. The different relations governed by the houses are: Lagna- Self Second- Family as a whole Third- Siblings in general and younger siblings in particular Fourth- Mother Fifth- Children; Secret friends Sixth- Enemies, maternal uncles Seventh- Spouse EighthNinth- Father TenthEleventh- Friends, Paternal uncle Twelfth- Secret enemies The natural benefics (Jupiter, Mercury, Moon & Venus) are good for the health and longivity of the relations and natural malefics (Saturn, Mars, Sun, Rahu & Ketu) cause health troubles and reduction in longevity and health. In the the third house malefics give lesser siblings and in the fifth house it gives difficulties in birth of children and also lesser in numbers. THE LAGNA Lagna is primarily a kendra bhava and secondarily a trikona bhava and hence Parashara says that this bhava is specifically auspicious of all natives. If there is affliction to this bhava, the whole horoscope is affected. Malefics placed here can harm the bhava, however since this is a kendra bhava, if those malefics (Mars or Saturn) are placed in own house or exaltation, they constitute two mahapurusha yoga namely Ruchaka and Sasa Mahapurusha yoga. When such mahapurusha yoga occurs, the planet doesnot harm the bhava and instead promote the bhava. The influence of the planets on the physical features and nature, while placed on the Lagna can be seen from the characteristics of the planets, which are as follows: § Sun o Has honey-coloured, golden Brown or Tawny eyes (madhu pingala drk) o Has Sqarish Face (Chaturasrah) o Has bilious temeperament (pitta prakrti) o Is intelligent (Dhiman) o Has limited hair (Puman alpaka) § Moon o Is extremely windy and phlegmatic (bahu vata kapha) o Is Learned (Pragnya) o Has round face (Brtta) o Has good looking eyes (Subha Drk)

35 o Has sweet speech (Madhu vakya) o Fickle-minded (Chanchal) o Is Lascivious/ eager to associate with opposite sex (Madana Aturah) § Mars o Has fierce and blood-red eyes (krura/ raktetasana) o Unsteady or wavering (chapala) o Has bilious temperament (pitta prakrti) o Is angry (Krodhi) o Has thin waist and physique (Krsah Madhya Tanu) § Mercury o Is admirable (vapush) o Is splendid and beautiful (Strestha) o Has beautiful skin/ skin without blemishes (shlishtvak) o Is fond of humor (hasya ruchi) o He has a mix of all the three humours, i.e., bilious, phlegmatic and windy § Jupiter o Has a big body (Brhat Gatra) o Has Tawny hair and eyes (Pingala murdhajeksane) o Is phlegmatic (kapha prakrti) o Is Intelligent (Dhiman) o Is expert in all Shastras (Sarva shastra visharada) § Venus o Is charming (sukhi kanta) o Splendorous physique (vapusshreshta) o Has beautiful eyes (sulochana) o Is poetic (kavya karta) o Is Exceedingly phlegmatic (Kapha adhikya) o Is also windy (Anilaatma) o Has curly hair (vakra murdhaja) § Saturn is o Has an emaciated and long physique (Krsha Dirgha Tanu) o Has tawny eyes (Pingala Drsti) o Is of windy in temperament (anilaatmakah) o Has protruding teeth (sthula danta) o Is lazy (alasa) o Is Lame (Pangu) o Has coarse hair over the body (khara roma) § Nodes o Rahu has smoky appearance (Dhumra akara) o Has bluish body (Nila tanu) o He resides in forests (Vanastha) o He is horrifying (Bhayankarah) o He is of windy temperament (vata prakrti) o He is intelligent (Dhiman) o Ketu is akin to Rahu Note: Terms inside the closed brackets are the sanskrit term taken from BPHS. Since the Lagna signify the self and the personality of the native, the influence of different planets shall influence the personality of the native too. If more planets are placed in the Lagna (or aspect it), the person would be broad minded as he would be having the attitude / personality traits bestowed by all planets. Many shastras say that such people will be a king, which in modern context mean an able leader or a natural leader. This is a Marana Karaka Sthana for Saturn and hence the natural significations of Saturn such as longevity gets severely affected. However, if they also constitute the Mahapurusha yoga, the effect undergo transformation and the Marana Karaka avastha is cancelled.

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The different Karakas for this bhavas are: Sun - Soul; Health and Vitality Moon - Body Jupiter - Intelligence Saturn - Hair The effect of different planets on Lagna is based on their interaction with these different karakas. If they are friends to the Karaka, they shall enhance the significations of the karaka; otherwise they shall affect it adversely. However, it needs to be emphasised again that strong planets (exaltation, own, friendly houses) tend to give less malefic results than the weaker ones. It is also to be noted that each planet is a karaka for other houses too. If it is placed in a dusthana (6th/ 8th/ 12th) from the concerned house (karya bhava), then the native is unfortunate related to the affairs to that house. For example if Saturn is placed in the Lagna, it can curtail longevity since, it is the karaka of eighth house (longevity) and if placed in the Lagna, it would be placed in sixth house from the eighth, which happens to be a dusthana from the karya bhava. Similarly Mars is the Karaka for enemies and if placed in the Lagna, would be in the eighth (dusthana) from the sixth house, causing damage to the sixth house. Thus, this position of Mars, causes suffering to the enemies in the hands of the native (Lagna- self). One more very important thing to consider is the concept of argala. Planets in the Lagna would have argala on the 12th house, 3rd house and the 10th house. Malefics in the Lagna would have the argala on the 11th house too. Thus the planets in the Lagna shall effect the influences of these four houses also. If benefics are placed in Lagna, then it enhances, expenses on good cause, prosperity of the siblings, enhacement of reputation and fame and also income from desirable sources. Malefics placed in the Lagna gives quite opposite results.

THE SUN Favourable effects Less Hair on head (baldish)/ Prominent forehead; Dignified; Sattvik Natured; Good health; Intelligent; Learned; Knowledgeable; Wise; Ambitious; Initiative; Natural leadership qualities; Commanding nature; Bilious Temperament; Hot tempered; Fierce; Less spoken; Valourous; Self contended; Famous; Wealthy; Acquire territory (Leo); Father of daughters (Virgo) Unfavourable effects Lethargic (predominance of tamasik guna); Obstinate; Cruel Hearted; Lack the forgiving attitude; Wanderer; Proud; Fluctuating wealth; Devoid of Learning; Devoid of authority; Devoid of progeny; Blind; Subservient to Women (Pisces); Suffer from boils; Diseases in the Head; Eye defects/ diseases/ troubles/ Eye Inflammation or Cataract of eyes/ Night blindness (Leo); (Cancer); Heart disease (Capricorn); Lose his wife/ Ungrateful (Virgo). THE MOON Favourable Handsome; Happy; Strong built; Well versed in shastras; Wise; Intelligent; Clever converstationalist and Wealthy Unfavourable (weak in paksha bala along with other weaknesses) Fickle minded; Restlessness; Weak constitution; Deaf and Mute MARS Favourable Healthy; Strong constitution; Stout body; Big navel; Reddish hands; Valorous; Wealthy; Hot tempered; Honoured by the ruler/ govt.; Long life; Fond of sight seeing

Unfavourable Rarely get peace of mind; Marks of wounds or boils; Suffer many diseases during childhood; Stealing habit; Stupid; Cruel; Angry temperament; Unstable mind; Suffer from Mental troubles; Wicked disposition; Short life; Few children; Ugly appearance; Rheumatism; Eye diseases; Accidents; Injuries to Limb; Loss of wife/ Trouble to wife; Face evil consequences for his actions MERCURY Favourable

37 Gentle; Educated; Early marriage; Devout listener of the recitation of religious scriptures; Like to travel to many places; Travel to pilgrimages; Inclined towards Mantras and Tantras; Have the power to free people from the influence of evil spirits; Soft spoken; Forgiving; Kind hearted; Gain of wealth; Distinction in academic pursuits; Good health; Golden lustre on the skin; Interested in Astrology; Happiness from brothers; Religious minded; Proficiency in Arts; Poetry, Literature, Logic, Mathematics and use of arms; Stout body/ Handsome; Knowledge of own country; Well versed in shastras; Sweet and tactful conversationalist; Longlife; Destroys the Arishta (evil effect on longevity) caused by other planets in the horoscope and Good physician, Prosperity of children; They usually don’t suffer from any diseases. However, if they contact any disease, it will be very complicated. Unfavourable Suffer from skin diseases, bilious troubles and jaundice; Defective limb; Antagonistic towards gentlemen; Suffer from eye diseases; Inimical relations with his brothers and will be deceitful; He will be deprived of the comforts of bed (sexual pleasures) and will be a devotee of evil Gods; Suffer the loss of sight in his left eye (association with Saturn); Expenditure on undesirable persons. JUPITER Favourable Dignified appearance/ Handsome; Good natured/ amicable; Good speaker; Learned; Well versed in shastras; Knowledge of Vedas; Many children/ Happiness from children; Happy; Long lived; Perform religious deeds; Long lived; Fearless; Tolerant; Respected; Virtuous; Charitable; Philanthropic; Go to pilgrimages; Famous; Enjoy luxuries and material pleasures Unfavourable Indulge in sinful deeds; Unstable mind; Medium span of life; Childless; Ungrateful; Full of false vanity; Forsake his near and dear; Like travelling; Inimical towards others; Miserable Jataka Parijata says in this respect - If a powerful Jupiter in his full rays is posited in a kendra (1,4,7,10), he alone wards off all aristhas just as a sincere prayer to God Mahadev destroys all sins of the devotee VENUS Favourable Handsome/ charming/ attractive; Soft-spoken; Long lived; Proficient in Mathematics; Learned in shastras; Loved by his wife; Fond of ornaments, good dresses & beauty; Liked by opposite sex; Wealthy. Unfavourable Thieving inclination; Cheat; Suffer rheumatic / phlegmatic diseases; Troubles in generative organs; Two wives (Venus own 6th/8th/12th); Fluctuating fortune; Hard hearted (lack of compassion). SATURN Unfavourable Rheumatism; Bilious complaints; Mendicant (aspected by Moon); Poor; Sickly; Unclean; Suffering from diseases in childhood; Indistinct speech; Lazy / Lethargic; Greedy; Sorrowful; Narrow minded; Conquer enemies. The native is always dissatisfied, greedy, endowed with broad vision (they can’t see minute details) and over ambitious. They are usually jealous of others’ improvement and as a result suffer lack of peace of mind. However, if placed in own house or exalted or when placed in Pisces or Sagittarius, the native is gets name and fame. Favourable (only if in own house or in exaltation) Leader of his community; High status & position RAHU Favourable Conquer enemies; Successful in his endeavours with others’ help. Rahu is Leo, Cancer or Aries Lagna is specifically beneficial. Unfavourable Physical troubles and Troubles in married life. KETU Favourable

38 Good speaker; Successful in education (the deity of Ketu is Ganesha, who is the giver of the siddhis) Unfavourable Lean; Lacks physical felicity; Marital disharmony

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13. Analysis of Bhava VI - Planets in the Second House
INTRODUCTION The 2nd house is primarily for Accumilated wealth (karaka Jupiter); accumulated wealth (karaka Moon) and Application of knowledge (since this is tenth from fifth house); Speech (karaka Mercury); Eyes (karaka Sun) or Face (Karaka Sun) Malefics placed in this house adversely affect these significations. Checking the argala perspective, planets placed in the 2nd house would have argala on the Lagna bhava (dharnargala); Fourth house (Labhargala) and Eleventh house (sukhargala). Malefics placed in this house affect the significations of these houses adversely, while benefics placed in second house, enhance the said houses. SUN: Favourable Healthy; Immensely Wealthy; Aquire wealth due to the grace of ruler/ govt.; Learned in shastras; Wise; Good eye sight; Good reputation/ fame Unfavourable Egoistis; Devoid of wealth; Loss of wealth due to wrath of Government; Diseases in Face/ Mouth; Eye diseases; Lack of Intelligence; Devoid of knowledge of shastras; Ill health; Domestic disharmony (conflict with kith and kins on account of spouse); Stammer (association with Mercury and the 2nd lord is weak); Trouble to Children.

THE MOON Favourable Handsome; Glorious; Wealthy; Complacent; Knowlegeable; Large family; Attached to the family; Soft spoken; Endowed with material comforts. Unfavourable Speech troubles; Passionate; Stupid and Uneducated. MARS Favourable Gain wealth; Well educated; Good eye sight and Defeat his enemies. Unfavourable Lack of education; Eye troubles such as cataract, defective eyesight or night blindness; Eat stale food; Ugly face; Speech defects; In company of mean people; Stupid and Miser. MERCURY Favourable Many children; Talkative; Educated; Well versed in shastras; Determined; Contented; Wealthy; Virtuous; Distinction in academic pursuits; Financial gains; Proficient in Mathematics (aspected by Jupiter); Poetic; Intelligent; Soft spoken; Fond of good food and drinks; Famous; Highly moral; Orator; Generous; Fond of luxurious living; Unfavourable Uneducated; Suffer from windy troubles;

JUPITER Favourable Handsome; Intelligent; Eloquent; Sweet tongued; Soothsayer (Whatever he says comes true); Prosperous; Wealthy; Fond of good food; Fond of luxuries; Charitable; Fond of poetry; Well versed in administrative matters Unfavourable Difficulties in education; Have thieving inclination; Liar and vulgar speech; Drunkard; Immoral; Destroyer of family; Relations with other’s wives; Childless; Talkative; Difficulties in accumulate wealth

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VENUS Favourable Attractive eyes; Wealthy; Prosperous family; Get good food; Humble nature; Kind hearted; Helpful to others; Eloquent/ sweet tongued/ Humble in speech; Wealthy; Poetic; Enjoy good food/ drinks; Glorious; Enjoy luxuries; Enjoy company of women; Intelligent; Handsome/ decently dressed Unfavourable Eye troubles (lord weak/ afflicted); Night blindness (associate with Moon) SATURN Favourable In charge of a religious institution; Earn in foreign land /becomes wealthy in foreign land Unfavourable Suffer poverty/ Deprived of wealth by the king; Remarriage; Possess no lands; Suffer eye troubles; Suffer diseases in face; Ugly in appearance; Harsh speech; Detaches himself from the family to move to foreign land RAHU Rahu is inimical to the Karaka of the house Jupiter (wealth) or Family and being a malefic can cause distress in these areas. Favourable: Financially successful in the business related to fish, meat or restaurant; Harsh tongue/ shocking speech; Diplomatic speech. Unfavourable: Thieving habits; Low sinful deeds KETU Favourable: The native is inclined towards arts and literature; Sweet tongued Unfavourable: Troubles to eyes and throat

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14. Analysis of Bhava VII - Planets in the Third House
INTRODUCTION Third house is a upachaya or a house of growth. Any planets in this house as reckoned from the Lagna, cause the growth of the Lagna bhava. However, the ways in which a planet shall help in growth of the Lagna shall be dependent on their own nature. Being the bhava of courage, malefics in this bhava gives courage, their affliction can cause lack of siblings or trouble to siblings. Benefics in such place may cause lack of courage or cowerdice, but is good for the health and affairs of siblings. This is also the house of skills and dexterity. Planets in this house make the person skillful in the areas ruled by the planets. Thus planets like Moon or Venus can make a person artist, however the genius and creativity is only ruled by the fifth house. Being the 7th house from the 9th house, planets in this bhava also aspect the ninth house of fortune. Hence, Malefics placed here give troubles with fortune, more so if afflicted and benefics give rise in fortune. Being the 9th house from 7th house of relationship, it shows the dharma in the relationships and hence it also the house of morality. Affliction to this house also makes a person low in morality and principles. From the Argala perspective, planets in the 3rd house shall have dharnargala on the 2nd house, labhargala on the 5th house and sukhargala on the 12th house. Thus courage and initiative actively influences the wealth one accumulates, the knowledge one gathers and the expenditure one involves in. If benefics or the karka or the friends of the karaka of 2nd/ 5th/ 12th are placed in the 3rd house, the significations of these houses shall enhance, otherwise suffer due to significations of 3rd house. THE SUN Favourable Valorous; Famous; Wealthy; Happy; Have a good and eventful life; Intelligent; Generous; Good to friends; Forgiving nature; Patient; Devoid of illnesses; Handsome; Liked by women; Respected; Honourable; Conquer enemies; Go to pilgrimages; Philantropic; Virtuous; Endowed with material comforts; Fortunate; Aquire comforts due to grace of ruler; Prosperity of brother; growth of family. Unfavourable Devoid of siblings; Cruel Deed; Inimical towards his relations; Ear troubles; Destruction of family THE MOON Favourable Prosperity and well being of brothers; more sisters; Healthy; Strong & Courageous; Religious; Good in Literature; Enjoys material pleasures; Dependent on friends; Dependent on relations & Friends; Fond of Traveling Unfavourable Suffer Rheumatism; Autocratic/ Cruel and Miser MARS Favourable Financial gains; Brothers long lived (Mars under benefic influences); Patience; Valorous/ Courageous; Unconquerable; Generous; Meritorious; Honoured by the ruler/ govt.; Happy; Independent/ self-confident; Healthy and Famous; Self made person Unfavourable No younger siblings; Wife of questionable character; Association with prostitutes (association with nodes); Inimical to siblings or Loss of younger siblings; Devoid of good living place; Suffer tuberculosis / consumption MERCURY Favourable Many siblings; Happy; Posses landed property; Acquire wealth; High morals; Independent; Good natured; Virtuous; Tolerant; Long life (when third lord is strong); Long life to brothers; Inclination towards trade and business; Courageous; Clever; Detached from worldly affairs; Dependence of younger siblings on the native. Unfavourable Suffering in life; Suffer throat diseases; Timidity (weak third lord); Consummate rogue; Devoid of friends; Unstable mind

42 JUPITER Favourable: Big family; Many siblings; Religious; ; Detest materialism/ belief in simple living; Clever; Determined; Fond of Travelling; Brothers achieve high position; Fortunate but cannot earn as much as he desires; Get national honour or recognition Unfavourable: Stingy/ Miser; Impatient; Idiotic; Suffer poverty; Suffer from Acidity / Inflammation; Sinful; Malicious nature; Humiliated in public; Dominated by wife; Ungrateful; Not a friend of anybody; Worried; Devoid of courage VENUS Favourable Tolerant; Many siblings (mostly sisters); Determined; Wealthy and Happy Unfavourable Weaker constitution; Miser; Not liked by people; Devoid of happiness / wealth; Wife dominates over the native; Devoid of courage; Devoid of enthusiasm; Less fortunate; Attracted towards women; Lose morals and involve in lowly acts; Unhappy regarding children; Dependent on others SATURN Favourable Many siblings; Intelligent; Courageous/ Great strength; Determination; Natural leader; Holding administrative positions; Generous (even treat his enemies well); Patient/ persistent; Happy married life; Charitable; Ambitious; Good orator Unfavourable Loss of brothers/ Unhappy on account of brothers; Earn by questionable means; Lazy; Unhappy; Mean; Devoid of gratitude towards others; Face many obstacles in life; Suffer ear troubles; suffer due to rheumatism (vata)

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15. Analysis of Bhava VIII - Planets in the Fourth House
INTRODUCTION Fourth is the house of happiness and shastras define this as sukha sthana. Since all of us are in the search of happiness in life, this house shows what motivates all our actions. Being a kendra, it has strong bearing on our activities. We all know that the Kendras are the houses of Vishnu and hence shows our actions, and the Konas are the houses of Lakshmi and shows the results we get for those actions. Malefics placed here makes the person unhappy at his native place/ home and makes him leave home / native place and go to foreign land to settle down. Where as benefics makes the person enjoy happiness at his home or native land. Along with happiness, fourth house is also seen for immovable properties such as Land, house etc. and also conveyance. Planets placed in dignity and under benefic influences bestow the native these things and many more luxuries. Whereas any affliction to this house make the native devoid of happiness from these things. This house is also seen for Mother’s health. This house must be under benefic influences for Mother to be free from any troubles. Otherwise, troubles can be predicted to Mother. This house rules the heart. Affliction to this house can cause heart troubles. However, one must look for affliction to the Karaka Sun as well, before pronouncing the results. From the Argala perspective, this house has dhanargala on the 3rd house, labhargala on the 6th house and sukhargaloa on the Lagna. Hence planets in this house influences the prosperity of the siblings (3rd); service / enemies (6th) or the health of the native (lagna).

THE SUN Favourable Sociable; Soft hearted; Fond of vocal / instrumental music Unfavourable Lack of Happiness; Troubled mind/ Restless; Devoid of friends or relations/ Troubled by friends or relations; Loss of paternal property; Devoid of wealth; Devoid of conveyance; Live away from his home; Troubles to Mother; Heart trouble THE MOON Favourable Happy/ Satisfied; Fond of luxuries; Passionate- Fond of women’s company; Sacrificing; Have good friends & relatives; Attain high status and position/ hold leadership position in his community; Good reputation/ liked and loved by people; Have good house, conveyances; Trade on waters (river or ocean) Unfavourable Trouble to mother and Childhood troubles

MARS Favourable (only under benefic influences) Good health; Own conveyances & landed property; Mother will be long-lived; Gets land and clothes by the favour of the king/ ruler. Unfavourable Restless; Adversities in the family; Domestic disturbances (kuja dosa); Early death of father; Health troubles to mother/ Loss of mother (if highly afflicted); Devoid of land/ home; Live in dilapidated house; Suffer poverty; Inimical relations with kith and kins/ Devoid of friends; Live away from his native place; Devoid of Conveyances and land MERCURY

44 Favourable Soft spoken; Active doing something all the time; Patient; Broad eyes; Happiness from parents; Learned; Happy; Flatterer; Wealthy; Own lands and Conveyances; Own good clothes; Wise; Enjoy company of friends; Fond of various art forms Unfavourable (only if afflicted) Devoid of land and conveyances; Bitterness in relations; Deceitful/ Acquire wealth by questionable means; Deprived of ancestral property JUPITER Favourable Happy/ Contented; Wise; Highly intelligent; Good conduct/ Clean hearted; Own land & good house; Own conveyances; Good health to mother; Good friends; Happiness from children & wife; Wealthy; Endowed with luxuries; Conquer enemies; Take part in religious ceremonies; Ambitious; Grace from rulers/ govt.; Reputed in his community Unfavourable Not contended; Devoid of land and conveyances; Suffer loss of mother; Bitterness with relations VENUS Favourable Handsome; Intelligent; Happy/ Happiness from brothers; Good nature/ Forgiving nature; Enjoy conveyances; Good health to mother/ Looks after his mother; Enjoy landed property & house; Possess good ornaments, dresses etc; Leader in his community; Get many gifts from followers Unfavourable Devoid of land and conveyance; Distress to mother; Illicit relationship with other women; SATURN Favourable (only if Saturn is strong and under benefic influences) Happiness from mother; Popular in his community; Hold leadership positions Unfavourable Lazy; Devoid of paternal properties; Bad character; Gets into bad company; Loss of mother/ Bad health to mother/ troubles mother; Lack of happiness; Troubled; Sickly in childhood; Devoid of material happiness (from house; conveyance etc.); Domestic troubles; Loves Isolation

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16. Analysis of Bhava IX - Planets in the Fifth House
INTRODUCTION The fifth house is predominantly known as Suta Bhava or the house of progeny. Since children reflects the future in anyone’s life, this house is also called the house governing the future. If this house is under affliction, then there shall be troubles in procreation and also the future of the native is ruined. This also the house of chitta, or the inner harmony. Affliction to this house cause the person inherently restless and possess lesser emotional quotient. Since this is the house of progeny, which is the reflection of the native himself, this house is also known for any kind of creative impulses and very important for innovation and geniuses. Among other things, this is the house of power and authority and also represent disciples or subordinates, on which the power is weilded. Planets well placed in this house confer power and authority to the native, while if weakly placed, can cause troubles related to these areas. Fifth house is also the house of worship and mantra. Planets placed in this house reflect the native’s affiliation towards different forms of divinity. If a male planet is placed here, the conception of divinity for the native is masculine and powerful, whereas female planets shows that for the native, the divinity is feminine and protective. Jupiter confers the conception of nirguna brahman and make the native worship formless form of the Brahaman. From the argala perspective, planets in the fifth house shall have dhanargala on the 4th house, sukhargala on the 2nd house and labhargala on the 7th house. Hence the significations of the 5th house such as children, knowledge, authority etc, significantly impact the significations of the 2nd, 4th and 7th house.

THE SUN Favourable Devoted to Shiva; Sharp Intellect and Wise Unfavourable Trouble to first child/ Childless; Devoid of wealth; Use intelligence in sinful deed; Wanderer; Stomach ailment (such as acidity) and Short lived. THE MOON Favourable Progeny’s well being; More female offspring; Highly intelligent; Fickle minded/ Changeable; Worshipper of Mother; Timid; Wise; Glorious; Truthful/ Sattvik mind; Skillful in handling money/ finances; Philantropic; Meritorious; Rajayogi- Not attached to material surrounding, even if have abundance; Councellor / Advisor; Have good friends; Serve the ruler/ king (govt. servant) MARS Unfavourable Suffer poverty; Unhappy/ worried; No children/ Loss of children/ abortions; Immoral; Wicked/ Mean/ Sinful (association with eighth lord)/ Uncontrollable; Unstable mind; Wrath of the ruler/govt.; Suffer from cuts or wounds; Liar (like to say foul against others in his absence and create controversies); Shrewd; Troubles from enemies; Mental disorder; Lack of Intelligence; Troubles in education; Backbiter; Tormented by hunger; Suffer hyperacidity; In female horoscope this indicate terrible labour pain Favourable Have children (only under benefic influences); Governmental positions of high status; Intelligent and analytical minded; Courageous MERCURY Favourable Mother’s well being; Many children but get them late in life; Possess children (only under benefic influences); Highly intelligent; Soft spoken; Wise; Learned in Mantra Shastra and Hypnotism; Minister/ advisor; Happy; Glorious; Well educated; Hold position of authority; Skilful in Trade and speculation

46 Unfavourable Loss of children/ Inclined towards adoption; Sinful JUPITER Favourable Highly intelligent; Wise/ Learned; Possess broad eyes; Good conversationalist/ Good orator; Endowed with illustrious children; Glorious; Feed others; Good in politics (rajaniti shastra)/ Favour by king/ govt.; Knowledgeable in Law/ Good advisor/ Judge; Prosperous; Tolerant; Fond of luxuries; Author with fruitful imagination; Wealth from children Unfavourable Loss of children/ Difficulties in begetting children (in Capricorn, Aquarius or Cancer); Suffer loss of wealth due to wrath of ruler; Loss of memory; Devoid of wisdom VENUS Favourable Wise; Intelligent; Educated; Endowed with poetic skills; Clever minister/ advisor/ judge; Long lived grandmother; Respected; Honoured by govt; Well versed in worldly affairs; Have children but devoid of happiness from them; Conveyances; Wealthy; Hardworking; Successful in speculation Unfavourable Lacks courage/ Cowerdice SATURN Favourable Birth of children (more daughters); Affairs with many women; Philosopher; Endowed with the skill of use machines Unfavourable Childless/ Adopt a daughter (under benefic influences); Weak constitution; Extremely poor; Engaged in inferior trades; Evil minded/ Heartless; Devoid of intelligence; Devoid of learning/ Troubles in education; Devoid wealth and happiness; Wanders aimlessly; Unstable mind; Suffer gastritis

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17. Analysis of Bhava X - Planets in the Sixth House
INTRODUCTION Sixth house is commonly called the Ari bhava or the bhava of enemies and it is also an Upachaya. Being an upachaya, the planets placed in this house promotes the significations of the Lagna bhava and help in its growth. It is usually said the the best place for the Malefics are the upachayas. However, their placement in the sixth house is tricky since, this position on one hand gives valour and the power to conquer enemies, on the other, it gives trouble from the enemies. However if the lagna lord is stronger than the sixth lord, then the native wins over the enemies and otherwise if the sixth lord is stronger. The kind of enemies can be seen from the natural significations of the planet who is placed in the sixth house. For example, if Sun is placed in the sixth there shall be enemity with influencial persons and persons from the govt. This might also show the predominant characteristic on the enemies. The benefics placed in this house makes the person free from enemies and if there is enemity, the native conquers his enemies without much effort. This is also the house of diseases. The diseases caused in this bhava is more pathogenic than physiological. If a planet is weakly placed in this bhava then the native suffers diseases in the physiological system ruled by the planet. The physiological system ruled by different planets are as follows: Sun - Skeletal sytem Moon - Circulatory system Mars - Muscular system Mercury - Nervous system including skins Jupiter - Digestive system Venus - Reproductive system Saturn - Excretory system Along with the systems governed by different planets, they also govern other body parts, which needs to be studied to understand different diseases a person would be suffering with. Understanding diseases are an essential part of medical astrology and shall be taken up in another article. Sixth house is also the house of maternal uncles and in whole it represents the mother’s family. If malefics are placed here as well as afflicted, then the native’s maternal uncles might suffer. If a benefic is placed in the sixth, its natural significance suffers with the expense of the house itself (the house gains with the placement of a benefic). Thus is Moon is placed in the sixth the person suffers with lack of mental felicity and involved in many unlawful activities if afflicted too. Similarly if Venus is so place, the significations such as relationship, marital harmony etc., suffer heavily and if Jupiter is so placed, the person suffers due to excessive eating (they would like to eat, but many things would be prohibited by the doctor). If Mercury is so placed, then the person gets into trouble due to communication and he is troubled by his kiths & kins. Venus is placed in Marana Karaka Avastha (MKA) in this house and the natural as well as functional significations of Venus significantly suffer while it is placed here. Planets in sixth have argala on the 5th, 8th and the 3rd house. Hence planets in this how singnificantly affect the significations of the mentioned houses.

THE SUN Favourable Powerful (but can be overpowered by his enemies); Successful in endeavours; Glorious; Famous; Wealthy; Passionate Unfavourable Billious temperament; Suffering to Maternal uncle; Heart or eye diseases; Bone related diseases; Acidic Troubles MOON Favourable Conquer enemies (only if strong)

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Unfavourable Poor; Sickly / weak constitution; Stomach ailments; Stupidity; Suffer in enemy hands; Low sexual vigour; Low life force- Lazy and Lethargic; Lower longevity; Cruel; Angry; Sinful deeds, working against the laws (govt.); Sickly in childhood. MARS Favourable Famous; Successful in his undertakings; Valorous; Defeat his enemies; Blessed with children; Wealthy; Glorious like a king; Highly passionate; Handsome; Stout bodied and Leader in his community Unfavourable Rheumatism; Leprosy (association with Mercury); Suffer hyperacidity; Troubles to maternal uncle and Spendthrift; Troubles in Litigations. MERCURY Favourable Respected/ favour by the ruler/ govt.; Author; Free from enemies; Victorious in the battlefield; Free from diseases; Earn wealth with his own efforts. Unfavourable Leprosy (association with Mars and 6th lord); Rheumatism & shooting pains (affliction by Saturn or Nodes); Troubled by enemies/ Enemies in his community; Lazy; Harsh speech; Belligerent; Argumentative and gets angry often in arguments; Obstacles in achieving success in educational pursuits; Showy; Proud; Fond of creating controversies; Restless JUPITER Favourable Conquer enemies/ Free from enemies; Progression of lineage; Free from diseases, Clever; Interest in Mantra recitation (house of speech, 2nd, from the house of mantra, 5th); Famous; Reputation through spouse Unfavourable Marks of wound on the body; Rheumatism; Suffering from cough and cold; Acidity; Sickness to mother; Lazy; Troubled by enemies; Falling sick due to excessive eating. VENUS Favourable Devoid of enemies Unfavourable Dangerous and scheming enemies (affliction); Suffer poverty; Unhappy; Relationship with many women/ Disliked by women; Inimical toward wife; Distressed; Mean; Unsuccessful in efforts; Deprived of happiness from father or guru; Dull; Trouble in begetting children SATURN Favourable Powerful; Vanquish his enemies and diseases (however, troubled by them); Travel far and wide (association of Mars) Unfavourable Belligerent; Financial distress; Little learning; Troubles to legs/ Suffer rheumatic pains, Suffer loss of longevity (if Saturn is eighth lord); Eat a lot; Wealthy; Proud; Passionate; Courageous; Evil minded; Suffer early loss of maternal uncle

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18. Analysis of Bhava XI - Planets in the Seventh House
INTRODUCTION The seventh house is primarily seen for relationships and marital aspects of a native and secondarily for business and trade. Presence of malefics or affliction otherwise to this house cause marital disharmony, trouble to spouse’s health. Since this house is opposition to the Lagna, planets placed here significantly affect the Lagna by aspect. If the planets placed here is friend to the Lagna lord, then the Lagna (self) gains from the significations of the 7th house, however, if inimical to the Lagna lord, then the native suffer due to the significations of the planets placed in the seventh. Since any relationships is an emotional bond, predominant with water elements, any fiery planet’s (Sun, Mars) placement in this house can cause trouble in the marital life and the relationship bond of the native as fire is inimical to the water element. Placement of watery planets such as Moon and Venus makes the native highly emotional regarding relationship with the opposite sex and they tend to be more passionate and like to have company with many partners. If these planets are afflicted, then this might cause perversions. Mars and Mercury gets into Marana karaka avastha since, Mars is a bachelor and hence abhors marriage or any relationship with the opposite sex. For Mercury, he is still an undeveloped sexually and thus in the house of relationship, Mercury feels extremely uncomfortable. However, not both give similar results while placed in the 7th house. Mars is more deadly as it cause the Kuja Dosa and makes marriage a difficult path to tread. However, though Mercury is not as bad as Mars, it makes the native suffer from impotency and not able to cope up sexually with the partner. In addition, Mars and Mercury’s functional and natural signification suffer significantly while they are placed in the 7th house. THE SUN Favourable Witty; Successful in trade and business Unfavourable Late Marriage; Marital disharmony; Passionate; Immoral; Trouble to wife/ Many wives; Bald; No respect for opposite sex; Wanderer; Meat eater; Urninary troubles; Suffer due to litigation; Wrath of government; Loss in business.

THE MOON Favourable Good looking; Well behaved/ good manners; Soft spoken; Passionate- Fond of women’s company; Grace of ruler/ govt.; Happiness from wife/ Marital harmony; Gains from foreign trade & business Unfavourable Poverty; Illnesses; Eye defects; Suffer fear of water; Envious of others; weak constitution (suffer many diseases due to this); Greedy MARS Unfavourable Ill health; Loss of spouse/ Ill health to spouse (due to kuja dosa); Obstacles in getting married; Move away from home; Sexual intimacy with women of loose character; Sexual perversions (association with Mercury/ Saturn); Fond of liquor; Sexual intercourse with women in Menses (association with Ketu); Without potency; Full of vanity; Humiliation at the hand of opposite sex; Immoral; Unhappy; Troubled; Suffer poverty and troubled by enemies & diseases. MERCURY Favourable Handsome; Wealthy; Enjoy happiness from mother; Possess conveyances; Religiously inclined; Broadminded; Married to a good natured; wealthy; intelligent wife (more applicable in Navamsa); Possess knowledge of law and rules of own country; Wise; Well dressed; Glorious; Married to a wealthy wife; Respected; Less virile

50 Unfavourable Eat non-vegetarian food; Loss of husband (in female horoscope); Suffer from Leprosy. JUPITER Favourable Highly educated; Worried; Financial gains; Chaste, learned and devoted wife; Attached to his wife; Gain wealth from wife; Excel his father in qualities/ More generous than his father; Blessed with children; Orator; Poetic; Head of village; Learned in shastras/ Famous for his learning; Highly intelligent; Powerful; Handsome Unfavourable (only on affliction) Illicit relationship with other women VENUS Favourable Handsome/ have a charismatic personality; Passionate; Surrounded by women; Wealthy; Surrounded by luxuries; Wealth from in-laws; Influential due to wife; Expert in various art forms; Happy married life; Fond of promoting controversies and quarrels; Possess conveyances; Efficient in work; Unfavourable Hyper sexed; Have extra marital affairs; Believe in material enjoyment; Loss of wife/ Remarriage; Devoid of children SATURN Favourable Good friends; Stable wealth; Stable minded wife; Stable marital life; Gain from the trade of Iron and Metal Unfavourable Delays in Marriage; The spouse would be significantly older than the expected age / Lean bodied wife (more applicable in Navamsa); Affliction to body; Involve in prostitution; Sorrowful; Sexual intimacy outside marriage/ Intimation with women of questionable character/ Intimation with many women (own sign exaltation)/ Homosexuality (associate with Mars)/ Un-natural sex (associate with Venus)/ Suffer humiliation in the hands of women; Poor; Unhappy; Wander aimlessly; Sickly; Suffer loss of wife; Poor; Ugly; Sinful; Loose morals; Sickness to both the native and the spouse

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19. Analysis of Bhava XII - Planets in the Eighth House
INTRODUCTION Eighth house shows the sum total of all our past karma, for which we have taken birth in this world. The birth in this world is due to all the sins and mistakes we have done in the past life/ lives and hence this house signify the weaknesses which make us bind to this illusory world. Once all the karmas are redeemed, there is no need of staying any longer in this world and hence, this house also becomes the houses of longevity. Almost all shastras say that there should not be any malefics in the eighth house, otherwise the longevity of the native is severely curtailed. However, malefic such placed is either exalted or own house, then the longevity is not much affected. Along with the longevity of the native, this house also rule the longevity of relationships or marital ties. Malefics placed here can affect the marital harmony and longevity of the marriage. Among malefics, Mars’s placement is the worst placement and it goes by the name of Kuja dosa. This cause extreme troubles in marriage and the spouse might suffer death (if Mars is badly placed) or bad health. Planets in the eighth house generally express their negative qualities. Though shastras classify planets as benefics and malefics, all planets are capable of giving good or bad results based on whether their negative or positive qualities are expressed. The positive qualities are displayed when a planet is well placed in exaltation or mulatrikona or own house or friends house and the negative qualities are displayed when a planet is debilitated or in enemies house. This must be kept in mind while analysing a bhava and it is specifically applicable to eight house as this house is the house of our weaknesses. Even if a malefic is placed here, it must be very strong, for favourable results, otherwise, the results can be extremely troublesome. From the argala perspective, the planets in the eighth house shall have dhanargala on the 7th house, sukhargala on the fifth house and labhargala on the ninth house. Thus the significations of houses 5th, 7th and 9th are significantly influenced by the planets in the eighth house. The placement of Moon in the eighth is condemned by most classics. This position of Moon goes by the name of chandrastama. For such positions of Moon, the native suffers with regards to the functional and natural significations of Moon. As moon govern the physical body and mind and its resistance to diseases etc., such position of Moon can cause chronic illnesses and also mental troubles such as depression etc. Among all the planets the placement of Mercury in the eighth house is accorded high regards by all shastras. Mercury is treated as grandson by the karaka of the eighth house; Saturn and Mercury rarely give bad results if placed in eighth house, unless heavily afflicted. Such position of Mercury gives good health, long life; knowledge of occult; virtuous and gain wealth with his own effort. THE SUN Favourable Famous; Sudden gains (from lotteries or speculation or inheritence); Committed to his words Unfavourable Angry; Defective eye sight; Weak constitution/ Health troubles; Head Injury; Loss of Wealth; Separation from kith & kins; Few children; Devoid of happiness; Disease of Anus; Suffer from Headache & Fever THE MOON Favourable Long life (only under benefic influences) Unfavouable Fickle minded/ Restless/ suffer psychological troubles; Weak constitution and easily affected by dieases; Face adversities; Fear from enemies and Danger from watery places; Short life (more so if moon is afflicted and the eighth lord is also weak and afflicted) MARS Favourable (only under benefic influences) Happy married life, Good health and Long-life

52 Unfavourable Eye diseases / Defective eye sight (BS, BJ); Short life (unless the eighth lord is strong); Afflicted body/ Suffer due to blood related diseases; Critical to others; Sickly; Infamous; Suffer poverty; Ugly; Sexual perversions; Sorrowful; Early death of father; Urinary diseases; Consumption (T.B.); Few children; Suffer rheumatism and shooting pains; Unsuccessful in his efforts; No support from others; Adversities in life; Devoid of marital happiness (this one of the conditions of Kuja dosa) MERCURY Favourable Long lived; Owner of a large area of land; Many children; Respect and honour in many ways and will get wide spread fame and reputation; Widely known for his qualities; Authority to award punishment (judge, magistrate etc); Wide spread reputation; Supporter of his family; Virtuous; Famous; Glorious; Powerful; Acquire wealth by favour of the king or by doing business; Enjoy the company of women JUPITER Favourable Long lived; Free from diseases; Saintly person; Learned; Well versed in Vedas & shastras Unfavourable Will not live in paternal house; Loose morals; Short lived; Sinful; Illicit relationships; Suffer poverty & earn his livelihood by serving others VENUS Unfavourable Happy; Long life (Venus rules over Mrtyunjaya mantra); wealthy, long-lived; owner of lands; Saravali says that such natives will be endowed with all kinds of comforts, very wealthy, like a king and happy, which is also supported by Chamatkar chintamani, which adds enjoyment of conveyances to the list. Favourable Trouble to mother; Short life (more so if afflicted); Sickly; Have a devoted wife but he will be discontented; Base; Harsh speech; Tormented by debt

SATURN Favourable Long life (also dependent on the strength of the 8th lord) UnfavourableIntimacy with low caste women; Earn by serving others; Defective eye sight; Limited number of issues; Unclean; Suffer from piles and other diseases of anus; Suffer poverty; Cruel minded; Devoid of good food; Unsuccessful in ventures; Loss of wealth; Devoid of company of friends; Sickly; Evil minded

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20. Analysis of Bhava XIII- Planets in the Ninth House
INTRODUCTION Ninth house is primarily known as the Dharma bhava or the house of righteousness. This house is very important for righteous actions of a native. If benefics are placed in this house, then the person is righteous, virtuous, engaged in charitable activities and fortunate. Malefics, excluding Sun in the ninth house can make the native irreligious and involved in sinful activities. Saturn in the ninth can cause of fall of dharma and such natives are usually attracted by different dharmas compared to their own. It is also the house of father and hence presence of any malefics can harm the health of the father; more so if the malefic is weakly placed and afflicted. However, for proper analysis to the father’s health the strength of the ninth lord and the karaka is also seen. This is also the secondary house of worship being the fifth from the fifth house and the planets placed here shall also make give inclination towards worship of different deities signified by the planets. From the argala perspective, planets in the ninth house has dhanargala on the eighth house; Sukhargala on the sixth house and the labhargala on the eleventh house. Hence the significations of these three houses sixth; eighth and eleventh are significantly affected by the planets in the ninth house. THE SUN Favourable Religeous; Philantropic; Respected for his virtuous deeds; Respect Brahmins & scholars; Wealthy; Endowed with children; Endowed with all happiness and Fortunate. Unfavourable Proud; Stray from the path of righteousness; Trouble to father; Inimical toward mother & brother. THE MOON Favourable Highly learned; Charitable; Constructs cattle sheds, ponds for public utilities; Prosperous children; Long life to father; Wealthy; Endowed with friends & Relations; Engaged in meritorious deeds; Religious; Devoted to elders and parents; Intelligent; Happy; Passionate- Attract members of opposite sex; Fortunate from his young age; Courageous and Respected by learned. Unfavourable Weak constitution; Sickly MARS Favourable King's favourite; Wealthy; Fortunate; Glorious; Philanthropic/ generous; Worshipper of Ganesh / Hanuman Unfavourable Early loss of father; Unfortunate (no prosperity); Illicit relationship with the wife of his preceptor; Cause sorrow and pain to others; Mean; Violent; Irreligious; Commit sinful actions; Cruel; Unsuccessful in his efforts; Devoid of happiness from brothers; Hated by people MERCURY Favourable Interested in spiritual disciplines; Religious minded; Charitable/ philanthropic; Endowed with many children; Intelligent; Wise; Extremely learned; Virtuous, humble & amicable; Learned in Vedas and Shastras; Fond of music; Patient; Full of glory; Fortunate; Long-lived father; Well cultured; Interested in meditation; Endowed with wealth and happiness; Of good conduct; Orator; Proficient in his work; Perform religious rites; Bring reputation to his family; Destroy those who indulge in sinful deeds; Worshipper of Vishnu. If associated with Jupiter engaged in the religious studies and if associated with Venus, engaged in various art forms. JUPITER Favourable Religious & Charitable; Interested in meditation; Pious; Wealthy; Long lived father; Righteous; Respected; Honourable; Protect others; Devout; Philosophical; Blessed with children; Minister/ Advisor/ Judge;

54 Knowledgeable in shastras; Worship family gods; Learned; Handsome; Endowed with leadership qualities; Own palatial mansion; Devotee of Brahmins; Loved by near and dear; Endowed with many children; Famous; Truthful; Like justice; Travel to foreign land; Conservative/ traditional; Strict on the principles; Fortunate VENUS Favourable Strong body; Religious minded; Inclined towards meditation; Perform religious rites; Enjoy all comforts; Blessed by children; Long lived father; Highly prosperous; Devout; Philosophical; Grace of king/ govt; Happiness from brothers, wife, children and friends; Wealthy; Generous; Devoted to service of gods, guru and guests; Inclined towards money lending business; Live a comfortable & happy life; Fortunate Unfavourable Worries related to spouse; Urinary troubles SATURN Favourable (Only under benefic influences) Belief in yoga shastras and renunciation; Detached; Religious; Faith in tradition/ Traditional; Involve in repair of religious institution; Build cattle sheds, ghats etc.; Philosophical Unfavourable Sinful; Unfortunate; Poor; Childless; Loss of father (weak & afflicted Saturn; weak and/or afflicted ninth lord); Irreligious; Evil minded; Meagre wealth; Unhappy; Cause troubles to brothers and others; Cruel minded

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21. Analysis of Bhava XIV - Planets in the Tenth House
INTRODUCTION Tenth house is the Karma bhava or the house of action. This holds the key to the status, positions, reputation, fame and everything that we get as result of our action in this world. Since all planets govern one or other area of action, all of them give good results in this house, unless afflicted. This is the third upachayas after the third and the sixth house and hence the planets in this house indicate growth of the Lagna or the self. However, the growth is given by the planets in their own way based on the natural characteristics of the planets. Planets in tenth house have dhanargala on the ninth house, sukhargala on the seventh house and labhargala on the twelfth house. Thus the significations of these three houses Seventh, Ninth and the twelfth are significantly influenced by the planets placed in the tenth house. THE SUN Favourable Happy; Powerful; Blessed with children; Conveyance; Bestowed with all comforts; Success in profession and all endeavours; Noble; Attain high position and status; Famous at far and wide; Grace of the king; Successful in political objectives (more applicable in dasamsa) Unfavourable Mentally worried; Trouble to mother THE MOON Favourable High academic attainments; Brilliant; Pious; Famous; Kind hearted; Virtuous; Successful in all endeavors; Valorous; Charitable; Wealthy; Successful in his efforts; Gain wealth due to grace of the ruler Unfavourable Illicit relationship with a widow; Obstacles; Indulge in sinful deeds; Loss of reputation MARS Favourable Strong body; Admired by people; Respected; Famous; Brothers will be long-lived (If the lord of the tenth is strong the); Fortunate; Prosperous; Interest in meditation; Devoted to his preceptor; Successful in his undertaking; Financially Well-off; King or Heir apparent (association with 9th/ 10th lord); Good conveyances (association with Jupiter); Association with ruler class; Posses land; Happy; Powerful; Charitable; Valorous (like a lion); Unconquerable; Efficient in his work; Rise high in life (even from a humble origin); Blessed with children; Glorious; Brilliant intellect. Unfavourable Obstructions in the professional career and other activities; Mentality of a thief; Indulge in sinful deeds; Cruel. MERCURY Favourable Engaged in virtuous deeds/ auspicious ceremonies; Patient; Wide spread reputation; Intelligent; Great thinker/ wise/ knowledgeable; Engaged in meritorious deeds; Perform religious rites; Honoured by the state; Acquire wealthy through many sources; Blessed with children; Wealthy and kind-hearted; Successful in his efforts; Loved by people; Inherit paternal property; If highly fortified, then the native would be good orator; well versed in trade and commerce and attain high position. Unfavourable (only if afflicted) Eye troubles; Stupid; Indulge in sinful deeds; Bad conduct JUPITER Favourable Perform righteous deeds; Spiritually inclined; Able; Widespread reputation; Respected by masses; Study Srimat Bhaagavat Gita; Wealthy; Grace of ruler/ Govt.; Good conduct; Successful in all efforts; Comforts of conveyances; Headship/ Hold administrative position; Happiness from children, father; Loves discipline and

56 order; Wise; Charitable; Honourable Unfavourable Evil deeds (10th lord afflicted); Financial distress; Unhappiness with regards to children (placed in 6th from the karaka Bhava) VENUS Favourable Glorious; Wealthy; Intelligent; Virtuous; Happiness from friends; Respected; Attain high status and position; Famous; Engaged in religious work; Interested in works related to cosmetics or beauty products or building homes; gain in the company of women Unfavourable Difficulties and obstacles in undertaking SATURN Favourable Successful in undertaking (benefic influences); Happy; Powerful; King/ head of a village; Minister/ Judge; Wealthy; Famous; Courageous; Interested in Agriculture Unfavourable Obstacles in career; Miserly; Bilious constitution; Afflicted- indulge in sinful deeds; Troubles to father

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22. Analysis of Bhava XV - Planets in the Eleventh House
INTRODUCTION The eleventh house is the house of gains and is known as Labha Bhava. The gains though mainly seen in terms of monetary gains, in general this house signify the gain of all objectives and desires. It is interesting to note that the third house is the house of desires and counted in the anti-zodiacal direction, the 3rd house shows the fulfilment of desires. This the why Maharishi Jaimini says that this is the house of Hara or destruction of desires. This is the last of the four upachayas (3/6/10/11) and being a upachaya, planets placed here cause growth of the lagna or the self. Almost all planets give auspisicious results while placed in this house as they shall help in gaining different objectives of the life. However, it must be remembered that all planets have their own way to fulfil their goals; malefics would do this in their own malefic way and benefics would do this in a benefic way. Primarily the planets placed in this house, shows gain in the life of the native, related to the significations of the planets so placed. So unless, planets are badly placed (debilitated, in inimical sign) or afflicted (placed with/ aspected by malefics), good results can be pronounced, without much afterthought. From the Argala perspective, the planets placed in this house shall have dhanargala on the 10th house of karmaphala; sukhargala on the 8th house of aayu and labhargala on the Lagna bhava. Thus the planets in this house can actively influence the significance on the 10th, 8th and the Lagna. THE SUN Favourable Glorious; Long life; Wise; Attain high status; Powerful; Wealthy/ Endowed with luxuries and good vehicles; Committed to his words; Successful in ventures; Visionary; Income from government (grace of ruler); THE MOON Favourable Long life; Blessed with children; Highly learned/ Great thinker; Helpful nature; Virtuous; Wealthy without much effort; Famous; Good friends and attendants; Glorious; Valourous; Honourable; Favourable for daughters; Expertise in trade related activities Unfavourable Unsuccessful in efforts MARS Favourable: Prosperous; Valorous; Conquer enemies; Involved in manifold activities; King (association with 11th lord); Association with influencial people; Prosperity of elder siblings; Wealthy; Happy; Virtuous; Blessed with children; Miser; Gain wealth from both good and bad ways Unfavourable: Trouble to Children; Destruction of wealth MERCURY Favourable long-lived; Learned/ Intelligent; True to his words; Wealthy/ Financial gains; Happy; Possess obedient servants; Fond of luxury; Famous; Expertise in Trade and Commerce; Good in writing and handicrafts Unfavourable Suffer loss of wealth on account of sinful deeds JUPITER Favourable Long lived; Learned; Enormous gains/Prosperous (more so if Moon is conjoined)/ Wealthy/ Gain wealth due to patronage of the ruler/ govt.; Widespread reputation; Good luck/ Fortunate; Fearless; Few children; Many conveyances; Endowed with servants; Noble; Charitable; Possess articles of gold & silver; Inclined towards earning from righteous means only Unfavourable

58 Not much education (eighth from fourth house) VENUS Favourable Handsome; Learned; Extremely wealthy & high financial gains; Owner of landed property; Kind hearted; Enjoy conveyances; Lover of truth; Virtuous; Fortunate; Earning through rightful means; Prosperity; Passionate (fond of company of women); Enjoy all comforts of life; Well-behaved; Famous Unfavourable Extremely passionate; Gain of wealth though questionable means; With 6th/8th/12th lord and weak- no financial gains; Wanderer SATURN Favourable Long-lived; Healthy; Extremely wealthy (however face obstacles in earning them)/ Endowed with comforts of all kinds; Stable minded; Endowed with landed property; Grace of ruler / govt.; Maha-bhagya yoga/ extremely fortunate (own house/ exaltation); Courageous Unfavourable Loss of wealth in trade etc.; Trouble to elder brother

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23. Analysis of Bhava XVI - Planets in the Twelfth House
INTRODUCTION Twelfth is the house of loss and the shatras call it the Vyaya Bhava. Losses can mean financial as well as losses of other significations. Malefics placed here cause losses on undesirable expenses or on bad things whereas benefics placed here cause the expenses on good causes such as charity etc. If planets who are placed here are afflicted then the person is compelled by the circumstances to spend huge sum on unworthy things. Thus, if planets are placed here, they should not be afflicted at least. Beneficial aspects (aspect of natural benefics) on this house helps to keep expenses in control as well as reducing expenditure on unwanted circumstances. Though the benefics fortify this house, the lose their own significance and this is hightened when they are badly placed and/ or afflicted. This placed is specifically unsuited for Sun as it gets into Marana Karaka Avastha in this house. Thus the effect it can give is specifically unfavourable related to the house it owns and also the natural significations such as father, eye sight, wealth, etc. However, aspect of natural benefics, can make the native spend on righteous and charitable activities. In addition to the aforesaid significations, Bhavartha Ratnakara says that the native is fortunate with regards to the house, whose karaka is placed in the 12th house. Thus, if Moon is placed in the 12th, the native would be fortunate with regards to the fourth house or Mother or if Mars is placed the person is fortunate with regards to the 3rd house or brother. However, how Sun would give this effect is still a question, since, Sun becomes extremely weak in this house. What we can infer from this, is that, under benefic influences, the dictum would work for Sun. From the Argala perspective, planets in the 12th shall have dhanargala on the 11th house, sukhargala on the 9th house and labhargala on the 2nd house. Thus the planets in the 12th house actively influence the significations of these houses namely, the Gains, the Fortune and the Accumulated wealth / Family. One can ponder on how expenses are related to these three areas of life. THE SUN (Marana Karaka Avastha) Unfavourable Suffer degradation; Inimical towards father/ paternal uncle; Eye troubles; Devoid of wealth; Childless; Powerless; Mean; Loss of wealth due to wrath of rulers; Expenditure on sinful deeds; Wanderer; Live away from homeland; Leprosy (conjunction with 6th lord) THE MOON Favourable Learned; kind-hearted; will have good friends; Money will be spent on good causes; Generous and charitable; Happiness from mother Unfavourable (only if weak and afflicted) Wickedly; defect in some limb; Angry; Worried/ Restless; Deprived of good food; Wasteful expenditure; Lazy and Lethargic; Not liked by others; Mean (narrow minded); Jealous; Eye troubles; Humiliated/ Troubled by enemies; Earn money by questionable means; Suffer venereal diseases; Dissatisfied with his uncles and mother; His efforts will prove abortive MARS (Kuja Dosa) Unfavourable Suffer poverty; Suffer rheumatic and bilious diseases; False vanity; Suffer degradation; Backbiter; Cruel; Loss of wife/ Trouble to wife; Suffer from eye troubles; Mean/ Sinful/ Irreligious; Suffer imprisonment; Liar/ back biter; Troubles from secret enemies; Loss of wealth in litigation; Fear from thieves (loss of wealth due to theft); Expenses on vices MERCURY Favourable Incur expenditure on religious charities; True to his words; Entertain Brahmins; Valourous; Orator Unfavourable Fond of disturbing others; Unstable mind/ Restless; Bitterness towards the ruler/ govt.; Suffer degradation;

60 Suffer poverty; Lazy; Devoid of education/ Meagre education; Suffer humiliation within his community (kith and kins are ruled by Mercury); Cruel; Suffer losses in trade and speculation JUPITER Favourable Interested in studies (ninth from fourth house); Proficient in mathematics; Spend money on religious causes Unfavourable Suffer poverty/ Suffer loss of wealth; Few children (eighth from fifth); Loose character (sixth from seventh house); Undesirable sexual contacts; Ill mannered (loss of significations of Jupiter); Inimical to others; Disliked by others; Vulgar in speech; Indulge in sinful deeds; Lazy and lethargic; Serve others; Unfortunate; Suffer loss of reputation; Stupid VENUS Favourable Well built physique; Wealthy; Luxuries; Comforts of bed (sexual pleasures)/ Clever in sexual matters ; Happy going Unfavourable Sexual indulgences with many women; Dominated by women; Suffer poverty; Lazy; Mean (narrow minded); Destruction of fame; Inimical towards friends and others SATURN Favourable Happy in foreign travels/ foreign lands; Destroy enemies (as Lagna lord) and Good eye sight Unfavourable Sinful; Suffer poverty; Wasteful expenditure; Suffer degradation; Lazy and lethargic; Sinful/ Gets into bad company; Affliction to body parts (injuries to limbs)/ Deformed body parts; Defective eye sight; Shameless; Childless; Stupid; Gossiper; Mischievous; Cruel; Humiliated by others

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24. The concept of Argala
INTRODUCTION Here is a small writeup on Argala to ignite your curiosity more and give some guideline on working with Argala. Study this and try out the argala and its obstruction in your seconds house. It is written in jyotisha shastras that signs/ planets placed in the 2nd, 4th and 11th from a house/ karaka have argala to it. Whereas planets placed in the 12th shall oppose the argala of 2nd, 3rd will oppose 11th and 10th shall oppose the argala of 4th. The secondary argala is caused by signs/ planets in 5th and 8th from a house/ karaka and planets/ signs in 9th and 6th from it shall oppose it. Lets see what is the practical use of the concept of argala. THE CONCEPT We know that none of the activities in this world happen in isolation. There are many factors which each activity in our life. Argala is a JyotishTool to analyse how the argala influence our activities. To understand thislets take an example: Lets find out what are the factors which influence our worklife or karmakshetra indicated by the 10th house. They are: 1. Our Attitudes and Personlity 2. Intelligence 3. Drive and Vitality 4. Health 5. Job-Satisfaction 6. Income from the Job 7. Friends circle 8. Stress and Tension 9. How much tiring the job is? Now we can broadly classify these indications into the following houses: Lagna: 1. Our Attitudes and Personlity 2. Intelligence 3. Drive and Vitality 4. Health 5. Job-Satisfaction 11th house 6. Income from the Job 7. Friends Circle 8th house 8. Stress and Tension 9. How much tiring the job is? Now we see that the common link between these three houses are that, they have argala on the 10th house or work. Now the planets placed in these houses shall positively or negetively affect the work. Like if Rahu is placed in the Lagna, the person shall have no job satisfaction and prone to take wrong decisions at job as Rahu is an enemy to the Karaka for Intelligence and wisdom, Jupiter. Now lets see how to analyse the argala of a planet on a given house. We shall take a step by step approach to look at that: 1. Find the Karaka of the House under focus. For the present case, this happens to be 10th and the karakas are: a. Sun- Recognition at workplace b. Mercury - Intelligence and communication c. Saturn - Persistence, Patience and Hardwork d. Moon- Nature of Workplace

62 2. Find the relationship of the planet causing argala and the karaka of the house, If the relationship is friendly then that will have positive influence on the significations ruled by the Karakas under consideration. Here we have to look at two things: a. The influence due to the natural nature of the planet b. The influence based on the house (11th, Lagna, 8th) causing the argala on the concerned house (10th) Lets take an example, where Jupiter is causing Argala from the 11th. This shows that, the native shall get due recognition at the workplace as Jupiter is a friend of Sun (point a). Because of the Subhargala, there will be some good frinds who shall help the native at his workplace (point b) and he will get pretty decent income commensurating his work (Point b). 3. Find the Karaka of the House, where the Argala causing planet is placed. The extent to which the Argala causing planet shall promote or diminish the result of the house under consideration is based on how much support it is getting from the Karaka of the house it is placed. We know that the karaka for gain is Jupiter for the 11th house. If Jupiter is placed in the 11th, then the person's income is supported. 4. Find the Lord of the house, where the Argala causing planet is placed. Along with the Karaka, the dispositor of the Argala causing planet can support or oppose it based on its relationship with the karakas of the house under consideration and also the argala causing planet. 5. Virodhargala: Virodha means opposition. Here we shall see the strength of opposition on existing argala. More planets or stronger planets in the virodhargala causing house show one of the following situation. (a) Virodha is stronger, if the virodhargala planet is favourable, whereas the argala in unfavourable or (b) Virodha is unfavourable whereas the argala is favourable to the karaka of the house under consideration.

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25. Judging placement of a Planet in a House
We could go by step by step methodology to understand this. The steps follow: Lets pick up Sun's placement in the Lagna. Step 1: Find the natural significations of the house Here the Lagna stands for Personality, attitudes etc. Now Sun shows independence, authority, status, power, generosity, a firm and stern attitude and so on. Thus when Sun is placed in the first house, it will give such an attitude to the person. However, we know that when sun is debilitated in Libra, the independence of the Sun is lost and for such people, the Sun in the Lagna shall make them look for some form of support for decision making. They shall also have a sense of deprivation because of the debilitation of the Sun. In the sign Leo, Sun is the most generous and in Pisces, it is the most knowledgeable. In Sagittarius, it is the most righteous and protector of dharma etc. You can understand the nature of the signs and then try figure out how Sun shall behave in each of the signs. Step 2: Find the Karaka of the house under consideration: Karakas of the Lagna are: 1. Sun- for vitality and drive (which comes from the soul) and conscience 2. Moon- for body and health 3. Jupiter - Intelligence 4. Saturn - Hair Now the planet under consideration, i.e., Sun shall promote the significations of the Karakas with whom Sun is friendly and shall damage those with whom Sun has enmity. Now Sun the karaka for Lagna and hence it shall make the person conscientious and full of energy and drive. Its a friend of Jupiter and hence shall make the person intelligent and wise. It is a friend of Moon and hence shall make the body free of diseases. It is an enemy of Saturn and hence shall reduce the significations of Saturn making the person bald or lack hair. Now there can be variety of intensities of results such as. When such Sun is in cancer, Moon's karakatva is very strong there and thus the person shall enjoy good health more than Scorpio, where Moon becomes naturally weaker. Also Sun in Pisces, Sagittarius and Cancer shall be more intelligent than any other signs, as these are the places where the Jupiter is very strong. Just think of Vivekananda, having Sun in the Sagittarius Lagna. Similarly, Aries and Leo native shall have lesser hair on the head than Libra, Capricorn or Aquarius native, as in these houses the Karakatva of Saturn shall be stronger. Step 3: Find the house of which the said planet is a karaka Sun is the karaka for the 2nd- for eye sight 5th- power and authority 9th- Dharma, Father 10th- Recognition in profession and enterprise From 2nd Sun is placed in the 12th house, which is a marana karaka sthana, this shows that the native shall have defective eye sight. However if Sun is exalted, then the weakness of Sun is cancelled to some extent, salvaging the eye sight. The cause of the weakness of Sun is Saturn being the karaka for the 12th house. If Saturn aspects such Sun, then it becomes difficult to salvage the eye sight. From 5th, Sun is placed in the 9th house, a trine and shall promise good position, status and authority. The cause of strength of such Sun is Sun and Jupiter both being the karaka for the 9th house. The influence of Jupiter on such Sun shall be helpful in giving power and authority to the person. From 9th, Sun is placed in the 5th house, and hence shall protect the 9th house of Father and Dharma. Thus such persons shall be having a righteous life and happiness from father.

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From 10th, Sun is placed in a kendra, making the native enterprising and gain recognition for his work. However the karaka for fame is Jupiter, and if it influences such Sun, then the person gets his due recognition and also becomes famous.

Step 4: Find the aspect of the planets on different houses. The graha drsti of the planets shall show what the planet in the Lagna wants from the houses it is aspecting. One can work out the karaka of the house on which it is aspecting and find out the relationships of those planets. For example, Sun aspects the 7th house. The karaka for 7th is Venus, who debilitated Sun and snatches the independence from him but chaining him under relationships. But As Sun is strongly influencing the Lagna, Such persons will not fall into relationships easily and always try to have an independent life style. However this is not so strong, when Sun is in Libra as the influence of Venus is pretty strong on the Sun. This can be covered in further lessons on the influences of planets on the houses.

Step 5: Argala Read the argala article posted in this site. Try to find the influence of a planet from its position to different houses it is having argala on. It will try to influence the affairs of the house, it is having argala on, by carrying the influence of the house it is placed in.

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26. Symbols of Nature I
Even if the influence of the heavinly bodies cannot be explained or verified with the current state of scientific knowledge, the mere presence of high correlation between the movements of heavinly bodies and the events in our life can enable us to predict the future. This is the basis of all emperical sciences, such as Psychology, Medicine or Meteriology. The physicists of the recent age are working on a problem called the unified theory or the theory for everything. Decades ago the great physicist, Isaac Newton of classical physics genre said that everything in the universe attracts each other by the force called the force of gravity and propounded the theories on the Universal Laws of gravitation. He asserted that all the movements on earth and in the universe such as a planetary system like our own solar system can be explained with the laws of gravity. However, years later great Physicist Albert Einstein postulated another theory, the theory of quantum mechanics, challenging Newtonian theory of gravitation. However, to the utter disappointment to the world of physics, none of the theories could fully explain any events which are outside their realm. This made the world of physics to search for a theory which would explain everything. Had the idea of theory for everything been speculated decades before, the bearer of the idea would have been branded as crazy or insane. However, with the current frame of knowledge and understanding, the scientists admit the possibilities of the theory for everything. Not only this, they are also researching on the possibilities of time travel in past and future, which was once upon a time considered to be either crazy or mystical, without any scientific basis. You must be thinking that where did I take you to? Why am I talking of physics while discussing Jyotish? However this overview was necessary to emphasis that everything in this universe is connected and nothing happens accidentally or by chance. Whatever appears to be a chance can become a regularly occurring event, when the time frame in which we are witnessing an event is increased. If we take the presumption that everything in this universe is connected and open our mind to the myriads of possibilities, we realise that everything is influencing some or other event in some unknown and mysterious ways. Even though most of the cases we cannot find out the connection between two events, we don’t cease to observe a high degree of correlation between the events. If we admit our limitation to understand the cause of the events or the high level of association between the seemingly disjointed events, we will not feel shy of expressing our wonder that there do exist some kind of connection between the heavenly bodies and the events occurring on earth or else where, which are guided by some invisible, incomprehensible laws of nature. Our submission to the limitation brings us to the realm of symbology where we find that some symbols do have a high degree of similarity with day to day mundane things. I shall try showing in the following paragraphs, the similarity between the symbols such as the heavenly bodies with us and our day to day activities. Have you ever thought that whenever we think of Sun, the feeling and the thoughts which immediately occupy our mind is that of something which is glorious, resplendent, a leader who is followed by the whole planetary system in the solar system. We can compare him with the king, whose everyone is a subject, whose responsibility is to feed all of them, keep them hale and hearty. We do think of someone who is righteous and praiseworthy and someone who would never run away from his duties and responsibilities of feeding the whole world and keeping them alive. Here we also find a great similarity between Sun and the Father in a household. Like Sun being the guardian of the whole solar system, in a family father is the guardian, who is responsible for the welfare of the family members and sees that everyone is following the path of righteousness. This is no wonder that we associate Sun with father and attribute the same traits of the Sun to the father. Thus in symbological terms, father should be represented by Sun, the protector and the righteous one. Like father protects the household, Mother nourishes. When we think of Moon, the compassionate one, one who spreads the cool, soothing light of motherliness to cool down the heated earth so that one sleeps under her grace and splendour, we tend to associate it with the mother in a household, who takes care of home, nourishes the family member and creates a homely atmosphere with her love and compassion. Unlike Sun which generates among us a drive to work and march ahead, Moon, makes us feel imaginative and poetical. Poets of ages have praised Moon with all their might without getting tired of praising her soothing and motherly attribute.

66 Now we see some more associations of Sun and Moon with some of the human aspects. Moon reflects the light of Sun and creates an illusion which makes us think that Moon is luminous with its own light. This is why we verily associate Sun who is resplendent with its own light with Satya or the true one and Moon who is effulgent with the light of Sun as Maya or illusion. Similar kind of associations we tend to form when we express the nature of the Atma and Mana, the Soul and the Mind. Atma is changeless, non-destructible soul which changes body from one birth to another before merging into the Parameshwara from whom it was created in the first place. When the Atma or the soul gets separated from the resplendent infinite source of energy of the Parama-Purusha, it gets attached to a Mana or the Mind, which causes the feeling of AhamKara (the feeling of “I” ness) to appear. The mind keeps on thinking that the soul is separate from others and hence have the seeking that “I am unique and I am different” When the consciousness evolves and develops with each birth, we realise our true worth as a part of the eternal and supreme Brahman, the Mana loses out the feeling of the separateness or “I” ness and eventually gets separated out from the Atma and merges with the source of its creation. Thus similar to the nature of Moon, which causes illusion that it is luminous like Sun, the Mind also causes the illusion that we are different and unique, whereas we are only a reflection of the light of the paramatma. This similarities in the Traits of Mind and Moon, makes us associate them with each other and also make us associate Sun with the Soul, both of them have the same nature of changelessness, formlessness and free from aging and death. Similarly we can find associations with the heavenly bodies namely the Luminaries (Sun, Moon), the five planets starting from Mercury (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) and the nodes of Moon (Rahu and Ketu) with various aspects of human existence. Thus studying more on the symbology can make us divine the human nature and events occurring during the life time, which is otherwise elusive.

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27. Symbols of Nature II
INTRODUCTION The following paragraphs I shall delve into the associations of various planets to various aspects of human life. In Jyotish parlance, this is known as the karakatva of the planets. I shall try to explain why a heavenly body which doesn’t have apparently any relation to the happenings our planet, earth and in our lives, is associated with it. To understand and comprehend the deeper concepts of the associations, the time is personified into someone called the Kalapurusha, which literally mean time (kala), personified (purusha).

UNDERSTANDING THE SUN ***Sun, The natural Atma Karaka*** Atma means the soul. Sun represents the soul of the Kala-purusha of the time personified. Now what is soul? People try to describe in various ways and we have a whole Upadesha of Krishna to Arjuna about the journey of the soul from different births, its mission, its purpose and its destiny in the beautiful Bhagavat Gita. Thus Sun represent the knowledge of Gita too. Now when we talk about the soul its nature, then question comes to us, what is it made up of, what does it carry from one birth to another? When we wonder and think about it more and more the only answer which we get is it is the spark of the supreme divine, the source of all knowledge. Now even though it is a small spark it is no way less than the supreme divine, which is very well explained in the sloka from Ishavashyopanishad Aum Purnamadah Purnamidam Purnat Purna mudachyate | Purnasya Purnamadaya Purnameva Vashishyate || This means that if we take completeness (Infinity) out of completeness (Infinity), then also we rest with infinity nothing has decreased from it. Thus the Atma is the source of all knowledge. We don’t realise it as we are covered with various layers of ignorance. Sun being the karaka for Atma also represents the source of all knowledge. Now when we talk of knowledge, which aspect of divinity comes to our mind, who blesses us with knowledge? Now among the trinity Shiva gives us the knowledge and hence Shiva is signified by Sun as giver of all knowledge being the source of all knowledge, someone who is resplendent with brightness and glory. Now what does the Atma carry with it from birth to birth? Does it carry the material things like money, name, fame etc? Everybody would say NO, we all leave these things in this material world when we die. Then what do we really carry as a soul? We only carry our dharma with us and that makes us take different births under different circumstances to fulfil the call of the soul. Now this is why Sun also becomes the significator of the dharma. The first person from whom we inherit the dharma from after our birth is the father. This is often told that the duty of a child is to fulfil the obligations of the father. If father has committed something and left the world without fulfilling it, then it becomes the son’s responsibility to fulfil it. Now Sun represent the father from whom we inherit the first dharma after birth. Now this is a good reason to believe that the father passes on the soul with the semen whereas mother gives the body to a child. This is a natural way of world to pass down the dharma to the child from the father and not the mother. Being the karaka of the dharma, it also shows the places where the dharma is very strong, viz., the places of worship such as Temples or churches. Also being the source of all knowledge it is associated with Books which is meant to transfer knowledge. A person having Sun very strong in the horoscope and influencing the Lagna/ Lagna lord/ Navamsa Lagna likes to read a lot and have a strong desire to gather as much knowledge as possible. ***Sun the fierce one*** Sun is full of fire and energy. Why does Sun need so much fire and energy for? This can be well answered out of commonsense. If Sun didn’t had fire life didn’t exist on earth. Who gives energy to the plant? Who gives energy to the animals and all of us? It’s no surprise that we can associate Sun with the giver of health and vitality. The drive we have is given by the energy of Sun. Now lets take a kingdom, whose king is very lose and of not much concern what is happening in the kingdom, what will happen to his kingdom? No doubt it will doom. We know that a king has to be righteous and firm to save his kingdom from any evil. Thus the protection or following of the duties of the king, or for that matter the duties followed by the father in a household requires a lot of Agni or fire. Thus the Agni tattva

68 of Sun can be associated with protection of dharma. Later we see in one more article that the Agni tattva is associated with the dharma Trikona. Fire is also a necessary ingredient of the creation process. The whole process of creation started because of the energy of the Sun (although in right proportion- More or less energy cannot beget life). This is why Sun is also known as the initiator. Now who initiates or rather what we call an initiator? Leader isn’t it! Yes, Sun is the natural leader and being the karaka for the atmakaraka, the king who guides the entire human race towards the final destination; it has to be the leader. For the same reasons while Sun initiates any yoga in a horoscope, other planets just follow him in giving results. However, not everyone can withstand so much of fire, which burns too. Thus whenever a planet is near sun, it gets burnt, a phenomenon which is called combustion. Just think what a planet can do in front of the bright light of Sun. Whenever Such things happen, they become very weak in giving their own orders on the lives of we mortals but meekly listed to what Sun say, fulfilling the dicta of Sun. Now this is the same fire which burns all the dark forces, which would have captured our planet if Sun would not have risen for a single day. It tirelessly rises everyday to give life to everyone on this earth without fail for a single moment. If somebody has a strong Sun in the horoscope, then it is unlikely that he will ever be possessed by a evil forces. The rhythmic movement of the Sun’s everyday rising from East and setting in West, without a minor deviation, associates rhythm with Sun. ***Sun the King*** We are witness to the fact that the Sun is happily moving on its own axis whereas the whole gamut of planets which we call the solar system is rotating around it as if following the orders of the king. Now if Sun becomes the King, the powerful one, which caste would suit him among the four castes, the Kshatriya or the fighter class. Even if a King is a Brahmin by birth the responsibilities demand him to protect his country through any measures and that’s the duty of the kshatriyas. Now what kind of temperament would one think of for the King? I guess most of us would think like me that a king should be of a fiery, mildly angry, honest, generous and intelligent; someone who cannot tolerate injustice and someone who know how much to reward or punishment to give for what activities. I guess you all are thinking like me; am I right in thinking that. ***Sun, the socialiser*** The nature associated with Sun is a kind of person who is very jolly and mixes around with people. It shows someone who has a keen desire to associate with others and discuss on various things. A person having strong influence of Sun can be found in parties, places of gathering, places of discussions and debates. They are a bit dominating in nature and always try to make their presence felt with their attitude and ideas.

UNDERSTANDING THE MOON ***Moon, the Natural Amatyakaraka*** Once the soul has taken birth in the material world, more responsibility is delegated to the Moon, the sustainer. Now Moon is also luminous like the Sun, however unlike the Sun who has his own light, Moon only reflects the light of the Sun. Thus Moon is not fierce like Sun and an epitome of compassion and love. The other half of father in a household is the Mother. On one hand father earns the livelihood and keeps the household from starving. However the other half, the mother is responsible to make the home a place to live. She does that by cooking food, taking care of the children and the husband, taking care of their day to day necessities etc. Thus what Sun is to creation, Moon is to sustenance. Now all the food materials cereals which are used for cooking and feeding the world is associated with the natural sustainer, the Moon. Among animals, we are most dependent the cow for she gives us the milk which is responsible for our growth, development and vitality. For this reason, Cow is regarded as the Mother in the Hindu society and with respect is called "Gau Mata". However, the Milk, which gives us energy and vitality, is associated with Sun. If the whole world is assumed to be a kingdom, with a king a queen, the associates of the king and the general public, then Moon can be associated with the queen. On the one hand, the Sun protects the kingdom from invasion from either enemies or the evil forces; the prime responsibility of a queen is to look

69 after the public like her own children. ***Moon the Shakti*** Sun as the purusha signify the unchangeable absolute principle, from which everything is emanated with the play of Prakriti. Now this absolute shall always be there as something which is beyond time and which is not affected by any change and something which is infinite. However, the play of the nature is signified by the Shakti of the Purusha. Shakti literally means energy, the same energy with whose play the creation came into existence. The difference between the absolute purusha and the Prakriti is the dynamism and change. Something which changes cannot be absolute as everything which changes have to have an initiation and end and thus everything which changes are transient. Now the same difference can be found in the characteristics of Sun and the Moon, the two luminaries responsible for our creation and sustenance. Sun is resplendent with its own light and is always the same whenever we try to it whereas the Moon changes it phase everyday and then after a complete cycle it comes back to its initial phase. The phases indicate different sides of human existence or the creative principle. Amavasya shows existence of nothing when the creative principle has started it work of creation from when the phases starts increasing in brightness until it reaches the Pournimasya or the full-moon phase, where after the creation starts getting destroyed until it reaches the stage of new moon or the complete destruction. Now all this happens when Moon moves with respect of the Sun. Thus Sun can be associated with the stable and unchangeable purusha, and Moon which moves in the Field of the Absolute creating the illusion of creation and destruction. Someone who has understood the true nature of the purusha and prakriti knows that whatever transient things he witnesses is only a Maya or illusion like the phases of Moon whereas the Truth is absolute and doesn’t undergo any change, neither it has a beginning and nor an end. Thus is Sun is associated with Shiva, Moon is associated with his consort, the Shakti. ***Moon the Mind*** In the journey of the soul from one birth to another birth, besides the dharma one more thing which accompanies the soul is the Mana or the mind. Mind has given the power of memory. It retains with it all the experiences of our existence and carries it from birth to birth. This is only the mind which is cause of the ego and the feeling of "I" which makes us feel that, its we who do things in this world. The difference between a inanimate thing and any living being is the mind or consciousness, without which we don’t have any feeling of ourselves. The question is if the soul is made of the same thing and has the same quality in all of us which is divine, then why we feel, think and behave differently. This is because we have a different mind which is attached to the soul and makes us feel differently than others. The mind becomes very important once we have taken birth as it makes us experience various things and makes us do different things which become the passport to the next birth in particular circumstances. The tragedy is that even many of us know this, most of us are helpless and a slave in front of our mind, whereas our soul becomes a passive observer and follows the mind wherever it takes from birth to birth. This continues until the time when the Soul takes the rein of the mind into its own hand and makes the mind go towards the moksha, the ultimate goal for the soul. An uncontrolled mind, follows the horses of the senses and wants to dwell in pleasure, thus master, the soul must take control to direct the mind to desired objective and not stay away by the temptations of the senses. As for the human birth the experiences of the mind holds the key to the liberation, it can be only be achieved by directing the mind to the right path. This knowledge was known to the mystics and saints of yore and they said, for a normal mortal, the senses can snatch away the mind from the right path to different divergent paths and said that to protect the mind, mantra or the syllables of mystical sound principles can be employed to put the mind on the desired path and make it do things as per the objective of the soul. Thus even if we admit that we are incapable in front of the might of the mind, we can make us able by taking the help of the mystical chanting called the mantras. As the phases of Moon changes, the mind also changes from time to time and gets into different shades of emotions based on that. This can be verified with the fact that in lunatic asylums, it is difficult to control the emotions of the lunatics on the full moon and new moon day as. Thus different phases of the moon bring to us different emotions. Now, this can be known by seeing the phase of the moon on a given day, finding out who lords that particular phase of the lunar phase and then see where that planet owing the phase is placed in individual horoscopes. The lunar phase is known as tithi in Jyotish and the lord of the tithi shall show its natural influence on everyone’s mind on a given lunar day and the specific influences based on its position in the horoscope. Also the weakness of the mind drawn by the particular senses can be found by having more knowledge on the Kalachakra or the cycle of Mind, which shall be discussed on another article. For now we should remember that in Rahu’s tithi (Amavasya), the weaknesses of Mercury shall manifest, whereby the

70 mind becomes very flickering and childlike whereas in the tithi of Saturn (Pournimasya), the weaknesses of Mind shall be shown by Mars, which shows tremendous agitation, anger and aggression. More can found by the placement of these planets in the individual horoscopes.

UNDESTANDING MARS: ***Mars the Fiery one*** When seen from Earth, Mars is seen as a Red planet, it shows the masculine side of the nature, aggressive, angry and assertive, the traits which describe the fighter class called the kshatriyas. If the planetary system is considered as a kingdom then Mars can be visualised as the Commander in chief, who can lead a large army of soldiers with his leadership and commanding abilities. However, unlike the Sun, whose fire is more predominant of Sattva guna, which takes us to the true path, the fire of Mars is more of Tamasik and is of destructive nature. Thus wars and revolutions are shown by Mars. However, when the same destructive fire is controlled by Jupiter, the Devaguru or Advisor, it is brought under control and it can give the highest level of knowledge. Maharishi verily described the highest quality of Mars can make a person very knowledgeable in Jyotish Shastra, which can be witnessed in Ruchaka Mahapurusha Yoga. When Mars is under the influence of Jupiter, it forms the fruitful Guru-Mangal Yoga. This yoga gives eternal quest to acquire more and more knowledge. ***Mars, the Law Enforcer*** The law is made by the King; however it is enforced by the Army of the king, which is represented by Mars. Thus in a state, who law implementation and enforcement agencies such as Army and Police is governed by Mars. ***Mars, the Rational Thinker*** The faculty of rational thinking and analysis is represented by Mars. This involves breaking down a complex problem into logical smaller parts; finding the solution of each of these smaller problems and then synthesising the solution for the complex problem. This is why Mars shows education fields such as engineering etc.

UNDERSTANDING MERCURY ***Mercury, the Natural Gnatikaraka*** Gnati means someone who belongs to the same clan as the native, hence it represents the kiths and kins and the friends circle. Thus it is represents all the relatives around us. ***Mercury the Child*** The mythology says, falling in lust, once Moon elopes with Guru’s wife Tara and falls in relationship with her. From this relationship Moon is born. However, Jupiter being the most broadminded one, accepted Mercury as his son. Because of this relationship, Mercury didn’t have a father’s name, until Jupiter gave his name to him. Thus Mercury regards Jupiter with his whole heart but hate his progenitor for the condition of illicit birth. Because of the change of Name from Moon’s to Jupiter’s, Mercury represents the change of name. Because of the illicit birth condition and his later accepted by Devaguru Jupiter, Mercury represents two extremities and possesses dual nature. On one side, Mercury represents of highest level of Purity as shown by the sign Virgo, on the other hand, Mercury represents the dirties things such as prostitution as signified by the sign Virgo. Mercury being a learner, shows the potential to learn both good and bad things, however, what would he do is based on whose influence he is in. If Mercury is influenced by Moon, then Mercury’s dirties side shall find expression whereas when it is influenced by Jupiter, Mercury’s purest side shall find expression. Now this can be seen from who is placed in Kendra to Mercury in Navamsa, the chart of potentialities and skills. As Mercury represents the child among us, it represents the learning abilities in us. At many places, this

71 ability is misconstrued as intelligence. However, this is important to note that the intelligence in true sense is only represented by Jupiter, which can only discriminate between Truth and Untruth, the aspect which differentiate us from the rest of animal kingdom. Mercury also represents the expression of thoughts and feelings through different mediums. One such medium is speech and thus Mercury becomes the significator of speech. Here, one must appreciate the fact that, the event of expression starts much before the thought or feeling is finally expressed through speech or gestures. We organise the thought in our mind in a logical way by putting the feelings into words and this quality is also represented by Mercury. Thus the articulation ability, which shows how we present our mind before others is represented by Mercury. Having born from the illicit relationship, Mercury represents, Orphans, illicit relationship (when influenced by Moon) or illicit child birth.

UNDERSTANDING JUPITER ***Jupiter the Devaguru*** Being the preceptor of the Devas, the enlightened one, Jupiter is full of wisdom and he only can show the right part towards realisation. Among all faculties of human, Jupiter governs intelligence or the "Dhi" shakti. There are many kind of intelligence, which is important for sustenance in this material world and with the same reasoning; animals are also intelligent, as they also know, how to keep themselves alive. However, the only difference, between an animal and human being is the presence of "Dhi", or the intelligence to discriminate between the truth and untruth for self-development and realization. Who else can govern such intelligence than the Devaguru himself? Being the advisor of the Devas, Jupiter represents all the whole class of consultants, advisors, Judges, lawyers and Jyotishas. They all can give us advice and take us to the right path. Jupiter the Divine one Jupiter represents the God in our life and verily called the Bhagavan himself being the realised one and the knower of the supreme Brahman. The concept of God, one has in his/ her mind can be seen from the planets conjoining Jupiter. If Jupiter is placed alone then the person shall believe in nirankar Brahman, the formless one or god in the form Guru. If Jupiter is placed with Saturn, this causes Brahma yoga, and the natives possessing them shall take God as the supreme creator. He can understand the secrets behind creation and the creative forces as Saturn represents Brahma or the creator of the universe. If Jupiter is placed with Sun, the for him God is the most powerful force of the world and the supreme protector, like Shiva. With Moon, Jupiter shall give the feeling that God is the most compassionate one like the Mother. However, if Jupiter is placed with Rahu, it causes the Guru-Chandala yoga and the person doesn’t believe in God and doesn’t obey his elders/ preceptor.

***Jupiter the Jiva*** Jupiter represents the living force within us. This is the same force which gives us purpose to live and develop ourselves to achieve the ultimate goal of realisation. If Jupiter is weak or afflicted in the horoscope, this shall make the native wander around without any purpose and low morale. This is one of the reasons why Jupiter’s graha drsti brings refresh and life to the signs. To express this, it is said that Jupiter brings Amrit or Nectar to the house it aspects. ***Jupiter the giver of fruits*** Being the representation of Bhagavan in the horoscope, the result of any action can only be given by Jupiter. Otherwise what’s there in the hands of we normal mortals is work with full faith and efficiency. Hence, Jupiter represents the progeny, the fruit of marriage. Now, among all trees Jupiter represents the fruitful one and so does it rule fruits among all eating items. This is verily said that fruits fill us with refresh and life with all its nutrient and is a natural healer of all diseases. Jupiter can also be considered as the giver or rewards. Wealth being one such thing which earns as a reward to his work, is also ruled by Jupiter. Thus Jupiter becomes the Dhana-karaka, the wealth giver.

72 UNDERSTANDING VENUS ***Venus the Asura Guru*** Being a Brahman and a Guru, he is very knowledgeable. However the knowledge differs that of Jupiter. On one hand Jupiter represents the Para vidya, the knowledge for enlightenment, Venus represents, the Apara vidya, the practical knowledge required for living in this world. This can be compared with different level of strategies in an organisation. Here, Jupiter would represent the knowledge required to take higher level strategies and long term visions, and Venus shall represent the operations level knowledge and fulfilling short terms goals and targets. Hence where Jupiter promotes spiritualism, Venus promotes materialism and all those things which attract us to this world. No reason why Venus represents all the materials of beauty, pleasure and luxury. Venus also represents the attraction between opposite sexes and makes us fall into relationships, which is again another bondage to this material world. Thus marriage and all sexual relationships are represented by Venus. It is a noteworthy fact that, the name given to Venus is Sukra in Sanskrit, the same term is also used for Semen, the carrier of the Soul from the father to fertilise the ovum in mother’s womb. It is a medical fact that millions of sperms compete with each other to fertilise the ovum, which shows the selfish desire to outwit someone else and to feel great. Thus the sense of selfishness and competition in us is represented by Venus only. ***Venus the Tapasvi*** Venus did very hard penance inside the stomach of lord Shiva to gain the mantra of Mrityunjaya, the Mantra which can raise a person even from the death bed. Thus Venus signify tough penance to achieve once objectives. When this passion of getting something is coupled with the Moksha-karaka Ketu and hard-worker Saturn, tapasvi yoga is formed, which can catapult one to a very high level of spiritual quest. We know that the three karakas for the 12th house of Meditation and giving is Venus, Saturn and Ketu and we see why the association of these planet in any form cause the tapasvi yoga to manifest.

UNDERSTANDING SATURN ***Saturn, the Proletariat*** Saturn is the most distant planet from the Sun and marks the boundary of solar system for Jyotish. It is the slowest one, something which makes us feel of old age or heavy work. Saturn represents the serving or the working class. Thus it represents hard work or working in difficult condition. Being a significator of Old age, it signifies fatigue, pain and aging. It has great enmity with Sun and Jupiter, the givers of Vitality and now we understand why this is. `coz old age and fatigue can’t stay simultaneously with youth and liveliness. Because of this enmity, Saturn makes us forget things (opposite of karaka Jupiter). As a antithesis of Jupiter, it signifies lack of reward for the work one performs, sorrow and misery. ***Saturn the Dharmaraja*** One important aspect which is least identified with Saturn by many is the aspect of Dharma raja. Dharma raja means the king of Dharma. Being the son of Surya, the beholder of Dharma or righteousness, Saturn’s duty is to enforce it by punishment. Thus the positive side of Trials and tribulations shown by Saturn is that it cleans us from all the Sins we have done in past and which caused our birth in this planet of mortals. ***Saturn, the Ayuskaraka*** Saturn’s duty as the dharmaraja is to make us live in this world and suffer the miseries so that we shed all the covers of ignorance become pure. This is why Saturn is also the Karaka for Longevity. Even though well placed Saturn or its placement/ aspect on the 8th house, give good longevity, it can’t ensure a life without suffering, which can only be shown by Devaguru Jupiter.

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28. Intelligence & Planets
Intelligence is governed by devaguru Jupiter, who is the karaka for Dhi or the supreme intelligence. There are many kind of intelligence, which is important for sustenance in this material world and with the same reasoning; animals are also intelligent, as they also know, how to keep themselves alive. However, the only difference, between an animal and human being is the presence of “Dhi”, or the intelligence for selfdevelopment and realization. Who else can govern, such intelligence than the devaguru himself! The strength of Jupiter lies with guiding the Mana (Moon) in the right direction. This is why in the Kalachakra, or the time cycle, Jupiter is placed opposite to the Moon. No, wonder, on Amavasyas and Purnimas, when the mind gets hyper exited; only Jupiter has the power to put rein on such Mind. Thus on full Moon nights, when the Moon (Mind) is highly activated, Satya-Narayan (Jupiter) vrata is done. This is pertinent to mention here is that the knowledge is always within us, as we have the same spark of Atma, which is similar to paramatma, the storehouse of all knowledge. The only difference between a normal mortal and a yogic is that one doesn’t know how to access the source and the other knows how to do it. This is why Maharshis could know many things by meditating, through their intuition. The omnipresence and omnipotent characteristics of knowledge (True knowledge- the Vedas) can only be described by the ethereal Jupiter. Jupiter has the extra ordinary power to tap all form of knowledge, comprehensible or incomprehensible. Among he supporters of Jupiter, Moon is the most important as he is who exalts the Jupiter. Thus, Moon aids in the manifestation of Jupiter or Dhi, and represent the Mana or consciousness. A strong Mana can only be productive, when it is under the proper guidance of supreme intellect signified by Devaguru Brhaspati. Sun is the storehouse of all energy as it is the natural significator of the Atma. As discussed above, Atma contains all knowledge, it require only a good Mana and Dhi to access it. This is the source of light, which the Moon (Mana) reflects. Thus an unaffiliated and strong Sun is prerequisite for a native to be a expert in multiple disciplines. As Sunlight contains all colours of light, the ray of light, which a native accesses from Sun, is dependent on the influences on the Sun. This is why the Sun represents the knowledge of Gita, which is a philosophy, which encompasses all form of knowledge and hence has all the colours. Mars signify the ability to break down a complex problem into smaller part and analyze each of them to have a comprehensive understanding of the whole problem and get the solution. As opposed to Jupiter, it doesn’t use intuition, but logical reasoning for solving problem. Mercury is the planet of skills and signifies the ability to use Language in communication. Strong Mercury shows good communication skills. On one hand, where Jupiter signifies knowledge and wisdom, Mercury signify formal education, i.e., application of intelligence in solving practical problems. This also signifies the learning ability as Mercury represents a child who can be trained in various things. All depends on who is training the child; the child will learn the things indicated by the teacher. If Jupiter is teaching him, no doubt the native becomes knowledgeable and if Moon is the teacher, he becomes passionate, concurring with the trait of Moon. Who is teaching Merc, is learnt from which planet is placed in the trine to it. Venus is a great tapasvi, and he rules the desire, which goads us to learn. Thus whenever Venus is associated with Saturn (hard work and patience) and Ketu (Mokshakaraka), the native becomes a Tapasvi (someone who undertakes severe austerity and penances to attain siddhi). As opposed to Jupiter, who rules para vidya (knowledge which is used irrespective of whether we are born or not), Venus rules apara vidya (knowledge which is used in this mortal world). Thus Venus signify practical strategies, which help in solving real life problems. Saturn debilitates Jupiter and hence signifies loss of Memory among other significations. Saturn detaches one’s consciousness or the Mana from accessing the source of knowledge as opposed to Jupiter, which connects the Mana to it. For that matter Saturn is a bitter enemy of the naisargika Atmakaraka, Sun and hence any studies done during Sani Kala is prone to forgetfulness. One should check out, saturn’s influence on the Lagna or the Paka Lagna to understand, how Saturn is playing mischief in making the person forgetting things. If Jupiter is placed with a strong Saturn, then also the person might suffer failure of memory, as with mere association, Saturn can cause debilitation of Jupiter. Rahu eclipses Sun and is a bitter enemy of Jupiter. Rahu has a natural tendency to eclipse Sun and hide the

74 effulgence of Sun is extreme darkness. This is no wonder that in Rahu-Kala, not only gathering knowledge is next to impossible; but also one is tend to make wrong decisions (shown by the enmity towards “dhi” karaka Jupiter).

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29. Education & Planets
THE SUN Knowledge of Gita and Vedanta. Inclination towards political science and related subjects The Sun is the source of knowledge and hence can confer the highest knowledge, the knowledge of Gita and Vedanta. Maharshi Jaimini says Sun also indicate social. Sun being the Raja yoga karaka, it confers the knowledge of political science and related subjects. Sun gives vitality to otherwise inert world and hence it can confer knowledge of things, which is linked to vitality such as Medicine etc. Sun is the leader among all the planets and hence all of them rotate around the Sun. Thus sun governs Diplomacy, Arbitration, and Leadership etc. Among metals Sun rules gold and hence it gives the knowledge of Gold jewellery and Bullion. Sun has the fire of tapas and hence can indicate Meditation or related discipline of mind control. As the Sun rules rhythm it confers the knowledge of Musician and Instrumentalist. It also gives the knowledge regarding wool, Grass. Quotes from Jaimini Sutras: 1. The Sun in swamsa makes the native a keen government/political worker and good at social service. 2. The Sun in the 1st/5th gives knowledge of the Vedas and the Bhagvat Gita. (a) There are six systems of Indian philosophy including Vaisheshika, Nyaya, Sankhya, Yoga, Purva Mimamsa and Vedanta. The Vedas refer to the four primary texts of Hinduism namely the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Veda while the Vedanta includes the various Upanishads culminating in the Bhagvat Gita of Sri Krishna. (b) Parasara adds that Sun in the fifth gives knowledge of music & vedanta.

THE MOON Anything to do with food and Dairy products. Moon is the karaka for mind and hence indicates disciplines such as Psychology, psychoanalysis or any studies related to Mind. Being the giver of food and the prime sustainer in this world it shows disciplines which is related to food products such as hotel management, catering, bakery, confectionery or dairy products and also clothes. It is a watery planet and hence shows knowledge related to water such as ship, sailing, laundry, liquor, and pearl or other sea products. As the key sustainer it shows studies related to agriculture or horticulture. Being the karaka of mind and imagination it signifies Humour (Cartoonist), Poetry, singing or such works, which brings one to highlight in public forum. Here we should remember that Moon is also the bestower of fame. This is because fame comes due to the influence on the mind of the public, which is signified by Moon. Moon is also the karaka for mother and hence is very caring. All such disciplines such as Nursing and house keeping, baby sitting which deals with caring for someone is ruled by Moon. Moon also signifies bureaucracy and social service. Quotes from Jaimini Sutras The Moon in the 1st/5th gives knowledge of the Samkhya and yoga philosophies besides history (rhetorics & music) or produces a singer and can make one a good author

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MARS Engineering or such technical disciplines, logic Mars is a fiery planet and by nature is a Kshatriya. The ability governed by Mars is that of logical and analytical reasoning. It shows the ability to break down a complex problem into smaller parts and then finding the solution based on that. This why it rules the disciplines such as engineering or such technical disciplines, which is based on logic and analytical reasoning. Being a fiery planet and a Kshatriya it signifies studies or disciplines involving fire, feats of valour, military studies etc. Mars also governs the land and metal, and hence gives the knowledge of metallurgy, mineral, building construction etc. Being a fiery planet, Mars can also give the knowledge of Jyotisha. When it joins Jupiter is generates the fruitful Guru-Mangala yoga which confers the native the highest knowledge of Jyotisha as both planet show amalgamation of intuition and logical reasoning. Quotes from Jaimini Sutras: 1. Mars in svamsa gives expertise in metallurgy or in arms and warfare or in matters related to fire. 2. A logician is indicated by Mars in the 1st/5th. Parasara adds legal knowledge and jurisprudence (Pt. Sanjay Rath)

MERCURY Mercury’s karakatwa is communication and speech and hence it governs Communication through electronic such as telephone or through other media such as news such as journalism and reporting, posts, documentary filmmaking. As books is one of the medium of communication he governs disciplines such as Library science, books writing, authorship, knowledge of literature and linguistics, publication, printing, stationery, documentation, teaching, accountancy, clerical studies such as stenography. Being the governor of speech it shows Language related studies and Interpretation. This is why Mercury also governs Mantras and astrology. He also governs trade and commerce, thus it confers the knowledge of the same. Among all things Mercury also governs mental dexterity, which means how fast we can frame and express our thought process into different medium (Language is one among them). Thus it also shows disciplines, which show the expression of the thinking process such as Mathematician, Poet, Artist, Sculptor, Writer etc. Quotes from Jaimini Sutras: 1. Mercury in Swamsa gives business acumen and produces a skilled trader or a weaver, sculptor or one well versed in social and legal norms. 2. Mercury instead (of Jupiter or Venus in the 1st/5th houses) also indicates an author, but with even lesser capability. The number of natural benefics in the Swamsa or 5th house will determine the capabilities of the author. The presence of the Moon (Mind) is the primary factor Jupiter, Venus & Mercury give writing abilities, but in a decreasing order. 3. ‘Mimamsa’ is one of the six systems of Indian Philosophy. Mercury in the 1st/5th from the swamsa indicates a mimamsaka or involvement in interpretation of text/available literature etc.

JUPITER This planet represents the divine disciplines such as Sanskrit, Vedas and Shastras, Finance related subjects, high level strategy. Jupiter is foremost of among giver of the knowledge of Apara vidya. The knowledge, which is never destroyed in the cosmic cycle of birth and death. He is the Devaguru and hence the bestower of the supreme

77 and divine knowledge of Vedas and shastra (Scriptures). He governs the divine languages such as Sanskrit and divine disciplines such as Jyotish or the Discipline of Light. Being a karaka for wealth or dhana karaka, Jupiter Governs the Finance related subjects such as financial management, banking, Economics etc. Jupiter rules the Dhi. Dhi is the principle, which differentiates us from animals. Dhi is the power of discrimination through knowledge. That is why Jupiter gives very high knowledge of Philosophy. Jupiter governs the disciplines of high-level strategy like Business Strategy, Strategies of War, Growth strategies of nations etc, as they require high-level thinking. Hence, he signifies those disciplines, which lead to consultants, advisors, counsellors, scientist, and Philosopher. Jupiter shows the direction of life trough the knowledge it confers and hence all the disciplines, which is directing towards showing the right path such as Journalist, Judges, Lawyer, Psychologist, Psychoanalyst, Teacher, Preacher etc. are governed by Jupiter Quotes from Jaimini Sutras 1. Jupiter in svamsa makes a karmayogŸ who will excel in any field due to his intelligence or one interested in philosophy and religious or a priest. 2. An excellent author is indicated by the presence of Moon & Jupiter in svamsa or the fifth there from. 3. Jupiter indicate a grammarian, knowledge of religious scriptures (like Vedas, Bible, Quoran etc) and a philosopher & Vendantist. 4. Jupiter joining/aspecting the above planets in the 1st/5th will give all around knowledge, both traditional and modern and proficiency in at least one branch.

VENUS Knowledge of Shastras, Knowledge of beauty products such as garments, perfumes etc, various forms of Arts, Private sector and management skills, eye for detail. Venus is the Guru of the Asura and very knowledgeable and hence can confer the knowledge of Shastras. It can make one a author and as Jaimini says he is conferred the knowledge of poetry and makes the native a eloquent speaker and knowledgeable critic. However unlike Jupiter, the knowledge is mostly useful for living a good life in this world. Venus signifies all the materials of luxury and hence can confer the knowledge of beauty products such as garments, perfumes etc. Venus rules all the forms of art as this can be used for attracting others. Thus various forms of Arts and studies on music, acting, theatre and cinema, singing, dancing, poetry, drama, fashion designing, beautician or working with beauty products Apparel and textiles, and interior decoration are signified by Venus. Venus rules the real world strategies and hence signify the knowledge of private sector and rules the operation level management skills. Venus also signifies an eye for detail. As the significator of luxury Venus also rules the knowledge of precious stones and precious metals etc. Being the significator of Vehicles, it signifies elephant, horses, and conveyances. The combination of Moon and Venus can signify sailing or navigation. Quotes from Jaimini Sutras: 1. The aspect of Venus (on the Moon in the fourth) will surely produces a sailor/navigator. 2. The full Moon and Venus is svamsa give all luxuries of life and an educationist is produced. 3. Venus in svamsa indicates a government or political official or a passionate person who virile up to a hundred years. 4. Venus instead (or Jupiter in the 1st/5th house) also indicates an author, but of lesser capability. 5. Venus in svamsa or 5th indicates a poet, an eloquent speaker or a knowledge critic.

78 SATURN Tradition studies or studies belonging to traditions; Jupiter & Saturn give Brahma Yoga (Yoga granting Knowledge from Tradition). Saturn is a great teacher. It teaches through punishment and making one realise the purpose of life. Hence, it signifies philosophy and spiritualism. Saturn is very old and is orthodox and thus it signifies knowledge passing down from tradition. The deity of Saturn is Brahma who is the creator of this world in the form of Prajapati. Thus Saturn signifies the knowledge of creation. When coupled with devaguru Brhaspati, it generates fruitful Brahma yoga which grants the fine knowledge of creation and also shows passing down of knowledge from tradition through a Guru (Jupiter) Saturn rules the minerals which are extracted from the earth and hence signify all fuels including coal, petrol, mining of these fuels, minerals and metals. Saturn rules the excretory system in the human body whose prime responsibility is to clean the system from any poison or garbage and hence all such disciplines which is related to cleaning of a place or thing such as, drainage system, plumbing, garbage collection and disposal etc. is signified by Saturn. Saturn is a hard worker and signify heavy labour or the studies/ knowledge related to that such as agriculture, carpentry, blacksmith, artisan, mechanic, handy craft, factory etc Saturn is extremely cold. This is borne out of the fact that it rules two signs of the zodiac, which corresponds to winter or extreme cold. Thus it signify Ice manufacturing, Refrigeration and preservation.

RAHU Big Machines, Big bombs such as atomic and nuclear bombs etc, espionage, abstract mathematician. Quotes from Jaimini Sutras: Rahu in svamsa produces a bowman or a thief. He may earn by dacoity or by cheating or he maybe capable of handling very poisonous and dangerous chemicals, medicines etc or an expert in metals/manufacturing activities. As Maharishi Jaimini says Rahu shows research studies and mathematics. Rahu can give knowledge on big machines, their manufacture and trade; big bombs such as atomic and nuclear bombs. It also signify and can signify studies or knowledge on imports (as opposite to Ketu who signify exports), secret societies, working with leather goods, mining (sanivat Rahu, like Saturn, Rahu also rules mining), wealth or minerals extracted from below the ground. It also signify poisonous substances including drugs etc. Rahu signify the crime of every form.

KETU High precision machines such as watches and computers, mathematicians, statistician or an astrologer Quotes from Jaimini Sutras: 1. Ketu in svamsa indicates one who will earn through elephants or maybe a thief or a swindler. 2. Ketu in the 1st/5th gives mathematical ability. This is important for astrology as well. Rahu indicates capability for research and mathematics. Maharishi Jaimini says that Ketu indicate making or the knowledge of watches. In the modern context this can be extended to the knowledge of high precision machines such as watches, computers etc. Ketu also gives the knowledge of mathematics, statistics and astrology. Ketu also signify exports, counter-espionage, terrorism, spiritualism, animal and elephant trading/ riding and dealing with bone, ivory, horn or similar articles.

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30. Triggering of Planets
The planets affect our life in various ways and such effects can be seen each moment in our life and they donot only need their dasa to be functional to give their results. However, most of us are only limited to various dasas, which shows predominant activities at any point of time. And because everything in the world work with a basic theme, all the dasas which we use can show similar indications of an event and this is what I call synchronicity. This is why we must not stick ourselves only to one or two dasas and try to understand, what way different planets affect us in different ways each moment. To understand this, lets take some illustrations from our lives. In many cases we see that birth of a child causes prosperity in the house, enhancement of income, promotion in job and such things. Now how do we relate to the enhancement of the family and career with birth of a child. This can be understood from the fact that progeny is ruled by Jupiter and birth of a child triggers all such yogas associated with Jupiter. Lets say for someone, Jupiter is placed with GL in 5th from Dasamsa Lagna, it is placed in the 11th from AL. This shows why if something triggers Jupiter, such benefic things happen in life. Thus we realise different planets can be triggered by some or other events in life. Similarly if Venus is well placed, you can see the good results after marriage as this triggers Venus. Now this knowledge can help an astrologer to use Jyotish for all practical purposes. Now if a horoscope is suffering due to sarpa yoga (Kendras occupied by Malefics, not in own sign or exaltation) and Jupiter is placed in the Lagna, then if such person studies sriptures (ruled by Jupiter) or stays with his grandfather (Jupiter) etc. the sarpa yoga shall break and the native's life shall become free from struggles. Jupiter's benevolence can also be triggered if the person takes Jupiterian activity such as Jyotish, Advisorship, Judge etc. or eat Jupiterian food such as fresh fruits etc. Also, there is no doubt, that such Jupiter can be activated, if the person goes to shrines ruled by Jupiter, such as that of Sadashiva or Mahavishnu or Jesus Christ or Holy Ghost. Now if a person is having some yogas with Sun and other planets, such yogas can be triggered if the person goes to temples and religious places, ruled by Sun, or work with his father or such activities. Hence, to undestand, which planet is affecting a person in what way, the Jyotish is required to be watchful of all the happening in the surroundings of the native. If the native comes with a horoscope, to see which planet is causing trouble, one can very well be watchful of the surroundings to see the nimittas (Omens) and can know which planet is triggered at that moment. If a Jyotishi is watchful of such things, he can very well understand, how the different planets is behaving in his life. This can bring more understanding of effect of planets in our life and help us in zeroing down to practical remedies. So now you know which food affect you in which way :-).

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31. Dasa Trend Analysis I
We know that various results which one expects in an Horoscope are felt only during specific period, when the influence of a sign (rasi dasa) or a graha (udu dasa) becomes predominant. However, before moving to the analysis of the antardasa, it is important to judge the overall trend of a dasa. This helps in pin pointing the exact dasa that would give a particular result. The steps given below shall aid in finding out the dasa trend. DASA TREND The trend of any dasa can be judged by dividing the dasa period into three parts. These parts would focus on the results indicated bya. The sign/ House b. The lord c. Occupation and Aspect on that sign However the sequence in which the sign, lord or conjunction will give result is dependent on the Sign in the Rasi dasa and on the Planet in the Graha dasa. This is enumerated below: RASI DASA ------------------1. Rising of the Signs: There are three ways in which a sign can rise: a. Sirsodaya (Rising by head) : Gemini, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Aquarius. b. Pristodaya (Rising by Back) : Taurus, Cancer, Sagittarius, Capricorn. c. Ubhayodaya (Rising bothways): Pisces Sirsodaya signs give results in the early part of the dasa, Pristodaya signs give results during the last part of the dasa, whereas the Ubhayodaya signs give results during the middle part of the dasa. 2. Benefic/ Malefic Nature of the lord/ aspects/ conjunctions Jyotish shastras have said unanimously that the benefic results of the dasa shall be felt during the early part and the malefic results will be felt in the latter part. In the remaining two part of the dasa, benefic results will be given in the early part. Thus the results will be given by the lord/ aspect/ conjunction, depending on who is the most benefic among them.

THE ONLY EXPEPTION TO THIS IS; IF NODES ARE PLACED IN THE DASA RASI, THE DASA DURATION IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS. THE DASA FROM KETU TO RAHU IS CALLED BHOGA MARGA AND IS GOOD MATERIALLY, WHEREAS THAT FROM RAHU TO KETU IS KNOWN AS MOKSHA MARGA AND IS GOOD SPIRITUALLY.

GRAHA DASA ------------------RESULTS OF NATURAL SINGNIFICATION The Results of the natural karakatva (signification) of a planet is given based on the nature of rising of a sign, which as as follows: a. Planets in Sirsodaya signs give results in the first part of their dasa/ antar. b. Planets in Pristodaya signs give results in the last part of their period. c. Planets in Ubhayodaya sings give results in the middle part of their periods. Some astrologers opine that the planets in Ubhayodaya Rasi give results throughout their period (JP 18-26). RESULT OF PLACEMENT, OWNERSHIP & STRENGTHS/ WEAKNESSES 1. For malefic planets a. The results of its exaltation or such strength in divisions are felt in the first three sub periods i.e. about 1/3rd the period of dasa/antardasa. b. The results of its house placement and ownership are felt in the next three sub periods i.e. the middle 1/3rd past of the dasa/antardasa. c. The results of its aspects as well as aspect on it will be felt in the concluding 1/3rd portion or last three sub-periods. 2. For Benefic planets -

81 a. the result of its ownership and house placement are felt in the first three sub-periods (i.e. first 1/3rd part of the period); b. The result of its exaltation and strength show their results in the middle part (i.e. next 1/3rd part) c. The results of the aspects on it as well as its aspects bear fruit in the last (i.e. concluding 1/3rd) part of the dasa.

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32. Dashaphala Nirupana: Guidelines to Dasa Analysis
1. A planet shall give the results of the house it owns. For example, if a planet if fifth lord, then it will give progeny or power in its dasa. 2. A planet gives results (either good or bad) as per the functional significations as per the following guidelines: a. Whichever house the planet is placed b. Whichever house the planet aspects c. Whichever house lord it is placed with d. Whichever house lord it aspects During the dasa of a planet, the natural significance (naisargika karakatva) gains or suffer based on whether the placement of the planet is auspicious or inauspicious. The results will be auspicious if i. the planet is placed in Exaltation, Mulatrikona, Own house, or friends house ii. placed with benefics/ friends iii. aspected by benefics iv. hemmed between benefics The results will be inauspicious if i. the planet is placed in debilitation, enemy sign ii. placed with malefics iii. aspected by malefics iv. hemmed between malefics 3. A planet is capable of giving results as per its functional or natural significations either in the dasa or antardasa or smaller periods. The functional significations are based on the lordship, placement and yogas this planet would have in the horoscope. The natural signification is based on what they signify naturally such as Venus signify marriage and relationship, Jupiter signify progeny etc. 4. Normally a planet would not confer the result (either auspicious or inauspicious) in its own antardasa. They do so in the antardasa of the planet associated with it. By association following things are meant. a. Conjunction b. Planet aspecting the dasa lord c. Planet having subha-argala on the dasa lord d. Planet exchanges position (either rasi, nakshatra or navamsa) with the dasa lord e. Any planets who share the same dharma as of the dasa lord. The following planets share the same dharma as of the dasa lord. i. All saumya grahas (Jupiter, Venus, well associated Mercury and strong Moon (in paksha bala) have the same dharma ii. All papa grahas (Saturn, Mars, Sun, badly associated Mercury and weak Moon)have the same dharma iii. Yogakaraka- The other planet involved in the yoga, leaving the yogakaraka under consideration Note: In all the cases, if the yoga is auspicious, then the auspicious results of the dasa lord is felt and viceversa Thus the mahadasa lord gives its results only in the antardasa which is suitable. 5. The dasa of the yogakaraka shall have following results in different antardasas: a. Antardasa of a related auspicious planet (yogakaraka or lord of trines), the results will be auspicious b. Antardasa of related yogakaraka, the results will be very auspicious c. Antardasa of related functional malefic planet (lord of the trisadayas and the eighth), the effect of the rajayoga would be extremely feeble d. Antardasa of a related marakesh, only minor results would be present e. Antardasa of a unrelated auspicious planet, the results would be moderately auspicious

83 f. Antardasa of unrelated functional malefic planet or marakesh, the results would be extremely inauspicioushowever, some good results of the auspicious dasa lord shall also be felt 6. During the antardasa of a functional malefic (planets suffering with kendradhipatya dosa or the lords of the trisadaya or the eighth lord) planet, following results are felt: a. The antardasa of a unrelated functional benefic/ yogakaraka, the results of would be inauspicious b. The antardasa of a related functional benefic, the results would be inauspicious- lesser of the inauspicious dasa lord and more of the auspicious antardasa lord c. The antardasa of the neutral planet shall give inauspicious results d. The antardasa of related or unrelated functional malefic would be terrible- more so in the case of related planet e. The antardasa of functional benefic in dasa of a marakesh, the person would not die, however the antardasa of an unrelated functional malefic can cause death. f. In the dasa of Kendra lord or Trikona lord, the results of different antardasa would be: g. If Kendra and Trikona lord are associated, the in the dasa of the Kendra lord, Trikona lord’s antardasa would be auspicious and vice- versa h. If Kendra and the Trikona lords are not related, then in the dasa of Papa Kendra lord, the antar of Subha Trikona lord would be little auspicious, whereas the antar of papa Trikona lord would be inauspicious. 7. In addition, during the dasa of a subha Kendra lord, the antar of a papa Trikona lord would be little auspicious and the antar of a subha Trikona lord, the results would be predominantly auspicious. 8. In the dasa of Papa Trikona lord, the antar of subha Kendra lord would be auspicious and antar of papa Kendra lord would be little auspicious (provided the Trikona lord is not eighth lord simultaneously) 9. In the dasa of Subha Trikona lord, the antar of subha Kendra lord would be auspicious and the antar of the papa Kendra lord can be little auspicious, if it is associated with the Trikona lord. If there is no association between them, then the antar would be predominantly inauspicious. 10. The results of Antardasa in Dasas of the Nodes: a. If the nodes are placed in Trikona, then the antar of the Kendra lords confer rajayoga. This is also true during the dasa of Kendra lord and antardasa of the nodes so placed in Trikona b. Similarly if the nodes are placed in Kendra, the antar of the Trikona lords confer rajayoga. This is also true during the dasa of Trikona lord and antardasa of the nodes so placed in Kendra c. If the nodes are placed in auspicious houses, then their antardasas in the dasa of a yogakakara or during the antardasa of a yogakaraka in their (nodes) dasa, the results are extremely auspicious d. If the nodes are associated with the 8th / 12th house/ lords, then their dasa/ antardasa would be inauspicious 11. According to Phaladeepika, the dasa of a planet becomes inauspicious, if they fall in a particular sequence as mentioned below: a. Saturn’s dasa happens to be 4th dasa b. Mars’s dasa happens to be 5th dasa c. Jupiter’s dasa happens to be 6th dasa 12. Dasa of planets placed in the Rasi Sandhi/ Gandanta is terrible to the house lorded by the planet and the natural significations of the planet. The trouble would pass by in a malefic antar and would be lesser during the benefic antar. 13. The dasa of sixth, eighth or twelfth is troublesome. The trouble is lesser if the lord is well placed in exaltation, mulatrikona, own sign or friend’s sign and would be more if badly placed in its debilitation sign or enemy’s sign. 14. During the dasa of a planet, the native is endowed with the nature and complexion of the dasa lord. The fiery planets would give brilliance, the watery planet would make one emotional and compassionate, the earthy planets make one hard working and the air planet would make the person thoughtful and philosophical. Along with this, the native would partake the guna of the dasa lord. Thus during the Jupiter, Sun and Moon’s dasa the native becomes sattvik, during the dasa of Venus and Mercury, the native becomes Rajasik and during the dasa of Mars and Saturn, the native becomes tamasik. More effect of the guna of planets on the native can be learnt from BPHS and Saravali. 15. The result of a planet going towards its exaltation increases as the dasa progresses and similarly, the

84 dasa of a planet diminishes with progress of the dasa, if the dasa lord is going towards its debilitation (one sign behind the sign of debilitation) 16. Malefics give their results of its placement in a rasi during the first third part, the results of its placement in a bhava in the middle third and the results of its aspect in the last third of the dasa. Similarly Benefics give their results of their bhava in the beginning third, the result of rasi in the middle third and the aspects in the last third of the dasa. 17. When the dasa and the antar-dasa lords are placed in the 6th/ 8th or 12th from each other, these shows enmity, physical troubles, troubles from unknown sources etc. If the antar lord is a friend to the dasa lord or the Lagna lord and well placed in the sign, then the trouble would be lessened. On the contrary, if the dasaantar lords are badly placed and the antar lord is an enemy to the dasa lord and/ or the Lagna lord then the antar would be very troublesome. 18. During the dasa of a planet, the house where the antar lord is placed the results of that house would be specifically felt. For example, if someone is running the dasa- antar of Sun- Moon; and Moon is placed in the 5th house from the dasa lord, them the 5th house effect would be specifically experienced. The good or bad results to be experienced related to that bhava would be based on whether or not the dasa and antar lords are well placed. 19. If the dasa lord is capable of give both good and bad results (such as a planet becoming an yogakaraka as well as maraca at the same time) by the virtue of its placement and yoga, then the good results would be felt during the antar of planets beneficially disposed and the negative results would be felt during to the antar of negatively disposed planets. 20. During the dasa of a planet, whichever house it transits from the Lagna, the result of that particular house would be specifically felt during such transit. 21. The results of the dasa are modified based on the transit of the dasa lords in different signs. If the dasa lord goes to an enemy’s sign or the sign of debilitation or the sign having lesser bindus (less than 4) in the dasa lord’s astakavarga, or the sign having lesser bindus in the sarva-astakavarga and in addition having transiting a malefic house (reckoned from Moon), then the effect would be extremely negative if the dasa is of an evil planet or if it is of an auspicious planet, then its auspiciousness would be greatly reduced. 22. On the contrary, if the dasa lord moves to its sign of exaltation/ mulatrikona/ own/ friend’s sign and / or in a sign with high astakavarga in the dasa lord’s astakavarga, then the effect of the dasa during that time would be extremely good, if the dasa is of an auspicious planet or lesser troublesome, if the dasa is an evil dasa. 23. The effect of the dasa planet can be seen in different areas of life from the Divisional charts related to that particular area of life. To understand this, one needs to study the divisional charts and then intelligently apply the dasa rules in those charts. 24. In the mahadasa of a planet, the antar would be good if: a. The antar lord is a friend to the dasa lord b. The antar lord is a friend to the lagna lord c. The antar lord is well placed as reckoned from the dasa lord d. The antar lord is related to the dasa lord e. The antar lord is well placed as reckoned from the Moon. 25. The dasa of the 2nd and 7th lord from a bhava becomes the marakesh dasa for that bhava. If these planets are weak and afflicted then it would surely cause trouble to the significations of the bhava under consideration. 26. Similarly during the dasa of the 12th lord from a bhava, the native suffers losses related the bhava under consideration 27. During the dasa of the 8th lord from a bhava, the relations ruled by the concerned bhava suffers ill health, if the said planet is weakly placed and/ or afflicted.

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33. Narayana Dasa I: Basics
STRENGTH OF SIGNS The dasa starts from the stronger of the two signs, the Lagna or the 7th house, since they are the seat of truth, otherwise known as the satya-peethas. To ascertain the stronger of the two signs, the lagna or the 7th, following rules can be followed. The rules are culled out from Brhat Parasari Hora Shastra and the Jaimini Sutras and beautifully presented in the Narayana Dasa book by Pt. Sanjay Rath. The reader of the Narayana Dasa book would find that there is difference in the sequence of the rules given. To them I shall say that the sequence is revised based on my interaction with the author and my experience. Rule-1: The sign with a planet (or with more planets) is considered stronger than a sign without a planet (or with lesser number of planets). Rule-2:The sign which is aspected by Mercury, Jupiter or its Lord is stronger. Rule-3: If the signs have equal number of planets and they are similarly aspected by Jupiter, Mercury and the lord, then the status of the planets like exaltation, Mulatrikona, Svakshetra etc. should be considered to declare the stronger sign.

Rule-4: If they are still equal in strength, or without planets, then the natural strengths - Dual signs stronger than fixed signs and fixed signs stronger than movable signs is considered. (This rule will not work when quadrants are considered). Rule-5: If they are still equal in strength, then for an even (female) sign, the placement of Lord in an odd (male) sign OR for an odd (male) sign, the placement of the Lord in an even (female) sign is a source of strength. Rule-6: If they are still equal in strength, the sign which gives a higher dasa period is stronger. The dasa period is counted by computing the signs from the sign to its lord in zodiacal direction if the sign is oddfooted and anti-zodiacal if the sign is even-footed. (Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Libra, Scorpio and Sagittarius are odd-footed and rest are even-footed.) For Scorpio and Aquarius, the stronger of the two lords are to be taken to determine the dasa period. Rule-7: If they are still equal in strength, the sign whose lord is the Atmakaraka is stronger. Rule-8: If they are still equal in strength, then the degrees of their lords must be considered. The Lord with a higher degree (used in Charakaraka) shall make the sign stronger.

STRENGTH OF PLANETS Scoprio and Aquarius are lorded by two planets each. Scorpio is lorded by Mars and Ketu, whereas Aquarius is lorded by Saturn and Rahu. To determine the dasa period of Scorpio and Aquarius, one need to ascertain, which lord to be used. Hence, we must know the stronger of the two lords of these two signs.

86 If the lords are placed in the same sign then there is no trouble in computing the dasa period, since the computation would be from the sign to the sign, placed with these two lords. However, if they are placed in two different signs, their strength need to be ascertained, using the following rules. Rule 1: If one of the lords is placed in the sign and the other is placed elsewhere, the dasa is estimated from the lord placed in the other sign. Rule 2: If both lords are placed elsewhere, the stronger of the two signs, where they are placed, shall give the dasa period. Rule 3: If the signs occupied by the lords are of equal strength, the lord contributing a larger dasa period should be considered.

ILLUSTRATION CASE I: Lord Sri Rama

1. Find the stronger of the Lagna and the 7th. Lagna has two planets namely the Moon and Jupiter and the 7th has only one planet, namely Mars. Thus Lagna is stronger compared to the 7th house. 2. Find the stronger of the two lords of Scorpio and Aquarius. Scorpio: Mars is placed in Capicorn whereas Ketu is in Gemini. Among Capicorn and Gemini, Capricorn is stronger since it is aspected by Mercury and none of Jupiter/ Mercury/ house lord aspects Gemini. Thus Mars is the stronger of the two lords for Scorpio. Aquarius: Saturn is exalted in Libra whereas Rahu is debilitated in Sagittarius. Among Libra and Sagittarius, Libra is stronger since it is aspected by Mercury and none of Jupiter/ Mercury/ house lord aspects Sagittarius. Thus Saturn is the stronger of the two lords for Aquarius. CASE II: Myself

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1. Find the stronger of the Lagna and the 7th. Lagna has no planets whereas 7th has one planet, namely Saturn. Thus 7th is stronger compared to the Lagna. 2. Find the stronger of the two lords of Scorpio and Aquarius. Scorpio: Mars is placed in Leo, whereas Ketu is placed in Taurus. Leo has more planets than Taurus and hence Leo is stronger.Thus Mars is the stronger of the two lords for Scorpio. Aquarius: Saturn is placed in Gemini whereas Rahu is placed in Scorpio. Scorpio has more planets compared to Gemini and hence Scorpio is stronger. Thus Rahu is stronger of the two lords for Aquarius.

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34. Narayana Dasa II: Cues to Interpretation I
INTRODUCTION Narayana dasa is one of the most versalite rasi dasa. It holds the same importace as Vimshottari dasa holds among the nakshatra dasa system. It can be used for not only analysing all aspects of human life, but also all aspects of mundane affairs. It can also be suitably compressed to accomodate smaller events such as as swearing in charts etc. Though the name does not suggest much differences it has as compared to the vimshottari dasa system, in actual practice, this dasa is more deterministic and fixed and shows the wishes of Narayana, whereas the vimshottari dasa shows the reaction of normal mortals to the situations they are placed in. This article gives some insights on how to analyse the narayana dasa in a chart. For more details, the readers can study Narayana Dasa by Pt. Sanjay Rath. GENERAL RESULTS The planets can be arranged in the order of decreasing beneficence such as Jupiter, Venus, Mercury, Moon, Sun, Saturn, Mars, Ketu and Rahu. The influence of the benefic planets on the dasa rasi brings association with nice people (those who are represented by the planets themselves) and bestow various things on the native, based on its natural significations. For example, dasa Rasi housing Jupiter or Venus gives association of learned and holy people, religious learning etc. Dasa Rasi occupied by its own lord, Jupiter, Mercury, an exalted planet or strong benefics shall be favorable. In none occupy or aspect adverse results obtain (unless the sign is beneficial and Paka and Bhoga are strong). On the contrary, placement of malefic planets (unless it happens to be its own sign or sign of exaltation) damages the house in ways corresponding to its natural nature. It must be borne in mind that malefics when strong does not have much venom in it and only when weak can be extremely deadly. Thus the advice here would be to watch out for debilitated malefics or their placement in marana karaka sthana (very weak position, covered in later part of the article). Similarly the association of benefic planets to the houses brings out prosperity and positive qualities of that house. For example, beneficial association in the fourth house gives conveyances, lands, treasures etc. While Moon & Venus give excellent conveyances, Jupiter gives a chauffer driven vehicle (or palanquin bearers) in addition. Here, the houses can be reckoned both from the Lagna and the Dasa sign. The difference would be that, when reckoned from the Lagna, the result would reflect the effect of those combination through out the life of native, whereas when reckoned from the Dasa sign, the result would show the effect only during the duration of the dasa. One might need to study the effect of planets in different houses and signs, to exactly judge the effect of a planets during Narayana Dasa. One point I need to highlight here is that, all planets when placed strong display the positive side of their being and when placed weakly and afflicted display their negetive side. Even malefics bestow their positive qualities to the natives when they are strongly placed in a horoscope. For that matter, when malefics (Saturn, Mars) are placed in exaltation and own house in a kendra, it cause the mahapurusha yoga. The effect of planets are also modified by a yoga or combination. A yoga is said to have happened when at least two planets have exchanged placed, are in conjunction, are in mutual aspect, have exchange their navamsas or have exchanged their nakshatras. The inherent qualities of a planet change due to such associations/ yogs/ combinations. Standard texts have given the results of each such combination, which might be extremely difficult to memorise. One of the guideline to analyse the effect of such combination is that planet exchange their nature during such associations; the benefics would behave like malefics and the malefics would behave like benefics. The order of beneficence is Jupiter, Venus, Mercury, Moon, Sun, Saturn, Mars, Ketu and Rahu. Whenever two planet conjoin, the most benefic would exchange its qualities with the most malefic one when seen in the order of beneficence. Thus when Jupiter, Mars and Rahu conjoin, Jupiter would give the results of Rahu and vice versa, whereas Mars's qualities will remain unaltered. Again when Jupiter, Moon, Mars and Rahu conjoin, like the first case Jupiter would exchange its qualities with Rahu and Moon would do the same with Mars. The functional nature of planets are also to be considered during the analysis of a dasa. Maharishi parashara says that the quadrants/ kendra are the houses of Vishnu and the trine/ trikona are the houses of Lakshmi. On one hand the kendra shows the direction in life of the native (which hindus call Ayana) the trikona shows growth and prosperity. Thus the association of the lords of trines with Dasa Rasi is most conducive to self-development and the association of the lord of quadrant shows change of direction of life. There are four directions in the life of any creation, dharma (the direction of self effort, righteousness,

89 fulfilment of all duties and obligations), artha (direction of material prosperity and acheivements), kama (the direction of enjoyment), Moksha (the direction of detachment and liberation). The focus of a person change during different dasas based on the nature of the house whose dasa is running, which is moderated by various combinations (placement, association, aspects). The natural significations of planets bloom during the dasa of a sign placed with or aspected by the planets. Thus in the periods of dasa sign of Ketu (grha karaka- significator of home) or Venus (kalatra karakasignificator of spouse), marriage can be predicted. Similarly the period of dasa sign with Mars in it can show procurement of landed property, Jupiter can show amassing huge wealth etc. The significations of various planets can be studied from the standard classics.

THE DEHA AND THE JEEVA The deha and jeeva concept of Narayana dasa helps us in finding out the details of the condition of health and internal being during the Narayana Dasa period. It is possible that during a cetain dasa, physically we might be perfect, however, worried and restless within and similarly the contrary is also too. Maharishis have differentiated between the states of body and Mind. The Deha The Deha represents the physical body of the person. The dasa sign itself is the Deha. The Naisargika Deha karaka is the Naisargika Atmakaraka Sun. Thus for determining aspects of health of the native, the position of the dasa sign from the Sun, the Chara Atmakaraka and Lagna should be examined. The position of the deha rasi from the Sun would show, what situations are affecting the health of the person undergoing that dasa. This is because Sun represents the atma of the whole world and reckoning the dasa rasi from the Sun shows our relationship with respect to the world. From the Lagna it would represent the physical state of the person and from the Chara Atmakaraka it would represent, how well the Body fulfils the internal drives set by the Chara Atmakaraka. It is noteworthy to see the placement of the functional benefics and malefics with respect to the Sun, Chara Atmakaraka and the Lagna to judge various perspectives of the health of the native. The Jeeva While the deha shows the physical state of the native, the Jeeva shows the mental state. To find it, count as many signs from the Dasa rasi, as the dasa rasi has gained from Lagna. Lets say for a Sagittarius Lagna native, Libra Dasa is running; then Leo becomes the Jeeva. The Naisargika Jeeva is Jupiter and the position of the Jeeva Rasi should be examined from Jupiter. Interpretation of Deha and Jeeva The natural malefics in the Deha and Jeeva signs trouble the physical and the mental/ psychological health of a native. For this matter, the natural malefics Rahu, Saturn, Mars or the Sun are considered with Rahu being the most and Sun being the least evil. If they present in both Deha and Jeeva, death or similar suffering could occur during that dasa. If these planets are in Deha alone, the native suffers physically. However, if they afflict the Jeeva, misfortunes occur and the life loses direction or meaning. Based on the intensity of the affliction, the native becomes frustrated with life and may even contemplate things like suicide. The nature of trouble can be seen from the nature of the planets afflicting the signs, either Deha or Jeeva. For instance, if the Deha is influenced by Rahu, then the person might have undiagnosable diseases/ or can have danger from serpents; if by Saturn, then he might suffer due to diseases like arthritis, cough and cold or any long drawn disease, if by Mars, there could be boils, injury or accidents and Sun would show the diseases of bile, acidity etc. When these planets influence the jeeva the native might suffer due to deception if the influencing planet happens to be Rahu, theft and burglary if Saturn influences the Jeeva; Mars would show court cases and litigation; whereas Sun can show troubles form Government and influential people. It should be borne in mind that if these planets are well placed such as in exalted, own house or friends house, the troubles would be much lesser, which would be more if the planets are weak and afflicted. For example association of Saturn- Mars, Saturn-Sun, Rahu- Sun, Rahu-Mars etc are the sure shot cases of troubles. When natural benefics such as Jupiter, Mercury, Moon, Venus or Ketu conjoins both the Deha and Jeeva, a period of happiness and prosperity should be predicted. During such period, there would be an end to sickness and sorrow. Deha alone occupied by natural benefics gives good health whereas Jeeva alone occupied by natural benefics gives happiness and prosperity. Though not explicitly stated in the classics, the concept of Deha and Jeeva can be extended to the relatives

90 as well to find out their statuses during a certain dasa. To do that, the Dasa needs to be counted from the house ruling a particular relative and counting as many houses from the dasa sign. For example, for a Sagittarius native, running Libra Dasa, to find the health and state of Mother, the dasa sign could be reckoned from the Fourth house, Pisces. Thus, though the jeeva remains the same the Taurus becomes the Jeeva sign. Since, the dasa sign falls in the 8th from the fourth house, if afflicted can show serious health troubles to the mother.

THE PAKA AND THE BHOGA The effects of the dasa Rasi should be judged from its lord. The sign occupied by the lord of dasa Rasi is the PAKA RASI or ripener of the Dasa. The Arudha of the dasa Rasi is the BHOGA RASI. This shows how much effort is put during the course of a dasa and what kind of fruit is accrued thereof. The paka shows the nature and extent of effort and hardwork we put during a certain dasa and hence is equated with the process of cooking, whereas the final end result is to be seen from the bhoga rasi, which literally means to enjoy the fruits. In this material world of illusion, hardly the fruits correspond to the effort put to achieve them. Thus the concept of paka and bhoga is a very important tool to judge the hardship and the fruits. If Paka Rasi is a Kendra/ quadrant (1/4/7/10) or Trikona/ Trine (5/9) from Lagna and if Bhoga Rasi is in a Kendra of trikona from Arudha Lagna, auspicious results obtain. The strengths of lord of dasa Rasi, like exaltation etc, shall determine the beneficence of the dasa. Since the paka shows our own effort or karma, this is to be rekoned from the Lagna (true self), whereas the fruits we get is based on the perception of our action by the world, the bhoga is to be reckoned from the Arudha Lagna (perceived self). The dasa Rasi occupied and owned by benefics gives favorable results, more so, if the Paka Rasi and Bhoga Rasi are also well conjoined and in Kendra/trikona from Lagna and Arudha Lagna respectively. If the lord of the dasa Rasi is exalted or debilitated, financial gains will be there (Jaimini says tasmai ucche niche va srimantah- the exalted and debilitated planets bestow wealth). The association of various planets with paka and bhoga would show the the nature of our actions and the results thereof, based on the natural as well as the functional significatio. For example, if the lord of the Moon sign (shubhapati) associates with or aspects Paka Rasi, financial gains will occur. The level of gains, their nature etc, should be seen from the concerned planets and Bhava. Similarly, aspect or association of lord of second house (from ascendant) and Jupiter augments finances. The placement of the paka and bhoga also need to be seen from the Lagna as well as the Arudha Lagna. Thus a well associated Paka in the second from Lagna make the person invest money (action), whereas the bhoga in the 2nd from the Lagna makes the person accumulate wealth (fruit of action). Thus due importance need to be given to the below three factors while judging the paka and bhoga. 1. The placement of Paka from Lagna and the Bhoga from Arudha Lagna for the nature and extent of our action and results we get therefrom. 2. The placement of the Paka and Bhoga in different houses from the Lagna. 3. The placement/ aspect of different planets in the Paka and Bhoga. They would influence the action and the results based on their natural significations. The malefic and benefic nature of the planets as well as their dignity (exaltation, mulatrikona, own house, friend's house, enemy's house and inimical house are in decreasing order of dignity), are to be considered. 4. The placement/ aspect of different house lords in the paka and bhoga. They would influence the actions and the results based on their functional significations.

REKONING DASA SIGN FROM THE LAGNA The analysis of the Narayana dasa needs to be done at two levels, reckoning the dasa sign from the Lagna and the another one by reckoning the dasa sign as the Lagna and seeing various planetary positions therefrom. Here the various indications to be interpreted reckoning the dasa sign from the lagna is given below. The difference in interpretation is that the influence of the natal lagna would cut accross all dasas whereas the results signified by taking the dasa sign as lagna would only be present during that particular dasa. Following guidelines would be helpful in judging the results by reckoning the dasa sign from the lagna-

91 The Marana Avastha There are certain houses where, when a planet is placed, it becomes extremely weak to carry out its functions. It loses its vitality and hence unable to protect it’s functional as well as natural significations. Such state is known as Marana (death like) Avastha (state) for the planet. The marana avastha for the planets are Sun in 12th house, Moon in 8th house, Mars in 7th house, Mercury in 7th house, Jupiter in 3rd house, Venus in 6th house, Saturn in 1st house and Rahu in 9th house from the Lagna (or dasa rasi). The planets themselves are called the marana karaka or the significators of death and bring great havoc in the life of a person. When such a death inflictor is in conjunction with or aspected by malefics or in inimical or depression signs, great grief is sure to come. The dasa of the sign which contains a marana karaka planet would bring havoc to the life of the native by showing death of relatives, signified by the either the natural, functional or movable significations of the planets. They can also show troubles to the matters ruled by the houses lorded by the marana karaka planet. Thus, if Sun happens to be the 5th lord, it can show troubles to father (natural signification) or troubles to the children (functional signification for the 5th house). The scope of troubles can be varied and not everything can be covered in this article, however it can be said that the person would suffer due to the natural as well as the functional significations of the planet under consideration. Some clues are given below to guide the judgment in the right direction for the marana karaka planetsPt. Sanjay Rath says Sun causes fire hazards; Moon indicates danger from water; Mars causes accident and danger from weapons; Mercury indicates trouble due to flatulence; stomach problems are indicated by Jupiter; accidents, trouble from opposite sex are caused by Venus and venomous bites by Rahu.

Yogas and Dasas The yogas (planetary associations) influence the results of the dasa rasi in the following ways: 1. Yogas happening in the dasa rasi will give the results of such yoga during the period of the dasa rasi. For example if the Dasa rasi has dharma-karmadhipatya yoga (which happens due to association of the 9th and 10th lord in a sign), the period would show rise in career, fame and recognition and participation in many good deeds and overall good results related to the house of Activity/ Karma (10th) and dharma/ fortune (9th). The dasa Rasi having a Rajayoga karaka (Karta, Kevala, yogada etc) planet shall be beneficial. Similarly the association of any kendra and kona lord confer rajayoga, unless it is broken by conditions such as weak luminaries or the dispositor of the sign where the yoga is happening or the planets involved in the yoga have poor strength (sthana bala). These yogas can be studied from the standard texts. 2. Yogas in which the dasa rasi lord is participating. For example, if in a horoscope with Sagittarius ascendant, the dasa of Leo is running and the Sun and Mercury are conjoined in a sign, say Aries, such dasa would be extremely beneficial and harbinger of prosperity to the native. Such dasa would also bring rise in career, fame, money etc to the native. 3. Planets occupy or aspect the dasa sign. Success and fame are sure to come if Lagna and tenth lord aspect or occupy the Dasa Rasi, since they are the giver of fame. Similarly if the 11th lord occupies or aspect the dasa rasi, it will bring friends, good income etc, which are the significations of the 11th house. Thus, the results of placement of a house lords in different houses would manifest during the dasa of the sign where the lord is placed and also the dasa of the sign owned by the house lord. For instance, if the Lagna lord is placed in the 9th house, Leo for a Sagittarius asdt native, then the result of such placement would be felt during the dasa of Leo as well as Sagittarius. During this dasa, the native would become very spiritual and religious; he would be interested in higher philosophies, will become charitable and would worship Vishnu as mentioned by most classics. Thus, from the 12th house & lord and significator losses should be predicted. Also evil effects are experienced during the Dasa Rasi dispositing the 6th, 8th or 12th lord or malefic planets. If these dusthana (bad places) lords also happen to be the malefics, then the results would be worst.

92 4. Planets in houses and signs. During the dasa of a sign, the effect of planets in houses and signs from the Lagna is also felt. For instance, shastras say that when Venus is placed in the 7th house, the person becomes very passionate. Many classics also give the results of a planet in different signs in the zodiac. Such results would also manifest during the period of the dasa. Let’s say that in the horoscope of a native with Sagittarius Ascendant, Saturn is placed in the 7th house, in Gemini. How the result would be judged for Gemini dasa. This would be the combination of Saturn in 7th house as well as Saturn in the sign Gemini. The classics say that if Saturn is placed in the 7th house, the results would be: If Saturn is Favorable, it shows, Good friends; Stable wealth; Stable minded wife; Stable marital life; Gain from the trade of Iron and Metal. However, if Saturn is Unfavorable, then it shows, Delays in Marriage; The spouse would be significantly older than the expected age / Lean bodied wife; Affliction to body; Involve in prostitution; Sorrowful; Sexual intimacy outside marriage; Suffer humiliation in the hands of women; Poor; Unhappy; Wander aimlessly; Sickly; Suffer loss of wife; Sinful; Loose morals. Depending on the overall chart, part or whole of the significations would manifest in the life of the native. 5. Dasa Rasi conjoined the lord of any house only promotes the same, provided such yoga for promotion also exist naturally. Thus the dasa’s of signs conjoined the lords of Kendra and Trikona as well as their Arudha are beneficial for such houses. 6. The birth of first child will occur during the antardasa of the sign occupied by the 5th lord or aspected by the same. (Count direct/reverse from Lagna depending on Pada). The birth of second child is seen from the 7th lord and so on.

The Badhakasthana Badhakasthana is composed of two words namely badhaka, which means obstructions or obstacles and sthana, which means place. Thus badhaka sthana means place (sign) of obstructions/ obstacles. Classics mention that the 11th for movable signs, 9th for fixed signs and 7th for dual signs are the Badhaka (Obstruction) places. Pt. Rath says that malefics in Badhaka cause sorrow, misfortune imprisonment and diseases depending on their nature (for examples Saturn can show troubles due to servants, Mars from litigation and accidents, whereas Sun can show troubles from influential people or the government). Rahu in the Badhak sign can be very diabolical and would need appropriate propitiation. Similarly, the placement of the badhakesh (the lord of badhakasthana) harms the sign where it is placed based on the natural significations of the badhakesh. The trouble becomes stronger, when the badhakesh is also afflicted by malefics or otherwise badly placed. During the dasa of the sign housing such badhakesh could be troublesome and so does the dasa of the badhakasthana itself. The best position for the badhakesh is the 12th house from the Lagna, where badhakesh becomes least troublesome. More details on badhakesh and badhakasthana can be studied from Vedic remedies in Astrology by Pt. Rath and the Prasna Margam.

REKONING DASA SIGN FROM THE ARUDHA LAGNA The results of placement of the dasa sign from the Lagna can be modified by the placement of the dasa sign from the Arudha Lagna. If the Dasa Rasi aspects the 11th house from Arudha Lagna, the person gets wealth whereas it causes expenses and troubles if it aspects the 12th house from Arudha Lagna. Some of the guidelines for analyzing the dasa sign from the Arudha Lagna are: 1. Generally benefics in 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, 10th and malefics in 3rd, 6th & 12th indicate Rajayoga. 2. Reverse shall occur when these planets are debilitated in Navamsa i.e. Vipareeta Rajayoga / neecha Yoga can occur. 3. Any planets or for that matter, even an Upagraha is beneficial in the 9th and shows prosperity and protection. It should be used for protecting your image.

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4. All planets in 11th show sources on income & in 12th show sources of expenditure. 5. Malefics in 6th show corruption while benefics show honest income. In the 3rd house, malefics shows courage and dominance, whereas benefics shows passivity and complacency. 6. Planets in 7th & 12th show those who shall oppose you/ cheat you at home. Thus by looking at the placement of the lord of the dasa sign from the Arudha Lagna, one can judge various things. For instance, if the dasa lord is placed in the 11th house from the Arudha Lagna, the native would gain during this period. If the lord of the dasa sign happens to be a malefic and placed in the 3rd from the Arudha Lagna, the native would take many initiatives during this time. Similarly, the placement and aspect of the Arudha Lagna on signs reckoned from Arudha Lagna are also to be judged. Thus if the dasa sign contains a malefic and is placed in the 3rd from the Arudha Lagna, the native would be risk taking during this time. However, if benefics are placed in the dasa sign, then the native would be passive. One would face contradictions many times between the results shown by the dasa sign and the lord of the dasa sign. If such things happen, the native would face many contradictions during such dasa and sway between many extremes. An intelligent astrologer would try to blend various significations and come to a consensus.

DASA SIGN AND ARGALA Argala means intervention. It is said that various signs and the planets placed therein can have intervention other signs based on their placement from the latter signs. One must study the chapter of Argala in Brhat Parasari Hora shastra to understand the nuances of the argala principle. Readers might also want to visit the page on argala in varahamihira blogspot http://varahamihira.blogspot.com/2004/06/concept-of-argala.html. The argala has to be analyzed in two ways: 1. The Argala or Virodha Argala caused by Dasa Rasi on Lagna and other houses or on any planet (Karaka) will prevail during its entire period. 2. Argala and its obstruction on Dasa Rasi can be timed during the Antardasa of the signs involved. During the Antardasa of a sign having beneficial argala on the dasa sign, without obstruction, beneficial results of the mahadasa would be felt, whereas during the Antardasa of a sign having malefic argala on the dasa sign could bring out the negative results of the mahadasa.

DASA SIGN AS LAGNA Since the Narayana dasa is nothing but progression of the Lagna, the dasa sign can be treated as the Lagna and various indications can be read from the placements, aspects and yogas happening with respect to Dasa sign. An intelligent astrologer would blend the results arrived at by reckoning dasa sign from the Lagna and by treating the dasa sign as the Lagna to arrive at the exact indication at different times. Following guidelines would help the reader to arrive at the specific results during the dasa sign: 1. Benefics in the second/twelfth or fifth/ninth houses from Dasa Rasi or Paka Rasi results in Subha-kartari yoga or Saubhagya Yoga (beneficial results) and give auspicious results while malefics in these places produce Bandhana yoga or Papakartari yoga’s leading to bondage. Malefics in the 12th cause difficulties and sleep is disturbed whereas malefics in the second or eighth house have an adverse impact on the finances. Benefic planets in these houses are good for finance etc. 2. If the malefics are in 4th, 8th, or 12th house (Sukha-trikona), there will be no happiness during the dasa. The nature of the bad results would correspond to the nature of the planet contributing to such results. 3. During the period of the dasa Rasi having Rahu in 12th house, everything is lost, name is blemished & imprisonment or exile occurs. Malefics is trines from dasa Rasi augment the evil while benefics prevent or mitigate the same. Similar results maybe predicted for the dasa Rasi having Rahu and other malefics. 4. 4th is the sukha sthana or the house of happiness. Malefics in the 4th from the dasa sign can be

94 troublesome to the native's happiness due to their natural as well as functional nature. Ketu in Kendra to Dasa Rasi brings distress to children and exile and continuous disturbances. Debilitated (even natural benefics while debilitated becomes evil to a great extent) or evil planet (natural malefics while debilitated are the worst) in the fourth house from Dasa Rasi indicates sale/change of residence & land and agricultural losses. Loss of property due to negligence or pests, white ants etc is caused by Mars while Saturn similarly placed gives heart problems and displeasure from powerful people/Govt. Rahu in the fourth causes all kinds of losses, danger from poison and thieves. 5. If malefics are in 3rd or 6th house from dasa Rasi, victory in competition is assured. Benefics in third or sixth cause defeat in election/competition but give rise to spiritual gains. The planets such placed if debilitated in the Navamsa, then the results would be opposite, whereby the debilitated malefics would give Vipareeta Pravrajya yoga and debilitated benefics would give Vipareeta rajayoga. 6. Planets, either benefic or malefic, in the 11th will give gains and happiness. The means of gains would be governed by the natural nature of the planets. Usually benefics shows the income from honest sources whereas malefics shows the gains beyond his regular means. 7. If Rahu is in the Badhak house or 6th, 8th or 12th from dasa Rasi, displeasure of Government, enemies and danger of imprisonment or during journeys will occur. The specific Antardasa will be of those signs conjoined by the Sun, Mars, Rahu or Saturn. 8. Generally, Rahu in four signs Aquarius, Pisces, Aries and Taurus and Ketu in the four signs Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn and Aquarius, tend to give Beneficial results during the concerned dasa. 9. The effect of planets can be independently considered from the dasa sign. For example, if Sun in the Lagna supposed to give bile related troubles, it can also happen during the dasa of the sign housing the Sun. Similarly classics say that Rahu in 10th gives pilgrimages and hence as reckoned from the dasa sign also, it gives pilgrimages to holy shrines. 10. The dignity of the planets shall affect their nature. The dignities can of a planet are Exaltation, mulatrikona, own sign (swakhestra), friendly sign, neutral sign, enemy's sign, debilitation. If the lord of the dasa sign is placed in a inimical sign (the sign of its enemy), which doesn’t happen to be its exaltation sign (Mars gets exalted in a enemy’s sign), then the dasa of the sign which is placed with such as inimical planet as well as the dasa of the sign owned by the said planet shall be troublesome. To know the friendship and enmity between the planets, one can refer to any standard Jyotish text. The relationship can also be known by the checking the upachaya (3rd, 6th, 10th and 11th) and the 7th house from the Mulatrikona of the planet under consideration. If these house happen to be the signs of exaltation or own house, they ought to be ignored. Since for Venus, whose mulatrikona is Taurus, Libra cannot be an inimical sign, since it happens to be its own sign. Similarly for Mars, 10th sign is Capricorn; however, since it gets exalted over there, Capricorn is not inimical to Mars. The Mulatrikona signs for different planets from Sun to Saturn are Leo, Taurus, Aries, Virgo, Sagittarius, Libra and Aquarius respectively. Mars in not evil in Capricorn, but instead in Pisces. For example the Mulatrikona of Sun is Leo and the inimical signs are Libra (3), Capricorn (6), Aquarius (7), Taurus (10) and Gemini (11). To find the inimical signs for Sun, we found that the mulatrikona for Sun is Leo; the inimical sign to Sun would be Libra (3rd), Capricorn (6th), Taurus (10th), Gemini (11th) or Aquarius (7th).

11. The influences on the various houses can be judged from the planets placed in different houses from the dasa sign, thus the planets in the fifth from Dasa Rasi shall influence the affairs of children. Simlarly the planets placed in the 2nd house shall affect the family affairs and wealth, the third house- brothers and courage and initiatives (risk taking behaviour), 4th house- happiness, mother, landed property, formal education; 6th house- enemies, diseases, maternal uncle; 7th - spouse, relationships, desires, travel; 8thhealth, loans, occult studies; 9th - dharma, general religiosity, father, wealth and fortune; 10th- work life and fame; 11th- earnings and income, 12th- expenses and foreign travel. These indications are very limited and the readers shall study the classical texts to know more on the indications of different houses. Malefics in the 5th and 9th needs to be checked for bondage and incarceration along with the 12th house.

12. The seventh house from the dasa Rasi is the Mana or the desires of the conscious mind. If the sun is in

95 the 7th house, then the person shall have a desire to improve his career prospects and will either change a job or take up some courses etc for improvement. If the Rahu (opposed to the Sun and representing poverty instead of the Sun which represents wealth and fortune) is in the seventh house, then the mind shall work against his natural career growth and he may choose a profession that is less paying or may take some such decision that is more towards renunciation. Venus gives the desires of luxuries and comforts while the Moon so placed gives fame and consequential success in social spheres, popularity, and fame and career growth. Jupiter makes one get fame due to very good karma or an inclination to teach while Mercury gives a desire to learn. Mars makes one strive for excellence and to be the best in any line whereas Saturn makes one a mediocre, shying away from work and a loser. Ketu is the cause of eclipse of the Moon and hence the results of this planet in the seventh house from the Dasa Rasi are the opposite to that of the Moon indicating loss of reputation, ill-fame, loss of position, illhealth and desire to remain lonely/ aloof. In this manner, the effects of planets in the seventh house from the dasa Rasi should be examined. 13. During the Narayana Dasa of a sign, the Arudha Pada placed in it or its Kendra, or trikona shall prevail and prosper. The Arudha Pada in the Dusthana (6th & 8th houses especially) shall lose significance, decay or be neglected.

DASA SIGN AND DIVISIONAL CHARTS Pt. Sanjay Rath says that the real clue to finances is seen from the Nakshatramsa or Bhamsa (D27) chart. If the dasa Rasi has a beneficial Bhamsa (the cusp of the dasa sign in bhamsa), benefits accrue. If the lord of dasa Rasi is in exalted or debilitated Bhamsa, great opulence is observed, if in own sign the finances are very good and fair in friendly signs. In inimical Bhamsa, poverty should be predicted. Similarly, the various divisional signs of the Dasa Rasi should be studied. The following guidelines can be used for analysing the dasa sign with respect to a divisional chart. 1. The placement of the dasa sign lord in strength in different divisional chart shall show good results in affairs related to the divisional chart under consideration. 2. The placement of the cusp of the dasa sign needs to be seen in the divisional chart under consideration; which must be well placed in the divisional chart in a kendra or trikona, for occurance of good results related to the divisional chart. Note: Equal house system to be used for finding out the cusp of dasa sign. This is how it is taught in the tradition of Achyuta Gurukula. Only if both the factors mentioned above are favourable, extremely favourable results are obtained in the said dasa, however, if one of the factor is unfavourable, middling results (both favourable and unfavourable) are obtained. If both the factors are unfavourable, the period shows strife in the areas indicated by the said divisional chart. However, one point of caution is that, one must analyse these results in conjuction with the results of the Narayana dasa of the division itself.

DASA SIGN AND PLANETARY AVASTHAS The various Avastha of the planets should be examined as well for their results. 1. Avastha of planets placed in the dasa sign. 2. Avastha of lord of the dasa sign. Readers are advised to study the classical texts such as Brhat Parasari Hora Shastra to understand more on Planetary Avasthas and their results.

DASA TREND

96 Dasa Rasi owned by a benefic and occupied by a malefic or owned by a malefic and occupied by a benefic produces beneficial results initially and malefic effects subsequently. Dasa Rasi owned and occupied by malefics always yields unfavorable results while Dasa Rasi owned and occupied by benefics always gives good result. If the dasa Rasi owned by a benefic is occupied and aspected by malefics and benefics, after initial unfavorable results, good results follow. The results of the Dasa Rasi itself are obtained in the beginning, middle or end depending on whether it is Sirsodaya, Ubhayodaya or Pristodaya respectively. The whole of the dasa related to a benefic planet at the commencement and end, will be beneficial. During the dasa of the several signs, there ownership of houses will be felt. During the dasa’s of Dusthanas owned by malefic planets, very adverse results will be felt towards the end, while the ownership of benefics gives some good effects in the beginning. During the dasa’s of Kendra/Trikona houses owned by malefic planets, the good effect are reduced towards the end while, if they are owned by benefics the initial period is very fruitful.

DASA vs. TRANSITS 1. The effects of dasa are modified by the transit of planets in it during the period. Benefics bring good news while Malefics bring distress. Similarly with exaltation/debilitation of planets. Saturn transiting the 8th, 10th or Dasa rasi can be a thorn (Kantaka) in the leg making the journey of life miserable. 2. Transit Moon indicates the fortune while transit of Dasa Rasi lord indicates the bodily comforts. 3. Rahu transiting Dasa Rasi gives loss of name, fame and wealth.

DASA PRAVESH CHAKRA All yogas should be studied from the Gochar Chakra at the commencement of the Dasa as per their natural signification. The Lagna If the Lagna rising at the commencement of the dasa is beneficial and fortified, the malefic dasa will be overcome with fortitude and remedial measures. If the Lagna is evil and weak, remedial measures may not be of much avail. The Moon If the Moon is well disposed in a benefic sign at the commencement of a benefic dasa, the whole period is beneficial. If an evil dasa commences with a benefic Moon in transit, the evils shall be within manageable limits or can be overcome with effort. The disposition of the lord of the Rasi should also be examined in a similar way at the commencement of dasa. The Dasa Rasi At the commencement of the dasa, the association of Maraka planets (from the natal rasi chart) with Dasa Rasi indicates the period of ill health. The house transited by Rahu at the commencement of a dasa will be damaged/obstructed during the dasa. For example, Rahu in the second house would indicate loss of wealth. Sun, Rahu or Venus in the 12th house from the dasa sign, at the commencement of the dasa brings losses due to the displeasure of government, cheats or superiors respectively while Moon joining them ensures such losses. Jupiter in 12th house indicates payment of huge taxes. I will be posting a detailed article on the dasa pravesh chakra in near future.

ASTAKAVARGA AND DASA SIGN 1. A sign having more Ashtakavarga points will yield beneficial results. Similarly the signs having lower Ashtakavarga point suffer during the Narayana dasa of that sign.

97 2. The strength and influence of individual planets are seen from the points they contribute to the Dasa Rasi. During the antardasa of a planet contributing higher number of bindus (4 or more) to the sarva-askatavarga of the dasa sign, the natural as well as the functional signification of the said planet shall flourish, whereas if the number of bindus contributed is less, then misery and suffering follows, related to the natural and functional significations of the planet concerned. 3. Along with the SAV of the dasa sign, the AV of the lord of the dasa rasi also needs to be checked. If the dasa sign lord has gained many beneficial points in its own AV, the signification of the dasa sign will prosper.

ANTARDASA RESULTS 1. The antardasa can be judged the same way as the dasa, however there is one more special condition. The antardasa is also to be rekoned from the dasa sign. 2. The antardasa of Rasi’s in the 6th, 8th, 12th from the dasa rasi will be adverse. 3. The antardasa of Rasi’s occupied by malefics will be adverse. 4. Death could also occur if a debilitated/malefic planet also occupies the trines from an evil antardasa. Good results will occur during antardasa having exalted planets or Jupiter in trines. If the Paka is aspected or conjoined by Jupiter, financial gains will be there.

DASA SIGN VS. CHARA KARAKA The charakaraka represent the karmic bondage of various souls with us. It shows how their influence shall shape our destiny. Thus on one hand the influence of all inanimate beings can be seen from the Naisargika Karaka, the influence of various relations are to be seen from the charakaraka. There are 8 charakarakas and they govern eight kind of direct relationships in our existence; they are namely: 1. Atma karaka (own self) 2. Amatya karaka (advisors) 3. Bhratri karaka (brothers) 4. Matri karaka (mother) 5. Pitri karaka (father) 6. Putra karaka (children) 7. Gnati karaka (kith and kins, maternal relatives) 8. Dara karaka (spouse) The Chara Karaka placed in the Kendra (1,4,7,10) to the Dasa Rasi attain strength, while those in Panapara (2,5,8,11) are weaker and those in Apoklimas (3,6,9,12) are the weakest. If a particular charakaraka is well placed from the dasa sign as well as well associated / aspected by benefics, that particular relation/ relative would prosper. The affairs related to various relatives can be studied by reckoning that particular charakaraka as the Lagna and judging the dasa therefrom. When the influence of a particular relation becomes strong in our life can be seen from the association or aspect of the concerned charakaraka on the dasa sign. For illustration, if the Darakaraka aspects the Dasa Rasi, marriage can be expected.

PACHAKADI SAMBANDHA Signs or planets in the Pachak, Bodhak, Vedhak and Karaka from the planet placed in the Dasa Rasi shall surely give their indications. For example, if Saturn is in Dasa Rasi, then the planets, Arudha Pada and sign/house in the sixth house from it shall be destroyed. The pachakadi sambandha is one of the cornerstone in Jyotisha shastra and is extremely useful in judging the results of both rasi or nakshatra based dasa. This shall covered in details in forthcoming articles.

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35. Analysing Tithi Pravesh Chakra I
Tithi pravesh chakra is one of the cornerstone of vedic astrology and was hidden in tradition of SJC until, the knowledge was given out by Pt. Sanjay Rath. Vedic astrology widely uses the solar return chart or the surya varsha pravesh chakra to predict the event of a year and this is widely known as Varshaphala. However, from time immemorial the scholars and pundits of India used the Tithi based calendar to reckon time, since the time needs to be reckoned from both the lumeneries, as they represent two different aspects of our self. Thus, the start of a year needs to be reckoned from the time when the exact portion of tithi commence again after a full cycle of Sun in the zodiac. Since the Moon phase calendar or the tithi calendar is synchronised with Sun, we need to see the tithi when the Sun returns back to the same sign after an year and the exact amount of the birth tithi has elapsed. When the event happen, that commences a new year in the life of native and the horoscope drawn for that moment can show the events of the year. However, the tithi pravesh chart can not be read independently from the natal chart, since the natal horoscope has an over-riding influence over the native. This article shows how to analyse the tithi pravesh chart, while simultaneously taking the natal chart into consideration. 1. Weekday: Take the weekday running at the commencement of the tithi new year. This becomes the lord of the year and has the most predominating influence on the native. Here the day needs to be reckoned from Sunrise to next sunrise and thus, somebody who is born after 00:00 hrs need to be considered to be born in the previous day. Only when the birth is after Sunrise, the weekday becomes the current weekday. Thus there can be minor discrepancy between the weekday as reckoned as per the english calendar and the one reckoned as per the hindu calendar. If this planet happens to be a functional benefic for the natal lagna and placed favourably in the horoscope, then the year would be favourable, otherwise unfavourable. The intensity of the results can be seen from how well the planet is placed in the natal horscope, what are the yogas the planet is involved in etc. The year lord shall activate all the yogas and results related to it in the natal horoscope during that year. This is based on the principle that whenever a planet is strong to give results, it will give the results of its ownership, placement and yogas in the natal horoscope: 2. Lagna: The lagna is the key which chanalises the energies of the natal horoscope to the Tithi pravesh chakra. Thus, if the tithi pravesh lagna is placed in Kendra to Natal lagna, it will bring happiness; in trikona it will bring prosperity and if placed in dusthana or badhakasthana, it will bring troubles and ostabcles. The lagna lord in the tithi pravesh chakra needs to be studied for success or failure in different endeavours in the year. 3. Hora: The hora lord at the commencement of the tithi new year set the focus of the events that are going to happen in that year. The events can be seen from the ownership, placement and yogas the hora lord is involved in the tithi pravesh chakra. This is the most important factor of the three and the strengths, placement or ownership and the yogas it is involved in will have tremendous impact on the main events of the year. If it is badly placed or afflicted, then the events can leave us with some bad experiences. The influence on the hora lord can be seen from the different divisional charts to find the exact nature of events likely to take place in different area of life represented by the divisional chart. The principle of the Year lord, Lagna, Lagna lord and hora lord can be applied to any other pravesh chakra such as masa pravesh chakra or dina pravesh chakra.

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36. Natural Years of Fructification of Yogas
It is normally observed that at many times, different yogas happening in a horoscope doesnot manifest during the vimshottari dasa of the planet. This is because, the dasa's require right environment to manifest its effect. This is why, one must look at in which house the yogas are happening, which would give the clue to when the environment would be right for the dasa to manifest. In this regard, Maharishi Jaimini suggests in the Jaimini Sutras that yogas forming in the houses 2nd and 4th shall fructify early in life and that of 1st, 7th and 9th shall fructify late. Though he has not mentioned about other houses, we can extend this principle to others houses too. This knowledge is from the tradition of SJC and given to me by my honourable Guru. We have to do two way counting to arrive at the houses covered based on the satyapeetha principle (1st and 7th houses). Thus if yoga occurring in the 2nd and 4th is likely to fructify in the beginning, counting 7th from them we arrive at 8th and 10th, which shall also fall in this category. Now the late fructifying houses are 1st and 9th and counting 7th from them, we have 7th and 3rd. Thus yogas happening in the houses 1/3/7/9 shall fructify in the last part of life. The remaining houses are 5th, 6th and 7th from it, where if any yoga happen shall fructify in the middle part. So the sequences of fructification of houses are: Early : 2/ 4/ 8/ 10 Middle: 5/ 6/ 11/ 12 Late : 1/ 7/ 9/ 3 However, this is not the exact sequence of fructification as we still do not know in the early part, who among 2/4/8/10 shall come first. To arrive at the final sequence we have to understand two concepts. 1. Manduka Gati: Manduka or frog is indicated by Rahu and the movement it shows is in Jumps to the alternate houses. This particular movement is applicable while arriving at the sequence of fructification of different houses in a person's life. Now why are we interested in this manduka gati, ruled by Rahu. This is because, this particular fructification shall show the nature of the environment/ situations at different times that you shall be placed in and the experiences that you shall be undergoing in those environment. Now the question is why do we have to go to certain experiences? This is because; we have to pay for whatever we have done in the past births. If this is so, Rahu is the planet who makes us take this birth and bind us in this bondage and hence Rahu rules the root of this movement. 2. Movement towards the Lagna: This is the goal of all human birth to reach the stage of self-actualisation or nirvana. This goal is represented by the Lagna, which is the predominant satya peetha. So the jump shall always be directed towards the Lagna and if not possible due to some constraints, the jump shall happen to the 7th house from the house of Jumping. This shall be more clear when we take of the exercise to finding the sequence of Jumps. _______________________________________ Let's start the exercise now: The first experience begins from the childhood and care of Mother. This is ruled by the 4th house. 4th house is also the house of creation as it is mother who can only create or give birth. So lets start with 4th house. 4Jumping 3 houses (alternate house), towards the lagna, we arrive at the 2nd house, so the sequence becomes: 4-2Now while we jump the alternate house towards Lagna, we see that, this is not possible as then we have to jump over the Lagna, which is not allowed. So we got to Jump to the 7th from the sign which happens to be the 8th house. Lets add 8th house to the sequence now: 4-2-8-

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From 8th house, either we can jump to 6th or 10th. But 10th being near the Lagna we got to Jump to the 10th house and now the sequence becomes: 4-2-8-10 From 10th we got to Jump to 12th as that the only house left for Jumping as 8th is already gone. Adding 12th to the sequence we have: 4-2-8-10-12From 12th, if we try jumping alternate houses, we have to Jump over the Lagna, which is not allowed and hence we have to Jump to the 7th from 12th, which happens to be 6th. Adding 6th to the sequence we have: 4-2-8-10-12-6From 6th we can either Jump to 4th or 8th, however we can't as they are already gone. Now, neither can we Jump alternate house nor the 7th house from 6th and we are stuck. What can we do now. Hmm. The frog has to crawl now. It can either crawl to the previous sign 5th or to the next sign 7th. 5th being closer to Lagna, it Jumps to 5th. Adding 5th to the sequence we have: 4-2-8-10-12-6-5From 5th, the jump can happen to the 3rd or the 7th. Neither of this can happen as then the Jump has to happen over 4th or 6th, both of them are occupied and they would not let the frog Jump over their houses. Now what does the frog do? It would Jump to the 7th from it, i.e., to the 11th house. So the sequence becomes: 4-2-8-10-12-6-5-11From 11th, the Frog moves to the Lagna as that is the most logical thing it can do. :-). The sequence is now: 4-2-8-10-12-6-5-11-1From Lagna the frog can either move to 12th or 3rd. This is not possible as 12th is already taken and the 3rd is not allowed as 2nd would not allow jumping over it as it is already taken. So the frog moves to the 7th house. The sequence becomes: 4-2-8-10-12-6-5-11-1-7From 7th, the frog can either Jump to 9th or 5th. 5th is not allowed, and 8th would not allow to Jump over it as it is already taken. It cannot crawl too as 6th and 8th both taken. Hence now the frog has to force to 9th house through 8th. What persuasion the frog did to the 8th house to let it though? I don't know this!. Whatever it is lets added 9th to the sequence: 4-2-8-10-12-6-5-11-1-7-9Now only house left is 7th from 9th, i.e., 3rd. The frog happily jumps on that to end it jumping sequence. Maharishi Jaimini suggests 3rd also to be house of end being 8th from 8th house. I am not going to explaining the significance of 3rd in ending the sequence now. However, lets add 3rd to the sequence and end the Jumping exercise session. 4-2-8-10-12-6-5-11-1-7-9-3 The above sequence show in what sequence different houses fructify in someone's life. If one of the houses contains a rajayoga, it shall fructify during the appropriate age of the person concerned. This can also be called the Naisargik Rasi Dasa as this shows the natural period of fructification of houses. Now what should be the difference between the Naisargika Graha Dasa or Naisargika Rasi Dasa. With some thinking one would realise that Graha shows animate beings and Rasi shows the field of action for the animate beings. We all know that during the dasa of a planet we all partake the qualities of the graha. Thus the Naisargika Graha Dasa shall show what "We are" during their natural period, whereas the Naisargika Rasi Dasa shall show what we get during their natural period. A person can be in Penury or Riches; be

101 diseased or healthy etc, based on what he gets from this world; however, how he acts is based on what he is during that time. Fixing the age of fructification: Given the sequence of Fructification of houses, can we fix the age of fructification of a particular yoga. There are some cues and we have to take their support while attempting answering this question. 1. The natural purnaayu is 108 years in the rasi dasas such as Shoola Dasa. Distributing this over 12 houses the aayu governed by each house becomes 9 years. The Purnaayu is divided into three khandas, (0-36) as alpaayu, (36-72) as Madhyaayu and (72-108) as Purnaayu. Each Khanda is again divided into three kakshya each namely short, middle or long. While computing the Longivity based on the three pairs, we can determine the aayu of the native is in which Khanda and which Kakshya. 2. If the Aayu of the native is in the Short "Kakshya", the age of the signs would be movable -7, Fixed - 8, Dual - 9 as in Sthira Dasa. If the aayu of the native falls in the Middle Kakshya, the age denoted by the signs shall be 9 years each, as in Shoola Dasa. If the aayu of the native falls in the Long Kakshya, the age denoted by the signs shall be 10 years, which adds up to be the longest most aayu in this kali yoga, i.e., 120 years. 3. For all normal purpose, we can take the age denoted by a sign to be 9 years. Thus is a rajayoga happen in the 7th house it shall fructify between 81 to 90 years of age. 4. There could be other rules which I am not aware yet. Probably Pt. Rath can say something more on this.

Illustration: To Illustrate this, lets take my own example:

Poddar, Sarajit Natal Chart Date: August 25, 1974 Time: 14:32:44 Time Zone: 5:30:00 (East of GMT) Longitude: 85 E 17' 00" Latitude: 23 N 40' 00" Early Childhood (0-9 years) This is indicated by the 4th house. 4th house is ruled by Jupiter and aspected by Saturn from 7th, Gulika and Mandi from the Lagna. The lord Jupiter is placed in Marana Avastha. This shows that the house is not so well placed. The trend of this period can be found by dividing the period into three parts. Please refer to the note on the same end of this mail. Pisces is an Ubhayodaya sign and hence the result of the sign shall predominate during the middle part of the dasa i.e., 3-6 years. The first part shall be governed by the planet who is more benefic between lord and the planets conjoining/ aspecting.

102 Decidingly Jupiter stands out. Hence Jupiter's effect shall be seen during the first 0-3 years and Saturn/ Gk/Md result would be seen during the last 1/3rd i.e., 6-9 years. Now, between 0-3 years of my age, I got sever bouts of Balarista, Twice I returned from the clutch of death during that time. Both the time, many thought I was dead as I turned blue, one due to chocking of my wind pipe and very high fever. Marana Avastha of Jupiter did show its effect. Between 3-6 years, I remember asking my parents very high philosophical questions such as why I am born, what my purpose in life is and why not I become a Sanyasi. At least during that time onwards my parents were very watchful on my actions and movements. The philosophical and sign of eternal knowledge Pisces showed its effect. Between 6-9 years, my asthma started picking up and I got severely ill day by day. Note that Saturn is placed in the 3rd from AL in a airy sign, showed its effect while aspecting the 4th house. Gulika's and Mandi's aspect also showed it color. The illness was very acute and chronic. This way you can find the years of happening of different events in one's life. Conclusion From the analysis and illustration we can see that, the age when the yogas would fructify in someones' life, whether good or bad is dependent on the house where the yogas are happening. The natural years of fructification of each house is as follows: 4 : 00- 09 years 2 : 09- 18 years 8 : 18- 27 years 10: 27- 36 years 12: 36- 45 years 6 : 45- 54 years 5 : 54- 63 years 11: 63- 72 years 1 : 72- 81 years 7 : 81- 90 years 9 : 90- 99 years 3 : 99- 108 years

Trend of Rasi Dasa The trend of any Rasi dasa can be judged by dividing the dasa period into three parts. These parts would focus on the results indicated bya. The sign/ House b. The lord c. Occupation and Aspect on that sign Based on rising of the signs and beneficence/ maleficence of the planets involved the results shall occur in certain segments 1. Rising of the Signs: There are three ways in which a sign can rise: a. Sirsodaya: Gemini, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Aquarius. b. Pristodaya: Taurus, Cancer, Sagittarius, Capricorn. c. Ubhayodaya: Pisces Sirsodaya signs give results in the early part of the dasa, Pristodaya signs give results during the last part of the dasa, whereas the Ubhayodaya signs give results during the middle part of the dasa. 2. Benefic/ Malefic Nature of the lord/ aspects/ conjunctions Jyotish shastras have said unanimously that the benefic results of the dasa shall be felt during the early part and the malefic results will be felt in the latter part. In the remaining two part of the dasa, benefic results will be given in the early part. Thus the results will be given by the lord or aspect/ conjunction, depending on who is the most benefic among them.

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37. Transit I: The basics
INTRODUCTION The influence of planets on human affairs can be seen from two ways, from the natal chart and the chart of the moment. The natal chart is the snapshot of the heaven at the moment of our birth and it shows all the experiences one passes trough during the lifetime. To time different events, vedic-astrology (jyotish) uses planetary periods called the graha dasas or the sign periods called the rasi dasas. They can broadly (broad time frame) specify the events which are likely to happen on a particular time, however the difficulties of correct birth time, makes it difficult to delve down to a very minute level such as the prana dasa (6th level). To overcome the difficulty and to doubly ascertain the results shown by the dasa, the transit is used. The transit cannot be used independantly as the influence of the transit is always within the ambit of the natal chart and hence it has to be judged in conjunction of dasa and astakavarga. This is why even though the transit is same for everyone having the same moon sign, the results can be grossly different. To understand the use of transit in timing events, one need to understand the natal horoscopy first and then amalgamate the effect of the transit with the dasa operative at different times. While one checks out the transit, one need to note the following things: 1. In the natal horoscope, one needs to find out the auspicious and inauspicious planets. The auspicious planets are the yogakarakas, the trinal lords, planets involved in good yogas and planets who are well placed and bestowing good effects. During the malefic transit of such planets their maleficenece are lessened and during the benefic transit their beneficence are hightened. Similarly, if a planet is badly placed and is eager to give inauspicious effects in the natal chart, during malefic transit of such planets the maleficence is hightened and during the benefic transits, the beneficence is reduced. 2. During the dasa of a planet, the transit of the planet is of utmost importance. If the dasa is that of a auspicious planets, then the benefic transits would confer enormous benefic results and the malefic transits would confer lesser malefic results. The reverse is true for dasa of inauspicious planets. 3. The results of transits are greatly modified by the astakavarga. The transit of the planets can be seen in the sarvartakavarga (sum total of all astakavarga) as well as in the astakavarga of different planets. Planets transiting through sarvastakavarga signs having lesser dots (bindus) tend to give unfavourable results and while transiting through the signs having more bindu give favourable results. Thus malefic transits are heightened while the planet transit through signs having lesser bindus and vice-versa. The astakavarga of different planets signify different area of our life. Like Sun- health and vitality; MoonState of mind; Mercury- Speech, working intelligence etc; Jupiter- Happiness, wealth, progeny, wisdom etc. If a planet is transiting through the astakavarga of a planet where it has not contributed any bindu, then the planet will give inauspicious results in the area ruled by the planet, whose astakavarga is under consideration. Lets say Saturn is passing through the sign Cancer and in a horoscope, in Sun's astakavarga Saturn did not contributed a bindu (dot) in Cancer, then the person suffer lack of health and vitality during this period. This can also mean that the native's father is also affected, since the Sun is the natural significator for father. This way, the effect of transits can be found based on the astakavarga of different planets. 4. During Transits, the vedha houses also needs to be checked up. The vedha houses are given for each planet in their sections. If a planet is having a benefic transit and another planet is transiting the vedha position, then the benefic effect of the transiting planet is obstructed. Similarly, a malefic transit can be obstructed by the planets in vedha to to the transiting position. All planets can have vedha on others, excluding the combinaton of Father- Son pair namely Sun- Saturn and Moon- Mercury. The SUN: Good in 3rd (9th), 6th (12th), 10th (4th), 11th (5th). Figures in the bracket represent the vedha position 1st: Fatigue, irritability, loss of wealth, sickness, obstacles in undertaking, unnecessary travel. 2nd: Loss of wealth, unhappiness, chance of being deceived, financial worries. 3rd: Advent of money, happiness, relief from disease, recognition from superiors, honours and courage, acquisition of good position, destruction of enemies. 4th: Diseases, constant attacks from opponents, no peace of mind, pressure form creditors, sorrow and misery, deprived from company of his wife and kinsman.

104 5th: Mental agitation, frequent illness, delusion, embarrassment and accident. 6th: Release from sorrows, worries and troubles, destruction of enemies, peace of mind. 7th: Wearisome travelling, colic and troubles, humiliation and illness. 8th: Quarrel from friends, diseases, hypertension, royal or official displeasure, excessive heat. 9th: Danger, humiliation, disappointment, separation from relatives, mental agony. 10th: Accomplish a mighty undertaking, success in endeavours. 11th: Honour, health, wealth, success, good position, cure of diseases. 12th: Sorrow, creation of a situation which causes loss of everything, quarrels and ill health (fever).

THE MOON: Good in 1st (5th), 3rd (9th), 6th (12th), 7th (2nd), 10th (4th), 11th (8th). 1st: Excellent food, bed & clothes. 2nd: Loss of respect and money, obstacles in the way of success. 3rd: Good clothes, pleasure from wife, good financial condition. 4th: Mental unrest. 5th: Suffer humilitiation. 6th: Enjoy wealth, health, comfort, redemption from enemies. 7th: Conveyances, good food and financial equilibrium. 8th: Misery, ill health, fears from unexpected sources. 9th: Mental agony, chest pain, fatigue. 10th: Success in every sphere. 11th: Prosperity, wealth, new friends 12th: Expenditure, suffer from accidents and injuries.

MARS: Good in the 3rd (12th), 6th (9th), 11th (5th) 1st: Mental grief, separation from one’s kith and kin, and diseases caused by the vitiation of blood and bile as well as those cause by excessive heat. 2nd: Fear, Indiscreet words or verbal warfare and quarrel, loss of wealth, royal displeasure, disgrace. 3rd: Victory, acquisition of gold ornaments, and great joy, happiness from children, good health and access to riches. 4th: Loss of position, illness of the stomach, fever, blood discharges, sorrow on the account of kinsman, depravity of character. 5th: Fever, improper desire or thoughts, sorrow on account of children and quarrel with one’s relatives, fresh diseases will appear and mental peace will be completely absent. 6th: Cessation of enmities and quarrels with one’s relative, lives an independent life and becomes pretty cheerful. 7th: Misunderstanding with wife, eye disease and stomach trouble. 8th: Fever, bleeding, loss of wealth and honour, mental unrest. 9th: Humiliation caused by loss of wealth etc., and retarded gait through physical weakness and loss of vitality in addition to that indicated while in the eighth. 10th: Wicked activities, obstacles to one’s projects and physical strain. 11th: Wealth, health and addition to landed property, amount due will be realised, improve in the business. 12th: Loss of wealth, excessive heat, fever, trouble from wife, eye diseases and worried.

MERCURY: Good in the 2nd (5th), 4th (3rd), 6th (9th), 8th (1st), 10th (7th), 11th (12th) 1st: Loss of wealth caused by advice of wicked man, by tale bearers, by imprisonment and quarrels. He will receive disagreeable intelligence while he is in journey. 2nd: Disgrace but gain success and wealth. 3rd: Will get friends but he will be afraid of troubles from king and from his enemies. 4th: Person’s kinsman will increase and acquisition of wealth. 5th: Quarrel with wife and children. 6th: Will be liked by all and gain fame. 7th: Appearance becomes pale and there will be quarrels, he will face obstruction. 8th: Begetting children and earn money and will become happy and powerful. 9th: Impediments. 10th: Defeat of enemies, get wealth, will enjoy the company of his wife and will get good dresses. 11th: Get wealth, comfort, sons, women, friends, conveyances and will be intelligent. Overall progress is indicated.

105 12th: Disgrace from enemies, defeat, suffer from diseases, will not enjoy the company of good wife.

JUPITER: Good in the 2nd(12th), 5th(4th), 7th(3rd), 9th(10th), 11th(8th) 1st: Quitting one’s place, loss of wealth, and hostility. 2nd: No enemies, gain of wealth, family happiness and effectiveness of one’s words. 3rd: Loss of position, quitting one’s place, separation from near and dear ones, illness and impediments to ones work. 4th: Sorrow on account of relatives, humiliation and danger from quadrupeds, will become patient and resigned and will delight in nothing. 5th: Birth of son, association with virtuous and royal favour, will get material possessions and good qualities. 6th: Trouble from one’s own relatives, enemies and diseases, the native will so much afflicted in heart that he will take no delight in anything. 7th: Good journey for auspicious purposes, conjugal happiness, and birth of a son, good speech and intelligence. 8th: Fatigue through needless journeys, ill luck, loss of money and miseries, imprisonment, diseases and heavy grief. 9th: All-round prosperity and joy as well as happiness and good fortune, beget son, become influential, success at work 10th: Trouble to one’s property, position, children etc, quitting one’s place, loss of health and wealth. 11th: Will return to one’s place, will regain his health and wealth, acquisition of children, wealth and honour. 12th: Grief and danger to wealth, grief in the return of the journey.

VENUS: Good in the1st(8th), 2nd(7th), 3rd(1st), 4th(10th), 5th(9th), 8th(5th), 9th(11th), 11th(6th), 12th(3rd) 1st: Enjoy excellent perfumes, flowers, clothes, houses, bed, meals and women. 2nd: Get sons, grain and present from king (govt.); financial gain. 3rd: He will become influential, wealthy and respectable and will get clothes, enemies get ruined; progress and prosperity. 4th: Get friends and will become very powerful and happy. 5th: The person will be happy, will get kinsmen, wealth, and friends and will not suffer defeat from the enemy; birth of children. 6th: Suffer disgrace, will be afflicted with diseases, and will be exposed to danger; indicate adversity. 7th: Suffer injuries through women, trouble to wife. 8th: Get houses, wealth, articles of lacquer and beautiful women. 9th: All-round happiness, become virtuous, happy and wealthy and get plenty of clothes. 10th: Suffer disgrace and also from quarrels. 11th: Get wealth of his friends and also get perfumes and clothes; safety and security. 12th: Good income.

SATURN: Good in the 3rd(12th), 6th(9th), 11th(5th) 1st: Illness and performance of funeral rites, suffer from poison and fire, will quit his kinsmen, suffer from imprisonment, and torture, travel to foreign lands and live with the friends there, will suffer miseries, loss of wealth and of sons, will also suffer from fatigue of foot journey and also from humiliation. 2nd: Trouble to wealth and children, loss of beauty and comfort, will become weak and will get wealth from other men but can’t enjoy it for long. 3rd: Acquisition of position, wealth, conveyances and servants. He will become influential, happy, free from diseases and will defeat his enemies. 4th: Loss of wife, relatives and wealth, suspecting evil in everything and will never be happy. 5th: Decline of prosperity, mental powers, separation from children and wealth and will suffer from quarrels. 6th: All-round happiness. 7th: Sickness of wife, long journeys and fear, separation from wife and children. 8th: Loss of children, cattle, friends and wealth, sickness, also same as seventh. 9th: Poverty, obstacles to the performance of religious rites, death of elder equal to the father, continuous misery, same as seventh and eighth, suffer from hatred, chest pain & imprisonment. 10th: Interest in forbidden activities, loss of honour and sickness, 11th: All kinds happiness, acquisition of many kinds of wealth and renown, he becomes cruel. 12th: Fatigue owing to worthless business, loss of wealth through enemies, and illness of wife and children.

106

RAHU: Good in the houses same as Saturn 1st: Death or serious illness. 2nd: Loss of wealth. 3rd: Happiness. 4th: Sorrow. 5th: Loss of money. 6th: Happiness. 7th: Loss 8th: Danger to life. 9th: Loss. 10th: Gain. 11th: Happiness. 12th: Loss

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38. Transit II: Transit from Arudha
The arudha shows the image of a person in this world. Though the true self is important for a person, the perception about him in this world is equally important as all the interaction with the external world is based on how the person is perceived by the world. Hence for analysing, how we are going to benefit or lose material with relations to the world, we need to consider the arudha lagna. The importance of Arudha Lagna is discussed by both Maharishi Parashara and Maharishi Jaimini in their immortal classics, however some other classics such as Deva Keralam mention about the importance of transits with respect to the arudha lagna too. While we speak of arudha lagna, different other arudhas can be seen for the impact of transits on persons ruled by different arudhas and also different affairs ruled by them, which are as follows: A2: Dhanapada- Family and the Money A3: Vikramapada- Intiatives/ risks and younger siblings A4: Sukhapada- Happiness at home, properties and mother A5: Mantrapada- Mantra initiation, Children A6: Shatrupada- Diseases, enemies A7: Darapada: Relationships and business affairs A8: Mrtyupada: Inherent weaknesses and longevity A9: Dharmapada- Religiosness and Father A10: Rajyapada- Power, position and authority A11: Labhapada- Gain of objectives and elder siblings A12: Upapada- Spouse The important planets to be seen for the transits are the slow moving planets Saturn, Rahu/ Ketu, Jupiter and the faster moving planets Sun and Moon. Since the Karaka for the Arudha is Moon, Saturn tend to harm it and Jupiter/ Sun tend to fortify it, during their transits. Some guidelines to judge the transits of planets from the AL are given below. Intelligent jyotishas can extend this principles to other arudhas as well. Saturn: Transit of Saturn in the 1st, 4th, 8th & 10th houses from the arudha lagna goes by the name of Kantaka Sani (kantaka means thorne and the term imply that the person is hurt so much that he limps) and is considered to be extremely inauspicious for career and financial welbeing of a person. If it happens to be in bad position from the Lagna and the Moon as well, then the person passes through serious hard times. The transit in the 4th house is known as ardha-kantak (half-kantak) and lesser worse than other positions. The transit of Sasturn however in the 12th from the Arudha is supposed to give Raja-yoga and while transiting in the 3rd and 6th from the Arudha gives many benefits. Jupiter: Jupiter is knows as the Jiva or the life-giver and controls the fruits of any effort. Thus whenever it transits over favoruable positons from a arudha, the person realises the fruits of all the struggle he has put at differet times. Thus the transit of Jupiter in quadrants from arudha lagna is considered a blessing. The Moon: The transit of Moon in the 5th, 9th and 12th from any arudha is considered to be extremely fruitful for that arudha. Thus for all major activities done by a person should be done during such time, when Moon transits favourable position from the Arudha Lagna. The worst position of Transit Moon is in the 8th from an Arudha, which is extremenly detrimental to the image of the person or related areas. The Sun: The transit of the Sun in the Trine to an Arudha energises the arudha and the person feels special focus regarding those area as governed by the arudhas. Thus at the time of death, Sun should be in the trine to the Mrityupada (A8), the arudha for longevity and death. If not death, such transit can give, near death experiences. The Nodes: Rahu is the materialistic planet and hence confers material gains, whenever it transits in the trine to the Arudha Lagna, whereas since Ketu is the spiritual planet, it confers spiritual pursuits while it transits the trine to the Arudha Lagna. Similar results can be predicted when the nodes transit with respect to other arudhas. Thus when they transit with respect to the Dharmarudha (A9), similar things can be told about the father or father like persons.

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