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Ahli Bank

Ahli Bank Head Office Building


Comparative Study on HVAC System
December 2010
Ahli Bank
Ahli Bank Head Quarters Building
Comparative Study on HVAC System
December 2010

Report no. 001-DS-DOC-04


Issue no. 0
Date of issue 9th December
Prepared PSN
Checked AJV
Approved PKK
Comparative Study on HVAC System 1

Table of Contents
1 Introduction 2

2 Air Cooled Chillers Vs Water Cooled Chillers 3


2.1 General 3
2.2 Aim 3
2.3 Policy objective 3

3 Recommendation & Conclusions 6


Comparative Study on HVAC System 2

1 Introduction

This report is presented in connection with the selection of the most appropriate of
HVAC system for the proposed office building for Ahli Bank at Wattayah.
Comparative Study on HVAC System 3

2 Air Cooled Chillers Vs Water Cooled Chillers


2.1 General
Proper selection and justification of the HVAC strategy is a crucial element of
the HVAC system design process. The ultimate objective is to acquire and uti-
lise a HVAC system that will minimise the impact on the natural and physical
environment through energy efficiency and simplification of the systems and
that will provide the most appropriate approach, on a whole of life basis, in
terms of capital, operating, replacement and maintenance costs.

2.2 Aim
The aim of this policy is to present minimum requirements concerning the
structure and content of a HVAC system selection report.

2.3 Policy objective


The objective of this policy is to:

 Ensure selection of the most appropriate HVAC strategy for a Bank facili-
ty; and
 Facilitate agreement to the most suitable HVAC strategy through a con-
sistent HVAC system selection report submission.
Comparative Study on HVAC System 4

2.4 Comparison between Air cooled and

Water cooled Chillers

PARAMETER AIR COOLED CHILLER WATER COOLED CHILLER

Capital investment Considering the size of the Higher, as the components


project’s magnitude, the like Cooling towers and its
initial cost for the Air cooled make-up water systems,
Chiller plant would be com- Condenser water Pumps and
paratively less. (Approx. its Piping network etc are ad-
25% less) ditional to the main Chillers.

Maintenance cost Lesser compared to water In addition to the main Chill-


cooled Chiller systems as ers, it requires cooling towers,
the components are less in condenser water pumping
the complete system. system and a cooling tower
make-up water arrangement.
The whole arrangement is a
complex system and the
maintenance cost would be
comparatively high.

Power consumption Less efficient with power Very efficient with power con-
consumption figures of sumption figures of around
around 1.7 kW / Ton. 0.7 kW / Ton.

Space requirement More space required as the Less space required as the
physical size is larger than physical is smaller than Air
water cooled Chillers. cooled Chillers.

Noise levels Generally higher than water Lesser than water air chillers
cooled chillers as the num- as the Cooling tower is kept
ber of Condensers are away from the Evaporator.
more and built with Evapo-
rator.

Life expectancy Expecting a life span of Expecting a life span of 18-20


more than 25 years, de- years, depending on the us-
pending on the usage. age.
Comparative Study on HVAC System 5

Capacity available Single Chiller up to of 400 Single Chiller up to of 3000


Ton available in Oman Ton available in Oman mar-
market. ket.

Approximate electrical
power consumption for a
20 year period (kW) for a 36584000 15064000
500 TR (approx.) instal-
lation (Approx. 269 days
8 hr/day operation)

Savings in power con-


sumption for water
cooled chillers assuming RO. 26,900 per annum.
25 Biza per unit for wa-
ter cooled chillers
Comparative Study on HVAC System 6

3 Recommendation & Conclusions

In view of the initial Cost, maintenance, water consumption and life expectancy of the
HVAC systems, we would like to recommend going for Air Cooled Chilled water system
for this prestigious project.