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INTI INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING (HONS) IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING (HONS) IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
MAT3202: ANALYTICAL METHODS
FINAL EXAMINATION: JANUARY 2017 SESSION

Instructions: This paper consists of FIVE (5) questions. Answer any FOUR (4) questions in the
answer booklet provided. All questions carry equal marks.

Question 1

(a) A new production line is designed to dispense 12-ounce(oz) of a drink into each can as it
passes along the line. After calibration and training of the assembly personnel, five
observations on , the amount of drink dispensed per can, are taken each hour for a 6-
hour period. The following Table 1 summarizes the readings on , collected during this
6-hour period.
Sample No. 1st Reading 2nd Reading 3rd Reading 4th Reading 5th Reading
(oz) (oz) (oz) (oz) (oz)
1 12.016 12.088 11.792 11.971 12.118
2 12.039 12.047 12.014 12.113 12.156
3 11.998 12.053 12.058 12.077 12.049
4 12.167 12.127 12.053 12.137 12.212
5 12.048 12.048 11.931 12.083 12.045
6 12.016 12.047 12.058 12.137 12.045
Table 1
(i) Copy the following Table 2 and fill up the missing information.
Sample No., Sample Average, ̅ Sample Range,
(oz) (oz)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Mean Grand Sample Mean, Mean Range,
̅ ̅
Table 2
(7 marks)
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(ii) Display the data in (i) in ̅ .


(6½ marks)
(iii) Does the process appear to be in control? Why?
(2½ marks)

(b) Suppose that is a complex number, and ( ) ( )

(i) Give the three poles of ( ), and state their respective orders.
(3 marks)
(ii) Use the residue theorem to evaluate the contour integral ∮ ( ) , where

| |

is a positively oriented circular path in the complex plane.

[You may assume the residue of a pole (with an order of ) of a


complex function ( ) is given by

( ( ))
( ( ( )( ) ))
( ) ( )

(6 marks)

Question 2

(a) A random sample of drivers insured with a company and having similar auto
insurance policies was selected. The following Table 3 lists their driving experiences X,
in years, and their corresponding monthly auto insurance premiums Y, in RM.

5 2 12 9 15 6 25 16
64 87 50 71 44 56 42 60
Table 3

(i) Do you expect a positive or a negative relationship between X and Y? Justify


your answer.
(2 marks)
(ii) By assuming the following summarized data, calculate the product moment
correlation coefficient r of X and Y, and find the estimated least squares
regression line
̂ ̂

∑ ∑ ∑ ∑ ∑

(4 marks)
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Hence, comment on the strength of the linear correlation between X and Y. Justify your
answer.
(1½ marks)
Interpret also, the constants and found in the equation of the least squares
regression line obtained earlier.
(2½ marks)

(b) Let : 0  x  1, 0  y  x2 be a 2-D region in the -plane and be the boundary of .


Let ⃗ ( ) ( ) be the force acting on a point ( ) over .

Use (i) Green’s theorem, and (ii) line integration to compute the work done by the
force ⃗ in moving a load around in the negative direction. Leave your answer in terms
of ( ) or ( ).
(16 marks)

Question 3

(a) Suppose that is a complex number, and that ( ) is a


real scalar function.

(i) Show that ( )is a harmonic function.


(5 marks)
(ii) Find a conjugate function ( ) of ( ) to form an analytic complex
function ( ) ( ) ( ).
Re-write also ( ) with your choice of ( ).
(7 marks)

(b) A signal ( ) with period T = 2 is defined by

( ) { , with ( ) ( ).

(i) Sketch the graph of ( ) for .


(3 marks)
(ii) Find the Fourier series of ( ), by giving the first three non-zero terms of the
Fourier series. Leave your answer in terms of .
(10 marks)
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Question 4

(a) Let ( ) and be the dominant eigenvalue of .

Use the power method with minimum iterations and initial estimate ( )

to find . State the integer as well.

Verify your answer for by finding also all the eigenvalues of .


(8 marks)

(b) Apply Euler’s method to obtain the numerical solution at = 3.65, of the following
second order ordinary differential equation with the specific initial conditions and the
given step size .

( ) , ( ) , ( ) , and .

Give your answer correct to three decimal places.


(8 marks)

(c) Suppose that there are 20% of candidates scored at least 70% in a college entrance
examination and a random sample of 100 candidates is selected.
Let be the number of candidates in the sample who scored at least 70% in the college
entrance examination.
Let denote the event that .
Let denote the event that  .

(i) State the distribution of .


(2 marks)
(ii) Estimate the probability of event , P( ) using Normal approximation, giving
your answer correct to four decimal places.
(5 marks)
(iii) Estimate the probability of event , P( ) using Poisson approximation, giving
your answer correct to four significant figures.
(2 marks)
MAT3202 (F) / Page 5 of 6

Question 5

(a) An experimenter randomly selects = 36 batteries from a production line and measures
their voltages. An average of ̅ = 242.2 is obtained, with a sample standard deviation of
= 2.80. Decide whether the average voltage of the batteries from the production line is
different from 240 by carrying out a hypothesis testing at = 0.05 level of significance
as suggested by the procedure below.

(i) Set up the null and the alternative hypotheses for the test.
(2 marks)
(ii) Suggest a test statistic, and indicate its distribution clearly.
(2 marks)
(iii) Establish a criteria for rejecting the null hypothesis.
(1 mark)
(iv) Check if the observed value of the test statistic falls inside the rejection region.
(2 marks)
(v) Write a complete conclusion for the hypothesis testing.
(2 marks)

(b) Use the method of Lagrange multipliers to minimize ( ) subject to


the constraint .

(10 marks)

(c) Find the Fourier transform ( ) for the signal ( ) if

( ) { .

Leave your final answer in terms of ( ) or ( ).

[The definition of the Fourier transform for the signal ( ), is given by

( )=∫ ( ) , where √ .]
(6 marks)

= The End =
MAT3202 (F) / JAN2017 / KOONGWK / 20032017
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