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TYPE OF VENTS
BRANCH VENT A vent connecting one or more individual vents with a vent stack or stack vent
CIRCUIT VENT A branch vent that serves two or more traps and extends from in front of the last fi
connection of a horizontal branch to the vent stack
COMMON VENT A vent connecting at the junction of two fixture drains and serving as a vent for bot
A single vent that ventiliates multiple traps, in the case of back to back fixture
CONTINOUS VENT A vertical vent that is the continuation of the drain to which the vents connect
DRY VENT A vent that does not serve as drain and is located where if is not exposed to back u
of waste from a drainage pipe
DUAL VENT See common vent
GROUP VENT A branch vents that performs its functions for two or more traps
INDIVIDUAL VENT A pipe installed to vent, a fixture trap and w/c connects with the vent system above
served or terminates in the open air
LOOP or CIRCUIT VENT A circuit vent which loop backs to connect with a stack vent instead of a vent stack
Any vent connecting a horizontal branch or fixture drain with the stack vent of the
originating waste or soil stack
LOCAL VENT Is a pipe on the fixture side of the trap through which vapor or foul air is removed
from a room fixture
MAIN VENT The principal artery of the venting system to which vent branches may be connecte
RELIEF VENT A vent installed so as to permit additional circulation of air between the drainage a
systems where the drainage systems might otherwise be air bound
UNIT VENT An arrangement of venting so installed that that one vent pipe will serve two traps
STACK VENT The extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected
stack horizontal drain, the uppermost end above the roof
WET VENT A vent which also serves as a drain
YOKE VENT A pipe connecting upward from a soil or waste stack to a vent stack for the purpose
preventing pressure changes in the stack

NATIONAL PLUMBING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES


BACKFLOW Is the flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distributing pip
supply of water from any source other than its intended source
BACK SIPHONAGE Is the backflow of used, contaminated or polluted water from a plumbing
fixture due to negative pressure
BATTERY OF FIXTURE Refers to any group of two or more similar adjacent fixtures which discharge into a
horizontal waste or soil branch
BLANK FLANGE A flange that is not drilled
BLIND FLANGE A flange that closes the end of a pipe line used to discharge water
CAULKING Is plugging an opening with oakum, lead or other materials
COUPLING A short internally threaded section of pipe, used to join two pipes of conduits
UNION Used to connect the two ends of two pipes, neither of which can be turned
NIPPLE A short length of pipe with threads at each end; used to join couplings or fittings
DEAD END Is the extended portion of a pipe that is closed at one end to which no connections
on the extended portion
DEVELOPED LENGTH The length along the center of the pipe and fitting
DRAINAGE SYSTEM Includes all piping within public or private which conveys sewage, rain water or ofte
to a legal point of disposal but does not include the main of a public sewer system o
or public sewerage treatment
FIXTURE BRANCH Is a pipe connecting several fixtures
FLOOD LEVEL Is a device located at the bottom of the tank for the purpose of flushing water close
and similar fixture
FERRULE A metallic sleeve, join to an opening of pipe, into which a plug is screwed
that can be removed for the purpose of cleaning
INVERT Is the lowest portion of the inside of any pipe or conduit that is not vertical
PLUMBING SYSTEM Includes water supply and distribution pipe; plumbing fixture and traps, soil
waste and vent pipes; house drain and house sewers including their respective conn
ROUGH IN Installation of all parts of the plumbing system which can be completed prior to the
of fixtures
SIAMESE CONNECTIONS A wye connections used on fire lines so that two lines of hose maybe connected to t
or to the same nozzle
SOIL PIPE Is any pipe which conveys the discharge of water closets of fixture having
similar function w/ or w/o the discharge of other fixtures to the building drain
TRAP SEAL Is the maximum vertical depth of liquid that a trap will retain measure between the
and the top of the dip of the trap

REVIEW CENTER (PLUMBING)


WATER RESERVOIR Install to be able to meet the water requirements during peak demands from a low
water well
SHOCK RELIEF AND EXPANSION CHAMBER The device being used to eliminate the noise cause by water hammer

50 FEET OR MORE The location of water well to nearest septic vault


2 PERCENT Slope of house sewer connected from the building to the main sewer
CULVERT A passage under a road, embankment or canal which allow for the flow of water
BLACK WATER The third kind of water after the storm water and area water
RECESSED The type of bathtub oher than sunken, square, free standing
WHITE Color coding of high pressure steam
BLACK Color coding for fuel oil division
TRAP OR WATER SEAL The water column that seals the escape of unhealthy gases in the sanitary drainage
2.50 M Service drop conductor clearance over the roof
COMPRESSION VALVE A valve which in the water flow is shut off by a flat disk that is screwed down onto it
CISTERN An underground tank reservoir to store water
OVERHEAD STORM DRAIN Another classification of storm drain, besides from inside drain and outside drain
PRESSURE COCK Tap used in high pressure water system with an interval valve to control the flow o
PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE A valve which maintains uniform pressure on its outlet side regardless of its pressur
on the inlet side above the pressure level
UNION PATENT A pipe fitting within the interconnection of pipes for the purpose of easy dismantlin
the connection when needed
FLUSHOMETER A device that discharge a predetermined volume of water to fixture for flushing pu
is activated by direct water pressure
CORPORATION STOP Another name for corporation cock
AIR TRAP A U-shaped pipe filled with water and located beneath the plumbing fixtures
to form a seal against the passages of gases and odors
ABSORPTION TRENCH A trench containing course aggregate and a distribution tile pipe through which sep
effluent may flow covered with earth
ILLUMINATION The luminous flux density incident on a surface
CATCH BASIN An underground structure for drainage into which water from the roof or floor will d
sewer
WYE FITTING A type of fitting for yoke bent
1 1/2" Minimum discharge pipe and fitting for bath tub
150mm DIAMETER Minimum size of building sewer; it should not be less than the building drain

TRAP SIZES OF FIXTURES


1 1/2" BATH FOOT
2" BATH SHOWER STALL
1 1/2" BATH SITZ
1 1/2" BATH TUB
1 1/2" BIDETS
1 1/2" COMBINATION FIXTURE
1 1/4" DRINKING FOUNTAIN
2" FLOOR DRAIN
1 1/4" FOUNTAIN CUPSIDERS
1 1/2" LAUNDRY TRAYS
1 1/2" SINKS (DISHWASHER)
2' SINKS (HOTEL OR PUBLIC)
1 1/2" SINKS (KITCHEN OR RESIDENCE)
1 1/4" SINKS (SMALL PANTRY OR BAR)
2" SLOP SINKS (ORDINARY)
3" SLOP SINKS (WITH COMBINE TRAP)
3" URINAL (PEDESTAL)
1 1/2" URINALS (LIP)
2" URINALS (STALL)
2" URINALS (THROUGH)
1 1/4" WASH BASIN (LAVATORIES)
3" WATER CLOSETS

TYPES OF WATER CLOSETS


SIPHON-VORTEX Quiet, extermely sanitary. Like the siphon jet but having the flushing water directed
rim to create a vortex that scours the bowl
SIPHON-JET Sanitary, efficient very quiet. A toilet bowl into which the flushing water enters thro
siphonic action initiated by a water jet draws the contents of the bowl through the
REVERSE TRAP Moderately noisy. Similar to siphon jet except that trap passageway and water surf
are smaller
WASH DOWN Minimum cost. Least efficient subject to clogging, noisy. Simple washout and empty
small irregular passageway, prohibited by some health codes
BLOW OUT Noisy but highly efficient. Strong jet into leg forces contents out
URINALS WALL HUNG
THROUGH
PEDESTAL
STALL
BIDET A basin like fixture design to be struddled for bathing the genitals and posterior par
GI PIPE SIZES 1/2", 3/4", 1", 1 1/4", 1 1/2", 2, 2 1/2", 3", 4", 6", 8", 10", 12"

NOTES
19.05mm or 3/4" No building supply pipe shall be less than WHAT size in diameter
46 mm. Minimum height of Fire Service Connection from the grade/floor
122mm Maximum height of Fire Service Connection from the grade/floor
61 mm. Minimum height of Dry Standpipe Outlet from the floor line
122 mm Maximum height of Dry Standpipe Outlet from the floor line
5 FEET Considered extension of bulding drain outside the building wall
1/4" BEND ? Fitting for base or soil stack and building drain
51mm or 2" Wet standpipe for a riser not more than 15m
64mm or 2 1/2" Wet standpipe for riser more than 15m
4" Dry standpipe for a riser below 23m
6" Dry standpipe for a riser more than 23m
RATIO OF 1:25 Ratio of water closets for female population for elementary and secondary school
RATIO OF 1:30 Ratio of water closets for male population for elementary and secondary school
RATIO OF 1:75 Ratio of urinals for elementary schools
RATIO OF 1:75 Ratio of water closets for female population for principal worship places
RATIO OF 1:5 Ratio of lavatory to number of occupants
4 CLOSETS Minimum number of water closet required for female office and public buildings
3 HEADS Minimum head of water required in section of plumbing for water test

MECHANICAL
AIR CONDITIONER An apparatus that can heat, cool, clean and circulate air
BUGLARS AND PROWLERS They were deter to the intrusion alarm system in residential signal system
AIR DUCT An air passage usually formed in sheet metal with insulation for ventilating on a bui
DRAUGHT OR DRAFT The current of air or gases
4 STOREY Requirement for a dry standpipe
BLACK Color coding of piping for fuel oil division
DUMBWAITER A hoisting and lowering mechanism with a building equipped with relatively small c
excusively for carrying materials
HUMIDIFIER The device for maintaining desirable humidity conditons in the air supplied
50 GALS. The average consumption of water per capita
THERMOSTAT An automatic control of the operation of heating or cooling device responding to ch
temperature of the space
BULLDOZER A tractor equipped with the blade attached by arms and bolted to its end, used in p
ACOUSTICAL LAY IN PANEL The acoustical ceiling board design to be laid in an exposed grid suspension system
DECIBEL The total sound units provided by a given material
135-197 F Heat rating for a fixed temperature heat detector
REAR OR TOP Fire tube boliers shall be provide with sufficient room for removal or replacement o
either from these places
SOUND ABSORPTION The process of dissipating sound energy by converting it to heat
SOUND INSULATION The system of deadening sound materials to wall, ceiling, floors to prevent sound fr
through the members into adjoining room
LUX The illuminance produce by luminous flux of the one lumen distributed uniformly o
square meter surface
WATER TABLE Level of subterrenean water
AIR HANDLING UNIT Package assembly of air conditioning components which provides for the treatmen
before it is distributed to an air conditioned space
TRAVEL TIME This is the criteria in selection of an elevator other than interval and average waiting
CONCRETE CASING Protection of PVC pipe underground
CREEP Reflection of sound from curve surface

ELEVATOR
TRAVEL TIME The criteria in the selection of an elevator other than interval and average waiting t
FREIGHT ELEVATOR Type of conveyor that transport packages equipment crates
BUFFER Important element of an elevator below the first level floor line that absorbs and m
building shocks to the car
PIT That portion of the hoistway in the elevator extending from the threshold level of th
floor of the hoistway
WINDING DRUM MACHINE A geared drive machine in which the suspension ropes are fastened to and wind on
GUIDE RAILS Vertical tracks that serves as a guide for the car and the counterweight
600mm Car pit clearance depth from the bottom of the car
FOR REPAIR AND INSPECTION When machine room or penthouse is provided at the top of the hoistway, it shall ha
a sufficient room for this
2 HOISTWAYS When 4 or more elevator serve all or the same portion of the bulding
4 ELEVATORS Shalll be located in any one hoistway
3 HOISTWAYS Minimum number of hoisting ropes for traction elevators
2 HOISTWAYS Minimum number of hoisting ropes for drum type elevators
30mm Minimum diameter of hoisting and counterweight ropes
OVER LOAD RELAY AND REVERSE POLARITY RELAY Provision for all elevators

BUFFER A safety device of a passenger elevator which reduces the collision shock of a car or
counterweight due to over travel beyond the lowest stop. It stops the car or counte
MONITORING CONTACTS ON STEP CHAIN Internal electronic safety features of an escalator. They function as a
safety switches or detectors which monitors internal mechanical or
electrical abnormalities and shuts down the system in any eventuality
CIRCUIT BREAKER A passenger elevator safety device which protects the motor and its
electrical parts from over current
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH During elevator emergency to rescue passenger, this type of elevator is used to ope
from the outside
SAFETY SHOE The elevator door components that detect the obstacle during the door closing and
the door
WAIT INTERVAL Dividing the travel length by the rated speed
DOOR LOCK SWITCH Activate by preventing the door to open during elevator car run,
the door elevator will open only when the car stops at the floor
MAGNETIC BREAK Activate if the car travel faster than its travel speed, the power will turn off,
and grasp the rope to operate the safety gear
FOR CAR OVERRUN Main purpose of shafts overhead space
GOVERNOR Safety device of a passenger elevator which activates if the car travels faster
than its rated speed by grasping the guide rail to stop the car safely
A European brand of elevator OTIS-U.S.
BUFFER A safety device of a passenger elevator which reduces the collision shock of a car or
counterweight due to over travel beyond the lowest stop. It stops the car or counte
MONITORING CONTACTS ON STEP CHAIN Internal electronic safety features of an escalator. They function as a
safety switches or detectors which monitors internal mechanical or
electrical abnormalities and shuts down the system in any eventuality
CIRCUIT BREAKER A passenger elevator safety device which protects the motor and its
electrical parts from over current
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH During elevator emergency to rescue passenger, this type of elevator is used to ope
from the outside
SAFETY SHOE The elevator door components that detect the obstacle during the door closing and
the door
WAIT INTERVAL Dividing the travel length by the rated speed
DOOR LOCK SWITCH Activate by preventing the door to open during elevator car run,
the door elevator will open only when the car stops at the floor
MAGNETIC BREAK Activate if the car travel faster than its travel speed, the power will turn off,
and grasp the rope to operate the safety gear
FOR CAR OVERRUN Main purpose of shafts overhead space
LIMIT SWITCH Device that open and closes the electric current in an elevator when it has reached
designated end of travel course

ESCALATOR
35 degrees Minimum angle of inclination of an escalator
558 mm Minimum width of balustrade
1.20 m Maximum width of balustrade
330 mm Maximum width of the steps
TEMPERED TYPE GLASS Kind of glass required in an escalator's balustrade
38 mpm Maximum rated speed measured along the angle of inclination

BOILERS
R.C CONCRETE OR MASONRY Provision for boiler rooms inside the building
3.00 mts. FROM OUTSIDE WALL Minimum distance if the building is not made of fire resistive materials
1 meter No part of the boiler shall be closer to this from the wall
5.00 mts Distance of the smokestacks above the building within 50 mts. radius
2 CHECK VALVES Provision between any feed pump and the boiler in addition to the regular shut-off
NON RETURN OR SHUT OFF VALVE Provision when two or more boilers are connected in parallel
ONE SAFETY VALVE Provision of every boiler
TWO SAFETY VALVE Provision for boilers having generating capacity exceeding 907 kg/hr
15 DAYS Notification in writing in advance for boiler's inspection

REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING


68deg-74deg F Temperature and humidity of the air to be used for comfortable cooling
2.30 meters ABOVE THE FLOOR Minimum for refrigerant piping crossing a passageway in any building
STOP VALVES Provision of installation for refrigerant system containing more than 9 kgs.
2.13 meters Minimum for window type AC installed on ground floors

PIPING
GALVANIZED PIPING It should not be used for steam
STEAM DIVISION
WHITE High Pressure
BUFF Exhaust Fan
WATER DIVISION
BLUE Fresh Water, low pressure
BLUE Fresh Water, high pressure
GREEN Salt water piping
OIL DIVISION
BRASS OR BRONZE Delivery
YELLOW Discharge
GRAY PNEUMATIC DIVISION
BLACK GAS DIVISION
BLACK FUEL OIL DIVISION
BLACK REFRIGERATING DIVISION

ELECTRICAL
CIRCUIT BREAKER The part of the cut out that is design to open or break an electrical current under an
excessive load
WATTS Unit of power
AMPERE The unit used in the measure of the rate of flow of electricity
OBSERVATION STANDS This is where an electric service conductor can be installed
TOWER OR FLATFORM
KNIFE SWITCH A type of electric switch consisting of one or more movable copper blades which are
and which make contact with stationary forked contract jaws being forced between
TRANSFORMER VAULT Provision for building with an expected electric load demand of 200KVA
RECTIFIER The conversion of alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC)
RAPID START FLOURESCENT LAMP A kind of flourescent lamp that does not use starter element

JUNCTION BOX An iron box or casing by which electrical conduit branches are formed
5 STOREYS A passenger elevator with a constant 24 hour service for residential condominum
3.00 m Minimum service drop of connection line above the ground and from the ground
500 mm Minimum distance of poles and transformer support located from the road right of
AIR CURTAIN A vertical flow of air used to separate different function of spaces
GOOSENECK Original name of P-Trap
DISTRIBUTION LINE The main feed line of an electrical circuit to which branch circuits are connected
1.20m The minimum width of door in hospital housing unit
PLUG IN TYPE Another type of circuit breaker element other than bolt-on
COPPER WIRE The most practical conductor of electricity
RACEWAY A channel system in carrying electrical wire
CABLE WIRE An electric conductor consisting of a group of smaller diameter conductor strands tw
together
DISTRIBUTION PANEL Another name for power panel
TRANSFORMER A device used to convert voltage from higher to lower or vise versa
NON FERROUS METAL Metal containing no iron such as copper, brass and aluminum
2.50m The minimum allowance clearance from the highest point of the roof to the service
conductor from NBC
STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER To bring down voltage
OPEN WIRING Wiring not concealed by the building sructure
AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH Transferring the power load from the building circuitry to standby generator or duri
AIR SWITCH One with contacts that separate in air
ARC VOLTAGE The voltage across the welding arc
ARMORED CABLE Cable provided in wrapping of metal usually steel wires or tapes, primarily for the p
of mechanical protection
ASKAREL A synthetic non-flammable insulating liquid which, when decomposed by an elctric
evolves only non-explosive gases
ASSEMBLY Is combination of all or a portion of component parts included in an electric appara
mounted on a supporting frame or panel and properly interwined
BASE LOAD Minimum load over a given period of time
BRANCH CIRCUIT That portion of a wiring system extending beyond the final overcurrent device pro
the current
BUS Is a conductor, or group of conductors, in switchgear assemblies which serves as a c
connection for two or more circuit
BUSWAY Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor terminations
completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing where the system is desig
fault current and to withstand the magnetic forces of the current
CAGE System of conductor forming an essentially continuous conducting network over th
protected and including any conductors necessary for interconnections of the objec
and an adequate ground
CIRCUIT BREAKER A device design to open under abnormal conditions a current carrying circuit withou
itself
CONDUCTOR A wire or combination of wires not insulated from one another suitable for carrying
current
CONTROLLER A device or group of devices which serves to govern in some predetermined manne
electric power delivered to the apparatus to which it is connected
CORONA A luminous discharge due to ionization of the air surrounding a conductor caused by
gradient exceeding a certain critical value
CUT OUT BOX A metal housing that houses the circuit breaker or fuses; surface mounted
DEMAND FACTOR Is the ratio of the maximum demand of the system or part of the system to the tota
load of the system
DEVICE A unit of electrical system which is intended to carry but not utilize electrical energy
DUCT A single enclosed runway for conductor cables
ELECTRIC MOTOR Machine which transforms electric power into mechanical power
FEEDERS The circuit conductors between the service equipment or the generator switchboa
an isolated plant and the branch circuit overcurrent device
FOOTCANDLE Unit of illumination when the foot is taken as the unit of length. It is the illumination
one square foot in area in which there is uniformly distributed flux of one lumen
FUSE An overcurrent protective device with a circuit opening fusible member which is hea
severed by the passage of the overcurrent through it
GENERAL LIGHTING Types of lighting that deals with lighting relatively large area covered
ILLUMINATION Density of the luminous flux on a surface
KNIFE SWITCH Is a form of air switch in which the moving element is a hinge blade wedge between
stationary contact blades when closed
LAMP Artificial source of light
LAMPHOLDER Device for mechanical support of light
LIGHT A radiant energy
LIGHTNING ARRESTER Protective device for limitting surge voltage on equipment by discharging or by-pass
surge current
LIGHTNING SURGE Is a transient electric disturbance in an electric circuit caused by lightning
LINE TAP Is the radial branch connection to a main line
LOAD FACTOR Is the ratio of the average load over a designated period of time to the peak load oc
in that period
LUMEN Unit of luminous flux
LUX A unit of illumination equal to one lumen per square meter
OUTLET Point of the wiring system at which current is taken to supply utilization equipment
OUTLET BOX A metal box at an outlet which encloses one or more receptacle
PEAK LOAD Maximum load consumed by a unit in a stated period of time
PENDENT Device or equipment which is supended from overhead either by means of the flexi
PILOT WIRE Auxillary conductor used in connection with remote measuring devices for operatin
apparatus at a distant point
PULLBOX Box with a blank cover which is inserted in one or more runs of raceway to facilitate
pulling in the conductors and the distributing of the conductors
RACEWAY Any channel for holding wires, cables or busbars
RECEPTACLE Convinience Outlet; Contact device installed at an oulet for the connection of an att
RIGID METAL CONDUIT A raceway especially constructed for the purpose of physical protection
of conductors, the pulling in or the withdrawing of wires or cables after the
conduit is in place and made of metal pipe of standard width and thickness
ROSETTE Enclosure of porcelain or other insulating material fitted with terminals and intende
connecting the flexible cord carrying a pendent to permanent wiring
SERVICE DROP The overhead service conductor from the last pole or other aerial support to and in
if any connecting to the service entrance conductors at the building
SERVICE RACEWAY The raceway that encloses the service entrance conductors
SUBMARINE CABLE Cable designed for service under water
SURGE Is a transient variation in the current potential or power
5.5 mm2 Minimum wire size of THW stranded copper conductor in raceway for a branch circu
ampere rating

SI UNIT
HERTZ Unit of frequency equal to one cycle per seconds
PHON Unit of loudness of level
REVERBERATION Prolongation of sound as a result of succesive reflection
WAVELENGTH Distance sounds travels during each cycles of vibration
SOUND DIFFRACTION Acoustical phenomenon which causes sound wave to bend or scattered around
SOUND Fluctuation in pressure, a particle displaceent in elastic medium
PURE TONE Sound sensation in a single frequency
CANDELA A luminous intensity of light expressed in candela; Unit of luminous intensity
LUMINAIRE A lighting fixture
LAMBERT Unit of luminance equal to 1 candela per square meter
LUX Unit of illmination equal to one lumen per square meter
FOOT CANDLE Unit of illumination equal to one square foot
LUMINOUS FLUX Rate of flow of light through a surface
IMPEDANCE Resistance in AC system
CONDUCTANCE Reciprocal of resistance
SOUND INTENSITY Rate of flow of sound energy
ACCENT LIGHTING Lighting used primarily to draw attention to particular point of interests
HPS LAMP A type of HID lamp

CONNECTIONS
SINGLE PHASE TO SUPPLY 120 V LIGHTING LOAD This connetions is used where the load is comparatively small and
the length of the secondary circuit is short
SINGLE PHASE TO SUPPLY 120/240 3-WIRE LIGHTING AND POWER This connections is used in most urban distribution circuits
LOAD

SINGLE PHASE FOR POWER The 120/240 volt winding is connected in series serving 240 volts on
a two wire system, this connection is used for small industrial applications
TWO PHASE CONNECTIONS Consist merely of two single phase transformers operated 90deg out
of phase, the common wire must carry /2 times the load current
DELTA-DELTA FOR POWER AND LIGHTING This is used to supply a single phase lighting load and three phase
power load simultaneously
OPEN DELTA FOR LIGHTING AND POWER This connection is used when single phase lighting load is large as
compared with the power load
Y DELTA FOR POWER Often it is desirable to increase the voltage of a circuit form a 2400 to 4160 volts to
increase its potential capacity
Y DELTA FOR LIGHTING AND POWER This connection is similar to the delta-delta bank with only the primary connection c
The primary neutral should not be grounded or tied into the system neutral, since a
phase ground fault may result in extensive blowing of fuses throughout the system
This connection requires special watt-hour metering
OPEN Y DELTA When operating Y delta and one service is disabled, service maybe maintained at re
DELTA Y FOR LIGHTING AND POWER The single phase lighting load is all on one phase resulting in unblanced primary cur
in any one bank
Y-Y FOR LIGHTING AND POWER The primary voltage was increased from 2400 to 4160 volts to increase the potentia
capacity of the system
Y-Y AUTO TRANSFORMER When the ratio of transformation from the primary to secondary voltage is small,
the most economical way of stepping down the voltage
SCOTT CONNECTION 3PHASE TO 2PHASE In some localities two phase power is required from three phase system

SCOTT CONNECTED 2PHASE TO 3PHASE If it should be necessary to supply three phase power from a two
phase system, the special tap must be provided on the secondary side

T Thermoplastic
TW Moisture Temperature Resistant
UF Underground Feeder
FEPW Flourinated Ethylene Propylene Moisture Resistant
RH Heat Resitant Rubber
RHW Heat and Moisture Resistant Rubber
RUH Heat Resistant Latex Rubber
THW Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic
THWN Heat and Moisture Resistant Thermoplstic with Nylon
XHHW Moisture and Heat Resistant Cross Link Polymer
BX Armored Cable
THHN THERMOPLASTIC HEAT RESISTANT
PE POLYETHELENE
SA SILICON ASBESTOS
AVA ASBESTOS AND VARNISH CAMBRIC

HEAT DETECTOR
FIXED TEMPERATURE Use low melting point solders or metal the expand when exposed to heat to detect
HEAT DETECTOR 135deg-197deg F
PHOTO ELECTRIC DETECTOR Use of the scattering of light by smoke into view of photo cell through incandescent
INFRARED FLAME DETECTOR It responds to the high-frequency radiant energy from flames. Alarm is only trigger
IR energy flickers at rate which is chracteristics of flame
IONIZATION SMOKE HEAT Uses the interruption of small current flow between electrodes by smoke in ionized
DETECTOR chamber to detect fire

TYPES OF CABLE
ARMOR CABLE (AC) Fabricated assembly of insulated conductors enclosed in flexible metal
sheath. It is used both on exposed and concealed work
METAL CLAD CABLE (MC) A factory assemble cable of one or more conductors each individualy
insulated and enclosed in a mettalic sheath of interlocking tape of smooth
or corrugated tube. This type of cable is especially used for service feeders,
branch circuit and for indoor, outdoor work
MINERAL INSULATED CABLE (MI) Is a factory assembly of one or more conductors insulated with highly
compressed refractory mineral insulation enclosed in a liquid and gas
tight continous copper sheath. This type of cable is used in dry, wet or
continously moist location as service feeders or branch circuit
NON METALLIC SHEATED CABLE (NM) Is a also a factory assembly of two or more insulated conductors having
a moisture resistant, flame retardant and non metallic material outer
sheath. This type is used specifically for one or two family dwellings not
exceeding 3 storey building
SHIELDED NON METALLIC SHEATED CABLE (SNM) This type of cable is factory assembly of two or more insulated conductors
in an extruded core of moisture resistant and flame retardant material
covered within an overlapping spiral metal tape. This type is used in
hazardous locations and in cable trays or in raceways
UNDERGROUND FEEDER AND BRANCH CIRCUIT (UF) POWER AND Is a moisture resistant cable used for underground connections including
CONTROL TRAY CABLE (TC) direct burial in the ground as feeder or branch circuit
This is factory assembled two or more insulated conductors with or without
associated bare or covered or grounding under a mettalic sheath, This is
used for installation of cable trays, raceways, or it is supported by messenger wire
FLAT CABLE ASSEMBLY (FC) Is an assembly of parallel conductors formed integrally with insulating
material web designed especially for field installation in metal surface or raceways
FLAT CONDUCTOR CABLE (FCC) Consist of three or more flat copper conductor placed edge to edge
separated and enclosed with an insulating assembly. This type of cable is
used for general purposes such as: appliance branch circuit, and for individual
branch circuits, especially in hard smooth continous floor surfaces and the like
MEDIUM VOLTAGE CABLE (MV) Is a single or multi conductor solid dielectric insulated cable rated at 2,000
volts or higher. This type is used for power system up to 35,000 volts

UTILITIES 1999
TELEPHONE TERMINAL CABINET Part of the facility which accept the house cable riser and house the
terminal block at each floor and at the highest or end of a feeder riser cable
TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM Is the simplest type of building automation system, which intercoms, PABX,
microwave links, analog and digital telephone system, video conferencing,
satellite links, structured cabling and similar devices
ON EVERY HOSE BIBB A full open type valve is used in several locations in a water distribution
system, which of the following does NOT require it?
DRY STANDPIPE A fireline system without a constant water supply and is equipped with a fire service
inlet and outlet connection installed exclusively for the use of Fire Service
WATER SERVICE PIPE Term used to main water pipe delivering portable water to a building
INSUFFICIENCY IN THE SIZE OF THE WATER SERVICE AND Which poor design in the plumbing system causes water supply drop
DISTRIBUTION PIPE when the fixture is simultaneously opened?

1 ½" KITCHEN SINK TRAP SIZE


1 ¼" LAVATORY TRAP OR BRANCH SIZE
64mm or 2 ½" OUTLET OF DRY STANDPIPE
64mm or 2 ½" OUTLET OF WET STANDPIPE for riser of more than 15 mts
SLOPE OF THE DRAIN PIPE Not needed in sizing the vent pipe for individual branch and circuit vent
based on the total linear footage of the pipe making up the vent?
3 WAY VALVE DIVERTER A hot and cold water supply pipes, where it is mix manually in desired water tempe
temperature and direct the mixed water either at the shower head or at the fooe sp
BALL VALVE Principle where a single lever valve used in kitchen sink and lavatory, they are
beautiful and maintenance free
132 LITERS PER MINUTE Minimum water delivery in liters per minute for an outlet of a wet standpipe
at a residual pressure or 1.8 kilos per sq.mts
ELBOW REDUCER A female GI threaded pipe reducer fitting use to connect a reducing branch pipe at a
FLUSH VALVE FITTINGS General term used to described the fitting in the drawing
2" WYE AND 2 x 1/8 BEND COMBINATION GI fitting used to accept the P trap assembly of the lavatory (drawing)

CIRCUIT VENT Type of vent applied on installations with multi branch interval where the vertical ve
takes off in front of the first fixture and connects to a main vent stack
REVERSE OSMOSIS Stage in water purification which removes mineral deposits, slats, heavy metal, tota
solids while some useful minerals are retained
FIXED TEMPERATURE Fire detector installed in a fire alarm system, which uses low melting point
HEAT DETECTOR solders or metals that expand when exposed to heat to detect a fire, 135deg-197de
COUPLING GI fitting to join two threaded fittings as close as possible but not exceeding three in
PRESSURE REGULATOR A device used to control an incoming high water pressure into the water distributio
by mechanical means so as to bring it to a working pressure of 80 psi
WRONG CHOICE OF VENT TYPE A poor venting system caused by a slow draining of water from
a fixture down a plumbing system
SUBMERSIBLE PUMP A type of pump for driven well from 150 to 200 ft which work by a principle of ventu
jet,jack,reciprocating water of high pressure is pump into the well to draw water upwards through the re
5" Which is not a standard size of GI pipe for water supply? 2 1/2", 3",4",5"
URINAL FLASH VALVE ASSEMBLY Device in control valve which work by discharging instantaneous
volume of water at higher pressure
TAIL PIECE or DEAD END Term used for pipe extension of not more than 2 feet in length install in
any stack or branch of a plumbing rough in for the purpose of future trap
CHECK VALVE A full open valve located in a supply pipe to every water heater
AUTOMATED RETRACTABLE PILLAR SYSTEM Parking management system for two types of vehicular deterrent either articulated
or straight beam type. It can be activated by means of radio frequency remote cont
push button switch, photocell, magnetic loop or acces control
THREE FIXTURES Exception of fixture to be connected into a single trap
DRY STANDPIPE The presence of Fire Service Connection
POLTYBUTELENE PIPE AND FITTINGS AND FITTINGS Pipes and fittings which can exclusively be used for cold water lines for
potable main distribution water service, sprinkler and irrigation system. It
could be ½", ¾", 1", 1 ½", 1 ¼" and 2"
UPVC DWV SANITARY Orange or brown in color with sizes of 4" and 3 meter in lengths of pipes
PIPES AND FITTINGS and fittings, ASTM 2729 standards
ASBESTOS PIPE Least popular and not recommended use as potable water distribution pipe
Shower set for bath (drawing) SINGLE LEVER BATH FAUCET WITH HAND SHOWER-TELEPHONE SHOWER
FIBER CEMENT PIPE Pipe not used as water service pipe
GATE VALVE A cut off valve installed in the service piping system
64mm or 2 1/2" Minimum size of wet standpipe for a riser more than 15 meters from the source
61 cms Minimum height of dry standpipe outlet from the floor line
AIR CHAMBER Device used to prevent water hammering
VENT SIZE IS AT LEAST 1/2 THE DRAIN IT SERVES BUT NOT LESS Rule of thumb in sizing an individual vent
THAN THE REQUIRED MINIMUM W/C EVER IS LARGER

FAN COIL UNIT Mechanical equipment coupled with a central air conditioning system used
to dehumidify and cool the airstream injected to the conditioned space
1.5 TIMES MORE THAN THE ELEVATOR CAR DEPTH Spacing provided for elevator with single bank in a non residential building

DOWN COLLECTIVE CONTROL Recording calls even when car is in use. It answer calls starting from the
highest and so on while descending
UP COLLECTIVE CONTROL Recording calls even when car is in use. It answer calls starting
from the lowest and so on while ascending
GOVERNOR - safety gear, safety shoe, magnetic break Safety device of a passenger elevator which activates if the car travels faster
than its rated speed by grasping the guide rail to stop the car safely
ESCALATOR'S PART main drive chain, step chain, handrail, drive chain, bottom sprocket
ONE IN FRONT OF THE OTHER When planning a multiple system of elevator layout where four or
more elevator are arrange in banks
1120;980;800;760 Nominal size of an escalator; escalator's width like those in Japanese brand
1150;1100;1000;900 Nominal size of an escalator; escalator's step like those in Japanese brand
ADJUSTABLE LOCKING DAMPERS Type of dampers installed at supply ducts, which are electro-mechanically
activated by building automation system to close in case of fire within the area
AT THE ESCALATOR MACHINE ROOM Location of Control System or computer brain of the escalator

12 to 14 SQ.MT PER TON OF REFRIGERATION This is a guide for the initial estimate per Ton of Refrigeration per sq.mts. of a stand
room of normal condition without external solar heat gain and excessive internal he
International Standard and EN 81.1 Code in designing a machine PIPING OR DUCT BELONGING TO OTHER SYSTEM SHOULD NOT RUN THROUGH THE
room

STANDARD INSTALLATION OF ESCALATOR NOT EXCEEDING 4.50 THE TOP CHORD OF THE TRUSS IS WITH A STEEL ANGLE SUPERIMPOSED ON THE BU
MTS./ TRUSS

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE Safety device caused by insufficient water flow on heater when brown out
EXPANDED POLYTHELYNE FOAM INSULATION Vital part of Solar Water heater to keep the heat in and cold out

KNOCKDOWN BY MAJOR COMPONENT PART Packaging and assembly of elevator as it arrives on the site

COOLING TOWER Cool the condenser unit in a central conditioning system


SINGLE POLE SWITCH AT START, 3-WAY SWITCH AT MIDPOINT AND Two lights in a long hallway connected in parallel are to be controlled simultaneous
SINGLE POINT SWITCH AT END three points

POWER AND CONTROL TRAY CABLE TYPE Factory assembled of two or more insulated conductors w/ or w/o
associated bare cover ground conductor under a non metallic sheath
approved forr installation in cable trays, in raceways or in supported by a messenge
RH Heat Resistant Rubber / 75 degrees
METAL HALIDE Light source used in lighting fixtures best specified in areas such as those requiring h
levels for detailed work such as needle work
SCOTT CONNECTION 2 PHASE TO 3 PHASE A transformer location required in some localities, where a three phase
power is required from a two phase system
TW Moisture Resistant Thermoplastic / 60 degrees
ILLUMINATED SWITCH Type of switch where pilot light inside a lit to guide the person inside
85 amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30de
w/a 22 sq.m cross sectional area in size for USE
DRAWINGS Main power supply and wiring system for 110/220 volt line; which wiring diagram fi
15 amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30de
w/a 2.0 sq.m cross sectional area in size for TW
PVC IS ALLOWED FOR AS LONG AS Best suited for Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit like PVC for underground installation in bu
BOTH BURIAL DEPTH OF NO LESS
460mm AND CONCRETE
ENCASEMENT IS PROVIDED
ULTRASONIC Higher than 20,000 Hertz
SABINS Unit of acoustic absorption equivalent ot absorption by one square root of a perfect
AVOIDING ZONES OF DIRECT SOUND First defense method from external noise by site selection and site
planning for quiet internal acoustic environment
INSTALL ABSORBENT MATERIALS WITHIN THE WALL OF THE The effective method can be employed to reduce direct noise, which is transmitted
ENCLOSURE for noise reduction within a space
7,380 fps Sound with a wavelength of 1.50 m at Frequency 1,500 Hz
INTENSITY Perceptual characteristic of sound which is the average rate of flow of
energy per unit area perpendicular to the direction of propagation

JUNE 1998 UTILITIES


VENT PIPE It ventilates a house drainage system and prevent siphonage and back pressure
3/8" It is the size of supply valve tank type for water closet
6 FEET The maximum horizontal developed length between the trap seal and the
vertical vent inlet at the trap
2x2" WYE WITH 2" CO AND 2 X 1/8 BEND Combination fitting between the vertical waste branch and the horizontal waste bra

COUPLING REDUCER A female GI pipe reducer fitting used in straight connection, both are threaded insid
CIRCUIT VENT A vent use in battery of plumbing fixture where the vent is installed in front
of the last fixture of the battery
JET A water pump for a 200ft driven well to deliver 10gpm against 200ft. It is located at
RECIPROCATING A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
activate a submerge piston
CENTRIFUGAL A pump which delivers high water discharge with high water pressure drawn
from a shallow source like cistern, best suited as fire or transfer pump.
46 mm Minimum height of Fire Service station from the grade
BELL REDUCER A female GI pipe reducer fitting use to connect a reducing branch from
a main water distribution
POLYETHELENE PIPE PE
WATER DISTRIBUTION PIPES General term for hot or cold water pipes containing portable water supplying
different plumbing fixture
SEASONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY Rating index of an air conditioning system which rate the number for the unit
of BTU heat moved per watt of electrical input energy
TONS OF REFRIGERATION Standard unit rating to describe the capacity of the cooling tower
5.500 mm Required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from t
over residential and comercial properties and driveways not subjected to truck traff
600 volts to ground
BUSWAYS Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor
terminations in a completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing
where the system is design to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of such current
RIGID STEEL CONDUIT A raceway especially constructed for the purpose of physical protection
of conductors, the pulling in or the withdrawing of wires or cables after the
conduit is in place and made of metal pipe of standard width and thickness
120/240 VOLTS System of voltage used for computing branch circuits and feeder load
WINDMILL Natural energy source derived from force of wind acting on oblique blades
that radiates froma shaft attached to a dynamo to produce electricity
PANEL BOARD A point in th electrical system where the electrical load of a given area
is assumed to concentrate
SINGLE PHASE ALTERNATING CURRENT Alternating current generated by the alternator where its wave rises to the
peak, sinks to zero, drops to the negative peak and rises again to zero a
number of times each second depending on the frequency for which the
machine is designed
TWO PHASE ALTERNATING CURRENT Alternating current where the alternator comprises of windings mounted
at right angles to each other and provided with separate external connections
current waves will be produced and each of which will be at its maximum
when the other is zero
2.2, 30, 8, 14 Minimum conductor size for for overhead service drop for copper wire or cable
UF Underground Feeder, 60-75 degrees C
THW Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic used for dry and wet locations
REFRACTION The physical behavior of sound when travelling forward in a straight path
changes in direction as it passes through different densities and causes
the sound waves to bend

JANUARY 1998 UTILITIES


38 mm (1 1/2") Standard size of wet standpipe outlet for each floor
WYE FITTING A type of pipe fitting for yoke vent
6" The minimum horizontal clearance of vent branch immediately above the flood
level rim of the fixture
THERMOSTAT A device installed on electric water heater used to detect the working temperature
to activate a switch
1 1/2" The minimum size or trap of a bidet
3/8" Supply valve tank type for water closet
COUPLING A threaded fitting to join two threaded fittings as closed as possible but
not exceeding 3 inches
AT EVERY BRANCH INTERVAL OFA SOIL STACK Location that does not require installation of clean out

BATTERY OF FIXTURE Interconnection of the same fixture in one soil or waste branch with one branch ven
COMMON VENT A single vent that ventiliates multiple traps, in the case of back to back fixture
NUMBER OF FIXTURE A parameter in sizing the drainage pipe
SOIL PIPE Conveys a discharge of solid and liquid wastes closets with or without the
discharged from other fixture to the house drain
102 mm (4") Minimum size of standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is 23 m
or less from the Fire service Connection
UPFEED OR DIRECT METHOD In water distributon system which constantly rely its pressure from the main water
if the main fixture is supply continously with the flow rate and minimum required w
PLUMBING SYSTEM System of building which includes the water supply distribution pipes the
fixture and fixture traps, the soil waste and the vent pipes, the house drain
and the house sewer, the storm water drainage with their devices
64 mm (2 1/2") Minimum size of wet standpipe for riser of more than 15 mts from source
6" Minimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting
SIAMESE CONNECTIONS Common term for a two way service connections
BALL Single level valve used in kichen sink, lavatory faucets or at shower valve
NUMBER OF BRANCH VENTS A parameter in sizing a horizontal soil branch pipe
1/4", WYE and 1/8" BEND, LONG SWEEP, 1/8" and 1/8" Fitting installed at the base of the soil stack and a building drain
COMBINATION

12 TO 14 SQ.MTR/TR Guide for initial estimate of Ton of refrigeration


JET PUMP WITH INJECTOR A suitable type of water pump for deep well 4" or 6' casing to deliver
JACK 35gpm against 450 ft. total develop height
ZEOLITE Passing on it can treat hardwater
CIRCUIT VENT Vertical vent pipes take in front of the last fixture and connects to its soil
stack which acts as a vent
BUFFER A safety device of a passenger elevator which reduces the collision shock
of a car or counterweight due to over travel beyond the lowest stop. It
It stops the car or counterweight safely
MONITORING CONTACTS ON STEP CHAIN Rating index of an air conditioning system which rates the unit for the number
for BTU of heat moved per watt of electrical input energy
Internal electronic safety features of an escalator. They function as a
safety switches or detectors which monitors internal mechanical or
electrical abnormalities and shuts down the system in any eventuality
CIRCUIT BREAKER A passenger elevator safety device which protects the motor and its
electrical parts from over current
SAFETY SHOE The elevator door components that detect the obstacle during the door closing and
the door
AIR CURTAIN Mechanical equipment install on top of the main doors used to retain cold in the int
WAIT INTERVAL Dividing the travel length by the rated speed
EVAPORATORS CANNOT BE LOCATED AT CEILING Major physical restriction does a split type air conditioner system have which restric
its efficiency and performance
DOOR LOCK SWITCH Activate by preventing the door to open during elevator car run,
the door elevator will open only when the car stops at the floor
OUTSIDE DOOR LATCH Opening of door for passenger in case of power failure in the elevator
MAGNETIC BREAK Activate if the car travel faster than its travel speed, the power will turn off,
and grasp the rope to operate the safety gear
FOR CAR OVERRUN Main purpose of shafts overhead space
LIMIT SWITCH Device that open and closes the electric current in an elevator when it has reached
EMERGENCY SWITCH designated end of travel course
TRAVEL SWITCH
MOTOR CONTROL SWITCH
FAN COIL UNIT Coupled with central air conditioning system, used to dehumidify and cool
the air stream injected into the conditioned space
CIRCUIT BREAKER A device designed to open and close a circuit by non automatic means
and to open the circuit automatically on predetermined over current
without damaged to itself when properly applied within its rating
SERVICE RACEWAY The raceway that encloses the service entrance conductors
Y-Y FOR LIGHTING AND POWER A transformer connection which is ideal in the event of change of primary
voltage from 2400 volts to 4160 volts to increase the potential capacity of
the system
24 AMPERE Maximum allowed ampere rating of one chord or plug utilization equipment connec
ampere branch circuit for lighting or utilization equipment
5.5 sq.mm Minimum wire size in sq.mm type THW stranded copper conductor in raceway for a
circuit with 30 ampere rating
3500mm Minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
electrical service entrance or above areas or sidewalks accesible only to pedestrian
measure from final grade line or other accesible surface only for service drop cabled
with a grounded bare messenger wire and limited to 300 volts to ground
30 amperes Minimum ampacity of feeder conductor with a load of more than two wire branch c
by a 3-wire feeder but not exceed the computed branch circuit load
3.5 sq.m Minimum wire size in sq.mm type TW copper conductor in raceway for a branch cir
ampere rating
45 Amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30de
w/a 8 sq.m cross sectional area in size for THW
MULTI WIRE BRANCH CIRCUIT A branch circuit consisting of two or more grounded conductors having a potential d
between them, and a grounded conductor having equal potential difference betwee
PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR A type of water coolant operates at a pressure of about 150 atmospheres
DEVICE A unit of electrical system which is intended to carry but not utilize electrical energy
BUSWAYS Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor
terminations in a completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing
where the system is design to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of such current
60 CYCLES Standard frequency of water supply by the company like Meralco
USE Underground Service Entrance / 75degrees
SERVICE DROP The overhead service conductor from the last pole or other aerial support
to and including the splices, if any connecting to te service entrance
conductors at the building
BOILING WATER REACTOR A type of nuclear reactor where the water coolant is permitted to boil
within the core by operating at somewhat low pressure
BALANCE LOADING In a 240V, a three phase 3-wire service, branch cicuits are loaded and distributed to
of the three phase with this objective to attain
CABLE TRAYS Unit or assembly of unit sections and associated fittings forming a rigid structural sy
used to support cables
OPEN DELTA FOR LIGHTING AND POWER A transformer connection where the secondary load is a combination of
lighting and power. This connection is used when the single phase lighting
is large as compared with the power load
DELTA Y FOR LIGHTING AND POWER A useful transformer connection applied when single phase lighting load is
all on one phase resulting into unbalanced primary
ARMOR CABLE TYPE ACL Type of flexible cable which is a fabricated assembly of insulated conductors
which permit its use at exposed weather or excessive moisture
THREE PHASE ALTERNATING CURRENT A type of alternating current where the alternator comprises the three
armature windings set at 120 degrees to each other, current will be
produced in the form of triple wave
30 amperes Minimum branch circuit rating for household ranges and cooking appliance
POROUS ABSORBENT Type of sound absorbent best for lower band frequencies
HERTZ Unit of frequency which is equal to one cycle per second
SINGLE PHASE ALTERNATING CURRENT A type of alternating current generated by alternator, where its wave rises to
its peak, sinks to zero, drop to a negative peak and rises again to zero
a number of times each seconds depending on the frequency of the
machine is designed
2" WYE AND 2 x 1/8 BEND COMBINATION Use to accept the P-trap assembly of the lavatory

NUMBER OF BRANCH VENTS A parameter in sizing horizontal branch pipe

PUMPS
SUBMERSIBLE PUMP A type of pump for driven well from 150 to 200 ft which work by a principle of ventu
water of high pressure is pump into the well to draw water upwards through the re
RECIPROCATING A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
activate a submerge piston
JET A water pump for a 200ft driven well to deliver 10gpm against 200ft. It is located at
CENTRIFUGAL A pump which delivers high water discharge with high water pressure drawn
from a shallow source like cistern, best suited as fire or transfer pump.
The motor is placed at the surface with shaft to turn the impellers below
JACK A suitable type of water pump for deep well 4' or 6' casing to deliver
35gpm against 450 ft. total develop height

ELECTRICAL
SINGLE POLE SWITCH AT START, Two lights in a long hallway connected in parallel are to be controlled simultaneous
3-WAY SWITCH AT MIDPOINT AND three points
SINGLE POINT SWITCH AT END
DRAWINGS Main power supply and wiring system for 110/220 volt line; which wiring diagram fi
Pre requisite in use of split knob and tube wiring A CLEARANCE OF NOT LESS THAN 76mm SHALL BE MAINTAINED BETWEEN CONDUC

MULTI WIRE BRANCH CIRCUIT A branch circuit consisting of two or more grounded conductors having a potential
difference between them, and a grounded conductor having equal potential differe
6000mm to 7600mm What is the maximum horizontal range between two or more air terminal for lightn
arrest for an effective disaster prevention in building
5500 mm Required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from t
over residential and comercial properties and driveways not subjected to truck traf
and over 600 volts to ground
Required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from t
over public streets, alleys, roads, parking areas subjected to truck traffic, driveways
than residential property, and other land traveresed by vehicular such as cultivated
forest and courtyards
3500mm Minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
electrical service entrance or above areas or sidewalks accesible only to pedestrian
measure from final grade line or other accesible surface only for service drop cabled
with a grounded bare messenger wire and limited to 300 volts to ground
24 amperes Maximum allowed ampere rating of one chord or plug utilization equipment connec
ampere branch circuit for lighting or utilization equipment
30 amperes Minimum ampacity of feeder conductor with a load of more than two wire branch
supplied by a 3-wire feeder but not exceed the computed branch circuit load
85 amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30de
w/a 22 sq.m cross sectional area in size for USE
45 amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30de
w/a 8.0 sq.m cross sectional area in size for THW
15 amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of 30de
w/a 2.0 sq.m cross sectional area in size for TW
5.5 sq.mm Minimum wire size in sq.mm type THW stranded copper conductor in raceway for a
circuit with 30 ampere rating
3.5 sq.m Minimum wire size in sq.mm type TW copper conductor in raceway for a branch cir
20 ampere rating
30 amperes Minimum branch circuit rating for household ranges and cooking appliance