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Keiosha Mackin


British Literature 2A

27 March 2019

Annotated Bibliography #3

Disare, Monica. "Cyberbullying on Rise, Particularly for Teen Girls, Study Says." Boston Globe,

03 Aug. 2015, pp. A.1. SIRS Issues Researcher,

A study of more than 16,000 Boston-area high school students suggests cyberbullying is on

the rise, most sharply with girls as victims and abetted by the prevalence of smartphones among

teenagers." (Boston Globe) This article discusses a study, which finds that cyberbullying is

increasing, especially among teenage girls.

My research paper will also make an argument on how more girls than boys are affected by

cyberbullying online . I feel that girls are taking more heat than the boys on social media

everyday, and that girls are way more sensitive than boys when it comes to cyber bullying.

Fowler, Geoffrey A. "Here's how to Cut Cyberbullying." Washington Post, 20 Mar. 2018, pp.
A.14. SIRS Issues Researcher,

This viewpoint article argues in favor of five ideas that could help cut cyberbullying. Websites

have had bully-reporting tools and states have had anti-bullying laws for more than a decade -

but the problem isn't getting much better.After a year of little more than speeches and school

photo ops, the first lady is finally doing something. On Tuesday, which happens to be son

Barron's 12th birthday, she's convening Amazon, Facebook, Google, Twitter and Snap to discuss

online harassment and Internet safety. Here's the truth she might not hear from the tech giants.
Irvine, Martha. "Do You really Know what Your Kid's Doing on that Smartphone?" Chicago
Tribune, 30 Jun. 2018, pp. n/a. SIRS Issues Researcher,

The author reports that "it's surprisingly common for kids to live online lives that are all but

invisible to most parents--for better or worse." Today's kids are meeting strangers, some of them

adults, on a variety of apps. They range from the seemingly innocuous lets

users share lip-syncing videos--to WhatsApp and, more recently, Houseparty, a group video chat

service. Teens are storing risque photos in disguised vault apps, and then trading those photos

like baseball cards. Some even have secret 'burner' phones to avoid parental monitoring,

Murgia, Madhumita. "Compassion is the Best Weapon Against Cyber Trolls." Daily Telegraph,
20 Jun. 2016, pp. 2. SIRS Issues Researcher,

The most cutting-edge technologies such as machine learning are being used to make these

products more fun, engaging and useful, but they could equally be applied to making these

spaces more inclusive and empathetic. For instance, hateful speech should be filtered by abuse

spotting algorithms and removed before it has the chance to inflict pain." (Daily Telegraph) The

author of this point-of-view article advocates compassion to fight against cyberbullying.

Ortutay, Barbara. "Survey: Harassment a Common Part of Online Life." Baxter Bulletin, 22 Oct.

2014. SIRS Issues Researcher,

“A new study confirms what many Internet users know all too well: Harassment is a common

part of online life. The first-of-its-kind report by the Pew Research Center found that nearly

three-quarters of American adults who use the Internet have witnessed online harassment. Forty

percent have experienced it themselves." (Baxter Bulletin) This article includes statistics on

Putnam, Caurie. "The Making of a Bully." Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 10 Dec. 2017, pp.

L.3. SIRS Issues Researcher,

We're all familiar with some of the effects of bullying on the child who is targeted--

problems such as increased despair, depression, isolation, anxiety and even suicide. However,

children who bully face negative impacts too, including an increased risk of alcohol and drug

abuse, early sexual activity, incarceration and being abusive toward their romantic partners,

spouses or children as adults. We consulted with four Rochester professionals well-versed on the

topic of bullying to explain what makes a child bully, along with ways parents can help address

the behavior when or before it starts.

This article relates to my research paper because, it’s telling the signs of children who are being

bullied and how they may act out while being bullied. Some children may have a change in

behavior, or suffer from depression. I feel like there’s many things i can connect with in this

article when it comes to being cyber bullied.

Ring, Melinda. "Teen Depression and how Social Media can Help Or Hurt." CNN Wire Service,

05 Aug. 2015. SIRS Issues Researcher,

According to a recent study in the journal JAMA Pediatrics, 23% of teens report they are or

have been the target of cyberbullying. Another 15% admitted to bullying someone else online.

The researchers' review of 10 studies that explored the link between social media victimization

and depression all showed--without exception--a significant correlation. Yes, cyberbullying

undeniably can inflict serious wounds. But from my own family's personal experience, along

with research, allowing a teen access to social media can also be a crucial part of recovery from
depression and anxiety.

Teens are most likely to be cyber bullied online , because they are the main ones on social media

and keeping up to date with everything. Sometimes teens don’t know that they are bullying by

just reposting things they see other people posting . This article relate because it tells studies that

explore different categories in cyber bullying.

Rampell, Catherine. "The Cyberbully Problem." Washington Post, 10 Mar. 2015, pp. A.17. SIRS

Issues Researcher,

“When female targets of these obscene attacks speak up, we are typically accused of being

thin-skinned, uppity crybabies who likely brought the verbal abuse upon ourselves. Women who

have approached social media platforms and legal authorities about harassment and actionable

threats of violence have been repeatedly laughed off." (Washington Post) The author of this

viewpoint article discusses the difficulty women face when trying to confront cyberbullies

People think cyberbullying isn’t a big deal but it actually is because they can be hurting sinebidy

feelings with negative posts, and comments .

"Stopping the Spread of Online Abuse." Globe and Mail, 20 Dec. 2016, pp. A.12. SIRS Issues


According to Statistics Canada's new [2016] figures, nearly one in five Canadians between

the ages of 15 and 29 has been bullied, harassed or stalked on the Internet in the past five

years....So what to do? The scholarship is inconclusive regarding the effectiveness of the

common responses, but the problem is growing. In other words, this seems like precisely the sort
of problem clever policy thinkers need to start digging into. All levels of government should be

thinking about this issue in greater depth, and with much greater urgency

This article relate to my research paper because it’s seeking justice for online abusers who are

being bullied online. Ages 15-29 are the ones who’s being most affected by it . People who are

being harassed online will sometimes commit suicide or act out.

"Safer Internet Day." TCA Regional News, 05 Feb. 2019. SIRS Issues Researcher,

UNICEF warned today of the dangers posed by online violence, cyberbullying and digital

harassment for the 70.6 per cent of young people aged 15 to 24 years old who are online

globally, and called for concerted action to tackle and prevent violence against children and

young people online." This article summarizes a petition from United Nations International

Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) to be aware of online violence against young people and

to take initiative to counteract it.

Sandler, Rachel. "Harassment on Social Media Runs Rampant, Poll shows." USA TODAY, 13
Jul. 2017, pp. B.5. SIRS Issues Researcher,

Harassment and abuse are becoming the new normal online: 41% of American adults have been

personally subjected to online harassment--an increase from two years ago--and 66% have

witnessed it, a new study released Tuesday [Jul. 11, 2017] by the Pew Research Center found."

(USA TODAY) This article includes statistics from a survey on cyberbullying.

"Time for Legislation to Protect our Young from Cyberbullying." South China Morning Post
(Online), 16 Sep. 2018. SIRS Issues Researcher,
This viewpoint article argues legislation combined with social media education and parental

guidance are needed to prevent cyberbullying. It has a lot to do with my research paper because

these are ways to prevent cyberbullying and ways to help the victims that is being targeted in this

act. Legislation to criminalise cyberbullying does not take the place of education of the young in

the exercise of discretion on social media, and parental guidance. But statutory penalties can

serve as an important deterrent in an integrated approach combining responsible parenting,

school education and the law with a clear element of accountability.

Zirkin, Bobby. "New Laws Aim to Stop Cyberbullying." Baltimore Jewish Times, Mar. 2018, pp.

9. SIRS Issues Researcher,

This viewpoint article argues laws aimed to stop cyberbullying sends the message that

cyberbullying will not be tolerated and it comes with consequences. Cyberbullying is even

bigger today with social media today