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IS MIX DESIGN

A. Design considerations
compressive strength req at 28
40 Mpa
days
Grade of Cement 53
Maximum Size of aggragate 20 mm
Shape of aggregate Angular III
Degree of workability 0.8 CF
Type of Exposure Very severe Result:
B.Test data for Materials Water Cement FA CA
specific gravity of cement 3.15 Per bag of
Specific gravity of C.A 2.65 cement (kg) 18.75 50.00 42.44 133.13
Specific gravity of F.A 2.65 Per m3 (kg) 182.42 486.49 412.95 1295.4
Water absorbtion Ratio 0.37 1.00 0.85 2.66
CA 0.5 %
Note:Since cement content exceeds 450kg/m3,
FA 1 % special considerations should be given in design
Free surface moisture to the increased risk of cracking due to drying
CA 0 shrinkage in thin sections, or to early thermal
cracking and to the risk of damage to alkali silica
FA 2 % reaction
C.Target mean strength
Assumed standard deviation as per IS 456 2000 for M 40 grade concrete is 5 N/mm2
So fck = fck + 1.65 x s = 48.25 Mpa
D.selection of water cement ratio
The water cement ratio required for the target mean strength of 48.25 Mpa is 0.37.
This is lower than the maximum value of 0.4 prescribed for Very severe exposure as per IS 456 2000
So adopt W/C ratio as 0.37
E.Selection of water and sand content

For 20 mm maximum size agg, sand conforming to grading zone II, water content per cubic
metre of concrete = 180 kg and sand content as % of total agg by absolute volume = 25 %
water content = 180 / m3 of concrete
Sand content as % of total agg by total vol = 25
Correction for water & sand content in total aggregate
Water
conditions content % of sand in total agg
sand conforming
to grading Zone
III 0 -1.5
correction for
compaction factor 0 0 0.0
correction for W/C
ratio 0 0.4 0.02
For Angular
aggregate 0 0.0 0.4
Total 0 -1.1
Therefore, req sand content as % of total agg by absol vol = 23.9 %
Req water content = 180 /m3
F.Determination of cement content
W/C ratio = 0.37
Water = 180 litre
Therefore, cement 486.49 kg/m3
This cement content is adeaquate for Very severe exposue condition
G.Determination of coare and fine aggregate
fa = 408.86 kg/m3
Ca = 1301.87 kg/m3
The mix proportion then becomes
Water lit Cement kg FA kg CA kg
180 486.5 409 1301.9
0.37 1.00 0.84 2.68
The Actual quantities req for the mix per bag of cement
18.5 50.00 42.02 133.8
Correction for water & sand content in the above designed mix
1. For W/C ratio of 0.37, Quantity = 180 litres of water for one m3
2. Extra quantity of water to be added for absorbtion in case of CA, at 0.5% by mass = 6.51 litres
3. Extra quantity of water to be added for absorbtion in case of FA, at 1% by mass = 4.09 litres
4.Quantity of water to be deducted for moisture present in FA, at 2 by mass = 8.18 litres
5.Quantity of water to be deducted for moisture present in CA, at by mass = 0 litres

Actual quantity of water required to be added = 182.42 litres


Actual qauantity of FA required after allowing for free moisture = 412.95 kgs
Actual quantity of CA required after allowing for free moisture = 1295.36
Therefore, the actual quantities of different constituents req for one bag of cement

Water 182.42 kg/m3


Cement 486.49 kg/m3
FA 412.95 kg/m3
CA 1295.4 kg/m3

Result:
Water Cement FA CA
Per bag of
cement 18.75 50.00 42.44 133.13
(kg)
Per m3 (kg) 182.42 486.49 412.95 1295.4
Ratio 0.37 1.00 0.85 2.66
Grade Exposure Zone
10 Mild I

15 Moderate II
20 Severe III
25 Very sever IV
30 Extreme
35
40
45
50

RCC
Mini maximu mini
Exposure cement m free grade of
content W/C conc
Mild 300 0.55 20
Moderate 300 0.5 25
Severe 320 0.45 30
Very sever 340 0.45 35
Extreme 360 0.4 40

340 0.4
0.29 35

Max size <= M 35


of Water content
Aggregat including surface
e water /m3 of concrete
10 mm 200

20 mm 186
40 mm 165

> M 35

10 mm 200

20 mm 180

186

f
<= M 35 186
f
180
> M 35 180

180

Approximate entrapped air con


10 mm 3
20 mm 2
40 mm 1
2

6.51
4.09 182.42
8.18 412.95
0 1295.4
Size of Agg. Shape Grade
10 mm Round 33

20 mm Angular 43
40 mm 53

s
standard 5 43 grade 53 grade 33 Grade
deviation W/C W/C W/C
0.365 40 0.4 45 0.356 30.00
0.4 36 0.45 40 0.4 28.00
0.485 30 0.5 34 0.45 25.00
0.556 20 0.55 28 0.5 22.00

0.29 0.6 23 0.55 18.00


0.373 0.07

not mild condition 0.29 0.373 0.1


not `moderate condition
not severe condition 0.370
0.4
not extreme condition

sand as % of total
aggregate by
absolute volume
40

35
30

28

25

35 correction

f 0.35
35 0.02
f
25
25

25

486.5 C
180 W 4.184 1/P
154.44 C/SC 408.8646 Fa
4.184 1/P 1 Sca/Sfa
0.38 1/Sfa 1301.866
545.7662 Fa
1.1962
0.98
a 334.44
b 1.578906
980
bx 645.56
x 408.8646