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b Malaysia Boleh! Sheet ____ of ____

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Reference Calculation Output

BS 8110 : STAIRCASE (SUPPORTED BY BEAMS)


Part 1: 1997

Tread = 200 mm

mm
1750
Riser = 175 mm

h =
Waist = 150 mm

Span = 2700 mm

Design Details

Concrete Density = 24 kN/m3

Grade of Concrete, fcu = 25 N/mm²

Grade of Tensile Steel, fy = 460 N/mm²

Grade of Links, fyv = 460 N/mm²

Diameter of Bar, f bar = 12 mm

Diameter of links, f links = 10 mm

Cover = 30 mm

Live Load = 4 kN/m2

Support Conditions = Simply Supported


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Reference Calculation Output

Slope length of stairs = Span2 + Height2

= 2.7 2 + 1.75 2

= 3.22 m

Considering a 1 m width of stairs

Weight of waist plus steps

DL = ( Waist x Slope ) + ( Tread x Height/2 ) x Concrete Density

= 0.15 x 3.22 + 0.2 x 1.75 x 24


2
= 15.78 kN

LL = Live load x span

= 4 x 2.7

= 10.8 kN

Ultimate Load

F = 1.4 gk + 1.6 qk

= 1.4 ( 15.78 ) + 1.6 ( 10.8 )

= 39.38 kN

Maximum Bending Moment

FL 39.38 x 2.7
M = = = 13.2895 kNm
8 8

Maximum Shear Force

F 39.38
V = = = 19.6882 kN
2 2
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Reference Calculation Output

Effective depth, d = h - cover - Фbar /2

= 150 - 30 - 6

= 114 mm

Reinforcement Design

CL 3.4.4.4 K = M
fcu x b x d2

= 13289518.7147953
25 x 1000 x 114 2

= 0.041 < K' ( 0.156 )

→ Compression Reinforcement is Not Required !

K (but not greater than 0.95d)


z = d 0.5 + 0.25 -
0.9

0.041
= 114 0.5 + 0.25 -
0.9

= 108.5592 mm > 0.95d ( 108.3 )

Take, z = 108.3 mm

As = M = 13289518.7147953
0.95fyz 0.95 x 460 x 108.3

= 280.80 mm2

Provide T 12 - 250 Area = 453 mm2

As prov > As req PASS


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Reference Calculation Output

0.24bh
Tranverse distribution steel =
100

0.24 x 1000 x 150


=
100

= 360 mm2/m

Provide T 10 - 200 Area = 393 mm2

As prov > As req PASS

Continuity Bars (50% from main bars)

As = 0.5 x 453

= 226.5 mm2

Provide T 12 - 250 Area = 453 mm2

As prov > As req PASS


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Reference Calculation Output

3.4.6 Deflection Check

Table 3.11 Modification Factor for Tension Reinforcement

M 13289518.7148
= = 1.023 N/mm²
bd² 1000 x 114 2

5fyAs, req 1
fs = x
8As, prov bb

5 x 460 x 280.80 1
= x = 178.213 N/mm²
8 x 453 1

Modification Factor

(477 - fs) ( but not greater than 2 )


MF = 0.55 +
120(0.9+M/bd²)

( 477 - 178.213 )
= 0.55 +
120 ( 0.9 + 1.023 )

= 1.85 < 2.0

Take, MF = 1.85

Allowable Span = MF x 20

= 1.85 x 20

= 36.9015

Actual Span = Span ∕ Depth

= 2700 ∕ 114

= 23.68

fdc dc x
Allowable Span > Actual Span PASS
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Reference Calculation Output

Detailing

T 12 - 250 c/c

T 10 - 200 c/c

T 12 - 250 c/c

T 12 - 250 c/c
h= 150 mm