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CONTENT

è Ar cle : US Withdrawal from Paris Agreement Won't Affect


the Fight Against Climate Change CA-235–238
è ISSUES 2017 (Na onal & Interna onal) CA-239–282
è Ar cle : GST is all Set to Change the Socio-Economic Fabric of India CA-283–285
è IDEAS 2017 (Na onal & Interna onal) CA-286–322
è COMING UP in 2018 CA-323–324

General Knowledge
è PANORAMA GK 1-67
l INDIAN PANORAMA
Na onal Symbols of India, Indian States & Union Territories,
Awards & Honours, India's Journey 71 Years, (Economic,
Poli cal, Agricultural, Scien fic, Demographic, Social, Space-
44 Years), Defence & Security, Atomic & Nuclear Science,
Nuclear Power Plants, First in Male/ Females, Superla ves,
Founders, Sobriquets.
l WORLD PANORAMA
Countries, Capital, Language & their Currency, World's
Geographical Discoveries, Interna onal Awards, Books &
Authors, Sobriquets, First in The World, Superla ves,
Important Days of the Year, Emblems.
è PEOPLE FOREVER GK 68-91
Scien fic, Social Ac vists, Historical, Geographical, Religious, Business, Discoverers &
Inventors, Ar sts, Sports, Space Travelers, Literary .
è HISTORY GK 92-156
l INDIAN HISTORY
Ancient History : Stone Age, Indus Valley Civiliza on, Vedic
Age, Jainism, Buddhism, Magadh Empire, Mauryan/ Post
Mauryan (Na ve & Foreign), Guptas, Harsha, Sangam
Period.
Medieval History : The Rajputs, Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagar,
Sufi Movement, Mughal Period, Sher Shah, Marathas,
Foreign Travelers.
Modern History : Portuguese, Dutch, English, Danes,
French/ English Governors/ Governor Generals/ Viceroys,
Bri sh Wars before 1857 & with Indian States, Social &
Cultural Reforms, Movements, Caste, Tribal & Freedom (Timeline), Indian Na onal
Congress & its Sessions, Books/ Newspapers/ Journals, Plans & Acts (1773 to 1947).
l WORLD HISTORY
Ancient History : Mesopotamia, Egypt, Israel, Greek, Rome, Chris anity, Parsi.
Medieval History : Europe, Africa, Mongol, Arab, China.
Modern History : Renaissance, Reforms, Revolu ons, World Wars - I & II, Major wars of
World.
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CURRENT AFFAIRS
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CA-2 CURRENT AFFAIRS
COMPENDIUM SERIES

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INDIA-2017 AT A GLANCE
SOCIAL ECONOMIC POLITICAL
Tamil Nadu Assembly passes National Economic Survey - TN Political Imbroglio -
Jallikatu Bill to amend PCA the growth rate of GDP for the Palaniswamy becomes the
January
Act, 1960. year 2016-17 is 7.1% as new CM, while Sasikala rests
against 7.6% in 2015-16. in Jail.
Delhi: Hottest February day RBI maintains the repo rate GST to be implemented by
in a decade, maximum @6.25%.; The Finance July 1st. Cleared/ Rati ied by
temperature at 32.4 Minister presented the 1st all states.; State Elections in 5
February degree C.; ISRO launched a joint Budget 2017 on Feb 1. States – UP, UK, Manipur,
record 104 satellites on a Punjab, Goa; Result to be
single rocket (PSLV-C37) declared on 11th March.
from the 'Sriharikota.
Illegal Slaughter Houses Exports grow by 17.48% to Trivendra Singh Rawat,
closed, Anti-Romeo Squad in $24.5 billion in February.; appointed new Chief Minister
action after Yogi Adityanath Vodafone, Idea merge of Uttarakhand.; BJP forms
March government in Goa and
becomes the new UP CM. becoming India's largest Manipur. ; Congress forms
telecom company. government in Punjab.

K Viswanath wins Dadasaheb India hosts 52nd annual Australian PM Malcolm


April Phalke Award for 2016. meeting of the African Turnbull arrives India to
Development Bank. boost ties in key areas.
India launches South Asia GST council inalises 4-slab tax Union Environment Ministry
satellite; Taj Mahal among rolling out July 1; India's irst bans sale of Cattle for
May
top 10 global landmarks. high-speed train Tejas Slaughter.
connects Mumbai & Goa.
Virat Kohli creates record by Habibganj Railway Station to SCO summit 2017 : India,
becoming Fastest Batsman to become India's First Private Pakistan to become full
June
Score 8000 runs in ODIs. Railway Station. members as China looks to
cement OBOR support.
Pradhan Mantri Vaya India switches to GST on 1st Ram Nath Kovind becomes
Vandana Yojana (PMVVY) July a historic tax reform a the 14th President;
July launched by FM-a pension
Scheme for the senior step towards ‘One nation One administered oath by Chief
citizens. tax’. Justice of India J S Khehar.
Supreme court outlaws Vishal Sikka quits Infosys; Venkaiah Naidu became the
instant “triple talaq” divorce Nandan Nilekani appointed as 13th Vice-President of India
by muslim men.; CBI Court the new Chairman to the by defeating opposition
August declares Ran Rahim guilty;
sentenced to 20 yrs jail. Infosys board. candidate Gopalkrishna
Gandhi.
Bharat Ratna Prof C.N.R. Rao Economy down as GDP slips Nirmala Sitaraman became
wins the Von Hippel Award, for 5 quaters in a row; Fiscal the irst full time woman
September the highest international prize
in materials research. de icit touches 92.4 per cent defence minister.
of budget.
The Union Minister of India attained 100th spot in The Rajasthan government
cultural announced that the the ease of doing business list has passed a bill to increase
Paika Bidroha of 1817 will be 2018 by World Bank. the reservation quota for OBC
October
renamed in the history book from 21% to 26%
as “The First war of
Independence”.
Haryana’s Manushi Chillar Infosys co-founder Nandan The Himachal Pradesh
(20 yrs MBBS Student) won Nilkani & his wife Rohini Legislative Assembly election,
Miss World crown at Sanya in Nilkani have joined, “the 2017 was held on 9th Nov,
November
China. Giving Pledge”, committing 2017.
50% of their wealth to
philanthrophy.
Cyclone Ockhi batters USAID gives USD 1 million for BJP swept up UP Civic Polls
December ending TB epidemic in India.
Lakshadweep coast. 2017.
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WORLD-2017 AT A GLANCE
SOCIAL ECONOMIC POLITICAL
UN declares 2017 as the Donald Trump signs executive Japan launches irst-ever
International Year of order to pull US out of TPP. military communication
January Sustainable Tourism for satellite.
Development.
NASA discovers 7 Earth-size Israel passes law legalising Frank-Walter Steinmeier
February worlds orbiting star 40 light- thousands of settlement elected as the new French .
years away. homes on Palestinian lands.
Cyclone Debbie: 'Monster' G20 meet of Finance Dutch General Election
storm batters Australia. Ministers and central bank Results: Prime Minister Rutte
March
governors in Germany. Wins, Wilders' Freedom Party
Slides.
Astronaut Peggy Whitson Japan of icially recognises Thailand's king signs
sets new space record Bitcoin as Currency; India, constitution that cements
April
spending 377 days. Israel ink $2 billion missile junta's grip.
deal.
Trump's Obama care One Belt, One Road India, Spain inks seven
May replacement bill passed by conference in Beijing. agreements; Nepal PM
US House. Prachanda resigns.
NASA's Kepler Telescope India and Russia sign 5 Pacts; Ÿ US withdraws from the Paris
inds 10 Earth-like Planets; India re-elected to UN body climate-change accord.
May 2017 second hottest on economic, social issues, Ÿ Sher Bahadur Deuba elected
June
month in 137 years- NASA. Pakistan loses out. as 40th Prime Minister of
Nepal.

The current world India, China jointly submit a UN adopts the irst-ever
population of 7.6 billion is proposal to WTO calling for global treaty to ban nuclear
expected to reach 8.6 billion the elimination - by weapons; India, US, China and
July in 2030. developed countries - of the Pakistan boycot the
most trade-distorting form of negotiations for the legally
farm subsidies. binding instrument to
prohibit atomic weapons.
Huricane Harvey strikes the India South Korea discuss India Nepal sign 8 agreements
US as a Category 4 hurricane, ways to upgrade free trade to boost the bilateral
leading to 71 deaths and agreement. relations.
August damage between $70 and
$200 billion.

The International Olympics UK slips one place to eighth in German Chancellor Angela
Committee awards Paris and competitiveness ranking as Merkel won a fourth term.
Los Angeles the right to host Switzerland tops World
September the 2024 and 2028 Summer
Olympics, respectively. Economic Forum league table.

Saudi Arabia on 29 Oct, 2017 Qatar has announced that it Jacinda Ardern was sworn in
announced that Saudi would be introducing a as the new Prime Minister of
women will now be able to minimum wage for workers New Zealand on 26th Oct,
October attend sports events in as it is under global scrutiny
stadium starting from 2018. for ill-treatment to migrants. 2017.

An earthquake of 7.3 India host “Global Emmerson Mnangagwa


magnitude hits Iraq and Iran, Entrepreneurship Summit” sworn in as Zimbabwe’s
November killing 145 people on 12-11- 28th-30th Nov, 2017 at President on 24th November.
2017. Hyderabad (AP).
World AIDS day. Indo-Spain ink Techno- India -UK military exercise
December commercial agreement for ‘Ajay Warrior - 2017” begins
3RRTS corridors.
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INDIA
India's Growing Focus on Digitisation
Digital India campaign was launched by the Government of India with an aim to make Government
services available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing
Internet connectivity or by making the country digitally empowered in the ield of technology. Some
of the facilities which will be provided through this initiative are Digital Locker, e-education, e-health,
e-sign and national scholarship portal. Government's focus on digitisation increased many folds after
the implementation of note ban in November 2016, to create a cashless society and enforce more
transparency in the payment system. This will also help hold control on black money. The
government has launched several initiatives to boost digitisation. Launch of BHIM and Adhaar Pay
apps focus on encouraging digital transactions app. The focus on the digital theme in every area from
farming to education; payments and public services will push everyone from small shop owners to
consumers towards the digital economy.

India Among Top 3 FDI Destinations : UNCTAD


In September 2014, the government increased the foreign investment upper limit with an aim to
promote India as an important investment destination and a global hub for manufacturing, design
and innovation. In 2013, India was ranked 15th in terms of FDI in low. It rose up to 9th position in
2014, and in 2015 India overtook the U.S and China as the top
destination for foreign direct investment.
FDI during October 2014 and May 2016 grew 46 per cent from
$42.31 to $61.58 billion after the launch of 'Make in India' campaign.
Singapore, Mauritius, the Netherlands and Unites States account for
major share of FDI in lows in India. The government of India is
taking various measures like opening FDI in various sectors of the
economy and improving ease of doing business. Agriculture, civil
aviation, courier service, defence, education, pharma, railways, telecom, tourism, food products are
some sectors where 100 per cent FDI is permitted. FDI promotes investment leading to increased
manufacturing, job creation and overall economic growth of the country.

Increasing Cases of Farmer Suicides


India's high rate of farmer suicides is largely due to globalisation and increased expectations for a
minimal acceptable lifestyle. Crop failure, drought, loods and indebtedness are the most frequently
cited factors in the suicides of Indian farmers – about 300,000 in the past 20 years, according to
government igures. Farmer suicides in India rose to 8,007 in 2015 from 5,650 the previous year – an
increase of 41.7 per cent, according to data released by the National Crime Records Bureau in 2017.
Maharashtra state accounted for the highest number of farmer suicides among Indian states in 2016
– with 4,291 cases – compared to 1,569 in Karnataka, and 1,290 in Madhya Pradesh. Bankruptcy and
indebtedness were cited as important factors in 38.7 per cent of farmer suicides in 2015, followed by
farming-related issues which were responsible for 19.5 per cent. Other factors included family
problems and drug and alcohol addiction. Seventy-two per cent of the suicides were by small-scale
farmers with less than two hectares of land. As for MNREGA, it has not done much in creating rural
jobs. A concrete reorientation of policy is crucial to stopping this menace. Farmers in the country are
desperate for help and hence a nationwide farmer movement to demand for reform is needed.
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Increasing Corruption in India


The study 'People and Corruption: Asia Paci ic' by Transparency International (TI), an anti-
corruption global civil society organization, revealed that India has the highest bribery rate among
the 16 Asia Paci ic countries surveyed. Nearly seven in 10 people who accessed public services in
India had paid a bribe. Japan has the lowest bribery rate, with 0.2% respondents paying a bribe. It is
estimated that over one in four people across 16 countries in Asia Paci ic, including some of its
biggest economies like India and China, are estimated to have paid a bribe to access public services.
More than half the people felt that their government was doing a good job in ighting corruption. The
police bribery rate in India is 54%. India had the highest bribery rates of all the countries surveyed
for access to public schools (58%) and healthcare (59%), suggesting serious corruption risks when
people try to access these basic services.

Indian Economy Nosedives


The Modi government inherited many of the current problems, including the mounting non-
performing assets (NPAs) of public sector banks. Lending for housing and ixed capital rose from
24% of total lending to 52% without a resolution mechanism such as the current insolvency and
bankruptcy law in place, though such a law should have been in place seven-eight years ago. However,
demonetization and lawed implementation of GST add to the woes of common man. Here's a
snapshot of developments that went into making of the current scenario.
ª Economic growth decelerated to a three-year low of 5.7% in the June quarter of 2017-18
ª Current account de icit (CAD) hit a four-year high in the same quarter at 2.4% of GDP despite
benign oil prices
ª Demonetization impacted negatively the unorganized sector that makes up 40% of India's GDP
ª Exports picked up recently, but exporters were hit hard by a rising rupee
ª The GST further added to the woes of organized sector due to complex tax iling procedures
ª Less focus on MGNREGS, especially during 2014-15 & 2015-16, dampened rural growth
ª The share of working capital loans in total lending has fallen from 76% in 2002 to 48% at present
ª NPAs, or bad loans, in state-owned banks touched Rs6.41 trillion by 31 March 2017 from Rs1.56
trillion on 31 March 2013. This excludes restructured loans.
ª Restrictions on cattle trading have further affected agricultural growth
ª Private investment as a driver of economic growth is missing and government spending has been
the sole driving force for the economy
ª Overall bad loans rate stands at 22.3% which are largely the result of lending to industry.

90% dip in Stone-Pelting Incidents in Kashmir


ª NIA raids were not alone responsible for the change in situation in the Kashmir Valley,
according to J & K Police chief S P Vaid
ª The people of Kashmir, probably have realised the futility of this and damaging their own
property and targeting police
ª Besides, there is the fatigue factor and action against top commanders
ª An improvement of the situation due to demonetisation, arrest of terror supporters and
increase in political activity
ª Detention under the Public Safety Act helped
ª Political people are playing a positive role
ª Also the "iron ist in velvet glove" policy worked
ª As many as 170 militants have been eliminated this year .
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Fake News & Social Media: A Dangerous Combination


From child abductors to an occult gang chopping off women's braids, the unexpected outcomes of
several major recent events in India have kicked up a storm of concern over how social media is being
used--by individuals, companies, and even governments--to spread misinformation and to
manipulate public opinion and behaviour.
As a result, differentiating between factual information, advertisements, and propaganda has
become an increasingly dif icult task for the common man. The menace of fake news has the potential
to take on truly gargantuan proportions. Here is an insight into some of the aspects of the fake news
on social media:
ª India is now both Facebook and WhatsApp's biggest consumer base.
ª Over 241 million Indians are on Facebook while WhatsApp has over 200 million Indian users.
ª From doctored photos and videos to false and incendiary claims about particular communities
or religious groups, death rumours, and bogus medical advice, fake news stories and memes are
shared rampantly via these platforms.
ª Political parties love to use these for their own bene it, and they have organised IT cells to spread
rumours.
ª Even religious fanatics spread false news. They achieve their purpose of convertingordinary
believers into hardcore fanaticism which proves to be the fertile ground for the growth of
religion based political parties.
Whether or not fake news have a negative impact on public life seems to be no longer the question;
the question is how can we ight it? Recently, Facebook launched a campaign in India to spread
awareness about how to spot fake news.

India at the Top on ease of doing Business in the Retail Sector


India emerges as number one among 30 developing countries on ease of doing business ranking. As
per the 2017 Global Retail Development Index, India came at the top notch beating China, following
rapid economy expansion and relaxation of FDI rules.
The 16th edition of the index ranks the top 30 developing countries for retail investment worldwide
and analyses 25 macroeconomic and retail-speci ic variables. India's rapidly expanding economy,
easing of foreign direct investment (FDI) rules and a consumption boom are the key drivers for
India's top ranking in the GRDI.
India's retail sector has been growing at an annual rate of 20 per cent. Total sales surpassed the $1
trillion-mark last year and the sector is expected to double in size by 2020. Government's continued
support to relax FDI regulations in key areas of the retail sector have provided further boost to its
growth. India's retail sector has also bene ited from the rapid growth in e-commerce. It is projected to
grow 30 per cent annually and reach $48 billion by 2020.

India's Increasing Train Mishaps


Train accidents remain a major area of concern in the country despite technological
advancements. Though the government has been able to reduce them over the years, deadly
mishaps continue to traumatize us. Some of the prominent mishaps which happened in the past
weeks include Utkal Express derailment which occurred on Aug 18, 2017. More than 20 people
were killed and at least 200 injured. The railways announced a compensation of ` 3.5 lakh for the
family of those killed and ` 50,000 for those seriously injured. The cause of the accident was not
immediately known. On August 29, Duronto express derailed near Maharashtra's Asangaon. No
passenger was reported to be injured in the incident. In yet another incident, four coaches of a
suburban train derailed near Mahim station on the Harbour Line on August 25, injuring ive
passengers.
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Govt Tightens Noose around Kashmiri Separatists


The decades-long so-called Kashmiri freedom movement is evident from the fact that its leadership
has vast inancial and logistic support from across the border. The freedom movement led by the
Hurriyat leaders has supporters, sympathizers, not only in the state but also in other parts of world.
No movement or cause can be served without money as it requires ful illing many day to day
requirements in the journey of struggle. The seminar, rallies and protest marches, stone throwing
requires funds to organize, not to fetch gathering but to set up an organized program to highlight the
issue. The general belief among security agencies is that the hawala money has been pumped
through cash, trade and funding through Middle East, but nothing has been established conclusively.
The NIA probe, however, appears aimed at ixing the separatists and their alleged links to hawala
channels.
Now, after almost 15 years, a major crackdown has been carried out on separatists by National
Investigation Agency (NIA) in connection with their pro-freedom activities and fund raising. The
raids and arrests of separatist leaders like Naeem Ahmed Khan, Farooq Ahmad Dar Alias Bitta Karate,
Ayaz Akbar, Pir Saifullah, Mehrajuddin Kalwal, Shaid-ul-Islam and Syed Ali Shah Geelani's son-in-law
Altaf Ahmad Shah alias Altaf Fantosh will bring big dividends for the welfare of Kashmiri people in
the long run.

Crackdown on Fake Babas


Spirituality and well-being of the people is what they profess but many of the lot came into limelight
when these fake babas allegedly got involved in one or the other crimes. The rape case against Dera
Sacha Sauda chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh was not an easy nut to crack for the CBI. The
investigation was handed over to DIG Mulinja Narayanan in 2007, and he had to immediately face
threats from Ram Rahim's followers and pressure from his superiors and politicians. However, at last
a special CBI court convicted Dera chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh of rape in a 2002 case. As many as
36 people are dead and more than 350 injured in the Panchkula violence that followed after the
conviction. Ram Rahim Singh was accused of raping two 'sadhvis' (female followers), in 2002 and the
case came to trial in 2008.
Meanwhile, prompted by recent controversies surrounding self-styled godmen, the apex body of
Hindu sadhus -- the Akhil Bharatiya Akhara Parishad – has released a list of 14 'fake babas' and
demanded a crackdown on "rootless cult leaders" by bringing in a legislation. They include Asaram
Bapu, Radhe Maa, Sachchidanand Giri, Gurmeet Singh, Swami Omji, Nirmal Baba, Ichchadhari
Bhimanand, Swami Aseemanand, Narayan Sai, Rampal and others.

Japanese Encephalitis Outbreaks in India


A silent epidemic of Japanese Encephalitis is raging through India. The
number of fatalities caused by the disease is a testament to the fact that
public health does not igure very high in the priorities of either the
Central or the State governments. From 2014 to 2016, over 5,000 people
have lost their lives to the vector-borne disease. In fact, BRD Medical
College, the hospital at the heart of the Gorakhpur tragedy, alone has the
reprehensible distinction of witnessing over 1,657 deaths in those very
years.
When it comes to India, Assam topped the list with 1,534 cases of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)
and 128 deaths, followed by UP with 1,208 cases and 152 deaths, West Bengal at 826 cases and 81
deaths, and Manipur with 690 cases and six deaths. The most number of JE cases, 482, have also been
reported from Assam with 67 deaths, followed by Manipur with 141 cases and six deaths, and UP
with 112 cases and three deaths. The problem of JE and AES is bigger in eastern UP and western Bihar
due to hygiene and sanitation issues, lack of nutrition, among other factors.
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Massive 4G Deployment by Telcos


The year 2016 had certainly taken India by storm when we look at
developments such as 4G! The Mukesh Ambani-owned Jio has helped India
make a big leap in terms of global 4G availability rankings, with users able to
ind a signal 81.6% of the time in the irst quarter ended March, up from
71.6% in the third quarter of 2016. Jio's 4G availability was at more than
90%, while the other major operators all fell below 60% in the tests
conducted by OpenSignal. Still, the score was high enough to rank India at 15
among 75 countries in the State of LTE report.
The Indian telecom industry is now composed of three sets of players: 1) Established incumbents
like Bharti, Vodafone and Idea Cellular which have executed well in the past and have strong brands.
Vodafone merger with Idea will solve the capacity constraints of both the players. 2) Weaker players
like Telenor, MTS, RCOM, BSNL, MTNL and Aircel which are exiting or are consolidating for survival.
3) Reliance Jio which has de ined the technological and strategic landscape.
However, for all the talk of 4G and high-speed broadband in India, the average download speed — at
5.1Mbps — is less than a third of the global average and only marginally higher than the global 3G
speed of 4.4 Mbps. The grand vision of Digital India can be achieved only if we have a reliable, high
capacity mobile broadband infrastructure in the country.

India's Falling GDP Growth


India's gross domestic product (GDP) grew 5.7 per cent on a year-on-year basis during the April-
June period (Q1), as per government data showed on 31st August. During the previous quarter
(January- March) the GDP had grown by 6.1 per cent. However, the GDP growth rate for the same
quarter last year was 7.9 per cent.
The GDP growth rate has been slowing every quarter since March 2016, when it stood at a whopping
9.1 per cent. The slowdown was led by the manufacturing sector, which expanded at 1.2 percent
from a year earlier compared with a 10.7 percent growth last year. The inancial, insurance, real
estate and professional services sectors also slowed to 6.4 percent in the June quarter from 9.4
percent a year ago.
Some analysts have owed the slowing rate of growth to disruptions in the economy caused by
demonetisation and teething problems after the roll out of GST (Goods and Services Tax). The
lingering impact of demonetisation is visible in the low growth of construction. Economists in the
Reuters poll said uncertainty over how smoothly Goods and Services Tax (GST) will be implemented
remains large and tough to forecast. It was launched on July 1 to harmonise various value-added tax
regimes across states in India to one national standard. The numbers seem to suggest that the
slowdown from last quarter has intensi ied due to the combination of long-term slowdown and
temporary shock factors like demonetisation and GST. The present rate of growth means that India is
still one of the fastest growing economies in the world, although it still lags behind China which last
reported a 6.9 per cent growth rate.

Sexual Violence Against Women


A number of brutal sexual assaults against women lately highlight the grim situation of their safety in
the country. Statistics indicate that a woman is raped every 22 minutes on an average in India.
Women always continue to be vulnerable. Five years have passed since the brutal gangrape of a
paramedical student in the national capital but sadly, nothing seems to have pricked the conscience
of this nation.
In recent time, a new shocking trend of sexual assault against women on roads and highway has been
noticed. In May 2017, a young mother was gang-raped and her six-month-old daughter was
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EMERGING TRENDS

thrown on the road near Jaipur-Gurugram highway. The Bulandshahar highway became fatal for
four women who were gang-raped at gunpoint on May 25. In a chilling reminder of the December
12 gangrape case, a woman was gangraped on highway in Rohtak.
Cases of sexual assault and rape of minor girls have also been reported in the last month from
Haryana's Yamunanagar, the Jewar area of Greater Noida and Sikar in Rajasthan, among other
places. A 27-year-old woman was recently allegedly gang-raped in front of her husband in the
Sahaswan area of Uttar Pradesh's Badaun district.
Now there is a need of the strict laws that should be enacted to control sexual violence against
women and perpetrators of the crime should not be allowed to go scot-free.

India to crush gender barriers by inducting women in armed forces


In the recent years, India has been taking steps to induct women to serve on-board submarines, in
ground combat positions and tank units. In September 2017, Nirmala Sitharaman took over as the
country's irst full-time female defence minister. Nirmala Sitharaman became the second woman
after foreign minister Sushma Swaraj gained entry to the crucial Cabinet Committee for Security or
CCS. So far, only Germany, Australia, Canada, the US, Britain, Denmark, Finland, France, Norway,
Sweden and Israel have allowed women in combat roles.
The Indian Air Force is all set to get its irst three women ighter pilots in IAF's history who will be
getting the honour of lying ighter jets like the Sukhoi and Tejas commissioned in December 2017. In
a presentation made at the army chiefs' conclave in September 2017, adjutant general Lieutenant
General Ashwani Kumar said that the proposal to induct 800 women in the military police with a
yearly intake of 52 is being inalised. The women will be inducted as junior commissioned of icers
and jawans. The armed forces account for around 3,500 women of icers, all of whom are in non-
combat roles. The move to induct women in the CMP comes at a time when India's irst female pilots
are preparing to ly warplanes later this month.

India loses its fastest-growing economy tag to China


According to the latest economic data released by the Central
Statistics Of ice (CSO), India losses its fastest growing tag to China
which grew at 6.9 during the same quarter—January to March.
During the fourth quarter of 2016-17, India's Gross Domestic
Production (GDP) remained at 6.1 per cen only despite its touted
growth of 7.1.
Economy experts have held demonetisation as responsible for this
slowdown. The labour-intensive construction sector contracted as a
result of the cash shortage and regulatory changes, and inancial services grew at an anaemic
single-digit pace. In the fourth quarter, all important sectors, including agriculture, mining,
manufacturing, transportation 5.2, 6.4, 5.3, 6.5 grew respectively. But the worst hit was the real
estate industry, which only grew at 2.2 per cent and shrank by 3.7 per cent in comparison to the
previous year.
The impact of India losing its position of being fastest growing economy re lected on stock market
as well as when it opened on June 1, market trade lat because of lower growth rate.
However, for all the talk of 4G and high-speed broadband in India, the average download speed —
at 5.1Mbps — is less than a third of the global average and only marginally higher than the global
3G speed of 4.4 Mbps. The grand vision of Digital India can be achieved only if we have a reliable,
high capacity mobile broadband infrastructure in the country.
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EMERGING TRENDS

WORLD
Truck attacks: Terrorists' new Weapon of Choice
Vehicles have become the preferred weapon for modern-day terrorists. The recent shooting incident
in New York on 31st October, 2017 seems to be the deadliest attack in New York City since 9/11, as
per the reported death toll. Vehicle attacks have higher success rate and it must be the reason why
many terrorists prefer them to large, complex attacks like 9/11.
ª While elaborate attacks take several years of planning and a lot of money to achieve, terrorist acts
carried out like car accidents are not complex or dif icult to plot. A car, truck, van a group of
people and a driver willing to kill are all that are needed.
ª A 19-ton truck was driven through crowds celebrating Bastille Day in Nice by a Tunisian born
resident on July 14, 2016 that killed 86 people and injured hundreds more.
ª A terrorist truck drove through a Christmas market in Berlin on December 19, 2016 at around 40
miles per hour killing 12 people and injuring 49.
ª At least 50 people were injured and six died on June 3, 2017 by a terrorist van which injured
dozens more in just eight minutes on London Bridge.
ª A terrorist slammed a white van into pedestrians in a crowded tourist area of Barcelona on Aug
17, 2017; that killed 13 people and injured more than 100 from 34 different countries.
ISIS wants the would-be militants sharing common beliefs to carry out as many strikes as they can in
their home countries without consulting ISIS headquarters in Syria irst. Both ISIS and al-Qaeda
propaganda have speci ically called on supporters to use cars as weapons.

Cyber Attacks on the Rise


Cases of cyber attacks around the world have gone up exponentially. Nearly
three quarters of global organisations (73 per cent) fail to identify cyber
attacks and protect their corporate assets and processes, according to a
new report. $81m (£66m) was stolen from Bangladesh Bank by targeting
the bank's SWIFT system, the largest distributed denial of service (DDoS)
attack. Cyber attacks occur mainly through DDoS attacks combined with
extortion, and ransomware, which encrypts victim computers and demands a ransom in return
for restoring control to the user. Lazarus cyber criminal group accounts for major custom
malware attacks. There has been a signi icant increase in cyber attacks on online payment
gateways.

Fluctuations in Oil Production


Recent months saw major ups and downs in world oil production amid US policy changes and
changing global economy. The global oil price is predicted to fall further. In India, oil prices will see
little changes due to government's push to protect oil companies from price fall. Crude oil
production fell 3.4 per cent in February 2017. In February, crude oil production stood at 27.97
million tons. Lower domestic oil production cut the speculation of price cut. Crude oil production
by ONGC was 2.17 per cent lower as compared to last year. Crude oil production by private/ joint
ventures also fell.
The global petroleum sector sees a huge uncertainty over oil production and price. Expected fall in
petroleum prices is also due to over-production by the U.S. Increase in production was seen after
OPEC decided to inally cut production to address a long-standing oil crisis. The rising oil
inventory forces US to keep price low. Recent Arab crisis led to lowering of oil prices further.
Financial crisis has forced the Arab world to sell oil at lower price. If global economic growth
improves and OPEC continues to limit production, oil prices could certainly move higher.
EBD_7214
CA-12
EMERGING TRENDS

Rising Global Warming


Growing global warming is a matter of concern for everyone. Global warming is caused by the
Earth's energy imbalance. The Earth traps more and more heat due to continuous increasing
greenhouse gases. From the energy perspective, the global warming is actually ocean warming,
since ocean captures more than 90% of the trapped heat. Ocean heat content (OHC) change is a
fundamental indicator of global warming, thus direct measurement of OHC will provide a direct
evidence for climate change.
A study led by IAP, CAS, collaborated with NCAR, NOAA, and University of St. Thomas, made a
major step to estimate historical OHC change. The inferred ocean energy accumulation is more
than previous estimates, such as from the last Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth
Report (IPCC-AR5) in 2013. Global warming temperatures have had a dramatic impact on the
glacier near the U.S. Palmer Station in Antarctica. Earth's oceans are warming 13% faster than the
normal rate. The Earth's 2016 surface temperatures were the warmest temperatures. Warming of
the Earth was estimated to account for simply 30 to 40 percent of sea level rise, but at present, it is
more than 50 percent. The most important greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane,
nitrous oxide and water vapour. The major contributors of greenhouse gases are industrial
processes, transportation fuels, agricultural byproducts, waste disposal, land use and biomass
burning. Chloro luorocarbons (CFCs) are long-lasting greenhouse gases that also destroy the
ozone layer.

North Korea's new provocations


In its latest provocation, North Korea launched another ballistic missile on September 15 which
lew over Japan's Hokkaido Island and plunged into the Paci ic Ocean about 2,200 kilometers east
of Cape Erimo. Since 1998, it is the sixth North Korean missile to ly over Japan. According to the US
and South Korean military, the missile was launched from the Pyongyang area. The missile lew
about 3,700 kilometers reaching an altitude of 770 kilometers. With this, North Korea has once
again violated the United Nations Security Council resolutions.
The regime of Kim Jong-un subsequently threatened that the next step was to land a series of
missiles near the waters of Guam, a US territory with signi icant military assets, in the Paci ic.
There is also growing speculation that the North may conduct its sixth nuclear weapons test in the
coming months, as tensions continue to boil with its confrontation with US President Donald
Trump and his administration.

The Middle East Con lict


The Middle East has been in a continuous political turmoil since decades. There are a number of
con licting issues such as ethnic diversity, individual interest of various sects, improper
demarcation of boundaries, political and economic interest of various superpowers etc. The latest
in the series is a proxy con lict between Iran and Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia and Iran have been battling each other for regional hegemony for years. Hostilities
have increased since the Saudis, backed by the US, baulked at the 2015 nuclear deal which saw
Iran give up nuclear weapons in exchange for sanctions relief and ramped up efforts to curb the
Islamic Republic's in luence in the region. Further, Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri is
suspected of being held against his will in the Saudi capital, Riyadh. In early November, Saudi
Arabia says it has intercepted a ballistic missile ired from Yemen by Houthi rebels. Saudi Arabia
has been leading a coalition of states against the Iran-backed Houthi rebels, who toppled Yemen's
internationally recognized government in 2015.
The con lict in Middle East seems eternal and without conceivable resolution. As of now, it doesn't
seem to be ending.
GAME CHANGERS
CA-13

Digitisation of Land records to streamline the entire records


The land records digitisation is a much needed step in streamlining the entire system of buying and
selling of land in the country. The computerisation of land records will help achieve twin objectives -
eliminating corruption in land deals and boosting the country's exchequer. Until now, land deals
were fraught with serious risks involving cases of land grabbing and cheating by unscrupulous
elements with the collusion of certain lower rank revenue of icials by manually amending the
records.
With the digitisation of land records and being accessible on website, cases of cheating in property
deals and bribing revenue of icials for getting details regarding property information could be
curtailed to a great extent. With several hundred land records missing and many of them not properly
maintained, the digitisation of the records in the Land Tribunals has got under way. The digitisation
was as part of the central government's ambitious Digital India Land Records Modernisation
Programme which will help to streamline the entire records.
There have been numerous complaints relating to the missing title deeds (pattayams) and old
records in the past. The programme envisages the computerisation of the land records, including the
mutations, digitisation of maps, survey/re-survey and updating all surveys/ settlement records. A
comprehensive data of the entire records will be put together and all the records will be scanned
before digitising them.
Once completed, the digitisation of the land records will limit the scope of the land disputes and help
to bring in transparency of the land records.

GST: Good for India's economy but needs to be simpler

India has become the fastest growing economy in the world. With the Goods and Services Tax (GST)
rolled out from July 1, this will be a game changer for the economy.
The tax rates will be 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% - in line with those
applying to goods. In order to keep in lation in check, essential
items including food, which at present constitute roughly half of
the consumer in lation basket, will be taxed at a zero rate. The
lowest rate of 5% would apply to common use items. The peak rate
of 28% will apply to luxury goods like luxury cars, tobacco
products and aerated drinks which will attract an additional cess
on top of the highest tax rate.
The ambitious 'one nation, one tax' has been 15 years in the making since it was irst proposed in
2002 and required amendments to the Constitution. The GST Council had on June 12 slashed the
rates of 66 items including agarbatti, computer printers, cashews, children drawing books and
school bags to meet demands from various quarters ahead of the rollout.
GST will also help in removing the cascading effect of taxation and give relief to the common man by
leading to reduction in prices, especially of essential consumer goods. GST will unify 16 different
taxes, including excise, service tax and VAT, and make India a common market for seamless
movement of goods and services.

The Real Estate Regulation Act (RERA) will bring more demand
in the housing sector
The much-awaited Real Estate Act came into force from May 1 with a promise of protecting the
rights of consumers and ushering in transparency. The government has described the
implementation of the consumer-centric Act as the beginning of an era where the consumer is the
king. Real estate players have also welcomed the Act, saying it will bring a paradigm change in the
way the Indian real estate sector functions.
EBD_7214
CA-14
GAME CHANGERS

The RERA will increase transparency in the sector and boost con idence of both domestic and
foreign investors. It will also protect buyers who have purchased lats in the past. The law has the
potential to bring transparency to clean up the sector. No more will
unscrupulous smaller builders or even larger organised developers be
able to take buyers for a ride.
With investor con idence returning to the sector, resulting in greater
institutional capital in lows in the long term, the segment will be seen in
revival mode. The RERA is a progressive law, which will make project
registrations mandatory, with a clear timeline for completion, and
speci ications published. The legislation will surely bene it buyers,
developers and agents.

India's irst Bio-CNG bus by Tata Motors


India's largest Commercial Vehicles manufacturer Tata Motors has
showcased country's irst Bio-CNG (Bio-Methane) at a Bio-Energy
program, called 'Urja Utsav'. Tata Motors has designed and developed
bio-methane engines for light commercial vehicles (LCV), intermediate
commercial vehicles (ICV) and medium commercial vehicles (MCV)
buses. At the Urja Utsav held in Pune's Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex,
Tata displayed three engines, along with the lead model — Tata LPO
1613 with 5.7 SGI NA BS-IV IOBD-II compliant bus. The use of Bio-CNG
will contribute in a positive manner to the Smart Cities proposition of keeping them clean and is a
good option for wet garbage management.
Tata Motors has pioneered the introduction of natural gas vehicles (CNG) in the country, for close to
two decades. The bio-methane bus is a step towards developing environment-friendly vehicles.
Biomethane is produced out of bio-degradable materials like kitchen waste. The gas, which gets
produced out of natural degradation process, escapes into the atmosphere unused.
The use of Bio-CNG will contribute in a positive manner to the Smart Cities proposition of keeping
them clean and is a good option for wet garbage management.

3D-printed soft silicone heart as an arti icial heart

Scientists have developed a 3D-printed soft, arti icial heart made of silicone that beats almost like
a human heart, putting humans another step closer to replacing damaged human heart without
the need for a transplant. With as many as 26 million people worldwide suffering from heart
failure and a global shortage of donors, a custom-made arti icial heart would be an invaluable
solution to a perennial, long-term problem.
The team behind the arti icial heart from ETH Zurich in Switzerland says its prototype heart can
beat in a very natural way for about half an hour before the materials
break down, and the researchers are working hard to improve their
new invention.
Weighing in at 390 grams (13.8 ounces) and with a volume of 679
cubic centimetres (41 cubic inches), it's slightly heavier but about
the same size as a normal human heart.
With each silicone heart only lasting for around 3,000 beats, the
strength of the material and the performance of the heart need to be
signi icantly increased – but having a soft, 3D-printed heart beating
like a human one is a fantastic start.
CA-15
GAME CHANGERS

World's irst-ever Laser Weapons System by US Navy

The U.S. Navy recently test- ired the world's irst operational and
deployed laser weapons from a warship in the Persian Gulf. According to
CNN, the world's irst active laser weapons system was ired from the
Austin-class amphibious transport dock USS Ponce. The laser
successfully destroyed an unnamed aerial vehicle (UAV) and moving
surface targets.
The new weapon releases photons—elementary particles which
transmit light—at the speed of light silently hitting their target and burning it to a temperature of
thousands of degrees. The laser beam, essentially a narrow beam of focused light, is entirely
invisible.
Lasers are primarily intended for short-range defence (one to ive miles) against aircraft, drones,
and small boats. Second-generation laser weapons systems are currently under development
intended to take on faster targets such as incoming ballistic missiles. During previous tests, lasers
have taken out cruise missiles, mortars and other projectiles, according to the U.S. Department of
Defence. The $40 million weapons system requires a crew of three and a supply of electricity
(generated from its own small generator) to operate. The 30-kilowatt, laser weapon, installed
aboard the USS Ponce already in 2014 is extremely accurate and can be scaled depending on the
target. While lasers, or "directed energy weapons," offer the tantalizing possibility, they will prove to
be game changers for US military.

Promulgation of ordinance to amend Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code


A new section has been introduced in the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code that makes certain
persons ineligible to be a 'resolution applicant.' Those being made ineligible include “wilful
defaulters, those who have their accounts classi ied as NPAs for one year or more and are unable to
settle their overdue amounts include interest thereon.” The Ordinance aims to put safeguards in
place by prohibiting wilful defaulters from regaining control of the defaulting company.
The sale of property to a person who is ineligible to be a resolution applicant ... has been barred.
Signi icantly, the amendments also provide for a ine ranging from ` 1 lakh to ` 2 crore for those
violating these norms. The ineligible persons also include those who have executed an enforceable
guarantee in favour of a creditor, in respect of a corporate debtor undergoing a Corporate Insolvency
Resolution Process or liquidation process under the IBC, and persons who are promoters or in the
control of such persons whose account is classi ied as non-performing assets beyond a prescribed
duration. With the Ordinance, it will put in place safeguards to prevent unscrupulous, undesirable
persons from misusing the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.

IPPB Banks to facilitate inancial inclusion in rural areas


By April 2018, the India Post Payments Bank will be made operational in 650 districts of the
country. These payment banks will be connected to the 1.55 lakh rural post of ices and carry out
banking services and will also facilitate inancial inclusion. Incorporated as a Public Limited
Company by the Department of Posts, Government of India, on 17th August 2016, India Post
Payments Bank started its operations on 30th January 2017 by opening two pilot branches, one at
Raipur and the other at Ranchi. Along with digitally enabled payments and remittance services of
all kinds between individuals, IPPB is offering Savings account up to a balance of ` 1 Lakh. India has
154,000 post of ices, of which 139,000 are rural post of ices.
In order to bring hardware and software components and all sub-systems together and ensure
that these function harmoniously, EIT Services India Pvt. Ltd. has been engaged by the Bank as
Systems Integrator. The Systems Integrator will suggest complete digitization and automation
solutions to the Bank.
EBD_7214
CAUSES & EFFECTS
CA-16

Situation Causes Effects


ISRO's S To reduce costs; the more the number S The launch will help to cement India's
Launch of of satellites launched in one mission, place as a serious player in the
104 lesser the cost incurred. burgeoning private space market,
Satellites S To prove ISRO's expertise on complex expected to signi icantly grow as the
in a Single t e c h n o l o g y f o r l a u n c h i n g a n d demand for telecommunications
Go manoeuvring satellites into space services increases.
S To increase India's share in the global S Cartosat-2 series satellite will be useful
satellite market for cartographic applications, urban and
S To increase collaboration between rural applications, coastal land use and
satellite aspiring organizations and regulation, utility management like
nations and ISRO road network monitoring, water
S To prove ISRO's credibility
distribution, creation of land use maps,
change detection to bring out
S To carry a main remote-sensing
geographical and manmade features
satellite in the Cartosat-2 series and
and various other Land Information
two small spacecraft, all for ISRO, and
System (LIS) and Geographical
1 0 1 s m a l l fo re i g n c o m m e rc i a l
Information System (GIS) applications.
satellites
S Revenue generation; putting commercial
S With this launch, the total number of
satellites into space for a fee is a growing
customer satellites from abroad business sector. That's why phone,
launched by India's launch vehicle Internet and other companies, as well as
PSLV has reached 180. countries, are seeking greater and more
high-tech communications.

Need of a S To further unite India and make it a S Will help in reducing vote bank politics
Uniform truly secular nation S Will integrate India
Civil Code S To help in improving the condition of S Will help abolish gender discrimination
women in India from the country
S It is a sign that the nation has moved S A stepping stone towards another social
away from caste and religious politics reform across the country
S The various personal laws have
loopholes to be exploited by those who
have the power

Aadhaar: S To help in reducing the corruption S Aadhaar based Direct Bene it Transfer
World's since every individual carries only one (LPG Subsidy)
Largest unique number S Financial Inclusion like PMJDY accepts
Biometric S Unlike other cards, the Aadhaar Card Aadhaar card/number
Identity biometric and demographic data is S DigiLocker requires a person to link
System used to establish individual's identity his/her 12 digit Aadhaar card number
S UIDAI information cannot be accessed S Aadhaar card UIDAI number would be
by other public agencies or privately- linked to the voter ID's
owned entities S Required for receiving monthly pension
S Provident fund money will be given
after registering Aadhaar number with
EPFO
S Acceptable by banks as a valid proof to
open bank account
CA-17
CAUSES & EFFECTS

Situation Causes Effects


Donald S Populist and fascist propaganda to S Climate change policy face a U-turn as
Trump's create false and radical nationalism Trump withdrew from the Paris
Right- and emotionally appeal citizens Climate Agreement and stopped
wing S Radical views on immigration, Islam, American funding for UN global
Populism climate change, women's roles, warming programmes.
minority voting S Trump promotes American links to
S Building a irewall between the United Russia, while taking a hardline
States and Mexico as a preventive approach to states like North Korea
measure against illegal immigration and Iran.
and drug traf icking S Trump's Executive order banning
S Protection of the U.S. national security visitors from 6 Muslim majority
from terrorism and banning the entry countries goes against American
of Muslims to the United States principles of democracy and fosters
S Aggressive development of the U.S. hate
military capabilities S His policies clearly re lect ideology of
S Penalization of U.S. companies for inequality
outsourcing their manufacturing S Demolish America's image as a world
operations overseas and imposing leader
heavy ines and tariffs on Chinese and S E n c o u ra g e s t i ff c o m p e t i t i o n i n
Japanese exports business and defence
S Hamper international peace
Digital S Cash payments are unsafe and cause S Each and every transaction is tracked so
Payments inconvenience little chance to avoid taxes
in India S Cash payments are unrecorded so S With surplus cash, the banks will do more
ke e p i n g t ra c k o f u n s c r u p u l o u s lending and interest rates may come
activities dif icult down
S Will eradicate black money, corruption to
S Bank notes are prone to counterfeit
some extent
S Maoist activities had to be curtailed
S Real estate industry will bring in more
transparency
S Fair Election will be done as black money
is used by political parties
S Cashless economy will help inancial
inclusion and easy access to credit
Deporta- S Rohingyas, who number about 40,000 in S It belies India's image as a benevolent
tion of India, may have serious national security host.
Rohingyas rami ications and a burden on resources. S India's silence in the wake of a fast
from India S They are "susceptible" to recruitment by deteriorating humanitarian crisis does
"terror" groups. not bode well for the future of human
S They have been found to be active in rights in the region.
Jammu, Delhi, Hyderabad and Mewat. S It may amount to a "betrayal of the liberal
S There was a possibility that violence and secular values of free India".
could erupt between Rohingyas and S Some right-wing groups threatened a
Buddhists living in India. campaign to "identify and kill" Rohingya
S To ensure the demographic pattern of if the government did not deport them.
India is not disturbed. S The NHRC sees it as a violation of human
S India does not want a strained rights if Rohingyas are deported back to
relationship with Myanmar and the their country.
Southeast Asia region through its Act S The decision will infringe the right to
East policy. equality guaranteed under Article 14 of
the constitution of India.
EBD_7214
CA-18
CAUSES & EFFECTS

Situation Causes Effects


India's S India has not increased its defence S India's aspiration for a regional power
Increasing budget for several past years specially in status and a key player in global affairs
Defence comparison to our two hostile dictate the imperative of independent,
Budget neighbours, Pakistan and China. self-reliant indigenous defence
S For the safety of the big population we capabilities.
have to take security measures and for S A big chunk of money will be diverted
this defence expenses are must.
towards purchasing arm and
S But the recent developments in the
ammunition instead of spending on
border and China's unconditional
the education or to control poverty.
support to Pakistan based terror groups
S While India's defence budget is now
compel India to modernise its defence.
S In today's world military capability has
the fourth largest in the world (after
become a strategic determinant in the US, China and the UK), it is not
International Relations. providing adequate bang for the buck.
S India is surrounded by many old and new
e n e m i e s . S o fo r t h e s a fe t y o f i t s
population we have to buy the weapons
and this requires big defence budget.

Floods in S Spells of unusually heavy rains in the S Loss of lives and property - more than
India catchment areas of rivers and in the 1,000 people died in the loods across
poorly drained areas India this monsoon 2017.
S Forests are natural barriers to hold S Not only causes deaths, also leads to
water; urban development causes thousands being forced out of their
loods. homes.
S The deforested catchment areas of the S Loss of livelihoods: economic
rivers and the off-shore bars which activities come to a standstill,
choke the mouths of the rivers in the production assets affected, be it in
coastal lowlands of Odisha. agriculture or industry.
S Congestion of water occurs due to S Hinders economic growth and
Ganga receiving its left-bank development; impacts investment in
tributaries - Ghaghara, Gandak, Burhi infrastructure and other
Gandak, and Kosi, and the right-bank development activities.
tributary - son during the rainy S Crops and food supplies can suffer;
season; free low of water obstructed. there are some farmlands bene itting
S The annual deposition of silt and sand from the nutrients that can be carried
by Kosi, Tista, Torsa raises the bed and to the soil.
thus reduces the capacity of the river S The additional cost of rehabilitation,
to accommodate lood water. relocation and removal of property
S Huge landslides in north-eastern from lood-affected areas can divert
Assam obstruct the low of water for the capital.
sometime yield later to the pressure of S Disruptions of clean water and
the accumulated water. electricity supply, transport,
S Earthquakes in Assam cause changes communication, education and
in the level of the land. Some areas are healthcare.
depressed and others are raised S Mass migration or population
causing the level of the land which displacement.
shifts the course of a river. S Loose soil, rocks, and landscape can be
dramatically altered, leaving behind a
rugged, changed terrain.
CA-19
CAUSES & EFFECTS

Situation Causes Effects


India's S Rising in lation caused a drop in GDP. S Public expenditure got reduced
Economic S The manufacturing sector reported re s u l t i n g i n ove ra l l d e c l i n e i n
Slowdown growth rate of 1.6 per cent compared investment.
Post- to 3.1 per cent in the previous quarter. S Private investment has also taken a hit
demonetis Mostly stocks were cleared but new on weak market indicators.
-ation manufacturing was not carried out. S The investment rate is at the lowest
S The bad loans issue is a factor which in 10 years. Low investment has
has not only led to a slowdown in hampered the growth of
economic growth over the last year, infrastructure, transport, health and
but also distorted monetary policy transport sectors, which are biggest
transmission. job providers.
S Spillover effects from demonetisation S Unemployment - less production
S The rollout of the Goods and Services means less people being employed.
Tax (GST) is also a reason for the GDP Less employment means less amount
decline due to de-stocking by irms as of cash in market to buy goods.
caution ahead of the GST rollout. S Rural segment got affected. 49% of
S The credit growth of all banks slowed Indian population is in agriculture and
down to 8.1 per cent in 2016-17 from another good percentage in agro based
10.9 per cent in the previous year. industries which took a major hit on
S The capacity utilisation igure was a Indian economy.
sharp decline over ive year, around 70 S According to noted economist Ajit
per cent . A decline in capacity Ranade, 1 per cent lower annual GDP
u t i l i s a t i o n l e a d s t o dw i n d l i n g growth = loss of 1.5 lakh crore national
investment, which brings slowdown. income and loss of millions of jobs.
S A change in trade balance that
involved increased imports and
decreased exports had a negative
impact on GDP
S A general slowdown in industry due to
the uncertainty from the rollout of the
goods and services tax
S Corruption in India has degraded the
Indian economy.
EBD_7214
CA-20 GLOBAL ECONOMY
OUTLOOK
WHAT IS GLOBAL ECONOMY ?
The economies of the world's individual countries operate together as one economic system.
Countries of
the world

Economic Integration
Through

Communication
Factor
Trade of Economically
Movements
useful knowledge
& technology

AT GLOBAL
LEVEL

CLASSIFICATION OF ECONOMIES AT GLOBAL LEVEL

Advanced Developing Economies


Economies Economies in Transition

South Commonwealth
European Other Russian
USA Japan Eastern of Independent
Union Developed Federation
Europe States & Georgia
Economies

Africa Asia Latin America


& the Caribbean

North East Central West Southern


Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa South Mexico & Central
(eg., South Caribbean
(eg., Egypt, (eg., Kenya, (eg., Ghana, (eg., Congo, Africa, America America (eg., Cuba,
Libya) Uganda) Liberia) Chad) Zimbabwe) (eg., Brazil, (eg., L Costa Rica,
Haiti)
Chile) Mexico)

East Asia South Asia Western Asia


(eg., China, (eg., India, (eg., Iran,
Singapore) Sri lanka) Saudi Arabia)

GLOBAL GROWTH RATE


(Estimated & Projected by IMF, World Economic Outlook, October 2017)
2015 3.4% 2015 2.2% 2015 4.3%

2016 3.2% 2016 1.7% 2016 4.3%

2017 3.6% 2.2% 4.6%


2017 2017
EMERGING MARKET &
GLOBAL ECONOMY ADVANCED ECONOMIES
DEVELOPING ECONOMIES
GLOBAL ECONOMY CA-21
OUTLOOK

TOP 20 ECONOMIES BASED ON GDP GROWTH RATE (ANNUAL %)


Rank Country 2016 Rank Country 2016
1. Iraq 11.0 11. Philippines 6.9
2. Nauru 10.4 12. Tajikistan 6.9
3. Cote d'Ivoire 8.8 13. Cambodia 6.9
4. Uzbekistan 7.8 14. China 6.7
5. Ethiopia 7.6 15. Senegal 6.6
6. Iceland 7.2 16. Dominican Republic 6.6
7. Bangladesh 7.1 17. Samoa 6.6
8. India 7.1 18. Myanmar 6.5
9. Lao PDR 7.0 19. Vietnam 6.2
10. Tanzania 7.0 20. Turkmenistan 6.2
Source : World Bank National accounts data and OECD National Accounts data files.

THE WORLD'S 10 BIGGEST ECONOMIES IN 2017


Rank Country Economy by GDP World Economy Share
1. United States $ 18.62 trillion 24.32%
2. China $ 11.23 trillion 14.84%
3. Japan $ 4.94 trillion 5.91%
4. Germany $ 3.48 trillion 4.54%
5. United Kingdom $ 2.63 trillion 3.85%
6. France $ 2.47 trillion 3.26%
7. India $ 2.26 trillion 2.83%
8. Italy $ 1.85 trillion 2.46%
9. Brazil $ 1.80 trillion 2.39%
10. Canada $ 1.53 trillion 2.09%
Source : World Economic Outlook Database (IMF- 24th Oct 2017)

United States
China of America
14.84% 24.32%

Japan Germany
India 5.91%
Russia Canada
4.54% South Africa 0.42%
1.8% Mexico 2.09%
France 1.54%
South
Korea
2.83% 3.26% Egypt 0.45%
Saudi
1.86% Arabia United Italy
Turkey 3%
nesia 0.97%
0.87% 0.5 and
ail Kingdom Netherla
nds 2.46% Nigeria 0.65%
Indo.16% Th
7 % 1.01%
Israel 0.4% 1 0.5 re 3.85% Sweden
UAE Iran gapo% d
Au rk 0.4%

0.9% Switzerlan
1.8 tralia

0.5% n 9
Si 0.3 Norway 0.9%
1%

Hong Kong 0.42%


a
nm

0.51%
Austria
De

Poland 0.38% 0.51%


Malaysia 0.4% Rest of the World
Belgium 0.64% Ireland
0.5%
Vene ela
zu 0.5% Argentina 0.79%
Philippines 0.39% 9.41% Brazil Colombia 0.39%
2.39%
Continents
Africa
The Global
Asia Economy by GDP
howwuch.net
North America
Australia South America
Europe Rest of the World
Source : World Development Indicators Database, World Bank, 1 February 2017
EBD_7214
CA-22 GLOBAL ECONOMY
OUTLOOK

LIST OF COUNTRIES BY GDP (NOMINAL) WORLD BANK (2016)


Rank Country GDP(US$MM) Rank Country GDP(US$MM)
1. United States 18,569,100 11. South Korea 1,411,246
2. China 11,199,145 12. Russia 1,283,162
3. Japan 4,939,384 13. Spain 1,232,088
4. Germany 3,466,757 14. Australia 1,204,616
5. United Kingdom 2,618,886 15. Mexico 1,045,998
6. France 2,465,454 16. Indonesia 932,259
7. India 2,263,522 17. Turkey 857,749
8. Italy 1,849,970 18. Netherlands 770,845
9. Brazil 1,796,187 19. Switzerland 659,827
10. Canada 1,529,760 20. Saudi Arabia 646,438
World 75,543,543

LIST OF COUNTRIES BY GDP (PPP) PER CAPITA WORLD BANK (2016)


Rank Country/Territory INT$ Rank Country/Territory INT$
1. Qatar 127,523 10. Saudi Arabia 54,431
2. Luxembourg 105,882 11. Iceland 51,399
3. Macau 104,169 12. Netherlands 50,898
- Singapore 87,856 13. Austria 50,078
4. Brunei 77,441 14. Denmark 49,496
5. United Arab Emirates 72,419 15. Sweden 49,175
6. Ireland 68,883 16. Germany 48,730
7. Switzerland 62,882 17. Australia 46,790
8. Norway 59,302 18. Belgium 46,383
- Hong Kong 58,553 19. Canada 44,025
9. United States 57,467 20. Finland 43,053

LIST OF COUNTRIES BY GDP (PPP) BY THE WORLD BANK (2016)


Rank Country GDP(US$MM) Rank Country GDP(US$MM)
1. China 21,417,150 11. Italy 2,312,559
2. United States 18,569,100 12. Mexico 2,278,072
3. India 8,702,900 13. Turkey 1,927,693
4. Japan 5,266,444 14. South Korea 1,832,073
5. Germany 4,028,362 15. Saudi Arabia 1,756,793
6. Russia 3,397,368 16. Spain 1,686,373
7. Brazil 3,141,333 17. Canada 1,597,517
8. Indonesia 3,032,090 18. Iran 1,352,814
9. United Kingdom 2,796,732 19. Thailand 1,164,928
10. France 2,773,932 20. Australia 1,128,908
World 115,165,700
GLOBAL ECONOMY CA-23
OUTLOOK

WORLD ECONOMIC SITUATION AND PROSPECTS 2017


Ø Global economic activity is picking up with a long-awaited cyclical recovery in
investment, manufacturing, and trade.
Ø World growth is expected to rise from 3.1% in 2016 to 3.5% in 2017 and 3.6% in
2018.
Ø Stronger activity, expectations of more robust global demand, reduced
deflationary pressures, and optimistic financial markets all upside developments.
Ø Structural impediments to a stronger recovery and a balance of risks that remains
tilted to the downside, especially over the medium term, remain important
challenges.
Ø The need for credible strategies in advanced economies and emerging market and
developing ones to tackle a number of common challenges in an integrated global
economy.

FASTEST-GROWING ECONOMIES
Ø Global economic activity is picking up with a long-awaited cyclical recovery in
investment, manufacturing, and trade.
Ø China's economy grew by 6.7% in 2016, compared with America's 1.6% (IMF)
after years of slowing down China’s economy seems to be coming back; IMF raises
China’s 2017 GDP forecast to 6.8%, 0.1% higher then its previous forecast.
Ø China trails the US by $7 trillion but it's catching up.
Ø The US may not dominate for much longer.
Ø China overtook India as the fastest-growing large economy. China's economy grew
at 6.7% in 2016, compared with India's 6.6% (The IMF's World Economic Outlook
estimates).
Ø Brazil's economy contracted in the last year by 3.5%, the only one in the top 10 to
do so.
Ø The Asian bloc clearly has a larger share than anywhere else, representing just
over a third (33.84%) of global GDP.
Ø North America represents just over a quarter, at 27.95%.
Ø Europe comes third with just over one-fifth of global GDP (21.37%).
Ø Together, these three blocs generate more than four-fifths (83.16%) of the world's
total output.
Ø Post-Brexit, the pound sterling fell to 31-year low against the dollar, households
ran an unprecedented deficit of 3% of GDP.
Ø US economy grows at a 3% rate even without tax reform, a win for Trump.
Ø Japan’s growth is estimated to have picked up to 1.5% in 2017 aided by stronger
international trade and fiscal stimulus.
Ø The Germany’s 2017 growth forecast was raised to 2.3% by the German DIHK
Chambers of Industry & Commerce.
Ø France’s growth picked up in 2015 with a growth of 0.8% and a growth of 1.1% in
2016 and a forecasted growth of 1.6% for 2017.
Ø India is expected to accelerate to 7.2% in fiscal 2017, according to the world bank,
becoming the 4th fastest growing economy in the world.
EBD_7214
CA-24 GLOBAL ECONOMY
OUTLOOK

INDIA'S ECONOMY (FACTS & FIGURES)


Ø India is the world's 7th largest economy, $2.26 trillion falling between France and Italy
Ø GDP growth dipped to 5.7% in the first quarter of 2017-18 down to a three-year low;
still, growing faster than any other large economy except for China
Ø By 2050, India's economy is projected to be the world's second-largest, behind only
China
Ø India is home to 1.34 billion people – 18% of the world's population
Ø Will overtake China as the world's most populous country by 2024
Ø Has the world's largest youth population, but isn't yet fully capturing this potential
demographic dividend
Ø With GST, India's 29 states are now a common market
Ø Despite some technical glitches, GST expected to boost efficiency, growth, and tax take
Ø Demonetization had mixed success
Ø India ranks 60th among the 79 developing economies assessed in the World Economic
Forum's latest Inclusive Development Index
Ø India's richest 1% own 53% of its wealth, up from 36.8% in 2000 while the richest 1% in
the US own 37.3% of its wealth
Ø About one-third of the world's population living on under US$1.90 live in India – some
224 million people
Ø Ranks a lowly 135th out of 144 on women's labour force participation
Ø China is by far the largest source of India's imports and its third-largest export market
after the US and UAE

MEGATRENDS 2017 THAT THE WORLD MUST PREPARE FOR


Ø Globalization 2.0 – a new world order is emerging as economic power shifts to Asia
Ø Per Capita Income is rising worldwide driven by higher productivity and the dynamism
of emerging economies – 2 billion people will be added to the global middle class by
2018
Ø Innovation is transforming lifestyles and businesses – 23% compound avg. growth rate
of global internet traffic between 2014 & 2019; 70% of world's population will own a
smartphone by 2020
Ø Companies are adapting to survive
Ø People are living longer – Global population is getting older and people are living
longer. Avg life expectancy today is 79, up from 49 in 1900.
Ø Environmental crisis – leaders must embed sustainable cultures as critical natural
resources run out
Ø Individualism – smart employers will design ways of working to suit individuals in
order to retain talent
Ø Demographic change - an aging population means a shrinking global workforce,
chronic skills shortages and a fierce war for talent
THE DEBATE GOES ON...

GST – boon for taxpayers and bane • For manufacturing state, there can be
for evaders? a loss of revenue.
GST (goods and services tax) is an indirect • For some retail products where the
tax, which will simplify the current system tax rate is only 4% for the GST, it will
of taxation. However, there are many be costlier.
positives and negatives attached to it. • May have a negative impact on retail
market.
Positives: • Implementation tax burden will be
higher for Small businesses in the
• Reduces various indirect taxes manufacturing sectors.
running in the previous system which • Businesses will have to register in all
will now make the process of tax states which increases the burden of
collection transparent and easy. compliance.
• Some indirect taxes are again taxed on • Inflation may increases initially.
the tax account; this cascading effect
• People might hesitate to adapt to the
is reduced with the implementation
changes in new tax system.
of GST, which would reduce the
hidden costs of doing business. Demonetization: Success or failure
• Fulfils the concept of making one On 8 November 2016, the Government
nation one tax. announced the demonetisation of Rs.500
• Inflation will be under control. and Rs.1,000 banknotes. The government
• By making a common market, it will claimed that the action would curtail the
remove the state trade barrier. shadow economy and crack down on the
• Reduces operational costs, prices use of illicit and counterfeit cash to fund
of production or services that will illegal activity and terrorism. According to
directly benefit the consumers. RBI, Rs 15.28 lakh crore or 99 per cent of
• Lets the work equitably divided the Rs 15.44 lakh crore worth of the notes
between manufacturing and services. withdrawn was turned in.
• Will be a firm and concrete taxation
infrastructure, which will be
transparent, and corruption free.
• Reduces the transaction costs of
doing business, which will improve
the competitiveness for the trade and
industry.
• Decreases the cost of collection of
tax revenues of the government and
leads to higher revenue effectiveness.
Failures:
Negatives:
• The disruption of unorganized
• Goods and services tend to be more
supply chains that are dependent on
expensive.
cash transactions.
• If the cascading effect benefits
• Big losses to the unorganised sector,
not passed to the consumers,
farmers and traders.
businessmen can raise their profit
• The start-up world has seen a drop in
margins.
investment activity.
EBD_7214
CA-26 THE DEBATE GOES ON...
• RBI was ill-prepared to deal with • The number of I-T returns filed for
the aftermath, in terms of making 2016-17 grew by 25 per cent and
available adequate quantity of the advance tax collections during
replacement notes in the right that period rose 41.8% over the
denominations. 1-year period, as increased number
• That remonetised notes were mostly of individuals filed their tax returns
of the illiquid Rs 2,000 denomination post demonetization.
— constituting over 50 per cent of the • Note ban had led to a huge fall in
total value of currency in circulation sex trafficking; badly hit Maoist and
even as late as March 31 — didn’t Naxalites.
help matters. • Setback to Hawala operations.
• Farm produce prices or a wide
• The reduction in incidences of stone
swathe of cash-dependent informal
pelting, protests in J&K and naxal
enterprises went bust.
activities in Left Wing Extremism
• The sheer time wasted waiting in
(LWE), according to Finance Minister
lines.
Arun Jaitley.
• There was expectation that the
It is still quite possible that demonetisation
scrapped Rs 500 and Rs 1,000
will have positive consequences over a
denomination notes which were
longer period— the growth in the direct tax
not deposited or exchanged at
base, the switch in the financial holdings
banks by those who hoarded them
of households from cash to bank deposits,
would result in reduction in the
RBI currency liabilities and would and the increased use of digital payments.
generate a “profit”, which it could The question remains to be answered is
then distribute as dividend to the whether the potential long-term benefits
government. But this did not happen. will be greater than the short-term costs
that the Indian economy had to bear.
Success:
Has an era of Digital currency
• Attack on the scourge of black money,
tackling corruption, counterfeit
started in India
currency, terror funding and reducing • A year of note ban has shown how
dependence on cash. there has been a push towards a
• Idle money came into the system, the digital economy, but the love for cash
cash-to-GDP ratio will decline; the tax refuses to die down.
base will expand, as per govt. • The government is trying to push
• According to Finance Minister, Indian digital economy to $1 trillion
deposits between Rs.2 lakh and Rs.80 in the next 5-7 years, Ravi Shankar
lakh, and deposits of more than Rs. Prasad, union minister for IT and
80 lakh amount to some two-thirds electronics said at an ASSOCHAM
of the value of the demonetised event.
currency will now be in the tax net • With internet availability being so
for perpetuity. easy, e-wallets like PayU, Paytm, and
• The significant gain which has begun MobiKwik are being used by millions
to accrue, and will gather momentum, for financial transactions.
is the move to a cashless economy. • The BHIM app is a great example
• In the long run, a move away from of Indian innovation in the field
the use of cash is the surest way of of affordable simple financial
curbing the black economy.
technology.
THE DEBATE GOES ON... CA-27
• The taxes, surcharges and fees on
digital transactions need to be liberal
to encourage the masses to go for it.
• Researchers have shown that it’s
easy to crack PIN number and gain
excess to the virtual wallet by using a
software, if a hacker can get access to
the victim’s mobile phone.
• Of the targeted 2.5 lakh gram The glorious dream of Digital India could
panchayats are to be connected simply be a disaster if a billion countrymen
via optical fibre under the national finally get digitalised and a single hack gives
optical fibre network programme, malicious hackers a lifetime access to their
now called ‘BharatNet’, around 1 lakh digital assets and identity.
has already been connected.
Is Uniform Civil Code need of the
• The demonetisation move by the
Narendra Modi-led government saw a
hour?
sharp uptake in cashless transactions • After the SC verdict on triple talaq,
in November and December 2016 — discussion on the necessity of a
mobile wallet transactions recorded Uniform Civil Code (UCC) comes to
a 114 percent rise, Point of Sale (PoS) the fore.
transactions an 88 percent rise, and • The SC ruling on triple talaq as
mobile banking transactions a 30 unconstitutional is a landmark, not
only for victims of the medieval
percent rise.
practice, but also because this is the
• From November 2016 to May 2017,
first time that the Indian state has
the total digital transactions in India
taken a radical stand on the issue.
went up by 23 percent, from 22.4
• The BJP considers three issues to be
million to 27.5 million. its core ideological issues — the UCC,
• RBI data shows that as of April 2017, the abolition of Article 370 giving
Rs 2,171 billion was withdrawn via special status to Jammu and Kashmir
ATMs, while UPI transactions at that and the construction of a Ram temple
point were at Rs 22.41 billion. in Ayodhya.
• Several amendments have been
Challenges:
made in all personal laws, except for
• Access to high quality broadband and Muslim Personal Law which until
at least a smartphone required. recently witnessed the Supreme
• Internet and cyber crimes are Court’s historic verdict against
inseparable. instantaneous Triple Talaq (Talaq e
• Security in the platform, at the end biddat).
users side and conformity with • As expected, some Muslim religious
strict privacy norms should be groups have come together to oppose
there together to take care of digital the Supreme Court’s judgment
hacking. stating that it interferes with their
• Biometric data, unlike passwords, religion.
can never be changed, so if • The main conflict that personal laws
hackers successfully impersonate face is the prejudice and upkeep of
a fingerprint then they can cause patriarchal norms which are in many
serious havoc. cases unrelated to the religion that
• Small retailers in India deal in only they have risen from.
cash and have not able to invest in the • With the exception of Muslim
digital infrastructure. Personal Law, all other personal laws
EBD_7214
CA-28 THE DEBATE GOES ON...
are inching towards an egalitarian was made on Shia land, hence the
approach of treating women with the Waqf Board needed to be made a
dignity and respect she deserves. party.
• Globally there are so many countries • The Shia Waqf Board offers a new
that do not accept Talaq e biddat as solution to the conflict - a Ram
a legal method of having a divorce; temple can be built in Ayodhya while
India being a so called progressive a mosque can be constructed in
nation is the one country which is Lucknow.
lagging behind. • The Congress dubbed the Ravi
Shanker as a “government agent
Ram Mandir Dispute representing its interest” in the
• The Art of Living Foundation’s dispute.
founder Sri Sri Ravi Shankar has • Union Minority Affairs Minister
recently been in touch with several Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi dismissed the
imams and swamis to help find an allegations that the government was
out-of-court settlement to the Ram playing a role in the negotiations.
temple dispute.
• The Foundation said these Padmavati Row
discussions were not done on behalf • The period film ‘Padmavati’ has
of the government. been mired in controversy over
• Sri Sri Ravi Shankar is of the view conjectures that it “distorts history”
that the prevailing mood on the Ram regarding Rajput queen Padmavati,
Mandir issue provides an opportunity a contention that Bhansali has
for people from both communities to repeatedly denied.
come together and settle the dispute • Deepika played the legendary Rajput
out of court. queen Padmavati in the movie.
• The All India Muslim Personal Law • Haryana’s BJP chief media
Board (AIMPLB) denies holding any coordinator announced Rs 10 crore
meeting with Ravi Shankar. award for anyone who beheads
• The Allahabad High Court, in 2010, Sanjay Leela Bhansali and lead
had ruled a three-way division of the actress Deepkia Padukone.
disputed 2.77-acre area at Ayodhya • UP Deputy CM Keshav Prasad Maurya
among Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi said the film would not be released
Akhara and Lord Ram Lalla. in the state unless its “controversial
• The Supreme Court decided to portions” were removed.
reopen the hearing after 13 appeals • The makers have deferred the release
filed against the 2010 judgement in date of the film from December 1,
four civil suits. 2017.
• There were 21 original stakeholders • The SC had already dismissed a
in the Babri Masjid dispute, but many petition seeking a ban on the film on
have died. November 10; a fresh plea was filed
• Former BJP MP, Ram Vilas Vedanti, on November 17. The apex court
who was associated with the Ram observed that it cannot intervene
temple movement, has refused to in the CBFC’s decision, which had
accept the mediation offered by Sri granted certificate to Padmavati.
Sri. • The CBFC chairperson Prasoon
• All India Akhada Parishad Chief, Joshi expressed disappointment
Mahant Narendra Giri has also come over the film being screened for
forward to mediate talks. some journalists, who said there
• The Shia Waqf Board Chairman has was nothing in it to hurt anyone’s
also claimed that the Babri Masjid sentiments.
THE DEBATE GOES ON... CA-29

• He is both revered and despised in


different parts of Karnatka.
• The Karnatka government has been
celebrating Tipu Jayanti and has
faced stiff opposition from the BJP
Since 2015.
• President Ramnath Kovind remarks
reignited the controversy when
he praised the Muslim ruler in his
• Veteran director Shyam Benegal, in
speech in Bengaluru.
charge of drafting new guidelines for
• Tipu Sultan was a pioneer in the
the CBFC hit out at the government’s
development and use of Mysore
failure to act against those
rockets in warfare. This technology
threatening and intimidating the
was later adopted by the Europeans.
film’s director and actors.
• BJP’s minister of state for skill
• The Karni Sena has threatened to development and entrepreneurship,
burn down any theatre that screens Anant Kumar Hegde, recently
the film. described Tipu Sultan as “a brutal
• Rajasthan CM Vasundhara Raje killer, wretched fanatic and mass
has asked Union Information and rapist” and refused to attend
Broadcasting Minister Smriti Irani functions.
that the film not be released without • He introduced a land reform where
“necessary changes”. the land was directly leased from
• The film Padmavati, based on a poem the king, and there was no place
about a Rajput queen written by 16th for landlords. In areas where the
century Sufi poet Malik Muhammad landlord system was prevalent, there
Jayasi in 1540. was opposition to his policies.
• Jayasi’s text depicts Padmavati, an • Political analyst Narendar Pani
exceptionally beautiful princess of the points out Tipu’s conquest was not
Singhal kingdom, and Ratan Sen, the a communal attack, but conflict
Rajput ruler of Chittor, get married between different kingdoms. The
after he hears about Padmavati’s fact that he attacked the Nizam of
beauty from a talking parrot. He Hyderabad more than the Marathas
won her hand in marriage. Alauddin shows that his intentions were
Khalji, the Sultan of Delhi also heard territorial rather than communal.
about her beauty, and laid siege to • According to Harish Ramaswamy,
Chittor to obtain her. Ratan Sen was political analyst and professor of
killed. Before Alauddin Khalji could political science at the Karnataka
capture Chittor, Padmavati and her University, polarisation is one
companions committed Jauhar (self- of the oldest political tricks, and
immolation) to protect their honour. controversy over Tipu is another
occasion political parties are using it.
Tipu Sultan – A freedom fighter or
a religious fanatic Cow Vigilante
From the Dadri lynching incident to the
• The legacy of the erstwhile ruler of
most recent one at Alwar in Rajasthan, a
the kingdom of Mysore in the 18th
look at ‘cow vigilantism’ across the country:
century, Tipu Sultan, has become a
• In the name of protecting cows, the
polarising topic.
self-proclaimed “cow protectors”
EBD_7214
CA-30 THE DEBATE GOES ON...
unleashed violence in several parts of • Rajasthan bans both cow slaughter
the country. and export or migration of bovine
• The victims were mostly from animal.
minority and socially disadvantaged • According to reports, Rajasthan is
communities. one of the biggest contributors of
smuggled cattle to slaughterhouses
• The killing of Mohammad Akhlaq
in different states of India.
in Dadri on September 28, 2015 by
• The SC has asked all States and Union
angry villagers following a rumour
Territories to appoint nodal police
that his family was in possession of
officers district-wise to crack down
cow meat took place.
on and prosecute cow vigilante
• The murder of Umar Mohammad groups that engage in violence and
in Rajasthan’s Alwar district on mayhem.
November 10 was yet another • Prime Minister Narendra Modi in
instance of cow vigilantism. July, had condemned the killings
• Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar saying killing people in the name
Pradesh have reported incidents of of ‘gau bhakti’ (love of cow) is not
cow vigilantism over the last three acceptable. This is not something
years. Mahatma Gandhi would approve.
• Several states in India have • Many Hindus consider the cow sacred
regulations prohibiting slaughter or and a symbol of life, and therefore do
sale or migration of cows. not eat it.
QUOTE-UNQUOTE

“In the next 3 years, we’re “Indian Army is fully ready for a two-
going to be bigger than the biggest and-a-half front (China, Pakistan
traditional bank in India,” - and internal security requirements
Vijay Shekhar Sharma, Founder simultaneously) war.”
and CEO of Paytm General Bipin Rawat - Chief of the
Army Staff

“We will work hard to ensure New “When reports have stated that two-
Zealand is once again a world leader, wheelers are more polluting than
a country we can all be proud of. We four-wheelers, why do you intend to
said we could do this, we will do this.” give arbitrary exemptions? Is this a
joke? What does one stand to gain
Jacinda Ardern - New Zealand’s
from this?”
new youngest ever prime minister
NGT to Delhi government on
Delhi’s smog

“Right to privacy is “intrinsic to “You should strive towards fostering


life and liberty” and is inherently a culture of excellence. Excellence is
protected under the various not an accident but a habit – where
fundamental freedoms enshrined you set your own performance
under Part III of the Indian standards like working with a focus
Constitution.” for completing tasks ahead of time.”
The nine-judge Constitution Bench Tessy Thomas - the missile
ruling on Aadhar card woman of India

“Do you know what ‘Namaste’ “To the people of your country and
means?” to a friendship that will only grow
Defence Minister Nirmala stronger and stronger in the many
Sitharaman to Chinese soldiers at years to come.”
Nathu La Donald Trump on a visit to China
in November 2017
EBD_7214
CA-32 QUOTE-UNQUOTE

“The U.S. and South Korean puppet “The election of President Donald
authorities should reasonably Trump has made a lot of people feel
behave themselves. We love peace very uncomfortable with the fact
more than anyone else, but we will that he alone can authorise the use
never pardon the provokers and of nuclear weapons. There are no
aggressors going reckless to bring a right hands for nuclear weapons.”
war disturbing peace.”
Nobel Peace Prize 2017 winner
Rodong Sinmun, the official North Ican
Korean Central News Agency

“I believe that a range of economic “The think tank’s (NITI Ayog) focus
reforms including GST will enable will have to be on “employment,
states/ UTs to break down barriers employment and employment”,
and collaborate with each other in underscoring the importance of the
attracting investment and business challenge at hand.”
opportunities and job creation
Niti Aayog vice chairman Rajiv
and, thereby, contributing more
Kumar in a TV programme
significantly to the overall economic
growth.”
President Ram Nath Kovind
inaugurating IITF at Pragati
Maidan

“A robust Japan-India partnership is “Without education a whole


the public goods which underpins the generation of children could grow
regional order.” up without the knowledge and
Japan PM Shinzo Abe on India visit skills needed to support themselves,
contribute to their communities and
ultimately rebuild Syria once this
crisis is over.”
UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador
Priyanka Chopra
Mysteries Unsolved

Arushi Murder Case

• A Division Bench of Allahabad High Court acquitted Aarushi’s parents on October


12, saying the Talwars didn’t murder their child and domestic help Hemraj in Noida.
• The Talwars had been sentenced to life imprisonment in 2008 murder case.
• The couple filed an appeal challenging their conviction by a special CBI court in
Ghaziabad in November 2013.
• The court gave the “benefit of doubt” in the case noting that all circumstantial
evidence did not tally to prove the couple guilty.
• The court also noted there were many shortcomings in the trial court verdict, and
dismissed CBI’s “irresistible conclusion”.
After the acquittal of the Talwars, the question arises that if Aarushi’s parents did
not kill her and the domestic help Hemraj, then who did? The shoddy investigation
by the UP police which drew flak, followed by the probes done by the two teams
of CBI giving extremely contradictory conclusions, have left a lot many questions
unanswered.

A Year on, No Trace of Najeeb


• Najeeb Ahmed, JNU’s first-year MSc student of Biotechnology, on October 15, 2016
went missing from JNU’s hostel allegedly following a scuffle with a few students
from ABVP.
• The incident triggered massive protests forcing the police to launch a massive hunt.
• The reward to give any information on Najeeb increased from Rs1 lakh to Rs10 lakh.
• Police received countless inputs but found to be hoax.
• Now the case seems to be lying in cold storage with the Crime Branch.
• Police say he was under treatment for depression suffering from OCD (obsessive
compulsive disorder).
• In November 2016, a SIT was also formed to trace Najeeb which failed to gather any
relevant clues and the case was shifted to the Crime Branch.
• The family says the students accused of beating Najeeb have not been questioned.
EBD_7214
CA-34 MYSTERIES UNSOLVED
Ryan Murder

• A class 2 student of Ryan International School, Gurgaon, Pradyuman Thakur, was


found murdered in the washroom under mysterious circumstances on 8 September
2017.
• The boy was slashed in the neck with a knife twice; he died due to excessive bleeding.
• The death was mysterious as it appeared that the murder was done to hide
something else.
• After the intervention by the SC, CBI took over the probe on 23 September 2017.
• Ashok Kumar, one of the school bus conductors, allegedly confessed to the crime.
• He later told that he was forced to confess by the torture techniques of police.
• The murder triggered massive protests by parents at various branches of Ryan
across India.
• Child’s father petitioned for a CBI probe.
• CBI confirmed a Class 11 student had been detained in connection with the murder.
• CBI said that the boy killed Pradyuman to postpone the exams and parents meeting
in the school.
• However, Ashok Kumar was not given a clean chit.
• CBI absolves Ashok Kumar of murder charges, but says will continue to investigate
his role in destruction of evidence among others.
• Bus conductor Ashok Kumar claimed he was brutally tortured by Gurgaon Police.
• The investigation is still in progress.
Strengths Weaknesses
¾¾ Parliamentary form of Government: India has ¾¾ Corruption: The Indian political system is
the Westminster system of parliamentary form known for its higher corruption rates in the
of government where the power is with Council world. As per the corruption Index 2015, India
of Ministers headed by the PM of India rather stands at 85 out of 175 countries.
than President of India. ¾¾ The in-coalition politics in India causes
¾¾ Written Constitution: Indian Constitution is derailment of various development projects.
one of the detailed written constitutions of the ¾¾ Large number of pending cases: Nearly 10
world. It is know for its rigidity and flexibility. lakh pending cases in various courts of India is a
¾¾ Independent Election Commission: World serious blot on Indian political system.
Renowned-EC befittingly conducts free and fair ¾¾ Communal riots are organised to win the
Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and state elections. election and propagate the tension amongst the
¾¾ Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic minorities.
Republic: Anybody can practice its own choice ¾¾ Criminalisation of politics: The pending
in religion and state has nothing to do with it. criminal cases against many people of the major
¾¾ Universal franchise: India is the largest political parties, takes away the trust factor in
democracy in the world, with right to vote the people Indian political system.
irrespective of caste creed, sex, except age ¾¾ Rights of poor, downtrodden and marginalised
(18yrs) . sections are neglected, which are taken away by
¾¾ Indian style of competent bureaucracy so called elites of the society.
¾¾ Independent Judiciary: Role of judiciary is ¾¾ No major party and no perfect choice
independent and unbiased. It’s the 3rd arm in ¾¾ Inheritance in politics
the running country’s machinery, others are ¾¾ Politics based on caste, religion, etc.
legislature and executive. ¾¾ Businessmen in politics and politicians in
¾¾ India has a federal government, i.e. at centre and businesses.
states with defined roles. ¾¾ Maoist insurgency: By left wing extremism in
¾¾ Strong civil society many states.
¾¾ Favourable relationships with foreign powers ¾¾ Commercialisation of Politics: Politics has
like Russia, US, Japan, Germany, France, Iran, become a commercial activity with a focus on
Canada, African Union and other neighbours. making commercial gains, once the politician
¾¾ Village Panchayats: There are 250,000 + gains power.
gram panchayats in India which aid local ¾¾ Vote Buying: A politician sways voter by
administration. promises of liquor, food, clothes and money.
¾¾ Indian labour unions are well organised and ¾¾ Horse-trading: The buying of MPs is extremely
fight stringently for labour rights. deceitful to the voter as agenda/ policy is left on
¾¾ Independent Comptroller & Auditor General the table and only personal gains are achieved.
(CAG) ¾¾ Dynasty Politics: Building and retaining
¾¾ Rapidly changing political structure with newer trust in the monopoly of people belonging to a
political parties becoming more agenda based. particular family kills the concept of democracy.
¾¾ Pluralism: Multi- party system allowing ¾¾ Image building game: Opposition uses every
existence for all types of parties, from leftist to opportunity to put down efforts of the ruling
rightist; liberal; regional and religious. party, sometimes even at the cost of the nation’s
interest.
¾¾ Lack of open debates for major political
position: India can learn from Presidential
Election debates in US.
¾¾ Dirty means and personal negative remarks are
used during election compaign.
EBD_7214
Opportunities Threats
¾¾ Increased clout in the UN ¾¾ Cross border terrorist infiltration
¾¾ Persistent approach to get into NSG (Nuclear ¾¾ Territorial fight with China over Arunachal
Supplier’s Group) Pradesh and Sikkim
¾¾ e Governance ¾¾ Tension in Kashmir valley pertaining to the
¾¾ Increased favour among SAARC nations over death of local terrorist
fight against developing terrorism in Pakistan. ¾¾ Strained relations with Pakistan after surgical
¾¾ India is one of the world’s fastest emerging strike by the Indian Army.
economies. ¾¾ India witnessed 27000 cyber security threats in
¾¾ Diplomatic relations: India’s foreign policy is the first half of 2017.
the stability of Afghanistan. ¾¾ China’s building trade corridor in Pakistan
¾¾ Despite the changing global landscape, India is occupied Kashmir, strengthens China – Pak
giving aid to Afghanistan for two very traditional
bond.
reasons: diplomatic relations and commercial
¾¾ India’s savings are still remarkably low.
interests.
¾¾ Undisclosed donations to political parties.
¾¾ Another multi-faceted project for India to
¾¾ Imposing cultural ideologies by restricting
connect itself with Central Asia through
the freedom of people through bans in certain
Afghanistan is the TAPI (Turkmenistan,
Afghanistan, Pakistan and India) project, which states.
was approved in December 2015. ¾¾ Life threatening rise in the level of pollution.
¾¾ Major objective of India’s foreign relations is to ¾¾ China- Pak partnership on projects in Indian
leverage international partnerships to advance Ocean.
India’s domestic development. This includes ¾¾ Majority rule based on a particular fundamental
improving technological access, sourcing ideology.
capital, adopting best practices, gaining market ¾¾ Spreading communal hatred among different
access and securing natural resources. community segments for political gain.
¾¾ India has now begun to insert itself as a player ¾¾ Re-instigating the Sikhs for Khalistan by
in Southeast Asia, declaring its interest in Pakistan recently.
preserving freedom of navigation in the South ¾¾ Attacks on free speech and killing of media
China Sea. persons is a very severe threat to the Indian
¾¾ India intensifies ties with the Association of democracy.
Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the face of ¾¾ Majority of its workforce is very poorly educated
growing Chinese assertiveness. and lacks decent access to public healthcare.
¾¾ PM Modi will invite ASEAN heads of states or ¾¾ Dominant role of ministries in sports is
governments as Chief Guests in the Republic Day hampering the progress of players.
celebration 2018. ¾¾ Killing of people in the name of cow protection
¾¾ Self reliance in missile technology provides by so-called “COW RAKSHAKS”.
greater clout in the World
¾¾ Possession of nuclear weapon has been an
unutilised opportunity as a deterrent to war.
¾¾ Allocation of funds for physical and social
infrastructures.
¾¾ Decision of converting cities into smart cites will
help in furthering the development agenda.
¾¾ Scope for developing rural areas i.e. villages
with latest privileges.
¾¾ Increased awareness and interest of youth in
politics
¾¾ Improved strategic relations with the US and
India’s increased clout in South Asian countries
promises better return.
¾¾ Improvement in labour laws allow more
mechanisation and help business in general.
Strengths Weaknesses
¾¾ Indian economy is the 7th largest in the world, ¾¾ Rigid Land Acquisition Act.
in terms of nominal GDP and the 3rd largest in ¾¾ Rigid Bureaucracy
terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). ¾¾ Slow pace of implementation of new projects
¾¾ Youngest population as workforce ¾¾ Presence of vast industrial sickness
¾¾ Rising workforce is an asset for saving, ¾¾ Outdated labour laws and presence of too many
investment & productivity. political labour and trade union.
¾¾ Large Scope of New Investment ¾¾ Dependency of Subsidies (SSI – Small scale
¾¾ Abundance of Natural Resources Industries)
¾¾ High pool of cheap Labour force ¾¾ Implementation of GDP without practical design
¾¾ Excellent Human capital ¾¾ Inadequate and poor quality infrastructure
¾¾ Huge demand of domestic industrial goods result in cost and time delays.
¾¾ Availability of low cost skilled human resources. ¾¾ Very high percentage of workforce involved in
¾¾ Low standard of living cost agriculture which contributes to only 16% of
¾¾ Diversified nature of economy GDP
¾¾ Rapid growth of IT and BPO sector brings ¾¾ Around a quarter of a population below the
valuable foreign exchange poverty line
¾¾ 15th best economy in terms of production of ¾¾ Manufacturing sector’s contribution to GDP very
service sectors. low.
¾¾ Political stability at centre improves consumer ¾¾ Poor infrastructure facilities
and investor confidence ¾¾ Low productivity
¾¾ Liberalised FDI is one of the key factors to ¾¾ Huge population leading to scarcity of resources
improve cost of doing business and cleaned up ¾¾ Unequal distribution of wealth
legacy tax and bankruptcy laws. ¾¾ Rural-Urban divide, leading to inequality in
¾¾ Widespread banking networks in the developing living standards
world ¾¾ Heavy dependence on rainfall for irrigation
¾¾ Well-educated technocrats hampers labour productivity and crop yield
¾¾ Favoured destination for offshoring and ¾¾ Due to overcapacity and debt overhang, capital
outsourcing activities expenditures have declined in the industrial
¾¾ 4th largest start up hub in the world sector
¾¾ IT industry provides largest number of ¾¾ Public banks are using lower interest rates to
employment improve their condition, thus resulting in lower
¾¾ One of the largest number of ultra high net economic activity
worth household. ¾¾ Corporate & Banking sectors have stressed
¾¾ Bollywood makes twice the number of movies Balance sheets.
than Hollywood makes. ¾¾ Tax to GDP ratio has been stagnant at 10% for
¾¾ Large middle class and upper middle class last 5 years despite high GDP growth
income group who spend and save a lot. ¾¾ Congestion in logistics infrastructure and lack
of modernisation results in more transportation
costs and time delays
¾¾ India has one of the largest budget deficits in the
developing economics of the world. i.e. 8% of
GDP excluding subsidies
¾¾ Lack of 24×7 electricity forbids cashless
transaction
EBD_7214
Opportunities Threats
¾¾ Scope for structural reform in many business ¾¾ Heavy competition in manufacturing field from
segments China as a leading Nation
¾¾ Penetration of benefits to the lower level of ¾¾ Power crisis and the virtuous growth cycling
the population by proper implementation of manufacturing sector
MNREGA, JNNURM and other schemes ¾¾ Large informal sector, poor working condition
¾¾ Major tax reforms and rationalising direct taxes and low wages
¾¾ With programme like ‘Make In India’ and ‘Skill ¾¾ Inclusion of social (Labour) issues in trade
India’, India is poised to be a major exporter of dialogues could hamper exports (e.g., Child
merchandise and service labour)
¾¾ Scope for entry of private firms in various ¾¾ High corruption and inadequate environmental
sectors for business safety norms could affect sustainability.
¾¾ Scope for Foreign Direct investment in many ¾¾ Climate change: The second degree threat
sectors ¾¾ Corruption and political issues lead to slow
¾¾ Huge foreign exchange earning prospect in IT implementation of reforms
and ITES sector ¾¾ Pharmaceutical practices not meeting EU and US
¾¾ Huge scope for biotechnology standards could dent valuation of major players
¾¾ Huge population of Indian diaspora in foreign ¾¾ Contradiction in international trade both in
countries (NRIs) value terms and in volumes
¾¾ Area of infrastructure needs to be improved for ¾¾ Lack of proper mechanism to deal with natural
development disasters like floods, earthquake etc.
¾¾ Huge domestic market: Opportunity for MNCs ¾¾ Less investment in R & D as compared to
for sales developed nations
¾¾ Huge natural gas deposits found in India; natural ¾¾ Rising inflation, hording & black-marketing are
gas as a fuel has tremendous opportunities intense threats
¾¾ Vast forest area and diverse wildlife ¾¾ Competitive populism in federal democracy
¾¾ Huge agricultural resources, fishing, plantation ¾¾ Pay revisions, a threat for a state’s fiscal stability
crops, livestock ¾¾ International trade protectionism
¾¾ Make in India focuses on creating jobs and
enhancing skills in sectors like capital goods
and engineering, food processing, auto and auto
components, textiles and electronics etc.
¾¾ All Central Government services are being
integrated into an e-Biz single window online
portal
¾¾ The Indian MSMEs to be globally competitive
¾¾ Govt’s Initiative of creating smart cities with
modern infrastructure and digital connectivity
has potential
¾¾ Trade diversifications and expansions are
expected to improve significantly
¾¾ Legal basis of Aadhar Linkage with schemes and
Bank accounts
¾¾ Scope for labour intensive exports
Strengths Weaknesses
¾¾ Pluralism and diversity: Pluralism in religion, ¾¾ Villages are under developed due to lack of basic
beliefs, rituals and traditions, castes, Gods to necessities quality education/water/healthcare,
worship, language, dress, dances and food etc. etc.
¾¾ Melting Pot: Indian culture provides all kind ¾¾ Corruption, bribery and corporate frauds
of people and thoughts to come here and get ¾¾ 80 to 90% of India’s wealth is controlled by 10 to
melted in it. Parsis, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, 20% of rich population.
Buddhists, Jains, beside Hindus, exist in the ¾¾ Strikes, closures and unrest
same pot. ¾¾ Crime
¾¾ Celebrations in India: Everything is celebrated. ¾¾ Information & cyber insecurity
Even the death rituals are followed by good food ¾¾ Ineffective disaster response
& sweets. ¾¾ Perceived/real negative impacts on and
¾¾ Non-violence and sacrifice: Abiding by
threats to individuals, groups of individuals,
guidelines of Mahatma Gandhi to sacrifice self
communities, and societies from social changes
interest to seek long term happiness.
triggered by development related activities and
¾¾ Family Bond: The basic building block of Indian
the actions of various stakeholders.
community or nation is the family
¾¾ Inclusive of and not exclusive to issues such as
¾¾ Vibrant and World’s Largest Democracy
labour conditions, health impacts, demographic
¾¾ Highly educated, skilled, young, capable &
dynamic human resource trends and environmental sustainability.
¾¾ English speaking & analytical students ¾¾ Risks that result in an increase in poverty,
¾¾ World Class Business: Social, spiritual, political ¾¾ Inequality and dislocation of vulnerable sections
leader, professor, scientist, manager, doctor, of the society
engineer, civil servants, etc. ¾¾ Loss of livelihood disruption
¾¾ Biodiversity & traditional knowledge base ¾¾ Low female participation in labour force
¾¾ Diversity vs. Ideas: Innovation & Integration ¾¾ Lack of focus on sex education and general
¾¾ India’s strategic position at various platforms dislike towards the subject
¾¾ Range of emerging professional champions ¾¾ Plagiarism: Blatant copying of art from the
¾¾ IT & software superpower creations of other countries
¾¾ Vibrant NRI community supports Indian culture ¾¾ Loss of social and communal harmony
¾¾ Strong institutrional structure with strong ¾¾ The loss of human livelihood and life
international repute like IITs,IIMs,IISc,AIIMS etc. ¾¾ Disproportionate gender ratio
¾¾ Largest contributor to UN peacekeeping ¾¾ Prevailing caste system in rural areas
¾¾ Strong belief in spirituality and inner health: ¾¾ Improper reservation has created fractions in
Revival of yoga, ayurveda, unani, naturopathy, the society
meditations and various healing techniques ¾¾ Largely unprogressive education system
¾¾ Rich culture with indigenous music, art forms ¾¾ Malnutrition: Rapid survey on children 2013-14
etc. states that India still has more children acutely
¾¾ Actual cost of living is affordable, making India a effected from malnutrition
great tourist destination
¾¾ Lower rates of open defecation
EBD_7214
Opportunities Threats
¾¾ India can be transformed from poverty to ¾¾ Natural calamities
empowerment ¾¾ Terrorism
¾¾ Demographic dividend: 65% of India’s ¾¾ Impending threats of war with Pakistan and
population is below 35 years of age skirmishes with China affected life of border
¾¾ Strong communication network being formed people
through social media ¾¾ Pakistan’s role in influencing commotions and
¾¾ Increased internet penetration provides access agitations to bring in Kashmir unrest
to solutions for every strata of society ¾¾ Communal clashes
¾¾ Fast growing mobile base is connecting ¾¾ Food & water scarcity
every locality and population in the country ¾¾ Atmosphere of fear in the name of patriotism
and bringing opportunities to the otherwise ¾¾ Wrong communications by politicians to win
marginalised parts of the society
vote banks
¾¾ Sports: Finally becoming viable career
¾¾ Curbing the voice of writers and free thinkers
¾¾ Increasing focus on online learning education
¾¾ Love Jihad, Ghar wapsi and other acts of flaring
¾¾ Focus on the growth of infrastructure with
communal tensions across the states
metros and high speed trains
¾¾ Reservations in every sector
¾¾ India is poised to take advantage of intellectual
¾¾ VVIP culture: Preferential treatment accorded
liberalism. Majority of Indian women are non
working. They can be trained and changed into to public servants and media celebrities violates
workforce rights of common Indian citizens
¾¾ Faster access to information and news through ¾¾ Superstitions and its influence
apps helps in making quicker decisions. ¾¾ Lavish expenditure on weddings and social
¾¾ Indians’ acceptance and reliance on online functions put bindings on bride’s parents to take
market is a sign of upgrading in standard of charge of majority of wedding expenditure
living ¾¾ Marital Rape
¾¾ Free learning platforms like Khan academy, Edx, ¾¾ Alarming incidences of human trafficking
Courser, Pyoopel are revolutionary ventures that ¾¾ Moral policing
can bring huge change in the Indian academia ¾¾ Rising “Live in relationship” is a cultural threat
¾¾ India has a scope for sustainable urbanisation as to rich heritage for which India is known in the
its growth engines entire world
¾¾ Its low cost labours can be used for competitive ¾¾ Increase in blind-faith by the so called Dharm
businesses gurus/babas
¾¾ Its digital waves have potential for social ¾¾ Misuse of the internet by the youngsters
transformation
¾¾ Women potential can change family, society and
the nation
WHO’S WHO
President – Shri Ram Nath Kovind
Vice President – Shri Venkaiah Naidu
Prime Minister – Shri Narendra Modi

Portfolios of the Union Council of Ministers (As on 03.09.2017)


S.No. Portfolio Name
Prime Ministers
Shri Narendra Modi Prime Minister and also in-charge of:
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and
Pensions;
Department of Atomic Energy;
Department of Space; and
All important policy issues; and
All other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
Cabinet Ministers
1 Shri Raj Nath Singh Minister of Home Affairs.
2 Smt. Sushma Swaraj Minister of External Affairs.
3 Shri Arun Jaitley Minister of Finance; and Minister of Corporate
Affairs.
4 Shri Nitin JairamGadkari Minister of Road Transport and Highways; Minister
of Shipping; and Minister of Water Resources, River
Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
5 Shri Suresh Prabhu Minister of Commerce and Industry.
6 Shri D. V. Sadananda Gowda Minister of Statistics and Programme
Implementation.
7 Sushri Uma Bharati Minister of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
8 Shri Ramvilas Paswan Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public
Distribution.
9 Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi Minister of Women and Child Development.
10 Shri Ananthkumar Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers; and Minister of
Parliamentary Affairs.
11 Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad Minister of Law and Justice; and Minister of
Electronics and Information Technology.
12 Shri Jagat Prakash Nadda Minister of Health and Family Welfare.
13 Shri Ashok Gajapathi Raju Pusapati Minister of Civil Aviation.
14 Shri Anant Geete Minister of Heavy Industries and Public
Enterprises.
15 Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal Minister of Food Processing Industries.
16 Shri Narendra Singh Tomar Minister of Rural Development; Minister of
Panchayati Raj; and Minister of Mines.
17 Shri Chaudhary Birender Singh Minister of Steel.
18 Shri Jual Oram Minister of Tribal Affairs.
19 Shri Radha Mohan Singh Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
20 Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment.
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CA-42 WHO’S WHO
21 Smt. Smriti ZubinIrani Minister of Textiles; and Minister of Information
and Broadcasting.
22 Dr. Harsh Vardhan Minister of Science and Technology; Minister of
Earth Sciences; and Minister of Environment,
Forest and Climate Change.
23 Shri Prakash Javadekar Minister of Human Resource Development.
24 Shri Dharmendra Pradhan Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas;
and Minister of Skill Development and
Entrepreneurship.
25 Shri Piyush Goyal Minister of Railways; and Minister of Coal.
26 Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman Minister of Defence.
27 Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi Minister of Minority Affairs.

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)


1 Shri Rao Inderjit Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Planning; and Minister of State in the
Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
2 Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Labour and Employment.
3 Shri Shripad Yesso Naik Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy,
Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH).
4 Dr. Jitendra Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region;
Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office;
Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel,
Public Grievances and Pensions; Minister of State
in the Department of Atomic Energy; and Minister
of State in the Department of Space.
5 Dr. Mahesh Sharma Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Culture; and Minister of State in the
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate
Change.
6 Shri Giriraj Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
7 Shri Manoj Sinha Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Communications; and Minister of
State in the Ministry of Railways.
8 Col. Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports; and Minister
of State in the Ministry of Information and
Broadcasting.
9 Shri Raj Kumar Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Power; and
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
WHO’S WHO CA-43

10 Shri Hardeep Singh Puri Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the


Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
11 Shri Alphons Kannanthanam Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the
Ministry of Tourism; and
Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics
and Information Technology.
Ministers of State
1 Shri Vijay Goel Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary
Affairs; and
Minister of State in the Ministry of Statistics and
Programme Implementation.
2 Shri Radhakrishnan P. Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance; and
Minister of State in the Ministry of Shipping.
3 Shri S.S. Ahluwalia Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water
and Sanitation.
4 Shri Ramesh Chandappa Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water
Jigajinagi and Sanitation.
5 Shri Ramdas Athawale Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice
and Empowerment.
6 Shri Vishnu DeoSai Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel.
7 Shri Ram Kripal Yadav Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural
Development.
8 Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
9 Shri Haribhai Parthibhai Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines; and
Chaudhary Minister of State in the Ministry of Coal.
10 Shri Rajen Gohain Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.
11 General (Retd.) V. K. Singh Minister of State in the Ministry of External
Affairs.
12 Shri Parshottam Rupala Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture
and Farmers Welfare; and Minister of State in the
Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
13 Shri Krishan Pal Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice
and Empowerment.
14 Shri Jaswantsinh Sumanbhai Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
Bhabhor
15 Shri Shiv PratapShukla Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance.
16 Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and
Family Welfare.
17 Shri Sudarshan Bhagat Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
18 Shri Upendra Kushwaha Minister of State in the Ministry of Human
Resource Development.
19 Shri Kiren Rijiju Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
20 Dr. Virendra Kumar Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and
Child Development; and Minister of State in the
Ministry of Minority Affairs.
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CA-44 WHO’S WHO
21 Shri Anantkumar Hegde Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill
Development and Entrepreneurship.
22 Shri M. J. Akbar Minister of State in the Ministry of External
Affairs.
23 Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing
Industries.
24 Shri Y. S. Chowdary Minister of State in the Ministry of Science and
Technology; and Minister of State in the Ministry
of Earth Sciences.
25 Shri Jayant Sinha Minister of State in the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
26 Shri Babul Supriyo Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy
Industries and Public Enterprises.
27 Shri Vijay Sampla Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice
and Empowerment.
28 Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary
Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of
Water Resources, River Development and Ganga
Rejuvenation.
29 Shri Ajay Tamta Minister of State in the Ministry of Textiles.
30 Smt. Krishna Raj Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and
Farmers Welfare.
31 Shri Mansukh L. Mandaviya Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport
and Highways; Minister of State in the Ministry of
Shipping; and Minister of State in the Ministry of
Chemicals and Fertilizers.
32 Smt. Anupriya Patel Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and
Family Welfare.
33 Shri C.R. Chaudhary Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer
Affairs, Food and Public Distribution; and Minister
of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
34 Shri P.P. Chaudhary Minister of State in the Ministry of Law and
Justice; and Minister of State in the Ministry of
Corporate Affairs.
35 Dr. Subhash Ramrao Bhamre Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.
36 Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and
Farmers Welfare.
37 Dr. Satya Pal Singh Minister of State in the Ministry of Human
Resource Development; and Minister of State
in the Ministry of Water Resources, River
Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.

Source: http://www.pmindia.gov.in/en/news_updates/portfolios-of-the-union-council-of-
ministers-2/
WHO’S WHO CA-45

Chief Minister and Governors of States & Union Territories


State Capital Chief Minister Governor
Andhra Hyderabad N.Chandrababu Naidu E.S Lakshmi
Pradesh Narasimhan
Arunachal Itanagar Pema Khandu Dr. B. D. Mishra
Pradesh
Assam Dispur Sarbananda Sonowal Jagdish Mukhi
Bihar Patna Nitish Kumar Shri Satya Pal Malik
Chattisgarh Raipur Dr. Raman Singh Balram Dass Tandon
Goa Panaji Manohar Parrikar Mridula Sinha
Gujarat Gandhinagar Vijay Rupani Om Prakash Kohli
Haryana Chandigarh Manohar Lal Khattar Kaptan Singh Solanki
Himachal Simla Virbhadra Singh Acharya Dev Vrat
Pradesh
Jammu & Srinagar (Summer) Mehbooba Mufti Narinder Nath Vohra
Kashmir Jammu (Winter)
Jharkhand Ranchi Raghuvar Das Draupadi Murmu
Karnataka Bangalore Siddaramaiah Vajubhai Vala
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Pinarayi Vijayan P. Sathasivam
Madhya Bhopal Shivraj Singh Chouhan Om Prakash Kohli
Pradesh
Maharashtra Mumbai Devendra Fadnavis Chennamaneni
Vidyasagar Rao
Manipur Imphal N. Biren Singh Najma Heptullah
Meghalaya Shillong Dr. Mukul Sangma Ganga Prasad
Mizoram Aizawl Lal Thanhawla Nirbhay Sharma
Nagaland Kohima T R Zeliang Padmanabha
Balkrishna Acharya
Odisha Bhubaneswar Naveen Patnaik S.C. Jamir
Punjab Chandigarh Capt. Amrinder Singh Shri. VP Singh Badnore
Rajasthan Jaipur Vasundhara Raje Kalyan Singh
Sikkim Gangtok Pawan Kumar Shriniwas Dadasaheb
Chamling Patil
Tamil Nadu Chennai E. Palaniswami Thiru Banwarilal
Purohit
Telangana Hyderabad K Chandrasekhar Rao E.S Lakshmi
Narasimhan
Tripura Agartala Manik Sarkar Tathagata Roy
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Sri Yogi Adityanath Ram Naik
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CA-46 WHO’S WHO
Uttarakhand Dehradun Trivendra Singh Rawat Krishan Kant Paul
West Bengal Kolkata Mamta Benerjee Keshri Nath Tripathi
Union Capital Head Position
Territories
Andaman and Port Blair Devendra Kumar Joshi, Lieutenant Governor
Nicobar Island

Chandigarh Chandigarh V. P. Singh Badnore Administrator


Dadra and Silvassa Praful Khoda Patel Administrator
Nagar Haveli
Daman and Daman Praful Khoda Patel Administrator
Diu
Delhi Delhi Arvind Kejriwal Anil Baijal
Lakshadweep Kavaratti Farooq Khan Administrator
Puducherry Puducherry Kiran Bedi Lieutenant Governor

Important National Officials


1. Ghayurul Hasan Chairperson, NCM
2. Nand Kumar Sai Chairperson, National Commission for Scheduled
Tribe
3. Ved Prakash Chairperson, UGC
4. Prof. (dr.) Ram shankar Chairperson, National Commission for Scheduled
katheria Castes
5. H. L. Dattu Chairperson NHRC
6. Shekhar Basu Secretary to Govt. of India,Department of Atomic
Energy
7. K.N. Vyas Director, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
8. Dr. Y.V. Reddy Chairperson, 14th Finance Commission
9. Urjit Patel Governor, Reserve Bank of India
10. Ajay Tyagi Chairman, SEBI
11. Ram Sevak Sharma Chairperson, TRAI
12. Harsh Kumar Bhanwala Chairperson, NABARD
13. Ashish Bahuguna Chairperson, FSSAI
14. Shri Deepak Kumar, IAS Chairperson, National Highways Authority of India
15. A.S. Kiran Kumar Chairperson, ISRO
16. Karnal Singh Director, Enforcement Directorate
17. Prasoon Joshi Chairperson, Central Board of Film Certification
18. Mukesh Khanna Chairperson, Children’s Film Society of India
19. Vinod Vashisht Director, National Cadet Corps
20. Anita Karwal Chairperson, Central Board of Secondary Education
WHO’S WHO CA-47

21. T.S. Vijayan Chairperson, Insurance Regulatory & Development


Authority of India
22. C.K. Prasad Chairperson, Press Council of India
23. Shri R K Pachnanda Director General ITBP
24. K.K. Sharma Director General, Border Security Force
25. Vacant Solicitor General of India
26. K K Venugopal Attorney General of India
27. Justice Swatantra Chairperson, National Green Tribunal
Kumar
28. Shri Rajiv Rai Bhatnagar Director General, CRPF
29. Dr. Hrushikesh Director, NCERT
Senapaty
30. Sandeep Jajodia President, ASSOCHAM
31. Rajeev Rishi Chairman, Indian Banks Association
32. Raman Roy President, NASSCOM
33. Viveck Goenka President, Press Trust of India
34. Ashim Khurana President, Staff Selection Commission
35. Mangu Singh Director General, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
36. Ravindra Kumar Vice Chancellor, IGNOU
37. Pankaj Patel President, FICCI
38. Lalitha Kumar President, National Commission for Women
mangalam
39. CA. Nilesh S. Vikamsey President, Institute of Chartered Accountants (ICAI)
40. Dr. Girish Sahni Director General, CSIR
41. Anupam Shrivastava CEO, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
42. Prof. David R. Syiemlieh Chairman of UPSC

Heads of State Bank of India & Associates/MDs


1. Rajnish Kumar Chairperson–State Bank of India
2. Mani Palveesan MD–State Bank of Hyderabad
3. N.K. Chari State Bank of Mysore
4. MD Dibakar Mohanty State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur
5. C.R. Sasikumar State Bank of Travancore
6. SM Ramesh Rangan (MD) State Bank of Patiala
EBD_7214
CA-48 WHO’S WHO

Nationalised Banks Chairmans/CEO


1. Usha Anathasubramanian Allahabad Bank
2. Mr Dinabandhu Mohapatra Bank of India
3. P.S. Jayakumar Bank of Baroda
4. Ravindra Prabhakar Marathe Bank of Maharashtra
5. Suresh N. Patel Andhra Bank
6. Shri T. N. Manoharan (Chairman), Canara Bank
Shri Rakesh Sharma(MD & CEO)
7. Jai Kumar Garg Corporation Bank
8. Kishor Kharat Indian Bank
9. Ashwani Kumar Dena Bank
10. Mukesh Kumar Jain Oriental Bank of Commerce
11. Shri Sunil Mehta Punjab National Bank
12. Jatinderbir Singh Punjab and Sind Bank
13. R. Subramania Kumar Indian Overseas Bank
14. Melwyn Rego Syndicate Bank
15. Pawan Kumar Bajaj United Bank of India
16. Ravi Krishan Takkar UCO Bank
17. Shri. R A Sankara Narayanan Vijaya Bank
18. S.M. Swathi Bhartiya Mahila Bank
19. Mahesh Kumar Jain IDBI Bank

Chairmans of Maharatna/Navaratna Companies


1. Sanjiv Singh Indian Oil Corporation Limited
2. B.C. Tripathi Gas Authority of India Limited
3. Atul Sobti Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
4. Mr. Shashi Shanker Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
5. Gopal Singh, CMD Coal India Limited
6. Gurdeep Singh National Thermal Power Corporation
7. Shr. V. Kalyana Rama Container Corporation of India Limited
8. A.K. Mittal National Buildings Construction Corporation
9. P.K. Singh Steel Authority of India Limited
10. M. V. Gowtama Bharat Electricals Limited
11. Shri D. Rajkumar Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
12. Sanjaya Gupta Engineers India Limited
13. T. Suvama Raju Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
14. P.K. Purwar Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited
WHO’S WHO CA-49

15. Rajiv Sharma Power Finance Corporation


16. R N Nayak Power Grid Corporation
17. P. Madhusudan Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited
18. Anoop Kumar Sharma Shipping Corporation of India
19. Dr. Sarat Kumar Acharya Neyvelli Lignite Corporation Limited
20. Utpal Bora Oil India Limited
21. Rajiv Sharma Rural Electrification Corporation Limited
22. T.K. Chand National Aluminium Company Limited
23. Bharathi S. Sihag/Syedain Abbasi National Mineral Development
Corporation

Countries & their Heads

State Head of state Head of Government


Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani Abdullah Abdullah
Albania Ilir Meta Edi Rama
Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika Ahmed Ouyahia
Angola João Lourenço
Argentina Mauricio Macri
Armenia Serzh Sargsyan Karen Karapetyan
Australia Malcolm Turnbull
Austria Vacant Christian Kern
Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev Artur Rasizade
Bahrain Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
(Monarch) (Prime Minister of Bahrain)
Bangladesh Abdul Hamid Sheikh Hasina
Belarus Alexander Lukashenko Andrei Kobyakov
Belgium Philippe (King) Charles Michel
Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Tshering Tobgay
Wangchuck
Bosnia and Herzegovina Valentin Inzko
Brazil Michel Temer
Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah
Bulgaria Rumen Radev Boyko Borissov
Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza
Cambodia Norodom Sihamoni Hun Sen
Cameroon Paul Biya Philimon Yang
Canada Elizabeth II Justin Trudeau
Central African Republic Faustin-Archange Touadera Simplice Sarandji
EBD_7214
CA-50 WHO’S WHO
Chile Michelle Bachelet
Colombia Juan Manuel Santos
Congo Joseph Kabila Bruno Tshibala
(Democratic Republic)
Congo (Republic) Denis Sassou Nguesso Clament Mouamba
Costa Rica Luis Guillermo Sol’s
Croatia Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi_ Andrej Plenkovi_
Cuba Raúl Castro
Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades
Czech Republic Milo_ Zeman Bohuslav Sobotka
Denmark Margrethe II Lars Lokke Rasmussen
Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Sherif Ismail
Ethiopia Mulatu Teshome Hailemariam Desalegn
Fiji George Konrote Frank Bainimarama
Finland Sauli Niinists Juha Sipila
France Francois Hollande Edouard Philippe
Gambia Adama Barrow
Georgia Giorgi Margvelashvili Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Germany Joachim Gauck Angela Merkel
Ghana Nana Akufo-Addo
Greece Prokopis Pavlopoulos Alexis Tsipras
Grenada Elizabeth II Keith Mitchell
Guatemala Jimmy Morales
Guinea Alpha Conde Mamady Youla
Guyana David A. Granger Moses Nagamootoo
Haiti Jovenel Moise Jack Guy Lafontant
Hungary János Áder Viktor Orbion
Iceland Guðni Thorlacius Bjarni Benediktsson
Jóhannesson
India Ram Nath Kovind Narendra Modi
Indonesia Joko Widodo
Iran Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Hassan Rouhani
Iraq Fuad Masum Haider al-Abadi
Ireland Michael D. Higgins Leo Varadkar
Israel Reuven Rivlin Benjamin Netanyahu
Italy Sergio Mattarella Paolo Gentiloni
Jamaica Elizabeth II Andrew Holness
Japan Akihito Shinzo Abe
WHO’S WHO CA-51

Jordan Abdullah II Hani Al-Mulki


Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta
Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak
Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Libya Fayez al-Sarraj
Liechtenstein Hans-Adam II Adrian Hasler
Lithuania Dalia Grybauskait_ Saulius Skvernelis
Luxembourg Henri Xavier Bettel
Macedonia Gjorge Ivanov Zoran Zaev
Malaysia Muhammad V Najib Razak
Maldives Abdulla Yameen
Mauritius Ameenah Gurib Pravind Jugnauth
Mexico Enrique Pe–a Nieto
Mongolia Khaltmaagiin Battulga Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh
Morocco Mohammed VI, King Saadeddine Othmani
Mozambique Filipe Nyusi Carlos Agostinho do Rosario
Myanmar Htin Kyaw Aung San Suu Kyi
Namibia Hage Geingob Saara Kuugongelwa
Nepal Bidhya Devi Bhandari Sher Bahadur Deuba
Netherlands Willem-Alexander, King Mark Rutte
New Zealand Elizabeth II Jacinda Ardern
Nicaragua Daniel Ortega
Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
North Korea Kim Jong-un
Norway Harald V Erna Solberg
Oman Qaboos bin Said al Said
Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Palestine Mahmoud Abbas Rami Hamdallah
Panama Juan Carlos Varela
Paraguay Horacio Cartes
Peru Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Mercedes Aráoz Fernández
Philippines Rodrigo Duterte
Poland Andrzej Duda Beata Szyd.
Portugal Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Ant—nio Costa
Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin
Al Thani Khalifa Al Thani
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CA-52 WHO’S WHO
Romania Klaus Iohannis Mihai Tudose
Russia Vladimir Putin Dmitry Medvedev
Rwanda Paul Kagame Édouard Ngirente
Saudi Arabia Salman, King
Senegal Macky Sall Mohammed Dionne
Serbia Aleksandar Vučić Ana Brnabić
Singapore HALIMAH Yacob Lee Hsien Loong
Slovakia Andrej Kiska Robert Fico
Slovenia Borut Pahor Miro Cerar
Somalia Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo Hassan Ali Khayre
South Africa Jacob Zuma
South Korea Moon Jae-in Lee Nak-yeon
Spain Felipe VI Mariano Rajoy
Sri Lanka Maithripala Sirisena Ranil Wickremesinghe
Sudan Omar al-Bashir
Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf Stefan Lšfven
Switzerland 7 Presidents as head of state
Syria Bashar al-Assad Imad Khamis
Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen William Lai
Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon
Tanzania John Magufuli
Thailand Maha Vajiralongkorn Prayut Chan-o-cha
Tunisia Beji Caid Essebsi Youssef Chahed
Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan Binali Yıldırım
Turkmenistan Gurbanguly
Berdimuhamedow
Uganda Yoweri Museveni
Ukraine Petro Poroshenko Volodymyr Groysman
United Arab Emirates Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Sheikh Mohammed bin
Al Nahyan Rashid Al Maktoum
United Kingdom Elizabeth II Theresa May
United States Donald Trump
Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev Abdulla Aripov
Vatican City Pope Francis Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
Venezuela Nicolas Maduro
Vietnam Trần Đại Quang
Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr
WHO’S WHO CA-53

Zambia Edgar Lungu


Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa
(24 Nov. 2017)

Important International Officials


1. Antonio Guterres Secretary-General, United Nations Organisation
2. Hiroshi Naka Vice-President, World Bank
3. Roberto Azevedo Director-General, World Trade Organisation
4. Peter Thomson/Miroslav Lajčák President, UN General Assembly
5. Audrey Azoulay Director-General, United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
6. Christine Lagarde Managing Director, International Monetary
Fund (IMF)
7. Antony Lake Executive Director, United Nations International
Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
8. Jim Yong Kim President, World Bank
9. Ronny Abraham President, International Court of Justice (ICJ)
10. Takehiko Nakao President, Asian Development Bank
11. Thomas Bach President, International Olympic Committee
12. Robert M. Lightfoot, Jr. (acting) Adminstrator, NASA
13. Joaquín Alexander Maza Martelli President, UN Human Rights Council
14. Yukiya Amano Director-General, International Atomic Energy
Agency
15. Jens Stoltenberg Secretary-General, North Atlantic Treaty
Organisation
16. Lee Luang Minh Secretary-General, ASEAN
17. Mr. Amjad Hussain B. Sial Secretary-General, SAARC
18. The Baroness Scotland of Secretary-General, Commonwealth
Asthal/ Patricia Scotland
19. Zaheer Abbas President, International Cricket Council
20. Shashank Manohar/ Dave Chairman, International Cricket Council
Richardson
21. Philip Craven President, International Paralymic
Committee
22. Dr. Yousef bin Ahmad Secretary-General, OIC
Al-Othaimeen
23. Abdul Rahman ibn/Abdullatif Secretary-General, Gulf Cooperation Council
bin Rashid Al Zayani
24. Jose Graziano da Silva Director-General, FAO
25. Li Yong Director-General, UNIDO
26. David Beasley Head, World Food Programme
EBD_7214
BOOKS AND AUTHORS 2017
BOOK AUTHOR

The People’s President- Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam S M Khan

Veerappan : Chasing the Brigand K Vijay Kumar


The Rise of Sivagami : Book 1 of Baahubali- Before the
Anand Neelakantan
Beginning
Istanbul: A Tale of Three Cities Bettany Hughes

Age of Anger: A History of the Present Pankaj Mishra

The Golden House Salman Rushdie

4321 Paul Auster

The Massacre of Mankind Stephen Baxter

The Burrow Franz Kafka

The Last of the Tsars: Nicolas II and the Russian Revolution Robert Service

From Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds Danielc Dennett

A Woman’s Work Harriet Harman


The Islamic Enlightenment : The Modern struggle Between
Christopher de Bellaigue
Faith and Reason
Norse Mythology Neil Gaiman

The Good People Hannah Kent

The Refugees Viet Thanh Nguyen

Stranger Baby Emily Berry


Sarah Crossan and Brian
We Come Apart
Conaghan
Uncle Shawn and Almost and the Almost Entirely Unplanned
AL Kennedy
Adventure
How the Hell Did This Happen: The US Election of 2016 PJ O’Rourke

Fathers Sam Miller

The Enemy Within: A Tale of Muslim Britain Sayeeda Warsi

Lincoln in the Bardo George Saunders

Exit West Mohsin Hamid


The Exile: The stunning Inside Story of Osama Bin Laden Cathy Scott-Clark and Adrian
and AlQaeda in Flight Levy
White Tears Hari Kunzru
Books and Authors 2017 CA-55

BOOK AUTHOR

The Flaming Tresses of Draupadi Veerappa Moily

Hope in a Challenged Democracy : An Indian Narrative Dr Ashwani Kumar

Matoshree Sumitra Mahajan

Asha Parekh : The Hit Girl Khalid Mohamed

Punjab: Building the Land of Five Rivers Arjun Gaind

India’s Indira : A Centennial Tribute Anand Sharma

Metaphysics, Morals and Politics Prof. Amal Kumar Mukhopadhyay

The Quest for a World Without Hunger MS Swaminathan

Confessions of a Dying Mind : The Blind Faith of Atheism Haulian Guite

Winning like Virat: Think & Succeed like Kohli Abhirup Bhattacharya

Mann Ki Baat – A Social Revolution on Radio Uday Mahurkar

Colour Atlas of Oral Implantology Dr. Praful Bali & Lanka Mahesh

Indira Gandhi: A Life in Nature Jairam Ramesh

India Might Become an Educationally Failed Nation Ganesh Devy

President Pranab Mukherjee – A Statesman Varun Joshi

Making of A Legend Bindeshwar Pathak

President’s Lady (Pranaber Preyosi) Sangeeta Ghosh


The Future of Indian Universities: Comparative and
Professor (Dr.) C. Raj Kumar
International Perspectives
The Adivasi Will Not Dance Hansda Sowvendra Shekhar

‘I am HIV positive, so what?’ Jayanta Kalita

I Do What I Do: On Reform, Rhetoric and Resolve Raghuram Rajan

How India Sees the World: Kautilya to the 21st Century Shyam Saran

Hit Refresh Satya Nadella


Conflicts of Interest: My Journey through Inida’s Green
Sunita Narain
Movement
Life Among the Scorpions Jaya Jaitly

Chase Your Dreams Sachin Tendulkar

China’s India War: Collision Course on the Roof of the World Bertil Lintner

Dalhousie- Through My Eyes Kiran Chadha

The Shershah of Kargil: Captain Vikram Batra, P.V.C Deepak Surana

Unstoppable: My Life So Far Maria Sharapova


EBD_7214
POPULAR TERMS
Blue Whale Volte (voice over long-term evolution)
It is also known as “Blue Whale Challenge”, It is a standard for high-speed wireless
which is an online game that consists of communication for mobile phones and data
a series of tasks assigned to players by terminals. It can connect voice calls up to
administrator, to be completed over a twice as fast as compared to the current
50-day period, with the final challenge methods.
requiring the player to commit suicide.
Digital wallet
LTE (long-term evolution)
A digital wallet refers to an electronic
It is a standard for high-speed wireless device which allows an individual to make
communication for mobile devices and data electronic transactions. This can include
terminals. It increases the capacity and purchasing items on-line with a computer or
speed of Internet. using a smartphone to purchase something
at a store. An individual’s bank account can
Ransomware also be linked to the digital wallet.
It is a type of malicious software that
threatens to publish the victim’s data or Nor’wester
block access to it unless a ransom is paid. It is a local thunderstorm which occurs
While some ransomware may lock the in India and Bangladesh. It causes
system in a way which is not difficult for considerable damage to life and property
a technical person to unlock the system, and is known as Kalbaisakhi or the calamity
more advanced malware uses a technique of Baishakhi (the month of April–May in
to encrypt the victim’s files, making them India).
inaccessible, and demands a ransom
payment to decrypt them. Apple Park
Smart city It is the corporate headquarters of Apple
Inc., located at 1 Apple Park Way in
A smart city is an urban area which is Cupertino, California, U.S. It opened to
more advanced in terms of infrastructure,
employees in April 2017. Its research and
real estate or housing facility and
development facilities have over 2,000
communication. It is a city where
people.
information technology is used for essential
services. Net neutrality
Lima Net neutrality is the principle that Internet
service providers must treat all data on the
It is a tropical cyclone that origins in the
Internet the same, and not discriminate or
Atlantic Ocean and northeastern Pacific
charge differently by user, content, website,
Ocean. It caused mass destruction in Florida
in September 2017. platform, application, type of attached
equipment, or method of communication.
WannaCry
Cryptocurrency
It was a ransomware attack, which targeted
computers running the Microsoft Windows A cryptocurrency is a digital asset designed
operating system by encrypting data and to work as a medium of exchange using
demanding ransom in Bitcoin. The attack cryptography to secure the transactions, to
infected more than 230,000 computers in control the creation of additional units, and
over 150 countries. to verify the transfer of assets.
POPULAR TERMS CA-57

Bitcoin However, it may still take some years before


quantum computing becomes a reality.
Bitcoin is the name of the oldest and most
popular cryptocurrency network as well as Ping Me
the unit of currency generated by the same
Don’t “ping me,” please. Send me an email.
network. Except the fact that it is virtual (i.e.
I’m not a plastic ball.
you cannot touch it as there is no physical
form) and decentralised, bitcoin behaves Gig Economy
very much like any real currency you know.
A gig economy is an environment in which
Per Gaze temporary positions are common and
organizations contract with independent
A Google-Glass patent for an ad system that
workers for short-term engagements.
allows real-world ads to be translated into
digital behaviors. Growth Hacking
Internet Of Things Growth hacking refers to a set of both
conventional and unconventional marketing
A proposed development of the Internet
experiments that lead to growth of a
in which everyday objects have network
business. Growth hackers are marketers,
connectivity, allowing them to send and
engineers and product managers that
receive data.
specifically focus on building and engaging
Mobile Wallets the user base of a business.

Mobile wallets use near-field communication Bandwidth


(NFC) chips inside mobile smart phones and
In computing, bandwidth is the bit-rate of
tablets to transmit payment information.
available or consumed information capacity
AI (artificial intelligence) expressed typically in metric multiples of
bits per second. Variously, bandwidth may
It is the simulation of human intelligence be characterized as network bandwidth,
processes by machines, especially computer data bandwidth, or digital bandwidth.
systems. These processes include learning,
reasoning and self-correction. Omnichannel
Machine Learning Omnichannel is a cross-channel business model
that companies use to improve their customer
Type of artificial intelligence (AI) that experience. The approach has applications
provides computers with the ability to learn in healthcare, government, financial services,
without being explicitly programmed. retail and telecommunications industries, and
includes channels such as physical locations,
Quantum Computing
FAQ etc.
Quantum computers can solve much more
complex problems than classical electronic Digital Native
computers by using quantum bits (qubits) The term digital native describes a person
instead of binary digits (bits). This means that grows-up in the digital age, rather than
that the data doesn’t have to be limited acquiring familiarity with digital systems as
to two defined states any more: 0 or 1. an adult, as a digital immigrant.
EBD_7214
IMPORTANT APPOINTMENTS 2017
JANUARY
Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa - New Air Force Chief.
2nd Jan
General Bipin Rawat - the Chief of Army Staff
3rd Jan Prof David R Syiemlieh - UPSC Chairman

4th Jan Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar - Chief Justice of India

19th Jan IPS Alok Kumar Verma - Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation.

27th Jan Dr Vijay Bhatkar - Chancellor of Nalanda University

30th Jan Amulya Kumar Patnaik - Delhi Police Commissioner

FEBRUARY
14th Feb Tehmina Janjua - Pakistan’s First Women Secretary to UN

MARCH
1st Mar Nand Kumar Sai - Chairman of National Commission of Scheduled Tribes
Senior IAS officer Ajay Tyagi - SEBI Chairman
2nd Mar
J S Deepak - India’s ambassador to World Trade Organisation
14th Mar Narendra Kumar - Chairman of Central Water Commission

15th Mar N.Biren Singh- CM of Manipur

16th Mar Captain Amarinder Singh – CM of Punjab


Trivendra Singh Rawat - CM of Uttrakhand
19th Mar
Yogi Adityanath-CM of Uttar Pradesh

APRIL
5th April Raman Roy – Chairman of NASSCOM for 2017-18
Mukta Dutta Tomar – Ambassador of India to Germany
7th April
Subir Dutta – Ambassador of India to Comoros
Anuja Ravindra Dhir – First non-white judge of the old Bailey Court of
9th April
London
Vinay Shah – Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of LIC Housing
18th April
Finance Ltd
28th April Ilir Meta – New President of Albania

MAY
Braj Bihari Kumar – Chairman of the Indian Council of Social Science
2nd May
Research
Important Appointments 2017 CA-59

Sohail Mahmood – Pakistan’s High Commissioner to India


8th May
Venu Rajamony – Ambassador of India to the Kingdom of Netherlands
Moon Jae-in – President of South Korea
10th May Sanjay Mitra – Defence Secretary
Hubert Minnis – Prime Minister of the Bahamas
Vinay Mohan – Kwatra – Ambassador of India to France University
11th May
Mukul Mudgal – Chairman of FIFA Governance Committee
V K Saraswat – Chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University
12th May
Amitabh Bachchan – Ambassador for Hepatitis in South-East Asia
14th May Emmanuel Macron – President of France

16th May Pradip Kumar Amat – Speaker of Odisha Assembly

17th May Renu Satti – CEO of Paytm Payment Bank Ltd.


Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus- Director General of the World Health
23th May
Organization
25th May Anurag Tripathi – Secretary of CBSE

29th May Najma Heptulla – Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia

JUNE
2nd June Shashi Shekar Vempati – CEO of Prasar Bharti

7th June Sher Bahadur Deuba – Prime Minister of Nepal


Ramanan Ramanathan - New Head of Atal Innovation Mission, under the
15th June
government’s premier think tank NITI Aayog
K. Kasturirangan - Chairman of the committee to prepare the final draft of
26th June
the National Education Policy
27th June Sunil Kakar - New MD and CEO of IDFC Bank

JULY

3rd July K K Venugopal- New Attorney General of India

22nd July Sanjay Kothari - New Secretary to Indian President, Ram Nath Kovind

25th July Ram Nath Kovind Takes Oath As 14th President of India
Subhash Chandra Garg - India’s New Alternate Governor on the Board of
26th July
Governors of the Asian Development Bank (ADB)
28 July Sunil Subramaniam - Administrative Manager of the Indian Cricket Team

AUGUST
11th Aug Venkaiah Naidu - 13th Vice President of India
Akshay Kumar- Brand ambassador for Swachh Bharat Mission in Uttar
4th Aug
Pradesh
EBD_7214
CA-60 Important Appointments 2017
Mohammad Mustafa- Chairman and Manging Director (CMD) in Small
5th Aug
Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
9th Aug Vinay Dube- Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Jet Airways India Ltd

11th Aug Prasoon Joshi- Chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC)

11th Aug Athlete Milkha Singh- WHO Goodwill Ambassador

12th Aug Vidya Balan- Newly appointed a Member of the reconstituted Censor Board
Mamta Suri- Executive Director of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of
16th Aug
India (IBBI)
23rd Aug Ashwani Lohani- New Chairman of Railway Board
29th Aug Justice Dipak Misra- The 45th Chief Justice of India

SEPTEMBER
1st Sept Rajiv Kumar- New Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog
7th Sept Viveck Goenka- Chairman of Press Trust of India
Anita Karwal (IAS officer )- New Chairperson of Central Board of Secondary
8th Sept
Education, (CBSE)
9th Sept Sjoerd Marijne -New Coach of Indian Men’s Hockey Team
18th Sept Y.C Modi - Chief of the National Investigation Agency (NIA)

22nd Sept Balraj Joshi- New Chairman of NHPC

25th Sept Shashi Shankar- Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of ONGC

OCTOBER
4th Oct Rajnish Kumar - Chairman of State Bank of India
10th Oct Nisha Desai Biswal - New President of US India Business Council (USIBC)

11th Oct Anupam Kher - New Chairman of Film and Television Institute of India (FTII)

12th Oct Gautam Bambawale - India’s new Ambassador to China

13th Oct Yuvraj Singh - Laureus first Brand Ambassador


Dineshwar Sharma (Ex-Director of Intelligence Bureau (IB)) -Interlocutor
25th Oct
(Kashmir)
NOVEMBER
3rd Nov Kenneth Juster - US Ambassador to India

10th Nov Dalveer Bhandari - International Court of Justice

10th Nov Debjani Ghosh – Woman President Nass Com in 2018.

15th Nov Urjit Patel - Advisory Board of Bank of International Settlement

DECEMBER
2nd Dec Salil S. Parekh – CEO & MD of Infosys.
AWARDS AND HONOURS

Gallantry Awards
President Pranab Mukherjee has approved 398
Gallantry and other defence awards to personnel
of Indian armed forces on the eve of the 2017
Republic Day. These awards include two Kirti
Chakras, 12 Shaurya Chakras, three Bar 50 Sena
Medal, 91 Sena Medal, four Vayusena medals and
two Nao Sena medal.
Commanding officers of 4 and 9 Special Para
Forces have been awarded Youdh Sewa Medal for
successfully conducting a surgical strike to destroy
terror camps well inside Pakistan’s border. Col Kapil Yadav, commading officer of 9 Para and
Col Harpreet Sandhu, Commanding Officer of 4 Para got the prestigious award.
Major Rohit Suri and Prem Bahadur Resmi Nagar got the Kirti Chakra for successfully leading
a team while conducting the surgical strike that was considered a big strategic and military
success for India.
Five personnel from the two para units Lt.Col. Atul Gupta, Major D. Vinay Reddy, Major Rajat
Chandra got Shaurya Chakra.

Padma awards 2017


Padma awards were announced on 25th January, 2017 to citizens of the country in
acknowledgment of their distinguished contribution in various spheres. These awards are
conferred by the President of India at ceremonial functions which are held at Rashtrapati
Bhawan usually around March/ April every year. This year the President of India has
approved conferment of Padma Awards to 89 persons. The list comprises of 7 Padma
Vibhushan, 7 Padma Bhushan and 75 Padma Shri Awardees. 19 of the awardees are women
and the list also includes 5 persons from the category of foreigners, NRIs, PIOs and 6
posthumous awardees.

PADMA VIBHUSHAN

Sl. No Name Field State


1. Shri K J Yesudas Art-Music Kerala
2. Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev Others-Spiritualism Tamil Nadu
3. Shri Sharad Pawar Public Affairs Maharashtra
4. Shri Murli Manohar Joshi Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
EBD_7214
CA-62 AWARDS AND HONOURS

5. Prof. Udipi Ramachandra Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka

6. Late Shri Sunder Lal Patwa Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh


(Posthumous)
7. Late Shri PA Sangma Public Affairs Meghalaya
(Posthumous)

Padma Bhushan
Sl. No. Name Field State
8. Shri Vishwa Mohan Bhatt Art-Music Rajasthan
9. Prof. (Dr.) Devi Prasad Dwivedi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
10. Shri Tehemton Udwadia Medicine Maharashtra
11. Shri Ratna Sundar Maharaj Others-Spiritualism Gujarat
12. Swami Niranjana Nanda Saraswati Others-Yoga Bihar
13. H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Literature & Education Thailand
Sirindhorn (Foreigner)
14. Late Shri Cho Ramaswamy Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
(Posthumous) –Journalism

Padma Shri
Sl. No Name Field State
15. Smt. Basanti Bisht Art-Music Uttarakhand
16. Shri Chemanchery Kunhiraman Art-Dance Kerala
Nair
17. Smt. Aruna Mohanty Art-Dance Odisha
18. Smt. Bharathi Vishnuvardhan Art-Cinema Karnataka

19. Shri Sadhu Meher Art-Cinema Odisha


20. Shri T K Murthy Art-Music Tamil Nadu
21. Shri Laishram Birendrakumar Art-Music Manipur
Singh
22. Shri Krishna Ram Chaudhary Art-Music Uttar Pradesh
23. Smt. Baoa Devi Art-Painting Bihar
24. Shri Tilak Gitai Art-Painting Rajasthan
25. Dr. Prof. Aekka Yadagiri Rao Art-Sculpture Telangana
AWARDS AND HONOURS CA-63

Nobel Prize 2017


Physics:Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne, “for decisive contributions to the
LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves”
Chemistry:Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson, “for developing
Cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules
in solution
Physiology or Medicine:Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young, “for their
discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm”
Literature:Kazuo Ishiguro, for, “who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the
abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world”
Peace :International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN),”for its work to draw
attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons
and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons”
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences:Richard Thaler, for his contributions to
behavioral economics”.

74th Annual Golden Globe Awards


The 74th Annual Golden Globe Awards ceremony was organized at Beverly Hills,
California, United States (US) on January 9, 2017. Golden
Globe Awards are the annual awards that honour the best in
Motion Pictures and Television for the previous year.

The winners of various awards are as follows:


Best Motion Picture Drama: Moonlight.
Best Motion Picture Musical/Comedy: La La Land.
Best Director in Motion Picture-Drama: Damien Chazelle for La La Land.
Best Actor in Motion Picture-Drama: Casey Affleck for Manchester by the Sea.
Best Actress in Motion Picture-Drama: Isabelle Huppert for Elle.
Best Actor in Motion Picture or Musical or Comedy: Ryan Gosling for La La Land.
Best Actress in Motion Picture Musical or Comedy: Emma Stone for La La Land.
Best Actor in a Supporting role in Motion Picture: Aaron Taylor-Johnson for
Nocturnal Animals.
Best Actress in a Supporting role in Motion Picture: Viola Davis for Fences.
Best Original Score Motion Picture: Justin Hurwitz for the La La Land.
Best Original Song: “City of Stars” (Justin Hurwitz, Pasek & Paul) for the La La Land.
Best Animated Feature Film: Zootopia.
Best Foreign Language Film: Elle (France).
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CA-64 AWARDS AND HONOURS

National Sports Awards 2017


The Union Govt. bestows National sports awards every year to recognize and reward
excellence in sports in India.
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award
Recipients : ShriDevendra (Para Athlete), ShriSardar Singh (Hockey)
Dronacharya Award
Recipients: Late Dr. R. Gandhi (Athletics), Mr. HeeraNandKataria (Kabaddi), Mr. G.S.S.V.
Prasad (Badminton (Lifetime)), Mr. BrijBhushanMohanty (Boxing (Lifetime)), Mr. P.A.
Raphel (Hockey (Lifetime)), Mr. SanjoyChakraverthy (Shooting (Lifetime)), Mr. RoshanLal
(Wrestling (Lifetime)).
Arjuna Award
Recipients: Ms. V.J. Surekha (Archery), Ms. KhushbirKaur (Athletics), Mr. Arokia Rajiv
(Athletics), Ms. Prasanthi Singh (Basketball), Sub. LaishramDebendro Singh (Boxing), Mr.
CheteshwarPujara (Cricket), Ms. HarmanpreetKaur (Cricket), Ms. OinamBembem Devi
(Football), Mr. S.S.P. Chawrasia (Golf), Mr. S.V. Sunil (Hockey), Mr. Jasvir Singh (Kabaddi),
Mr. P. N. Prakash (Shooting), Mr. A. Amalraj (Table Tennis), Mr. SakethMyneni (Tennis), Mr.
SatyawartKadian (Wrestling), Mr. Mariyappan (Para-Athlete), Mr. Varun Singh Bhati (Para-
Athlete).
Dhyan Chand Award
Recipients: Mr. Bhupender Singh (Athletics), Mr. Syed Shahid Hakim (Football), Ms.
SumaraiTete (Hockey).

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy


Recipient: Punjabi University, Patiala.

26th Saraswati Samman 2016


Renowned bilingual writer Mahabaleshwar Sail has been honoured in March 2017 for his
Konkani novel “Hawthan”. The award is instituted by KK Birla Foundation in 1991 for literary
work.

OSCARS 2017
The Academy Awards, known as the Oscars, is a group of
twenty-four artistic and technical honors given annually by
the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS),
to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as
assessed by the Academy’s voting membership.
AWARDS AND HONOURS CA-65

The List of Winners


Actor in a Leading Role Documentary (Feature)
• Casey Affleck—Manchester by the Sea • O.J: Made in America—Ezra Edelman
and Caroline Waterlow
Actor in Supporting Role
Documentary (Short Subject)
• Mahershala Ali—Moonlight
• The White Helmets—Orlando von
Actress in a Leading role Einsiedel and Joanna Natasegara
• Emma Stone—La La Land Foreign Language film
Actress in a Supporting Role • The Salesman—Iran
• Viola Davis—Fences Makeup and Hairstyling
• Suicide Squad—Alessandro Bertolazzi,
Animated Feature Film
Giorgio Gregorini and Christopher
• Zootopia—Byron Howard, Rich Moore
Nelson
and Clark Spencer Music (Original Score)
Cinematography • La La Land – Justin Hurwitz
• La La Land—Linus Sandgren Music (Original Song)
Costume Design • City of stars—La La Land; Music by
Justin Hurwitz, Lyric by Benj Pasek and
• Fantastic Beast and Where To find
Justin Paul
Them—Colleen Atwood
Best Picture
Directing
• Moonlight—Adele Romanski, Dede
• La La Land—Damien Chazelle
Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner, Producers

70th BAFTA 2017


Best Film: La La Land Best Documentary: 13th
Best British Film in 2017: I, Daniel Blake Best Animated Film: Kubo and the Two
Best Director: Damien Chazelle, La La Land Strings
Best Actor: Casey Affleck, Manchester by the
Sea
Best Actress: Emma Stone, La La Land
Best Supporting Actor: Dev Patel, Lion
Best Supporting Actress: Viola Davis, Fences
Best Film Not in the English Language: Son of
Saul
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CA-66 AWARDS AND HONOURS

59th GRAMMY 2017


Album of the year: 25 – Adele
Record of the year: Hello – Adele
Song of the year: Hello – Adele
Best rap album: Chance the Rapper – Coloring Book
Best urban contemporary album: Beyonce – Lemonade
Best country solo performance: My Church – Maren Morris
Best rock song: Blackstar – David Bowie
Best pop duo/group performance: Stressed Out – Twenty One
Pilots
Best new artist: Chance the Rapper
Best pop vocal album: Adele – 25
Best pop solo performance: Hello – Adele

Man Booker International Prize 2017


Israeli author David Grossman wins the Man Booker International Prize for his novel “A
Horse Walks Into A Bar’’. David Grossman becomes the first Israeli author to win the Man
Booker International Prize.

Miss World 2017


Manushi Chhillar made India proud by winning the much-coveted title of Miss World 2017
held in Sanya city, China, on 18th November. It took 17 years for India to win back the
Miss World title, which was last bagged by Priyanka Chopra in 2000. She was previously
crowned Femina Miss India 2017 on 25 June 2017.

64th National Awards


Category Film Awardee/s
Best FEATURE FILM Kasaav (Marathi) Director: Sumitra Bhave & Sunil
Sukthankar
Producer: Sumittra Bhave, Sunil
Sukthankar & Mohan Aghase
Best Popular Film Providing Sathamanam Bhavathi Director: Satish Vagesna
Wholesome Entertainment (Telugu) Producer: V.Venkata Ramana
Reddy
Best Film On Social Issues Pink (Hindi) Director: Anniruddha Roy
Chowdhury
Producer: Rashmi Sharma Films
Best Film On Environment Loktak Lairembee Director & Producer: Haoban
Conservation/Preservation (Manipuri) Paban Kumar
AWARDS AND HONOURS CA-67

Best Children’s Film Dhanak (Hindi) Director: Nagesh Kukunoor


Producer: Drishyam Film
Best Animation Film Mahayodha Rama Director: Rohit Vaid
(Hindi) Producer: Contiloe Pictures Pvt.
Ltd.
Animator: Deepak S.V

Nargis Dutt Award For Best Dikehow Banat Palaax Director: Sanjib Sabha Pandit
Feature Film On National (Assamese) Producer: Canvascope
Integration
Best Actor Rustom (Hindi) Akshay Kumar

Best Actress Minnaminungu-the Surabhi C.M


Firefly (Malayalam)

Dada Saheb Phalka Award 2017


President Pranab Mukherjee on 3 May 2017 conferred filmmaker
Kasinadhuni Viswanath with the prestigious Dada Saheb Phalke Award
at the 64th National Film Awards ceremony in New Delhi Viswanath is
the 48th recipient of the Phalke award, the highest recognition in Indian
cinema.

Jnanpith Award
Sankha Ghosh, eminent Bengali poet and literary critic was honoured with the
52nd Jnanpith Award on 27 April 2017 by President Pranab Mukherjee in New
Delhi.

Pulitzer Prizes 2017


2017 Pulitzer Prizes for Journalism

Category Winners

Public Service New York Daily News and ProPublica:


Breaking News Reporting Staff of East Bay Times, Oakland, CA for relentless coverage
of the “Ghost Ship” fire,

Investigative Reporting Eric Eyre of Charleston Gazette-Mail, Charleston, WV

Explanatory Reporting International Consortium of Investigative Journalists,


McClatchy and Miami Herald was awarded for the Panama
Papers.
Local Reporting The Salt Lake Tribune Staff
EBD_7214
CA-68 AWARDS AND HONOURS
National Reporting David A. Fahrenthold of The Washington Post

International Reporting The New York Times Staff was awarded for agenda-setting
reporting on Vladimir Putin’s efforts to project Russia’s
power abroad.

Feature Writing C. J. Chivers of The New York Times for a piece on a


Marine’s postwar descent into violence.

Commentary Peggy Noonan of The Wall Street Journal

Criticism Hilton Als of The New Yorker

Editorial Writing Art Cullen of The Storm Lake Times, Storm Lake, IA:

Editorial Cartooning Jim Morin of Miami Herald was awarded for editorial
cartoons.

Breaking News Daniel Berehulak, freelance photographer was awarded


Photography for powerful story telling through images published in The
New York Times showing the callous disregard for human
life in the Philippine.
Feature Photography E. Jason Wambsgans of Chicago Tribune

2017 Pulitzer prizes for Letters, Drama & Music


Category Winners

Fiction The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead


(Doubleday)
Drama Sweat by Lynn Nottage

History Blood in the Water: The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and
Its Legacy, by Heather Ann Thompson (Pantheon).

Biography or The Return: Fathers, Sons and the Land in Between, by


Autobiography Hisham Matar (Random House)

Poetry Olio, by Tyehimba Jess (Wave Books)

General Nonfiction Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City, by


Matthew Desmond (Crown)
Music Angel’s Bone, by Du Yun
AWARDS AND HONOURS CA-69

Ramon Magsaysay Awards 2017


Yoshiaki Ishizawa (Japan) For devoting 50 years of his life
to help preserve Cambodia’s Angkor Wat

Gethsie Shanmugam (Sri Lanka) For braving bombings and


threats in conflict zones to counsel war widows, orphans
and children traumatized by three decades of civil war in
Sri Lanka
Abdon Nababan (Indonesia)For leading an effort to return state-controlled forest land
to indigenous communities and give them a political voice and identity
Tony Tay (Singapore) For organizing volunteers in 1983 to cook and distribute free
meal packs every day to feed the elderly, migrant workers and low-income families
Ms. Lilia de Lima (Philippines) For opening of hundreds of job-generating export
processing zones across the country as head of the Philippine Economic Zone
Authority
Philippine Educational Theatre Association (Philippines) Philippine Educational
Theatre Association founded in 1967 with an aim of creating a national theatre but
served as an artistic platform for protest

IIFA Awards 2017


Category Winner
Best Film : Neerja
Best Actor – Male : Shahid Kapoor (Udta Punjab)
Best Actor – Female : Alia Bhatt (Udta Punjab)
Best Director : Aniruddha Roy Chowdhury (Pink)
EBD_7214
OBITUARIES-2017
Name of the Person
K V Pusa, former NPCC President and Minister.
J John Berger, renowned English art critic.

A Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan, renowned Sitar player.

Prof Gangmumei Kamei, eminent Indian historian.


N
Om Puri, veteran Actor.
U
Akbar Hashemi Rajsanjani, former Iranian President.
A Roman Herzog, former President of Germany.

R KM Philip, former MRF Director.

Zhou Youguang, father of Pinyin Writing system.


Y
Eugene Cernan, last man to walk on moon.

Naqsh Lyallpuri, eminent Urdu Poet and Lyricist.

F E Ahamed, former Union Minister.

E Asim Basu, eminent theatre personality.


B Bano Qudsia, renowned Urdu author.

R Joginder singh, former CBI Director.

U Sir Peter Mansfield, Nobel laureate.

A Al Jarreau, Grammy winner singer.

R Altamas Kabir, former Chief Justice of India.

Y P Shiv Shankar, former Union Minister.

Tarak Mehta, eminent Gujarati writer.

Haji Abdul Salam, Congress Rajya Sabha MP.

M Syed Shahabuddin, former IFS and MP.

A Thomas E Starzl, pioneer liver surgeon

R Rabi Ray, former Lok sabha Speaker.

C Kalika Prasad Bhattacharjee, eminent Bengali singer


H Arvind Padmanabhan, veteran journalist.

Diphan, Malyalam filmmaker

Dev Raj Sikka, a renowned Meterologist.


OBITUARIES 2017 CA-71

James Rosenquist, Pop art pioneer

Don Rickles, Comedian

Ikutaro Kakehashi, Roland founder and music pioneer


A
Emma Morano, World’s oldest person (117 years, 137 days)
P
R Rasa Popov, Legendary writer for children
I Kishori Amonkar, Hindustani classical vocalist
L
Munshi Venu, Malayalam actor

Vinod Khanna, Bollywood actor and Politician

Begum Yaman K. Khan, Sufi legend

Roger Moore, James Bond Actor

Ustad Raees Khan, Sitar Player

Leila Seth, First Woman Chief Justice of Delhi High Court

M Capt Chand Roop, Dronacharya Awardee and Wrestler

A Arjun Tulshiram Pawar, Former Maharashtra Minister, Kalwan


Y Reema Lagoo, Actress

Kiran Ashar, Former Cricketer

Dasari Narayana Rao, Veteran Filmmaker

Paravathamma Rajkumar, Film Producer

J
Swami Atmasthananda, Ramakrishna Mission Chief
U
N
Dasari Narayana Rao, Filmmaker
E
Madhukar Toradmal, Veteran Marathi actor writer

Sumita Sanyal , Veteran actress

Water expert Mohanakrishnan


J
U Mangesh Tendulkar, Renowned cartoonist

L Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo


Y Martin Landau, Oscar-winning Actor

Veteran scientist Professor Yash Pal

Inder Kumar, Bollywood Actor


EBD_7214
CA-72 OBITUARIES 2017
Acclaimed Bollywood actor Sitaram Panchal
A Poet and writer Vijay Nambisan
U
G US comedian Jerry Lewis.

Former Manipur CM Rishang Keishing.

Noted poet and activist Shirish Pai


S
E Frank Vincent, American actor
P
Tom Alter, Veteran actor.

Kundan Shah, Veteran director, best known for the dark comedy
O
C Girija Devi, Classical Singer
T
PunathilKunjabdulla, Malyalam writer

Kunwar Narayan, eminent Hindi poet and Jnanpith awardee

N Malcolm Young, the legendary guitarist and founder of AC/DC


O
V David Bruce Cassidy, an American actor, singer, songwriter, and guitarist

Pandit Narayan Rao Bodas, Hindustani classical music exponent

D
E Veteran actor Shashi Kapoor passed away at 79.
C
Character of a Person is Shaped by
Religion or Education

G
ood character is more to be praised to any form of experience. This particular
than outstanding talent. Most talents model shows that the relationships between
character and religion very small but
are to some extent a gift. Good
significant.
character, by contrast, is not given to us. We
Next we can bring up the Attachment Theory.
have to build it piece by piece by thought,
This theory states that the infants form solid
choice, courage and determination.
relationships with their caretakers. Now
(John Luther)
depending on the type of relationship they
Character, unlike personality is a bit more
have had, their future will be determined. Now
detailed to understand. In the field of
psychology and psychiatry, the term character if the caretaker has been religious, then the
is referred to as a collection or amalgamation personality of the child will also get influenced
of behavioural traits. Character is generally by regular observation of the caretaker. For
revealed only in specific circumstances. Just example, in a particular study related to this
like personality is somehow determined by
hereditary, character on the other hand can theory, a secure relationship with one’s parents
be said to be based on one’s beliefs, one’s will lead to a similar bond with the concept of
environment and one’s involvement with god. But at the same time the converse of this
elements of the society like education and might not be true. That is if a person has an
religion.
insecure relationship with their parents might
Impact of Religion have a concrete relationship with god.
Religious liberty is the phenomena that The Object Relations theory is another key
everyone is free to follow and discuss the theory that helps determine the relationship
religion. This promotes a sense of diversity people have with religion. It states that
among the people and teaches them to be
children associate common emotions with
more tolerant and understanding of each
other. There is a possibility that the character objects that matter to them in some way. For
of a person gets determined by how they are example good can be related to their mother
introduced to the concept of god when they and bad can be related to a criminal and so
are young. It is not a new idea to study the
on. Therefore, this theory helps us understand
idea of impact on religion through the lens of
human character as it has dated to times long that the idea of god is created by a person
ago. based on their needs and desires. Even though
According to the five factor model,(that this particular theory is highly theoretical,
talks about traits like extraversion, negative it does offer a sense of understanding the
emotions, motivation and goal oriented relation between character and religion.
behaviour, quality of a person’s social
interactions and the ability to appreciate Role of Education
new experiences) religiosity was related
Martin Luther King Jr. famously remarked:
to agreeableness. Apart from these, there
“The function of education is to teach one
was a minimal but a positive association
to think intensively and to think critically.
with extraversion. It also showed a small
Intelligence plus character - that is the goal of
but concrete relationship with openness
true education”
EBD_7214
CA-74 CHARACTER OF A PERSON IS SHAPED BY RELIGION OR EDUCATION
In order to understand the relation between personality. Healthy habits are formed faster,
education and character we can take a look at good manners are embossed into the person.
some quotes by famous and successful people. Memory skills, thinking skills and cognitive
One particular quote that appears a lot in functions improve a lot that results in a better
various articles and books is ‘education gives character. Another aspect of education is that
knowledge. This is not only true but gaining it helps the person learn the importance of
knowledge brings out confidence in a person good hygiene and keeps them neat and clean
and fit.
which then becomes a part of their character.
Without knowledge you would be sitting in Discipline is often something that is
a group but not being able to participate. overlooked by many and people underestimate
Education and the process of studying keeps its importance. But this trait is something that
your brain sharp and therefore helps give is highly important. Discipline differentiates
the person a strong personality. This helps
between a man and a beast. This is the reason
because in a social situation it is your character
that talks and not the words that you use. that children are taught ethics in school as
a part of education. A strong character is
The stronger your involvement with education
is, the better you will be in any situation. therefore the result of discipline and a person
Education teaches a person to be more ethical. with such a character gets all the praise and
This helps you be more empathetic, more appreciation.
understanding and more active in your daily A strong character is dependent on many
life. It leads to a character that remains stable things including religion and education.
even in times of turmoil. Another advantage These two factors can lead to making or
of education is the fact that it will lead to a
breaking down a strong character in a human
lot of opportunities that put you in various
being. Without good education or a proper
situations. These situations will help build
your personality and in turn your character. upbringing through religion, it is almost next to
impossible for a person to develop a character
Education helps the character follow a code
of conduct. It teaches you how to talk to that can easily fit well into the modern society.
people, how to treat them, how to behave, Also one should realize that only a strong
how to walk, how to sit and almost everything character can survive in the world where there
that can be associated with the concept of is always a battle for the survival of the fittest.
Money Laundering: Its Genesis and
Impacts on World Economy

M
oney laundering is indeed a global In China, merchants around 2000 BCE
phenomenon which undermines the would hide their wealth from emperors who
economic and political stability of would simply take it from them and banish
nations. However, it has been apparent that them. In addition to hiding it, they would
developing countries have been more exposed also move invest it in businesses in remote
and vulnerable to its exploits. The recently hinterlands or even outside China.
published Panama Papers and Paradise Over the ages, many rulers and states
Papers exemplify the extent to which global imposed rules that would take wealth from
their citizens. This economic coercion led to
elites are themselves involved in this criminal
the development of offshore banking and tax
nexus which paralyses the entire economic
evasion. One of the enduring methods into the
system and leads to social and economic transition towards modernity has been the use
coercion of the underprivileged. of parallel banking or Informal value transfer
In a number of legal and regulatory systems such as hawala that allowed people
systems, however, the term money laundering to move money out of the country avoiding
has become synonymous with other forms state scrutiny.
of  financial and business crime, involving In the 20th century, the seizing of wealth
things such as securities, digital currencies, again became popular when it was seen as an
credit cards, and traditional currency, additional crime prevention tool.
including  terrorism financing and evasion
PROCESS AND METHODS
of  international sanctions.  Most anti-money
Money obtained from crimes such
laundering laws fail to differentiate between
money laundering and terrorism financing as drug trafficking, extortion, inside trading
when regulating the financial system. Some and illegal gambling  is termed as “dirty”
countries define money laundering as hiding and needs to be“cleaned” to appear to have
sources of money, either intentionally or by been derived from legal activities, so that
merely using financial systems or services that regulatory authorities deal with it without
do not identify or track origin or destination. suspicion. Money laundering involves three
major steps: The first step involves depositing
HISTORY cash into the financial system by some means
The concept of money laundering goes (“placement”); the second step involves
back to ancient times and is closely linked carrying out complex/multiple financial
with the development of money and banking transactions to camouflage the illegal source
system. Money laundering is first seen with of the cash (“layering”); and the final step is
individuals hiding wealth from the rulers associated with acquiring wealth generated
to avoid taxation or  confiscation or a from the complex transactions related to the
combination of both.
illicit funds (“integration”).
EBD_7214
CA-76 MONEY LAUNDERING: ITS GENESIS AND IMPACTS ON ....

PLACEMENT LAYERING

A TYPICAL Dirty Money Integrates


Collection of Dirty Money MONEY into the Financial System

LAUNDERING Payment by
Transfer on the Bank
Account of Company"X"
SCHEME "Y" of False
Invoice to
Company "X"

Loan to
Company Wire
"Y" Transfer
Purchase of
Luxury Assets Financial
Investments Commercial/Industrial Offshore
INTEGRATION
Investments Bank

Given below is a list of common methods a  foreign direct investment, exempt from
through which money may be laundered, taxation.
depending upon the nature of operations – Bank capture: In this case, the money
Structuring: Also known as smurfing, launderer may buy a controlling interest in
this method involves placing through breaking a bank located in a jurisdiction with weak or
cash into smaller deposits of money, in order to unenforceable money laundering controls,
defeat suspicion of money laundering. The key and then transfer money through the bank
component of this method is to use smaller without scrutiny.
amounts of cash to purchase money orders, Real estate: Under this method,
and then ultimately deposit those, again in an individual purchases real estate
small amounts. with illegal proceeds and then sells the
Shell companies and trusts: Under property. Alternatively, the seller may
this method the actual owners of the agree to a contract that underrepresents
company are disguised through shell the value of the property, and receive
firms and trusts. Corporate assets of these unaccounted monetary proceeds to make
organisations, depending on the jurisdiction, up the difference.
need not disclose their true owner. Tax amnesties: Unreported assets and
Bulk cash smuggling: This method cash is legalised through depositing it in tax
involves smuggling cash physically to havens.
another country or tax jurisdiction and GLOBAL ECONOMIC IMPACT
depositing it in a financial institution,
such as an offshore bank, with greater bank According to the International Monetary
secrecy and less rigorous tax enforcement. Fund (IMF), global money laundering accounts
Trade-based laundering: This for 2-5 percent of world GDP. Accordingto the
involves under-valuing or over- IMF estimate, between $800 billion and $2
valuing company  assets/transactions to trillion dollars is laundered per year (2016).
disguise the movement of money. A country-wise comparison of contribution
Round-tripping: Here, money is to International Money Laundering (IML)
deposited in a foreign corporation offshore, as a percentage of National GDP (2016) is
controlled by the owners, preferably in a tax as follows - Canada 2.0%, Russia 2.7%,Italy
haven where minimal records are kept, and 3.0%, UK 3.1%, France 3.2%, Africa 3.2%,
then shipped back to the home country as Germany 4.4% and India 4.8%.
MONEY LAUNDERING: ITS GENESIS AND IMPACTS ON .... CA-77

Advances in technology, expansion of community with a complex and dynamic


trade and financial systems, increased global challenge. This colossal problem requires
travel, and the development of international cooperation on a global scale in order to
organized crime have all contributed to the reduce the ability of criminals to launder
International nexus of laundering funds. their proceeds and carry out their criminal
The health of financial institutions and the activities, as it undermines the authority of
political stability of countries clearly depend legal regulatory authorities and incur heavy
on authorities controlling the infiltration of economic losses.
their markets by illicit money, deposited by In more recent times, anti-money
criminals (money launderers). laundering legislations across the world are
The United Nations, in their Declaration seen as a response to the financial crime
and Action Plan against Money Laundering, of terrorist financing as both activities usually
made this threat very clear by stating- “The involve the transmission of funds through the
laundering of money derived from illicit financial system although money laundering
drug trafficking, as well as from other is concerned with the source of funds, and
serious crimes, has become a global threat terrorist financing relates to where the
to the integrity and stability of financial money is going.
and trading systems.”
INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS
Developing countries like India are much
more prone to economic downturn due to Anti-money laundering guidelines came
money laundering as it shrinks the size of into prominence internationally due to the
the “legal economy” and results in large- formation of the  Financial Action Task
scale evasion of much needed taxes to be Force (FATF) (1989) and the promulgation of
used for social welfare and infrastructural the international framework of anti-money
development projects. laundering standards. These standards
There are significant social costs and began to have more relevance in 2000 and
risks associated with money laundering as 2001, after FATF began a process to publicly
it allows drug traffickers, smugglers, and identify countries that had inefficient/
other criminals to expand their operations. unenforceable anti-money laundering laws
This drives up the cost of government due and lacked the will to engage in international
to the increased need for law-enforcement. cooperative efforts. This process was
Overall, money laundering presents the world famouslytermed as “name and shame”.
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CA-78 TOP 20

TOP 20 RICH PEOPLE IN INDIA-2017


Rank Name Net Worth (in Origin of Wealth
billion $)

1 Mukesh Ambani 38 .0 Petrochemicals, oil & gas

2 Azim Premji 19.0 Software services

3 Hinduja Family 18.4 Diversified

4 Lakshmi Mittal 16.5 Steel

5 Pallonji Mistry 16 .0 Construction

6 Godrej Family 14.2 Diversified

7 Shiv Nadar 13.6 Software services

8 Kumar Birla 12.6 Commodities

9 Dilip Shanghvi 12.1 Pharmaceuticals

10 Gautam Adani 11.0 Commodities, infrastructure

11 Uday Kotak 10.5 Banking

12 Radhakishan Damani 9.3 Investments, retail

13 Cyrus Poonawalla 8.9 Vaccines

14 Sunil Mittal 8.3 Telecom

15 Bajaj Family 8.0 Motorcycles

16 Savitri Jindal 7.5 Steel

17 Vikram Lal 7.2 Motorcycles

18 Benu Gopal Bangur 6.6 Cement

19 Acharya Balkrishna 6.55 Consumer goods

Anand Ashok Chand


20 6.5 Consumer goods
Burman
Source: https://www.forbes.com/india-billionaires/list
TOP 20 CA-79

TOP 20 RICH PEOPLE IN THE WORLD-2017

Rank Name Net Worth Origin of Wealth Country of Citizenship


(in billion $)
1 Bill Gates 86 Microsoft United States
2 Warren Buffett 75.6 Berkshire Hathaway United States
3 Jeff Bezos 72.8 Amazon.com United States
4 Amancio Ortega 71.3 Zara Spain
5 Mark Zuckerberg 56.0 Facebook United States
6 Carlos Slim Helu 54.5 Telecom Mexico
7 Larry Ellison 52.2 Software United States
8 Charles Koch 48.3 Diversified United States
9 David Koch 48.3 Diversified United States
10 Michael Bloomberg 47.5 Bloomberg  LP United States
11 Bernard Arnault 41.5 LVMH France
12 Larry Page 40.7 Google United States
13 Sergey Brin 39.8 Google United States
14 Liliane Bettencourt 39.5 L’Oreal France
15 S. Robson Walton 34.1 Wal-Mart United States
16 Jim Walton 34.0 Wal-Mart United States
17 Alice Walton 33.8 Wal-Mart United States
18 Wang Jianlin 31.3 Real estate China
19 Li Ka-shing 31.2 Diversified Hong Kong
20 Sheldon Adelson 30.4 Casinos United States
Source: https://www.forbes.com/billionaires/list/#version:static

TOP 20 UNIVERSITIES OF INDIA-2017


Rank Name Est. City Weighted
Score
1 Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 1909 Bengaluru 83.28
2 Jawaharlal Nehru University 1969 New Delhi 61.53
3 Banaras Hindu University 1916 Varanasi 58.92
4 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific 1989 Karnataka 58.25
Research
5 Jadavpur University 1955 Kolkata 57.32
6 Anna University 1978 Chennai 56.50
7 University of Hyderabad 1974 Hyderabad 56.30
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CA-80 TOP 20
8 University of Delhi 1922 Delhi 55.37
9 Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham 2003 Coimbatore 54.70
10 Savitribai Phule Pune University 1948 Pune 52.81
11 Aligarh Muslim University 1920 Aligarh 52.74
12 Jamia Millia Islamia 1920 New Delhi 51.75
13 Birla Institute of Technology & Science -Pilani 1964 Pilani 51.46
14 Vellore Institute of Technology 1984 Vellore 51.36
15 Indian Agricultural Research Institute 1905 New Delhi 51.20
16 Calcutta University 1857 Kolkata 48.90
17 Tamil Nadu Agricultural University 1971 Coimbatore 48.84
18 Manipal Academy of Higher Education-Manipal 1953 Manipal 48.27
19 Visva Bharati 1921 Kolkata 48.19
20 Siksha`O` Anusandhan University 1996 Bhubaneswar 46.72

TOP 20 UNIVERSITIES OF THE WORLD-2017


Rank Name Country
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology  United States
2 Stanford University United States
3 Harvard University United States
4 California Institute of Technology United States
5 University of Cambridge  United Kingdom
6 Oxford University United Kingdom
7 University College London  United Kingdom
8 Imperial College London United Kingdom
9 University of Chicago United States
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology  Switzerland 
11 Nanyang Technological University Singapore 
12 École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland
13 Princeton University United States
14 Cornell University United States
15 National University of Singapore Singapore
16 Yale University United States
17 Johns Hopkins University  United States
18 Columbia University United States
19 University of Pennsylvania  United States
20 Australian National University Australia
Source: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/0/revealed-worlds-top-20-universities
TOP 20 CA-81

TOP 20 COMPANIES OF INDIA-2017


Rank Business Houses Industry Market Value
(in billion $)
1 Reliance Industries Conglomerate  71.2
2 State Bank of India Banking 36.5
3 Oil & Natural Gas Petroleum 37.2
4 HDFC Bank Banking 57.4
5 Indian Oil Petroleum 30.0
6 Tata Motors Automobile 24.9
7 ICICI Bank Banking 25.1
8 HDFC Banking 36.7
9 Tata Consultancy Services Software 74.5
10 NTPC Power 21.5
11 Axis Bank Banking 18.8
12 Larsen & Toubro Conglomerate  24.5
13 Bharti Airtel Telecom 21.4
14 Coal India Mining 27.4
15 Bharat Petroleum Petroleum 15.2
16 Infosys Software 34.9
17 Kotak Mahindra Bank Banking 25.1
18 Wipro Software 19.4
19 ITC Diversified  51.6
20 Hindustan Petroleum Petroleum 8.5
Source: https://www.forbes.com/global2000/list/#country:India

TOP 20 COMPANIES OF THE WORLD-2017

Rank Business House Industry Country Market Value


(in billion $)
1 ICBC Banking China 229.8
2 China Construction Bank Banking China 200.5
3 Berkshire Hathaway Conglomerate  United States 409.9
4 JPMorgan Chase Banking United States 306.6
5 Wells Fargo Banking United States 274.4
6 Agricultural Bank of China Banking China 149.2
7 Bank of America Banking United States 231.9
8 Bank of China Banking China 141.3
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CA-82 TOP 20
9 Apple Consumer Electronics United States 752
10 Toyota Motor Automobile Japan 171.9
11 AT&T Telecommunications  United States 249.3
12 Citigroup Banking  United States 164.3
13 ExxonMobil Oil & gas  United States 343.2
14 General Electric Conglomerate  United States 261.2
15 Samsung Electronics Consumer Electronics South Korea 254.3
16 Ping An Insurance Group Insurance China 100.8
17 Wal-Mart Stores Retail United States 221.1
18 Verizon Communications Telecommunications  United States 198.4
19 Microsoft IT United States 507.5
20 Royal Dutch Shell Oil & gas  Netherlands 228.8
Source: https://www.forbes.com/global2000/list/#header:position

TOP 20 SPORTS PERSONALITIES OF INDIA-2017

SI. Name Sport Achievement


1 Virat Kohli Cricket With 293 runs, record for most runs by
an Indian captain in test match
2 Ritu Phogat Wrestling Silver under 23 in World Wrestling
3 Deepa Malik Athletics Silver in 2016 Summer Paralympics
4 Sania Mirza Tennis Padma Bhushan
5 PV Sindhu Badminton Silver in Rio 2016
6 Sakshi Malik Wrestling Bronze in 2016 Summer Olympics
7 Pullela Gopichand Badminton Padma Bhushan
8 Varun Singh Bhati High Jump Bronze in Rio Paralympics 2016
9 Mithali Raj Cricket 7 consecutive 50s in ODIs
10 Saina Nehwal Badminton  Padma Bhushan
11 Mary Kom Boxing Gold in Asian Games 2014
12 Abhinav Bindra Shooting Gold in 2008 Beijing Olympic Games
13 Sunil Chhetri Football AIFF Player of the Year award
14 Pankaj Advani Snooker  Padma Shri
15 Leander Paes Tennis  Padma Bhushan
16 Viswanathan Anand Chess Padma Vibhushan
17 Sushil Kumar Wrestling Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
18 Jeev Milkha Singh Golf Padma Shri
19 Dipa Karmakar Gymnastics Arjuna Award
20 Mirabai Chanu Weightlifting Gold at World Weightlifting
With Concrete Foundation for Jobs,
Just Wait & Watch

W
hen a major emerging economy like has an annual turnover less than US$3.9
India grows at a tremendous pace, million.
it would be expected to create jobs Some of the key points under this scheme
for various sectors as well. Unfortunately, this are as follows -
has not been the case for India. Between 2009 ŒŒ Single Window Clearance even with the
and 2016, India’s cumulative GDP growth help of a mobile application,
was 5.4%, however, its net job growth was ŒŒ Rs. 10,000 crore allocated as funds for
only 3%. There were only about 15 million promotion of this scheme through aid,
new jobs. ŒŒ Significant reduction in patent registration
This giant disconnect might even worsen fee,
ŒŒ Modified and more friendly Bankruptcy
in the coming decade. Assuming an annual
Code to ensure a smooth and easy,
growth rate of 7%, 2025 will witness India’s
90-day exit window,
GDP doubling to 5 trillion US dollars. This
ŒŒ Freedom from tax inspections for
will add over 80 million new job seekers.
3 years,
This figure is well above the expected
ŒŒ Freedom from Capital Gain Tax for
cumulative job creation rate which stands at
3 years,
30 million new jobs – mostly informal.
ŒŒ Freedom from tax in profits for 3 years,
India therefore felt a need to prioritise
ŒŒ Self-certification compliance facility,
policies that closely link GDP growth with
ŒŒ Innovation hub to be built under Atal
job growth. Recent initiatives like ‘Startup
Innovation Mission.
India’, ‘Skill India’ and ‘Make in India’ are These advantages can be availed by all
thus seen as crucial steps, commenced by the start-ups as defined under the scheme to
government to enhance the availability of job set up ventures that promote the spirit of
vacancies and train tentative job seekers for entrepreneurship and most importantly,
future employment opportunities. result in large - scale job creation.
Startup India Initiative Skill India Initiative
Startup India campaign is based on an Skill India is a campaign, again launched
action plan aimed at promoting financing by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on July 15,
through banks, for start-up ventures to 2015. Under this scheme, the government
boost entrepreneurship with an ultimate aims to train over 40 crore (400 million)
aim of job creation. The campaign was first people in India by enhancing different skill
announced by Prime Minister Narendra sets by 2022. It has also clubbed together,
Modi in his 15 August 2015 address from various initiatives of the government,
the Red Fort and focused on restricting the launched previously, like the “National Skill
role of States in policy domain and to get Development Mission”, “National Policy for
rid of “license raj” and hindrances like land Skill Development and Entrepreneurship,
permissions, foreign investment proposal, 2015”, “Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas
environmental clearances, etc. A startup has Yojana (PMKVY)” and the “Skill Loan
also been defined under this scheme as an scheme”.
entity that is headquartered in India which In the budget for the fiscal year 2017-
was opened less than seven years ago and 18, the Government has decided to set
EBD_7214
CA-84 WITH CONCRETE FOUNDATION FOR JOBS, JUST WAIT...
aside Rs. 17,000 crore, the highest ever web portal were released. Before the initiative
allocation to the skill development sector, was launched, foreign equity caps in various
in order to provide a significant boost to sectors had been relaxed. The application for
the initiative. At least ten million Indian youth licenses was made available online and the
enter the country’s workforce each year, but validity of licenses was increased to three
the employment creation in India has not been years. Various other norms and procedures
able to absorb this massive influx, making were also relaxed.
increasing unemployment a severe problem. Between September 2014 and November
Through this allocation, the government aims 2015, the Government received Rs.1.20 lakh
to generate greater employment and provide crore (US$19 billion) worth of proposals
livelihood to the millions of young Indians who from companies interested in manufacturing
enter the working age each year. electronics in India.
The Government has also invested Rs. Some of major events and achievements
4000 crore in the launch of SANKALP (Skill under the Make in India scheme are as follows:
Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness ŒŒ Spice Group announced an investment of
for Livelihood Promotion Programme), US$ 75.16 million to set up a manufacturing
another big initiative under the Skill India unit for budget smartphones in Uttar
Mission. Through this, the Government Pradesh in January 2015.
aims at providing market relevant training ŒŒ In February 2015, Chinese technology
to 350 million young Indians. Apart from company Huawei made a huge investment
this, the Government would set up 100 India of US$ 170 million to set up a new
International Skills Centres that will conduct Research and Development (R&D) campus
advanced courses in foreign languages to help in Bengaluru.
youngsters prepare for overseas jobs. ŒŒ Magneti Marelli, Fiat’s component
Japan’s private sector is to set up six manufacturing arm, started operations for
institutes of manufacturing to train 30,000 manufacturing of Electronic Fuel Injection
people over 10 years in Japanese style (EFI) in a joint venture with leading
manufacturing skills and practices, primarily two-wheeler maker Hero MotoCorp in
in the rural areas. Japan-India Institute of Manesar in 2015.
Manufacturing (JIM) and Japanese Endowed ŒŒ Hyundai Heavy Industries partnered
Courses (JEC) in engineering colleges with Hindustan Shipyard Limited,
designated by Japanese companies in India in Visakhapatnam to build naval ships in
cooperation between the public and private India in May 2015.
sectors would be established for this purpose. ŒŒ In June 2015, French aircraft
manufacturing company LH Aviation
Make in India Programme signed an MoU with Indian OIS Advanced
Make in India is an initiative launched Technologies (OIS-AT) for manufacturing
by the Government to encourage national, of tactical drones in India.
as well as multi-national companies to ŒŒ Xiaomi launched local manufacturing in
manufacture their products in India. Visakhapatnam in August 2015 under the
The country emerged, after initiation of the Make in India program.
programme in 2015, as the top destination ŒŒ India moved up 12 places and reached
globally for foreign direct investment (FDI), 130th position in “Ease of Doing Business
surpassing the United States of America as 2016” report, (World Bank) in October
well as the People’s Republic of China. In 2015, 2015.
India received a total of US$63 billion in FDI, ŒŒ India moved up one position to become
which has consistently grown ever since. the world’s seventh most valued ‘nation
The major objective behind the initiative is brand’, with an increase of 32 per cent in
to focus on job creation and skill enhancement its brand value to $2.1 billion in 2015.
in 25 sectors of the economy. Under the ŒŒ In 2015, General Electric Transport and
initiative, brochures on the 25 sectors and a Alstom won contracts worth a combined
WITH CONCRETE FOUNDATION FOR JOBS, JUST WAIT... CA-85

US$ 5.6 billion to supply India’s railways ŒŒ In May 2017, the Union Cabinet approved
with new locomotives. the construction of 10 indigenously-
ŒŒ Japan announced setting up a US$ 12 built Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors
billion fund for ‘Make in India’ related (PHWRs). The contracts for the reactors
projects. This investment will be in the worth Rs.70,000 crore (US$11 billion)
name of ‘Japan-India Make in India Special
will be awarded to Indian companies.
Finance Facility.’
The Construction of 10 reactors with a
ŒŒ India achieved its highest ever FDI inflow
for a financial year in 2015-16 at US$ 55.5 combined nuclear capacity of 7 GW is also
billion in March 2016. expected to create almost 33,400 direct
ŒŒ India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and indirect jobs.
growth rate for quarter January-March An economy’s strength mainly lies in
stood at 7.9 per cent as against 7.3% in the number of jobs it effectively supports.
October – December in May 2016. Employment generates income, which in turn
ŒŒ India jumped 16 places to the 39th rank leads to greater investment and diversified
in 2016 from last year’s 55th position in spending patterns of a nation. The changing job
the Global Competitiveness Index, highest
scenario in India has enabled policymakers,
jump of any country for this year.
government bodies and corporates to work
ŒŒ 28 Schneider Electric have 28 factories,
R&D centers and further plans to invest together in perfect harmony towards achieving
around US$ 110 million in the coming the same goal – creation of employment for
five years and will keep investing in skill masses and consequently, overall development
development. of the country.
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India-Japan Relations: Changing
Dynamics to Combat China

O
ctober 2017 witnessed two major with China over Kashmir, Tibet and Arunachal
events in East Asia that represented Pradesh. The common mistrust with China
continuity rather than change. In the amidst a multipolar global environment
first case, President Xi Jinping of the People’s has brought the two “like-minded” Asian
Republic of China consolidated his power at democracies closer in tackling the growing
the 17th people’s Congress by including might of the world’s largest economy.
his ideology of “Socialism with Chinese
Characteristics for a New Era”. The second Political and Economic Relations
event relates to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s In the year 2006, Prime Minister
resounding victory in the Japanese General Manmohan Singh and Shinzo Abe agreed to
Elections against a backdrop of rising upgrade the relationship between India and
tensions with North Korea and disputes Japan to the level of “Global and Strategic
with China regarding maritime boundaries, Partnership”. This was further enhanced
amongst a range of other issues. in 2014 to the level of “Special Strategic
In an era where the west is clearly moving partnership” involving cooperation in areas
away from China owing to its nexus with North such as economy, commerce, financial services,
Korea, India holds a strategic and prominent health, road transport, shipping, education,
position in both Asian and global discourse. etc. A Comprehensive Economic Partnership
Despite imposing sanctions against India after Agreement (CEPA) between Japan and India
the 1998 Pokharan tests, Japan re-emerged as was also inked to tackle the multilateral “One
its major economic and strategic partner in Belt One Road” initiative led by China.
the changing multipolar world. India, being On 25 May 2017, India launched a vision
an emerging global power and the world’s document for Asia-Africa Growth Corridor
largest democracy also looks keen to embrace (AAGC) at the African Development Bank
its other Asian democratic giant in an attempt meeting in Gujarat. This vision document
to balance the growing Chinese hegemony in has been developed with consultations from
the sensitive Indo-Pacific region and beyond. The Research and Information System for
Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, the
Background Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and
Both India and Japan share a common East Asia (ERIA), Jakarta, and Institute of
hostility with China as per their own national Developing Economies (IDE-JETRO), Tokyo.
experience. While India has engaged itself The main objective of this project entails Indo-
with China in a series of conflicts including Japanese collaboration to develop quality
the 1962 and recently, the Doklam incident, infrastructure in Africa, supplemented by
Japan on the other hand, has a deeper hostility digital connectivity, which would facilitate
towards China owing to the infamous ‘Rape of the realization of the idea of creating a free
Nanking’ incident during the Second World and open Indo-Pacific Region. The AAGC will
War Issues such as Chinese claims over the prioritise development projects in health and
entire South China Sea and over the disputed pharmaceuticals, agriculture and agro-
Senkaku Islands dominate contemporary processing, disaster management and skill
discourse. India also has major land disputes enhancement.
INDIA-JAPAN RELATIONS: CHANGING DYNAMICS... CA-87

Unlike OBOR, now known as BRI Defence and Security Cooperation


(Belt and Road Initiative), which aims at Both India and Japan have outstanding
development of both land corridor (new
border disputes with China. This has resulted
economic belt) and ocean (maritime Silk
in the creation of an informal strategic
Road), the AAGC will essentially be a sea
alliance between the two countries which
corridor linking Africa with India and
is sometimes extended to include maritime
other countries of South-East Asia and
powers like Australia and the United States
Oceania by rediscovering ancient sea-routes
(Malabar Naval Exercise). In response to
and creating new sea corridors that will link
China’s “pivot to Asia” strategy, India’s “Act
ports in Jamnagar (Gujarat) with Djibouti in
East Policy”represents the waning influence
the Gulf of Eden and the ports of Mombasa
of China in the Pacific-Indian Ocean region.
and Zanzibar to ports near Madurai;
Shinzo Abe’s enthusiasm to reform the
Kolkata will be linked to Sittwe port in
Japanese Self-defence Forces is also aimed at
Myanmar, thereby attempting to counter
balancing the growing Chinese hegemony in
the ever (Links:https://i.ytimg.com/vi/LH-
the continent. The two countries hold regular
rPgIzpZQ/maxresdefault.jpg;https://goo.gl/
cross-military exercises to simulate a befitting
images/s84GqA)
response to any possible Chinese aggression.
growing Chinese economic hegemony in
Despite China’s opposition to India’s
the extended Indian Ocean region.
entry in the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group
Apart from collaborating with India in
and the UN Security Council as a permanent
ambitious economic projects such as the AAGC,
member, blocking India’s bid to get Jaish-e-
Japan has also been India’s highest donor
since 1958 and is committed to assisting India Mohammad chief Masood Azhar declared as
in building the “Delhi-Mumbai Industrial a UN-designated terrorist and the most recent
Corridor” and the “Ahmedabad-Mumbai Doklam stand-off, India’s response has been
High-speed Rail Corridor”. For the latter, moderate and matured as it tries to maintain
Japan has provided India financial assistance a healthy relationship with its neighbours
at a token interest rate of 0.1% which is despite disagreements and conflicts. At the
to be paid back over a period spanning 50 same time, its engagement with allies such
years. Investments from India’s key strategic as Japan is central to preserving the national
and economic partner Japan have made a sovereignty for the smaller Asian, freedom of
quantum leap during 2016-17 which reached navigation in the seas and a healthy economic
$ 4.7 billion registering a substantial jump environment globally. Both Japan and India
from $ 2.6 billion during 2015-16.  As the have been responsible powers in ensuring that
two forebears of democracy in the continent, the code of conduct in areas relating to security
India and Japan hold regular annual summits and international trade are maintained and
to enhance bilateral cooperation and balance seek to counter the ever growing influence of
an ever-aggressive China. the Asian giant.
EBD_7214
NATIONAL EVENTS DIARY 2017

JANUARY
1st January Lt. General Bipin Rawat takes over as Army chief.
2nd January Somdev Devvraman announces retirement from professional tennis.
David R. Syiemlieh appointed as Chairman of UPSC.
Shradha, Ghyansham Kumar Devansh chosen for 2016 Bhartiya Jnanpith
3rd January Nevlekhan Award.

India successfully test -fires Agni-IV missile.


Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar sworn in as 44th Chief Justice of India.
4th January PM Narendra Modi announces pan-India expansion of Maternity Benefit
Program
Mahendra Singh Dhoni steps down as Captain of India ODI and T20I teams.
5th January
Eminent historian Prof Gangmumei Kamei passes away.
Suresh Nagrajan appointed as Chief Financial Officer of Reliance Power.
7th January
Virat Kohli named Team India ODI, T20 Captain.
Sania Mirza wins 2017 Brisbane International women’s Double Title.
9th January
New Ginger species with medicinal properties discovered in Andaman.
Maharashtra Government launches India’s largest WiFi service.
Kalyan Krishnamurthy appointed as CEO of Flipkart.
10th January
IIT Kharagpur alumnus Parag Havaldar wins Technical Oscar Award.
Gujarat government announces India’s first student startup and Innovation
12th January
Policy.
Rajesh Gopinathan appointed as CEO of TCS.
13th January
India successfully test-fires Guided PINAKA rocket.
14th January India’s first solar power boat launched in Kerala
Kiran Doshi’s book titled, “Jinnah often came to our House” won 2016 Hindu
16th January
prize.
18th January India becomes Associate member of CERN.
Alok Kumar Verma appointed as CBI Director.
20th January Manipur’s Karang became India’s first cashless island.

Dharamshala declared as second capital of Himachal Pradesh.


Saina Nehwal wins 2017 Malaysia Masters Grand Prix Gold.
23rd January
Delhi Airport wins Corporate Social Responsibility Award in aviation sector.
29th January Dr. Vijay Bhatkar appointed as Chancellor of Nalanda University.
Amulya Kumar Patnaik appointed as Delhi Police Commissioner.
ISRO successfully test Cryogenic Engine for Upper stage of GSLV Mk III.
30th January
PV Sindhu, Sameer Verma won Syed Modi international Badminton
Championship titles.
Dushayant Chautala appointed as President of Table Tennis Federation of
31st January
India.
National Events Diary 2017 CA-89

FEBRUARY
1st February Rajasthan and Telangana win e-gov awards
5th February NITI AYOG CEO Amitabh Kant launches India Innovation Index.
Elections in Five Poll-bound states to be held between 4th February and
3rd February
March 8, 2017.
Arunachal Pradesh becomes the first north east state to implement e-cabinet
9th February
solution.
12th Sand Artist Sudarshan’s new sand castle creates Guinness World Record.
February
India’s first elementary school inaugurated on Manipur’s Loktak Lake.
14th
Indian Tabla player Sandeep Das wins 2017 Grammy award for Best Global
February
Music.
15th ISRO successfully launches 104 satellites.
February
Norman Isaac becomes first Indian to be FIBA’s Technical Delegate
16th
February
Palaniswami sworn in as new Tamil Nadu Chief Minister.
17th Union Ministry of Health &Welfare Presented Kayakalp Award 2016-17.
February
20th Barren Island, India’s only live volcano, active again.
February
28th Railway Ministry launches Antyodaya Express and Humsafar Express.
February
MARCH
Nand Kumar Sai assumes charge as Chairman of National Commission on
1st March
Scheduled Tribes.
J S Deepak named as India’s Ambassador to World Trade Organisation.
2nd March Jitu Rai wins gold in 50m Pistol at ISSF World Cup.
P K Purwar appointed as Chairman and Managing director of MTNL.
Andhra Pradesh Cabinet accepts naming of Tirupati Airport as “Sri
3rd March
Venkateshwara Airport”.
6th March World’s oldest serving aircraft carrier INS Viraat decommissioned.
8th March President Pranab Mukherjee presents Nari shakti Puraskar 2016.
PM Narendra Modi presents Swachh Shakti Awards 2017 to Women
9th March
sarpanch.
Mohan Bhagwat awarded honorary Doctor of Science degree.
Assembly election results declared in 5 states - UP, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Goa,
11th March Manipur
BJP wins in Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand , Congress emerges the largest party
in Punjab
NTPC launches India’s largest floating solar panel PV Plant at RGCCPP,
Kayamkulam, Kerala
15th March Manohar Parrikar sworn in as Goa’s Chief Minister.
Nongthombam Biren Singh sworn in as Chief Minister of Manipur.
Shiv Shankar Prasad Chawrasia won 2017 Indian Open Golf title.
EBD_7214
CA-90 National Events Diary 2017
16th March Captain Amarinder Singh sworn in as Chief Minister of Punjab.
Bibhu Prasad Kanungo appointed as Deputy Governor of RBI.
Dalai Lama inaugurated the International Buddhist Conference in Bihar.
17th March
Sachin Tendulkar appointed as UNICEF Ambassador for ICC Women’s World
Cup 2017.
18th March World’s oldest red algae fossil found in India.
Trivendra Singh Rawat sworn in as Uttarakhand Chief Ministry.
19th March
Yogi Adityanath sworn in as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Renowned Meteorologist, Dev Raj Sikka Passes away.
20th March
Justice Navanithi Prasad Singh sworn in as Kerala HC Chief Justice.
21st March Tamil Nadu wins Vijay Hazare Trophy.
22nd March Major Amendments to Finance Bill, 2017

APRIL
SBI merged with its 4 associate banks and the Bharatiya Mahila Bank
1st April
creating one of the top 50 banks in the world.
Leander Paes and Adil Shamasdin win Men’s Doubles title at Torneo
2nd April
Internacional Challenger Leon.
B P Kanungo takes over as Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India; The
3rd April Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore ranks as the top in the annual
Best National University Rankings released by the HRD ministry.
4th April Kolkata gets India’s first bio-gas bus with flat Re 1 fare.
5th April Raman Roy is new NASSCOM chairman for 2017-2018.
6th April Parliament clears decks for GST rollout from July 1

64th National Film Awards – 2017 announced; Sonam Kapoor (Neerja) and
7th April
Akshay Kumar (Rustom) declared best actress and actor respectively.
National Clean Ganga Mission sanctioned under the Namami Gange
8th April
Programms.
Indian-origin Anuja Ravindra Dhir becomes first non-white judge at London
9th April
Court.
Lok Sabha passes the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2016; Kulbhushan
10th April Jadhav sentenced to death in Pakistan; Parliament passes Constitution
(Scheduled Castes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2017.
Uttar Pradesh government scraps Samajwadi Pension Scheme; Parliament
11th April
passes HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2017
Union Cabinet approves setting up of Indian Institute of Petroleum and
12th April
Energy at Visakhapatnam.
13th April President Pranab Mukherjee gives assent to four GST related legislations.
14th April PM Narendra Modi launches BHIM-Aadhaar Pay app.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi lays the foundation stone of Phase-II (Link
17th April
2) of the Sauni Irrigation Scheme.
Government banned red beacons on all VIP vehicles including PM’s,
19th April emergency services exempted Union Cabinet approved to introduce
Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill 2017 in Parliament.
21th April RBI signs a memorandum of understanding with Bank of Guyana.
NITI Aayog presented a glimpse of ‘India 2031-32: Vision, Strategy and
23rd April
Action Agenda’.
National Events Diary 2017 CA-91

24th April Manpreet Kaur wins shot put gold at Asian Grand Prix Athletics Meet.

Central Government unveils a draft model law ‘Agricultural Produce and


25th April
Livestock Marketing Act, 2017’.
Mumbai Port Trust announces plan to construct India’s first sea ropeway
26th April to connect Mumbai and Elephanta Island; North East India’s largest
information technology hub has been inaugurated in Tripura.
Veteran actor Vinod Khanna passes away; PM Narendra Modi launches UDAN
27th April scheme, flags off first UDAN flight on Shimla-Delhi route; India successfully test-fires
Agni-III ballistic missile; President conferred Jnanpith Award to poet Sankha Ghosh.
T K K Krishna Kumar appointed as Coca-Cola India President; Chhattisgarh
28th April passes State GST Bill, becomes fifth state to adopt tax reform law; Pankaj Advani
wins silver at the Asian Snooker Championship at Doha, Qatar.
PM Modi releases 23 volumes of Vachana of Basavanna and other saints on
29th April
social reformer’s birth anniversary.
MAY
SAARC satellite set for lift-off: All nations in the grouping except Pakistan to
1st May
benefit
Government notifies the Seventh Pay Commission for serving military per-
3rd May
sonnel.
Akshay Kumar has been chosen for the best actor award for hindi movie,
3rd May
Rustom, in National Film Awards 2017.
4th May Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and Japan on Railway Safety.

5th May India placed at 100th sport in FIFA ranking after 21 years.

7th May Facebook launches Express Wi-Fi in India.

India organizes a festival in Egypt to mark Tagore’s birth anniversary; Bharti


8th May
Airtel and Ola cabs tie-up to offer integrated digital services.
9th May India elected as the President of UN-Habitat for 3rd time after 1998 and 2007.

India is replacing Maitri, its research station in Antarctica, in the next 3 to 4


10th May
years.
India celebrates National Technology Day, 2017, in the remembrance of first
11th May
among the five successful nuclear tests in Pokharan in 1998.
Election Commission launches a “National Contact Center” to address
12th May
complaints and queries of citizens.
13th May V.K. Saraswat appointed as chancellor of JNU, succeeds Kasturirangan.

Government launches Pneumococcal Conjugate against Pneumonia to


15th May
further down the child mortality.
West Bengal government makes Bengali mandatory in all schools including
16th May
private English medium schools.
17th May Elephant Census begins in Karnataka, last done in 2012.

BSNL inks agreements with Facebook and MobiKwik in order to popularize


18th May
the internet and its value added services among its customers.
Scientists at IIT Delhi develop the device ‘Nasofilters’ capable of restricting
19th May
up to 95% of dust and air pollutants.
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CA-92 National Events Diary 2017
The GST Council headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley finalises a 4-slab
20th May service tax structure at the rates of 5, 12,18 and 28 per cent as against the
single rate of 15% levied on all taxable services.
NASA names new bacteria discovered on the filters of the International Space
22nd May Station, ISS, as Solibacillus kalamii to honour the late president Dr A P J Abdul
Kalam.
Haulianlal Guite publishes “Confessions of a Dying Mind: The Blind Faith of
23rd May
Atheism”, the world’s first philosophical novel for God.
Swachh Bharat App Launched enabling visitors to report garbage on the
24th May
premises of the ASI monuments across the country.
Ravichandran Ashwin wins the International Cricketer of the Year Award at
25th May
the CEAT Cricket Rating (CCR) International Awards 2017.
Google’s vice-president for South East Asia and India, Rajan Anandan
26th May appointed as the new chairman of Internet and Mobile Association of India
(IAMAI).
India’s first Electric Mass Mobility System launched in Nagpur, fully owned
27th May
by cab aggregator Ola.
29th May Tropical cyclone “Mora” to intensify over Bay of Bengal.

Darwaza Band Campaign launched in Maharashtra to promote toilet use and


30th May
freedom from open defecation across the villages.
Scientists at IIT Kharagpur come up with a new technology known as ‘soil-
31st May to-soil’ manufacturing technology for manufacturing cheaper, quicker and
pollution-free.

JUNE
Haryana Cabinet approves extension of Metro rail from Delhi to Sonepat;
1st June
Union Government launches web platfrom INAM-Prot.
Prithvi - II missile successfully test-fired; R-com Aircel merged wireless
2nd June
company to be called Aircom.
Sai Praneeth clinches 2017 Thailand Open Grand prix Gold; India
successfully test-fired 1st all weather tracked missile QR-SAM at Chandipur
4th June
in Odisha; Telangana becomes 1st Indian state to launch pension for single
woman.
ISRO launches India’s heaviest satellite using launch vehicle GSLV Mark III
5th June D1; India signs loan agreement with World Bank for Assam Citizen Centric
service Delivery project
India signs an agreement to provide $ 318 million line of credit to Sri Lanka
6th June for development of its railway-sector; Union Government launches skill for
Life, Save a Life Initiative.
Union Cabinet approves MOU between India and South Korea for export
7th June credit of USD 9 billion, India’s Presidential Election 2017 to be held on 17
July, RBI releases second Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement 2017-18.
India and the United Nations Office for South. Cooperation (UNOSSC) launch
8th June
partnership fund to promote Sustainable Development Goals.
Ministry of AYUSH inaugurates 2nd National Health Editors Conference on
9th June
Yoga.
Maharashtra CM Fadnavis announces formation of committee to look into
10th June
farmers demand; NITI Aayog launches SATH Programme.
National Events Diary 2017 CA-93

Union Government launches Tele Law to provide legal aid in rural areas via
11th June
video conferening; GST Council reduces GST rates of 66 items.
12th June IRDA takes over management of Sahara India Life Insurance Company.
RBI issues new batch of `500 notes with inset letter A; The European Union
13th June (EU) releases remaining 25 million Euros of its grant for primary, secondary
education in India; DRDO successfully test fires anti-tank Nag missile
Union Cabinet approves proposal to introduce. Financial Resolution and
14th June Deposit Insurance Bill 2017; Union Cabinet approves MoU between India
and Palestine on agriculture cooperation.
IOC, BPCL, HPCL sign agreement to set up USD 30 billion refinery; India
15th June re-elected to United Nations Economic and Social council; Yeshe Dorjee
Thongshi as chosen for Bhupen Hazarika Award 2017.
16th June Switzerland ratifies automatic exchange of information with India.
17th June PM Narendra Modi inaugurates Kochi Metro.
19th June India renominates Dalveer Bhandari to the International Court of Justice.

JULY
Goods and Services Tax, India's biggest tax reform in 70 years of
1st July
independence, launched.
SC allows women to abort 26-week foetus due to abnormalities; India
3rd July
successfully test-fires short-range surface-to-air missile QR-SAM.
J&K assembly passes GST resolution for implementation; India’s tough anti-
5th July
hijacking law comes into force.
India’s first university only for Dalit students to come up in Hyderabad by
7th July
2018.
7 pilgrims killed, 16 injured during Amaranth Yatra in terror attack in
10th July Jammu and Kashmir's Anantnag; FM launches a new tax payer service
module ‘Aaykar Setu’
Major landslide occurred in Arunachal Pradesh. 14 people died, many
11th July
injured.
Railways launch RailCloud to optimise server management, resources ;
12th July
Mithali Raj creates history, becomes leading run-getter in Women’s ODIs.
13th July NGT declares ‘No-Development Zone’ near river Ganga.

Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu inducts First DEMU Train with Solar powered
14th July Coaches into service of the Nation; Centre, UP govt sign MoU for opening
AIIMS in Gorakhpur.
3 terrorist of Jaish e Mohammad shot dead in Tral of Jammu & Kashmir by
15th July
Indian militant.
16th July 16 Amaranth devotees killed in a bus accident in Jammu and Kashmir.

BJP led NDA declared Venkai naidu as their candidate for Vice - President
17th July
election.
Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment)
18th July Bill, 2017 introduced in Lok Sabha ;Congress protests against Madhur
Bhandarkar's film Indu Sarkar based on 1975 Emergency in India.
Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill,
19th July
2017 introduced in Lok Sabha.
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CA-94 National Events Diary 2017
Ram Nath Kovind won the 2017 Indian presidential election with 65.65%
20th July votes against Meira Kumar, the presidential candidate of the opposition; The
5th North East Connectivity Summit- 2018 to be held in Arunachal Pradesh.
Arun Jaitley launches Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana pension scheme
with 8 pct fixed rate; Arun Jaitley releases National Trade Facilitation Action
21st July
Plan; Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill,
2017 passed in Lok Sabha
23rd July UP govt launches free power connection scheme for BPL families

FM Arun Jaitley introduces bill to amend Banking Regulation Act; Govt


withdraws Architects (amendment) bill 2010 from Rajya Sabha; Govt
launches ‘SHe-Box’ portal for Sexual harassment; Rajya Sabha passes
24th July
Footwear Design and Development Institute (FDDI) Bill, 2017 and The
Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims), 2017; Central
Road Fund (Amendment) Bill, 2017 introduced in LS.
Nifty creates history, breaches 10,000 mark; Madras HC makes Vande
25th July
Mataram mandatory in Schools, Govt. and Private Offices.
Nitish Kumar (JDU) resigns as Chief Minister of Bihar, breaking the coalition
with RJD & Indian National Congress; Collection of Statistics (Amendment)
26th July Bill 2017 passed in Rajya Sabha; NITSER (National Institutes of Technology,
Science Education and Research) Amendment Bill was passed in Rajya
Sabha.
NDA (JDU + BJP) led government comes in Bihar. Nitish Kumar and
Sushil Modi took oath as chief minister and Deputy chief minister of
27th July Bihar respectively; PM Modi inaugurated APJ Abdul Kalam’s memorial in
Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu ; Lok Sabha passes Companies (Amendment)
Bill, 2016, a bill to amend the Companies Act, 2013.
Rajya Sabha passes the Indian Institute of Information Technology (Public
28th July
Private Partnership) Bill 2017.
29th July Mixing of liquid nitrogen with drinks, food banned in Haryana.
Central Government has launched ‘Swachh Survekshan-2018’ to rank all
the 4,041 cities and towns of the country; Government enters into nine
31st July Unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (UAPAs) with Indian taxpayers;
Constitution 123rd Amendment Bill, 2017 for setting up of a National
Commission for Backward Classes was passed by Rajya Sabha.

AUGUST
Lashkar-E-Taiba militant Abu Dujana Shot dead by Army In Jammu and
1st August
Kashmir; Mukesh Ambani becomes Asia’s 2nd richest person.
Sanjay Baru appointed as Secretary General of FICCI; Lok Sabha passed two
2nd August bills, CGST (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Bill, 2017 and IGST (Extension
to Jammu and Kashmir) Bill, 2017
Railways have launched to provide the ‘buy tickets now and pay later’ service
3rd August
for any Express trains.
Govt launched “AGRI UDAAN”- Food and Agribusiness Accelerator 2.0
4th August
program; Rahul Gandhi's car attacked by mob in Banaskatha in Gujarat.
Venkaiah Naidu won the Indian vice-presidential election with 67.89%
votes against Gopalkrishna Gandhi the opposition candidate; Rajiv Kumar
5th August
appointed the new Vice Chairman of the NITI Aayog ; Ankur Mittal Wins Gold
Medal in Asian Shotgun Championship.
National Events Diary 2017 CA-95

Bangladeshi Terrorist arrested by Uttar Pradesh Police in Muzaffarnagar;


6th August
Ravindra Jadeja becomes No.1 test all-rounder in the ICC 2017 rankings.
Kerala High Court removed lifetime ban on cricketer S. Shreesanth;
7th August India’s leading FMCG Britannia Industries would set up its largest plant in
Maharashtra in a food park at Ranjangaon.
Government appointed Justice Dipak Misra as the 45th Chief Justice of
India (CJI); Govt gives funds to States/UTs under NAM to develop AYUSH
System of Medicine; NITI Aayog announced partnership with six states (with
8th August
three states for health sector reforms and three states for education sector
reforms) under its Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital
(SATH) initiative.
Maratha Kranti Morcha demands in Mumbai for reservation for the Maratha
9th August Community in the state of Maharashtra; NCERT launches web portal to
supply Textbooks online.
UP Government launches a new awareness drive called Namami Gange
Jagriti Yatra; Lok Sabha passes State Banks (Repeal and Amendment) Bill,
10th August 2017; Code on Wages 2017 Bill that seeks to fix a national minimum wage
was introduced in the Lok Sabha.
Venkaiah Naidu took oath as 13th Vice President of India; Delhi Assembly
11th August passes Minimum Wages (Delhi) Amendment Bill 2017,Netaji Subash Varsity
bill
Jharkhand Assembly Passes Religious Freedom Bill & land acquisition 2013
12th August
amendment bill.
13th August 46 persons died in a landslide in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh.
6th session of India-Turkmenistan Inter-Governmental Commission (IGC)
14th August
held in New Delhi.
71st Independence Day celebrated; The National Company Law Tribunal
15th August
approved the merger of Reliance Communications (RCom) and Aircel.
ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund launches ‘Plan Your Goal’ website; Cabinet
16th August
approves new Metro Rail Policy.
17th August Environment Minister launches “Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali” Campaign.

18th August Vishal Sikka resigns as MD & CEO of Infosys; U B Pravin Rao takes over.

Kalinga Utkal express from Puri to Haridwar derailed in Muzaffarnagar,


19th August
Uttar Pradesh. 23 died, more than 100 injured.
HRD Minister Shri Prakash Javadekar launches ‘Swasth Bachche, Swasth
21st August
Bharat’
Supreme Court bans instant triple talaq calling it unconstitutional.
22nd August
Instructed central government to pass law in parliament for triple talaq.
Rajiv Bansal appointed as Air India chief; the government notified
23rd August introduction of new Rs 200 notes; Manipur’s Nungthaang Tampak village
emerges as the ‘100% computer literate’ in the entire North East.
24th August Supreme Court rules Right to Privacy as Fundamental Right
Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh conviction in rape case leads to violence by Dera
25th August Sacha Sauda's followers in Punjab, Haryana. 38 died, 300 injured. Army out,
curfew clamped in Punjab, Punchkulla, Chandigarh.
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CA-96 National Events Diary 2017

26th August Government bans gold, silver imports from South Korea.

The Indian U-15 football team defeated Nepal to win the SAFF U-15
27th August
Championships in Kathmandu.
CBI special court sentenced Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh 20 years jail in
verdict of rape case.
Dipak Misra sworn in as 45th chief justice of India.
India China agree to end border stand-off in Doklam as both nations
28th August withdrew their armies from the disputed region.
Election commission declared by election result of four legislative seats of
three states.
AAP won Delhi’s Bawana, BJP won Goa’s Panji and Valpoi, TDP won Nandyal
in Andra Pradesh.
Tirumala Tirupati temple deposits 2780 kg gold with SBI.
Nagpur-Mumbai Duronto Express derailed near Asangoan in the outskirts
29th August of Mumbai. No casualties reported.
Flood in the city of Mumbai. Lifeline came to still. Railway dysfunctional due
to heavy rains. Mumbai-Pune Express highway closed.
India-European Union Counter Terrorism Dialogue & India-EU Cyber
30th August
Dialogue held in New Delhi.
Ministry of Railways signs two MoUs with Switzerland.
Three-storey building collapsed in Mumbai. 32 died.
31st August
ISRO launch navigation satellite IRNSS 1H which failed after heat shield
does not detach.

SEPTEMBER
PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the annual conference – Rajaswa Gyan
1st Sangam, 2017 in New Delhi; Union Skill Development Minister Rajiv Pratap
September Rudy and Minister of State for Human Resource Development Mahendra
Nath Pandey resigned ahead of cabinet reshuffle.
Delhi lieutenant governor Anil Baijal bans dumping of waste at the Ghazipur
2nd landfill site; The Karnataka government decided to make education free
September for all girls from Class 1 to gradua-tion level in all public and aided private
schools and colleges from next academic year.
Cabinet expansion conducted in Rashtrapati Bhavan, 9 new ministers took
3rd oath. Nirmala Sitaraman and Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi got promoted to Cabinet
September Ministers. Nirmala Sitharaman, the current defence minister is the second
woman after Indira Gandhi.
4th Ram Nath Kovind, President of India laid the foundation for Link-4 pipeline
September canal of SAUNI Scheme at Jasdan in Rajkot
Narendra Modi visits China for 9th BRICS Summit and Myanmar for
5th
bilateral talk. Lucknow Metro inaugurated. Gauri Lankesh, senior journalist
September
shot dead in Bangalore.
7th India and Sri Lanka begin Joint Naval Exercise SLINEX 2017 at
September Visakhapatnam.
Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the new HQs building of
8th
Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), Ministry of Home
September
Affairs on 8th of Sept 2017.
9th The 21st meeting of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council held at
September Hyderabad International Convention Centre, in Hyderabad.
National Events Diary 2017 CA-97

Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDAI) announced


usage of OTP (One Time Password) for opening e-Insurance Account (eIA)
10th
as an alternative to electronic signature; an eight-foot bronze statue of
September
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose unveiled at the Naval Area headquarters of
West Bengal.
The Union Finance Ministry plans to launch ‘Project Insight’ from October,
11th 2017, in a move to restrict black money hoardings and transactions. Belarus
September President Alexander Lukashenko visits India for bilateral talk, signs 10
agreement including defense.
The cabinet approves the Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Bill, 2017;
PM Narendra Modi and Belarus President A.G. Lukashenko signed 10
12th
pacts to expand cooperation in wide range of areas and decided for a joint
September
collaboration in manufacturing and in defence sector under the ‘Make in
India’ program.
Japan prime minister Shinzo Abe visits Ahmadabad for bilateral talk, signs
many agreement including Bullet Train project in India; Zoological Survey
of India releases first compendium of animal species in Indian Sundarbans;
13th
the centre announced granting citizenship to nearly one lakh Chakma
September
Buddhists and Hajong Hindu refugees, who came from the erstwhile East
Pakistan (Bangladesh) five decades ago and are living in camps in the
northeast.
14th Ministry of External affairs launched operation Insaniyat to help the
September Rohingya refugees staying in Bangladesh.
The Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh launched the “Swachhta Hi Sewa”
campaign of MHA at ITBP campus, Tigri; the Assam Assembly passed
15th
PRANAM (Parental Responsibility And Norms for Accountability and
September
Monitoring) bill that makes it mandatory for state government employees
to take care of their parents and needy siblings or face a cut in their income.
16th Marshal Arjan Singh, who led the Indian Air Force during the 1965 India-
September Pakistan war, died.
PM Narendra Modi dedicated the Sardar Sarovar dam built on the Narmada
river to the nation at Kevadia in the Narmada district, Gujarat; Indian
17th
badminton player P V Sindhu won the women’s singles title at the Korean
September
Open Super Series 2017 by defeating Japanese player Nozomi Okuhara, in
Seoul, South Korea.
Google launched its Unified Payments Interface (UPI)-based digital payment
18th
service namely ‘Tez’ in India; Law Ministry approved the Fugitive Economic
September
Offenders Bill 2017, in New Delhi.
19th The First National Conference on ‘Mission Mode to address Under-Nutrition’
September was held in New Delhi.
Mumbai rains: Schools and colleges remain shut. Train and airport services
20th
disrupted. PM Narendra Modi, as union cabinet chairman gives approval for
September
beginning of the Dentists (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in Parliament.

OCTOBER
India opened two immigration check posts along the borders with
1st October
Myanmar and Bangladesh
India unveils third National Wildlife Action Plan for 2017-2031;
2nd October President Ramnath Kovind constituted a commission to examine the sub-
classification of the Other Backward Classes
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CA-98 National Events Diary 2017
3rd October PM Modi lays foundation stone of AIIMS, IIIT in Himachal Pradesh;
5th October Mukesh Ambani tops Forbes India Rich List for 10th year in a row;
22nd GST council meeting held in New Delhi; Government launched
6th October Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme (2017 -18) – Series-III

8th October Haj Committee presents report on New Haj policy 2018-22;

President Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated India Water Week 2017 in New
10th October
Delhi
11th October First Meeting of the Economic Advisory Council held in New Delhi;
12th October Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) Act 2016 came into force
13th October Department of Post launches Sampoorna Bima Gram Yojana.

14th October Birsa Munda Tribal University inaugurated in Narmada district

17th October PM Modi inaugurates first ever All India Institute of Ayurveda.

18th October International Peace Conference held in Imphal

Virat Kohli became the highest run-scorer after 200 ODIs; India wins Asia
22nd October Cup hockey championship

‘US in UP’: Big American firms meet Yogi Adityanath; Reliance


23th October Communications gets final nod from DoT for merger with Sistema
Ministries of Power & Textiles jointly launches SAATHI to help small
24th October
Industries.
Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India hosted First Meeting of BIMSTEC
25th October
Task Force on Traditional Medicine
26th October Rajasthan passes bill increasing OBC quota to 26%
PM Modi Inaugurates Int’l Conference on Consumer Protection; President
27th October
Ram Nath Kovind launches technocity project in Kerala
Cabinet approves Rs 7,000 crore for construction of six IIT campuses; Patna
28th October
Pirates won third consecutive Pro Kabaddi title
ITBP gets “GSAT-6” communication satellite to monitor Chinese border;
29th October Virat Kohli becomes fastest batsman to score 9,000 runs in ODIs
Union Minister Ramdas Athawale launches Jan Aushadhi Pariyojana in
30th October Mumbai; Geeta Phogat wins Gold in All India Police Championship

NOVEMBER
President of India inaugurates Global Clubfoot Conference in New Delhi;
1st Union Ministry of Finance increased the maximum age of joining the
November National Pension System (NPS) from the existing 60 years to 65 years
Delhi hosted 9th global green film festival; Kazakhstan joint exercise “Prabal
2nd
Dostyk- 2017” begins in Himachal Pradesh; Sonepur cattle fair, Asia’s largest
November
begins in Bihar
PM Narendra Modi inaugurated ‘World Food India’ 2017 in New Delhi;
3rd
Krishna Sobti gets prestigious Jnanpith award 2017; Rs 10,000 crore MoU
November
signed between Government of India & Patanjali
National Events Diary 2017 CA-99

4th Telengana Government Unveils Food Processing Policy


November
6th India, Bangladesh joint military combat exercise “Sampriti -7” begins in
November Meghalaya
7th India test-fires ‘Nirbhay’ missile
November
8th Delhi govt signs twin city agreement with Seoul
November
9th PM Modi flagged off Bandhan Express; Telangana CM declares Urdu as
November second official language
10th 23rd GST Council Meet held in Guwahati
November
13th Pankaj Advani wins 17th world title at the IBSF World Billiards
November Championship 2017 in Doha, Qatar.
14th President inaugurates 37th International Trade Fair (ITTF) in New Delhi
November
16th 12th North East Business Summit inaugurated in New Delhi; Karnataka
November Assembly passes anti-superstition bill
17th SARTTAC Steering Committee meeting held in New Delhi; Karnataka
November assembly passes SC/ST promotions bill
19th Manushi Chhillar wins Miss World 2017
November
20th Center signs 4 MoUs with states/UTs under UDAY scheme; India-Myanmar
November joint Army exercise “IMBAX-2017” begins in Meghalaya
21th India’s Justice Dalveer Bhandari re-elected as Judge in International Court
November of Justice
22nd Cabinet gives nod to wage policy framework for CPSE workers
November
26th ISRO is set to launch first dedicated solar mission Aditya-L1 in 2019 to
November study sun.
30th India’s Saikhom Mirabai Chanu won gold medal at World Weightlifting
November Championship held in Anaheim, United States.

DECEMBER
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly has unanimously passed Kapu
2nd Reservation Bill, 2017 to provide 5% quota in education and employment.
December The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the National
Strategic Plan 2017-24 aimed at eradicating HIV/AIDS by 2030.
EBD_7214
INTERNATIONAL EVENTS DIARY 2017
JANUARY
2nd January IFFHS names Lionel Messi as World’s best player maker for 2016.
3rd January Antonio Guterres takes charge as UN secretary General.
Scientists discovers new organ “Mesentary” in human digestive system.
Trump appoints India-American Raj Shah as Deputy Assistant to the
5th January
president and Deputy Communications and Research Director.
Sir Tim Barrow appointed as UK’s ambassador to European Union.
6th January Japan to associate with India in its Smart Cities Mission.
Cristiano Ronaldo named best FIFA Men’s Player 2016.
Pakistan’s test- fires nuclear-capable cruise missile Babur-3.
10th January 12th World Hindi Day celebrated across the world.
Kalyan Krishnamurthy appointed as CEO of Flipkart.
IIT Kharagpur alumnus Parag Havaldar wins Technical Oscar Award.
11th January China launches first commercial space mission with Kuaizhou 1Arocket.
12th January Norway becomes the first country to ban FM radio broadcasting.
13th January Barack Obama awards Joe Biden with Presidential Medal of Freedom.

14th January Rudensky, Sakaguchi and Ramsdell win 2017 Crafoord Prize.
16th January Space X launches Cluster of Iridium Satellites from California.
17th January Jacob Polley wins 2016 T S Elliot Prize for Poetry.
Eugene Cernan, last man to walk on moon passes away.
18th January
Silicon identified as “missing element” in earth’s core.
21st January Donald Trump sworn in as 45th US President.
24th January Mike Pompeo sworn in as Director of Central Intelligence agency.
25th January Japan launches first ever Military Communications Satellite Kirameki-2.
30th January Serena Williams wins 2017 Australian Open Women’s singles title.

FEBRUARY
2nd February Rex Tillerson sworn as UN Secretary of state.
Scientist discovered drowned Pacific Ocean continent “Zealandia”
21st February
US President names Lt. Gen HR McMaster as new National Security Advisor.

MARCH
Nand Kumar Sai assumes charge as Chairman of National Commission on
1st March
Scheduled Tribes.
Singer Rihanna conferred with 2017 humanitarian of the year award by
3rd March Harvard University.
Amjad Hussain B Sial assumes office as Secretary General of SAARC.
International Events Diary 2017 CA-101

Harvard honored Viola Davis with “Artist of the Year” award.


8th March
China becomes the World’s biggest banking system.
11th March Researchers find evidence confirming existence of Ostrich in India.
14th March Lee Chong Wei wins All England Open Men’s Single title.
15th March First Fluorescent Frog found in Argentina.
17th March Kansas recognizes March 16 as Indian-American Appreciation Day.
21st March Roger Federer wins ATP Indian wells Masters Title.
22nd March London Attack : Five dead in westminster terror attack

APRIL
India, Malaysia ink seven agreements; Japan officially recognise bitcoin as
1st April
currency.

Roger Federer defeats Rafael Nadal to clinch 2017 Miami Open Men’s
2nd April
Singles title.

3rd April Malala becomes the youngest person to address Canadian parliament.

Usain Bolt’s successor 12-yr-old Jamaican sprinter ‘Brianna Lyston’ runs


200m in 23 secs, 2secs short of world record; Bangladesh captain ‘Mashrafe
5th April
Mortaza’ announces retirement from Twenty20 Internationals; Union
Cabinet approves Air Services Agreement between India and Georgia.

China plans to build new city nearly three times the size of New York; South
6th April Korea test-fires ballistic missile that can hit any party of North Korea; Thai
king Maha Vajiralongkorn of thiland signs new constitution.

Israel signs USD 2 billion missile deal with India; G20 Digital Ministerial
7th April
Meeting on Digital Economy held in Germany.

India and Bangladesh sign 22 agreements including defence and cyber


8th April
security.
Lewis Hamilton wins 2017 Chinese Grand Prix; Egypt declares three-month
9th April
state of emergency after church attacks.
India-Australia sign six agreements including cooperation in civil aviation
10th April
security.
Belle-II deterctor integrated with superKEKB accelerator by the High Energy
11th April
Acceleador Research Organization (KEK) in Tsukuba, Japan.
World Bank approves USD 375 million loan for developing National Water
12th April
way-1 (River Gnga) under Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP)
World’s oldest woman Emma Martina Luigia Morano passes away. at the age
15th April
of 117 years.
The World Hemophilia Day observed across the world; China and Nepal
17th April
launch their first joint military exercise ‘Sagarmatha Friendship-2017’.
Scotland Yard arrest Vijay Mallya in London; US president Donald Trump
18th April
signs executive order to tighten H-1B visa programme.
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CA-102 International Events Diary 2017
United Nations Chinese Day 2017 observed; 1st India-Indonesia Energy
20th April
Forum held in Jakarta.
21st April India, South Korea sign pact for defence shipbuilding.
23rd April Google introduces ‘copyless paste’ feature.
NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson sets new record for time in spac(534 days);
24th April
India conducted bilateral naval exercise ‘Varun’ with France.
25th April India, Armenia sign three agreements

26th April India and Sri Lanka sign MoU on Economic Cooperation.

27th April The Global Mobile Internet Conference starts in Beijing.


World Day for Safety and Health at Work is observed; UN placed India again
28th April in the ‘Priority Watch List.

Albania’s parliament elects Ilir Meta as the new president of Albania.


The Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare 2017 observed
29th April
by the United Nations.

MAY
Nepal’s first female Supreme Court Chief Justice suspended after an
1st May impeachment motion accusing of bias and interfering with executive
powers.
2nd may Venezuela President Maduro orders writing of new constitution.

5th May Russia, Iran and Turkey sign a deal on Syriyan Crisis.

The fossil of one of the last living African Dinosaurs was found in the
6th May
phosphate mines of Morocco.
Emanuel Macron elected as the president of France; Emma Watson makes
8th May history winning the first-ever “Genderless Award” for movie Beauty &
Beast.
9th May N. Golo Kante named ‘Footballer of the Year’ by FWA.

World Migratory Bird Day observed with the theme “Their Future is
our Future; Konkana Sen Sharma wins the Best Director Award for the
10th May
directorial debut “A death in The Gunj” and the Best Actress Award for
“Lipstick Under My Burkha”.
China prepares to send men to live on moon by testing out its space cabin
11th May
in Beijing.
Amitabh Bachchan appointed as WHO Goodwill Ambassador of South East
12th May
Asia.
French President Emmanuel Macron appointed Edouard Philippe as the new
16th May
prime minister of France.
Ovais Sarmad, an Indian national, appointed to the post of Deputy Executive
17th May
Secretary in UNFCCC.
First natural human antibodies against Ebola virus discovered by US scien-
19th May tists that are capable of neutralizing and protecting animals against all three
major disease-causing Ebola viruses.
International Events Diary 2017 CA-103

Prashant Ranganathan emerges winner in theworld’s largest pre-college


20th May science competition in the environment engineering category for his work
on biodegradation of pesticides.
24th May Roger Moore playing the much famed secret agent James Bond passed away.

26th May NASA’s Juno spacecraft discovers earth-sized cyclones at the poles of Jupiter.

India’s iconic monument Taj Mahal features in the World’s Top 10 Traveller
27th May
Choice Awards for Landmarks.
India and Germany ink 12 pacts on a range of issues like trade, skill devel-
31st May
opment, cyber security and terrorism.

JUNE
Global Day of Parents; Japan launches satellite for high precision positioning
system; five agreements signed between India and Russia during PM
1st June
Modi’s visit to St Peters burg; Trump announces US withdrawal from Paris
Agreement on Climate Change.
2nd June Indian origin Leo Varadkar set to become next Ireland Prime Minister.
4th June International Day of Innocent children Victims of Aggression is observed;
Word Environment Day is observed with theme ‘Connecting People to
5th June Nature; Nepal, China sign MOU for construction of Budhigandaki Hydro-
power project.
7th June Sher Bahadur Deuba takes oath as Prime Minister of Nepal.
8th June North Korea launches multiple ground to ship missiles despite UN sanctions.
French Open: Bopanna- Dabsowski win mix doubles title.
10th June
French Open 2017: Jelena ostapenko beats third seeded Wimona Halep
Rafael Nadal wins 10th French Open Men’s Wingles title; Bethanic Mattek
sands and Lucie Safarova win 2017 French Open Women’s Double title;
11th June
Theresa May unveils new cabinet, appoints Damain Green as deputy prime-
minister; Lewis Hamilton wins Canadian Grand Pix for sixth time.
Central American nation, panama cuts diplomatic ties with Taiwan,
13th June establishes relations with China; world bank grants Afghanistan $ 520
million to boost economy.
14th June David Grossman wins man Booker International prize 2017.
15th June China lauches 1st X-ray space telescope to study black holes.
French President Emmanuel Macron wins clear parliamentary mojority,
18th June
Pakistan beats India to win 2017 ICC Champions Trophy.
19th June Afghan President inaugurates first Afghanistan-India air corridor.
20th June The World Refugee Day is observed.

JULY
The world’s first emergency call telephone line marks 80th anniversary
by police forces across Britain; Novak Djokovic won his second ATP World
1st July
Tour title of the season by beating Gael Monfils at the Aegon International
in Eastbourne in Men’s Singles category.
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CA-104 International Events Diary 2017

North Korea claims to have successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic


4th July
missile (ICBM)

5th Meeting of BRICS Education Ministers held in Beijing, China; Pakistan


5th July
successfully test fires short-range ballistic missile Nasr

The UN Security Council included Jamat-Ul-Ahrar in the list of banned


6th July
organizations

122 countries adopt global treaty banning nuclear weapons; India


and Bangladesh have decided to construct a bridge over Mizoram’s
7th July
Khawthlangtuipui river; The President of Ukraine signed the charter for
NATO membership

The 2017 G20 Summit was the 12th meeting of the Group of Twenty (G20),
8th July
which was held on 7th and 8th July, 2017, in Hamburg, Germany

22nd World Petroleum Congress (WPC) International Conference held in


9th July
Istanbul, Turkey

10th July Model United Nations Regional Conference begins in Kathmandu, Nepal

The U.S. military conducted a successful test of its Terminal High Altitude
11th July
Area Defense (THAAD) missile system

Malala Day is celebrated on July 12 in honour of Nobel Peace Prize and UN


12th July activist Malala Yousafzai; Malta becomes world’s 24th country to legalize
Gay Marriage

European Union (EU) and India announced the establishment of an


Investment Facilitation Mechanism (IFM) for EU Investments in India;
14th July
Russian Soyuz Rocket lifted off from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan
and deployed 73 satellites into three different orbits

19th July US imposes new sanctions against Iran over ballistic missile program

The UN has selected Dubai as the data hub for the Middle East North Africa
22nd July
and South Asia (MENASA) region

China and Russia have started their large-scale naval exercise “Joint Sea
23rd July 2017” in the Baltic Sea; Iran and Iraq has signed an agreement to boost
military cooperation and the fight against terrorism and extremism

The world’s first full-scale floating wind farm has started to take shape off
24th July the north-east coast of Scotland; The women’s cricket team from England
beat India by 9 runs

Bolivia’s President Evo Morales has declared his government’s independence


25th July from World Bank and IMF; 2017 BRICS Youth Forum opened in Beijing,
China to discuss youth development in the BRICS member-nations

The BRICS nations have signed the BRICS Taxation Cooperation


27th July Memorandum; Amazon founder Jeff Bezos has become the world’s richest
person with a fortune of over $90.5 billion
International Events Diary 2017 CA-105

Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif resigns over Panama Papers verdict; Iran has
28th July
successfully launched a satellite-carrying rocket Simorgh into space

Sri Lanka, China sign $1.5 billion Hambantota port deal; Shahid Khaqan
Abbasi declared as interim Pakistan Prime Minister; World’s longest
29th July
pedestrian suspension bridge’ the Europabrücke (Europe Bridge)’ opens in
Switzerland

China produces gas from ‘flammable ice’ under South China Sea; The United
30th July Nations World Day against Trafficking in Persons 2017 was observed
around the world

Paris will host the 2024 Summer OlympicsGames. Los Angeles will host the
31st July
2028 Summer Olympics after reaching a deal with Olympic organizers

AUGUST
China has formally launched its first overseas naval facility in Djibouti, an
1st August
East African nation
U.S. President Donald Trump signed into law new sanctions against Iran, North
2nd August Korea, and Russia; Peter O’Neill has been reappointed as Prime Minister of
Papua New Guinea
Hassan Rouhani was officially sworn in as the President of Iran for a second
3rd August term.; Qatar becomes first Arab country to offer permanent residency to non-
citizens; IRCTC launches ePayLater: Enables book now and pay later option
Donald Trump appoints three Indian-Americans to key govt posts; Payback
5th August announces Gautam Kaushik as new CEO; Joshna and Dipika get bronze at
World Doubles Squash Championship.
7th August Aparna appointed as Executive Director of World Bank

Indian-American appointed deputy comptroller for minority affairs of


8th August Nassau County; Ravindra Jadeja becomes No.1 test all- rounder in the ICC
2017 rankings
10th August Facebook launches Youtube competitor called ‘Watch’

11th August The 15th BIMSTEC Ministerial Meeting concluded in Kathmandu, Nepal.

13th August Milkha Singh Appointed WHO Goodwill Ambassador

US scientists develop first plant-based vaccine against Zika virus; Santosh


14th August
Sharma was appointed as Chairman and Managing Director of Hindustan
Nepal, China sign three pacts to boost energy,economic ties; Researchers
discover new tectonic plate, total count now 57; Indian men’s hockey team
16th August
beat the Netherlands 2-1 to win series; Veteran photographer S Paul passed
away
Aadhar must for subsidised farm loans: RBI; Sohail Mahmood took charge as
17th August
Pakistan’s new High Commissioner to India
US, Japan vow to boost defence cooperation with India, S Korea, Australia;
18th August BSNL launches digital wallet powered by MobiKwik; “NASA launches
“”TDRS-M”” satellite to help astronauts talk to Earth”
Microsoft acquires Cycle Computing to accelerate users’ movement to
21th August
cloud
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CA-106 International Events Diary 2017

23th August Severe Typhoon Hato hits Hong Kong

24th August Ronaldo named UEFA player of season for 2016–2017

25th August The US has imposed“strong” financial sanctions on Venezuela

India and Germany has signed an agreement on technical cooperation


28th August under the Indo-German Energy Programme – Green Energy Corridors
(IGEN-GEC).

IAEA opens world’s first low Enriched Uranium bank in Kazakhstan; August
29th August 29: International Day Against Nuclear Tests; Kenya passes world’s toughest
plastic bag law

30th August Hurricane Harvey strikes USA,menaces Texas & Louisiana

SEPTEMBER
5th 9th BRICS summit @ Xiamen, China
September
9th Jordon launches Sahara Forest Project; Fifth EAS Economic Ministers’
September Meeting held in Philippines

10th Asian Development Bank announced that it would provide $152 million
September loan to Nepal, to enhance power transmission, in Kathmandu
12th UNSC unanimously adopts new sanctions against North Korea.
September
13th Ms.Halima Yacob was declared as the first ever female President of
September Singapore, in Singapore
15th China opens dual-use highway to Nepal through Tibet
September
16th International Day for Preservation of Ozone Layer; Iceland Prime Minister
September Mr.Bjarni Benediktsson resigned from his position, in Reykjavik, Iceland.
17th Lewis Hamilton wins Singapore Grand Prix 2017
September
18th Third meeting of India–Kuwait Joint Ministerial Commission for Trade,
September Economic, Scientific and Technological Cooperation held in Kuwait

19th India Japan US Trilateral Foreign Ministerial Meeting held in New


September York;Russia unveils monument to designer of iconic AK-47 rifle
20th Denmark launches global alliance for action on climate change
September
21th The International Day of Peace is observed across the world on 21 Sept.
September
22rd On 21st and 22nd September 2017, the 7th ASEM (Asia–Europe Meeting)
September Economic Ministers’ Meeting was held in Seoul, South Korea
23rd US, EU sign deal to streamline insurance regulation
September
International Events Diary 2017 CA-107

OCTOBER
Austria’s law banning face veils such as burqa or niqab comes into force;
1st October Mark Verstappen won the Malaysian Grand Prix 2017 title in Selangor,
Malaysia; China opens new highway in Tibet close to Arunachal border

3rd October France Parliament approves new Anti-Terror Law

4th October Three day global medical conference held in Chandigarh;

6th October US lifts economic sanctions against Sudan.

7th October US approves $15 billion THAAD missile defence sale to Saudi Arabia

Spanish tennis player Rafael Nadal won the men’s singles title at China Open
8th October
2017.

Japan launched Michibiki satellite, the fourth satellite for a new high-
10th October precision global positioning system (GPS); FIFA suspends the Pakistan
Football Federation

NVIDIA announces World’s first AI Computer to make Robotaxis; World’s


11th October
first ‘negative emissions’ power plant started operating in Iceland

12th October Egypt extends state of emergency for three months

13th October US and Israel withdraw from UNESCO

Maria Sharapova wins final of Tianjin Open tennis tournament; International


15th October
Day of Rural Women is celebrated all over the world

Pakistan-Iran sign deal to boost border security; Pakistan elected among 15


16th October
nations to UN Human Rights Council

17th October Zimbabwe bans Fruit, Vegetable imports as Forex Crunch Deepens

India, Brazil, South Africa sign IBSA Trust Fund agreement; US author
18th October
George Saunders wins 2017 Man Booker Prize.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe secured a crucial victory in Japan’s


19th October
parliamentary elections

New Zealand Labour Party’s leader Jacinda Ardern is set to become


20th October
youngest-ever female Prime Minister of New Zealand

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) clarified that linking of Aadhaar to


21th October bank account is mandatory under the Prevention of Money-Laundering
(Maintenance of Records).

22nd October Lewis Hamilton wins the United States Grand Prix

23rd October Nicaragua signs Paris climate agreement

26th October India and US hold 11th Trade Policy Forum Meeting in Washington

Burundi becomes first country to leave International Criminal Court;


27 October
Catalonia declares independence from Spain
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CA-108 International Events Diary 2017

28th October World’s first hydrogen tram begins operation in China.

Pakistan will host the next Asian Cricket Council (ACC) Emerging Nations
29 October
Cup in April 2018.

30th October India and Tunisia agreed to jointly combat terrorism and extremism

31st October Indian Air force contingent left for Israel to participate in ‘Ex Blue Flag-17’

NOVEMBER
World’s third largest book fair, Sharjah International Book Fair (SIBF) 2017,
1st November
opened in Sharjah, UAE

3rd From 1st to 3rd November 2017, the 7th Asian Ministerial Energy
November Roundtable (AMER7) was held in Bangkok, Thailand.

5th Nepal opens bridge built with India’s help near China border; International
November Consortium of Investigative Journalists releases The Paradise Papers

6th China launches 2 navigation satellites; COP23 climate change summit


November begins in Bonn, Germany
7th Bank of China begins operations in Pak, opens first branch in Karachi
November
10th India re-elected as member of UNESCO’s executive board
November
11th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders’ Meeting was
November held on 10th and 11th November, 2017 in Da Nang, Vietnam
13th PM Modi inaugurated Rice Field laboratory in Manila named after him
November
10th South Asia Economic Summit held in Nepal; Syria signs up Paris
14th
Agreement on climate change; Kevin Lilliana of Indonesia won Miss
November
International 2017
16th UN Assembly passes Pakistan-sponsored resolution on self-determination
November
20th Two-day 13th Asia-Europe Foreign Ministers’ Meeting began in Nay Pyi
November Taw, the capital of Myanmar

21st Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe resigns, ending 37-year rule; India-Russia sign pact
November for visa free entry of flight crew; China launches three remote sensing satellites

North Korea successfully launched Hwasong-15, a new type of nuclear-


30 November
capable intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).

DECEMBER
The United States has pulled out of UN Global Compact on Migration.

4th December The first phase of Iran’s Chabahar port (Shahid Beheshti Port) which holds
significant strategic and economic importance for India was inaugurated
was Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani.
CA-109

UNION BUDGET 2017-18


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UNION BUDGET 2017-18 CA-111
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CA-112 UNION BUDGET 2017-18
Article-35A Must be Abolished to
Restore a Unified India

A
rticle 35A is an article in the the Maharaja, under pressure from the Pandit
Constitution of India that empowers community which had launched a “Kashmir
the state legislature of Jammu and for the Kashmiri” movement, granted the
Kashmir to define “permanent residents” right to government office, right to land use
of the state and provide special rights and and ownership, only to citizens defined as
privileges to these permanent residents . permanent state subjects under the Act.
Through a Presidential Order, i.e. (through
the Constitution with Application to Jammu The Maharaja ceded control over external
and Kashmir) ,1954 - issued by Dr. Rajendra affairs, communications and defence to the
Prasad on 14 May 1954, “in exercise of Government of India, following the accession
the powers conferred by” Clause (1) of of the princely state to the Indian Union on
Article 370 of the Constitution, with the 26th October 1947. This relationship was
concurrence of the Government of the State formalised through Article 370 (relating
of Jammu and Kashmir, the article was thus to the autonomy of the state of Jammu
enacted. Since then, this issue has regularly and Kashmir) of the Constitution of India .
been brought up in intellectual and political Discussions for expanding the relationship
circles, as it may seem to undermine the between the State and the Union continued,
federal and egalitarian nature of the world’s culminating in the 1952 Delhi Agreement,
largest written constitution, which in turn, is whereby, the governments of the State and
clearly differentiated from the separate and the Union agreed that all the residents of
unique constitution of the state of Jammu and Jammu and Kashmir would receive an
Kashmir. Moreover, it was passed directly Indian citizenship but the latter would be
by the President of India, bypassing the empowered to legislate over the rights and
provisions of Article 368(i) which empowers privileges of the state subjects, who would
only the parliament to make changes to the now be called permanent residents.
Constitution.
Recent Disputes and Deliberations
Background and Scope A five- judge bench of the Supreme Court in
Puranlal Lakhanpal vs The President of
Before 1947, Jammu and Kashmir was a India case (1961), discussed the President’s
princely state annexed by the British.. The powers under Article 370 to modify the
residents of the princely states were essentially Constitution. Although the Honourable court
“state subjects”, and not British colonial observed that the President can modify
subjects. The political and social movements existing provisions, but remained silent
in the state during the early 20th century led to on the issue of introducing a new article. A
the emergence of “hereditary state subject” recent petition filed by the NGO, “We the
as a permanent political identity for the state’s Citizens”, challenges the validity of both
subjects , and accompanying legal provisions Article 35A and Article 370 and argues that
for its recognition were enacted by the then only four representatives from Jammu and
ruler of the state (Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir were involved in the drafting of
Kashmir) between 1912 and 1932. The 1927 the Constitution and the state was never
Hereditary State Subject Order, passed by accorded “special status” . Both the Articles
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CA-114 ARTICLE-35A MUST BE ABOLISHED TO RESTORE A UNIFIED...
were defined as temporary provisions for example, who were brought to the state
to strengthen democracy in Jammu and during 1957, were given Permanent Resident
Kashmir. The petition contends that Article Certificates only on the condition that they
35A was not intended to be a permanent tool and their future generations could stay in
in the Constitution. the state, only if they continued to be safai-
A second petition filed by Charu Wali Khanna karmacharis (scavengers).This clearly
(a native of Jammu and Kashmir), contends enforces the caste-hegemony in the state and
that Article 35A restricts the basic right to breeds discrimination. And even after six
property, if a native woman marries a man decades of service in the state, their children
without a permanent resident certificate. are safai-karmacharis and they have been
denied any right to transgress professional
Attorney-General K.K. Venugopal has recently
limits.
called for a debate in the Supreme Court on
this sensitive subject. A Supreme Court Bench, The industrial sector, especially private
chaired by Justice Dipak Misra, linked the enterprises suffer due to the property
Khanna petition with We the Citizens case. The ownership restrictions. Proficient doctors
Court has indicated that the validity of Article don’t relocate to the state for the same reason.
35A and Article 370 may ultimately be decided Moreover ,wards of non-state subjects do not
by a three-judge Constitutional Bench. get admission to state colleges.
Article 35A is also contended to ruin the
Inegalitarian Nature status of West Pakistani refugees. Being
Article 35 A is against the “very spirit of citizens of India, they are not state subjects.
oneness of India” as it creates a “class within But even after being non-permanent residents
a class of Indian citizens”. Restricting citizens of Jammu and Kashmir, they cannot enjoy
from other States from getting employment or the basic rights and privileges as enjoyed by
buying property within Jammu and Kashmir permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir.
is a violation of fundamental rights under The Article has also been frowned upon in
moral spheres as it gives a free hand to the
Article 14(Equality before law) and Article
state government and associated authorities
19(Protection of rights regarding freedom of
to discriminate between citizens of India(non-
speech) of the Constitution.
residents of Jammu and Kashmir), on an unfair
It has also facilitated the continued and basis and give preferential treatment to some
unrestrained violation of fundamental rights by compromising the rights of others; the
of those workers belonging to Scheduled non-residents of the state are debarred from
Castes and Scheduled Tribes who have buying properties, getting a government job
lived there for generations. The Valmikis, or voting in the legislative and local elections.

INTRODUCTION
• Article 35A of the constitution empowers J&K legislature to define state’s
permanent residents” and their special rights and privileges.
• Special rights and privileges in public sector jobs, acquisition of property in the
State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare.
• No act of the State legislature can be challenged for violating the Constitution or
any other law of the land.
• It was added to the constitution through a 1954 presidential order under Article
370 (1) (d) of the Constitution.
ARTICLE-35A MUST BE ABOLISHED TO RESTORE A UNIFIED... CA-115

BACKGROUND
• After J&K’s accession, Sheikh Abdullah in 1949, negotiated J&K’s political
relationship with New Delhi, which led to the inclusion of Article 370 in the
Constitution.
• Article 370 guarantees special status to J&K.
• Under the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Abdullah and Nehru, several provisions
of the Constitution were extended to J&K via presidential order in 1954. Article
35A was inserted then.

CONSEQUENCES IF ARTICLE 35A IS REMOVED


• Any adverse order against the provision, could give the separatists a chance to
stoke violence in the Valley.
• If Article 35A is scrapped, the extension of the Fundamental Rights and every
other provision to J&K through Presidential Orders will cease to apply.
• Only Article 1 and Article 370 of the Indian Constitution will then apply to J&K

ARTICLE 370 AND ITS PROVISIONS


• The Article 370 deals with certain special powers provided to the state of Jammu
and Kashmir.
• It grants a ‘temporary’ autonomous status to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.
• Except for Defense, Foregin Affairs, Finance and Communications the Indian
Government needs the State Government’s nod to apply all other laws.
• The central government has no power to impose financial emergency in the state.
• Emergency can be imposed only on the grounds of internal disturbances and
imminent danger from a foreign enemy.
• The state government has the control on how it needs to govern the state.
• Indian nationals belonging to other states cannot buy land or property in the state
of J&K.
• Woman who marries a person belonging to any other state loses her right to
ownership

WHY IS ARTICLE 35A DEBATED?


• An NGO, We the Citizens, challenged 35A in SC in 2014 on grounds that it was not
added to the Constitution through amendment under Article 368.
• It was never presented before Parliament, and the parliamentary route of
lawmaking was bypassed.
• It argues that four representatives from Kashmir were part of the Constituent
Assembly involved in the drafting of the Constitution and J&K was never accorded
any special status in the constitution.
• Article 370 was only a ‘temporary provision’ to bring normality in Jammu and
Kashmir and strengthen democracy in the State.
• Article 35 A is against the “very spirit of oneness of India” as it creates a “class
within a class of Indian citizens”.
• Restricting citizens from other States from getting employment or buying property
within Jammu and Kashmir is a violation of fundamental rights under Articles 14,
19 and 21 of the Constitution.
• In another case in SC, Article 35A restrict the basic right to property if a native
woman marries a man not holding a permanent resident certificate.
• Her children are denied a permanent resident certificate, thereby considering
them illegitimate.
• The Supreme court has indicated that the validity of Articles 35A and 370 may be
decided by a Constitution Bench.
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CA-116 ARTICLE-35A MUST BE ABOLISHED TO RESTORE A UNIFIED...

CONCLUSION
• There is a need to have a larger debate on Article 35A including political parties,
intelligentsia and the civil society at large
• Article 35A has not only a constitutional or legal issue, it has larger socioeconomic
and political issue.
• The Centre needs to take all political parties along for protecting the rights and
privileges of the people of the state.

Fears of erosion of Jammu and Kashmir’s autonomy and demographic balance in case the Article
is abolished , is seemingly baseless as Hindu majority in Jammu and Buddhist majority in Laddakh
have lived with full rights to property in the state without dismantling the fragile balance in
the valley. Therefore, existence of such a provision undermines the legacy and authority of the
world’s largest democracy which takes pride in its egalitarian and secular characteristics as
engrained in the Constitution, which empowers every citizen of the country to equal and fair
treatment in all spheres- economic, social and political.
India has Lost the Opportunity to
Take Lead Over China

I
n the initial years after independence, the the renowned American economist Richard
average Indian was slightly better off than Herd, "China has outrun India in every area
the average Chinese in terms of purchasing of economic endeavour in the last 35 years,
power and human development index. except in computer software industry and
However, there has been a reversal of this trend agricultural research.”
as China's approach towards development Chinese president, Deng Xiaoping initiated the
in the last 40 years has been remarkable, ambitious project of economic reforms which
achieving double digit growth figure for more stressed the principle of "each according to
than a decade. The most populous country his work" rather than "each according to his
in the world is now its largest economy as need". He transformed the agrarian sector
well. India has made good progress but still first and later focused on the industrial
lags substantially behind China. In modern sector. The Chinese market was also opened
discourse, this divide between the two to foreign capital while accommodating local,
Asian giants is attributed to the different village enterprises. China, due to high foreign
governmental systems that prevail. While inflows, became the largest exporter in the
China is an authoritarian communist state, world and its second largest economy (it also
India takes pride in being a liberal democracy. surpassed the United States as the world's
largest economy in the year 2014). Since 1980,
Background
the nation's per capita income increased more
China and India's contribution to global than seven-fold to $8,113.
GDP (PPP), despite being large countries, India, on the other hand, also took tentative
accounted to only 4.5 percent and 4.2 percent
steps to modernise its economy in the early
respectively. At the same time, the Chinese
1980s, but these attempts soon waned out.
economy was just 1.08 times larger than the
Freed from the constraint of food grain
Indian economy ($239 billion/$222 billion).
availability due to the Green Revolution,
Historians lke Dharma Kumar and Angus
India did not manage to apply to its industrial
Maddison have also concluded that India had
sector the lessons it learnt in its agricultural
a higher per capita income and level of human
revolution — use of foreign knowledge,
development.
reliance on private sector and deployment
In both the countries, the initiatives of of subsidies selectively. Instead, foreign
the private sector have historically been
borrowing was used to ease the consumption
discouraged and the state has been perceived
constraint in the public sector and to cushion
as the sole driver of comprehensive growth.
loss-making public enterprises.
India suffered a structural disadvantage as it
had to accommodate various ethnicities and Indian policy underwent directional changes
religions in a democratic framework. On the in 1991. Prime Minister Narasimha Rao
contrary, China's authoritarian state enabled ushered in reforms which were implemented
it to mobilise maximum resources at the cost well by his Finance Minister Manmohan Singh.
of civil liberties and personal freedom towards Indian economic growth accelerated during
the attainment of its developmental goals. the period 1995-2008, but could not maintain
the momentum due to political paralysis of
Growth in China policies that were necessary for economic
Due to an all-round emphasis on heavy and growth. Gross national income per capita in
light industries, the process of industrialization 2017 was 6,490 and India’s HDI increased
in China progressed at a rapid pace. As a result, from 0.369 in 1980 to 0. 624 in 2017.
its manufacturing grew at 9.5 percent, twice
as much as India's. By the year 1978, China's
Competition and Cooperation
per capita income had surpassed that of India Despite contentious border issues between
($979 and $966 respectively). According to India and China, especially with regard to the
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CA-118 INDIA HAS LOST THE OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE LEAD OVER CHINA
Doklam incident, the two countries are trying current labour productivity levels and the
to create a cooperative relationship. China benefits likely to flow from its proposed Belt
emerged as India’s largest trading partner and Road initiative, trans-continental
in 2013, although India has a trade deficit of rail system and other transport-related
$38 billion with China. President Xi has also activities.
offered a sum of $20billion for investment in
According to the World Economic Forum,
Indian infrastructure and other industries.
"Troubles in China’s financial markets,
Race to the Top a declining young and increasing older
population as a proportion of the working
India looks set to overtake China as the most
age population, increasing wages in
populous country in the world in 2030. It
general and export industries in particular,
can be argued that China is better placed
structurally than India for a good economic costs associated with cleaning up serious
performance, but its growth rate has steadily environmental pollution, increasing
been declining and is at 6.7% (2017), much competition from other countries in export
lower than its recent average performance industries using low-skill and semi-skill
of about 10 per cent a year, as against India's labour, lower savings rate and a possibly
7.1percent. Further decline in growth rate lower investment rate will all have a
depends on its ability/inability to maintain negative effect on its growth."

The Indian economy has made good progress but is still


CHASING THE DRAGON substantially behind China
SELECTED INDICATORS (2013) U.S. CHINA INDIA
 Human Development Index 0.914 0.719 0.586
 HDI adjusted for inequality 0.775 n.a 0.418
 HDI in 1980 0.825 0.423 0.369
 Life expectancy at birth (years) 78.9 75.3 66.4
 Mean years of schooling (years) 12.9 7.5 4.4
 GNI (billions of 2011 PPPS) 16,739 15,907 6,448
 GNI per capita (2011 PPPS) 52,308 11,477 5,150
 GNI (billions of current $) 16,749 7,928 1,941
 GNI per capita (current $) 52,340 5,720 1,550
EXPORTS/IMPORTS OF GOODS & SERVICES• FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT, NET FLOWS
40 ANNUAL AVERAGES ANNUAL AVERAGES
35 27.8 1990– 16.1 IN BILLIONS OF
30 1994
EXPORTS

U.S. DOLLARS
25
0.4
20 8.3
15 1995– 40.6
6.0 23.8 1999
10
•AS % OF CDP
2.6
5
80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 00-04 05-09 2010-13 2000– 48.7
2004
30 5.0
25
2005–
153.5
IMPORTS

20 2009 26.3
8.2 28.8
15
7.6 25.2 312.0
10 2010–
•AS % OF CDP 2013 29.0
5
80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 00-04 05-09 2010-13 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
SOURCE: WORLD BANK DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS 2014

(Link:http://www.thehindu.com/migration_catalog/article10470790.ece/alternates/
FREE_435/China)
INDIA HAS LOST THE OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE LEAD OVER CHINA CA-119

India possesses an excellent chance of catching Prime Minister Modi, with his majority in
up with the " Chinese miracle ", if it can increase Parliament, has an opportunity to reignite the
its labour participation rate (particularly engines of economic growth. Even if the Indian
women), increase the average quality of economy were to grow at 10 per cent a year,
education for the masses, improve the its GDP at 2011 PPP$ will reach only about 26
quality of its labour force through special
trillion in 2030; China can easily reach this by
training programmes such as the skill India
2022. But with the right policies and dialectics,
Initiative , reduce constraints to let foreign
capital participate in India's development India can catch up with China, if not surpass its
process, design policies to cultivate and economic clout. All this has to be done within
nurture a culture of entrepreneurship, and the proud liberal, democratic tradition of our
reduce corruption at all levels. country.
EBD_7214
BILLS AND ACTS 2017
Indian Institute of Management Payment of Wages (Amendment)
Bill, 2017 Bill, 2017
• The Union Cabinet has approved the Indian • The Lok Sabha has passed the Payment
Institute of Management (IIM) Bill, 2017, of Wages (Amendment) Bill, 2017 to
under which the IIMs will be declared as enable employers to pay wages to workers
Institutions of National Importance. through cheque or directly crediting to
• It will enable IIMs to grant degrees rather their accounts.
than diplomas to their students. • The bill will replace the ordinance
• It will grant complete autonomy to IIMs, promulgated by the President in December
combined with adequate accountability. 2016 to amend the Payment of Wages Act,
Coordination Forum of IIMs as an advisory 1936.
body will be established. • The bill will permit the employer to pay
• Board of an IIM will drive the management an employee’s wages: (i) by cheque; (ii)
of the institution. It will select Chairperson by crediting them into his bank account or
and Director of IIMs. (iii) in coin or currency notes.
• Board will have greater participation of • It removes the requirement of obtaining
experts and alumni. It will also include prior written authorization for payment
women and members from Scheduled of wages by cheque or through a bank
Castes/Tribes. account.
• Periodic review of the performance of • It empowers Union or State Government
IIM will be conducted by independent to specify certain industrial or other
agencies and their results will be placed in establishments where the employer should
public domain. pay his employees only by: (i) cheque; or (ii)
• The Annual Report of the IIMs will crediting the wages in his bank account.
be placed in the Parliament and CAG
(Comptroller and Auditor General of
Amendment of the Constitution
India) will audit their accounts. (Pondicherry) Scheduled Castes
Order, 1964
Jallikattu Bill
• The Union Cabinet had approved
• The special session of Tamil Nadu the amendments in the Constitution
Assembly has unanimously passed (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 to modify
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Tamil the list of Scheduled Castes (SC) in Odisha.
Nadu Amendment), Act, 2017 to lift • It also approved amending the Constitution
Supreme Court imposed ban on the sport (Pondicherry) Scheduled Castes Order,
of Jallikattu. 1964, to change the name of the Union
• It will replace the ordinance promulgated Territory to Puducherry from Pondicherry.
in this regard by the Governor on the • The amendment of SC list in Odisha makes
recommendation of state government. inclusion of Sualgiri/Swalgiri caste in the
• It will amend section 2 of the Prevention list as it is Sabakhia caste which is already
of Cruelty of Animals (PCA) Act, 1960. It in the list of SC in Odisha.
defines Jallikattu as a traditional sport
involving bulls. Specified Bank Notes (Cessation of
• It will allow state government to conduct Liabilities) Act, 2017
the sport in notified places on any day • The Union Government has notified
from January to May. the Specified Bank Notes (Cessation of
• It also allows other sports involving Liabilities) Act, 2017, to prohibit the
bulls - vadamadu, manjuviratu, and holding, transferring or receiving of
erudhuvidumvizha performed in different scrapped old ` 500 and ` 1000 currency
parts of Tamil Nadu. notes from 31 December, 2016.
Bills and Acts 2017 CA-121

• This law makes possession of more than • It empowers a mentally-ill person to have
a certain number of the old ` 500 and ` the right to make an advance directive that
1,000 note a criminal offence. explains how they want to be treated for
• It mentions that possessing more than the requisite illness and nominate their
10 pieces of old notes by individuals and representative.
more than 25 pieces for study, research or • Every mental health establishment must
numismatics purposes, will attract a fine register with the respective Central or
of ` 10,000 or five times the value of cash State Mental Health Authority.
held, whichever is higher. • It effectively decriminalises suicide
• It says fine of a minimum of ` 50,000 attempt under the section 309 (attempt to
will be imposed for a false declaration commit suicide) of Indian Penal Code (IPC)
by persons for being abroad during the by mentally ill persons by making it non-
demonetization period (9 November-30 punishable.
December, 2016).
Employees Compensation
Maternity Benefit (Amendment)
(Amendment) Bill, 2016
Bill, 2016
• The Parliament has passed the Employees
• The Parliament has passed the Maternity
Compensation (Amendment) Bill,
Benefits (Amendment) Bill, 2016, to raise
2016. The Bill amends the Employee’s
maternity leave for working women from
Compensation Act, 1923.
12 weeks to 26 weeks for two surviving
• It ensures compensation up to ` 1 lakh
children.
to an employee injured in an industrial
• The bill seeks to amend the Maternity
accident and imposes hefty penalty in case
Benefit Act, 1961, which protects the
of any violation by the employers.
employment of women during the time
of her maternity and entitles her of a • It makes mandatory for employers
‘maternity benefit’. to inform the employee of his right
• The maternity leave has been increased to compensation under the Act. Such
to 26 weeks for the working women for information must be given in writing at the
the first two children. Woman with two or time of employing him.
more children will be entitled to 12 weeks • Employer will be penalised if he fails
of maternity leave. to inform his employee of his right to
• Woman who adopts a child below the age compensation. Such penalty may be
of three months and also commissioning between ` 50,000 to ` 1 lakh.
mothers are entitled to 12 weeks of • It raises amount in dispute related
maternity leave. to compensation, distribution of
compensation, award of penalty or
Mental Health Bill, 2016 interest, etc to ` 10, 000. It permits the
• The Parliament has passed the Mental central government to further raise this
Healthcare Bill, 2016 that decriminalises amount.
suicide attempt by mentally ill people and • It contains provision of withholding
guarantees the right to better healthcare payments pending appeal if an employer’s
for people with mental illness. appeal against a commissioner’s order has
• It gives every person right to access mental been deleted.
healthcare from services operated or
funded by the government. It also includes Four GST Bills
good quality, easy and affordable access to • The four bills passed by Lok Sabha are
services. Central GST Bill, Integrated GST Bill,
• It also provides right to equality of GST Compensation Bill, and the Union
treatment, protect such persons from Territory GST Bill, 2017.
inhuman treatment, access to free legal • The bills are passed as Money Bills, thus
services, medical records and right eliminating the role of Rajya Sabha.
to complain in case of deficiencies in • The tax rates under GST regime will be
provisions. based on the recommendation of GST
EBD_7214
CA-122 Bills and Acts 2017
Council. Council has two-thirds voting by give constitutional status to the National
States and one-third by the Centre. Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).
• The GST laws passed by the Parliament • It seeks to insert a new article 338B in the
will not apply to Jammu & Kashmir, as constitution containing information on
it will have to legislate its own law and composition, mandate and functions of the
integrate with the GST regime. NCBC.
• There will be no single rate under GST • Article 342-A empowers the president to
as it will be not possible and it will be notify the list of socially and educationally
highly regressive. So, the GST Council has backward classes of that state / union
recommended a four-tier tax structure- territory.
5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. • In case of a state, the president will make
• On top of the highest slab (28%), a cess will such notification after consultation with
be imposed on luxury and demerit goods the Governor. Under the same article, it is
to compensate the states for revenue loss proposed that the parliament by making a
for five years. law can include or exclude the classes from
• Essential food articles will not taxed and the central list of backward classes.
those will continue to be zero rated under
State/UT Agricultural Produce and
the GST. All other commodities will be
fitted into the nearest tax bracket. Livestocks Marketing (Promotion
and Facilitation) Act, 2017 Act
HIV and AIDS (Prevention and • In order to give more freedom to farmers
Control) Bill, 2017 to sell their produce, the Agriculture
• The Parliament has passed the Human Ministry has proposed “The State/UT
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Agricultural Produce and Livestocks
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Marketing (Promotion and Facilitation)
(AIDS) (Prevention and Control) Bill, Act, 2017”, which has defined each state/
2017. UT as a single unified market area.
• It highlights prevention and control of • Other than Bihar, all other states/UTs have
the spread of HIV and AIDS. It prohibits agreed to adopt the model act.
discrimination against persons with HIV • The existing APMC mandis are allowed
and AIDS. to enforce regulation only in their market
yard and thus encouraging private sector
• It says that no person will be compelled
players to set up mandis.
to disclose his HIV status except with his
• The model law on agricultural marketing
informed consent, and if required by a
would introduce features like single
court order.
market within state, private wholesale
• It mentions that establishments keeping markets, direct sale by farmers to bulk
records of information of PLHIV must buyers, and promotion of electronic
adopt data protection measures. trading etc.
• It prohibits any individual from publishing • The new act proposes to put a cap on
information or advocating feelings of mandi taxes at 1% for food grain and
hatred against HIV positive persons and 2% for fruits and vegetables as well as
PLHIV. commission agent’s levy at 2% of the total
• It ensures that no HIV test, medical transaction cost.
treatment or research is conducted on a
person without his informed consent. Financial Resolution and Deposit
• It prohibits requirement for HIV testing as Insurance Bill 2017
a pre-requisite for obtaining employment
• The Union Cabinet has passed the proposal
or accessing health care or education.
to introduce a Financial Resolution and
Constitution 123rd Amendment Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017, which will
provide a comprehensive resolution
Bill, 2017 framework for financial sector entities to
• Lok Sabha has passed Constitution 123rd deal with bankruptcy situation in banks,
Amendment Bill, 2017 which seeks to insurance companies, and other entities.
Bills and Acts 2017 CA-123

• The bill will pave way for the establishment subjects under the Union (List-I) or the
of Resolution Corporation, which would Concurrent list (List-II) of the Constitution.
be mandated to protect the stability These subjects include citizenship,
and resilience of the financial system; banking, education, labour and forests as
protecting public funds; protecting the applicable to Jammu & Kashmir.
consumers of covered obligations up to a • It adds provisions for the appointment
reasonable limit. of a nodal officer by the union or state
• It will repeal the Deposit Insurance government.
and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act,
1961 and repeal/amendment of other Indian Institute of Information
resolution related provisions in sectoral Technology Public Private
acts. Partnership (IIIT-PPP) Bill, 2017
Kambala Bill • The Lok Sabha passed the Indian Institute
• The Union Ministry of Law and Justice of Information Technology Public Private
has cleared the Prevention of Cruelty to Partnership (IIIT-PPP) Bill, 2017, to allow
Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Bill 15 IIITs established on a PPP model to
2017, and thus legalising kambala. grant degrees and get statutory status.
• In November 2016, the Karnataka High • The bill also seeks to grant institute
Court had banned the Kambala along with of national importance status to IIITs
bull-cart race in the state while hearing on the lines of the Indian Institutes of
a case filed by the People for the Ethical Technology (IITs) and National Institutes
Treatment of Animals (PETA). of Technology (NITs).
• The high court had stayed these traditional • The bill defines PPP as a partnership under
sports in view of the Supreme Court’s ban a scheme of the centre for establishment of
on Jallikattu, a traditional bull taming institutes through collaboration between
sport of Tamil Nadu. the centre, the state government and
• In April 2017, the Union Home Ministry industry partners, such as individuals,
asked the state government to modify or trusts, companies or societies.
omit the phrase “subject to such other • State government will identify at least
conditions as may be prescribed in the one industry partner for collaboration
sub-section 2 of section 3 of the Bill”, as to establish an institute and submit a
this phrase would make it possible for the proposal to the centre.
state government to include more sports • Industry partner will have powers for
involving animals. co-creating programmes as per the
requirements of the industry; actively
Collection of Statistics participating in the governance of the
(Amendment) Bill, 2017 institutes; and funding and mentoring
startups in the institutions.
• The Parliament has passed the Collection
of Statistics (Amendment) Bill, 2017 after Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill,
it was approved by the Rajya Sabha.
• The bill aims at amending the Collection
2017
of Statistics Bill, 2008, which facilitates • The Union Law Ministry has approved
the collection of statistics related to social, Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2017,
economic, demographic, scientific and to empower government to confiscate
environmental aspects, by central, state property of economic offenders and
and local governments. defaulters who flee India.
• It also allows the appointment of statistics • The bill seeks to deter economic offenders
officers to collect information and from evading the process of Indian law by
contains provisions to ensure security of fleeing the country.
information. • It defines fugitive economic offender as
• The bill extends jurisdiction of the parent any individual against whom warrant
act to the state Jammu & Kashmir for for arrest in relation to economic offence
the collection of statistics pertaining to has been issued and person has left the
EBD_7214
CA-124 Bills and Acts 2017
country and refuses to return to India to conducting teacher education courses
face criminal prosecution. without NCTE permission till academic
• The burden of proof for establishing that year 2017-2018.
an individual is fugitive economic offender • The amendment will make students
will be on authorities. studying in these institutions/universities
• It will allow Financial Intelligence Unit or those who have already passed out from
(FIU), the premier technical snoop wing here eligible for employment as teacher.
under the finance ministry, to file an • All institutions running teacher education
application for declaration of fugitive courses such as B.Ed and D.El.Ed have
economic offender for confiscation of their to obtain recognition from NCTE under
assets. section 14 of NCTE Act. The courses of
• The bill entrusts responsibility to try such such recognised institutions/universities
cases to the courts under the Prevention of must be permitted under section 15 of
Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA). NCTE Act.

Indian Institutes of Management Dentists (Amendment) Bill, 2017


Bill, 2017 • The Union Cabinet has approved intro­
duction of the Dentists (Amendment) Bill,
• The Lok Sabha passed the Indian Institutes
2017 in the Parliament.
of Management (IIM) Bill, 2017 by voice
• The bill seeks to amend the Dentists Act,
vote.
1948 to include certain modifications in
• The bill allows IIMs to grant degrees to order to reduce the redundancy.
their students and also provides them
• The amendment in the act include
complete autonomy, combined with
modifications in provisions of (i)
adequate accountability.
membership of the Dental Council of India
• It establishes coordination Forum of IIMs under clause (f) of section 3 of parent Act;
as an advisory body. It empowers board (ii) Membership of State and Joint State
of an IIM to drive the management of the Dental Councils under clause (b) of section
institution. It will select Chairperson and 21 and clause (b) of section 23 of parent
Director of IIM. Act.
• The board will have greater participation
of experts and alumni. It will also include Payment of Gratuity (Amendment)
women and members from Scheduled Bill, 2017
Castes/Tribes.
• The Union Cabinet has given approved
• It adds provisions for periodic review of
introduction of the Payment of Gratuity
the performance of IIM by independent
(Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the Parliament.
agencies and their results will be placed in
The bill seeks to amend the Payment of
public domain.
Gratuity Act, 1972.
• It also has provision to place the Annual
• The amendment will increase maximum
Report of the IIMs in the Parliament and
limit of gratuity of employees in public
CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General of
sector undertakings (PSUs)/autonomous
India) auditing their accounts.
organizations under the government and
in private sectors who are not covered
National Council for Teacher
under the Central Civil Services (Pension)
Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017 Rules, 1972, at par with the central
• The Union Cabinet has approved government employees.
introduction of National Council for • The present upper ceiling on gratuity
Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill, amount under Act was ` 10 Lakh.
2017 in the Parliament to amend the • The provisions for Union Government
National Council for Teacher Education employees under CCS (Pension) Rules,
(NCTE) Act, 1993. 1972 with regard to gratuity are also
• The amendment seeks to grant similar. Before the implementation of 7th
retrospective recognition to Central/ Central Pay Commission, ceiling under CCS
State universities, which are found to be (Pension) Rules was ` 10 Lakh.
Bills and Acts 2017 CA-125

State Banks (Repeal and voice vote. It will replace the Banking
Amendment) Bill, 2017 Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance,
2017.
• The State Banks (Repeal and Amendment) • The bill seeks to amend the Banking
Bill, 2017 seeks to repeal the two acts Regulation Act, 1949 to insert provisions
namely State Bank of India (Subsidiary for handling cases related to stressed
Banks) Act, 1959 and the State Bank of assets or non-performing assets (NPAs) of
Hyderabad Act, 1956.
banks.
• It also seeks to amend the State Bank of
• It will enable the central government to
India (SBI) Act, 1955 to remove references
authorize the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
to subsidiary banks and powers of SBI to
act as an agent of the RBI for subsidiary to direct banking companies to resolve
banks. specific stressed assets by initiating
• The two acts have established the State insolvency resolution process. These
Bank of Bikaner, State Bank of Patiala, State proceedings will be under the Insolvency
Bank of Mysore, State Bank of Hyderabad and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
and State Bank of Travancore. • It empowers RBI to issue directions to
• The bill removes references related to banks for resolution of stressed assets
subsidiary banks from the parent Act. from time to time.
These references include the definition of • It enables RBI to specify committees or
a subsidiary bank and powers of SBI to act authorities to advise banks on resolution
as an agent of the RBI for subsidiary banks. of stressed assets. RBI will appoint or
approve members on such committees.
NABARD (Amendment) Bill, 2017
• The Lok Sabha has passed the National Amendment of the Customs and
Bank for Agriculture and Rural Excise Act
Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017 by
• The Union Cabinet has approved
voice vote. The Bill seeks to amend the
NABARD Act, 1981. amendments to the Customs and Excise
• The bill allows union government to Acts related to abolition of cesses and
increase capital of NABARD to ` 30,000 surcharges on various goods and services
crore from ` 5000 crore. It allows union to facilitate implementation of GST regime.
government to increase it to more than ` • The amendments in the Customs Act,
30,000 crores in consultation with the RBI, 1962 will allow furnishing of information
if necessary. relating to import or export of goods
• The bill provides that the union by specified persons to enable analysis
government alone must hold at least 51% and detection of cases of under or over-
capital share of NABARD. valuation in imports and exports.
• It transfers share capital held by the • It also aims to check misuse of export
RBI valued at ` 20 crore to the union promotion schemes, including Drawback
government. Scheme and violations of provisions of the
• The bill replaces the terms ‘small-scale Customs Act and various other laws which
industry’ and ‘industry in the tiny and customs officials have been authorised to
decentralised sector’ with the terms implement.
‘micro enterprise’, ‘small enterprise’ and
‘medium enterprise’ as defined in the Inter-state River Water Disputes
MSME Development Act, 2006. (Amendment) Bill, 2017
• The bill substitutes references to
• The bill proposes a Single Standing
provisions of the Companies Act, 1956
Tribunal (with multiple benches) instead
with references to the Companies Act,
of the existing multiple tribunals, which
2013.
shall consist of one chairperson, one vice
Banking Regulation (Amendment) chairperson and not more than six other
members.
Bill, 2017
• While the term of office of the chairperson
• The Lok Sabha has passed the Banking is five year or till he attains the age of
Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2017 by 70 years, whichever is earlier, the term
EBD_7214
CA-126 Bills and Acts 2017
of office of vice chairperson and other to acquire the prescribed minimum
member of tribunal shall be co-terminus qualifications for appointment.
with the adjudication of the water dispute. • The amendments to the RTE Act, 2009
• The bill also provides for the appointment will enable the in-service untrained
of assessors to provide technical support elementary teachers to complete their
to the tribunal. They shall be appointed training and ensure that all teachers at the
from amongst experts serving in the elementary level have certain minimum
Central Water Engineering Service not standard of qualifications.
below the rank of chief engineer. • It will ensure that all teachers attain
• The bill also proposes to introduce minimum qualifications as considered
mechanism to resolve the dispute by necessary to maintain the standard of
negotiations, through a Dispute Resolution teaching quality.
Committee (DRC) to be established by the • It will ultimately result in improvement
central government consisting of relevant in overall quality of teachers, teaching
experts, before such dispute is referred to processes and learning outcomes of
the tribunal. children. It will reinforce government’s
emphasis on improvement of quality of
The Taxation Laws (Amendment) elementary education.
Bill, 2017 New Amendments to Finance Bill,
• The amendments proposed to the Customs 2017
Act, 1962 (‘Customs Act’) and Customs
Tariff Act, 1975. • Adhaar made mandatory: The Union
Government has proposed to make adhaar
• Duty on import of goods to be levied under
card mandatory to file Income Tax Return
the Customs Act. Enabling provisions have
(ITR) and for applying for Permanent
been introduced to levy IGST and GST
Account Number (PAN). The proposal
compensation cess on import of goods into
was made through an amendment to
India.
the Finance Bill, 2017. The amendment
• IGST and IGST compensation cess to be also proposed to lower the limit on cash
calculated on values determined as per transactions from 3 lakhs to 2 lakhs. The
the Customs Act, 1962, including the basic limit on cash transactions is in keeping
customs duty. with the recommendations of the Special
• Customs sector amended to include a Investigation Team on Black money.
warehouse; importer not required to • Merger of Tribunals: The Union
pay IGST at the time of removal of goods Government has decided to dissolve
from customs station to a custom bonded eight appellate tribunals immediately
warehouse. while also making enabling provisions
• Provisions introduced to enable customs in 17 legislation to bring amendments
authorities to request for information from through notifications. The eight tribunals
specified persons, such as local authority, are being dissolved through the Finance
state electricity board, Director General of Bill, 2017. Among those to go will be the
Foreign Trade, Officer of Reserve Bank of Competition Appellate Tribunal, whose
India, etc. functions would be taken by the National
Company Law Appellate Tribunal.
The Right of Children to Free Similarly, Airports Economic Regulatory
and Compulsory Education Authority Appellate Tribunal and Cyber
(Amendment) Act, 2017 Appellate Tribunal would be replaced
and their functions would be taken over
• The Lok Sabha has passed the Right by the Telecom Disputes Settlement and
of Children to Free and Compulsory Appellate Tribunal. The government has
Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017. moved amendments to the Finance Bill in
• The bill amends the Right of Children to order to facilitate the changes. Further, the
Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE), Copyright Board would be dissolved, too,
2009 to extend the deadline for teachers and its functions would be taken over by
Bills and Acts 2017 CA-127

the Intellectual Property Appellate Board. payment Every political party has to file
The National Highways Tribunal would be Income Tax returns An amendment to
replaced and its functions would be taken the RBI Act has been proposed which will
over by the Airport Appellate Tribunal. enable issuance of electoral bonds. Donors
In the case of Employees Provident Fund can purchase bonds from designated
Appellate Tribunal, its function would be banks, and these bonds can be redeemed
taken over by the Industrial Tribunal. within a prescribed limit.
• Terms of Services: The amend-ment • Cash Transactions: Finance Bill, 2017, as
made on terms of services will specify the tabled by Union finance minister Arun
qualifications. However, Finance Bill 2017 Jaitley, proposed that cash transaction
will empower the central government to would be limited to Rs 3 lakh per person
decide the terms of services, making up per day per event. Amendment moved on
rules on the go. This will directly impact to lowered the cap further to Rs 2 lakh per
the independence of the tribunals as the person per day per event.
executive will have enormous and undue • Penalty: As per Finance Bill, 2017, the
influence in deciding the outcomes of adjudicating officer will continue to retain
these tribunals and appellate tribunals. power under amended Securities Contracts
• Donations to Political Parties: According (Regulation) Act and Depositories Act,
to the Union government, the maximum 2004, to impose penalties on those failing
amount that a political party can receive to furnish information, documents or
from a source in cash is `2,000, which returns vis-a-vis their incomes. Essentially,
is a sharp drop from the earlier limit of this will lead to a penalty overdrive and a
`20,000. Political parties will be entitled zeitgeist bureaucracy targeting anyone on
to receive donations in cheque or digital the wrong side of the ruling regime at will.
EBD_7214
POLICIES AND SCHEMES 2017
Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya F Power-Tex India van was also flagged off
Sanchar Kaushal Vikas Pratisthan for publicity of the Power Tex scheme.
F The objective of the first component of
F The scheme aims to provide training to
in-situ upgradation is to provide financial
rural youth to maintain mobile towers,
assistance to economically weaker low-
repair optical fibers and fix other end power loom units, for upgrading
communication technologies across the existing plain looms to semi-automatic/
nation. shuttle-less looms by fixing certain
F The Minister of State for Communications additional attachment/kits.
would impart training to 10,000 people F The scheme also aims to improve quality
from 10 States/UTs in the first phase. and productivity of the fabrics being
F States like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, produced and enable them to face the
Punjab and Haryana will be benefitted in competition in domestic and international
the first phase. markets.
F The Department of Telecommunications F All power loom units having up to 8 looms
(DoT) plans to establish more than 1,000 would be eligible under this component.
Sanchar Kaushal Vikas Pratisthan in
future. Visiting Advanced Joint Research
Faculty Scheme - VAJRA
Mission Fingerling F The Prime Minister announced the launch
F The Union Ministry of Agriculture of VAJRA by the Department of Science and
launched Mission Fingerling, a program Technology to enable NRIs and overseas
to enable holistic development and scientific community to participate and
management of fisheries sector in India. contribute to research and development in
India.
F Government has identified 20 states based
on their potential and other relevant F The scheme aims at using the expertise
of international faculty/scientists/
factors to strengthen the fish fingerling
technologists including Non-Resident
production and fish seed infrastructure in
Indians (NRI) and Persons of Indian Origin
the country.
(PIO)/Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) in
F The program will facilitate the highly competitive areas of research and
establishment of fingerling rearing pond development by offering them adjunct/
and hatcheries to ensure the production of visiting faculty positions in Indian
426 crores of fish fingerling, 25.50 crores institutions/universities for specific
post larvae of shrimp and crab. period of time.
F The implementation of the program will F VAJRA Faculty Scheme has been
supplement the requirement of stocking conceptualized to bring an international
materials in the country up to a large dimension to the R&D ecosystem of India
extent. by leveraging overseas scientists’ expertise
F The program focuses on creating an to the Indian research framework.
environment that envisages integrated and F The Indian collaborator and the overseas
holistic development and management faculty will jointly frame a research plan
of fisheries for the socio economic and the application duly endorsed by the
development of the fishers and fish head of the institution will be submitted
farmers. online by the Indian collaborator.

Power Tex Scheme Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana


F The government launched Power Tex F The Union Ministry of Social Justice
India, a comprehensive scheme for power & Empowerment launched Rashtriya
loom sector development at over 45 Vayoshri Yojana in Nellore district of
locations in the country. Andhra Pradesh.
Policies and Schemes 2017 CA-129

F The scheme aims at providing physical Revenue Insurance Scheme for


aids and assisted-living devices for senior Plantation Crops
citizens belonging to Below Poverty Line
(BPL) category. F The Commerce Ministry approved the pilot
F It is the first-of-its-kind Central Sector Revenue Insurance Scheme for Plantation
Scheme (CCS) in India, to be fully funded Crops (RISPC) for protecting the growers
by the union government. from the risks, such as yield loss, pest
attacks and income decline caused by fall
F It is expected to benefit 5,20,000
senior citizens, and its expenditure in prices.
implementation will be met from the F The Department of Commerce has
Senior Citizens Welfare Fund. approved the pilot RISPC for protecting
growers of plantation crops from the twin
Saubhagya Scheme risks of yield loss due to adverse weather
parameters, pest attacks, etc. and income
F Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched loss caused by fall in international/
the Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar domestic prices.
Yojana ‘Saubhagya’ scheme to provide F As per the institutional and financial
electricity connections to over 4 crore framework for the growth of these
families in rural and urban areas by corridors approved by the government,
December 2018. land acquisition/pooling/procurement
F Under the scheme, the government and making it available for projects is the
proposes to provide electricity to all responsibility of the concerned state.
households by December 2018, ahead of
the earlier target of March, 2019. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital
F All villages would be electrified by Saksharta Abhiyan
December this year ahead of the scheduled
deadline of May 1, 2018. F The Union Cabinet has approved Pradhan
Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan
F The beneficiaries for free electricity
(PMGDISHA) to make 6 crore rural
connections would be identified using
households digitally literate.
Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC)
2011 data. F Under the scheme, 25 lakh candidates will
be trained in the FY 2016-17; 275 lakh in
UDAN Scheme the FY 2017-18; and 300 lakh in the FY
2018-19.
F Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched F To ensure equitable geographical reach,
the Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) each of the 250,000 Gram Panchayats
scheme. would be expected to register an average
F Around 45 unserved and under-served of 200-300 candidates.
airports are set to be connected under F Digitally literate persons would be able
UDAN scheme to make flying more to operate computers/digital access
reasonable. devices like tablets, smart phones, etc.,
F The airports to be connected under UDAN send and receive emails, browse internet,
include Bhatinda, Bhavnagar, Durgapur, access government services, search
Jaisalmer, Puducherry and Shimla. for information, undertaking cashless
F According to the scheme, 24 airports in transactions, etc.
the western region, 17 airports in the
northern region, 11 in the southern region, Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana
12 in east and 6 in north-eastern parts of
the country are proposed to be connected F Prime Minister Narendra Modi has
under UDAN. launched the Pravasi Kaushal Vikas
F Under this scheme, five operators will Yojana (PKVY) to provide training and
operate flights services on 128 routes that certify Indians who are seeking overseas
will connect 70 airports through 19-78 employment in selected sectors in line
seater aircrafts. with international standards.
EBD_7214
CA-130 Policies and Schemes 2017
F The scheme will be implemented by the F The program has been designed in such a
National Skill Development Corporation way that it allows translating the content
(NSDC) through its training partners and in local/regional languages and will be
in consultation with the Union Ministry implemented through State Administrative
of External Affairs and the Union Skill Training Institutes (ATIs).
Development Ministry.
F This scheme will assist in boosting the National Biopharma Mission
self-confidence of the Indian youth who
are willing to work out of the country of F The Union Ministry of Science & Technology
their choice for vocation. has launched National Biopharma
Mission, a first ever industry academia
Street Lighting National Program mission to accelerate biopharmaceutical
development in India.
F Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal F Under this mission, the ministry also
launched the “world’s largest” LED street launched Innovate in India (I3) program to
light replacement project completed promote entrepreneurship and indigenous
by South Delhi Municipal Corporation manufacturing in the sector.
(SDMC) in south Delhi wherein two lakh
F I3 is a flagship program of the Government
conventional street lights have been
of India in collaboration with World Bank.
replaced with energy efficient LEDs.
F I3 is committed to make India a hub
F The initiative under the Street Lighting
for design and development of novel,
National Program being implemented by
affordable and effective biopharmaceutical
the Energy Efficiency Services Limited
products and solutions.
of Ministry of Power, will save 6.10 crore
F The program will boost the growth
units of electricity per year thus reducing
of domestic biopharma industry by
the electricity bill by 54 per cent.
accelerating the translation of research
F The project will include the installation of
concepts into viable products and
75,000 more LED lights in the SDMC area
supporting clinical validation.
with special focus on the installation of
LED lights in parks, dark spots and high
mast lights. Know India Program
F The program is currently running in F External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj
Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, has inaugurated Know India Program
Assam, Tripura, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, (KIP) for NRI and PIO youth with an aim
Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Goa, to provide them with an exposure to the
Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. country of their origin.
F The program is an initiative of the Ministry
COMMIT Program of External Affairs (MEA) for the Persons
F The Union Ministry of Personnel, Public of Indian Origin (PIO) between the age
Grievances & Pension has launched a new group of 18 to 30 years.
training program, Comprehensive Online F The ministry has announced that it is
Modified Modules on Induction Training taking measures to open more passport
(COMMIT), for state government officials. seva kendras, so that a person need not
F The program has been developed by travel more than 50 kilometres to get his/
Department of Personnel and Training her passport.
(DoPT) in collaboration with United F Post Office Passport Seva Kendra (POPSK)
Nations Development Program (UNDP). is an initiative undertaken jointly by the
F Initially, on pilot basis the program will MEA and the Department of Post.
be launched in 6 states, including Assam, F The KIP offers a platform for the young
Haryana, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, PIOs to visit India, share their views,
Telangana and West Bengal during the expectations and experiences and forge
current financial year 2017-18. closer bonds with India of present times.
Policies and Schemes 2017 CA-131

F Under the scheme, each household in


Project Jal Sanchay
Melaka will get 10 high quality 9-watt LED
F Project Jal Sanchay, a water conservation bulbs at a cost of only RM 10 (10 Malaysian
model which is successfully adopted in Ringgit), which is a special price and is
Nalanda district of Bihar, has been chosen almost half of what is being offered in the
for the national award for excellence market.
in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural F The EESL plans to distribute about 1
Employment Guarantee (MGNREG) million 9W LED bulbs, replacing 18W CFLs
program by the Ministry of Rural in Melaka.
Development.
F Nalanda being an agriculture-oriented Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat
district remained affected by drought-like Program
conditions that hampered the farming F Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat Program,
activities in the district. an initiative of Kendriya Vidyalaya
F Under the project, check dams and Sangathan, has recently been launched in
traditional Aahar-Pyne irrigation systems Kochi.
were created. In addition, traditional F The program provides a comprehensive
water bodies were desilted and renovated. and inclusive report card for children
covering all age groups and children of
Trade Infrastructure for Export
different abilities.
Scheme F It makes students, teachers and parents
F Then Commerce and Industry Minister aware about the importance of good health
Nirmala Sitharamanhas launched the and fitness, encouraging 60 minutes of
Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme play each day.
(TIES).
F The Scheme is focused on addressing the Varshadhare Project
needs of the exporters.
F Government of Karnataka has launched
F The focus will not just be on creating the much touted cloud seeding project
infrastructure but also to make sure it is named Varshadhare.
professionally run and sustained.
F Cloud seeding aims at catalysing the
F There will be an Empowered Committee process of precipitation, so that rainfall
to periodically review the progress of could be increased by 15-20% in drought
the approved projects in the Scheme affected areas of the state.
and will take necessary steps to ensure F Experts have analysed that precipitation
achievement of the objectives of the in clouds has been affected recently due
scheme. to increase in particulate matter in the
F The proposals of the implementing atmosphere and among other factors.
agencies for funding will be considered F Among the problems for successful
by an inter-ministerial Empowered precipitation in rain bearing clouds are
Committee specially constituted for this that water droplets formed in the clouds
scheme to be chaired by the Commerce are much smaller than the particulate
Secretary. matter.

UJALA Scheme Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada


F Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), Yojana
under Ministry of Power, Government F The Cabinet Committee on Economic
of India, has launched Unnat Jyoti by Affairs has launched the Scheme for Agro-
Affordable Lighting for All (UJALA) scheme Marine Processing and Development of
in the state of Melaka, Malaysia. Agro-Processing Clusters (SAMPADA) as
F The scheme has seen successful Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana
implementation in the UK. (PMKSY) for the period of 2016-20.
EBD_7214
CA-132 Policies and Schemes 2017
F It benefits 20 lakh farmers and will F Post harvest processing of kiwi,
generate 5,30,500 direct/indirect strawberry, cherry, tulsi, ginger and badi
employment in the country by the year elaichi has been made through solar drying
2019-20. technology, and extraction of apricot oil
F PMKSY is an umbrella scheme will be made using cold press technology.
incorporating ongoing schemes of F Practice of agriculture, agro-based cottage
the ministry like Mega Food Parks, industries and animal husbandry in an
Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition eco-friendly manner will be emphasized
during the implementation of the project.
Infrastructure, Food Safety and Quality
Assurance Infrastructure, etc.
Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat
F It will boost the growth of food processing
sector in the country and will result in the F The central government has launched a
creation of modern infrastructure with country-wide LPG Panchayat to distribute
efficient supply chain management from LPG connections in the rural areas where
farm gate to retail outlet. conventional fuel is used for domestic
purposes.
‘She Means Business’ Program F The government aims to reach the
doorsteps of poor and under-privileged
F Odisha government has launched ‘She women to educate them about the safety
Means Business’ program of Facebook for and efficiency, health benefits, positive
women entrepreneurs. impact on environment, economic
F Under this scheme, around 25,000 women development and empowerment on usage
entrepreneurs and self help group (SHG) of LPG connections.
members will be given training on digital F The idea of this platform is to trigger a
marketing skills within a year. discussion through sharing of personal
F Women entrepreneurs will get hands-on experiences on the benefits of use of clean
training on digital marketing free of cost fuel compared to traditional fuels like cow
and they need not create their websites to dung.
promote their business. F The agenda would also include safe
practices, quality of service provided
F Facebook will also make a database
by distributors and availability of refill
of entrepreneurs in the state and will
cylinders.
monitor their growth, turnover and profit
after one year.
“Jan Sampark” Program
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan F The Central Adoption Resource Authority
Gram Sankul Pariyojana (CARA) of the Ministry of Women & Child
Development has started a monthly “Jan
F The government has launched Pt. Deen
Sampark” program to enable the public
Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan Gram Sankul
to have interaction with its officials and
Pariyojana that endeavours to formulate staff for seeking information related to
and implement appropriate science & adoption as well as flagging their concerns.
technology interventions for sustainable F The first of its kind program was held in
development through cluster approach in New Delhi.
Uttarakhand.
F Under the scheme, it is aimed at JIGYASA Program
adopting a few clusters of villages in
F Jigyasa, a student-scientist connect
Uttarakhand and transforming them to
program, has been launched by the
become self sustainable in a time bound
government in New Delhi.
manner through the tools of science and
F The program has been inspired by Prime
technology.
Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a new
F The local communities are not compelled India and “Scientific Social Responsibility
to migrate from their native places in (SSR)” of scientific community and
search of jobs and livelihoods. institutions.
Policies and Schemes 2017 CA-133

F The program is expected to inculcate the pregnancy up to six months after delivery.
culture of inquisitiveness and scientific F Along with meal, Iron Folic Acid (IFA)
temper on the minds of children and tablets will be administered and
school teachers. gestational weight monitoring will be
F The program would be implemented by ensured for pregnant women.
the Council of Scientific and Industrial
Research (CSIR) in collaboration with Intensified Mission Indradhanush
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS). (IMI)
F Through the Intensified Mission
SECURE Himalaya Project Indradhanush, the government aims to
F The central government launched SECURE focus on each and every child under two
Himalaya, a six-year project to ensure years of age and all those pregnant women
conservation of locally and globally under the routine immunisation program.
significant biodiversity, land and forest F The program will focus on improving
resources in high Himalayan ecosystem immunization coverage in select districts
spread over four states, Himachal Pradesh, and cities to ensure full immunization to
Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and more than 90% by December 2018.
Sikkim.
F It was launched by the Union Ministry of
Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2017-
Environment, Forests and Climate Change 18
(MoEFCC) in association with the United F The Union Government in collaboration
Nations Development Program (UNDP). with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has
F The SECURE project aims at securing launched Sovereign Gold Bonds 2017-18 –
livelihoods, conservation, sustainable use Series-III.
and restoration of high range Himalayan F The bonds will be sold through banks,
ecosystems. Stock Holding Corporation of India
F The project is meant for specific Limited, designated post offices and
landscapes including Changthang (Jammu recognised stock exchanges namely the
and Kashmir), Lahaul – Pangi and Kinnaur NSE and BSE.
(Himachal Pradesh), Gangotri – Govind F These bonds were launched under
and Darma – Byans Valley in Pithoragarh umbrella sovereign gold bond scheme
(Uttarakhand) and Kanchenjunga – Upper in November 2015 with an objective to
Teesta Valley (Sikkim). reduce demand for physical gold and
F The main focus areas of the project is the shift part of domestic savings, used for
protection of snow leopard and other purchase of gold, into financial savings.
endangered species and their habitats and F It also aims to ease pressure on the
also securing livelihoods of people in the country’s trade balance as India’s imports
regions and enhancing enforcement to are dominated by crude oil and gold by
reduce wildlife crime. converting gold into a productive asset.
F The bonds are denominated in units of
Mathru Poorna Scheme one gram of gold and multiples thereof.
Minimum investment in bonds is one
F The government of Karnataka has
gram.
launched Mathru Poorna Scheme to meet
nutritional needs of pregnant and lactating
women in the rural areas of Karnataka. SANKALP & STRIVE Schemes
F Under the scheme, pregnant and lactating F The Cabinet Committee on Economic
poor women in rural areas will get one Affairs (CCEA) approved two World
nutritious meal daily for 25 days in a Bank supported schemes Skills
month. Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness
F The scheme will be implemented through for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) and
anganwadis in the state. Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value
F Under the scheme, nutritious food will Enhancement (STRIVE) to boost Skill India
be provided for 15 months, from start of Mission.
EBD_7214
CA-134 Policies and Schemes 2017
F SANKALP is a Rs. 4455 crore centrally F Under the program, Energy Efficiency
sponsored scheme including Rs 3300 Services Limited (EESL) would procure
crore loan support from World Bank energy efficient powerlooms, motors and
whereas STRIVE is Rs. 2200 crore central repair kits in bulk and provide them to the
sector scheme with half funding through small and medium powerloom units at no
the World bank loan assistance. upfront cost.
F The schemes will incentivize ITIs to
improve overall performance including BharatMala Project
apprenticeship by involving small scale F The centre had announced BharatMala
enterprises, business association and Pariyojana to encourage the economy as
industry clusters. private investment remains moribund.
F The schemes will develop robust F The BharatMala Pariyojana will generate
mechanism for delivering quality skill 14.2 crore man-days of jobs.
development training by strengthening F The BharatMala project will include
institutions- National Skill Development economic corridors, inter-corridor
Corporation (NSDC), State Skill and feeder route, national corridors
Development Missions (SSDMs), Sector efficiency improvement, border roads and
Skill Councils, ITIs and National Skill international connectivity, coastal roads
Development Mission 2015. and port connectivity and Greenfield
expressways.
Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana
National Rural Drinking Water
F The Union Ministry of Communications Program
has launched Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana, a
pan India scholarship program for school F The Union Cabinet has approved
children to increase the reach of philately. continuation and restructuring of National
Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP).
F SPARSH stands for Scholarship for
Promotion of Aptitude & Research in F The program will cover all the rural
population across the country.
Stamps as a Hobby.
F NRDWP will be continued co-terminus
F Under the program, annual scholarships
with 14th Finance Commission cycle till
will be awarded to children of standard
March 2020.
VI to IX having good academic record and
F The program will enable the country to
also pursuing philately as hobby through
reach the goal of increasing coverage of
competitive selection process in all postal
sustainable piped water supply.
circles.
F The program will focus on piped water
F Government will award 920 scholarships supply, increase level of service delivery,
to students pursuing philately as hobby. thrust on coverage of water quality
affected habitations, coverage of Open
SAATHI Program Defecation Free (ODF) declared villages,
F The Ministry of Power along with the ‎Integrated Action Plan (IAP) districts,
Ministry of Textiles has launched its new ‎Border out Posts (BOP) with piped water
initiative called SAATHI - Sustainable and supply and ‎ institutional set up for proper
Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile O&M of water supply assets, etc.
Technologies - to help small industries.
F The powerloom sector in India is Shaheed Gram Vikas Yojana
predominantly an unorganized sector and F The government of Jharkhand has
has a large number of micro and small launched Shaheed Gram Vikas Yojana
units which produces 57 percent of the aimed at developing villages of freedom
total cloth in the country. fighters in the state.
F Upgradation of powerlooms as part F It was launched from Ulihatu village, birth
of Power Tex India will lead to higher place of freedom fighter Birsa Munda.
productivity, better quality and more than F Under the scheme, villages of many tribal
50 percent additional value realization. freedom fighters will be developed and
Policies and Schemes 2017 CA-135

their habitants will be provided basic F The scheme will provide financial
amenities. assistance of Rs. 51,000 as a wedding gift to
F These villages had remained inaccessible girls belonging to the Muslim community
for long time after Independence because who completes their graduation.
of Left-wing extremism. F The aim of the scheme is to encourage
Muslim girls for the pursuit of higher
Sankalp Se Siddhi education.
F Sankalp Se Siddhi program is a new F The benefit of the Shadi Shagun scheme
initiative launched by Narendra Modi for a will only be provided to those who
New India movement from 2017 to 2022. complete their graduation.
F The program aims to bring in many
Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana
changes in the country for the betterment
of country’s economy, citizens, society, (PMVVY)
governance, security and other verticals. F The shortfall owing to the difference
F Under the Sankalp Se Siddhi program, between the interest guaranteed and the
the new India movement would organize actual interest earned and the expenses
events to make the Indian citizens aware of relating to administration shall be
many social issues such as discrimination, subsidised by the government of India and
communalism, non-hygiene, etc. reimbursed to the LIC.
F The main objectives of the Sankalp F The scheme will provide an assured return
Se Siddhi Program are poverty-free of 8 per cent per annum payable monthly
India, clean India, terrorism-free India, (equivalent to 8.30 per cent per annum)
communalism-free India and corruption- for 10 years.
free India. F PMVVY can be purchased offline as well as
online through LIC which has been given
Shadi Shagun Scheme the sole privilege to operate this scheme.
F Modi government is planning to launch F On death of the pensioner during the
a new scheme called “Shadi Shagun” for policy term of 10 years, the purchase price
Muslim girls. shall be paid to the beneficiary.
EBD_7214
The Future of Aadhar

P
aul Romer of the World Bank said,
“The system in India is the most
sophisticated I have seen. It could be
good for the World if this became widely
adopted.”
Aadhar in Hindi means “foundation” or
“basis”. It is no more a word but the need
of Aadhar is a word to be spread, talked
upon and implemented. One of the biggest
advantages of aadhar is that it will lessen
“Aadhar is a 12-digit unique-identity
the hierarchical and bureaucratic practices
number issued to an Indian resident based
in the country. Also, one needs to keep in on their biometric and demographic data”.
mind that everything affects everything Aadhar is not an abbreviation or acronym.
else today. There are no hidden motives of Aadhar is just aadhar. There is no hidden
a base and so there are no hidden motives meaning to it. The question was raised by
to Aadhar as well. Aadhar has become one of the petitioners is that “as far as the
important in performing and processing biometrics is concerned, the state cannot
a lot of work such as opening a fresh take it without consent except for limited
bank account, LPG subsidy, a help in the purposes. In addition to this, he also said
disbursing of the Provident fund, getting a that it also creates an artificial mode of
digital life certificate, attaining a monthly accessibility for those who are otherwise
willing to pay taxes but refuse to give their
receipt pension for the government job
biometrics as objectors.” The data collected
holders, implementing the scheme of the
during the Aadhar is kept in a database
Jan Dhan Yojna and definitely it can serve
which is in immediate control of the Unique
as an important document in the Passport
Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).
acquisition. The other benefits of Aadhar This authority functions under the Planning
include - carrying the Aadhar at the time Commission of India (Management of
of travel (serving as an ID Proof), not only Aadhar cards and Aadhar Numbers). As
during travelling, it serves as a proof of per the statistics of March 2017, 88.6% of
address and identity across all over India. the residents in India have an aadhar card.
Aadhar serves as a paperless document The most educated and inquisitive States of
anywhere and everywhere. Secondly, India - Delhi, Haryana and Telangana were
Aadhar follows a “No Creed, No Caste, the most active participants in this act.
No Geography and No Gender” policy The Attorney General of India has said
which makes it a perfect AADHAR for all. that, “Even if you want to be forgotten, the
Bank Bazaar.Com has coined Aadhar as a state is not willing to forget you”. Aadhar to
universally acceptable government issued pan card link is the change that has created
card and a versatile card. awareness all over India and bought
jaagrukta among people of India. The
THE FUTURE OF AADHAR CA-137

Government of India has made the Aadhar- vision of the Aadhar system. The Aadhar Act
PAN link a compulsion for obtaining a PAN gives no right to report criminal activities
or filing an ITR on July 1, 2017. The Supreme and neglecting against Aadhar. According to
Court had taken an important decision Section-47, it locks the right for the person
to uphold the validity of the Income Tax whose privacy has been affected. It is with
Provision. The issue of right to privacy goes special cases and approval of the complaint
along with it. However, “a partial relief” by the UIDA or any concerned person
is also granted as per the Apex Order for authorized by it which will be taken as a
those who do not have an Aadhar card. grievance or complaint.
India has almost succeeded in this national An article on the Comparisons of India’s
identification program connection with the Aadhar project with America’s Social
biometric data. Security Number states it is nothing like
There are two sides to every story. The America’s Social Security number which
acceptability factors also come with some was never intended for the Authentication
drawbacks and grievances that the people purposes and was not built for a nation-
might have. One of the major stakeholders wide identification scale. Secondly, a Social
of the Aadhar is the civil society. The civil Security card doesn’t verify an individual’s
society in India has been upfront about identity. Thirdly, the Aadhar captures
their problems regarding Aadhar. They biometrics whereas the social security
find the Aadhar an invasion of the personal doesn’t. At the International level, some
information vulnerable and a government are trying to adopt passport with chips
surveillance equipment tool. They say that store all the personal documents, very
that an immediate need to differentiate few have been able to take such a brave
between Aadhar as a government policy initiative as the aadhar initiative. Countries
and Aadhar as a tool should have certain like Brazil, Malaysia and Indonesia are still
distinctions. The failure to implement a working on such programs.
mandatory ID project had raised questions Aadhar is a gift to us and provides
on the security issues of the Aadhar. It was us with a digital identity. It has to be kept
then that the Government clearly stated in mind that the document of the card is
that “Aadhar number is not mandatory”. itself in the electronic in the PDF format.
Various Educational Institutions still Now after the Indian ration card, Indian
continue to collect Aadhar numbers and passport, it is the time of the Indian Aadhar.
create awareness among the students A strict norm that Aadhar should not
engaged in various sectors of economy to become a tool for the misuse of people’s
get their Aadhar cards made. The question information should be implemented. One
still remains that should Aadhar card made not only needs to consolidate or subsume
compulsory or not? the many provisions but also take into
The Aadhar Act, 2016 was passed to consideration the various securities related
keep a check on the legitimacy of Aadhar provisions of the cyber security era. The
which is important. One of the major Government should make sure that there
limitations as per the Act is that there is should be no misuse of people’s information.
no specific clause given for the protection In addition to that, there should be regular
against the cyber world which is gradually and timely check-ups and alerts which will
becoming a threat to the society. However, ensure the correct stability of the Aadhar
there is a continuous tiff that is going on Card system. The Aadhar must ensure total
between the narrowing and broadening the security of all the citizens of India.
EBD_7214
PEOPLE 2017
NATIONAL

He is one of the youngest CEOs of the Tata


ECONOMY
Group.
TCS with over 353000 consultants employees
Natarajan Chandrasekaran is the largest private sector employers in India
with the highest retention rate in a globally
competitive industry.
He has been non-official director of Reserve
Bank of India (RBI) since 5 March 2016.
He is a senior member of Institute of Electrical
and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).
He is also an active member of Computer
N Chandrasekaran, first non-parsi, appointed
Society of India and British Computer Society.
Tata Group/Sons chairman on 17 January,
2017 In April 2012, he was nominated as the
BORN: 2 June 1963 Chairman of Indian IT industry body
NASSCOM.
BACKGROUND: Natarajan completed his
Master of computer applications from the
Regional Engineering College (now NIT), Alok Verma appointed as new CBI
Trichy, in Tamil Nadu, in 1986 after obtaining Director
a Bachelor of Science in Applied Sciences
DATE: 19th January 2017
from the Coimbatore Institute of Technology,
PLACE: New Delhi
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
AGENDA/ISSUE: Appointment of the new CBI
IMPORTANT WORKS director
He was the Chief Executive Officer and TARGET/APPLICATION
Managing Director of Tata Consultancy Delhi Police commissioner Alok Kumar Verma,
Services since 2009. a 1979 batch Indian Police Service officer of
Considered as a Tata lifer, Chandrasekaran had the Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram and
joined the company in 1987. Union Territory (AGMUT) cadre, has been
On 25 October 2016, he was appointed as a appointed the director of the Central Bureau
Director on the board of Tata Sons. of Investigation (CBI). Verma will take over
PEOPLE 2017 CA-139

from interim director Rakesh Asthana, who SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH


was handed the reins of the investigating
agency after former director Anil Sinha retired
PV Sindhu
on December 2. He’ll serve for a period of
two years. His name was cleared by a three-
member selection panel headed by Prime
Minister Narendra Modi and comprising
Chief Justice of India Jagdish Singh Khehar
and Congress leader in Lok Sabha Mallikarjun
Kharge as members. He has also served as the
Inspector General of Police in the Andaman
and Nicobar Islands, and as the Director
BORN: 5 July 1995
General of Police (DGP) of Puducherry. The
BACKGROUND: Pusarla Venkata Sindhu
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the
was born to professional volleyball players
domestic intelligence and security service
P. V. Ramana and P. Vijaya. Inspired from the
of India, which simultaneously serves as success of Pullela Gopichand, Sindhu chose to
the nation’s prime federal law enforcement play badminton and started playing from the
agency. It operates under the jurisdiction of age of eight. She learned the basics of the game
the Government of India. under the guidance of Mehboob Ali and soon
after joined Gopichand Badminton Academy.
POLITY She became the youngest and first women
individual to bag an Olympic Silver medal
representing India after she lost to Carolina
Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Marin in the finals of Rio Olympics 2016.
ACHIEVEMENTS: PV Sindu won her maiden
women’s singles crown at the Syed Modi
Grand Prix Gold badminton tournament on
29th January 2017. The tournament was held
at the Babu Banarasi Das Indoor Stadium
in Lucknow (UP). The World No. 9 Sindhu
clashed with her 120th ranked Indonesian
rival Gregoria Mariska. She won the straight
games 21-13, 21-14. This was the shortest
finals with the match getting its results in 30
BORN: 11 March 1961 minutes.
BACKGROUND: Sheikh Mohammed bin
Zayed is the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and
Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE
Saina Nehwal
Armed Forces. He is the third son of late
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and is married
to Her Highness Sheikha Salama bint
Hamdan Al Nahyan, and has four sons and
five daughters. He has graduated from Royal
Military Academy Sandhurst in 1979. He has
held many significant roles in UAE army and
continues to hold important political and
economic positions at Emirates level.
IMPORTANT WORKS: Sheikh Mohammed BORN: 17 March, 1990
was invited by the government of India as the BACKGROUND: Saina Nehwal was born on
chief guest for the 68th Republic Day on 26th 17th March 1990, in Dhindar, Hisar district,
January 2017. A contingent of UAE armed Haryana.
forces also took part in the Republic Day Born in a Jat family, Saina Nehwal is the
parade. daughter of Harvir Singh and Usha Nehwal.
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Later, the family shifted to and currently based number one on 2nd February 2017 after his
in Hyderabad, Telangana. She started playing points (16903) exceeded Chia Hao (16091)
badminton at a tender age of eight. who is the World No. 2 now. India holds high
ACHIEVEMENTS: Saina Nehwal proved her expectations from this shining badminton star.
mettle in 2006 when she became badminton
under-19 National Champion, followed by
victory in the prestigious Asian Satellite Shawna Pandya
Badminton tournament. She is the first
Indian to win World Junior Badminton
Championships in 2008 and the first Indian
to win Indonesian Open - a BWF Super Series
in 2009. During London Olympics 2012, she
became the first Indian to win a medal in
Badminton by clinching a Bronze Medal in the
mega event. At present she has won several
accolades and rewards. In 2014, Saina Nehwal
won Women’s Singles of India Open Grand
Prix Gold Tournament in January, followed BORN: 1985
by Australian Super Series in June. Now she BACKGROUND: Dr. Shawna is an Indo-
has been declared as World No.7 badminton Canadian neurosurgeon who was born
player. Saina Nehwal won the title of Malaysian in Canada and has her family roots in
Masters Grand Prix Gold 2017. She defeated Mumbai. She is a graduate in Neuroscience
Thailand’s Pronpawee Chochuwong in the from University of Albert and later went
final on 22 January 2017. on to pursue M.Sc. in space sciences at
International Space University and thereafter
Lakshya Sen MD in Medicine from University of Alberta.
Apart from being an astronaut, she is also a
BORN: 16th August 2001 competitive Taekwondo athlete and has learnt
BACKGROUND: Lakshya hails from the French, Spanish and Russian language also.
Almora district in Uttarakhand. His father is a IMPORTANT WORKS: Shawna Pandya is one
coach with the Sports Authority of India and of the two selected candidates shortlisted from
his elder brother Chirag also plays badminton. 3,200 people in the Citizen Science Astronaut
From the early age of 10 years, Lakshya has program to fly with 8 other astronauts in 2018.
been trained in Prakash Padukone Academy in With this, she will become the third woman
Bangalore under the guidance of Mr. Padukone of Indian origin to fly in space after Kalpana
itself. Chawla and Sunita Williams.

ECONOMY

Ajay Tyagi
BORN: 1959
BACKGROUND: Ajay Tyagi is a 1984 batch IAS
officer of Himachal Pradesh cadre. Presently
he is the Additional Secretary (Investment) in
the Department of Economic Affairs handling
IMPORTANT WORKS: Lakshya becomes the capital market division. Tyagi hails from
the World No. 1 Junior Badminton player in Uttar Pradesh and has also served on the
the latest rankings of the Badminton World board of Reserve Bank of India.
Federation (BWF). He has moved ahead of
Chia Hao Lee of the Chinese Taipei, to attain
the numero uno spot. He was ranked number
eight till the end of the last year, but his wins
in All India Senior Badminton tournament
and BWF International Challenger Series
made him to the top three spot. He became
PEOPLE 2017 CA-141

IMPORTANT WORKS: Ajay Tyagi, a low


profile, senior bureaucrat in the finance POLITY
industry has been appointed as the Chairman
of Securities and Exchange Board of India on E Palanisamy
11th February 2017. The appointment was
BORN: March 2,1954
made on the eve of finance minister Arun
Jaitley’s post-budget meeting with the Sebi BACKGROUND: Born into an agriculture
board. The Appointments Committee of the family in Salem district, Edappadi K.
Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment Palaniswami began his political career in
for a period not exceeding 05 years or till the AIADMK in 1974 as an ordinary party member.
age of 65 years. He will succeed Mr. U K Sinha A Science graduate, Palanisamy is a senior
whose terms get over on 1st March 2017. SEBI leader of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra
chairman receives consolidated pay package Kazhagam (AIADMK). He has previously
of ` 4.5 lakh per month. served as minister for Highways & Minor Ports
in the Jayalalitha and O. Panneerselvam-led
SOCIAL/SCIENCE &TECH ministries of Tamil Nadu. He won the assembly
election to the state assembly four times, in
1989, 1991, 2011 and 2016 from the Edapadi
Surendra Verma constituency in the Salem district in Tamil
BORN: September 7, 1941 Nadu. He has been a loyalist of Sasikala.
BACKGROUND: Surendra Verma is a Hindi POLITICAL CAREER: Edappadi K Palanisamy
litterateur and playwright. He was born in was sworn in as the 13th chief minister of
Jhansi and did his MA in linguistics. The noted Tamil Nadu on 16th February 2017 along
novelist started his career as a teacher and with a council of 30 ministers. The oath was
soon turned to become a playwright. His first administered by Governor C Vidyasagar Rao
play Surya ki antim kiran se surya ki pahli at Raj Bhavan. He has been given 15 days
kiran tak (From the Sun’s Last Ray to the Sun’s to prove his majority. This will be the first
First Ray`) became very popular and was time in 29 years wherein a Chief Minister
translated into six Indian languages. will be seeking a vote of confidence in the
House. Earlier, he was elected as the leader
of AIADMK Legislature Party, after incumbent
Sasikala was convicted by the Supreme Court
in the disproportionate assets (DA) case.

TR Zeliang
BORN: February 21, 1952
BACKGROUND: T. R. Zeliang was born to
Rangleu Zeliang in the Mbaupungwa village
IMPORTANT WORKS: Renowned novelist of Peren district in 1952. T. R. Zeliang is the
Surendra Verma has been selected for the leader of Nagaland People’s Party who has
2016 Vyas Samman on 20th February 2016 been Chief Minister of Nagaland since 2014.
for his novel Kaatna Shami Ka Vriksha Padma He preceded Neiphiu Rio. He has served as
Pankhuri Ki Dhar Se which was published in Minister of State for Information and Tourism
the year 2010. He will be given a cash prize of (1989–90), Minister of State for Relief &
3.50 lakhs and a logo for the prestigious award
Rehabilitation (1994-1998), Minister for
instituted by K K Birla Foundation. To be
Environment and Forests and Geology and
eligible for this award, the literary work must
Mining (1998 – 2003), Minister for Planning,
be in the Hindi language and must have been
Animal Husbandry and Parliamentary Affairs
published in the past 10 years.
(2008). He was an MP to the Rajya Sabha from
His famous novels also include Do Murdon
Nagaland from 2004 to 2008. He has won the
Ke Liye Guldasta, Mujhe Chand Chahiye, and
Katna Shami Ka Vriksha Padmapankhuri Ki assembly elections of 2008 and 2013 from
Dhar Se. Peren.
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CA-142 PEOPLE 2017
POLITY
Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre

POLITICAL CAREER: T R Zeliang, who had


been Minister for Planning and Coordination
in the Democratic Alliance of Nagaland III
ministry, succeeded Neiphiu Rio as Chief
Minister following Rio’s shift to national-level
politics in Delhi. T R Zeliang resigned from
his position as Chief Minister of the state on BORN: August 28, 1954
19th February 2017 against the backdrop of BACKGROUND: Abhay Manohar Sapre is a
widespread protests in the state. sitting judge of the Supreme Court of India.
Born in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, Abhay was
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH enrolled as an advocate in 1978. He practised
on Civil, Constitutional and Labour sides in the
POOJA GHATKAR High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur. He
BORN: 17th January 1989 has served as judge at Madhya Pradesh and
BACKGROUND: Born in Pune, Pooja Ghatkar Rajasthan High Courts. He had also served as
was raised by her mother Bharti Ghatkar as the Chief Justice of the Gauhati High Court, and
her father expired when she was just seven as the first chief justice of Manipur High Court.
years old. Pooja got interested in shooting He is due to retire on 27 August, 2019.
in school where she was a part of NCC. Her IMPORTANT ASSIGNMENTS: Justice Abhay
mother sold their home to fulfil her aspirations
Manohar Sapre has been appointed as the
of becoming a shooter. She is mentored by ace
air rifle shooter Gagan Narang. Chairman of Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal
on 22 February 2017. The post had been
lying vacant for nearly one year after the
resignation of Justice B S Chauhan following his
appointment as Law Commission chairman, in
March 2016.

SOCIAL/SCIENCE &TECH
Jitu Rai
BORN: 26 August 1987
ACHIEVEMENTS: Pooja Ghatkar won bronze BACKGROUND: Born in
medal in the women’s 10m air rifle at the Lucknow, Jitu Rai has spent
International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) his early life in Sankhuwa
World Cup on 25th February 2017. Former Sabha district of Nepal. He
Asian champion, shot 228.8 in the finals to is a Naib Subedar in the 11
finish third and win her maiden World Cup Gorkha Rifles of Indian Army. Rai is an Indian
medal, at the Dr Karni Singh Shooting Range. shooter who competes in the 10 metre air
The win was all the more special because the pistol and 50 metre pistol events. Government
blinder of her gun fell and she had to shoot her of India has announced Khel Ratna Award for
last few shots with an eye closed. him in 2016.
PEOPLE 2017 CA-143

ACHIEVEMENTS: Jitu Rai won a gold medal at He will head a 47-member cabinet that
the International Shooting Sports Federation includes two deputy CMs. A star campaigner
World Cup in New Delhi in the 50m men’s air for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the
pistol event on 1st March 2017. state, prior to being the Chief Minister, he
has been a Member of Parliament from the
Sachin Tendulkar Gorakhpur Constituency, Uttar Pradesh for
five consecutive terms since 1998. Adityanath
BORN: 24 April, 1973 is the fourth chief minister from the saffron
BACKGROUND: Sachin party, ending its 15-year hiatus in the Hindi
Tendulkar attended the heartland state.
Indian Education Society’s
New English School in Bandra Trivendra Singh Rawat
(East). He made his Test debut
on 15 November 1989 against FIELD: Politics
Pakistan in Karachi at the age BORN: December 1960
of sixteen. He is the only player to have scored BACKGROUND: Trivendra
one hundred international centuries, the first Singh Rawat was born in
batsman to score a double century in a One December 1960 in the village
of Khairasain in the Kotdwar
Day International. He has scored more than
tehsil, in Pauri Garhwal district
30,000 runs in international cricket. He was
of Uttarakhand (formerly in
nominated to the Rajya Sabha, in 2012.
Uttar Pradesh). He obtained
ACHIEVEMENTS: International Cricket
his masters degree in journalism from Birla
Council (ICC) has appointed Sachin Tendulkar Campus in Srinagar affiliated to the Hemwati
as the official ambassador of Women’s Cricket Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University. Rawat
World Cup 2017. The women’s World Cup is joined the right-wing organisation Rashtriya
scheduled to be held in June 2017 at England Swayamsevak Sangh in 1979 before becoming
and Wales, and eight top cricketing countries its pracharak (apostle) for the Dehradun
will participate. The tournament will host region in 1985.
28 matches at five different venues with POLITICAL CAREER: After joining the
the final at Lord’s Stadium. He will provide Bharatiya Janata Party, he served as
support to women in sports and offer tips on Jharkhand’s in-charge and Uttarakhand
competitiveness. cadre’s president. Winning from Doiwala
again in 2017, he has been named as the Chief
POLITY Minister of Uttarakhand after his party won
majority and formed the government. Rawat
Yogi Adityanath defeated the Congress’s Hira Singh Bisht in the
Doiwala constituency with a margin of over
FIELD: Politics 24,000 votes. This was his third win from the
BORN: 5 June 1972 constituency since 2002.
BACKGROUND: Mahant
Yogi Aditya-nath is a priest Captain Amarinder Singh
and a politician with a
“firebrand Hindutva (Hindu FIELD: Politics
nationalism)” image. BORN: 11 March 1942
Adityanath is the head priest BACKGROUND: Amarinder
of the Gorakhnath Math, Singh is the son of Maharaja
a Hindu temple in Gorakhpur, succeeding Yadavindra Singh and Maharani
the death of his spiritual “father”, Mahant Mohinder Kaur of Patiala
Avaidyanath in September 2014. He is also the belonging to the Phulkian
founder of the Hindu Yuva Vahini, a militant dynasty of Sidhu Brar descent. He attended
youth organisation. the Welham Boys’ School and Lawrence School
POLITICAL CAREER: Adityanath has been Sanawar before going to The Doon School,
elected as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Dehradun.
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CA-144 PEOPLE 2017
POLITICAL CAREER: Singh was sworn in as Administration. She is also a Certificated
the 26th Chief Minister of Punjab on 16 March, Associate of Indian Institute of Bankers. She
2017 at Punjab Raj Bhavan, Chandigarh. has been a Director of State Bank of Bikaner &
He was elected Member of the Legislative Jaipur since August, 2012.
Assembly from Patiala, he is also the president IMPORTANT WORKS : Malvika Sinha has been
of Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee, the
appointed as the Executive Director of Reserve
state division of the Indian National Congress.
Bank of India. She took charge on 3rd April
He has previously served as the Chief Minister
of Punjab from 2002-2007. His father was the 2017. Prior to being promoted as ED, she was
last king of erstwhile state of Patiala. He also Principal Chief General Manager, Department
worked for the Indian Army from 1963 to of Cooperative Banking Supervision in the
1966. In 1980, he won a seat in the Lok Sabha Reserve Bank. She will look after foreign
for the first time. exchange department, department of
government and bank accounts and internal
Manohar Parrikar debt management wing. She has succeeded B
P Kanungo who has been elevated to the post
FIELD: Politics of Deputy Governor.
BORN: 13 December 1955
BACKGROUND: Manohar Parrikar was born POLITY
in Mapusa, Goa. He studied at Loyola High
School, Margao. He completed his secondary Indira Banerjee
education in Marathi and went on to graduate
in metallurgical engineering from the Indian
Institute of Technology, Mumbai (IIT Mumbai)
in 1978. He is the first IIT graduate to serve
as Chief Minister of an Indian state. He was
awarded the Distinguished Alumnus Award in
2001 by IIT Mumbai.
POLITICAL CAREER: Parrikar was sworn
in as Chief Minister of Goa on 14th March
2017. Previously he was Chief Minister from
2000 to 2005 and from 2012 to 2014. In BORN: September 24, 1957
November 2014, Parrikar was chosen as the BACKGROUND: Indira Banerjee enrolled as
Minister of Defence replacing Arun Jaitley, an advocate in 1985 after completing her
who, till then, held the additional charge of the school and college education in Kolkata.
Ministry.Parrikar was first elected to the Goa She has practised both in the original and
Assembly in 1994. He served as the leader of appellate sides of Calcutta High Court. She was
the opposition from June to November 1999. appointed as permanent judge of the Calcutta
He has often been credited with the surgical High Court on February 5, 2002 and was later
strike last year. transferred to Delhi High Court on August 8,
2016. With around 32 years of experience,
ECONOMY including more than 15 years as a judge, she is
the present number 2 in the Delhi High Court.
Malvika Sinha IMPORTANT WORKS: Justice ‘Indira Banerjee’
BACKGROUND: Malvika Sinha is associated has been appointed as the new Chief Justice of
with RBI since 1982 and as a career central the Madras High Court. She has become the
banker served in the areas of regulation second woman next to Justice Kanta Kumari
and supervision, foreign exchange and Bhatnagar (June – November, 1992) to head
Government and Bank Accounts in the Bank. the Madras High Court. The chartered high
She holds a Master’s Degree from University of court has been without a full-time chief
Bombay and has done her Master’s in Public justice since February 18 after the then chief
PEOPLE 2017 CA-145

justice, Sanjay Kishan Kaul, was elevated as language and theatrically released in Moscow.
the Supreme Court Judge. Acting Chief Justice In 1992, he received the Andhra Pradesh state
Huluvadi G Ramesh has been holding charge of Raghupathi Venkaiah Award, and the civilian
honour Padma Shri for his contribution to the
the high court since then.
field of arts.
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
Vinod Khanna
Kasinathuni Viswanath

BORN : 19th February, 19


BACKGROUND: Veteran filmmaker and actor
Kasinadhuni Viswanath has been conferred BORN : 6th October, 1946
Dadasaheb Phalke award for 2016 by the BACKGROUND: Veteran actor and politician
Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. The Vinod Khanna has expired at the age of 70. He
award consists of a Swarn Kamal (Golden was said to be suffering from cancer. Khanna is
Lotus), a cash prize of Rs. 10 lakhs and a married twice and is survived by four children.
shawl. The award is conferred by the Union CAREER : Khanna was born in a Punjabi
Government for outstanding contribution to family to Kamla and Kishanchand Khanna, a
the growth and development of Indian Cinema. textiles, dyes and chemicals businessman, on
It is the highest official recognition (award) in 6 October 1946, in Peshawar, British India
Indian cinema. As a director he has made fifty (now in Pakistan). He has three sisters and
films on varied themes of art, music and dance. one brother. Shortly after his birth, India
In 1992, he received Padmashri Award for his was partitioned and the family left Peshawar
contribution to film making. He has also won 5 and reached Mumbai. He attended St. Mary’s
National Awards, 20 Nandi Awards of Andhra School, Mumbai until class II and then
Pradesh government, 10 Film fare Awards transferred to Delhi.
including Lifetime Achievement Award. In 1997, Khanna joined the Bharatiya Janata
CAREER: PKasinadhuni Viswanath was born Party (BJP) and was elected from Gurdaspur
on 19 Feb 1930 in a Telugu speaking family to constituency in Punjab in the next year’s Lok
Kasinathuni Subrahmanyam and Kasinathuni Sabha poll. In 1999, he was re-elected to the
Saraswatamma. His ancestral roots come from Lok Sabha from the same constituency. Later,
Pedapulivarru, Andhra Pradesh, a small village he became union minister for culture and
on the banks of River Krishna. Viswanath
tourism in July 2002. Six months later, he
holds a bachelor’s degree in administration.
was moved to the ministry of external affairs
He began his career as a sound recordist at
(MEA) as Minister of State. In 2004 he won
Vauhini Studios in Madras where his father
re-election from Gurdaspur. However, Khanna
was an associate. Viswanath transitioned into
lost out in the 2009 general elections. In 2014
film direction at Annapurna Pictures under
general election he was again elected for 16th
Adurthi Subba Rao and K. Ramnoth.
Lok Sabha from same constituency.
Viswanath has received international
recognition for his works, and is known for Khanna was hospitalized to Sir H.N. Reliance
blending parallel cinema with mainstream Foundation Hospital and Research Center in
commercial cinema. Viswanath was honoured Goregaon, Mumbai on 2 April 2017 for a few
with the “Prize of the Public” at the “Besancon weeks after suffering from severe dehydration;
Film Festival of France” in the year 1981. His there were rumours circulating in the media
few films which are produced by Poornodaya that he had cancer or a cardiac arrest. He died
Movie Creations were dubbed into Russian on 27 April.
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Sardar Singh BORN: 25th Nov, 1982
BACKGROUND: Jhulan Goswami has
become the highest wicket-taker in one-day
internationals. Goswami has so far taken
181 wickets in 153 matches. She achieved
this feat with the wicket of No.11 batsman
Raisibe Ntozakhe of South Africa. She has
broken the world record held by Australian
fast bowler Cathryn Fitzpatrick who has
taken 180 wickets during India South Africa
match in the Women’s Quadrangular Series in
Potchefstroom.
CAREER: Jhulan Nishit Goswami (born 25
BORN: 15th July, 1986 November 1982 in Nadia, West Bengal, India)
BACKGROUND: Hockey India (HI) on May 1 is an all round cricketer, who plays for the
has recommended senior player and former
India national women’s cricket team, Bengal
captain Sardar Singh for Rajiv Gandhi Khel
Ratna Award, India’s highest sporting honour. Women, East Zone Women as well as the Asia
CAREER: Sardara Singh also referred to as Women XI women’s cricket. On 1 February
Sardar Singh is an Indian professional field 2009, she was appointed to lead the team
hockey player. He was the captain of the Indian for the world cup. An integral part of the
national team till Hockey India named senior team, Jhulan is noted for both her batting and
goalkeeper P. R. Shreejesh as the captain of the bowling (right arm medium) capabilities. She
national team for the Rio Olympics. He usually has a Test bowling average of less than 20. In
plays the center half position. Sardara became
the 2006-07 seasons, she guided the Indian
the youngest player to captain the Indian
team when he led the side at the 2008 Sultan team to first test series win in England.
Azlan Shah Cup. He was awarded Padma Shri, Goswami won the ICC Women’s Player of the
the fourth highest civilian award of India, in Year 2007 and the M.A. Chidambaram trophy
2015. On 13 Jul 2016, the responsibilities of for Best Women Cricketer in 2011. Now she
the captain were handed over from him to P. R. is no more the captain of the Indian Women’s
Shreejesh, the goalkeeper of Indian Team. Cricket team. She is succeeded by Mitali Raj.
Sardar Singh made his debut for India in She has been first in ICC Women’s ODI bowling
the junior team during India’s 2003–04
tour of Poland. He made his senior debut rankings (January 2016). Currently she is
against Pakistan in 2006. He also plays for the leading wicket taker (wicket-181) in the
his native state of Haryana. He is a Deputy history of women ODI cricket. Also she was the
Superintendent Police Officer with the fastest playing bowler in world women cricket
Haryana Police and plays for their team. after Cathryn Fitzpatrick retired.
On 13 Jul 2016, the responsibilities of the
captain were handed over from him to P. R. Ravichandran Ashwin
Shreejesh, the goalkeeper of Indian Team. He
was awarded ‘Player of Tournament’ in the
2012 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup, where India won
the Bronze and was adjudged the Player of the
Tournament in the 2012 Summer Olympics
Qualifiers where India won the Gold.

Jhulan Goswami

BORN: 17th Sep, 1986


BACKGROUND: India’s Ravichandran Ashwin
has won the international cricketer of the
Year Award at the CEAT Cricket Rating (CCR)
International awards 2017. Ashwin has taken
PEOPLE 2017 CA-147

99 wickets in the past 12 months. He was In 2014, Asian Championship under 23


presented with an award at a function held at categories in the Philippines, she bagged the
the Cricket Club of India by former cricketer Silver medal becoming the first Indian to do so.
Sunil Gavaskar and Harsh Goenka of RPG After her success in Asian Championship, the
Enterprises. then Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa
CAREER: Ashwin was born in a Tamil family. honoured her with Rs 3 lakh as financial
He lives in West Mambalam, Chennai. He aid for training in the US. In 2015, she
did his schooling from Padma Seshadri Bala became one of the 15 athletes selected ‘Go
Bhavan and St. Bede’s. He attended SSN Sports Foundation’ for Rahul Dravid Athlete
College of Engineering and graduated with a Mentorship Programme. Bhavani Devi has
B.Tech in Information Technology. His father received 2 Gold Medals, one each at the 2012
Ravichandran played cricket at the club level Commonwealth Championship, Jersey and the
as a fast bowler. 2014 Tuscany Cup, Italy. She finished fifth in
He was also part of the Indian squad that won the Viking Cup 2016 Icelandic International
the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Ashwin played for Sabre Tournaments held at Reykjavik and is a
Tamil Nadu in domestic cricket and the Rising prospective candidate for fencing from India
Pune Supergiants in the IPL. at the 2020 Olympics.

C.A. Bhavani Devi Virat Kohli

BORN: 27thAug, 1993


BACKGROUND: India’s C.A Bhavani Devi has
become first Indian to win a Gold Medal in BORN: 5thAug, 1988
an international fencing tournament. She has BACKGROUND: Indian Cricketer Virat Kohli
won the gold medal in the sabre event of the has become the only cricketer to get featured
Turnoi Satellite Fencing Championship held in the top 10 of the ICC Players Rankings for
at Reykjavik in Iceland. In the final, she beat ODIs as he managed to stick to the third spot
Sarah Jane Hampson of Great Britain 15-13 on in the ODI batsman’s chart.
points. She had previously won silver medal CAREER: Born and raised in Delhi, Kohli
in another event. She is currently a fencing represented the city’s cricket team at various
coach at Sagar Lagu’s training academy, the age-group levels before making his first-class
SAI Centre in Thalassery, Kerala. debut in 2006. He captained, in Under-19
CAREER: C.A. Bhavani Devi started her sports World Cup in Malaysia, and a few months
career in 2003. She did her schooling at Muruga later, made his ODI debut for India against Sri
Dhanushkodi girls higher secondary, Chennai. Lanka at the age of 19. Initially, having played
In 2004, she was introduced to fencing at as a reserve batsman in the Indian team, he
school level. After finishing class 10, she soon established himself as a regular in the
joined the Indian fencing coach Sagar Lagu’s ODI middle-order and was part of the squad
training academy, the SAI Centre in Thalassery, that won the 2011 World Cup. He made his
Kerala. At the age of 14, she appeared at her Test debut in 2011, and shrugged off the tag
first international tournament in Turkey, of “ODI specialist” by 2013 with Test hundreds
where she got black card for being late by in Australia and South Africa. Having reached
three minutes. In 2010, Asian Championship the number one spot in the ICC rankings for
in the Philippines, she bagged Bronze medal. ODI batsmen for the first time in 2013, Kohli
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also found success in the Twenty20 format, role in advancing the US-India partnership at
winning the Man of the Tournament twice at the state level. The award will be presented
the ICC World Twenty20 (in 2014 and 2016). to him at the USIBC West Coast Summit in the
Kohli was appointed vice-captain of the Silicon Valley on May 8th.
ODI team in 2012, and handed over the Test CAREER: Naidu was born on 20th April 1950
captaincy following, Mahendra Singh Dhoni’s at Naravari Palle, Chittoor district, Andhra
Test retirement in 2014. He holds numerous Pradesh in an agricultural family. His father,
Indian batting records including the fastest N. Kharjura Naidu, worked in agriculture field
ODI century, the fastest batsman to 5,000 ODI and his mother Amanamma was a housewife.
runs and the fastest to 10 ODI centuries. Since his village had no school, Naidu attended
Kohli is the second batsman in the world to primary school in Seshapuram until class
have scored 1,000 or more ODI runs for four five and the Chandragiri Government High
consecutive calendar years. He also holds the School until class nine. He went to Tirupati
records of “most runs” in a single tournament for his higher education studying there
of both in World Twenty20 and the IPL. He from class 10 until he received his master’s
was ranked eighth in ESPN’s list of world’s degree. Naidu completed his BA degree in
most famous athletes in 2016. He plays 1972 before enrolling in an MA program in
for the Royal Challengers Bangalore in the economics at S. V. College of Arts. In 1974, he
Indian Premier League (IPL), and has been began his research work towards a PhD under
the team’s captain since 2013. Kohli has been D. L. Narayana (Andhra Pradesh Finance
the recipient of many awards such as the ICC Commission chairman), researching the
ODI Player of the Year in 2012 and the BCCI’s economic ideas of N. G. Ranga. Naidu did not
international cricketer of the year for the complete his PhD, instead became involved in
2011–12 and 2014–15 seasons. In 2013, he politics. Chandrababu Naidu was also offered
was given the Arjuna Award in recognition honorary professorship by Kellogg School of
of his achievements in international cricket. Management in 2000.
Alongside his cricket career, Kohli co-owns FC
Goa in the ISL, the IPTL franchise UAE Royals SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
and the PWL team Bengaluru Yodhas. He
also has other business ventures and over 20 Leila Seth (Obituary)
brand endorsements; his brand value in 2016
was estimated to be US$92 million, placing
him second on the list of India’s most valued
celebrity brands.

POLITY
N.Chandrababu Naidu

BORN: 20th Oct, 1930


DIED: 5 May, 2017
BACKGROUND: Justice Leila Seth, the first
woman Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh High
Court, has passed away at the age of 86. She
has also received the distinction of becoming
the first woman to top the London Bar exam as
well as becoming the first female judge of the
Delhi High Court. Leila Seth is the mother of
the noted author Vikram Seth.
BORN: 20th Apr, 1950
CAREER: Leila Seth was born in Lucknow and
BACKGROUND: The US-India Business
was the first woman to top the London Bar
Council (USIBC) has selected Andhra Pradesh
exam in 1958. She joined the bar in 1959. In the
Chief Minister, Chandrababu Naidu for the
same year, she also graduated as an IAS officer.
‘Transformative Chief Minister Award’ for his
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Upon topping the Bar in England, Seth was


referred to as “Mother-in-Law” by a London Ramachandra Guha
newspaper, which carried a photograph of a
young Leila Seth with her infant son, born only
a few months before the exams.
When in India, she was a junior to Ashok
Kumar Sen when she used to practise during
his absence from the central cabinet of India.
She handled a large number of tax matters
(Income tax, sales tax, excise and customs),
civil, company and criminal cases as also
matrimonial suits and writ petitions. In
1978, she was appointed as the first woman
judge on the Delhi High Court. In 1991, she
was appointed the Chief Justice of Himachal BORN: 29th April 1958
Pradesh. BACKGROUND: Historian Ramachandra
She died after suffering a cardio-respiratory Guha has tendered his resignation as BCCI
attack on the night of 5 May 2017 at her administrator citing personal reasons. He
residence in Noida, aged 86. She was survived submitted his resignation letter to Chairman
by her husband, two sons and a daughter. of the Committee of Administrators of the
As per her wishes, no funeral was held since BCCI Vinod Rai. Ramachandra Guha was one
she donated her eyes and other organs for among the four administrators appointed
transplant or medical research purposes. by the Supreme Court on January 30 to
run the affairs of BCCI. The four member
Amitabh Bachchan committee was headed by former Comptroller
and Auditor General Vinod Rai. The other
two members are managing Director of
Infrastructure Development Finance Company
(IDFC) Vikram Limaye and former Indian
women cricket captain Diana Edulji.
CAREER: Ramachandra Guha is a famous
historian and writer.

Shashi Shekhar Vempati

BORN: 11th Oct, 1942


BACKGROUND: World Health Organization
(WHO) has appointed Amitabh Bachchan as its
Goodwill Ambassador for Hepatitis in South-
East Asia Region. He has been appointed to
boost awareness to stop the spread of hepatitis
which is one of the leading causes of liver cancer
and cirrhosis. As an ambassador, Amitabh
Bachchan will participate in public awareness
programmes to scale up prevention measures,
early diagnosis and treatment. It is estimated
that around 325 million people across the BACKGROUND: Shashi Shekar Vempati has
world suffer from chronic hepatitis which is been appointed as the CEO of Prasar Bharati
an inflammation of the liver resulting in liver Board based on the recommendation of the
scarring, liver cancer and death if untreated. three-member committee headed by Vice
CAREER: Amitabh Bachchan is an Indian film President. The other two members of the
actor. He first gained popularity in the early committee were Chairman, Press Council
1970s for movies like Zanjeer and Deewaar. of India and the Secretary, Information and
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Broadcasting, who were also the President’s BACKGROUND: Former Chief Justice of India
nominee. Vempati is currently serving as a Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati who is
Member (part time) of the Prasar Bharati considered as a pioneer of Judicial Activism
Board. Shashi Shekar Vempati will hold the has passed away. Justice Bhagwati introduced
post for a period of five years. the concepts of Public Interest Litigation (PIL)
CAREER: Vempati is an alumnus of IIT Bombay. and absolute liability to the Indian judicial
He has over two decades of experience in system. He made the famous ruling that there
areas like Corporate Management, Technology was no need for a person to have any Locus
Consulting and Digital Media. He is an ex- Standi to approach the court on the issue of
employee of Infosys and worked for the fundamental rights. Justice Bhagwati was 95
company as Product Strategist and Digital years old.
Innovator in North America. CAREER: P. N. Bhagwati was born in Gujarat.
His father was Justice, Natwarlal H. Bhagwati
Rohan Bopanna a Supreme Court judge. He was the brother
of the economist Jagdish Bhagwati and the
BORN: 4th March, 1980 neurosurgeon S. N. Bhagwati. He was married
BACKGROUND: Rohan Bopanna has won to Prabhavati and the couple have four
his maiden Grand Slam title along with his daughters, Parul, Pallavi, Noopur and Sonali.
Canadian partner Gabriela Dabrowski by Bhagwati received his education in Mumbai.
winning the French Open mixed doubles He studied at Elphinstone College, taking a
trophy. This is Bopanna’s maiden Grand Slam Mathematics (Hons) degree from Bombay
title at French Open. With this title win, he University in 1941. In 1942, he courted arrest
has become only the fourth Indian to clinch during the Indian Independence Movement
a major. The other three being Leander Paes, and went underground for four months. He
Mahesh Bhupathi and Sania Mirza who all have later received a law degree from Bombay
won Grand Slam trophies for India. Bopanna- University after studying at Government Law
Dabrowski pair defeated the pair of Germany’s College, Bombay. Justice Bhagwati graduated
Anna-Lena Groenefeld and Colombia’s Robert in law from Government Law College, Bombay.
Farah by 2-6, 6-2, 12-10. This was only the Justice Bhagwati was a former Chief Justice
second time that Bopanna managed to reach of the Gujarat High Court and later appointed
the summit clash of a Grand Slam in his career. as a judge of the Supreme Court in July 1973.
The event is the second of out of four annual He started his practice in Bombay High Court
Grand Slam tournaments. The other three and became a judge of the Gujarat High
events are Australian Open, Wimbledon and Court in 1960. Justice Bhagwati took part in
the US Open. The event has been named after the freedom movement and courted arrest
the French aviator Roland Garros. in 1942. Justice PN Bhagwati served as the
17th Chief Justice of India from July 1985 to
December 1986.
POLITY
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
PN Bhagwati
Lt Col Raja “Grinder” Chari

BORN: 21st December, 1921 BACKGROUND: NASA has selected 12 new


DIED: 15 June, 2017 astronauts including an Indian-American,
PEOPLE 2017 CA-151

Lt Col Raja “Grinder” Chari, from 18000 Career: Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi belongs to the
applications. To get selected as astronauts, West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh.
the candidates must meet some physical He graduated from Cotton College, Guwahati
requirements as well as certain education and did his MA from Guwahati University.
and experience criteria. They should hold a
bachelor’s degree in a STEM field or have up
K Srikanth
to 1,000 hours of experience in piloting jets.
After the completion of two years of training,
the selected astronauts will be assigned
various roles like performing research on the
International Space Station (ISS) and flying on
deep space missions.
CAREER: Lt Col Raja Grinder Chari, 39, is a
commander of the 461st Flight Test Squadron
as well as the director of the F-35 Integrated
Test Force at Edwards Air Force Base in
California. He belongs to Iowa. His father
is from India. He has obtained his Master’s
degree in aeronautics and astronautics from
MIT and has graduated from the US Naval
Test Pilot School. In total, NASA has selected BORN: 7th February, 1993
seven men and five women who will comprise BACKGROUND: India’s Kidambi Srikanth
the 22nd class of American spaceflight has lifted the Indonesia Open Super Series
trainees since 1959. This is the largest group badminton title at Jakarta by defeating
of astronauts NASA has selected in almost Japan’s Kazumasa Sakai in straight sets 21-
two decades. The 12 candidates include six 11, 21-19. It is Srikanth’s third Super Series
military officers, three scientists, two medical title after 2014 China Open and 2015 India
doctors, a lead engineer at SpaceX and a NASA Open. Indonesian Open Super Series is an
research pilot. annual badminton tournament organised by
Persatuan Bulutangkis Seluruh Indonesia
Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi (PBSI). The tournament was first conducted
in 1982. It has become part of the BWF
Superseries in 2007 and earned the Super
series Premier Status in 2011.
CAREER: Srikanth Nammalwar Kidambi was
born in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. His father
KVS Krishna is a landlord, and his mother
Radha a house-wife. Srikanth’s elder brother
Nanda Gopal is also a badminton player. In the
2011 Commonwealth Youth Games in Isle of
Man, Kidambi won the silver in mixed doubles
and bronze in doubles.

POLITY
BORN: 13th June, 1952
BACKGROUND: The Bhupen Hazarika Kottayan Katankot Venugopal
National Award, 2017 has been conferred
upon the noted writer Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi. BORN: 1931
The award honours an outstanding literary BACKGROUND: Senior advocate and
work at national and international level. The constitutional expert, K K Venugopal (86) has
award consists of 51,000 rupees, a memento been appointed as the new Attorney General
and a certificate. This is the fifth edition of of India. He will be 15th Attorney General
the award which was first conferred in 2012. of India. He succeeds Mukul Rohatgi as the
The award has been instituted by Sarhad, a country’s top law officer. Earlier, in the Morarji
Maharashtra-based organisation. Desai’s government (1977-79), Venugopal had
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served as Additional Solicitor General of India.
Venugopal grew up in Mangalore, Karnataka.
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
He studied law at Raja Lakhamgouda Law
College, Belgaum, Karnataka. His father, Ravi Shastri
M.K. Nambiar, was a barrister. Venugopal BORN: 27th May, 1962
studied at St. Aloysius College in Mangalore. BACKGROUND: The Board of Control for
In his 50 years legal career, he had handled Cricket in India (BCCI) has named former
many high profile cases such as Mandal case, Indian all rounder and captain Ravi Shastri as
the new chief coach of the Indian cricket team
Ayodhya dispute, Presidential reference
till ICC World Cup 2019. He will succeed Anil
regarding appointment of Judges and also case Kumble who had resigned from the post after
involving judicial appointments. He also had the ICC Champions Trophy 2017. The decision
represented senior BJP leader L K Advani in was announced after the Cricket Advisory
the Babri Masjid demolition case. He assisted Committee (CAC) zeroed in on his name ahead
of other strong contenders including Virender
the Supreme Court in a number of cases
Sehwag and Tom Moody. Former Indian
and was amicus curiae in the infamous 2G Captain Rahul Dravid was also appointed as
spectrum case. He is the recipient of Padma batting consultant for specific overseas tours.
Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan awards. Besides, BCCI also appointed former fast
bowler Zaheer Khan as bowling coach for a
period of two years.
Achal Kumar Jyoti CAREER: Ravi Shastri played for the India
BORN : 23rd January, 1953 national cricket team between 1981 and 1992
BACKGROUND: President Pranab Mukherjee in both ODIs and Tests. Though he started
has appointed Election Commissioner, his career as a left arm spin bowler, he later
Achal Kumar Jyoti as the next Chief Election transformed into a batting all-rounder. As a
Commissioner (CEC). He will be the 21st CEC batsman, Shastri was essentially defensive
and will succeed Nasim Zaidi. He will continue with his trademark “chapati shot” (a flick off
as CEC till 17th January 2018. He had joined the pads), but he could raise his strike rate
the three-member election commission as an when required.
election commissioner in May, 2015.
Mithali Raj
BORN: 3rd December, 1982
BACKGROUND: Indian Women Cricket Team
captain Mithali Raj (34) scripted history
by becoming first player in the history of
women’s ODI cricket to score more than 6000
career runs. She also became all time leading
run getter in women’s ODI. She achieved
the record feat against Australia in the ICC
Women’s World Cup 2017 match at Bristol. She
Jyoti is a retired Indian Administrative Service broke previous record of Charlotte Edwards
(IAS) officer of 1975 batch. He retired as the (5992) in 164 innings – 16 less than Charlotte.
Gujarat Chief secretary in January, 2013. In
his home cadre he had worked in various
capacities, including as the chairman of the
Kandla Port Trust (1999- 2004), managing
director of the Sardar Sarovar Narmada
Nigam Ltd. (SSNNL). He also had served as the
Secretary in the Industry, Revenue and Water
Supply Departments in the State. He was also
Gujarat’s Vigilance Commissioner.
PEOPLE 2017 CA-153

CAREER: - Born in Jodhpur, Mithali had made as an MP for two consecutive terms till 2006.
her ODI debut at the age of 16 against Ireland He also had served as national spokesperson
in June 1999 at Milton Keynes and scored of BJP. He was also former President of the BJP
unbeaten 114 runs. She made her Test debut Dalit Morcha (1998-2002) and also President
in the 2001-02 seasons against South Africa of the All-India Koli Samaj as well as the SC/ST
at Lucknow. On 17 August 2002, at the age of representative at IIM-Calcutta.
19 in her third Test, she broke Karen Rolton’s Ram Nath Kovind had represented India in
record of world’s highest individual Test score United Nations in New York and addressed
of 209*, scoring a new high of 214 against United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
England in the second and final Test at County in October 2002. In August 2015, he was
Ground, Taunton. The record has since been appointed governor of Bihar.
surpassed by Kiran Baluch of Pakistan who
scored 242 against West Indies in March 2004. SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
In February 2017, she became the second
player to make 5,500 runs in WODIs. So far,
Mithali has scored 6028 runs with the help of
Karamjyoti Dalal
5 centuries and 49 half-centuries. BACKGROUND: India’s Karamjyoti Dalal has
won bronze medal at the World Para Athletics
POLITY Championships 2017 in the discus-throw. In
the women’s F55 category of discus-throw, she
Ram Nath Kovind managed a throw of 19.02 m. Earlier, Sundar
Singh Gurjar had opened India’s account at the
BORN: 1st October, 1945 2017 World Para Athletics Championships by
BACKGROUND: Former governor Ram Nath winning gold medal in the men’s javelin throw
Kovind was elected as India’s 14th President. event. Later, Amit Saroha won silver medal in
He is the only second Dalit leader after K R the club throw event in the F-51 category.
Narayanan since Independence to occupy
India’s highest ceremonial post. In the final H S Prannoy
vote count, NDA nominee Kovind received
65.6% votes translating into 702,044 Electoral BORN: 17th July, 1992
College votes, while UPA candidate Meira BACKGROUND: Ace Indian Shuttler H S
Kumar, who is an Indian politician and five- Prannoy won the 2017 Yonex US Open Grand
time Member of Parliament managed to get Prix Gold badminton tournament title. It was
34.35% (367,314 votes). 522 MPs voted for his third grand prix gold title. In the final
Kovind, while 225 parliamentarians voted for match held at Anaheim, California, Prannoy
Meira Kumar. defeated his compatriot Parupalli Kashyap by
21-15, 20-22, 21-12. The 2017 US Open Grand
Prix Gold was the 11th Grand Prix badminton
tournament of 2017.
CAREER: Prannoy came to prominence after
winning the silver medal in Boys’ singles at
2010 Summer Youth Olympics. In 2013, he
managed to reach the final of the Tata Open
International Challenge in Mumbai, eventually
losing to fellow Sourabh Verma in the final.
H S Prannoy plays for the Mumbai Rockets
franchise in the 2017 season of the Premier
Badminton League. In Indonesian Open in
Ram Nath Kovind was born in Kanpur 2017, he defeated Lee Chong Wei, reigning
Dehat, Uttar Pradesh. He was an advocate by Olympic Silver medallist and Chen Long
profession and had practised in Supreme Court reigning Olympic Champion in consecutive
and Delhi High Court. He had entered in active matches. At US Open 2017, he defeated
politics in 1994, when he became member of Vietnamese Tien Minh Nguyen to reach the
Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh. He had served finals against Parupalli Kashyap.
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U R Rao with a master’s degree in physics from Punjab
University in 1949 and earned PhD degree
BORN: 10th March, 1932 in Physics from the Massachusetts Institute
DIED: 24 July 2017 of Technology in 1958. He had started his
BACKGROUND: Internationally renowned academic career at Mumbai’s Tata Institute of
space scientist and former chairman of ISRO Fundamental Research (TIFR).
(Indian Space Research Organization), Udupi The Indian government had also roped him
Ramachandra Rao passed away in Bengaluru. in as chair of National Council of Educational
He was 85. Prof Rao is credited with having Research and Training after it had started
played an instrumental role in building up work on the National Curriculum Framework.
Indian satellite programmes right from He also had served as chairman of the
nation’s first satellite Aryabhatta. University Grants Commission (UGC) from
CAREER: He was born in Adamaru, Karnataka. 1986 to 1991. In 2009, the Union Ministry of
He was an alumnus of Madras University, Human Resources Development had set up
Gujarat University and Banaras Hindu a committee on higher education (known as
University. He had served as Chairman of Yash Pal Committee) chaired by Yash Pal to
ISRO from 1984 to 1994. Under his guidance, look into reforming higher education in the
ISRO had designed more than 20 satellites country. He was awarded the Padma Bhusan
including India’s first satellite Aryabhatta. He (1976), Padma Vibhushan (2013). He has also
was also responsible for successful launch received the Kalinga Prize (2009,), awarded by
of INSAT satellites during his stint at ISRO. UNESCO for the popularisation of science.
Under his leadership, India had initiated the
development of the geostationary launch POLITY
vehicle GSLV and the development of cryogenic
technology in 1991. Arvind Panagariya
He was the chancellor of Indian Institute
for Space Science and Technology (IIST) BORN: 30th September, 1952
at Thiruvananthapuram, Chairman of the BACKGROUND: Arvind Panagariya has
Governing Council of the Physical Research resigned as the Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog
Laboratory at Ahmadabad and Nehru (National Institution of Transforming India).
Planetarium at Bengaluru. For his contribution He resigned after his public service leave for
to Indian space technology, he was awarded 2 years from Columbia University, where he
with Padma Bhushan (1976) and Padma was a professor of Indian Political Economy.
Vibhushan (2017). He is the first Indian space He was appointed as the Vice Chairman of
scientist to be inducted into the prestigious NITI Aayog in January, 2015 and held cabinet
‘Satellite Hall of Fame’ in Washington DC minister rank.
in 2013 and also first in ‘International CAREER: Arvind Panagariya is an Indian-
Astronautics Federation (IAF) Hall of Fame’ in American economist and a professor of
Mexico’s Guadalajara in May 2016. economics at Columbia University, who
has been serving as vice chairman to the
government of India from January 2015.
Prof Yash Pal
BORN: 26th November, 1926
DIED: 24 July 2017
BACKGROUND: Globally renowned physicist,
academic and higher education reformer
Professor Yash Pal passed away in Noida, Uttar
Pradesh. He was 90. Pal was known for his
contributions to the study of cosmic rays, as
well as for being an institution-builder. He was
also one of the leading science communicators
in India.
Yash Pal was born in Jhang, the then British He was previously Chief Economist at the
India (now in Pakistan). He had graduated Asian Development Bank. He has also been
PEOPLE 2017 CA-155

a professor of economics at the University


of Maryland at College Park. He has worked
for the World Bank, International Monetary
Fund, World Trade Organization, and the
United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development (UNCTAD). He holds a PhD in
economics from Princeton University.
Panagariya has written or edited ten books.
His most recent book, India: the Emerging
Giant, was published in March 2008. It His oratory skills and political activism
was described as the ‘definitive book on propelled his political career and he was
the Indian economy’ by Fareed Zakaria. He elected as an MLA to the Andhra Pradesh
has appeared on Bloomberg TV India for Legislative Assembly twice from Udayagiri
the show “Transforming India with Arvind constituency in Nellore district in 1978 and
Panagariya”. On Jan 5, 2015, he was appointed 1983. He rose to become one of the most
popular leaders of the BJP in Andhra Pradesh.
Vice-Chairman of the National Institution for
He served as the party spokesperson from
Transforming India Aayog, the replacement
1996 to 2000, bringing to the job his panache
for the Planning Commission. Panagariya
for quirky alliterations and similes.
is also heading and analysing the data of
Following the historic victory of the BJP in
the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011. the 2014 general elections, he was sworn in
He gave his resignation as Niti Aayog Vice- as the Minister for Urban Development and
Chairman stating that Columbia University Parliamentary Affairs on 26 May 2014. He was
has not extended his leave beyond August 31 nominated by the BJP on 29 May 2016 for the
2017. Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan and was elected.
A year later, he resigned from both offices to
contest the 2017 Vice President election. He
Venkaiah Naidu
won the election to become India’s 13th Vice-
BORN: 1st July, 1949 President.
BACKGROUND: Muppavarapu Venkaiah
Naidu is the Vice President of India. He had Rajiv Kumar
served as the Minister of Housing and Urban
Poverty Alleviation, Urban Development and
Information and Broadcasting in the Modi
Cabinet. A prominent leader of the Bharatiya
Janata Party, he also served as its national
president from 2002 to 2004. Earlier, he
was the Union Cabinet Minister for Rural
Development in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee
government.
CAREER: Naidu was born in the Nellore
district of Andhra Pradesh. He completed
his schooling from V. R. High School, Nellore,
and pursued bachelor’s degree in politics
and diplomatic studies from V. R. College. BACKGROUND: Economist Dr. Rajiv Kumar
Later, he acquired a bachelor’s degree in has been appointed as the new vice chairman
of the government think tank, NITI Aayog.
law with specialisation in international
Present vice chairman Arvind Panagariya had
law from Andhra University College of Law, stepped down in July 2017.
Visakhapatnam. He was a swayamsevak in CAREER: Dr. Kumar, who holds a PhD
the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and joined in economics from Oxford and Lucknow
ABVP during his college days. University, has served as director and chief
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executive of the Indian Council for Research the Orissa High Court in 1996 and was later
on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), transferred the following year to the Madhya
and has earlier worked with the Asian Pradesh High Court, where he was made a
Development Bank. He was also a senior Permanent Judge on 19th December 1997. In
fellow at the Centre for Policy Research. December 2009, he was appointed as the Chief
Justice of the Patna High Court and served till
ECONOMY May 2010. He served in the latter capacity
until his elevation to the Supreme Court on
10th October 2011.
S. Aparna
BACKGROUND: S. Aparna, an IAS officer
from Gujarat cadre has been appointed as
Executive Director, World Bank to represent
the constituency of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan
and Sri Lanka for three years.

Justice Misra has tenure of almost seven years


at the Supreme Court and has been appointed
the 45th Chief Justice of India from 28th
August 2017 till 2nd October 2018, the day he
retires on turning 65 years in age.
A 1988-batch IAS, she is currently Principal
Secretary to Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
Rupani. At the World Bank, she will replace
Subhash Garg, who was recently appointed
Economic Affairs Secretary, Ministry of
Ashwani Lohani
Finance. Among the top positions she held in BACKGROUND: Ashwani Lohani, CMD of Air
Gujarat includes Principal Secretary, Economic India, has been named as the Chairman of
Affairs, Surat Municipal Commissioner and the Railway Board following the resignation
Joint Secretary, urban development at centre. of A.K. Mital. Mr. Lohani, an Indian Railway
Known for her integrity and focused approach, Service of Mechanical Engineering (IRSME)
she was the most influential bureaucrat in the cadre had served as DRM, Delhi Division,
State administration under Mr. Rupani. Director, National Rail Museum; and Chief
Administrative Officer, Rail Alternate Fuel.
POLITY

Justice Dipak Misra


BORN: 3rd October, 1953
BACKGROUND: Justice Dipak Misra will be
the 45th Chief Justice of India (CJI) succeeding
the 44th CJI, Justice J. S. Khehar. He was the
judge of the Supreme Court of India and also
former Chief Justice of the Patna and Delhi
High Courts.
CAREER: Justice Misra enrolled at the Bar Mr. Lohani, who holds four engineering
on 14th February, 1977 and practised at the degrees, has authored two books (one on
Orissa High Court and the Service Tribunal. steam engines and the other on management)
He was appointed as an Additional Judge of and is credited with the Madhya Pradesh
PEOPLE 2017 CA-157

Tourism Development Corporation and the of India. She is the first woman to hold the
India Tourism Development Corporation and position independently. She is also a member
he holds the Guinness Record for successfully of the Rajya Sabha for Karnataka. Sitharaman
running the ‘Fairy Queen Express’, the world’s has formerly served as the Minister of State
oldest working steam locomotive engine. for Finance and Corporate Affairs under
the Ministry of Finance and the Minister for
Commerce and Industry with independent
S Paul
charge. Prior to that, she has served as a
BORN:1929 national spokesperson for the Bharatiya
DIED: 16th August 1929 Janata Party.
BACKGROUND: The world of Indian
photography lost a gem. At 88 years, Paul
Sahab passed away after a bout of illness. He
was the elder brother of veteran photographer
Raghu Rai.
Born in Jhang, Pakistan in 1929, Mr. Paul’s
family moved to Shimla after the partition. A
self taught photographer, he discovered his
passion for the camera as a teenager. Juniors in CAREER: Sitaraman was born in Madurai,
the industry fondly remember him as a selfless Tamil Nadu to Narayanan and Savitri. Her
mentor, ready to impart the tricks of the trade father, Narayanan Sitaraman, hailed from
to anyone who came to him. Musiri, Tiruchirappalli district in Tamil
Nadu. Her mother’s family had its roots in
Thiruvenkadu and Salem district. Her father
was an employee of Indian Railways and
hence she spent her childhood in various
parts of the state. She was schooled in Madras
and Tiruchirappalli. She obtained a BA in
economics at the Seethalakshmi Ramaswamy
College in Tiruchirapalli. She got Master’s
degree in Economics from Jawaharlal Nehru
University, Delhi.
Sitharaman joined the BJP in 2008 and has
S Paul’s Achievements are as follows:- served as a spokesperson for the party. In
• He was the first Indian to be profiled by 2014, she was inducted in Narendra Modi’s
The British Journal of Photography in cabinet as a junior minister. In May 2016, she
1967. was one of the 12 candidates nominated by the
• In 1971, he became the first Indian to win BJP to contest the Rajya Sabha elections which
the Nikon International Photo Contest. was due on 11th June 2016. She successfully
• In 2004, B&W Magazine US nicknamed contested her seat from Karnataka. On 3rd
him “the Henry Cartier- Bresson of India’. September 2017 she was elevated to second
female Defence Minister of India. Within India,
• Three years in the making (2004–07) and
she is a former a member of the National
selected by 47 top judges and The World’s
Commission for Women. Presently, she is one
Greatest Black & White Photography book
of the founding directors of Pranava school in
contained five of his pictures.
Hyderabad.

POLITY SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH


Nirmala Sitharaman Viveck Goenka
BORN: 18th August, 1959 BACKGROUND: Viveck Goenka, Chairman
BACKGROUND: Nirmala Sitharaman is and Managing Director of the Express
currently serving as the Defence Minister Group, and N. Ravi, former Editor-in-Chief
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of The Hindu, were unanimously elected as known as “Father of Green Revolution”
Chairman and Vice Chairman of Press Trust and educationalist Mina Swaminathan. She
of India, the country’s largest news agency. did her MBBS and MD from Armed Forces
Mr. Goenka succeeds Riyad Mathew, who is a Medical College and the All India Institute of
Senior Assistant Editor and a member of the Medical Sciences (AIIMS), respectively. She
Manorama management. Mr. Ravi succeeds Mr. subsequently held Post Doctoral Medical
Goenka as Vice Chairman. The election took Fellowship in Pediatric Pulmonology at the
place at a meeting of the Board of Directors Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School
following the Company’s 69th Annual General of Medicine at the University of Southern
Meeting. California.

ECONOMY

RAJNISH KUMAR
BORN: 14th January, 1958
ACHIEVEMENTS: Serving as the chairman of
the largest public sector bank SBI
Mr. Goenka, an engineer by qualification and CAREER: Rajnish Kumar has been appointed
publisher by profession, is also a director of the chairman of the largest public sector bank, the
Indian Newspaper Society (INS). He served as State Bank of India (SBI), replacing Arundhati
chairman of United News of India news agency, Bhattacharya, who completes her one-
as a Council Member of the Audit Bureau of year extended term. Kumar joined SBI as a
Circulation and has been one of the youngest Probationary officer in 1980. He has served as
past Presidents of the Indian Newspaper Managing Director (National Banking Group),
Society. He is also a wildlife photographer and a position he was given on 2nd November,
an avid student of conservation. 2015 and the Managing Director (Compliance
& Risk) of SBI. He also headed the SBI Capital
SOUMYA SWAMINATHAN Markets Limited (the Merchant Banking arm
of State Bank of India) as Managing Director
BORN: 2nd May, 1959 and Chief Executive Officer, prior to becoming
ACHIEVEMENTS: First Indian woman to hold Managing Director in SBI..
the second-highest position at WHO BACKGROUND: Rajnish Kumar, born on 14th
CAREER: The World Health Organization January, 1958, lives in Mumbai. He holds M.Sc.
(WHO) has appointed Dr. Soumya in Physics from Chaudhary Charan Singh
Swaminathan as one of two deputy directors University, Meerut.
general. This is first time such a second-
highest position created within WHO and SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
highest post held by an Indian at WHO. She
will replace Dr Anarfi Asamoa-Baah from Gauri Lankesh
Ghana, who joined WHO as senior policy
adviser to director-general. She is currently BORN: 29th January 1962
Director General of Indian Council of Medical DIED: September 5, 2017
Research (ICMR). She is a paediatrician and ACHIEVEMENTS: First person from India to
clinical scientist and globally-recognised receive the Anna Politkovskaya Award
researcher on tuberculosis (TB) and HIV, who CAREER: Kannada journalist Gauri Lankesh
has over 30 years of experience in clinical care was honoured with a prestigious Reach
and research. She had served as Coordinator of All Women in WAR (RAW in WAR) Anna
the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Politkovskaya Award. She shares this award
Programme for Research and Training in with Gulalai Ismail, a Pakistani peace activist
Tropical Diseases (TDR) in Geneva from 2009 who has faced death threats for speaking out
to 2011. against Taliban. With this, Gauri becomes first
BACKGROUND: Soumya Swaminathan person from India to receive this prestigious
is the daughter of M. S. Swaminathan honour. She was a strident critic of religious
PEOPLE 2017 CA-159

extremism and was shot dead on September 5, the National School of Drama. The Government
2017 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. She had worked of India honoured him with the Padma Shri in
as an editor in Lankesh Patrike, a Kannada 2004 and the Padma Bhushan in 2016 for his
weekly started by her father P. Lankesh, and contribution in the field of cinema and arts.
ran her own weekly called Gauri Lankesh His wife, actress Kirron Kher, is a Member of
Patrike. She was an outspoken newspaper Parliament from Chandigarh.
editor and often wrote about religious
violence, malaise of India’s hierarchical caste Javed Akhtar
system and criticised the rise of hardline
Hindu groups. BORN: 17th January, 1945
BACKGROUND: Gauri Lankesh was born ACHIEVEMENT: Winner of prestigious awards
in a Kannada Lingayat family on 29 January - Hridaynath Mangeshkar Award, Padma Shri,
1962. She started her career as a journalist Padma Bhushan
with ‘The Times of India’ in Bangalore. CAREER: Javed Akhtar, an Indian poet, lyricist
Later, she moved to Delhi with her husband, and screenwriter, has won the Hridaynath
Chidanand Rajghatta. Shortly after, she Mangeshkar Award. He is a mainstream
returned to Bangalore, where she worked as writer and some of his most successful works
a correspondent for the Sunday magazine for were carried out with the script-writing duo
nine years. At the time of her father’s death credited as Salim-Javed between 1971 and
in 2000, she was working for the Eenadu’s 1982. He is a recipient of the Padma Shri
Telugu television channel in Delhi. (1999), Padma Bhushan (2007), the Sahitya
Akademi Award as well as five National Film
Awards.
Anupam Kher
BACKGROUND: Javed Akhtar was born in
BORN: 7 March 1955 Gwalior. His father Jan Nisar Akhtar was a
ACHIEVEMENTS: Chairman of the FTII Bollywood film songwriter and Urdu poet, and
CAREER: Veteran actor Anupam Kher was his mother Safia Akhtar was a singer, teacher
appointed as new Chairman of the Film and and writer. He spent most of his childhood and
Television Institute of India (FTII) in Pune. He was schooled in Lucknow. He graduated from
will succeed Gajendra Chauhan whose tenure Saifiya College in Bhopal.
ended in March 2017. Earlier, he had held Obituaries
post of chairman of the Central Board of Film
Certification and the National School of Drama Lekh Tandon
in India. He is currently the chairman at Actor
Prepares. He has appeared in over 500 films BORN: 13th February, 1929
and many plays. He is best known for his roles DIED: 15th October, 2017
in Saaransh, Daddy, Ram Lakhan, Lamhe, Khel, CAREER: Lekh Tandon was an Indian
etc. He has also acted in international films like filmmaker and actor. He had directed
‘Bend it Like Beckham.’ numerous Bollywood movies and Indian TV
programmes. He gained national fame due to
success of his directorial ventures ‘Professor’
(1962), ‘Prince’ (1969), ‘Ek Baar Kaho’ and
‘Agar Tum Na Hote’. His films ‘Amrapali’
starring Vyjanthimala and ‘Agar Tum Na
Hote’ with Rajesh Khanna in the lead role are
considered as classics. Later after 2000, he
had acted in movies such as ‘Swades’, ‘Rang
De Basanti’, ‘Chennai Express’ and ‘Chaarfutiya
BACKGROUND: Anupma Kher was born Chhokare’. He was the brother of Urdu
in Shimla, in a Kashmiri Pandit family. He playwright Yograj Tandon.
received education at D.A.V. School in Shimla. BACKGROUND: Lekh Tandon started as
He is an alumnus and a former chairperson of Assistant Director in Hindi movie industry in
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1950s and became the director of several hit states should be continued. Other members
movies beginning with Professor (1962). He of the commission are former department
received the Best Director Award for his film of economic affair secretary Shaktikanta
‘Agar Tum Na Hote’ starring Rajesh Khanna in Das, Anoop Singh, professor at Georgetown
Filmfans Association of India in 1983. University, former chief economic advisor
Ashok Lahiri, agricultural expert and NITI
Aayog member Ramesh Chand. Chand and
Badri Narain Sharma
Lahiri are part time members.
DATE: 30th November, 2017 The commission has to submit its report by
WHY IN NEWS? : Appointed the first chairman October 30, 2019. As per the requirements of
of the National Anti-profiteering Authority the constitution, the commission will decide
(NAA) the distribution of net proceeds of taxes
BACKGROUND: Badri Narain Sharma, a between the centre and states and also within
Rajasthan cadre IAS officer of 1985 batch, the states the share that will go to each state,
has been appointed the first chairman of the according to the terms of reference approved.
National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA), N. K. Singh is a politician, economist and
the body set up under the goods and services former Indian Administrative Service officer.
tax (GST) to ensure that the benefits of lower He is a senior Member of the BJP after having
taxes under the new regime are shared with served as a Member of Parliament in the Rajya
consumers. Sabha from Bihar.
Badri, at present an additional secretary in
the department of revenue in the finance Shaktikanta Das
ministry, will have rank and pay of secretary
at the Centre. The Union cabinet last week DATE: 27th November, 2017
cleared the setting up of the NAA, which will WHY IN NEWS? : Appointed as India’s G20
have a two-year tenure that can be extended Sherpa for the Development Track of the
by the GST Council. The tenure of the authority grouping
will begin the day Sharma assumes charge. BACKGROUND: Shaktikanta Das, former
Prior to the revenue department, Sharma was secretary of Department of Economic
additional secretary in the power ministry Affairs (DEA), has been appointed as India’s
and before that in the Commercial Taxes G20 Sherpa till December 31, 2018 for the
Department in Rajasthan. Development Track of the grouping, the
Sharma has been closely associated with the Ministry of Finance said in a notification.
formulation of GST and its implementation, the There are two tracks in G 20 - Finance Track
finance ministry. As its first chairman, Sharma and Development Track. Finance Track is
is expected to give a direction to the Authority managed by the Secretary (Economic Affairs)
in boosting the confidence of consumers that as India’s Deputy to G20 and the Development
GST is a ‘Good and Simple Tax’ in the overall Track is coordinated by the Sherpa. The
national interest. Department of Economic Affairs will provide
necessary support to the Sherpa.
N K Singh Former vice-chairman of NITI Aayog Arvind
Panagariya had earlier suggested to appoint
DATE: 27th November, 2017 a full-time Sherpa for G20 talks as India’s role
WHY IN NEWS? : Appointed Chairman of 15th is expanding in the global arena. Panagariya
Finance Commission was appointed India’s Sherpa for G20 talks
BACKGROUND: Former Rajya Sabha in September 2015, replacing Suresh Prabhu.
member and bureaucrat NK Singh will head Sherpas, who are representatives of leaders
the 15th Finance Commission constituting of G20 member countries, coordinate on the
the constitutional body that will decide the agenda of the summit. As per practice, the
sharing of taxes between states and Centre deputy chairman of the erstwhile Planning
for five years beginning April 1, 2020. The Commission used to be the Sherpa for G20
government has also charged the commission talks. During the UPA regime, former deputy
with drawing up a fiscal consolidation road chairman of Planning Commission Montek
map and if the revenue deficit grants to Singh Ahluwalia was Sherpa for G20 talks.
PEOPLE 2017 CA-161

Asian Marathon Championships. Earlier, Asha


Manushi Chillar Agarwal won the women’s title when it was
DATE: 18th November, 2017 part of the biennial Asian Track and Field
Entertainment Championships.
BORN: 14th May, 1997 CAREER: At age 21, he joined as a general
BACKGROUND: Manushi Chhillar is an recruit, starting as a Hawildar at the Army
Indian model and beauty pageant title holder Artillery Center in Hyderabad and completed
who was crowned Miss World 2017. She was the 9 month mandatory Army training.
previously crowned Femina Miss India 2017 Typically a 10,000m athlete, he was designated
on 25 June 2017. Chhillar is the sixth Indian to keep Nitendra Rawat on track for the first 30
woman to win Miss World, and the first since km so that Rawat may qualify for the Olympics
Priyanka Chopra won Miss World 2000. with a timing of 02:15 at the 2016 Mumbai
marathon. However, Gopi found the distance
comfortable and kept going to complete as the
2nd Indian (11th overall, right behind Rawat).
He says he never felt the anticipated fatigue of
the last 5 km, even though he was bracing his
body for it. His VO2 Max is around 84 (ml of
Oxygen used in 1 min per kg of bodyweight,
comparable to Lance Armstrong), with a
resting heart rate of around 45bpm.
CAREER: Chhillar was born in Haryana. Her
father, Dr. Mitra Basu Chhillar, is a scientist Saikhom Mirabai Chanu
at the Defence Research and Development
Organisation, while her mother, Dr. Neelam BORN: 8th August, 1994
Chhillar, is an associate professor and ACHIEVEMENT: First Indian female
department head of neurochemistry at the weightlifter to win Gold medal at World
Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Weightlifting Championships
Sciences. CAREER: Saikhom Mirabai Chanu is an Indian
Chhillar studied at St. Thomas’ School in female weightlifter who won Gold medal in the
New Delhi, and is pursuing a medical degree 48 kg category at 2017 World Weightlifting
at the Bhagat Phool Singh Medical College in Championships held in Anaheim, United States.
Sonipat. She is a trained Kuchipudi dancer, Earlier she had won medals in Commonwealth
and has trained under legendary dancers Games and silver medal in the women›s 48
Raja and Radha Reddy and Kaushalya Reddy. kg weight class at the 2014 Commonwealth
Chhillar has also attended the National School Games at Glasgow, where the gold medal was
of Drama. won by another Indian Khumukcham Sanjita.
Mirabai qualified for the 2016 Rio Olympics
in the women›s 48 kg category. However, she
Gopi Thonakal
failed to finish the event as she failed to lift the
BORN: 24th May, 1988 weight in any of her three attempts in clean &
BACKGROUND: Gopi Thonakal became the jerk section.
first Indian man to win Asian Marathon BACKGROUND: Saikhom hails from Manipur.
Championships after he achieved the feat in She began weightlifting in 2007 at Khuman
the 16th edition. Gopi clocked 2 hours, 15 Lampak Sports Complex in Imphal. She has
minutes and 48 seconds to clinch the gold. been a consistent performer right from
Andrey Petrov of Uzbekistan bagged the silver her junior days. She was awarded the title
with a timing of 2:15:51s while Byambalev of Best Lifter at the 2013 Junior National
Tseveenravdan of Mongolia won bronze by Championship in Guwahati. She had clinched
clocking 2:16:14s. the gold medal at the 2011 International Youth
Gopi, thus, became the first Indian man to Championship, and another at the South Asian
win the title after the formation of separate Junior Games.
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INTERNATIONAL

POLITY POLITY

NANA Akufo-Addo Daniel Ortega


BORN: 29 March 1944
BACKGROUND : Nana Akufo-Addo is sworn
in as president of Ghana. The new president
was born and raised in Ga-Maami an area in
Accra central. Nana Addo started his primary
education at the Government Boys School in
Adabraka and Rowe Road school in the central
part of Accra. Daniel Ortega sworn in for third time as
IMPORTANT WORKS : A former justice and Nicaragua’s president, with his wife Rosario
foreign minister in the NPP government from Murillo as the new vice president, giving a
2001 to 2007, he is running for president for married couple the reins of power for the first
a third time. His main promise was to build time in the Central American country’s history
a factory in each of Ghana’s more than 200 on 12 January 2017.
districts. Earlier PM Modi had announced BORN: 11 November 1945 in La Libertad,
stopping the meetings of Permanent Indus Nicaragua
Commission in September 2016. The decision BACKGROUND : His father was a veteran of
was taken against the backdrop of Uri terrorist the peasant army founded by the Nicaraguan
attacks that killed scores of Indian armed revolutionary Cesar Augusto Sandino. Early
forces personnel. in his youth, Ortega moved with his family
to Managua, where he eventually attended
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH Central American University. Ortega cut short
his studies, and in 1963 went underground as a
Cristiano Ronaldo member of the Sandinista National Liberation
Front (FSLN), a group aiming to overthrow the
country’s dictator, Anastasio Somoza, who had
ruled Nicaragua since 1937.
IMPORTANT WORKS : He was a guerrilla
leader aiming to overthrow the regime of
dictator Anastasio Somoza. As a member of
the Sandinista Junta that took power in 1979,
Ortega was elected president in 1984 and
served until 1990, when he lost to Violeta
BORN: 5 February 1985, Portugal Barrios de Chamorro.
BACKGROUND: Cristiano Ronaldo is a In 2007 he regained the presidency and was
elected again four years later. Since then, he’s
Portuguese professional footballer. He plays
been reelected two additional times.
for Spanish club Real Madrid and the Portugal
national team. He is a forward player and
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
captain of the national team.
ACHIEVEMENTS : He won his first Ballon d’Or
and FIFA World Player of the Year awards in Farrukh Amonatov
2008. He won the FIFA Ballon d’Or in 2013 BORN: 13 April,1978
and 2014. In 2016, he was awarded his fourth BACKGROUND/IMPORTANT WORKS:
Ballon d’Or, the most for the European player Farrukh Amonatov is the only chess
in the history of the award. He is the only grandmaster of Tajikistan.He lives and
player to win four European Golden Shoe trains in Moscow; however, he represents in
awards. international tournaments.In 1992, he won
PEOPLE 2017 CA-163

the Asian under-16 champion.In 2005, he won


the inaugural Moscow Open.
POLITY
Later in 2005, he competed in the FIDE World
Cup, where he knocked out Michal Krasenkow Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo
in the first round. However, he was eliminated BORN: 5 May 1962
in the second round by Magnus Carlsen.He BACKGROUND: Mohamed is a Somali
qualified for the Superfinal of the Russian diplomat, professor, and politician and founder
Chess Championship in 2007 and ended up on of the Tayo Political Party. After attending
the 10th position. boarding school in Somalia, he has attained
Farrukh Amonator on 16 January 2017 won a Bachelor’s degree in History from the State
the 15th edition of the Delhi International University of New York at Buffalo in Buffalo,
chess tournament in the final round of the New York and Master’s degree in Political
tournament. He settled for a draw with Science from the University at Buffalo. He
holds citizenship of both Somalia and US. He
Diptayan Ghosh. Amanotov scored 8.5 points
was previously the Prime Minister of Somalia
out of ten and stayed a half point ahead of
from November 2010 until June 2011. He is
Ghosh and Dzhumav Marat of Uzbekistan. nicknamed as ‘Farmajo’ meaning cheese in
Italian because of his liking for it.
Iris Mittenaere POLITICAL CAREER: Mohamed Abdullahi was
elected as the 9th President of Somalia on 8th
February 2017 after he beat President Hassan
Sheikh Mohamud. Somalia has not had its one
person one vote democratic elections since
1969. The vote were held at heavily guarded
airport in the capital city of Mogadishu and
Mr Mohamed emerged winner after second
vote only after Hassan Sheikh accepted his
BORN: 25 January 1993 defeat thereby avoiding third and fourth vote.
BACKGROUND: Mittenaere was born in Lille Mohamed got 184 votes in comparison to
to Yves Mittenaere. After doing her schooling 84 votes attained by the outgoing President.
in Steenvoorde, she studied Dentistry at Somalis celebrated his win with gun firing on
Lille 2 University of Health and Law. She was the streets.
crowned Miss France on 19th December 2015.
She competed in Miss Universe 2016 and Frank-Walter Steinmeier
succeeded Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach BORN: 5 January 1956
of Philippines. BACKGROUND: Frank-Walter Steinmeier is a
IMPORTANT WORKS: In the 65th Miss German politician who has served as Minister
Universe Pageant held on 30th January 2017 for Foreign Affairs from 2005 to 2009 and
at the Mall of Asia Arena, Pasay, Metro Manila, from 2013 to 2017, and as vice chancellor
from 2007 to 2009. He holds a doctorate in law
Philippines, Miss France Iris Mittenaere
and was formerly a career civil servant.
was crowned the winner. This is the second POLITICAL CAREER: Frank- Walter
time that Miss France has won the title after Steinmeier was elected as the 12th President
a long hiatus of 63 years. Miss Haiti Raquel of Germany on 12th February 2017. He will
Pélissier was the first runner up and Andrea succeed the current president Joachim Gauck.
Tovar from Colombia was crowned the second He was voted by a parliamentary assembly
made up of 1,260 MPs and representatives of
runner up. The pageant was organized by the
Germany’s 16 states and won 931 of the 1,239
LCS Group of Companies, the Department of valid votes. He will assume his new office from
Tourism of Philippines and the Miss Universe 19th March 2017 after his predecessor steps
Organisation. down on 18th March 2017.
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Jovenel Moise to Tajikistan and permanent representative at
Pakistan Mission to the United Nations.
BORN: 26 June 1968 IMPORTANT WORKS: Pakistan Diplomat
BACKGROUND: Jovenel Moïse was born to Amjad Hussain B Sial assumed office of
Etienne Moïse and Lucia Bruno in Trou-du- the South Asian Association for Regional
Nord, in Haiti’s North-East department. He Cooperation (SAARC) Secretary-General on
has studied political science at Quisqueya 1 March, 2017. He succeeded Nepal’s Arjun
University. He began his career by opening Bahadur Thapa who was appointed in 2014.
JOMAR Auto Parts and setting up 10 hectare of Sial will continue in his office as Secretary
banana plantation in North West department. General of SAARC till 28th February 2020.
He founded Agritrans SA and helped create His nomination was made by Pakistan at the
Haiti’s first agricultural free trade zone which SAARC Council of Ministers at Pokhara, Nepal
created various job opportunities. Moise in March last year. All member states endorsed
was handpicked as Presidential candidate his nomination.
by Haiti’s former president, Michel Martelly.
He won the Presidential elections on 27th SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
November 2016 after the results of October
2015 elections where he won the first round
of voting were annulled amid allegations of Roger Federer
massive fraud.

BORN: 8 August 1981


POLITICAL CAREER: Jovenel Moise sworn
in as Haiti’s new president on 8th February BACKGROUND: Roger Federer is a Swiss
2017. He took oath of office in Port-au-Prince. professional tennis player. He is born to a Swiss
The 58th Haitian president took the oath of father and South African mother. He is married
office in a Parliament chamber surrounded by to former Women’s Tennis Association player
Haitian lawmakers and foreign dignitaries. Mirka Vavrinec. Federer has two sets of twins
with his wife - Myla Rose and Charlene Riva
born in 2009 and Leo and Lennart born in
Amjad Hussain B Sial 2014. Federer has won 18 Grand Slam singles
titles, the most by a male tennis player and has
BORN: August 20, 1956
held the No. 1 spot in the ATP rankings for a
BACKGROUND: Amjad total of 302 weeks. He is currently ranked
Hussain B Sial is a Pakistani World No. 10 by the Association of Tennis
Diplomat who has spent 33
Professionals.
years in Pakistan Foreign
ACHIEVEMENTS: Roger Federer
Service. He is an MSc in
(Switzerland) lifted Miami Open 2017 Singles
Defence and Strategic Studies title after defeating Rafael Nadal (Spain) on
and joined Foreign Service 2nd April 2017. He defeated Nadal 6-3, 6-4
of Pakistan in 1983. He in the finals at Crandon Park in Key Biscayne,
holds experience in bilateral and multilateral Florida, United States. Federer became the
diplomacy in both Ministry of Foreign Affairs oldest winner of the Miami Open after this
in Islamabad and Missions abroad. He has fourth straight win over Nadal in their 13-
worked at the SAARC Secretariat as the year professional rivalry. This win marked
Director from Pakistan from 2003 to 2006. Federer’s 26th Masters 1000 singles title of his
He has also served as Pakistan’s ambassador career and the 91 singles title overall.
PEOPLE 2017 CA-165

Rafael Nadal She is known for human rights advocacy,


especially education of women in her
native Swat Valley in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,
northwest Pakistan, where the local Taliban
had at times banned girls from attending
school. Her advocacy has since grown into an
international movement.
CAREER: As a child, she became an advocate
for girls’ education, which resulted in the
Taliban issuing a death threat against her. On
October 9, 2012, a gunman shot Malala when
she was travelling home from school.
BORN : 3rd June, 1986 In 2014, she was announced as the co-
BACKGROUND : Rafael Nadal has once again recipient of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize, along
won the Monte Carlo Masters for a record with Kailash Satyarthi, for her struggle against
10th time with a 6-1 6-3 victory over Albert the suppression of children and young people
Ramos-Vinolas. With this win, he made history and for the right of all children to education.
by becoming the first man in the Open era to
Aged 17 at the time, she became the youngest-
win the same event 10 times. Rafael Nadal is
ever Nobel Prize laureate. In 2017, she was
a Spanish professional tennis player. In tennis
awarded honorary Canadian citizenship and
Nadal is famously known as “The King of
became the youngest person to address the
Clay”. So far, Rafael Nadal has won 14 Grand
Slam singles titles, 29 titles in ATP World House of Commons of Canada.
Tour Masters 1000 events and 17 ATP World
Tour 500 tournaments. He had also won 2008 Emma Morano
Olympic gold medal in singles.
CAREER : Rafael Nadal was born in Manacor, BORN: 29th November, 1899
Balearic Islands, Spain. DIED: 15th April, 2017
In April 2002, at 15 years and 10 months, the BACKGROUND: Emma Morano, the world’s
world No. 762 Nadal won his first ATP match, oldest woman passed away in Italy at the age
defeating Ramón Delgado, and became the of 117. She was the last known person born
ninth player in the Open Era to do so before in the 19th century who was still alive. Emma
the age of 16. At his Wimbledon debut in 2003, Morano was born on 29 November 1899 in
Nadal became the youngest man to reach the Italy. She held the Guinness World Record
third round since Boris Becker in 1984. In titles for the oldest living person and oldest
September, 2005, he defeated Coria in the final living woman. Morano is five years younger
of the China Open in Beijing and won both of than Jeanne Calment, the 122-year-old person
his Davis Cup matches against Italy. who held the title for being the oldest person
ever.
Malala Yousafzai
BORN: 12th July, 1997
BACKGROUND: Being appointed as the
youngest United Nations Messenger of Peace
on 10th April, 2017, Malala Yousafzai is a
Pakistani activist for female education and the
youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate.

CAREER: Morano was a solitary person


who made her living by working in a factory
producing jute sacks. She subsequently
worked in the kitchen of Collegio Santa Maria,
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CA-166 PEOPLE 2017
a Marianist boarding school in Verbania, until the development of computer networking,
her retirement at the age of 75. She had been online information and communications
living in her two room apartment for the last systems, and modern personal computing”.
20 years. In her lifetime that spanned three
centuries, she has seen two World Wars and
Peggy Whitson
more than 90 Italian governments. Morano
had admitted that the reason behind her
longevity was genetics. In December of that
year, she was awarded the honour of Knight
of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic by
President Giorgio Napolitano. Upon Morano’s
death, Violet Brown from Jamaica became the
world’s oldest known person in the world.

Robert Taylar
BORN: 10th Feb, 1932
DIED: 13th April, 2017
BACKGROUND: Robert Taylor, a pioneer
of Modern Computing and Internet, has BORN : 9th February 1960
passed away at the age of 85. Rob Taylor BACKGROUND: Astronaut Peggy Whitson
was instrumental in creating the internet has set a new space record for most days in
and the modern personal computer. Taylor’s space by a US astronaut. She has broken the
engineering team was also responsible for previous record set by Jeff Williams who had
the development of Ethernet and a word spent a total of 534 days in space. President
processing program, Microsoft Word. Trump congratulated her through a video
CAREER: Robert W. Taylor was born in Dallas, chat between White House and the ISS. Peggy
Whitson, at present, is serving as the Space
Texas, in 1932. He began his higher education
Station Commander of Expedition 51. She was
at Southern Methodist University at the age
recently launched to the ISS in November 2016
of 16. Taylor was trained as an experimental
using a Russian Soyuz capsule. At the time of
psychologist and mathematician, his earliest
her launch, she had already accumulated 377
career was devoted to brain research and
total days in space. At the time of her return
the auditory nervous system. Taylor took back to Earth, she would have accumulated
engineering jobs with aircraft companies at more than 600 days in space.
better salaries. He helped to design the MGM-
CAREER : Whitson was born in Mount Ayr,
31 Pershing as a senior systems engineer for Iowa, and grew up on a farm outside the
defence contractor Martin Marietta (1960- nearby town of Beaconsfield, Iowa. Whitson
1961) in Orlando, Florida. graduated from Mount Ayr Community High
In 1962, he was invited to join NASA’s Office School in 1978 and received a Bachelor of
of Advanced Research and Technology as a Science degree in biology and chemistry
program manager assigned to the manned from Iowa Wesleyan College in 1981. She
flight control and display division after then went on to earn her doctorate degree in
submitting a research proposal for a flight biochemistry from Rice University in 1985,
control simulation display. and following completion of her graduate
In 1984, Taylor, Butler Lampson, and Charles work, continued at Rice as a Robert A Welch
P. Thacker received the ACM Software Post-doctoral Fellow until October 1986. She
Systems Award “For conceiving and guiding is married to Clarence F. Sams, Ph.D.
the development of the Xerox Alto System From 1992 to 1995, she served as project
demonstrating that a distributed personal scientist for the Shuttle-Mir Program. In April
computer system can provide a desirable and 1996, Whitson was selected as an astronaut
practical alternative to time-sharing”. candidate and started training in August 1996.
In 2013, the Computer History Museum named Whitson served as, the Chief of the Astronaut
him a Museum Fellow, “for his leadership in Office until July 2012 and, was responsible for
PEOPLE 2017 CA-167

mission preparation activities of International as the Minister of Economy and Finance in


Space Station crews and their support the second Valls Cabinet on 26 August 2014,
personnel. She is currently in space on her replacing Arnaud Montebourg. As Minister of
third long-duration space flight and is the the Economy, Macron was at the forefront of
current commander of the International Space pushing through business-friendly reforms.
Station. After completion of her eighth EVA in Emmanuel Macron was the former investment
March 2017, Whitson now holds the records banker. He had served for two years as the
for the oldest woman spacewalker, and the French economy minister. However, he has
record for total spacewalks by a woman never held elected office so far. Emmanuel
(eight), surpassing Sunita Williams, who has Macron’s movement called ‘En Marche’ counts
completed 7.Whitson’s cumulative EVA time is more than 200,000 followers.
53 hours, 22 minutes, which placed her in 5th
place for total EVA time. SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
In 2017, Whitson became the first woman
astronaut to command the International Space Roger Moore
Station twice. On April 24, 2017, Whitson
broke the record for most total days spent in
space by any NASA (National Aeronautics and
Space Administration) astronaut, at more than
534 days.

POLITY

Emmanuel Macron

BORN: 14th Oct, 1927


BORN: 21st Dec, 1977 DIED: 23rd may, 2017
BACKGROUND: Thirty-nine-year-old BACKGROUND: British actor Roger Moore,
Emmanuel Macron, has been elected as the who played the much famed secret agent
president of France. He has become the James Bond, has passed away at the age of 89.
youngest President and occupant of the Elysee Roger Moore has acted as James Bond in seven
Palace. Macron defeated Marine Le Pen, his films for 12 years between 1973 and 1985.
far-right opponent. Moore was also known for playing Simon
CAREER: Born in Amiens, Emmanuel Jean- Templar in TV series The Saint between 1962
Michel Frederic Macron is the son of Francoise, and 1969. His famous films include Live and
a physician, and Jean Michel Macron, professor Let Die and A View to a Kill.
of neurology at the University of Picardy. CAREER: Roger Moore was born in Stockwell,
Raised in a non-religious family, he was London. He was the only child of George Alfred
baptized a Roman Catholic at his own request Moore, a policeman, and Lillian “Lily” Pope.
at the age of 12. His mother was born in Calcutta, India, but
In 2007, he served as deputy reporter for was English. He attended Battersea Grammar
the commission to improve French economic School, but was evacuated to Holsworthy,
growth headed by Jacques Attali. Macron was Devon, during the Second World War, and
a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to attended Launceston College. He was further
2009. From 2012 to 2014, he served as deputy educated at Dr Challoner’s Grammar School in
secretary-general of the Elysee, a senior role in Amersham, Buckinghamshire. At 18, shortly
President Hollande’s staff. He was appointed after the end of the Second World War, Moore
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was conscripted for national service. the euro currency in the Germany at a time
He later looked after entertainers for the when Germans were sceptical to give up their
armed forces passing through Hamburg. In cherished deutschemark.
the early 1950s, Moore worked as a model, CAREER: Helmut Kohl was born in
appearing in print advertisements for Ludwigshafen am Rhein (then in Bavaria, now
knitwear (earning him the nickname “The in Rhineland-Palatinate). He was the third
Big Knit”), and a wide range of other products child of Hans Kohl, an imperial army veteran
such as toothpaste, an element that many and civil servant, and his wife, Cacilie. Kohl
critics have used as typifying his lightweight attended the Ruprecht Elementary School, and
credentials as an actor. continued at the Max-Planck-Gymnasium.
Appointed a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in
1991, Moore was knighted by Queen Elizabeth Carrie Lam
II in 2003 for “services to charity”. In 2007
he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of BORN: 13th May, 1957
Fame for his work on television and in film, BACKGROUND: Carrie Lam was sworn in as
aptly located at 7007 Hollywood Boulevard. the first female Chief Executive (CE) of the
In 2008, the French government appointed Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Moore a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et (HKSAR), an autonomous territory of China on
des Lettres. the Pearl River Delta. She is fifth CE of Hong
Kong since it became part of China in 1997.
POLITY Prior to getting elected as CE, she was the
Chief Secretary for Administration of Hong
Helmut Kohl Kong SAR Government (from 2012 to 2017),
the senior most rank of principal officials of
Hong Kong. The CE of Hong Kong is the head
and representative of the Hong Kong and
also head of the Government of Hong Kong.
Lam took her oath to office before Chinese
President, Xi Jinping on the occasion marking
of 20th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to
China from Britain.
CAREER: Lam attended the University of
Hong Kong majoring in social work. Through
her student activism, she came to know Lee
Wing-tat and Sin Chung-kai, who later became
prominent pro-democrat legislators. In the
BORN: 3rd April, 1930 2017 Chief Executive election, Lam won the
DIED: 16 June, 2017 three-way election.
BACKGROUND: Former German Chancellor
Helmut Kohl, who is known as the father of Nawaz Sharif
German unification has passed away. He was
responsible for unifying Germany after the BORN: 25th December, 1949
1989 fall of the Berlin Wall despite facing stiff BACKGROUND: Pakistan’s Prime Minister
resistance from Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Nawaz Sharif has resigned from his post after
Gorbachev. Helmut Kohl was the longest the Supreme Court disqualified him in the
serving post-war chancellor of Germany Panama Papers case. This is the third time
since 1945. After Soviet Union relinquished Nawaz Sharif has been unable to complete his
control of Eastern Europe, Helmut Kohl term in the chief executive’s office. The SC had
worked towards unifying East and West ruled out that the Prime Minister had been
Germany by giving constant assurances to dishonest to Parliament and the courts, in not
the Western leaders that a united Germany disclosing his employment in a Dubai based
posed no threat. He served as chancellor for company in his 2013 nomination papers and
16 years from 1982 to 1998.. He was also thus, could not be deemed fit for the office. It
the driving force behind the introduction of ordered the National Accountability Bureau
PEOPLE 2017 CA-169

(NAB) to file a reference in an accountability 12 September 2007 for health reasons. He was
court within six weeks. It also directed the replaced by Yasuo Fukuda, the first in a series
Election Commission of Pakistan to issue a of five prime ministers who failed to retain
notification declaring the Prime Minister’s office for more than sixteen months.
disqualification. BACKGROUND: Abe was born in Tokyo to a
CAREER: Born into the upper-middle class politically prominent family. Abe attended
Sharif family in Lahore, he is the son of Seikei Elementary School, Seikei Junior High
Ittefaq and Sharif Group founder Muhammad School and Seikei Senior High School. He
Sharif, and the elder brother of three time studied public administration and graduated
elected Punjab Chief Minister, Shahbaz. He is with the Bachelor’s degree in Political Science
one of Pakistan’s wealthiest men with a net from Seikei University in 1977. He later moved
worth of $1.4 billion. Sharif studied business to the United States and studied public policy
at Government College and later law at the at the University of Southern California’s
University of Punjab before entering politics in School of Public Policy. In April 1979, Abe
the late 1970s. In 1981, Sharif was appointed by began working for Kobe Steel.
Zia-ul-Haq’s regime as the Minister of Finance
for the province of Punjab. In 1990, Sharif led SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH
a conservative alliance to victory, leading him
to become the Prime Minister. Later, it was Liu Xiaobo
alleged that the election was rigged in favour
of Sharif by the Pakistani intelligence agency, BORN: 28th December, 1955
the ISI, channelling millions of rupees into his BACKGROUND: China’s most famous political
election campaign. prisoner, the Nobel laureate and democracy
Sharif’s second term also saw tussles with the icon Liu Xiaobo passed away in custody
judiciary and the military. However, the Kargil following a battle with cancer. Liu was
War led to a deterioration of his relations awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for his
with Pervez Musharraf. When he attempted long and non-violent struggle for fundamental
to relieve Musharraf from his command on human rights in China.
12 October 1999, the military instead ousted CAREER: Liu was a literary critic, writer,
Sharif’s government and exiled him to Saudi human rights activist who called for political
Arabia. reforms and end of communist single party
In 2013 elections, Sharif’s Muslim League rule. He is also known for his role in 1989
formed a coalition government. As a result, Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing. Liu was
Sharif was elected Prime Minister by arrested in 2008 after co-writing Charter 08,
Parliament. Sharif’s family has come under a bold petition that called for the protection
trial over Panama Papers. On 28 July 2017, of basic human rights and reform of China’s
Sharif was disqualified from public office by political system. He was sentenced to 11 years
the Supreme Court of Pakistan for a period of in prison in December 2009 on the charges of
10 years. subversion. During his fourth prison term, he
was awarded 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for his
Shinzo Abe long and non-violent struggle for fundamental
human rights in China. He was first Chinese
BORN: 21 September 1954 citizen to be awarded a Nobel Prize of any kind
ACHIEVEMENT: The third-longest serving while residing in China. At the Nobel Peace
Prime Minister in post-war Japan Prize ceremony held in Oslo in 2010 he was
CAREER: Shinzo Abe was re-elected as Japan’s represented by an empty chair.
Prime Minister. He hails from the Liberal
Democratic Party (LDP) and is the third- POLITY
longest serving Prime Minister in post-war
Japan. Hailing from a politically prominent
family, he was elected by a special session
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
of the National Diet in September 2006, BORN: 27th December, 1958
becoming at the age of 52, Japan’s youngest BACKGROUND: Shahid Khaqan Abbasi was
post-war prime minister, and the first to have
elected Prime Minister of Pakistan after the
been born after World War II. Abe resigned on
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resignation of outgoing Prime Minister Nawaz is best known for his emotionally resonating
Sharif after Panama Papers case decision. He prose style and his inventive subversion of
was elected by the National Assembly after literary genres. Some of his best-known works
defeating his rival Naveed Qamar of PPP. include Never Let Me Go and The Remains
Abbasi previously served as the Minister for of the Day, which he had written in just a
Petroleum and Natural Resources in the third month. His latest book, The Buried Giant, was
Sharif ministry from 2013 to 2017 and briefly published in 2015. ‎He had received four Man
held the cabinet portfolio of Minister for Booker Prize nominations and won it in 1989
Commerce in the Gillani ministry in 2008. for his novel ‘The Remains of the Day’.
CAREER: Abbasi received his early education BACKGROUND: He was born in Nagasaki,
in Karachi and later enrolled at the Lawrence Japan from where his family moved to England
College in Murree. in 1960 when he was five. Ishiguro graduated
Abbasi was elected to the National Assembly of from the University of Kent with a bachelor’s
Pakistan for the first time in the 1988 general degree in English and Philosophy in 1978 and
elections, as an independent candidate from gained his master’s from the University of East
Constituency NA-50 in Rawalpindi District. Anglia’s creative writing course in 1980.
The seat was previously held by his father
until his death. After winning the election, he George Saunders
joined the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad.
BORN: 2 December 1958
ACHIEVEMENTS: Winner of 2017 Man Booker
Prize
CAREER: American author George Saunders
won the 2017 Man Booker Prize for his first
full-length novel “Lincoln in the Bardo”. With
this, he became second consecutive American
writer to win prize after Paul Beatty (for his
novel The Sellout), after rules were changed
in 2014 to allow authors of any book written
in English and published in Great Britain to
compete.
Therefore, Abbasi was chosen by Nawaz Sharif
BACKGROUND: George Saunders is an
as an interim Prime Minister for 45 days which
would allow significant time for Shehbaz American writer of short stories, novellas,
to contest elections from Nawaz’s vacated essays, children’s books and a novel. He is
constituency and be elected to the National professor at Syracuse University. He has won
Assembly. National Magazine Award for fiction in 1994,
1996, 2000, and 2004 and Henry Awards in
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH 1997. His first story collection, CivilWarLand
in Bad Decline, was a finalist for the 1996 PEN/
Hemingway Award. He received a MacArthur
Kazuo Ishiguro Fellowship in 2006 and also won World
BORN: 8th November, 1954 Fantasy Award the same year for his short
ACHIEVEMENTS: Work on illusory sense of story “CommComm”. In 2013, he had won
connection with the world PEN/Malamud Award. His Tenth of December:
CAREER: The Swedish Academy has selected Stories won 2013 Story Prize for short-story
Japanese-born English novelist Kazuo Ishiguro collections and inaugural (2014) Folio Prize.
(62) for the 2017 Nobel Prize in Literature. The
award was given for his works that are of great Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters
emotional force which uncovers the abyss
beneath our illusory sense of connection with DATE: 26th November, 2017
the world. He had started writing career in BORN: 28th June, 1995
1981 and has written seven novels, five works BACKGROUND: Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters
in short fiction and four screenplays so far. He (born 28 June 1995) is a South African model
PEOPLE 2017 CA-171

and beauty pageant titleholder who was after ethics concerns were raised about her
crowned Miss Universe 2017. She previously access to material while not being held to the
was crowned Miss South Africa 2017, and is same restrictions as a federal employee. She is
the second Miss Universe winner from South considered part of the president’s inner circle
Africa, following Miss Universe 1978, Margaret and later became an official employee in his
Gardiner. administration.
CAREER: Nel-Peters was born in Sedgefield, She was invited to the annual Global
Western Cape, to Bennie Peters and Anne- Entrepreneurship Summit co-hosted by India
Marie Steenkamp. Her half-sister, Franje, has and the US. For the first time, the GES is being
a physical disability and Nel-Peters says that held in South Asia. The three-day summit, from
she is the most significant motivator in her life. November 28-30, was held at the Hyderabad
She received a bachelor’s degree in business International Convention Centre (HICC) and
management from North-West University and Hyderabad International Trade Expositions
is fluent in both English and Afrikaans. (Hitex).

Ivanka Trump POLITY


DATE: 28th November, 2017 Emmerson Mnangagwa
BORN: 30th October, 1981
BACKGROUND: Ivana Marie “Ivanka” Trump DATE: 24th November, 2017
is an American television personality, fashion BORN: 15th September, 1942
designer, author and businesswoman who ACHIEVEMENT: Playing an important role
is an advisor to the President of the United in Zimbabwe politics and becoming the third
States, Donald Trump. She is the daughter of President of Zimbabwe
the president and his first wife, former model CAREER: Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa
Ivana Trump. is serving as the third and current President
of Zimbabwe. He belongs to the ruling ZANU–
PF party, and served as First Vice President
of Zimbabwe from 2014 until his dismissal
in early November 2017. On 21 November
2017, former President of Zimbabwe Robert
Mugabe resigned and Mnangagwa was sworn
in as President on 24 November, 2017. He was
a guerrilla leader during the Rhodesian Bush
War. After Zimbabwe was recognized in 1980,
he held a series of senior cabinet positions
under Mugabe, including as Minister of State
Security during the Gukurahundi massacres in
A fourth generation businessperson who which up to 20,000 mainly Ndebele civilians
followed in the footsteps of her great- were killed.
grandmother Elizabeth Christ Trump (who
BACKGROUND: Mnangagwa was born
founded the company), grandfather Fred
in Zvishavane, Southern Rhodesia on 15
Trump, and father, Trump has been an
September 1942. He is a member of the
executive vice president of the family owned
Karanga ethnic group. His parents were
The Trump Organization – as well as serving
politically active farmers, and he had to flee
as a boardroom judge on her father›s TV show
to Zambia with his family because of his
The Apprentice. She moved to Washington,
father›s resistance against white settlers. He
D.C. in January 2017 as her husband, Jared
then joined the effort to liberate Zimbabwe,
Kushner, was appointed Senior Advisor to the
then called Rhodesia, from white-minority
President.
rule in the Zimbabwean War of Liberation. He
Starting in late March 2017, she began serving studied law and earned a law degree from the
in her father’s presidential administration. University of Zambia. He also studied at the
She assumed this official, unpaid position University of London.
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EVENTS 2017
NATIONAL
ECONOMY It also discussed on further steps to be taken.
Demonetisation: It will help in eliminating
16th meeting of FSDC the shadow economy and tax evasion. It will
have a positive impact on GDP and fiscal
DATE: 5th January 2016 consolidation in the long run.
PLACE: New Delhi
AGENDA/ISSUE: To review the major issues SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
and challenges facing the economy.
TARGET/APPLICATION: The 16th meeting 44th New Delhi World Book Fair
of the Financial Stability and Development DATE: 7th January 2017
Council (FSDC) was held in New Delhi. It PLACE: New Delhi
was chaired by Union Finance Minister Arun AGENDA/ISSUE: To exhibit the rich tradition
Jaitley. of women writings from ancient times till the
It was attended by heads of all financial present.
sector regulators as its members. It reviewed TARGET/APPLICATION : The 44th edition of
the major issues and challenges facing the the New Delhi World Book Fair began at Pragati
economy. Maidan in national capital. The theme for this
Indian Economy: India appears to be much edition of the event is ‘Manushi– Books Written
better placed because of improvement in its on and by Women’.
macroeconomic fundamental despite fragile It was inaugurated by Union Minister of State
world economy. It reviewed the major issues (MoS) for Human Resources Development
and challenges facing the economy. (Higher Education) Mahendra Nath Pandey.
Banking: The status of NPAs of public sector The nine-day event has been organised by
National Book Trust (NBT), under the Union
banks and measures taken by the government
Ministry of Human Resource Development.
and the RBI for tackling the stressed assets While, India Trade Promotion Organisation
were reviewed. It also discussed about further (ITPO) is the Co-organizer.
action to be taken in this regard. Based on the theme, the fair will exhibit the
Financial inclusion/ financial literacy: rich tradition of women writings from ancient
Discussed about the various initiatives times till the present.
taken by the government and regulators for Posters and panels of some of the eminent
promoting financial inclusion/ literacy. It also women scholars of ancient and medieval
discussed further measures for promoting the India, and women pioneers of modern India
same. be showcased in the presentation.
Technology: Discussed issues pertaining to Nearly 800 publishers from across the country
Fintech, digital innovations and cyber security. and abroad are participating in it.
EVENTS 2017 CA-173

(ICT) at all the level of the Government in order


Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana to provide services to the citizens, interaction
DATE: 8th January 2017 with business enterprises and communication
PLACE: Bangalore and exchange of information between different
agencies of the Government in a speedy,
AGENDA/ISSUE : To provide training and
convenient and transparent manner. The
certify Indians who are seeking overseas
conference is aligned with the Digital India
employment in selected sectors in line with
programme of Union Government and it is the
international standards.
largest annual event in the arena of Governance
TARGET/APPLICATION : Prime Minister reforms in the country. Last year it was held
Narendra Modi launched Pravasi Kaushal in Nagpur, Maharashtra. Implementation of
Vikas Yojana (PKVY), a skill development
(National e-Governance Plan) NeGP DeitY
program targeted at Indian youth seeking
(Department of Electronics and Information
overseas employment.
Technology) would also evolve/lay down
PKVY Will provide training and certify Indians Standards and Policy Guidelines, provide
who are seeking overseas employment in selected Technical and Handholding Support, undertake
sectors in line with international standards. Capacity Building, R&D, etc. as required
It was launched after inauguration of 14th for successful implementation of various
Pravasi Bhartiya Divas convention held e-Governance Projects.
in India’s IT hub Bengaluru, Karnataka.
Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Costa was Nobel Prize Series India
the Chief Guest of the event.
It will be implemented by the National Skill
Exhibition
Development Corporation (NSDC) through DATE: 9th January 2017
its training partners and in consultation with PLACE: Ahmedabad
the Union Ministry of External Affairs and the AGENDA/ISSUE : To showcase original
Union Skill Development Ministry. artefacts, both from Alfred Nobel himself and
It also aims at boosting the confidence of from a number of Nobel Laureates.
the Indian youth so that they don’t feel like TARGET/APPLICATION : Prime Minister
strangers when they land in a country of their Narendra Modi inaugurated the ‘The
choice for vocation. Nobel Prize’ exhibition at Science City in
Ahmedabad. ‘The Nobel Prize: Ideas Changing
20th National Conference for the World’ contains several original artefacts,
e-Governance both from Alfred Nobel himself and from a
number of Nobel Laureates. The Nobel Prize
DATE: 9-10 January 2017 Series 2017 will attribute to a five week long
PLACE: Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh Science Exhibition. It is being set up by the
AGENDA/ISSUE: To make available the use of Nobel Foundation with exhibits from Nobel
Information and Communication Technology Museum at Stockholm, Sweden. One of the 9
(ICT) at all the level of the Government in Nobel laureates include India-born scientist
order to provide services to the citizens. Dr Venkatraman Ramakrishnan. He won
TARGET/APPLICATION : Inviting papers to 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work
be published in Compendium booklets for on ribosome structure along with Thomas
20th National Conference on eGovernance. A Steitz and Ada Yonath. The Department of
Biotechnology (DBT) under the Union Ministry
of Science and Technology and Nobel Media
had signed a Memorandum of Understanding
(MoU) for hosting Nobel Prize Series in India
for the next 5years in 2016.

ECONOMY
IRCTC Rail Connect app launched
DATE: 10th January 2017
e-Governance is generally taken as the use of AGENDA/ISSUE : To promote ease of ticketing
Information and Communication Technology through digital transactions.
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SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
January 12: National Youth Day
DATE: 12th January 2017
PLACE: India
AGENDA/ISSUE : To commemorate the
birthday of Swami Vivekananda.
TARGET/APPLICATION : National Youth
TARGET/APPLICATION: To promote ease of Day (Yuva Diwas or Swami Vivekananda
ticketing through digital transactions, Railway
Minister Suresh Prabhu released the new Birthday) is celebrated with the great joy and
passenger mobile application named ‘IRCTC enthusiasm in India every year on 12th of
Rail Connect app’. He inaugurated many non- January. It is celebrated to honour the birthday
fare initiatives and IRCTC mobile apps. The of Swami Vivekananda. It was first declared by
new mobile-based application will replace the Government of India in the year 1984 to
the old existing IRCTC connect app. The new celebrate the birthday of Swami Vivekananda
application has features like 24/7 service as thee National Youth Day. Since then (1985),
with no time-based checks, synchronisation
it is started celebrating as the National Youth
of mobile app with NGET (Next Generation
e-Ticketing) for ticket booking, simple and Day all over the country. National Youth Day
easy user interface and supports general, is celebrated by the youths at all the schools,
ladies, Tatkal and Premium-Tatkal quota. It colleges by performing the parade, speech
will be integrated with IRCTC e-wallet for on Swami Vivekananda, recitations, music,
faster and hassle free transactions. songs, conventions, Yogasanas, presentations,
competition for essay-writing, seminar,
India’s first International sports, etc.
Exchange (India INX)
DATE: 9th January 2017
ECONOMY
PLACE: Gandhinagar
CBDT inks Bilateral Advance
AGENDA/ISSUE : To allow Indian firms to
compete on equal footing with offshore firms. Pricing Agreement
TARGET/APPLICATION : Prime Minister DATE: 13th January 2017
Narendra Modi inaugurated India’s first
international exchange-India INX at AGENDA/ISSUE: To ascertain certainty in
International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) transfer pricing matters of multinational
in Gujarat International Financial Tech City company cases and dispute resolution.
(GIFT) located in Gandhinagar. A subsidiary TARGET/APPLICATION : The Central Board
of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), India INX is of Direct Taxes (CBDT) entered into a Bilateral
one of the world’s most advanced technology Advance Pricing Agreement (BAPA) on the
platforms with a turn-around-time of 4 micro 13th of January 2017 with Indian subsidiary of
seconds which will operate for 22 hours a day, a Japanese trading company. Lately, the CBDT
allowing international investors and NRIs has also modified an existing Bilateral APA
to trade from anywhere across the globe. with another Indian subsidiary of a Japanese
BSE is also going to sign a memorandum of
company to include rollback provisions. Thus,
understanding (MoU) at the Vibrant Summit
proposing ` 500 crore for its international total three Bilateral APAs are now signed with
exchange, clearing corporation and other Indian subsidiaries of Japanese companies
activities. all including rollbacks. The total number of
bilateral APAs entered into by the CBDT is
now eight. The APA Scheme was introduced in
the Income-tax Act in 2012 and the “Rollback”
provisions were introduced in 2014. Signing
of bilateral APA is an important step towards
ascertaining certainty in transfer pricing
matters of multinational company cases and
dispute resolution.
EVENTS 2017 CA-175

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. Institute (IVI), Seoul, South Korea. In the year
2007, with the approval of the Cabinet, India
62nd Filmfare Awards joined IVI. Since then India is a long-term
collaborator and stake-holder of IVI. In 2012,
DATE: 14th January 2017 IVI’s Board of Trustees (BOT) had approved
PLACE: Mumbai the formation of its new governance structure.
AGENDA/ISSUE: To honour the best Hindi As per the new structure of its member
language Indian films of 2016. state has to contribute to the IVI by paying a
portion of its core budget. Since India has been
classified in Group-I, it has to pay an annual
contribution of US $5,00,000.

ShaGun portal to monitor Sarva


Shiksha Abhiyan
DATE: 18th January 2017
PLACE: New Delhi
AGENDA/ISSUE: To capture and showcase
innovations and progress in Elementary
TARGET/APPLICATION : The 62nd Jio Education sector
Filmfare Awards 2017 was held on 14th
January at the NSCI Dome in Worli, Mumbai.
Aamir Khan won the Best Actor Award for
his performance in ‘Dangal’. Alia Bhatt was
honoured with the Best Actress Award for her
resolute portrayal of a Bihari migrant in ‘Udta
Punjab’. ‘Dangal’ was awarded the Best Film
and Nitesh Tiwari bagged the Best Director
Award. Sonam Kapoor won the Critics Award
for Best Actor (Female) for her portrayal of
the Ashok Chakra Awardee Neerja Bhanot in
the biopic ‘Neerja’. Actors Shahid Kapoor and TARGET/APPLICATION : The Union HRD
Manoj Bajpayee received the Critics award Minister Prakash Javadekar launched a
for Best Actor (Male) for their performances dedicated web portal ‘ShaGun’ for the Sarva
in ‘Udta Punjab’ and ‘Aligarh’ respectively. Shiksha Abhiyan at New Delhi. ‘ShaGun’ aims
‘Neerja’ and ‘Kapoor & Sons (Since 1921)’ to capture and showcase innovations and
won five awards respectively. Legendary actor progress in Elementary Education sector of
Shatrughan Sinha was awarded the Filmfare India by continuous monitoring of the flagship
Lifetime Achievement Award. scheme - Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). The
Union HRD Minister besides the portal also
India’s Membership for the unveiled the ‘Toolkit for Master Trainers in
International Vaccine Institute Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education for
Children with Special Needs’, which has been
DATE: 18th January 2017 prepared by World Bank in collaboration with
PLACE: New Delhi Ministry of Human Resource Development.
AGENDA/ISSUE: Taking full membership
of the International Vaccine Institute (IVI) ECONOMY
Governing Council
TARGET/APPLICATION : The Union Cabinet SEBI Tightens Merger Norms
chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi
has given its approval to the proposal for India’s DATE: 16th January 2017
taking full membership of the International PLACE: Mumbai
Vaccine Institute (IVI) Governing Council. The In an effort to make listing process more
move involves payment of annual contribution transparent and ensure wider public holding,
of US $ 5, 00,000 to the International Vaccine prevent mergers of large unlisted firms with
EBD_7214
CA-176 EVENTS 2017
small ones, Security and Exchange Board of Genetically Modified mosquito
India (SEBI) tightened the norms for mergers trials launched
and amalgamation. This is SEBI’s timely effort
to make a listing process more transparent DATE:23rd January 2017
and provide a big say to public shareholders in PLACE:Maharashtra
consolidations of companies. FIELD/ SEGMENT: Science, Medicine

PROBLEM/DEMAND: To demonstrate the


efficiency of genetically modified mosquitoes
The new rules will ensure that all classes to suppress wild female Aedesaegypti
of shareholders get an equitable treatment mosquito populations that transmit dengue,
during mergers and acquisitions. It will also chikungunya and Zika
stop practice using route of merger to get an Effects: Outdoor caged trials to determine the
indirect listing for an unlisted company. efficiency of genetically modified mosquitoes
According to the new norms the holding of to suppress wild female Aedesaegypti
public shareholders post the merger cannot mosquito populations that transmit dengue,
be less than 25%. Similar threshold must be chikungunya and Zika were launched in
for institutional shareholders of the unlisted Dawalwadi, Badnapur, in Maharashtra’s Jalna
entity as well, post-merger. Unlisted company district.Based on the results of the trials,
can be merged with a listed company only if which use the Release of Insects carrying
the latter is listed on a stock exchange having Dominant Lethal genes (RIDL) technology, and
nationwide trading terminals. e-voting will permission from Indian regulatory authorities,
be mandatory in cases wherein the stake of GangabishanBhikulal Investment and Trading
public shareholders reduces by more than 5% Limited (GBIT) and Oxitec, plan to conduct
in the merged entity. open field trials in the country.

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. Padma Awards 2017


DATE: 25th January 2017
ISRO tests Cryogenic Engine for
PLACE: New Delhi
Upper Stage of GSLV Mk III AGENDA/ISSUE: To acknowledge citizens’
DATE: 25th January 2017 distinguished contribution in various spheres.
PLACE: Mahendragiri TARGET/APPLICATION: Padma awards were
AGENDA/ISSUE announced on 25th January, 2017 to citizens
Testing indigenously developed Cryogenic of the country in acknowledgment of their
distinguished contribution in various spheres.
Upper Stage for GSLV MkIII
These awards are conferred by the President
TARGET/APPLICATION
of India at ceremonial functions which are held
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) at Rashtrapati Bhawan usually around March/
successfully ground tested its indigenously April every year. This year the President of
developed Cryogenic Upper Stage for India has approved conferment of Padma
GSLV MkIII on 25th January, 2017. The Awards to 89 persons. The list comprises of 7
cryogenic stage designated as C25 was Padma Vibhushan, 7 Padma Bhushan and 75
tested for a duration of 50 seconds at ISRO Padma Shri Awardees. 19 of the awardees are
Propulsion Complex (IPRC) in Mahendragiri women and the list also includes 5 persons
demonstrating all the stage operations. This is from the category of foreigners, NRIs, PIOs and
the first test in a series of two tests. 6 posthumous awardees.
EVENTS 2017 CA-177

ECONOMY
Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana
2017
DATE: 24th January 2017
PLACE: New Delhi
AGENDA/ISSUE : Pension scheme for senior
citizens
TARGET/APPLICATION : The Union Cabinet GAAR to curb tax avoidance
chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi
has given its post-facto approval for launching DATE: 27th January 2017
of Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana 2017 PLACE: New Delhi
(VPBY 2017). It is a part of Government’s AGENDA/ISSUE : To curb tax avoidance.
commitment for financial inclusion and social
TARGET/APPLICATION : The Centre has
security. The scheme will be implemented
reiterated that the General Anti Avoidance
through Life Insurance Corporation of India
(LIC) during the current financial year to Rules (GAAR) focussed at curbing tax
present social security during old age and avoidance will come to force on April 1,
protect elderly persons aged 60 years and ignoring industry’s suggestion to suspend
above against a future fall in their interest the rules on account of uncertainty over their
income due to uncertain market conditions. applicability and to present adequate time to
The scheme will provide an assured pension prepare for the new regime. The government’s
based on a guaranteed rate of return of 8% resolution to stick to the rollout date for the
per annum for ten years, with an option to GAAR regime announced in the 2016 Budget
opt for pension on a monthly / quarterly / was reflected in clarifications issued by the
half yearly and annual basis. The differential Finance Ministry. Seeking to tone down the
return, i.e., the difference between the return concerns of investors, CBDT has announced
generated by LIC and the assured return of 8% that the GAAR provisions shall be effective
per annum would be borne by Government of from assessment year 2018-19 onwards and
India as subsidy on an annual basis. VPBY- “shall not be invoked merely on the ground
2017 is proposed to be open for subscription that the entity is located in a tax efficient
for a period of one year from the date of jurisdiction”.
launch.

RATIFICATION OF KYOTO PROTOCOL


The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime
Minister Narendra Modi has given its approval
to ratify the Second Commitment Period of
the Kyoto Protocol on containing the emission
of Green House Gases (GHGs). The second
commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol
was adopted in 2012. So far, 75 countries
have ratified the Second Commitment Period.
Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by India will
encourage other developing countries also to
undertake this exercise. Implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects
under this commitment period in accordance with Sustainable Development priorities will
attract some investments in India as well.
EBD_7214
CA-178 EVENTS 2017

INDIA, THE GLOBAL LEADER IN DOMESTIC AIR TRAFFIC


India becomes the global leader in terms of domestic air traffic growth for the 22nd month
in a row in January, International Air Transport Association (IATA). Air traffic in the country
jumped 26.6% year-on-year in January, which was
also the 15th consecutive month to record 20%-plus
annual growth, according to IATA. IATA expects India
to displace UK as the third-largest aviation market
by 2026. According to IATA, the five fastest-growing
markets in terms of additional passengers per year
over the forecast period would be China, the US, India,
Indonesia and Vietnam.

minister stood up to introduce the bill, he was


ECONOMY opposed by Trinamool Congress member
Saugata Roy, who termed the bill “illegal”.
India Innovation Index Launched
DATE: 2nd February, 2017
PLACE: New Delhi
AGENDA/ISSUE: To rank states on innovations

The Specified Bank Notes Cessation of


Liabilities Ordinance, 2016 was promulgated
TARGET/APPLICATION: NITI Aayog in on December 30, 2016. The Ordinance
partnership with Department of Industrial provides that the specified bank notes (old Rs
Policy & Promotion (DIPP) and Confederation 500 and Rs 1,000) will cease to be liabilities
of Indian Industry (CII) together has launched of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) from
a mega initiative “India Innovation Index” December 31, 2016 onwards. Further, these
that will rank states on Innovations through notes will no longer be guaranteed by the
country’s first online innovation index portal central government.
that will capture data on innovation from all
Indian states on innovation and regularly India signs Financing Agreement
update it in real time. The India Innovation with World Bank for TEQIP III
Index Framework will be structured based on
the best practices followed in Global Innovation DATE: 2nd February, 2017
Index (GII) indicators and additionally by PLACE: New Delhi
adding India-centric parameters those truly AGENDA/ISSUE: Financing Agreement for
reflect the Indian innovation ecosystem.
IDA credit of US$201.50 million
TARGET/APPLICATION: A Financing
Demonetisation bill Agreement for IDA credit of US$201.50
DATE: 3rd February, 2017 million (equivalent) for the “Third Technical
PLACE: New Delhi Education Quality Improvement Programme
AGENDA/ISSUE: To formally make the (TEQIP III)” was signed with the World Bank.
banning of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes a law. The Financing accord was signed by Mr.
TARGET/APPLICATION: Finance minister Raj Kumar (Joint Secretary, Department of
Arun Jaitley introduced a bill on demonetisation Economic Affairs) on behalf of Government
in the Lok Sabha to formally make the banning of India and Junaid Kamal Ahmad, Country
of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes a law. The Director, World Bank (India) on behalf of the
Specified Bank Notes (Cessation of Liabilities) World Bank. The objective of the Program is
Bill, 2017, seeks to replace the ordinance to enhance quality and equity in participating
on demonetisation promulgated by the Engineering Education Institutes and improve
government in December, 2016. As the finance the efficiency of the Engineering Education
EVENTS 2017 CA-179

System in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, (DRDO), the R&D wing of the Ministry of
Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Defence, with the Hyderabad-based Research
Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, 8 North Eastern Center Imaarat (RCI) as the nodal laboratory.
States and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
The Project has two main components, (i) Indian Navy’s INSV Tarini
Improving quality and equity in engineering inducted
institutes in those states; and (ii) System-level
initiatives to strengthen sector governance DATE: 18th February 2017
and performance. PLACE: Goa
AGENDA/ISSUE: To encourage women
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. empowerment.
TARGET/APPLICATION: Indian Navy’s
India to host women’s Asia Cup second ocean-going sailboat INSV Tarini was
basketball inducted into the Indian Navy at a formal
DATE: 5th February, 2017 ceremony in Goa. INSV Tarini is a sloop built
PLACE: Bengaluru by M/s Aquarius Shipyard Pvt Ltd at Divar,
AGENDA/ISSUE: FIBA Women’s Asia Cup Goa. The sail boat Tarini is being inducted into
the Navy and is slated to be the platform for
TARGET/APPLICATION: India will host First Indian All Women Circumnavigation of
two international events in 2017: the FIBA the Globe expedition of the Indian Navy. The
Women’s Asia Cup and FIBA Under-16
boat has been built to a stock design by Van de
Women’s Asian Championship, the Basketball
Stadt, Netherlands called Tonga 56.
Federation of India (BFI). The FIBA Women’s
Asia Cup will be held from July 23 to 29 in
Bengaluru while the FIBA U-16 Women’s
Asian Championship will be held from October
22 to 28 in Hyderabad.

AAD interceptor missile test-fired


DATE: 11th February, 2017
PLACE: Balasore, Odisha
AGENDA/ISSUE: To develop two-layered
Ballistic Missile Defence system. In order to promote ocean sailing activities and
to encourage women empowerment, the Indian
Navy conceptualized the idea of the First Indian
All Women Circumnavigation of the Globe.

Indian Coast Guard Ship ICGS


AYUSH commissioned
DATE: 18th February
PLACE: Kochi
TARGET/APPLICATION: India successfully
test-fired one of their interceptor missile AGENDA/ISSUE: ICGS AYUSH commissioned
off the Odisha coast, achieving an important TARGET/APPLICATION: Indian Coast
milestone in the direction of developing a two- Guard (ICG) has augmented its growing
layered Ballistic Missile Defence system. The strength when vice admiral A R Karve, flag
interceptor was launched from Abdul Kalam officer commanding-in-chief, Southern Naval
Island (Wheeler Island) of ITR (Integrated Command, commissioned CGS Ayush, the
final vessel in the series of twenty fast patrol
Test Range). The two-stage PDV missile is
vessels (FPVs) designed and built by the
component of the two-layered Ballistic Missile
Cochin Shipyard Ltd (CSL). The 50-m-long
Defence System developed by the Defence
ship having a maximum speed of 33 knots was
Research and Development Organisation
EBD_7214
CA-180 EVENTS 2017
delivered to the CG on December 30, 2016, India’s first Integrated Heliport
almost three months ahead of contractual
schedule. Security threats at sea and from the DATE: 28th February, 2017
sea have been accorded the top most priority, PLACE: Delhi
AGENDA/ISSUE: To reduce congestion at the
and this has changed the role of the ICG,
Delhi airport.
especially after the 26/11 attacks in Mumbai.
TARGET/APPLICATION: India’s first
The agreement to build 20 new vessels for the integrated heliport has been inaugurated by
CG was awarded to CSL in 2010. the Civil Aviation Minister Ashok Gajapathi
Raju at Rohini in North Delhi. The country’s
first heliport has been built by state-owned
Pawan Hans. The cost of the new facility is
estimated to about 100 crore. The heliport
consists of a terminal building having a
capacity of 150 passengers, four hangars with
the parking capacity of 16 helicopters and nine
parking bays. In addition, it has a maintenance,
repair, and overhaul (MRO) facility also for
the running of Pawan Hans fleet as well as for
Early warning system NETRA third-party maintenance work.
inducted
ECONOMY
DATE: 14th February 2017
PLACE: Bengaluru, Karnataka India, ADB ink $375 million loan
AGENDA/ISSUE: First indigenously built
pact
Airborne Early Warning and Control System
(AEW&C) dubbed as NETRA DATE: 28th February, 2017
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Indian Airforce PLACE: New Delhi
(IAF) has formally inducted the first ever AGENDA/ISSUE: Development of 800 km
indigenously built Airborne Early Warning and Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor
Control System (AEW&C) dubbed as NETRA.
The AEW&C NETRA has been indigenously
developed by the Defence Research and
Development Organisation (DRDO). It was
made public at the 2017 Aero India exhibition
held in Bengaluru, Karnataka. AEW&C are
airborne radar systems mounted on a carrier
jet for airborne surveillance system i.e. to spot
and track aircraft, missiles, ships and vehicles
and offer command and organize direct
friendly forces. TARGET/APPLICATION: India and Asian
Development Bank (ADB) have inked a $375
million deal for loans and grants to build the
800 km Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial
Corridor. The development belongs to the first
phase of the planned 2,500-km East Coast
Economic Corridor.

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.


It has self-protection suite and also mid-air
refueling capability to enhance surveillance BCCI annual awards 2017
time. After this development India has joined DATE: 1st March, 2017
the group of other countries such as United
PLACE: New Delhi
States, Russia and Israel who have developed
AGENDA/ISSUE: Recognizing and Honouring
the AEW&C system.
best Indian cricketers
EVENTS 2017 CA-181

TARGET/APPLICATION: The BCCI Annual Anti-ship missile test-fired from


Awards committee consisting N Ram, Kalvari Submarine
Ramachandra Guha and Diana Edulji have
picked the winners for the prestigious awards. DATE: 2nd March, 2017
Virat Kohli is set to receive the Polly Umrigar PLACE: Delhi
Award for the second year in a row whereas AGENDA/ISSUE: To build the anti-ship missile
all-rounder R Ashwin will also receive the indigenously
Dilip Sardesai Award for the second time.
For their consistent show in the 2015-16
season, Mumbai Cricket Association will
receive the state association of the year award.
The domestic giants not only won the Ranji
Trophy but also had consistent performances
in the junior age groups. The complete list of
the winners are as follows:
Col. CK. Nayudu Lifetime achievement award:
Rajinder Goel, Padmakar Shivalkar
TARGET/APPLICATION: Indian Navy
successfully test-fired for the first time from an
indigenously built Kalvari class submarine. The
weapon was fired from the submarine, the first
of India’s six Scorpene-class submarines built
under the Project 75, and it “successfully hit” a
surface target during the trial in the Arabian Sea.
All the six diesel-electric attack submarines will
be equipped with the anti-ship missile, which
have a proven record in combat.
• BCCI Lifetime achievement award form The submarines, designed by French naval
women: Shantha Rangaswamy defence and energy company DCNS, are being
•• BCCI special award: VV Kumar, Late built by Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai.
Ramakant Desai
•• Polly Umrigar Award: Virat Kohli Supersonic interceptor missile
•• Dilip Sardesai award (For India’s test-fired
best cricketer in the West Indies series
2016):Ravichandran Ashwin DATE: 1st March, 2017
•• Lala Amarnath Award for the best all- PLACE: Balasore, Odisha
rounder in the Ranji Trophy 2015-16: Jalaj AGENDA/ISSUE: Indigenously developed
Saxena of Madhya Pradesh supersonic interceptor missile test fired
•• Lala Amarnath Award for the best
all-rounder in domestic limited-overs
competitions, 2015-16: Axar Patel of Gujarat
•• Madavrao Scindia Award (Highest
scorer in the Ranji Trophy 2015-16):
Shreyas Iyer of Mumbai
•• Madavrao Scindia Award (Highest wicket-
taker in the Ranji Trophy 2015-16):
Shahbaz Nadeem of Jharkhand
•• M.A. Chidambaram Trophy (Highest TARGET/APPLICATION: India successfully
scorer in (U-23) Col. CK. Nayudu Trophy test-fired its indigenously developed
2015-16: Jay. G. Bosta of Mumbai supersonic interceptor missile capable of
•• M.A. Chidambaram Trophy (Highest destroying any incoming enemy ballistic
wicket-taker in (U-23) Col. CK. Nayudu missile at low altitude. This the second time
Trophy 2015-16: Satyajeet Bachhav of that the missile has been test-fired in less
Maharashtra than a month and is part of an effort to put
EBD_7214
CA-182 EVENTS 2017
in place a multi-layer missile defence system. SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
The interceptor was engaged against a target
which was a Prithvi missile launched from INS Tillanchang commissioned
launch complex 3 of the Integrated Test Range
(ITR) at Chandipur near Balasore in Odisha, DATE: 9th March, 2017
taking up the trajectory of a hostile ballistic PLACE: Karwar, Karnataka
missile.
AGENDA/ISSUE: Commissioning of INS
Tillanchang
INS Viraat decommissioned
TARGET/APPLICATION: INS Tillanchang,
DATE: 6th March, 2017 a Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC) was
PLACE: Mumbai commissioned into the Indian Navy by
AGENDA/ISSUE: Decommissioning of INS Viraat Vice Admiral Girish Luthra, the Flag Officer
Commanding-in-Chief Western Naval
Command, at Karwar.
INS Tillanchang is the third ship of four
follow-on WJFAC built by the Garden Reach
Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) Kolkata.
The first two ships of the class, IN ships
Tarmugli and Tihayu were commissioned in
2016 and are based at Visakhapatnam.
TARGET/APPLICATION: Aircraft carrier INS
Viraat has been decommissioned after serving POLITY
the Indian Navy for around three decades. INS
Viraat was the second centaur-class aircraft Enemy Property (Amendment and
carrier, after INS Vikrant, which was in service Validation) Bill, 2016
with Indian Navy for 30 years.
DATE: 14th March, 2017
POLITY PLACE: New Delhi
AGENDA/ISSUE: To seize properties left
Uttar Pradesh Assembly behind by those who migrated to Pakistan or
elections, 2017 China.
TARGET/APPLICATION:Lok Sabha has
DATE: 11th February to 8th March, 2017 passed the long-pending Enemy Property
PLACE: Uttar Pradesh (Amendment and Validation) Bill, 2016, which
AGENDA/ISSUE: Legislative Assembly provides power to the government to seize
elections properties left behind by those who migrated
TARGET/APPLICATION: The 17th Uttar to Pakistan or China after wars. The lower
Pradesh Legislative Assembly election was house passed the bill through a voice vote
held from 11 February to 8 March 2017 in 7 after amendments passed by the Rajya Sabha
phases. This election saw voter turnout of earlier were incorporated. The upper house
60-61% compared to 59.48% in the previous
had passed the bill earlier. The bill seeks to
election. Bharatiya Janata Party won this
amend a 49-year-old law, the Enemy Property
election by an overwhelming three-quarter
Act, 1968.
majority of 325 seats, despite not projecting a
chief ministerial candidate before the election. Amir Mohammed Khan, the heir of an
Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) erstwhile Raja of Mehmoodabad – who is
machines were used along with EVM in 30 contesting a case in the Supreme Court for
assembly constituencies covering 14 districts ownership of 900 properties in Uttar Pradesh
including Varanasi, Ghaziabad and Bareilly and Uttarakhand – could turn out to be the
constituency. biggest loser.
EVENTS 2017 CA-183

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. Waterway-1 (NW-1) between Haldia in West


Bengal and Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh on the
First Giga City in India river Ganga under the Jal Marg Vikas Project
(JMVP). The project would enable commercial
DATE: 3rd April 2017 navigation of vessels of 1,500-2,000 deadweight
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide high speed tonnes capacity along a 1,390-km stretch.
internet connectivity
TARGET/APPLICATION:
Hyderabad becomes the first ‘Giga-enabled’
city in India. It was when Atria Convergence
Technologies (ACT) Fibre-net launched 1
Gigabit per second (Gbps) wired broadband
internet service in the city. The ACT Fibre-net
uses fibre optic technology and its 1 Gbps,
Jal Marg Vikas Project is a project on the river
offers 400 times faster internet speed than
Ganga that envisages the development of
the average speed of 2.5 megabits per second
waterway between Allahabad and Haldia that
(mbps) in India. Hyderabad, city of pearls has
will cover a distance of 1620 km.
the highest internet penetration in India.
ECONOMY
BS-IV Grade Fuels
DATE: 3rd April, 2017 BHIM-Aadhaar – a Digital
PLACE: New Delhi Payment System
AGENDA/ISSUE: To keep carbon emission in
control DATE: 14th Apr, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To help people to pay
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union
Government has launched Bharat Stage-IV digitally using their biometric data.
(BS-IV) grade transportation fuel across the TARGET/APPLICATION: Prime Minister
country to keep carbon emission in check. The Narendra Modi, has launched BHIM-Aadhaar
launch was made because the Supreme Court platform, a merchant interface of the BHIM
banned sale and registration of BS-III vehicles. App, for making digital payments using the
Bharat Stage emission standards are instituted Aadhaar platform. The App was launched in
by the Union Government to regulate output December 2016 to provide a one-stop solution
of air pollutants from internal combustion for all digital payments. It enables all the
engines and spark ignition engines equipment, citizens to make digital transactions using
including motor vehicles. their biometric data like thumb imprint on a
The standards and the timeline for merchant’s biometric enabled device without
implementation are set by the Central Pollution an access to smart phones, internet, and
Control Board under the Union Ministry of debit/credit cards.
Environment & Forests and Climate Change
(MoEFCC). It sets target of ushering in BS-VI ECONOMY
fuel by April 2020 by skipping BS-V fuel.
New Oil Terminal at Motihari
ECONOMY by IOC
DATE: 27th April, 2017
Augmentation of National
AGENDA/ISSUE: To supply fuel to Nepal via
Waterway-1 the planned pipeline.
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Indian Oil
DATE: 22nd April, 2017
Corporation (IOC) has planned to build a new
AGENDA/ISSUE: To enable commercial oil terminal at Motihari in Bihar to supply
navigation fuel to Nepal via the planned pipeline up to
TARGET/APPLICATION: The World Bank Amlekganj in Nepal. The 69-km Motihari-
has approved a loan of $375 million (around Amlekganj pipeline will be built at a cost of
`2,421 crore) for augmentation of National `325 crore.
EBD_7214
CA-184 EVENTS 2017
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota
using a Geostationary Launch Vehicle (GSLV)
ISRO Launches 5 Satellites Mk-II launch vehicle. It will have a mission
life of over 12 years. The launch vehicle,
DATE: 29th April, 2017 GSLV-F09 is about 50m tall and is the 11th
AGENDA/ISSUE: To re-establish the flight of the GSLV. Also, the launch is GSLV’s
operational effectiveness of the weapon fourth consecutive flight with the indigenous
system Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) engine.
TARGET/APPLICATION: India has The satellite will provide a full range of
successfully carried out a fresh user trial applications and services in the fields
of Agni-III ballistic missile from a defence of telecommunication and broadcasting
test facility at the Abdul Kalam Island. The applications, namely, Television, Direct-to-
Strategic Forces Command carried out the test Home (DTH), Very Small Aperture Terminals
with logistics support from Defence Research (VSATs), Tele-education, Telemedicine and
Development Organisation (DRDO). The SFC is Disaster Management Support. Each of the
a specially raised missile-handling unit of the participating countries would be able to use
Indian Army. It forms the part of India’s Nuclear a dedicated transponder with a capacity of
Command Authority (NCA). The objective of 36 to 54 Mhz for its own internal use. The
the test was to re-establish the operational beneficiaries of the satellite will be Nepal,
effectiveness of the weapon system. Agni-III Bhutan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka
is an intermediate range (3,000 km to 5,000 and Maldives.
km) missile with two stages. It is capable
of carrying both conventional and nuclear New Species of Bacteria Named
warheads weighing up to 1.5 tonnes. after Dr. A P J Abdul
DATE : 22nd May, 2017
South Asian Satellite launched
AGENDA/ISSUE: To honour the late president
by India Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam
DATE : 6th May, 2017 TARGET/APPLICATION: NASA has named a
AGENDA/ISSUE : To improve South new bacteria discovered on the filters of the
Asia’s economic and developmental International Space Station, ISS, as Solibacillus
priorities providing services in the field of kalamii. Researchers at the Jet Propulsion
telecommunications, broadcasting etc. Laboratory have found that the bacteria
remained on board the International Space
Station for 40 months. The new organism
is found only on the ISS and has not been
found anywhere on earth. In 1963, Dr. Kalam
had his early training at NASA before setting
up India’s first rocket launching facility at
Thumba in Kerala.

World’s tallest Railway Bridge


TARGET/APPLICATION: The “South Asian
Satellite” was launched by India providing its DATE : 3rd May, 2017
availability to the countries of South Asian AGENDA/ISSUE: To improve the economic
Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) status and accessibility of the state
region. The plan of launching the satellite was
announced during the 2014 SAARC summit
that held in Nepal and subsequently all SAARC
countries have joined except Pakistan. The
2,230 kg satellite called GSAT-09 has been built
by the Indian Space Research Organisation
(ISRO). It is cuboid in shape and is built
around a central cylinder. It has 12 Ku-band
transponders. The satellite was launched from
EVENTS 2017 CA-185

TARGET/APPLICATION: World’s highest charging stations have also been built by Ola in
railway bridge is to be set up over the Chenab various places of Nagpur including the Nagpur
River in Jammu and Kashmir at a cost of around airport.
` 1,100 crore. This bridge is said to be 35meters Ola has stated that it has invested ` 50 crore in
taller than Eiffel Tower. The bridge will connect the Nagpur initiative and has plans to further
Bakkal (Katra) and Kauri (Srinagar). The scale up its operations by investing $2 billion
bridge will be a part of the Udhampur-Srinagar- in e-vehicles across all cities of India.
Baramulla rail link project. Once completed,
the bridge will be an engineering marvel. The ECONOMY
project is expected to be completed by 2019.
After completion of the bridge, it will surpass the
record of the Beipan river Shuibai railway bridge
New Index of Industrial
(275 m) in China. Production (IIP) & the
The Indian Railways is also planning to install Wholesale Price Index (WPI)
sensors on the bridge to check the wind velocity.
The sensors will turn the track signal red to
series released
prevent the train movement if the wind speed DATE: 13th May, 2017
exceeds 90 kmph. The bridge will be constructed
AGENDA/ISSUE: To initiate greater accuracy
using a 63mm thick special blast-proof steel to
and improved synchronisation leading to
make the bridge to withstand terrorist attacks
better policies
as the region is prone to frequent terror attacks.
In addition, the concrete pillars of the bridge will TARGET/APPLICATION: The government
be designed to withstand explosions. A ring of has released a new-look index of industrial
aerial security will be provided to safeguard the production (IIP) and the wholesale price index
bridge. In addition, to safeguard the passengers (WPI), which has been built on the new series
and train at crucial times online monitoring and of data. The new IIP and WPI series has been
warning system will be installed on the bridge. released by Chief Statistician of India and
Secretary, Ministry of Statistics & Programme
India’s First Electric Mass Implementation. The base year for IIP and WPI
introduced was 2011-2012 instead of the year
Mobility System launched 2004-05. Already, the Consumer Price Index
DATE: 27th May, 2017 (CPI), the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and
AGENDA/ISSUE: To reduce excess of carbon Gross Value Addition etc. have 2011-12 as the
emission by saving tonnes of fuels worth $60 base year. The common base year of 2011-12
billion is aimed at reducing discrepancies.
The new series of IIP will include 809
manufacturing products and 55 mining
products that are re-grouped into 521 item
groups. The new series of IIP will include
technology items like smart phones, tablets,
LED television etc. The number of items
covered in the new series of the WPI has
increased from 676 to 697. Under the primary
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Maharashtra’s
articles, new vegetables and fruits like radish,
Chief Minister, Devendra Fadnavis has
carrot, cucumber, bitter gourd, mosambi
inaugurated India’s first multi-modal electric
(sweet lime), pomegranate, jackfruit, and
vehicle project at the Nagpur Airport Complex.
pear have been added. Under the mineral
The pilot project will have a fleet of 200 electric
group, new items like copper concentrate, lead
vehicles including taxis, buses, e-rickshaw and
auto-rickshaws. All these electric-powered concentrate and garnet have been added and
public transport vehicles will be fully owned other items like copper ore, gypsum, kaolin,
by cab aggregator, Ola. In addition, four electric dolomite, and magnesite have been dropped.
EBD_7214
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Payments Bank launched by and India’s Defence Research and Development
Organisation (DRDO). It operates on ‘fire
Paytm
and forget’ principle and is capable of being
DATE: 23rd May, 2017 launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air
AGENDA/ISSUE: To accept deposits up to against sea and land targets. It is capable of
` 1 lakh per customer in wallet and saving/ carrying a warhead of 300 kilogram and has
current accounts a supersonic speed of Mach 2.8 to 3 (that is
roughly three times the speed of sound). It is a
two-stage missile, the first one being solid and
the second one ramjet liquid propellant.
Brahmos is hailed as the world’s fastest anti-
ship cruise missile in operation. After India has
become the member of the Missile Technology
Control Regime (MTCR) in 2016, India and
Russia have proposed to jointly develop a new
generation of Brahmos missiles with a range
of 600-km plus and capability to strike the
TARGET/APPLICATION: Paytm came up with targets with pinpoint accuracy.
its Payments Bank operations by launching
its first physical branch in Noida. The Paytm
Payments Bank will be the first bank in the
country to offer cash backs on deposits. With
this launch, there are three payments bank
operational in the country, the other two
being Airtel Payments Bank Ltd and India Post
Payments Bank Ltd. Further, payment banks
can also offer other services like Debit Cards,
Online Banking and Mobile Banking. It will
not be allowed to lend to customers. However,
it will be able to offer financial products like
loans, insurance, mutual funds, pension
funds etc by partnering with other financial
institutions and banks.
Agni II Ballistic Missile test-
fired
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. DATE : 4th May, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To re-establish the
Brahmos Cruise Missile operational effectiveness of the weapon
launched system
TARGET/APPLICATION: India has
DATE : 3rd May, 2017 successfully carried out a fresh user trial of
AGENDA/ISSUE: To attack with accuracy from Agni-II ballistic missile from a defence test
land, sea, subsea and air facility in the Abdul Kalam Island off the coast
TARGET/APPLICATION: Indian Army has of Odisha.
successfully test-fired advanced Block-III Agni-II missile is a nuclear capable, surface-to-
version of Brahmos cruise missile in the surface missile which forms a part of India’s
Andaman and Nicobar Islands. During the test, strategic forces arsenal for nuclear deterrence
the Brahmos had successfully hit the land- with a range of over 2000 km. It can carry a
based target with desired precision in a top payload of 1000kg. It is equipped with an
attack configuration, demonstrating its high advanced high accuracy navigation system and
level and its unmatched lethality of hitting the guided by a novel state of the art command
target with at most precision. Brahmos is a and control system. It is powered by a solid
supersonic cruise missile developed by a joint- rocket propellant system and has already been
venture between Russia’s Mashinostroyenia inducted into the army.
EVENTS 2017 CA-187

India’s first Bio-Refinery Plant Pradesh. The vaccine is a part of government’s


Universal Immunization Programme (UIP).
installed
The vaccine will provide protection against 13
DATE : 8th May, 2017 types of pneumococcal bacteria which results
AGENDA/ISSUE: To reduce the excess of in pneumonia. The vaccine Pneumococcal
vehicle exhaust emissions by utilising bio- Conjugate protects against Streptococcus
ethanol pneumonae and diseases such as pneumonia,
ear infections, sinus infections and meningitis.
Pneumonia is caused by inflammation of the
airspaces in the lungs.

India’s First Underwater Rail


Tunnel launched
DATE: 24th May, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To reduce traffic congestion
TARGET/APPLICATION: Union Government on the streets of Kolkata
has inaugurated India’s first integrated bio- TARGET/APPLICATION: India’s first
refinery for renewable fuels and chemicals for submerged tunnel, on Hooghly River linking
producing ethanol from a variety of biomass.
Howrah and Kolkata was completed by the
The plant is situated at Rahu in Pune district of
Kolkata Metro Railway Corporation Ltd
Maharashtra. The plant is capable of producing
(KMCRL). The project is built by Afcons
one million litres of ethanol per annum by
Transtonnelstroy and implemented by
processing a variety of biomass like rice and
KMRCL. The length of Kolkata’s East West
wheat straw, cotton stalk, bagasse, cane trash
and corn cobs. Bio-fuels are fuels which are Metro is 16.6 km long. Out of which a length
in some way derived from biomass. This of 502 metres is under the Hooghly River.
term covers solid biomass, liquid fuels and Afcons Transtonnelstroy is an Indo-Russian
various biogases and also denotes biodiesel, joint venture. The project connects Howrah
bio-alcohol and bio-gasoline. Common bio- to the west and Salt Lake to the east. Digging
fuel crops include corn, rapeseed/canola, the underwater tunnel was the critical task in
sugarcane, palm oil, jatropha, soyabean, the project. A massive tunnel boring machine
cottonseed, sunflower seeds and wheat. Bio- called Rachna was used for boring the
fuel is cost-effective and pollution-free. underwater tunnel.

Vaccine against Pneumonia ISRO Launches GSLV-Mk III


launched DATE: 1st June, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To help improve
DATE : 13th
May, 2017
telecommunications and broadcasting areas
AGENDA/ISSUE: To control the spread of
pneumonia and reduce child mortality rate

TARGET/APPLICATION: Pneumococcal
Conjugate Vaccine, PCV was launched by
the Minister for Health and Family Welfare, TARGET/APPLICATION: ISRO’s GSLV-Mk
J P Nadda at Lal Bahadur Shastri Medical
III was launched from the Satish Dhawan
College Hospital in Mandi district of Himachal
Space Centre in Sriharikota. It is the heaviest
EBD_7214
CA-188 EVENTS 2017
rocket ever made by ISRO which is capable ECONOMY
of carrying heavy payloads. This capacity is
enough to carry a manned module and launch India’s First Private Railway
people into space. The rocket has three-stages
Station
with two solid motor strap-ons (S200), a liquid
propellant core stage (L110) and a cryogenic DATE: 5th June, 2017
stage (C-25). GSLV-Mk III can put four-tonne AGENDA/ISSUE: To modernize and upgrade
satellites in the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit passenger amenities at station
TARGET/APPLICATION: Habibganj
(GTO) and is capable of placing up to eight
railway station in the suburbs of Bhopal will
tonnes in a Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Cryogenic
become country’s first railway station to be
engine makes use of liquid propellants (liquid redeveloped in a public private partnership
oxygen and liquid hydrogen). ISRO took about (PPP) mode. The idea is to develop the railway
25 years, 11 flights and over 200 tests on station as a world class transit hub equipped
different components to come up with this with all amenities. The station will have
rocket. This is India’s first fully functional facilities for disabled including lifts, escalators
rocket to be tested with a cryogenic engine. and underpasses. The environmental-friendly
railway station will be powered by solar
energy.
Prithvi-II Missile successfully
test-fired
DATE: 2nd June, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To elude enemy missiles by
using inertial guidance system

Bansal Group plans to completely overhaul


the station and develop four commercial land
parcels to make Habibganj a commercial hub
with shops, offices and hotels all in a span of
three years.

TARGET/APPLICATION: The short range, India re-elected to ECOSOC


surface to surface ballistic missile Prithvi-II
was successfully test-fired from a defence DATE: 16th June, 2017
base off Odisha coast. The test was part of the AGENDA/ISSUE: To ensure sustainable
developmental policies by working on socio-
user training exercise. The test was conducted
economic issues
by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of
TARGET/APPLICATION: India has won its
the Indian Army with logistics support from
re-election to the UN’s principal organ on
DRDO. The missile carrying a dummy payload economic, social and environmental issues for
was mounted on a Mobile Tatra transporter- another three-year term. India was one among
erector Launcher (MTL). Prithvi-II is a the 18 nations to win election to the Economic
tactical short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) and Social Council (ECOSOC). EcoSoc is
developed indigenously by Defence Research the principal body for coordination, policy
and Development Organisation (DRDO). It is review, policy dialogue and recommendations
the first missile to be indigenously developed on economic, social and environmental
by DRDO under India’s prestigious Integrated issues, as well as for implementation of the
Guided Missile Development Program internationally agreed development goals. It
(IGMDP). supervises the subsidiary and expert bodies in
the economic, social and environmental fields.
EVENTS 2017 CA-189

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. by IIAAT Holding. IIAAT Holding is a joint


venture between the International Institute
for Advanced Aerospace Technologies and
Rutland Island Cleared for
Indian firm Millennium Aerodynamics.
Missile Testing Project
DATE: 6th June, 2017 Project Jal Sanchay
AGENDA/ISSUE: To identify and track long- DATE: 12th June, 2017
range missiles AGENDA/ISSUE: To conserve water
TARGET/APPLICATION: The National Board of
TARGET/APPLICATION: Project Jal
Wildlife has approved Rutland Island in South
Sanchay, a water conservation model which
Andaman to be the site for the country’s long-
is successfully adopted in Nalanda district
range missile test facility. Taking into account the
of south-central Bihar, has been chosen for
strategic importance of the project for country’s
defence, the standing committee of the National the national award for excellence in the
Board of Wildlife has approved the project. Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment
Rutland Island has a rich marine life. guarantee programme (MGNREGP) by the
Ministry of Rural Development. Nalanda being
an agriculture-oriented district remained
affected by drought-like conditions that
hampered the farming activities in the district.

ECONOMY
Fuel Prices to be Revised
Daily
Project authority must take necessary
approvals from the Chief Wild Life warden, DATE: 9th June, 2017
while entering into waters of Marine National AGENDA/ISSUE: To bring India at par with
Park, no forest material/firewood is to be the US oil market.
collected from forest area and no effluent or TARGET/APPLICATION: Oil marketing
domestic sewage should be discharged into companies such as Indian Oil Corporation
sea/forest area. (IOC), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation
(HPCL) and Bharat Petroleum Corporation
World’s First Hybrid Boat (BPCL) will revise the prices of petrol and
Unveiled diesel daily from June 16 throughout the
DATE: 7th June, 2017 country. The move is aimed to bring India at
par with the US oil market. Daily revision of
AGENDA/ISSUE: To access difficult terrain,
prices will insulate the retailers from violating
reduce carbon emission and save fuel
global crude prices. Private retailers such as
TARGET/APPLICATION: The world’s first
RIL and Essar are also expected to switch to the
hybrid ‘aeroboat’ which has been built by an
new pricing mechanism. It has the potential to
Indo-Russian joint venture has been unveiled
initiate a price war and bring competition in a
at a start-ups event organized by Russia’s
market, which is 95% dominated by the public
state run Skolkovo Foundation.
sector retailers.
The aeroboat is capable of travelling on
land, water, snow and sand. The aeroboats
can handle steep slopes and embankments
Aadhaar mandatory to open
without the requirement of marine bank accounts
infrastructure such as jetties. Aeroboats are
DATE: 16th June, 2017
much faster and robust when compared to
AGENDA/ISSUE: To curb money laundering
hovercrafts. Aeroboats are capable of moving
a open bank accounts and making digital
at the speed of around 150 kmph or more
transactions
on water. The aeroboat has been designed
EBD_7214
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Earth Observation Satellite to
be launched by ISRO
DATE: 20th June, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To Use for environmental
monitoring, meteorology, map making etc.

TARGET/APPLICATION: The government


has made Aadhaar mandatory for opening
bank accounts as well as for carrying out
transactions above of Rs 50,000. In addition,
the government has asked all the existing
account holders to link Aadhaar numbers to
their bank accounts. Failure to comply with TARGET/APPLICATION: Indian Space
this guideline will make the account invalid. Research Organisation (ISRO) is set to launch
Further, the notification issued amending the earth observation satellite Cartosat-2 series
Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance weighing 712 kg and 30 nano-satellites using
of Records) Rules, 2005, will require quoting Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). Polar
of Aadhaar card mandatory along with PAN Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is the third
by individuals, companies and partnership generation launch vehicle of India which is
firms for all financial transactions of 50,000 or hailed as the reliable and versatile workhorse
above. Before the notification, the PMLA Rules launch vehicle of India. It has launched 46
made it mandatory to submit PAN number or Indian satellites and 180 foreign satellites
Form 60 to banks while opening accounts for between 1994, 2017. PSLV is also India’s first
high-value transactions. launch vehicle to be equipped with liquid
stages. There are three variants of PSLV,
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. namely, PSLV-G, PSLV-CA, PSLV-XL.
Out of the 30 nano-satellites, 29 will be of
Anti-Tank Nag Missile foreign origin and one will be of India’s.
successfully test-fired
ECONOMY
DATE: 17th June, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To destroy modern main Power Tex India Scheme
battle tanks and other heavily armoured
targets DATE: 3rd July, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To boost common
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Defence
infrastructure and modernisation of the
Research and Development Organisation
power loom sector in the country.
(DRDO) has successfully test-fired anti-
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Ministry
tank ‘Nag’ missile in Rajasthan. The test was
of Textiles has launched Power Tex India, a
conducted by Scientists of the Dr. A.P.J. Abdul three year comprehensive scheme for Power
Kalam Missile Complex at Hyderabad, Defence loom Sector Development. It comprises new
Laboratory at Jodhpur, High Energy Materials research and development in power loom
Research Laboratory (HEMRL) at Pune textiles, new markets, branding, subsidies and
and Armament Research and Development welfare schemes for the workers. It has an
Establishment (ARDE) at Pune. Nag can be outlay of Rs. 487 crores for three years from
launched from land and air-based platforms. 2017-18. It has overall nine major components,
The anti-tank Nag missile has been equipped including two new schemes namely; Pradhan
with the highly advanced Imaging Infrared Mantri Credit Scheme (PMCS) for power loom
Radar (IRR) seeker along with integrated weavers and Solar Energy Scheme (SEC) for
power looms.
avionics.
EVENTS 2017 CA-191

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. (c) MoU on State Water Utility Reform in India.
(d) India-Israel Development Cooperation-
3-year work program in Agriculture
QR-SAM missile launched by (2018-2020).
DRDO (e) Plan of cooperation regarding
cooperation in atomic clocks.
DATE: 3rd July, 2017
(f) MoU regarding cooperation in GEO-
AGENDA/ISSUE: To track and fire multiple LEO optical link.
targets (g) MoU regarding cooperation in electric
TARGET/APPLICATION: India successfully propulsion for small satellites.
test-fired its indigenously developed
quick reaction surface to air short range
missile (QR-SAM). The QR-SAM has been
developed by the Defence Research and
Development Organisation (DRDO) and other
establishments. The sophisticated missile
was test fired from a truck-mounted canister
launcher from launch complex-3 at the
Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur.

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.


JIGYASA Programme
DATE: 8th July, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To connect school students
and scientists and extend student’s classroom
learning
The missile has a strike range of 25 to 30 km. TARGET/APPLICATION: Jigyasa, a student-
US introduced pre-approved scientist connect programme has been
launched by the government in New Delhi.
POLITLY The programme has been inspired by Prime
Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a new India
India Israel signs seven and “Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR)”
of scientific community and institutions.
agreements
The JIGYASA programme is expected to
DATE: 6th July, 2017 inculcate the culture of inquisitiveness and
AGENDA/ISSUE: Taking measu-res to scientific temper on the minds of children and
eradicate organisations supp-orting various school teachers. The programme would be
terror groups implemented by the Council of Scientific and
TARGET/APPLICATION: India and Israel have Industrial Research (CSIR) in collaboration
signed 7 agreements in the areas including with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS).
space, technology and agriculture during The programme will connect 1151 Kendriya
the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi Vidyalayas with 38 National Laboratories of
to Israel. The earliest India-Israel defence CSIR and will target 100,000 students and
collaboration took place during the 1962 Sino- 1000 teachers every year.
Indian war, when Israel provided military aid
to India. The diplomatic relationship between City of Ahmadabad becomes
India and Israel was established in 1992. The India’s first World Heritage City
seven MoU’s are as follows:
(a) MoU for setting up of India-Israel DATE: 10th July, 2017
Industrial R&D & Technological AGENDA/ISSUE: To assist state parties in the
Innovation Fund (I4F). challenges of protecting and managing their
(b) MoU for conservation of water in India. urban heritage
EBD_7214
CA-192 EVENTS 2017
TARGET/APPLICATION: The 600 year old Science Education and Research (IISER), both
Walled City of Ahmadabad was declared in Pune, Maharashtra. Saraswati supercluster
World Heritage City by the World Heritage is one of the largest known structures in the
Committee (WHC) of UNESCO after it nearby universe. It is 4 billion light years
met in Karlow, Poland. The Walled City of away from Earth and may contain the mass
Ahmadabad is located on the eastern banks equivalent of over 20 million billion suns. It
of Sabarmati River. It is the first Indian city has 43 galaxies that may contain thousands of
to get the honour and will be third city from suns, besides having billions of stars, planets,
the Indian subcontinent to enjoy this status other bodies, gases and dark matter.
along with Bhaktapur in Nepal and Galle
in Sri Lanka. This represents the city with
rich architectural heritage. The nomination
Solar Power train launched by
of Ahmadabad was supported by about 20 Indian Railways
countries including Turkey, Tunisia, Lebanon,
Peru, Portugal, Croatia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, DATE: 14th July, 2017
South Korea, Croatia, Cuba and Poland. Earlier, AGENDA/ISSUE: To reduce carbon dioxide
the committee also added Asmara (capital of emission and help in saving diesel
Eritrea), added Hebron-Al Khalil Old Town TARGET/APPLICATION: Indian Railways has
(Palestine) and W-Arly-Pendjari Complex launched India’s first solar powered diesel
(Benin, Burkina Faso) to the list. multiple unit (DEMU) broad gauge train. It is
1600 Horse Power (HP) train with all solar
S-Band Doppler Weather powered coaches. The solar powered DEMU
Radar train has six trailer coaches, with 16 solar
panels of 300 watts fitted in each of them.
DATE: 13th July, 2017 These solar panels have been manufactured
AGENDA/ISSUE: To monitor and predict under ‘Make in India’ initiative. The energy
weather events such as storms, cyclones etc. generated by these solar panels will be stored
Occurring in 500km radius in batteries and will be used during the night.
TARGET/APPLICATION: Bharat Electronics The train will run from Sarai Rohilla in Delhi to
Limited (BEL) indigenously developed Farukh Nagar in Haryana.
S-band Doppler weather radar (DWR) which
was commissioned at Palluruthy in West
Kochi, Kerala. It was based on the specified
technology provided by ISRO. Doppler
weather radar is an observational tool for
monitoring and predicting severe weather
events such as hailstorms, thunder storms,
cyclones and tornados. It uses the Doppler
Effect by bouncing a microwave signal off a
desired target to produce velocity data.

Super Cluster ‘Saraswati’ LCU Mark IVL152 ship


discovered launched by GRSE
DATE: 14th July, 2017 DATE: 21st July, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To help astronomers in
AGENDA/ISSUE: To ensure maritime security
understanding galaxy formation, evolution
and effect of superclusters on the environment of Andamans and Lakshadweep islands
of galaxies TARGET/APPLICATION: Indian Navy’s
TARGET/APPLICATION: A team of Indian second LCU (landing craft utility) Mark IV
astronomers have identified previously L52 ship built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders
unknown, extremely large supercluster of and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata was
galaxies located in the direction of constellation
Pisces. It has been named “Saraswati”. formally launched in West Bengal. The ship is
It was discovered by astronomers from 62.8 meters long and 11 metres wide.
Inter University Centre for Astronomy and It is capable of carrying two tanks or four
Astrophysics (IUCAA) and Indian Institute of special vehicles and 160 troops for landing
EVENTS 2017 CA-193

at remote beach heads. It can be deployed for TARGET/APPLICATION: The central


multiple activities like operations for landing government has launched a portal named
troops ashore, humanitarian aid, disaster ‘E-RaKAM’ (e-Rashtriya Kisan Agri Mandi), an
relief operations and evacuation of personnel easiest way to sell agricultural products. It is
from distant islands. a digital platform that enables farmers to sell
their agricultural products through auction.

ECONOMY The state-run auctioneer MSTC and Central


Warehousing Corporation have jointly
Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana launched the E-RaKAM portal. The main
objective of this portal is to help farmers to
Yojana
sell their products in larger market and get the
DATE: 22nd July, 2017 good price of their products.
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide insurance return
with an interest of 8% for 10 years SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Finance
Ministry has launched Pradhan Mantri Development of Radiation
Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY), a pension Technology
scheme exclusively for senior citizens aged
60 years and above. This scheme provides DATE: 4th August, 2017
an assured return of 8% of the income per AGENDA/ISSUE: To prevent post harvest loss
annum, payable monthly for 10 years on single of food and food grains
premium ranging from Rs. 150000 (minimum) TARGET/APPLICATION: Bhabha Atomic
to Rs.750000 (maximum). Research Centre (BARC) – Department of
Atomic Energy (DAE) has been actively
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. engaged in R&D work on the technology of
preservation and hygiene of food and agri-
Muntra Tank launched by products by radiation. Irradiation is an effective
DRDO method in treating horticultural products.
Extension of shelf life of horticultural produces
DATE: 29th July, 2017 is very much depended on the produce, variety
AGENDA/ISSUE: To be used for surveillance, and storage conditions. For many fresh agri
mine detection and military observation in produce subjected to irradiation and proper
Naxal-hit areas storage, substantial shelf life extension has
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Defence been achieved.
Research and Development Organisation In India, according to estimates, post-harvest
(DRDO) have rolled out Muntra, India’s first losses is about 40-50%, primarily due to insect
unmanned, remotely operated tank at its infestation, microbiological contamination,
Chennai lab. It has been launched in three physiological changes due to sprouting and
variants Muntra-S, Muntra-M and Muntra-N.
ripening, and poor shelf life.
ECONOMY With irradiation, it is possible to reduce
these losses. Recently, the harmonization of
e-RaKAM Portal food irradiation rules with the international
regulation through adaptation of class wise
DATE: 2nd August, 2017 clearance of irradiated food items by the
AGENDA/ISSUE: To ease the selling and Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
buying process of agricultural products (FSSAI) has taken place.
EBD_7214
CA-194 EVENTS 2017
National deworming initiative ‘She Means Business’
DATE: 10th August, 2017 programme
AGENDA/ISSUE: To improve nutritional DATE: 12th August, 2017
status of children AGENDA/ISSUE:To reduce the digital divide
TARGET/APPLICATION: Ministry of Health and empower women entrepreneurs and
and Family Welfare has launched its 2nd round SHGs.
of National Deworming Day (NDD) 2017 in TARGET/APPLICATION: Odisha government
33 States/UTs. A total of 7.8 crore children has launched ‘She Means Business’ programme
in schools will be covered in this program of Facebook for women entrepreneurs.
through Anganwadi workers and ASHAs. India Under this scheme, around 25,000 women
carries the highest burden of worm infestation entrepreneurs and self help group (SHG)
members will be given training on digital
and 64% of Indian population less than 14
marketing skills within a year. Women
years of age are at risk of Soil Transmitted
entrepreneurs will get hands-on training on
Helminths (STH) or worms’ infestation. digital marketing free of cost and they need
The NDD program has been launched in 2015 not create their websites to promote their
as WHO estimates that 220 million children businesses. The platform will also facilitate
below 14 years of age are at risk of STH vertical integration.
infections in India.

Facebook will also make a database of


entrepreneurs in the state and will monitor
their growth, turnover and profit after one
year. As many as 201 million monthly active
National De-worming Day is organised twice people on Facebook in India on their mobile.
in a year covering all the children from 1-19
years of age except the States of Rajasthan and Bovine Productivity Scheme
Madhya Pradesh where de-worming is carried DATE: 15th August, 2017
out once in a year. AGENDA/ISSUE:To improve vaccination
practices, breeding and milk production in
Second commitment period of milk producing cattle
Kyoto Protocol ratified by India TARGET/APPLICATION: National Mission
on Bovine Productivity scheme was initiated
DATE: 10th August, 2017 by the Government in November 2016.
AGENDA/ISSUE: To eradicate greenhouse Under the scheme, 85 lakh milk producing
gases emissions in the atmosphere animals have been identified and their data
TARGET/APPLICATION: India has ratified has been uploaded on INAPH data base.
the second commitment period of the Kyoto Data of the identified animals is uploaded
Protocol. With this, India became the 80th on Information Network on Animal Health
country to accept the amendment relating and Productivity (INAPH) data base. Around,
to the second commitment period of the 88 million milk producing animals out of
Kyoto Protocol (the international emissions 300 million cattle and buffaloes are being
reduction treaty). Recognizing that developed identified using polyurethane tags with 12
countries are principally responsible for digit unique identification (UID) number.
the current high levels of Greenhouse Gases The Pashu Sanjivni is crucial for control
(GHGs) in the atmosphere, the Kyoto Protocol and spread of animal diseases, scientific
places commitments on the developed nations management of animals, enhanced production
to undertake mitigation targets and to provide and productivity, improvement in quality of
financial resources and transfer of technology livestock & livestock products by meeting out
to the developing nations. sanitary issues.
EVENTS 2017 CA-195

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. the digital police database to access crime


statistics. CCTNS is a Mission Mode Project
Global Environment Facility (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan
of Govt. of India. The CCTNS facilitates pan
DATE: 17th August, 2017 India search on complete national crime and
AGENDA/ISSUE: To enhance forest ecosystem criminal database that is accessible to the
services and improve the livelihoods of forest investigating officers throughout the country.
dependent communities in Central Indian It will interconnect 15,398 police stations and
Highlands additional 5,000 offices of supervisory police
TARGET/APPLICATION: A Grant Agreement officers across the country and digitise data
from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) related to FIR registration, investigation and
of the World Bank of USD 24.64 million for
charge sheets in all police stations.
“Ecosystem Service Improvement Project”
was recently signed between India and the
World Bank. The size of Project is USD 24.64
million which will entirely be financed by the
World Bank out of its GEF Trust Fund. Ministry
of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
(MoEF & CC) will implement the Project in the
States of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh
through Indian Council of Forestry Research
& Education under the National Mission for A digital police portal under the CCTNS project,
Green India. The objective of the Project is to enables a person to register FIRs, address
strengthen the institutional capacity of the verification e.g. of employees, tenants, nurses
Departments of Forestry and Community etc, permission for hosting public events, lost
Organisations. & found articles and vehicle theft etc.

SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.


Varshadhare Project
DATE: 22nd August, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To increase precipitation in
clouds
POLITY
TARGET/APPLICATION: Government of
Karnataka has launched the much touted
Digital Police Portal
cloud seeding project named Varshadhare.
DATE: 22nd August, 2017 Cloud seeding aims at catalysing the process
AGENDA/ISSUE: To create a national database of precipitation, so that rainfall could be
of crimes and criminals increased by 15-20% in drought affected
TARGET/APPLICATION: A digital police areas of the state. Experts have analysed that
portal under the CCTNS (The Crime and precipitation in clouds has been affected
Criminal Tracking Networks and Systems) recently due to increase in particulate
project, enables a person to register FIRs matter in the atmosphere and among other
online and offer seven public delivery services
factors. Among the problems for successful
in 34 States & UTs like person and address
precipitation in rain bearing clouds are that
verification e.g. of employees, tenants, nurses
etc, permission for hosting public events, lost water droplets formed in the clouds are much
& found articles and vehicle theft etc. Besides, smaller than the particulate matter. Droplets
the portal will further enable restricted access formed in the clouds are blown away in the
to law enforcement agencies on topics such as wind even before they have the time to reach
antecedent verification and make assessment earth. Moreover, small droplets do not have
of FIRs. Central investigating and research the energy to collide and form large droplets
agencies have also been provided logins to that can pour down as rain.
EBD_7214
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while increasing the probability of proffering
POLITY
exact change ease-cash transaction. This is the
second new denomination banknote introduced
Bridge constructed at Indo- since the demonetisation exercised in November.
Nepal border ` 2000 denomination banknote was pumped
into the system in November, 2016.
DATE: 23rd August, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To improve regional SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
connectivity and strengthen cross border
trade between both the countries Ocean Forecasting System
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union
Cabinet has approved a Memorandum of DATE: 28th August, 2017
Understanding (MoU) signed between India AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide early regional
and Nepal for laying down implementation on warning services
cost sharing, schedules and safeguard issues TARGET/APPLICATION: The Indian National
for starting construction of a new Bridge Centre for Ocean Information Services
over Mechi River at Indo-Nepal border. The (INCOIS) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences
Mechi River is a trans-boundary river flowing introduced the Ocean Forecasting System
through Nepal and India. for Comoros, Madagascar and Mozambique
Mechi Bridge is the ending point of Asian at the third Ministerial Meeting of Regional
Highway 02 in India leading to Nepal and Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System
provides critical connectivity to Nepal. for Asia and Africa (RIMES) which was held
National Highway and Infrastructure recently at Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
Development Corporation (NHIDCL) under The early warning service is essential for
Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has safe navigation at sea and the blue economic
growth of many Indian Ocean rim countries
been designated as the implementing agency
and island nations.
for this project.

ECONOMY
Pradhan Mantri Kisan
Sampada Yojana
DATE: 24th August, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To supplement agriculture,
modernize processing and decrease Agri-
Waste The system would offer oil spill advisory
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Cabinet services, high wave alerts, and port warnings,
Committee on Economic Affairs has approved forecast along the ship routes in addition to
the renaming of the new central sector tsunami and storm surge warnings and help in
scheme – SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro- search and rescue operations.
Marine Processing and Development of Agro-
Processing Clusters) as Pradhan Mantri Kisan
Sampada Yojana (PMKSY) for the period of Implantable pancreas
2016-20 coterminous with the 14th Finance developed by researchers
commission cycle.
DATE: 30th August, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE:To produce insulin naturally
RBI introduces ` 200 note
in a sustained manner
DATE: 24th August, 2017 TARGET/APPLICATION: Researchers at the
AGENDA/ISSUE:To ease cash transaction Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Reserve Bank of have successfully created an implantable bio-
India introduced ` 200 banknote, a move that artificial pancreas model grown within a 3D
would minimize the number of denominations silk scaffold. Scientists coated the scaffold
EVENTS 2017 CA-197

containing beta cells with a semi-permeable


membrane barrier. The membrane allows ECONOMY
insulin produced to be released into the blood
stream but does not allow the immune cells Business & Climate Summit 2017
to cross the membrane and kill the islet cells.
DATE: 1st September, 2017
Studies carried in the lab showed that the
beta cells in the scaffold were able to produce AGENDA/ISSUE: To meet the global carbon
adequate amount of insulin in response to reduction targets
different glucose levels within a few seconds. TARGET/APPLICATION: The Business &
To ensure that the implant is not rejected by the Climate Summit is the leading annual forum
body’s immune system, drugs that suppress for businesses, investors and policy makers
the immune system were embedded in the on climate action. It is where business and
scaffold. If it is successful in animal and human governments come together to agree on a
trials, it can be used for treating people with roadmap for reaching net zero emissions over
type 1 diabetes. Type I diabetes arises when the next half century.
the body’s immune system kills the insulin
producing beta cells. Since type 1 diabetes
patients do not have insulin producing beta
cells, the researchers have turned to stem cells
to produce beta cells.

National Nutrition Week


DATE: 1st September, 2017
The objectives of BCS 2017 are as follows
AGENDA/ISSUE: To create awareness of
•• Showcase business leadership in
nutrition for health that has an impact on addressing climate change and provide
productivity, economic growth and national solutions to help government achieve
development climate change objectives.
TARGET/APPLICATION: The National •• Express the reduction in GHG emissions
Nutrition Week was observed throughout to limit global warming to +2°C and their
the country from 1st to 7th September. The commitment to engage in this direction.
theme of the National Nutrition Week for 2017 •• Debate and present the priority policies
was “Optimal Infant & Young Child Feeding required to allow the accelerated
Practices: Better Child Health”. Nutrition is an deployment of these solutions in the
issue of survival, health and development for world and ensure that climate change is
current and succeeding generations. taken into account in all policy decisions.
•• Increase awareness of international
policy makers about the wealth of
solutions developed by companies and
the conditions for deployment of these
solutions.
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
Hortinet- mobile app
Child born underweight have an impaired DATE: 2nd September, 2017
immune function and increase risk of diabetes AGENDA/ISSUE: To allow farmers to apply
and heart diseases. Under nutrition in young on-line to facilitate their farm registration,
children continues to be a major public health application and approvals
problem in India. TARGET/APPLICATION: To harness the
During the week, the Food and Nutrition Board potential of mobile technology, APEDA has
developed a mobile app- Hortinet. This
of Ministry of Women & Child Development
mobile app is an initiative to increase the
coordinated with the Department of the State/ accessibility and reach of the traceability
UT governments, National Institutions and NGOs software system among the farmers and other
level workshops. Large numbers of state, district stakeholders. This new Mobile app will assist
and village level activities were organized. state horticulture/ agriculture department
EBD_7214
CA-198 EVENTS 2017
to capture real time details of farmers, farm TARGET/APPLICATION: The Ministry of
location, products and details of inspections Health and Family Welfare has launched
like date of inspection, name of inspecting two new contraceptives- MPA and Chhaya.
directly from field.
The two new contraceptives, an injectable
contraceptive MPA under the ‘Antara’
ECONOMY
programme and a contraceptive pill, ‘Chhaya’,
in the public health system will expand the
Advance Pricing Agreements
basket of contraceptive choices to meet the
(APAs) emerging needs of couples. The contraceptives
DATE: 4th September, 2017 are safe and highly effective, the ‘Antara’
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide certainty to injectable being effective for three months and
taxpayers in the domain of transfer pricing by the ‘Chayya’ pill for one week, and will help
specifying the methods of pricing and setting the meet the changing needs of couples and help
prices of international transactions in advance. women plan and space their pregnancies. The
contraceptives are being launched under the
government’s Mission Parivar Vikas, a central
family planning initiative.

POLITY
UJALA Scheme
DATE: 7th September, 2017
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Central Board AGENDA/ISSUE: To promote efficient
of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has entered into 4 more lighting, enhance awareness on using efficient
Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs) during lighting equipment
August, 2017. Out of these 4 Agreements, TARGET/APPLICATION: India’s zero-subsidy
3 are Unilateral and 1 is a Bilateral. This UJALA programme has paved the way for
includes 162 Unilateral APAs and 13 Bilateral
a brighter future and has now travelled to
APAs. In the current financial year, a total
Malaysia. Energy Efficiency Services Limited
of 23 APAs (2 Bilateral and 21 Unilateral)
have been signed till date. The 4 APAs were (EESL), under Ministry of Power, Government
made during August, 2017, which pertain to of India has launched UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by
various sectors of the economy like Telecom, Affordable Lighting for All) Scheme in the
Banking, Manufacturing and Education. Since State of Melaka, Malaysia. The scheme has
its inception, the APA scheme has been well seen successful implementation in the UK.
accepted by taxpayers and that has resulted Under the scheme, each household in Melaka
in more than 800 applications (both Unilateral will get 10 high quality 9-watt LED bulbs at
and Bilateral) being filed so far in five years. a cost of only RM 10 (10 Malaysian Ringgit),
The progress of the APA scheme strengthens which is a special price and is almost half of
the Government’s resolve of fostering a non- what in being offered in the market. The EESL
adversarial tax regime.
plans to distribute about 1 million 9W LED
bulbs, replacing 18W CFLs in Melaka.
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.

New contraceptives launched


by Health Ministry
DATE: 6th September, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To keep a check on the
increasing population in India
EVENTS 2017 CA-199

The agreement was signed in accordance with


SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. the National Civil Aviation Policy (NACP),
2016. The NACP permits the government to
Nag missile launched by enter into an ‘open sky’ air services agreement
DRDO on a reciprocal basis with SAARC nations
as well as countries with territory located
DATE: 11th September, 2017 entirely beyond a 5,000 kilometre radius from
AGENDA/ISSUE: To support both mechanised New Delhi.
infantry and airborne forces of the Indian
Army SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
Traces of water found on
Moon
DATE: 15th September, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To study whether water is
used for drinking or as fuel for astronauts
TARGET/APPLICATION: Scientists from
NASA used the data from an instrument
TARGET/APPLICATION: In a boost to
which flew aboard India’s Chandrayaan-1
Indian Armed Forces, Defence Research and
spacecraft and have created the first map of
Development Organisation (DRDO) recently
water trapped in the uppermost layer of the
successfully tested Nag, the 3rd generation
moon’s soil. The study builds on the initial
Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM). The third-
discovery of water in 2009, which stated
generation Fire and Forget ATGM Nag is
that the molecule consists of one atom each
equipped with many advanced technologies
of hydrogen and oxygen in the lunar soil.
including IIR Seeker with integrated avionics,
Scientists used a new calibration of data taken
a capability possessed by few nations in the
from NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper, which
world.
flew aboard Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft in
2008, to quantify how much water is present
POLITY on a global scale. The Chandrayaan-1 mission
performed high resolution remote sensing of
Open Sky Agreement between the moon in visible, near infrared (NIR), low
India and Japan energy X-rays and high energy X-ray regions.
One of the objectives was to prepare a three
DATE: 15th September, 2017 dimensional atlas (with high spatial and
AGENDA/ISSUE: To encourage connectivity, altitude resolution) of both near and far side
passenger travelling and reduction in airfares of the moon.
between both the countries
TARGET/APPLICATION: India and Japan SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
have agreed to an open sky arrangement
under which the airlines of both countries can Astra Missile launched
operate an unlimited number of flights. The
agreement was signed after talks between DATE: 16th September, 2017
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japan PM AGENDA/ISSUE: To engage and destroy aerial
Shino Abe. targets at supersonic speeds
EBD_7214
CA-200 EVENTS 2017
TARGET/APPLICATION: The final Dam in the United States. The Sardar Sarovar
development flight trial of Astra – Beyond Dam has two power houses - river bed power
Visual Range Air to Air Missile (BVRAAM) was house and canal head powerhouse. The two
conducted recently over the Bay of Bengal off powerhouses have the installed capacity of
the coast of Chandipur, Odisha. The missions 1,200 MW and 250 MW respectively. As per
included engagement of target at very long the arrangement, the power generated from
range, engagement of high manoeuvring the Sardar Sarovar Dam will be shared among
target at medium range and multiple launches Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
of missiles in salvo to engage multiple targets.
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
POLITY
23rd World Ozone Day
Exercise Yudh Abhyas – 2017 celebrated
DATE: 18th September, 2017
DATE: 18th September, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To counter terrorist
AGENDA/ISSUE: To prevent the ozone layer
operations
depletion
TARGET/APPLICATION:
Exercise Yudh Abhyas – 2017, a joint military
exercise between Indian and US armies has
commenced at Joint Base Lewis McChord,
Washington, USA.
During the two week long exercise soldiers
from both countries will hold their tactical
skills in counter insurgency and counter
terrorist operations under a joint brigade TARGET/APPLICATION: 30th Anniversary of
headquarter. Montreal protocol and 23rd World Ozone Day
were celebrated on September 16th across the
Sardar Sarovar Dam country. The theme was– “Caring for all life
under the sun”. Every year, on September 16,
DATE: 18th September, 2017
the World celebrates the International day for
AGENDA/ISSUE: To generate hydroelectric
the preservation of Ozone layer as the World
power
Ozone Day.

3 Years of Namami Gange


DATE: 22th September, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: Cleaning of river Ganga by
sewage management, industrial discharge
management and the beautification of several
ghats

TARGET/APPLICATION: Prime Minister


Narendra Modi inaugurated world’s second
biggest Saradar Sarovar Dam on the River
Naramada, 56 years after its foundation stone
which was laid by the former PM Jawaharlal
Nehru. Sardar Sarovar Dam is also the most
controversial development project of the
Target/Application: The National Mission for
nation. Activists have been demanding that
Clean Ganga was set up in 2011 to implement
the filling of the reservoir with water be
programs and objectives for a clean and
stopped immediately so as to reduce the water
pollution free Ganga. In July 2014, the ‘Namami
level. This project is the second biggest dam
Gange’ program was announced under the
project in the world after the Grand Coulee
EVENTS 2017 CA-201

National Mission for Clean Ganga initiative Parliamentary Affairs and Tourism brief
with an allocated budget of ` 20,000 crores for period of six months in 1990. Banwarilal
5 years. The objective of the Namami Gange Purohit was appointed as Governor of Tamil
program was to ensure sewage management, Nadu. Prior to his appointment, he was
industrial discharge management and the Governor of Assam. Prof Jagdish Mukhi was
beautification of several ghats along the Ganga. appointed as Governor of Assam. Previously,
he was Lieutenant Governor of Andaman &
POLITY Nicobar Islands. Ganga Prasad was appointed
as the Governor of Meghalaya. He was an MLC
Creation of Asia Africa Growth in Bihar for 18 years. Devendra Kumar Joshi
was appointed as Lt. Governor of Andaman
Corridor & Nicobar Islands. He had served as Chief of
DATE: 23rd September, 2017 Naval Staff from August 2012 to February
AGENDA/ISSUE: To boost trade and economic 2014.
development between India and Africa
TARGET/APPLICATION: Prime Minister SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
Narendra Modi has planned creation of Asia-
Africa growth corridor for the development of OBC sub-categorisation
Africa. Modi said this while inaugurating the commission
52nd Annual Meeting of African Development
Bank at Gandhinagar in Gujarat. India is DATE: 3rd October, 2017
working with the United Nations and Japan AGENDA/ISSUE: To ensure more equitable
to support development in Africa. The Prime distribution of reservations in government
Minister praised African countries for their jobs and educational institutions ensuring
response to the solar alliance initiative only dominant groups among OBCs not getting
that was taken during the United Nations all benefits
Conference on Climate Change. India must be TARGET/APPLICATION: President Ram
an engine of growth and an example in climate Nath Kovind has appointed a five-member
friendly development in the years to come. He commission to examine sub-categorisation
made Africa a top priority for India’s foreign of Other Backward Classes (OBCs). It will be
and economic policy. The meeting of African headed by retired Chief Justice of Delhi High
Development Bank is a five day event that Court G. Rohini. Besides, Dr J K Bajaj, Director,
will witness about 3,000 delegates from 81 Anthropological Survey of India, Registrar
member countries. General and Census Commissioner and Joint
Secretary from Social Justice, will be ex-officio
Governors of five states members of commission. The commission
appointed has been established under Article 340 of
Constitution under which Mandal Commission
DATE: 1st October, 2017 had recommended 27% reservation for
AGENDA/ISSUE: Appointment of governors of socially and educationally backward classes.
five states Sub-categorisation of OBCs will ensure more
TARGET/APPLICATION: President Ram Nath equitable distribution of reservations in
Kovind appointed Governors in five states government jobs and educational institutions
viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, so that dominant groups among OBCs do not
Assam and Meghalaya. Lieutenant Governor corner all benefits. The exercise will involve
for Andaman and Nicobar Islands was also sub-categorisation of 5,000 castes in central
appointed. The appointments will come into OBC list.
effect from the date incumbents assume
charge of new posts. Mathru Poorna scheme
Brigadier BD Mishra was appointed as
Governor of Arunachal Pradesh. He was DATE: 4th October, 2017
Commander of NSG (Black Cat Commandos). AGENDA/ISSUE: To meet the nutritional
Satya Pal Malik was appointed as Governor needs of poor pregnant and lactating women
of Bihar. He had held the profile of MoS, in rural areas
EBD_7214
CA-202 EVENTS 2017
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Karnataka those pregnant women who have been left
Government has launched Mathru Poorna uncovered under the routine immunisation
Scheme to meet nutritional needs of programme. The programme will focus on
pregnant and lactating women in rural areas improving immunization coverage in select
of Karnataka. Under this scheme, pregnant districts and cities to ensure full immunization
and lactating poor women in rural areas will to more than 90% by December 2018.
get one nutritious meal daily for 25 days in The Government aims to reach each and
a month. The scheme will be implemented every child under two years of age and all
through anganwadis in the state. Under those pregnant women who have been left
this, nutritious food will be provided for 15 uncovered under the routine immunisation
months, from start of pregnancy up to six programme. The special drive will focus on
months after delivery. Along with meal, Iron improving immunization coverage in select
Folic Acid (IFA) tablets will be administered districts and cities to ensure full immunization
and gestational weight monitoring will be to more than 90% by December 2018.
ensured for pregnant women. Intensified Mission Indradhanush will have
inter-ministerial and inter-departmental
POLITY coordination, action-based review mechanism
and intensified monitoring and accountability
MoU between India and framework for effective implementation of
targeted rapid interventions to improve the
Switzerland routine immunization coverage.
DATE: 5th October, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To improve technical ECONOMY
cooperation to promote infrastructure
development Sovereign gold bond scheme
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Cabinet 2017-18
has approved Memorandum of Understanding
DATE: 9th October, 2017
(MoU) signed between Ministry of Railways,
AGENDA/ISSUE: To reduce demand for
and Federal Department of Environment,
physical gold and shift part of domestic savings
Transport Energy and Communications of
Swiss Confederation on Technical Cooperation TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union
in Rail Sector. The MoU was signed in Government in collaboration with the Reserve
August, 2017. The MoU will allow technical Bank of India (RBI) has launched Sovereign
cooperation in areas such as traction rolling Gold Bonds 2017-18 – Series-III. The
stock, traction propulsion equipments, applications for bond will be accepted from
freight and passenger cars, EMU and train October 09, 2017 to December 27, 2017. The
sets, railway electrification equipments, train bonds will be sold through banks, Stock Holding
scheduling and operation improvement, Corporation of India Limited, designated
tilting trains, railway station modernization, post offices and recognised stock exchanges
multimodal transport and tunnelling. namely the NSE and BSE. These bonds were
launched under umbrella sovereign gold bond
scheme in November 2015 with an objective
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. to reduce demand for physical gold and shift
part of domestic savings, used for purchase of
Intensified Mission Indradhanush gold, into financial savings.
(IMI)
DATE: 8th October, 2017 SANKALP & STRIVE Schemes
AGENDA/ISSUE: To promote immunisation DATE: 12th October, 2017
of pregnant women and children under two AGENDA/ISSUE: To boost skill development
years of age. for professional jobs
TARGET/APPLICATION: Through the TARGET/APPLICATION: The Cabinet
Intensified Mission Indradhanush, the Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)
Government aims to focus on each and approved two World Bank supported schemes
every child under two years of age and all Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness
EVENTS 2017 CA-203

for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) and


Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value
POLITY
Enhancement (STRIVE) to boost Skill India
Mission. SANKALP is Rs 4455 crore centrally IBSA Trust Fund agreement
sponsored scheme including Rs 3300 crore between India, Brazil & South
loan support from World Bank whereas
STRIVE is Rs 2200 crore central sector scheme
Africa
with half funding will be World bank loan Date: 20th October, 2017
assistance.
AGENDA/ISSUE: To combat poverty in other
STRIVE scheme will incentivize ITIs to improve developing countries
overall performance including apprenticeship
TARGET/APPLICATION: India, Brazil and
by involving SMEs (Small Scale Enterprises),
South Africa (IBSA) have signed the IBSA Trust
business association and industry clusters.
Fund Agreement that seeks to fight poverty
in developing countries. It was signed at the
INS Kiltan commissioned into 8th IBSA trilateral Ministerial Commission
Indian Navy Meeting in Durban, South Africa. It brings
DATE: 8th October, 2017 together the three emerging economies of
AGENDA/ISSUE: To strengthen India’s Naval India, Brazil and South Africa to combat
capability by designing warships that can fight poverty in other developing countries. Each
in nuclear, biological and chemical warfare country will contribute US $1 million annually
conditions to this fund which is managed by the UN
TARGET/APPLICATION: The anti-submarine Development Programme’s (UNDP) Special
warfare stealth corvette INS Kiltan was Unit for South-South Cooperation.
commissioned into the Indian Navy at the
Eastern Naval Command (Naval Dockyard) in 6 agreements signed between
Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. It is India’s India and Italy
first major warship to have a superstructure
of carbon fibre composite material, improving DATE: 31st October, 2017
stealth features, lowering top weight and AGENDA/ISSUE: To promote international
maintenance costs. About 81% of the ship cooperation in the field of railways safety,
is indigenous and it is well equipped to fight energy and mutual investments
in Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) TARGET/APPLICATION: India and Italy have
warfare conditions. signed six agreements to promote cooperation
in the fields of railways safety, energy and
India’s first commodity options in promoting mutual investments, among others.
gold The agreements were signed after detailed
talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Date: 18th October, 2017 and his Italian counterpart Paolo Gentiloni. He
Agenda/Issue: To allow systematic is first prime minister from Italy to visit India
development and transformation of in more than a decade.
commodity derivatives market in India
Target/Application: Largest commodity ECONOMY
bourse Multi-Commodity Exchange of India
Ltd (MCX) launched India’s first commodity MSME Delayed Payment Portal
options in gold. It was launched by Union
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. The gold futures DATE: 31st October, 2017
contract will have bi-monthly duration. The AGENDA/ISSUE: To empower micro and small
option will also have the existing gold kilo entrepreneurs in India to directly register
futures contract. Options are an instrument their cases relating to delayed payments
that gives buyer right to buy or sell an TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Ministry
underlined at present price on a future date. of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME)
MCX’s Gold Option contract is European- has launched MSME Delayed Payment Portal
styled Gold options with Gold (1 Kg) futures – MSME Samadhaan (http://msefc.msme.
as underlying asset. These options are hedge- gov.in). The portal aims at empowering
friendly and physically settled. micro and small entrepreneurs in India to
EBD_7214
CA-204 EVENTS 2017
directly register their cases relating to delayed TARGET/APPLICATION: The Joint Indo-Rus-
payments by central ministries, departments, sia Tri-Services Exercise INDRA-2017 was
CPSES, state governments. conducted from 19 to 29 October 2017 at
The portal will give information about pending Vladivostok, Russia. It was India’s first joint
payment of MSEs with individual CPSEs/ tri-services exercise and also first between
Central Ministries, State Governments, etc. Russia and India. It was also first time Rus-
sia has hosted Tri-Services Exercise on its
The CEO of PSEs and Secretary of Ministries
soil. The theme of INDRA-2017 Exercise was
concerned will also be able to monitor cases
‘Preparation and Conduct of Operations by
of delayed payments under their jurisdiction
Joint Force for Suppression of International
and issue necessary instructions to resolve Terror Activity at the request of a host country
the issues. The information on portal will under UN mandate.
be available in public domain, thus exerting More than 900 soldiers, sailors and air war-
moral pressure on defaulting organisations. riors from Indian Army, Navy and Air Force
participated in the exercise along with over
Sun Pharma under scanner by 1000 personnel from Russian Defence Forc-
USDFA es. The exercise was conducted in Sergeevsky
Combined Arms Training Range, Cape Klerk
•• The U.S. drug regulator conducted a Training Area and in waters of Sea of Japan.
surprise inspection at Baska plant of Sun The events of the 11-day exercise included
Pharmaceuticals Ltd. on November 13. professional interactions, establishment of
•• The Baska injectibles unit recently filed joint command and control structures be-
for approvals to sell its products in the tween Indian and Russian forces and elimina-
U.S., Sun Pharma’s biggest market. tion of terrorist threat in multinational envi-
•• It’s close to India’s largest drugmaker’s ronment under UN mandate.
Halol plant that faces regulatory
issues from the U.S. Food and Drug SOCIAL SCIENCE & TECH.
Administration.
•• The inspection typically lasts seven to
eight working days.
National Council for Teacher
•• Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.’s profit Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017
more than halved as it lost exclusivity on a DATE: 2nd November, 2017
key U.S. product. AGENDA/ISSUE: To grant recognition to Cen-
•• It increased pressure on the company to tral/State Universities providing teacher ed-
resolve issues at a plant that has hampered ucation, by the National Council for Teacher
new product introductions in the world’s Education.
biggest drug market. TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Cabinet
•• Net income plunged 59 percent to 9.12 has approved the introduction of Nation-
billion rupees ($139 million) in the al Council for Teacher Education (Amend-
quarter through September, the company ment) Bill, 2017 to amend National Council
said. for Teacher Education (NCTE) Act, 1993. The
•• Analysts had expected profit to decline to amendment seeks to grant retrospective rec-
8 billion rupees. ognition to Central/State Universities who
•• Revenue at India’s biggest drugmaker are found to be conducting teacher education
declined 15 percent to 66 billion rupees, courses without NCTE permission till academ-
the third consecutive quarterly decrease. ic year 2017-2018. The amendment will make
•• Shares of Sun Pharma dropped 2.3 percent students studying in these Institutions/Uni-
in early trading in India. versities or those who have already passed out
from here eligible for employment as teacher.
DEFENCE The retrospective recognition is one time mea-
sure to ensure that future of these students
Joint Indo-Russia Tri-Services passed out and studying in these institutions
Exercise are not jeopardized. All institutions running
teacher education courses such as B.Ed and
DATE: 1st November, 2017 D.El.Ed have to obtain recognition from NCTE
AGENDA/ISSUE: To establish joint command under section 14 of NCTE Act. Further, cours-
and control structures between Indian and es of such recognised institutions/universities
Russian forces and eliminate terrorist threat must be permitted under section 15 of NCTE Act.
EVENTS 2017 CA-205

this, RBI had made LEI mandatory for transac-


ECONOMY tions in interest rate, forex and credit deriva-
tive market.
Unilateral Advance Pricing LEI mechanism will help banks to effective-
Agreements ly monitor debt exposure of corporate bor-
rowers. It will also enable banks in prevent-
DATE: 3rd November, 2017
ing multiple loans to companies against the
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide an alternate dis- same collateral. LEI is a 20-digit unique code
pute resolution mechanism with respect to to identify parties to financial transactions
transfer pricing worldwide. It is a global reference number
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Central Board that uniquely identifies every legal entity or
of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has signed seven uni- structure that is party to a financial transac-
lateral advance pricing agreements (APAs) in tion, in any jurisdiction.
October 2017. Total number of APAs entered
into by CBDT now stands at 184. This includes
171 unilateral and 12 bilateral APAs. In cur-
SOCIAL SCIENCE & TECH.
rent financial year, total of 32 APAs (2 bilat-
eral and 30 unilateral) were signed till date. FASTag mandatory for all new
The APAs signed in October 2017 belonged to 4-wheelers
various sectors including FMCG, information
DATE: 3rd November, 2017
technology, semi-conductor, travel and leisure,
AGENDA/ISSUE: To ease out road toll pay-
office furniture and engineering. The interna-
ment by 4-wheelers
tional transactions covered in these APAs in-
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Ministry
clude provision of IT-enabled services (ITES),
of Road Transport and Highways has issued
software development services, marketing
notification to make FASTag mandatory for all
support services, engineering design services,
new four-wheelers from December 1, 2017.
payment of interest, trading and import of
The notification follows amendment to Central
components.
Motor Vehicle (CMV) Rules, 1989 made by the
The APA Scheme was unveiled by the Govern-
central government as per powers vested in it
ment in 2012 to give tax certainty to MNCs
under Motor Vehicles Act, 1989. The notifica-
that agree on certain principles in valuation of
tion explained that FASTag means an onboard
their cross-border transactions. They also pro-
unit (transponder) or any such device fitted on
vide assessees with alternate dispute resolu-
front windscreen on vehicle. It should be fixed
tion mechanism with respect to transfer pric- on front windscreens by automobile manufac-
ing. It also helps in determining arm’s length turers or authorised dealers.
price of international transactions in advance In case any vehicle is sold in form of drive-
for maximum period of five future years. The away-chassis without windscreen, FASTags
rollback provision to pull out of it was intro- shall be installed by vehicle owner before
duced in 2014. The progress of APA scheme registration of such vehicles. The tag can
strengthens the government’s aim of fostering be purchased from tag issuers and after it is
a non-adversarial tax regime. linked to prepaid account then vehicle owner
is required to recharge or top up tag as per
ECONOMY requirement. FASTag is device that employs
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tech-
Legal Entity Identifier mandatory nology for making toll payments directly from
for large corporate borrowers prepaid or savings account linked to it. It is af-
fixed on the windscreen of vehicle and enables
DATE: 3rd November, 2017 the commuter to drive through toll plazas,
AGENDA/ISSUE: To improve risk manage- without stopping for cash transactions.
ment due to huge stressed assets in banking
system ECONOMY
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Reserve Bank
of India has made 20-digit Legal Entity Iden-
tifier (LEI) mandatory for companies having
World Food India 2017
aggregate fund-based and non-fund based DATE: 4th November, 2017
exposure over Rs. 5 crore. The move is aimed AGENDA/ISSUE: To transform food economy
at improving risk management in the wake of and realize vision of doubling of farmers’ in-
huge stressed assets in banking system. Before come
EBD_7214
CA-206 EVENTS 2017
TARGET/APPLICATION: Prime Minister Na-
rendra Modi has launched World Food India
Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana
2017 (WFI) on 3rd November 2017 in New DATE: 4th November, 2017
Delhi. The three-day event was organized by AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide scholarship to
Ministry of Food Processing Industries. The school children pursuing philately
theme of WFI 2017 is ‘Transforming the Food
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Ministry
Economy’. Germany, Japan and Denmark are
Partner Countries to World Food India. The of Communications has launched Deen Day-
purpose of WFI 2017 is to transform food al SPARSH Yojana, a pan India scholarship
economy and realize vision of doubling of programme for school children to increase
farmers’ income by establishing India as a pre- the reach of philately. The SPARSH stands for
ferred investment destination and sourcing Scholarship for Promotion of Aptitude & Re-
hub for the global food processing industry. search in Stamps as a Hobby. Under the pro-
India for the first time is hosting such an event gramme, annual scholarships will be awarded
for the Food processing sector. It is said to be to children of Standard VI to IX having good ac-
biggest ever congregation of global investors,
ademic record and also pursuing philately as
companies, business delegations and CEOs of
major food companies, as well as CEOs of all hobby through competitive selection process
leading domestic food processing companies, in all postal circles. Government will award
and representatives of 28 States in India. Gov- 920 scholarships to students pursuing Philat-
ernment aims to attract $10 billion investment ely as hobby.
in food processing sector and to generate 1 Every Postal Circle will select a maximum
million jobs in the next 3 years in India. WFI of 40 scholarships representing 10 students
2017 aims to provide platform to strengthen each from Standard VI to IX. The amount of
India’s position as Global Food Factory and is a Scholarship will be Rs. 6000 per annum at the
positive step towards making country food se-
rate of Rs. 500 per month. The selections will
cure. Special focus is given on farmer producer
organizations and women entrepreneurs to be made based on evaluation of Project work
connect them to corporates for increasing op- on philately and performance in Philately Quiz
portunities for sourcing and business. conducted by Circles.

SOCIAL SCIENCE & TECH. UNESCO award to Sri


Ranganathaswamy Temple
Goa to host second edition of
Nobel Prize Series-India DATE: 5th November, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: To promote protection and
DATE: 4th November, 2017 conservation of cultural heritage
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide scientific expo- TARGET/APPLICATION: The Sri Rangana-
sure that will allow youths to meet with Nobel
thaswamy temple at Srirangam in Tamil Nadu
laureates
TARGET/APPLICATION: Goa has signed tri- has won UNESCO Asia-Pacific award for cul-
lateral memorandum of understanding (MoU) tural heritage conservation programme in the
with the Department of Biotechnology, Minis- Awards of Merit category. It is first temple from
try of Science and Technology and Nobel Me- Tamil Nadu to grab the prestigious honour
dia, Sweden to host Nobel Prize Series-India from the UNESCO. The temple won the award
in February 2018. The event will be jointly or- in recognition of its efforts for protecting and
ganized by the Department of Bio-Technology, conserving cultural heritage. The traditional
Union Ministry of Science and Technology in custom of renovating temple premises, as well
collaboration with Department of Science and
as re-establishment of rainwater harvesting
Technology and Nobel Media AB, Sweden.
The event will be held along with exhibition and historic drainage system in preventing
brought from Nobel Museum, Sweden. It is flooding, were two key parameters that earned
being held with the objective of driving people temple the award. The awards were launched
towards pure science rather than technology. in 2000 by UNESCO for cultural heritage con-
It will provide scientific exposure that will al- servation programme. They are given under
low youth of Goa to meet with Nobel laureates four categories– Award of Excellence, Awards
around the world and to take on formidable of Distinction, Awards of Merit and Award for
challenges against any odds in future. Earlier New Design in Heritage Context.
Nobel series were organised in Gujarat.
EVENTS 2017 CA-207

Bandhan Express flagged off by Union Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley was
held in Guwahati, Assam. Here are the key
DATE: 9th November, 2017 points which have emerged so far:
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide an end-to-end •• All restaurants in the country will attract a
immigration facility to ease Dhaka-Kolkata GST of 5 per cent, no input tax credit (ITC)
Maitree train services. benefit to be given to restaurants
•• 178 items have been moved to 18 per cent
tax rate from 28 per cent earlier
•• GSTR-3B filing can be done till March 2018
•• Small taxpayers to file GST returns only
once every quarter
•• For nil returns to be filed, penalty reduced
to Rs 20 and for others it has been reduced
to Rs 50
•• Businesses with turnover up to Rs 1.5
crore have been exempted from GSTR-
2 and 3 and will have to file quarterly
TARGET/APPLICATION: ‘Bandhan Express’ return of GSTR-1 till the end of this fiscal.
was jointly flagged off (through video However, they will have to file the monthly
conferencing) by Indian Prime Minister GSTR-3B.
•• The GST rate fitment committee had
Narendra Modi, West Bengal Chief Minister
recommended keeping 62 items under the
Mamta Banerjee and Bangladesh Prime
28 per cent slab.
Minister Sheikh Hasina. It is a fully air- •• In 28 per cent category there should be
conditioned passenger train and will run only sin and demerit goods.
every Thursday from both Kolkata and Khulna.
‘Bandhan Express’ will cover 172 kms distance FEMA Norms Eased by RBI to
between Kolkata and Khulna in four hours. Spur Investments
More than 52 years after it was stopped,
India and Bangladesh resumed train services DATE: - 10th November, 2017
connecting Kolkata with the industrial town AGENDA/ISSUE: - To ease Investment
of Khulna, the third largest city in Bangladesh. procedure for Foreign Investors
Two railway bridges in Bangladesh built TARGET/APPLICATION: - The Reserve Bank
of India (RBI) has simplified the Foreign
with Indian funding were also opened and a
Exchange Management (Transfer or Issue
proposed international passenger terminal
of Security by a Person Resident outside
launched at the same time. India) Regulations. The Foreign Exchange
In 1965, the Barisal Express connecting Management Act (FEMA), introduced in 1999,
Kolkata to Khulna was stopped because of the has been amended 93 times.
India-Pakistan war. The Bandhan Express is The new notification combines two regulations
the first train connecting Kolkata and Khulna on foreign investments: -
after that. The train is the second between (i) Which is popularly called investment in an
the two countries. The new train also has Indian company or a partnership.
456 AC seats — 312 AC chair cars and 144 (ii) Another significant change is the
AC first-class seats. The two governments introduction of a late submission fee that
also inaugurated an international passenger could allow an investor to regularise any
terminal in Kolkata station for end-to-end contravention due to non-reporting, by paying
customs and immigration facilities. the fee.
The person/entity responsible for filing the
reports provided in regulation shall be liable
ECONOMY for payment of late submission as decided by
the Reserve Bank of India. In addition, any
23rd GST Council Meet transfer of investment from non-resident
DATE: 10th November, 2017 Indians to any non-residents has been
brought under the automatic route, subject
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide relief to small and
to reporting. RBI has been receiving such
medium enterprises overhauling GST rates
requests frequently; hence, it was decided that
TARGET/APPLICATION: 23rd meeting of the prior regulatory approval will not be needed
Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council headed any more.
EBD_7214
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SOCIAL SCIENCE & TECH. redevelopment of the ground as a modern, up-
to-date centre for holding global conferences
Pankaj Advani clinches IBSF and exhibitions has been planned.
Commencing every year on November 14, the
World Billiards Championship
fair is a showcase of India on the global stage.
The event will be closed on November 27 this
DATE: 12th November,2017
year, with the first four days being reserved for
ACHIEVEMENT: Pankaj Advani clinched his
business visitors.
17th world title after thrashing arch-rival Mike
Russell in the final of IBSF World Billiards
Championship
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
BACKGROUND: Advani beat Russell 6-2 (0-
155, 150-128, 92-151, 151-0, 151-6, 151-0,
‘She Pad’ scheme
150-58, 150-21) to defend the 150-up format DATE: 18th November, 2017
title he had won in Bengaluru in 2016. The AGENDA/ISSUE: To ensure that girl students
Indian did not have an ideal start to the best- get access to free sanitary pads.
of-11 summit clash as Russell drew first blood TARGET/APPLICATION: ‘She Pad’, a first-
with a well-crafted break of 155. of-its-kind scheme in India was launched
Advani, the winner of the maximum number by Kerala chief minister Pinarayi Vijayan to
of world titles in any sport by an Indian, provide sanitary napkins for free in about
increased his total by one more as he 300 government schools. The plan is to
dominated the remainder of the final. He expand the project to all government schools
clinically constructed lethal breaks of 151, across the state by next year. She Pad scheme
151, 151, 145 and 110 to completely dismantle aims to raise awareness about the need
his longstanding rival. for menstrual hygiene and break the taboo
Born on 24 July 1985 in Pune, Advani has around the subject. The financial cost for
been bestowed with several awards including the project, about Rs30 crore, is provided by
the Arjuna Award in 2004, Rajiv Gandhi Khel local panchayats and Kerala State Women’s
Ratna in 2006, and Padma Shri in 2009. Development Corporation.
According to the latest National Family Health
ECONOMY Survey of 2015-16, nine out of 10 young
women in Kerala already use personal hygiene
37th International Trade Fair products. Along with making sanitary pads
easily accessible, the project will also conduct
DATE: 14th November, 2017
awareness camps in various schools for boys
AGENDA/ISSUE: To showcase India at the
to create a healthy mindset on menstruation
global stage with theme “Startup India
in the opposite sex.
Standup India”
TARGET/APPLICATION: President Ram Nath
Kovind, inaugurated the 37th India International
Manushi Chhillar wins Miss World
Trade Fair (IITF) - 2017, on November 14, 2017 2017
at Pragati Maidan. The theme for ITTF 2017 DATE : 19th November, 2017
is “Startup India: Stand Up India”. Jharkhand ACHIEVEMENT: Winning the Miss World
is the partner state for the fair and Vietnam is 2017
the partner country. 7,000 participants from 22 BACKGROUND: Manushi Chhillar won the
countries are presenting their products ranging Miss World 2017 title 17 years after Priyanka
from electronics to textiles. Chopra had won the title in 2000. Chhillar
Last year, the average footfall was around 1.5 defeated 108 women across the world to
lakh people per day. This year, however, the become the sixth Indian woman to bring home
number of visitors has been capped in view the Miss World title. Other Indian women to
of the restricted space available to organize have won the Miss World crown include: Reita
the mega event. The world-class Integrated Faria (1966), Aishwarya Rai Bachchan (1994),
Exhibition-cum-Convention Centre (IECC) Diana Haydon (1997), Yukta Mookhey (1999)
is coming up at a cost of Rs 2,254 crore. The and Priyanka Chopra (2000).
EVENTS 2017 CA-209

Wage policy framework for CPSE


workers
DATE: 22nd November 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: The 8th Round of Wage
negotiations for workmen in central public
sector enterprises (CPSEs).
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Cabinet chaired
by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved
a policy framework for central public sector
Born in Sonepat, Haryana, the 20-year-old enterprises (CPSEs) to negotiate the next
round of wage revision with their workers. As
completed her high school education from St
per the decision, the sources said, management
Thomas School in New Delhi and was pursuing
of the CPSEs would be “free” to negotiate wage
a medical degree. In a recent announcement, revision for workmen where the periodicity
Haryana chief minister Manohar Lal Khattar of wage settlement of 5 years or 10 years
said that Chhillar will be given a reward of Rs “expired generally” on December 31, 2016.
6 crore by the state government. The CM also However, the government would not provide
said that the government would happily grant any budgetary support for any such wage
to her whichever office she chooses to hold, or increase, and the respective CPSEs would have
any incentive or reward she asks for, so as to to bear the entire financial implications from
promote her thinking and attitude in the state. their own resources.
Further, the management of CPSEs would have
Center signs 4 MoUs with states/ to ensure the negotiated scales of pay do not
exceed the existing scales of executives and
UTs under UDAY scheme non-unionised supervisors of the respective
Date: 20th November, 2017 companies. CPSEs would also have to make
AGENDA/ISSUE: To reduce the cost of sure any increase in wages does not result
in administered prices of their goods and
supply of power and help States/UTS to
services.
fetch incentives from Central Government for
improving power infrastructure
Shubhangi Swaroop to be
TARGET/APPLICATION: As per the terms
inducted into Indian Navy
of the MoU, Nagaland, Andaman & Nicobar
Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli& Daman & Diu DATE: 23rd November 2017
will now have access to cheaper funds for AGENDA/ISSUE: To induct more and more
capital expenditure, reduction in Aggregate women force into Indian navy
Technical and Commercial (AT&C) and TARGET/APPLICATION: In a first, Shubhangi
Swaroop, who hails from Uttar Pradesh, has
Transmission losses, interventions in energy
been inducted as a pilot in the Indian Navy.
efficiency, etc. during the period of turnaround. Three other women cadets, Astha Segal, Roopa
These measures will result in benefits of A and Sakthi Maya S, also created history by
approximately Rs. 551 crore (Nagaland), Rs. becoming the country’s first women officers
18 crore (Andaman & Nicobar Islands), Rs. 13 at the Naval Armament Inspectorate (NAI)
crore (Dadra & Nagar Haveli) and Rs. 10 crore branch of the Navy.
(Daman & Diu). The Navy’s Aviation branch has had women
These steps aimed at improving operational officers operating as air traffic control officers
efficiencies will not only reduce the cost of and as ‘observers’ in the aircraft who are
responsible for communication and weapons.
supply of power but will also help States/UTS
The NAI branch is responsible for auditing
to fetch incentives from Central Government
and assessing the state of weapons and
for improving power infrastructure. It was ammunition of the Navy. Shubhangi will be
approved and launched in November 2015. trained at the Air Force Academy at Hyderabad
27 States and 4 Union Territories had already which trains pilots of the Army, Navy and the
joined UDAY scheme till date. Air Force.
EBD_7214
CA-210 EVENTS 2017
UMANG app The new scheme is envisaged to work at
various levels. The district and block level
DATE: 24th November 2017
centres will provide support to PMMSK and
AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide an integrated
also give a foothold to Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
platform to citizen services in one-in-all app
scheme in 640 districts to be covered in a
TARGET/APPLICATION: PM Narendra Modi
phased manner. The scheme will provide an
formally launched UMANG, a state and central
interface for rural women to approach the
government services app. A user can sign up
government for availing their entitlements
on the app for services from the Employees
and for empowering them through training
Provident Fund Organisation, the Central
and capacity building.
Board of Secondary Education, Bharat Bill Pay
and others. The Ministry of Electronics and
Information Technology (MeitY) along with Global conference on cyberspace
the National e-Governance Division (NeGD) DATE: 23rd November, 2017
have developed the app, the name of which
AGENDA/ISSUE: To create a Secure and
expands to Unified Mobile Application for
Inclusive Cyberspace for Sustainable
New-age Governance.
Development.
TARGET/APPLICATION: PM Narendra
Modi will inaugurate the fifth edition of the
Global Conference on Cyber Space in Delhi,
an official statement said. GCCS is one of the
world’s largest conferences on cyber space.
The theme of the two-day conference is
Cyber4All: A Secure and Inclusive Cyberspace
for Sustainable Development.
The UMANG app has 162 services from 33 The GCCS 2017 is going to be four times
state and central government departments bigger than its previous editions in terms
and four states. Using this app, users can of its magnitude. The representatives from
locate CBSE exam centres, see school results, 124 countries will participate in the two-
calculate crop insurance premium, access soil day event. 33 ministers from various nations
health cards, book OPD appointments and dealing with the subject matter of cyber space
view lab reports from there, register and apply (ICT or similar ministries in some countries
for the PMKY program, raise EPFO claims and Foreign Ministry in others) have already
and more. It can also be used for payment of confirmed. The prestigious conference brings
various utility bills as well. together leading stakeholders to discuss
aspects relating to the world of technology.
Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti
Promulgation of ordinance to
Kendra Scheme
amend Insolvency & Bankruptcy
DATE: 22nd November 2017 Code
AGENDA/ISSUE: To empower rural women
through community participation to create an DATE: 23rd November, 2017
environment in which they realise their full AGENDA/ISSUE: To put safeguards in place
potential by prohibiting wilful defaulters from regaining
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Cabinet control of the defaulting company
Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) TARGET/APPLICATION: President Ram
approved a new scheme called ‘Pradhan Nath Kovind gave his assent to the Ordinance
Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra’ which is part of approved by the Union Cabinet to amend the
the Umbrella Scheme “Mission for Protection Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) to
and Empowerment for Women” of the strengthen the regime. The Ordinance aims
ministry of women and child development. to put safeguards in place by prohibiting
The financial outlay during 2017-18 to 2019- wilful defaulters, those associated with non-
20 will be ` 3,636.85 crore with a Central performing assets (NPAs), and the habitually
Share of approximately `3,084.96 crore. non-compliant, from regaining control of the
EVENTS 2017 CA-211

defaulting company/stressed assets through North East Development Summit


the backdoor in the garb of a ‘resolution
applicant.’
(NEDS) 2017
The sale of property to a person who is DATE: 24th November, 2017
ineligible to be a resolution applicant ... has AGENDA/ISSUE: to boost trade and
been barred. Significantly, the amendments investment in underdeveloped region of North
also provide for a fine ranging from Rs. 1 lakh East and at building confidence and altering
to Rs. 2 crore for those violating these norms. perception among visiting delegates and
A new section has been introduced in the IBC investors
that makes certain persons ineligible to be TARGET/APPLICATION: The first ever North
East Development Summit (NEDS) 2017 was
a ‘resolution applicant.’ Those being made
held in Manipur from November 21, 2017 -
ineligible include “wilful defaulters, those who
November 22, 2017. It was inaugurated by
have their accounts classified as NPAs for one
President Ram Nath Kovind and was organized
year or more and are unable to settle their
by Delhi-based think tank India Foundation in
overdue amounts include interest thereon.” collaboration with Union Government. Various
international finance agencies laid down
ECONOMY their plan for development in the region. The
summit was attended by ambassadors, high
India’s membership for European commissioners and officials from various
Bank for Reconstruction & countries including Malaysia, China, Japan,
Development Sweden, Taiwan and many more.
Around 36 companies/firms from India
DATE: 24th November, 2017 participated in addition to associations like
AGENDA/ISSUE: To enhance India’s FICCI, CII, NASSCOM, Border Trade Moreh,
international profile and promote its economic Myanmar India Business Chamber, India
interests Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce etc. The
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Union Cabinet state forest department signed four MoUs
approved India’s Membership of European -- two with the HSMM Group of Laos for
Bank for Reconstruction & Development Agarwood plantation and production of
(EBRD). Membership of European essential oil and commercial production
Development Bank would enhance India’s of orchids, one with NLR of Netherland for
international profile and promote its economic production of bio-fuels from bamboo and
interests, according to the government. one with the Tribal Cooperative Marketing
India’s investment opportunities would also Development Federation of India for minimum
get a boost. It would increase the scope of support prices for minor forest produces.
cooperation between India and European
Development Bank through co-financing SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
opportunities in manufacturing, services, IT
and energy sectors. The membership would National Nutrition Mission
help India leverage the technical assistance DATE: 1st December, 2017
and sectoral knowledge of the bank for the AGENDA/ISSUE: To monitor various schemes
benefit of development of private sector. meant for addressing malnutrition
This would open up new vistas for Indian Target/Application: The Union Cabinet
professionals on the one hand, and give a fillip has given approval for setting up of National
to Indian exports on the other. It would also Nutrition Mission (NNM) with the budget of
enable Indian nationals to get the employment Rs. 9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18.
opportunity in the Bank. The NNM, as an apex body under Ministry of
The minimum initial investment towards the Women and Child Development, will monitor,
membership of EBRD will be approximately supervise, fix targets and guide nutrition
one million euros. However, this assumption is related interventions across the Ministries.
based on India deciding to buy the minimum It will monitor various schemes contributing
number of shares (100) required for obtaining towards addressing malnutrition. It will
the membership. introduce a very robust convergence
EBD_7214
CA-212 EVENTS 2017
mechanism including ICT-based Real Time between India and UK. The first exercise was
Monitoring system. It will incentivize states/ conducted in 2013 at Belgaum, Karnataka and
UTs for meeting the targets. It will also second exercise was held in 2015 in UK.
incentivize Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for The objective of this exercise is to boost
using IT based tools. It will eliminate registers mutual cooperation and coordination between
used by AWWs. the two countries. Both armies will learn and
NNM will introduce measurement of height of share from each other’s experiences. About
children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs). It 120 army personnel from both the armies
will aid to conduct Social Audits. It will set-up participated in exercise. 20 Rajputana Rifles
Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses unit of Indian Army and first battalion of
through Jan Andolan for their participation the Royal Anglian Regiment of UK Army
on nutrition through various activities, among had participated in the exercise. The 14-
others. It will be rolled out in three phases day exercise was conducted in multiple
from 2017-18 to 2019-20. modes nodules in order to achieve complete
integration between two contingents at every
Agri-Business Consortium stage. The exercise provided field commanders
and troops and opportunity to interact with
DATE: 1st December each other in matters professional, social and
AGENDA/ISSUE: To link small farmers to cultural.
agricultural value chain
TARGET/APPLICATION: The 22nd meeting Techno-commercial agreement
of Board of Management of Small Farmers’
Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC) was
between India and Spain
held in New Delhi. It was chaired by Union DATE: 2nd December, 2017
Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister AGENDA/ISSUE: To provide institutional
Radha Mohan Singh. Various activities of SFAC mechanism for mutual cooperation in field of
were evaluated during the meeting. SFAC is urban transport
an autonomous body promoted by Union Target/Application: India and Spain have
Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation and signed techno-commercial agreement to
Farmers’ Welfare. It was established in 1994 provide institutional mechanism for mutual
and is registered under Societies Registration cooperation in field of urban transport and
Act 1860. It is also registered as Non-Banking for construction of the three Regional Rapid
Financial Institution (NBFC) by Reserve Bank Transit System (RRTS). Three RRTS corridors
of India (RBI). Delhi-Meerut Smart Line, Delhi – Panipat
SFAC’s fundamental objective is to link small Smart Line and Delhi- Alwar Smart Line have
farmers to agricultural value chain, which been prioritised for implementation in the
includes investments, technology and markets first phase. RRTS is first of its kind project in
in association with private, corporate or India, with design speed of 180 kmph. It will
cooperative sector. It also provides capital use state-of-the-art technologies for track
support in form of Venture Capital Assistance structure, rolling stock and signalling system.
(VCA) and Project Development Facility (PDF) The three RRTS corridors will significantly
for economic inclusion of small and marginal reduce travel time between important NCR
farmers in agribusiness activities. towns. On completion, RRTS will emerge
as fastest, comfortable and safe mode of
Indo-UK combined military transport in NCR.
exercise The agreement will enable availability of
technical advice on main issues, besides
DATE: 1st December, 2017
providing training and collaboration in
AGENDA/ISSUE: To promote military
technical areas of track, signalling, rolling
cooperation between India and Great Britain
stock, multi-modal integration, safety, station
TARGET/APPLICATION: The Combined
design etc. It will also provide institutional
Military exercise ‘Ajeya Warrior- 2017’
mechanism for mutual cooperation in
between India and Great Britain was conducted
field of urban transport and especially in
at Mahajan Field Firing Range near Bikaner,
implementation of RRTS project.
Rajasthan. It was third joint military exercise
EVENTS 2017 CA-213

INDIA AMONG TOP 3 FDI DESTINATIONS: UNCTAD


The World Investment Report 2017 published by UNCTAD has stated India to be the
sustained favourite destination for FDI, in spite of tax related concerns being a deterrent
for foreign investors. The top three favourite destinations for FDI are the US, China and
India.
• The report focuses on trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) worldwide, at the
regional and country levels.
• The report has stated the likely boost in investors’ confidence to be owed to improved
economic outlook in major economies, such as ASEAN, China and India; which has
propped up the region’s FDI prospects for 2017.
• New liberalisation efforts continue to improve the investment climate in India.
• Cross-border merger and acquisition deals have become increasingly important for
foreign multinational enterprises to enter the rapidly-growing Indian market.
• The reduced round-tripping FDI is said to be contributed to the signing of a tax treaty
by India and Mauritius in May 2016.
• Government is consistent in smoothing the policies such as taxation reform, easing
the exit policy to name a few.
• Government attracts investment through establishment of Special Economic Zones
(SEZs).
• Investment is also determined to grow in logistics after the status of infrastructure
being given to it by the GOI.
• The investment by NRIs under Schedule 4 of FEMA Regulations will be deemed to be
domestic investment at par with investment made by residents.
Further, the digitisation of economy by GOI intends to reduce corruption to zero and
thereby induce transparency in the system.

BANK RECAPITALIZATION PLAN


The Government of India’s decisive package to restore the health of the Indian banking
system seems a monumental step forward in safeguarding the country’s economic future.
This proposed recapitalization package of ` 2.11 trillion for the state-owned banks
removes one of the key supply-side hurdles of credit growth.
• A well-capitalized banking and financial intermediation system is a prerequisite for
stable economic growth.
• This will be an ideal step to counter the likely increase in stressed advances,
particularly consortium loans.
• There is bound to be some impact on centre’s finances as interest costs are reflected
in the books along with an increase in aggregate debt levels.
• The deployment of recapitalization bonds will front-load capital injections and
stagger the attendant fiscal implications over a period of time.
• It will involve the participation of private shareholders of public sector banks and it
would ensure that the parts of the capital needs be met by market funding.
• It will also allow for a calibrated approach where such banks will be given priority
that have better addressed their balance-sheet issues and are in a position to use
fresh capital injection for immediate credit creation.
• This provides a good way of bringing some market discipline into a public
recapitalization program in comparison to past such programs.
• Moreover, the implementation of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code is helping
resolve the underlying corporate stress and is also helpful in culminating into the
recapitalization plan.
Economic history proves that healthy banks can only lead to healthy firms and borrowers
further creating a virtuous cycle of investment and job creation.
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FINO PAYMENT BANKS


Fino Payments Bank has become the fourth payment bank to start operations this year.
Fino was originally formed as a domestic remittance and payments company under the
guidance of ICICI Bank and later became an independent entity expertising in domestic
remittance and digital payments. It aims to become the first profitable payments bank
following a multi-product, multi-platform and partnership strategy that adds tremendous
value to the customers.
• The key to achieving meaningful financial inclusion is offering customised, affordable
and relevant micro products and FINO works with its partner banks in their financial
inclusion efforts.
• Fino Paytech provides banks with a branchless avenue of offering banking products
to customers.
• It went live with 410 branches and over 25,000 touch points on day one itself.
• Some of its banking points are BPCL outlets which help gain access to remote
geographies of the country.
• The bank will offer full range banking services that goes on including current and
savings accounts, remittances, BC lending, mobile banking through BPay app, life and
general insurance and bill payments.
• BPay is the extension of its already existing wallet in same name that was launched
in December 2016. Now it’s upgraded and enables simple, paperless and convenient
banking that facilitates bill payments, recharges, fund transfers and buying insurance
either through wallet or bank account.
• The bank offers instant account opening and also allows customers to avail banking
services anywhere, anytime and through any platform.
• Customised FD and RD products allow customers to enhance their asset base and
save wisely for future financial needs.
• It also presents pre-closure, part closure (in case of FD) and pre-closure (in case of
RD) in emergency cases.

INDIA TO TOP GLOBAL REMITTANCE CHART IN 2017


As per a report published by the global lender ahead of the annual summit of the IMF
and the World Bank, the position of India as top remittances receiving nation is likely to
continue in the backdrop of its Diaspora set to pump a whopping USD 65 billion in the
year 2017. The remittances which include flows to high-income countries are projected to
grow by 3.9% to USD 596 billion.
• In 2016, India received remittances amounting to USD 62.7 billion.
• Remittances to India will grow by 4.2 per cent in 2017 to USD 65 billion, following a
decline of nine per cent in 2016.
• It is further expected to grow at 2.5 per cent in 2018.
• The economic deceleration in the GCC has badly impacted migrant worker flows from
South Asia region to the Gulf countries.
• The number of Indian workers migrating to Saudi Arabia dropped from 306,000 in
2015 to 162, 000 in 2016.
• Those going to the UAE decreased from 225,000 in 2015 to 159,000 in 2016.
• Total Indian worker outflows fell from 781, 000 in 2015 to 506,000 in 2016.
• After India, the top four remittances receiving countries are China, Philippines,
Mexico and Nigeria.
• The recovery in remittance flows is driven by relatively stronger growth in European
Union, Russian Federation and the United States.
Remittances are a lifeline for developing countries; this is particularly true following
natural disasters, such as the recent earthquakes in Mexico and the storms devastating
the Caribbean.
EVENTS 2017 CA-215

INDIA TO SURPASS CHINA AS FASTEST-GROWING OIL MARKET IN ASIA


A recent research by Moody’s suggests that India on back of 6 per cent demand growth,
will surpass China as the fastest-growing Asian market for petroleum products in 2018.
This is also said to be contributed due to China’s lacklustre growth in the sector.
• As the Chinese economic activity dials back, it is expected that its refined product
demand growth will moderate to 2.5-3 per cent in 2017-18.
• The oil sector relies on China and increasingly on India.
• As per the American energy information administration projections, the demand for
petroleum products in the Asia Pacific will rise a modest 2 per cent or 0.7 million
barrels per day to 34.6 million bpd in 2018.
• The report also foretells calmness in the refining margin rates in both China and
India.
• The recent economic slump in India if continues for long, can deteriorate India’s
prospects to emerge as the Asian leader in this sector. But, it is also a thing to note
that the similar economic uncertainty looms over China as well.
• Transport fuels, diesel and gasoline which make up about 60 per cent of the product
portfolio of Asian refineries, will continue to do well on refining margins owing to the
staying back of global crude oil prices below $60 per barrel.
• The average Asian refining margin is estimated to stay firm over the next 12-18
months at below $8 per barrel.

NO NEED TO STAND UP IN CINEMA HALLS TO PROVE PATRIOTISM: SC


“Standing up for the National Anthem at movie theatres is not a true test of patriotism”, the
Supreme Court said on 23 October 2017. It ended the debate by stating that patriotism is
a sentiment that’s personal.
• The SC said that the rules that require the national anthem to be played before every
movie screening can be modified but the government needs to take a call on this
rather than “shooting from the court’s shoulder”.
• The court also observed that it can’t be assumed that if a person does not stand up for
national anthem, then he is “less patriotic”.
• The SC bench indicated that it may modify its order of December 1, 2016, by which
the playing of the anthem was made compulsory in the cinema theatres before the
screening of a movie, and it may replace the word “shall” with “may”.
• The contention was strongly invalidated by Justice Chandrachud, who stated that
patriotism is instilled by a larger democratic and political process, not by making the
national anthem mandatory in cinema hills.
• It asked the centre to clarify if they are willing to amend the flag code along with the
bringing of legislation.
• The court had said that fundamental duties in the Constitution “do not allow any
different notion or the perception of individual rights that have individual thought,
have no space”.
• It also said about fixing proper norms and protocol regarding its playing and singing
at official functions and programmes where those holding constitutional office are
present.
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MOODY’S UPGRADES INDIA RATING


• Moody’s lifted India’s rating to Baa2 from Baa3 and changed its rating outlook to
stable from positive.
• Moody’s Investors Service raised India’s sovereign rating for the first time since
2004.
• The rupee, bonds and stocks rallied after the ratings firm upgraded India to Baa2
from Baa3.
• It said reforms pushed through by PM Modi will help stabilize rising levels of debt.
• That’s a one-level shift from the lowest investment-grade ranking and puts India in
line with the Philippines and Italy.
• The upgrade could prove to be a big win for ruling party BJP, which is facing elections
in Gujarat in December.
• The rupee surged as much as 1 percent to 64.67 per dollar in Mumbai.
• Markets welcomed the move, with the Sensex rising over 400 points on 17 November
at 33,520 and the Nifty gaining 120 points.
• PM Modi has pushed through sweeping reforms, with mixed results.
• The World Bank has acknowledged it’s getting easier to do business in India, with
Asia’s third-largest economy jumping 30 places to rank 100th in the latest ranking
released last month.
• While India’s high debt burden remains a constraint on the country’s credit profile,
Moody’s believes that the reforms put in place have reduced the risk of a sharp
increase in debt.
• It noted most of the measures will take time for their impact to be felt, while some
-- such as GST and demonetization -- have undermined growth in the near term.
• Moody’s forecast GDP growth of 6.7 percent for the fiscal year ended March 2018,
with a pick up to 7.5 percent in the following year and “similarly robust” levels from
2019 onward.

INTERNATIONAL
and allied sectors which include agricultural
POLITY research, animal husbandry and dairy,
livestock and fisheries horticulture and
MoU between India and Kenya in natural resource management.
agriculture and allied sectors
It also includes post-harvest management
DATE: 4th January 2017 and marketing, irrigation farming systems
PLACE: New Delhi development, soil and conservation, water
AGENDA/ISSUE : Approval of a Memorandum management and integrated watershed
of Understanding (MoU) between India and development integrated pest management,
Kenya on bilateral cooperation in the field of agricultural plant, machinery and implements,
agriculture and allied sectors. sanitary and phytosanitary issues.

AoC between India and Portugal


in agriculture and allied sectors
DATE: 4th January 2017
PLACE: New Delhi
TARGET/APPLICATION: The MoU covers AGENDA/ISSUE: Approval for signing of an
various activities in the field of agriculture Agreement for Cooperation (AoC) between
EVENTS 2017 CA-217

India and Portugal in the field of Agriculture The declaration recalls the potential of
and allied sectors. tourism sector to advance the universal 2030
TARGET/APPLICATION : The AoC covers Agenda for Sustainable Development and 17
various activities including trade in plants Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
and plant products, exchange of scientific
and technical information, exchange of
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
information in phytosanitary issues, training
74th Golden Globe Awards
programmes, etc.
It provides constitution of a Joint Working DATE: 8th January 2017
Group (JWG) comprising of representatives PLACE: The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills,
from both countries to monitor the California
implementation of the present MoU. AGENDA/ISSUE : To honour the best in film
and American television of 2016
ECONOMY TARGET/APPLICATION : The critically-
acclaimed musical La La Land broke the
India and Kazakhstan sign
record for most wins by any one film. It won
Protocol to amend DTAC all seven of the categories it was nominated
DATE: 6th January 2017 in, including a Best Actor statuette for Ryan
Gosling, Best Actress for Emma Stone and
PLACE: New Delhi
Best Director for its auteur Damian Chazelle.
AGENDA/ISSUE : Signing of a Protocol to
On the television side, The Crown took home
amend the existing Double Taxation Avoidance Netflix’s first trophy for best drama, while
Convention (DTAC). star Claire Foy won for best actress in a drama
series. Donald Glover took the stage twice,
with Atlanta winning best comedy series and
Glover himself winning for best actor in a
comedy. Meryl Streep was announced as the
Cecil B. DeMille Lifetime Achievement Award
honouree. Actor and talk-show host Jimmy
Fallon was announced as the host of the
ceremony on August 2, 2016.

TARGET/APPLICATION : Provides January 10: World Hindi Day


internationally accepted standards for
effective exchange of information on tax DATE: 10th January 2017
matters. Further, allows tax authorities to PLACE: All across the world.
share information with other law enforcement AGENDA/ISSUE: To honour the Indo-Aryan
agencies with prior authorisation. language.

2017 as the International Year


of Sustainable Tourism for
Development
DATE: 5th January 2017
PLACE: New York
AGENDA/ISSUE: Sustainable tourism for
Development
TARGET/APPLICATION: INTERNATIONAL
TARGET/APPLICATION : The World Hindi
TOURISM The United Nations (UN) General
Day is observed every year on 10 January.
Assembly has approved the adoption of
On this occasion, Union Ministry of External
2017 as the International Year of Sustainable
Tourism for Development. Affairs (MEA) conducted special events
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CA-218 EVENTS 2017
to spread the greatness of the language developmental activities and aid in third world
through its missions abroad. Besides, the countries. The MoU has been signed between
Department of Official Language (Rajbhasha) the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC),
also organises several events to mark this day. and Development Partnership Administration
World Hindi Day was observed for the first (DPA) of the Ministry of External Affairs of
time on 10 January 2006. India. MCC is a US agency providing eligible
countries with grants to fund country-led
solutions for reducing poverty through
India-CERT inks MoU with US- sustainable economic growth. DPA looks
CERT after implementation of India’s development
cooperation programmes with partner
DATE: 12th January, 2017
countries.
PLACE: New Delhi
AGENDA/ISSUE: For close cooperation and SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
exchange of information pertaining to cyber
security. Pakistan test fires Babur-3 Cruise
TARGET/APPLICATION : India and USA have Missile
signed a Memorandum of Understanding
(MoU) between the Indian Computer DATE: 9th January 2017 (International-
Emergency Response Team (CERT- In) under Political)
the Ministry of Electronics and Information PLACE: Pakistan
technology of the Government of India AGENDA/ISSUE: Nuclear Threat
and the Department of Homeland Security, TARGET/APPLICATION :
Government of the United States of America Defence
on cooperation in the field of cyber Security. Pakistan test-fired the first submarine-launched
The MoU intends to promote closer co- Cruise-Missile Babur-3 from an undisclosed
operation and the exchange of information location in Indian Ocean, on 9th January, 2017.
pertaining to the Cyber Security in accordance The missile was fired from an underwater
with the relevant laws, rules and regulations mobile platform. This launch gives Pakistan
a credible second-strike capability. A second
of each economy and this Memorandum of
strike capability is a country’s assured ability
Understanding (MoU) and on the basis of
to respond to a nuclear attack with powerful
equality, reciprocity and mutual benefit.
nuclear retaliation against the attacker.

ECONOMY
SLCM Babur-3 is a sea-based variant of Ground
India, US ink MoU for Launched Cruise Missile (GLCM) Babur-2.
It has been named after the first Mughal
collaboration in third world
Emperor Zahir-ud-Din Babur. It has a range of
countries 450km.
DATE: 13th January 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE : To collaborate in the fields India becomes associate member
of developmental activities and aid in third of CERN
world countries.
DATE: 16th January 2017
TARGET/APPLICATION : India and the US
PLACE: Geneva, France
have signed a MoU to collaborate in the fields of
EVENTS 2017 CA-219

AGENDA/ISSUE: Scientific collaborations and AGENDA/ISSUE: Trump’s inauguration as


cooperation President of the United States
TARGET/APPLICATION: India became an TARGET/APPLICATION : Donald John Trump
Associate member of CERN after the Indian was inaugurated as the 45th president of the
government completed its internal approval United States on 20TH January 2017. Chief
procedures in respect of the agreement it Justice John Roberts administered the oath
had signed with CERN on November 21, of office, which was witnessed by Trump’s
2016. Membership in CERN programmes is a wife, the First Lady Melania Trump. Mike
triumph story of scientific collaborations and Pence, vice president, was also sworn in
cooperation where researchers from large front of a crowd of hundreds of thousands.
number of national Institutes and Universities The Joint Congressional Committee on
from India work together in forming active Inaugural Ceremonies chose the inaugural
collaborations in the pursuit of fundamental theme, “Uniquely American”, a phrase that
knowledge, achieving scientific and was meant to highlight the opening ceremony
engineering breakthrough as well as training as “a uniquely American expression of our
the next generation of scientists. Constitutional system.” Approximately
160,000 people attended the public ceremony
held on the West Front of the United States
POLITY Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. Trump
along with being the oldest and wealthiest
Second Raisina Dialogue person inaugurated as the president of USA;
DATE: 19-21 January 2017 he is the first without previous military or
governmental service experience to hold the
PLACE: New Delhi
office. During the oath taking ceremony, Trump
AGENDA/ISSUE: Conference of geopolitics placed his hand on two Bibles held by his wife,
and geo-economics one given to him by his mother in 1955 just
TARGET/APPLICATION : The second edition before his ninth birthday and another used by
of Raisina Dialogue was held from January 19- Abraham Lincoln in 1861 and again by Obama
21, 2017. It was inaugurated by PM Narendra in 2009 and 2013. The inauguration was
Modi, with 69 nations participating. More accompanied by protests in the United States
than 250 representatives of 65 nations are and other countries. He is a former reality TV
participating in the second Raisina Dialogue. star whose campaign dominated headlines
With a theme of “New Normal: Multi- with his shocking comments on minorities,
lateralism with Multi-Polarity”, the meet was women and rival politicians.
focussed on deliberate on strategic issues
including new challenges and cyber security. ECONOMY
It was held in the shadows World Economic
Forum 2017 in Davos, where Chinese Bengaluru ranked world’s most
president Xi Jinping also spoke. Notable was dynamic city: JLL Index
the absence of head of states of Bangladesh
and Sri Lanka. Raisina Dialogue is a yearly DATE: 18th January 2017
conference held in New Delhi, envisioned to be PLACE: Chicago, USA
India’s flagship conference of geopolitics and AGENDA/ISSUE: To track the speed of change
geo-economics. The conference, organized like of a city’s economy and commercial real estate
the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, is held market
jointly by Ministry of External Affairs, India TARGET/APPLICATION : Bengaluru has
and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF), been ranked the most dynamic city in the
an independent think tank based in India. world, ahead of Silicon Valley and Boston in
Its opening session was held from March 1
the US, in a study by independent property
through 3rd in 2016.
consultancy Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL). The
Donald Trump Sworn In as top 10 cities in 2017 CMI (City Momentum
Index) include Bengaluru (India), Ho Chi Minh
President of the United States
City (Vietnam), Silicon Valley (US), Shanghai
DATE: 20th January 2017 (China), Hyderabad (India), London (UK),
PLACE: Washington, D.C. Austin (US), Hanoi (Vietnam), Boston (US)
EBD_7214
CA-220 EVENTS 2017
and Nairobi (Kenya). Bengaluru’s positioning the Transparency International organisation.
has been particularly driven by its successful India’s score marginally improved from 38 in
transitioning to higher-value manufacturing 2015 to 40 in 2016. In 2012 India had a score
and service-based activities. JLL’s CMI tracks of 36.
the swiftness of change of a city’s economy
and commercial real estate market. It covers SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH.
134 major established and emerging business
hubs and identifies cities that have the 70th BAFTA Awards 2017
potential to maintain the greatest dynamism DATE: 12th February 2017
over the short and long term. PLACE: Royal Albert Hall in London
AGENDA/ISSUE: To honour the best British
SOCIAL/SCIENCE & TECH. and international contributions to film in 2016

Japan launches first military


communications satellite
DATE: 24th January, 2017
PLACE: Tanegashima space port aboard
AGENDA/ISSUE: To boost the broadband
capacity of its Self Defence Forces.
TARGET/APPLICATION ; Japan launched its
first military communications satellite on 24th TARGET/APPLICATION: The 70th British
January 2017 to boost the broadband capacity Academy Film Awards, more commonly known
of its Self Defence Forces as they strengthen as the BAFTAs, were held on 12 February
2017 at the Royal Albert Hall in London, to
an island chain stretching along the southern
honour the best British and international
edge of the East China Sea. The satellite lifted
contributions to film in 2016. The awards
off from Japan’s Tanegashima space port
were presented by the British Academy of Film
aboard an H-IIA rocket at 0744 GMT and and Television Arts (BAFTA) and the accolades
successfully entered orbit. were handed out for the best feature-length
film and documentaries of any nationality
POLITY screened at British cinemas in 2016. The
nominees were announced on 10 January
India ranks 79 in Corruption 2017 and the winners were announced on 12
Perception Index February 2017.

DATE: 27th January, 2017 59th Grammy awards 2017


PLACE: University of Passau, Germany
DATE: 12th February, 2017
AGENDA/ISSUE: Annual ranking of countries
PLACE: Staples Center in Los Angeles
by their perceived levels of corruption, as
AGENDA/ISSUE: Recognition of the best
determ