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1) The generating voltage and frequency in India is about?

a. 11 kV and 60 Hz
b. 11 kV and 50 Hz
c. 220 kV and 60 Hz
d. 220 kV and 50 Hz
2) Which type of system is generally adopted for the generation and
transmission of electrical power?

a. 3 phase 4 wire
b. 2 phase 3 wire
c. 3 phase 3 wire
d. None of these
3) The rated voltage of a 3 phase power system is given by ____________.

a. rms peak voltage

b. Peak phase voltage
c. rms line to line voltage
d. Peak line to line voltage
4) Which of these systems uses the 3 phase 4 wire system?

a. Primary distribution
b. Secondary distribution
c. Primary transmission
d. Secondary transmission
5) With the same maximum voltage to earth, which among the following AC
systems with 0.8 pf will need more copper compared to 2 wire system?

a. Single phase, 2 wire

b. Single phase, 3 wire
c. Three phase, 3 wire
d. Three phase, 4 wire
6) Assertion (A): 3 wire dc distribution system is preferred over 2 wire dc
distribution system.

Reason (R): the 3 wire dc system of distribution is more safe.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and R are true and R is not the explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false
d. A is false but R is true
7) Assertion (A): Transmission of electrical power by dc is economical than that
with ac.

Reason (R): In case of dc transmission, there is no charging current which

contributes to the continuous load, even on no load.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and R are true and R is not the explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false
d. A is false but R is true
8) In transmission system, the weight of copper used is proportional to

a. Square of voltage
b. Voltage
c. 1 / (square of voltage)
d. 1 / voltage
9) Greater the power factor the ________________ is the volume of copper

a. Greater
b. Smaller
c. Both are equal
d. Depending of the level of transmission
10) Line efficiency increases for ________ transmission voltages.

a. Higher
b. Lower
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of these
11) The most important disadvantage of using the high voltage for transmission

a. The increased cost of insulating the conductors.

b. The increased cost of transformers, switchgear and the other terminal apparatus.
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. There is a reduction in the corona loss.
12) The most suitable practical value of primary distribution is?

a. 66 kV
b. 6.6 kV
c. 230 V/ 400 V
d. 22 kV
13) What is the main drawback of overhead system over underground system?

a. Surge problem
b. High initial cost
c. Higher charging current
d. Underground system is more flexible than overhead system
14) For the same conductor length, same amount of power, same losses and
maximum voltage to earth, which system requires minimum conductor area?

a. 3 wire ac
b. 2 wire ac
c. 2 wire dc
d. Single phase
15) What is the highest possible transmission voltage in India?

a. 675 kV
b. 765 kV
c. 132 kV
d. 440 kV
16) What is the main reason for using the high voltage for the long distance
power transmission?

a. Reduction in the transmission losses

b. Reduction in the time of transmission
c. Increase in system reliability
d. None of these
17) The volume of copper required in case of three wire two phase ac systems is
how many times to that of two wired dc system?

a. 2/cos2φ
b. 1/2 cos2φ
c. 1.457/ cos2φ
d. 6/1.457 cos2φ
18) The volume of copper required in case of four wire two phase ac systems is
how many times to that of two wired dc system?

a. 2/cos2φ
b. 1/2 cos2φ
c. 1.457/ cos2φ
d. 6/1.457 cos2φ
19) By increasing the transmission voltage double of its original value, the same
power can be despatched keeping the line losses _______________.

a. Equal to its original value.

b. Half of its original value.
c. Double the original value.
d. One - fourth of the original value.
20) Which among these is/are the fundamental economical principles that
influence/s the design of transmission lines?

a. Economic choice of conductor size.

b. Economic choice of transmission voltage.
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. Economic choice of transmission line length.
21) The most economical area of conductor is that for which the total annual
cost of transmission line is minimum. Which law states this?

a. Lenz’s law
b. Kelvin’s law
c. Faraday’s law
d. Ohm’s law
22) The account of interest and depreciation on the capital cost of complete
installation of transmission line is denoted by which factor?

a. Annual charge on capital outlay

b. Annual cost of energy wasted
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. Neither of these
23) The annual charge is given by

a. P1 + P2 / a
b. (P1 + P2) * a
c. P1 + P2 * a
d. P1 * a + P2
24) The annual cost of energy wasted is given by

a. P1 / a
b. P2 * a
c. P2 / a
d. P3 / a
25) In the following graph what does the straight line represent?.

a. Relation between annual charge and the area of cross section.

b. Relation between annual cost of energy wasted and area of cross section.
c. Both (a) and (b).
d. None of these.
26) In the following graph what does curve 2 represent?.

a. Relation between annual charge and the area of cross section.

b. Relation between annual cost of energy wasted and area of cross section.
c. Both (a) and (b).
d. None of these.
27) What does the point P refer to?.

a. Most economical power transmission.

b. Most economical area of cross section.
c. Both (a) and (b).
d. Most ideal point of transmission.
28) Which among these is not the component of over head transmission lines?

a. Conductors
b. Cross arms
c. Danger plates
d. Transformers
29) Which among these properties are not suitable for the conductor material?

a. High electrical conductivity.

b. High specific gravity.
c. Lower cost.
d. High tensile strength.
30) What is the empirical formula to calculate the number of strands?
a. 3n (n+2n) + 2
b. 3n (n+1) + 2
c. 3n (n+1) + 1
d. 3n (3+ 3n) + 1
31) The most ideal material for the over head conductor is copper. What are the
advantages of this?

a. Smaller cross sectional area.

b. Area offered by the wind loads is reduced.
c. The price of copper is less.
d. Both (a) and (b).
e. None of these
32) Which among the following properties has got a higher value for aluminium
in comparison to that of copper?

a. Electrical resistivity.
b. Melting point.
c. Thermal conductivity.
d. Specific gravity.
33) Why are galvanised steel conductors not suitable for transmitting large
power over long distance?

a. Poor conductivity.
b. High resistance of steel.
c. More power loss.
d. Both (a) and (b).
e. None of these
34) Why are the conductors used for higher voltage transmission stranded?

a. Ease of handling.
b. Cheaper cost.
c. Reduced resistivity.
d. Increase in tensile strength.
35) Which material is used for the manufacture of ground wire?

a. Aluminium
b. Galvanised steel
c. Cast iron
d. Stainless steel
36) The following materials of line conductor are given.
i. Hard drawn copper.
ii. Cadmium copper.
iii. Aluminium.
iv. Galvanised steel

What is the correct series in descending order of their electrical conductivities?

a. i, ii, iv, iii.

b. B. ii, i, iv, iii.
c. C. ii, i, iii, iv.
d. D. i, ii, iii, iv.
37) When steel is reinforced what happens to the composite conductor?

a. 35 % more compared with equivalent weight of copper.

b. 25 % more compared with equivalent weight of copper.
c. 25 % less compared with equivalent weight of copper.
d. 35 % less compared with equivalent weight of copper.
38) Why is A.C.S.R conductor used as the replacement or substitute for copper?

a. Higher current carrying capacity.

b. Economy.
c. Being less weight.
d. Higher tensile strength.
39) What is the function of steel wire in A.C.S.R conductors?

a. Compensate for skin effect.

b. Takes care of surges.
c. Reduced capacitance and inductance.
d. Provide additional mechanical strength.
40) Why is grease added between steel and aluminium conductors?

a. To reduce the corrosion by electrolytic action.

b. To reduce friction between the strand.
c. To eliminate the air gaps.
d. To reduce the leakage of current.

1) What is the general ratio of the cross sectional area of the two metals used in
the A.C.S.R conductors?

a. 1 : 8
b. 1 : 4
c. 4 : 3
d. 2 : 1
2) Assertion (A): The maximum operating temperature of overhead line
conductors made of aluminium or copper is restricted to 75 °C.
Reason (R): conductors beyond this limit may shatter the insulator.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and R are true and R is not the explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false
d. A is false but R is true.
3) For high voltage transmission lines, why are conductors suspended from

a. Increase the clearance from ground.

b. Reduce clearance from ground.
c. Take care of increase in length.
d. Reduce the environmental effects.
4) In India, which types of poles are commonly used for distribution?

a. Wooden poles
b. RCC poles
c. Steel poles
d. Both (b) and (c)
e. None of these
5) Which among these are the properties for the line supports?

a. Higher mechanical strength

b. Light in weight
c. Easy accessibility of conductors for maintenance
d. All of these
6) What is the maximum permissible limit of voltage for the line supports?

a. 30 kV
b. 20 kV
c. 11 kV
d. 44 kV
7) To prevent rotting oil the wooden poles which oil is impregnated to it?

a. Kerosene oil
b. Mineral oil
c. Creosote oil
d. All of these
8) Steel poles are painted so as to prevent it from ____________.

a. Corrosion
b. Borer
c. Termites
d. All of these
9) Which among these is not a type of steel poles?

a. Rail poles
b. Tubular poles
c. Rolled steel joints
d. None of these
10) What is the usual span of the RCC poles?

a. 250 – 400 m.
b. 80 – 150 m.
c. 50 – 105 m.
d. 10 – 75 m.
11) What is the main purpose for guy wire?

a. Supports the pole

b. Protects against the surges
c. Provides emergency earth route
d. All of these
12) Sag depends on which factor?

a. Span length
b. Weight of the conductors
c. Tension in the conductors
d. All of these
13) What is the shape that is attained by the conductors if suspended from the
same height?

a. Parabola
b. Catenary
c. Semi circle
d. None of these
14) Conductor sag should be kept

a. Minimum
b. Maximum
c. Zero
d. None of thes
15) What is the minimum safety factor in respect of the conductor tension?

a. 1
b. 3
c. 2
d. 1.5
16) A 132 kV transmission line, with the weight of conductor = 680 kg/km, length
of span = 260 m, ultimate strength = 3100 kg, safety factor =2. Calculate the height
above ground at which the conductor should be supported. Ground clearance
required is 10 m.

a. 10.7 m
b. 13.7 m
c. 20.83 m
d. 18.75 m
17) Sag is directly proportional to the square of span.

a. True
b. False
18) The maximum tension in a section of overhead line conductor between two
supports of unequal height occurs at

a. The higher support

b. The lower support
c. Midpoint of the conductors
d. None of these
19) Safety factor is the ratio of

a. Working stress to breaking stress.

b. Breaking stress to working stress.
c. 1 / breaking stress.
d. 1 / working stress.
20) What is the effect of temperature rise on the over head lines?

a. Increase the sag and decrease the tension

b. Decrease the sag and increase the tension
c. Both increases
d. Both decreases
21) A transmission line has a span of 250 metres between the line supports. The
conductors has a cross sectional area of 1.29 cm2 and weighs 1170 kg/km and
has a breaking stress of 4218 kg/cm2. Calculate the sag and vertical sag with a
safety factor of 5, with a wind pressure of 122 kg per square metre of the
projected area.

a. 14 and 5.37
b. 16 and 8.39
c. 14 and 8.39
d. 15 and 5.37
22) Why is stringing chart useful?

a. For finding the sag in the conductor

b. In the design of insulator string
c. In the design of tower
d. To find the distance between the towers
23) Which line represents the tension in the given graph?

a. I
b. II
c. III
d. IV
24) In the following graph which curve represents the sag?

a. I
b. II
c. III
d. IV
25) Hot template curves are a plot between

a. Temperature and humidity

b. Conductors sag and span lengths
c. Conductor weight and sag
d. None of these
26) Galloping in transmission line conductors arises due to

a. Asymmetrical layers of ice formation.

b. Vortex phenomenon in light winds.
c. Heavy weight of the line conductors.
d. Adoption of horizontal conductor configuration.
27) What is the frequency of aeoline vibrations?
a. fα = 2 * (Vp / d) * 1000
b. fα = 2 * (Vp * d) * 1000
c. fα = 2 / (Vp * d) * 1000
d. fα = 2 / (Vp / d) * 1000
28) What are the different types of vibrations in the vertical plane?

a. Aeoline vibrations
b. Galloping
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of these
29) What is the minimum clearance of HV lines from ground across the streets?

a. 3 m.
b. 6 m.
c. 5 m.
d. 8 m.
30) What is the minimum horizontal clearance of a LV line from a residential

a. 0.6 m.
b. 0.9 m.
c. 1.2 m.
d. 1.6 m.
31) If a 132 kV line passes over a residential building, what shall be the minimum
vertical clearance from the roof of the building?

a. 3 m.
b. 4.57 m.
c. 6.38 m.
d. 9.27 m.
32) What is the minimum clearance provided for the 132 kV line from the

a. 3.2 m.
b. 6.4 m.
c. 7.5 m.
d. 10.5 m.
3) What is the horizontal spacing between phase conductors of 132 kV line?

a. 8 m.
b. 11 m.
c. 14 m.
d. 17 m.
34) Which type of insulator is used on 132 kV transmission lines?

a. Pin type
b. Disc type
c. Shackle type
d. Pin and shackle type
35) Where are the strain type insulators used?

a. At dead ends
b. At any intermediate anchor tower
c. On straight runs
d. Either (a) or (b)
36) Porcelain is produced by firing at high temperature due to mixtures of

a. Kaolin
b. Feldspar
c. Quartz
d. All of these
37) What is the dielectric strength of porcelain?

a. 55 kV/cm.
b. 60 kV/cm.
c. 75 kV/cm.
d. 80 kV/cm.
38) Why is the wavy structure of pin insulators used?

a. Increases mechanical strength.

b. Increases puncture strength.
c. Increases flash over voltage.
d. Increases thermal strength.
39) The number of discs in a string of insulators for 400 kV ac over head
transmission line lies in the range of

a. 32 – 33
b. 22 – 23
c. 15 – 16
d. 9 – 10
40) What is the maximum voltage level upto which the pin type insulators can be

a. 22 kV
b. 33 kV
c. 66 kV
d. 132 kV

1) What is the safety factor of an insulator?

a. Puncture strength * Flash over voltage

b. Puncture strength / Flash over voltage
c. Flash over voltage / Puncture strength
d. None of these