0 Up votes0 Down votes

0 views6 pagescurrent

May 07, 2019

© © All Rights Reserved

DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

current

© All Rights Reserved

0 views

current

© All Rights Reserved

- CHAPTER VII Direct Current Circuits
- Processing and Interpretation of FMI Images
- 50 RME Problems for Basic Electricity and Ohms Law(2)
- Physics EEI
- A Seminar Report on Significance of Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete.
- CBSE Sample Paper X
- Electricity)
- Annual Form 5 2010
- Physics Lab Formal Lab 2
- As h 13a Circuitcomponents
- Basic Electronics - 1 m1000
- Current & Resistance
- rpt sains
- Assignment 3
- JKOOG
- Ohm's Law
- 2-Konsep Arus Dan Tegangan
- cte electronics literacy toolkit pdf
- 3 1 5 ohms law
- Exam8.1363073729.pdf

You are on page 1of 6

Current, in a conductor, is defined as the rate of flow of charge across any cross-section of the

conductor.

I=Q/t where

Q=charge, t=time

If flow of charge is non-uniform,

I=dq/dt

You can also find the amount of charge flown in a certain time by finding the integral of Idt.

Drift velocity

The velocity with which the free electrons are drifted towards the positive terminal, under the

action of the applied field, is called the drift velocity of the free electrons.

v = (eV/ml)\t

Here, e is the charge of the electron, V is the potential difference, m is the mass, l is the length of

conductor and t is the relaxation time.

Here, you can notice that this formula can be written in many ways by manipulating the formulas

of e or V. Take care of this while solving problems, try to keep it as simple as you can. By writing

what is given and what is to be found, there’s no big deal solving problems related to it.

As I mentioned above, there’s also a famous relation between electric current and drift velocity.

I=nAve (you should try to derive this by your own)

Ohm’s law

According to ohm’s law,

V=IR

R=resistance

R=ρl/A

ρ = 1/σ

v = (qEt/m)

I = neAv

ρ = m/ne2\tau

σ = ne^2t/m

J= σ e

ρt= ρ0[1+α(T-T0)]

since resistivity is directly proportional to resistance you can replace ρ with R in this equation.

Rt=R0[1+α(T-T0)]

Here, Rt,R0 is the resistance of the conductor at tº C and 0º C respectively.

Please note that this formula is valid only for the very low value of α.

Conductivity is the reciprocal of Resistivity, same for conductance and resistance.

Current density

Current density J is equal to current divided by area.

J is a vector quantity.

J=I/A

J= σ e

dW =IVdT

P= I2R = V2/R

dW =energy dissipated

P =power

When in series:

Req = R1 + R2 +R3 +…..

Solving problems related to this are very easy, I will be same in each R. You can simply apply

Kirchoff’s law to get the answer.

When in parallel:

1/Req = 1/ R1 + 1/ R2 +1/ R3

Here, current is divided in different branches but the Voltage across each cranch is same.

The electromotive force E of a cell is defined as the difference of potential between its terminals

when there is no current in the external circuit, i.e., when the cell is in open circuit.

The potential difference of a cell is the difference of potential between two terminals when it is in

closed circuit.

E = V+IR

The resistance offered by the electrolyte of the cell when the electric current passes through it is

known as the internal resistance of the cell.

Kirchhoff’s law

Junction rule: At any junction, the sum of current entering the junction is equal to the sum of

current leaving the junction.

Loop rule: The algebraic sum of changes in potential around any closed loop involving resistors

and cells in a loop is zero.

I = I2RT Joule

Power consumed in series and parallel combination holds the same relation as of the resistance.

Grouping of cells

Cells in parallel combination:

Total Internal resistance of the battery = r / n

Total resistance of the circuit = (r / n) + R

I=nE /(nR +r)

Total Internal resistance of the battery = nr

Total resistance of the circuit = nr + R

I= nE /(nr+R)

Problems are generally simple and formula based, so you won’t find any difficulty in these if you

apply them properly.

Wheatstone bridge

Rx/R1 = R3/R2

The current won’t flow through G, the circuit will be equivalent to removing G in above diagram.

Meter bridge

In balanced condition,

R/S=x/100-x

So, that was the summary of the chapter current electricity. I hope this chapter won’t bother you

much but please pay good attention and practice more no. of problems. You’ll have a good time

during exams.

All the best.

- CHAPTER VII Direct Current CircuitsUploaded byNandya Guvita
- Processing and Interpretation of FMI ImagesUploaded byquarz11
- 50 RME Problems for Basic Electricity and Ohms Law(2)Uploaded byJulius
- Physics EEIUploaded byJoe McGorry
- A Seminar Report on Significance of Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete.Uploaded byNikhil
- CBSE Sample Paper XUploaded bySourabh Dhavala
- Electricity)Uploaded byfatty_786
- Annual Form 5 2010Uploaded bySatbir Singh
- Physics Lab Formal Lab 2Uploaded byEJ Kathman
- As h 13a CircuitcomponentsUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Basic Electronics - 1 m1000Uploaded byJohn Bofarull Guix
- Current & ResistanceUploaded byGaone Aatleng
- rpt sainsUploaded byalhusna1509801567
- Assignment 3Uploaded byDina Fouad
- JKOOGUploaded bypopt4rt
- Ohm's LawUploaded byleelee1127
- 2-Konsep Arus Dan TeganganUploaded byoggay94
- cte electronics literacy toolkit pdfUploaded byapi-290593844
- 3 1 5 ohms lawUploaded byapi-291536660
- Exam8.1363073729.pdfUploaded byEvan Mosseri
- E4G6Uploaded byNJ De Guzman
- Bower-MS-Thesis.pdfUploaded byKlein Marrion Delino
- TheoryUploaded byjedric_14
- 10Uploaded byapi-272358521
- ohm peangUploaded byapi-327824216
- Ed 195793Uploaded byMuket Agmas
- DC FundamentalsUploaded byHanz Pangilinan
- Current ElectricityUploaded byAdarsh
- 18_LectureOutlineUploaded byAK VINES
- Lesson Plan Grade 8 ElectricityUploaded byJapet Castillo Alcaide

- Basics of Wellhead Control Panel (WHCP) Instrumentation ToolsUploaded byFabio Giehl
- Voltages Sources and Current SourcesUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- MCA - Integrated Entrance ExamUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- Cbse 12th Maths Sample Paper 2018 Marking Scheme Answer KeyUploaded bySakshi Godara
- Principles of CommunicationUploaded byngpvn
- Manual-do-produto-RDL-3000.pdfUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- 07Thermo Electricity 184-192Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- 07Thermo Electricity 184-192Uploaded byMohamed Meeran
- VF-9 Operating ManualUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- Mole Concept.pdfUploaded byPrashant Kumar
- Basics of Wellhead Control Panel WHCP Instrumentation ToolsUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- Orbit Valve - BrochureUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- Battery Test Procedures 1997Uploaded byTara P. Pradhan
- Unceitainity GuidelinesUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- mgpg11- A Beginner's Guide to Uncertainty of Measurement by Stephanie BellUploaded byarylananyla
- Quadratic Equations Leaning PointUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- E&MCh04_2EdUploaded byNikhilPrakash
- Uniform motion.docxUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- NRAN-7NB2FG_R0_ENUploaded byAli Akbar
- Testing cylinders.pdfUploaded byMohamed Meeran
- CSV02Uploaded byHafiz Ali Alvi
- Distance and Displacement.docxUploaded byMohamed Meeran

- Kaldor KaleckiUploaded byRicardo Caffe
- asig1balance.pdfUploaded byDiego
- ElectrostaticsUploaded byphultushibls
- TNI0018 MargeanneUploaded byUnited Mountain Defense
- Calorimetry and Hess LawUploaded bychurala
- Sergio Falcon and Angel Plaza- On the Fibonacci k-numbersUploaded byNine000
- Sem -2 - Engineering Maths -III & IVUploaded bynirmal_inbox
- Chemistry Study GuideUploaded byChalcey Polson
- Abrasive Wear Behaviour of WC–CoCr and Cr3C2–20(NiCr) Deposited ByUploaded bylexeberu
- Piping and PumpingUploaded byalokbdas
- Rotating Reference FramesUploaded bydebasij
- INTERFRENCE OF LIGHT WAVE.docUploaded byksgan
- DGM_TRYNSYSandRadianceUploaded byRaffaele
- Prosman2 - Fluidity of Molten MetalUploaded byrafiqhariyanto
- Experiment 3 2Uploaded byKenth Roger A. Maquiling
- Rotating SphereUploaded byRenata Lobos
- Chemical EquationsUploaded bySanchay Saxena
- Electrostatics Concept MapUploaded byDhana Aryal
- 0B8hXbvn1ab-BUTB0NFMweldwQkU.pdfUploaded byKunal Rohitas
- PTP-2_Class-IXUploaded byThe Champion
- Double Angle CleatsUploaded byKaushal Kishore
- Tutorial 1Uploaded byMa Seenivasan
- Mechanical and Rheometric Properties of Gilsonite Carbon Black n 2016 PolymeUploaded bySebastian Diaz
- Consolidation TestUploaded by1man1book
- SOIL ModelUploaded bySiva Samandy
- Hydrau Lab 1Uploaded byJebone Stein Web Juarbal
- Suspension 101 by Steve LymanUploaded bynitishghosal
- 15. s-blockElements.pdfUploaded bychingy
- 3D Interconnection and Packaging.pdfUploaded byRahul Panchal
- L14_Arrays2Uploaded bySuranga Sampath

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.