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Gas Gathering Workshop Files can be found in folder: 10_GasGathering Objective After you have completed this workshop, you will be able to use the Pipe Segment in Aspen HYSYS to create simple hydraulic piping models. You will also leam how to use the Flow Assurance options in the Pipe Segment to study flow viability and operability for a variety of process conditions. Description In this example, a gas/liquid hydrocarbon gathering system located on varied terrain is simulated using the steady state capabilities of Aspen HYSYS. The following figure shows the physical configuration of this system superimposed on a topographic map. The system consists of four wells distributed over an area of approximately 2.0 square km, connected to a gas plant by a network of pipelines. The gas in this case is varied; both sour and sweet gases are being combined in the pipeline, as well as a gas condensate mixture. One well even includes some produced water. A variety of mixers and piping manifolds combine all of the incoming streams from the outlying wells into one common header. Flow lines extending from this central site to each of the individual wells are modelled in Aspen HYSYS using the Pipe Segment operation. Since the plant is located in an area with mixed terrain, the elevation changes must be accounted for in the Pipe Segment operations. Un-insulated schedule 40 steel piping is used throughout, and all branches are buried at a depth of approximately 1 m (3.2 ft). Mixer operations are used to model mixing points where flows from remote wells are combined in common lines. This workshop includes the following tasks: © Task 1 — Adding the First Branch © Task 2 — Completing the Piping Network + Task 3 — Flow Assurance Studies Task 1 — Adding the First Branch The Fluid Package details and material stream conditions for the four gas wells have already been defined in a separate HYSYS model; so much of the initial information has already been supplied for your pipeline model. a To begin the workshop, open the case 10-GasGatheringStarter-hsc. It should be available in your course files folder provided by your instructor. The component list should be comprised of the standard Assay Management components as the GasWell4 material stream is defined using a Petroleum Assay. The other inlet streams should be characterized with defined mole fraction compositions. The Peng- Robinson equation of state is defined as the Property Package. a View the Simulation Environment and ensure that the four feed streams have the following specifications: Sr CNM CEO COL Temperature °C (°F) 40.6 (105) | 46.1(115) | 46.1(115) | 32.2 (90) Pressure kPa (psia) 4137 (600) [ 2782 6500 Flow kgmole/h (Ibmol/hr) 424.1 (998) | 9742 (625) 576.1 (1270) | 546.6 (1205) In this simulation, seven individual Pipe Segment unit operations will be used to represent the gathering system pipelines. In addition, each Pipe Segment operation may contain multiple segments to represent the various elevation changes across the pipeline environment. Add a Pipe Segment operation by double clicking on the appropriate icon on the Object Palette: i 2 Complete the Design | Connections page as shown in the following figure: 2 2S ees [SSS Design Name Branch 1 | Connection | caelaton Inet owe |. Emons Gower . Brow : | er varatis Mee Pus Pacage bey ass) . sa : On the Design | Parameters page, you can select the correlation(s) that will be used to determine pressure drop for the multi-phase flow calculations. If desired, separate correlations can be used for horizontal, inclined and vertical flow. Unless otherwise specified, the default method developed by Beggs and Brill (1979) is used; however your piping network will make use of a more-recently developed method, the Tulsa Unified Model Note: For single phase streams, the Darcy equation is used for pressure drop calculations.