You are on page 1of 8

lgikIf ;dfrf/ / k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu

www.janakhabar.com
x]g{ ge'Ng'xf]nf .

jif{ !@, c+s @^, @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/ (May 5, 2019) d"No ?= !).–
;'Gg ge'Ng'xf]nf .
g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] r]tfjgL ‘k|wfgdGqL ls bdssf] d]o/ <’
sf7df8f}F . k|wfgdGqL s]kL zdf{ s]lGb|t /xL bh{gf}+ ljsf;] of]hgf

‘kqsf/ cfj/0fsf bnfn / kf6La{ f6 lgisfl;t em0' 8x? k|ofu] u/]/ k|rf/ o'4 grnfp’
cf]nLn] /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]unfO{ cfk"m l;kmfl/; u/]sf] eGb} cfnf]rgf ePsf]
lgjf{lrt ePsf] If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu xf] . k|dv
' k|ltkIf bn g]kfnL sfFu;
]| n]
eGb} ljleGg of]hgf kfg{ l;kmfl/; k|wfgdGqLsf] of] z}nLk|lt cfklQ

sf7df8f}F . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] dl;gf] u/L lgofnL /x]sf] lbPsf] k|rf/ ul/ /x]sf 5g\ . qmflGt ePsf] g]skfsf] egfO{ 5 .
kf6L{n] sf/jfxL u/]sf kqsf/nfO{ a'lemPsf] 5 . s]xL ;do cl3 g]kfn / kf6L{sf] cfjZostfdf g]tfx?sf] Pp6f qmflGtsf/L / hgtfsf]
k|of]u u/]/ ;/sf/n] k|rf/ o'4 sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf k|jQmf k|sf08lj?4 sfo{ laefhgdf x]/km]/ x'g' gf}nf] kf6L{ x'gs ' f] gftfn] g]kfn sDo'lg:6
rnfO{/x]sf] 7f]s'jf u/]sf] 5 . p;n] cgu{n k|rf/df plqPsfx? clxn] gePsf] t/ To;}nfO{ clt/lGht kf6L{ k | l t cfd ;+ r f/sdL{ ,
qmflGtsf/L / hgtfsf] kf6L{ g]kfn k|sf08nfO{ dWo sdfG8sf] lhDd]jf/L agfP/ k|rf/ k|;f/ ug{' cfklQhgs ;+rf/dfWodn] rf;f] /fVg' :jfefljs
sDo'lg:6 kf6L{lj?4 e|dsf] v]lt ug]{ ePsf] t/ ;/sf/sf] ;'/fsL ag]sf
kqsf/ cfj/0fsf bnfn / kf6L{af6 kqsf/ cfj/0f bnfn / kf6L{n] u/]kl5 of] ljifo ljjfbdf tflgPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . p;n] k|wfgdGqL cf]nL
lgisfl;t em'08x?nfO{ k|of]u u/]/ sf/aflx u/] / lgisfl;t u/] s f 5 . d'ns
' s} k|wfgdGqLn] cfk"m lgjf{lrt bdssf] d]o/sf] x}l;otdf cf]ln{Psf]
k|rf/ o'4 grnfpg ;/sf/nfO{ em'08n] lgof]lht ?kdf kf6L{ / To;sf] ePsf] If]qsf] ljsf;sf nfludfq -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
r]tfjgL ;d]t lbPsf] 5 . s]xL ;do g]t[Tjlj?4 u/]sf] laifadg s'g}
cuf8L kf6L{ k|jQmf k|sf08nufotsf
g]tfx?lj?4 ePsf] e|fds ;dfrf/sf]
xfntdf ;}Xo gx'g] g]skfn] atfPsf]
5 . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ qmflGtsf/L
kf“r kqsf/ ;+u7g Psh'6
v]lt ug]{x? clxn] ctflng yfn]sf] / hgtfsf] kf6L{ ePsf]n] p;sf] x/]s k|;] sf7df8f}
tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] kIfdf cfGbf]ng rsf{pg]
F . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;/sf/ sf7df8f}dF f cfh ePsf] kqsf/ ;Da4
a'lemPsf] 5 . pgLx?n] of]hgfa4 sfo{ g]kfnL hgtfn] Wofg k'j{s
9+ u n] qmflGtsf/L / hgtfsf] lgofnL /x]sf 5g\\ eg] of] kf6L{ / kIfaf6 k|;] tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] % ;+3;+u7gx? dxTjk"0f{ a}7sn]
kf6L{ l j?4 laif adg ub} { cfd g] t [ T jk| l t ul/Psf] b' : k| r f/ /
hgtfdf e|d 5g\{] sf]l;; u/]sf lyP . laifadg klg g]kfnL hgtfn] lgofnL
g] k fn sDo' l g:6 kf6L{ n ] cfˆgf] /x]sf 5g\ / ;doqmd;+u} oL ;a}
kf6L{lj?4 kqsf/ cfj/0fsf bnfn s'/fsf] k'li6 g]kfnL hgtfn] vf]Hg] /
/ kf6L{af6 lgisfl;t em'08x?n] k'li6 ug{ g;Sg] tTjx?nfO{ g]kfnL
;'lgof]lht ?kdf e|d km}nfpb} cfPsf] hgtfn] bl08t ug]{ klg p;n]
atfpb} cfPsf] 5 . p;n] o:tf atfPsf] 5 .
em'08x? jt{dfg bnfn ;Qfsf] ;'/fsL o;}aLr, g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf
ePsf] / pgLx?sf] z+sf:kb ultlalw kf]ln6Ao"/f] ;b:o Pj+ k"jL{ sdf08
OGrfh{ clgn zdf{ lj/xLn] kf6L{n] s'l07t u/fpg] v]n rln/x]sf] eGb} % kl5Nnf] ;do ;/sf/ k|]; tyf

ljKnj g]tT[ jsf] kf6Ld{ fly k|ltaGw nufpg' ;+ljwfg ljkl/t sf/jfxL u/]sf kqsf/nfO{ k|of]u u/]/
-af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
kqsf/ ;+3 ;+u7gx? Psh'6 eO{
bafad"ns cfGbf]ng ug]{ ePsf 5g\\ .
cleJolQm :jtGqtf k|lt cg'bf/ x'bF }
-af“ s L clGtd k] h df_

sf7df8f}F . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{


qmflGtsf/L dfcf]jfbLsf dxf;lrj
df]xg j}B …ls/0fÚn] ljKnj g]tT[ jsf]
bnnfO{ k|ltaGw nufpg] Joj:yf st}
5}g,Ú pgn] eg], …hlt s'/f ljKnjhLn]
p7fpg'ePsf] 5 tL ;a} /fhgLlts
ljKnj;Fu jftf{ ug{ vf; Wofg glbPsf]
l6Kk0fL u/] . …jftf{df af]nfpgsf
nflu dfq} af]nfP/ x'Fb}g . ;Ls]
;/sf/sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmdM ‘/fhtGq’sf] emNsf]
sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] z'qmaf/
cfly{s jif{ @)&^–)&& sf] gLlt tyf
sfo{qmd ;+;bdf k]z u/]sf] 5 .
/fhtGqsf] em–emNsf] lbg] u/L …d]/f]
;/sf/n] u/]sf] 5Ú, …d]/f] ;/sf/sf]
rfxgf 5Ú, …d]/f] ;/sf/n] of]hgf
kf6L{dfly k|ltaGw nufpg' ;+ljwfg s'/f x'g\ . pxfFnfO{ /fHon] /fhgLlts /fpt;Fu jftf{ u/]h;/L ljKnj;Fu agfPsf] 5Ú h:tf afSofD;sf ;fy
ljkl/t ePsf] 7f]s'jf u/]sf 5g\ . lsg ul/PgÚ pgn] k|Zg u/] . j}Bn] /fi6«klt ljBfb]jL e08f/Ln] z'qmjf/
pgn] ljKnj g] t [ T jsf] kf6L{ n ] ljKnjdfly bdg / oftgf lbP/ ;+3Lo ;+;bsf] ;+oQ' m a}7sdf …;d[4
/fHolj?4 ;z:q ;+3if{ xf]Og eGbf– ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg gx'g] atfP . pgn] g]kfn, ;'vL g]kfnLÚsf] gf/f ;fy{s
eGb} ;/sf/n] cgfjZos?kdf eg] , …ljKnj kIfsf sltko agfpg] nIo ;d]l6Psf] ;/sf/sf] gLlt
xfOnfO6 ul//x]sf] atfP . bfªsf] /fhgLlts, ljrf/ / nfOg;Fu xfdL tyf sfo{qmd k|:t't u/]sL x'g\ . /fhfsf]
6l/ufpF ljdfg:yndf a' w af/ ;xdt 5}gf}+ . t/, Tof] /fhgLlts ;dodf k|:t't ul/g] gLlt tyf
cfof]lht Ps kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf ;d" x xf] . pxfF x ?;F u ;/sf/n] sfo{qmdsf] z}nLd} /fi6«klt ljBfb]jL
j}Bn] eg], …ljKnjhL cfkm}n] :jo+ /fhgLlts ;d"xsf ?kdf jftf{ ug{' e08f/L ;+;bdf k|:t't ePkl5 ljkIfL
;z:q ;+ 3 if{ xf] O g . k| x /L / k5{Ú pgn] eg], …bdg u/]/, oftgf bnsf g]tf sfo{stf{bl] v ;fdflhs
;]gfdflysf] cfqmd0f xf]Og elg/xg' lbP/ ;d:of ;dfwfg x'Fb}g, emg\ ;~hfn;Dddf lj/f]w z'? ePsf] 5 .
ePsf] 5 . t/, /fHon] aNemfpF5 .Ú u0ftGqdf /fhfn] k|of]u ug]{ …d]/f]
cgfjZos?kdf xfOnfO6 ul//x]sf] km/s k|;u+ df j}Bn] s]kL zdf{ ;/sf/Úsf] zAbfjnLnfO{ p:t} efj /
5 .Ú pgn] ljKnj g]tT[ jsf] kf6L{dfly cf]nL g]t[Tjsf] jt{dfg ;/sf/n] z}nLdf k|of]u ul/Psf] eGb} rf}tkmL{ la/f]w
k|ltaGw nufpg' ;+ljwfg ljkl/t Jojxf/ ug{' kb{Yof] .Ú pgn] ;Ls] hgck]Iff cg';f/ sfd ug{ g;s]sf] / cfnf]rgf ePsf] xf] . g]kfnL sfFu; ]| sf
ePsf] atfpb} …;+ljwfgdf /fhgLlts /fpt;Fu /ftf–/ft jftf{ ug]{ ;/sf/n] -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
-af“ s L clGtd k] h df_

;zQm j[xt\ ;+oQ' m df]rf{ M xfd|f] 68\sf/f] cfjZostf g]=s=kf=sf g]tf hLjGtsf] l/xfO{sf]
dfu ub}{ ;jf]R{ rdf l/6 bfo/
sf7df8f}F . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ Rof;n sf]7faf6 ;LcfO{aLsf] 6f]nLåf/f
-g] = s=kf=_sf kf] l n6Ao" / f] ;b:o lu/ˆtf/ ePsf g]tf hLjGtnfO{
g]kfn Pp6f cw{;fdGtL / bnfn / ltgsf] cfwf/df nfvf}+ ljb];Lx?nfO{ ;Í6df kb}{ u}/x]sf] 5 . g]kfnsf] sf/0f g]kfnsf ;Rrf cflbjf;L, df]xgaxfb'/ sfsL{ …hLjGtÚsf] l/xfO{sf] l/xfO{sf] dfu ub}{ klxnf] k6ssf]
k'h
F LjfbL / cw{ / gjcf}klgj]zLs ljt/0f ul/Psf gful/stfaf6 ;+ljwfg @)&@ df hGdsf cfwf/df e"ldk'q / /}yfg] g]kfnLx? cNkdtdf dfu ub}{ z'qmaf/ ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf bfo/ l/6 lgj]bgdfly ;'gj' fO{ ub}{
d' n ' s xf] . oxfF ljut cf7 pTkGg ePsf jf x' g ] ;d:of gful/stf lbg] / o;/L gful/stf k/]/ g]kfnnfO{ l;lSsd jf lkmhL aGbL k|ToIfLs/0f l/6 lgj]bg btf{ ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] lgbf]{if ;fljt
b;sotfb]lv /fli6«otf, hgtGq– ef/t;Ësf] v'nf ;Ldfgfsf sf/0f lbOPsfsf ;GtfgnfO{ t j+zhs} agfpg] cyjf slDtdf g]kfnnfO{ pQ/ ePsf] 5 . wflbª ufpFkflnsf lgjf;L 7x/;lxt l/xf ug{ r}t @$ ut]
nf]stGq / hghLljsfsf ;d:ofx? ePsf hg;flVos cltqmd0f tyf gful/stf lbg] eGg] 3fts k|fjwfgdf / blIf0f u/L b'O{ 6'qmfdf laeflht cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] . dxfgu/Lo k|x/L
;dfwfgfy{ 7'N7'nf ;z:q / zflGtk"0f{ cljlR5g\ g e} / x] s f /fhgLlts, cfwfl/t /xL ljut cf7 dlxgfcl3 ug]{ eo+s/ if8\oGq n's]sf] :ki6} kl/;/ 6]s'n] pQm lbg l/xf nuQ}
/fhgLlts cfGbf]ngx? e}/x]sf 5g\\ . cfly{s, ;fdflhs, eflifs, wfld{s / d:of}bf ul/P/ xfn ;+;b\af6 kfl/t b]lvPsf] 5 . of] g]kfnsf] Oltxf;d} ;+v'jf;ef k|x/Ldf csf]{ d'2f k/]sf]
logdf b;f}+ xhf/ jL/jL/fËgfx?n] ;fF:s[lts cflb cltqmd0fx?sf x'g} nfu]sf] gful/stf ljw]osaf6 t ;jf{lws b'vb lj8Dagfsf] s'/f xf] . eGb} pgnfO{ ;jf]R{ r cbfnt u]6af6}
hLjgsf] cfx'tL ;d]t lbPsf 5g\\ sf/0f l;lh{t ljljw ;d:ofx?n] ubf{ lgs6 eljiodf g]kfnsf] gfd Ps o;/L ljutdf slxNo} 3fd g c:tfpg] k' g M lu/ˆtf/ u/] / ;+ v ' j f;ef
tyflk /fli6«otfsf ;d:ofx? h:tf] g]kfn clxn] cfˆgf] cl:tTjsf] r/d :jtGq, ;j{ef}d / cv08 /fi6«sf b];sf] ?kdf a[l6z ;fd|fHosfndf k'¥ofOPsf] lyof] . sf7df8f}F k|x/Ln]
ls ljleGg hflt–hfltx?sf aLrsf] ?kdf g/xg]h:tf] ;jf{lws uDeL/, p;;Ë n8]/ cfˆgf] :jtGq cl:tTj, pgLdfly ;Qf kN6fpg] cleofgdf
e]befj, cg]stf, j}dg:o, k|ltzf]w b'vb / eofjx l:ylt alg/x]sf] 5 . cl:dtf, :jTj / :jfledfg hf]ufP/ ;+nUg /xL s;'/ u/]sf] cf/f]kdf
/ lgif]whGo ultljlwsf ;d:of; b]z} g/x] hgtGq / hghLljsfsf] a;]sf] t/ Ps ldg]6 klg s;}sf] /fhb|fx] sf] d'2f rnfOPsf] lyof] . t/,
ef/tl;tsf !(%) nufotsf ljleGg sNkgf g} ug{ g;lsg] x'gfn] b]zs} bf; gePsf] Ps :jtGq, ;fj{ef}d / To;nfO{ ;jf]R{ rn] ck|dfl0ft ePsf]
c;dfg / cjx]ngfhGo ;GwL–;+emf}tf cl:tTj ;dfKt kfg]{ gLlt / lgotsf :jfledfgL /fi6« g]kfn / o;sf jL/ g]tf hLjGtnfO{ ;/sf/n] lagfsf/0f eGb} vf/]h ul/lbof] .
/ ;xdltåf/f pTkGg ;d:of; &! ;fy hgtfåf/f r'lgPsf g]tfaf6 of] / uf}/jzfnL hflt / ;Rrf g]kfnL lu/ˆtf/ u/L u}/Goflos lx/f;tdf ;+v'jf;ef k'¥ofOPkl5 g]kfn
:yfgaf6 af/Daf/ g]kfnL ;Ldf / gful/stf ljw]os @)&% kf; ug{ gful/snfO{ dxfsn+s nfUg] 5 Û To;}n] /fv]sf] eGb} kTgL dgdfof sfsL{n] ;/sf/, u[x dGqfno, ;+vj' f;ef k|x/L
e"dL cltqmd0f u/L cfwf nfveGbf nfluPsf] 5 Û o;leq cfufdL Ps g] k fnsf] gful/stf gLlt ;xL, l/6 lgj]bg btf{ u/]sL x'g\ . of] l/6 sfof{nonufotnfO{ ljkIfL agfO{ To;
a9L x] S 6/ hdLgdfly ef/tLo b;sdf ;+;bLo r'gfj, hgdt ;+ux| j:t'jfbL, Jofjxfl/s / a}1flgs x'g} lgj]bg of] kl5Nnf] k6ssf] lu/ˆtf/ lu/ˆtf/lj?4 ;jf]{Rrdf csf]{ l/6
lj:tf/jfbL zf;sju{åf/f ul/Psf] jf o:t} s'g} lgjf{rg gfdsf] gf}6ÍL kb{ 5 cyf{ t \ g] k fnsf] ljlzi6 t];|f] xf] . g]=s=kf=dfly k|ltaGw k/]sf] lyof] . t/, pQm l/6sf] ;'gj' fO{
sAhfaf6 l;lh{t ;d:of; k6s– u/fO{ ltg} gSsnL, cfofltt, e"/fhgLlts l:yltdf gful/stf gLlt nufpg] ;/sf/sf] ut kmfu'g @* x'g'cufj} ;+v'jf;efdf pgLdfly
k6s v'sN' ofOPsf gful/stf gLlt gf/fo0f zdf{ cfk|jf;L / cgflws[t gful/ssf -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_ sf] lg0f{okl5 r}t ! ut] nlntk'/sf] -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
2 @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/

;f}efUo cg'sn" tfleq b]lvPsf] qmflGtsf/L csd{0otf


ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\5f}
– s= dfcf]T;] t'ª
- ;DkfbsLo ;fdGtafbsf] ce' b o / cfpg] ub{5 of] cltafbsf] AofVof cWoog / cfTdut cj:yfsf] tof/L ;fdflhs c;Gt'li6 a9]/ uPsf]df
;kgfsf] dfq s'/f gu/ ;fd|fHojfbsf] pbo ;Fu} e'd08lns[t
k'h
F Lafbsf] rd{ ljsf; ;Fu} ljZj
ljb]zL efj e'ldaf6 k|l] /t 5 . x/]s
/fhgLlt kf6L{n] g]kfnsf] Oltxf;nfO{
;Fu} @)%@ ;fn kmfNu'g ! ut]bl] v
;~rflnt hgo'4 h;/L @)%$
sfxLF s;}nfO{ klg cglaUotf gxf]nf
of] lsg / s;/L cfof] < eg]/ eGg]
;/sf/n] /fhtGqsf] em–emNsf] lbg] u/L z'qmaf/ cfly{s jif{ @)&^–)&& sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] Oltxf;df tYout cWog gu/L ;}4flGts ansf] ;fn;Dd cfOk'Ubf g]kfnL hgtfsf] efj s'/fdf d'Vot of] ;+ljwfg g]kfnL /
sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd ;+;bdf k]z u/]sf] 5 . /fi6«klt ljBfb]jL e08f/Ln] …d]/f] b]vfk/]sf] blIf0f kGyL ;+;f]wgjfb cfwf/df g]kfnL ;dfhdf gofF kl/jt{g e'dL / OR5f cg';f/g} ;+rfng /Xof] g] k fnsf] /fli6« o :jfledfg /
;/sf/n] u/]sf] 5Ú, …d]/f] ;/sf/sf] rfxgf 5Ú, …d]/f] ;/sf/n] of]hgf agfPsf] 5Ú e8'jf dfS;{jfbg} ljZj ;j{xf/f Nofpg vf]Hg' c;To ;flat x'gu] b{5 To;kl5 ;fd|fHojfbn] cGt/f{li6«o :jtGqtfsf] l;Ëf] lj?4df 5 lsgls
h:tf jfSof+zsf ;fy z'qmjf/ ;+3Lo ;+;bsf] ;+oQ' m a}7sdf …;d[4 g]kfn, >dhLjL ju{sf] d'lQmsf] cfGbf]ng ¿kdf u/]sf] ;"rgf ;+rf/ / cfly{s !@ a'bF s ] f] efj g} g]kfnnfO{ s;/L
;'vL g]kfnLÚsf] gf/f ;fy{s agfpg] nIo ;d]l6Psf] ;/sf/sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd lahosf] d'n ;d:of ag]sf] xf] g]kfndf lasf;nfO{ / kmf}hL /0fgLltnfO{ gjpklgj]z agfpg ;lsG5 To;sf]
k|:t't u/]sL x'g\ . /fhfsf] ;dodf k|:t't ul/g] gLlt tyf sfo{qmdsf] z}nLd} klg sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] :yfkgf sfn;u} tTsfnLg hgo'4sf] g]tT[ jstf{ k|r08n] dd{ cg';f/g} of] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ePsf]
/fi6«klt ljBfb]jL e08f/L ;+;bdf k|:t't ePkl5 ljkIfL bnsf g]tf sfo{stf{b]lv g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngdf b]vfk/]sf a'‰g g;s]/ g]kfndf kf6L{ PrSo'nfO{ xf] . ;+;bLo lgjf{rg kl5 pTkGg
;fdflhs ;~hfn;Dddf lj/f]w z'? ePsf] 5 . cj;/jfb cfTd;' / Iffjfb tyf c;'/Iff eof] eg]/ l5d]sLsf] ;xof]udf /fli6«o ;d:ofx? jt{dg ;+ljwfgsf
otf gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf ;/sf/n] u/]sf ;fgfltgf sfd tyf o;cl3sf blIf0fkGyL ;+ ; f] w gjfbsf] nfdf] ef/tdf a;fOF;/fO u/]kl5 dfcf]jfbL ;d:of pkh x'g jt{dg ;+ljwfg
cGo ;/sf/sf kfnfdf ;DkGg ePsf cfof]hgfsf] JofVof ul/Psf] kfOof] . o:t} ;do;Dd l;sf/ aGb} cfPsf] xf] g]kfnL cfGbf]ngdf cfGtl/s cGt/la/f]w a9\b} /xFbf;Dd h'g;'s} /fhgLlt kf6L{sf]
kfgLhxfh, /]n nufotsf dxTjsf+IfL Pj+ k'/fg} of]hgfsf] rrf{ ;dfj]z ul/Psf] sDo' l g:6 cfGbf] n g qmflGtsf/L uof] ha tTsfnLg dfcf]jfbLsf] k|yd ;/sf/ ag]klg /fli6«o ¿kdf ;d:of
5 . gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf ;/sf/n] ^! j6f sfg'g agfPsf], l5d]sLsf] cfFvfdf
?emfgsf] lx;fan] cfqmfds b]lvP klg /fli6«o ;Dd]ngdfkm{t\ k|r08 kysf] c? r'lnP/ hfg]5 vt/fk"0f{ ;+st] t
g]kfn alnof] aGb} uPsf], /fi6«klt, k|wfgdGqL;lxt ;/sf/sf dGqLx?sf] ljb]z
e|d0f ePsf] nufotsf s'/fnfO{ ;/sf/sf ;kmntfsf ?kdf AofVof ul/Psf] d'n g]t[Tjdf b]lvPsf] blIf0fkGyL dfu{df dfcf]jfbL cfGbf]ng cufl8 of] b]lvG5 ls of] ;+ljwfgn] /fi6« ;Sg]
cj;/jfb / cfTd;'/IffjfbL lrGtgsf] a9fpg] lg0f{o ul/of] Tolta]nf k|r08n] vt/f 5 . k|r08n] pTkfbg u/]sf
5 . o:t} kl5Nnf] @ jif{;Dd ^ k|ltztsf b/n] cfly{s a[l4b/ x'gs ' f ;fy} rfn'
cfly{s jif{df & k|ltzt cfly{s a[l4b/ a9]sfn] bf]xf]/f] c+ssf] cfly{s a[l4b/ pkhsf] sf/0f k|lt/Iffsf] af6f]df ;+;f/;]g k[ys Nofpg' ePsf] PSsfO;f}+ ;tflAbsf] hgo'4sf] s'gk} lg Ph]G8f of] ;+ljwfg
xfl;n ug]{ lbzfdf ;/sf/ cufl8 a9]sf] bfjL ul/Psf] 5 . t/, e|i6frf/ / ?dlng' d'n ;d:of ag]sf] xf] b'Mvb\ h;sf] P]ltxfl;s k|df0f @))& hgjfb dbgs'df/ e08f/Lsf] ax'bnLo leq gb]lvPsf] of] uDeL/ df]8df
a]lyltx? Go"lgs/0f x'gs ' f ;§f emg} al9/x]sfn] o;n] of] cfly{s j[l4b/nfO{ kS5ot of] xf] ls ;ftxhf/ aif{ k'/fgf] ;fnb]lv @)!% ;fnsf] dWofjlw r'gfj hgjfbsf] ;fk6L ePsf] k'li6dfq lyof] g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ gofF lgsf; lbg g;Sg]
c;/ k'¥ofpg] lglZrt 5 . gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf k|b]z tyf :yfgLo txx?df g]kfn /fi6« lgdf{0f g]kfn PsLs/0f / @)#^ ;fnsf] hgdt;+u|x @)$^ s'g} tTsfn b/af/ / tTsfnLg Pdfn] xf] eg] k|r08n] aGg vf]hs ] f] nfn
;Gt'lnt lsl;dn] ljQLo x:tfGt/0f ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfOPsf] elgPsf] 5 . t/, k'gP{ sLs/0fsf] Oltxf;nfO{ P]ltxfl;s ;fnsf] hg cfGbf]ng @)%@ ;fnsf] ;d]tn] k|r08sf] PSsfO;f}+ ;tflAbsf] kmfl;afb o'/f]kn ] Lx?sf] pS;fj6df
clxn];Dd k|b]z / :yfgLo txn] s]Gb|n] cfk"mx?nfO{ clwsf/ k|of]u ug{ glbPsf] ef}ltsjfbL sf]0faf6 cWog gu/L hgo'4 / @)^@/)^# ;fnsf] hg hgjfbnfO{ :jfut of]Uo eg]kl5 k|v/ ag]/ cfpg] b]lvG5 .
eGb} c;Gt'li6 hgfO/x]sf 5g\ . sd{rf/L klg gk7fpg] / cfkm}Fn] sd{rf/L /fVg pNemfOPsf] ckAofVof ug{n ' ] sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] nIo / oyfl:yltjfbL k|r08n] sfo{lbzf lb3{sfnLg hgo'4sf] qmflGtsf/Ldf b] l vPsf]
klg glbg] ubf{ ljsf;sf sfdb]lv b}lgs k|zfzlgs sfddf ;d]t c;/ kl//x]sf] cfGbf]ng j}bl] zs ;fd|fHojfbL zlQm /fHoJoj:yf /lx/xg'n] x/]s /fhgLlt kf; / cjt/0f dfu{ ;+;lbo dfu{ g} csd{ 0 otf / /fli6« o cg' s " n tf
k|b]z / :yfgLo txn] u'gf;f] ub}{ cfO/x]sf 5g\ . /fi6«sf] cg'sn " tfdf k|lts'Ntfsf] lttf] kl/jt{gsf] d'nWo]o / ckl/jlt{t /x]sf] :ki6tf b]lvG5 z;:q zxl/of jt{dfg /fHo Joj:yf ;Lldt e'–
o:t} ;/sf/n] cfˆg} :of6]nfO6dfkm{t\ ;"rgf k|fKt ug]{h:tf csNkgLo Oltxf;df ?dlng' k/]sf] oyfy{ xf] . /fHosf] :j?ksf] d'n ;d:of g]kfnL lab|fx] / hgo'4sf] ˆo'hg gfdlbP/ dflkmof tyf bnfn k'h F LjfbL ju{sf]
sfdx?nfO{ oyfy{df kl/0ft u/fPsf] s'/fnfO{ klg gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf ;d]l6Psf] g] k fnsf] P] l txfl;s lgdf{ 0 f / hgtfsf] OR5f rfxfgf / alnbfgnfO{ Pdfn] dfu{df s;/L cab/0f ug]{ d'Vo lxt cg'sn" ePsf] / pgLx?sf] O;/fdf
5 . k|;j kL8fdf /x]sf dlxnfsf] p4f/b]lv emf]nË' ] k'n agfpg] sfdnfO{ klg tYo j}bl] zs zlQm /fi6«sf] cg'sn " tf cg';f/ of]hgf xf] Tolta]nfsf] tTsfnLg s]xL ag]sf] slyt sDo'lg:6 ;/sf/ lab]zL
;/sf/sf] ;kmntfdf /fv]/ gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . b'u{ddf g]kfn /fi6«sf] lgdf{0fsf] P]ltxfl;s ;}4flGts Aofkf/ / a}rfl/s larngsf] qmflGtsf/L ln8/l;kx?sf] lu/ˆtf/ tyf :jb]zL e'dflkmofsf] t;f{pg]
:jf:Yo ;]jf k'¥ofpg] ;jfndf k|ultsf s'/f gb]lvP klg p4f/sf s'/fnfO{ eg] tYosf] cfwf/df /x]/ cWog ug]{ xf] d'n sf/0f x'g k'us ] f] 5 . aLkL b]lv kl5 k|r08n] dfcf]jfbL hgo'4sf] a'Vofrf xf] o;n] g]kfnL hgtfsf] s'g}
pT;fxsf ;fy p7fOPsf] 5 . /fi6«klt e08f/Ln] jfrg u/]sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf eg] k"jL{o ;Eotfsf] d'n pbudynf] k|r08 x'bF } s]kL jln;Ddsf] /fhgLlt Psnf}6L b]a;fg u/fpg] k|oTg ;kmn jf:tljs ;d:ofdf k'Ug;Sg] ;+efjgf
g]kfnn] ef}lts k"jf{wf/sf] lj:tf/ / u'0f:t/df km8\sf] df/]sf] bfjL ul/Psf] 5 .
Ps jif{sf] cjlwdf ! xhf/ ^ ;o lsnf]ld6/eGbf a9L ;8s sfnf]kq] ePsf] dflgG5 /fHox?sf] lgdf{0fsfo{sf] g]t[Tjn] g]kfnL hgtfn] rxfx]sf] /x]sf]] xf] sd/]8 k|r08sf] k|ToIf b]lvb}g of] cj:yfdf j}B g]tT[ jsf]
pNn]v 5 . t/, Tof] sfnf]kq] ul/Psf] ;8s sxfF 5g\ eGg] s'/f eg] pNn]v cfWoflTds tyf ef}ltsjfbL sf]gaf6 kl/jt{g g]kfnL efje'ld df}lnstf sdfG8df ?sdsf] vf/f c;kmn g]skf qmflGtsf/Ln] dfcf]jfbL df]xg
ul/Psf] 5}g . ljutsf ;/sf/sf kfnfdf aGb} u/]sf / clxn] ;DkGg ePsf cWoog ug]{ xf] eg] ;+;f/sf] 5}6f}+ /fi6«sf] cg';f/ ;'xfpFbf] ;+ljwfg sfg'g / cfqmd0f kZrft\ k|r08df cfsl:ds laqmd l;+xsf] g]skf d;fn laKnksf]
of]hgfx?nfO{ klg ;/sf/n] cfˆgf] ;kmntfdf hf]8]sf] 5 . lgdf{0ffwLg uf}tda'4 ¿kdf lgdf{0f ePsf] kfOG5 klZrdf :jtGqtf ljsf;nfO{ ga'em]/ juL{st[ cfTd;'/Iff / sfo/tfsf] pTkfbg eof] g]skf uf]kfn ls/fltsf] dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|
cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynsf] &% k|ltzt / kf]v/f If]qLo ljdfg:ynsf] $) k|ltzt /fi6« lgdf{0f juL{s[t ;Eotfsf] /fi6«sf] ;+ljwfg sfg'gsf] l;sf] km/]g To;}sf] kmn:j¿k k|r08 afa'/fdn] C[lif s§]nsf] g]skf cfx'ltsf] j}1flgs
lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg x'g' ;/sf/sf] ;kmntf;Fu hf]l8Psf] 5 . lqe'jg cGt/f{li6«o cfwf/df lgdf{0f ePsf] kfOG5 eg] / kmfOgfG; kf]nl] ;n] bzsf}b+ l] v g]kfnsf] klZrdf /fi6« ef/t / ;ft /fhgLlt ;dfhjfbL bn cflb Ps 7fpFdf cfpg
ljdfg:yn b}lgs @! 306f ;~rfng ul/g'nfO{ klg ;kmntf;Fu hf]8]sf] 5 . t/, k"jL{o /fi6« vf;u/L g]kfn ld>Lt /fhgLlt ;d:of oyfl:yltd 3'ld/x]sf] bn;Fu !@ a'b] ;Demf}tfcg'¿k cufl8 h?/L 5 of] ;+ljwfgnfO{ vf/]h ug{
clxn] ljdfg:ynaf6 x'g] p8fg ;do 36]/ b}lgs !$ 306fdf cfPsf] 5 . hgtf ;Eotfsf] cfwf/df lgdf{0f ePsf] cToGt} lttf] ;To Oltxf; v]Kg'k/]sf] a9]kl5 g]kfndf Psflt/ hgtfsf] ;8sdf ljzfn hg;d'bfo dfkm{t\
cfjf; sfo{qmdcGtu{t o; cfly{s jif{df * xhf/ cfjf; PsfO lgdf{0f u/L kfOG5 klZrdf d'ns ' df hd{gL, k|mG] r, xf] cemt g]kfnsf] emG8} &)% sDo'lg:6 hgd'lQm ;]gfnfO{ (DDR) u/]/ ;a{xf/f cufl8 a9]kl5 pQ/ / blIf0f b'a}
ljkGg gful/snfO{ cfjf; ;'ljwf pknAw u/fOPsf] pNn]v 5 . t/, sf7df8f}Fdf 6sL{, k|mfG;]nL, c:6«l] nog, gla{s cflb l;4fGtk|lt cfsif{0f ePsf hgtfsf] ju{sf] zlQm gfd]6kfg]{ ;fd|fHojfbsf] df}g ;dy{gdf /xg]5g\ eg] g]kfnL nfvf}+
;'sD' af;L / ljkGgsf nflu eg]/ agfOPsf] ;'ljwf;DkGg ckf6{d]G6 # jif{ juL{st[ ;Eotfsf] cfwf/df lasf; dgf]efjgfnfO{ g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] /0fgLltdf k|r08 lxFl8;s]kl5 gt s/f]8f}s + f] ;fy /xg] 5 sDo'lg:6 Pstf
ljlt;Sbf ;d]t k|of]udf Nofpg g;Sg'n] ;/sf/sf] ;kmntfnfO{ luHofPsf] 5 . gfds[t ePsf] kfOG5 t/ g]kfn a:t'lgi7 cu'jfO / ;Daf]wg ug{ g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngnfO{ tTsfn b]lv /fli6«o ¿kdf b]lvPsf pTkGg
s]xL cl3 ljkGg / ;'s'Daf;Lsf nflu eg]/ agfOPsf] Tof] ckf6{d]G6 s'gh } ft j0f{ ;d'bfo / wd{sf] cfwf/df g;Sg' b'ef{Uo xf] d'Vo bf]if g]kfnL cufl8 a9fpg ;Sg] cj:yfdf s'g} ;d:ofsf] nflu qmflGtsf/L Pstfdf
d'VodGqLx?nfO{ pknAw u/fpg] lg0f{o klg oxL ;/sf/n] u/]sf] lyof] . geP/ ;Dk'0f{ dfgjhfltsf] PsLs[t ;dfhsf] P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbL cWog g]tT[ j pTkfbg eof] gt kf6L{leq csd{0otf b]lvg] xf] eg] Tof] g]tT[ jn]
gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf $@ lhNnfsf !^ nfv gful/snfO{ :jf:Yo ladf / s]lGb|t a;f]af; /x]sf]] /fi6« ePsf]n] / AofVof gx'g' g} k|dv ' /x]sf]] xf] . qmflGtsf/L ax;sf] g} ;'?jft eof] gt qmflGt u5{ gt ;+u7gsf x/]s
sfo{qmddf ;d]6\g ;lsPsf]nfO{ klg ;kmntfsf] ;"lrdf /flvPsf] 5 . ladf u/fpg' g]kfn /fi6« / g]kfnL /fli6«otf ;fd'lxs sDo' l g:6 cfGbf] n g k/fhosf] k| r 08df cfTd;' / Iffjfbn] of]hgfsf] /Iof u5{ Tof] ;d:of l;sf/
;kmntf ePsf] atfpFb} ubf{ :jf:Yo ;]jf lng hfFFbf c:ktfnaf6 kfpg] u/]sf] ;femf k|l] /t ag]sf] xf] la;fn g]kfn sf/0f lhlt;s]kl5 To;sf lj?4 n8g;Sg] aGg'x'Gg eGg]lt/sf] casf] ax;
bf];f| ] bhf{sf] Aojxf/ v]k]sf :jf:Yo ladf u/]sf gful/sx?nfO{ eg] vNnf] k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx eGbf cufl8sf] ljZj sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngn] ;]6 vfnsf] o'jf tyf g]tf sfo{stf{nfO{ s]lGb|t h?/L 5 jt{dg ;+ljwfgsf]
nflu/x]sf] lyof] . lgwf{l/t ;docufj} e]/L aaO{ 8fOe;{g cfof]hgfsf] ;'?ª
lgdf{0f ;DkGg ug{' ;kmntf b]lvP klg ;'?ªsf] k|of]u cem} @–$ jif{ gx'g] hfgsf/L P]ltxfl;s tYof+s cWogaf6 lng Aofs vfPsf] s]xL ;dod} g]kfnL cfly{s klbo k|nf]egdf l;Wofpg] kIfdf klZrdf /fi6«x? afx]s g]kfnL
kfpFbf ;do cufj} ag] klg k|of]u ljlxg aGg'kg]{ cj:yf 5 . ;lsG5 lal6{; ;fd|fHojfbn] ef/t e'ldaf6 sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngnfO{ gofF rnv]n k|r08af6 ;'? ePsf] xf] df]xg hgtf / l5d]sL d'ns ' x¿ 5}gg of]
;/sf/n] zf;sLo :jR5tf cleofg ;~rfng u/]sf] eGb} e|i6frf/, t:s/L, sAhf ub}{ cufl8 a9]kl5 To;af6 prfOdf lng kf6L{ :yfkgfsf] ult;u} j}B, g]qlaqmd rGbn] qmflGtsf] ax; cg'sn " kl/l:yltsf] ;lx ;b'kof]u ug{
/fh:j 5nL tyf r'xfj6 / ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f;DaGwL s;'/df s8fO{sf ;fy arfpg las]lGb|s[t 6'qmf6'qmfdf gf}nf] hgafbL qmflGtsf]af6f] tof/L ug{ yfn]kl5 k|r08 afa'/fd /fhgLlt tyf g;Sg] xf] eg] alnof] b'36{ gf 36g]
sfd ul//x]sf] klg gLlt sfo{qmddf pNn]v 5 . o:t} ;'g t:s/L, d"No clej[l4 cjl:yt g]kfnsf ;–;fgf /fHonfO{ cfGbf]lnt sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] d'n sfo{gLltdf cNkdt kb}{ cfPsf] klg ;Defjgf b]lvG5 / To;kl5 laKnksf]
s/sf gSsnL lansf] k|of]u, x'08L sf/f]af/h:tf ljQLo ck/fwdf ;+nUggnfO{ s]lGb|t agfpg k[YjLgf/fo0f zxfn] g]tT[ jn] cfˆgf] a}rfl/s af6f] lslno/ oyfy{ xf] . af6f]df gofF tuf/f] nfUg]5 / g]kfnL
sfg'gL bfo/fdf NofOPsf] klg pNn]v 5 . t/, o;} ;/sf/df ;xefuL bnsf g]tf k'gP{ sLs/0f dfkm{t\ s]Gb|Ls[t g]kfn ug{ g;Sg'n] kf6L{sf] bf];f| ] dxflwj]zg klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efdfkm{t\ hgtfsf] e'ldaf6 sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ng !) b;s
g} afn'jf6f/ hUuf ckrngdf d'l5g' / jfO8a8L vl/b k|s/0fdf ;d]t ;/sf/df agfpg] sfd u/]sf] Oltxf; xf] . of] b] l v blIf0fkGyL cj;/jfb ;+ljwfg / d'lQm gb]lvPkl5 s]xL kl5 ws] l ng] 5 Tof] k| l qmofdf
;+nUgx?s} e"ldsf b]lvg'n] gLlt sfo{qmddf elgPsf] e|i6frf/df z"Go ;xgzLntf s'/fnfO{ ga'em]/ g]kfnL Oltxf;df cfTd;'/IffjfbL lrGtg;Fu nfdf] n8fO qmflGtsf/L g]tf sfo{stf{sf] jf:tljs klZrdLx?sf] lj?4df g;f] r ] s f]
vf]qmf] ;fljt b]lvPsf] 5 . cfˆgf] sfo{sfnsf] klxnf] jif{nfO{ ;d[l4sf] Oltxf; b'Oy/L cltafbL JofVof x'g]u/]sf] n8\gk' /]sf] jf:tljs tYo xf] @)@* cu'jfOdf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] em08f :jfledfgL n8fOsf] s]Gb|Ls[t df]rs { f]
/Rg] cfwf/ jif{ agfpg ;/sf/ ;kmn ePsf] pNn]v 5 . o:t} ;/sf/ ;a};Fu kfOG5 . kfOG5 Psy/L JofVof ;fnsf] emfkf lab|fx] n] g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 p7fpg] cf6 u/]/ gofF kf6L{sf] lgdf{0f vfFrf] kg]{ 5 Tof] df]rf{ cGtt k|r08
;xsfo{ ub}{ ;a} If]qdf tLa| ultdf pTs[i6 pknlAwx¿ xfl;n ub}{ ;d[l4sf] 6'qmf6'qmfdf /x]sf /fHox¿ g]kfn cfGbf]ngdf yk pmhf{ yk] klg nIo / ug{ ' e f] Tof] cToGt} cfa;] s / dfu{df k'Ug;Sg] vt/f x'gklg ;S5 .
ofqfdf cl3 a9\g]5 klg elgPsf] 5 . t/, klxnf] jif{ k|ltkIfnfO{ k"/} jfOkf; u/]/ xf]Ogg 5'§} lyP eGg] cltjfb csf]{ gLlt aLrdf ;}4flGts tfnd]n gldNbf ;sf/fTds ag]/ cfPsf] lyof]] . To;}n] xfdL s] b]lv/x]sf 5f} Tof] k|dv '
cl3 a9]sf] ;/sf/n] cfufdL jif{df s;/L k|ltkIfnfO{ ;fydf lnP/ lxF8\5 eGg] csf]l{ t/ g]kfn /fi6«sf] klxnf] kxn emfkf lab| f ] x tTsfnLg ¿kdf c;Totf leqsf] jf:tljstf x'bF g} j:t'ut cj:yf s] ePsf] 5 Tof]
ljZjfl;nf] cfwf/ 5}g . ;/sf/d} ;xefuL bn /fhkfn] ;d]t ;Fu} al;/xg' cg'ko'Qm stf{ g} k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx x'g eGg] /fhtGqsf] 5fofd' g L ax' b nLo oyfy{ k|dv ' s'/f xf] kl/l:ylt cg'sn " vf]Hg]
ePsf] eGb} of] aLrdf ;/sf/ 5f8]/ aflxl/Psf] lyof] . o;n] ;/sf/ ;xsfo{ ug{ cltafbL ;f]r O b'a} cltafbn] hgafbsf] d's'08f] cf]8]/ a:g'kg]{ bf];f| ] ;+ljwfgsf] 3f]if0ff ;Fu} g]kfndf xf] eg] of] h:tf] cg'sn ' kl/l:ylt
r's]sf] b]vfpF5 . cGttf]uTjf g]kfnsf] cv08tfdf cfr afWotf ;[hgf eof] . To;sf] nfdf] Oltxf;s} ;a} e Gbf cl:y/tf / ;fob sd} cfpg ;S5 .
o:t} cfufdL cfly{s jif{ Oltxf; s} tLa| ljsf;sf] jif{ x'g] eg]/ gLlt
sfo{qmddf g} bfjL ul/Psf] 5 . t/, To;/L tLa| ljsf; ug{sf nflu ;/sf/n]
vf;} sfd ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . ug{ ;'? u/]sf sfd klg cfkm}F hf]l8g k'Ubf To;}
ylGsg k'u]sf] 5 . ljsf; lgdf{0fsf ;jfndf 7]s]bf/nfO{ sf/jfxL ug]{ s'/f xf];\ ;f/f g]kfnL ldn]/ cGofo, cTofrf/sf] lj?4df n8\gk' 5{ /
jf oftfoftsf] l;l08s]6 tf]8\g] s'/fdf rflnPsf] sbd . x/]s sbdaf6 ;/sf/
kl5 x6]sf] gful/sn] dx;'; ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . t/, gLlt sfo{qmddf eg] x/]s lbg
Ps sbd cufl8 a9\g] ;/sf/sf] b[li6sf]0f / z}nLn] ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnLdf pT;fxsf]
o:tf] cGofo, cTofrf/af6 d'Qm x'gk' 5{ eGg] cfhsf]
;~rf/ ePsf] bfjL ul/Psf] 5 .
o:t} hxfh cjt/0f x'g ;Sg] u/L /fhdfu{sf] :t/f]Gglt ug]{, ;g\ @)#)
dfunfO{ xfdL ;a}n] a'‰g'kb{5 .
cufj} dWod:t/Lo cfo ePsf] d'n's agfpg] tyf ljqmd ;Djt\ @!)) ;Dddf
pRr dWod:t/Lo cfo ePsf] ;Eo ;';+:s[t / ljsl;t b]z agfpg] gLlt tyf
sfo{qmddf pNn]v 5 . gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf ljBfnodf ;]g]6/L Kof8 lgMz'Ns
afF8\g]b]lv a[4eQf a9fpg];Ddsf] of]hgf /fv]/ nf]slk|o agfpg] sf]l;; ul/Psf]
5 . % nfv /f]huf/L ;[hgf ug]{, ;ft} k|b]zdf cf}Bf]lus If]qsf] lgdf{0fsf ;fy}
x/]s :yfgLo txdf cf}Bf]lus u|fd :yfkgf u/L ;~rfngdf Nofpg], h]7 ! ut]b]lv
Psn ljGb' ;]jf s]Gb|sf] ;'?jft ug]{ h:tf sfo{qmdnfO{ klg lg/Gt/tf lbOPsf]
5 . ut jif{ elgPs} sltko of]hgfx? o; jif{ klg bf]xf]¥ofOPsf] 5 . ljutsf
sfo{qmdsf] avfg / ToxL of]hgfx? bf]xf]¥ofP/ gLlt sfo{qmddf /flvPsf] 5 . g] k fn ;/sf/
a[4eQf a9fpg] sfo{qmddf gful/s pT;flxt ag] klg cGo sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjogdf ;~rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|ljlw dGqfno
eg] e/kbf]{ OR5fzlQm / kTofl/nf] ;+sNk eg] cfpg ;s]g . slgsf 5/] em} ;fgf
of]hgf b]vfpg] / 7"nf of]hgfsf ;kgf 5g]a{ fx]s gLlt sfo{qmdn] vf;} gful/sdfly
ljZjf; lbnfpg] cfwf/ lbg ;s]sf] 5}g .
;"rgf tyf k|;f/0f ljefu
@)&^ ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/ 3

sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngnfO{ ju{kl| t Odfgbf/ / ;r]t dflg;sf] vf“rf] k|r08 af/] e|d / oyfy{tf
;dfhdf xfdL laleGg yl/sf 5 . of] ;dfhdf /x]sf dflg;nfO{ Jojxf/df of] cleJoQm ePsf] x'G5 . tL lab|f]x / hgo'4n] ;Ifd g]t[Tj
Pp6f wfld{s sfo{qmddf uPsf]
a]nf k|r08n] e}; + L k"hf u/]5g\ . e};
+ L
k]l/;8fF8fd} 5f]8]/ uPsf 5g\ .
pgLx¿ w'Djf/fxL lelqPkl5 b]zdf
dflg; e]6\5f}+ . tL dWo] Pscsf{;Fu klg ;dfhsf] k|efj x'G5 . ;dfhsf c? a]nf ;fdfGo em}+ nfu] klg ju{;3+ if{ kfpF Y of] eg] clxn] xfdL km/s k"hf u/]sf] vj/ Ps sfg b'O{ sfg lgd{nf k|s/0f 36\of] . pgLx¿ r'OSF s
Jojxf/n] ubf{ laleGg emd] n f tTjx?n] dflg;nfO{ k|efj kfb}{ ubf{ 3lge't ePsf] a]nfdf of] :ki6 a'‰g l:yltaf6 u'lh|/x]sf x'g]Yof}+ . xNnf e}xfNof] . e}+;L k"hfsf] nuQ} af]n]gg\ . lSjG6nsf lSjG6n ;'g
Joxf]l//x]sf x'G5g\\ . To;df dflg;sf] dflg;sf ju{df klg k|efj kfg]{ ;lsG5 ls sf] dflg; Odfgbf/ xf] s] :ki6 eGg ;lsG5 eg] b]zn] kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] j}7s lyof] . rf]/Lsf 36gf 36] pgLx¿ af]ng] g .
r]tgfn] sfd ul//x]sf] xfdL kfpF5f}+ . ub{5 . olt dfq x}g slxn]sflx+ ju{ sf] a] O dfg xf] eg] / . ;do qmflGtsf] vfFrf] 6fg{ ;s]sf] 5}g . oxfF a}7sdf klg of] s'/f hf]8tf]8n] p7\of] . jfO8j8L k|s/0fdf 5fgljg ;ldltn]
;fdfGotof dflg;n] cg'ej ul//x]sf g} kl/jt{g ul/lbg] ub{5 . To;} 3sL{;s]kl5 dfq kQf] kfpg] ;d:ofn] lab|fx] ;Fw} p7\g] u/]sf] 5, 6'lËg] u/]sf] To;kl5 k|r08n] lgs} hf]8 lbP/ jxfn jfnf dGqL ;lxtnfO{ tf]s]/
x'G5g\\ ls tLdWo] s'g} Odfgbf/ t cg' ; f/ ju{ c fwf/ klg ablng' jt{dfg g} pb]snfUbf] ag]sf] b]lvG5 . 5}g . a:t'ut cj:yf / sfo{stf{sf] cfk"mn] e}; + L k"hf gu/]sf] s'/f eg]kl5 k|ltj]bg a'emfof] . pgLx¿ pQm
sf]xL a]Odfg x'G5g\\ . sf]xL hfg]/ Pp6f ;r]t dflg;n] o:sf] lasNk Ifdtfn] ;bf cfk"mnfO{ of]Uo k'li6 k|Zgx¿ ;fd;'d eP . Tof] ;do dnfO{ ;ldltnfO{ vf/]h u/L xg'dfg ;ldlt
a'em]/ g} czn Jojxf/ ug]{ x'G5g\\ t vf]Hg} kg]{ x'G5 . u/]sf] 5 . b]zn] lab|f]x / qmflGtsf] klg s] nfUYof] eg]– k|r08n] kSs} agfpFg] lg0f{osf] kIfdf pleP .
sf] x L To:tf x' F b } g g\ . dflg;sf hLjg / hut kl/jt{gzLn 5 dfu u/]sf] 5 t/ g]t[Tjn] Tof] e};
+ L k"hf u/]sf x}gg . wd{eL¿x¿n] nlntf lgjf; k|s/0fdf jxfn jfnf
Jojxfl/s hLjgdf ;r]t / cr]t cyf{t k|s[lt ultzLn 5, :jtGq Ifdtfsf] ljsf; ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g em'SofP/ k|r08nfO{ km;fP eGg] d]/f] dxf;lrjn] cf7fgf hUuf lsg]sf]
dflg; 5'6o\ fpg] ;d:ofdf dflg;x? 5}g k/lge{/ / cfl>t 5 . clg cyf{t cfk"mnfO{ of]Uo agfPsf] 5}g . a'emfO{ lyof] . ;fob kf6L{leq c?nfO{ k|dfl0ft eof] . pgLx¿ dxf;lrjs}
lk/lnO/x]sf b]lvG5g\\ . dflg; xd]zf jf]wuDo klg 5 . of] dflg;sf] clxn];Dd ;j{xf/f ju{n] ;Ddfg ug{ klg To:tf] nfUof] xf]nf . b'O{ jif{ hlt
Jojxf/sf nflu Odfgbf/, czn / lgoGq0fsf] 3]/fleq 5 cyf{t dflg; of]Uo g]tT[ j kfPg jf Tof] :t/sf] cl3 k|r08n] gOF k'/:sf/ lng] vj/
;r]t dflg; 5gf}6 ug]{ ub{5g\\ . t/ To;af/]sf] hfgsf/L kfpg] Ifdtf r]tgf ljsf; ePsf] g]tT[ j sDo'lg:6 cg nfOg ldl8ofx¿df 5flkof] . Tof]
Pp6f ;jfn ;Fw} cufl8 cfpF5, dflg; /fV5 . dflg; cfˆgf] cfjZostfn] cfGbf]ngn] kfPg, a? s] kfPsf] 5 ;do d]/f] lbdfudf k|r08–e|d w]/}
;r]t / cr]t s;/L 5'6o\ fpg] < ;lqmo 5 / lj1fgn] u/]sf] ljsf;n] eg] cj;/jfbL g]t[Tj . o;f] eGbf xl6;s] s f] lyof] . s' g } sdhf] /
dflg; r]tgzLn k|f0ffL xf] cyf{t
dflg; xd]zf r]tgzLn x'g] k|of;
ljgf]b bfxfn dflg;nfO{ Tof] k'/f ug{ ;xof]u
k'¥ofPsf] 5 .
;G;o x'g;S5 ls o;n] cfˆgf] ju{nfO{
lzIff eGbf klg unt lzIff a9L
TofGb|f]n] dnfO{ cNemfO/x]sf] lyof] .
of] ;dfrf/ x]bf{ d tLgs'g] sflGtk'/
ub{5 . ljsf;qmddf clxn]sf ;Eo :jefljs e}xfN5 . x'Fbfx'Fn} Pp6f ljsf;sf] r/0f kf/ ub}u{ bf{ dflg; lbPsf] 5 . klJns]zg glhssf] ;8sdf lyPF .
dflg; cfˆgf] r]tgfn] cfk"mnfO{ ;r]t nfu]sf] dflg; cr]t em}+ nfUg k|s[lts cj:yfaf6 olQ cufl8 sDo' l g:6 cfGbf] n g cyf{ t ;dfrf/ k9\g] ljlQs} d]/f slG;/L
lgoGq0f ug]{ ub{5 . o; k|lqmofdf yfNb5 . p;sf hLjg / Jojxf/df al9;s]sf] 5 ls ca cfˆgf] k'/fgf] ju{;+3if{n] >dhLjL tyf ;j{xf/f tft] . d}n] tTsfn} k|r08sf] lg0f{osf]
p;nfO{ 1fg, a'l4 / ljj]sn] ;xof]u klg kl/jt{g ePsf] b]Vg ;lsG5 . cj:yfdf kmls{g} ;Sb}g . lglZrt 5 ju{nfO{ dflg;nfO{ ;r]t agfp5, eT;{gf ub}{ km];j'sdf :6f6; n]v+] .
k'¥ofPsf] x'G5 . Pp6f ;Eo dflg;sf] To;}n] ;r]t dflg; cfˆgf] ju{ lrGg] ls dflg;sf Jojxf/x? :jtGq 5}gg\ a:t'ut kl/l:yltn] g} o:tf] agfPsf] /ftel/df y'k|} jfxfg lvr8L kfSof]
nflu Odfgbf/, czn / ;r]t t l:ylt;Fu dfq l;ldt 5}g . t/ ca dflg; cfˆgf] r]tgfaf6 rNg] x'G5 . a'h{'jf ju{sf] nflu lab|f]x jf / ef]ln kN6 pQm lg0f{o plN6of] . of]
x'G5, 1fg, a'l4 / ljj]sn] el/k"0f{ Pp6f ;r]t dflg; x'gsf] nflu e};s]s f] 5 . a:t' / r] t gfsf] ju{;+3if{ lgSs} 3fts x'G5 To;}n] k6s eg] dnfO{ s;}n] k|r08nfO{
klg x'G5 . To;}n] dflg; lrGg] tl/sf
eg]sf] p;sf] Odfgbfl/tf g} xf] .
o'ujf]wsf] Ifdtf;d]tsf] vfFrf] x'G5 .
;dfh kl/jt{gzLn 5 . hLjlaxLg
åGbfTds ;DaGwsf] csf]{ l:yltdf
dflg; b]lvG5 . dflg;sf r]tgf
lab|f]xsf] lemNsf] slx+ b]lvgf;fy
ljZjel/sf ;a}vfn] a'h{'jf r]tgf
km;fof] eGg] nfu]g . lsg nfu]g eg], an/fd ltdlN;gf
dnfO{ nfUg yfn]sf] lyof] ls– xfdLn]
;dfhdf dflg;x? laleGg k[YjLdf hLj cfof], ax'sf]ifLo x'Fb} p;sf] :jtGq Jojxf/af6 cleJoQm ePsf dflg;x? jf k|ltlqmofjfbL vj/bf/L gug] { xf] eg] k| r 08 arfpmsf] kIfdf pleP . of] aLrdf
lrGtg / k|a[lQsf x'G5g\\ / cfˆgf ljsl;t hLj dflg;sf] ?kdf;d]t ePsf] x'G5 . xfdL clxn] Jojxfl/s tTjx? To;nfO{ lgefpg lrlKnP/ hxfF klg k'Ug ;S5g\ . Tof] ljrf/, l;4fGt, cfrf/ ljrf/, gLlt
Jojxf/x? ul//x]sf x'G5g\\ . dflg;sf b]lvg cfof] . h+unL dfgj >d ug]{, hLjgdf b]Vb5f}+ ls dflg;x? b'Oy{ l/ emlD6xfN5g\\ . a'h{'jfx?sf] r]tgf a] n f;Dd k| r 08–k| e fj XjfQ} g} l tstf ;a} n fO{ kmf] x f] / bfgLdf
Jojxfl/s cleJolQm g} dflg;sf] cfjZostf k'/f ug{ pkfosf] vf]hL r]tgfdf s]lGb|t ePsf x'G5g\\ . 5g\–\ ;r]tgf x}g, lj1fg la/f]wL / c1fgtf 3l6;s]sf] lyof] . d}n] rrf{ ug{ ldNsfP/ v'Nndv'Nnf k"FhLkltsf]
b[li6sf]0f xf] . b[li6sf]0f dflg;sf] ug]{ l:yltdf klg k'Uof] . ;Eo x'bF } / sf]xL a'h{'jf r]tgfsf 5g\\ t sf]xL xf] . o;sf] s'g} ;sf/fTds lgZsif{ vf]h]sf] s'/f s] xf] eg]– Tolta]nf ;]jfdf logLx¿ tlNng eP . lxhf] /
larf/sf] s]lGb|o efu xf] . s]lGb|o ljsf;sf r/0fx? kf/ ub}{ clxn] ;j{xf/f r]tgfsf 5g\\ . / ;sf/fTds lasNk x'Fb}g . of] ;a tnaf6 s8f cfjfh p7fPkl5 pgL cfhdf km/s s] 5 eg] lxhf] o:tf]
efudf /x]sf] a:t'df dflg; 3'ld/x]sf] k'h
F Ljfb cgfjZos ePsf] / hgjfb, a' h { ' j f r] t gfsf dflg;x? ;dosf] ultnfO{ /f]Sg] b':k|of; xf] / a]nf–a]nf cfˆgf k"j{ lg0f{oaf6 kl5 sfd ubf{ pgLx¿ sfo{stf{x¿n] rfn
x'G5 . zlQm, ;Ddfg, of}g, k|]d cflb ;dfhjfb x' F b } ;fDojfb vf] H g] clwe'tjfbL / cfbz{jfbL bz{gnfO{ cj}1flgs s'ts{ dfq xf] . klg x6\y] . t/ cfh pgL Tof] 7fpFdf kfpF5g\ ls eg]/ n'sfP/ uy]{ eg]
s]Gb| efudf /fv]/ dflg;sf] Jojxf/ cj:yfdf k'lu;s]sf] 5 . ;dfh cfwf/ agfO/x]sf 5g\\ hals ;j{xf/f xfdL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngdf s;/L 5}gg . k|r08n] 3/ rnfpFg g;s]/ P]n] xfSsf xfSsL ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ .
cleJoQm x'bF f To;sf] klg s]Gb| efudf ljsl;t x'Fb} stf hfFb}5 eGg] a'‰g] juL{o r]tgfsf dflg;x? åGbfTds Jojl:yt tl/sfn] / j}1flgs 9Ën] Pdfn]nfO{ a'emfO ;s]kl5sf lbgx¿ lxhf] ulNt ubf{ klg ;'?df x}g x}g
cfly{s tTj /fVg k'u]sf] dflg;n] r]tgflagf dflg; ;r]t x'g ;Sb}g . ef} l tsjfbL r] t gfsf x' G 5g\ \ . p7fpg] eGg] lrGtgdgg\ ug]{ l:yltdf x]bf{ ca pgLn] 3f]lift ?kdf 3'F8f eg]/ 6fg{ vf]Hy] eg] lxhf] cfh lgw{Ss
kQ} kfpFbg} g\ . o;n] ju{sf] lgdf{0f ;r]tgfsf] d'Vo cfwf/ g} olx xf] . r]tgf:t/sf] ;+3if{sf] d}bfgdf x]bf{ 5f}+ . o;df ;r]t g]tf tyf sfo{stf{sf] 6]ls;s]sf 5g\ . Pdfn]sf] 3/df af]Ng / ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ .
u/]sf] x'G5 . xfdL h'g ;dfhdf 5f}+ Pp6f ;r] t gful/s;F u clxn] klg bz{gsf] If]qdf 7"nf] n8fO{+ cfjZotf 5 . larf/ u'd]kl5 jf dfcf]jfb k|ltjlGwt ePsf]n] pgn] ;fob ca pgLx¿sf] n's]/ ug{'
o;df ju{ g} ;To xf] / juL{otf g} :jefljs ?kdf hgtfn] cfzf / rln/x]sf] 5 . vl8\sPsf] laifo s] r]tgf:t/ vl:sPkl5 hqf];s ' } eL8 jiff}{+ af]s]sf] dfcf]jfbnfO{ af6}df kg]{ r/0f ;dfKt eO;Sof] / gfË}
dflg;sf] cfwf/ xf] . dflg;sf] ck]Iff u/]sf x'G5g\\ . o:tf] dflg;;Fu 5 eg] cfjZostfsf] lx;fan] klg sfdsfhL x'bF f] /x]g5 eGg] xfd|f] ldNsfP/ uP . of] 36gfaf6 klg pgL e'tË' } ;8sdf lg:sg] r/0f ;'? eof] .
Odfgbfl/tf klg juL{otf leqaf6 Odfgbfl/tfsf] Jojxf/ vf] h ] s f ;j{xf/f juL{o g]tT[ jn] cfk"mnfO{ ;Ifd Jojxfl/s 1fgn] xfdL el/k"0f{ ePsf ljrf/wf/fTds lx;fjn] slt j]Odfg dfcf]jfbnfO{ cfo{3f6df nu]/
vf]lhg] ul/G5 . oxfF juL{otfsf] r]t x'G5g\\ . juL{o ;dfhdf ;a} laifo ;flat ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g, a'hj'{ f ju{sf] 5f}+ . oltv]/sf] cfjZostf eg]sf] 5g\ eGg] k'li6 x'G5 . pgn] t bfuaQL lbO;s]kl5 clg k|f0fxLg
v'ns] f] dflg; g} ;r]t x'G5 / of] s'/f em}+ dflg;sf] Odfgbfl/tfsf] klg bz{g clwe'tjfb / cfbz{jfbn] cfGbf]ng p7fg ug]{ / lg/Gt/tf lbg] dfcf]jfbnfO{ ldNsfP ldNsfP, t/ dfS;{jfb n]lggjfbsf] d'vf}6f] dfq
a'‰g g;Sg] dflg; cr]t x'G5 . juL{o u'0f x'g] ub{5 . ;j{xf/f / a'hj'{ f u|l;t cj:yfdf 5g\\ . lab|f]x / qmddf sfdsfhL dflg; ;r]t / Pp6f klg dfcf]jfbLn] Tof] ljifodf nufPkl5 ca logLx¿nfO{ ;dfhsf]
dflg;n] cfˆgf] ju{nfO{ lrGof] eg] pm ju{df laeflht ljBdfg ;dfhdf hgo'4sf] g]t[Tj ug]{ cu'jfx?sf] cr]t s;/L 5'6o\ fpg] eGg] g} xf] . k|Zg p7fPg . dfgf}+ pgLx¿nfO{ ?kfGt/0f gfdsf] s'g} s'/f rflxPsf]
;r]t x'G5 / lrGg g;s] cr]t x'G5 . Pp6f ju{kl| t Odfgbf/ dflg; csf]{ kl5Nnf wfld{s sfo{x? / s]xL sDo' l g:6 cfGbf] n gnfO{ ju{ k | l t dfcf]jfb jiff}{+ b]lv 3fF8f] e}/x]sf] 5}g . b'lgofFnfO{ 7Ug s]xL jif{
;dfh ultzLn / kl/jt{gzLn ju{sf] nflu a]Odfg x'g k'Ub5 . larf/ Jojxf/x?n] ToxLnfO{ k'li6 u/]sf] 5 . Odfgbf/ / ;r]t dflg;s} vfFrf] 5 . lyof] . tL j]Odfgx¿ k]l/;8fF8faf6 dfS;{jfb n]lggjfbsf] b'?kof]u ug]{

g]kfnL ldl8ofsf nflu k|lts"n jif{


dfcf]jfbsf] dnfdL uP, cfo{3f6df / ;dfhdf To;nfO{ kq' agfO;s]kl5
dfcf]jfbnfO{ hnfP/ lrtf kvfn] gj pbf/jfb;Fu To;nfO{ kq'df ;f6]/
clg g'xfO{ w'jfO{ u/]/ rfj]n x'Fb} sDo'lgi6nfO{ ufnL ug]{ ;fd|fHojfbsf
sf8df8f}F . ljut Ps jif{ -;g\ ljutb]lv /xFb} cfPsf] k|];lj/f]wL k|ltj]bgdf k|ltlglw 36gfsf ?kdf ;+lxtfsf] sfof{Gjog / To;sf] ;'wf/sf] w'Djf/fxL l5/] . e/f]zfof]Uo gf]s/ x'g] bf}8df /x]sf
@)!* d]bl] v @)!( clk|n;Dd_ df 36gfdf Gofo k|flKtdf ljBdfg ;dfrf/ n]v]s} sf/0f kf]v/faf6 dfuk|lt a]jf:tf /x]sf] cf}NF ofOPsf] 5 . w' D j/fxL l5/] k l5 h] h:tf logLx¿n] sdhf]/ j}rfl/s r]tgf
k|;
] :jtGqtf pNn+3gsf 36gfdf lgs} b08xLgtf cGTosf] s'g} k|of; gx'g,' kqsf/ ch{ ' g lu/L kqmfp, nfdf] ;dob]lv ljB'tLo sf/f]jf/ kl/b[Zox¿ xfd|f cl3 cfP tL x]bf{ ePsf hgtfnfO{ ch} s]xL jif{ 7Ug]
a9f]Q/L kfOPsf] 5 . ljZj k|]; uf]klgotfsf] xs;DaGwL sfg"gdfkm{t nlntk'/af6 /fh' a:g]t kqmfp / P]g vf/]hL x'gk' 5{ eGg] dfu ;/sf/L ca pgLx¿n] nfh dfGg] s' / f lglZrt 5 .
:jtGqtf lbj;sf ;Gbe{df lk|m8d
kmf]/dn] tof/ kf/]sf]] jflif{s ldl8of
cleJolQm / k|;] :jtGqtfnfO{ ;Í'rgdf
kfg]{ k|of; x'g,' kqsf/ tyf ldl8ofsf]
;dfrf/ pTkfbg u/]s} sf/0f PkmPd
:6]zgaf6 g} aemfª lhNnfsf u0f]z
kIfaf6 k"0f{?kdf a]jf:tf ul/Psf] /
;f]xL P]gsf] ;xf/f lnFb} l8lh6n s'l/nf] vfg'sf kmfObf
k|ltj]bgcg'; ' f/ Ps jif{ -d] @)!* b]lv b'?kof]u a9\gh ' :tf sf/0fn] ut jif{ ljs kqmfp, ;dfrf/ n]vs ] } sf/0f dfWoddf kqsfl/tf u/]s} sf/0f sf7df8f}F . jg:klts gfd ePsf] lkm6 b]lv gf} xhf/ lkm6sf] pRr lxdfnL
clk|n @)!( ;Dd_ !)$ k|; ] :jtGqtf k|;] :jtGqtfsf] cj:yf r'gf}tLk"0f{ /x]sf] ;nf{xLdf kqsf/ ;f]d lbofnLdfly kqsf/ kqmfp ug]{ / wDsL lbg] sfd s'l/nf]nfO{ ;+:s[tdf ztfj/L elgG5 . e" – efu;Dddf kfOg] s' l /nf] n fO{
pNn‹gsf 36gfdf !%* kqsf/ k|ToIf atfpF5g\\ lk|m8d kmf]/dsf k|d'v ;f‹flts s'6lk6, P;OO{ k/LIffsf] hf/L /x]sf] k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v 5 . g]kfnsf] d}bfgL h+un b]lv lnP/ rf/ cfo'jb{] n] cf}iflwsL /fgL eg]sf] 5
k|efljt ePsf 5g\\ . sfo{sf/L tf/fgfy bfxfn . k|Zgkq aflxl/Psf] ;dfrf/ n]vs ] } ;dfhsf cfk/flws / e|i6 c;fdflhs xhf/ lkm6 b]vL gf} xhf/ lkm6sf] pRr sfF8f ePsf] / gePsf] u/L b'O
ldl8of k|ltj]bgcg';f/ of] ;+Vof …OG6/g]6sf] lj:tf/ a9];uF } g]kfndf sf/0f hgsk'/sf kqsf/ z}n]Gb| tTjaf6 kqsf/dfly cfqmd0f eO/x]sf] lxdfnL e"–efu;Dddf kfOg] s'l/nf]nfO{ k|sf/sf] x'g] of] jg:ktL dWo] pRr
cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf 8]9 u'0ffeGbf cgnfOg ldl8ofsf] ;+ V of k| ] ; dxtf]sf] k|x/Låf/f lgoGq0fnufot / u}//fHo kIfsf] cfqmd0f lg?T;flxt cfo'jb{] n] cf}iflwsL /fgL eg]sf] 5 . lxdfnL e]udf kfOg] s'l/nf]nfO{
a9L xf] . cl3Nnf] jif{ of] ;+Vof ^^ sfplG;nsf cg';f/ ut r}t;Dddf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . ug{ /fHo ;+oGq ;+jb] gzLn x'gk' g]d{ f sfF8f ePsf / gePsf] u/L b'O k|sf/sf] c:kf/fu; lklnl;g; elgG5 . o;sf]
/x]sf] lyof] . o; jif{df !)$ pNn‹gsf Ps xhf/ ^)) k'us ] f] 5 t/ of] ;+Vof b]z ;‹Lotfdf uP;Fu} ljleGg /fHos} ;+oGq k|; ] lj?4 b]lvg'n] emg} x'g] of] jg:ktL dWo] pRr lxdfnL sfF8f x'bF g} t/ cf}ifwLo u'0f eg] ;dfg
36gfdWo] cfqmd0f / xftkftsf #!, x]bf{ cgnfOg ldl8ofsf] ;+Vof lgSs} :yfgLo ;/sf/, k|bz ] ;/sf/ / s]Gb|Lo eofjx cj:yfsf] lrlqt u/]sf] ldl8of e]udf kfOg] s'l/nf]nfO{ c:kf/fu; x' G 5 . P:d] / ] u ] l dg P gfds
;dfrf/ ;Íng /f]s / tf]8kmf]8df !^, a9L /x]sf] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . ;/sf/n] cfd;~rf/ tyf k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . kqsf/ lklnl;g; elgG5 o;sf] sfF8f x'bF g}
b'Jo{jxf/ @*, Hofg dfg]{ wDsL !( / cgnfOg ldl8of / ;fdflhs ldl8of;DaGwL gLlt tyf sfg"g cfkm}n
+ ] klg :jlgodg tyf Joj;flos t/ cf}iflwo u'0f eg] ;dfg x'G5 .
tLg 36gf ;dfrf/ n]v]s} e/df ;~hfnsf] kx'Fr eP;Fu} hgtfsf] d:of}bf ug]{ / ;+;b\af6 kfl/t ug]{ wd{sf] lgjf{x ug{ ;r]t gx'g' / k|fb]lzs P:d]/u] l] dg P gfds kf]nL;fOlSns
kqsf/lj?4 d'2f /x]sf 5g\\ . cleJolQm :jtGqtf k| o f] u df hdsf]{ u/] klg k|foMh;f] gLlt tyf tyf :yfgLo ;/sf/;Fusf] a9\bf] cNsfnfO8 :6]/fO cfo'jb{] n] a'l4jw{s
36gfdWo] ;a}eGbf a9L #( k|; ] pNn]vgLo ;xof]u eP klg l8lh6n P]g k|;
] :jtGqtfsf l;4fGt, dfGotf ;fF 7 ufF 7 / ;+ n Ugtfn] :yfgLo clUgjw{s / z'qmbf}aN{ o gfz ug]{
:jtGqtf pNn‹gsf 36gf ;‹Lo ldl8ofdfly a9\bf] lgoGq0fn] eg] / ;+ljwfgk|bQ cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf kqsfl/tf e'Q] x'bF } uPsf] / kqsf/sf] cf}ifwLo u'0f ePsf] eg]/ rrf{ u/]sf]
/fhwfgL sf7df8f}F /x]sf] k|bz ] g+ # df r'gf}tLk"0f{ jftfj/0f l;h{gf ePsf] 5,Ú bfof/fdf k|lts"n /x]sf] k|ltj]bgdf d"nwd{ 5fofFdf k/]sf] pNn]v 5 . s'l/nf]sf] ;]jg kL8f sd ug{ :tgkfg
/ To;kl5 k|bz ] g+ @ df @% k|; ] pgsf] egfO 5 . pNn]v 5 . kmf}hbf/L tyf b]jfgL :jtGq k|; ] sf nflu jftfj/0f u/fO/x]sf dlxnfsf] b'w cfpg 5f8] kf]nL;fOlSns cNsfnfO8 :6]/fO
:jtGqtf pNn3ª\gsf 36gf 36]sf tof/ ug{ cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf b'wsf] a[l4 ug{ lkzfa kf]Ng] ;d:ofdf cfo'j]{bn] a'l4jw{s clUgjw{s /
5g\\ . To;}u/L k|bz ] g+ ! / s0ff{nL ;Dk" 0 f{ ;f/] s f/jfnf kIfx¿aLr sfdf]Qh ] gf j[l4sf nfuL clgb|f ef]s z'qmbf}aN{ o gfz ug]{ cf}ifwLo u'0f ePsf]
k|bz ] df ;ft–;ft / u08sL k|bz ] / ;xsfo{ a9fpg'kg]{ / gful/s ;dfhsf] gnfUg] ;d:of kfrg k|0ffnLdf ;'wf/ eg]/ rrf{ ul/Psf] 5 . s'l/nf]sf] ;]jg
k|bz ] g+ % df gf}–gf} / ;'b/" klZrd kx/]bf/L klg a9\gk' g],{ b08xLgtfsf] k]6sf] 6\od' / 3fF6Ldf ePsf] ;+qmd0f kL8f sd ug{ :tgkfg u/fO/x]sf
k|bz] df cf7 k|; ] :jtGqtflj/f]wL 36gf cj:yf cGTosf nflu /fHon] zL3| a|fs
+] fOl6; nufotsf /f]udf o;sf] dlxnfsf] b'w cfpg 5f8] b'wsf] a[l4
36]sf 5g\\ . kxn ug{k' g],{ ;+ljwfgn] k|:tfjfgfdf h/f / sf08sf] k|of]u pQd dflgG5 . ug{ lkzfa kf]Ng] ;d:ofdf sfdf]Qh ] gf
k|;
] :jtGqtf pNn‹gdf pNn]Vo elgPadf]lhd k"0f{ k|; ] :jtGqtfsf] c+uh]| Ldf Asparagus elgg] j[l4sf nfuL clgb|f ef]s gnfUg] ;d:of
j[l4, :jtGq k|; ] k|lts"nsf sfg"g tyf ;'lglZrt sfg"gaf6 ug{ / Jojxf/df Asparagus racemosus kfrg k|0ffnLdf ;'wf/ k]6sf] 6\od' /
gLlt lgdf{ 0 f, kqsf/k| l t a9\ b f] klg k|;] :jtGqtfsf] k|Tofe"lt x'gk' g]{ jfg:klts gfd ePsf] s'l/nf]nfO{ 3fF6Ldf ePsf] ;+qmd0f a|fs +] fOl6;
c;lxi0f'tf, cgfb/ Jojxf/, kqsf/df ;'emfj k|ltj]bgn] lbPsf] 5 . ;+:s[tdf ztfj/L elgG5 . g]kfnsf] nufotsf /f]udf o;sf] h/f / sf08sf]
a9\bf] lgu/fgL, l8lh6n lgu/fgL, s'df/k|;fb rf}nfufO{+ d}bfgL h+un b]lv lnP/ rf/ xhf/ k|of]u pQd dflgG5 .
4 @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/

sfn{ dfS;{sf]
;g\ !*&( df cd] l /sL
l/klAnsgx?sf] cvaf/ …lzsfuf]
l6«Ao'gÚ sf Ps ;Djfbbftfn] sfn{
p2]Zo dfq} xf], h'g xfdL ;a} k|fKt ug{
rfxG5f}+ .
) Tof] p2] Z o eg] s f] s]
o;} s f] kmn:j?k ;+ ; f/e/sf
dhb'/x?aLr Pstfsf] ljrf/ hlGdPsf]
5 . /, ljrf/ clxn] c? a];L cfjZos
ca k]zj] / /fhgLlt1x?dfly c? a];L
e/f];f ug{ ;Sb}gg\ . ;f+;bx? u"6afhLsf]
lzsf/ ePsf 5g\\ / ;+;b To:t}sf]
k|ltlglwx?sf] sfFwdfly cfOk/]sf] lyof] .
o; kf6L{sf] ?k/]vfaf/] atfpg w]/} ;do
nfUg]5, t/ d olt rflx+ eGg;S5'–
x'gx' G' 5 / tkfO++{ oxf"af6, cfˆgf]
3/af6, cfhef] l nsf ;a}
k| s f/sf ;+ u 7gx? /
dfS;{;uF pgsf] n08gl:yt cfˆg} 3/df dhb'/ju{sf] k|eT' j sfod ug{' ePsf] 5, lsgls k'h F Lkltx?n] dhb'/sf] cv8f ePsf] 5 . /fhgLlt Joa;fo olb hd{gLsf] dWodju{df 3g3f]/ qmflGtx?sf] ;+rfng ug{x' G' 5 .
cGtjf{tf{ lnPsf lyP . w]/} jif{;Dd xf] < axfnLsf nflu ;+;f/e/sf dhb'/x?dfly ePsf] 5 . of] bzf cd]l/sfdf dfq sfo/tf gePsf] eP pgLx? a]nfot / o; ;DjGwdf tkfO{+ s]xL eGg
…l6«Ao'gÚ ;dfhjfb / pbLodfg 6«8] xf]Og xh"/ . Tof] p2]Zo xf] – cfFvf nfpg yfn]sf 5g\\ . cd]l/sfdf xf]Og, a? o"/f]ksf] klg o:t} xfn 5 . cd]l/sfsf] dWodju{sf] ;dfg ePsf rfxg'x'G5 ls <
o'lgogx? b'as } f] efjgfTds em8\sfsf] dhb'/ju{sf] d'lQm . dfq} xf]Og, a]nfot, k|mfG;, / hd{gLsf km/s s] dfq} xf] eg] o"/f]kaf;Lx?sf] eP ;/sf/lj?4 ug{k' g]{ ;a} /fhg}lts -xn'sf d':sfg;lxt_– dnfO{ o;
la:kmf]6g ag]sf] lyof] -ltgLx? ;dfg ) s] o" / f] k sf ;dfhjfbLx? k'hF Lkltx?n] ;d]t :jb]zL dhb'/x? t'ngfdf cd]l/sL hgtf s]xL a];L sfd pgLx?n] g} ug{k' b{Yof] . ;DaGwdf hfgsf/L 5 . dnfO{ nfU5–
7flgPsf / x/]s /rgfn] dfS;{nfO{ ljZj cd]l/sL dhb'/ cfGbf]ngnfO{ lj?4 ljb]zL dhb'/x?nfO{ pkof]u ug{ ;fjwfg / b[9 lgZro ePsf dflg;x? ) OG6/g]zgnjfbLx?aLr of] Psbd cy{xLg s'/f xf], t/ o;df
if8oGqsf] df:6/dfOG8sf] ?kdf l:y/ dxTjk"0f{ dfGb5g\\ < yfn]sf 5g\\ . o;af6 s] ;fljt eof] x'g\ . cd]l/sfdf ;a}sf] /x:o t'?Gt} nf;fnjfbLx?sf] ;+Vof slt Pp6f dgf]/~hs kIf klg 5 . xf]bt] sf]
?kn] rl/tfy{ u¥of] ._ -…if8oGqÚ xf] xh"/ . cd]l/sL dhb"/ cfGbf]ng eg] ;dfhjfb s'g} :yfgLo ;d:of xf]Og v'N5 . dxf;fu/sf] jfl/ hlt zAb– xf] n f < k|of;eGbf b'O{ dlxgfcufl8 la:dfs{n]
tTsfnLg a'hj'{ fx?n] k|of]u u/]sf] zAb Tof] b]zsf] ljsf;sf] :jfefljs kl/0ffd /x]5 . /, o;sf] ;dfwfg t ;+;f/e/sf cf8Dj/ / df/sf6 5, Tolt ptf nf;fnsf] s'g} kf6L{ 5}g . xfd|f] cfˆgf] klqsf …gy{ hd{g uh]6Ú df d]/f]
xf] . – d"NofÍg_ Pp6f ?9LjfbL xf] . s] klg elgG5 eg] ToxfF dhb'/x? Ps eP/ ug{'kg]{ /x]5 . kfl/lt/ 5}g . ;+u7gdf nf;fnsf] l;4fGtdfly ljZjf; lj?4 u'gf;f] u/]sf lyP– d}n] h];O' 6
cvaf/df dfS;{sf] oxL g} Pp6f nfdf] ljb]zLx?åf/f aflx/af6 cfGbf]ng dhb'/ju{ cfˆgf] cfGbf]ngsf p2]Zox?sf] ) hd{ g Ldf ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ s f] ug]{ s]xL dflg;x? 5g\,\ t/ pgLx?sf] cfGbf]ngsf g]tf kmfb/ a}+s;Fu
cGtjf{tf{ xf], h'g pgn] o:tf] slxNo} NofOPsf] xf] . cfheGbf %) jif{cufl8 af/]df 1fg gx'bF f gx'bF } klg cfkm;] cfkm tLa| t fk" j { s ePsf] ljsf;sf] ;+Vof w]/} g} sd 5 . nf;fnnfO{ xfd|f ldlneut u/]/x]sf] 5' . clg xfdL b'jn } ]
lbPsf lyPgg\ . ha a]nfotdf dhb'/ cfGbf]ngsf] ?k nuftf/ cufl8 al9/x] s f] 5 . sf/0f s] xf] < ;fdfGo l;4fGtx?sf] cg'dfg lyof] . ldn]/ ;dfhjfbL cfGbf]ngnfO{ o:tf]
) ;dfhjfbLx?sf] cfGbf] n gsf] h'emf? x'g yfn]sf] lyof], ta oxfF klg ;dfhjfbLx?n] t cfGbf]ngsf] rl/q / hd{gLsf] jt{dfg ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ To;}n] ha pgn] ;g\ !*$* sf 36gfx? ?k lbO/x]sf xf},+ tfls la:dfs{n] of]
clGtd p2] Z o >dsf To:t} elgPsf] lyof] / of] s'/f p2]Zo atfpg] sfd u/]sf x'g\ . w]/} g} gofF kf6L{ xf] . a]nfot / k|mfG;df kl5 hu}bl] v cfˆgf ultljlwx? z'?ubf{ cfGbf]ng;Fu s'g} ;DaGw /fVg g;s"g\ .
;fwgx?nfO{ ;dfhsf] ;dfhjfbsf] rrf{ x'g yfNg'eGbf ) d] / f] ljrf/df o;sf] dtna em}+ hd{gLdf sfNklgs ;dfhjfbLx?sf] sNkgf u/] s f lyP– cf} B f] l us ) t/ n08gaf6 tkfO{ + s f]
;fj{hlgs ;DklQsf] ?kdf km]g'{ cufj}sf] s'/f xf] . cd]l/sfdf ;g\ xf]– jt{dfg ;dfh Joj:yfnfO{ ljrf/wf/fsf] s'g} k|efj klxn]bl] v k|lti7fgx?df dhb'/x?sf] ;xof]usf] cGt/f{li6«o ;dfhn] cfGbf]ng
g} t xf] lg < !*%& b]lv g} dhb'/ cfGbf]ng pv]n]/ k\mofFSg' . ljBdfg lyPg . hd{gLjfnfx? l;4fGt jsfnt u/]/ cfˆgf] cfGbf]ngnfO{ km]l/ t ;+rfng ul//x]s} 5 lg <
xf], kSs} xf], xfdL s] eG5f}+ eg] k|efjzfnL x'g nfu]sf] xf] . To;kl5 xfd|f] ljrf/ s] 5 eg] jt{dfg /rgf ug]{ sfo{df c?eGbf cln a];L Psk6s w]/} ;kmntfk"js { rnfpg cGt/f{li6«o ;dfhsf] pkof]lutf
cfGbf]ngsf] kl/0ffd o:t} x'g5 ] . t/ dhb'/ o"lgogx? kmNg–k"mNg yfn] . Joj:yfdf Psflt/ k'h F Lkltx?sf] xftdf g} s'zn 5g\\ . ljutsf cg'ejx?af6 ;lsg]5 . of] rflxF dhb'/x?nfO{ km]l/ ca ;dfKt eO;s]sf] 5 / ca To;sf]
To;sf] nflu ;do, lzIff / pRr:t/ To;kl5 To:tf dhb'/;efx?sf] lgdf{0f k'h
F L / e"ld 5 clg csf]l{ t/ dhb'/x?;Fu l;s]/ hd{gLjfnfx?n] s]xL lg0f{o u/] . ;lqmo kfg]{ pgsf] sf]l;; lyof] . o;nfO{ s'g} cl:tTj 5}g . klxn] To;sf]
ePsf ;fdflhs ;+:yfx?sf] h?/t x'gyfNof], h;af6 ljleGg pBf]ux?df Pp6f ahf/sf] a:t'sf] ?kdf a]Rgsf tkfO{n + fO{ yfxf 5 xf]nf– o"/f]ksf c? pgL cfGbf]ngsf] jf:tljs p2]Zo k"/f cl:tTj lyof] / To;sf] dfWodaf6
x'g5] . sfd ug]{ dhb'/x?aLr Pstf sfod nflu >dzlQm dfq} 5 . of] Joj:yf b]zx?sf] t'ngfdf of] k"h F LjfbL Aoj:yf ug]{ ;fwg g} ;+emGy] . pgsf] o:tf] cfGbf]ngsf] ;+rfng klg x'GYof] . t/,
) tkfO{ + x ?sf] of] 3f] i f0ffkq / eof] . /, cGTodf /fli6«o dhb'/ ;+3sf] klg Pp6f To:tf] P]ltxfl;s cj:yf xf], hd{gLsf] nflu w]/} g} gofF Joj:yf xf] . cfzosf] lr¶L d;Fu 5 . xfnsf s]xL jif{x?df ;dfhjfbsf]
df] r f{ s] j n hd{ g L jf s] x L :yfkgf eof] . olb tkfO{n + ] of] qmlds h'g ;dfKt x'gk} 5{ / To;sf] 7fpFdf ha hd{gLsf dhb"/x?n] ;dfhjfbL ) s] tkfO{+ o;nfO{ pgsf] /fdjf0f ljsf; olt w]/} eO;s]sf] 5 ls ca
To:t} Ps–b'O6{ f b]zx?sf] nflu ljsf;dfly Wofg lbg'eof] eg] tkfO{n+ fO{ of]eGbf a];L pGgt ;fdflhs Joj:yf ljrf/nfO{ c+uLsf/ u/], ta a]nfot / eGg rfxg'x'G5 < OG6/g]zgnsf] s'g} h?/t g} /x]g .
dfq pkof]uL x'g]5g\\ . yfxf x'g5 ] – ljb]zLx?sf] d2tljgf g} sfod x'gk} 5{ . xfdLnfO{ yfxf 5– ;a} k|mfG;df k'/fgf eO;s]sf k|Zgx? lglZrt ?kn] . pgn] la:dfs{;uF clxn] ljleGg b]zx?df cvjf/x?
jfx Û olb tkfO{+ oxL 3f]if0ffkq dfq} cd]l/sfdf ;dfhjfb k}bf eof] / Tof] 7fpFdf ;dfh ju{x?df ljeflht 5 . hd{gLdf gofFgofF ?kdf p7\g yfn] . e]6,] cfˆgf] of]hgfsf] af/]df pgL;Fu k|sflzt eO/x]sf a:5g\\ . ltgLx?aLr
k9]/ xfd|f] af/]df glthf lgsfNg] k|of; k'h
F Lsf] s]Gb|Ls/0f tyf dhb'/ Pj+ cfw'lgs cf}Bf]lus b]zx?df cf}Bf]lus clg tL b]zx?df pTkGg ePsf rrf{ u/] . clg la:dfs{n] To;a]nf cfk;df cfbfg–k|bfg klg eO/x]sf
ug{x' G' 5 eg] d eG5'– tkfO{+ xfd|f] dflnssf] abln+bf] ;DaGwsf sf/0f ;fwgx?sf] ljsf; ;Fu;Fu} k'h F Lklt / /fhgLlts k|efjx?sf] c;/ hd{gLsf x/t/xn] nf;fnsf ultljlwx?nfO{ 5g\\ . ljleGg b]zx?df sfd ul//x]sf
;+u7gsf ultljlwx?sf] af/]df s]xL klg ;+ej eof] . dhb'/ju{ aLrsf] cfk;L j}dg:o klg dhb'/x?sf] hLjgdfly klg k¥of] . a9fjf lbP . kf6L{x?aLr cfk;L ;DaGwsf] oxL g}
hfGg ;Sg'x'Gg . :ki6 5– o; ) ca tkfO+{+ s] atfpg';\ eg] al9/x] s f] 5 . ;dfhjfbLx?sf] To;}n] cfw'lgs cf}Bf]lus ljsf;sf] ) o:tf] ug{'sf] k5fl8 la:dfs{sf] Psdfq dfWod xf] . cGt/f{li6«o
3f]if0ffkqsf s}of}+ s'/fx?sf] hd{gLeGbf tkfO{ + s f] ;dfhjfbn] b[li6sf]0fdf jt{dfg P]ltxfl;s cj:yfdf z'?jft;Fu;Fu} ToxfFsf dhb'/x?n] p2]Zo s] lyof] < ;dfhsf] :yfkgf s]sf] nflu ul/Psf]
aflx/ s'g} dxTj 5}g . :k]g, ?;, clxn];Dd s]–s] u¥of] < qmflGtsf] tTj ljBdfg 5 . s}of}+ cfˆg} :jtGq /fhgLlts kf6L{ agfP . pgL !*$* sf] lab|fx] e8\sfpg] lyof] eg] dhb'/x?nfO{ ;+ul7t ug{
a]nfot / cd]l/sfdf tL b]zsf cf– b' O { j 6} s' / f ePsf 5g\ \ . b]zx?df dhb'/ o"lgogx?sf] cfwf/df hd{gLsf] ;+;bdf pgLx?sf cfˆg} dWodju{lj?4 dhb'/ju{nfO{ k|of]u ug{ ;lsof];\ / ljleGg /fi6«sf dhb'/sf
cfˆgf ljz]if sl7gfO cg'?k df]rf{ / ;dfhjfbLx?n] k'h F L / >dsf] Jofks /fhgLlts ;+u7gx? klg lgdf{0f ePsf k|ltlglw lyP . ;/sf/sf gLltx?sf] rfxGy] . ;+u7gx?df cfk;L Pstf sfod ug{
;+ u 7gx? ag] s f 5g\ \ . tL ;a} ;+3if{sf] af6f] b]vfPsf 5g\\ . cyf{t\ 5g\\ . cd]l/sfdf klg dhb'/ju{sf] cfˆg} lj/f]w ug]{ csf]{ s'g} bn lyPg, To;}n] ) s] elgG5 eg] tkfO{ + + ;lsof] ; \ . x/] s b] z sf dhb' /
;+u7gx?aLr ;dfgtf eg]sf] s]jn To;nfO{ ljZjJofkL agfPsf 5g\\ . Pp6f kf6L{ agfpg' h?/L 5 . dhb'/x?n] Tof] lhDd] j f/L klg dhb' / x?s} ;dfhjfbsf cWoIf / g] t f ;+u7gx?sf] cf–cfˆg} vfn] lxtx? 5g\,\

dfcf] ef/tnfO{ ;as


dfcf] T;]-t'u+ -Mao Zedong_
cyjf -Mao Tse-tung_sf] hGd @^
k|efjzfnL JolQmx?df ulgG5g\\ . /
6fOd d]uflhgklqsf cg';f/ @)cf}+
a]nf dfcf] pgsL ;xsdL{ !& jlif{of
s]6L lx lhem]lG;t a:y], efiff sf}zntfdf
hf]l8Psf] x'GYof] . oxfF;Dd ls pgL hg
!(%& df d:sf] uP, pgsf] knª
l/;fPsf] of cfZor{df k/]sf] kfPkl5
pk/fi6«kltn] ha/h:t …kGr nfOgÚ
lyPg . ha xfd|f] dfcf];uF e]6 x'GYof]
ta k|;] nfO{ atfOGYof] ls o:tf] eof] .
lbzDa/ !*(# df / d[To' ( l;tDa/ ztfJbLsf !)) ;aeGbf k|efjzfnL sdhf]/ ePsfn] lhof+u ;Dk|bfol;t hxfhaf6 d:sf] k'of{dOof] . lsgls, lbP- cWoIf dxf]bo, b'lvt gx'gf]:, d}n] lsl;Gh/ cufl8 n]V5g\-\ xfdLnfO{
!(&^ df ePsf] xf] . pgL rLgL JolQmx?df dfcf] k5{g\ . a;]tf klg pgn] dGbfl/g\ rLlg efiff dfcf] s'g} gofF cf]5o\ fgdf ;'Tg ;Sb}gy] . :6flng / kf]k;Fu klg oxL u/]sf] 5' . ;Lw} dfcf]sf] cWoog sIfdf nluGYof] .
qmflGtsf/L, /fhg}lts ljrf/s / k| f /lDes hLjg l;Sg ;s]gg\. pgn] k|mf+;df cWoog ug]{ 3/df a:bf pgL s] j n Pp6f ef]h vfO/x]sf a]nfdf dfcf]n] To;sf tLgj6f leQfx? lstfan]
;fDojfbL bnsf g]tf x'G, h;sf] g]tT[ jdf lhGxfO{ qmfltsf] a]nf dfcf] x'gfgsf] cj;/nfO{ klg c:jLsf/ u/]. @# h'nfO{ g'xfpg]jfnf ufpg nufpFy] / vfnL v'§f vfFvfvfFb} ax't} ;fdfGo 9+uaf6 el/Psf x'Gy] . cufl8 Pp6f ;]ksf]
rLgsf] qmflGt ;kmn ePsf] lyof]| pgn] :yfgLo /] l hdG6df etL{ eO{ !(@! sf lbg, dfcf]n,] @& jif{sf] pd]/df /xGy] . rlkl:6sn] cfˆgf] Kn]6sf] vfgfsf] Ps d]r x'GYof], hxfF hl:dg 6L sf] Knfnf
hgjfbL u0ftGq rLgsf] :yfkgf ePsf] qmflGtsfl/x?sf] tkm{af6 n8fO{d+ f efu ;+3fOdf rLgsf] sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] /fi6«Lo rLgl:yt ef/tLo b"tfaf;df ufF; p7fP/ /fwfs[i0fgsf] Kn]6df /flvPsf] x'GYof] . 5]pdf y"sbfgL x'GYof] .
;fn !($( b]lv otf pgsf] d[To' ePsf] lnP, ha s'Oª\ /fhj+z ;QfRo't eof] sf+u;]| df efu lnP . b'O jif{kl5, pgL To;a]nfsf h'lgo/ clkm;/ g6j/ l;+x /flvlbP . dfcf]nfO{ o;sf] c~bfh d]/f ;'?sf b'Oj{ 6f e]6df t ToxfF Pp6f
ldlt ;g\ !(&^ ;Dd rLgsf] g]tT[ j To;kl5 dfcf] ;]gf 5f]8L k'gM ljBfno kf6L{sf] t];f| ] sf+u;
]| clwj]zgdf kf+r atfpF5g\\ ls !(%^ df ha nf]s;ef lyPg ls /fwfs[i0fg kSsf zfsfxf/L :qLsf] knª klg lyof] . b'lgofFsf] ;a}eGbf
;Dxfn]sf x'g\ . dfS;{ jfbL, n]lggjfbL uP . ;g\ !(!* df :gfts ag]kl5 sld;f/dWo]df Ps k|ltlglwsf] ?kdf cWoIf cfo+u/sf] g]tT[ jdf ef/tsf] x'g\ . /fwfs[i0fgn] klg dfcf]nfO{ of] w]/} hg;+Vofjfnf b]zsf ;a}eGbf
ljrf/wf/fnfO{ ;}lgs /0fgLltdf ;g\ !(!( sf] rf/ dO{ cfGbf]ngsf] 5flgP ;f]lx ;fn s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] ;+;bLo k|ltlglwd08n rLg k'Uof], ta cfef; x'g lbPgg\ ls pgn] s'g} zlQmzfnL zf;ssf] :68L ?ddf
hf]l8Psf] pgsf] l;4fGtnfO{ dfcf]jfbsf] lglDt cfˆgf lzIfs clg eljiosf cfb]zdf dfcf] x'gfg\ s'cf]ldG6f+u ;fvf Tof] 6f]nLnfO{ Ps /ft ;f9] !) ah] of] gfhfoh sfd u/]sf x'g\ . sd;]sd d}n] ljnfl;tf Pj+ afbzfxsf]
gfdn] hflgG5. ;;'/f k|fWofks ofª\ Rofª\ lh l;t ;~rfng ug{sf lglDt x'gfg\ lkm/]. ;g\ atfOof] ls cWoIf dfcf]n] pgLx?;Fu To;a]nf /fwfs[i0fgsf] cf}n+ fdf rf]6 k|tLssf] Pp6f emns klg b]lvgF .
jt{dfgdf sltko d'ns ' df dfcf] a]hLªsf] ofqfdf uP . k|fWofks ofª\ !(@$ df, pgL s'cf]ldG6f+usf] /fi6«Lo /flt !@ ah] e]63f6 ug]5 { g\\ . nfu]sf] lyof] . rLgsf] ofqf ug{k' j" { sf]7fsf] jLrdf /x]sf] s';L{df a;]sf
Ps ljjfbf:kb JolQm dflgPtf klg Rofª\ lh k]lsª\ ljZjljBfnodf clwj]zgsf k|ltlglw ag],hxfF pgL s]Gb|Lo dfcf]n] Ps Ps u/]/ ;a} ;f+;b;Fu SofDaf]l8of e|d0fsf qmddf pgsf dfcf]n] p7]/ dnfO{ :jfut uy]{ . pgnfO{
rLgdf /fhsLo ?kdf dxfg\ qmflGtsf/L, dxTjk"0f{ kbdf /x]sf] sf/0f pgsf] ;ldltsf cltl/Qm k|dv ' 5flgP. xft ldnfP . ;'?df dfcf] d"8df P8L;Lsf] uNtLsf sf/0f sf/sf] 9f]sfn] d2t ug{sf nflu pgsf] 5]pdf b'O{
/fhg}lts /0fgLltsf/, ;}lgs k'/f]wf l;kmfl/;df dfcf] n ] ;xfos ef/tnfO{ ;as l;sfpg rfxGy] lyPgg\ . Ps b'O{ zAbdf cfo+u/sf] pgsf] cf}n + f] Rofk]sf] lyof], h;n] ubf{ dlxnf P6]G8]6 v8f x'Gy] . pgL d]/f]
clg b]z/Ifs dflgG5g\. w]/} rLgL k':tsfnofWoIf kbdf /xL sfd u/] . dfcf] k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbO/x]sf lyP . t/, cf}n
+ fsf] x•L km'6s ] f] lyof] . dfcf]n] of] ;fd'Gg] d':s/fpFb} o:tf] ulx/f] b[li6
JolQmx?sf] dt cg';f/ dfcf]n] cfˆgf dfcf]n] c+zsflns -part-time_ cfh lrlgofF qmflGtsf gfos Pj+ s]xLa]/kl5 pgL v'n] . cfo+u/n] eg] b]vk] l5 t'?Gt cfˆgf] 8fS6/nfO{ af]nfP nufpFy] ls va/bf/ ul//x]sf 5g\\ ls
gLlt / sfo{qmdsf dfWodn] jt{dfg 5fqdf k+hLs[t eO{ s]xL dfqfdf sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngsf g]tf dfcf] T;] t'Íf] ls :jtGqtfkl5 ef/t Pp6f 9f]nh:t} / dNxd k§L u/fP . of] 5nsk6sf] RoflDkognfO{ d"v{
rLgsf] cfly{s, tslgsL Pj+ ;f+:s[lts Jofvfg / ljåfgx?sf] ;]ldgf/x?df !@^ cf}+ hGd hoGtL . g]kfndf klg lyof], h;nfO{ ?; / cd]l/sfn] ha s'g} ljb]zL /fi6«fWoIf rLg agfpg] sf]l;; ug{' a]sf/ 5 . ha
ljsf; tyf k5fl8Psf] b]znfO{ ;+;f/sf] efu lnP . ;+3fO{df /xFbf ;fDojfbL sDo'lgi6 kf6L{x?n] dfcf] lbj; ljljw b'al} t/af6 ahfO/x]sf lyP . of] ;'g/] e|d0fsf cfpFYof], p;;Fu dfcf]sf] !(&! df ha /fi6«klt lgS;gn]
k|dv' zlQmsf] ?kdf v8f u/fpg ultnf] l;4fGtsf] cWoogdf cfk"mnfO{ ;+nUg sfo{qmd u/L dgfO/x]sf 5g\\ . dfcf] dfcf]n] hf]8sf ;fy c§xf; u/] . k"/} e]63f6 klxn] g} to x'bF g} Yof] . dfcf]nfO{ dfcf];uF ljZjsf] s'g} 36gfsf af/]df
e"ldsf lgefPsf5g\\ . pgL slj, u/fP . hoGtLsf cj;/df aLaL;L lxGbLsf /]xfg a}7ssf qmddf dfcf]n] Pskl5 csf]{ ha dg nfUYof], ta e]6g\ af]nfOGYof], aftlrt ug{ rfx], ta dfcf] af]n]
bfz{lgs, b"/bzL{ dxfg\ k|zf;ssf] ?kdf dfcf] k':ts n]Vb} ;g\ !(#* kmhnn] Pp6f l/kf]6{ tof/ kf/]sf 5g\\ . r'/f]6 ;NsfO/x] . ha ToxfF pkl:yt h;} pgdfly dfcf]n] 7"nf] pksf/ aftlrt < o;sf nflu t tkfO{n] xfd|f]
dflgG5g\\ o;sf] ljk/Lt, dfcf]sf n'cf] lolS;gf]l;t ljjflxt- afa'n] h;df dfcf]n] ef/tdf s] ug{ vf]hs ] f ef/tLo /fhb"t cf/s] g]x?n] d'vdf ub}5{ g\\ . k|wfgdGqL;dIf hfg'k5{ . d;Fu t tkfO{
;fdflhs tyf /fhgLlts sfo{qmdx? u/fO{lbPsf] ljjfx h;nfO{ dfcf]n] lyP eGg]af/] ;fdfu|L k|:t't ul/Psf] r'/f]6 /fv], dfcf]n] cfkm}+ r'/f]6 k"j{cd]l/sL ljb]zdGqL x]g/L s]jn bfz{lgs d'2fx?df s'/f ug{
u|6] nLk kmf…/j8{ -Great Leap slxNo} :jLsf/]gG__ eP/ klg pgn] 5. ;NsfOlbP . dfcf]sf] o:tf] Jojxf/af6 lsl;Gh/ cfˆgf] cfTdsyf Oo;{ ckm ;Sg'xG' 5 .
oF rward_ / ;f+:s[lts qmf+ltsf] sf/0f k|fk] m];/ of+usL 5f]/L tyf cfˆgL lrlgofF g]tf dfcf]T;] t'ªsf af/]df ToxfF pkl:yt ef/tLo ;f+;b / l/Go'cndf n]V5g\-\ d lrlgofF k|wfgdGqL dfcf]sf 8fS6/sf ?kdf sfd u/]sf
u+eL/ csfn ;[hgf ePsf] / rLgL ;xkf7L of+u sfOx'Ol;t\ lax] u/]. elgGYof] ls pgsf] lbg /fltaf6 ;'? /fhgLlt1x? b+u k/] . rfpPgnfO{;uF s'/f ul//x]sf] lyPF, hL zL nLn] dfcf]sf] lghL hLjgsf
;dfh,cy{Joj:yf tyf ;+:s[ltnfO{ ;d]t cS6"a/ !(#) df, s'cf]ldG6f+u - x'GYof] . pgL nueu k"/} /ft sfd uy]{ / csf]{ jif{ ha ef/tsf pk/fi6«klt crfgs pgL elg/x]sf lyP ls af/]df ax'rlr{t lstfj n]vs ] f 5g\,\ b
xflg k'/ofPsf] s'/fdf sltko JolQmx? KMT_n]of+u sfOx'O / p;sf] 5f]/f laxfglt/ ;'Tg hfGy] . pgsf] w]/h } ;f] ;j{kNnL /fwfs[i0fg rLg uP, dfcf]n] r]o/Dofg dfcf] tkfO{sf] k|ltIff k|fOe]6 nfOkm ckm r]o/Dofg dfcf] .
ljZjf; /fVb5g\,\ h;sf] kmn:j?k ;g\ Plg+unfO{ kqmf u¥of]O . -KMT_n] ;do cf]5o\ fgdf laTYof] . oxfF;Dd ls cfˆgf] lgjf; r'ª gfg xfO{ sf] cfFugsf] ul//xg'ePsf] 5 . pgnfO{ of] s'/fsf] pgL To;df n]V5g\-\ dfcf]n] cfˆgf]
!($( b]lv !(&% ;Dd s/f]8f}+ b'jh } gfnfO{ aGbL agfof], kl5 uP/ vfgf klg pgL cf]5o\ fgd} vfGy] . pgsf] jLr}jLr cfP/ pgnfO{ l/l;e u/] . ;/f]sf/ lyPg ls xfdL pgnfO{ e]6g\ hLjgdf cfˆgf bfFtdf slxNo} a|;
dflg;x?sf] Jofks d[To' ePsf] Plg+unfO{ p;sf cfkmGtsxfF k7fof] knª xd];f ;fyd} x'GYof] . /]ndf klg b'an} ] xft ldnfP, /fwfs[i0fgn] dfcf]sf] tof/ xf}+ of gxf]cf}+ . xfd|f] ;fydf s'g} u/]gg\ . ha pgL laxfg} p7\y,] bft
atfpF5g\ . dfcf] ;+;f/sf ;a}eGbf t/ p;sL cfdfnfO{ eg]+ dfl/lbof]. To; pgsf nflu ljz]if k|sf/sf] knª unfdf yKykfP . o:tf] j]js'kmLaf6 s]xL cd]l/sL ;'/IffsdL{nfO{ hfg] Ohfht ;kmf ug{sf nflu pgn] lrofn] s'Nnf
b"ne
{ cGt/jftf{
@)&^ ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/ 5

h'g c?;Fu leGg 5g\\ . To;}n] g} dhb'/x?sf] bzfdf ;'wf/ x'g5 ] . el/Psf cgu{n k|nfkx? slxn] klg ljgf/Qmkft z' ? ePsf] 5} g . klg c;kmn x' g ] 5 . k| m fG;sf l:ylt l;h{gf ug{ ;se/ k|of;
n08gdf al;/x]sf OG6/g]zgnsf t/, hd{gL, O6nL, ?; / cli6«ofdf n]lVbg . d h] hlt n]Vb5', clt g} cd]l/sfsf] :jtGqtfsf nflu /ut ;dfhjfbLx?n] h:t} hd{ g Lsf ul//x]sf 5g\\ .
g]tfx?sf] sfnf] 5fofF x/]s 7fpFdf cjZo /Qmkft x'g5 ] ." -8f= dfS;{n] w]/} ;f]rljrf/ u/]/ n]Vb5' . To;a]nf aUof] . g] k f] l nogn] /Qmkfts} ;dfhjfbLx?n] klg !*&) sf] o'4nfO{ ) s] tkfO{n + fO{ aln{gaf6 nuftf/
3'Dgyfn]sf] s'/f dgu9Gt 5 . s] s'/f d':s'/fpFb} eGg'eof]_ s'g} klg ;dfhn] of] kq …n lkmu/f]Ú -k|mfG;sf] Pp6f dfWodaf6 k|mfG;dfly sAhf u/] / b'O{ /fhj+zx?sf] sf]/f o'4 ;+em]/ To;sf] ;"rgf k|fKt eO/x]sf] 5 <
;To xf] eg]– ha OG6/g]zgnsf] s] s'/f 3f]if0ff ug{' h?/L 5}g eg] ?;, cvjf/_df d]/f] hfnL x:tfIf/sf ;fy To;/L g} pgsf] cGTo eof] . O6nL, lj/f]w u/] . pgLx?n] hd{gLnfO{ ;fjwfg xf] xh"/, d]/f ;fyLx?n] dnfO{
:yfkgf ePsf] lyof], ta xfdL ljb]zL hd{gL, cli6«of ljz]ifu/L O6nLdf olb 5flkPsf] lyof] . To;a]nf o:tf ;of}+ a]nfot, hd{gL / oxfF;Dd ls x/]s ub}{ cfˆgf] 3f]if0ff–kqdf eg]– olb a/fa/ ;"rgf k7fO/x]sf 5g\\ . hd{gL
;+u7gx?nfO{ ;Nnfx lbGYof}+ . xfdL jt{dfg ;/sf/L gLltx? rln/x] eg] kqx? xfjfdf p8fOPsf lyP . d}n] b]zdf o; s'/fsf] ;a"t–k|df0f km]nf hgtfn] o; tyfslyt ;'/IffTds cfhef]ln k"/} zfGt 5 / o;n] ubf{
Go" o f] s { s f s] x L ;d" x x?nfO{ /Qm/+lht qmflGt clgjfo{ x'g]5, To;a]nf …n08g 6fOD;Údf n]vs ] f] kg]5{ g\\ . olb xTofs} af/]df ljrf/ n8fOFnfO{ ljho–cleofgsf] ?klng la:dfs{ k"/} b'Mlvt ePsf 5g\\ . pgn]
OG6/g]zgnaf6 cnUofpgsf nflu k|mflG;;L qmflGtsf 36gfx? tL lyPFo:– o" L kqx? hfnL x'g\ ." t/ ug]{ xf] eg] klg of] s'g} gofF rLh lbPdf pgLx? ;}lgs tfgfzfxLsf] x];n ] dg, /fsf]a / jfFdg cflb $*
klg ljjz ePsf lyof}+ . tLdWo] b] z x?df bf] x f] o f{ O g] 5 g\ \ . of] t d]/f] af/]df hlt w]/} em"7f] k|rf/ ul/of] xf]Og . cf]l;{gLn] g]kf]lnogsf] xTof ug]{ bdgsf] lzsf/ x'g5 ] g\\ . / ls;fg– hgf o'jf g]tfx?nfO{ hd{gLaf6
Dof8d j'8xnsf] k|efj ePsf] Pp6f /fhgLltsf s'g} klg ljBfyL{n] a'‰g / c;To n]lvof], olb d}n] tL ;a} k|of; u/], O;fO{x?n] xTof u/], dhb'/x?dfly lgd{d cTofrf/ x'g5 ] . lgisflzt u/]sf 5g\\ . -afa]nsf]
u"6 klg lyof] . of] ;g\ !*&! sf] s'/f ;S5 . t/, qmflGtx? ax'dtåf/f em"7x?sf] v08g ul//x]+ eg] To;sf] qmfda]nsf] hdfgfdf Ko"l/6gx?n] xTof k|mfG;;Fu ;Ddfghgs zflGtsf] cfTdsyfcg';f/ ^! hgf g]tfx?nfO{
xf] . To:tf cd]l/sL /fhgLlt1x? w]/} x'g5] g\\ . qmflGt Pp6f kf6L{n] dfq ug{ nflu dnfO{ aL; hgf ;xfosx?sf] u/] . / jf:tljstf s] xf] eg] ;dy{gdf ;efx? ug]{ / 3f]if0ffkq b]z–lgsfnfsf] ;hfoF lbOPsf] lyof] .
5g\\, hf] To; cfGbf]ngaf6 nfe ;Sb}g, a? l;+uf] /fi6«n] qmflGt ub{5 . h?/t x'g5 ] . /fhfx?n] hlt xTof u/], Tolt t c? lgsfNg] sfd u/]jfkt hd{gLsf ;f]zn pgLx?dWo] clwsf+zn] $* 306fleq
p7fpg rfxG5g\\ . d pgLx?sf] gfd ) To; cfb/0fLo JolQmn] !*&! ) t/, tkfO{ + n ] k] l /;sf s;}n] klg u/]sf 5}gg\ . oL ;a} 8]df]qm]l6s kf6L{dfly hd{g ;/sf/n] hd{gL 5f]8\g' kof]{ . o:tf] nfU5–
lng rfxGg . t/, cd] l /sL df k] l /;sf sDo' l gi6nfO{ sDo'lgi6x?sf] ;dy{gdf n]Vg' xTofx? jf xTofsf k|of;x? ;dfhjfb bdg u¥of] / kf6L{sf cg]s g]tfx?nfO{ ;+jfbbftfn] $* 306fsf] ;donfO{
;dfhjfbLx? pgLx?nfO{ /fd|/L g} n] l vPsf] Pp6f kqsf] Ps t ePsf] lyof] g}, xf]Og / < cfpg'eGbf cufj} ePsf x'g\ . cfh s}b u¥of] . km]l/ klg ToxL kf6L{sf lgisflztx?sf] ;+Vof 7fGg k'u] .– cg'_
lrGb5g\\ . c+z pNn]v u/]sf 5g\,\ h;df xf] xh"/, xf] . d}n] kq n]vs
] f] lyPF . olb s;}n] klg /fhsLo jf ;/sf/L k|ltlglwx?n] g} hd{g ;+;bdf k|mfG;sf tL g]tfx?n] To;a]nf hd{gLsf
) 8f= dfS;{ Û s] klg elgG5 tkfO{+n] n]Vg'ePsf] 5– "clxn] -la:t[t hfgsf/Lsf] nflu dfS;{sf] JolQmsf] xTofsf] k|of; u/]df To;sf] k|fGtx? hah{:tL x8\k]/ hd{gLdf dhb'/x?nfO{ zfGt kfl//fv]sf lyP .
eg] tkfO{ + s f cg' o foLx?sf xfdL s] j n #) nfv 5f} + , k| l ;4 lstfa …k| m fG;df u[ x o' 4 Ú lhDd]jf/L ;dfhjfbsf] 6fpsf]df ldnfPsf]df hf]8b\ f/ lj/f]w ul//x]sf la:dfs{nfO{ of] s'/f yfxf lyof] .
;fy} tkfO{n + ] wd{sf] lj?4 cfuf] cfpFbf] @) jif{df % s/f]8 jf k9\gx' f]nf_ vf;u/L pgLx?sf] af/]df yf]k/Llbg] rng a9]sf] 5 . jt{dfg 5g\\ . pgnfO{ s] klg yfxf lyof] eg] To;a]nf
cf] s Ng] vfnsf] efif0f !) s/f]8 x'g]5f}+, ta ;+;f/ k|dv ' cvjf/x?sf d'Vo n]vx?df h'g l:yltdf hd{g ;d|f6sf] d[To'af6 la:dfs{n] zlQm k|of]u u/]/ cfˆgf zx/df sl/a &% xhf/ dhb'/x?
lbg'ePsf] 5 . lgZro g} tkfO{+ xfd|f] x'g]5, lsgls ta k]l/;, em"7 n]lvPsf] lyof], To;sf] t'ngfdf ;dfhjfbLx? w]/} g} b'Mlvt x'g5 ] g\\ . gLltx? nfu' u/] . clg dflg;x?n] ef]sd/Lsf] lzsf/ eO/x]sf lyP .
rfxg' x ' G 5– jt{ d fg Joj:yf lnof];+ , df/;]lnhdf dfq} 3[l0ft d}n] pgLx?k|lt ;xfg'el" t;lxt s]xL cfˆgf] 7fpFdf pgL lgs} pkfof]uL JolQm pgsf] a'l4sf] tf/Lkm u/] . n8fOF eof], pgsf] cg'dfg lyof]– tL g]tfx?
;Dk" 0 f{ ?kdf ;d" n aaf{ b k'h
F Lsf] lj?4 ljb|fx] x'g] xf]Og, n] v ] s f] lyPF . tL cvjf/x?sf x'g\ / cGo /fhgLlt1x?sf] t'ngfdf clg ha la:df{ssf] ljhosf ;+efjgfx? hd{gLaf6 aflx/ hfgf;fy hgtf a]rg}
xf] ; \ Û a? aln{ g , Do" l gv, 8« ] ; 8] g , ;DkfbsLo n]vx?df k]l/; sDo'gsf] la:dfs{ cfˆgf cltjfbL ;dfKt eP, ta dfq dflg;x?n] eP/ ljb|fx] ug{ yfNg]5g\\ / cfk"mnfO{
-Ps} If0f /f]lsP/_ xfdLnfO{ yfxf n08g, lne/k"n, DofGr]:6/, af/]df h"g em"7 k|rf/ ul/Psf] lyof], sf/jfxLx?sf sf/0fn] xfd| f pgLaf6 gofF ljrf/x?sf] cfzf u/] . /utsf] xf]nL v]Ng] ;'j0f{ cj;/ k|fKt
5– wd{sf] lj?4 lx+;fTds sf/jfxL a|;N] ;, ;]G6 kL6;{ju{, Go"of]s{ To;sf] v08gsf nflu c+ u | ] h L p2]Zox?sf nflu w]/} g} pkof]uL ;fljt t/, o; sfddf pgL g/fd|/L c;kmn x'g5] . l;+uf] hd{g ;fd|fHodf bdg–
ug{' lg/y{s 5 . ;dfhjfbsf] ljsf; cyf{t\ ;Dk"0f{ ;+;f/df To:tf cvjf/x?df 5flkPsf ePsf 5g\\ . eP . pgLdfly dflg;x?sf] ljZjf; sd rqm tLa|tfk"js { rNg]5 / pgnfO{
;Fu;Fu} wd{ ufoa x'bF } hfg]5 . /, wd{sf] lab| f ] x x? x' g ] 5 g\ \ . k]l/;af;Lx?sf kqx? g} sfkmL ;Ifd ) la:dfs{ s f] af/] d f tkfO{ + s f] x' g yfNof] . pgsf] nf] s lk| o tf cfˆgf] …/Qmkft tyf bdg–rqmÚsf] lk|o
nf]k ;fdflhs ljsf;sf] sf/0fn] clxn] ; Ddsf] Oltxf;sf] o; 5g\\ . sDo"gsf] sf/0fn] sl/a ^) cfk\mgf] d"Nof+sg s] 5 < 36\gyfNof] . pgnfO{ wg rflxPsf] 5 / l;4fGtnfO{ ;Dk"0f{ ?kdf Jojxf/df nfu'
x'gk' b{5 . / o;df lzIffsf] dxTjk"0f{ ce" t k" j { ljb| f ] x sf] ;fd' G g] hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof], hals dfz{n ha;Dd g]kf]lnogsf] ktg ePsf] /fHonfO{ klg wgsf] h?/t 5 . To;}n] ug]{ df}sf k|fKt x'g5 ] . To;kl5 t
e"ldsf x'gk' b{5 . ctLt eofgs g/fd| f ] ;kgf d]sdf]xg / To;sf] xTof/f ;]gfn] ^) lyPg, ta;Dd pgL Pp6f k|ltlqmofjfbL Pp6f agfj6L ;+ljwfgsf] lgx'dF f pgn] hgtfdfly dgk/L 9+un] s/ nufpg
) tkfO{+ af]:6gsf kfb/L s'snfO{ h:t} ufoa x' g ] 5 , lsgls xhf/eGbf a];L dflg;x?sf] xTof JolQm dflgGy] . t/, ha g]kf]lnogsf] PsLs/0f / ;] g f;DaGwL cfˆgf klg ;lhnf] x'g5 ] . t/, clxn];Dd
lrGg' x ' G 5 < cg] s 7fpF d f PSs} r f] l 6 u¥of] . sDo'gdfly hlt lxnf] 5\oflkof], ktg eof], dflg;x? pgnfO{ d"v{ eGg of]hgfx?sf nflu hgtfdfly sDd/} ToxfF s'g} b+uf–km;fb ePsf] 5}g .
d}n] pgsf] af/]df s]xL ;'gs ] f] 5' . nufOPsf] of] cfuf]n] ctLtsf] Tolt t cfh;Dd s'g} klg c? yfn] . la:dfs{sf] klg ToxL bzf x'g5 ] . efFRg] vfnsf] s/ nufP . clg clxn] la:dfs{ o:tf] l:ylt b]v]/ x}/fg
;dfhjfbsf] ;DaGwdf pgsf] hfgsf/L cfuf] n fO{ e:d ug] { 5 .’ 8f= cfGbf]ngdfly 5\oflkPsf] 5}g . pgn] PsLs/0fsf] lgx'dF f tfgfzfxLsf] pgL ;+ljwfgnfO{ g} /2Lsf] 6f]s/Ldf eO/x]sf 5g\\ . / ;a} /fhgLlt1x?
w]/} g} unt lsl;dsf] 5 . xfn}sf] dfS;{ Û s] oxfFn] o:tf] kq ) h]xf];,\ s] ;dfhjfb Nofpgsf :yfkgf u/], t/ clxn] pgsf sfnf ˆofFs/] hgtfdfly c? a];L s/ nufpg pgnfO{ xf:okfq agfP/ p8fO/x]sf
cfˆgf] efif0fdf pgn] eg]sf lyP– 8" f n]Vg'ePsf] ;fFrf] xf] < nflu ;dfhjfbLx? xTof / s/t"tx?sf] /x:o dflg;x?nfO{ yfxf rfxG5g\\ . hgtfdfly dgk/L 9+un] s/ 5g\\ .
dfS;{ eG5g\,\ cd]l/sf, u|6] la|6g] / o;sf] Pp6f zAb klg d}n] n]vs ] f] /Qmkftsf] jsfnt u5{ g \ < eO;s]sf] 5 . pgsf] kl5Nnf] rfn /fHo– nufpgsf nflu ca pgn] ;dfhjfbsf] -( h"g, !*&( sf] …lzsfuf]
zfob k|mfG;df ljgf /Qm/+lht qmflGt xf]Og . d o:tf] clt gf6sLotfn] cfh;Dd s'g} klg dxfg cfGbf]ng ljKnj ug]{ Pp6f k|of; lyof] . t/, Tof] xf}jf v8f ul//x]sf 5g\\ / b+uf–km;fbsf] l6«Ao"gÚdf k|sflzt .

uy]{ . Ps ;do o:tf] cfof] ls pgsf


l;sfpg rfxGy]
bfFtx? xl/of] /+un] k]G6 u/]h:t} b]lvg
pgn] ;'/IffsdL{nfO{ tL h'Qf nufpg
lbGy], tfls v'sn ' f] agf];\ .
lyP . oxfF;Dd ls cd]l/sfnfO{ ;d]t
;f]w,] olb xfdL s'g} b]zlj?4 o'4df
gugf]; { \ . V?Zr]enfO{ of] k"/} c~bfh
lyof] ls rLgn] ef/tdfly xdnf ug{
5]pdf a;]sf :jL; /fhb"tsf] ;fd'Gg]df
k|mG] r efiffdf /flvPsf] efif0f k9] . /
o;kl5 dfcf]n] cfˆgf] k|lz4 d:sfg
5f8] / a|hz] ld>;Fu k"/} Psldg]6;Dd
yfn] . dfcf]sf csf{ Ps hLjgLsf/ h+u hfg'kof]w{ eg] s] cd]l/sfn] tfOjfgdf ;S5 . oxfF;Dd ls ldu o'4s ljdfgsf] ef]haf6 t'?Gt …jfs cfp6Ú ug]{ lg0f{o xft ldnfO/x] . of] rLgsf] tkm{af6
dfcf]nfO{ g'xfpg klg em0em6 r]OË n]V5g\-\ dfcf]sf] uHhasf] :d/0f o;sf] lx;fa r'Qmf u5{ < cd]l/sfsf] ;KnfOsf nflu xfd|f] pm;Fu ;Demf}tf lnP . lrlgofFx?n] o;nfO{ cfˆgf ;jf]R{ r klxnf] ;+st] lyof] ls pm k'/fgf s'/f
nfUYof] . xf], pgL kf}8L v]Ngdf zf}lvg zlQm lyof] . k9\g n]Vgdf pgL a8f] hjfkm lyof] ls tkfO{ rLg jf To;aflx/ ePsf] 5 . t/ ha n8fOF z'? eof], g]tfsf] 7"nf] ckdfg ul/Psf] 7fg] . aflx/ e'Ngsf nflu tof/ 5 . cfˆgf] d[Tosf]
lyP . /, cfk"mnfO{ t/f]tfhf /fVg zf}lvg lyP . pgsf] zog sIfdf pgsf] h] klg u5f},{ To;df xfdLnfO{ s'g} dtna ?;n] Tof] ljdfg ef/t k7fpgdf l9nfO lgl:sPkl5 hut d]xtfsf] sf/nfO{ tLg dlxgfcl3;Dd dfcf]n] ljb]z
tf}lnofdfkm{t :kGh afy lng] uy]{ . nL knªsf] cfwf efu Pskm'6 prfO;Dd 5}g, xfdL s]jn tfOjfgsf] ;'/Iffsf u¥of]pm . t/, ?;n] rLgsf] k]6f« n ] sf] cufl8 a9\g lbOPg / pgL;lxt pgsL g] t fx?nfO{ e] l 6/x] . t/, pgL
n]V5g\-\ lgS;g;Fu e]63f6sf a]nf dfcf] lrlgofF ;flxlTos lstfax? x'Gy] . pgsf] nflu k|ltj4 5f}+ .Ú ;KnfO /f]sg] . kl5 ha v'Z| r]enfO{ of] kTgL /df cfwf 306f;Dd g]zgn lkk'N; To;a]nf;Dd w]/} v/fa cj:yfdf
olt df]6fPsf lyP ls pgsf nflu efif0f of n]vgdf cS;/ tL lstfaaf6 nvg d]z/f]qf cufl8 atfpF5g\-\ k|Zg ;f]lwof], pgn] hjfkm lyof], ef/t xnsf] l;F 9 Ldf s8f lr;f] d f k'lu;s]sf lyP . ha yfONof08sf
gofF z'6 l;nfOPsf] lyof], lsgeg] pgsf p4/0fx?sf] k|of]u ul/Psf] x'GYof] . pgL cl3Nnf] ;fn dfcf]n] oxL s'/f xfd|f] ldq xf] t/ rLg xfd|f] efO xf] . l7+ul' /g'kof]x{ . k|wfgdGqL pgsf] sf]7fdf 3';,] ta pgn]
k'/fgf z'6x? lkm6 ePgg\ . pgsL g;{ cS;/ k'/fgf sk8f nufpFy] pgsf df]hf v'|Zr]enfO{ ;f]w] . To; hdfgfdf ;g\ !(^% df ef/t kfls:tfg ;g\ !(&) df d] lbj;sf] cj;/df 3'l//x]sf] cfjfh ;'g] .
hfpm ˆo' ldªn] pgsf] bfx|L agfOg\ / Kjfn u/]sf x'Gy] . ltAatsf] ;f/f t]n ?;af6 cfpFYof] . o'4kl5 rLgsf] /fli6«o lbj;sf] a]Olhªl:yt ;a} b"tfjf;sf k|dv ' nfO{ l;+ufk'/sf k|wfgdGqL nL Sjfg o'
skfn sfl6lbOg\ . lgS;g;Fu pgsf] ;g\ !(^@ sf] ef/t rLg o'4df pgnfO{ 8/ lyof] ls olb ef/t;Fu cj;/df ToxfFsf] ljb]z dGqfnon] Ps t]gd]g :Sjfo/sf] k|fªu0fdf af]nfOPsf] ha dfcf]nfO{ e]6g\ k'u,] ta pgn] b]v]
e]63f6 s]jn !% ldg]6 lgwfl{t| lyof] . dfcf]sf] w]/} 7"nf] e"ldsf lyof] . pgL n8fOF eof] eg] ?;n] k]6f« n] sf] ;KtfO /fhsLo ef]hsf] cfof]hgf u¥of], h;df lyof] . cWoIf dfcf] klg ToxfF pkl:yt ls dfcf]sf] zL/ s';L{dfly em'ln/x]sf]
t/, of] e]63f6 ^% ldg]6;Dd rNof] . ef/tnfO{ ;as l;sfpg rfxGy] . aGb gul/b]cf];\ . pgn] V?:r]eaf6 dfcf] klg pkl:yt lyP . o; cj;/df lyP . /fhb"tsf] nx/df clGtddf lyof] . /, pgsf] d' v af6 y" s
ha lgS;g sf]7faf6 aflx/ lg:s], rLgdf ef/tsf s"6gLlt1 /x]sf nvg of] jrg lnP ls p;n] o;f] ug]{ 5}g / lbPsf] efif0fdf kfls:tfgdfly ef/tn] plePsf ef/tLo /fhb"t a|hz ] ld>sf lgl:sO/x]sf] lyof] .
dfcf]n] z'6 vf]n/] cfˆgf] k'/fgf] afy d]x/f]qf atfpF5g\-\ eGgsf nflu t rLgn] pgn] atfOlbP ls ef/t;Fu p;sf] cfqmd0f u/]sf] atfOof] . ef]hdf glhs k'u/] dfcf]n] eg]- /fi6«klt lul/ hj dfcf]n] kfls:tfgsL k|wfgdGqL
/f]a klxl/P . dfcf] To;f] t h'Qf of] eGof] ls ef/tsf] ;fy n8fOF x'gd' f ulx/f] dte]b 5 . V?Zr]en] dfcf];uF ef/tsf] k|ltlglwTj ul//x]sf hut / k|wfgdGqL OlGb/f ufGwLnfO{ d]/f] h'NkmLs/ cln e'§f];uF cfˆgf] e]63f6sf]
nufpFb}gy], nufP klg sk8fsf p;sf] k"jg{ Llt lhDd]jf/ lyof], t/ ;f}bf u/] ls tkfO{ ;+;f/df xfd|f] lj/f]w d]xtfsf] 6]jndf hfgLa'emL of] efif0fsf] clejfbg ;'gfOlbg' xf]nf . t:jL/ b]v,] To;kl5 pgn] to u/] ls
nufpFy] . cf}krfl/s cj:yfdf ha dfcf]n] b'O{ jif{ klxn] !(^) d} ef/tsf] ul//xg'ePsf] 5, t/ ha xfdL So'afdf c+uh
]| L cg'jfb /flvPg, tfls pgL of] dfcf] yf]/} /f]lsP / km]l/ af]n-] xfdL ca pgn] s'g} ljb]zL kfx'gf;Fu e]6g\ ] 5}gg\ .
pgn] 5fnfsf h'Qf nufpg'kYof],{ klxn] lj/f]wdf /0fgLlt agfpg ;'? u/]sf ld;fOn k7fpF5f},+ tkfO{ To;sf] lj/f]w efif0fnfO{ a'‰g g;s'g\ . pgn] cfˆgf] cflv/ slxn];Dd o;/L nl8/xG5f}+ <Ú o;sf] tLg dlxgfkl5 dfcf]sf] lgwg eof] .
6 @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/

ljZjsf !% j6f dfcf]jfbL kf6L{åf/f ‘hgo'4sf] af6f]nfO{ :yflkt u/f}’+ eGb} ;+oQ' m clkn hf/L
sf7df8f}F . g]skf -qmflGtsf/L b]zsf ;j{xf/f, ls;fg Pjd\ pTkLl8t / o'4sf] ljsNk eg]sf] ;dfhjfb / P]ltxfl;s dxTjnfO{ ljZjel/ lj:tf/
ug]{ / ljZjsf k|To]s s'gfdf sDo'lg:6
o'4aGbLx?sf] hLjg/Iff tyf l/xfO{sf
nflu ;‹if{, kmf;Ljfb tyf ;fd|fHojfb
u/f}+ Û
;j{ x f/f cGt/f{ l i6« o tfjfb
dfcf]jfbL_ ;lxt ljZjsf !% j6f hg;d'bfsf aLrsf] cfly{s vf8n ;fDojfb xf] eGg] s'/f csf6\o ;To
sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] !#) cf}+ cGt/f{li6«o cem km/flsnf] x'Fb} uPsf] 5 . ;fljt ePsf] 5 . >dhLlj ju{sf kf6L{sf] lgdf{0f ug]{ k|lqmofnfO{ cufl8 lj/f]wL df]rf{sf] ljsf;, 6«8] o'lgog lhGbfjfb Û
dO{ lbj;sf] cj;/ kf/]/ ;+o'Qm of] ;Í6n] ;fd|fHojfb / pTkLl8t kf6L{sf] lgdf{0f tyf ljsf; ug{,' tL a9fof] . o;n] ;fd|fHojfbL b]zx? / ;Ë7gx?sf aLrdf Pstf, dlxnf t];|f] cGt/f{li6«osf] ztjflif{sL
clkn hf/L ub}{ cf–cfˆgf] b]zsf] /fi6« tyf hgtfsf aLrsf] kf6L{n] hg;d'bfosf aLrdf h/f ;fd|fGojfbåf/f pTkLl8t b]zx?df ;d]t ;‹if{ tyf dlxnfjfbL ;j{ x f/f tyf o;sf cd/ /0fg}lts tyf
kl/l:ylt cg';f/ hgo'4sf] af6f]nfO{ cGt/lj/f]w / ;fd|fHojfbL b]zdf uf8\ g ' , dfS;{ j fjfb–n] l ggjfb– ;j{xf/f ju{sf ljhosf nflu cfjZos ;Ë7gsf] ljsf; cflb . sfo{g}lts lzIffx? lhGbfjfb Û
:yflkt u/f} egL cfJxfg u/]sf 5g\\ . k'h
F Lklt / ;j{xf/f tyf cfd hgtfsf dfcf]jfbsf cfwf/df ;j{xf/f ju{sf] sfo{gLlt / /0fgLltsf ;d:ofnfO{ p7fof] of] p2]Zo k'/f ug{sf lgldQ cfh dfS;{jfb˜–n]lggjfb–dfcf]jfb
;+o'Qm ckLn hf/L ug]{ dfcf]jfbL aLrsf] cGt/lj/f]w yk rsf{pg] sfd j}rfl/s tyf /fhgLlts :jtGqtfsf / ;dfwfg ;d]t u¥of] . xfdLnfO{ j}rfl/s tyf /fhgLlts lhGbfjfb Û
kf6L{x?df dfcf]jfbL sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ u/]sf] 5 . ;fd|fHojfbsf gLltx?n] lgldQ hg;d'bfosf dfem s8f o;n] ;fd|fHojfbL bf];f| ] ljZjo'4 ljifo / sfo{ef/ af/] 5nkmn ug{ x:tfIf/stf{ kf6L{x? :
lgdf{0f sld6L, Uoflnl;of, :k]lg; kof{j/0fLo / k|fs[lts If]qdf Pskl5 ;‹if{ rnfpg', o:tf kf6L{sf] g]tT[ jdf / gfhL–kmf;LjfbnfO{ k/f:t ug]{ dxfg dfn]dfjfbL kf6L{ tyf ;Ë7gx?sf] dfcf]jfbL sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ lgdf{0f
/fHo, sDo'lg:6 -dfcf]jfbL_ kf6L{ csf]{ ub}{ ljWj+zfTds k|efj kfb}{ ;‹if{ z Ln hgtfsf aLr n8fO{ d f ;j{ x f/f ju{ / ljZj cGt/f{li6«o ;+oQ' m ;Dd]ng cfjZos sld6L, Uoflnl;of, :k]lg; /fHo
ckmuflg:tfg, g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ cfPsf 5g\\ . ;fd|fHojfbL b]zx?df k|ltlqmofjfbL wfld{s s§/kGyL kfg hg;d'bfonfO{ Pstfa4 u/fof] . ePsf] 5 . sDo'lg:6 cGt/f{li6«osf] sDo' l g:6 -dfcf] j fbL_ kf6L{
-qmflGtsf/L dfcf] j fbL_, 6sL{ v'nf clwgfosjfb / kmf;Ljfbtkm{sf] O:nfdjfbLx?, kmf;LjfbL– o;n] cfˆgf] lj36g gx'bF } / lj36g ztjflif{sLsf] o; cj;/df cfpg';\ ckmuflg:tfg
sDo' l g:6 kf6L{ / dfS;{ j fbL– k|jl[ Q a9\bf] 5 . k|ltlqmofjfbL zf;g nf]slk|otfjfbL zlQmx? / ;fdflhs ePkl5 klg cGt/f{li6«o sDo'lg:6 xfdL ;a}n] cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ngsf] g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -qmflGtsf/L
n]lggjfbL, dfcf]jfbL sDo'lg:6 kf6L{– ;Qf ePsf / ;fd|fHojfbk|lt akmfbf/ hgjfbL tyf ;'wf/jfbL zlQmsf cfGbf] n gdf ljsf; ePsf] p2]Zo /fv]/ o; jif{ Pp6f tof/L dfcf]jfbL_
O{6nL, dfcf]jfbL sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ ;fd|fHojfbåf/f pTkLl8t b]zx?df cjz]ifx?sf k|efjaf6 hgtfnfO{ ;+ z f] w gjfbsf lj?4 ;} 4 flGts, a}7ssf] cfof]hg u/f}+ . 6sL{ sDo'lg:6 kf6L{/dfS;{jfbL–
dgLk'/, dfcf]jfbL qmflGtsf/L lnu– /fli6«o, hgkIfLo / ;fd|fHojfb d'Qm ug]{ sfddf g]tT[ j k|bfg ug{ /fhgLlts tyf ;fË7lgs ;‹if{ gf/fx?– n]lggjfbL
>Ln+sf, gofF sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ – lj/f]wL ;/sf/x? 9ln/x]sf 5g\\ eg] ;Ifd juL{o ;Ë7gx? lgdf{0f ug{' / rnfpFb} ;j{xf/f ju{sf] clwgfosTj ljZjsf x/] s s' g fdf 8]df]qm];L P08 Snf; :6«un, a[l6;
6\ o ' l gl;of -lgdf{ 0 fflwg_, kf6L{ kmf;LjfbL tyf ;} G o rl/qsf cy{ j fb, j} w flgstfjfb tyf / ;dfhjfbnfO{ kl/Tofu ug]{x?sf ;fd|fHojfbsf lj?4 n8f}+ Û :6]6
PNsf8]xfOG;, 6\o'lgl;P qmflGtsf/L clwgfosjfbL ;/sf/x? cufl8 ;fd|fHojfbL x}sdsf lj?4 n8\g' lj?4 / ;dfhjfb tyf a'hj'{ f ;QfnfO{ hgd'lQm ;‹if{sf] ;dy{g u/f}+ / dfcf]O:6 sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ k|mfG;
sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -lk;Lcf/–cf/;LkL cfpg yfn]sf 5g\\ . clxn]sf] d'Vo sfo{ef/ xf] . ank"js { Wj+z ug]{ qmflGtsf] kIfdf ;fd|fHojfbL b]zx?df ju{;‹if{nfO{ dfcf]jfbL sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ – O{6nL
Sofg8f_, /] 8 o' y ckm hd{ g L, ;fd|fHojfb eg]sf] r/d cefj, cfGtl/s k|ltlqmofjfbL o'4sf P]ltxfl;s, ;}4flGts tyf /fhgLlts tLj| kf/f}+ Û dfcf]jfbL sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ dgLk'/
8]df]qm];L P08 Snf; :6«un, a[l6; k| l tlqmof / o' 4 xf] . cfh;Dd lj?4 ;j{xf/f juL{o hgk|lt/f]w lj/f;t k|bfg u/]/ cfˆgf] e"ldsf ;a} If]qdf kmf;LjfbL zlQmsf] dfcf]jfbL qmflGtsf/L lnu –
:6]6, dfcf]O:6 sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ k|mfG;, cfO{kU' bf, ljsf;, ;DkGgtf, hgjfb ;Ël7t ug{ ' , ;fd| f HojfbL o' 4 lgjf{x ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . ljsf;nfO{ /f]sf}+ Û >Ln+sf
o'lgog cf]a/]| f sDo'lg:6f -PdPnPd_ tyf zflGt, :jf:Yo tyf kof{j/0fsf] el8\sPsf a]nf To;nfO{ qmflGtdf dfcf] n ] eGg' ePYof] , " c fk" m cf–cfˆgf] b] z sf] ljz] i ftf gofF sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ – 6\ol' gl;of
–sf]nlDjof, js{;{ EjfO{;– dn]l;of ;+/If0f ;fd|fHojfbL ljZj Joj:yf abNg u+eL/ tof/L ug{', ;Qfsf] cl:tTjdf /x'~h]n o;n] ;a} b]zdf cg' ; f/, ;' w f/jfbL tyf -lgdf{0fflwg_
nufot /x]sf 5g\\ . …nfn tyf cGtu{t k|fKt x'g ;Sb}gg\ eGg] s'/f pTkL8gnfO{ hjfkm lbg / kmf;LjfbL >ldsx?sf] ;Rrf qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ nf]slk|otfjfbL ;+; + bLokysf lj?4 kf6L{ PNsf8]xfOG;, 6\ol' gl;P
cGt/f{li6«otfjfbL dO{ lbj;Ú d"n k|dfl0ft e};s]sf] 5 . ;fd|fHojfbL ;d"xx?sf lj?4 n8\gsf nflu lgdf{0f ug{ 7"nf] sfd u/]sf] 5 / ;‹if{ u/f} Û qmflGtsf/L sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -
zLif{s / ;+;f/sf ;j{xf/f tyf tyf ;fd|fHojfbåf/f pTkLl8t b'j} hgtfsf] h'emf? / n8fs' zlQm lgdf{0f o;n] kmf;Ljfb lj/f]wL o'4df klg ju{;‹if{sf Hjfnfaf6 sDo'lg:6 lk;Lcf/–cf/;LkL Sofg8f_
pTkLl8t hgtf Ps xf]cf}+Ú eGg] vfn] b]zdf of] Joj:yf / o;n] ug{', ;fd|fHojfb / o; dftxtsf dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] 5 ." - kf6L{x?sf] lgdf{0f u/f}+ / ltgnfO{ /]8 o'y ckm hd{gL
zLif{ s df hf/L ;+ o ' Q m clkndf NofPsf] ;Í6sf lj?4 ;j{xf/f tyf ;Qf tyf ;/sf/nfO{ ldNsfpgsf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf sfo{stf{x?sf aLr hg;d'bfo;Fu hf]8f}+ Û o' l gog cf] a | ] / f sDo' l g:6f -
;fd|fHojfbsf] ;+s6 / ;j{xf/fjuL{o pTkLl8t ju{sf hgtfn] ljb|f]x nflu ;Rrf qmflGtsf/L ;‹if{sf] dfu{ efif0f dO{ @^, !($#_ gofF hgjfbL tyf ;dfhjfbL PdPnPd_ – sf]nlDjof
qmflGtsf] eljiosf] af/]df rrf{ ub}{ ul//x]sf 5g\\ . tL b]zdf ju{;‹if{, k|z:t ug{' / ;j{xf/f juL{o ;Qf dfcf] T ;] t ' Ë n] o;sf sdL qmflGtsf nflu x/]s b]zsf] kl/l:ylt js{;{ EjfO{; – dn]l;of"
dfS;{jfb–n]lggjfb–dfcf]jfbnfO{ /fli6«o d'lQm cfGbf]ng / hgo'4sf :yfkgf ug{' clxn]sf] cfjZostf xf] . sdhf]/Lx?sf ;fy} ;f]leot ;‹sf] cg';f/ hgo'4sf] af6f]nfO{ :yflkt dO{ !, @)!(
;dfhjfb lgdf{0fsf] klg cfnf]rgfTds
kyk|bz{s l;4fGt dfGg] kf6L{x?sf]
cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ngsf] tof/Lsf]
cfjZostfdfly hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 .
lgldQ j:t'ut kl/l:ylt cg's"n
aGb} u}/fv]sf] 5 . cfTdut kIftkm{,
;j{xf/f ju{ / dfS;{jfbL–n]lggjfbL–
x/]s b]zdf nl8g] o:tf] n8fO{n]
jt{dfg cGt/f{li6«o ;Gbe{df Pp6f
cGt/f{li6«o b[li6sf]0f, cGt/f{li6«o
;dLIff ug{' ePsf] 5 / To;kl5 rfNg'
kg]{ sbdsf ?kdf ljb|f]xsf] nx/nfO{
:df6{ kmf]gdf Aof6«L l5§} ;s]/ x}/fg x'g'ePsf] 5 <
k|]l/t ug]{ &)sf] bzsdf dxfg sf7df8f}F . df]afOndf Aof6«L rf9} ;lsg] ;d:of gx'g] ;fob} sd xf]nf .
o:tf] 5 ckLnsf] k"0f{kf7– dfcf] j fbL ;Ë7gx?n] /0fgLlt, ;DaGw / ;j{xf/f ju{ tyf pTkLl8t :df6{kmf]g rnfpg] w]/s } f] u'0ff;f] x'G5 Aof6«L lsg l6Sb}g\ . oBkL df]afOndf
"nfn tyf cGt/f{li6«otfjfbL dO{ sfo{gLlt / ;Ë7gsf] ljsf; ug{ / hgtfsf tkm{af6 cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] ;j{xf/f ;fF:s[lts qmflGtsf] cEof;
;d]t ug{' ePsf] 5 . Aof6«L rfF8} ;lsg] ;d:of ljleGg sf/0fn] x'g] u5{ . Aof6«L lau|g' :df6{ kmf]gdf
lbj; ;fd| f HojfbL / ;fd| f Hojfbåf/f ;femf ;‹if{sf] dfu ub{5 . ;j{xf/f k|fljlws ;d:of cfpg' . cS;/ s]xL k|of]ustf{sf] afgLsf] sf/0f klg Aof6«L
;+;f/sf ;a{xf/f tyf pTkLl8t pTkLl8t b'j} y/L b]zx?df j:t'ut ju{ Pp6f cGt/fli6«o ju{ xf] . of] cGt/f{li6«o >lds cfGbf]ng tyf
dfn]dfjfbL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] rfF9} ;lsg] ;d:of cfpF5 . To;sf/0f cfh xfdL tkfO{x+ ?nfO{ :df6{ kmf]gdf
hgtf Ps xf}+ Û kl/l:yltn] k}bf u/]sf r'gf}tLsf] ;aeGbf qmflGtsf/L ju{ xf] . ;Dk"0f{ rfh{ l6sfpg ;'wfg{' kg]{ s]xL afgLsf] af/]df atfpg uO/x]sf 5f}F .
;fd| f HojfbL Joj:yf ulx/f] ;fdgf ug]{ xb;Ddsf] ;fdYo{ lgdf{0f dfgj hftLnfO{ d'Qm ug]{ p2]Zo k'/f jf:tljs ljsf; ug{ k|ltlqmofjfbsf
;fd' cfTd;dk{0f ug]{ blIf0fkGyL != nfOe jfnk]k/ M olb tkfO+{sf] df]afOnsf] l:qmgdf t}l//x]sf] df5f h:t}
;Í6sf aLraf6 cufl8 a9\b} 5 . ug{ ;ls/fv]sf 5}gg\ . u/]/ dfq of] ju{n] cfkm'nfO{ d'Qm cGo jfnk]k/x? /x]sf] 5 eg] To;nfO{ x6fpg'xf];\ . lsgsL o;sf]
of] ;Í6sf] ;fdgf ug{ / To;dfly ;+;f/el/sf zf;s ju{x? cfˆgf ug{ ;S5, h'g d'lQm ;fd|fHojfbL ;+zf]wgjfbL cj;/jfb / qmflGtsf
uf}0f t/ xfgLsf/s b'Zdg …jfdkGyLÚ rfnn] :df6{kmf]gsf] Aof6«L w]/} vkt x'g\ .
ljho k|fKt ug{ egL ;fd|fHojfbL of]hgf / zf;gnfO{ hgtfdfly yf]kg{ Joj:yf tyf ;a} vfn] @= l:qmgsf] rxlsnf]kgf sd ug]{ M :df6{kmf]gsf] l:qmgdf a9L rxlsnf]kg
tyf k|ltlqmofjfbLx?n] rfn]sf ;a} / hg;d' b fosf] c;Gt' i 6L / k| l tlqmofjfbnfO{ Wj:t kf/] / cj;/jfb, h8\;'qjfb tyf lgDg
k'FhLjfbL qmflGtsf/LtfnfO{ hLjGt 5 eg] To;n] w]/} Aof6«L vkt u5{ . olb tkfO+s { f] df]afOndf a|fO6g];sf]
k|oTgx? c;kmn ePsf 5g\\ / of] k|lt/f]wnfO{ lbUe|ldt ug{ kmf;Ljfbsf] ;dfhjfbL qmflGtnfO{ ljho;Dd nflu c6f] df]8 5 eg] To;sf] k|of]u ug{' /fd|f] x'G5 . a|fO6g]znfO{ %)
;Í6 cem ulxl/+b} / lj:tf/ x'Fb} ;xf/f lng] tkm{ p2t k'¥ofpg] / ;fDojfbsf] lbzfdf j} r fl/s ;‹if{ tyf b' O { – nfOg
;‹if{dfkm{t\ k/flht ug{sf lgldQ t];f| ] k|ltztsf] cf;kf;df /fVg] . o;f] ubf{ Aof6«L sd vkt x'G5 . cfFvfnfO{
uPsf] 5 . ljQLo If]qdf k}bf ePsf] 5g\ \ .;fd| f Hojfbåf/f pTkLl8t cufl8 a9\ g ] ;j{ x f/f ju{ s f] klg vf;} c;/ kb}{g\ .
of] ;Í6sf] sf/0f pTkfbgdf lglxt b]zx?df cem} klg hgtfsf] ljb|fx] nfO{ ljZjJofkL sfo{ef/af6 k|fKt x'G5 . cGt/f{li6«osf] of] lj/f;tnfO{ bx«f] u/L
kS8g' h?/L 5 . #= cgfjZos Pkx?af6 aRg'xf];\ M cfhef]nL :df6{ kmf]gdf cgfjZos
5 / of] cfh gofF dGbLdf JoQm 7"nf, dWod jf lgDg k'h F Lklt jf of] n]lggåf/f :yfkgf ul/Psf] / Pkx? /fVg] rng /x]sf] 5 . lgMz'Ns kfOg] ePsf] sf/0f rflxg] grflxg]
e} / fv] s f] 5 . j} l Zjs cGt/– ;dfGtL zlQmsf] s'g} lx:;fn] / s'g} :tflngåf/f g]t[Tj ul/Psf] t];|f] dO{ lbj;sf] of] cj;/df, ;Rrf
dfn]dfjfbL sDo'lg:6x?n] : h:tf] ;'s} Pkx? klg 8fpgnf]8 ug]{ afgLnfO{ klg 5f]8\g'xf];\ .
;fd| f HojfbL ljjfb tyf cj:yfdf of] jf Tof] ;fd|fHojfbL cGt/fli6«o :yfkgfsf] ztjflif{sLsf] $= Sofd/f tyf lel8of] k|of]u s]xLa]/ /f]Sg] M olb :df6{ kmf]gdf Aof6«L sd 5
cGt/lj/f]wx? c? rls{+b} 5g\\ . oL zlQmn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] kfOG5 / of] jif{ klg xf] . t];|f] cGt/fli6«o ljZj ? ljZj ;j{ x f/f qmflGtsf]
ljsf;sf lgldQ dfn]dfjfb tyf eg] Sofd]/f / lel8of] sd k|of]u ug]{ . o;f] ubf{ Aof6«L l6sfpg ;lsG5 .
ljjfbx? Jofkf/ o'4sf ?kdf JoQm l:yltdf s'g} xfntdf klg ;Rrf ;j{xf/f ju{sf] cGt/f{li6«otfjfb / %= efOa|;] g df]8df g/fVg] M :df6{kmf]gdf l/+u6f]gsf] t'ngfdf efOa|]6df
ePsf 5g\\ / ltgLx? ;}Go–/fhgLlts qmflGtsf/L ;‹if{n] gofF hgjfb tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;Ë7gsf] ;af]R{ r ?k xf] . hgo'4sf] af6f]df cfwfl/t Pstf
lgdf{0f ug{ cfXjfg ub{5g\\ . of] x'Fbf w]/} phf{ vkt x'g] ePsfn] :df6{ kmf]g efOa|];gdf /fVg''x'Fb}g\ .
e"–/0fg}lts cGt/lj/f]wx?df abln+b} ;dfhjfbsf] af6f] klS8g ;Sb}g . n]lggn] eGg' ePsf] 5, "t];|f] ^= An'6y' , jfOkmfO tyf df]afOn 8f6f M cfjZostf eGbf afx]s :df6{kmf]gdf
uPsf 5g\\ . of] ;Í6 ;fd|fHojfbåf/f ;fd|fHojfbL b]zx?df k|mfG;df h:t} sDo'lg:6 cGt/f{li6«osf] o'ufGtsf/L ;j{xf/f ju{ tyf hgtfsf k|ToIf
cg'ejsf cfwf/df ju{;‹if{sf] g]tT[ j An'6'y, jfOkmfO tyf df]afOn 8f6f cg u/]/ /fVg' x'Fb}g\ . olb o:tf
pTkLl8t b]zx?df cfqmfds, clws[t hg;‹if{ x ? eP klg kmfl;:6– dxTj dfS;{sf] k|d"v gf/f h'g 8f6fx? cg ug]{ afgL 5 eg] df]afOndf Aof6«L l6Sb}g\ . To;sf/0f of]
tyf ck|ToIf o'4tkm{ lj:tf/ x'Fb} nf]slk|otfjfbLx? cufl8 cfpg] u/]sf ;tfAbLof}+ k'/fgf] >lds ju{sf] cfGbf]ng k|bfg ug{ ;Sg] ;j{xf/fjfbL kf6L{
lgdf{0f ug{ / gofF hgjfbL tyf afgLnfO{ abNg'k5{ .
ljZjsf] k' g lj{ e fhgsf lgldQ 5g\ \ / tL b] z df ;fd| f Hojfbn] tyf ;dfhjfbsf] ljsf; / ;j{xf/f &= nf]s];g ;le{;g ckm ug]{ M :df6{ kmf]gdf nf]s];g ;wF} cg u/]/ /fVg'
;fd|fHojfbLx?sf aLrsf] gofF k|ToIf hgcfqmf];nfO{ a'h{'jf zf;s ju{sf ju{sf] clwgfosTjsf] ?kdf cleJoQm ;dfhjfbL qmflGtsf] ljsf;df cfk;L
;xof]u ug{ ;femf sbd rnfpg ;Sg] x'Fb}g\ . o;n] klg Aof6«L w]/} vkt u5{ . To;sf/0f cfjZostf gePsf]
o'4tkm{ pGd'v 5 . ulxl/+b} / lj:tf/ lj?4 xf]Og cfk|jfzL u/Ljx?sf lj?4 eof] To;nfO{ k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog a]nf nf]s]zg ckm ug]{ afgL ug{'k5{ .
xFb' } uPsf] ;fd|fHojfbL ;Í6sf sf/0f df]8b\ } hgtfsf aLrdf o'4 e8\sfpg] ug] { s' / fdf /x] s f] 5 ." -t] ; | f ] Pstf xf] .
;fd|fHojfbL / k|ltlqmofjfbLx?n]
cfkm'n] af]s]sf] ef/L ;j{xf/f /
sf]lz; ub}{5 . o:tf] /fli6«o tyf
cGt/f{li6«o kl/l:yltdf sDo'lg:6,
cGt/f{li6«o / Oltxf;df o;sf] :yfg
!(!(_ o;sf] :yfkgfsf] dxfcleofg,
? ;fd| f HojfbL
;fd|fHojfbåf/f pTkLl8t b'j} vfn]
tyf
t:s/n] tflnd lbPsf] ;'uf lu/k\mtf/
hg;d'bfodf yfKnf]df ;fb}5 { g\\ . o;n] qmflGtsf/L / k|ultzLn zlQmx?sf] o;sf] ljsf; tyf ljZje/ o;sf] b]zx?df ju{;‹if{sf If]qdf sfo{ut sf7df8f} . pQ/L a|flhndf k|x/Ln] Pp6f ;'ufnfO{ lu/ˆtf/ u/]/ lx/f;tdf
d'ÝLe/ ;fd|fHojfbL b]zx?sf] ;DklQ sfo{ef/ Jofks x'g cfPsf] 5 . k| e fjsfl/tfn] ;j{ x f/f ju{ / Pstf : hgo'4sf] ljleGg r/0fdf /fv]sf] 5 . nfu' cf}ifw t:s/x?af6 tfnLdk|fKt pQm lgs} cf1fsf/L
/ ;fd|fHojfbåf/f pTkLl8t b]zsf cfhsf] ljZjdf k'h F Ljfbn] k}bf u/]sf] cGt/f{li6«o sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] ljsf; ePsf b]zx? ef/t, lkmlnlkG; ;'ufnfO{ k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] xf] . t:s/x?n] pQm ;'ufnfO{ o:tf] tfnLd
tLg–rf}yfO{ hgtfsf] u/Lljsf aLrsf] Hofnfbf/L bf;tf, zf]if0f, pTkL8g, dxfg km8\sf]sf] k|ltlglwTj ub{5 . / cGo b] z x? k] ? , 6sL{ cflb lbPsf lyP ls k'ln; b]lvg] lalQs} p;n] …k'ln; k'ln;Ú eg]/ lrRofP/
/ k|To]s b]zsf zf;s ju{ tyf tL bdg, ul/jL, e]befj, ljWj+z, ;Í6 o;n] cS6f]a/ ;dfhjfbL qmflGtsf] hgo'4sf] ;dy{g, /fhgLlts tyf hfgsf/L lbGYof] . h;sf sf/0f t:s/x? k'ln;af6 aFRg ;kmn x'Gy] . t/
pQm ;'uf cfˆgf] 8«u t:s/ dflnsk|lt oltw]/} cf1fsf/L / akmfbf/ lyof]
ls cfˆgf] lu/ˆtf/L kl5 k'ln;sf] nfvf}F sf]l;;kl5 klg r'F af]Nb}gYof] .k'ln;

t]nsf] yf]kfyf]kf hf]ufcf}+ clwsf/Lx?sf] Ps 6f]nLn] ;f]daf/ lkofp :6]6df 8«u t:s/L;Fu ;DalGwt
Onfsfdf 5fkf df/]sf] lyof] . To;a]nf klg pQm ;'ufn] …k'ln; k'ln;Ú eg]/
lrRofpFb} dflnsx?nfO{ eufpg] sf]l;; u/]sf] lyof] . t/ k'ln; t:s/x?nfO{
;dfpg ;kmn eof] . k|x/Ln] t:s/;Fu} pQm ;'ufnfO{ klg kqmfp u¥of] .

OGwg vr{ 36fcf}+


k'ln; cfpg'cl3 k'ln; k'ln; eg]/ lrRofpg] Tof] ;'uf kqmfpkl5 k'ln;;Fu
eg] s]xL af]n]sf] 5}g . pm k"/} r'k 5 .
cGttM k'ln;n] pQm nfu' cf}ifw t:s/sf] dltof/ ;'ufnfO{ :yfgLo
lrl8ofvfgfdf k7fPsf 5g\\ . lrl8ofvfgfdf pQm ;'uf tLg dlxgf;Dd a:g]5 .
ToxfF p;nfO{ p8\g l;sfOg]5 / :jtGq 5fl8g]5 . a|flhndf nfu' cf}ifw t:s/x?n]
g]kfn cfon lgud lnld6]8 kz'kI+ fLsf] k|of]u u/]sf] of] klxnf] k6s xf]Og . o;cl3 t:s/Ldf w]/h } ;f]
;/L;[ksf] k|of]u ul/Psf] x'GYof] . ;g\ @))* df klZrdL l/of] bL h]gl] /of]df
kmf]g g+=+ $@^@(&), km\ofS; M $@^#$&! t:s/x?n] k|of]u u/]sf b'Oj{ 6f 3l8ofn uf]xL k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] lyof] .
t:s/x?n] cfk"mn] xTof u/]sf dfG5]sf] nf; tL uf]xLnfO{ v'jfpg] u/]sf lyP .
@)&^ ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/ 7

cf]nL dxf]bo Û oL ;jfnsf] hjfkm kfpm“


xfd|f] kf6L{ / g]t[Tjsf] af/]df ;fy km]l/ eG5f}F h] hlt sf/jfxL t/ cfh k|r08 / cf]nLsf] lxhf]sf] b]vs] f] <
cf}ifwLo u'0f af]s]sf] ;lhjg Û
sf7df8f}F . ;lhjg cToGt nfebfos ;AhL xf] . ;lhjgn] lz/b]lv
kfp;Dd cf}ifwLo u'0f af]s]sf] x'G5 eGg] ul/G5 . g]kfndf ;xh} kfOg] eP
k|wfgdGqL s]kL cf]nL :jo+ uf]oaN; xfd|ft] km{af6 ePsf 5g\\ tL g]kfnL hldgbf/sf] 5f] / feGbf clnzfg ^= eG;f/ c•fx¿df cfk"m lgs6 klg ;lhjgsf] cf}ifwLo u'0fsf af/]df eg] sd}nfO{ dfq yfxf 5 . l5lKkPsf]
z} n Lsf] b' : k| r f/ cleofgdf hgtfsf] ju{j}/Llj?4 ul/Psf] / lhGbuL ag]sf] 5 / pgLx¿sf] ju{ sd{ r f/L k7fP/ Aofkf/L / ;lhjgsf] sf];fdf 5]qmf x'g] x'Fbf w]/}n] dg k/fpFb}gg\ t/ slnnf]df eg]
nfUg'ePsf] 5 . b]zsf] ljv08gsf/L bnfn k'FhLjfbL /fHosf] n'6lj?4 Ps gf]s/zfxL /fhgLlts k'FhLklt sd{rf/L;Fu Go"g lahsLs/0fdfkm{t lgs} d'nfod x'G5 . ef/taf6 ;'? ePsf] ;lhjgsf] v]tL lj:tf/} Pl;of x'bF }
tTj;Fu cFufnf] xfNb} xfd|f] kf6L{ ul/Psf] k|lt/f]w xf] . k|lt/f]wsf] qmddf ag]sf] 5–: . ;fdGo kl/jf/af6 /fHo n'6g\ ' / hgtf 7Ug' s'g ;fw'sf] /l;of k'Uof] / ;+;f/e/ 5fof] . of] ;AhLsf] cf}ifwLo u'0f olt w]/} 5g\\ ls,
g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -ljKnjn] ;fgfltgf b'36{ gf ePsf 5g\,\ Tof] xfd|f csNklgo ;kmntf xfl;n u/]sf] oL sd{ xf] < ;fob} cGo s'g} ;AhLdf kfOPnf . ;lhjg blIf0f ef/tdf Jofks k|of]u
g] t [ T j ug{ ' ePsf] _ lj?4 t' R 5 lglDt b'Mvsf] s'/f xf] . b'O{ kfqsf] aa{/fx6 Ps ;fdGo &= g]kfn 6]lnsdsf] kmf]/hL 7]Ssf ul/G5 eg] g]kfndf klg o;sf] v]tL ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . ;lhjgsf] kft klg
k|sf/sf] cleJolQm lbP/ of] df]rf{sf] jt{ d fg /fHoaf/] ufpF:t/sf] /fhgLlts sfo{stf{sf] k|s/0fdf ePsf] !@ ca{ sld;gsf] cf}ifwLo u'0f af]s]sf] jg:ktLdf k5{, h;nfO{ l;tnlrgL eg]/ lrlgG5 .
sdfG8 ;DxfNg cfOk' U g' e Psf jt{dfg /fHok|lt xfd|f] k|i6 :t/sf] gx'g' b'Mvb\ s'/f xf] . pgLx¿ v]n s'g kljq sd{ xf] < hals ToxL jg:ktL j}1flgsx?sf cg';f/
k|wfgdGqLsf] :jo+ cfˆg} af/], xfd|f] b[li6sf]0f 5 . of] /fHo bnfn k'h F LjfbL cfˆgf] sfndf h] u/] Tof] l7s} u/] . :t/sf] sfd hDdf ^ ca{ ¿k}ofFdf ;lhjgsf ;Dk" 0 f{ c+ u df
b[li6sf]0f, b':k|rf/, jt{dfg /fHo / clwgfosTj sfod ePsf] ;fdflhs t/ To;f] ug{'sf] p2]Zo pgLx¿sf] Pg;]nn] ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . cf}ifwLo u'0f x'G5 . ef/tdf
:jo+ pxfF;uF ;DalGwt s]xL ;jfndf bnfn k'h F LjfbL /fHo;Qf xf] . g]kfnL ju{ pTyfgsf] lglDt lyPg . To;tf *= s/k5\of{}6 cfof]usf] gfddf o;nfO{ ;xhg eg]/ lrlgG5 eg]
of] n]vdf 5nkmn ul/g] 5 . hgtf / ;fdflhs bnfn k'FhLjfb sf/afxLsf] andf k|fKt zlQm / r"8fdl0f v8\sfdfkm{t ul/Psf] @! c+uh ]| Ldf 8«dl:6s elgG5 . x'g
:jod\ cf] n Lsf] a f/] aLrsf] cGt/lj/f]w g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ;DklQ cfˆgf] JolQmut lxtdf k|of]u ca{ 3f]6fnfk|lt tkfO{+sf] b[li6sf]0f klg of] ;AhL 8«d ahfpg] l:6s
emfkf cfGbf]ngsf] cfwf/ e"ld u/]/ s]kL / k|r08n] g} ;a}eGbf s] xf] < h:t} x'G5 . ;lhjgsf] kft
cf]nL pbosf] /fh xf] . tL cf]nL 7'nf] 8s}tL u/]sf 5g\\ . xfdL To:tf] (= 8fkm/ 3f] 6 fnf sf08fdf cyf{t\ l;tnlrgLnfO{ c+uh ]| Ldf
@)$^ sf] hgcfGbf]ng;Fu} ax'bnLo 8s}tLaf6 cfh{g u/]sf] ;DklQ n'l6Psf] b]zsf] cl:dtf / caf{+} ¿k}ofF dl/Ëf eg]/ lrlgG5 . g]kfndf
/fhgLltsf] s]Gb| efudf rSs/ /fli6«os/0f ug{'k5{ eG5f}F . pgLx¿ 3f]6fnfsf] s];df tkfO{s + f] wf/0ff s] < cf}ifwLo u'0f ga'em]/ xf]nf,
dfl//x] . dbg eG8f/Lsf] bf;9'Ëf g} cfhsf] bnfn k'FhLjfbsf] c;nL !)= r/L / /d]z afx'g tkfO{+sf] ;lhjgsf] k|of]u Hofb} Go"g
xTofsf08;Fu} g]skf -Pdfn]_ df pbo gf] s / ag] s f 5g\ \ . To;sf/0f sfvdf a;]/ s]– s] u/] < b]lvG5 . ;lhjgsf] u]8faf6
eP dfwj g]kfn / cf]nL . cf]nLsf] cf]nLsf] aa{/fx6 crDd nfUbf] 5}g . !!= n8fs' 3f]6fnf k|s/0fdf t]n lgsflnG5, h'g cd"No cf}iflw dflgG5 . cfo'j]{bdf ;lhjgsf] k|of]un]
ljho ofqf / ;Qfsf] l;F9L r9\g] xfd| f ] lj?4 b' : k| r f/af/] k|r08nfO{{ clVtof/df d'2f xfNg dx]z # ;oeGbf a9L /f]usf] lgbfg x'G5 elgPsf] 5 . ;lhjgsf] k"mn, kmn, 8fF7,
;kmntfsf] k5fl8 y'k|} sf/0f 5g\\ . hxfF ; Dd cf] n Lsf] xfdLdfly a:g]tnfO{{ lgb]z { g lbg] ;dosf] k|r08 sf];f / kft olt kf]ifs dflgG5 ls, ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gsf] dfu{bz{gn]
pgsf] rf}w jif{ nfdf] h]nhLjg / rn]sf] lha|f] 5, Tof] kftnf] lha|f] s'g kf6L{sf] ;xcWoIf 5g\\ < blIf0f clk|msfsf] sof}+ b]zdf s'kf]if0f kLl8tx?nfO{ cfxf/sf] ?kdf ;f}h'g
emfkf ljb|f]xsf] lj/f;t cfkm}df lgs} xfF;f]oQ' m t xf] g} . n'6/] f ;d"xsf] !@= /fi6«jfb tkfO{s + f] d'sG' 8f] xf] . k|of]u ug{ ;Nnfx lbPsf] 5 .
uf}/jdo Oltxf; xf] . t/ ax'bnLo ¿kdf u/]sf] Tof] l6Kk0fLk|lt xfd|f] ;Ls] /fpt k|s/0fdf Tof] b]lvof] g} . ;lhjgnfO{ x'sf{pg ;lhnf] 5, lsgeg] of] xfFuf sf6]/ klg /f]Kg ;lsG5 /
Joj:yfsf] k'g:yf{kgfkl5sf] pgsf] /hdfg tfdfª cfˆgf] s'g} To:tf] 36Lof / ;8s Oltxf;df dxfsfnL ;lGw ubf{ bfgfaf6 klg a]gf{ lgsfNg ;lsG5 . t/ Vofn ug{k' g]{ s'/f s] 5 eg], o;sf]
;lGbUw ultljlw c;dfGo nfUg' 5fk cfjf/f l6Kk0fL x'bF g} . ufFhf tfg]/ g]kfnnfO{{ Ps va{ aL; ca{ jflif{s la?jf x'sf{pbF f k|z:t dfqfdf kfgL xfNg'kg]{ x'G5 . la?jf * b]lv ( lkm6
Oltxf;sf] oyfy{ t f xf] . bf] ; | f ] cfhsf] k| w fg cGt/lj/f] w xf] . aa{/fpg] cfa/fsf] h:tf] l6Kk0fL ug{' cfDbfgL x'G5 eGg] tkfO{+n] Tof] gx'bF f;Dd lgoldt kfgLn] lehfP/ /fVg' h?/L 5 . Pp6f kl/kSs ?v x'bF f
hgcfGbf]ng / u0ftflGqs ceLi6nfO{{ ablnPsf] g] k fnL ;dfh juL{ o ;Eo /fhgLlt / ;dfhsf] lglDt cfDbfgL sxfF sxfF nufgL ug{e ' of] < ;f}hg' #) b]lv $) lkm6 cUnf] x'G5 . o;sf] kft eg] dl;gf] vfnsf] x'G5 .
7]nfuf8f r9]/ cd]l/sf k'luGg eGb} cGt/lj/f]w / oxfFsf] ju{;‹if{sf] lxts/ 5}g / Tof] xfd|f] g}ltstf klg !#= dbg e08f/L kmfpG8];gsf] s]xL l5lKkFb} uPkl5 ;lhjg km'N5 / k"mn klg w]/} cf}ifwLo u'0f af]ss ] f] x'gfn]
b'Tsf/]sf cf]nLsf] ;lGbUwtfsf] sf/0f ¿kcg';f/ xfdLn] bnfn k'h F Ljfbdfly xf] O g . To;} n ] d ;DdfgLo gfddf ef/tLo b"tfjf;af6 lnPsf] ;+sng u/]/ ;'sfOG5 / a]lrG5 . ;lhjgn] /f]ks ] f] $ b]lv ^ dlxgfdf kmn
a'‰g sl7g lyPg / 5}g . sf/jfxL ug] { q mddf Pg;] n dfly k|wfgdGqLHo"nfO{{ cfu|x ug{ rfxfG5' /sd s'g /fi6«jfbL k|of]hgsf lglDt lbg yfN5 / lg/Gt/ !) jif{;Dd lbO/xG5 . x/]s ?vn] @ ;o %) b]lv #
dfcf]jfbL cfGbf]ng g]kfnsf] sf/afxL u/]sf] s'/f k|i6 5 . cfd ls tkfO{ + uF h 8L xf] ls b] z sf] lyof] < ;o %) ;Dd ;f}hg' l:6s lbG5 / of] ?vn] lg/Gt/ b'O{ afnL lbg;S5 . @%
k|ultzLn / qmflGtsf/L cfGbf]ng g]kfnL hgtfnfO{{ yfxf ePsf] s'/f s] k|wfgdGqL < / eGg rfxG5' ls b]zsf] !$= a"9Lu08sL k|fh ] S] 6 u]hj' fnfO{{ b]lv #) ;]lG6u|6] tfdqmd ;f}hg' sf nflu pko'Qm dflgG5 . ;lhjg Ps
sfod /x];Dd To;lj?4 3[0ff km}nfpg' xf] eg] Pg;]nn] g]kfndf a;]/ ul/g] sfo{sf/Lsf] dof{bf Vofn /fVg';\ . xf], lbg sDd/ s;]/ tkfO{+ cfkm} nfUg'sf] To:tf] v]tL xf], h'g yf]/} nufgLdf w]/} cfDbfgL lbg] ax'cfoflds jg:klt xf] .
cf]nLsf] Ps dfq b}lgs sd{ lyof] . ;a} k|sf/sf] sf/f]af/ ubf{ g]kfn xfd|f] k|i6 s'/f 5, xfdL qmflGt sf/0f sld;g n'6\g' xf] ls xf]Og < ;lhjg hLjg hf]ufpg] ?v eg]/ klg lrlgG5 . of] jg:klt t/fO{ tyf
ltgsf cleJolQmx¿ 1fg]Gb| zfxsf ;/sf/nfO{{ a'emfpg'kg]{ ;a} k|sf/sf] rfxG5f}F . qmflGt Oltxf;sf] P]ltxfl;s !%= g]kfnnfO{{ blIf0f Pl;ofsf] dWokxf8df ;lhn} v]tL ug{ ;lsG5 . l;hgdf *) ?k}ofF lsnf] / ckml;hgdf
rf6'sf/x¿sf] eGbf t'R5 lyof] . s/ p;n] /fHonfO{{ ltg{'k5{ . t/ cfjZostf xf] . qmflGt xfd|f] dfq t];f| ] e|i6 d'ns
' df kbf]Gglt ug]{ sfd # ;o b]lv $ ;o ?k}ofF;Dd sf7df8f}dF f ;lhjg laqmL ul/G5 .
;8sdf lg/Í' z /fhfsf] lj?4 Pg;] n n] sDklgsf] lsga] r df /x/n] x'g] /f]df~rs v]n xf]Og . bdg s;n] u/]sf] < ;f}h'gaf6 ef/tdf ! ;o @% eGbf w]/}y/Lsf kl/sf/ tof/ ul/G5 .
6fpsf] d f sfqf] afF w ] / lg:s] s f /fHonfO{{ a'emfpg'kg]{ nfes/ a'emfPsf] zf;s ju{sf] clGtd c:q xf] . Tof] !^= lzIff / :jf:y h:tf] blIf0f ef/tdf of] ;AhL clt g} dxTjsf ;fy b}lgs ef]hgdf ;dfj]z
hgtfsf] lt/isf/ u/]sf cf]nLnfO{{ 5} g . clxn] s f] lx;fadf p;n] yfxf gx'g] s'/f ePg . ;+j]bgzLn ljifonfO{{ lghLs/0f / ul/Psf] kfOG5 . o;sf kl/sf/ km'6kfyb]lv kfFrtf/] xf]6n;Dddf leGgleGg
e" s Dksf] kL8fn] lryf] l /Psf g]kfnnfO{{ &@ ca{ a/fa/ nfes/ clxn] s f] Joj:yf / cf] n L;Fu Jofkf/Ls/0f u/]/ n'6 dRrfpg] sd{ ?kdf kl:sg] ul/G5 . g]kfndf eg] slnnf] ;lhjgsf] sf];fnfO{ cfn'df
g]kfnLnfO{{ gfsfaGbL nufpg] df]bL a'emfpg'k5{ . ;jf{R] r cbfntn] ;d]t hf] l 8Psf ;jfn af/] M s'g sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] 3f]if0ff kqdf ld;fP/ t/sf/L agfpg] rng 5 . ef/tdf ;lhjgsf] u|]eL, ;'k, ;nfb,
ck/fw;F u } PsfPs /fi6« j fbsf] g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{{ pQm nfesf/ xfdLdfly h:tf] cf/f]k nufpg pNn]v 5 < oL s'sd{ ug]n { ] sDo'lg:6 ;Daf/, ;lhjg d;nf, crf/ / bfndf ld;fP/ vfg] rng 5 . ;lhjgsf]
d's0' 8f]n] l;Fufg]{ ;'gf}nf] cj;/ k|fKt bflvnf ug{ cfb] ; ul/;s] s f] vf]Hg'ePsf] 5, k|wfgdGqLHo" Û tkfO{+ kf6L{sf] abgfd u/]sf] ls xfdLn] < d'G6f tyf kftsf] s/L klg lgs} k|Voft 5 . kftnfO{ ;'sfP/ xa{n 6Lsf]
eof] . cd]l/sfdf 8f]gfN8 6«Dk hf] kl/k|]Iodf ;+;bjfbL bnsf d"n / jt{dfg /fHo;Fu hf]l8Psf s]xL !&= pkrf/sf gfddf /fHoaf6 ?kdf klg k|of]u ul/G5 . To:t} l;tnlrgLnfO{ ljleGg cfo'j]{lbs cf}iflw
dlxnf cfk|jf;L / c:j]tx¿ lj?4 g]t[TjnfO{{ lbPsf] sld;gsf] cf8df ;jfn 5g\\ . tL ;jfnaf/] xfdL tkfO{+n] lnPsf] !*= s/f]8 ¿k}ofFsf] agfpg Jofks k|of]u u/]sf] kfOG5 . jf:tjdf ;lhjgnfO{ ;AhLsf] /fhf g}
3[0ffsf] /fhgLlt u5{g\ . blIf0f gltg]{ k|k~r ul//x]sf] lbgsf] 3fdem}F tkfO{+;Fu hjfkm rfx5f}F . n'6kf6 rflxF hgtfn] dfkm ug{'kg]{ dflgG5 . ;f}h'gsf] kftsf] h'; agfP/ klg vfg ;lsG5, h'g :jf:Yosf
Pl;ofdf g/]Gb| df]bL hf] d'l:nd 5n{Ë 5 . != Pg;]nn] ltg{k' g]{ nfes/ gltg]{ xf] < nflu clt pkof]uL dflgG5 .
;d'bfolj?4 3[0ff / kfls:tfg lj/f]wL oxL sf/0f p;dfly xfd|f] kf6L{n] zt{df sld;g lng' n'6kf6 xf] ls cGTodf, xf] xfdL of] ck/fwsf] ;lhjgsf] u' 0 fx?
3[0ffsf] /fhgLltsf] hudf cfˆgf] sf/afxL u/] k l5 k| w fgdGqL ltg{k' 5{ eGg' n'6kf6 < lj?4df 5f}F . hf] /fi6« / hgtfsf] != ;lhjg of ;lhjgsf] kft l;tnlrgL ;]jg ugf{n] z/L/df /x]sf]
eljio b]V5g\\ . o:tf] laulauL ePsf] v8\uk|;fb cf]nL aa{/fpg k'us ] f] s'/f @= jfO8a8L sfG8sf] emG8} ;fF9] lj?4 uDeL/ ck/fw xf] . tkfO{+sf] ljsf/o'Qm /ut z'4Ls/0f x'G5 .
o'udf g]kfndf eg] cf]nL sDo'lg:6 klg csf{] ;RrfO xf] . /fHosf] juL{o rf/ ca{ 3f]6fnf s'g kljq wd{ sd{ of] ;'sd{ / juL{o wd{ xf]nf . xfdL @= x•L dha't agfpg e"ldsf v]N5 .
qmflGtsf/Lx¿ / pTkLl8t hflt rl/qcg';f/ b]z / hgtfsf] kIfdf xf] < oL ck/fw sd{sf] lj?4 adaf8 #= sf]n]:6]/f]n n]annfO{ lgoGq0fdf /fVg d2t u5{ .
If]qlj?4 3[0ffsf] /fhgLltdf 5g\\ . rln/x] s f] cfGbf] n gdfly /fHo #= gSsnL Eof6 lan k|s/0f s'g ul//xG5f}F . k|lt/f]w ul//xG5f}F . $= pRr /Qmrfk lgoGq0f ug{ ljz]if e"ldsf x'G5 .
To;}u/L ljutb]lv g} clt blIf0f cftÍsf] ;fx/fdf bdg cleofg b'lgofFsf] ;'zf;g xf] < /fi6«f3ft, e|i6frf/ / /fHolgb]{lzt %= ?3f–vf]sL h:tf ;+qmd0f x'gaf6 hf]ufpF5 .
kGyL 3[0ff / t'R5 af]nLx¿åf/f rnfpFb} ;of}F g]tf sfo{stf{nfO{{ em'6f $= lagfk|lt:kwf{ k|wfgdGqL n'6kf6 lj?4sf] ljb|f]xnfO{{ ck/fw ^= uef{j:yfdf cfpg] ljleGg ;d:ofnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ d2t u5{ .
lje"lift cf]nLsf] g]kfndf pbo ;+of]u d'2fdf lu/ˆtf/ ug]{ / ;Í6sfnsf] sfo{no dftxtsf] 7]Ssf lbg' /fh:j dflgG5 eg] k|wfgdGqL dxf]bo Û xfdL &= 5fnf;DaGwL ;+qmd0faf6 hf]ufpF5 .
dfqf xf] O g . clxn] s f] ljZj emnsf] lbg] u/L lu/ˆtf/ u/L lgMz:q / /fli6«o cg';Gwfg ljefu k|wfgdGqL o:tf xhf/f} F ck/fw u5f{ } + / *= ;lhjg kf]if0fo'Qm ;AhL ePsf] x'gfn] s'kf]if0f x'gaf6 hf]ufpF5 .
/fhgLltsf] blIf0f kGyL cEof; / sfo{stf{dfly uf]nL xfGg] sfd eO/x]sf] sfo{ n o dftfxt /fVg' / %) ul//x5f} F . tkfO{ + s f x/] s bdg (= ;lhjgsf] kftnfO{ l;tnlrgL cyf{t\ df]l/Ëf eg]/ lrlgG5, h'g
k'FhLjfbsf] csf{] gofF ;+:s/0f xf] . 5 . slknj:t' 36gf o;sf] HjfnGt ca{dflysf] 7]Ssf ;f]em} ;Demf}tf ug{ xfdLnfO{{ :jLsfo{ 5 . ltdL ltd|f] cfo'j]{lbs If]qdf # ;oeGbf a9L /f]u lgbfg u5{ elgPsf] 5 .
To;}n] pgsf cleJolQmx¿ :jfefljs pbfx/0f xf] . /fHon] b]zJofkL kmf}hL kfpg'k5{ eg] tkfO{+sf] ;Nnfxsf/ tl/sfn] n8 xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] !)= ;lhjgn] vfgf krfpg klg 7"nf] e"ldsf v]n]sf] x'G5 .
5g\ \ . lsgeg] g] k fndf cfhsf] ck|];g ;'? ul//xFbf k|lt/f]wfTds l6dsf] lgot s] xf] < n8\5f}F . j}1flgs ;dfhjfb k|fKt !!= ;lhjgsf] sf];f, kft, 8fF7, k"mn, d'G6f, h/f k|of]udf cfpg] x'Fbf
;dosf] ;a} e Gbf k| u ltzLn / ;‹;{ cl3 a9fpg' Oltxf;sf] %= /fli6«o uf}/jsf] kl/of]hgf ;Lw} gx'Gh]n xfd|f] cleofg /f]lsGg . Jofj;flos lx;fan] klg pRrsf]6Lsf] jg:klt dflgG5, h;n] dgUo
qmflGtsf/L g]tT[ j sd/]8 ljKnj x'g\ . ckl/xfo{ cfjZostf aGb} uPsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL sfof{non] x]bf{ sfddf -n]vs g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf cfDbfgL lbG5 .
ltgLlj?4 cf]nLsf] cleJolQm qmflGt o;f] x'Fbf b]zn] ;Defljt u[xo'4sf] tLj|tf vf]h]sf] ls df]6f] sld;g /;'jf lhNnf OGrfh{ x'g . !@= ;lhjgsf] hf/f s'6]/ /; lgoldt vfgfn] ls8\gLdf /x]sf] kYy/L
/ kl/jt{gsf] lj?4 ljutdf em}F ¿k gn]nf eGg ;lsGg . x6fpg d2t u5{ .
k|ltudgsf] ;]jfdf ;dlk{t pgsf]
wd{ xf] .
gjpbf/jfbL ahf/ cy{tGqsf]
Hofgdf/f s/0fL lj?4sf] n]v, /rgf;DaGwL ;"rgf !#= ;lhjgsf] kft lgoldt ;]jg ugf{n] dl:tis;DaGwL ;d:of ;dfwfg
u5{ .
xfd| f ] af6f] s f] af/] sf/afxLaf6 ;a}eGbf a9L If'Aw
elg/xg' k/]g ls xfd|f] 3f]lift k|wfgdGqL cf]nL / k'iksdn bfxfn o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sfzgfy{ !$= sn]hf] v/fa x'gaf6 hf]ufpF5 .
!%= rf]6–k6snfO{ l56f]eGbf l56f] lgsf] agfpg d2t u5{ .
gLltcg' ; f/ g} xfdL PsLs[ t x'g'sf] sf/0f 5 . ju{;‹if{df emfkf !^= 5fnfsf nflu ;lhjgsf] kQf pkof]uL dflgG5 .
hgqmflGtsf] sfo{bzf sfof{Gjogsf] cfGbf]ng tfsf hldgbf/ ju{ g} ju{ /fli6«o÷cGt/f{li6«o dxTjsf n]v, !&= ;lhjgsf] t]n skfnsf nflu pQd dflgG5 .
af6f]df 5f}F . PsLs[t hgqmflGt eg]sf] ;q' lyof] / sf/afxL ul/Psf] lyof] . !*= d'6';DaGwL ljleGg /f]u nfUgaf6 arfpF5 .
PsfO;f}F ztfAbLdf ;j{xf/fju{n]
ljsf; u/]sf] kmf}hL sfo{bzf xf] .
wd{ 9sfn gfd u/]sf] hldgbf/sf]
6fpsf] luF8g\ ] sfd k|wfgdGqL cf]nLn]
/rgf / tl:j/x¿ pknAw u/fO{ !(= z/L/df cfpg] lg/fzkg x6fP/ :km'tL{ yKg] sfd u5{ .
@)= k]6;DaGwL ljleGg /f]ux? lgbfg ug{s ' f ;fy} k]6 ;kmf ug{ d2t k'¥ofpF5 .
xfd|f] /fhgLlts sfo{qmd j}1flgs
;dfhjfb xf] . j}1flgs ;dfhjfb
g} u/]sf] s'/f d]/f] k':tfn] gk9]sf]
xf]Og . cfly{s / /fhgLlts ;Qfsf]
;xof]u k'¥ofpg' x'g ;DalGwt ;hLjg-8«dl:6js_ sf] k|of]u w]/} lsl;dsf] ladf/Lsf] pkrf/ ul/g]
ul/G5 . ?3f, vf]sL, 3fF6L lrnfpg] / 5ftLdf skm hDbf klg ;hLjgsf]
k| f lKtsf nflu xfdLn] PsLs[ t
hgqmflGt cfˆgf] af6f] x'g] k|i6 kf/]sf
dflns / To;sf cfwf/x¿ eTsfpg'
Tof] a]nfsf] qmflGtsf] lgzfgf lyof] .
;a}df cg'/f]w ul/G5 . k|of]u ubf{ kmfObf x'G5 . tkfO{n
ug{ ;Sg' x'g5
+ ] rfxg' eof] eg] t/sf/L agfP/ jf pdfn]/
] . cyjf o;nfO{ kfgLdf pdfn]/ Tof] kfgLnfO{ lkpg' klg w]/}
5f}F . lxhf] cfh h] hlt sfd sf/afxL hgo'4 sfndf :yfgLo hldgbf/ / kmfObf ub{5˜ . olb tkfO{+nfO{ :jf; km]g{ ufx|f] x'G5 eg] klg ;hLjgsf]
xfd|f] kf6L{sf] tkm{af6 eO/x]sf] 5, bnfn e| i 6 gf] s /zfx k' F h Lklt k|of]u tkfO{+x?sf] nflu kmfObf u5{ . ;hLjgsf] ;'k lkpbf ;a} eGbf w]/}
Tof] ToxL sfo{lbzf sfof{Gjogsf] ju{dfly sf/jfxL ug]{ k|r08sf] gLlt kmfObf ub{5 . o;df e/k'/ dfqfdf le6fldg …;LÚ kfOG5 . le6fldg …;LÚ
qmddf ePsf] xf] . Tof] ;a}
sfdsf/jfxLsf] g}lts lhDd]jf/L xfd|f]
lyof] . sygLdf sDo' l g:6 /
;dfhjfbL s/0fLdf gjpbf/jfbL
If]Kof:q ;fKtflxs sf] abnfdf o;df aL6fs}/f]6Lg, k|f]6Lg x'G5 . of] DoflUgh, DofUg]lzod,
kf]6flzod / kmO{a/ k|;:t dfqfdf kfO{G5 . of] ;a} tTj z/L/sf] k"0f{
kf6L{sf] ;jf{R] r g]tT[ jaf6 lnO;s]sf] rl/qsf sf/0f klg ;a}eGbf a9L yfkfufp“, sf7df8f},+ kmf]gM (*$!$)#*%!
E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com
ljsfzsf nflu w]/} h?/L 5 .
5 . xfdL Odfgbfl/k"j{s / uj{sf tgfj cf]nL dxf]bonfO{{ ePsf] xf] .
8 @)&^
sf= lh=;fn
k|= j}
sf=zfv
b= @@ ut] cfOtaf/
g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$

;zQm=====
v's'nf], pbf/ / g/d xf]Og ls a?
;s];Dd s8f g} x'g'kb{5 . To;sf]
kqsf/ =====
k|rf/ o'4 rnfO{/x]sf] 7f]s'jf u/]sf
afa'/fd e§/fO{n] …cfhsf] k|ljlwn]
cfuf]lagf g} w'jfF lgsfNg ;lsG5Ú
eg]sf lyP . g]skfsf] g]tT[ jsf lj?4
lu/ˆtf/ u/L sf7df8f}F k|x/Lsf]
cg'/f]wdf ;+v'jf;ef k|x/Låf/f k'gM
lu/ˆtf/ u/L sf7df8f}F k7fOPsf]
g]=s=kf=sf g]tfåf/f w/f}6L a'emfpg c:jLsf/
5g\\ . kf6L{sf] d'vkqdf n]v n]Vb} sf7df8f}F . g]qlaqmd rGb …ljKnjÚ g]tT[ jsf] g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf
nflu lgDg sfdx? x'g'kb{5 . g]skfn] s]xL ;docufl8 JolQmjfbL, s[lqd w'jfFsf] s'O/Ld08n w'jfF lyof] . sf7df8f} F NofP/ clxn]
zLtnx/em}F km}lnof] . g]skfdf clxn] sf]zL Jo'/f] ;+of]hs 3gZofd >]i7 …k':s/Ú;lxt kfFr hgf sf/fuf/ rnfg
!= g] k fnsf elgPsf g] t f / dxTjfsf+IfL, zÍf:kb, e|i6 / s]xL dxfgu/Lo k|x/L j[Q sdnkf]v/Ldf ePsf 5g\\ . lhNnf cbftn ;'g;/Ldf d+unjf/ ePsf] y'g5]ssf] ax;kl5
zf;sx?sf] lbn / lbdfu ;fx;L cndndf k/] s f kf6L{ lgs6 kf6L{ sfo{lbzf / g]t[Tj -d"ntM /fVb} cfPsf] 5 . pgsf] :jf:Yo cj:yf GofofwLz w|'as'df/ ;'j]bLsf] Psn O{hnf;n] k':s/;lxt sf]zL Jo'/f] ;b:o
/ cf]l/lhgn g]kfnL x'g'k5{ clg ;~rf/sdL{x¿nfO{ sf/afxL u/]sf] dxf;lrj_ sf ljifodf cGt/lj/f]w sdhf]/ /x]sf] ;d]t a'lemPsf] 5 .
z"Goa/fa/ 5 . l;/s cf]9]/ d'8\sL dfwj uf}td …cfsfzÚ, df]/ª O{Grfh{ s[i0f s'df/ >]i7 …k|HjnÚ / lhNnf
ltgsf] gLlt / lgot ;Lwf / lyof] . ltg} ljeLif0fx¿nfO{ ;/sf/L clxn] g]tf hLjGtdfly ;+ul7t ;b:o /d]z v8\sfnfO{ w/f}l6df l/xf ug]{ cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] . eg] ;'g;/Lsf]
;fkm x'gk' 5{ Û kIfn] k|of]u u/]/ lje|d v8f u/]sf] tfSg] sfo/x¿ efufefu ul//x]sf ck/fwnufot tLgj6f s;' / kfgdf/faf6 kmfu'g !% ut] kqmfp k/]sf kfFry/sf b]as'df/ ;fFjf lnDa"nfO{
@= ;g\ !(%) sf] g]kfn–ef/t ;GwL pNn]v u/]sf 5g\\ . n]vdf pgn] 5g\\ . o:tf] cj:yfdf ;Qfwf/L kf6L{sf cleof]udf d'2f rnfpg] tof/L k'k{Ifsf] nflu sf/fuf/ rnfg ug{ cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] . ;f]djf/ / d+unjf/
vf/]h x'g'kb{5 Û eg]sf 5g\,\ g]skfn] s]xL ;docufl8 g]tfx¿sf aLrdf emu8f, uf]8f eO/x] s f] ;| f ] t n] atfPsf] 5 .
tfgftfg, n' 6 kf6, /fi6« 3 ft, b'O{ lbg ePsf] ax;kl5 rf/} hgfnfO{ hglx %) xhf/ w/f}l6df l/xf ug]{
#= pQm ;GwLdf ePsf] v'nf ;Ldf JolQmjfbL, dxTjfsf+IfL, zÍf:kb, e|i6 sf7df8f}F NofO;s]kl5 otf dfq cbfntn] cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] . t/ cbfntsf] cfb]zdf l/xf ePnuQ} k'g
aGb u/L sfF8] tf/ g} nufOg' / s]xL cndndf k/]sf kf6L{ lgs6 hg3ftaf6 jfSs ePsf sfo{stf{ cg';Gwfgsf nflu eGb} sf7df8f}F k|x/Ln] lu/ˆtf/ ug]{ tof/L u/]kl5 pgLx? w/f}l6 ga'emfO{ lnDa';Fu} sf/fuf/
kb{5 tfsL kf;kf]6{ l;:6d nfu" ;~rf/sdL{x¿nfO{ sf/afxL u/]sf] cfbz{sf] vf]hLdf gnfu"g\ eg]/ lhNnf cbfntaf6 bf];|f] k6s Dofb uPsf x'g\ . kfFr}hgfnfO{ a'wjf/ g} ;'g;/Lsf] em'Dsf l:yt sf/fuf/ rnfg
xf];\ Û lyof] . ltg} ljeLif0fx¿nfO{ ;/sf/L …ljKnj klg p:t} xf]Ú, k|sf08 / yk ul/Psf] 5 . g]tf hLjGt d[uf}nf
jfdb]j jf gf/fo0fsfhLh:t} x'g\ eg]/ ul/Psf] 5 . cf]vn9'+uf 3/ ePsf kf6L{sf Ao'/f] ;+of]hs >]i7 / ;b:o sfe|]
$= b'j} b]zdf tTsfn js{ k/ld6 kIfn] k|of]u u/]/ lje|d v8f u¥of] . / ;'u/ /f]uaf6 kLl8t x'g\ . pgn] 3/ ePsf dfwa uf}td ut r}t !) ut] df]/ªsf] sfg]kf]v/Laf6 kqmfp
nfu" ul/g' kb{5 Û :d/0fLo 5, kf6L{ gLlt lj?4 lje|d v8f ug{'kYof]{ . qmflGtsf/L cfk"m lgoldt :jf:Yo kl/If0f u/fpFb}
hgtf / w|'jLs/0fnfO{ lg?T;flxt k/]sf lyP eg] r}t !@ ut] O6x/Laf6 ;'g;/Lsf v8\sf kqmfp k/]sf lyP .
%= hGdsf cfwf/df ljb] ; LnfO{ ultlalw u/]kl5 g]=s=kfn] k|eft cfO/x]sf]df lu/ˆtf/ otf pkrf/sf] r}t !# ut] ;'Gb/x/}+rfaf6 kf6L{sf df]/ª O~rfh{ ef]hk'/ 3/ ePsf k|Hjn
lbOPsf k|yd 8]6 nfOg lj=;+= rnfpg], sdn a'9f, hGdb]j h}zL, ug{k' Yof]{ . To;}n] cg]s syf agfOof] . df}sf ;/sf/n] glbO{ dfgjclwsf/sf]
Jofks k|rf/ ul/of] . g]skfk|lt >]i7 lu/ˆtf/ k/]sf lyP . pgL hgo'åsfnb]lv g} ;Grf/ If]qdf sfd ub}{
@)!( otfsf ;Dk" 0 f{ afa'/fd e'iffn, ltns clwsf/L, uDeL/ pNn+3g ul//x]sf] hfgsf/L cfPsf lyP . pgn] tTsflng dfcf]jfbLn] ;Grfng u/]sf] /]l8of] hgu0ftGq
gful/stfx? / ltgsf l8NnL/fh /fjt, gj/fh ;xfg' e " l t /fVg] kqsf/ tyf lbF b } cfO/x] s f 5g\ . b' j } /f] u
;~rf/dfWodsf] d' v y' G g] / x'Fb} /]l8of] g]kfn / /]l8of] ldld{/]df ;d]t sfd ul/;s]sf pgL g]kfn kqsf/
;Gtfgx?nfO{ lbOPsf j+zhsf 9sfnnufotnfO{ sf/jfxL u/]sf] lgbfg;DaGwL b}lgs ?kdf s8f dxf;+3 nlntk'/sf ;b:o tyf s]lGb|o kfif{b klg x'g\ . cbfntsf] cfb]zdf
gful/stfx? vf/]h ug{' kb{5 Û lyof] / g]skfn] qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ PskIfLo ¿kdf k~rfotL sfnsf] dfqfdf cf}ifwL ;]jg ub}{ cfO/x]sf
…uf]/vf kqsfl/tfÚ k|jfx ug]{ ;/sf/L l/xf ePsf rf/} hgf g]tfnfO{ cbfnt kl/;/af6} k'g lu/ˆtf/ ug]{ k|x/Lsf]
o;lgDtL ;j{ z lQm;DkGg ;+ u 7g vf/] h u/] / hgkqsf/ 5g\ . slxn]sfxLF cf}ifwL 6'6\bf;d]t tof/L b]v]kl5 pgLx? w/f}6L hDdf gug]{ eGb} sf/fuf/ uPsf x'g\ . kl5Nnf]
gful/stf 5fglag cfof]u u7g ;+u7g, g]kfn u7g u/]sf] lyof] . /0fgLlt 5 h;sf cfwf/df b]zeQm a] j f:tf ug] { u/] s f] / o;af6
/ hgkIfLo zlQmsf lj?4 hgdt ;do g]skfsf sfo{stf{nfO{ cbfntaf6 5'6n ] uQ} kqmfp ug]{ qmd a9]sf 5 .
ug]{ / ;+ljwfgdf ePsf] hGdsf] o; laifodf g]kfn sDo'lg:6 :jf:Yodf uDeL/ c;/ v]Kg' kl//x]sf] w/f}6Ldf 5f]8g\ cfb]z ul/Psfx? klg cbfnt kl/;/df k'gM kqmfp ug{ 7"nf]
cfwf/df gful/stf lbg] / tsfn kf6L{sf kf]ln6Ao"/f] ;b:o Pj+ k"jL{ agfpg] / n"6 tyf b]zb|fx] L cg'xf/ ;|ft] n] hgfof] .
5f]Kg] dg;'jf jnL–afbnd08nLsf] 5 . ;+Vofdf k|x/L kl/rfng ul/Pkl5 cfkm'x? sf/fuf/ g} hfg] atfPsf lyP .
lagf s'g} ;t{ j}jflxs cËLs[t sdf08 OGrfh{ clgn zdf{ lj/xLn] o;cl3 ut ;fpg !) ut] a'wjf/ cbfnt kl/;/df pkl:yt u/fO{Psf kfFr} hgf g]tf sfo{stf{nfO{
gful/stf lbg]h:tf k|fjwfgx? ;f] kf6L{sf] d'vkqdf n]vs ] f] n]v o:tf] x/]s ;‹if{ / cfGbf]ng cyjf ;+ul7t ck/fw s;'/df sf7df8f}Fsf]
o'4df k|ltlqmofjfbL kIfn] em"§f, ax;sf qmddf O{hnf;df /flvg'afx]ssf] k'/} ;do cbfntleq} k|x/L Eofgdf
vf/]h ug{' kb{5 . 5– ædfS;{jfbsf k|0f]tfx¿ d"ntM gfu9'u+ faf6 lu/ˆtf/ ePsf lyP g]tf xTs8L nufP/ g} /flvPsf] lyof] . pgLx?sf kl/jf/n] kfFr} hgfnfO{ cbfnt
^= g]tf–dGqL nufotsf /fHo / cWoIf dfcf]n] qmflGtsf # hfb'u/L skf]nslNkt, e|ldt ;"rgf k|jfx hLjGt . pgL xfn kf6L{sf] hgjuL{o
u/] / cfˆgf] ck/fw n' s fpg] / kl/;/df k|x/L Eofgleq} /flvPsf] / e]6\g hfFbf ltdL kf6L{sf] s] xf} < eGb}
kf6L{sf g]t[Tjstf{–zf;sx? / xltof/ kf6L{, ;]gf / ;+oQ ' m df]rf{nfO{ ;+u7g ug]{ kmfF6sf OGrfh{ ;d]t x'g\ . k|Zg ug]{ / e]6g\ ldNb}g eg]/ xKsfpb} dfgl;s oftgf lbPsf] b'v; ] f] kf]vs
] f
;f+;bx? clg GofofwLzx? dfkm{t\ eGg'ePsf] 5 . cfhsf] o'udf of] hgdt a9fpg] sfo{ u5{ g \ . Tof] a ] n f sf7df8f} F , bfª, sfe| ] ,
To;qmddf ljeLif0fx¿ k|efjsf/L 5g\\ . kqmfp k/]sf lnDa"nfO{ xftxltof/ tyf v/vhfgf, ;+ul7t ck/fw /
cyf{t\ /fHosf tLgj6} cËx? ck" / f] / ck" 0 f{ ePsf] 5 . ca ;+v'jf;ef, g'jfsf]6nufot lhNnf /fhb|f]xsf] d'2f rnfOPsf] lyof] . kqmfp k/]sf lnDa";Fu kmf]g ;Dks{ u/]sf]
sfo{ k flnsf, Joj:yflksf / qmflGtsf hfb'u/L xltof/df …;~rf/Ú xltof/ x'G5g\\ . /fd–/fj0f o'4df b'Oe { Gbf a9L ;do 3'dfOPsf] lyof] .
/fj0fsf] efO ljeLif0f /fd– cfwf/df cGo rf/ hgfnfO{ klg ;f]xL d'2f rnfOPsf] lyof] . aGbLsf] kIfdf
Gofokflnsfdfkm{t eP–u/]sf jf nfO{ hf]8\g'k5{ . ;~rf/sf] dxTjdf To;k6s ;a} lhNnfdf nufOPsf] jl/i7 clwjQmf Ps/fh e08f/L, jl/i7 clwjQmf /fd l3ld/], clwjQmfx?
x'g]–ug]{ o;k|sf/sf /fi6«3ftL plrt b[ l i6sf] 0 f gag] s f sf/0f xg'dfgd08nLdf cfTd;dk{0f u/]kl5 st{Jo Hofg, lj:kmf]6, cfuhgL,
/fj0fsf] xf/ ePsf] lyof] . g]skfn] e/t axfb'/ yfkf, s]bf/ clwsf/L, cflZdgL e§/fO{, lg/fhg cf]emf / k|]d
s'sd{x?sf lj?4 hgvabf{/L ug]{ cfGbf]ngdf ;d:of e}/x]sf] 5 . Hofg dfg]{ pBf]unufot cleof]unfO{ kf]v|]nn] ax; u/]sf lyP . w/f}6L ga'emfP/ sf/fuf/ rngf ePsf k':s/,
ul/g} /xg'kb{5 . kof{Kt hgdt ag]sf] 5}g / lje|dsf] s] x L ;docufl8 JolQmjfbL, ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] cfwf/xLg / k|j[Q
dxTjfsf+IfL, zÍf:kb, e|i6 / s]xL k|Hjn, dfwj / /d]zn] cbfntsf] cfb]zdf l/xf ePklg w/f}6L a'emfPnuQ}
oL sfdx? ug{–u/fpgsf] nflu zf;g rln/x]sf] 5 . …nf] 6]s / xfO{ efjgfaf6 k|]l/t /x]sf] eGb} vf/]h kqmfp ug]{ tof/L ul/Psfn] cfkm'x?n] w/f}6L ga'emfPsf] atfP . qmflGtsf/L
klg Ps ;zQm j[xt\ ;+o'Qmdf]rf{ 6]sÚ sf] plrt ;dfof]hg;d]t ePsf] cndndf k/] s f kf6L{ lgs6 ub}{ l/xf ug{ cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] .
;~rf/sdL{x¿nfO{ sf/afxL u/]sf] sDo'lg:6sf nflu ;fdfGo h]n klg 5'§} df]rf{ ePsfn] aGb kvf{nleq af6}
cfhsf] / kl5;Ddsf] nflu klg xfd|f] 5}g . g]skf / p;dfly nufOPsf] kl5Nnf] k6s ;/sf/n] PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf nflu ;+3if{ hf/L /fVg] k|lts[of lbP .
68\sf/f] cfjostf xf] . jnL–afbnd08nLsf] slyt lyof] . ltg} ljeLif0fx¿nfO{ ;/sf/L g]=s=kf=dfly bdg, lu/ˆtf/ / ;r{
:d/0fLo 5 ls o; k|sf/sf] kIfn] k|of]u u/]/ lje|d v8f u¥of] . qmdnfO{ tLj|tf lbPsf] 5 . g]=s=kf=n] 5g\_ . vfg]kfgL dGqfnosf %, ;x/L dxfdlxdHo" s f] lghL ;/sf/sf]
k|ltaGwsf ;Gbe{df klg Tof] d'vl/t ljsf; dGqfnosf ^, ;+3Lo dfldnf sfo{qmdsf] kf] 3f]if0ff eO/x]sf] 5 .
bL3{sfnLg ;+o'Qm df]rf{ s= dfcf]n] ePsf] 5 . g]skfsf] ;Ë7g, g}lts / j}rfl/s ;/sf/n] kmf;Ljfb nfb]sf]eGb} s8f
eg]h:tf] qmflGtsf tLg hfb'u/L ¿kdf ljsf; eO/x]sf]df ljkIf / lj/f]w / p;sf unt lg0f{oaf/] tyf ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf !!, k|wfgdGqLHo", g]kfn ;/sf/sf] gLlt
tfgfzfx lx6n/sf ;~rf/dGqLsf] o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqfnosf & u/L tyf sfo{qmd ;'Gg sxfF, slxn] cfpF
xltof/dWo] s f] /0fgLlts ;+ o ' Q m wf/0ff o; ;Gbe{df dxTjk"0f{ 5 . ;/sf/L ;|f]t g} ;xdt 5 . cGoyf e08fkmf]/ ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ;fy},
df]rf{eGbf leGg 5 . dfcf]sf] Tof] oqf] aaG8/ cfjZos g} lyPg . ca lu/ˆtf/ g]tf sfo{stf{sf] lagf;t{ ** j6f cfof]hgf kfg{ l;kmfl/; ul/Psf] xf]nf <Ú /fi6«kltn] ;Daf]wg ubf{ub}{ pgn]
pgL unt ;dfrf/ klg ;ok6s ;xL xf] . h;df bdsdfdfq Eo"6fj/, u/]sf] 6\jL6df pNn]v 5 .
;+o'Qm df]rf{ qmflGtsf/L sDo'lg:6 eg] k l5 ;xL ;dfrf/sf ¿kdf k|Zg p7\5, Pstf gePsf] eP ljsf; l/xf ug{ dfu hf/L /fv]sf] 5 .
kf6L{ s f] g] t [ T jdf ;dcf:yf / x'GYof] t < ljsf; 5 To;}n] kf6L{df cfGbf]ngsf ljljw sfo{qmd ;d]t cfw'lgs ax'tn] a;kfs{, /]lnªb]lv n]vs vu]Gb| ;+uf| n } fn] t /fi6«klt
:yflkt x' G 5 eGy] . lx6n/sf] c:ktfn lgdf{0f, bds–a'4rf]s–lxdfjL– ljBf e08f/LnfO{ dxf/fgL g} 3f]if0ff ug{
;dljrf/sf ljleGg k] ; f / To;k|sf/sf] ;f]rfOnfO{ cd]l/sfn] Pstf 5 . g]skf zlQmzfnL aGb} ;+rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . k|ltaGw km'sj\' f
;d'bfosf ;+u7gx? ;+ul7t x'g] / uPsf sf/0f cfqmd0f ePsf] 5 . ug{ ;/sf/dfly gful/s:t/af6} 9's/' kfgL x'bF } dw'dNnftkm{ hfg] ;8s dfu u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] k|wfgdGqL s]kL
;a}eGbf a9L k|of]udf NofPsf] 5 . sfnf] k q] , bds–rqmky–8« ] g cf]nLnfO{ ljBf ;/sf/sf k|hf eGb}
kf6L{s} gLlt–lgb]z { gdf kfl/rflnt eO{ O/fs / ;2fd x';g] sf lj?4 cf0fljs cfqmd0f g]tT[ jdfly x'G5 / sfo{stf{ rsf]{ bafa a9\b} uPsf] 5 .
k|lts[ofjfbL ;QfnfO{ Wj:t kf/]/ / hgtfnfO{ lg/fz kfl/G5 . l/xf u|Lna]N6;lxtsf] sfnf]kq] 5g\ . emfkfsf] cfZro{ efj k|s6 u/]sf 5g\ . ;+uf| n } f
c:qsf] eofgs s'¿k lrq lgdf{0f a]n8fFuLdf ljZjsf] ;a}eGbf cUnf] a'4sf] 6\jL6 ub}{ eG5g\, …aNn cfof] kf/f Û
qmflGt ;+kGg ug]{ nIf;Dd dfq l;ldt u/]/ o'/f]k / cd]l/sfdf O/fslj/f]wL ePkl5 :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7sdf ljKnj===== d"lt{ agfpg]nufotsf of]hgf ;d]l6Psf klxn] >L % sf] ;/sf/ 5Fbf /fhf …d]/f]
5 eg] of] k|:tfljt j[xt\ ;+oQ ' mdf]rf{ hgdt agfOof] . ToxL hgdtdf 6]s/] cg'e"lt dGtJo /fVb} efj's d'b|fdf atfP . …sDo'lgi6sf] ;/sf/ 5 eGg]
qmflGtkl5 sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] ;Qf– k|sf08n] …dnfO{ dfg]{ lglZrt ePsf] s'/f t aflx/ 5 . ;/sf/n] ;d[l4sf] 5g\ . kbLo k|efj b]vfpFb} cfˆgf] lgjf{rg ;/sf/Ú eGy] . clxn] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd
cd]l/sf / ljZj ;'/Iffsf lglDt eGb} If]qdf of]hgf kfg{ l;kmfl/; ug]d{ f ;efd'v k9\bf /fi6«klt ljBfn] KjfSs …d]/f]
;/sf/ ag]kl5 klg sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ O/fssf] aaf{bL ul/of] . t/ O/fsdf eP d g]skf–lhGbfjfb Û, s= ljKnj– s'/f klg ul//x]sf] 5,Ú pgn] eg],
/ To;sf g]tf clg ltgsf] g]t[Tjdf lhGbfjfb ÛÛ gf/f nufpg] lyPFÚ eg]sf] …t/, ;d[4 g]kfn ;'vL g]kfnsf] gf/f s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fnufot k|efjzfnL g]tf ;/sf/Ú elgg\ . eg];L k|d cf]nL ljBf
cf0fljs c:q gePsf] clxn] k'li6 klg /x]sf 5g\ . dx/fn] klg b'O{ ;o ;/sf/sf k|hf eP5g\ . d t eG5'– t}
lgld{ t / ;+ r flnt hgjfbL jf eof] . cd] l /sfn] t] n sf lglDt s'/f ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5 . o:tf] cg';f/ ;/sf/ cl3 a9\g ;s]sf]
;dfhjfbL ;Qf–;/sf/åf/f ul/g] cj:yfdf ljKnj / k|sf08sf aLrdf 5}g .Ú hgtfn] ca b'O{ ltxfO{sf] of]hgfdf k};f /flvlbg cfu|x ub}{ t} ljBfnfO{ dxf/fgL 3f]lift lsg gug]{ <
;~rf/sf] Jofks k|of]u -b'?kof]u_ cfof]unfO{ l;kmfl/; u/]sf 5g\ . dfUg' 5 df]xL, 9'u+ f| ] lsg n'sfpg] <Ú
b];–hgtf / qmfGtL–k|utL lj/f]wL u/]sf] lyof] . pQ/sf]l/of, l;l/of, cGt/lj/f]w eg]/ s[lqd w'jfFsf] v]tL ;/sf/ s;/L cl3 a9\5 eGg] k|Zg
zlQm, ultljlw / lrGtg–k|jQ [ Lsf] lsg x'G5 < of] ;fdfGo ;dfrf/ dfq p7fpg yfn]sf] j}Bsf] egfO 5 . pgn] g]tfx?sf] o:tf] z}nLk|lt cy{ljb\ k" j { c y{ ; lrj /fd] Z j/ vgfnn]
e]gh ] o' nfsf lj?4 …;~rf/ ;]gfÚ nfO{ Pj+ k"j; { lrj /fd]Zj/ vgfnn] klg /fi6«kltsf] z}nLk|lt c;Gt'li6 hgfpFb}
;d]t lj/f]w ug]{ / k|ltqmfGtL /f]s]/ cd]l/sfn] To;/L g} …P;N6 U?kÚ df xf]Og, jnL– afbnd08nLn] af]s]sf] cf]nL / k|r08 g]t[Tjsf] g]skf
qmfGtL hf/L /fVg d2t ug]{ nIo– ad–af?b xf] . of] cu|df]rf{ xf], P;N6 blIf0fkGyL ef;df hflSsPsf] cf/f]k cfklQ hgfPsf 5g\ . …o:tf] z}nLn] t …of] ;fj{ef}d g]kfnL hgtfsf] ;/sf/ xf]
kl/rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . …Aofs kmf];Ú{ of]hgf g} lsg agfpg' < ;fj{hlgs ls /fi6«kltsf] <Ú eGb} k|Zg u/]sf 5g\ .
p2]Zodf ;xdt x'g] / ;+o'Qm ;+3if{ sf ¿kdf ljZja}Í, cGt/f¨{li6«o u| " k sf] kmf} h xf] . Odfgbf/L / ;d]t nufP . …g]skf blIf0fkGyL kf6L{
ug{ tof/ x'g] ljleGg /fhgLlts Ifdtfåf/f ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug{ xf] . g]skf gfd g/fv]sf] eP x'GYof], ;+:yfx? g} lsg /fVg' <Ú eGg] l6Kk0fL pgn] /fi6«kltsf] cleJolQmn] k'/fg}
d'bf| sf]if, ;'/Iff kl/ifb\ / nfvf}F u};; pgn] u/]sf 5g\ . vgfn cfˆgf] rngsf] k'g/fj[Q u/]sf] pNn]v u/] .
zlQm, ;fdflhs / ;f+ : s[ l ts kl/rflnt 5g\\ . ;a}eGbf k5fl8 g]6f] ;Dej 5 . cfGbf]ng p7\b} hfFbf clns e|d kg]{ vfnsf] eof]Ú pgn] eg] .
6\jL6dfkm{t\ s6fIf u5{G, …kGw|f+} of]hgf
lsg agfpg' < ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfx? lsg kf“ r=====
;+3;+:yf, hgjuL{o ;+u7g, k];fut k|ljlw / snfnfO{ cTolws b'?kof]u
/ Jofj;flos o'lgognufot ljljw
kmf}h tDtof/ 5 .
u/]/ gSsnL ;dfrf/ -km]s Go'h_ / k|wfgdGqL===== uPsf] lgisif{ ;lxt bafad"ns
jnL–afbnd08nLn] g] k fndf cf/f]k;d]t nufPsf] 5 . sfFu; ]| k|jQmf /fVg' < ;+3Lo ;+/rgfdf lsg hfg' < cleofg ;~rfng ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] xf]
k|sf/sf d~r, df]rf{, k|lti7fg / ;~rf/dfWodnfO{ To;/L g} k|of]u e|d tyf cfqmd0f emg\ a9\g]5 . ljZjk|sfz zdf{n] z'qmaf/ k|wfgdGqL
;+hfnx?sf] ;d]t ;xeflutf /xg] To;}n] cWoIf dfcf]n] b':dgn] ;dy{g g]tfsf cfof]hgf–;"rL agfP e}xfNof] .Ú hgkqsf/ ;+u7g g]kfnsf cWoIf
ul//x]sf] 5 . g]skfn] jnL ;/sf/ cf]nLn] l;kmfl/; u/L k7fPsf of]hgfsf]
j[xt\ k|sf/sf] :jtGq, :jfledfgL / / k|r08–jnLd08nLsf] /fi6«3ft, ubf{, k|z+;f ubf{ ;ts{ x'g' / lj/f]w
ubf{ ;xL 5f}F eg]/ a'‰g'k5{ eGg'ePsf]
skL /fVb} 6\jL6 u/]sf 5g\, …;DdfggLo ;/sf/sf]===== k|sfz 8'dn]| ] atfP .
:jljj]sL df]rf{ xf] / x'g] 5 . o;/L hg3ft / b] z b| f ] x sf] e08fkmf] / k|wfgdGqL, tkfO{+ b]zsf] k|wfgdGqL ls hgkqsf/ ;+ u 7g g] k fn,
of] b]; / hgtfsf] ;jf]{Qd lxtk|tL lyof] . t;y{ xfdLn] b' : dgsf] k|jQmf ljZjk|sfz zdf{n] …g]kfnL hgtfn] qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ dxf;+3, k|ultzLn
u/]kl5 zflGtk"0f{ sfo{qmddf x:tIf]k bdssf] d]o/ <Ú k|wfgdGqL cf]nLn] agfPsf] ;/sf/ 5 ls /fi6«kltsf] kqsf/ ;+3, k|;
eg] ;bf k|lta4 /xg]5 . o:tf] ug{ yfNof] . ;/sf/L ;~rf/dfWod k|rf/o'4nfO{ ulx/f];Fu a'‰g'k5{ / cfˆgf] lgjf{rg If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu ] ;f];fO6L g]kfn /
;+ o ' Q mdf] r f{ cfhsf] PSsfO;f} + k|efjsf/L k|lt/f]w ug{k' 5{ . gLltut ;/sf/ <Ú eGb} k|wfgdGqL;Fu hjfkm dw];L kqsf/ ;dfhsf] ;+oQ ' m a}7s
/ ;Qf–zlQm k|of]u u/]/ cf/f]k / eGb} ljleGg dGqfnocGtu{t\ ** j6f dfu] s f 5g\ . …/fhfs} z} n Ldf al; ;/sf/n] rfn] s f] kl5Nnf]
ztfAbLdf Ps ;Rrf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ nf~5g\fsf] af}5f/ ug{ yfNof] . jnL– k|lt/f]w dfq xf]Og, 306f–306fdf of]hgf l;kmfl/; u/L k7fPsf lyP .
/ ;/sf/–;Qfsf] nflu emg\ a9L Jofjxfl/s k|lt/f]w ug{'k5{ . cWoIf /fi6«kltsf] ;Djf]wg z}nL x'g] egL sbdk|lt uDeL/ Wofgfsif{0f ePsf]
afbnd08nLsf] ck/fwnfO{ arfp ug]{ k| w fgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\ s f] ;+ljwfgdf sxfF pNn]v 5 <Ú pgsf] hgfPsf 5g\\ . hgkqsf/ ;+u7g
cfjZos x'G5 lsgsL o;n] kf6L{ / Tof] xs{tnfO{ an k'Ug] u/L k|r08n] dfcf]n] ;f+:s[lts qmflGtsf] ;dodf sfof{nosf] …n]6/x]8Údf of]hgf cfof]unfO{
;Qfaf6 hfg–cGhfgdf ul/g] unt eGg' e Psf] lyof] , …aGb' s sf k|Zg 5 . …s'ga} n ] f >L % sf] ;/sf/ g]kfnsf tkm{af6 cWoIf k|sfz 8'd,]|
cfk"mnfO{ dfg{ 6f]nL v6fPsf] k|rf/ n] v L k7fPsf] kqdf ;x;lrj lyof]], /fhfn] …d]/f] ;/sf/Ú eg]/ qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ dxf;+3sf cWoIf
sfo{sf] cfnf]rgf u/]/ kf6L{–;QfnfO{ ToxL ;dodf ;fj{hlgs u/] . ;Qfsf] xTof/feGbf sndsf xTof/f emg\ a9L ljgf]baxfb'/ s'jF /n] x:tfIf/ u/]sf
;Rrfpg d2t u5{ . vt/gfs x'G5g\\ .Ú To;sf/0f jnL– ;Daf]wg uy]{ . cfh /fi6«kltn] pxL O{Gb| /fpt, k|ultzLn kqsf/ ;+3sf
tfa]bf/L u/]/ lj1fkg / gh/fgf 5g\ . cfly{s jif{ @)&^–&& sf] ah]6 z}nLdf eGg ldNg] xfd|f] ;+ljwfgsf] cWoIf gf/fo0f zdf{, dw];L kqsf/
o;}u/L unt k|dfl0ft e};s]sf a6' N g kNs] s f s] x L ;~rf/n] afbnd08nLsf] k| r f/ tyf tof/L eO/x]sf a]nf k|wfgdGqL cf]nLn]
sfdx?nfO{ ;rfpg'sf] ;f6f] x7ft\ / ;" r gfkmf} h sf lj?4 k| e fjsf/L s'g wf/fdf Joj:yf 5 <Ú eGb} zdf{n] ;dfhsf cWoIf df]xg l;+x nufPtsf]
rGbfcftÍsf] syf agfP h;/L ljefuLo dGqLx?nfO{ cfˆgf] r'gfj k|wfgdGqL;Fu hjfkm dfu]sf x'g\ .
anft\ tL sfo{x? kf6L{–;Qfn] ul/g} pQ/sf]l/ofsf lj?4 ef/tLo ;~rf/ k|rf/kmf}h tof/ gu/L ;du| n8fOF If]qsf ** of]hgfsf] ;"rL ydfpFb} af]wfy{ ;+oQ
' m a}7sn] bafad"ns cleofg
/x]df ltgdfyL ;zQm / lg0ff{os lhTg ;Dej 5}g .Æ sfFu;]| g]tf Pj+ ;f+;b uug yfkfn] ;~rfng ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] 5 . ;fy}
/ e] g ] h ' o nfsf lj?4 cd] l /sL emfkfl:yt % gDa/ If]q ;f+;b ;Dks{ /fi6«kltsf] ;Daf]wg ;lsPnuQ} kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] cfGbf]ng k|lt
x:tIf]k;Dd ug{ ;Sg] ;fdYo{ ;d]t
of] ;+o'Qm df]rf{n] /fVb5 . o;
;~rf/dfWodn] ul//x]sf 5g\\ .
g] s kfsf lj?4 ePsf]
g]=s=kf=sf ===== sfof{nonfO{ lbOPsf] 5 . .
k|wfgdGqLn] dfu u/]sf of]hgfdf
;~rf/dfWod;Fu …d]/f] ;/sf/Ú eg]/ PSoj4tf hgfpFb} dxf;+3sf] e'ldsf
;/sf/sf] bfloTj / x}l;ot ePsf] nufOPsf] cleof]udf lhNnf cbfnt /fhf, dxf/fhfsf] emNsf] lbg vf]hs ] f] a9fpg cg'/f]w ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf]
k| r f/o' 4 dWo] g] t fx¿sf] aLrdf ;+v'jf;efaf6 ;kmfO{ lbOFb} ;fwf/0f ef} l ts k" j f{ w f/ tyf oftfoft eGb} k|Zg u/] . pgn] 6\jL6 klg ub},{ a}7sdf ;xefuL Ps ;b:on] atfP .
;fFlRrs} a[xt\ / ;zQm ;+o'Qm df]5{ cGt/;‹if{ ePsf], sf/afxL ePsf], dGqfno;Fu ;DalGwt !&, ;+:s[lt,
xf] / x'g5 ] of] k|:tfljt ;+oQ ' m df]rf{ . tf/]vdf l/xf ug{ oxL a}zfv & ut] …dxfdlxdHo"sf]Ú lghL ;/sf/sf] a}7sdf b]ze/ ;/sf/n] u/]sf] kqsf/
c¿ kf6L{df hfg nfu]sf] o:tf cg]s cfb]z ePsf] lyof] . ToxfF pgLlj?4 ko{6g tyf gful/s p•og dGqfno;Fu sfo{qmd 3f]if0ff eO/x]sf] l6Kk0fL u/]sf w/ks8 / lu/ˆtf/L tTsfn /f]Sg
To;}n] tfTsflns / bL3{sfnLg b'j} k|rf/ eP . hgo'4sf] ;dodf rlr{t ;DalGwt !%, pmhf{, hn;|ft] tyf l;FrfO
b[li6n] of] ;+oQ ' m df]rf{ xfd|f] 68\sf/f] ljikmf] 6 , cfuhgL, ;+ u l7t 5g\ . …d t g]kfn ;/sf/sf] -hgtfsf] dfu ub} { lx/f;tdf /flvPsf
l;nu'8L k|lzIf0fdf sfo{stf{n] …cfuf] ck/fwnufot cleof]u nufOPsf] dGqfno;Fu ;DalGwt @& -h;df ;/sf/_ gLlt tyf sfo{qmd ;'Gg ;+;bdf kqsf/nfO{ cljnDa l/xfOsf] dfu ug]{
cfjZostf ag]sf] xf] . ganLsg w'jfF lg:sGgÚ eGbf 8f= cfkTsfnLg af9L–klx/f] klg ;dfj]z
lyof] . cfb]zdf l/xf ePnuQ} k'gM pkl:yt ePsf], oxfF t /fi6«kltHo"af6 lg0f{o ePsf] 5 .
If]Kof:q k|sfzg s]Gb|åf/f k|sflzt, ;Dkfbs M /fh]Gb|k|;fb lrdf}l/of, sfof{no M yfkfufpF, sf7df8f}F, df]afOn M (*$!$)#*%!,
E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com,website: www.janakhabar.com d'bs
| M lwDn] ckm;]6 k|;
] , b]jLgu/, kmf]gM %!&@^%%