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ME 434 Quiz no.

Name: _____________________________ _________ Date: ___________________


Identification. Choose your answers from the WORD BANK.
1. A microstructural feature representing a disruption in the perfect arrangement of atoms or ions in crystalline
materials
2. A material comprised of one or many small crystals or grains
3. A material having the same properties in all directions
4. A polymeric material that is typically amorphous but can become partially crystalline when an electric field is
applied
5. The characteristic of an element being able to exist in more than one crystal structure, depending on
temperature and pressure
6. A material that has no long range order or no crystal structure
7. Locations between normal atoms or ions in a crystal into which another (usually different) atom or ion is placed
8. The statement that says “ the maximum packing fraction with spheres of uniform size could not exceed
 / 18 ”
9. A subdivision of the lattice that still retains the overall characteristics of the entire lattice
10. A regular repetitive arrangement of atoms in a solid which extends over a very large distance
11. An element or compound typically added to enhance the properties or processing of a material
12. Preparation of metallic sample of a material by polishing and etching so that the structure can be examined in
a microscope
13. The deformation that is fully recovered when the stress causing it is removed
14. A measure of the size of the grains in a crystalline material obtained by counting the number of grains per
square inch at magnification x100
15. A line imperfection in a crystalline material
16. A heat treatment that is conducted to lower the dislocation density and impart ductility
17. The level of stress above which a material begins to show permanent deformation
18. An instrument that, by passing an electron beam through a material, can detect microscopic structural features
of that material
19. Elements or compounds that find their way into the material and typically having a deleterious or harmful effect
on the properties of the material
20. A collection of points that divide a space into smaller equally sized segments

WORD BANK:
Dopant Unit Cell Defect Elastic deformation Plastic deformation Lattice Kepler’s conjecture

Crystalline material Bravais lattices Isotropic material Impurities Long range order Allotropy

Liquid crystal Transmission electron microscope Amorphous material Metallography Interstitial site

Annealing Dislocation Miller indices ASTM grain size number Yield strength Atomic number
ANSWERS:
1. Defect 11. Dopant

2. Crystalline Material 12. Metallography

3. Isotropic Material 13. Elastic deformation

4. Liquid Crystal 14. ASTM grain size number

5. Allotropy 15. Dislocation

6. Amorphous Material 16. Annealing

7. Interstitial site 17. Yield strength

8. Kepler’s conjecture 18. Transmission Electron Microscope

9. Unit cell 19. Impurities

10. Long range order 20. Lattice