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No Vocabulary Part of Meaning Sample sentence

1. Protein Noun Any of a class of He needs to have more
(uncountable) nitrogenous organic protein and less sugar in his
compounds which have diet to build his muscles
large molecules
composed of one or more
long chains of amino
acids and are an essential
part of all living
organisms, especially as
structural components of
body tissues such as
muscle, hair, etc., and as
enzymes and antibodies
2. Balanced diet Noun A diet consisting of a The best way to prevent high
(uncountable) variety of different types blood cholesterol is to eat a
of food and providing healthy balanced diet low
adequate amounts of the animal fats
nutrients necessary for
good health.
3. Total fat Noun A natural oily substance The doctor tell me to choose
(uncountable) occurring in animal a diet that is low in saturated
bodies, especially when fat and cholesterol and
deposited as a layer under moderate in total fat
the skin or around certain
organs; the combined
value of the different
types of fat, including
saturated fat,
polyunsaturated fat, and
monounsaturated fat
4. Nutrient Noun A substance that provides Calcium is an essential
(uncountable) nourishment essential for nutrient for bone health and
the maintenance of life bodily functions
and for growth.
5. Wholegrain Noun Made with or containing This food made with rye and
(uncountable) whole unprocessed grains whole grain wheat , these are
of something. high in fiber with the sour
dough making them slower to
digest , so keeping you full
for longer.
6. Cholesterol Noun A compound of the sterol Eggs are excellent sources of
(uncountable) type found in most body protein but can be a tad high
tissues. Cholesterol and on fat and
its cholesterol
derivatives are important
constituents of cell
membranes and
precursors of other
steroid compounds, but a
high proportion in the
blood of low-density
(which transports
cholesterol to the tissues)
is associated with an
increased risk of
coronary heart disease.
7. Sodium Noun a common element in the Consumption of high salt
(uncountable) earth's crust, notably as (sodium) for years may
rock salt (sodium increase blood pressure due
chloride). Sodium to increased levels of sodium
compounds have many in the smooth muscle cells of
industrial and other uses, the arteriolar wall. Salt
and the liquid metal is causes a buildup of fluid in
used as a coolant in some the body because it draws
types of nuclear reactor fluid outside the cell so that it
is not removed, which
increases blood volume and
8. Partially Noun Hydrogenation is a Fat formed from the partial
Hydrogenated (uncountable) process that uses (partial) hydrogenation of
Vegetable Oil hydrogen gas to convert vegetable oils is more
liquid vegetable oil to dangerous because they
spread / margarine. This contain trans bonds, so they
process stabilizes the oil are called trans fats. This type
and prevents stale due to of fat is more dangerous than
oxidation. Hydrogenation saturated fat because it can
reactions are sensitive to increase bad cholesterol or
a variety of factors that LDL (Low Density
can have a negative Lipoprotein).
impact on batch time,
catalyst life, production
speed, and selectivity. In
addition to being the
world's leading hydrogen
supplier, Air Products can
help optimize your
hydrogenation reaction
and reduce costs through
selecting the best supply
mode and evaluating and
thermodynamics or
reaction kinetics
9. Saturated fat Noun A type of fat containing a Consumption of products
(uncountable) high proportion of fatty such as soy milk is a ways of
acid molecules without reducing levels of saturated
double bonds, considered fat and cholesterol in their
to be less healthy in the diets.
diet than unsaturated fat.
10. Calories Noun The energy needed to Researchers also advocate
(uncountable) raise the temperature of 1 walking an extra mile each
kilogram of water day to burn extra calories
through 1 °C, equal to consumed.
one thousand small
calories and often used to
measure the energy value
of foods.
11. Trans fat Noun An unsaturated fatty acid It contains
(uncountable) of a type occurring in no partially hydrogenated oils
margarines and or trans-fat and is a great
manufactured cooking microwave snack
as a result of the
hydrogenation process,
having a trans
arrangement of the
carbon atoms
adjacent to its double
bonds. Consumption of
such acids is thought to
increase the risk of
12. Dietary fiber Noun Found mainly in fruits, Banana is rich in dietary
(uncountable) vegetables, whole grain fiber can stimulate peristaltis
and legumes of the stomatch to help
13. Vitamin Noun Subtances that body You can usually get all your
(uncountable) needs to grow and vitamins from the food you
develop normally. These eat. People who eat a
are 13 vitamins that body vegetarian diet may need to
needs such as vitamin A, take a vitamin B12
vitamin B (thiamine, supplement
riboflavin, niacin,
pantothenic acid, biotin,
vitamin B-6, vitamin B-
12 and folate), vitamin C,
vitamin D, vitamin E, and
vitamin K
14. Mineral Noun A solid, naturally The mineral waters of Mount
(uncountable) occurring inorganic Clemens are beneficial to
substance; An inorganic patients suffering from
substance needed by the rheumatism, blood diseases
human body for good and nervous disorders
15. Total Noun Any of a large group of Adults can store about 500
Carbohydrate (uncountable) organic compounds grams of total carbohydrate,
occurring in foods and which includes 400 grams of
living tissues and glycogen stored in muscles,
including sugars, starch, reports Iowa State University
and cellulose. They
contain hydrogen and
oxygen in the same
ratio as water (2:1) and
typically can be broken
down to release energy in
the animal
16. Percent Daily Noun The nutrition label One serving of food with 5%
Value (uncountable) provides a list of or less of the daily value is
percentages (called the considered low. One serving
Percent Daily Value) that of a food with 20% or more
compares how much of a of the daily value is
certain nutrient one considered high.
serving of food contains
to how much of
that nutrient you should
consume daily. The
Percent Daily Value is
based on a daily diet
of 2,000 calories. You
will need to adjust the
percentages if you eat
more or less than
2,000 calories/day.

Stevenson, A. (2010). Oxford Dictionary of English 3 rd Edition. New York: Oxford University