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A Project Based Seminar Report

ON

Intelligence system to prevent and aware about water borne


diseases.
Submitted to the
Savitribai Phule Pune University
In partial fulfillment for the award of Degree of
Bachelor of Engineering
in
Information Technology
by
Mr. Harshal Valmik Pawar
T150558519

Under the Guidance of


Prof. Nitin Dhawas

Department of Information Technology


PCET’S
Nutan Maharashtra Institute of Engineering and Technology
2017-18
Nutan Maharashtra Institute of Engineering and Technology,
TALEGAON-DABHADE,PUNE-415 507

DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project based seminar report entitled ”
Intelligence system to prevent and aware about water borne diseases” being
submitted by ”Harshal Pawar (T150558519)” is a record of bonafide work
carried out by her under the supervision and guidance of ”Prof. Nitin
Dhawas” in partial fulfillment of the requirement for ”TE (Information
Technology Engineering) 2015 course” of Savitribai Phule Pune University,
Pune in the academic year 2017-2018.
Date :
Place :

Prof. Nitin Dhawas Prof. Nitin Dhawas


Seminar Guide Head Of Department

This project based seminar report has been examined by us as per the
Savirtibai Phule Pune University, Pune, requirements at ”Nutan
Maharashtra Institute of Engineering and Technology”

Internal Examiner External Examiner


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

I would like to extend my sincere and heartful obligation towards all


personages who have helped me in this endeavour for their active
guidance, help, cooperation and encouragement.
I am extremely thankful and pay my gratitude to my seminar guide
Prof. Shradha Kirve mam for her valuable guidance and support on
completion of this seminar , and I also thankful to my seminar
coordinator Prof. Aditi Das mam.
I also acknowledge with deep sense of reverence, my gratitude
towards my parents and member of my family, who has always
supported me morally as well as economi-cally.
At last but not least gratitude goes to all of my friends who directly or
indirectly helped me to complete this report. Thanking you.

Mr. Harshal Valmik Pawar


ABSTRACT

Climate changes, such as overall warmer temperatures, increased rainfall, or


increased water scarcity and even more extreme weather events, such as
flooding and acute precipitation events have measurable effects on the varied
climates found across countries like India. The magnitude of these changes
impacts the local conditions and the specific ecology and epidemiology of the
different diseases. Climatic conditions strongly affect air-borne, water-borne
and vector- borne diseases. Several machine learning algorithms, including the
support vector regression (SVR) algorithm, step-down linear regression model,
gradient boosted regression tree algorithm (GBM), negative binomial
regression model (NBM), least absolute shrinkage and selection operator
(LASSO) linear regression model and generalized additive model (GAM), can
be used as candidate models to predict dengue incidence. Performance and
goodness of fit of the models can be assessed using the root- mean-square error
(RMSE) and R-squared measures. The residuals of the models can be examined
using the autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation function analyses to check
the validity of the models.

KEYWORDS

Machine Learning ; Medical Science; Disease


Prediction; Healthcare; Decision Support
System; Heart Disease.
CONTENT

TITLE PAGE i
CERTIFICATE ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii
ABSTRACT iv
LIST OF FIGURES v
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Domain:- Machine Learning 3
1.2 Machine Learning In Medical? 3
1.3 Problem Statement 3
1.4 Motivation 4
1.5 Objective 4
2 Literature Survey 5
3 Machine Learning 6
4 Material And Method 8
4.1 Data Sources 8
4.1.1 Dengue Case Data 8
4.1.2 Meteorological Data 9
4.2 Statistical Model 9
4.2.1 SVM and the compared
models for dengue prediction 9
4.2.2 LASSO 12
4.2.3 Linear Kernel 13
Model comparison and
4.3 validation 13
5 Advantages And Disadvantages 14
5.1 Advantages 14
5.2 Limitation 14
6 Future Perspective 15
7 Conclusion 16
REFERNCES 17
LIST OF FIGURES

1.1 Dengue Statistics 2


3.1 Machine Learning 7
4.2.1 Linear Classifiers 9
4.2.2 Classifier Margin 10
4.2.3 Maximum Margin 10
4.2.4 Large-margin Decision Boundary 11