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.,.., J;e-c".

M. blS

for the
Wealthy / I
Ll I
VERMONT-going,Going, GO 'f_? //
NEPA- " " ,, , ( _1
., ~

Movement. Published biweekly by the Liberty Union, a political party in the state
of Venront. Send remittances and correspondence to P.O. Box 431 , Essex Junction,
- ,

Vennont 05452. Single is~ue, 25 cents. Yearly subscription, SS.00 (for 25 issues). ~ J I.· p•' .
Copyright 1972 by Liberty Union. ,-
Editor: Bernard Sanders; Assistant Editors: Harry Blumfield, Jim Rader

I enclose 55.00 for a one year (25 issues) subscription.

Send check to P.O. Box 431, Essex Junction, Vermont 05452
___________ _

Address. _ _______ _ Z1p __ _

Page One

WALLACE IN ST. ALBANS some interviews/ some thoughts

tions around the country. For ex- "I think a lot of Wallace 's
The following interviews should am_ole, he won a major victor !/ in popularity is a result of his be -
not be understood, in any way, as Michigan last week . Some people con - in g shot . I'm not quite sure of
bein g a "scientific sampling" or sider ,lal lac e to be a racist and a Wallace 's nositions. I know he wes
''poll" of the people of St. Albans demagogue--while others feel that he for the mining of Eaiphong's harbor
with re gard to their attitude toward is a chamr,ion of the 'little man' and on that basis I wouldn't support
Governor George Wallace. This re - who is ta king on t he Establishment. hi.M."
porter simply walked the streets of
St. Al bans on the afternoon of Pay What i s your op1n1on of Wallace? Norm Weeber, t elephone comoany
22- - one week after the Walla ce as - Would you support him for President? driver, age 41
sassination attemnt--and talked to What impact has the attempted as - "I would have voted for Wallace
as many "avera1_1:ep~ople" as he could. sassination of h i m had on your feel- before the shootin~ and I'd be plad
He spoke with youn~ neople and older ings about the man?" to vote for him now. I thitL~ that
people, with shopkeepers and service ~lcGovern and the others are linked
station attendants, with youne women Anonymous , male, service station op - with snlinter gr oups and welfare
wheelinp. beby carria ~es and an old erator, age 52 rights groups .. •. It's obvious that
nan mowing a lawn, with a female bus "v;allace would be the best Presi - I, and nany others , don 't want bus -
driver and a male truck driver, and dent since ~anklin D. Roosevelt. sing for our kids. It's also obvi-
with several middle - aged women em- 1:e tells the truth and he ain 1 t no ous that the government doesn't care
ployed in offices . yes - nan to the bi~ men who own the about the average guy--' the public
cornorations and ain't pa.yin~ no in - be damned. ' I don't know if Wallace
All of the interviews I recorded con~ tax . ':'he p.:overn.'nent doesn 't does or not--but he apnears to.
are presented here. Almost all the investi~ate any of the 'bi r; wr.eels', "I can P.;O alone with what Wallace
people I spoke to woulc be consid - but the little nan, if he r.akes a says about foreign policy. I'm not
ered "worl--.inl"neonle'' . '.•!eybe one or ?"'.istake, the "'overnMent vill charF,e in fever of escalatin;i: the war, but
two had colie~e - degrees. Some of hi~ four or five thousand dollars I'm not interested in surrendering.
the people interviewed had no objec - while the corporations that Mak- I don't think Wallace is a racist--
tions to having their nanes used, in~ billions aren't peyin~ any taxes and I don't think Alabama is a rac -
while others p referre d anonynity . at all. ',.'allace wants the people to ist state. I think 'Jallace speaks
Al.Jl!ost all of the respondents were keep the r.ioney that the:, JT1.a.Y.e." for t~e blue -c ollar worker -- and
articulate and straightforward in there is not a fellow •.,,.orker of ll'ine
expressing their views, and this re- Anonynous, male, railroa d em~lol!ee, at the ~arar-e who would sunport
oorter thanks them for their cooner - age 63 :'cGovern . "
~tion. These interviews were origi- ''I thin..'c he 's all rir;ht . I like
nally done for the St . Albans Leader . the wa:r he snea}:s and evervthinl" Shirle~ Oldenhu r gh , bus driver
else . I haven ' t heard ~uch about 'nersonally, of all t~e people
The ~ollowinr, question was asked hiM but I like I've heard . I runnin~ I think \·'allace 'W'OuldMake
of each nerson interviewed: "Gover - would vote for ir r.e was run - the best President. I definitely
nor George To/allace of Alabama has ninff . 11 would suoport hil'I. I don't trust
been surprisingly successful so far these other ruys. I don't think
in his attempt at gathering votes in /lnonymous, nale , Union Carhide em- they'd do the job rirsht. I think
the various Democratic primary elec- olot1ee , age 20


U. S . Senator: Nine years citizenship, 30 years of
age; term -- six years, commencing at noon on January 3.
L.U. Convention to be held in Rutland Representative to Congress : Seven years citizenship,
25 years of age; term--two years, commencing at noon on
January 3.
Governor: Four years residence, citizenship; term --
The Liberty Union Convention will be held on Saturday,
June 17, in Rutland, Vermont at the Unitarian - Universa - two years, commencing when he shall be chosen and quali-
list Church on West Street at 1:00 p .m. At this conven - fied, usually the second day of legislature.
tion the Liberty Union candidates for U. S. Congress, Gov- Lieutenant Governor: S8llle as for Governor, above.
ernor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General , Secretary State Treasurer: S8llle as for Governor, except two
of State , Treasurer, and Auditor of Accounts will be nom- years residence required.
inated. In addition, those in attendance will select the County officers: Term- - two years, commencing on first
candidate for President of the United States who will ap - day of February next after election.
pear on the Liberty Union ticket. This is an extremely Sena\or : Freeman resident in county he represents,
important meeting and it is hoped that all vermonters in - thirty years of age ; term -- two years, commencing on first
terested in radical change in this state and in the coun - Wednesday next after first Monday of January following
try will attend . The Liberty Union is an open party and election.
we hope to see many new people in Rutland as well as our Representative to General Assembly: Resident of state
established membership. for two years, last in town from which elected; term- - two
years commencing on same date as Senator, above.
The Liberty Union encourages people not only to come
to this meeting to help select our candidates -- but to
give serious thought to running for office themselves . dear friends _____ _
None of us are professional politicians -- and we see it as
imperative that the average citizen -- YOU--get actively This r,,ill probabll! be the last free issue of ll.ovel!'ent
involved in the political process by running for office . to be mailed out. IE 11ou wish to continue receivin g the
Approximately 50% of the seats to the Vermont State Leg- publi cation, it will be necessar~ for uou to subscribe .
islature were uncontested in the last general election. A subscription costs $5 . 00 per yea r (for 25 issues).
This must not happen again . In addition, we need the A subscriotion blank can be found on the cover page.
best qualified people we can get to run for state - wide
and national office . ~.aybe that 1 s you . Think about it.

The following information concerns eligibility and
terms of office for public officials in the state of Ver-
Page Two

Kallace would do the Job the way it it's a terrible thin ~ the y they did away with not pa:vin~ their fair
should be done. I don't thin !~ he'd to hi!!!. I think he's s,;ot the ansver share. I also t hi nk he would put an
back up for anybody. I don 't t h ink and I think he'd nake a ~ood Presi- end to these violent p rotests. I'm
he ' d be keepinr, everybody happy by dent. I think he's ?"lOre for the not t alk in p about ~eece ful pro -
sayin rs one thin ~ and doin g soMeth in g people than the other po litici ans . tests."
else. Fe would do vhat he says he I think he uets ri ~ht to the point.
would do. One t hin ~ he ' d strair,hten "I think he's ri Rht abou t the 11ilford Haywood, groundskeeper, age
out is this bussing business. It 74
school bussin g issue, and I think he
doesn't nake any sense at all. I doesn't believe in demonstrations. "~;'allace would !llake chan ge s bet-
don't know how he ' d handle this war Most of t he thin ~s that he tal ks ter than the othe rs. He'd eive us
thin g-- but I thin.~ he ' d do the ri fh t about, in gen eral, I think he's more work. I think he'd raise ~
thin e to en d t:ii s stupid 1-rar. I'd ri 1,tht. I think that when !-le gets in pens ion. I would vote for him for
like to see our boys cone hor.e -- and there he's goin ~ to pu sh for thin~s President. I think he reight stop
I think he'd be the one to do it. and I don't t hink we 1 11 have so many the var. "
;;I don it think :ie' s a racist to a troubles . I think the laws will be M. V., female, student, age 17, and
lar e e de~ree. I think he's out to stricter and this bussing business J.D . , female, student, age 18
do what's ri ~ht for t he people--re- will be taken care of. I think that "I think that Wallace is better
gardless of race. As far as this if !1e really runs, I will vote for than many of the other politicians.
assassination atte:-,pt, I think it's him . '' I thin k he'd do a lot better job. I
a dis g race thet peopl e can't run for C.B., female, assistant teacher, age like him because of the wa:y he is.
public office without be in R shot." 18 I think Walla ce would have ended the
"I don't thin.: I'd vote for him war ri ght awa:y. I like him because
Anon ymous, male, cook, age 56 because he's too nrejudiced. I he 's honest . I would trust him more
"I believe t ha t Walla ce is a vouldn 't suppo rt him.'' than Nixon . Why even after he was
r acist and I wouldn't vote for him. Anonymous, male, shopkeeper, age 49 shot, and in pa in, he acted nice.
I feel pity for a man who hes been "I would have voted for hi!'! re- He comes ri rht out and says what he
shot, but I wouldn't vote for him gardless of his being shot or not. feels. He doesn 't care what anybody
because he's a racist. He's chanaed I als o think he's about the only man else thinks. I'm not as fami lia r
a lot. Fe 's not as much of a racist who would stop t he ~ussian conquest with the issues as nuch as I should
as before, but I be lieve that's just of s~aller countries. I think that be but I like Wallace. You can
a cover-up . " geys like Fullbrir;l:t, •~cGovern, and trust a euy without even liste nin~
Anon ymous, female, age 60 >.fuskie-- they're jellyfish . ~ost of to what he h9.s to say . "
"I think that as a man he 's had a rey friends in cy SP,e bracket would Anonymous, male , UVMstudent, age 20
grea t deal of courage to go out support Goldwater because he would - ''Wallace's support ca:ies oostly
~ains t the vreat odds 8.lleinst him, n 't ta.'i<e anythine- fron anybody. from the 'l ittle ~an • . I think it's
and the alleged conspiracy" to smear "I like ,?allace because he a reaction apainst politicians like
him. ... I don't believe I'd vote doesn 't want to ~ive a'1tlesty to the Humphrey, i 1cGovern, and •-~uskie. I
for hin because I'm not a DeMO crat-- boys who ran out on t:ie country and think the common man is disgusted
but I believe he ' s tryinf to ri~ht above all he wants a ~ood national with anti-war demonstrations so he
many facets of our society that have defense . ':'his is very i~l"ortant turns to ~lallace or Hixon . I think
been i~nored by many of our neonle to ~e. Pis fo r ei'"Tl !JOlicv is beau - Wallace has sor:e 11;ood ideas. ~e
in gene ral. 11 tiful . I think t:iat nost of ~y doesn 't seem to be a man who would
friends at the American Le~ion would back down in a ti~ht situation. I
Anonymou s , female, office worker, ditto what I'M sa_vin~. I like what don 't think I'd ever vote for him
age 41 he ' s sayin~ about taxes also . Some because he's a little too conserva -
"I honestly think he's P:OOd
--and of these nillionaires P.r~ ~etti~p tive. I think the assassination at -

Welfare for the Wealthy

"Congress today completed action on the final part of
a revolutionary welfare program that reverses the usual
pattern and gives huge welfare payments to the super - rich
(From The Progressive, April 1972) but only pennies per week to the very poor. Under the
program , welfare payments averaging some $720,000 a year
will go to the nation ' s wealthiest families (those with
annual incomes of more than a million dollars). For the
poorest families (those earning $3,000 a year or less) ,
Without exception, every candidate for the Democratic the welfare allowance will average $16 a year, or roughly
Presidential nomination is publicly committed to the need thirty cents a week ."
for reforming the loophole - ridden and inequitable Federal
The cost of this "rich Welfare Program;' as Stern iden -
tax structure. No Democratic politician makes a speech
these days without paying his respects to the topic of tified it in his ima.gined news story, comes to $77 . 3 bil-
lion a year. The program does exist now, he said, in the
tax reform. Hardly a release emanates from the Democrat -
ic National Committee that does not assail the Adminis - form of our present Federal income tax law which, as
tration for fa i ling to submit a fair tax program . As In - structured by Congress over the years, provides more than
come Tax Day approaches, the drumfire of rhetoric is sure $2.2 billion in yearly tax benefits to be shared by about
to rise. 3 , 000 fami lie s , each with incomes gr eater than one mil -
lion dollars a year, while doling out about $92 million
Why is it , then , that no one seriously expects Con- to be shared by the six million poorest families in the
country. (Italics ours)
gress --w hich is, after all , under Democratic control--to
mount an earnest effort at tax reform this year? Repre - . Stern , author of The Great Trea s ury Raid, a best sel -
sentative Henry S. Reuss of Wisconsin, one of the House ' s ling 1964 book on tax loopholes , and of the forthcoming
most knowledgeable Democrats on tax legislation , believes b ook , The Rape of the Taxpayer, told the Joint Committee
that it would be "no trick at all" to close tax loopholes that just one of the major loopholes , the preferential
yielding $4 bi llion or more -- enough revenue to relieve tax treatment of "capital ga i ns ," provides tax "welfare"
unempl~yment by financing a comprehensive public service ~lowances totaling nearly $14 billion a year, nearly six
job program--and that a thorough program of loophole - times the federal outlay for environmental protection.
plugging could produce at least $20 billion . Other ex -
perts place the potential ga i n much higher, suggesting In spite of the powerful case made by Stern, Reuss,
that tax reform could yield the Treasury up to $70 bil- and others for a thorough overhaul of the nation's cruel-
lion, while easing the burden on taxpayers in the lower ly unjust tax laws, the re is no reason to expect the
brackets. Nixon Administrat i on , with i ts profound commitment to the
nation's privileged i nterests, to do anything about tax
One of the country ' s leading tax reform crusaders , re form . It is casting about , instead, for ways to insti -
Philip M. Stern , testifying recently before the Joint tute a new, re gressive sales tax. But why won't the Dem-
Congressional Committee on the Economic Report , drama - ocrats translate their fine words into deeds? Is it that
tized the issue by asking members to imagine a news story, they are equally committed to the same privileged inter-
datelined Washington, that opened like this : ests?

Page Three

tempt will bring him more support . of why a candidate like Muskie - -who long run will lead only to repres -
"As a man I believe him and trust attempted to say nothing and antago- sion and destructiveness.
him. I think he's a little racist. nize no one- - fell flat on his face. Wallace taps the people's frus -
He's a states' rights man. I think These people are angry, these people trations over this never - ending war
he'd be good for the country. I are frustrated -- and they want an- --and he provides a "solution'' which
don't think he'd do the country any swers now. They are sick and tired will only lead to more war. He, of
hann and he'd strai ghten out a few of political doubletalk and they course, can not deal with the fact
thin gs like welfare, race riots, and want no more of it. that America is the major imperial-
bussin~ ~ . I don't think I'm keenI on Although many of them agree with ist power in the world -- and that the
his foreign policy. I thin.~ hes a Wallace ' s approach to the issues, liberation struggles of the third-
little over-aggressive." their attraction to Wallace goes world people taking place throughout
Donald Francis Ostertag, student, well beyond the issues . They see in the world are inevitable, are right,
Wallace a man who is standing up to and will C\ ntinue.
age 20 the Establishment -- a tough little Wallace rightfully talks about
"The assassination thin!'>'. hasn't
guy fighting for them. They admire the inequitable burden of truces
changed my feelines about Wallace. which falls on working people- - but
his courage and his straightforward-
But it goes to show that no ~atter ness. "He comes right out and says he won't antagonize the corporate
what the beliefs of the candidate what he feels. He doesn't care what in terests by spelling out a tax re-
are, he should be allowed to state anybody else thinks," is a typical form which will shift the burden of
his beliefs in public and run a car.t- response. taxes on to the corporations and the
paign. I wouldn't vote for Wallace And they see him as one of their millionaires. He finds it easier to
because he comes on too st r ong for own. While the professorial George talk about "welfare chiselers" than
me and because, in cy opinion, he is McGovern issues long drawn-out posi- to take on the people who own Amer-
a racist and a bigot. As a ~atter tion papers explaining how "work ing ica. And he doesn't talk much about
of fact there are no candidates run- people" will benefit from his being the 70 billion dollar defense bud -
ning whom I would support." President, George Wallace "tells it ~et. paid for by taxes.
like it is" -- and they trust him. And Wallace taps the people's very
* * if bis fin~er nails are not always real fear about crime- - but his "so-
I came away from these Wallace clean, and if his English is not lution" is, simply, more cops. He
interviews with two basic feelings. quite Harvard, and if he raises his is, of course, not concerned about
First, that democracy in America (in voice once in a wbile -- well that's the causes of crime - - about the pov-
any sense of the word) just might fine . erty, unemployment, and racism which
not make it . My mind flashed to What the "Wallace phenomenon" force people into crime and make
scenes of Germany in the late indicates is that this country is crime inevitable . He has no solu -
1920's. Confusion, rebellion, frus - reaching a point at which there is tion whatever, except repression, to
tration, economic instability, a no turning back. It's too late for deal with this very serious problem.
wounded national pride, ineffectual Ed Muskie and Phil Hoff, and it's Wallace 's rhetoric about "bus-
political leadership -- and the desire too late for clicbes and slick ad - sing" touches the very real issue of
for a strong man who would do some- vertising. The contradictions are the alienation which people feel
thing, who would bring order out of too irreconcilable, the tensions too from unresponsive and distant state
the chaos. great . Something has got to give. and federal governments . But what
Could it happen here? With the There will, I believe, be fundamen- solution does Wallace have to this
inability of the national leadership tal change in America in the not too incredible and deep -r ooted problem
to solve the real problems facing distant fUture--one way or the which exists throughout all of mod-
other . And George Wallace presents ern industrial society? Does he
this country, could the blacks,
one way. Unfortunately, it ' s really present ideas about the decentrali -
long-hairs, "welfare chiselers", and
political dissidents become the Jews no way at all. zation of government and bureau -
and Communists of the Nazi experi - We can either look our problems cracy? Does he talk about giving
ence? Could it happen here? I see and frustrations straight in the eye workers control over the means of
no reason why it couldn't . and have the guts to find real and production so that they won't feel
human solutions to them (which I be- like robots while on the job? Of
lieve will have to be radical solu- course not.
Secondly (and not as surprisingly
tions) - -or we can tap these frustra- And on and on it goes.
as it may seem), I came away from
these interviews with a certain tions , play with them, and use them The vast majority of politicians
feeling of admiration and respect for destructive ends . run away from real issues and say
for many of the people I had talked Wallace, of course, is doing the nothing that's relevant .
to--including those who supported latter. Wallace has got to be given George Wallace raises some of the
Wallace. These people are in trou- credit for having (unlike most poli - very real and basic issues--but has
ble--and they know it--and they are ticians) the insight to raise the DO solutions.
disgusted with the political double- issues which touch the core of many And our function must be to raise
talk and deceit of the politicians. people's lives. But there is no the issues--and provide solutions .
Talking to them for two minutes mistaking the fact that his "solu-
gives one a complete understanding tions" are no solutions -- and in the -- Bernard Sanders

N EPA campaign to kill NEPA in Congress. Foremost among these

is the Atomic Energy Commission and its helping hand in
Congress, the J.C.A.E . (Joint Committee on Atomic Energy).
Quietly and hurriedly several bills have been intro- Court-ordered delays are holding up operating licenses on
duced in Congress to kill NEPA (National Environmental several nuclear power plants, including Vernon .
Policy Act) by inches . To kill it all at once would I bad planned to list and describe the bills intro-
cause a great furor among the people who have been active duced, and urge everyone to write to Congressmen and wo-
in challenging the construction of nuclear power plants men to vote against them. But I find that the few days
and other projects endangering the environment. delay of news from Washington is enough to introduce a
NEPA requires itat government agencies prepare and pre - bill and pass it.
sent to the public detailed environmental impact state - There is a national movement by environmentalists to
ments for every major action, including probable adverse concentrate on NEPA and simply ask our representatives in
effects an1 discovery of alternatives . Congress to SAVENEPA. --Laina GeJLILi..oh
From the very beginning NEPAhas been living up to its We received this artr:le from Laina Gerrish of Benning -
promises and now stands out as the most important and ton several weeks ago. But, alas, it is already obsolete.
far-reaching environmental measure ever enacted by Con- When the vested interests want action, they get action
gress. The federal courts have been interpreting it with and Congress has swiftly passed a law which digs deeply
enthusiasm and rigor. To date 160 rulings have been made into the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) . How
under its aegis. this hastily passed legislation affects Vermont can be
Precisely because NEPA bas been working as intended, s een from the following excerpts taken from the Rutland
ves..ted i.ntexe.sts are bec.omina: i.ncreasi~ly disturbed bv Herald of May 31.
the public "interference" and have mounted a powerful
Page Four

' t s vowed Tuesday to battle an11 attempt
to speed ~ licensing of Vermont's first atomic power "Governor Davis said about 20,000 vacation homes have
p~, as hea±ings on the licensing of that plant resumed . sprouted in Vermont, primarily ove r the last 3 to 5
year s ."
--Burlington Free Press, May 18, 1972.
"\ut the president of the company owning the plant
vowed to seek a temporary full-power operating license "Farmers ' taJCes are doubling and tripling because they
for his plant just as soon as President Nixon signs into won't sell their land to vacation home developers for a
law a bill authorizing such licenses . ..• bunch of out - of - staters ."
"Under a bill passed by Congress earlier this month, -- Steve McLeod, journalist, at a meeting spon -
13 nuclear power plants, including Vermont Yankee will sored by the Vermont Environmental Board.
~ eligible for temporary licenses to guard again;t pos-
sible power shortages . "Theron Boyd is fast becoming an institution around
"Cree (Albert Cree, president of the company) sa id Quechee . He is the last holdout against the widening
last week he would s eek the low-power license as soon as sphere of Quechee Lakes. His reasons are as simple as
possible. the simple life he lives here on the Farmstead his grand -
"But President Nixon is still traveling and the li- father and father bought in 1898 . He simply does not
censing bill has not 11et been signed. want to see Vermont overrun with little suburbs of New
"When it is signed, Cree sa id Tuesday, he 'll go right York or Boston . We're going to have New York City here,'
after that license, which would allow his plant to pro- he said .
duce power before a final judgment is rendered on the en- "Though he. is not a large man, Theron stands tall in
vironmental impact of his pla.nt ' s operation . the kind of flinty pride he has in the years he has given
"Cree will get a Eight . to his farm and his land. He reaches back into Vermont
"Attorney Anthony Roesman of the New England Coali tion history and calls up the images of Etban , Allen and the
on Nuclear Pollution said Tuesday: 'The radiologic« Green Mountain Boys, as examples of the independent
safety of this plant has not been established . The oper~ spirit of Vermonters. ' What we need now is sane Green
tion of this plant for one day or one week is now out of Mountain Boys,' he said at one point, 'Yes, sir, Green
the ques tion. ' " Mountain Boys. But there ain't any of them left.'
"Theron was approached by Quechee Lakes about three
years ago and he refused to sell his 35 acres (more or
VERMONT -going , Going , GONE? less') to fatten the firm's holdings. ' I've lived here
70 years and I don't want to change now, ' he said firmly,
squinting off towards the hiil. top condominiums of the col"-
"The Vermont rural land market has been experiencing poration ....
phenomenal activity with rapidly rising prices over the "Most of all, he is unhappy with what's happening to
la!tdecade. Although the rate of change varies from one the state of Vermont . He thinks the developnent is chang -
area of the state to another , all areas are feeling the ing the character of the valley and the village so much
boom. If' prices were to increase as rapidly in the next it can never be the same again. It will become, he said,
ten years as they have in the past, we could see average a little piece of suburbia planted right in the heart of
bare land prices of over $1 , 700 per acre in southern Ver - the Vermont hill. ' Vermont ain't Vermont any more ,' he
mont and $900 to $1 , 000 per acre in the north." remarked."
--R obert O. Sinclair , Agricultural Economist , in - - Burlington Free Press , May 24 , 1972.
"Trends in Rural Land Prices in Vermont" 1969.