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# ECET311a – Electronic Devices and Circuits

## QUIZ 1 – Finals - SOLUTION

SET A

1. Determine the value of IB, IC, IE, VC, VB, VE and VCE using DC analysis of the circuit below.

## 𝑅𝑒𝑚𝑜𝑣𝑒 𝐴𝐶 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑙𝑦, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑛, 𝑐𝑎𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑅𝐸1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑅𝐸2 𝑖𝑛 𝑠𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑠

𝑅𝐸 = 𝑅𝐸1 + 𝑅𝐸2 = 470𝛺 + 470𝛺 = 940𝛺
𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛: 𝛽𝑅𝐸 ≥ 10𝑅2
(150)(940𝛺) ≥ 10(10𝑘𝛺)
141𝑘𝛺 > 100𝑘𝛺, 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑠𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑠𝑓𝑖𝑒𝑑

𝑅2 𝑉𝐶𝐶 (10𝑘𝛺)(10𝑉)
𝑉𝐵 = = = 𝟏. 𝟕𝟓𝟒𝑽
𝑅1 + 𝑅2 47𝑘𝛺 + 10𝑘𝛺
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐵 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 − 𝑉𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐸 = 𝑉𝐵 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 = 1.754𝑉 − 0.7𝑉 = 𝟏. 𝟎𝟓𝟒𝑽
𝑉𝐸 1.054𝑉
𝑉𝐸 = 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 ; 𝐼𝐸 = = = 𝟏. 𝟏𝟐𝒎𝑨
𝑅𝐸 940𝛺
𝐼𝐶 ≅ 𝐼𝐸 = 𝟏. 𝟏𝟐𝒎𝑨
𝐼𝐶 1.12𝑚𝐴
𝐼𝐶 = 𝛽𝐼𝐵 ; 𝐼𝐵 = = = 𝟕. 𝟒𝟕µ𝑨
𝛽 150
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 𝑅𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶𝐸 − 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐸 = 𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 (𝑅𝐶 + 𝑅𝐸 ) = 10𝑉 − (1.12𝑚𝐴)(4.7𝑘𝛺 + 0.94𝑘𝛺) = 𝟑. 𝟔𝟖𝑽
𝑉𝐶 = 𝑉𝐶𝐸 + 𝑉𝐸 = 3.68𝑉 + 1.054𝑉 = 𝟒. 𝟕𝟑𝑽

2. Determine re, Zi, Zo, Av using AC analysis of the circuit below. (with ro =∞Ω)
𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑑 𝐷𝐶 𝑠𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑠, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑, 𝑐𝑎𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑅𝐸2 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑
26𝑚𝑉 26𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = = 𝟐𝟑. 𝟐𝟏𝜴
𝐼𝐸 1.12𝑚𝐴
𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠: 𝑟𝑜 ≥ 10(𝑅𝐶 + 𝑅𝐸 )𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑟𝑜 ≥ 10𝑅𝐶 𝑖𝑠 𝑠𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑠𝑓𝑖𝑒𝑑 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑟𝑜 = ∞Ω
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅1 ||𝑅2 ||𝛽𝑅𝐸 = 47𝑘𝛺||10𝑘𝛺||(150)(470𝛺) = 𝟕. 𝟑𝟖𝒌𝜴
𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐶 = 𝟒. 𝟕𝒌𝜴
𝑅𝐶 4.7𝑘𝛺
𝐴𝑉 = − =− = −𝟏𝟎
𝑅𝐸 470𝛺
ECET311a – Electronic Devices and Circuits
QUIZ 1 – Finals - SOLUTION
SET B

1. Determine the value of IB, IC, IE, VC, VB, VE and VCE using DC analysis of the circuit below.
𝑅𝑒𝑚𝑜𝑣𝑒 𝐴𝐶 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑙𝑦, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑛
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 𝑅𝐶 − 𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐹 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝛽𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐶 − 𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐹 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 12𝑉 − 0.7𝑉
𝐼𝐵 = = = 𝟏𝟔. 𝟒𝟐µ𝑨
𝛽𝑅𝐶 + 𝑅𝐹 (120)(3.9𝑘𝛺) + 220𝑘𝛺
𝐼𝐶 = 𝛽𝐼𝐵 = (120)(16.42µ𝐴) = 𝟏. 𝟗𝟕𝒎𝑨
𝐼𝐶 ≅ 𝐼𝐸 = 𝟏. 𝟗𝟕𝒎𝑨
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 𝑅𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐸 = 𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 𝑅𝐶 = 12𝑉 − (1.97𝑚𝐴)(3.9𝑘𝛺) = 𝟒. 𝟑𝟏𝟕𝑽
𝑉𝐶 = 𝑉𝐶𝐸 = 𝟒. 𝟑𝟏𝟕𝑽
𝑉𝐵 = 𝑉𝐵𝐸 = 𝟎. 𝟕𝑽

## 2. Determine re, Zi, Zo, Av using AC analysis of the circuit below.

𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑑 𝐷𝐶 𝑠𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑠, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑
26𝑚𝑉 26𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = = 𝟏𝟑. 𝟐𝟎𝜴
𝐼𝐸 1.97𝑚𝐴
𝑟𝑒 13.20𝛺
𝑍𝑖 = = = 𝟓𝟏𝟐. 𝟓𝟗𝜴
1 𝑅 1 3.9𝑘𝛺
+ 𝑅 +𝐶 𝑅 +
𝛽 𝐶 𝐹 120 3.9𝑘𝛺 + 220𝑘𝛺
𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐶 = 𝟑. 𝟗𝒌𝜴
𝑅𝐶 3.9𝑘𝛺
𝐴𝑉 = − =− = −𝟐𝟗𝟓. 𝟒𝟓
𝑟𝑒 13.20𝛺
ECET311a – Electronic Devices and Circuits
QUIZ 1 – Finals – SOLUTION
SET C

1. Determine the value of IB, IC, IE, VC, VB, VE and VCE using DC analysis of the circuit below.
𝑅𝑒𝑚𝑜𝑣𝑒 𝐴𝐶 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑙𝑦, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑛, 𝑐𝑎𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑅𝐸1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑅𝐸2 𝑖𝑛 𝑠𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑠
𝑅𝐸 = 𝑅𝐸1 + 𝑅𝐸2 = 1.2𝑘𝛺 + 0.47𝑘𝛺 = 1.67𝑘𝛺

𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐵 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 − 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐵 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 − (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 22𝑉 − 0.7𝑉
𝐼𝐵 = = = 𝟒𝟓. 𝟕𝟖µ𝑨
𝑅𝐵 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸 330𝑘𝛺 + (80 + 1)(1.67𝑘𝛺)
𝐼𝐸 = (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 = (80 + 1)(45.78µ𝐴) = 𝟑. 𝟕𝟏𝒎𝑨
𝐼𝐶 ≅ 𝐼𝐸 = 𝟑. 𝟕𝟏𝒎𝑨
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 𝑅𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶𝐸 − 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐸 = 𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 (𝑅𝐶 + 𝑅𝐸 ) = 22𝑉 − (45.78𝑚𝐴)(5.6𝑘𝛺 + 1.67𝑘𝛺)
= −𝟒. 𝟔𝟏𝑽

𝑉𝐸 = 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = (3.71𝑚𝐴)(1.67𝑘𝛺) = 𝟔. 𝟏𝟏𝑽
𝑉𝐶 = 𝑉𝐶𝐸 + 𝑉𝐸 = −4.61𝑉 + 6.11𝑉 = 𝟏. 𝟓𝑽
𝑉𝐵 = 𝑉𝐵𝐸 + 𝑉𝐸 = 0.7𝑉 + 6.11𝑉 = 𝟔. 𝟖𝟏𝑽

## 2. Determine re, Zi, Zo, Av using AC analysis of the circuit below.

𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑑 𝐷𝐶 𝑠𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑠, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑, 𝑐𝑎𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑅𝐸2 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑
26𝑚𝑉 26𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = = 𝟕𝜴
𝐼𝐸 3.71𝑚𝐴
𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑅𝐸 = (80)(1.2𝑘𝛺) = 96𝑘𝛺
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 330𝑘𝛺||96𝑘𝛺 = 𝟕𝟒. 𝟑𝟕𝒌𝜴
𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐶 = 𝟓. 𝟔𝒌𝜴
𝑅𝐶 5.6𝑘𝛺
𝐴𝑉 = − =− = −𝟒. 𝟔𝟕
𝑅𝐸 1.2𝛺
ECET311a – Electronic Devices and Circuits
QUIZ 1 – Finals - SOLUTION
SET D

1. Determine the value of RB, RC, RE, IE, IB, VB and VCE using DC analysis of the circuit below.
𝑅𝑒𝑚𝑜𝑣𝑒 𝐴𝐶 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑙𝑦, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑛
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 𝑅𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶 12𝑉 − 7.6𝑉
𝑉𝐶 = 𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐶 𝑅𝐶 ; 𝑅𝐶 = = = 𝟐. 𝟐𝒌𝜴
𝐼𝐶 2𝑚𝐴
𝐼𝐶 ≅ 𝐼𝐸 = 𝟐𝒎𝑨
𝑉𝐸 2.4𝑉
𝑉𝐸 = 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 ; 𝑅𝐸 = = = 1.2𝑘𝛺
𝐼𝐸 2𝑚𝐴
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐵 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 − 𝑉𝐸 = 0
𝐼𝐶 2𝑚𝐴
𝐼𝐶 = 𝛽𝐼𝐵 ; 𝐼𝐵 = = = 𝟐𝟓µ𝑨
𝛽 80
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 − 𝑉𝐸 12𝑉 − 0.7𝑉 − 2.4𝑉
𝑅𝐵 = = = 𝟑𝟓𝟔𝒌𝜴
𝐼𝐵 25µ𝐴

𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶𝐸 − 𝑉𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐸 = 𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶 − 𝑉𝐸 = 12𝑉 − 7.6𝑉 − 2.4𝑉 = 𝟐𝑽
𝑉𝐵 = 𝑉𝐵𝐸 + 𝑉𝐸 = 0.7𝑉 + 2.4𝑉 = 𝟑. 𝟏𝑽

## 2. Determine re, Zi, Zo, Av using AC analysis of the circuit below.

𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑑 𝐷𝐶 𝑠𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑠, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑
26𝑚𝑉 26𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = = 𝟏𝟑𝜴
𝐼𝐸 2𝑚𝐴
𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑅𝐸 = (80)(1.2𝑘𝛺) = 96𝑘𝛺
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 356𝑘𝛺||96𝑘𝛺 = 𝟕𝟓. 𝟔𝟏𝒌𝜴
𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐶 = 𝟐. 𝟐𝒌𝜴
𝑅𝐶 2.2𝑘𝛺
𝐴𝑉 = − =− = −𝟏. 𝟖𝟑
𝑅𝐸 1.2𝛺
ECET311a – Electronic Devices and Circuits
QUIZ 1 – Finals – SOLUTION
SET E

1. Determine the value of IB, IC, IE, VC, VB, VE and VCE using DC analysis of the circuit below.
𝑅𝑒𝑚𝑜𝑣𝑒 𝐴𝐶 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑙𝑦, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑛
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐵 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 − 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐵 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 − (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 𝑅𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸 16𝑉 − 0.7𝑉
𝐼𝐵 = = = 𝟐𝟔. 𝟖𝟔µ𝑨
𝑅𝐵 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸 270𝑘𝛺 + (110 + 1)(2.7𝑘𝛺)
𝐼𝐸 = (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 = (110 + 1)(26.86µ𝐴) = 𝟐. 𝟗𝟖𝒎𝑨
𝐼𝐶 ≅ 𝐼𝐸 = 𝟐. 𝟗𝟖𝒎𝑨
𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐾𝑉𝐿:
𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐶𝐸 − 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = 0
𝑉𝐶𝐸 = 𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = 16𝑉 − (2.98𝑚𝐴)(2.7𝑘𝛺) = 𝟕. 𝟗𝟓𝑽

𝑉𝐸 = 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = (2.98𝑚𝐴)(2.7𝑘𝛺) = 𝟖. 𝟎𝟓𝑽
𝑉𝐶 = 𝟎𝑽
𝑉𝐵 = 𝑉𝐵𝐸 + 𝑉𝐸 = 0.7𝑉 + 8.05𝑉 = 𝟖. 𝟕𝟓𝑽

## 2. Determine re, Zi, Zo, Av using AC analysis of the circuit below.

𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑑 𝐷𝐶 𝑠𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑠, 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑
26𝑚𝑉 26𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = = 𝟖. 𝟕𝟐𝜴
𝐼𝐸 2.98𝑚𝐴
𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑟𝑒 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸 = (110)(8.72𝛺) + (110 + 1)(2.7𝑘𝛺) = 300𝑘𝛺
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 270𝑘𝛺||300𝑘𝛺 = 𝟏𝟒𝟐. 𝟏𝟏𝒌𝜴
𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐸 ||𝑟𝑒 = 2.7𝑘𝛺||8.72𝛺 = 𝟖. 𝟔𝟗𝜴
𝑅𝐸 2.7𝑘𝛺
𝐴𝑉 = = = 𝟎. 𝟗𝟗𝟔
𝑅𝐸 + 𝑟𝑒 2.7𝑘𝛺 + 8.72𝛺